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Home > Main Library > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Mon > Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
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Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)

  • Women and Child Rights Project, home page, articles and reports

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Women and Child Rights Project
    Description/subject: Assessment for Project Implementation: The military regime, SPDC, ratified the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1997, and agreed to guarantee women’s rights in Burma. Similarly, the regime also ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in 1991 and agreed to guarantee child rights in Burma..... Objectives: * To monitor the woman and child rights situation in Mon areas and southern part of Burma, by collecting information about their real situation in the reference to the CEDAW and CRC. * To empower and educate women and children in the Mon community, by providing information on their rights accordingly to CEDAW and CRC and encourage them to participate in the struggle in protection of their own rights.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: WCRP/HURFOM
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 25 November 2010


    Title: Women and Child Rights Project - blog
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 09 October 2010


    Individual Documents

    Title: Children for Hire - a portrait of child labor in Mon areas
    Date of publication: November 2013
    Description/subject: Executive Summary: "The growing domestic and international attention being paid to child labor in Burma, also known as Myanmar, signals a vital step in the country’s reform and development process. The advent of new funding to research the scope of the problem, proposed amendments to labor laws, and popularized documentaries exposing the lives of working children have indicated fresh interest in revealing and reducing the incidence of child labor. However, the catalyst for this report was sparked by observations that these proliferating activities and discussions are often largely restricted to urban areas, particularly regarding the well-known prevalence of Burma’s “teashop boys.” While urban forms of child labor warrant immediate and effective interventions, the ambiguity that shrouds less visible forms of the practice, especially occurring in rural ethnic villages and communities tucked against the country’s vast borderline, necessitates targeted illumination. During several interviews conducted for this report, civil society members and child protection officers described child labor in Burma as vastly under-researched, and said that accurate data from the country’s peripheral areas is almost nonexistent. Almost half of the occurrences of child labor documented for this report were found in agricultural practices, primarily on rubber plantations and betel nut farms. An equivalent number of children interviewed were working in furniture factories, waiting tables or washing dishes in small restaurants, or searching garbage for recyclables to redeem. Others still were engaged as day laborers, piecing together daily wages by clearing weeds on plantations, gathering grasses to make brooms, or working as cowhands or woodcutters. Income scarcity and food insecurity were central themes collected in many family narratives, but were also often rooted in other fundamental social issues. Poverty was not necessarily the sole cause of child labor, but rather the two were jointly symptomatic of poor access to education and healthcare, landlessness, migration, and the effects of decades of armed conflict and human rights abuses. Children, and particularly young girls, were also subject to social and gender norms that contributed to their entry into the workforce. The reduced likelihood that working children will complete their education and the increased risks associated with labor performed during children’s early developmental stages were found to feed directly back into these same family burdens that led to child labor. In short, the many interconnecting social issues, economic and labor policies, and community histories surrounding child labor in rural areas are beyond the scope of this report to fully catalogue or evaluate. Instead, the research presented herein telescopes in on a very small but highly underreported area of child labor, and aims to amplify the voices and cast a light on the experiences of rural working children in Mon areas."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (2.2MB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.rehmonnya.org
    Date of entry/update: 21 November 2013


    Title: Coercion, Cruelty and Collateral Damage: An assessment of grave violations of children’s rights in conflict zones of southern Burma
    Date of publication: January 2012
    Description/subject: "Research by the Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP) has demonstrated that grave violations of children’s rights continue to occur in southern Burma despite the creation, by the United Nations, of the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) pursuant to United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 1612 on Children and Armed Conflict passed in 2005. The Burmese government has failed to meet the time-bound action plan under Resolution 1612, demonstrated by the fact that WCRP researchers found numerous accounts of ‘grave violations’ under United Nations Security Council’s Resolution 1612 on children and armed conflict. These violations, committed by Burmese soldiers against children in southern Burma, include recruitment of child soldiers, killing and maiming, rape and sexual abuse, and forced labor. Though the Burmese government agreed to the implementation of a monitoring and reporting mechanism (MRM), pursuant to Resolution 1612, to report on instances of these grave violations, WCRP has found that abuses have continued unabated since 2005. The data detailed below provide evidence of widespread and systematic abuses, the vast majority of which were committed by soldiers from the Tatmadaw, the Burmese military. These confirmed cases of grave violations, taken from just 15 villages in two townships, committed over a period of 5 years, suggest that the Burmese government has failed to live up to its obligations under international law to protect children during situations of armed conflict. Limitations imposed by the Burmese government on the UN country team has made it difficult for them to receive, or verify, accounts of grave violations, in turn preventing the MRM from making a noticeable impact on the continued widespread abuse of children in southern Burma. WCRP’s data strongly suggests that the real numbers of abuses against children is vastly greater than officially recognized. Additionally, despite the fact that WCRP’s primary research covered only the period from 2005 through November 2010, recent updated reports suggest that all of the violations documented by WCRP have continued to occur over the course of the past year. Despite the political changes that may be underway in Naypyidaw, children in areas where armed conflict is ongoing continue to suffer grave violations. Thus, the international community must take further action to ensure that the MRM can effectively protect the rights of Burma’s children and realize the objective put forth in Resolution 1612, an end to the grave violations of children’s rights..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (1.1MB - OBL version; 2.1MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://rehmonnya.org/archives/2182
    Date of entry/update: 27 January 2012


    Title: NOWHERE ELSE TO GO: An examination of sexual trafficking and related human rights abuses in Southern Burma
    Date of publication: August 2009
    Description/subject: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "This report documents sexual trafficking and human rights abuses committed against Burmese women and children from 19 Townships in Mon State, Karen State, Tenasserim Division, Pegu Division, Rangoon Division and Mandalay Division. From 2004 to July 2009 the (Mon) Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)—Southern Burma documentation program compiled 40 separate incidents totaling 71 victims. This number represents only a small percentage of the instances of sexual trafficking from Burma to Thailand and other bordering nations, though the case studies of this report provide an important lens through which to view the present-day situation. Sexual trafficking and related human rights abuses are pervasive and arguably growing problems systematized by a harsh economic reality under the military rule of the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC). Whereas the illegitimate junta has become a signatory of anti-trafficking protocols from the United Nations and founded internal regulatory committees to deal with such issues, the last decade has seen flagrant corruption along the border of Burma and Thailand. Government-organized NGOs dedicated to defending the ‘rights’ of its people serve more as roadblocks than as catalysts for social advancement and equitable access to state resources. Facing a broken educational system most likely to betray them, women and girls inside Burma are left with few employable skills and must seek money in any way they can. A reeling marketplace stunted by the government’s economic mismanagement, increased militarization in rural and especially border areas, and the ear-ringing echoes of Cyclone Nargis and price fluctuations from a global economic downturn leave the women of the mainly-agrarian regions of Southern Burma with a glaring ultimatum: migrate or starve. The draw of being able to send money back to their home country in the form of remittances often cannot be tempered even by stories of corrupt traffickers, arrests, or dangerous and abusive living conditions upon arrival. Most of the incidents detailed in this report point to violent sexual abuses that took place during the trafficking process or upon arrival in Thailand, Malaysia, and other destinations. The interview subjects often narrate the types of factory and domestic jobs they were promised to contrast the illegal sex work and other exploitive labor they were forced to perform."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP); Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (1.4MB - reduced version; 3MB - original version)
    Alternate URLs: http://rehmonnya.org/data/nowhereelsetogo.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 31 August 2009


    Title: CATWALK TO THE BARRACKS: Conscription of women for sexual slavery and other practices of sexual violence by troops of the Burmese military regime in Mon areas
    Date of publication: July 2005
    Description/subject: by "This report exposes the ongoing and increasingly brazen use of sexual violence by Burmese Army troops in Mon areas of Burma. This is despite the ceasefire between the main Mon political party, the New Mon State Party, and the Burmese military regime, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) since 1995, and despite the regime's repeated denials during the past few years that its troops are practicing systematic sexual violence. The report details 37 incidents of sexual violence against 50 women and girls, aged 14 to 50 years old, and reveals evidence of widespread conscription of women into sexual slavery by Burmese Army troops. Since many women are unwilling to reveal that they have been raped owing to fear of stigma and reprisals by the army, detailed information has only been collected about a small portion of the actual number of women who have been raped. The report corroborates the findings of earlier reports on sexual violence in Shan and Karen States, showing the use of rape as a strategy of control by the junta’s troops, and revealing a pattern of abuse that provides strong evidence that rape has become systemic under military rule in Burma. The lack of rule of law and climate of impunity for military rape have caused SPDC’s troops to become increasingly emboldened in their acts of sexual violence. Many rapes took place during military operations against armed groups still active in southern Burma, such as the Karen National Union and a Mon splinter group; SPDC troops gang-raped, beat, kicked, slashed and killed women as "punishment" for supporting rebel groups. However, sexual violence is not only occurring in areas of conflict, but in "peaceful" areas under full SPDC control. The SPDC has deployed 20 more battalions in the southern Mon area since 1998; these troops have seized land from local villagers and forced them to work on military plantations and guard infrastructure projects such as gas pipelines. The increased troop presence has caused increased incidents of rape of local women. During operations in 2003-2004 against rebels in southern Ye township, SPDC troops brazenly conscripted scores of "comfort women" from nearby villages, who were forced to work for the troops by day and were forced into sexual slavery at night. They also forced about 30 young women, including schoolgirls, to stay at their base and take part in a military "fashion and beauty show." Over half of the documented cases of rape were committed by military officers, often in front of, or together with their troops. Many of the rapes took place in the women's homes or in other villagers' houses, frequently in the presence of other family members. In contrast to the SPDC's claim that "effective action is taken against those who commit rape according to the existing laws of the Myanmar Armed Forces," in none of the cases in this report was legal action taken against the perpetrators of sexual violence. In most cases, the community leaders did not dare to report the incidents of sexual violence to the military battalion commanders for fear of reprisals. Those that did were scolded, beaten or threatened to be killed. In one case complainants were forced to sign a written statement pardoning the rapist. Significantly, half of the rape cases documented in this report took place after June 2002, when the Shan report "Licence to Rape" first drew international attention to the Burmese regime's use of sexual violence, and UNGA resolutions on Burma began highlighting the issue. Burmese Army troops have therefore continued to flagrantly commit sexual violations in Mon areas precisely while the regime has been denying to the world that this practice exists. It is evident that political reform is urgently needed to address the problem of military rape in Burma. Unless the system of impunity for military rape is ended, and the political problems relating to equal rights for ethnic peoples and the restoration of democracy in Burma are solved, the culture of violence will continue to escalate, and the suffering of all civilians - including women and children - will continue..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (Southern Burma), Human Rights Foundation of Monland (Burma)
    Format/size: html (779K), Word (395K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs3/Catwalk_to_the_Barracks.doc
    Date of entry/update: 19 July 2005


    Title: Brief Assessment of the Health Situation in Mon Areas
    Date of publication: 31 October 2003
    Description/subject: "Ministry of Health and National Health Committee of Union of Myanmar, has planned to promote public health in the country and it is now campaniging widely in the community for a better health in nation wide. Ministry of Health has also implemented to State and Local Health Department to foster the campaign and service of public health. The military government has drawn a health project from 2001-2006. According Health Report from Mon State, despite the military government has developed a health project since 2001, there is no sufficient improvement for the public health. The report said that health budget allocation is lacking from the government to the previous years. The Health Department could not employ sufficient health workers and medical doctors. Moreover, according to a doctor from one Township, the military government also could not pay regular salary to health empoyees. Despite the military government has received aid from overseas, the resources did not place to the public hospitals. Furthermore, the military government has built road construction and school buildings for the sole purpose of remaining in power with the community support but a health service is ignored by the Burmese military officials. The regime in Rangoon, State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), allocates less than 10% of State Budget for the Ministries of Health and Education. In the recent years, WHO also found the health care situation in Burma is worth if compared with many other countries in the world..." Brief on the current public health situation in Mon State; Current services and condition of public hospitals; Who and how the private clinics work? Prescription under corruption; Women and the problems in child delivery; Phamacy stores and its prices; Symptoms of diseases:- Most serious diesaess that found in Mon State are: 1. Haemorrhage dengue fever 2. Malaria 3. tuberculosis 4. AIDS/HIV 5. Cholera 6. Diabettes 7. Hypertension 8. Skin Disease (leprosy) 9. Enteric fever (Typhoid)...
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Plight of Women and Children in Burma" (Issue No. 3/2003) - Women and Child Rights Project (Southern Burma)
    Format/size: html (17K)
    Date of entry/update: 06 April 2004


    Title: Hardship of displaced families in the rural area
    Date of publication: 31 October 2003
    Description/subject: In Ye Township (in Mon State), Yebyu and Tavoy Townships (in Tenasserim Division), the battalions of local Burmese Army ordered the farmers to not take foods along with them when they traveled to their farms and are not allowed to stay at their farms at night time. Due to this movement restriction, the local farmers could not produce the sufficient foods for their families and communities. When the people fled from and displaced to escape from the above-mentioned human rights violation and racial persecution, they could not bring a lot of foods along with them. If they are arrested with over amount of foods, they could be killed or arrested. During their hiding situation, they also could not find food easily. During the displacement, if they try to contact their relatives in villages, they or their relatives could be arrested and tortured as the Burmese Army always suspected them that they are bringing foods for rebels. Foods are not available for almost displaced communities. Markets also are also far and dangerous when they try to get access to there. The relatives at villages or in the Burmese Army’s set relocations are not dared to support them, otherwise, they could be punished. Many restricted conditions created food-shortage problems to the displaced persons. They have to find the seasonal forest products to eat as foods. Banana, bamboo shoots, cassava, corns, papayas are available for foods during their displacement. However, as most ethnic people in Burma eat rice as their main foods, these fruits and forest products could not supplement them as main foods.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Plight of Women and Children in Burma" (Issue No. 3/2003) - Women and Child Rights Project (Southern Burma)
    Format/size: html (11K)
    Date of entry/update: 06 April 2004


    Title: Women in suffering of poverty, sex industry and forced labour
    Date of publication: 31 October 2003
    Description/subject: " Burma (Myanmar) ratified the CEDAW to ensure the rights of women are fulfilled in tern of employment and available income. However the regime’s Women Affairs Committee is unable to improve the situation of women. Additionally, the armed faction of the regime, Burmese Army has also forced the women in the rural areas to contribute their unpaid labour for the army owned infrastructures. Poverty has forced many women including under aged girls to sell sex in cities for income. Some pieces of information that highlight the situation of rural women in southern part of Burma are as below:..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: The Plight of women and children in Burma (Issue No.3/2003, - Women and Child Rights Project (Southern Burma)
    Format/size: html (15K)
    Date of entry/update: 06 April 2004


    Title: A Review of Burma’s Obligations to CEDAW
    Date of publication: 31 May 2003
    Description/subject: "The plight of women and children in Mon State and Southern Burma is under serious concerns for their health, education, social welfare and family planning after the country has faced social, political and economy crisis for over fifth decades. Many of women and children in rural areas have lack of basic education and sometimes most of old women even could not sign their own names on official paper. After Burma has engaged into civil war and military rule for over four decades, many of women have faced a particular problem. It is not a family relationship but it is “Women Rights” issues to ensure for them to work, earn and save money for bearing children. Overall, women are denied to be ownership of their historic lands and farms. They are still denied to have a place in decision making in the community and national political environments..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: The Plight of Women and Children in Burma (Issue No.2/2003) - Women and Child Rights Project (Southern Burma)
    Format/size: html (32K)
    Date of entry/update: 06 April 2004


    Title: Burma's Women and Children: The Suffering and Survival
    Date of publication: March 2002
    Description/subject: I. Plight of women and children in rural area; II. Human rights violations in general: violations against women and children; III. Conscription of forced labour; III. A. Unpaid labour contribution for security reason and development projects; III. B. Porter service and the plight of women and children ; IV. Suspicion of rebel-supporters and related violations; IV. A. Arbitrary execution: IV. A.1. Killing with accusation of rebel-supporters; IV A.2. Killing for closing rape cases; IV A.3. Rape and killing with accusation of rebel supporters ; IV B Arbitrary arrest and torture: IV B.1. Torture during interrogation; IV B.2. Rape and cruel torture; IV B.3. Non-physical torture, but mentally... IV C. Kidnapping and extortion... V. Rape and other sexual violations against women... VI. Violations of child rights: VI. A. The conscription of child labour; VLB. The use of child soldiers in the extension of the Burmese Army... VI.B.1. Recruitment: Recruitment base and recruitment of child soldiers; Recruitment via local military battalions; VI.C. The plight of child soldiers in the army; VI.D. The plight of young soldiers in the Burmese Army; VI.D.1. Background of defectors during October and November 2001; VI.D.2. Interview with a young soldier; VII. Population displacement and the suffering of women and children... VILA. Rebellion and forced displacement: VII.B. Forced relocation and dislocation in the Tenasserim Division; VII.C. Population displacement in Karen State... Appendix 1: Map of Burma; Appendix 2: Map of Mon State; Appendix 3: Map of Karen State; Appendix 4: Map of Tenasserim Division; Appendix 5: Photos: Forced Labours; Displaced Persons.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (609K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


  • "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma"

    Individual Documents

    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma" Issue No. 3, September 2010
    Date of publication: September 2010
    Description/subject: THE RECRUITMENT OF CHILD SOLDIERS THREATENS FAMILIES IN SOUTHERN BURMA: 1. SUMMARY; 2. METHODOLOGY; 3. MAIN FINDINGS; 4. ANALYSIS; 4.1 Village Militias, 4.2 The lottery, 4.3. Forced to buy guns, 4.4 Questions answered with torture, 4.5 Forced Labor, 4.6 “No choice”, 5. Forced Recruitment and forced labor causes, families to flee their villages, 6. Elections are unlikely to halt use of child soldiers or forced labor, 7. Who’s involved, 8. LEGAL DEFINITIONS, 9. WHAT YOU CAN DO, 10.RECOMMENDATIONS.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (2.1MB)
    Date of entry/update: 01 November 2010


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma" Issue No.2, June 2010
    Date of publication: June 2010
    Description/subject: REPORT:- Voices of the Displaced Women and Children: Introduction; Methodology; Background; The Threat; Property; Employment; Food and Resources; Education; Health and Sanitation; Hopes for the Future; Conclusion... NEWS: American Specialist Children’s Hospital in Moulmein Overflowing with Patients... FEATURES: Celebrations for the 65th birthday of Daw Aung Suu Kyi; Fleeing Prying Eyes; A Mothers Search for Safety
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (531K)
    Date of entry/update: 29 August 2010


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1, March 2010
    Date of publication: March 2010
    Description/subject: REPORT - Women’s Rights Study on Mon Women’s Day: Introduction; Background; 2010 Mon Women’s Day (MWD) celebration; Informal celebrations of Mon Women’s Day (MWD) in Thailand; Domestic Violence in Baleh-Donephai; Economic Despair; Conclusion... FEATURE - A home for the unwanted (about the Safe House near Huay Malai in Kanchnaburi province, Thailand... NEWS - SPDC ambushes Mon group, girl and soldier killed.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (488K)
    Date of entry/update: 29 August 2010


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 3/2009, September 2009
    Date of publication: September 2009
    Description/subject: REPORT: Why Burmese Women Become Sex Workers: Introduction... Background... Economic desperation... KTV... Minors... Government involvement... Conclusion..... News: Pg. 6 Thai Government Forces Migrant Worker to Make Temporary Passports While Burmese Officials Cash In... Pg. 7 10th Strandard Students Have to Give Headmisterss 20,000 kyat... Pg. 10 19-Year-Old Woman Raped an Murdered in Karen State... Personal Account... Pg. 5 Woman Robbed at Knife point Receives 36 Stitches..... Media Release: Pg. 3 No Where Else To Go.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (395K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 December 2009


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1/2009, March 2009
    Date of publication: March 2009
    Description/subject: Report: Mon Women, the Military & Forced Labor in Mon State: 1. Background; 2. Introduction; 3. Forced labor on road repairs: Case 1: WCRP interview with 32 year old woman from Toe-Thet-Ywa-Thit village; Case 2: WCRP interview with a woman from Toe-Thet-Ywa-Thit village; Case 3: IMNA, 2nd Oct 2008; Case 4: WCRP interview with 75 year old woman from Khaw-Zar Sub-Town; Case 5: WCRP interview with 32 year old woman from Toe-Thet-Ywa-Thit village; Case 6. WCRP interview with 40 year old woman from Yin-Dein-Wa village... 4. Forced labor to provide food and supplies for the military: Case 1: WCRP interview with 30 year old woman from Kyauk-Htaung village; Case2: WCRP interview with 53 year old woman from Yin-Ye village; 5. Forced labor on building maintenance: Case1: WCRP interview with a woman from Khaw-Zar Sub-township; Case2: WCRP interview with 52 year old woman from Shwe-Hin-Thar–Ywa-Thit village... 6. Forced labor for sentry duty: Case 1. WCRP interview with 55 year old woman from Yin-Ye village... 7. Conclusion..... Personal Account: Trafficked woman forced to have baby to pay debts..... Feature: A woman’s life, displaced on the border..... Activities: Mon Women’s day Joint Statement..... News: Illegal migrant driven to suicide by Thai boss’s abuse of her sister; Eleven migrant workers at risk in a Kanchanaburi forest.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (648K)
    Alternate URLs: http://rehmonnya.org/data/the%20plight%20pdf%2009%20March.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 31 August 2009


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 4/2008, December 2008
    Date of publication: December 2008
    Description/subject: REPORT:- SPDC’s Militarization and Impacts to Women in Mon Area: I. SPDC’s Military Deployment and Impacts... II. Sexual Violence and Harassment... III. Burmanization Policy: Manipulated and Forced Marriage... IV. The Community’s response on Assimilation policy... V. Conclusion..... News: 1. Police harassing Mon women legally working in Thailand... 2. Mon Woman Raped by Mon Migrant Worker... 3. Mon woman lured to Malaysia, raped... 4. Immigration raid frees eight human trafficking victims near Bangkok..... Activities: Celebration for International Stop Violence against Women Day held in Sangkhlaburi, Thailand
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (353K)
    Date of entry/update: 14 February 2009


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 3/2008, September 2008
    Date of publication: September 2008
    Description/subject: REPORT: POST NARGIS FLUX OF DISPLACEMENT: SITUATION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN: 1. Background of Cyclone Nargis Disaster... II. Post-Nargis flight of families headed by women: (a) Displacement to Burmese areas outside the delta; (b) Displacement to the border and Thailand... III. The plight of Nargis’ child survivors: (a) Malnutrition and psychological distress; (b) Education... IV. Conclusion..... Personal Account: One of the lucky stories of a Cyclone Nargis Victim on Thailand-Burma Border..... Feature: Where Is My School, Where Are My Friends?..... News: Stop Human Trafficking campaign in Samut Sakhon; Seventeen years old two girls faced trafficking; 14 Year Old Girl Raped at Refugee Camp; Women forced to repair army road in Khaw Zar Sub-township.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (903K)
    Date of entry/update: 22 November 2008


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 2/2008, June 2008
    Date of publication: June 2008
    Description/subject: REPORT: THE PLIGHT OF MIGRANT WORKER: SUFFRING ACROSS THE BORDERS: I. The Background of Migration of Workers from Burma... II. Some Reasons of Migrations: A. Large-scale Projects and Forced Labour; B. Unemployment and levels of income... III. Role of Brokers or Traffickers: A: Migrating or Smuggling to Thailand... IV. Thai law: A. The current registration; VI. Conclusion..... News: Mother and Child Die After Nurse Refuses to Help with Birth; Mon Woman Faces Sexual Abuse by Employer. Young Boys Threatened with Knife.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (436K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 February 2009


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1/2008, March 2008
    Date of publication: March 2008
    Description/subject: REPORT: THE PLIGHTS OF BURMA’S DISABLED POPULATION"- I. A Background on Disability... II. Types of Disability... III. Vaccinations... IV. Land Mines... V. Malnutrition... VI. Being Disabled in Burma... VII. Community response... VIII. Education for Disabled Children... XI. Response of Government and NGOs X. Summary..... ACTIVITY: Participation in Mon Women’s Day and Seminar of Mon Women Affairs..... NEWS: I. Villagers Forced to Fund Government School... II. Mon woman, working in Samut Sakorn, raped by six men... III. Child killed after eating castor oil seeds from plant cultivated under regime orders... IV. Mon woman raped by migrant workers in Thanphyuzayat... V. Child Arrested for Father’s Crimes... VI. Ministry of Education running fake diploma mill... VII. The examination of 2 subjects in a day at southern Mon State’ town.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (322K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 February 2009


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 4/2007, December 2007
    Date of publication: December 2007
    Description/subject: REPORT:CHILD DEVELOPMENT IN MON IDPs AREAS: I I. The situation of children in Mon IDPs areas I II. Food for children in IDPs areas III. Health care for children IV. Nursery Schools for Children (for Mental Development) V. Conclusion... NEWS: I. Violence against women in Thai-Burma area II NMSP area knife attach on mother and daughter III. Burmese women workers divided between two hells: BWU Activity
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project
    Format/size: pdf (742K)
    Date of entry/update: 21 March 2008


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 3/2007, September 2007
    Date of publication: September 2007
    Description/subject: REPORT:Trafficking Business Circle from Burma to Neighboring Countries:- I. Background of Burma’s economy and population migration... II. Migration to Thailand and Malaysia from Southern Burma... III. Circle of Trafficking from Burma... IV. Burma’s Law on Trafficking and Willingness of SPDC to Combat... V. Harmful workplaces in border areas and neighboring countries... VI. Case Studies... VII. How NGOs and the International Community combat human trafficking... VIII. Conclusion and suggestion..... NEWS: I. 500 Burmese illegal migrants including children were arrested... II. Myanmar (Burma) Women’s Affairs Committee ordered restaurants to cease employing female workers... III. At east 10 children die of dengue fever per day.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (277K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 February 2009


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 2/2007, June 2007
    Date of publication: June 2007
    Description/subject: REPORT: Education in Burden in Mon State:- I: Political and Education Background in Mon State... II : Mon Ethnic Education... III : New School Year and Expenses... IV: Deteriorated Burma’s Education System... V : No Access Education by Poor Children... VI: Corruption from Education: Private Tuition... VII. Conclusion..... ACTIVITIES: Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s Birthday Ceremony Completed..... NEWS: I. High drop-out rate in displaced communities’ schools... II. Children died of dengue fever in Mon State,
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (407K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 February 2009


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1/2007, March, 2007
    Date of publication: March 2007
    Description/subject: Women in Poverty: Impacts from Livelihood and Human Rights Violations: I. Economics mis-management and civil war; II. General Livelihood of Women in Southern Burma: a. Livelihood of Women in Rural Area; b. Livelihood of Women in Urban Area; c. Livelihood of women in IDPs area... III. Movement restriction... IV. Women access different wages from Men... V. Conclusion and Recommendations... NEWS: Low morale in health care: A private medic tries to rape a patient... ACTIVITIES: International Women's Day Ceremony Completed .
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (531K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs4/WCRP2007-03lr.pdf
    http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs4/WCRP2007-03mr.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 27 June 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 4/2006, December 2006
    Date of publication: December 2006
    Description/subject: Displaced Setting of Women and Children: Availability of education for the displaced persons; Healthcare; Food and other assistance for the displaced population... Anniversary ceremony for International Stop Violence Against Women Day; Women Empowerment WorkshopCompleted by WCRP; Celebration for International J Children Day Held...Building Better family in future; Village head charged with raping a girl escaped.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (935K)
    Date of entry/update: 27 June 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 3/2006, September 2006
    Date of publication: September 2006
    Description/subject: Women and Malaria: Women and Malaria Education; Case Studies of Malaria Suffering; Pregnant Women and Malaria; Basic Child rights Workshop in Border area; Completed Human Rights and Child Rights Education Course; Former Secretary of Village Headman Rapes 15 Year Old; Girl Raped and Killed by Migrant Worker; Girl Raped and Killed on Thai-Burma Border; Mon Man Killed his Wife and Threw Corpse in the Forest.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (377K)
    Date of entry/update: 27 June 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 2/2006, June 2006
    Date of publication: June 2006
    Description/subject: (mistakenly listed as 3/3006 in header)... Analysis on the Domestic Violence against Women in Burma:- I. Introduction; II. Methodology: Domestic violence; III. The form of domestic violence in Burma; IV. Key factors for domestic violence: a. Domestic Violence Religion and Culture; b. The victims of violence are reluctant to leave home behind; c. Domestic Violence and the Military; d. Burmese laws with regard to domestic violence... NEWS: I. Wide spread of malaria in the border; II Burmese Migrant women targeted in Mahachai, Thailand.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (498K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1/2006, March 2006
    Date of publication: March 2006
    Description/subject: REPORT I: Out Of The Frying Pan Into The Fire “Children taken away from trouble home to alien lands for sale.”: I. Situations forcing children to be trafficked: A. Immigrating into other countries as people are unable to pay taxes imposed by the government; B. Being denied right to schooling; C. Health; D. Burning up the villages and confiscating the farmland; E. Setting people to forced labor; F. Sexually harassed victims are prone to be cast into human-trafficking field; G. “Emigrant workers, especially young women are tempted into human-trafficking to be sold off.”;II. Human-trafficker’s persuasion; III. On the way into Thailand; IV. SPDC’s response to human trafficking REPORT: II HIV/AIDS: Unsolved Problem in Burma:- I. HIV/AIDS infecting rate increasing in Burma; II. Role of civil society in prevention... ACTIVITIES: International Women’s Day celebrated on Thai-Burma border - Mon Women’s Day Joint Statement... NEWS: Mon Women’s Organization Celebrates First Mon Women’s Day...
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (631K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 4/2005, December 2005
    Date of publication: December 2005
    Description/subject: REPORT 1: Child labour in Burma:I.Children and Beggars; II.Exploiting children for the profits; III.Children in Furniture Industries; IV.Other Kinds of Jobs; V. Helping in Families Works... REPORT: II Rights of naming and national recognition for Children... News: Forced Recruitment of A Child Soldier... REPORT: III Plight of Sex Workers in Burma Activity: I. Become a sex worker; II.Appalling Cases of Sex Workers in Brothel Houses... III.The Situation of Health... International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women Ceremony.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (236K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 3/2005, September 2005
    Date of publication: September 2005
    Description/subject: REPORT: The ongoing and increasingly shameless use of the sexual violance by Burmese Army’s troops:- I. Sexual Violance against Women:Common Abuses By Burmese Army; II. Catwalks to the Barracks; III. Continuous sexual violation in 2005: 4 Case studies including: Rape Case in Thanbyuzayat Township; Three Women Raped in Southern Ye Township; 13 years old woman raped... IV. Impacts to general women in the community: A. Get early marriage in the community; B. Displacement and Migration to Thailand... V. Legal system and community responses: A. Community’s views on rape victims; B. Legal System in Competent Armed Group... News: MNCWA and MCWA involves in forced recruitment of members... Activity: I. Basic Human Rights and Environment Training Completed; II. Women Empowerment Workshop Completed by WCRP.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (336K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 2/2005, July 2005
    Date of publication: July 2005
    Description/subject: [wrongly named "Issue No. 6/2005"... Women and Health problem in Burma:- I. Tradition, Food insufficiency and effects to Women’s Health; II. Health problem Among women: A. Malaria; B. Cholera; C. Anemia; D. Amenorrhea; E. Menopause; F. Vaginal Discharge; G. The underneath stomach pain: 1. The pain while menstruation; 2. Infection at the bladder; 3. Fungus in vagina (Yeast infection); 4. When swollen the organs from inside bladder; 5. The galls (or) knob appear in underneath stomach; 6. Infection in colon or small intestine; 7. Mental illness III. Diseases infected by sexual intercourse: A. HIV/ AIDS; IV. Women suffer by various cancers: A. Cancer of uterus cannel; B. Cancer of the ovary; C. Cancer of the uterus; D. Cancer of the Vagina; E. Breast cancer; V. The nutrition and the pregnant women.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (272K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1/2005, March 2003
    Date of publication: March 2005
    Description/subject: [Wrongly named " Issue No. 5/2005"]... REPORT: Political and Working life of Burma’s women:- I. Introduction; II. Burmese Women, Politics and Analysis on Leadership Role; A. Historic women participation in politics; B.Current Leadership Role of Women; III.Women, Domestic Works and Economic Life: A.Fundamental Belief on Women’s Role; B. Sale Businesses and Women; C. Women And Education Career; D. Women and Dressmaking Businesses; E. Women and Literature; IV. Conclusion... NEWS: Underage sex workers and free sex to military commander... ACTIVITY: Workshop on Basic Human Rights and Women’s Rights.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (614K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 4/2004, December 2004
    Date of publication: December 2004
    Description/subject: REPORT: HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Mon Areas and Prevention Crisis:- I. HIV/AIDS versus Mon Women; II. General HIV/AIDS Transmissions: a. HIV/AIDS transmission through sex; b. HIV infection from men; c. HIV transmission through SPDC soldiers rapes; d. Being infected with HIV through working as domestic workers; e. HIV virus infection through needle and blood transfusion; f.HIV transmission through mother-to-child route; III.HIV/AIDS Education Programs; IV. Community members attitute toward people living with HIV/AIDS; V. Conclusion and Recommendations... NEWS: Burmese Army: A thousand year old way of thinking -- Torture, imprisonment and violence against women continue... Women and HIV/ AIDS (Excerpt from UNAIDS Report)... ACTIVITY: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP) conducted ‘Human Rights Training’ in the Border Area.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (352K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 3/2004, September 2004
    Date of publication: September 2004
    Description/subject: Socio – economic condition of Mon IDPs in southern Burma:- I. Root cause of Mon IDPs; II. Economic and social conditions among the IDPs; III.The Health Situation of Internally Displaced Women; IV. IDPs Women and Children Education; V. IDP Women and Food Assistance; VI. Sheltering and Sanitation for IDPs; VII. Livelihood in the IDP communities; VIII. Security for IDPs... NEWS: A young Mon woman was raped.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (369K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 2/2004, June 2004
    Date of publication: June 2004
    Description/subject: Report I: Women And Child Trafficking in Burma:- I.Root Causes of Women And Child Trafficking in Burma; II.Women and children works as servants (or are sold as servant); III.Luring and Trafficking Women into Prostitution; IV.Trafficking women to China; V.Begging Money; VI.Child Trafficking... Report II Miserable Life of Burma’s rural women:- I. Cause of Poverty; II. Exploitation from women in rural areas; III. Restriction of Movement and Sexual Violations against Women; Conclusion: Population Displacement and Poverty...Students must to pay for including for preparing school
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (501K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1/2004, March 2004
    Date of publication: March 2004
    Description/subject: [Wrongly named "Issue No. 5/2004"]... Discrimination and Violation against Women in Burma:- I. Women and Education; II. Women and Health Care; III. HIV/AIDS; IV. Violence Against Women: a. Domestic Violence: b. Violations in the Community and Society; VI. Women In Economy and Culture; VII. Women's Urge...Widespread Exploitation of Child Labour in Burma:- I. Begging Money; II, Exploiting Children for the Profits; III. Child Labor in Government Development Projects; IV. Exploitation in Education... Statement on Mon Women's Day... NEWS: Basic Women rights and Gender Issue Workshop Completed... IDPs and Women's suffering/life.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (433K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 4/2003, December 2003
    Date of publication: December 2003
    Description/subject: Rape as a Weapon to Win War (License to Rape in Mon State):- I. Women suffering under SPDC's militarization policy (3 case studies); II. Recent Offensives and Violations against Women; I III. License to Rape in Mon State; IV. Sexual Violation: the Violations of Rights in CEDAW and other Convenants...Sex Workers in Mon State:- I. Livelihoods and Sex Industries; II. Mushroomed Brothels in Mon State, and Involvement of Corrupted Authorities; III. Treatment in Brothel; IV. What the regime’s role toward Sex Workers... Information from Testimony with a Displaced Woman: Burmese Army’s Sexual Harassment against Women; Killing of Women and Boys in the Recent Offensives;
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (520K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 3/2003, October 2003
    Date of publication: October 2003
    Description/subject: Women in suffering of poverty, sex industry and forced labour:- I.Poor women's hairs on sale; II. Poverty forced under-aged girls to involve in sex service; Ill. Women are in the conscription of forced labour; IV. Sex for Survival in Moulmein...Brief Assessment to Health Situation in Mon Areas:- I. Brief the current public health situation in Mon State; I. A. Current services and condition of public hospitals; I. B. Who and how the private clinics work? I. C. Prescription under corruption; I. D. Women and the problems in child delivery; I. E. Pharmacy stores and its prices; II. Symptoms of diseases: II. A. Haemorrhage dengue fever; Case Study: Child died for late treatment; II. B. Malaria; II. C. Tuberculosis (TB); III. D. HIV/AIDS...Hardship of displaced families in the rural area:- General Hardship During Displacement: 1. Food-shortage Problems; 2. Insufficient sheltering; 3. Serious health condition.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (476K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 2/2003, June 2003
    Date of publication: June 2003
    Description/subject: A Review of Burma’s Obligation to CEDAW:- I. Situation Analysis; II. Raped: No Legal Punishments; Rape (5 cases); III. The Failure of National Women’ Affairs Committee; IV. Illegal Sex Services; Case Two: Ngwe Moe Hotel and Sex Workers in Moulmein; Case Three: Ka Bya See Yeik Mhom Hostel and Sex; V. Child Welfare at Risk: Case one: Compulsory Fee for Dancing Dresses; VI. The Failure of Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association; VII. Ethnic Children Education at Risk; VIII. Women Welfare at Risk: Case One: Collect Cash for Building Hospital in Ye; Case Two: Forced Women to Attend Militia Training in Ye Phyu; Case Three: Detained and Tortured Villagers for Leaving Native Village in Tavoy; CHILD RIGHTS AND MON EDUCATION COMMITTEE: Mon National Education Policy; The Role of Buddhist Monks For Child Rights; RAPE A MON WOMAN AND NO LEGAL PUNISHMENT TO A COMMANDER FROM BURMESE ARMY: Background Information on the rape case; THE RAPE CASE IN DETAILS...NEWS: A child soldier refuses to return home as fear of killing.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (633K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1/2003, February 2003
    Date of publication: February 2003
    Description/subject: Women and children in the circle of Burma's forced labour:- Forced labour: Use of women and children in workplaces; Why women and children involved in compulsory labour; Recent evidences of forced labour includes women and children; Other use of forced labour to women and children; What happens to women and children in the battlefield; Related physical and mental suffering...Why women migrated into Thailand: Labour Demand in Thailand and Migrant Women to Thailand; Developing Thailand and Civil War In Burma; The Reasons why Migrant Workers Moved into Thailand; The regime's oppression against migration...INTERVIEW: Serious human rights violations in Southern part of Ye Township... NEWS: Burmese Army's motor shell hit an elderly woman; Burmese Army used women as human-shields; A boy hurt in a fighting.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (467K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


  • "Voice Up"
    "The newsletter focusing on current issues of empowerment, community participation, and advocacy for women and children from Burma."

    Individual Documents

    Title: "Voice Up", Volume 2
    Date of publication: November 2012
    Description/subject: The life of a young trafficked woman...Industrial Mahachai concludes second child labor conference...Trafficking Brief...Trafficking, migration, and the need for cooperation...Voices from the field: Practitioners describe labor trafficking along the border...Migrant voices: Illegal abortion among women working in Thailand...Yangon hosts first Women’s Forum...Workshop promotes growing women’s leadership roles...Trafficking or Smuggling?.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (1.2MB)
    Date of entry/update: 19 November 2012


    Title: "Voice Up" Volume 1, August 2012
    Date of publication: August 2012
    Description/subject: "The newsletter focusing on current issues of empowerment, community participation, and advocacy for women and children from Burma."..... "Women narratives: the life of a refugee" - "The nine refugee camps along the Thai-Burmese border are home to people displaced by war, economic hardship, and Burmese military assaults on ethnic areas. Many refugee women are burdened by difficulties, but still holding on to hope..." "Reports of child trafficking and abuse prompt educational workshop on the border"..."Support Women’s Capacity and Listen to Their Voices"..."Donor cuts nearly shut down middle school in refugee camp"..."Parents question strenuous student schedules"..."Mon language study only allowed on weekends in government schools"..."Women IDPs and refugees continue to face challenges to livelihood"..."First ever Women and Peace Workshop held in Mon State"..."Shin Saw Puu Association represents important step in women’s leadership and civil participation" - “This Association really encourages women to participate in leadership roles, and they inspire many women to get involved.”..."Young women leading community development projects"..."KWAT Demonstrates Persistent Abuses and Impunity in Kachin State"..."Child sufferers of dengue fever pack Moulmein hospital"..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (2.6MB)
    Date of entry/update: 21 August 2012