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Human Rights Council
Replacing the Commission on Human Rights

  • Resolutions and Decisions on Myanmar at regular sessions of the Human Rights Council
    The UN documents system can be somewhat eccentric, especially shortly after a given session... If a link does not work, put the document number, e.g. A/HRC/10/L.28 into a Google search.

    Individual Documents

    Title: Human Rights Council - 25th Session: The situation of human rights in Myanmar - Resolution
    Date of publication: 28 March 2014
    Description/subject: Resolution on Myanmar adopted without a vote (by consensus)
    Language: English, Arabic, Chinese, Español, Français, Русский
    Source/publisher: United Nations Human Rights Council (A /HRC/RES/25/26)
    Format/size: pdf (en-45K; ar-119K; ch-347K; fr-49K; ru-130K; sp-95K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs18/HRC25-res25-26-ar.pdf
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs18/HRC25-res25-26-ch.pdf
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs18/HRC25-res25-26-fr.pdf
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs18/HRC25-res25-26-ru.pdf
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs18/HRC25-res25-26-sp.pdf
    http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
    http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/LTD/G14/123/76/PDF/G1412376.pdf?OpenElement
    Date of entry/update: 01 July 2014


    Title: Human Rights Council - 22nd Session: The situation of human rights in Myanmar - Resolution
    Date of publication: 19 March 2013
    Language: English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish
    Source/publisher: United Nations Human Rights Council (A /HRC/ 2 2 /L. 20 /Rev.1)
    Format/size: pdf (180K-English; 99k-Arabic; 385K-Chinese; 48K-French; 133k-Russian; 124K-Spqnish)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/HRC22-resL20-rev.1-ar.pdf
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/HRC22-resL20-rev.1-ch.pdf
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/HRC22-resL20-rev.1-fr.pdf
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/HRC22-resL20-rev.1-ru.pdf
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/HRC22-resL20-rev.1-sp.pdf
    http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
    Date of entry/update: 26 March 2013


    Title: Human Rights Council - 19th Session: The situation of human rights in Myanmar - Draft Resolution (English) - unoffical text
    Date of publication: 22 March 2012
    Description/subject: Adopted without a vote, 22 March 2012, as orally amended... N.B. the final text, with amendments, has not yet been issued by the UN. The present text was assembled by accepting the changes in the Word "track changes" document placed on the HRC Extranet and converting to pdf.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/19/L.30)
    Format/size: pdf (216K)
    Date of entry/update: 21 March 2012


    Title: Human Rights Council - 16th Session: Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar -- draft resolution
    Date of publication: 25 March 2011
    Description/subject: Resolution adopted by consensus (without a vote) 25 March 2011..."The Council adopted without a vote a resolution in which it extended the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Myanmar for one year. The Council strongly condemned the ongoing systematic violations of human rights of the people of Myanmar and called on the Government to investigate all reports of human rights violations and to bring those responsible to justice."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Council (A/HRC/16/L.11)
    Format/size: pdf (71K)
    Date of entry/update: 26 March 2011


    Title: Human Rights Council - 13th Session: Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar -- draft resolution
    Date of publication: 26 March 2010
    Description/subject: The resolution was adopted by consensus on the 26th March, 2010
    Language: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: pdf (English, 46K; Arabic, 99K; Chinese, 382K; French, 50K; Russian, 129K; Spanish, 126K
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs08/A-HRC-13-L.15-ar.pdf (Arabic)
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs08/A-HRC-13-L.15-ch.pdf (Chinese)
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs08/A-HRC-13-L.15-fr.pdf (French)
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs08/A-HRC-13-L.15-ru.pdf (Russian)
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs08/A-HRC-13-L.15-sp.pdf (Spanish)
    Date of entry/update: 26 March 2010


    Title: Human Rights Council - 10th Session: Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar -- draft resolution
    Date of publication: 27 March 2009
    Description/subject: Adopted without a vote (by consensus)...I saw some reference to a revised version of the text and I am not sure if this is it - Librarian.....For the Webcast of the debate, go to http://www.un.org/webcast/unhrc/archive.asp?go=010 go to 27 March and scroll down or search for L.28 -- last item in the morning session.
    Language: Arabic, Chinese, English, Espanol, Francais, Russian
    Source/publisher: United Nations Human Rights Council (A/HRC/10/L.28)
    Format/size: pdf (29 K)
    Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/C/HRC/resolutions/A_HRC_RES_10_27.pdf (Chinese)
    http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/E/HRC/resolutions/A_HRC_RES_10_27.pdf (English)
    http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/F/HRC/resolutions/A_HRC_RES_10_27.pdf (French)
    http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/R/HRC/resolutions/A_HRC_RES_10_27.pdf (Russian)
    http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/S/HRC/resolutions/A_HRC_RES_10_27.pdf (Spanish)
    http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=89
    Date of entry/update: 30 March 2009


    Title: Human Rights Council - 8th Session: Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar -- draft resolution
    Date of publication: 12 June 2008
    Description/subject: L.12 is the text as decided. Resolution 8/14 is the version recorded in the HRC report, but lacking the list of co-sponsors.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/8/L.12)
    Format/size: pdf (33K)
    Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/E/HRC/resolutions/A_HRC_RES_8_14.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 19 June 2008


    Title: Human Rights Council - 7th Session: Mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
    Date of publication: 28 March 2008
    Description/subject: Adopted by consensus, 28 March 2008
    Language: Arabic, , Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
    Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/7/L.37)
    Format/size: pdf (English, 35K; Arabic, 64K; Chinese,85K; French, 97K; Russian, 93K; Spanish, 30K)
    Alternate URLs: http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-7-L.36-ar.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-7-L.37-ch.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-7-L.37-fr.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-7-L.37-ru.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-7-L.37-sp.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 29 March 2008


    Title: Human Rights Council - 7th Session: Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar -- draft resolution
    Date of publication: 28 March 2008
    Description/subject: Adopted by consensus, 28 March 2008....This may be the final version, or there may be oral revisions to add.
    Language: English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish
    Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/7/L.36)
    Format/size: pdf (English, 35K; Arabic, 76K; Chinese, 109K; French, 102K; Russian, 98K; Spanish, 103K)
    Alternate URLs: http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-7-L.36-ar.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-7-L.36-ch.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-7-L.36-fr.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-7-L.36-ru.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-7-L.36-sp.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 29 March 2008


    Title: Human Rights Council - 6th Session: Follow-up to the report of the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
    Date of publication: 14 December 2007
    Description/subject: The text of the draft resolution (A/HRC/6/L.38) is given as well as the final text and documnet number (A/HRC/RES/6/33). The L texts contain the list of most co-sponsors (though not those added during the session).
    Language: English, French, Russian, Arabic, Spanish, Chinese
    Source/publisher: United Nations A/HRC/RES/6/33 (A/HRC/6/L.38)
    Format/size: pdf
    Alternate URLs: http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-6-33-ar.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-6-33-ch.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-6-33-fr.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-6-33-ru.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/Res-HRC-6-33-sp.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/HRC2007-Res-6-L.38-en.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/HRC2007-Res-6-L.38-fr.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/HRC2007-Res-6-L.38-ru.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/HRC2007-Res-6-L.38-sp.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/HRC2007-Res-6-L.38-ar.pdf
    http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/HRC2007-Res-6-L.38-ch.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 26 March 2008


  • Statements and reports on Myanmar at regular sessions of the Human Rights Council

    • Statements and reports by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar and the High Commissioner for Human Rights to regular sessions of the Human Rights Council

      Individual Documents

      Title: UN Human Rights Council, 25th Session: Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (English)
      Date of publication: 02 April 2014
      Description/subject: Summary: "This report looks at the current situation of human rights in Myanmar as well as reflects on the extent of progress made during the course of Mr. Tomás Ojea Quintana’s six years on the mandate.".....Contents: Introduction... Human rights situation... Prisoners of conscience... Conditions of detention and treatment of prisoners... Freedom of opinion and expression...  Freedom of peaceful assembly and association... Human rights concerns in the context of development... Situation in ethnic border areas... Situation in Rakhine State... Democratic transition and establishing the rule of law...  Truth, justice and accountability... Recommendations.
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/25/64) -Advanced Unedited Version
      Format/size: pdf (149K)
      Date of entry/update: 14 March 2014


      Title: Human Rights Council -- 25th Session: Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 17 March 2014
      Description/subject: This is the text the Special Rapporteur read from at the beginning of his Interactive Dialogue of 17 March. See the Alternate URL for the video.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations Human Rights Council (25th Session)
      Format/size: pdf (88K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 July 2014


      Title: UN Human Rights Council, 22nd Session: Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 17 April 2013
      Description/subject: "This report looks at the impact of ongoing reforms on the human rights situation in Myanmar, assessing positive developments, shortcomings, areas that remain unaddressed and gaps in implementation"
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations Human Rights Council - 22nd Session (A /HRC/22/58)
      Format/size: pdf (925K-OBL version; 1.1MB-original)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G13/134/34/PDF/G1313434.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 27 May 2013


      Title: UN Human Rights Council, 22nd Session: Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (English)
      Date of publication: 17 April 2013
      Description/subject: "This report looks at the impact of ongoing reforms on the human rights situation in Myanmar, assessing positive developments, shortcomings, areas that remain unaddressed and gaps in implementation"
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations Human Rights Council (A/HRC/22/58)
      Format/size: pdf (293K)
      Date of entry/update: 12 March 2013


      Title: (1) Human Rights Council, 19th Session - Interactive Dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (video)
      Date of publication: 12 March 2012
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations Human Rights Council (webcast)
      Format/size: pdf (157K). Real Player
      Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs13/HRC19-ID-SRM-opening_stmt.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 15 March 2012


      Title: Human Rights Council (19th Session) Progress report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar,
      Date of publication: 07 March 2012
      Description/subject: Summary: "The recent wave of reforms has had a positive impact on the situation of human rights in Myanmar. The upcoming by-elections on 1 April 2012 will be a key test of how far the Government has progressed in its reform process. There is, however, a risk of backtracking on the progress achieved to date. At this crucial moment in the country’s history, remaining human rights concerns and challenges should be addressed, and justice and accountability measures, as well as measures to ensure access to the truth, should be taken."
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/19/67)
      Format/size: pdf (384K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/RegularSession/Session19/A-HRC-19-67_en.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 14 March 2012


      Title: Human Rights Council (16th Session): Progress report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Date of publication: 07 March 2011
      Description/subject: Summary: "Myanmar undertook national elections for the first time in over two decades on 7 November 2010. One week later, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was released unconditionally upon the end of her house arrest term. The new national parliament began meeting on 31 January 2011. Amidst much uncertainty, there appears to be some cautious optimism that positive change may be possible. Among those changes that the people of Myanmar dare to hope for is the realization of their economic, social and cultural rights. For this reason, the Special Rapporteur begins to address in the present report the subject of economic, social and cultural rights, starting with the right to education."
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Human Rights Council (A/HRC/16/59)
      Format/size: pdf (133K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/115/77/PDF/G1111577.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 13 March 2011


      Title: Human Rights Council (13th Session) Progress report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Date of publication: 10 March 2010
      Description/subject: SUMMARY: "The present report, submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 10/27, covers human rights developments in Myanmar since the Special Rapporteur’s second report to the Human Rights Council (A/HRC/10/19) and the submission of his report to the General Assembly (A/64/318) in October 2009. The Special Rapporteur has travelled to Myanmar three times. He conducted his third country visit from 15 to 19 February 2010 at the invitation of the Government, which had postponed planned visits several times. The present report elaborates on the issues related to the protection of human rights. The Security Council, the Secretary-General, the Human Rights Council, Government representatives from many nations, Nobel laureates and other respected leaders have all called for the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and the more than 2,100 prisoners of conscience. However, the Government of Myanmar has not yet met this important step in its preparations for transition to democracy in the lead-up to the 2010 election. Likewise, the international community has urged the Government of Myanmar to announce an election date and an electoral framework that adheres to international standards for a free, fair, participatory and transparent election process. The basic rights to food, shelter, health and education, which are not only human rights in and of themselves, but are also essential for the exercise of other human rights, are denied to far too many of the people of Myanmar. At the same time, conflicts along the border areas continue to abet serious human rights abuses against civilian populations, including the ongoing recruitment of child soldiers. The Special Rapporteur is deeply concerned about the systematic and endemic discrimination faced by the Muslim community in Northern Rakhine State. This discrimination, which is framed as an immigration problem, leads to basic and fundamental human rights being denied to this population. Measures taken against this population include the restriction of movement, limitations on permission to marry, and forced labour. As the Special Rapporteur stated in previous reports, there is a pattern of gross and systematic violation of human rights which has been in place for many years and still continues. Given the extent and persistence of the problem, and the lack of accountability, there is an indication that those human rights violations are the result of a State policy, originating from decisions by authorities in the executive, military and judiciary at all levels. The Government of Myanmar needs to take prompt and effective measures to investigate these facts."
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/13/48)
      Format/size: pdf (120K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 March 2010


      Title: Human Rights Council (10th Session): Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (video)
      Date of publication: 17 March 2009
      Description/subject: If the video does not open with a left click, right click and open in a new window.
      Author/creator: Mr. Thomas Ojea Quintana
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/10/19, A/HRC/10/NGO/37, A/HRC/10/NGO/38)
      Format/size: Real Player
      Alternate URLs: http://www.un.org/webcast/unhrc/archive.asp?go=090317 (from this page you can choose specific statements)

      http://webcast.un.org/ramgen/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/tenth/hrc090317am1-eng.rm?start=::&end=:: (whole debate)
      Date of entry/update: 17 March 2009


      Title: Human Rights Council - 10th Session: Report of the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 11 March 2009
      Description/subject: Summary: "The present report, submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 8/14, mainly covers human rights developments in Myanmar since the Special Rapporteur's interim report submitted to the General Assembly (A/63/341). The Special Rapporteur has travelled twice to Myanmar and has established constructive working relations with its Government. He would like to thank the Government for its hospitality and cooperation during the missions and also in discharging his mandate. In the report, the Special Rapporteur elaborates on issues relating to the protection of human rights. In particular, he concentrates on the situation of prisoners of conscience, their right to a fair trial and due process of law and conditions of their detention; as well as freedom of expression, assembly and association in the context of the upcoming elections in 2010. He reviews internal conflicts with regard to international humanitarian law and protection of civilians and issues of discrimination and the need for humanitarian assistance. The Special Rapporteur reiterates his recommendation of four core human rights elements: a review of national legislation in accordance with the new Constitution and international obligations; the progressive release of prisoners of conscience; training for the armed forces to ensure respect for international human rights and humanitarian law; and the establishment of an independent and impartial judiciary. Since Myanmar is party to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women only, the Special Rapporteur strongly recommends that it accede to the other core international human rights instruments."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A-HRC-10-19)
      Format/size: pdf (95K)
      Date of entry/update: 17 March 2009


      Title: Human Rights Council - 8th Session: Report of the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 03 June 2008
      Description/subject: Summary: "In its resolution 1992/58, the Commission on Human Rights established the mandate on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, which was then extended by the Human Rights Council in its decision 1/102 and resolution 5/1. In March 2008, by its resolution 7/32, the Council extended the mandate for one year. On 26 March 2008, Tomás Ojea Quintana (Argentina) was appointed as the new Special Rapporteur, and he officially assumed the function on 1 May 2008. The present report is a follow-up report on the status of implementation of Council resolutions S-5/1 and 6/33, as requested by the Council in its resolution 7/31. In the report, the Special Rapporteur focuses on the human rights issues pertinent to the current constitutional process in the country, the developments with regard to the crackdown on the demonstrations in September 2007, and the human rights impact of tropical cyclone Nargis. The report builds upon the preliminary findings and further developments included in the previous report submitted to the Council (A/HRC/7/24). Since the present report is his first to be submitted to the Council, the Special Rapporteur also presents an overview of his methodology and programme of work in discharging his mandate. The Special Rapporteur would like to pay tribute to the victims of cyclone Nargis, present his condolences to the families at this tragic time and convey to the people of Myanmar a message of encouragement in the recovery phase of that natural disaster."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/8/12)
      Format/size: pdf (70K)
      Date of entry/update: 05 June 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council -- 7th Session: Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 13 March 2008
      Author/creator: Sr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (304K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th Session: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar - update
      Date of publication: 07 March 2008
      Description/subject: "...The present report is submitted pursuant to Council resolution 6/33. It is based on information gathered since the Special Rapporteur's report (A/HRC/6/14) on the human rights implications of the crackdown on the peaceful demonstrations in Myanmar in September 2007, its causes and consequences. The report covers the period from December 2007 to March 2008"
      Language: English, Arabic, French, Russian, Spanish
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/7/24)
      Format/size: pdf (English - 60K; Arabic - 147K; French - 155K; Russian - 175K, Spanish - 145K)
      Alternate URLs: http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/SRM-HRC-7-24-ar.pdf
      http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/SRM-HRC-7-24-fr.pdf
      http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/SRM-HRC-7-24-ru.pdf
      http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/SRM-HRC-7-24-sp.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 18 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th Session: Report of the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 07 March 2008
      Description/subject: The present report focuses on the main patterns of human rights violations committed in Myanmar from February 2007 to February 2008. Subsequent to Council resolution 6/33, the Special Rapporteur has submitted a follow-up mission report (A/HRC/7/24).
      Author/creator: Sr. Paulo Sergio. Pinheiro
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/7/18)
      Format/size: pdf (101K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 6th Session: Report of the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 07 December 2007
      Description/subject: HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATIONS THAT REQUIRE THE COUNCIL’S ATTENTION... Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, mandated by resolution S-5/1 adopted by the Human Rights Council at its 5th Special Session*...Summary: At its fifth Special Session de:dicated to the situation of human rights in Myanmar, the Human Rights Council, by its resolution S-5/1 of 2 October 2007, requested “the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar to assess the current human rights situation and to monitor the implementation of this resolution, including by seeking an urgent visit to Myanmar, and to report to the resumed sixth session of the Human Rights Council” and urged “the Government of Myanmar to cooperate with the Special Rapporteur”. On 19 October 2007, the Government officially extended an invitation to the Special Rapporteur and noted that he will be “accorded full cooperation”. The Special Rapporteur conducted an official mission to Myanmar from 11 to 15 November 2007. He had additional meetings with the diplomatic community, United Nations agencies and civil society organizations in Bangkok from 16 to 17 November 2007. The present report contains findings gathered by the Special Rapporteur prior to and during his official mission, with a focus on the current human rights situation, including the human rights implications of the crackdown on demonstrations and the severe reprisals. While covering developments from August until the end of the curfew on 20 October 2007, the report focuses in particular on the tragic events that took place in Myanmar from 26 to 29 September 2007. The report finally contains a number of recommendations by the Special Rapporteur."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/6/14)
      Format/size: pdf (137K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 December 2007


      Title: Human Rights Council - 4th Session: Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
      Date of publication: 22 March 2007
      Description/subject: "...The critical human rights situation in the country calls for an increased attention by the HRC. As my six-year mandate is now ending, I believe it is of utmost importance to keep the situation of human rights in Myanmar high on your agenda. In the past two years, the reform process proposed in the “seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition” has been strictly limited and delineated. The quality of the work of the National Convention has been adversely affected by this evolution whereas I take note of progress made towards the drafting of a new constitution. On May 2006, the house arrest of the General Secretary of the National League for Democracy (NLD), Daw Aung Sang Suu Kyi was further prolonged by 12 months in spite of various international appeals. On February 2007, the house arrest of Tin Oo, the Vice-Chairman of the NLD was extended for one year. As of 16 December 2006, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,201..."
      Author/creator: Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (Human Rights Council, 4th Session)
      Format/size: pdf (18K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 March 2007


      Title: Human Rights Council - 4th Session: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 12 February 2007
      Description/subject: SUMMARY: "...During the course of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur, the reform process proposed in the “seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition”, after showing some readiness to become open to various relevant actors, has been further strictly limited and delineated. As a result, the political space has been redefined in narrower terms. In addition, obstructions in the past couple of years have held back the pace and inclusiveness of the reforms that are required for democratization. The work of the National Convention has been adversely affected by this development. Over the decades, the space for the establishment of civilian and democratic institutions has been seriously curtailed. The exercise of fundamental freedoms has been severely restricted. The house arrest of Aung Sang Suu Kyi, which was further prolonged for one year on 27 May 2006, illustrates well this state of affairs. As of 16 December 2006, the number of political prisoners was estimated to be 1,201. The Special Rapporteur has consistently indicated that national reconciliation requires meaningful and inclusive dialogue with and between political representatives. He firmly believes that the national reconciliation and the stability of Myanmar are not well served by the arrest and detention of several political leaders or by the severe and sustained restrictions on fundamental freedoms. The persecution of members of political parties in the opposition and human rights defenders shows that today, the road map for democracy faces too many obstacles to bring about a genuine transition. In the past, the Special Rapporteur has acknowledged that the road map could play a positive role in the political transition. Sadly, the positive momentum of the early years of his mandate has apparently stalled. The capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hampered by sustained impunity. This situation has contributed to reinforcing inequality and has increased the gap between the poorest and the richest. The Special Rapporteur remains particularly concerned about impunity, which has become systematic and must be urgently addressed by the Government of Myanmar. It has become increasingly clear that impunity stems not only from a lack of institutional capacity. Impunity has allowed those who have oppressed voices that question existing policies and practices to avoid being held accountable. Several individuals and groups responsible for committing serious violations of human rights, in particular members of the military, have not been prosecuted. There is also little evidence that these serious crimes have been investigated by relevant authorities. Grave human rights violations are committed by persons within the established structures of the State Peace and Development Council and are not only perpetrated with impunity but authorized by law. In that respect, the Special Rapporteur is also very concerned about the continued misuse of the legal system, which denies the rule of law and represents a major obstacle to securing the effective and meaningful exercise of fundamental freedoms by citizens. He considers the criminalization of the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses to be a matter of particular concern. During the course of his mandate, the Special Rapporteur has been very concerned about the 10 years of intensified military campaigns in ethnic areas of eastern Myanmar and its impact on the humanitarian and human rights situation, especially on civilians who have been targeted during the attacks. The situation should be considered in connection with the widespread practice of land confiscation throughout the country, which is seemingly aimed at anchoring military control, especially in ethnic areas. It has led to numerous forced evictions, relocations and resettlements, forced migration and internal displacement. Given the scale of the current military campaign, the situation may lead to a humanitarian crisis if it is not addressed immediately. The Special Rapporteur therefore welcomes the recent appointment of the Resident Coordinator as Humanitarian Coordinator. He believes that the formal engagement of the humanitarian sector of the United Nations Secretariat will provide stronger, essential support in ensuring the integrity and independence of ongoing efforts. The Special Rapporteur takes note with great satisfaction of the recent release of political prisoners, including the five “88 generation” student leaders arrested last September. He expresses the hope that other prominent political prisoners will benefit from the amnesty granted in early January 2007. He therefore welcomes the statement made by the Secretary-General on 8 January 2007 on this issue and commends the work done by the United Nations within the “good offices” mission."
      Author/creator: Sr. Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/4/14 -- Advanced edited version)
      Format/size: pdf (87 K)
      Date of entry/update: 13 March 2007


      Title: Human Rights Council -- 2nd Session: Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 27 September 2006
      Description/subject: Statement for the second session of the Human Rights Council 27 September 2006... Palais des Nations, Geneva... Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar.''
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (86K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 September 2006


    • Oral statements on Myanmar by NGOs to regular sessions of the Human Rights Council
      See also the webcasts of the interactive dialogues, where available, for oral statements

      Individual Documents

      Title: Myanmar: Official report on Rakhine State conflict gravely flawed
      Date of publication: 17 May 2013
      Description/subject: Written statement submitted to the 23rd session of the UN Human Rights Council by the Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC), a non-governmental organization in general consultative status: "1. Following the communal violence that wracked the western parts of Myanmar near the border of Bangladesh in 2012, the country’s pre sident established a commission of inquiry comprising of retired public servants, reli gious figures, politicians, academics and members of civil society. The commission handed dow n its findings on 22 April 2013. Despite high expectations, the 119-page report is g ravely flawed. Although it contains a few useful recommendations and observations, to whi ch the Special Rapporteur on human rights in Myanmar alluded in a press release of 1 M ay 2013, the commission’s positive contributions are outweighed by a range of omission s and misrepresentations and by an us- versus-them mentality that pervades the document..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC) via Human Rights Council (A /HRC/23/NGO/41)
      Format/size: pdf (79K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 May 2013


      Title: Myanmar: Police who attacked peaceful protestors must be prosecuted
      Date of publication: 17 May 2013
      Description/subject: Written statement submitted to the 23rd session of the UN Human Rights Council by the Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC), a non-governmental organization in general consultative status: "1. The struggle of farmers and their allies in the Letpadaung Hills of central Myanmar against the expansion of a copper mining operation under a military-owned holding company and a partner company from China obtained i nternational attention when in the early morning hours of 29 November 2012 paramilitar y police launched a night time attack on encamped protestors. The attack received interna tional media coverage because the police fired white phosphorous into the protest cam ps that caused extensive burns to protestors, the majority of them Buddhist monks who had joined villagers in resistance to the mine project. 2. The attack on protestors occurred precisely as t he president established a commission of inquiry into the mine project, the fi ndings of which were published in the 12 March 2013 edition of the state newspaper. Unfortun ately, the Asian Legal Resource Centre has been forced to conclude from the content s of its report that the commission’s members have either unintentionally or deliberately misconstrued their role as fact finders. The report is concerned primarily with the interest s and needs of the state and specifically, with its interests and needs in maintaining good re lations with the government of China and its business interests; not with the concerns or hu man rights of the population affected by the mine, and least of all, of the human rights of those persons subjected to the police assault on the night of November 29..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC) via Human Rights Council (A /HRC/23/NGO/40)
      Format/size: pdf (51K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 May 2013


      Title: The human rights situation in Myanmar and crimes against Rohingya people
      Date of publication: 06 May 2013
      Description/subject: Written statement submitted to the 23rd session of the UN Human Rights Council by the Maarij Foundation for Peace and Development (MFPD), a non - governmental organization in special consultative status: "...The Rohingya have consistently faced human rights abuses by the Myanmar government which has refused to ackno wledge them as Myanmar ci tizens and attempted to forcibly expel Rohingya and bring in non - Rohingyas to replace them. This policy has resulted in the expulsion of approximately half of the Rohingya population from Myanmar. An estimated huge number of people have been displaced in t he recent sectarian violence between Rohingya Muslims and Buddhists in Myanmar's western Rakhine State. As a result of this policy Rohingya people have been described as “among the world’s least wanted” and “one of the world’s most persecuted minorities. S ince a 1982 citizenship law , Rohingya have been stripped of their Myanmar citizenship. Rohingya are not allowed to travel without official permission, are banned from owning land and are required to sign a commitment to have not more than two children..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Maarij Foundation for Peace and Development via the Human Rights Council (A/HRC/23/NGO/10)
      Format/size: pdf (79K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 May 2013


      Title: The serious human rights situation in Myanmar requires the Human Rights Council’s continued attention
      Date of publication: 13 February 2012
      Description/subject: "Amnesty International’s written statement to the 19th session of the UN Human Rights Council (27 February – 23 March 2012) Over the past year, Myanmar’s human rights situation has improved notably in some respects but has significantly worsened in others. Freedoms of assembly and expression remain restricted; there still are hundreds of political prisoners and many prisoners of conscience. In several ethnic minority areas the army continues to commit violations of international human rights and humanitarian law against civilians, including acts that may constitute crimes against humanity or war crimes..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Amnesty International
      Format/size: pdf (108K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA16/001/2012/en/8859ff1c-28c9-4143-ae91-3463e3ab86f8/asa160012012en.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 27 February 2012


      Title: Human rights and religious freedom in Myanmar (written statement to 18th session of the Human Rights Council)
      Date of publication: 12 September 2011
      Description/subject: Written statement submitted by the Jubilee Campaign, a non-governmental organization in special consultative status..." The Jubilee Campaign, together with Christian Solidarity Worldwide (CSW), seeks to draw the Council’s attention to the domestic human rights and religious freedom situation in Myanmar. Despite repeated calls for change there has been little evidence for progress in Myanmar which continues to be one of the foremost violators of human rights in the world. Since the elections in 2010 there has been a significant increase in the scale and severity of human rights violations, which include the systematic use of rape as a weapon of war, torture, forced labour, forced conscription of child soldiers, and extrajudicial killings. The Jubilee Campaign joins the UN Special Rapporteur for Human Rights in Myanmar in calling for a Commission of Inquiry into these crimes which amount to crimes against humanity and war crimes..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Jubilee Campaign via United Nations (A/HRC/18/NGO/69)
      Format/size: pdf (41K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/158/93/PDF/G1115893.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 04 October 2011


      Title: From blinkered to enlightened despotism: Human rights in Myanmar under new government (written statement to the 18th session of the Human Rights Council)
      Date of publication: 09 September 2011
      Description/subject: Written statement submitted by the Asian Legal Resource Centre, a non-governmental organization in general consultative status...."...One obvious short-term indicator of the worsening conditions in the country since the new government took power, which speaks to the continued hold that the military has on all affairs of any importance, is the resurgence of civil warfare in at least three states. Another is the failure to release most political detainees, including practically all of those imprisoned following the monk-led uprising of 2007. However, there are many other aspects of the current situation that while being represented as signs of improvement on closer examination are found to be exaggerated or false. These include the following:..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre via UNHRC (A/HRC/18/NGO/33)
      Format/size: pdf (46K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/157/48/PDF/G1115748.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 04 October 2011


      Title: BURMA: The absence of normative and institutional frameworks to protect human rights in Myanmar
      Date of publication: 24 August 2010
      Description/subject: HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL Fifteenth session, Agenda Item 4, General Debate A written statement submitted by the Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC), a non-governmental organisation with general consultative status....."...After a decade or more of intense work on Myanmar in international human rights gatherings, and after the compilation and submission of vast quantities of information about the factual situation in the country at considerable effort and often great risk on the part of large numbers of human rights defenders in the country and abroad, it is not only disingenuous but insulting for the Council to continue to do no more than make the same carefully worded calls that are disconnected from reality and lacking in either intellectual or moral fibre. The absence of either normative or institutional frameworks for the protections of human rights in Myanmar precludes business as usual. It must be said plainly and clearly that the Council has failed utterly to address the situation of human rights in Myanmar; that the Council has been amply informed about the real situation in the country and cannot pretend that the normative and institutional frameworks for the protection of human rights exist when they do not. The question remains as to what, given these facts, the Council can do about it."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC-CWS-15-04-2010)
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


      Title: MYANMAR: Institutionalized denial of fundamental rights and the 2008 Constitution of Myanmar -- Human Rights Council, 12th Session
      Date of publication: 07 September 2009
      Description/subject: "...The deeply flawed 2008 Constitution further entrenches arrangements for abuses of the sorts outlined above, and any serious attempts from the international community to take up issues of concern to the people of Myanmar in the lead up to and after the anticipated election must respond to the peculiar variety of unconstitutional constitutionalism that it envisages. In particular, the following aspects of the charter must be brought to the foreground and addressed before it is possible to proceed to more in-depth discussion about human rights in Myanmar under a government operating according to its parameters:..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Asian Human Rights Commission via UN Human Rights Council (A/HRC/12/NGO/21)
      Format/size: pdf (36K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ahrchk.net/statements/mainfile.php/2006statements/2201/
      Date of entry/update: 04 December 2009


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th session: Joint Statement
      Date of publication: 13 March 2008
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: INFID, Forum-Asia, ASK, CORE, PDSP, WILPF
      Format/size: pdf (91K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th session: Joint Statement
      Date of publication: 13 March 2008
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Worldview International Foundation, International Federation for Human Rights
      Format/size: pdf (90K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th session: Oral Statement by Anti-Slavery International
      Date of publication: 13 March 2008
      Description/subject: Focus on the Rohingyas
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Anti-Slavery International
      Format/size: pdf (80K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th session: Oral Statement by Human Rights First
      Date of publication: 13 March 2008
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Human Rights First
      Format/size: pdf (80K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th session: Oral Statement by Human Rights Watch
      Date of publication: 13 March 2008
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Human Rights Watch
      Format/size: pdf (86K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th session: Oral Statement by Reporters Without Borders
      Date of publication: 13 March 2008
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Reporters Without Borders
      Format/size: pdf (62K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th session: Oral Statement by the International Commission of Jurists
      Date of publication: 13 March 2008
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: International Commission of Jurists
      Format/size: pdf (88K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council -7th session: Oral Statement by the Asian Legal Resource Centre
      Date of publication: 13 March 2008
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre
      Format/size: pdf (61K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th session: Written Statement by Human Rights First
      Date of publication: 28 February 2008
      Description/subject: Statement on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Human Rights First (A/HRC/7/NGO/85)
      Format/size: pdf (33K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th Session: Written Statement by the Asian Legal Resource Centre
      Date of publication: 28 February 2008
      Description/subject: MYANMAR: Utter lawlessness in the aftermath of September 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre (A/HRC/7/NGO/38)
      Format/size: pdf (27K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th Session: Written Statement by Amnesty International
      Date of publication: 27 February 2008
      Description/subject: The situation of human rights in Myanmar
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Amnesty International (A/HRC/7/NGO/94)
      Format/size: pdf (24K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th session: Written Statement by Society for Threatened Peoples
      Date of publication: 25 February 2008
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Society for Threatened Peoples (A/HRC/7/NGO/52)
      Format/size: pdf (17K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th session: Written Statement by Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
      Date of publication: 25 February 2008
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (A/HRC/7/NGO/62)
      Format/size: pdf (14K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 7th Session: Written statement by the Asian Legal Resource Centre
      Date of publication: 22 February 2008
      Description/subject: MYANMAR: Political psychosis, legal dementia and systemic abuses of human rights
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre (A/HRC/7/NGO/39)
      Format/size: pdf (28K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 6th session: Oral statement by the International Commission of Jurists
      Date of publication: 12 December 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: International Commission of Jurists
      Format/size: pdf (243K)
      Date of entry/update: 29 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 6th session: Joint oral statement by 7 Asian NGOs
      Date of publication: 11 December 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: NGOs
      Format/size: pdf (100K)
      Date of entry/update: 29 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 6th session: Joint oral statement by the National Human Rights Institutions of Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand
      Date of publication: 11 December 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: NHRIs
      Format/size: pdf (50K)
      Date of entry/update: 29 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 6th session: Oral statement by Amnesty International
      Date of publication: 11 December 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Amnesty International
      Format/size: pdf (78K)
      Date of entry/update: 29 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 6th session: Oral Statement by Human Rights Watch
      Date of publication: 11 December 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Human Rights Watch
      Format/size: pdf (130K)
      Date of entry/update: 29 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 6th session: Oral Statement by Reporters Without Borders
      Date of publication: 11 December 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Reporters Without Borders
      Format/size: pdf (79K)
      Date of entry/update: 29 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 6th session: Oral Statement by the Asian Legal Resource Centre
      Date of publication: 11 December 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre
      Format/size: pdf (64K)
      Date of entry/update: 29 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 6th session: Oral Statement by the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA)
      Date of publication: 11 December 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA)
      Format/size: pdf (90K)
      Date of entry/update: 29 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 6th session: Oral Statement by World View International
      Date of publication: 11 December 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: World View International
      Format/size: pdf (109K)
      Date of entry/update: 29 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 5th Special Session: Joint Statement by 15 NGOs
      Date of publication: 02 October 2007
      Description/subject: Joint Statement by: 1. Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA) 2. International NGO Forum on Indonesia Development (INFID) 3. Pax Romana – International Catholic Movement for Intellectual and Cultural Affairs and International Movement of Catholic Students) 4. People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy (PSPD) 5. Peace Boat 6. MINBYUN- Lawyers for Democratic Society 7. International Movement Against All Forms of Discrimination and Racism (IMADR) 8. Asian Indegeneous and Tribal People’s Network (AITPN) 9. Ain O Salish Kendro (Ask) 10. Law and Mediation Centre 11. Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development (APWLD) 12. Earth Rights International 13. International Women’s Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) 14. Asian Partnership for the Development of Human Resources in Asia, 15. Tebtebba Foundation (Indigenous People’s International Centre for Policy Research and Education)...The Statement has been endorsed by 243 human rights organisations.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Fifteen NGOs
      Format/size: pdf (37K)
      Date of entry/update: 31 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 5th Special Session: Oral Statement by Amnesty International
      Date of publication: 02 October 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Amnesty International
      Format/size: pdf (72K)
      Date of entry/update: 31 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 5th Special Session: Oral Statement by Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC)
      Date of publication: 02 October 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC)
      Format/size: pdf (101K)
      Date of entry/update: 31 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 5th Special Session: Oral Statement by FIDH
      Date of publication: 02 October 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: FIDH
      Format/size: pdf (84K)
      Date of entry/update: 31 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 5th Special Session: Oral Statement by the International Commission oif Jurists
      Date of publication: 02 October 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: International Commission oif Jurists
      Format/size: pdf (108K)
      Date of entry/update: 31 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 5th Special Session: Oral Statement by the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
      Date of publication: 02 October 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
      Format/size: pdf (86K)
      Date of entry/update: 31 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 5th Special Session: Oral Statement by UN Watch
      Date of publication: 02 October 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: UN Watch
      Format/size: pdf (59K)
      Date of entry/update: 31 March 2008


      Title: Human Rights Council - 6th session: Oral Statement by Worldview International Foundation
      Date of publication: 14 September 2007
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Worldview International Foundation
      Format/size: pdf (100K)
      Date of entry/update: 30 March 2008


    • Written statements on Myanmar by NGOs to regular sessions of the Human Rights Council

      Individual Documents

      Title: Situation of the internally displaced Rohingya in Myanmar (written statement)
      Date of publication: 26 May 2014
      Description/subject: "Society for Threatened Peoples is deeply concerned by the human rights and humanitarian situation of stateless Rohingya in Arakan/Rakhine State, Myanmar and in the neighboring countries. Since June 2012 systematic and pre-planned anti-Muslim attacks have left more than 145,000 Rohingya in camps for internally displaced people (IDPs) and have produced over a million Rohingya refugees. The anti-Islamic rhetoric led by the infamously well-known monk Wirathu and the Buddhist nationalist 969 Movement is fueling religious hatred all over the country. The government of Myanmar, despite the pressure from the international community, not only has done little to ensure and protect the basic rights of the Rohingya religious minority but it is also protecting Wirathu and the 969 Movement. In January, the humanitarian situation in Arakan/Rakhine and the plight of the Rohingya got worse. Du Char Yar Tan a village in Arakan/Rakhine State was attacked and looted by an extremist Buddhist mob. 48 Rohingya were killed and many others injured. The international NGO and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Doctors without Borders (MSF) reported that 22 patients were treated near Du Char Yar Tan village for severe injuries. Despite UN allegations about the incident and international pressure advocating a fair and impartial investigation, the Myanmar government refused to allow for one and proceeded with an internal investigation..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Society for Threatened Peoples (A /HRC/26/NGO/59)
      Format/size: pdf (40K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G14/041/99/PDF/G1404199.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 24 July 2014


      Title: Human Rights Situation in Myanmar
      Date of publication: 04 March 2014
      Description/subject: Human Rights Now (HRN) welcomes the improvement of human rights situation in Myanmar after the long military regime in Myanmar officially ended in 2011. However, issues and concerns regarding human rights violations continued to be reported. HRN is especially concerned ov er the situation surrounding of ethnic violence and press freedom. It also concerns that the foreign investments and development projects cause negative impact of human rights situation of local people. The first imprisonment of a reporter since the lifting of media restrictions in 2012 has raised questions about press and media law and censorship issue in Myanmar. On November 2013, three-month prison term was given to Yangon- based Eleven Media journalist Naw Khine Khine Aye Cho, also known as Ma Khine, based on charges of defamation, trespass and use of abusive language. International press organizations have argued that the charges are unjustified and too harsh. For example, Reporters Without Borders issued a statement that urged the court “to reexamine the facts of this case when it comes up for appeal and to reach a decision that respects the rights of journalists.” Ma Khine is believed to be the first journalist sentenced to prison under censorship laws since President Sein began his administration..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Human Rights Now (A /HRC/25/NGO/126)
      Format/size: pdf (48K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G14/116/21/PDF/G1411621.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 24 July 2014


      Title: Situation of the Rohingya in Myanmar (written statement)
      Date of publication: 04 March 2014
      Description/subject: "At the time when Myanmar is coming out from fifty years of isolation and military rule, the rise of anti-Muslim ideology and violence against the Rohingya Muslim minority is threatening to derail the democratization process and the stability of the same country. Society for threatened Peoples is deeply concerned about the treatment of the Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar’s internally displaced camps and about the rise and spread of religious hatred feelings across the country. So far, the government of Myanmar has turned a blind eye on the plight of the Rohingya and rather than intervene and foster a reconciliation process between Buddhists and Muslims it has tolerated and encouraged discrimination and religious fundamentalism. In Myanmar, the 969 Movement led by the nationalist monk U. Wirathu is playing a major role in inciting hate and widespread Buddhist anxieties about Muslims, who only make up for 4 per cent of the country's population. Wirathu and the 969 Movement are inciting violence not only with fiery sermons but also by using a systematically discriminate against Muslims: stickers with the 969 logo are worn by supporters or posted on Buddhist-owned shops to encourage Buddhists to conduct business only with other Buddhists. Audio recordings with the voice of Wirathu are played in restaurant and shops all across the country and social media such as facebook and twitter are used to spread hate rhetoric worldwide. Those who buy, speak, befriend or love a Muslim are condemned by the 969 Movement for not having defended their religion against the “imminent” Muslim invasion. The 969 Movement respects the teaching of “ahimsa”, non violence, but believes also that brutality against Muslim people is an act of self-defense and, if it is perpetrated with the pure thoughts of defending Buddhism, helps people to gain karmic merit..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Society for Threatened Peoples (A /HRC/25/NGO/15)
      Format/size: pdf (39K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G14/117/37/PDF/G1411737.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 24 July 2014


      Title: Treatment of ethnic nationalities in Myanmar (written statement)
      Date of publication: 04 March 2014
      Description/subject: "...We have submitted written statements and made oral ones at many sessions and have been twice invited by the United States Congress to present testimony at hearings. Mouvement contre le racisme et pour l’amitié entre les peuples (MRAP) has also monitored the situation in Myanmar for many years and joins this statement. Last August, IED and AHL called attention to the escalating violence against Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar in a written statement (A/HRC/24/NGO/92) to this body. The intervening months demonstrated the alarming endurance of that disturbing ethnic persecution, with the displacement, b eating, or slaughter of yet more innocents at the hands of predominantly Buddhist mobs. The death count still rising, the international community has shamefully taken little action to pressure the much-trumpeted “democratic” government of Myanmar into getting a grip on this out of control mob-rule. Indeed, the government of Myanmar has openly denied that the violence is even occurring. According to a UN report, on January 9th, eight Rohingya men were killed in the Du Chee Yar Tan village. After a police sergeant was killed in the intervening days, on January 13th, a violent Buddhist mob vengefully slaughtered forty Rohingya men, women, and children. We thank the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay for her strong words on the massacre: “I deplore the loss of life in Du Chee Yar Tan and call on the authorities to carry out a full, prompt and impartial investigation and ensure that victims and their families receive justice... By responding to these incidents quickly and decisively, the Government has an opportunity to show transparency and accountability, which will strengthen democracy and the rule of law in Myanmar..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: IED & MRAP (A/HRC/25/NGO/135 )
      Format/size: pdf (44K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G14/116/41/PDF/G1411641.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 24 July 2014


      Title: The human rights situation in Myanmar and crimes against the Rohingya minority
      Date of publication: 10 September 2013
      Description/subject: "...Myanmar’s 1982 Citizenship Law has also been widely criticized for discriminating against unlisted minority groups, including the Rohingya. S ome 800,000 Rohingya have been left stateless and increasingly vulnerable to a range of human rights violations. “Institutional reforms also involve providing human rights training for military, security and police personnel, including with regard to appr opriate use of force in dealing with peaceful protests,” the High Commissioner said, urg ing a full investigation into the shooting dead of three Rohingya women earlier this month. The women were killed as they took part in a peaceful demonstration in Rakhine St ate, when police allegedly fired into a crowd of demonstrators in Pa Rein village, Mrauk-U Township..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Maarij Foundation for Peace and Development (A /HRC/24/NGO/126)
      Format/size: pdf (46K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G13/168/96/PDF/G1316896.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 24 July 2014


  • Universal Periodic Review

    • General information, overviews, guidelines and toolkits for the Universal Periodic Review

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Universal Periodic Review (UPR) - Powerpoint Presentation
      Date of publication: 01 December 2009
      Description/subject: Presentation to the ND-Burma 16th MB Meeting...Overview of the process with a focus on the forthcoming UPR session on Burma (February 2011) and what Burma groups can do
      Author/creator: Cheery Zahau
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Human Rights Education Institute of Burma (HREIB)
      Format/size: ppt
      Date of entry/update: 25 January 2010


      Title: (Asian) Regional Universal Periodic Review Briefing
      Description/subject: N.B. IF THIS LINK IS DOWN TRY LATER... Documents for the Second Regional Universal Periodic Review Briefing (16-17 November 2009, Bangkok) Resolutions and Decisions: * GA 60/251 * HRC 5/1 (extracts) * HRC Dec. 6/102 * PRST/8/1 * PRST/9/2... OHCHR Briefing and Information Material: * UPR Calendar 1st cycle (Global) * UPR Calendar 1st cycle (South-East Asia) * UPR fact sheet * Technical guidelines for stakeholders * Deadlines for the submission of stakeholders’ information * Terms of Reference – Voluntary Trust Fund for the Participation in the UPR... UPR Documentation: * Indonesia: National report, Compilation of UN information, Summary of stakeholders’ submissions, Advance questions, Working group report, outcome decision, Plenary document. * Malaysia: National report, Compilation of UN information, Summary of stakeholders’ submissions, Advance questions, Working group report, outcome decision, Plenary document. * Republic of Korea:Addendum
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Alternate URLs: http://bangkok.ohchr.org/news/events/upr-briefing-2009/
      http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/UPRMain.aspx
      Date of entry/update: 05 January 2011


      Title: Universal Periodic Review (UPR) - OHCHR web-page
      Description/subject: Main OHCHR page on the UPR..."The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all 192 UN Member States once every four years. The UPR is a State-driven process, under the auspices of the Human Rights Council, which provides the opportunity for each State to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations. As one of the main features of the Council, the UPR is designed to ensure equal treatment for every country when their human rights situations are assessed. The UPR was created through the UN General Assembly on 15 March 2006 by resolution 60/251, which established the Human Rights Council itself. It is a cooperative process which, by 2011, will have reviewed the human rights records of every country. Currently, no other universal mechanism of this kind exists. The UPR is one of the key elements of the new Council which reminds States of their responsibility to fully respect and implement all human rights and fundamental freedoms. The ultimate aim of this new mechanism is to improve the human rights situation in all countries and address human rights violations wherever they occur..."
      Language: English (also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 13 December 2009


      Title: Universal Periodic Review (UPR) Reports
      Description/subject: Various documents on the UPR
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: International Service for Human Rights
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


      Title: UPR - Deadlines for submission of information
      Language: English (also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


      Title: UPR-info.org
      Description/subject: Very useful site - "The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a new and unique mechanism of the United Nations which started in April 2008 and consisting of the review of the human rights practices of all States in the world, once every four years. You will find on this website all the documents available on the UPR, including: States and NGOs reports; OHCHR summaries and compilations; summaries of each review; reports of the Working Group; final outcomes with recommendations; webcasts of the UPR sessions; press statements by NGOs and analyses by UPR Info and other NGOs as well as detailed explanations on how to engage in the process:..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: UPR-info.org
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


      Title: Website of the Bangkok Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
      Description/subject: Many useful documents on the UPR. N.B. IF THIS SITE IS DOWN, TRY LATER
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


      Individual Documents

      Title: Civil Society Participation in the Universal Periodic Review
      Date of publication: 2012
      Description/subject: Powerpoint presentation...undated
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Amnesty International
      Format/size: ppt
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


      Title: The Universal Periodic Review (UPR): The State and Civil Society Processes
      Date of publication: 01 December 2009
      Description/subject: What is the UPR?...What is the HRC?...The UPR Process...Troika...What does the Troika do?...State under Review...Outcome Document...State Obligations...SPDC......Civil Society: Submit Report...Lobby Strategy...
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Human Rights Education Institute of Burma (HREIB)
      Format/size: pdf (62K)
      Date of entry/update: 25 January 2010


      Title: The Universal Periodic Review Handbook
      Date of publication: 08 June 2009
      Description/subject: This handbook has been updated to reflect new developments and practices during the last sessions of the UPR. It identifies and explains key stages of the process and provides guidelines and recommendations to prepare submissions and advocacy activities within all the UPR process.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Fédération Internationale des Droits de l'Homme (FIDH)
      Format/size: pdf (109K)
      Date of entry/update: 26 January 2010


      Title: INFORMATION AND GUIDELINES FOR RELEVANT STAKEHOLDERS ON THE UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW MECHANISM
      Date of publication: July 2008
      Description/subject: A detailed set of guidelines on how to prepare submissions for the UPR
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (231K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


      Title: Fact Sheet: Human Rights Council – Universal Periodic Review
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (252K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


      Title: Universal Periodic Review Toolkit
      Description/subject: Emphasis on how the UPR can contribute to children's rights
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Child Rights Information Network
      Format/size: pdf (586K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


      Title: UPR Calendar 2008-2011 ASEAN & other Asia-Pacific Countries
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (5.82 K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


    • Procedures of the Universal Periodic Review

      Individual Documents

      Title: Human Rights Council:: Follow-up to President's statement 8/1
      Date of publication: 24 September 2008
      Description/subject: Guidelines on documentation: "To ensure the smooth adoption of future reports relating to the universal periodic review, and in the light of the consultations held with all concerned parties, the following arrangements shall be followed:..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (HRC 8/PRST/2)
      Format/size: pdf (121K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


      Title: Modalities and practices for the universal periodic review process
      Date of publication: 09 April 2008
      Description/subject: I. Modalities of work for troika members before the session of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review...II. Modalities for the review in the Working Group...III. Report of the Working Group...IV. Modalities at the plenary session...V. General modalities
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (HRC 8/PRST/1)
      Format/size: pdf (34K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


      Title: GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR THE PREPARATION OF INFORMATION UNDER THE UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW
      Date of publication: 27 September 2007
      Description/subject: HRC Decision 6/102. Follow-up to Human Rights Council resolution 5/1
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (42K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


    • Sample State, UN and stakeholder UPR documents

      Individual Documents

      Title: UPR - Republic of Korea
      Date of publication: 25 August 2008
      Description/subject: Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review Republic of Korea... Addendum: Response of the Republic of Korea on the Universal Periodic Review recommendations
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (61K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


      Title: Universal Periodic Review (UPR) -- Indonesia
      Description/subject: National report... Compilation of UN information... Summary of stakeholders' information... Questions submitted in advance... Outcome of the review... Report of the Working group... Decision on the outcome... Draft Report of the eight session of the Human Rights Council... Related webcast archives
      Language: English (also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


      Title: UPR - Malaysia
      Description/subject: National report... Compilation of UN information... Summary of stakeholders' information... Questions submitted in advance... Outcome of the review... Report of the Working group... Addendum Decision on the outcome... Draft Report of the eleventh session of the Human Rights Council... Related webcast archives
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


    • Burma/Myanmar and the Universal Periodic Review

      • Burma/Myanmar and the Universal Periodic Review: Report of the Working Group

        Individual Documents

        Title: Universal Periodic Review: Myanmar's addendum to the Report of the Working Group
        Date of publication: 27 May 2011
        Description/subject: 1. "As a United Nations Member State, Myanmar seriously prepared its National Report to UPR and took an active part in the 10th session of the Human Rights Council Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review. Myanmar also gave extremely serious consideration to the recommendations made by many countries at the Working Group...2. The Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar has examined the recommendations under paragraph 106 of the Report of the Working Group on the UPR and hereby provides to the 17th session of the Human Rights Council further information on them as follows:..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Union of Myanmar via United Nations
        Format/size: pdf (34K)
        Alternate URLs: http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session10/MM/A_HRC_17_9_Add.1_Myanmar_E.pdf
        Date of entry/update: 15 June 2011


        Title: Universal Periodic Review - Myanmar: Report of the Working Group
        Date of publication: 24 March 2011
        Description/subject: It is significant that "The [13 pages of] recommendations formulated during the interactive dialogue listed below have been examined by Myanmar and enjoy the support of Myanmar:..." These include reference to "2,200 political prisoners" whose existence, on other occasions, the Government has denied.
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/17/9)
        Format/size: pdf (147K)
        Date of entry/update: 05 June 2011


      • Universal Periodic Review of Myanmar - Session 09:00-12:00, 27 January 2011, Geneva
        This is not yet a complete list of documents -- notably, the 2 replies by Myannmar are not yet available in written form, though they are on the webcast, and the Report by the Working Group is only available in an unedited form.

        Websites/Multiple Documents

        Title: UPR - Myanmar page
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Description/subject: The page contains written versions of the statements by states - accessible also as videos (see Webcast entry). It also contains the Report of the Working Group.....The link may take you to the Human Rights Council Extranet, which requires login and password. For login, use hrc extranet as login and 1session as password.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council extranet
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 31 January 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar: Webcast of the session 9.00-12-00, 27 January 2011 (video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Description/subject: 09:00 - 12:00 - Opening of the session - 8th Plenary Meeting -- 3 hours 3 minutes. This link is to the video record of the complete session.... Subsequent links (following the links to the written documents) are to the individual statements by governments beginning with Myanmar.....The discussion includes many references to the 7 November elections.
        Language: English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: Adobe Flash (3 hours, 3 minutes)
        Date of entry/update: 31 January 2011


        Individual Documents

        Title: UPR of Myanmar: draft report (Advanced-Unedited) of the Working Group
        Date of publication: 02 February 2011
        Description/subject: Background and summary of the Session of 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council (A/HRC/WG.6/10/L.7)
        Format/size: pdf (153K)
        Alternate URLs: http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session10/MM/Myanmar-A_HRC_WG.6_10_L.7-eng.pdf
        Date of entry/update: 07 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- 1st Opening Statement by Myanmar (text and video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Description/subject: Delivered by Dr. Tun Shin, Deputy Attorney-General of Myanmar. The video version (see alternate URL) has the 1st and 2nd opening statements
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (128K)
        Alternate URLs: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-eng.rm?start=00:01:38&end=00:11:43
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- 1st response by Myanmar (video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Description/subject: Text not yet available
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: Adobe Flash (11 minutes)
        Date of entry/update: 05 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- 2nd Opening Statement by Myanmar (text and video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Description/subject: Delivered by Myanmar's Permanent Representative in Geneva, HE U Wunna Maung Lwin...The video version (see alternate URL)has both the 1st and 2nd opening statements)
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (110K)
        Alternate URLs: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-eng.rm?start=00:01:38&end=00:11:43
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- 2nd response by Myanmar (video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Description/subject: Text not yet available
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: Adobe Flash (36 minutes)
        Date of entry/update: 05 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Algeria
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Text: Francais, French (oral version in French and English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (71K)
        Alternate URLs: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-eng.rm?start=00:18:02&end=00:19:40 (English)
        rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-orig.rm?start=00:17:59&end=00:19:39 (French)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Argentina (text and video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Español, Spanish (oral version in Spanish and English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (56K)
        Alternate URLs: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-eng.rm?start=02:19:05&end=02:21:05 (English)
        rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-orig.rm?start=02:19:04&end=02:21:03 (Spanish)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Australia
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (53K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Austria
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (49K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Azerbaijan
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (52K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Bahrain
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Arabic (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (41K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Bangladesh
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (73K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Belarus
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (104K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Belgium
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Francais, French (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (47K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Bhutan
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (45K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Brazil
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (73K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Brunei Darussalam
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (33K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Cambodia
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (71K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Canada
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (36K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by China (text and video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Description/subject: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-eng.rm?start=00:19:48&end=00:22:11 (English) rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-orig.rm?start=00:19:46&end=00:22:05 (Chinese)
        Language: Chinese (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (60K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Cuba
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Español, Spanish (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (53K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Czech Republic
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (55K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Denmark
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (67K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by DPRK
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (40K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by France
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Francais, French (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (133K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by France
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Francais, French (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (64K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Germany
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (67K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Greece
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (43K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Hungary
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (68K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by India
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (74K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Indonesia
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (51K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Iran
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (69K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Iraq
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (55K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Ireland
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (90K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Italy
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (51K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Japan
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (75K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Jordan
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (59K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Lao PDR
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (83K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Malaysia
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (69K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Maldives
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (51K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Nepal
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (48K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by New Zealand
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (62K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Nicaragua
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Español, Spanish (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (47K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Nigeria
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (40K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Norway
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (63K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Pakistan
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (60K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Philippines
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (62K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Poland
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (34K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Portugal
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (53K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Republic of Korea
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (59K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Russian Federation
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Russian (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (44K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Singapore (text and video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (63K)
        Alternate URLs: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-eng.rm?start=00:13:56&end=00:15:49
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Slovakia
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (61K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Slovenia (text and video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (39K), Adobe Flash (3 minutes)
        Alternate URLs: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127pm1-eng.rm?start=01:16:20&end=01:19:59
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Spain
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Español, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (62K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Sri Lanka (text and video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (51K)
        Alternate URLs: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-eng.rm?start=00:15:55&end=00:17:53
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Sudan
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Arabic (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (38K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Sweden
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (70K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Syrian Arab Republic
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Arabic (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (29K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Thailand
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (66K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (49K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Timor-Leste
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (55K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Turkey
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (36K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by UK
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (72K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Ukraine
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (67K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by United States of America
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (72K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Uruguay
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Español, Spanish (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (76K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Venezuela
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Español, Spanish (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (98K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Vietnam
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (67K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Zimbabwe
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (44K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


      • Burma/Myanmar and the UPR: background documents

        Websites/Multiple Documents

        Title: UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW -- Basis of the Review of Myanmar
        Date of publication: 27 March 2010
        Description/subject: Links to relevant texts... The basis of the review is: (a) The Charter of the United Nations; (b) The Universal Declaration of Human Rights; (c) Human rights instruments to which a State is party; (d) Voluntary pledges and commitments made by States, including those undertaken when presenting their candidatures for election to the Human Rights Council (hereinafter"the Council". 2.In addition to the above and given the complementary and mutually interrelated nature of international human rights law and international humanitarian law, the review shall take into account applicable international humanitarian law..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
        Format/size: pdf (129K)
        Date of entry/update: 27 March 2010


        Title: Universal Periodic Review (UPR) - Powerpoint Presentation
        Date of publication: 01 December 2009
        Description/subject: Presentation to the ND-Burma 16th MB Meeting...Overview of the process with a focus on the forthcoming UPR session on Burma (February 2011) and what Burma groups can do
        Author/creator: Cheery Zahau
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Education Institute of Burma (HREIB)
        Format/size: ppt
        Date of entry/update: 25 January 2010


        Individual Documents

        Title: The Universal Periodic Review (UPR): The State and Civil Society Processes
        Date of publication: 01 December 2009
        Description/subject: What is the UPR?...What is the HRC?...The UPR Process...Troika...What does the Troika do?...State under Review...Outcome Document...State Obligations...SPDC......Civil Society: Submit Report...Lobby Strategy...
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Education Institute of Burma (HREIB)
        Format/size: pdf (62K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 January 2010


      • Burma/Myanmar and the UPR: OHCHR Myanmar page

        Websites/Multiple Documents

        Title: Universal Periodic Review - Myanmar: OHCHR page of documents
        Date of publication: 20 December 2010
        Description/subject: Date of consideration: Thursday, 27 January 2011, 9:00 am - 12:00 am..... DOCUMENTS CURRENTLY ON THE PAGE: * Myanmar National report to the UPR..... * Compilation of UN information... * UN Country Team's submission to the UPR [Background documents to this report: (1) Excerpts of Treaty Body Concluding Observations and Special Procedure Reports submitted by the United Nations Country Team Myanmar for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights' Compilation Report Universal Periodic Review Myanmar 10th Session January 24 January - 4 February 2011... (2) Draft National Plan of Action for the Advancement of Women 2011‐2015 - Myanmar]..... * Submission of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG) [listed, but not yet online]. Background documents to this submission: (1) Conclusions on children and armed conflict in Myanmar by the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict, 25 July 2008...(2) Conclusions on children and armed conflict in Myanmar by the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict, 28 October 2009..... Summary of stakeholders' information (25 submissions)
        Language: English (some documents also in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
        Source/publisher: United Nations (OHCHR)
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 20 December 2010


      • Burma/Myanmar and the UPR: submissions to the UPR - Myanmar's National Report

        Individual Documents

        Title: Myanmar-UPR: National Report
        Date of publication: 10 November 2010
        Description/subject: Human Rights Council Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review Tenth session Geneva, 24 January – 4 February 2011.....No Russian version at present
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/WG.6/10/MMR/1)
        Format/size: pdf (130K - English; 147K - French; 224K - Spanish; 225K - Arabic; 727K - Chinese)
        Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_National_report(sp).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_National_report(cn).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_National_report(fr).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_National_report(ar).pdf
        Date of entry/update: 18 December 2010


      • Burma/Myanmar and the UPR: submissions to the UPR - UN Compilation and supporting documents

        Individual Documents

        Title: Myanmar-UPR: Compilation prepared by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
        Date of publication: 15 November 2010
        Description/subject: Human Rights Council Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review Tenth session Geneva, 24 January – 4 February 2011..... "The present report is a compilation of the information contained in the reports of treaty bodies, special procedures, including observations and comments by the State concerned, and other relevant official United Nations documents. It does not contain any opinions, views or suggestions on the part of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), other than those contained in public reports issued by OHCHR. It follows the structure of the general guidelines adopted by the Human Rights Council. Information included herein has been systematically referenced in endnotes. The report has been prepared taking into consideration the four-year periodicity of the first cycle of the review. In the absence of recent information, the latest available reports and documents have been taken into consideration, unless they are outdated. Since this report only compiles information contained in official United Nations documents, lack of information or focus on specific issues may be due to non-ratification of a treaty and/or to a low level of interaction or cooperation with international human rights mechanisms".... At present, only the Arabic, English and French versions are available.
        Language: English, French, Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/WG.6/10/MMR/2)
        Format/size: pdf (171K - English; 143K - French; 194K - Arabic)
        Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_UN_Compilation(fr).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_UN_Compilation(ar).pdf
        Date of entry/update: 18 December 2010


        Title: Submission by the United Nations Country Team Myanmar for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights' Compilation Report Universal Periodic Review Myanmar 10th Session 24 January - 4 February 2011
        Date of publication: September 2010
        Description/subject: Background and framework; Scope of international obligations; Constitutional and legislative framework; Institutional and human rights structure; Policy measures; Promotion and protection of human rights on the ground; Capacity-building and technical assistance....Undated. September 2010 used as default date/
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: UN Country Team, Myanmar
        Format/size: pdf (115K)
        Alternate URLs: http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session10/MM/UNCT_UNCountryTeam_eng.pdf
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: Submission by the United Nations Country Team Myanmar for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights' Compilation Report Universal Periodic Review Myanmar 10th Session 24 January - 4 February 2011 Annex 1
        Date of publication: September 2010
        Description/subject: Excerpts of Treaty Body Concluding Observations and Special Procedure Reports submitted by the United Nations Country Team Myanmar for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights' Compilation Report Universal Periodic Review Myanmar 10th Session January 24 January - 4 February 2011 We would like to bring your attention to the following excerpts from Treaty Body Concluding Observations and Special Procedures’ reports relating to issues of interest and concern to UNCT with regards to Myanmar...: 1. Treaty Body Concluding Observations - CEDAW/C/MMR/CO/3, 42nd session 7 November 2008; CRC/C/15/Add.237, 36th session 30 June 2004...2. Special Procedures Reports - A/HRC/13/48, 13th session 10 March 2010 (Progress report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana)...A/64/318, General Assembly 64th session 24 August 2009 (Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar).....UNGASS Country Progress Report Myanmar National AIDS Programme Reporting period: January 2008 – December 2009 Submission date: 31 March 2010.....Undated. September 2010 given as default date.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: UN Country Team, Myanmar
        Format/size: pdf (256K)
        Alternate URLs: http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session10/MM/UNCT_UNCountryTeam_Annex1-Excerpts_eng.pdf
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: Submission by the United Nations Country Team Myanmar for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights' Compilation Report Universal Periodic Review Myanmar 10th Session 24 January - 4 February 2011 Annex 2
        Date of publication: September 2010
        Description/subject: National Plan of Action for the Advancement of Women 2011‐2015...Original date, 13 May 2010. September 2010 given as default date of submission to UPR.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: UN Country Team, Myanmar
        Format/size: pdf (257K)
        Alternate URLs: http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session10/MM/UNCT_UNCountryTeam_Annex2-Plan%20of%20Action_eng.pdf
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: Myanmar UPR: input by the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict.
        Date of publication: 20 July 2010
        Description/subject: A. Grave violations against children in armed conflict...B. Dialogue and action plans to halt the recruitment and use of children, as called for in Security Council resolutions 1539(2004), 1612 (2005) and 1882 (2009)...C. Release of children...D. Addressing impunity for perpetrators through investigations, convictions or sanctions of those responsible for grave crimes against children...E. Ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict...Attachments: 1. Security Council Working Group Conclusions on Children and Armed Conflict in Myanmar (S/AC.51/2009/4, 28 October 2009); 2. Security Council Working Group Conclusions on Children and Armed Conflict in Myanmar (S/AC.51/2008/8, 25 July 2008) [SEE ALSO SEPARATE ANNEXES]
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Office of the Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict:
        Format/size: pdf (23K)
        Date of entry/update: 23 December 2010


        Title: Myanmar UPR: input by the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict. - Annex 2
        Date of publication: 28 October 2009
        Description/subject: Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict - Conclusions on children and armed conflict in Myanmar (S/AC.51/2009/4), 28 October 2009
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict.
        Format/size: pdf (41K)
        Alternate URLs: http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session10/MM/OSRSG_ChildrenArmedConflict_Annex2_eng.pdf
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: Myanmar UPR: input by the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict. - Annex 1
        Date of publication: 25 July 2008
        Description/subject: Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict: Conclusions on children and armed conflict in Myanmar (S/AC.51/2008/8)... Date of publication 25 July 2008. Date of submission to UPR given as September 2010
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict.
        Format/size: pdf (41K)
        Alternate URLs: http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session10/MM/OSRSG_ChildrenArmedConflict_Annex1_eng.pdf
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


      • Burma/Myanmar and the UPR: submissions to the UPR - Stakeholders' submissions

        Individual Documents

        Title: Summary of Stakeholders' reports to the UPR - Myanmar
        Date of publication: 18 October 2010
        Description/subject: Human Rights Council Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review Tenth session Geneva, 24 January – 4 February 2011.....Summary prepared by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in accordance with paragraph 15 (c) of the annex to Human Rights Council resolution 5/1.....The present report is a summary of 24 stakeholders’ submissions1 to the universal periodic review. It follows the structure of the general guidelines adopted by the Human Rights Council. It does not contain any opinions, views or suggestions on the part of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), nor any judgement or determination in relation to specific claims. The information included herein has been systematically referenced in endnotes and, to the extent possible, the original texts have not been altered. Lack of information or focus on specific issues may be due to the absence of submissions by stakeholders regarding these particular issues. The full texts of all submissions received are available on the OHCHR website. The report has been prepared taking into consideration the four-year periodicity of the first cycle of the review.
        Language: English (Also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/WG.6/10/MMR/3)
        Format/size: pdf (181K - English; 191K - Arabic; 121K - French; 633K - Chinese; 241K - Russian; 184K - Spanish)
        Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_Stakeholders_summary(ar).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_Stakeholders_summary(fr).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_Stakeholders_summary(ch).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_Stakeholders_summary(ru).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_Stakeholders_summary(sp).pdf
        Date of entry/update: 16 December 2010


        Title: ARTICLE 19: Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review (Union of Myanmar)
        Date of publication: 13 August 2010
        Description/subject: Executive summary: "ARTICLE 19 is aware of the magnitude of human rights violations in Myanmar. Given our expertise and scope of activities, this submission focuses on Myanmar’s compliance with its international human rights obligations in protecting the right to freedom of expression and right to freedom of information. In particular the major issues of concern are: • Failure of the legal framework to guarantee the right to freedom of expression and the right to freedom of information • Absence of freedom of expression in electoral processes; • Censorship of the media and detention, arbitrary arrests and harassment of journalists and media workers; • Prosecution and imprisonment of Aung San Suu Kyi and others exercising the right to freedom of expression; • Complete control and censorship of the internet. These concerns are outlined in a greater detail below..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Article 19 - Global Campaign for Free Expression
        Format/size: pdf (129K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: FIDH/ALTSEAN-Burma: Universal Periodic Review: Joint submission on Myanmar
        Date of publication: 09 July 2010
        Description/subject: "The Alternative Asean Network on Burma (ALTSEAN-Burma) and the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) submission focuses on the Myanmar military regime’s use of forced labor, the forced recruitment of child soldiers, the forced displacement of civilian populations, and rape and sexual violence committed by members of the Tatmadaw (Armed Forces). These widespread and systematic abuses amounting to crimes against humanity and war crimes, as defined by Article 7 and 8 of the Rome Statute, have been documented by numerous UN mechanisms and Rapporteurs. 2. In May 2008, Myanmar' s ruling junta, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) adopted the country’s new Constitution. The drafting and approval of this document was the culmination of a highly controlled and undemocratic process that stretched over 15 years. The Constitution will come into force when the newly elected members of Parliament will convene following the planned 2010 general elections, the first in 20 years. 3. With the current Constitution, the SPDC ensured its own protection for prior crimes. The Article 445 of the Constitution provides that no legal action can be taken against SPDC members who officially carried out their duties “according to their responsibilities.” The Charter effectively provides the SPDC with blanket immunity for the gross violations of human rights, including crimes against humanity and war crimes that it has committed over the past decades. 4. In March 2009, the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar Professor Tomás Ojea Quintana stated that the ongoing human rights abuses in the country were “the result of a state policy.” Due to the junta’s lack of accountability for those abuses, the Special Rapporteur made the unprecedented recommendation that the UN consider establishing a Commission of Inquiry into war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the SPDC, a requests that ALTSEAN-Burma and FIDH fully support..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: ALTSEAN-Burma, FIDH
        Format/size: pdf (155K)
        Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/ALTSEAN-UPR_Submission_on_Burma.pdf
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Karen Human Rights Group: Submission for the UN Universal Periodic Review (Burma): Human rights concerns in KHRG research areas
        Date of publication: 06 July 2010
        Description/subject: Executive summary" "In this submission, the Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG) provides information under sections A, C and D as stipulated in the General Guidelines for the Preparation of Information under the Universal Periodic Review: A. Methodology. This section details the methodology used by KHRG to gather information for this submission. C. Promotion and protection of human rights. This section details KHRG concerns related to practices by the Government of Myanmar (GOM) in areas researched by KHRG: Forced labour; Taxation, capricious demands and looting; Targeting of civilians in conflict; Forced relocation and land confiscation; movement and trade restrictions; Arbitrary arrest, detention, torture, summary execution and unexplained violence; Landmines, remnants of war and forced demining; Forced recruitment of adults and children into the armed forces; Denial of access to humanitarian services; and Cumulative impacts on livelihoods and displacement. D. Constraints, best practices and recommendations. This section details constraints faced by human rights monitors and defenders. It also details best practices for improving human rights as developed by local communities, and provides recommendations for actions by the government to address areas of concern highlighted in Section C."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG #2010-03)
        Format/size: pdf (257K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Amnesty International: Myanmar: Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review Tenth session of the UPR Working Group of the Human Rights Council January 2011
        Date of publication: 05 July 2010
        Description/subject: Executive summary: "In this submission, Amnesty International provides information under sections B, C and D as stipulated in the General Guidelines for the Preparation of Information under the Universal Periodic Review:1 · Under section B, Amnesty International raises concerns about the 2008 Constitution, the 2010 Electoral Laws and the criminalisation of peaceful dissent by security laws. · Section C highlights Amnesty International’s concerns about human rights violations in the context of: political imprisonment, conditions in detention, the anti-government protests of August and September 2007, the May 2008 constitutional referendum, the mass sentencing of peaceful political activists in late 2008, the repression of ethnic minority political activists, the 2010 elections, Cyclone Nargis, crimes against humanity, armed conflict and displacement. · In section D, Amnesty International makes a number of recommendations for action by the government to address the areas of concern."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/008/2010)
        Format/size: pdf (145K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (Burma): AAPPB Submission to the United Nations Universal Periodic Review of Burma
        Date of publication: 05 July 2010
        Description/subject: Executive Summary: "The Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (AAPP) provides information for sections B, C and D of the summary of stakeholders’ information. Drawing on recent AAPP research and interviews with former political prisoners, this submission highlights concerns regarding Burma’s compliance with its international human rights obligations in relation to political prisoners and conditions of incarceration. There are 42 prisons in Burma and 109 labour camps. The deplorable conditions in these places are well-documented: incommunicado detention, torture, poor diet, substandard hygiene levels and denial of adequate medical care."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (Burma) (AAPP)
        Format/size: pdf (244K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Burma Forum on Universal Periodic Review (BF-UPR): Joint Submission
        Date of publication: 05 July 2010
        Description/subject: Executive Summary: "Burma’s human rights record is characterized by a pervasive culture of impunity, enabling the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) to violate a host of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights. After nearly 50 years of successive military rule, there is a lack of adherence to human rights principles and a lack of rule of law and judicial independence, which has led to the creation of policies and measures by State authorities that are at complete odds with international human rights standards. There are no statutory or constitutional bodies to promote and protect human rights. Formal and informal human rights education is strictly repressed. Independent civil society organizations (CSOs) who promote human rights and document rights abuses inside the country are harassed by the State, and individuals subject to arrest. As a result, hundreds of CSOs are operating in exile, implementing training programs, publishing reports, and lobbying the international community and media, while working alongside those who are inside Burma..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Burma Forum on Universal Periodic Review (BF-UPR)
        Format/size: pdf (117K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: International PEN/Index on Censorship: Joint Submission to the Universal Periodic Review Mechanism on the Union of Myanmar
        Date of publication: 05 July 2010
        Description/subject: "International PEN and Index on Censorship welcome the opportunity provided by the Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights to comment on the human rights situation in the Union of Myanmar, about which it has had serious concerns for a number of years. This document provides an overview of the current situation of writers and journalists, and focuses on long term imprisonment and legislation used to suppress freedom of expression and other basic rights..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: International PEN, Index,on Censorship
        Format/size: pdf (105K)
        Date of entry/update: 08 September 2010


        Title: Jubilee Campaign: Universal Periodic Review Burma
        Date of publication: 05 July 2010
        Description/subject: "...despite provisions of the Constitution indicating otherwise, in reality, there is no guarantee of religious freedom for minority religions in Burma, other than Theravada Buddhism, the majority religion... As the 2010 parliamentary election ... in Burma approaches, it is reported that the junta’s attacks and restrictions will be intensified and strengthened, especially in the Karen state and Chin state, where the majority of citizens are Christians. Many Karen and Chin Christians belong to the Karen National Union and the Chin National Front, armed resistance groups that demand freedom and autonomy for their states. Because these Christian minority groups raise their voices for freedom and demand a fair and free election, the junta sees them as a threat to the existence of its regime and consequently is using more excessive force to suppress them... The United States Commission on International Religious Freedom notes that the regime “has one of the world’s worst human rights records.”Burmese government authorities destroy Christian churches and attack pastors and church-members without legitimate reasons. For example, in January 2009, churches in the Rangoon area were ordered to stop holding services and pastors were forced to sign documents promising to cease worship services. Furthermore, the regime restricts proselytizing, evangelizing, and importing or printing religious literature including the Bible and the Qur’an. Many religious materials are under censorship. The government also requires Christians and Muslims to request permission for and report religious gatherings or worship services two to three months in advance so they can be monitored by the government... Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State are not eligible for government-issued National Registration Cards (NRCs), which denies them access to education in state-run schools. As an effort to promote freedom through citizenship, UNHCR is working with the local authorities on the issuance of Temporary Registration Cards (TRCs) to Muslim residents of Rakhine State..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Submission of Jubilee Campaign USA, Inc.
        Format/size: pdf (205K)
        Date of entry/update: 12 September 2010


        Title: The Arakan Project: Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review [Myanmar]
        Date of publication: 05 July 2010
        Description/subject: " The Arakan Project raises concern over Myanmar’s non-compliance with its international human rights obligations with regard to the Rohingya population in North Rakhine State and, in particular, the 1982 Citizenship Law which deprives the Rohingya of their rights to citizenship, legitimising discrimination and arbitrary treatment against them such as restriction on movement, on marriage and pregnancy, arbitrary detention, forced labour, and denial of socio-economic rights..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: The Arakan Project
        Format/size: pdf (127K)
        Date of entry/update: 29 September 2010


        Title: The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty : Submission on Burma/Myanmar: to the Universal Periodic Review
        Date of publication: 05 July 2010
        Description/subject: "...The population of Myanmar is overwhelmingly Buddhist (89%); the remainder of the society is roughly 4% Christian, 4% Muslim, and 1% Animist. Because the SPDC perceives religious minorities as threats to its power, it restricts their freedom of expression and association, among other abuses. The SPDC controls all media, including religious publications and sermons..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Becket Fund for Religious Liberty
        Format/size: pdf (201K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ): MYANMAR Submission to the Universal Periodic Review of the UN Human Rights Council
        Date of publication: 02 July 2010
        Description/subject: "...Serious human rights violations have occurred throughout Myanmar during the current regime’s rule, but are most severe in rural ethnic areas. They are directly related to the military’s attacks on the people it sees as supporting armed opposition. Because Burmese authorities handle cases of sexual violence—including rape—in an ad hoc way, official numbers are unavailable. Burmese women’s organizations have documented 875 cases of rape from 1988 to 2006; they believe this is a mere fraction of the total number because of the difficulty in accessing communities under SPDC control and the fear and stigma that keeps women and girls from reporting rape. The scale of reported violations and the associated tolerance and impunity for them indicates the SPDC’s acceptance of sexual violence as a legitimate part of the strategy to intimidate people in areas of armed conflict or potential resistance and to punish communities for appearing to support the government’s opposition. These policies directly breach articles 2 and 5 of CEDAW. 6. Forced labor and child soldiering are also associated with areas of continuing armed conflict. The military has grown from 180,000 soldiers in 1988 to an estimated 300,000 in 2007. This expansion has forced commanders to rely on local communities to supply labor for building infrastructure and for portering. The pressure to fill recruitment quotas has led to a situation in which the Myanmar regime’s armed forces constitute the only army in Asia to continue recruiting child soldiers, numbering in the thousands, if not tens of thousands. The number of cases of forced labor is likely to be at least that high. These practices are in contravention of Myanmar’s obligations under the Forced Labor Convention and under Article 38 of CRC. In addition, customary international law has criminalized the recruitment and use of child soldiers at least since 1996.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)
        Format/size: pdf (62K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Human Rights Watch: Universal Periodic Review Submission: Myanmar (Burma)
        Date of publication: 01 July 2010
        Description/subject: Summary: "For more than two decades, Burma's military government, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), has demonstrated scant respect for the fundamental human rights of the Burmese people. Widespread and systematic violations of international human rights and humanitarian law continue throughout the country, especially in ethnic minority areas along Burma's borders. The 2008 Constitution and an election scheduled for this year will likely do little to alter the military's continued political dominance, albeit in ostensibly civilian guise, and a repressive state apparatus that will not change significantly. The culture of impunity in Burma for government officials and military personnel for serious abuses is supported by a judicial system that is neither impartial nor independent. There has been little if any accountability for serious crimes committed by government security forces, including routine use of forced labor, sexual violence against women and girls, recruitment and use of child soldiers, extrajudicial killings of civilians in conflict areas and other violations of international humanitarian law. Some non-state armed groups have also been implicated in serious abuses, including forced labor and the use of child soldiers. There are systematic restrictions on basic freedoms in Burma, including on the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly, and association. For example, despite Burma having ratified International Labor Organization (ILO) Convention No. 87 on freedom of association, the SPDC continues to refuse to register independent trade unions in the country. The government of Burma currently incarcerates more than 2,100 political prisoners including political activists, journalists, trade unionists and labor rights advocates, artists and vocal opponents of the SPDC. Many of these prisoners have received harsh sentences - including up to 65 years in prison - on trumped up criminal charges that seek to curtail peaceful political dissent and free expression. Conditions in Burmese prisons do not meet international standards: prisoners are not given adequate health care, face routine ill-treatment and at times torture, and may be transferred to remote facilities in the hinterlands that make visits by family members and UN officials difficult. The government has not granted the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) access to Burmese prisons in accordance with the ICRC's standard procedures since 2006."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Watch
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Australian Council for International Development: Submission to the Universal Periodic Review of Myanmar — July 2010
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: MYANMAR’S LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK IN THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS...IMPLEMENTATION AND EFFICIENCY OF LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK...COOPERATION WITH HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS AND STAKEHOLDERS...IDENTIFICATION OF ACHIEVEMENTS, BEST PRACTICES, CHALLENGES AND CONSTRAINTS...KEY NATIONAL PRIORITY, INITIATIVES AND COMMITMENT TO OVERCOME THE CHALLENGE...EXPECTATION IN TERMS OF CAPACITY BUILDING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Australian Council for International Development (ACFID)
        Format/size: pdf (154K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: Burma Campaign Australia: Joint Submission to the Universal Periodic Review on Burma (Myanmar):
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: 1. This paper was drafted in consultation with and is jointly submitted by Burma Campaign Australia (a national network comprising of Democracy for Burma Action Group, Australia Burma Network, Canberra Network for Democracy in Burma, Burma Solidarity Group and Burma Campaign Sydney), Union Aid Abroad APHEDA, Burma Economic Watch (Macquarie University), Australian Karen Organisation, Burmese Rohingya Community in Australia, the Burma Office (Australia) and the Australian Council of Trade Unions....."...The Burmese military junta, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), continues to systematically violate human rights in Burma and using Burma’s national laws in this process. Abuses have been extensively documented by a succession of the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Burma/Myanmar1, including the current Rapporteur Tomas Ojea Quintana. Many domestic laws are used by the SPDC to suppress the population, whilst others deny citizens of Burma their basic human rights. 3. Suppressive domestic laws that violate human rights in Burma include:...".....Undated. July 2010 used as default date.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Burma Campaign Australia
        Format/size: pdf (86K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: Chin Human Rights Organization: Burma/Myanmar Individual Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review, July 2010 Tenth Session of the UPR Working Group of the Human Rights Council, January 2011
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: Under Section B, CHRO highlights Burma/Myanmar’s obligations under international law and human rights instruments, and articles of the 2008 Constitution that contradict those obligations. • Section C focuses on the widespread and systematic nature of human rights violations perpetrated by the Burma/Myanmar army in Chin State documented by CHRO. CHRO is particularly concerned about forced labour, land confiscation, the lack of access to humanitarian services and the denial of religious freedom for the Chin people. The Chin are facing forced assimilation and denial of their collective rights as indigenous peoples, and are fleeing their traditional homeland in large numbers. • In Section D, CHRO makes a number of recommendations for action by the SPDC to improve the human rights situation in Burma/Myanmar, with a particular focus on Chin State.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Chin Human Rights Organization
        Format/size: pdf (94K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: EarthRights International: Universal Periodic Review – Myanmar (Burma) Submission to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights – July 2010
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: "This submission focuses on the human rights abuses that have occurred over the past four years in relation to oil and natural gas development projects in Myanmar, which is under the rule of a military regime known as the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC). Since the early 1990s, the areas around such development projects have been heavily militarized in order to protect the projects and the interests of the companies who finance them. As MAF soldiers flood the area, the local villagers are subjected to severe human rights abuses, including incidences of extrajudicial killings, forced labor, violations of freedom of movement, and land confiscations. As ERI and others have documented, this pattern of abuse has continued over the last four years. Although not the primary focus of this submission, similar abuses have occurred in relation to other development projects in Myanmar as well, such as mines and dams."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: EarthRights International
        Format/size: pdf (51K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: EarthRights International: Universal Periodic Review – Myanmar (Burma) Submission to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights – July 2010 - Annex 1
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: Reports by EarthRights International regarding oil and gas projects in Myanmar [these reports included as Annexes 2, 3 and 4]
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: EarthRights International
        Format/size: pdf (19K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: EarthRights International: Universal Periodic Review – Myanmar (Burma) Submission to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights – July 2010 - Annex 2
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: ENERGY INSECURITY: How Total, Chevron, and PTTEP Contribute to Human Rights Violations, Financial Secrecy, and Nuclear Proliferation in Burma (Myanmar)... A Report by EarthRights International, July 2010
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: EarthRights International
        Format/size: pdf (958K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: EarthRights International: Universal Periodic Review – Myanmar (Burma) Submission to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights – July 2010 - Annex 3
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: "The Human Cost of Energy: Chevron’s Continuing Role in Financing Oppression and Profiting From Human Rights Abuses in Military-Ruled Burma (Myanmar)".....TABLE OF CONTENTS: Introduction... Executive Summary and Recommendations;... 1. Stepping Into Unocal’s Shoes - Chevron’s partnership with a repressive regime in the Yadana Project... 2. Financing Oppression - The Yadana Project’s continuing contributions to the military regime... 3. With Eyes Wide Open - Chevron’s knowledge of the abuses on the Yadana Project... 4. The Persistence of Abuse - Continuation of forced labor and other abuses in recent years... 5. No Smiling Faces - Conditions of life in the region... 6. Sitting Idly By - Chevron’s silence during the 2007 demonstrations and crackdown... 7. No Safe Harbor - Chevron’s continuing legal liability after the Unocal settlement... Appendix A: Another Yadana: The Shwe Gas Project... Appendix B: China in Burma... Endnotes.....Original date of publication, 28 April 2008; Date of submission to UPR, July 2010
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: EarthRights International
        Format/size: pdf (2.2MB)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: EarthRights International: Universal Periodic Review – Myanmar (Burma) Submission to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights – July 2010 - Annex 4
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: "TOTAL IMPACT: The Human Rights, Environmental, and Financial Impacts ofTotal and Chevron's Yadana Gas Project in Military-Ruled Burma (Myanmar)"...EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "Two western oil companies are currently partnered with the Burmese military regime in a remote corner of southern Burma (Myanmar) on one of the world's most controversial development projects: The Yadana Gas Project by the France-based Total and the US-based Chevron. Yadana, which means "treasure" in Burmese, is a large-scale project that transports natural gas from the Andaman Sea across Burma's Tenasserim region to Thailand, where it generates electricity for the Bangkok metropolitan area. The gas is transported through an overland pipeline that passes through the dense jungle and rugged terrain of a secluded and environmentally sensitive ethnic area in southeast Burma. From the project's beginning, the Burma Army has been tasked with providing security for the companies and the pipeline and has committed widespread and systematic human rights abuses against local people. EarthRights International (ERI) has been documenting human rights abuses related to the Yadana Project since 1994, and new evidence collected through 2009 attests to the on-going violent abuses committed by the Burma Army providing security for the companies and the project. Abuses include extrajudicial killings, torture, and other forms of ill-treatment; widespread and systematic forced labor; and violations of the rights to freedom of movement and property. Based on new and original evidence, this report further documents the Burma Army's role in the construction phase of the Yadana Project as well as its continuing connection to the companies and the pipeline. Rather than acknowledge its inherent and close relationship with Burma's armed forces, Total has traditionally denied the connections between its company and the Burma Army in its project area, raising important ethical questions about the company's willingness to misrepresent its material risks to investors and shareholders. In addition to the localized human rights impacts in the pipeline region, the Yadana Project has been a significant factor in keeping the Burmese military regime financially solvent. This report documents for the first time the aggregate revenue generated by the Yadana Project for the ruling SPDC, from 2000 to 2008. Rather than contribute to Burma's economic development, the billion dollar revenues from the project have instead contributed to high-level corruption: the revenue is not accounted for in Burma's national budget and according to reliable sources it is stored in two offshore banks in Singapore. Moreover, there are apparent correlations between the SPDC's increasing financial wherewithal and its overall authoritarian behavior. While the severity and seriousness of the human rights and financial impacts of the Yadana Project are logical focal points of concern, the environmental impacts of the project cannot be discounted. This report presents information that details serious problems with Total's Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), a document which ERI obtained through US courts and which is now part of the public record; details of which are published here for the first time. Villagers in the pipeline corridor also report ongoing adverse impacts associated with an ill-conceived environmental protection group established and supported by Total in the pipeline corridor. Rather than acknowledge or attempt to mitigate these and other known impacts of the Yadana Project, Total CEO Christophe de Margerie has publicly told critics to "go to hell" and instead focused resources on public relations, including claims that the Yadana gas has made neighboring Bangkok a cleaner city. Total has also systematically whitewashed their complicity in abuses and authoritarianism in Burma in three key ways: first, and most directly, Total has commissioned a number of impact assessments by the US-based CDA Collaborative Learning Projects (CDA), which the corporations tout as evidence that the Yadana Project hurts no one and benefits many. These impact assessments and their fundamental flaws are the subject ofthe ERI report Getting it Wrong(2009). Second, the companies repeatedly misuse both these impact assessments and third-party reports and statements, asserting that others support their claims that there are no abuses in the pipeline area. Third, the companies promote their local "socio-economic" program and declare that it provides economic, educational, and health benefits to every person in the pipeline corridor. While many of the companies' socio-economic efforts might be desirable in theory, local villagers argue that these programs have not worked the way the companies claim they do, if at all. Moreover, ERI has found that the true effectiveness of these local projects have never been independently or fully examined and verified; and regardless of the effectiveness of these programs, they do not exonerate the companies from accountability for complicity in human rights violations and they do not erase the deeper national impacts connected to the revenue stream from the Yadana Project to the SPDC. Total and Chevron's impacts in Burma are profound. ERI makes several specific demands of the companies and calls on the corporate and investment community and policymakers to seriously consider the ethics of Total and Chevron's operations in Burma, and to heed the recommendations included at the end of this report." .....Original date of publication, September 2009. Date of submission to UPR, July 2010
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: EarthRights International
        Format/size: pdf (3MB)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: European Centre for Law and Justice. Submission on Myanmar to the Universal Periodic Review
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN THE UNION OF MYANMAR (BURMA): "In a country with a population consisting of eighty-nine percent Buddhists and only eight percent Christians or Muslims,1 Myanmar continues to persecute religious and tribal minorities despite the United Nations’ Human Rights Council’s intervention. The military regime has reportedly scheduled an election in 2010 which will likely be a sham election since the candidate for the primary opposition party is not permitted to run and the military regime has set up front parties.2 Christians within the country have little hope that the persecution will cease. Christians are losing their lives, their homes, and their faith...".....Undated. July 2010 used as default date
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: European Centre for Law and Justice
        Format/size: pdf (41K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: European Centre for Law and Justice. Submission on Myanmar to the Universal Periodic Review - Annex
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN THE UNION OF MYANMAR - APPENDIX... SECTION 2: A. Persecution against Christians... [Section B does not exist]... C. Other Minority Religious Discrimination.....Undated. July 2010 used as default date
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: European Centre for Law and Justice
        Format/size: pdf (40K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: INDIG: Burma - Restoring Dignity Through Recognizing Basic Rights for All - Submission to the UPR
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: "The governments of Thailand and Indonesia selected two outstanding representatives of independent individuals. We encourage Myanmar to follow a similar pattern and to receive nominations from civil society for this important post in the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights...."Violence against women and rape as a weapon..."...."The role of transnational corporations in Myanmar has created many adverse conditions impacting indigenous communities...".....Undated. July 2010 used as default date.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: INDIG
        Format/size: pdf (68K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: International Campaign to Ban Landmines: Myanmar - Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: Summary: "Landmine Monitor has documented credible reports of the Myanmar military forcing civilians to remove antipersonnel mines from the ground, without training or protective equipment, and forcing civilians to carry equipment for the military in areas where the danger of antipersonnel mines exists—on some occasions using civilians as human minesweepers. Such activities constitute a threat to the right to life, liberty and security of person as stipulated in Article 3 of the UDHR. The ICBL has consistently encouraged the authorities in Myanmar to end such practices, to halt the military’s extensive use of antipersonnel landmines, and to accede to the Mine Ban Treaty.".....SEE APPENDIX
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: International Campaign to Ban Landmines
        Format/size: pdf (33K - Text; 51K - Annex)
        Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/ICBL_InternationalCampaigntoBanLandmines_Annex1_eng.pdf
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: International Campaign to Ban Landmines: Myanmar - Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review - Annex
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: "This appendix demonstrates a pattern of abuse spanning more than a decade. It contains specific information on instances of forced labor mine clearance that have been documented in annual Landmine Monitor reports from 1999 to 2008..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)
        Format/size: pdf (51K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: Joint Submission by ARC International, ILGA International and ILGA Europe in the UPR review of Myanmar
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: Recommendation: "We therefore recommend that the Human Rights Council, in its upcoming UPR review, urge Myanmar to bring its legislation into conformity with its commitment to equality and non‐discrimination, and its international human rights obligations, by repealing all provisions which may be applied to criminalise sexual activity between consenting adults of the same sex.".....Undated. July 2010 used as default date
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: ARC International, ILGA International, ILGA‐Europe
        Format/size: pdf (175K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: Unrepresented Nations and People's Organization (UNPO): Myanmar - Submission to the UPR
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: Key words: 2008 Constitution, crimes against humanity, war crimes, collective punishment, enforced disappearances, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), forced labour, child soldiers, disenfranchisement, freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and/ or association, religious freedom, cultural and linguistic rights, land seizure, environmental degradation......Undated. July 2010 used as default date
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Unrepresented Nations and People's Organization (UNPO)
        Format/size: pdf (55K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: Freedom Now: Individual Submission to the Universal Periodic Review (Burma/Myanmar)
        Date of publication: 30 June 2010
        Description/subject: "...Complementing other submissions that examine the broader picture of Burma’s human rights abuses, this submission highlights the junta’s ongoing detention and inhumane treatment of the emblematic case of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, General Secretary of the National League for Democracy (NLD). The military junta has detained Ms. Suu Kyi under house arrest for some 15 of the past 21 years. In 2006, Freedom Now was retained to serve as international counsel to Ms. Suu Kyi by a member of her family..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Freedom Now
        Format/size: pdf (200K)
        Date of entry/update: 08 September 2010


        Title: Asian Legal Resource Centre: Submission by the Asian Legal Resource Centre to the Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review concerning human rights and rule of law in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 20 June 2010
        Description/subject: SUMMARY: "This submission, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 5/1, which provides for civil society to participate in the Universal Periodic Review process of United Nations Member States’ human rights obligations and commitments, concentrates on the features of legal, judicial and policing frameworks that enable the un-rule of law in Myanmar. The country lacks a normative framework to protect human rights under article 5 and articles 8 through 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It lacks an independent and impartial judiciary. Its police force is militarized. Gross human rights abuse is systemic. Avenues for redress as envisaged in international standards are absent. Two major obstacles to implementation of human rights are the State’s perception that the rule of law is a function of the executive and therefore that the role of the judiciary is to enforce policy rather than law; and, the accompanying systemic corruption in all parts of the State apparatus, especially in the judiciary and police. The Council should consider how it can work better within the United Nations system to apprise itself of the un-rule of law in Myanmar, and coordinate its activities with other parts of the system with a view towards substantive political change in the country, which must pre-empt any substantive change in the normative and institutional frameworks through which to implement human rights"..... Key Words: Rule of law, judiciary, police, arbitrary arrest, arbitrary detention, torture, deaths in custody, trial, redress, corruption
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC-UPR-10-001-2010)
        Format/size: pdf (77K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Submission by the Asian Legal Resource Centre to the Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review concerning human rights and rule of law in Myanmar - Annexe
        Date of publication: 20 June 2010
        Description/subject: This document is an annexe to the submission of the Asian Legal Resource Centre pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 5/1, which provides for civil society to participate in the Universal Periodic Review process of United Nations Member States’ human rights obligations and commitments, on the human rights and rule of law situation in Myanmar. For convenience, it has been organized according to the same headings as the original document to which it is annexed.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC-UPR-10-001-2010: Annexe)
        Format/size: pdf (226K)
        Date of entry/update: 11 November 2010


        Title: Reporters Without Borders: Contribution to the UPR on press freedom in Myanmar/Burma
        Date of publication: 14 June 2010
        Description/subject: Introduction: Overview of press freedom situation: "The army, which has been in power since 1962, uses repression and propaganda to gag the pro-democracy movement and civil society, of which journalists are often in the vanguard. A paradise for censors, Burma is one of the very few countries where all publications are subjected to prior censorship. After China, it is the Asia’s largest prison for journalists and bloggers. At least 12 journalists and two netizens are currently imprisoned in Burma, some of them serving jail terms of more than 20 years. The head of the military junta, General Than Shwe, is in charge of the special police force responsible for the repression. Its targets have included the owners of video cameras who were suspected of filming the crackdown on the protests by monks in 2007 and then sending their footage abroad. And those who shot video footage exposing governmental negligence after Cyclone Nargis in 2008. As shown in the documentary film Burma VJ, working as a clandestine reporter for Democratic Voice of Burma or other Burmese exile media continues to be very dangerous. The exile media play a vital role in informing the Burmese people because Burma’s two television and radio channels and the daily newspapers are under the military junta’s direct control. Mizzima and Irrawaddy, two of the most popular online exile media, were again the target of cyber-attacks in 2009. The privately-owned press is subject to military censorship. An average of one third of a privately-owned magazine’s content is removed by the censors. The military censorship bureau, called the Press Scrutiny Board, said in a 2008 message to Burmese media that the “the publication of any photo, sketch, painting, article, novel or poem without being sent [in advance to the censor] will be punished”. Failure to comply can lead to sanctions ranging from seizure of the publication to imprisonment for the editors..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Reporters Without Borders
        Format/size: pdf (26K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Christian Solidarity Worldwide – Stakeholder Submission MYANMAR (Universal Periodic Review, 10th Session)
        Date of publication: June 2010
        Description/subject: "...Severe restrictions on access to parts of the country, and severe restrictions on freedom of information, expression and association, make it very difficult to obtain accurate statistics and information. Nevertheless, first-hand testimonies obtained by CSW through interviews with refugees, internally displaced peoples, former political prisoners and Myanmar army defectors; conducted on the Thailand-Myanmar border, inside the conflict zones of eastern Myanmar, inside Kachin State in northern Myanmar close to the border with China, on the India-Myanmar border and the Bangladesh-Myanmar border; conducted inside Myanmar’s cities, particularly Yangon, and with Burmese and ethnic civil society groups inside the country and along its borders; and in consultation with many other international NGOs, have led CSW to the conclusion that these violations, which are widespread and systematic, amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity. ...In light of Myanmar’s obligations under international law to observe, respect and protect human rights, particularly the rights of women and children, this submission focuses on the grave violations perpetrated by the ruling military regime, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), and the military, known as the Tatmadaw. CSW notes that the UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar recently concluded that the violations occurring in Myanmar may amount to crimes against humanity and war crimes, and has recommended that the UN should consider establishing a Commission of Inquiry to conduct an investigation..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Christian Solidarity Worldwide
        Format/size: pdf (140K)
        Date of entry/update: 12 September 2010


      • Burma/Myanmar and the UPR: further analysis and commentary

        Individual Documents

        Title: MYANMAR: The problem of a U.N. member state disconnected from a normative framework: Myanmar and the Human Rights Council review
        Date of publication: 02 March 2011
        Description/subject: HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL Sixteenth session, Agenda Item 4, Interactive Dialogue with the SR on Myanmar A written statement submitted by the Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC), a non-governmental organisation with general consultative status....."... 2. In this submission, the ALRC considers the implications of this disconnect between the norms-based language and activities of the global human rights movement and the norm-less reality of a member state. This disconnect is not merely a disconnect between rhetorical aspirations and hard truth. It is a much more significant problem of the gap between a norms-based system and a norm-less one, and unless it is properly understood and accounted for in the work of the Human Rights Council and other international agencies, the many functional and technical proposals being put forward during the ongoing Council review process will have little if any relevance to the situation of human rights in Myanmar, or other countries with analogous conditions..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC)
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 05 March 2011


        Title: MYANMAR: UPR as an exercise in the making of fiction: An analysis of the presentation by Myanmar
        Date of publication: 21 February 2011
        Description/subject: HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL Sixteenth session, Agenda Item 4, Interactive Dialogue with the SR on Myanmar... A written statement submitted by the Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC), a non-governmental organisation with general consultative status....."...Despite the meticulous and professional documentation submitted from numerous credible sources to the UPR process, the Government of Myanmar persisted with its usual approach, treating the process not as an opportunity for dialogue but as an opportunity for the making of fiction. The implications of its approach to the UPR are addressed in a separate submission by the ALRC to this session of the Council. In this submission, for the sake of the record the centre points out some of the more glaring fictions contained in the presentation of the government to the UPR Working Group, as described in the group's draft report (A/HRC/WG.6/10/L.7, 2 February 2011), which are most directly related to the centre's work. Aspects of the government presentation not covered here include misrepresentations about the manner in which elections were held in 2010, the extent to which political parties are able to organize and operate, the status and treatment of people in Northern Rakhine State, the standing of the national human rights committee, sexual violence by the armed forces, confiscation of land, and the notion that the country is entering a new democratic era. 4. The draft report of the Working Group contains the following deliberate misrepresentations and fictions by the Government of Myanmar, followed by the corrections of the ALRC:..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC)
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 05 March 2011


  • Special Procedures
    In this section, we also include reports submitted to the Commission on Human Rights

    • Country Mandates

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
      Description/subject: Reports to the Human Rights Council and General Assembly. This site has links to most of the UN human rights documents available online on Burma (Myanmar), in the 6 official UN languages.
      Language: Arabic, Chinese, English, Espanol, Francais, Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      • UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar

        Websites/Multiple Documents

        Title: Special Rapporteur of the Human Rights Council on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Description/subject: Some information about the Special Rapporteur plus list of documents and press releases
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 28 August 2011


        Individual Documents

        Title: Statement of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar Yangon International Airport, Myanmar, 26 July 2014
        Date of publication: 26 July 2014
        Description/subject: "...Preliminary observations: Myanmar is undergoing an important transition and the sweeping and far-reaching reforms that we have seen in recent years have dramatically transformed the political, economic, social and human rights landscape. This was affirmed in my meetings with various Government officials in Nay Pyi Taw. In three years, Myanmar has come a long way since the establishment of the new Government. This must be recognized and applauded. Yet, there are worrying signs of possible backtracking which if unchecked could undermine Myanmar’s efforts to become a responsible member of the international community that respects and protects human rights. As many have said, Myanmar therefore needs further encouragement and understanding in order to address these challenges and to continue on the path of reform. And I hope that my observations and recommendations will be taken in this light..... Shrinking of democratic space...Prisoners of conscience...Development and economic, social and cultural rights......Legislative reform and the rule of law...Women’s rights and gender equality...Rakhine State...Kachin State...Mandalay...Conclusion
        Author/creator: Yanghee Lee
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: UN Information Center, Yangon
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 27 July 2014


        Title: Myanmar: UN expert greets latest commitments on human rights and calls for swift implementation
        Date of publication: 20 November 2012
        Description/subject: GENEVA (20 November 2012) – "The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana, welcomed today the latest commitments from the Government of Myanmar on human rights as significant steps forward in the ongoing reform process, and encouraged the authorities to focus now on their prompt implementation. These pledges announced by the Government on 18 November include the resumption of prison visits for the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the setting up of a mechanism to review prisoner lists, addressing the situation in Rakhine State, and an invitation to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to establish a country office..."
        Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations
        Format/size: pdf (64K), html
        Alternate URLs: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx
        Date of entry/update: 20 November 2012


        Title: Statement by Tomás Ojea Quintana SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN MYANMAR
        Date of publication: 25 October 2012
        Description/subject: "...We should all acknowledge and commend the Government of Myanmar for what has been achieved thus far, which I have previously stated has improved the country’s human rights situation. Yet, recent developments highlight that Myanmar continues to grapple with ongoing human rights concerns that could pose risks to the reform process..."
        Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (67th session)
        Format/size: pdf (100K)
        Date of entry/update: 01 November 2012


        Title: UN Expert: Human rights should lie at the heart of Myanmar’s reform process
        Date of publication: 25 October 2012
        Description/subject: "The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana, today highlighted the importance of keeping human rights on the agenda for Myanmar. This, he stressed, is particularly relevant in light of the ongoing violence in Rakhine State. The Special Rapporteur expressed concern that more lives have been lost in the violence and emphasised that the underlying causes of the tension and conflict between the Buddhist and Muslim communities in Rakhine State must be addressed as a priority...NEW YORK (25 October 2012) – The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana, today highlighted the importance of keeping human rights on the agenda for Myanmar. This, he stressed, is particularly relevant in light of the ongoing violence in Rakhine State. The Special Rapporteur expressed concern that more lives have been lost in the violence and emphasised that the underlying causes of the tension and conflict between the Buddhist and Muslim communities in Rakhine State must be addressed as a priority..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations
        Format/size: pdf (169K)
        Date of entry/update: 01 November 2012


        Title: Statement of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana, 4 August 2012, Yangon International Airport, Myanmar
        Date of publication: 04 August 2012
        Description/subject: "...To conclude, as reforms deepen in Myanmar, my mandate can help to highlight the importance of placing human rights standards and principles at the very heart of this process. Take, for instance, the flood of foreign investment that is beginning to enter the country. Adopting a human rights-based approach ensures that the principles of participation, non-discrimination, transparency, accountability and the rule of law guide this process. With this guiding framework of human rights, investments will serve to create a more fair and just society, in which the human rights of the people of Myanmar are fulfilled. The time to firmly embed a human rights-based approach in economic and social development is now. More generally, I believe that human rights should not fall off the agenda, and human rights concepts and principles need to be at the forefront of the entire reform process, driving it forward and keeping it focused on addressing the needs and aspirations of the people of Myanmar. It is my responsibility, as Special Rapporteur, to continue to emphasize this point..."
        Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations
        Format/size: pdf (74K)
        Alternate URLs: http://www.ohchr.org/en/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=12405&LangID=E
        Date of entry/update: 06 August 2012


        Title: Statement of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 05 February 2012
        Description/subject: 5 February 2012, Yangon International Airport, Myanmar... "...To conclude, I have previously stated that the steps taken by the Government had the potential to bring about an improvement in the human rights situation in Myanmar and deepen its transition to democracy. My mission confirmed that a positive impact has been made; however serious challenges remain and must be addressed. There is also a risk of backtracking on the progress achieved thus far. Therefore, at this crucial moment in the country’s history, further and sustained action should be taken to bring about further change. Prior to its assumption of the Chairpersonship of ASEAN in 2014, I would encourage Myanmar to demonstrate concrete progress in improving its human rights situation. The international community should remain engaged and should support and assist the Government during this important time..."
        Author/creator: Tomas Ojea Quintana
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: UNDP (Myanmar)
        Format/size: pdf (72K)
        Alternate URLs: http://unic.un.org/imucms/Dish.aspx?loc=80&pg=110
        Date of entry/update: 06 February 2012


        Title: Statement of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 25 August 2011
        Description/subject: By Tomas Ojea Quintana, 25 August 2011, Yangon International Airport, Myanmar..... "I have just concluded my five-day mission to Myanmar - my fourth visit to the country since I was appointed in March 2008 and my first since February 2010. I would like to thank the Government of Myanmar for its invitation and hospitality, and for the cooperation and flexibility shown during my visit. During the mission, I met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of Home Affairs, the Minister of Defence, the Deputy Chief of Police, the Minister of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, who also holds the position of the Minister of Labour, the Attorney-General, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, the Union Election Commission and with some of the Presidential Advisors. I also met with the Speakers and members of the Pyi Thu and Amyotha Hluttaws, including representatives of ethnic political parties, and had the privilege to observe the second regular session of the Pyi Thu Hluttaw..."
        Author/creator: Tomas Ojea Quintana
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations
        Format/size: pdf (74K), html
        Alternate URLs: http://unic.un.org/imucms/Dish.aspx?loc=80&pg=110
        Date of entry/update: 25 August 2011


    • Special Procedures - general

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council
      Description/subject: This page has links to documents relating to the Special Procedures, including the web-pages of the different Special Rapporteurs. " 'Special procedures' is the general name given to the mechanisms established by the Commission on Human Rights to address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. Currently, there are 28 thematic and 13 country mandates in place. The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights provides these mechanisms with personnel and logistical assistance to aid them in the discharge of their mandates..."
      Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
      Date of entry/update: 02 March 2007


      Individual Documents

      Title: Submitting human rights information to the UN Special Procedures
      Date of publication: 09 July 2002
      Description/subject: "This is a brief guide to sending human rights information to the Special Procedures (country and thematic mechanisms/mandates) of the Commission on Human Rights. Those listed below all report to the Commission on Human Rights, while some report also to the General Assembly or other bodies. These reports are public, inform the debate at the GA and Commission and influence the resolutions on country human rights situations..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Burma Peace Foundation
      Format/size: html (17K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    • Thematic Mandates

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Thematic mandates
      Description/subject: This page has links to the web-pages of the thematic mechanisms (special rapporteurs and representatives, independent experts and working groups) reporting to the Human Rights Council and (in some cases) also to the General Assembly.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
      Date of entry/update: 02 March 2007


      • Working Group on Arbitrary Detention: Opinions/Decisions on Myanmar cases

        Individual Documents

        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 12/2010
        Date of publication: 02 March 2011
        Description/subject: Concerning Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi... Communication addressed to the Government on 1 February 2010...Opinion adopted on 7 May 2010...Extract from the Report of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, Addendum: Opinions adopted by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention A/HRC/16/47/Add.1 of 2 March 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/16/47/Add.1)
        Format/size: pdf (35K)
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/115/98/PDF/G1111598.pdf?OpenElement
        Date of entry/update: 04 October 2011


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 23/2010
        Date of publication: 02 March 2011
        Description/subject: Concerning: Mr. Kyaw Zaw Lwin, a.k.a. Nyi Nyi Aung... Communication addressed to the Government on 10 March 2010...Opinion adopted on 2 September 2010... Extract from the Report of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, Addendum: Opinions adopted by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention A/HRC/16/47/Add.1 of 2 March 2011
        Language: English (French and Spanish also available)
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/16/47/Add.1)
        Format/size: pdf (18K)
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/115/98/PDF/G1111598.pdf?OpenElement
        Date of entry/update: 04 October 2011


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 4/2010
        Date of publication: 02 March 2011
        Description/subject: Concerning: Dr Tin Min Htut and Mr. U Nyi Pu...Communication addressed to the Government on 29 May 2009...Opinion adopted on 5 May 2010...Extract from the Report of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, Addendum: Opinions adopted by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention A/HRC/16/47/Add.1 of 2 March 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/16/47/Add.1)
        Format/size: pdf (32K)
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/115/98/PDF/G1111598.pdf?OpenElement
        Date of entry/update: 04 October 2011


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 46/2008
        Date of publication: 28 November 2008
        Description/subject: "...(a) The Working Group confirms its previous Opinions (Opinion Nos. 8/1992, 2/2002, 9/2004 and 2/2007), declaring Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi's placement under house 4 arrest as arbitrary, being in contravention of Articles 9, 10 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, (b) The Working Group considers that the further extension of Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi's placement under house arrest by administrative way is arbitrary as it violates the rights and fundamental .freedoms, established in articles 9, 10 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and even domestic law, particularly the State Protection Law 1975, which itself contradicts to the basic principles and norms of modern international law. Violations of Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi's liberty fell under categories I, II and III of the categories applicable to the cases submitted to the Working Group of Arbitrary Detention..."..... This is a draft version of the Opinion -- no doubt minor changes of spelling etc. will be made in the final version.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (32K)
        Date of entry/update: 24 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 2/2007
        Date of publication: 16 January 2008
        Description/subject: "...The deprivation of liberty of Aung San Suu Kyi is arbitrary being in contravention of articles 9, 10 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and falls under categories II and III of the categories applicable to the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (92K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 4/2006
        Date of publication: 02 February 2007
        Description/subject: "...The detention of Ms. Su Su Nway is arbitrary, being in contravention of articles 9, 10 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and falls within categories II and III of the categories applicable to the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (84K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 11/2005
        Date of publication: 19 October 2005
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the foregoing, the Working Group renders the following opinion: The deprivation of liberty of U Tin Oo is arbitrary, being in contravention of articles 9, 10, 19, 20 and 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and falls within categories II and III of the categories applicable to the consideration of the cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (83K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 16/2004
        Date of publication: 19 November 2004
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the foregoing, the Working Group renders the following opinion: The deprivation of liberty of Maung Chan Thar Kyaw is arbitrary, being in violation of articles 9, 10 and 11 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and falls within category III of the categories applicable to the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (83K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 9/2004
        Date of publication: 19 November 2004
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the foregoing, the Working Group renders the following opinion: The deprivation of liberty of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi is arbitrary, being in contravention of article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and falls within category I of the categories applicable to the consideration of the cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (85K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion. No. 2/2002
        Date of publication: 23 January 2003
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the foregoing, the Working Group renders the following opinion: The deprivation of liberty of Aung San Suu Kyi is arbitrary, being in contravention of articles 9, 10, 19 and 20 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and falls within categories II and III of the categories applicable to the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group. 18. The Working Group is concerned that the Government not only did not comply with its Decision 8/1992 to remedy the situation of Aung San Suu Kyi, who was released from house arrest only in 1995, but again arbitrarily deprived her of her liberty from 22 September to 6 May 2002..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (87K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 12/2001
        Date of publication: 11 December 2001
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the foregoing, the Working Group renders the following opinion: (i) The deprivation of the liberty of Paw Oo Tun is arbitrary, being in contravention of articles 9, 19 and 20 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and falls within categories I and II of the categories applicable to the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group. (ii) The Working Group decides, furthermore, to transmit the information concerning the alleged ill-treatment of Paw Oo Tun to the Special Rapporteur on the question of torture..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (78K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion No. 25/2000
        Date of publication: 09 November 2000
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the above, the Working Group renders the following opinion: (a) The deprivation of liberty of James Mawdsley is arbitrary and in contravention of articles 9, 10 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and falls within categories II and III of the categories of cases submitted for the Group’s examination; (b) The revival of the earlier sentence of five years in a subsequent trial is also arbitrary and falls under category I of the categories applicable to the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (82K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion No. 2/1999
        Date of publication: 17 December 1999
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the foregoing, the Working Group renders the following opinion: The deprivation of liberty of U Tun Win, Kyi Min, U Hlaing Aye, U Myint Aung, U Aung Soe, U Kyaw Myint, U Thein Kyi, U Than Naing, U Myint Thein, U Aung Myint Thein, U Tha Aung, U Aung San Myint, U Aung Naing and U Tar is arbitrary, as being in contravention of articles 19 and 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and falls within category II of the categories applicable to the consideration of the cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (91K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion No. 20/1997
        Date of publication: 19 December 1997
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the foregoing, the Working Group renders the following opinion: The deprivation of liberty of Khin Sint Aung is arbitrary, as being in contravention of articles 9 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and falls within category II of the applicable categories to the consideration of the cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (59K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Decision 13/1994
        Date of publication: 18 December 1994
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the above the Working Group decides: The detention of the above-mentioned persons, is declared to be arbitrary being in contravention of article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and falling within category II of the principles applicable in the consideration of the cases submitted to the Working Group. 10. Consequent upon the decision of the Working Group declaring the detention of Dr. Ma Thida, Dr. Aung Khint Sint, Moe Tin et Kyaing Ohn to be arbitrary, the Working Group requests the Government of Myanmar to take the necessary steps to remedy the situation in order to bring it into conformity with the provisions and principles incorporated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (28K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Decision 62/1993
        Date of publication: 05 October 1994
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the above the Working Group decides: The detention of U Tin Oo and Thu Ra alias "Zargana", as well as that of Aung Lwin and Nyan Paw, despite their release, is considered to be arbitrary, being in contravention of article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and falling within category II of the principles applicable in the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (30K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Decision 8/1992
        Date of publication: 12 January 1993
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the above the Working Group decides: The detention of U Nu and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi is declared to be arbitrary, being in contravention of articles 9, 10, 11, 19 and 20 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and articles 9, 14, 19 and 21 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and falling within categories II and III of the principles applicable in the consideration of the cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (69K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009