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Home > Main Library > Development - focus on Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Sustainable development > Sustainable/alternative development in and for Burma

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Sustainable/alternative development in and for Burma

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation web site
Description/subject: Documents on alternative development, including specifically on Burma.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2005

Title: Dag Hammarskjold Foundation -- Burma Seminars
Description/subject: Another development for Burma: Strengthening the capacity within the Burmese democracy movement for meeting future development challenges has been a recent major initiative. New capacity building activities will seek to strengthen further the democratic forces in the world...plus other related material
Language: English
Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskold Foundation
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 04 December 2009

Title: Ethnic Community Development Forum (ECDF)
Description/subject: Ethnic Community Development Forum (ECDF) is a focal point for social and community development organizations from the various ethnic nationality regions of Burma.ECDF was founded at the 6th Ethnic Community Development Seminar in July 2004. Today we have eight member organizations. Our members work in in Kachin, Karen, Karenni, Shan, Mon, Arakan, and Chin States. Each organization works independently to forward its own vision and solve the unique problems of its particular community. ECDF provides a meeting point for the staff and leadership to come together for training, dialogue, and joint efforts. Several times each year, ECDF brings the members of these organizations together to discuss the current situation and to continue the education of their staff. Alumni of these trainings then coordinate their own local projects with support from ECDF. These projects operate with the participation of all members of the community and reflect the development visions of local people. In bringing these organizations together, ECDF hopes to promote inter-ethnic cooperation and increased awareness of national issues and their solutions. ECDF also hopes to foster a participatory path to development in Burma as an alternative to the top-down, exploitative practices of the Naypyidaw government. In order to achieve this goal ECDF follows three core principles, formulated by its members in 2006: 1) Grass-Roots Ownership of Natural Resources The people shall have, in fact and in law, the rights to own, use, manage, and continue conservation of their natural resources and heritages which have been handed down from generation to generation.....Home... About ECDF... Our Members... Our Activities... Publications... Multimedia... Links... Contact Us... Burmese... AASYC... KORD... KSWDC... KDNG... NCCD... SRDC... History of Agriculture... BRN news... Photos... Kachin.
Language: English and Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: Ethnic Community Development Forum
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 08 January 2015

Title: Kachin Development Networking Group - KDNG (English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Description/subject: About KDNG : "Kachin Development Networking Group (KDNG) is a network of Kachin civil society groups and development organizations inside Kachin State and abroad. It was established in September 2004. KDNG promotes the formation of a healthy civil society based on equality and justice for local people. It works to document the military government's exploitation of natural resources, collecting information on large scale development including mining, mono crop plantation and hydropower. It also works to promote an alternative to these destructive policies by working with local organizations and community members to assess the needs of villagers and develop local solutions to development problems. In all of this, the organization works to encourage the participation of women in development decisions and activities. Through these endeavors, KDNG hopes to contribute to the struggle for justice, social reform, and political change for the people of Kachin State and all of Burma"
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Kachin Development Networking Group (KDNG)
Format/size: html, pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.kdng.org/bur/
Date of entry/update: 26 June 2015

Title: Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN)
Description/subject: ABOUT KESAN: "KESAN is a community based organisation with a central office in Chiang Mai, Thailand. We implement project activities on the Thai Burma border and in Karen and Kachin states in Burma. For the past eight years we have been working towards improving rural livelihood security using an approach that empowers and educates communities and institutions to sustain existing indigenous knowledge and practices to use and manage forest resources for the long term benefit of the community. KESAN also plays a leading role in addressing environmental and development concerns in environmental law and policy formulation in preparation for the post transition period in Burma. KESAN networks with local, regional and international organisations towards increased recognition of local and indigenous peoples rights to use and manage their natural resources for sustainable development. Vision Karen indigenous people in Burma live peacefully in a healthy environment and actively participate in maintaining ecological balance and livelihood security. Mission KESAN is a local organization working alongside local communities in Karen State and Kachin State, Burma to build up capacities in natural resource management, raise public environmental awareness, support community-based development initiatives; and collaborate with organizations at all levels to advocate for environment policies and development priorities that ensure sustainable ecological, social, cultural and economic benefits and gender equity . Objectives 1. To enhance capacities of local communities and community-based organizations to enable activities for environmental protection and social development 2. To develop indigenous environmental education and materials to increase children and youth awareness and participation in environmental protection 3. To support community-based development initiatives to preserve our environment, cultures and traditional livelihoods 4. To advocate for environment policies and practices and development priorities that are environmentally friendly, socially equitable, culturally beneficial and economically viable 5. To systematize and scale up ongoing efforts to mainstream a gender perspective in all aspects of KESANs program of work."
Language: English, Karen
Source/publisher: Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 November 2009

Title: Need-Burma : Network for Environment and Economic Development
Description/subject: ABOUT US: Message from Executive Director; Who We Are; History of NEED; Ecological Crisis in Burma; Why Sustainable Agriculture?; Volunteer... OUR PROJECTS: Model Farm (MF); MF - Our Approach; MF - Activities; MF - Blog; MFI School (MFI); MFI - Overview; MFI - Apply; MFI - FAQ; MFI - Calendar; Village Level Capacity Building (VCB); VCB - Skill Development; VCB - Alumni Activities...RESOURCES & PUBLICATIONS: NEED Publications; NEED Videos; Photo Gallery; Alumni Resources; Related Publications; Resource Links; Contact Us; Donate Now; Sitemap; NEED Feeds; NEED Brochure - "Growing Food, Sharing Knowledge"
Language: English, Burmese
Source/publisher: Need-Burma
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 March 2012

Title: OBL's Environment section
Description/subject: This section contains several articles and reports on economic and enviromental sustainability in Burma
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2005

Title: Proximity Designs, Myanmar
Description/subject: " Established by Jim Taylor and Debbie Aung Din, Proximity began life, in 2004, as a country office of iDE. Back then, we entered the Myanmar rural market with two treadle pumps, 13 staff and a distribution reach of just 600 villages. Now, eight years on, we’re accessible to nearly 80% of the rural population, employing a nationwide staff of over 350, and offering a complete range of services that address many of the most pressing needs of rural families. That's no mean feat in a country like Myanmar. Over the years our environment has changed, and we've had to adapt quickly to respond to our customer's needs. For the first few years, we focused on creating affordable irrigation products tailored to the Myanmar farmer. We worked on building a distribution network to help us reach scale, and perfecting quality, and service. We also began building a team of field staff across our project regions. At Proximity, we've always maintained that our staff are our most valuable asset, and this couldn't have been more true in the days immediately after Cyclone Nargis hit the Ayarwady Delta in 2008. Although our team aren't relief workers by title, they know and understand Delta farming families, and were able to identify their needs and employ our established distribution network to deliver over $16 million in aid to 1.2 million people. After the cyclone we began diversifying our line of services, and created our farm recovery services in direct response to the crop failings and pest infestations that Delta farmers were suffering from. We also formed our infrastructure service, rebuilding and building footpaths, embankments, bridges and canals to help with connectivity and water control. As relief became less critical, we grew and adapted these services to the changing situations; cash-for-work labour opportunities were provided on infrastructure projects, and Farm Advisory Services staff began teaching smart but simple farming techniques to farmers, for longer lasting impact. All the while, we've been continuing to design and manufacture a range of irrigation products. To make these technologies accessible to thousands more rural families, we developed a product financing service. More recently, we began offering a crop loan service, that provides credit for critical inputs, to help farmers set themselves up for a successful season. Each of these services increases incomes by an average of $250 per season. This last year, our ninth, has been our most successful one to date. We sold our 100,000th product, launched a successful range of solar lighting, and we're beginning to spin off our crop loans into a larger entity called Proximity Finance. We were also honoured to be recipients of both the Skoll Foundation's and the Schwab Foundation's Award for social entrepreneurship..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Proximity Designs
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2015

Title: [JICA] Activities in Myanmar
Description/subject: Development Study on Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development for Poverty Reduction Programme in the Central Dry Zone
Language: English
Source/publisher: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 01 January 2010

Individual Documents

Title: Myanmar's Smart Farmers - How low-cost solutions are keeping farmers in Myanmar one step ahead of climate change. (video)
Date of publication: 04 May 2015
Description/subject: "Practically isolated from the global market for 50 years, Myanmar is still largely dependent on agriculture. But the country is one of the most at risk from climate change and no one feels these pressures more than the rural smallholder farmers who make up the backbone of its food system and rural economy. Shorter monsoons and rising temperatures mean severe droughts have become more frequent in recent decades. This has led to higher levels of saltwater intrusion in important rice growing territories and an increase in the risk of complete crop failure. Proximity Designs is a social enterprise which was founded to provide farmers with low-cost, low-tech equipment to help them adapt and thrive in their changing environment. They ensure their products are both affordable and suitable by employing a team of data-gatherers to conduct thorough research within the farming communities. And thanks to a network of some 900 scooter-driving "field agents", their products can even find their way to the most remote parts of the country. Russell Beard travels to Myanmar to meet the innovators behind Proximity Designs and to see how their products and expertise are helping farmers stay one step ahead in a changing world."
Author/creator: Russell Beard
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Al Jazeera (Earthrise)
Format/size: Adobe Flash (15 minutes)
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2015

Title: Access Denied - Land Rights and Ethnic Conflict in Burma
Date of publication: May 2013
Description/subject: The reform process in Burma/Myanmar by the quasi-civilian government of President Thein Sein has raised hopes that a long overdue solution can be found to more than 60 years of devastating civil war... Burma’s ethnic minority groups have long felt marginalized and discriminated against, resulting in a large number of ethnic armed opposition groups fighting the central government – dominated by the ethnic Burman majority – for ethnic rights and autonomy. The fighting has taken place mostly in Burma’s borderlands, where ethnic minorities are most concentrated. Burma is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse countries. Ethnic minorities make up an estimated 30-40 percent of the total population, and ethnic states occupy some 57 percent of the total land area and are home to poor and often persecuted ethnic minority groups. Most of the people living in these impoverished and war-torn areas are subsistence farmers practicing upland cultivation. Economic grievances have played a central part in fuelling the civil war. While the central government has been systematically exploiting the natural resources of these areas, the money earned has not been (re)invested to benefit the local population... Conclusions and Recommendations: The new land and investment laws benefit large corporate investors and not small- holder farmers, especially in ethnic minority regions, and do not take into account land rights of ethnic communities. The new ceasefires have further facilitated land grabbing in conflict-affected areas where large development projects in resource-rich ethnic regions have already taken place. Many ethnic organisations oppose large-scale economic projects in their territories until inclusive political agreements are reached. Others reject these projects outright. Recognition of existing customary and communal tenure systems in land, water, fisheries and forests is crucial to eradicate poverty and build real peace in ethnic areas; to ensure sustainable livelihoods for marginalized ethnic communities affected by decades of war; and to facilitate the voluntary return of IDPs and refugees. Land grabbing and unsustainable business practices must halt, and decisions on the allocation, use and management of natural resources and regional development must have the participation and consent of local communities. Local communities must be protected by the government against land grabbing. The new land and investment laws should be amended and serve the needs and rights of smallholder farmers, especially in ethnic regions.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Transnational Institute (TNI), Burma Centre Netherlands
Format/size: pdf (161K-OBL version; 3.22MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.tni.org/sites/www.tni.org/files/download/accesdenied-briefing11.pdf
Date of entry/update: 14 May 2013

Title: Accessible Alternatives: Ethnic Communities' Contribution to Social Development and Environmental Conservation in Burma (Burmese)
Date of publication: September 2009
Description/subject: ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္အလုပ္အဖြဲ႔ (စက္တင္ဘာ ၂ဝဝ၉)...ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ သဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ အလုပ္အဖြဲ႔ (BEWG) အေၾကာင္း… အစီရင္ခံစာ အက်ဥ္းခ်ဳပ္… ေနရာအမည္မ်ားႏွင့္ ေငြေၾကး အေခၚအေဝၚမွတ္စုမ်ား … ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေျမပံုႏွင့္ ျဖစ္ရပ္မွန္ေလ့လာမႈေဒသမ်ား … နိဒါန္း … ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္… ေျမလွန္ပစ္ျခင္း။ ဒီေရေတာမ်ား ဖ်က္ဆီး ပစ္ျခင္းႏွင့္ ေဒသခံကမ္းရိုးတမ္း လူမႈ အသုိက္အဝန္းမ်ား အေပၚ သက္ေရာက္ မႈမ်ား။ သဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ႏွင့္ စီးပြားေရးဖြံၿဖိဳး တိုးတက္မႈ လုပ္ငန္းကြန္ယက္ (NEED-Burma)… တရုတ္ ေရနံရွာေဖြ တူးေဖာ္ျခင္း ၿခိမ္းေျခာက္မႈကို ခံေန ရေသာ မိရိုးဖလာ ေရနံတြင္းတူးသူမ်ား… အာရ္ရကန္ ေရနံေစာင့္ၾကည့္ ေလ့လာေရးအဖြဲ႔ (AOW)… ကခ်င္ျပည္နယ္ ကခ်င္ ရိုးရာ တုိင္းရင္းေဆး လုပ္ငန္း အစီအစဥ္၊ သဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ထိန္း သိမ္းျခင္းႏွင့္ ဝင္ေငြဖန္တည္းျခင္း အတြက္ အခြင့္ အလမ္းမ်ားဖန္တီးျခင္း။ ပန္ကခ်င္လူမႈအသိုက္အဝန္း ဖြံ႔ၿဖဳိးတိုးတက္ေရးအဖြဲ႔ (PKDS)… ဟူးေကာင္း ခ်ိဳင့္ဝွမ္း က်ားထိန္းသိမ္းေရး နယ္ေျမရွိ ကခ်င္ျပည္သူမ်ား အခန္းက႑၊ ကခ်င္ ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရး လုပ္ငန္းကြန္ယက္အဖြဲ႔ (KDNG) … ကရင္ျပည္နယ္ အတြင္းရိွ။ သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ကာကြယ္ေစာင့္ ေရွာက္ျခင္း။ ဌာေန တုိင္းရင္း သားမ်ား အသိပညာ ႏွင့္ အသက္ေမြးဝမ္းေက်ာင္းမႈ၊ သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ထိန္းသိမ္းေသာ လူမႈအသိုက္အဝန္းတစ္ခု ကိုေလ့လာျခင္း၊ ကရင္သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ႏွင့္ လူမႈေရး လႈပ္ရွားမႈ ကြန္ယက္ (KESAN) … ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ အလုပ္အဖြဲ႔ ကရင္ျပည္ နယ္ ေျမာက္ ဘက္ျခမ္း အတြင္း အစားအစာ လံုၿခံဳမႈ ႏွင့္ ေဒသခံ ျပည္သူမ်ား ရင္ဆိုင္ ေျဖရွင္းျခင္း နည္းလမ္းမ်ား အေပၚၿခိမ္းေျခာက္မႈမ်ား။ ကရင္သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ႏွင့္ လူမႈေရး လႈပ္ရွားမႈ ကြန္ယက္ (KESAN)… ပဲခူးတိုင္း။ ေရႊက်င္ၿမိဳ႔နယ္အတြင္း ေရႊတူးေဖာ္ျခင္း။ ေျမကမာၻအခြင့္အေရး(EarthRights International)… ႏွစ္ျမဳပ္ပစ္လိုက္ျခင္း - တာဆန္းေရကာတာ ႏွင့္ ေဒသခံ ရွမ္းလူမႈအသိုက္ အဝန္းႏွင့္သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္အေပၚ သက္ေရာက္မႈ။ ရွမ္းသဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ထိန္းသိမ္းေရး အဖြဲ႔ (Sapawa)… မူးယစ္ေဆးဝါး တိုင္းျပည္ တည္ေဆာက္ျခင္း ႏွင့္ သႏာၱေက်ာက္တန္း ေဖာက္ခြဲျခင္း။ ညံ့ဖ်င္းသည့္ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္က ေက်ာေထာက္ ေနာက္ခံ ျပဳ ထားေသာ ဖြံၿဖိဳး တိုးတက္ေရး လုပ္ငန္း စီမံခ်က္မ်ားႏွင့္ လားဟူ ျပည္သူမ်ားအေပၚ သက္ေရာက္မႈမ်ား။ လားဟူအမ်ိဳးသား ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရးအဖြဲ႔ (LNDO)…
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
Format/size: pdf (5.46MB)
Date of entry/update: 12 February 2012

Title: Accessible Alternatives: Ethnic Communities' Contribution to Social Development and Environmental Conservation in Burma (English)
Date of publication: September 2009
Description/subject: CONTENTS Acknowledgments ...About BEWG ... Executive Summary... Notes on Place Names and Currency... Burma Map & Case Study Areas ... Introduction ..... Arakan State: Cut into the Ground: The Destruction of Mangroves and its Impacts on Local Coastal Communities (Network for Environmental and Economic Development - Burma)... Traditional Oil Drillers Threatened by China�s Oil Exploration (Arakan Oil Watch)..... Kachin State: Kachin Herbal Medicine Initiative: Creating Opportunities for Conservation and Income Generation (Pan Kachin Development Society) ... The Role of Kachin People in the Hugawng Valley Tiger Reserve (Kachin Development Networking Group) ..... Karen State: Environmental Protection, Indigenous Knowledge and Livelihood in Karen State: A Focus on Community Conserved Areas (Karen Environmental and Social Action Network) ... Threats to Food Security and Local Coping Strategies in Northern Karen State (Karen Environmental and Social Action Network) ... Gold Mining in Shwegyin Township, Pegu Division (EarthRights International) ..... Shan State: Drowned Out: The Tasang Dam and its Impacts on Local Shan Communities and the Environment (Shan Sapawa Environmental Organization) ... Building up of the Narco-State and Reef Blasting: Failed State-Sponsored Development Projects and their Impacts on the Lahu People (Lahu National Development Organization)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
Format/size: pdf (2.3MB - OBL version; 7.3MB - original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.kesan.asia/Resources/bewg_report.pdf
Date of entry/update: 04 December 2009

Title: Community Agriculture Handbook
Date of publication: June 2009
Language: Karen
Source/publisher: Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN)
Format/size: pdf (1.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 November 2009

Title: ANOTHER DEVELOPMENT FOR BURMA: Priorities in Transition / ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရးအျခားနည္းလမ္း - အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးအ
Date of publication: 2004
Description/subject: Preface ... Introduction ... The Dag Hammarskjold Foundation and Another Development"... Kjell-Ake Nordquist: "Priorities in Transition and Post-Transitional Challenges" ... Walden Bello: "International Institutions, Transnational Corporations and Globalisation: Future Challenges and Alternative Perspectives" ... Sheila Coronel: "The Role of Media in the Struggle for Democracy, the Role of Media during Transition and the Right to Know" ... Emilia Pires: "Strategies for Development - Experiences from East Timor" ... International Resource Persons..... အမွာစကား ... နိဒါန္း ... “ဒက္ဟမ္မားရိးေဖာင္ေဒးရွင္းႏွင့္ ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရးအတြက္ အျခားနည္းလမ္း ေဟာေျပာ တင္ျပခ်က္မ်ား ၏အက်ဥ္းခ်ဳပ္” ... “အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးတြင္ ဦးစားေပးေဆာင္ရြက္ ရမည့္ အခ်က္မ်ားႏွင့္ အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းျပီးေနာက္ ေတြ႔ႀကံဳရ မည့္ ျပႆနာစိမ္ေခၚခ်က္မ်ား” ... “ႏိုင္ငံတကာအဖြဲ႔အစည္း မ်ား၊ ႏိုင္ငံေဘာင္ေက်ာ္ေကာ္ပိုေရးရွင္းႀကီးမ်ားႏွင့္ ဂလိုဘယ္လိုက္ေဇးရွင္း၊ အနာဂတ္ျပႆနာစိန္ေခၚခ်က္မ်ားႏွင့္ အျခားအျမင္ရေဒါင့္မ်ား” ... “ဒီမိုကေရစီတိုက္ပြဲတြင္း မီဒီယာ၏အခန္းက႑၊ အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးကာလအတြင္း မီဒီယာ၏ အခန္းက႑ႏွင့္ ျပည္သူလူထု၏ သတင္းမ်ားရရွိပိုင္ခြင့္”... “ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရး မဟာဗ်ဴဟာမ်ား၊ အေရွ႔တီေမာ အေတြ႔အႀကံဳ” ... “ႏိုင္ငံတကာမွ ဖိတ္ၾကားေဟာေျပာေစေသာပညာရွင္မ်ား”
Language: English/Burmese
Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation
Format/size: pdf (397K)
Date of entry/update: 04 October 2012

Date of publication: 12 January 2003
Description/subject: Report from the High-Level Seminar...Table of contents: Introduction; The Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation and Another development; Summary of presentations; Kjell-Åke Nordquist of the Peace and Conflict Research Department at Uppsala University: 'Priorities in Transition' and �Post-Transitional Challenges'; Walden Bello of Focus on the Global South: �International Institutions, Transnational Corporations and Globalisation – Future Challenges and Alternative Perspectives'; Sheila Coronel of the Philippine Centre for Investigative Journalism: 'The Role of Media in the Struggle for Democracy', �The Role of Media During Transition' and �The Right to Know'; Emilia Pires of the Ministry of Planning and Finances of East Timor: 'Strategies for Development '; Appendix I, Programme; Appendix II, International Resource Persons; Appendix III, List of Participants...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2005