Women migrant workers
|Title:|| ||Here, We Are Walking on a Clothesline: Statelessness and Human (In)Security Among Burmese Women Political Exiles Living in Thailand
|Date of publication:|| ||2012|
"An estimated twelve million people worldwide are stateless, or living without the legal
bond of citizenship or nationality with any state, and consequently face barriers to
employment, property ownership, education, health care, customary legal rights, and
national and international protection. More than one-quarter of the world’s stateless
people live in Thailand. This feminist ethnography explores the impact of statelessness
on the everyday lives of Burmese women political exiles living in Thailand through the
paradigm of human security and its six indicators: food, economic, personal, political,
health, and community security. The research reveals that exclusion from national and
international legal protections creates pervasive and profound political and personal
insecurity due to violence and harassment from state and non-state actors. Strong
networks, however, between exiled activists and their organizations provide community
security, through which stateless women may access various levels of food, economic,
and health security. Using the human security paradigm as a metric, this research
identifies acute barriers to Burmese stateless women exiles’ experiences and expectations
of well-being, therefore illustrating the potential of human security as a measurement by
which conflict resolution scholars and practitioners may describe and evaluate their work
in the context of positive peace."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Elizabeth Hooker|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Portland University (MS thesis)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (588K)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/open_access_etds?utm_source=pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu%2Fopen_access_etds%2F897&utm_medium=PDF&utm_campaign=PDFCoverPages|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||28 October 2013|
|Title:|| ||Problem Pregnancies
|Date of publication:|| ||July 2008|
|Description/subject:|| ||Low paid jobs for Burmese migrants are plentiful—but no babies, please...
MAE SOT, Thailand — "A pregnant woman sits on her hospital bed, loudly pleading for an abortion. In the same ward, another woman gazes with devotion at her own newly born child.
A third woman attracts my attention because of her dark eyes, wide and innocent, in a pale face, damp with sweat. Ma Khaing is her name. She says she also wanted to abort her baby, by taking the traditional purgative kay thi pan.
The herbal concoction only made her ill. The unborn baby was unharmed, although 23-year-old Ma Khaing was clearly not pleased to hear the news from medical staff at Dr Cynthia Maung’s Mae Tao clinic in the Thai-Burmese border town of Mae Sot. She looked downcast as a medic told her the baby would survive.
Ma Khaing earns 160 baht (US $5) a day working on a sugar cane plantation near Mae Sot. Pregnancy and the prospect of an infant to care for pose a real threat to her livelihood—and I’m not surprised when she says: “I don’t want the baby. I want to work and save money.”
Ma Khaing’s story is typical, according to Mae Tao staffer Naw Pine Mu. She has seen many abortion cases in her five years at the clinic.
“All are migrant women, working in the factories or in the sugar cane fields,” Naw Pine Mu says. Pregnancy and motherhood cost them their jobs and push them back into poverty..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Aye Chan Myate|
|Source/publisher:|| ||"The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 7|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||15 July 2008|
|Title:|| ||Caught Between Two Hells
|Date of publication:|| ||December 2007|
|Description/subject:|| ||The Report Highlights the Situation of Women Migrant Workers in Thailand and China...Executive Summary:
Ten BWU researchers eondueted 149 in-depth interviews with migrant women and girl workers in Chiang Mai, Mae Sot, Ranong (Thailand) and Rulli (China) between November 2006-March 2007. Women working in diverse areas of work, ethnicity and age were asked to participate in the research so that the report could represent a wide range of experiences... The research highlights the atrocious day-to-day working conditions and human rights abuses encountered by migrant women and girls working in irregular situations and provides insight into the occupational hazards and harms migrants from Burma face in Thailand and China. The interviews were designed to provide women workers with a much-needed opportunity to speak their mind and assert their own "voice" regarding their work, a power that was often denied in their host countries...
The research has showed that:
. Migrant women and girl workers from Burma have very limited
work opportunities in their host countries due to their irregular
status and are often relegated to working in so-called 3Ds jobs (dirty,
dangerous and demeaning) with little or no labor rights. . Migrant women and girl workers are doubly marginalized and highly
vulnerable to abuses of their human rights due to both their lack of
legal status and their gender. Security concerns for migrant women and girl workers are grave as
they regularly experience threats of sexual harassment and violence
while working in host countries...
The BWU strongly urges the SPDC and governments of the host countries to consider migrant workers' needs and basic human rights. BWU insists that international human rights law be upheld and states work to protect migrants working in irregular settings, by protecting their human and labour rights, and by providing channels for redress when they are abused.|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Burmese Women's Union|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (2.74MB)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs4/Caught_between_two_hells.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||05 January 2008|