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Sustainable/alternative development

  • Roots and Resources - global and regional experience and analysis
    These documents and links may help people in Burma/Myanmar think about the risks and benefits of "development", especially when imposed from top and from outside, without full and deep consultation with the people whose are most affected. This and other sections (Land, Forests etc.) also cover corporate and military-corporate appropriation of land and other resources.

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: "Resurgence" Magazine online
    Description/subject: " Since 1966 Resurgence magazine has been one of the pillars of environmental thinking, generating an ecological awareness essential for human and planetary well-being and survival..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Resurgence"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 30 January 2005


    Title: "The Ecologist" online
    Description/subject: "Founded in 1970, 'The Ecologist' is the world's most widely-read environmental magazine. Published in four continents, The Ecologist is read by over 200,000 people in 150 countries. A key player in major environmental campaigns against GM crops, rainforest destruction, climate change and the impact of globalisation, The Ecologist's early-warning signs have helped set environmental and political agendas across the world...."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Ecologist"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 30 January 2005


    Title: Better World Links
    Description/subject: "Over 90,000 well organized links (internet addresses) in English on the following global topics: Peace, Human Rights, Environment, One World, Social Justice, Sustainability, Conflict Regions, Military, Culture, Health, Women, Men, Youth, Education, Religion, Economics, Globalization, Politics, Media, And many more issues affecting our future... "Better World Links" is the leading web-site of its kind in the world. Up-to-date, balanced, hand-picked, free of charge and without advertising ! A link collection with an error rate of under 2 % ensured by regular checks. An update takes place every week with new links (more frequently in times of crisis). It is an ideal tool for everyone concerned with the issues listed above, facilitating orientation in the data jungle of the internet and allowing optimal use of the internet, thereby saving time and money. A forum for Peace, Human Rights, the Environment, 3rd World Issues, Women, Democracy and Social Movements of all countries. An easy-to-use and comprehensive data base of all relevant NGOs (non-governmental organizations) and information represented in the internet. Access to important information that does not correspond to published opinion - in particular critical background information on current problems..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Better World Links
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 27 August 2012


    Title: Center for the advancement of the steady-state economy (CASSE)
    Description/subject: "Perpetual economic growth is neither possible nor desirable. Growth, especially in wealthy nations, is already causing more problems than it solves. Recession isn't sustainable or healthy either. The positive, sustainable alternative is a steady state economy. Learn More >>
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: CASSE
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 09 November 2012


    Title: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation web site
    Description/subject: Documents on alternative development, including specifically on Burma.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation
    Date of entry/update: 23 January 2005


    Title: Environmental magazines and alternative media links (text and video)
    Description/subject: 55 online publications
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Resurgence" magazine
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 05 May 2013


    Title: Focus on the Global South
    Description/subject: "Focus on the Global South is a program of development policy research, analysis and action. Focus engages in research, analysis, advocacy and grassroots capacity building on critical issues. It was founded in 1995 and is currently attached to the Chulalongkorn University Social Research Institute (CUSRI) in Bangkok, Thailand. Focus was founded, the same year the World Trade Organization came into existence. At that time, the system of corporate-driven globalisation was at its apogee. Focus’s program and structure reflected the priorities of a people’s movement that was facing a steep uphill struggle as it grappled with the impact of globalisation on the daily lives and struggles of the poor and marginalized people in the South. Today, corporate-driven globalisation is suffering a deep crisis of legitimacy globally and is on the ideological defensive, even as its poverty-creating, inequality-increasing, and ecologically destructive structure and dynamics continue to grind on. Focus has also traveled considerably from its starting point. It is today widely considered a “key player” in the global movement for a different and better world. Its analyses of global developments are extensively consulted, as are its suggestions for structural change. Focus’ goals have not changed. They continue to be the dismantling of oppressive economic and political structures and institutions, the creation of liberating structures and institutions, demilitarization, and the promotion of peace-building instead of conflict. It is the programmatic and organizational expressions of these goals that need to be adapted to the changes in the global balance of forces" ... Rich seam of articles, links, news etc.
    Language: English, French, Spanish, Thai, Indonesian, Portuguese
    Source/publisher: Focus on the Global South
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Date of entry/update: 10 August 2010


    Title: Forest Peoples Programme - Supporting forest people's rights
    Description/subject: Environmental governance...Climate and forests...Legal and human rights...Responsible finance
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Forest People's Programme
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 20 June 2012


    Title: ifda dossier
    Description/subject: These are pdf versions of the 81 ifda dossiers published between 1978 and 1991. The "Dossier" was an important milestone in the emergence of alternative development theory, and this archive, maintained by the Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation, remains an important source of inspiration and ideas... "... The International Foundation for Development Alternatives (IFDA) was set up in 1976 to contribute to the movement towards both another development and genuine international cooperation, defined as follows: • another development hinges on five interrelated pillars: satisfaction of human needs in their diversity; self-reliance; endogeneity; harmony with nature and ecological sustainability; non-violent democratization of societal structures. It is a systemic process, personal and social, cultural and technological, economic and political. It offers a project to every society, wherever located, North or South, whatever its space, global, national or local; • genuine international cooperation implies respecting differences and ensuring cultural pluralism. It calls for the restructuring of international relations through, among others, a global conception - at the same time political, ecological and social - of security , complete disarmament, non-alignment, Third World collective self-reliance as well as the emergence of new actors, especially those from the civil society. It is the transition from old and new hegemonies and the resulting unequal exchange to a world order supportive of another development..."... The files are, unfortunately, pdf image files of several megabytes each, which many people in the South will have diffculty in downloading. If is to be hoped that the DHF will eventually be able digitise the files and thus reduce their bulk.
    Language: English, Francais, Espanol
    Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation
    Alternate URLs: http://www.dhf.uu.se/ifda/default.html (introduction and history of ifda dn the dossier)
    Date of entry/update: 23 January 2005


    Title: International Institute for Sustainable Development
    Description/subject: "The International Institute for Sustainable Development is a Canadian-based, international public policy research institute for sustainable development. Since it was first articulated in the Brundtland Commission’s Our Common Future in 1987, sustainable development has never been superseded by a more compelling or universally-acceptable expression of humanity’s shared goals. At its simplest level, any form of development that is not sustainable contains the seeds of its own destruction. For development to be sustainable, it must not only generate wealth: it must also advance social justice, reduce and eventually eliminate poverty, and remain within the limits imposed by ecosystem and resource resilience..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: International Institute for Sustainable Development
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 23 September 2014


    Title: Misereor publications
    Description/subject: MISEREOR produces a range of publications on its focal topics each year. Here you will find these documents for your information and use: Substantial reports on: Extractive Industries... Shaping economic processes... Climate change... Food security and agriculture... Access to land... Health... Energy for the poor... Vocational training... Appropriate technology.
    Language: English. also available in Deutsch, Español, Français, Português
    Source/publisher: Misereor
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Date of entry/update: 24 February 2014


    Title: Navdanya
    Description/subject: "Navdanya means “nine seeds” (symbolizing protection of biological and cultural diversity) and also the “new gift” (for seed as commons, based on theright to save and share seeds In today’s context of biological and ecological destruction, seed savers are the true givers of seed. This gift or “dana” of Navadhanyas (nine seeds) is the ultimate gift – it is a gift of life, of heritage and continuity. Conserving seed is conserving biodiversity, conserving knowledge of the seed and its utilization, conserving culture, conserving sustainability. Navdanya is a network of seed keepers and organic producers spread across 17 states in India. Navdanya has helped set up 111 community seed banks across the country, trained over 5,00,000 farmers in seed sovereignty, food sovereignty and sustainable agriculture over the past two decades, and helped setup the largest direct marketing, fair trade organic network in the country. Navdanya has also set up a learning center, Bija Vidyapeeth (School of the Seed / Earth University) on its biodiversity conservation and organic farm in Doon Valley, Uttarakhand, North India. Navdanya is actively involved in the rejuvenation of indigenous knowledge and culture. It has created awareness on the hazards of genetic engineering, defended people's knowledge from biopiracy and food rights in the face of globalisation and climate change. Navdanya is a women centred movement for the protection of biological and cultural diversity."..... Earth Democracy Climate Change... Women for Diversity...Organic Movement... The Earth University - Bija Vidyapeeth Campaigns.....Several useful publications for download
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Navdanya
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014


    Title: New Economics Foundation
    Description/subject: " nef (the new economics foundation) is an independent think-and-do tank that inspires and demonstrates real economic well-being. We aim to improve quality of life by promoting innovative solutions that challenge mainstream thinking on economic, environment and social issues. We work in partnership and put people and the planet first. nef was founded in 1986 by the leaders of The Other Economic Summit (TOES) which forced issues such as international debt onto the agenda of the G7 and G8 summits. We are unique in combining rigorous analysis and policy debate with practical solutions on the ground, often run and designed with the help of local people. We also create new ways of measuring progress towards increased well-being and environmental sustainability. nef works with all sections of society in the UK and internationally - civil society, government, individuals, businesses and academia - to create more understanding and strategies for change..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: New Economics Foundation
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 14 October 2012


    Title: New Economy Coalition
    Description/subject: "The mission of the New Economy Coalition (NEC) is to convene and support all those who might contribute to an economy that is restorative to people, place, and planet, and that operates according to principles of democracy, justice and appropriate scale. Faced with interconnected ecological and economic crises, we believe that shared prosperity, sustainability and an equitable society require deep, systemic changes to both our economy and our politics. We support a just transition to a new economy that enables both thriving communities and ecological health. Today, the majority of people are deprived of a voice in political and economic life. Fundamental flaws in the political economic system permit the concentration of resources and power, exacerbating inequality and destroying ecosystems. The beneficiaries of this system obstruct efforts to restore communities and livelihoods. These crises are poisoning our water, air, and land; creating climate chaos; and driving millions into disease and poverty. The old models have not delivered. Something new is required..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: New Economy Coalition
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 14 October 2012


    Title: Practical Action
    Description/subject: "Our distinctive practical approach:- Technology challenging today's divided world: Practical Action works alongside communities to find practical solutions to the poverty they face. We see technology as a vital contributor to people’s livelihoods. Our definition of technology includes physical infrastructure, machinery and equipment, knowledge and skills and the capacity to organise and use all of these. We actively seek to work with communities and adopt a collaborative approach, sharing knowledge and experience. We increase our impact by scaling up success and pushing for policy change that directly benefits poor communities... Practical Action's vision and mission: Vision - Technology justice: a sustainable world free of poverty and injustice in which technology is used for the benefit of all... Mission - To contribute to poor people’s wellbeing, using technology to challenge poverty by: * building the capabilities of poor men and women; * improving their access to technical options and knowledge; and * working with them to influence social, economic and institutional systems for innovation and the use of technology..."....The Documents Library contains many appropriate technology downloads.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Practical Action
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 14 October 2012


    Title: Resolve
    Description/subject: "RESOLVE is a novel, cross-disciplinary research collaboration between four separate groups in the University of Surrey: the Centre for Environmental Strategy, the Environmental Psychology Research Group, the Surrey Energy Economics Centre and the Department of Sociology. The overall aim of RESOLVE is to develop a robust understanding of the links between lifestyle, societal values and environment. In particular, RESOLVE will work to provide robust, evidence-based advice to policy-makers in the UK and elsewhere who are seeking to understand and to influence the behaviours and practices of 'energy consumers'. Specific objectives of the proposed research group will be:..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: University of Surrey
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 14 October 2012


    Title: Rights and Resources Initiative
    Description/subject: A global coalition of 14 Partners and over 120 international, regional and community organizations advancing forest tenure, policy, and market reforms..... Core Beliefs: "Based on our experience, we find that empowerment of rural people and asset-based development are part of a process that is dependent on a set of enabling conditions, including security of tenure to access and use natural resources. As a coalition of diverse and varied organizations, RRI is guided by a set of core beliefs... Rights of Poor Communities Must Be Recognized and Strengthened: We believe it is possible to achieve the seemingly irreconcilable goals of alleviating poverty, conserving forests and encouraging sustained economic growth in forested regions. However, for this to happen, the rights of poor communities to forests and trees, as well as their rights to participate fully in markets and the political processes that regulate forest use, must be recognized and strengthened. ... Progress Requires Supporting and Responding to Local Communities: We believe that progress requires supporting, and responding to, local community organizations and their efforts to advance their own well-being... Now is the Time to Act: We believe that the next few decades are particularly critical. They represent an historic moment where there can be either dramatic gains, or losses, in the lives and well-being of the forest poor, as well as in the conservation and restoration of the world’s threatened forests... Progress Requires Engagement and Constructive Participation by All: It is clear that progress on the necessary tenure and policy reforms requires constructive participation by communities, governments and the private sector, as well as new research and analysis of policy options and new mechanisms to share learning between communities, governments and the private sector... Reforming Forest Tenure and Governance Requires a Focused and Sustained Global Effort: We believe that reforming forest tenure and governance to the scale necessary to achieve either the Millennium Development Goals, or the broader goals of improved well-being, forest conservation and sustained-forest-based economic growth will require a new, clearly focused and sustained global effort by the global development community."
    Language: English (French and spanish also available)
    Source/publisher: Rights and Resources Initiative
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 22 August 2012


    Title: Rio+20 Portal - Building the Peoples Summit Rio+20
    Description/subject: MAIN THEMES: Ethical and philosophical fundamentals: subjectivity, domination, and emancipation... Human rights, peoples, territories, and defense of Mother Earth... Political subjects, the architecture of power, and democracy... Production, distribution and consumption, access to wealth, common goods, and economies in transition.
    Language: English (French, Spanish, Portuguese also available)
    Source/publisher: Rio+20 Portal
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 26 June 2012


    Title: Shift
    Description/subject: "Shift is an independent, non-profit center for business and human rights practice. We help governments, businesses and their stakeholders put the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights into practice. We share our learning by developing public guidance materials that help build the field globally. We were established in July 2011, following the unanimous endorsement of the Guiding Principles by the UN Human Rights Council, which marked the successful conclusion of the mandate of the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Business and Human Rights, Professor John Ruggie. Our team was centrally involved in shaping and writing the UN Guiding Principles, and Prof. Ruggie is Chair of our Board of Trustees..." .
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Shift
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 06 May 2013


    Title: Third World Network
    Description/subject: "... The Third World Network is an independent non-profit international network of organizations and individuals involved in issues relating to development, the Third World and North- South issues. Its objectives are to conduct research on economic, social and environmental issues pertaining to the South; to publish books and magazines; to organize and participate in seminars; and to provide a platform representing broadly Southern interests and perspectives at international fora such as the UN conferences and processes. Its recent and current activities include: the publication of the daily SUNS (South - North Develoment Monitor) bulletin from Geneva, Switzerland, the fortnightly Third World Economics and the monthly Third World Resurgence; the publication of Third World Network Features; the publication of books on environment and economic issues; the organizing of various seminars and workshops; and participation in international processes such as UNCED and the World Bank - NGO Committee..." Its online publications include extracts and compilations of • "Third World Resurgence"; • "Third World Economics"; • "TWN Features"; • Position Papers; • Briefing Papers etc.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Third World Network
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 23 January 2005


    Title: Transnational Institute
    Description/subject: "The Transnational Institute (TNI) of Policy Studies: * carries out radical informed analysis on critical global issues * builds alliances with social movements * develops proposals for a more sustainable, just and democratic world.... Over almost 40 years, TNI has gained an international reputation for: * carrying out well researched and radical critiques – sometimes against the grain - of current pressing global problems * anticipating and producing informed work on key issues long before they become mainstream concerns, for example, our work on food and hunger, third world debt, transnational corporations, trade, and carbon trading * Supporting and enhancing social movements’ work for economic and social justice worldwide * naming outstanding TNI fellows from many countries and backgrounds whose scholarship, analysis and research have inspired and educated generations of activists and whose writings continue to provoke debate * building alternatives that are both just and pragmatic, for example developing alternative approaches to international drugs policy and providing support for the practical detailed work of public water services reform * influencing policy makers thanks to its research and its direct links and engagement with mass movements, particularly those most affected by current global economic and social policies * remaining non-sectarian and able to bridge different political tendencies, thereby helping build coalitions of social movements that span regions and continents..."
    Language: English, Español
    Source/publisher: Transnational Institute
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 08 July 2013


    Title: Vandana Shiva
    Description/subject: Articles etc. by Vandana Shiva
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Z-Space
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 05 November 2012


    Title: Worldwatch Institute
    Description/subject: "Through research and outreach that inspire action, the Worldwatch Institute works to accelerate the transition to a sustainable world that meets human needs. The Institute’s top mission objectives are universal access to renewable energy and nutritious food, expansion of environmentally sound jobs and development, transformation of cultures from consumerism to sustainability, and an early end to population growth through healthy and intentional childbearing..." Publishes the annual "State of the World" reports and other publications
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Worldwatch Institute
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Date of entry/update: 25 January 2005


    Title: Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy
    Description/subject: Research Group 1: Future Energy and Mobility Structures Research Group 2: Energy, Transport and Climate Policy Research Group 3: Material Flows and Resource Management Research Group 4: Sustainable Production and Consumption Cross-cutting projects: – Sustainable Globalisation – Eco-Sufficiency and Quality of Life – Integrated Sustainability Scenarios ...includes "Wuppertal Papers" published in English, publications by Wolfgang Sachs etc.
    Language: English, Deutsch, German
    Source/publisher: Wuppertal Institute
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Alternate URLs: http://www.wupperinst.org/
    Date of entry/update: 30 January 2005


    Individual Documents

    Title: Getting Global: The Hidden Power of Local Leadership
    Date of publication: 2014
    Description/subject: "...Since 1990, city and regional leaders have come together through organizations like ICLEI—Local Governments for Sustainability to serve as counterparts to national governments and the United Nations. As many local governments become concerned about the increasingly discussed failure of global governance, leaders across cities and towns are looking for opportunities to strengthen their impact. “To the extent that national interests have allowed, UN organizations and the global processes under their influence have been supportive of this newly born movement in civil society,” says Zimmerman. “Local actors…have mirrored global efforts at nearly every stage and have often stimulated the debate among nations with their own commitments.”..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Worldwatch Institute
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 23 September 2014


    Title: Governing for Sustainability - State of the World, 2014
    Date of publication: 2014
    Description/subject: Two chapters from Worldwatch Institute's "State of the World, 2014" - Chapter 1, "Failing Governance, Unsustainable Planet" and Chapter 22, " "A Call to Engagement"
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Worldwatch Institute
    Format/size: pdf (860K)
    Date of entry/update: 22 September 2014


    Title: "The Wealth of the Commons" - A world beyond market & state
    Date of publication: 04 February 2013
    Description/subject: "Over the past few years an explosion of innovative activism, scholarship and projects focused on the commons has been gaining momentum around the world. This growing movement consists of activists fighting international land grabs and the privatization of water; commoners collectively managing forests, fisheries and farmlands; Internet users generating software and Web content that can be shared and improved; and urban dwellers reclaiming public spaces. "The Wealth of the Commons" brings together the most vibrant strands of this burgeoning international work into a single volume, revealing the significant potential of the commons as a new force in politics, economics and culture... We are poised between an old world that no longer works and a new one struggling to be born. Surrounded by centralized hierarchies on the one hand and predatory markets on the other, people around the world are searching for alternatives. The Wealth of the Commons explains how millions of commoners have organized to defend their forests and fisheries, reinvent local food systems, organize productive online communities, reclaim public spaces, improve environmental stewardship and re-imagine the very meaning of “progress” and governance. In short: how they’ve built their commons. In 73 timely essays by a remarkable international roster of activists, academics and project leaders, this book chronicles ongoing struggles against the private commoditization of shared resources – often known as “market enclosures” – while documenting the immense generative power of the commons. "The Wealth of the Commons" is about history, political change, public policy and cultural transformation on a global scale – but most of all, it’s about commoners taking charge of their lives and their endangered resources. It’s about common people doing uncommon things..." 

    Author/creator: David Bollier, Silke Helfrich
    Language: English, Deutsch, German
    Source/publisher: The Commons Strategy Group
    Format/size: html
    Alternate URLs: http://band1.dieweltdercommons.de/inhaltsverzeichnis/
    http://www.transcript-verlag.de/ts2036/ts2036.php
    Date of entry/update: 05 May 2013


    Title: 2012 Global Hunger Index
    Date of publication: November 2012
    Description/subject: The Challenge of hunger: ensuring sustainable food security under land, water and energy stresses..."World hunger, according to the 2012 Global Hunger Index (GHI), has declined somewhat since 1990 but remains “serious.” The global average masks dramatic differences among regions and countries. Regionally, the highest GHI scores are in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. South Asia reduced its GHI score significantly between 1990 and 1996—mainly by reducing the share of underweight children—but could not maintain this rapid progress. Though Sub-Saharan Africa made less progress than South Asia in the 1990s, it has caught up since the turn of the millennium, with its 2012 GHI score falling below that of South Asia. From the 1990 GHI to the 2012 GHI, 15 countries reduced their scores by 50 percent or more. In terms of absolute progress, between the 1990 GHI and the 2012 GHI, Angola, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Malawi, Nicaragua, Niger, and Vietnam saw the largest improvements in their scores. Twenty countries still have levels of hunger that are “extremely alarming” or “alarming.” Most of the countries with alarming GHI scores are in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia (the 2012 GHI does not, however, reflect the recent crisis in the Horn of Africa, which intensified in 2011, or the uncertain food situation in the Sahel). Two of the three countries with extremely alarming 2012 GHI scores—Burundi and Eritrea—are in Sub-Saharan Africa; the third country with an extremely alarming score is Haiti. Its GHI score fell by about one quarter from 1990 to 2001, but most of this improvement was reversed in subsequent years. The devastating January 2010 earthquake, although not yet fully captured by the 2012 GHI because of insufficient availability of recent data, pushed Haiti back into the category of “extremely alarming.” In contrast to recent years, the Democratic Republic of Congo is not listed as “extremely alarming,” because insufficient data are available to calculate the country’s GHI score. Current and reliable data are urgently needed to appraise the situation in the country. Recent developments in the land, water, and energy sectors have been wake-up calls for global food security: the stark reality is that the world needs to produce more food with fewer resources, while eliminating wasteful practices and policies. Demographic changes, income increases, climate change, and poor policies and institutions are driving natural resource scarcity in ways that threaten food production and the environment on which it depends. Food security is now inextricably linked to developments in the water, energy, and land sectors. Rising energy prices affect farmers’ costs for fuel and fertilizer, increase demand for biofuel crops relative to food crops, and raise the price of water use. Agriculture already occurs within a context of land scarcity in terms of both quantity and quality: the world’s best arable land is already under cultivation, and unsustainable agricultural practices have led to significant land degradation. The scarcity of farmland coupled with shortsighted bioenergy policies has led to major foreign summary investments in land in a number of developing countries, putting local people’s land rights at risk. In addition, water is scarce and likely to become scarcer with climate change. To halt this trend, more holistic strategies are needed for dealing with land, water, energy, and food, and they are needed soon. To manage natural resources sustainably, it is important to secure land and water rights; phase out inefficient subsidies on water, energy, and fertilizers; and create a macroeconomic environment that promotes efficient use of natural resources. It is important to scale up technical solutions, particularly those that conserve natural resources and foster more efficient and effective use of land, energy, and water along the value chain. It is also crucial to tame the drivers of natural resource scarcity by, for example, addressing demographic change, women’s access to education, and reproductive health; raising incomes and lowering inequality; and mitigating and adapting to climate change through agriculture. Food security under land, water, and energy stress poses daunting challenges. The policy steps described in this report show how we can meet these challenges in a sustainable and affordable way."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Concern Worldwide, Welthungerhilfe and Green Scenery:
    Format/size: pdf (3MB)
    Date of entry/update: 02 November 2012


    Title: LAND-GRABBING LINKED WITH HUNGER
    Date of publication: October 2012
    Description/subject: A new study finds a link between land rights, water, energy and hunger...Countries where people lack adequate access to land rights, water and energy – are among the worst performers in the annual Global Hunger Index (GHI). “We find there is a definite correlation between these resources and food insecurity,” said Claudia Ringler, a co-author of this year’s GHI study, which was produced jointly by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the NGOs Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe. The GHI study compared data on people’s access to arable land, clean water and cheap energy to their countries GHI scores, which are calculated using three indicators: undernourishment, child mortality and child underweight data. Twenty countries have levels of hunger that are “extremely alarming” or “alarming” according to the index. Most countries with alarming GHI scores are in sub-Saharan Africa or South Asia; the three countries with extremely alarming GHI scores are Burundi and Eritrea and Haiti. Food security is inextricably linked to developments in the water, energy, and land sectors, as many experts have begun to show. "We are not saying anything people don't know already, but drawing their attention to it again through this study," said Ringler. The study underscores the role of land grabs - the practice of leasing out land to international companies, often to grow export crops to produce biofuel - in food security. “Rising energy prices affect farmers’ costs for fuel and fertilizer, increase demand for biofuel crops relative to food crops, and raise the price of water use,” says the GHI report.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Irin via Third World Network Features
    Format/size: pdf (78K)
    Date of entry/update: 02 November 2012


    Title: A HUMAN RIGHTS APPROACH TO DEVELOPMENT OF CAMBODIA’S LAND SECTOR
    Date of publication: April 2012
    Description/subject: "Despite the tens of millions of dollars in aid and concessional loans being spent in Cam- bodia with the ostensible aim of securing land tenure and making the management of land and natural resources more equitable and sustainable, the evidence shows that tenure insecurity, forced evictions and large-scale land grabbing are escalating to alarming levels. Against this backdrop this discus- sion paper proposes a better approach to development interventions in the land sector, in which processes and tools that elevate rights, transparency and accountability are incorporated throughout the project cycle and broader country strategy. The paper calls on development partners to adopt a ten-pronged framework for a human rights approach to development that aims to shift power to Cam- bodia’s citizens and increase accountability of decision-makers and power-holders. The paper begins with a rationale for adopt- ing a human rights approach to development. Human rights are the foundation of just and prosperous societies in which individuals have WKHRSSRUWXQLWWROLYHGLJQL¿HGIXOODQGPHDQ - ingful lives. The ultimate goal of development should therefore be a society in which civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights are fully respected and enjoyed as social and legal guarantees on a non-discriminatory basis. The path of development will be most conducive to such an outcome if members of society are encouraged to be active and informed agents in the development process, including through public debate, and are able to hold decision-makers to account..."
    Author/creator: Natalie Bugalski
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Bridges Across Borders Cambodia, Heinrich Böll Stifftung, Cambodia
    Format/size: pdf (4.8MB)
    Date of entry/update: 05 May 2013


    Title: United Nations Strategic Framework 2012-2015 [Myanmar]
    Date of publication: 19 January 2012
    Description/subject: Table of Contents: Foreword... Signatories: October 2011... Acronyms and Abbreviations... Map of UN offices in Myanmar... Section I: Development Context... Human Development and the MDGs.... UN in Myanmar.... Section II: The Strategic Framework... Strategic Priority 1: Encourage inclusive growth (both rural and urban), including agricultural development and enhancement of employment opportunities ... Strategic Priority 2: Increase equitable access to quality social services..... Strategic Priority 3: Reduce vulnerability to natural disasters and climate change.... Strategic Priority 4: Promote good governance and strengthen democratic institutions and human rights... Section III: Resource Requirements... Section IV: Management and Implementation.... Section V: Monitoring and Evaluation..... Section VI: Operationalization of the UN Strategic Framework
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations Country Team in Myanmar
    Format/size: pdf (2.6MB)
    Alternate URLs: http://unic.un.org/imucms/userfiles/yangon/file/UN_Strategic_Framework_for_Myanmar_2012-2015.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 21 November 2012


    Title: Report submitted by the Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food,
    Date of publication: 20 December 2010
    Description/subject: Summary: "The reinvestment in agriculture, triggered by the 2008 food price crisis, is essential to the concrete realization of the right to food. However, in a context of ecological, food and energy crises, the most pressing issue regarding reinvestment is not how much, but how. This report explores how States can and must achieve a reorientation of their agricultural systems towards modes of production that are highly productive, highly sustainable and that contribute to the progressive realization of the human right to adequate food. Drawing on an extensive review of the scientific literature published in the last five years, the Special Rapporteur identifies agroecology as a mode of agricultural development which not only shows strong conceptual connections with the right to food, but has proven results for fast progress in the concretization of this human right for many vulnerable groups in various countries and environments. Moreover, agroecology delivers advantages that are complementary to better known conventional approaches such as breeding highyielding varieties. And it strongly contributes to the broader economic development. The report argues that the scaling up of these experiences is the main challenge today. Appropriate public policies can create an enabling environment for such sustainable modes of production. These policies include prioritizing the procurement of public goods in public spending rather than solely providing input subsidies; investing in knowledge by reinvesting in agricultural research and extension services; investing in forms of social organization that encourage partnerships, including farmer field schools and farmers’ movements innovation networks; investing in agricultural research and extension systems; empowering women; and creating a macro-economic enabling environment, including connecting sustainable farms to fair markets."
    Author/creator: Olivier De Schutter
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/16/49)
    Format/size: pdf (257K)
    Date of entry/update: 22 January 2012


    Title: "Donor Playground Cambodia?" - What a look at aid and development in Cambodia confirms and what it may imply
    Date of publication: 19 November 2010
    Description/subject: "This paper is confrontational and challenges many deep assumptions in mainstream development. It argues that from the early 1990s in many ways Cambodia became a ‘donor playground’, a term that some may find troubling, if not actually offensive. It supports this argument by reference to various arguments in development studies, to a specific case study of intervention in Cambodia, and to an examination of important parts of the relevant donor ‘knowledge production’. For us, these show that this term is, indeed, suitable and we will make various practical recommendations as to how things may progress in the future..."
    Author/creator: Adam Fforde & Katrin Seidel
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung
    Format/size: pdf (413K)
    Date of entry/update: 05 May 2013


    Title: The Development Dictionary - a guide to knowledge as power
    Date of publication: 2010
    Description/subject: WOLFGANG SACHS, Preface to the New Edition... WOLFGANG SACHS, Introduction... GUSTAVO ESTEVA, Development... WOLFGANG SACHS, Environment... C. DOUGLAS LUMMIS, Equality... MARIANNE GRONEMEYER, Helping... GÉRALD BERTHOUD, Market... IVAN ILLICH, Needs... WOLFGANG SACHS, One World... MAJID R AHNEMA, Participation... ARTURO ESCOBAR, Planning... BARBARA DUDEN Population... MAJID R AHNEMA, Poverty... JEAN ROBERT, Production... JOSÉ MARÍA SBERT, Progress... VANDANA SHIVA, Resources... CLAUDE ALVARES, Science... HARRY CLEAVER Socialism... SERGE LATOUCHE, Standard of Living... ASHIS NANDY, State... OTTO ULLRICH, Technology.
    Author/creator: Wolfgang Sachs (ed)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Zed Books via Northeast University
    Format/size: pdf (2.4MB)
    Date of entry/update: 05 November 2012


    Title: The Millennium Development Goals Report
    Date of publication: 2010
    Description/subject: "The Millennium Declaration in 2000 was a milestone in international cooperation, inspiring development efforts that have improved the lives of hundreds of millions of people around the world. Ten years later, world leaders will gather again at the United Nations in New York to review progress, assess obstacles and gaps, and agree on concrete strategies and actions to meet the eight Millennium Development Goals by 2015. The Goals represent human needs and basic rights that every individual around the world should be able to enjoy—freedom from extreme poverty and hunger; quality education, productive and decent employment, good health and shelter; the right of women to give birth without risking their lives; and a world where environmental sustainability is a priority, and women and men live in equality. Leaders also pledged to forge a wide-ranging global partnership for development to achieve these universal objectives. This report shows how much progress has been made. Perhaps most important, it shows that the Goals are achievable when nationally owned development strategies, policies and programmes are supported by international development partners. At the same time, it is clear that improvements in the lives of the poor have been unacceptably slow, and some hard-won gains are being eroded by the climate, food and economic crises. The world possesses the resources and knowledge to ensure that even the poorest countries, and others held back by disease, geographic isolation or civil strife, can be empowered to achieve the MDGs. Meeting the goals is everyone’s business. Falling short would multiply the dangers of our world – from instability to epidemic diseases to environmental degradation. But achieving the goals will put us on a fast track to a world that is more stable, more just, and more secure. Billions of people are looking to the international community to realize the great vision embodied in the Millennium Declaration. Let us keep that promise. -- Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General, United Nations
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: pdf (6.7MB)
    Date of entry/update: 21 November 2012


    Title: Prosperity without growth? The transition to a sustainable economy
    Date of publication: 2009
    Description/subject: "Every society clings to a myth by which it lives. Ours is the myth of economic growth. For the last five decades the pursuit of growth has been the single most important policy goal across the world. The global economy is almost five times the size it was half a century ago. If it continues to grow at the same rate the economy will be 80 times that size by the year 2100. This extraordinary ramping up of global economic activity has no historical precedent. It’s totally at odds with our scientific knowledge of the finite resource base and the fragile ecology on which we depend for survival. And it has already been accompanied by the degradation of an estimated 60% of the world’s ecosystems. For the most part, we avoid the stark reality of these numbers. The default assumption is that – financial crises aside – growth will continue indefinitely. Not just for the poorest countries, where a better quality of life is undeniably needed, but even for the richest nations where the cornucopia of material wealth adds little to happiness and is beginning to threaten the foundations of our wellbeing. The reasons for this collective blindness are easy enough to find. The modern economy is structurally reliant on economic growth for its stability. When growth falters – as it has done recently – politicians panic. Businesses struggle to survive. People lose their jobs and sometimes their homes. A spiral of recession looms. Questioning growth is deemed to be the act of lunatics, idealists and revolutionaries. But question it we must. The myth of growth has failed us. It has failed the two billion people who still live on less than $2 a day. It has failed the fragile ecological systems on which we depend for survival. It has failed, spectacularly, in its own terms, to provide economic stability and secure people’s livelihoods..."
    Author/creator: Tim Jackson
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Sustainable Development Commission
    Format/size: pdf (3MB)
    Date of entry/update: 14 October 2012


    Title: Environment and Human Rights.
    Date of publication: October 2003
    Description/subject: Wuppertal Paper, October 2003... "The Institute's Globalisation project published the first English Wuppertal Paper "Environment and Human Rights" by Wolfgang Sachs. First, it outlines six typical situations in which patterns of resource use come into conflict with subsistence rights: namely, extraction of raw materials, alteration of ecosystems, reprogramming of organisms, destabilization as a result of climate change, pollution of urban living space, and effects of resource prices. It then introduces the debate on human rights and locates respect for subsistence rights as a component of economic, social and cultural human rights. Finally, it offers some markers for an environmental policy geared to human rights, the aim of which is to guarantee civil rights for all in a world with a finite biosphere..." >>> Further Literature on Ecology and Human Rights
    Author/creator: Wolfgang Sachs
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Wuppertal Institute
    Format/size: pdf (1.3MB)
    Date of entry/update: 30 January 2005


    Title: The Archaeology of the Development Idea
    Date of publication: 1990
    Description/subject: "Ruined buildings hide their secrets under piles of earth and rubble. Archaeologists, shovel in hand, work through layer upon layer to reveal underpinnings and thus discover the origins of a dilapidated monument. But ideas can also turn out to be ruins with their foundations covered by years or even centuries of sand. I believe that the idea of development stands today like a ruin in the intellectual landscape, its shadows obscuring our vision. It is high time we tackled the archaeology of this towering conceit, that we uncovered its foundations to see it for what it is: the outdated monument to an immodest era... Wind and snow stormed over Pennsylvania Avenue on 20 January 1949 when, in his inauguration speech before Congress, US President Harry Truman defined the largest part of the world as "underdeveloped areas". There it was, suddenly a permanent feature of the landscape, a pivotal concept which crammed the immeasurable diversity of the globe's south into single category: underdeveloped. For the first time, the new world view was thus announced; all the peoples of the earth were to move along the same track and aspire to only one goal: development. And the road to follow lay clearly before the President's eyes: "Greater production is the key to prosperity and peace." After all, was it not the US which had already come closest to this utopia? According to that yardstick, nations fall into place as stragglers or lead runners. And "the United States is pre-eminent among nations in the development of industrial and scientific techniques". Clothing self-interest in generosity, Truman outlined a programme of technical assistance designed to "relieve the suffering of these peoples" through "industrial activities and "a higher standard of living". Looking back after forty years, we recognise Truman's speech as the starting gun in the race for the South to catch up with the North. But we also see that the field of runners has been dispersed, as some competitors have fallen by the wayside and others have begun to suspect that they are running in the wrong direction..."
    Author/creator: Wolfgang Sachs
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Wolfgang Sachs
    Format/size: pdf (81K)
    Date of entry/update: 02 November 2012


    Title: The One-Straw Revolution
    Date of publication: 1978
    Description/subject: An Introduction to Natural Farming
    Author/creator: Masanobu Fukuoka
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Masanobu Fukuoka
    Format/size: pdf (455K)
    Date of entry/update: 22 January 2012


    Title: BUDDHIST ECONOMICS
    Date of publication: 1973
    Description/subject: "... "Right Livelihood" is one of the requirements of the Buddha’s Noble Eightfold Path. It is clear, therefore, that there must be such a thing as Buddhist economics. Buddhist countries have often stated that they wish to remain faithful to their heritage. So Burma: “The New Burma sees no conflict between religious values and economic progress. Spiritual health and material well-being are not enemies: they are natural allies.” 1 Or: “We can blend successfully the religious and spiritual values of our heritage with the benefits of modern technology.” 2 Or: “We Burmans have a sacred duty to conform both our dreams and our acts to our faith. This we shall ever do.” 3 All the same, such countries invariably assume that they can model their economic development plans in accordance with modern economics, and they call upon modern economists from so-called advanced countries to advise them, to formulate the policies to be pursued, and to construct the grand design for development, the Five-Year Plan or whatever it may be called. No one seems to think that a Buddhist way of life would call for Buddhist economics, just as the modern materialist way of life has brought forth modern economics. Economists themselves, like most specialists, normally suffer from a kind of metaphysical blindness, assuming that theirs is a science of absolute and invariable truths, without any presuppositions. Some go as far as to claim that economic laws are as free from "metaphysics" or "values" as the law of gravitation. We need not, however, get involved in arguments of methodology. Instead, let us take some fundamentals and see what they look like when viewed by a modern economist and a Buddhist economist..."
    Author/creator: E.F. Schumacher
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Small Is Beautiful: Economics as if People Mattered"
    Format/size: pdf (72K)
    Date of entry/update: 16 January 2005


    Title: Publications on "Appropriate technology"
    Description/subject: Adobe: Manual "Adobe production" (pdf, 480 KB) This manual was designed for builders, technicians and other professionals involved in rural housing development programmes in humid tropical climates. This manual is also available in Spanish (pdf, 470 KB) French (pdf, 470 KB) and Portuguese (pdf, 470 KB)... Anti-seismic construction: Handbook "Adobe - anti-seismic construction handbook" (pdf, 2,7 MB) The aim of this handbook is to assist engineers and the population at large in repairing houses correctly This handbook is also available in French (pdf, 2,7 MB) Handbook "Wattle & Daub - anti-seismic construction handbook" (pdf, 2,8 MB) The aim of this construction handbook is to provide theoretical and technical support for use by building engineers, construction workers and all those who decide to build their own house. This handbook is also available in Spanish (pdf, 4,7 MB) and French (pdf, 2,8 MB) Handbook "Rehabilitation - anti-seismic construction handbook" (pdf, 1,6 MB) After an earthquake many houses resist well or suffer some damage which can be repaired without needing to demolish the house. The aim of this handbook is to assist engineers and the population at large in repairing houses correctly. This handbook is also available in Spanish (pdf, 2,5 MB) and French (pdf, 1,6 MB)
    Source/publisher: Misereor
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Date of entry/update: 25 March 2014


    Title: Steven's Portal - For everyone concerned about humanity and the world we live in.
    Description/subject: Useful links, mainly to groups in North America..."Welcome to a gateway to the common good. It is based on the efforts of real people who are helping and healing the world. Your participation is invited! If you've visited before, then you know this portal was conceived independently of any philosophy, tradition or school of thought. The intention is to provide a space for sharing online resources while increasing awareness of what is being done for the betterment of communities, society, culture and the Earth. You're invited to explore the links library and, additionally, to suggest your own favorites. New connections are wanted to individuals as well as groups, whether nonprofit or for-profit. My only expectations are that their efforts be environmentally and socially responsible. I especially like to include links connecting to small and lesser-known grassroots groups whose websites offer informative and inspiring depictions of their work. Please feel free to submit a site. Make yourself at home — you've arrived at an enlightened corner of cyberspace among like-minded people with a caring, compassionate outlook. This invitation is extended to men and women of goodwill everywhere across the globe. The current number of active links is 518 — and each of these has been formed through genuine person-to-person linkages. Here is a thought, given the vastness of cyberspace: if, thanks to fate, destiny, Karma, or a seemingly ordinary Google search, you've arrived here and are taking the time to read these words, there may be a reason. Please send a link suggestion today!..."
    Author/creator: Steven Williams
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Steven Williams
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 05 May 2013


  • Sustainable/alternative development for Burma

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation web site
    Description/subject: Documents on alternative development, including specifically on Burma.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation
    Date of entry/update: 23 January 2005


    Title: Dag Hammarskjold Foundation -- Burma Seminars
    Description/subject: Another development for Burma: Strengthening the capacity within the Burmese democracy movement for meeting future development challenges has been a recent major initiative. New capacity building activities will seek to strengthen further the democratic forces in the world...plus other related material
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskold Foundation
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 04 December 2009


    Title: Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN)
    Description/subject: ABOUT KESAN: "KESAN is a community based organisation with a central office in Chiang Mai, Thailand. We implement project activities on the Thai Burma border and in Karen and Kachin states in Burma. For the past eight years we have been working towards improving rural livelihood security using an approach that empowers and educates communities and institutions to sustain existing indigenous knowledge and practices to use and manage forest resources for the long term benefit of the community. KESAN also plays a leading role in addressing environmental and development concerns in environmental law and policy formulation in preparation for the post transition period in Burma. KESAN networks with local, regional and international organisations towards increased recognition of local and indigenous peoples rights to use and manage their natural resources for sustainable development. Vision Karen indigenous people in Burma live peacefully in a healthy environment and actively participate in maintaining ecological balance and livelihood security. Mission KESAN is a local organization working alongside local communities in Karen State and Kachin State, Burma to build up capacities in natural resource management, raise public environmental awareness, support community-based development initiatives; and collaborate with organizations at all levels to advocate for environment policies and development priorities that ensure sustainable ecological, social, cultural and economic benefits and gender equity . Objectives 1. To enhance capacities of local communities and community-based organizations to enable activities for environmental protection and social development 2. To develop indigenous environmental education and materials to increase children and youth awareness and participation in environmental protection 3. To support community-based development initiatives to preserve our environment, cultures and traditional livelihoods 4. To advocate for environment policies and practices and development priorities that are environmentally friendly, socially equitable, culturally beneficial and economically viable 5. To systematize and scale up ongoing efforts to mainstream a gender perspective in all aspects of KESANs program of work."
    Language: English, Karen
    Source/publisher: Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 19 November 2009


    Title: Need-Burma : Network for Environment and Economic Development
    Description/subject: ABOUT US: Message from Executive Director; Who We Are; History of NEED; Ecological Crisis in Burma; Why Sustainable Agriculture?; Volunteer... OUR PROJECTS: Model Farm (MF); MF - Our Approach; MF - Activities; MF - Blog; MFI School (MFI); MFI - Overview; MFI - Apply; MFI - FAQ; MFI - Calendar; Village Level Capacity Building (VCB); VCB - Skill Development; VCB - Alumni Activities...RESOURCES & PUBLICATIONS: NEED Publications; NEED Videos; Photo Gallery; Alumni Resources; Related Publications; Resource Links; Contact Us; Donate Now; Sitemap; NEED Feeds; NEED Brochure - "Growing Food, Sharing Knowledge"
    Language: English, Burmese
    Source/publisher: Need-Burma
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 14 March 2012


    Title: OBL's Environment section
    Description/subject: This section contains several articles and reports on economic and enviromental sustainability in Burma
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
    Date of entry/update: 23 January 2005


    Title: [JICA] Activities in Myanmar
    Description/subject: Development Study on Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development for Poverty Reduction Programme in the Central Dry Zone
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 01 January 2010


    Individual Documents

    Title: Access Denied - Land Rights and Ethnic Conflict in Burma
    Date of publication: May 2013
    Description/subject: The reform process in Burma/Myanmar by the quasi-civilian government of President Thein Sein has raised hopes that a long overdue solution can be found to more than 60 years of devastating civil war... Burma’s ethnic minority groups have long felt marginalized and discriminated against, resulting in a large number of ethnic armed opposition groups fighting the central government – dominated by the ethnic Burman majority – for ethnic rights and autonomy. The fighting has taken place mostly in Burma’s borderlands, where ethnic minorities are most concentrated. Burma is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse countries. Ethnic minorities make up an estimated 30-40 percent of the total population, and ethnic states occupy some 57 percent of the total land area and are home to poor and often persecuted ethnic minority groups. Most of the people living in these impoverished and war-torn areas are subsistence farmers practicing upland cultivation. Economic grievances have played a central part in fuelling the civil war. While the central government has been systematically exploiting the natural resources of these areas, the money earned has not been (re)invested to benefit the local population... Conclusions and Recommendations: The new land and investment laws benefit large corporate investors and not small- holder farmers, especially in ethnic minority regions, and do not take into account land rights of ethnic communities. The new ceasefires have further facilitated land grabbing in conflict-affected areas where large development projects in resource-rich ethnic regions have already taken place. Many ethnic organisations oppose large-scale economic projects in their territories until inclusive political agreements are reached. Others reject these projects outright. Recognition of existing customary and communal tenure systems in land, water, fisheries and forests is crucial to eradicate poverty and build real peace in ethnic areas; to ensure sustainable livelihoods for marginalized ethnic communities affected by decades of war; and to facilitate the voluntary return of IDPs and refugees. Land grabbing and unsustainable business practices must halt, and decisions on the allocation, use and management of natural resources and regional development must have the participation and consent of local communities. Local communities must be protected by the government against land grabbing. The new land and investment laws should be amended and serve the needs and rights of smallholder farmers, especially in ethnic regions.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Transnational Institute (TNI), Burma Centre Netherlands
    Format/size: pdf (161K-OBL version; 3.22MB-original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.tni.org/sites/www.tni.org/files/download/accesdenied-briefing11.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 14 May 2013


    Title: Accessible Alternatives: Ethnic Communities' Contribution to Social Development and Environmental Conservation in Burma (Burmese)
    Date of publication: September 2009
    Description/subject: ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္အလုပ္အဖြဲ႔ (စက္တင္ဘာ ၂ဝဝ၉)...ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ သဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ အလုပ္အဖြဲ႔ (BEWG) အေၾကာင္း… အစီရင္ခံစာ အက်ဥ္းခ်ဳပ္… ေနရာအမည္မ်ားႏွင့္ ေငြေၾကး အေခၚအေဝၚမွတ္စုမ်ား … ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေျမပံုႏွင့္ ျဖစ္ရပ္မွန္ေလ့လာမႈေဒသမ်ား … နိဒါန္း … ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္… ေျမလွန္ပစ္ျခင္း။ ဒီေရေတာမ်ား ဖ်က္ဆီး ပစ္ျခင္းႏွင့္ ေဒသခံကမ္းရိုးတမ္း လူမႈ အသုိက္အဝန္းမ်ား အေပၚ သက္ေရာက္ မႈမ်ား။ သဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ႏွင့္ စီးပြားေရးဖြံၿဖိဳး တိုးတက္မႈ လုပ္ငန္းကြန္ယက္ (NEED-Burma)… တရုတ္ ေရနံရွာေဖြ တူးေဖာ္ျခင္း ၿခိမ္းေျခာက္မႈကို ခံေန ရေသာ မိရိုးဖလာ ေရနံတြင္းတူးသူမ်ား… အာရ္ရကန္ ေရနံေစာင့္ၾကည့္ ေလ့လာေရးအဖြဲ႔ (AOW)… ကခ်င္ျပည္နယ္ ကခ်င္ ရိုးရာ တုိင္းရင္းေဆး လုပ္ငန္း အစီအစဥ္၊ သဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ထိန္း သိမ္းျခင္းႏွင့္ ဝင္ေငြဖန္တည္းျခင္း အတြက္ အခြင့္ အလမ္းမ်ားဖန္တီးျခင္း။ ပန္ကခ်င္လူမႈအသိုက္အဝန္း ဖြံ႔ၿဖဳိးတိုးတက္ေရးအဖြဲ႔ (PKDS)… ဟူးေကာင္း ခ်ိဳင့္ဝွမ္း က်ားထိန္းသိမ္းေရး နယ္ေျမရွိ ကခ်င္ျပည္သူမ်ား အခန္းက႑၊ ကခ်င္ ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရး လုပ္ငန္းကြန္ယက္အဖြဲ႔ (KDNG) … ကရင္ျပည္နယ္ အတြင္းရိွ။ သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ကာကြယ္ေစာင့္ ေရွာက္ျခင္း။ ဌာေန တုိင္းရင္း သားမ်ား အသိပညာ ႏွင့္ အသက္ေမြးဝမ္းေက်ာင္းမႈ၊ သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ထိန္းသိမ္းေသာ လူမႈအသိုက္အဝန္းတစ္ခု ကိုေလ့လာျခင္း၊ ကရင္သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ႏွင့္ လူမႈေရး လႈပ္ရွားမႈ ကြန္ယက္ (KESAN) … ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ အလုပ္အဖြဲ႔ ကရင္ျပည္ နယ္ ေျမာက္ ဘက္ျခမ္း အတြင္း အစားအစာ လံုၿခံဳမႈ ႏွင့္ ေဒသခံ ျပည္သူမ်ား ရင္ဆိုင္ ေျဖရွင္းျခင္း နည္းလမ္းမ်ား အေပၚၿခိမ္းေျခာက္မႈမ်ား။ ကရင္သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ႏွင့္ လူမႈေရး လႈပ္ရွားမႈ ကြန္ယက္ (KESAN)… ပဲခူးတိုင္း။ ေရႊက်င္ၿမိဳ႔နယ္အတြင္း ေရႊတူးေဖာ္ျခင္း။ ေျမကမာၻအခြင့္အေရး(EarthRights International)… ႏွစ္ျမဳပ္ပစ္လိုက္ျခင္း - တာဆန္းေရကာတာ ႏွင့္ ေဒသခံ ရွမ္းလူမႈအသိုက္ အဝန္းႏွင့္သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္အေပၚ သက္ေရာက္မႈ။ ရွမ္းသဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ထိန္းသိမ္းေရး အဖြဲ႔ (Sapawa)… မူးယစ္ေဆးဝါး တိုင္းျပည္ တည္ေဆာက္ျခင္း ႏွင့္ သႏာၱေက်ာက္တန္း ေဖာက္ခြဲျခင္း။ ညံ့ဖ်င္းသည့္ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္က ေက်ာေထာက္ ေနာက္ခံ ျပဳ ထားေသာ ဖြံၿဖိဳး တိုးတက္ေရး လုပ္ငန္း စီမံခ်က္မ်ားႏွင့္ လားဟူ ျပည္သူမ်ားအေပၚ သက္ေရာက္မႈမ်ား။ လားဟူအမ်ိဳးသား ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရးအဖြဲ႔ (LNDO)…
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
    Format/size: pdf (5.46MB)
    Date of entry/update: 12 February 2012


    Title: Accessible Alternatives: Ethnic Communities' Contribution to Social Development and Environmental Conservation in Burma (English)
    Date of publication: September 2009
    Description/subject: CONTENTS Acknowledgments ...About BEWG ... Executive Summary... Notes on Place Names and Currency... Burma Map & Case Study Areas ... Introduction ..... Arakan State: Cut into the Ground: The Destruction of Mangroves and its Impacts on Local Coastal Communities (Network for Environmental and Economic Development - Burma)... Traditional Oil Drillers Threatened by China�s Oil Exploration (Arakan Oil Watch)..... Kachin State: Kachin Herbal Medicine Initiative: Creating Opportunities for Conservation and Income Generation (Pan Kachin Development Society) ... The Role of Kachin People in the Hugawng Valley Tiger Reserve (Kachin Development Networking Group) ..... Karen State: Environmental Protection, Indigenous Knowledge and Livelihood in Karen State: A Focus on Community Conserved Areas (Karen Environmental and Social Action Network) ... Threats to Food Security and Local Coping Strategies in Northern Karen State (Karen Environmental and Social Action Network) ... Gold Mining in Shwegyin Township, Pegu Division (EarthRights International) ..... Shan State: Drowned Out: The Tasang Dam and its Impacts on Local Shan Communities and the Environment (Shan Sapawa Environmental Organization) ... Building up of the Narco-State and Reef Blasting: Failed State-Sponsored Development Projects and their Impacts on the Lahu People (Lahu National Development Organization)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
    Format/size: pdf (2.3MB - OBL version; 7.3MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.kesan.asia/Resources/bewg_report.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 04 December 2009


    Title: Community Agriculture Handbook
    Date of publication: June 2009
    Language: Karen
    Source/publisher: Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN)
    Format/size: pdf (1.7MB)
    Date of entry/update: 19 November 2009


    Title: ANOTHER DEVELOPMENT FOR BURMA: Priorities in Transition / ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရးအျခားနည္းလမ္း - အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးအ
    Date of publication: 2004
    Description/subject: Preface ... Introduction ... The Dag Hammarskjold Foundation and Another Development"... Kjell-Ake Nordquist: "Priorities in Transition and Post-Transitional Challenges" ... Walden Bello: "International Institutions, Transnational Corporations and Globalisation: Future Challenges and Alternative Perspectives" ... Sheila Coronel: "The Role of Media in the Struggle for Democracy, the Role of Media during Transition and the Right to Know" ... Emilia Pires: "Strategies for Development - Experiences from East Timor" ... International Resource Persons..... အမွာစကား ... နိဒါန္း ... “ဒက္ဟမ္မားရိးေဖာင္ေဒးရွင္းႏွင့္ ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရးအတြက္ အျခားနည္းလမ္း ေဟာေျပာ တင္ျပခ်က္မ်ား ၏အက်ဥ္းခ်ဳပ္” ... “အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးတြင္ ဦးစားေပးေဆာင္ရြက္ ရမည့္ အခ်က္မ်ားႏွင့္ အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းျပီးေနာက္ ေတြ႔ႀကံဳရ မည့္ ျပႆနာစိမ္ေခၚခ်က္မ်ား” ... “ႏိုင္ငံတကာအဖြဲ႔အစည္း မ်ား၊ ႏိုင္ငံေဘာင္ေက်ာ္ေကာ္ပိုေရးရွင္းႀကီးမ်ားႏွင့္ ဂလိုဘယ္လိုက္ေဇးရွင္း၊ အနာဂတ္ျပႆနာစိန္ေခၚခ်က္မ်ားႏွင့္ အျခားအျမင္ရေဒါင့္မ်ား” ... “ဒီမိုကေရစီတိုက္ပြဲတြင္း မီဒီယာ၏အခန္းက႑၊ အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးကာလအတြင္း မီဒီယာ၏ အခန္းက႑ႏွင့္ ျပည္သူလူထု၏ သတင္းမ်ားရရွိပိုင္ခြင့္”... “ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရး မဟာဗ်ဴဟာမ်ား၊ အေရွ႔တီေမာ အေတြ႔အႀကံဳ” ... “ႏိုင္ငံတကာမွ ဖိတ္ၾကားေဟာေျပာေစေသာပညာရွင္မ်ား”
    Language: English/Burmese
    Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation
    Format/size: pdf (397K)
    Date of entry/update: 04 October 2012


    Title: ANOTHER DEVELOPMENT FOR BURMA'
    Date of publication: 12 January 2003
    Description/subject: Report from the High-Level Seminar...Table of contents: Introduction; The Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation and Another development; Summary of presentations; Kjell-Åke Nordquist of the Peace and Conflict Research Department at Uppsala University: 'Priorities in Transition' and �Post-Transitional Challenges'; Walden Bello of Focus on the Global South: �International Institutions, Transnational Corporations and Globalisation – Future Challenges and Alternative Perspectives'; Sheila Coronel of the Philippine Centre for Investigative Journalism: 'The Role of Media in the Struggle for Democracy', �The Role of Media During Transition' and �The Right to Know'; Emilia Pires of the Ministry of Planning and Finances of East Timor: 'Strategies for Development '; Appendix I, Programme; Appendix II, International Resource Persons; Appendix III, List of Participants...
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation
    Format/size: pdf
    Date of entry/update: 23 January 2005