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Child and youth health

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Burma Children Medical Fund
Description/subject: "The Burma Children Medical Fund (BCMF) is a program dedicated to raising money for children from Burma with serious medical problems who are disadvantaged as a result of the political turmoil in Burma. On this website you will find a brief introduction to the situation along the Thai-Burma border and at the Mae Tao Clinic; see pictures of children you can help; read about the medical conditions that BCMF funds treatment for and see how donations are managed and used. BCMF is currently expanding its program to include special adult and women’s cases. Please see Burma Adult Medical Fund (BAMF) and Women’s Gynaecological Surgery Fund (WGSF) for more information.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Children Medical Fund
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmachildren.net/our-cases/women/
Date of entry/update: 26 December 2012

Individual Documents

Title: Breastfeeding Promotion and Protection for Maternal, Infant and Childhood Health and Nutrition in Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Description/subject: "The Government of Myanmar has demonstrated their interest and commitment to promoting and protecting breast feeding and to improve Maternal, Infant and Child Health and Nutrition with the launching of Scaling Up Nutrition(SUN) Movement in 2013 and the adoption of a new Food Law “The Order of Marketing of Formulated Food for infant and Young Child” (OMFFIYC) in 2014. The SUN Movement is a global movement founded on the principle that all people have a right to food and good nutrition and it unites people from government, civil society, United Nations, donors, businesses and researchers in a collective effort to improve nutrition and eradicate malnutrition. In February, 2014, the SUN Movement partnered with the Civil Society Alliance (CSA), a sectorial network of NGO’s and CBO’s, for addressing food security and nutrition and to confirm active engagement of executive level political leadership. With of the adoption of the new National Food Law (OMFFIYC), the Government of Myanmar is striving: (1) to support and protect breastfeeding for infants and young children (2) to ensure appropriate use of breast-­‐milk substitutes, if necessary and to introduce proper complementary foods at the right time to infants and (3) to publish correct and adequate information and to monitor the marketing of formulated breast milk substitutes and complementary foods.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Thelma Tun Thein
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (128K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2015

Title: Five year Strategic Plan for child health development Myanmar 2010-2014
Date of publication: 2014
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "This child health strategy (2010-2014) document is prepared as a guidance for achieving MDG 4 to reduce under-five mortality by two thirds of the level in 1990 by the end of 2015 in Myanmar. The strategy was prepared through a consultative process using a process comprising of several steps: (a) short program review by 60 participants from national, and other levels including townships, INGOs, national NGOs and UN in September 2009. (b) bilateral discussions of WHO and UNICEF with concerned counterparts in Department of Health (DOH) and key partners (national and international) for consensus building in October 2009. (c) strategic plan development workshop with 70 participants, international experts and academia organized jointly by DOH, UNICEF and WHO in October 2009. (d) draft strategic plan development by Ministry of Health (MOH), WHO and UNICEF incorporating literature review. (e) peer review of the draft with revisions and (f) a consensus meeting..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Women and Child Health Development Section, Ministry of Health
Format/size: pdf (796K)
Date of entry/update: 26 June 2015

Title: 2013 National Service Standards & Guidelines on Adolescent & Youth Health Care
Date of publication: 2013
Language: English and Burmese
Source/publisher: Ministry of Health
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB-English; 1.7MB-Burmese)
Date of entry/update: 28 June 2015

Title: Countdown to 2015 - Maternal, Newborn and Child Survival: Myanmar profile
Date of publication: 14 June 2012
Description/subject: "Countdown to 2015 tracks coverage levels for health interventions proven to reduce maternal, newborn and child mortality. It calls on governments and development partners to be accountable, identifies knowledge gaps, and proposes new actions to reach Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5, to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health...The Countdown country profile presents in one place the best and latest evidence to enable an assessment of progress in improving reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) and achieving MDGs 4 and 5. The profile presents the most recent available information at the time it was published on selected demographic measures, coverage rates for priority interventions across the continuum of care, and indicators of equity, policy support, human resources, and financial flows. Missing values, or estimates that are more than five years old, indicate an urgent need for concerted action to increase data collection efforts. The most current Countdown country profile, containing the latest available Myanmar health data on key maternal and child health indicators, was published in June 2012 in Building a Future for Women and Children: The 2012 Report."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Countdown
Format/size: pdf (397K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.countdown2015mnch.org/
Date of entry/update: 22 June 2012

Title: Countdown to 2015: Accountability Report - Myanmar
Date of publication: March 2012
Description/subject: "In March 2012, Countdown published Accountability for Maternal, Newborn & Child Survival: An update on progress in poor countries. This publication included special one-page Countdown country profiles, customized to showcase core indicators selected in 2011 by the Commission on Information and Accountability for Women’s and Children’s Health."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Countdown
Format/size: pdf (1.44MB)
Date of entry/update: 22 June 2012

Title: Myanmar: Monitoring the situation of children and women
Date of publication: October 2011
Description/subject: Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2009-2010.....Contents: Summary Table of Findings i Contents iii List of Tables v List of Figures vii List of Abbreviations viii Acknowledgements ix Executive Summary xi I. Introduction 1 Background 1 Survey Objectives 3 II. Sample and Survey Methodology 4 Sample Design 4 Questionnaires 4 Training and Fieldwork 5 Data Processing 7 III. Sample Coverage and the Characteristics of Households and Respondents 8 Sample Coverage 8 Characteristics of Households 8 Characteristics of Respondents 10 IV. Child Mortality 11 V. Nutrition 14 Nutritional Status 14 Breastfeeding 16 Vitamin A Supplements 20 Low Birth Weight 21 VI. Child Health 24 Immunization 24 Tetanus Toxoid 26 Oral Rehydration Treatment 27 Care Seeking and Antibiotic Treatment of Pneumonia 29 Solid Fuel Use 31 VII. Environment 32 Water and Sanitation 32 VIII. Reproductive Health 36 Contraception 36 Antenatal Care 36 Assistance at Delivery 38 Myanmar Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2009 - 2010 iv IX. Child Development 40 X. Education 42 Pre-School Attendance and School Readiness 42 Primary and Secondary School Participation 43 Young Female Literacy 47 XI. Child Protection 48 Birth Registration 48 Early Marriage 49 Orphans and Children's Living Arrangements 50 XII. HIV/AIDS 52 Knowledge of HIV Transmission 52 List of References 56 Appendix A. Sample Design 124 Appendix B. List of Personnel Involved in the Survey 130 Appendix C. Estimates of Sampling Errors 134 Appendix D. Data Quality Tables 176 Appendix E. MICS Indicators: Numerators and Denominators 183 Appendix F. Questionnaires
Source/publisher: Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development; Ministry of Health; United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Format/size: pdf (5.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 December 2013

Title: MYANMAR: Majority of under-five deaths preventable - UNICEF
Date of publication: 26 February 2009
Description/subject: "Most deaths of children under five are preventable or treatable in Myanmar, according to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The Under 5 Mortality Survey (2002-2003), conducted by the government and UNICEF, reported the main causes of early death as acute respiratory infection (21.1 percent), brain infection (13.9 percent), diarrhoea (13.4 percent), septicemia (10.7 percent) and prematurity (7.5 percent). About three-quarters of all deaths occurred in the first year. "Over two-thirds of child deaths could be prevented by inexpensive but proven high impact services like immunisation, better case management with antibiotics, insecticide-treated bed nets, supplementation of Vitamin A and other micronutrients," Osamu Kunii, chief of health and nutrition at UNICEF, told IRIN in the former Burmese capital, Yangon. As part of its Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Myanmar has pledged to reduce its under-five mortality rate by two-thirds by 2015, from 130 per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 43. "To achieve the goals we need more internal efforts and external supports, especially resource mobilisation such as funding," Kunii said, emphasising the importance of better collaboration and coordination between government, UN and NGO partners before 2015..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: IrinNews (UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 20 March 2009

Title: Maternal and Newborn Health - State of the World's Children 2009
Date of publication: December 2008
Description/subject: Search for "Myanmar" -- most useful are the tables.
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNICEF
Format/size: pdf (2.35MB)
Date of entry/update: 04 February 2009

Title: "Health Messenger" Magazine No. 38 -- special issue on child health
Date of publication: December 2007
Description/subject: Part I - Health: Journey of the Foetus - Health Messenger; Immunisation - Judith Leblanc, Nurse officer (AMI); Developmental Milestones and Factors Influencing Childhood Development - Damarice Ager (ARC); Caring for your Child - Damarice Ager (ARC)... Part II - Medical: Immediate Care of the Newborn Infant - Dr. Claudia Turner & Dr. Verena Carrara (SMRU); Acute Respiratory Tract Infections (Children <5) - Dr. Claudia Turner (SMRU); Differential Diagnosis of Diarrhoea Diseases in Children - Dr. Zaw (World Vision) and HM; Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) - Andrea Menefee, MPH, RDFood Security Programme Coordinator (TBBC); Child Growth Monitoring - Erika Garrity Pied, MS, RDNutrition Technical Officer, (TBBC); Intestinal Worms in Children - Dr. Marcus Rijken (SMRU); Quiz.
Language: English, Burmese
Source/publisher: Aide Medicale Internationale (AMI)
Format/size: pdf (2.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 29 February 2008

Title: Active surveillance for congrnital rubella syndrome in Yangon, Myanmar
Date of publication: January 2006
Description/subject: ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE - Rubella vaccine is not included in the immunization schedule in Myanmar. Although surveillance for outbreaks of measles and rubella is conducted nationwide, there is no routine surveillance for congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Therefore, we organized a study to assess the burden of CRS... METHODS - From 1 December 2000 to 31 December 2002 active surveillance for CRS was conducted among children aged 0–17 months at 13 hospitals and 2 private clinics in Yangon, the capital city. Children with suspected CRS had a standard examination and a blood sample was obtained. All serum samples were tested for rubella-specific IgM; selected samples were tested for rubella-specific IgG and for rubella RNA by reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction (RT–PCR)... FINDINGS - A total of 81 children aged 0–17 months were suspected of having CRS. Of these, 18 children had laboratory-confirmed CRS (7 were IgM positive; 7 were RT–PCR positive; and 10 were IgG positive at > 6 months of age). One additional child who tested positive by RT–PCR and whose mother had had rubella during pregnancy but who had a normal clinical examination was classified as having congenital rubella infection. During 2001–02 no rubella outbreaks were detected in Yangon Division. In the 31 urban townships of Yangon Division, the annual incidence was 0.1 laboratory-confirmed cases of CRS per 1000 live births... CONCLUSION - This is the first population-based study of CRS incidence from a developing country during a rubella-endemic period; the incidence of CRS is similar to endemic rates found in industrialized countries during the pre-vaccine era. Rubella-specific IgG tests proved practical for diagnosing CRS in children aged > 6 months. This is one of the first studies to report on the use of rubella-specific RT–PCR directly on serum samples; further studies are warranted to confirm the utility of this method as an additional means of diagnosing CRS.
Author/creator: Thant, Kyaw-Zin; Oo, Win-Mar; Myint, Thein-Thein; Shwe, Than-Nu; Han, Aye-Maung; Aye, Khin-Mar; Aye, Kay-Thi; Moe, Kyaw; Thein, Soe; Robertson, Susan E.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Bulletin of the World Health Organization, ;84(1):12-20, 2006.
Format/size: pdf (195K)
Alternate URLs: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/bulletin/2006/Vol84-No1/bulletin_2006_84(1)_12-20.pdf
Date of entry/update: 18 April 2008

Title: Improving Maternal newborn and child health-Myanmar
Date of publication: 2004
Description/subject: In Myanmar, over 60% of the total population are women and children. The population is made up of the Bamar ethnic majority, who live mostly in the lowlands and central part of the country, and some 135 different ethnic groups, mainly living in the highlands and eastern and western borders of Myanmar. More than 70% of the total population lives in rural areas. The lowland delta and central dry zone are highly populated areas. In 2003, the MOH estimated a crude birth rate of 24 live births per 1,000 populations in urban areas, and 26 per 1,000 in rural areas. Intense efforts have been instigated to improve maternal and newborn health (MNH) services. Various activities have been implemented, with particular emphasis on improving essential obstetric care and post-abortion care. Although there have been significant improvements in quality of MNH service delivery, current estimates indicate that maternal mortality ratio has not declined to the levels anticipated.
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Health Organization, South-East Asia Region
Format/size: pdf (550.63 K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Improving_maternal_newborn_and_child_health_myanmar.pdf
Date of entry/update: 04 November 2010