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Arakan (Shwe) gas field

  • Shwe gas field and pipeline -- reports and articles

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: The Shwe Gas Movement
    Description/subject: "The SHWE Gas Movement is concerned with a natural gas pipeline project presently unfolding in Western Burma... In cooperation with Burma's military junta, a consortium of Indian and Korean corporations are currently exploring gas fields off the coast of Arakan State in Western Burma. Discovered in December 2003, these fields--labeled A-1, or "Shwe" (the Burmese word for gold)--are expected to hold one of the largest gas yields in Southeast Asia. These Shwe fields could well become the Burmese military government's largest single source of foreign income... However, for the people of Burma this project will likely bring more suffering than benefits. It is the opinion of the SHWE Gas Movement that the following issues are very likely outcomes if the pipeline project goes ahead unchecked:... Exploitation of the Voiceless: In order to transport the gas to India, a pipeline corridor is already being cleared in the minority Burmese states of Arakan and Chin. Moreover, the area is becoming increasingly militarised and forced labour is occurring in the context of infrastructure development... Large-scale Human Rights Abuses and Militarisation: As experience with two previous international Burmese gas pipeline projects -- the Yadana and the Yetagun -- suggest, forced relocation of villagers, forced labour, torture, rape and extrajudicial killings will result from the Shwe project... Environmental and Cultural Destruction: Because proper social and environmental impact assessments have not been carried out, the extent of the project's impact on the local population and environment can hardly be determined, but the Burmese military has a long history of environmental and cultural degradation... The Entrenchment of the Burmese Military Regime: Just as the Yadana and Yetagun projects provided a context for the Burmese military regime to extend its reach into minority and opposition areas, so too is the Shwe project providing an excuse to further militarize and exploit the frontier areas of Arakan and Chin state. Meanwhile, when the money from this project begins flowing into the junta's coffers, this will only increase the military's grip over the rest of Burma. Burma's current state of affairs is well known. The regime's poor human rights record has led most governments and many international organisations and institutions to condemn Burma's state terror and pass sanctions and investment bans against the country. This approach, also supported by the majority of Burma's opposition movement and Nobel Peace Laureate Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, is meant to apply economic and political pressure on the regime and kick-start a process of democratisation. At the same time, several countries, such as the regional neighbours Thailand, India, China and Malaysia, promote constructive engagement with the regime as opposed to international isolation. According to their arguments, constructive engagement will promote economic development, integrate the country into the international community, and eventually instigate a full transfer to democracy. To date, however, progress in democratisation and human rights is yet to show, which seriously questions the viability of constructive engagement. Indeed, most foreign investment and development projects have caused more suffering than good because of the direct involvement of Burma's military. Thus, as argued by the Nobel Laureate and winner of the 1990 elections in Burma, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, "until we have a system that guarantees rules of law and basic democratic institutions, no amount of aid or investment will benefit our people." We, the SHWE Gas Movement, ask the governments and corporations involved to halt the project until there is assurance that the people of the whole of Burma and Western Burma in particular can participate in the decision-making process and benefit from this project and not suffer the same fate as the people affected by the Yadana and the Yetagun pipelines. We ask you for your support in achieving this goal."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: The Shwe Gas Movement
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 04 March 2005


    Individual Documents

    Title: Statement by Local Residents at Ramree Island regarding Shwe Gas Project, Deep Sea Port, and Oil and Gas Pipeline (English, Burmese, Chinese)
    Date of publication: 02 May 2013
    Description/subject: "Construction of Daewoo’s Shwe gas project, as well as CNPC’s Maday deep sea port and oil and gas pipeline have damaged our (local people’s) livelihoods and environment in Kyauk Phu Township since 2009. Additionally, there has been ongoing forcible land confiscation, providing no compensation or a limited amount of compensation for the confiscated rice farms and lands. We, the local affected people, were not informed or consulted by the companies regarding the positive or negative impacts of the projects before the implementation of these projects until today. Furthermore, we were not informed of whether an EIA or SIA had been conducted before the implementation of the projects. Therefore, we have been deeply concerned about the possibility of the total destruction of our major livelihoods such as farming and fishing, as the projects have already negatively impacted our livelihoods..."
    Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ, Chinese
    Source/publisher: Local Residents at Ramree Island (20 local groups and villages)
    Format/size: pdf (64K-English; 63K-Burmese; 144K-Chinese)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/Ramree_Oil_and_Gas_Statement-bu.pdf
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/Ramree_Oil_and_Gas_Statement-ch.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 02 May 2013


    Title: "There is no benefit, they destroyed our farmland" (English and Burmese)
    Date of publication: 08 April 2013
    Description/subject: WITH SUBSTANTIAL SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS, INCLUDING A PHOTO ESSAY...Selected Land and Livelihood Impacts Along the Shwe Natural Gas and China-Myanmar Oil Transport Pipeline from Rakhine State to Mandalay Division..."Yesterday, we published a photo essay and companion report highlighting the severe impacts of the Shwe natural gas and Myanmar-China oil transport pipelines on the lives and livelihoods of local communities living around these mega-projects. Set for operation later this year, these Chinese and Korean led projects will transport Myanmar and foreign resources to China while providing little benefits to communities; lands have been taken, destroyed and damaged with inadequate compensation to make way for the dual pipelines and associated infrastructure. Based on over one year of on-the-ground fact-finding inside Myanmar by EarthRights International, the photos and essay amplify the voices of communities who are calling for the projects to be suspended or diverted to avoid ongoing harms..."
    Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: EarthRights International (ERI)
    Format/size: html (87K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.earthrights.org/multimedia/essay/photo-essay-selected-impacts-shwe-natural-gas-myanmar-c...
    http://www.earthrights.org/sites/default/files/Shwe-Essay-Selected-Impacts-Myanmar-Language.pdf
    http://www.earthrights.org/sites/default/files/Shwe-Photo-Essay-Captions-Myanmar-Language.pdf
    http://www.earthrights.org/sites/default/files/daewoo-land-acquisition-english.pdf
    http://www.earthrights.org/sites/default/files/Daewoo-Land-Acquisition-Burmese.pdf
    http://www.earthrights.org/campaigns/press-coverage-shwe-gas-and-myanmar-china-oil-projects
    http://www.earthrights.org/campaigns/civil-society-reports-statements-shwe-and-myanmar-china-oil-an...
    Date of entry/update: 09 April 2013


    Title: Danger Zone - Giant Chinese industrial zone threatens Burma’s Arakan coast (English and Burmese)
    Date of publication: 17 December 2012
    Description/subject: "China’s plans to build a giant industrial zone at the terminal of its Shwe gas and oil pipelines on the Arakan coast will damage the livelihoods of tens of thousands of islanders and spell doom for Burma’s second largest mangrove forest. The 120 sq km “Kyauk Phyu Special Economic Zone” (SEZ) will be managed by Chinese state-owned CITIC group on Ramree island, where China is constructing a deep sea port for ships bringing oil from the Middle East and Africa. An 800-km railway is also being built from Kyauk Phyu to Yunnan, under a 50 year BOT (Build-Operate-Transfer) agreement, forging a Chinese-managed trade corridor from the Indian Ocean across Burma. Investment in the railway and SEZ, China’s largest in Southeast Asia, is estimated at US $109 billion over 35 years. Construction of the pipelines and deep-sea port has already caused large-scale land confiscation. Now 40 villages could face direct eviction from the SEZ, while many more fear the impacts of toxic waste and pollution from planned petrochemical and metal industries. No information has been provided to local residents about the projects. It is urgently needed to have stringent regulations in place to protect the people and environment before projects such as these are implemented in Burma."
    Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Arakan Oil Watch
    Format/size: pdf (810K-English; 1MB-Burmese)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs14/Danger-Zone-bu-red.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 16 December 2012


    Title: Pipeline Nightmare (English and Burmese)
    Date of publication: 07 November 2012
    Description/subject: "Shwe Pipeline Brings Land Confiscation, Militarization and Human Rights Violations to the Ta’ang People. The Ta’ang Students and Youth Organization (TSYO) released a report today called “Pipeline Nightmare” that illustrates how the Shwe Gas and Oil Pipeline project, which will transport oil and gas across Burma to China, has resulted in the confiscation of people’s lands, forced labor, and increased military presence along the pipeline, affecting thousands of people. Moreover, the report documents cases in 6 target cities and 51 villages of human rights violations committed by the Burmese Army, police and people’s militia, who take responsibility for security of the pipeline. The government has deployed additional soldiers and extended 26 military camps in order to increase pressure on the ethnic armed groups and to provide security for the pipeline project and its Chinese workers. Along the pipeline, there is fighting on a daily basis between the Burmese Army and the Kachin Independence Army, Shan State Army – North and Ta’ang National Liberation Army in Namtu, Mantong and Namkham, where there are over one thousand Ta’ang (Palaung) refugees. “Even though the international community believes that the government has implemented political reforms, it doesn’t mean those reforms have reached ethnic areas, especially not where there is increased militarization along the Shwe Pipeline, increased fighting between the Burmese Army and ethnic armed groups, and negative consequences for the people living in these areas,” said Mai Amm Ngeal, a member of TSYO. The China National Petroleum Corporation and Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise have signed agreements for the Shwe Pipeline, however the companies have not conducted any Environmental Impact Assessments or Social Impact Assessments. While the people living along the pipeline bear the brunt of the effects, the government will earn an estimated USD$29 billion over the next 30 years. “The government and companies involved must be held accountable for the project and its effects on the local people, such as increasing military presence and Chinese workers along the pipeline, both of which cause insecurity for the local communities and especially women. The project has no benefit for the public, so it must be postponed,” said Lway Phoo Reang, Joint Secretary (1) of TSYO. TSYO urges the government to postpone the Shwe Gas and Oil Pipeline project, to withdraw the military from Shan State, reach a ceasefire with all ethnic armed groups in the state, and address the root causes of the armed conflict by engaging in political dialogue."
    Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Ta’ang Students and Youth Organization (TSYO)
    Format/size: pdf (English, 2MB-OBL version; 6.77-original; 1.45-Burmese-OBL version)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.palaungland.org/wp-content/uploads/Report/S%20P%20N%20Report/Pipeline%20Nightmare%20report%20in%20English%20version%20(Final).pdf (original)
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs14/Pipeline_Nightmare-bu-op--red.pdf (full report in Burmese)
    http://www.palaungland.org/wp-content/uploads/Report/S%20P%20N%20Report/Immediate%20Release%207%20N... (Summary in Burmese)
    http://www.palaungland.org/wp-content/uploads/Report/S%20P%20N%20Report/For%20Immediate%20Release%2... (Summary in Thai)
    http://www.palaungland.org/wp-content/uploads/Report/S%20P%20N%20Report/2012-11%20Shwe%20Pipeline%2... (Summary in Chinese)
    Date of entry/update: 07 November 2012


    Title: Sold Out - Launch of China pipeline project unleashes abuse across Burma
    Date of publication: 07 September 2011
    Description/subject: "Construction of various project components to extract, process, and export the Shwe gas - as well as oil trans-shipments from Africa and the Middle East - is now well underway. Local peoples are losing their land and fishing grounds without finding new job opportunities. Workers that have found lowpaying temporary jobs are exploited and fired for demanding basic rights. Women face unequal wages, discrimination in the compensation process, and vulnerabilities in the growing sex industry around the project. Resentment against the so-called Shwe Gas Project is growing and communities are beginning to stand up against abuses and exploitation. Despite threats and risk of arrest, farmers and local residents are sending complaints to local authorities. Laborers are striking for better pay and working conditions and women running households are demanding electricity. Burma’s military government is exporting massive world-class natural gas reserves found off the country’s western coast, sacrificing the country’s future economic security and dashing chances of electrification and job creation. The “Shwe” offshore fields will produce trillions of cubic feet of natural gas that could be used to spur economic and social development in one of the world’s least developed nations. Instead it will be piped across the country to China, fuelling abuses and conflict along its path. Meanwhile active fighting has broken out between armed resistance groups and government troops in the area of the pipeline corridor in northern Burma. The Korean, Chinese and Indian companies involved in this project are taking tremendous risks with their reputations and investments. Social tensions, armed conflict, human rights abuses, and lack of project standards have raised concerns in investor circles and caused at least one pension fund to divest from the Korean fi rm Daewoo International, the main developer of the gas fields. Genuine development can only be achieved when community rights and the environment are protected, affected peoples share in benefits, and transparency and accountability mechanisms are in place. The Shwe Gas and China-Burma Pipelines projects must be suspended and all financing frozen or divested until such conditions exist..."
    Language: English, Burmese
    Source/publisher: Shwe Gas Movement
    Format/size: pdf (2.9MB - English; 4.2MB - Burmese)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs11/SoldOut(bu)-red.pdf
    http://www.shwe.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/SoldOut-Web-Verstoin.pdf
    http://www.shwe.org/campaign-update/sold-out-new-report/
    Date of entry/update: 07 September 2011


    Title: Broken Ethics:The Norwegian Government’s Investments in Oil and Gas Companies Operating in Burma (Myanmar)
    Date of publication: 15 December 2010
    Description/subject: "The Norwegian government has been accused of complicity in illegal land seizures, forced labour and killings, by investing national funds in international companies that operate inside Burma on projects where widespread abuses are alleged to have taken place. A state-controlled pension fund that is a repository for some of Norway's own oil wealth has invested up to $4.7bn in 15 oil and gas companies operating inside the South-east Asian country. The companies are accused of participating in projects where various human rights violations have taken place. Activists claim the pension fund is in breach of its own guidelines for responsible investment. The allegations come just days after Norway hosted the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony. Land confiscation, forced labour and other abuses are happening in connection with several gas and oil pipeline projects in Burma, according to Naing Htoo of EarthRights International, which is today publishing a report detailing the alleged abuses being committed by the Burmese government. "There's every indication abuses connected to these projects will continue, and, in some cases, worsen," he said. A number of those companies in which the Norwegian fund has investments have previously been accused in relation to controversial projects in Burma which has been controlled by a military junta since 1962. Among them are Total Oil of France, in which the Norwegian fund has an investment of $2.6bn, and the US-based Chevron Corp, in which the fund has $900m invested. EarthRights International insists that widespread violations continue to be committed by the Burmese army in support of many oil and gas projects that earn the regime millions of dollars. The group says that troops providing security for the Yadana and Yetagun pipelines have carried out extra-judicial killings..." ["The Independent"]
    Author/creator: Matthew Smith, Naing Htoo, Zaw Zaw, Shauna Curphey, Paul Donowitz, Brad Weikel, Ross Dana Flynn, and Anonymous Field Teams
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: EarthRights International
    Format/size: pdf (1.2MB)
    Date of entry/update: 15 December 2010


    Title: Overview of Land Confiscation in Arakan State
    Date of publication: June 2010
    Description/subject: Introduction: "The following analysis has been compiled to bring attention to a wider audience of many of the problems facing the people of Burma, especially in Arakan State. The analysis focuses particularly on the increase in land confiscation resulting from intensifying military deployment in order to magnify security around a number of governmental developments such as the Shwe Gas, Kaladan, and Hydropower projects in western Burma of Arakan State...Conclusion: "The SPDC's ongoing parallel policy of increasing militarisation while increased forced land confiscation to house and feed the increasing troop numbers causes widespread problems throughout Burma. By stripping people of the land upon which peopl's livelihoods are based, whilst providing only desultory compensation if any at all, many citizens face threats to their food security as well as water shortages, a decrease or abolition of their income, eradicating their ability to educate their children in order to create a sustainable income source in the future. Additionally, the policy of using forced labour in the Government's construction and development projects, coupled with the disastrous environmental effects of many of these projects, continues to create severe health problems throughout the country whilst simultaneously stifling the local economy so that varied or sustainable work is difficult to become engaged in. All of this often leads to people fleeing the country in search of a better life."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: All Arakan Students' and Youths' Congress (AASYC)
    Format/size: pdf (2.3MB)
    Date of entry/update: 16 June 2010


    Title: Corridor of Power - China’s Trans-Burma Oil and Gas pipelines
    Date of publication: 07 September 2009
    Description/subject: Introduction: "On June 16, 2009 China's Vice-President Xi Jinping and Burma's Vice-Senior General Maung Aye signed a memorandum of understanding relating to the development, operation and management of the "Myanmar-China Crude Oil Pipeline Projects." After years of brokering deals and planning, China has cemented its place not only as the sole buyer of Burma's massive Shwe Gas reserves, but also the creator of a new trans-Burma corridor to secure shipment of its oil imports from the Middle East and Africa. China's largest oil and gas producer -the China National Petroleum Corporation or CNPC - will build nearly 4,000 kilometers of dual oil and gas pipelines across the heartland of Burma beginning in September 2009. CNPC will also purchase offshore natural gas reserves, handing the military junta ruling Burma a conservative estimate of one billion US dollars a year over the next 30 years. Burma ranks tenth in the world in terms of natural gas reserves yet the per capita electricity consumption is less than 5% that of neighbouring Thailand and China. Burma already receives US$ 2.4 billion per year - nearly 50 percent of revenues from exports - from natural gas sales but spends a pittance on health and education; one reason it was ranked as the second-most corrupt country in the world in 2008. Entrenched corruption combined with energy shortages have led to social unrest in the conflict-ridden country; unprecedented demonstrations in 2007 were sparked by a spike in fuel prices. An estimated 13,200 soldiers are currently positioned along the pipeline route. Past experience has shown that pipeline construction and maintenance in Burma involves forced labour, forced relocation, land confiscation, and a host of abuses by soldiers deployed to the project area. A lack of transparency or assessment mechanisms leaves critical ecosystems under threat as well. Yet it is not only the people of Burma who are facing grave risks from these projects. The corporations, governments, and financiers involved also face serious financial and security risks. A re-ignition of fighting between the regime and ceasefire armies stationed along the pipeline route; an unpredictable business environment that could arbitrarily seize property or assets; and public relations disasters as a result of complicity in human rights abuses and environmental destruction all threaten investments. The Shwe Gas Movement is therefore calling companies and governments to suspend the Shwe Gas and Trans-Burma Corridor projects; shareholders, institutional investors and pension funds to divest their holdings in these companies; and banks to refrain from financing these projects unless affected peoples are protected."
    Language: English, Burmese (press releases in also in Chinese and Thai)
    Source/publisher: Shwe Gas Movement
    Format/size: pdf (2.5MB, 2.3MB, English version; 7.7MB, Burmese version)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.shwe.org/ (press releases in English, Burmese, Chinese and Thai)
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs07/Corridor_of_PowerSGM-bu.pdf
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs07/CorridorofPower-SGM-red.pdf (English)
    Date of entry/update: 07 September 2009


    Title: A Governance Gap: The Failure of the Korean Government to hold Korean Corporations Accountable to the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises Regarding Violations in Burma
    Date of publication: 15 June 2009
    Description/subject: Executive Summary: "This report is intended to inform the upcoming meetings of the OECD Investment Committee in Paris, France in 2009. It documents substantive errors in the Korean NCP’s interpretations of the OECD Guidelines, and its failure to achieve functional equivalence with other NCPs. EarthRights International (ERI) and the Shwe Gas Movement (SGM) request the Investment Committee to address the governance gap within the OECD Guidelines system of implementation by acknowledging the Korean NCP’s errors in interpretation, and by clarifying certain aspects of Guidelines with respect to the Korean NCP’s decision in the Shwe case. Chapter 1 provides an updated context of the situation in Burma, highlighting the environmental and human rights, political, and economic situations, with particular attention to updates on the impacts of natural gas development in the country. Chapter 2 describes the OECD Guidelines specific instance procedure and the complaint filed by ERI and SGM et al. in October 2008. Chapter 3 explains structural shortcomings and conflicts of interest at the Korean NCP, noting that these are problems that appear to pervade the NCP system, raising important questions about the ability of the Guidelines to have their desired effect. Chapter 4 describes specific substantive problems with the Korean NCP’s decision in the Shwe case, noting how the NCP decided in favor of the companies on every count, concluding that the complaint did not merit further attention. Chapter 5 highlights the ways in which the Korean NCP’s decision is inconsistent with decisions of other NCPs, most notably with decisions by the French and UK NCPs. Chapter 6 makes specific requests of the OECD Investment Committee with respect to clarifying certain aspects of the Guidelines and taking effective action to improve the performance of the Korean NCP. Appendix A of this report is an unofficial English translation of the Korean NCPs decision. The text of the complaint filed by ERI and SGM et al. is available at www.earthrights.org."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: EarthRights International, Shwe Gas Movement
    Format/size: pdf (496MB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs07/A_Governance_Gap-ERI.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 August 2010


    Title: COMPLAINT TO THE SOUTH KOREA NATIONAL CONTACT POINT UNDER THE SPECIFIC INSTANCE PROCEDURE OF THE OECD GUIDELINES FOR MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES
    Date of publication: 29 October 2008
    Description/subject: REGARDING NATURAL GAS DEVELOPMENT BY DAEWOO INTERNATIONAL AND KOREA GAS CORPORATION (KOGAS) IN BURMA (MYANMAR)... FILED BY EARTHRIGHTS INTERNATIONAL (ERI) ON BEHALF OF THE SHWE GAS MOVEMENT (SGM)... CO-COMPLAINANTS ARE: THE KOREAN HOUSE FOR INTERNATIONAL SOLIDARITY (KHIS); KOREAN CONFEDERATION OF TRADE UNIONS (KCTU); FEDERATIONS OF KOREAN TRADE UNIONS (FKTU); CITIZEN'S ACTION NETWORK (CAN); PEOPLE FOR DEMOCRACY IN BURMA; WRITERS FOR DEMOCRACY OF BURMA; HUMAN RIGHTS SOLIDARITY FOR NEW SOCIETY; THE ASSOCIATION FOR MIGRANT WORKERS' HUMAN RIGHTS; BURMA ACTION KOREA... OCTOBER 29, 2008....."...EarthRights International (ERI), on behalf of the Shwe Gas Movement (SGM), brings this complaint alleging that Daewoo International and the Korea Gas Corporation (KOGAS) have breached and will continue to breach a number of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (the “Guidelines”) related to their activities in Burma (Myanmar).1 These breaches are related to the companies’ exploration, development, and operation of the natural gas project in Burma known as the Shwe Gas Project, meaning “gold” in Burmese (hereinafter “Shwe Project”)....".....CONTENTS: I. Introduction 4 i. Identity and Interest of the Complainants 4 ii. Identity of the Corporations Involved 4 iii. Previous Contact between the Corporations and the Complainants 5 iv. Summary of Breaches by Daewoo International and KOGAS in Burma 5 v. Specific Requests of the South Korean NCP 7 II. Applicability of the Guidelines 8 i. Why Daewoo International and KOGAS, and this Complaint, are Subject to the Guidelines 8 ii. Why NCP Involvement is Requested and Necessary at this Time 8 III. Background on Burma 9 i. Geography and Demographics 9 ii. Government and Politics 10 iii. Economy 11 iv. Cyclone Nargis 13 v. Military Support 14 vi. Human Rights 14 IV. Background to this Complaint 17 i. Previous Natural Gas Projects and Human Rights Abuses: The Yadana and Yetagun Pipelines 17 ii. The Shwe Natural Gas Project of Daewoo International, KOGAS, et al 20 V. Specific Breaches of the Guidelines by Daewoo International and KOGAS 23 i. Section II.1, Enterprises should contribute to economic, social and environmental progress with a view to achieving sustainable development. 23 a) International Standards 24 b) Breaches of Section II.1 24 ii. Section II.2, [Enterprises should] Respect the human rights of those affected by their activities consistent with the host government's international obligations and commitments. 25 a) Customary International Human Rights Obligations 26 b) Obligations Under Treaty Law 27 c) Breaches of Section II.2 28 iii. Sections III.1 & V.2, Enterprises should 1) ensure that timely, regular, reliable and relevant information is disclosed regarding their activities, structure, financial situation and performance and 2) provide timely information and consult with affected communities. 30 a) International Standards 30 b) Obligations Under Treaty Law 31 c) Breaches of Section III.1 32 d) Breaches of Section V.2 33 iv. Section IV.1(c), Enterprises should contribute to the elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour. 34 a) Customary International Law Regarding Forced Labour and Forced Portering 34 b) Obligations Under Treaty Law 35 c) Obligations Under National Law 35 3 d) Breaches of Section IV.1(c) 36 v. Section V.3, [Enterprises should] Assess environmental impact and prepare an appropriate environmental impact assessment. 37 a) The Requirement for EIA Under Customary International Law 37 b) Obligations Under Treaty Law 39 c) Breaches of Section V.3 39 VI. Conclusion 42 VII. Contact Information of Representative of Complainants 43
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: EarthRights International
    Format/size: pdf (249K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs07/OECDComplaint10.29-ENGLISH.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 30 December 2008


    Title: Blocking Freedom: A case study of China's oil and gas investmert in Burma
    Date of publication: 21 October 2008
    Description/subject:  KEY POINTS - A Brief Summary: * Oil exploration by Chinese companies in Arakan, western Burma, precipitated a rare explosion of local anger in April 2007, resulting in damage to a Chinese drilling site, a crackdown by Burmese forces, and seventy villagers fleeing their homes.... * Burma's oil and gas resources are being exported while a majority of the people has no electricity. Exploration operations carried out without prior knowledge or consent of local residents and without impact assessments resulted in social and environmental abuses contrary to the claims of corporate social responsibility reports by the Chinese companies involved.... * Chinese investment in Burma's oil and gas sector is growing, with 16 blocks under contract for exploration. This investment also includes the purchase ofhuge offshore natural gas reserves, construction of cross-country pipelines, and the development of a deep sea port, which stand to amplify abuses across the country.... * While the military regime now takes in US$2.7 billion a year from the sale of natural gas, less than half of the earnings are publicly recorded. Revenue from the sale of new natural gas finds are destined to triple in the coming years. This includes the sale of gas from the Shwe gas project, which would generate an estimated US$24 billion over the next twenty years.... * Without rule of law, accountability or transparency mechanisms in Burma, Chinese and other companies operating in the country will become complicit in military abuses and conflict.... * Without assurance of adherence to basic international standards, Chinese and multinational oil and gas corporations in Burma need to s top investment and operations in Burma's oil and gas sector until such time as Burma has a genuine democratically-elected government, rule of law, and legislation guaranteeing the protection of human rights and the environment. At the same time, s hareholders, investors, and banks that support Chinese and other multinational oil and gas companies must divest their funds from projects in Burma.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Arakan Oil Watch
    Format/size: pdf (4.4MB - original; 3.9MB - burmalibrary version)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs5/Blocking_Freedom-en.pdf
    http://shwe.org/media-releases/publications/file/Blocking%20Freedom%20English.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 August 2010


    Title: China’s Game Plan for Burma
    Date of publication: January 2008
    Description/subject: China’s ability to elbow out other contenders for the Shwe gas—from Thailand, Japan and South Korea, as well as India—underlines Beijing’s rising influence within the Burmese regime
    Author/creator: William Boot
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 1
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 27 April 2008


    Title: Erdgas in Burma - ein Rohstoff und seine Folgen
    Date of publication: 15 November 2006
    Description/subject: Ein Artikel über die Pläne der Shwe-Gas-Pipeline durch den koreanischen Daewoo-Konzern und andere internationale Teilhaber. Befürchtete Auswirkungen: Menschenrechtsverletzungen, Umweltzerstörung, Zerstörung der Lebensgrundlage, Einkommen für das Militärregime Shwe-Gas-Pipeline, Daewoo, GAIL, India, Shwe Gas Movement, report "Supply and Command"
    Author/creator: Andreas Berger
    Language: Deutsch, German
    Source/publisher: Burma.Initiative Asienhaus
    Format/size: pdf (322K)
    Date of entry/update: 20 December 2006


    Title: Gas Politics: Shwe Gas Development in Burma
    Date of publication: November 2006
    Description/subject: "In recent months, both China and India have signed agreements with the Burmese military junta indicating their willingness to buy gas from the proposed Shwe gas project in western Burma, with Thailand also expressing interest. If built, the Shwe project would be Burma’s largest gas development project ever. Matthew Smith and Naing Htoo analyse the events surrounding the recent agreements and the inevitable consequences if the project were to proceed..."
    Author/creator: Matthew Smith and Naing Htoo
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: EarthRights International, published in "Watershed" Vol. 11 No. 2, November 2005–June 2006
    Format/size: pdf (306K)
    Date of entry/update: 26 April 2008


    Title: Supply and Command - Natural gas in western Burma set to entrench military rule
    Date of publication: July 2006
    Description/subject: Executive Summary" "A scramble for natural gas presently unfolding in western Burma is poised to provide the ruling military junta with its single largest source of income. The sale of the gas, mainly to regional neighbours, will further entrench the junta, insulating it from international pressure. The country's already abysmal human rights situation is set to worsen. A consortium of Indian and Korean corporations, in cooperation with the regime, has been exploring gas fields off the coast of Arakan State after the discovery of a "world class gas deposit" in wells labelled "Shwe" (the Burmese word for gold) in late 2003. The Shwe wells are expected to lead to one of the largest gas yields in Southeast Asia. Burma's strategic location between two of the world's largest and most energy-hungry countries (China and India) has accelerated the exploration and extraction process. Outcry over Burma's human rights record and its continued detention of democracy leader and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi has led to a series of actions by the international community, including moves to highlight Burma as a security threat at the UN Security Council. Yet the regime has continued its military expansion and offensives, particularly into ethnic border areas, in an effort to strengthen its hold. Since 1988, the number of infantry battalions based in the Western Command in Arakan and Chin states, the two western states that will be affected by the Shwe gas project, has increased from 3 to 43 battalions. The increased militarization has led to human rights abuses including forced labour, confiscation of land and assets, extortion, and violence. These abuses will surely be exacerbated by a further increase of troop levels to secure any gas pipeline in the area. Indeed, the effects of the project are already being felt by local fishermen. In April 2004, soldiers arrested fishermen inside an exclusion zone around exploratory rigs in the gas fields. The men were not aware of the restrictions as they had frequently gone fishing in that area. Regardless of this, they were beaten and thrown injail. Gas from the Yadana and Yetagun pipelines in the east of the country is currently Burma's largest source of legal export revenue. The Shwe project, however, would increase the junta's income from gas by at least 150%. The junta stands to profit by approximately US$580-824 million per year or US$124 7 billion over the life of the project. Previous gas earnings have been directly linked with military arms purchases and allow the regime to continue its oppressive grip on the whole of Burma's population in defiance of international pressure. While the regime purchases more arms with gas revenues, the local population remains in poverty. Arakan and Chin states are both excluded from the national electricity grid; ninety percent of the population uses candles for light and firewood as their primary source of cooking fuel. People are denied their rights to participate in decision-making about any development projects, including the extraction of local resources. Two proposed pipeline routes to India traverse four areas classified as crucial to the conservation of global biodiversity, including one of the ten most vulnerable ecoregions in the world. Clearance paths either side of a pipeline that would disrupt animal migratory paths and the building of roads and infrastructure are • foreign governments, institutions, and civil society, of particular concern in these areas. The fate of at least three particularly in the region, to pressure businesses critically endangered animal species, the Arakan forest turtle, involved in the Shwe gas project to freeze all current the dugong, and the Irrawaddy river dolphin, will also be put into business with the military regime and refrain from question by the Shwe project. Environmental dangers involved further investment. in the commercial production and transport of natural gas such as chemical leakage and gas blowouts are a further concern. • the broader international community to continue to expose the dangers posed by the Shwe gas project. Several ancient historical sites - including the third Dhanyawaddy City that dates back to 580 BC - that are significant not only to Arakan people but to the understanding of the history of Southeast Asia lie within twenty kilometres of the proposed Shwe gas pipelines. Given the SPDC's record of destruction and disregard for culturally and historically important sites, including those in Arakan State, this proximity makes them vulnerable to ransacking and destruction during the development of the Shwe pipelines and associated infrastructure such as roads and military barracks. In order to address the potential social, economic, and environmental impacts of the Shwe gas project and to enable its benefits to be distributed equitably, Burma needs a democratic system of governance in which people can voice their concerns without fearing persecution. Without this, the Shwe project must not go forward. The Shwe Gas Movement urges: • all corporations and businesses involved in the Shwe project, either state or privately owned, to freeze all current business with the military regime and refrain from further investment and exploration until a dialogue can be held with a democratically-elected government."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Shwe Gas Movement
    Format/size: pdf (1.09MB)
    Date of entry/update: 14 July 2006


    Title: Another Yadana: The Shwe Natural Gas Pipeline Project (Burma-Bangladesh-India)
    Date of publication: 27 August 2004
    Description/subject: "In Burmese, Yadana refers to objects of religious veneration and, by extension, to people and objects of great worth.[1] The construction and maintenance of the Yadana Pipeline has forever changed that. For the thousands of people adversely affected by this multi-national energy project, the word has a very different meaning. Yadana is now synonymous with forced labor and severe human rights violations.[2] Another Yadana, sadly, is in the making. In January 2004, with the approval of the Burmese government, a consortium of South Korean and Indian companies announced plans to develop a massive natural gas field in the Gulf of Bengal, off the coast of western Burma. This new project, known as Shwe, which means “gold” in Burmese, is still in its early planning stages. In EarthRights International’s (ERI) view, an alarming number of similarities already exist between the Yadana Pipeline and the proposed Shwe Pipeline. If nothing is done, it appears likely that history will repeat itself. Forced labor and human rights abuses are still an ongoing problem throughout Burma, and it can be assumed that these violations will continue at any major development project site. At this point, little information on the proposed Shwe Project is publicly available. To help counter this problem ERI is now collaborating with a growing number of groups in the tri-state border region (Burma-Bangladesh-India) where the transnational pipeline is likely to be constructed. Together, the groups are working to raise local, regional and international awareness concerning the social and environmental impacts the massive Shwe Project is likely to have regionally. The Project is expected to cost between one and three billion U.S. dollars to build.[3] Future reports based on careful fact-finding are planned, as is an international campaign should the energy consortium move forward with the project..." N.B. map in pdf version.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: EarthRights International
    Format/size: html, pdf (324K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/The_Shwe_Project.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 27 August 2004


    Title: Four articles on new gas field off Arakan
    Date of publication: 20 January 2004
    Description/subject: 1. Daewoo makes giant gas discovery in Rakhine basin off northwestern Myanmar, "Oil and Gas Journal", Jan. 16; 2. Giant natural gas discovery off Myanmar, UPI, Jan. 16; 3. GAIL set to invest Rs 4000 crore to cart Myanmar gas, "Business Standard", Jan. 17; 4. Massive natural gas reserve confirmed in Rakhine State, Myanmar "Times", Jan. 19-25..."Daewoo International Corp., Seoul, and Korea Gas Corp. discovered 4 to 6 tcf of recoverable gas on Block A-1 in the nonproducing Rakhine basin shelf in the Bay of Bengal off northwestern Myanmar and plans to pursue other similar objectives on the block. The Shwe-1/1A wildcat is the first wildcat drilled in the Plio-Pleistocene section off northwestern Myanmar and the country's first offshore discovery since Yetagun gas field in the Gulf of Martaban 12 years ago, Daewoo said. This is Daewoo's first well on its first project as operator..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: IFI Discussion Group
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 27 January 2004


  • The Shwe Gas Movement

    • The Shwe Gas Movement website

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: The Shwe Gas Movement
      Description/subject: "The SHWE Gas Movement is concerned with a natural gas pipeline project presently unfolding in Western Burma... In cooperation with Burma's military junta, a consortium of Indian and Korean corporations are currently exploring gas fields off the coast of Arakan State in Western Burma. Discovered in December 2003, these fields--labeled A-1, or "Shwe" (the Burmese word for gold)--are expected to hold one of the largest gas yields in Southeast Asia. These Shwe fields could well become the Burmese military government's largest single source of foreign income... However, for the people of Burma this project will likely bring more suffering than benefits. It is the opinion of the SHWE Gas Movement that the following issues are very likely outcomes if the pipeline project goes ahead unchecked:... Exploitation of the Voiceless: In order to transport the gas to India, a pipeline corridor is already being cleared in the minority Burmese states of Arakan and Chin. Moreover, the area is becoming increasingly militarised and forced labour is occurring in the context of infrastructure development... Large-scale Human Rights Abuses and Militarisation: As experience with two previous international Burmese gas pipeline projects -- the Yadana and the Yetagun -- suggest, forced relocation of villagers, forced labour, torture, rape and extrajudicial killings will result from the Shwe project... Environmental and Cultural Destruction: Because proper social and environmental impact assessments have not been carried out, the extent of the project's impact on the local population and environment can hardly be determined, but the Burmese military has a long history of environmental and cultural degradation... The Entrenchment of the Burmese Military Regime: Just as the Yadana and Yetagun projects provided a context for the Burmese military regime to extend its reach into minority and opposition areas, so too is the Shwe project providing an excuse to further militarize and exploit the frontier areas of Arakan and Chin state. Meanwhile, when the money from this project begins flowing into the junta's coffers, this will only increase the military's grip over the rest of Burma. Burma's current state of affairs is well known. The regime's poor human rights record has led most governments and many international organisations and institutions to condemn Burma's state terror and pass sanctions and investment bans against the country. This approach, also supported by the majority of Burma's opposition movement and Nobel Peace Laureate Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, is meant to apply economic and political pressure on the regime and kick-start a process of democratisation. At the same time, several countries, such as the regional neighbours Thailand, India, China and Malaysia, promote constructive engagement with the regime as opposed to international isolation. According to their arguments, constructive engagement will promote economic development, integrate the country into the international community, and eventually instigate a full transfer to democracy. To date, however, progress in democratisation and human rights is yet to show, which seriously questions the viability of constructive engagement. Indeed, most foreign investment and development projects have caused more suffering than good because of the direct involvement of Burma's military. Thus, as argued by the Nobel Laureate and winner of the 1990 elections in Burma, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, "until we have a system that guarantees rules of law and basic democratic institutions, no amount of aid or investment will benefit our people." We, the SHWE Gas Movement, ask the governments and corporations involved to halt the project until there is assurance that the people of the whole of Burma and Western Burma in particular can participate in the decision-making process and benefit from this project and not suffer the same fate as the people affected by the Yadana and the Yetagun pipelines. We ask you for your support in achieving this goal."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Shwe Gas Movement
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 04 March 2005


    • "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" (English)

      Individual Documents

      Title: "Shwe Gas Bulletin" Volume 3, Issue 10, May 2010
      Date of publication: May 2010
      Description/subject: No Breakthrough against Forced Labour in Myanmar: ILO...Chinese Oil Companies Damages (sic) peoples’ lives in Burma (Editorial)...US Banks Involved in Shwe Gas Project...Shwe Gas Project Will be Completed by March 2013: Hyundai Heavy...Joseph Stiglitz: Developing Nations Need to Attempt to Reverse Natural Resource Curse...Vietnam & Myanmar sign Multiple Economic Pacts...Oslo-Listed Seadrill leaves Burma...India’s Essar Arm Gets Govt. Contract for ‘Kaladan Muli Modal Transit Transport Project’... China Signs Myanmar Pipeline Deal to Boost Oil Supply...First Village Forcibly relocated for Irrawaddy Dam Project.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (348K)
      Date of entry/update: 09 June 2010


      Title: "Shwe Gas Bulletin" Volume 3, Issue 9, Dec-Jan, 09-2010
      Date of publication: January 2010
      Description/subject: -China Tie Economic with Burma’s Military Regime Including Energy Sector -CNPC Starts Work on $1.5 Billion Oil Pipeline and Oil Terminal in autumn -Burma Has Gas Money: No Financial Help Needed (Editorial) -Burma Control Import Sale Gasoline and Diesel Fuel -Burma Plans to Hand over 3 Yangon Ports to Private Firm -Burma Buys 20MiG-29 Fighter Jets -Malaysian and Singaporean Firms to explore oil and gas in Burma -Burma Is Not Broke -India to Obtain Stake in Shwe Gas Pipeline -Bangladesh, Burma to Resolve border Dispute -Five Facts about China-Burma Relation -Houses and Rice Fields Confiscated for China’s Oil Pipeline and Sea Port Project
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (203K)
      Date of entry/update: 15 February 2010


      Title: "Shwe Gas Bulletin" Volume 3, Issue 8
      Date of publication: November 2009
      Description/subject: Rights Groups Call for China to Halt Construction of Pipeline in Burma...China must halt oil and gas pipeline projects in Burma (Editorial)...CNPC starts China-Burma Oil pipeline construction with abuses...Hyundai Heavy to build US$ 1.4 billion Shwe Gas Plant in Burma...Why Dealing with Burma Is a Very Bad Idea...Army continues forced labour along gas pipeline in Burma’s Mon State...Singapore firm inks massive Myanmar gas deal...Burmese Junta Confiscates Public Oil Wells and Refinery for Chinese Company
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (523K)
      Date of entry/update: 08 December 2009


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Volume 3, Issue 7
      Date of publication: July 2009
      Description/subject: China to Start Building Shwe Gas Pipeline in Sept Despite Concerns over Rights Abuses, June 27, 2009 (SGB)...Editorial: "China Deepens Burma Relationship"..."Korea Rejects Burma Gas Project Complaint" June 15, 2009 (DVB)..."Myanmar’s Trade Ties Let Junta Ignore Democracy Calls" By Daniel Ten Kate..."Asean’s Burma Burden - Sanctions can help bring down the junta" By Eva Kusuma Sundari, "Wall Street Journal Asia"...Six Villages relocated for Dam project in Arakan" 6/11/2009 (Narinjara News)..."Officials Fired Burmese Secret Tunnels’ Publicity", June 23, 2009 (The Nation).
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (356K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2009


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Volume 3, Issue 6
      Date of publication: March 2009
      Description/subject: "China and Burma to Jointly Develop Oil and Gas Pipelines in Burma", March 28, 2009 (SGB)...Editorial: "Abuses Continue as China and India Battle Energy Interests In Burma"..."CNOOC Starts Myanmar Drilling Despite Uproar over Human Rights" By Erwin China, Singapore (Feb 26, 2009)..."Biofuel Gone Bad: Burma’s Atrophying Jatropha" By TIME Staff (Mar. 13, 2009)..."The Scramble For A Piece of Burma" By HANNAH BEECH/ Arakan State (Mar 19, 2009)..."Norway’s Vast Oil Wealth Fund Drops Chinese Firm" AP March 13, 2009..."Foreign investment in Myanmar doubled in 2008" AP, (March 19, 2009)..."South Korean Firm ,Seeks Mining Rights", Xinhua, Feb 6, 2009..."India’s Essar Oil Abuses Human Rights in Burma" March 21, 2009 (SGB).
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (1.4MB)
      Date of entry/update: 07 July 2009


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Volume 3, Issue 5
      Date of publication: January 2009
      Description/subject: Shwe Gas Will Be Piped to China for 30 Years Starting from 2012 - Construction to begin in 2009 despite human rights concerns...Editorial: "Big Oil Companies Flouting Intl. Standards in Lawless Burma"..."Human Rights Abuses in Myanmar?" By David Watermeyer (Dec 2008 / "The Korea Times")..."Myanmar’s Farmers Pay for China’s Oil Thirst", By Marwaan Macan-Markar Nov 4, 2008 (Inter Press Service)..."China Leads Surge in Foreign Investment in Myanmar during First 9 Months", Jan 5, 2009 (AP)..."Myanmar, Russia to Jointly Explore Oil, Gas", www.chinaview.cn 2008-09-09..."Vietnamese Companies to Explore Oil and Gas in Myanmar Offshore Area", www.chinaview.cn 2008-04-10..."Thai PTTEP’s Blocks M7 & M3: Lack of Commercial Viability Costs Millions" Jan 2009 (SGB)..."Thailand Delaying Plans to Build Another Gas Pipeline in Burma" Jan 2009 (SGB)..."Exploration heightens tensions between Burma and Bangladesh", Jan 21, 2009 (SGB).
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (316K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2009


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 3 No. 4
      Date of publication: July 2008
      Description/subject: Indian Essar Oil Company Exploration Damages People Properties; Time for US’s Chevron to Leave Burma (Editorial); Gas Found During Tube Well Drilling in Arakan; Treasury Sanction on Myanmar Traffickers Implicate CNOOC (Forbes, 27 Feb 2008); Myanmar Resources Offer Few Riches; PTTEP and CNOOC Swap Gas Blocks in Burma; NZ govt under fire for Burma contract; Electric Power Sector Major Attractor of Foreign Investment in Myanmar; Russian Company to Explore Gold in Myanmar; Nobel Winners Seek UN Action for Arms Embargo and Targeted Banking Sanction on Burma; TOTAL OUT OF BURMA - Protesters in London called for French’s Total to stop fuelling oppression in Burma on Jan 19, 2008;
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (300K)
      Date of entry/update: 08 July 2008


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 3 No. 3
      Date of publication: March 2008
      Description/subject: Indian Essar Oil Company Exploration Damages People Properties...Time for US’s Chevron to Leave Burma (Editorial)...Gas Found During Tube Well Drilling in Arakan...Treasury Sanction on Myanmar Traffickers Implicate CNOOC...Myanmar Resources Offer Few Riches...PTTEP and CNOOC Swap Gas Blocks in Burma...NZ govt under fire for Burma contract...Electric Power Sector Major Attractor of Foreign Investment in Myanmar...Russian Company to Explore Gold in Myanmar...Nobel Winners Seek UN Action for Arms Embargo and Targeted Banking Sanction on Burma...TOTAL OUT OF BURMA - Protesters in London called for French’s Total to stop fuelling oppression in Burma on Jan 19, 2008.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (222K)
      Date of entry/update: 02 March 2008


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 3 No. 2
      Date of publication: January 2008
      Description/subject: Burma’s Oil and Gas: Events of 2007...China Wins Rights to Myanmar’s Gas...Gas-Rich Burma but harsh fuel price on citizens - People Protest for “Freedom from Starvation” (Editorial)...CNPC and Yunnan sign refining agreement - China plans to build an oil pipeline from Yunnan to Myanmar...Than Shwe’s Gas Powered Regime to Look now on China...Protests against Fuel Price Hike Break out Despite Junta Crackdown...Gas Sales to Thailand Account for 43% of Burmese Exports...Burma’s FDI more than Doubled: Thailand is the Largest Investor...Junta Proffers Entire Arakan Gas Reserve to China: Dual Oil, Gas Pipeline Plans Threaten Rights abuses in Burma...Burma, China, Russia: Oil and Arms China, Russia rejected Burma at UNSC...Burma Cashes up on Energy, But Locals in the Dark...World Wide Protests against the Shwe Gas Project...Foreign investment in Myanmar dominated by oil, gas and power...India signed US$ 150 million contract for 3 offshore blocks despite unrest in Burma.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (338K)
      Date of entry/update: 02 March 2008


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 3 No. 1
      Date of publication: November 2007
      Description/subject: India signed US$ 150 million contract for 3 offshore blocks despite unrest in Burma... India’s oil minister noted the contract was a very happy development between two countries...Monks Back on Streets, Protests Continue...More companies need to withdraw (Editorial)...“Words” from Oil and Gas Companies: Refuse to Exit Burma...EU Sanctions Fall Short on Burma’s Major Revenue Earner, the Oil and Gas Sector...Japan Adds to Pressure on Burma...The Whole World must Act (By Gordon Brown, Oct 24, 07/Guardian)...Region’s Energy Needs Enable Burma Junta...Exploration proceeds off Myanmar as crisis boils...ICRC ‘Deeply Worried’ About Burmese Detainess...
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch,
      Format/size: pdf (276K)
      Date of entry/update: 02 March 2008


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 2, No. 12
      Date of publication: September 2007
      Description/subject: Burmese Junta Confirms Agreement to Sell Shwe Gas to China; Protests against Fuel Price Hike Break out continually in Burma despite Junta Crackdown; Gas-Rich Burma but harsh fuel price on citizens -- People Protest for “Freedom from Starvation” (Editorial); ASEAN Lawmakers to China, India: Don’t Support Burmese Junta; Reaction on Burma’s Deteriorated Situation: “Wards of the Month”; Fuel Price Policy Explodes in Burma (Larry Jagan, "Asia Times"); India eyes more gas fields in Burma; China Conducts Survey for Oil Terminal in Burma.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (322K)
      Date of entry/update: 09 September 2007


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 2, No. 11
      Date of publication: August 2007
      Description/subject: Gas Sales to Thailand Account for 43% of Burmese Exports; Save Our Natural Resources (Editorial); PTTEP Discovers Large Gas Deposit, Plans to Begin Production Next Year; China to Build Large Seaport in Arakan; China’s Thumb in every Burmese Pie (Larry Jagan); Bangladesh Looks to World Bank & ADB for Burmese Hydropower Investment; UN says Burma’s Junta is Fueling Poverty; ANC: Stop Arakan Hydropower Project.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (223K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 August 2007


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 2, No. 10
      Date of publication: June 2007
      Description/subject: Burma’s FDI more than Doubled: Thailand is the Largest Investor; Regime extends Suu Kyi detention; Foreign Investors have Burmese Blood on their Hands (Editorial); Hydropower and Oil&Gas Sectors Dominate Burma’s FDI; Burma Prefers China as Gas Buyer; India Sees Red (Anupama Airy); First as Tragedy, Second as Farce: PTT at a Crossroads (Matthew Smith); Thailand’s PTT Exploration discovers natural gas off Burma coast; Daewoo Sends Legal Experts to Burma; Russia to Build Nuclear Centre in Sanctions-Hit Burma (Conor Humphries); Villagers Attack Chinese Company in Arakan
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (153K)
      Date of entry/update: 01 June 2007


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 2, No. 9
      Date of publication: May 2007
      Description/subject: SPDC Proffers Entire Arakan Gas Reserve to China: Dual Oil,Gas Pipeline Plans Threaten Rights abuses in Burma; End China Exchanges Its Support for Burma Gas (Editorial); China signs new hydropower deal with Burma; China Seeks route around the ‘Malacca Dilemma’ (Graham Lees,World Politics Watch); Burma Cashes up on Energy, But Locals in the Dark; Daewoo Consider Legal Action Against Burma: Gas To Go To China;
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (457K)
      Date of entry/update: 30 April 2007


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 2, No. 8
      Date of publication: April 2007
      Description/subject: World Wide Protests against the Shwe Gas Project; Editorial: “No More Guns for Gas” - Stop Daewoo’s and India’s Arm Supplies to the Than Shwe Regime; Fishermen Suffer Navy Harassment as Daewoo Starts New Drilling; Burma’s Neighbors Hold the Key; Russian Companies to Explore Oil, Gas in Burma Inland area; Burma Introduces E-Gov System in New Capital - Daewoo, KCOMS to provide Info-and Comm- Tech; Thailand’s PTTEP Finds more Gas in Burma’s Block M-9, Spends US$ 200 million on Test Drilling; Action of March 26: Fourth Global Protest against the Shwe gas project, Daewoo and India’s arms supplies to the Burma regime; Despite US, EU Sanctions, New Contracts Continue for Burma’s Oil and Gas.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (323K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 April 2007


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 2, No. 7
      Date of publication: February 2007
      Description/subject: Mekong River and Burma: China’s two Plans for Secure Energy Transportation; Get Out of Burma, Activist Group Tells China (Editorial); Year 2007: MPRL and China Heighten Burma’s Energy Sector; Burma Finds Willing Arms Suppliers in Energy-Hungry Neighbors By Michael Black and William Couchaux | 03 Jan 2007 World Politics Watch Exclusive; India to Supply Weapons to Burma; Burma Prefers Arakan Gas as an LNG Project; Daewoo President Resigned; Nine Daewoo Oil Workers Kidnapped in Nigeria; Thailand’s PTTEP Has Discovered Gas in Burma
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (301K)
      Date of entry/update: 01 February 2007


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 2, No.6
      Date of publication: January 2007
      Description/subject: Daewoo International President Lee Tae - Yong may face up to five years in prison for illegal arms exports to Than Shwe’s Regime; Beware! Foreign Investors Can Kill (Editorial); INDICTED! Burma Weapons Factory Daewoo Funded, Say Prosecutors Daewoo boss among 14 executives facing criminal charges, Shwe Gas Movement wants answer; Burma and Its Neighbours: The Geopolitics of Gas (continued from last month): Sino-Indian Interests and Rivalry in Burma; Six More Contracts Increased Burma’s Oil and Gas Sector in 2006; Activists in S.Korea Denounce Daewoo for Arms Supplies to Burma; Construction of Sittwe Port to Start in January - India’s grand Kaladan project that includes a major water way and pipeline to its North Eastern states is moving swiftly ahead. But at what price? Along the Kaladan River in Arakan State, land confiscations and forced labor have already arrived ahead of the development. Activists fear more will follow.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (159K)
      Date of entry/update: 26 December 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 2, No.5
      Date of publication: December 2006
      Description/subject: Global Protest Over Shwe Gas Project in Burma; Foreign Oil firms Block Change in Burma (Editorial); Forced Labor and Other Abuses Mounting Along the Indo-Burma Proposed Pipeline Route, By K.Murn Aung; Burma and Its Neighbours: The Geopolitics of Gas (The authors conclude that “while countries in the neighbouring regions - particularly India and Thailand, but also Australia and Japan - may have important roles to play, China wields far more leverage. For those who wish to influence Burma in a positive direction, it is therefore essential to consider ways that change could be stimulated with the active participation of China, whether through sanctions, constructive engagement and/or any form of dialogue”); Australia’s Danford Equities Signs Oil- Gas Exploration Deal With Burma; Thailand’s PTTEP to Begin New Offshore Drilling in Myanmar;
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (242K)
      Date of entry/update: 26 December 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 2, No.4
      Date of publication: November 2006
      Description/subject: Is Daewoo Arming the SPDC? - S.Korea Activists Demand Probe into Daewoo’s Alleged Arms Exports to Burma; It’s not too late for Thailand to change its Burma Policy (Editorial); Arakan Oil and Gas and Sea Port for China’s Energy Resource; Burma, China, Russia: Arms and Energy; The Shwe Gas Project Require an EIA Now -- Part VI: The Construction of Pipelines to India and China Will Cause Futher Environmental Degradation and Human Rights Abuses, By Lars Thompson; Myanmar Hikes Income Taxes on Fuel Firms; Myanmar Will Reopen Six Blocks to Foreign Firms.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (234K)
      Date of entry/update: 26 December 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 2, No. 3
      Date of publication: September 2006
      Description/subject: North East Students oppose Shwe Gas Pipeline; Burma Needs Support In Reality (Editorial); Thailand Joins the Race a Bid for Shwe Gas Reserves; Myanmar Energy Production Rising (Aaron Clark, Associated Press Writer); The Shwe Gas Project Require an EIA Now Part V: The Nature of Natural Gas as a Harmful and Non-Renewable Natural Resource (By Lars Thompson); Myanmar Gas Pipeline to Bypass Bangladesh; Gas and Oil discovered in Myanmar (By Anuchit Nguyen, Bloomberg News); Acient Mrauk-U Palace Turned into Castor Oil Plantation (Narinjara News); Arakan Reserves May Satisy S-Korea’s Gas Needs for Five Years.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (128K)
      Date of entry/update: 26 December 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 2, No. 2
      Date of publication: August 2006
      Description/subject: SGM Calls for Korean and Indian Firms to Withdraw from Burma; Resource Curse: Burma (editorial); Shocking Future along the Kaladan River By K. Murn Aung (SGB); The Shwe Gas Project Require an EIA Now. Part IV: International Law Requires That an Environmental Impact Assessment Be Prepared Now (Lars Thompson); Death Grip: - Despite international calls for reform, the ever-defiant SPDC maintains control over Myanmar with an Orwellian hand. Secrecy and paranoia abound, while rubbing elbows with Asia’s powerhouse nations keeps the regime in charge; Teachers, Students Arrested in Arakan; Two Arakanese women seek Justice; ANC Urges to End the Shwe Gas Project Fearing E-damages and HR Violations.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (137K)
      Date of entry/update: 30 July 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 2, Issue 1
      Date of publication: July 2006
      Description/subject: Daewoo Ban Mariners in Arakan Sea; Continuing Seismic Surveys Adversely Impact the Marine Environment in Burma (Editorial); Myanmar must free forced labour plaintiffs by July 31: ILO; Land Confiscation And Other Human Rights Abuses Continue in Onshore Area: Arakan; The Shwe Gas Project Requires an EIA Now - Part III: ONGC and GAIL Corporate Policies as well as the Environmental Law of India Require an EIA Now (Lars Thompson); China and India’s New Battle Ground: Burma’s Arakan State (Herman_; Life Under Burma’s Military Regime - In the second article of a special series from inside Burma, the BBC’s Kate McGeown looks at the dayto- day problems facing ordinary people under the country’s repressive military regime; Daewoo Found Huge Gas Deposit in Arakan Offshore.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Arakan Oil Watch
      Format/size: pdf (230K)
      Date of entry/update: 04 July 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 1, Issue 12
      Date of publication: May 2006
      Description/subject: Activists Demonstrate to Halt Shwe Gas Project; Foreign Companies Should Likewise Rethink Cooperation with the Regime (Editorial); Sino-Myanmar Strategic Cooperation; China’s COSL Extends Contract with Daewoo for Nanhai II; The Shwe Gas Project Requires an EIA Now - Part II: Daewoo International and KOGAS Are Required by their Corporate Policies and the Environmental Policy of South Korea to Prepare an EIA Now (Lars Thompson); China-Burma Oil Pipeline Approved; Sino-Burma Pipeline will Set off More Relocations; Arakan Gas Will Pipe Straight to India.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Arakan Gas Research Team, Thailand
      Format/size: pdf (323K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 May 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 1, Issue 11
      Date of publication: April 2006
      Description/subject: April 18, 2006:The Day of Global Action Against Daewoo; Lives Suffering from Oil Companies need Support (Editorial); Seven Burmese and Two Chinese Officers Injured in Mine Explosion; Chinese Oil Exploration: Pumping Resident’s Blood?; More Gas Found in Myanmar Offshore Block; The Shwe Gas Project Requires an EIA Now - Part I: Sustainable Development Requires an EIA (Lars Thompson); In Myanmar Vist, Indian President Jockeys with China for Energy.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Arakan Gas Research Team, Thailand
      Format/size: pdf (339K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 May 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin Vol. 1, Issue 10
      Date of publication: February 2006
      Description/subject: Shwe Gas Pipeline Project to India: Another Yadana Begins?; Myanmar to Lay Gas Pipeline to New Capital, As energy hungry foreign companies are searching for oil and Paper says; South Korea: Burma’s Biggest Investor (Herman); 3 More Blocks in Myanmar Under Gas Exploration; Anti-Gas Pipeline Campaign Voice Concern; Myanmar PM headed to China; India Hires Belgium Company to Conduct Feasibility Report for Shwe Pipeline.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Arakan Gas Research Team
      Format/size: pdf (188K, 1.5MB)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs3/SGB01-10.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 29 May 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin Vol. 1, Issue 9
      Date of publication: January 2006
      Description/subject: Discovery of Block A-3 Sends Daewoo Stock Soaring, Promts futher Protest; Deal with China Boon to Brutal Burmese Junta (Editorial); Senior General Than Shwe Awarded ‘Third Worst Dictator in the World’; Than Shwe’s Gas Powered Regime to Look now on China (Jockai&PK); China Replaces India in Deal for Shwe Gas; Business with Myanmar Thrives Amid Diplomatic Stress (Daniel Ten Kate); Foreign Investment in Myanmar Reaches $7.76 bln; Shwe Gas Consortium Continues Appraisals of Extensive Shwe Gas Block.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Arakan Gas Research Team
      Format/size: pdf (195K, 1.8MB)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs3/SGB01-09.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 29 May 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 1, Issue 8
      Date of publication: November 2005
      Description/subject: COSL Signs Deal with Daewoo to Provide Offshore Drilling Services; Forced Labour In Burma’s Arakan State Capital Sittwe; Total’s Settlement will not Quell Rights Campaign; Daewoo among the 474 Foreign Companies Supporting Burma’s Military Regime; Tankers Could Carry Gas to India (Thet Khaing); Burma is Asia’s Economic Basket Case; Myanmar Pipeline Back on Course as Delhi relents on sops for B’desh.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Arakan Gas Research Team, Thailand
      Format/size: pdf (172K, 1MB)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs3/SGB01-08.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 28 May 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 1, Issue 7
      Date of publication: October 2005
      Description/subject: World Wide protests against Daewoo International over Shwe Gas Development; Foreign Investment Directly Promotes the Violation of Human Rights in Burma (Editorial); Arakanese Inside Burma Protested the Shwe Gas Project of Daewoo and Junta; Daewoo Signs Deal With Shwe Gas Partners for Burma’s Gas Block A-3; Burmese Fuel Hike a Threat to Subsistence; Negotiations Continue Over Shwe Gas despite Bangladeshi Demands.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Arakan Gas Research Team, Thailand
      Format/size: pdf (251K, 1.6MB)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs3/SGB01-07.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 28 May 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 1, Issue 6
      Date of publication: September 2005
      Description/subject: Shwe Gas Movement Urges Bangladeshis to Stem Shwe Pipline Project; Cozy Relationship with Burmese Military Regime (Editorial); Confiscation of Private Land Continues in Arakan State; Arakan and Chin Suffer Forced Labor under Shwe Gas Pipeline Project; India Looks East for Gas (Siddharth Srivastava); Thai Plan Undersea Pipe for Shwe Gas; Over 10,000 Giant Sea Perch Dead, Hilsa Deformed: Daewoo & Shwe Block A1 Gas Exploration; India, Bangladesh Agree on Tri-nation Gas Pipeline;
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Arakan Gas Research Team, Thailand
      Format/size: pdf (570K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 May 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 1, Issue 5
      Date of publication: July 2005
      Description/subject: Shwe Gas Issue Raised in ILO’s Special Sitting; Arakanese Villagers Are Being Forced to Aid in the Construction of the Gas Pipeline Between Burma and India; Shwe Gas may be exported to Thailand - Burma is looking for US$ 4 billion in investments to develop the Shwe fields; Burma Visit Highlights India’s “look East” Strategy (Sarath Kumara); Shwe Gas Pipeline Threatens Millions of Lives along Kaladan River (Dale); India will continue talks with Bangladesh.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Arakan Gas Research Team, Thailand
      Format/size: pdf (429K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 May 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 1, Issue 4
      Date of publication: June 2005
      Description/subject: Kyauk Taw Township Residents Displaced, Refugees Settle in Bangladesh; Natural Gas Found instead of Water from Digging a Tube well in Arakan; “Daewoo Out of Burma” - The US Campaign for Burma (USCB) may Launch Their New International Campaign; Shwe Campaign Roundtable Talks; Unocal: What’s The Big Surprise (Dr. Joe Duarte); Oil-Hungry Neighbors are The Primary Supporters of the Burma Junta (Jockai); Kaladan Project Survey completed - Tri-Nation Gas Pipeline, Road and Waterway.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Arakan Gas Research Team, Thailand
      Format/size: pdf (471K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 May 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 1, Issue 3
      Date of publication: May 2005
      Description/subject: Foreign Investment in Oil Threatens Livelihood of Local People in Burma (Jockai); Human Rights Activists Protest Against TOTAL in the US for Burma Involvement; Mohona Holding Ltd. Begin Negotiation for Tri-Nation Gas Pipeline Project; AASYC joins hands with Bangladeshi activists against the tri-nation gas pipeline project; Burma’s Murlky Water: Enviromental Impacts of The Shwe Offshore Gas Project (Jay Chou); Three Hydro-Power Plants Are Being Built in Military Bases in Arakan State; Essar Oil Signs for Two Exploration in Arakan, Burma.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Arakan Gas Research Team, Thailand
      Format/size: pdf (584K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 May 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 1, Issue 2
      Date of publication: April 2005
      Description/subject: Protesters Demand India Not to Cooporate With Burma; Toxic Shwe (Jockai); Shwe Gas Activists Met Korean Human Rights Ambassador; Youth in Arakan Erected Signboards Against Daewoo; Profits at Gunpoint: Unocal’s Pipeline in Burma Becomes a Test Case in Corporate Accountalility (Daphne Eviatar); Anti-Shwe Gas Groups Want Daewoo Out of Burma.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Arakan Gas Research Team, Thailand
      Format/size: pdf (695K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 May 2006


      Title: "The Shwe Gas Bulletin" Vol. 1, Issue. 1
      Date of publication: March 2005
      Description/subject: Activists Demand Referendum on Gas Extraction; Gas Pipeline a Threat to National Security;International Campaign Launched to Pressure Total; Bangladesh Imposes Conditions for Gas Pipeline Transit; Daewoo Drills Natural Gas In Shwe Again; Out of Burma: Cross-Border Resource Extraction (Edith Mirante); Activists in Dhaka Protest Against Gas Pipeline.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Arakan Gas Research Team, Thailand
      Format/size: pdf (371K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 May 2006