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Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to the Economy

  • Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

    • Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to agriculture, forestry and fisheries (texts)

      Individual Documents

      Title: The Fertilizer Law - SPDC Law No. 7/2002 (English)
      Date of publication: 01 October 2002
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) via The Burma Lawyers' Council
      Format/size: pdf (83K), html (41K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/Fertiliser%20Law.htm
      http://web.archive.org/web/20110902222755/http://www.blc-burma.org/html/Myanmar%20Law/lr_e_ml02_07.html
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: The Animal Health and Development Law - SLORC Law No. 17/93 (English)
      Date of publication: 25 November 1993
      Description/subject: The State Law and Order Restoration Council - The Animal Health and Development Law - ( The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 17/93) - The12th Waxing Day of Tazaungmon, 1355 M.E. (25th November, 1993)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
      Format/size: pdf (76K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 June 2013


      Title: The Law Amending the Myanmar Marine Fisheries Law - SLORC Law No. 16/93 (English)
      Date of publication: 28 October 1993
      Description/subject: The State Law and Order Restoration Council - The Law Amending the Myanmar Marine Fisheries Law - (The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 16/93) - The 13th Waxing Day of Thadinkyut, 1355 M.E. (28th October, 1993)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
      Format/size: pdf (59K), html
      Alternate URLs: http://web.archive.org/web/20110902222123/http://www.blc-burma.org/html/myanmar%20law/lr_e_ml93_16.html
      Date of entry/update: 13 June 2013


      Title: The Law Amending the Law Relating to the Fishing Rights of Foreign Fishing Vessels - SLORC Law No. 15/93 (English)
      Date of publication: 25 October 1993
      Description/subject: The State Law and Order Restoration Council - The Law Amending the Law Relating to the Fishing Rights of Foreign Fishing Vessels - (The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 15/93)- The 10th Waxing Day of Thadinkyut, 1355 M.E. (25th October, 1993
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
      Format/size: pdf (59K), html
      Alternate URLs: http://web.archive.org/web/20110902222123/http://www.blc-burma.org/html/myanmar%20law/lr_e_ml93_15.html
      Date of entry/update: 13 June 2013


      Title: The Plant Pest Quarantine Law - SLORC Law No. 8/93 (English)
      Date of publication: 16 June 1993
      Description/subject: The State Law and Order Restoration Council... The Plant Pest Quarantine Law... (The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 8/93)... The 12th Waning Day of Nayon, 1355 ME. (16th June, 1993)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
      Format/size: pdf (76K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 June 2013


      Title: The Freshwater Fisheries Law - SLORC Law No. 1/91 (English)
      Date of publication: 04 March 1991
      Description/subject: State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 1/91 (4 March 1991)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council
      Format/size: html
      Alternate URLs: http://web.archive.org/web/20110902222123/http://www.blc-burma.org/html/myanmar%20law/Indexs/lr_law_ml_azindex.html
      Date of entry/update: 09 December 2010


      Title: The Pesticide Law - SLORC Law No. 10/90 (English)
      Date of publication: 11 May 1990
      Description/subject: The State Law and Order Restoration Council - The Pesticide Law - (The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 10/90) - The 3rd Waning Day of Kason, 1352 M.E. (11th May, 1990)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) via The Burma Lawyers' Council
      Format/size: pdf (83K), html
      Alternate URLs: http://web.archive.org/web/20110902222123/http://www.blc-burma.org/html/myanmar%20law/lr_e_ml90_10.html
      Date of entry/update: 09 December 2010


      Title: Law relating to the Fishing Rights of Foreign Fishing Vessels - SLORC Law No. 11/89 (English)
      Date of publication: 02 April 1989
      Description/subject: State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 11/89 (2 April 1989)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council
      Format/size: pdf (442K), html
      Alternate URLs: http://www.fao.org/fi/oldsite/FCP/en/MMR/profile.htm
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


  • Extractive industries

    • Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to extractive industries (texts)

      Individual Documents

      Title: Bill Revoking The Land Acquisition (Mines) Act- 2012/ ေျမသိမ္း (သတၱဳတြင္းမ်ား) အက္ဥပေဒကို ရုပ္သိမ္းသည့္ ဥပေဒၾကမ္း (Burmese)
      Date of publication: 15 July 2012
      Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
      Source/publisher: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") ေၾကးမံု 15 July 2012
      Format/size: pdf (83K)
      Date of entry/update: 08 September 2012


      Title: The 1994 Mines Law - SLORC Law No. 8/94 (English)
      Date of publication: 06 September 1994
      Description/subject: The State Law and Order Restoration Council... The Myanmar Mines Law... (The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No 8/94)... The 2nd Waxing Day of Tawthalin, 1356 M.E. (6th September, 1994) "The objectives of this Law are as follows: a.to implement the Mineral Resources Policy of the Government; b.to fulfil the domestic requirements and to increase export by producing more mineral products; c.to promote development of local and foreign investment in respect of mineral resources; d.to supervise, scrutinize and approve applications submitted by person or organization desirous of conducting mineral prospecting, exploration or production; e.to carry out for the development of, conservation, utilization and research works of mineral resources; f.to protect the environmental conservation works that may have detrimental effects due to mining operation..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
      Format/size: html, pdf (82K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/1994-SLORC_Law1994-08-The_%20Myanmar_Mines_Law-en.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: The Salt Enterprise Law - SLORC Law No. 6/92 (English)
      Date of publication: 18 September 1992
      Description/subject: The State Law and Order Restoration Council - The Salt Enterprise Law - (The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 6/92)- The 7th Waning Day of Tawthalin, 1354 M.E. (18th September, 1992)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
      Format/size: pdf (69K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 June 2013


      Title: THE LAND ACQUISITION (MINES) ACT (1885)
      Date of publication: 16 October 1885
      Description/subject: INDIA ACT XVIII 1885. 16th October, 1885....."WHEREAS it is expedient to provide for cases in which mines or minerals are situate under land which it is desired to acquire under the Land Acquisition Act; It is hereby enacted as follows:-..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Government of India
      Format/size: pdf (62K)
      Alternate URLs: http://displacementsolutions.org/?page_id=197 http://displacementsolutions.org/?p=20
      Date of entry/update: 25 May 2011


  • Infrastructure

    • Urban Infrastructure

      • Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to urban infrastructure (texts)

        Individual Documents

        Title: The City of Mandalay Development Law - SPDC Law No. 8/2002 (English)
        Date of publication: 14 November 2002
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) via The Burma Lawyers' Council
        Format/size: pdf (72K)
        Alternate URLs: http://web.archive.org/web/20110902222803/http://www.blc-burma.org/html/Myanmar%20Law/lr_e_ml02_08.html
        Date of entry/update: 11 June 2013


        Title: The Law Amending the City of Yangon Development Law - SLORC Law No. 1/96 (English)
        Date of publication: 25 January 1996
        Description/subject: The State Law and Order Restoration Council... Law Amending the City of Yangon Development Law... (The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 1/96)... The 6th Waxing Day of Tabodwe, 1357 M.E. (25th January, 1996)
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
        Format/size: pdf (54K)
        Date of entry/update: 12 June 2013


        Title: The Law Amending The City of Yangon Development Law - SLORC Law No. 5/95 (English)
        Date of publication: 04 May 1995
        Description/subject: The State Law and Order Restoration Council... The Law Amending The City of Yangon Development Law... (The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 5/95).. The 6th Waxing of Kason, 1357 ME. (4th May, 1995)
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
        Format/size: pdf (56K)
        Date of entry/update: 12 June 2013


        Title: The City of Mandalay Development Law - SLORC Law No. 10/92 (English)
        Date of publication: 29 December 1992
        Description/subject: The State Law and Order Restoration Council - The City of Mandalay Development Law - (The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 10/92) - The 6th Waxing Day of Pyatho, 1354 M.E. (29th December, 1992).....Repealed by The City of Mandalay Development Law - SPDC Law No. 8/2002
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
        Format/size: pdf (67K)
        Date of entry/update: 13 June 2013


        Title: The City of Yangon Development Law - SLORC Law No. 11/90 (English)
        Date of publication: 14 May 1990
        Description/subject: The State Law and Order Restoration Council - The City of Yangon Development Law - (The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 11/90) - The 6th Waning Day of Kason, 1352 M.E. (14th May, 1990)
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) via The Burma Lawyers' Council
        Format/size: pdf (69K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 May 2011


        Title: THE CITY OF YANGON MUNICIPAL (AMENDMENT) ACT (1961)
        Date of publication: 17 March 1961
        Description/subject: ACT NO. 1 OF 1961 THE 17th MARCH 1961
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Government of the Union of Burma
        Format/size: pdf (49K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 May 2011


        Title: THE CITY OF RANGOON MUNICIPAL (AMENDMENT) ACT (1960)
        Date of publication: 1960
        Description/subject: ACT No. XXXI OF I960
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Government of the Union of Burma
        Format/size: pdf (73K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 May 2011


        Title: THE CITY OF YANGON MUNICIPAL (AMENDMENT) ACT (1958)
        Date of publication: 24 March 1958
        Description/subject: Act No. XVII OF 1958 The 24th March 1958
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Government of the Union of Burma
        Format/size: pdf (66K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 May 2011


        Title: THE CITY OF RANGOON MUNICIPAL (AMENDMENT) ACT (1955)
        Date of publication: 1955
        Description/subject: Act No XLI 1955
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Government of the Union of Burma
        Format/size: pdf (31K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 May 2011


        Title: THE CITY OF RANGOON MUNICIPAL ACT (1922)
        Date of publication: 22 August 1922
        Description/subject: [Burma Act VI, 1922] [1 August, 1922]....."...1. This Act extends to the City of Rangoon [See clause (vii) of section 3 and Schedule VI] only: Provided that the President of the Union may, by notification, extend this Act or any part to any other local area in the Union of Burma...."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Government of the Union of Burma
        Format/size: pdf (315K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 May 2011


  • Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to business (owned/administered by the State, cooperatives, foreign or national entities)
    This sub-section contains material on foreign direct investment in Burma/Myanmar

    • Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to business (owned/administered by the State, cooperatives, foreign or national entities (commentary)

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Analyses of laws relating to doing business in Burma/Myanmar
      Description/subject: Substantial collection of analyses of laws relating to dong business in Myanmar, including presentations made at seminars in 2013-2014
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times" and other sources via Polastri Wint & Partners
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 06 June 2014


      Title: Invest in Myanmar - "Intelligent Commentary and Analysis on Myanmar Business"
      Description/subject: Articles [Several pages of short overviews of issues related to investment in Myanmar]... "The Myanmar Investment Guide" ["Learn everything you need to know about investing in Myanmar in one simple guide!" $24]... Research Reports & Documents ["I’ve put together a database of research reports that I’ve found particularly useful. As more international organizations start to move into Myanmar, the quality and accuracy of research will surely improve. I keep this database updated with new reports, so be sure to check back in frequently.]... Myanmar Law Library [A rather feeble, 9-item set of full-text (English) investment-related laws from 1914 - more laws and bills, including in Burmese, under Articles ]... About / Contact
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Invest in Myanmar
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2013


      Title: Lexology
      Description/subject: Commentaries on Myanmar's new investment legislation, with summaries of the laws
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Lexology
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2013


      Title: Network Myanmar - documentation
      Description/subject: Useful collection of texts in English and Burmese of laws and rules relating to investment in Burma/Myanmar, plus discussion (English):- Burmese Texts of Foreign Investment Legislation: Burmese text of the Foreign Investment Law of 3 November 2012... Burmese text of FIL Notification 1/2013 of 31 January 2013 - Permitted Activities... Burmese text of FIL Notification 11/2013 of 31 January 2013 - FIL Rules ..... Official and Unofficial English Translations of these Texts: Official English translation of the Foreign Investment Law of 3 November 2012... Independent English translation of the Foreign Investment Law of 3 November 2012... English translation of FIL Notification 1/2013 of 31 January 2013 - Permitted Activities... English translation of FIL Notification 11/2013 of 31 January 2013 - FIL Rules..... Investment and Tax Guides to Business and Investment: Analysis in English of FIL Notification 11/2013 of 31 January 2013 - FIL Rules... Myanmar: Foreign Investment Rules in practice - Clifford Chance March 2013... Myanmar Investment Guide - Herbert Smith Freehills, February 2013... Tax Pocket Guide to Investment in Myanmar - DFDL 2013 Edition... Myanmar Business Guide - PricewaterhouseCoopers August 2012..... Two Historical References: Text of Special Economic Zone Law of 27 January 2011 (under revision)... Text of Foreign Investment Law of 30 November 1988... Burma responsible investment reporting requirements State Department Media Note - 23 May 2013...
      Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
      Source/publisher: GRUM, Network Myanmar
      Format/size: html, pdf
      Date of entry/update: 26 May 2013


      Individual Documents

      Title: National Planning Law for 2014-15 Budget Year - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 17 (၂၀၁၄-၂၀၁၅ ဘ􀄌ာနှစ်၊ အမျိုးသားစီမ􀃦ကိန်း ဥပ􀃤ဒ - ၂၀၁၄ ခ􀃢နှစ်၊ ြပည်􀃤
      Date of publication: 28 March 2014
      Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
      Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
      Format/size: pdf (60K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2014


      Title: New Regulations under the Foreign Investment Law released
      Date of publication: 04 February 2013
      Description/subject: On January 31, 2013 the Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development released the new detailed regulations under the 2012 Myanmar Foreign Investment Law. The much awaited regulations are provided under two separate notifications, Notification 1/2013 and Notification 11/2013, spread over a total of 67 pages. No formal translation has yet to be published. The release of the notifications answers the question everybody has asked themselves – will the new regulations provide a higher level of detail than before? The answer is yes – the new notifications do provide significant more details in many areas. Thus, the positive trend continues – where the government is strengthening Myanmar’s position as an attractive jurisdiction for foreign investments.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: KPMG
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 16 May 2013


      Title: Myanmar to delay foreign investment law
      Date of publication: 17 September 2012
      Description/subject: "Myanmar is to delay the implementation of controversial foreign investment legislation passed this month, but will step up reforms in areas including the financial sector and land use and will streamline government structures..."
      Author/creator: Gwen Robinson
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "Financial Times"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 18 September 2012


      Title: Investment law to decide if Burma’s growth will be ‘transformational’
      Date of publication: 14 September 2012
      Description/subject: "...Currently awaiting the signature of the president [returned unsigned to Parliament for amendment late October] is the new Foreign Investment Law designed to make the country more attractive to foreign investors. This law will grant them the right to hold long leases on land (until now leases have been greatly restricted and the state was the exclusive owner of most productive land). Overseas investors will also be able to enjoy a five-year profit tax “holiday,” other tax concessions, and are guaranteed against the nationalization of their businesses (a necessary step given Myanmar’s long history of state expropriation). So far, so good, but Myanmar’s new Foreign Investment Law is also reflective of the country’s continuing divisions. The law has been heavily influenced by the interests of Myanmar’s “crony” conglomerates, which in recent years have come to dominate key areas of the economy. With interests that extend to almost every sector, such cronies (as people in Myanmar routinely refer to them) are likely to feel the threat of foreign competition first and foremost. Accordingly, despite the liberal elements of the new Foreign Investment Law, other key clauses limit the role of foreign investors in a host of sectors, including retail trade, agricultural processing, fisheries and many light industries and services. The outcome of this struggle between liberal reformers and the beneficiaries of Myanmar’s past regime will ultimately shape the new Foreign Investment Law. This struggle will also determine if Myanmar is finally on the path to genuine transformational growth. A tiger in waiting perhaps, but not one yet."
      Author/creator: Sean Turnell
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "Mizzima News"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 18 September 2012


      Title: The Burmese Junta's Abuse of Investment Laws
      Date of publication: August 2001
      Description/subject: "Burma continues to be a pariah state for its gross violations of human rights. The refusal of the Burmese military junta to honour the results of the May 1990 elections made its isolation complete: so much so that Burma was denied ASEAN membership for a long time. The junta has even gone so far as to abuse its own laws, including those regulating foreign investment. As there are already many international reports on the link between foreign investment and violations of human rights in Burma, this paper will mainly focus on the aspect of Burma?s investment laws itself?what kinds of investment laws there are in Burma and how these are being abused by the junta..."
      Author/creator: B.K. Sen, Peter Gutter
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "Legal Issues on Burma Journal" No. 9 (Burma Lawyers' Council)
      Alternate URLs: The original (and authoritative) version of this article may be found in "Legal issues of Burma Journal" No. 9 at http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/Legal%20Issues%20on%20Burma%20Journal%209.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: Grave Diggers: A report on Mining in Burma
      Date of publication: 14 February 2000
      Description/subject: A report on mining in Burma. The problems mining is bringing to the Burmese people, and the multinational companies involved in it. Includes an analysis of the SLORC 1994 Mining Law.... 'Grave Diggers, authored by world renowned mining environmental activist Roger Moody, was the first major review of mining in Burma since the country's military regime opened the door to foreign mining investment in 1994. Singled out for special attention in this report is the stake taken up by Canadian mining promoter Robert Friedland, whose Ivanhoe Mines has redeveloped a major copper mine in the Monywa area in joint venture enterprise with Burma's military regime. There are several useful appendices with first hand reports from mining sites throughout the country. A series of maps shows the location of the exploration concessions taken up almost exclusively by foreign companies in the rounds of bidding that took place in the nineties.
      Author/creator: Roger Moody
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Various groups
      Format/size: pdf (1.4MB) html
      Alternate URLs: http://www.miningwatch.ca/en/grave-diggers-report-mining-burma
      http://www.miningwatch.ca/sites/miningwatch.ca/files/Grave_Diggers.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 09 September 2010


  • Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to energy production

    • Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to energy production (texts)

      Individual Documents

      Title: The Board of Yangon City Electric Power Supply Law - SPDC Law No. 6/2005 (English)
      Date of publication: 22 November 2005
      Description/subject: The Union of Myanmar... The State Peace and Development Council... The Board of Yangon City Electric Power Supply Law... (The State Peace and Development Council Law No. 6/2005)... The 7th Waning of Tazaungmone 1367 ME (22nd November, 2005) turbine
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Peace and Development Council via "The New Light of Myanmar", 23 November 2005
      Format/size: pdf (124K)
      Date of entry/update: 10 June 2013


      Title: The Atomic Energy Law (SPDC Law Law No. 8/98)
      Date of publication: 08 June 1998
      Description/subject: The State Peace and Development Council... The Atomic Energy Law... (The State Peace and Development Council Law No. 8/98)... The 14th Waxing of Nayon 1360 M.E. (8th June, 1998)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The State Peace and Development Council via BLC
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 16 July 2005


      Title: The Law Amending the Electricity Law - SLORC Law No. 3/90 (English)
      Date of publication: 07 March 1990
      Description/subject: The State Law and Order Restoration Council - The Law Amending the Electricity Law - (The State Law and Order Restoration council Law No. 3/90) - The 12th Waxing Day of Tabaung, 1351 M.E. (7th March, 1990)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) via The Burma Lawyers' Council
      Format/size: pdf (54K, 63K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs11/Electricity-Amendment-Law-1990.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 25 May 2011


      Title: Electricity Law (1984)
      Date of publication: 1984
      Description/subject: (1984 People's Parliament (PyiThu Hluttaw) Act No. 7) See also the The Law Amending the Electricity Law(1990)
      Language: English, Burmese
      Source/publisher: Union of the Socialist Republic of Burma
      Format/size: pdf (English - 74K; Burmese - 348K))
      Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs11/Electricity_Law(bu).pdf
      Date of entry/update: 27 March 2011


      Title: THE ELECTRICITY ACT (1910)
      Date of publication: 01 January 1911
      Description/subject: [INDIA ACT IX, 1910.] (1st January, 1911.).....Replaced by the 1984 Electricity Law
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Government of India
      Format/size: pdf (487K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 March 2011