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Individual Documents

Title: Chinlone (Cane Ball)
Date of publication: April 2014
Description/subject: "... If you have spent any time in Myanmar, you would probably have seen the usual looking combination of sport and dance known locally as Chinlone, which means “rounded basket”. The sport is said to be over 1,500-years old and was once played by Burmese kings. Known as “caneball” in English, this essentially non competitive game with no opposing team has no focus on winning or losing, but simply on the manner in which the game is played. You don’t hear that very often in the world of professional sport. Over 200 different methods of contacting the ball have been developed since the game was first invented, some of the most difficult of which are performed “blind” with the ball behind your back. The game consists of one team of six players who play a version of “keepy uppy” as they pass a woven rattan ball (the distinctive sound made by the ball as it is passed around adds to the aesthetic of the game) around in a circle (typically 22 feet in diameter) using their heads, knees and feet. One player stands in the middle of the circle to perform a solo; various moves reminiscent of dance are combined as the soloist is supported by those in the outer circle. Play stops once the ball has touched the ground before starting again as a new round. Played barefoot or in specialised shoes on dry, hard dirt (ideally, but any surface will suffice), players use six main points of contact with the ball: the top of the toes; the sole of the foot; the instep and outstep of the foot; the heel; and the knee. Of primary importance in chinlone isform, referring to the correct manner in which the hands, arms, upper body and head should be positioned. The intensely focused state of mind, said to be similar to that achieved in a Zen state of meditation and which is referred to as “jhana”, is known to be key to a successful performance..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: MYANMAR INSIDER
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vWSCzN5CNcw
Date of entry/update: 01 May 2016

Title: Football Coach Gets the Boot
Date of publication: March 2010
Description/subject: After just a few months on the job, the head coach of Burma’s national football team was sacked on Feb. 4 by the Myanmar Football Federation (MFF) for failing to bring success to the team.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 18, No. 3
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www2.irrawaddy.org/print_article.php?art_id=17935
Date of entry/update: 17 March 2010

Title: Get the Ball Rolling
Date of publication: June 2009
Description/subject: "Move over Liverpool and Man United! Burma’s first ever professional football league has kicked off THERE are no high-profile names like Cristiano Ronaldo or Leo Messi, and the stadiums might not generate the fever of an 80,000-crowd at Old Trafford or the Bernabeu. But the football-crazy Burmese public was finally given the chance to taste the atmosphere of live professional football matches when the new Myanmar National League Cup kicked off on May 16..."
Author/creator: David Paquette
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 17, No. 3
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 24 June 2009

Title: Betting on Soccer
Date of publication: April 2009
Description/subject: "EIGHT of Burma's leading tycoons, including Te Za of Htoo Company and Htun Myint Naing of Asia World - both of whom were recently targeted on a US sanctions list - plan to fund soccer clubs to compete in a new league, which may include foreign coaches and players. Each team will be formed for around 200 million kyat (US $204,080), according to a press conference held in Rangoon in March. The new Myanmar National League is expected to kick off in 2010..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 17, No. 2
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 02 April 2009

Title: Stroke of Genius
Date of publication: March 2008
Description/subject: A Canadian filmmaker gets a kick out of a Burmese sport where every player wins... "...A Burmese academic once observed: ‘‘No wonder our political culture is very antagonistic. Look at the games we have in Burma, like kite fighting. Almost all games are designed to crush your opponent.’’ His hypothesis overlooks Burma’s national game chinlone, which is the subject of the award-winning documentary “Mystic Ball.” Its Canadian director Greg Hamilton says: ‘‘The most amazing thing about chinlone is that it is not competitive. There is no opposing team, no scoring, no winners or losers..."
Author/creator: Ko Ko Thett
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 3
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 April 2008

Title: It’s Only a Game
Date of publication: January 2008
Description/subject: Chinlone is no competitive sport, but it’s winning prizes and accolades for Burma... "The spirited performance by Burma’s sepak takraw team in last month’s Asian Games in Doha o­n the Persian Gulf has swung the spotlight o­n to o­ne of the few sports in which the Burmese excel..."
Author/creator: Geoffrey Walton
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 15, No. 1
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 July 2008

Title: Lethwei (Burmese kickboxing, Myanmar boxing, Bare-knuckle Boxing)
Description/subject: "... Lethwei is a Burmese fighting style which is slightly similar to Muay Boran (a banned and brutal type of Muay Thai) also know as Burmese kickboxing or Myanmar traditional boxing. It originzted in Burma (Myanmar) and is many ways similar to its cousins from neighobring Southeast Asian countries such as Tomoi from Malaysia, Pradal Serey from Campodia, Lao boxing from Laos and Muay Thai from Thailand..." *More info, see the following search link: https://www.google.co.th/?gws_rd=cr,ssl&ei=TX4lV4yLLsuLuwTKw63ACQ#q=myanmar+lethwei&start=0
Language: English
Source/publisher: Full Contact Martial Arts
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: https://www.google.co.th/?gws_rd=cr,ssl&ei=kMAlV4SLN8y6uATDoKHQCA#q=myanmar+lethwei
Date of entry/update: 01 May 2016