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Primary health care

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Title: Myanmar Country Paper for Revisiting Primary Health Care
Date of publication: 2008
Description/subject: I. Background The foundation of Primary Health Care and its evolution The Thirtieth World Health Assembly in 1977 identified the attainment by all peoples of the world by the year 2000 of a level of health that would permit them to lead socially and economically productive lives as a main social target of governments, international organizations and communities. This was reaffirmed by the International Conference on Primary Health Care in 1978 held in Alma Ata, Kazakhstan in September, 1978.1 The declaration of Alma-Ata formally adopted primary health care as means for providing a comprehensive, universal, equitable and affordable healthcare service for all countries. It was unanimously adopted by all WHO member countries at the Primary Health Care Conference. The conference defined PHC as "essential health care made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community by means acceptable to them, through their full participation and at a cost that the community and the country can afford. The ideology behind Primary Health Care is based on the recognition that health promotion and protection are essential for sustained economic and social development and contribute to better quality of life. PHC is a cost-effective approach and its principles include social-justice, equity, human rights, and universal access to services, community involvement and priority to the most vulnerable and underprivileged.
Author/creator: Dr. Nyo NYo Kyaing
Language: English
Source/publisher: Department of Health, Ministry of Health via WHO SEAR
Format/size: pdf (362.44 K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Myanmar-Cyclone_Myanmar_Country_Paper.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 November 2010

Date of publication: 2008
Description/subject: CONTENTS 1. BACKGROUND 2. PRESENT STATUS OF PHC IN MYANMAR 2.1 Eight Elements of PHC 2.1.1 Health education 2.1.2 Nutrition 2.1.3 Maternal and Child Health 2.1.4 Water and Sanitation 2.1.5 Immunization 2.1.6 Locally endemic diseases 2.1.7 Treatment of common illness and injuries 2.1.8 Essential Drugs 2.2 Other elements of PHC 2.2.1 Non-communicable disease contro 2.2.2 Tobacco Control 2.2.3 Mental Health 9, 15 2.2.4 Primary Oral Health Care 9, 15 2.2.5 School and Youth Health 9, 2.2.6 Occupational Health and Safety 2.2.7 Food and drug safety 2.2.8 Health Care for the Elderly9, 2.2.9 Gender and Health 2.2.10 Emerging Diseases 2.2.11 Health Management Information System ( HMIS ) 3. TRANSLATING THE VALUES OF PHC INTO POLICY AND ACTIONS 3.1 National Health Policy and Health Development Plans 9,15,16,18,19 3.2 Rural Health Development 3.3 Community participation and volunteerism 18,19 3.3.1 Community Health Workers (CHWs) 3.3.2 Auxiliary Midwives (AMWs) 3.4 Integration 3.5 Inter-sectoral actions for health 4 LESSONS LEARNT 4.1 Achievements related to Primary Health Care 4.2 Lesser achievement related to PHC 5 PHC AND THE CURRENT HEALTH ISSUES AND CONTEXT 5.1 Demographic changes and epidemiological transitions 5.2 Public private partnership 5.3 Integrating vertical programme and improving quality of care 6 THE WAY FORWARD
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Health Organization
Format/size: pdf (411.26 K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Conference_MMR_13-July.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 November 2010