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Trafficking: global, regional and national reports

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: US Department of State Trafficking in Persons Reports
Description/subject: This page links to the US DOS reports from 2001...Browse to Country Narratives then to the alphabetical list. Burma is listed as Tier 3 -- the most serious cases
Language: English
Source/publisher: US Department of State
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 May 2012

Individual Documents

Title: Comparative Analysis of Bilateral Memoranda on Anti-human Trafficking Cooperation between Thailand and Three Neighboring Countries: What Do the Origin and the Destination States Agree Upon?
Date of publication: March 2012
Description/subject: ABSTRACT: "In order to prevent, suppress and punish human trafficking, bilateral agreements between origin of victim countries and destination countries are crucial, because their cooperation involves cross-border activities such as repatriation of victims, extradition of criminals and information-sharing. This article analyzes three bilateral legal instruments between The Government of The Kingdom of Thailand and her three neighboring countries, namely The Royal Government of Cambodia, The Government of Lao People’s Democratic Republic and The Government of The Union of Myanmar. The analysis will examine the legal status of the victim, the victim as witness in criminal proceedings, the victim protection programs, the recovery and restitution of damages, the process of repatriating the victim, and the prosecution of the criminal. .... Keywords: Human Trafficking, Memorandum of Understanding, Origin country, Destination country, Bilateral Cooperation PDF pdf (249KB)
Author/creator: Miwa YAMADA
Language: English
Source/publisher: IDE-JETRO Discussion paper No. 349
Format/size: pdf (249K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.ide.go.jp/English/Publish/Download/Dp/349.html
Date of entry/update: 01 December 2012

Title: The Mekong Challenge - Underpaid, Overworked and Overlooked : The realities of young migrant workers in Thailand (Volume 1)
Date of publication: 13 December 2006
Description/subject: "...Thailand has emerged as the number one destination in cross-border trafficking of children and women. Many children and young women from Myanmar, Cambodia and Lao PDR migrate to Thailand in search of better life. Often their journey leads them to a life of exploitation. A significant percent of these young migrants work in four employment sectors; agriculture, fishing boats and fish processing, manufacturing and domestic work. While they become an integral part of the economy, they remain invisible and face exploitation. Exploitation is widespread and ranges from non-payment or underpayment of wages, a requirement to work excessive hours sometimes involving the use of hazardous equipment - to even more serious violations of forced labour and trafficking..."
Author/creator: Elaine Pearson, Sureeporn Punpuing, Aree Jampaklay, Sirinan Kittisuksathit, Aree Prohmmo
Language: English
Source/publisher: Mekong Sub-regional Project to Combat Trafficking in Women and Children, ILO
Format/size: pdf (English - 2.5MB, 5.23 MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.humantrafficking.org/uploads/publications/underpaid-eng-volume1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 12 April 2008

Title: Report of the Experts Group on Trafficking in Human Beings (Brussels, 22 December 2004)
Date of publication: 22 December 2004
Description/subject: Substantial and wide-ranging document. "The report aims to indicate ways to strengthen EU action against trafficking in human beings and, where appropriate, to launch new initiatives, programmes and activities..." PREAMBLE: This report is the result of a year’s work of the Experts Group on Trafficking in Human Beings. The main assignment of the Experts Group is to contribute to the translation of the Brussels Declaration into practice, in particular by submitting a report to the European Commission with concrete proposals on the implementation of the recommendations of the Brussels Declaration. The report aims to indicate ways to strengthen EU action against trafficking in human beings and, where appropriate, to launch new initiatives, programmes and activities. The Brussels Declaration, however, has been understood as a “platform” and not as a “fence”. We have also taken into account other sources in order to benefit from new developments and findings in particular areas....."
Language: English
Source/publisher: European Commission via Coat net
Format/size: pdf (2.04MB) 239 pages
Date of entry/update: 28 May 2005

Title: Migrant Workers: Report of the Special Rapporteur, Ms. Gabriela Rodríguez Pizarro,
Date of publication: 12 January 2004
Description/subject: Executive summary: The present report is submitted in accordance with Commission on Human Rights resolution 2003/46. During the period under review the Special Rapporteur continued to receive information on the human rights of migrants and to exchange communications with Governments. A summary of the communications sent and responses received is contained in annex 1 to this report. The Special Rapporteur visited Spain and Morocco. Reports on those visits are contained in annexes 3 and 4 respectively. A summary of all the meetings and events attended by the Special Rapporteur since January 2003 is contained in her report to the General Assembly (A/58/275). During the period not covered by that report, the Special Rapporteur participated in other such activities. On 6 June 2003, the Special Rapporteur requested information on the situation of migrants employed in domestic service (hereinafter “migrant domestic workers”, the term including persons of both sexes) by means of a questionnaire distributed to all the permanent missions in Geneva, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), United Nations and other pertinent agencies and programmes and international experts in this area of work.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2004/76)
Format/size: pdf (91.73 K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/0032d58d2667f0b9c1256e700050f77f/$FILE/G0410237.pdf
Date of entry/update: 26 December 2010

Title: Programme Consultation Meeting on the Protection of Domestic Workers Against the Threat of Forced Labour and Trafficking - Discussion paper
Date of publication: January 2003
Description/subject: "...What are the specific vulnerabilities of workers in domestic work? What are the differences in the nature of the situation and conditions facing women and men, boys and girls, and those of differing ethnic origins? What are the similarities and differences in the situations of domestic workers moving internally and those migrating internationally? ! To what extent have countries recognized domestic work as work, acknowledging that domestic workers deserve equal protection? Is there a need for sector-specific legislation? What level of forced labour/and or trafficking is involved in domestic work and how is it manifested? To what extent have migration policies reinforced dependency on employers and intermediaries and increased vulnerability to abuse? What, if any, effects have recent migration policies had on recruitment systems? How could the forced labour/trafficking standards be useful in relation to the domestic worker issue? How do domestic workers themselves see forced labour and trafficking in relation to domestic work? What are the responsibilities of governments, trade union and worker organisations and civil society at national and local levels in origin and destination countries/communities? What can domestic workers and/or their organisations do to ensure these responsibilities are fulfilled? What should be the main elements of a regional action programme to improve recruitment and working conditions of domestic workers?... This paper provides background information to facilitate discussion of the questions listed above, with particular focus on the applicability of the trafficking/ forced labour framework in addressing domestic work..."
Author/creator: Lin Chew,
Language: English
Source/publisher: Anti-Slavery International
Format/size: pdf (194.85 K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.antislavery.org/english/resources/reports/download_antislavery_publications/trafficking_...
Date of entry/update: 26 December 2010

Date of publication: 20 September 2002
Description/subject: "The purpose of this paper is to point out the necessity to address trafficking in human beings in a larger context of migration. The development of an overall European Union concept relating to migration in Europe is being mapped out by the European Commission, which sees the handling of migration issues in the context of the political objectives of European integration and in particular the establishment of an "Area of Freedom, Security and Justice" in the EU (COM 2000, 0757 final). The Commission is not, however, in a position autonomously to shape the legislative agenda on migration as, notwithstanding the Treaty changes introduced at Amsterdam, the Member States remain in the driving seat and their initiatives have tended to concentrate on reacting to immediate migration "pressures" rather than on building an overall strategy. Legal basis questions are beginning to arise when criminal law measures are contemplated in relation to the combating of trafficking. The very need for the approximation of laws, though foreseen in the Treaty on European Union, is questioned by some states, and - especially in the context of such a sensitive issue as migration - national legal approaches can be difficult to reconcile. Consensus within the Council on legislative measures is not easily achieved..."
Author/creator: Joanna Apap, Peter Cullen and Felicita Medved
Language: English
Source/publisher: European Conference on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 May 2005

Title: European Conference on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings
Date of publication: 20 September 2002
Description/subject: A large number of papers and contributions on trafficking plus the "Brussels Declaration"... "The International Organization for Migration (IOM), in co-operation with the European Commission (EC), European Parliament (EP) and EU Member States and Candidate Countries, will jointly organize a Conference addressing the issues of Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings with Particular Focus on Enhancing Co-operation in the Process to Enlarge the European Union. This Conference is organized in the framework of the European Commission DG Justice and Home Affairs's STOP Program, and under the responsibility of Commissioner Antonio Vitorino.
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Organisation for MIgration, European Commission (EC), European Parliament (EP) and EU Member States and Candidate Countries,
Format/size: html, pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.belgium.iom.int/STOPConference/
Date of entry/update: 28 May 2005

Title: Human Traffic, Human Rights: Redefining victim protection -- Thailand section
Date of publication: 2002
Description/subject: I Legislation; II General analysis and implementation in cases; III Conclusions and Recommendations..."Despite the efforts of NGOs working with the Government to achieve effective changes such as the MOU, the difficulty remains in implementation. Acknowledgement of trafficking by government officials is limited. Efforts have been made to create a comprehensive definition of trafficking in persons that encompasses purposes of trafficking other than for prostitution. Yet officials still consider trafficking to be equal to prostitution, and people trafficked for other purposes are treated as illegal migrants and are generally deported without any assistance. The cases in this chapter are not 'typical', in the sense that they are the cases where NGOs could intervene and some progress was made. Barriers in providing assistance to them are not only the language, but also the attitudes towards foreign migrants and neglecting their rights. However in the vast majority of cases, there is no NGO to inform trafficked persons of their rights nor to intervene and ensure their protection. The support of NGOs is important to empower the trafficked victim person and help them decide whether to participate in the prosecution. Trafficked persons deserve to have enough information so that they can participate in decision-making concerning their rights and their lives. It is crucial to improve the practice of all agencies involved to treat a trafficked person as an individual who can make a decision about his or her own fate, not simply as a tool for prosecuting traffickers. It is important to provide protection when they are treated as witnesses. For migrants who are permitted to stay in Thailand for judicial proceedings, such as Win Win and the Laotian women, they should be able to work legally as these trials take up to a year. This is not only in order to earn money, but also to ensure the women are active and feel empowered. It is a challenge for agencies involved or working on this issue to make use of limited resources to ensure protection and safety of trafficked persons and also to meet their needs..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Anti-Slavery International
Format/size: pdf (61.04 K), full report (733.42K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.antislavery.org/includes/documents/cm_docs/2009/h/hum_traff_hum_rights_redef_vic_protec_... (full report)
Date of entry/update: 26 December 2010

Title: Combating Trafficking in South-East Asia: A Review of Policy and Programme Responses
Date of publication: 2000
Description/subject: "During the past decade, trafficking has become an issue of growing concern in South-East Asia. It has been conservatively estimated that at least 200-225,000 women and children from South-East Asia are trafficked annually, a figure representing nearly one-third of the global trafficking trade. Of the estimated 45-50,000 women and children estimated to be trafficked into the US each year, 30,000 are believed to come from South-East Asia. However, most trafficking occurs within South-East Asia, and only a minority of women from the region are trafficked to other parts of the world. Trafficking is not a new problem for South-East Asia, and many initiatives have been developed to combat the problem by NGOs, inter-governmental organizations, government ministries, national and international bodies, human rights organizations and lobby networks. This study provides an overview of these various initiatives and the different actors involved in the fight against trafficking in the region and an inventory of current anti-trafficking programmes and measures. Although previous efforts have been made to compile information on a national, regional or subregional basis on counter-trafficking measures, these compilation reports do not provide a systematic overview of the variety of responses that have been developed within the region. This study aims to provide such an overview as well as to be a tool for information exchange and for further development of counter-trafficking initiatives, as intended by the Bangkok Declaration on Irregular Migration. The study is divided into four parts. The first part describes the historical development of the trafficking debate and gives an analysis of the various approaches to trafficking. Part Two focuses on trafficking patterns and responses in the South-East Asian region. It briefly describes the trafficking situation in South-East Asia and then lists the various trafficking responses that have been developed at the regional, sub-regional and bilateral levels. Some attention is paid to policy responses in receiving countries outside the region. Part Three forms the main part of the study and describes the responses that have been developed within the South-East Asian countries. Attention is paid to the different actors, including governments, NGOs, international organizations and international networks, and their policies in relation to counter-trafficking measures. The counter-trafficking measures are, where possible, broadly divided into four categories: juridical,1 prevention, protection and return. Part Four reviews some of the problems most often mentioned in the fight against trafficking and discusses priority areas for the development and strengthening of counter-trafficking programmes and initiatives..."
Author/creator: Annuska Derks
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Format/size: pdf (233.41 K)
Date of entry/update: 10 December 2010