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Birth registration in Thailand
This sub-section contains documents on the developing Thai policies towards registration at birth of children of migrants, refugees and hill tribe communities.

  • Articles and reports relating to birth registration in Thailand from inter-governmental, non-governmental and media sources

    Individual Documents

    Title: No Country to Call Their Own
    Date of publication: August 2009
    Description/subject: "Stateless Burmese children in Thailand are still being denied basic rights such as access to education and health services, and they are vulnerable to many kinds of exploitation and abuse, according to migrant rights advocates. It's estimated that there are about 1 million stateless children in Thailand, with about two-thirds thought to be children of Burmese migrant workers who come in search of a better life. In 2008, the Thai government amended the country's law on civil registration to allow all children born in Thailand, regardless of the legal status of their parents, to receive birth certificates. The change has been greeted by many in the international aid community as an important step forward. "Efforts are underway to ensure that the system is accessible and well known to parents, including stateless parents, local officials and communities," said Amanda Bissex, chief of the Child Protection Section of UNICEF Thailand. Under the revised law, the Thai government, which ratified the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), has instructed all state hospitals to issue birth registration documents to any baby born to any parents, regardless of their background. However, rights advocates say that in practice, hospitals often fail to issue birth certificates to the children of migrants. This is partly due to the fact that many parents simply don't ask for these documents because they don't realize how important they are for their children's futures..."
    Author/creator: Thawdar
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 17, No. 5
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 26 December 2009


    Title: Citizenship Manual - Capacity-Building on Birth Registration and Citizenship in Thailand (English)
    Date of publication: 2008
    Description/subject: THIS MANUAL IS BEING UPDATED FOLLOWING CHANGES IN THAI LEGISLATION AND POLICY... Table of Contents: Basic Knowledge: • Basic Information about Ethnic Groups in Thailand Chapter; Birth Registration for People Born in Thailand • The Birth Registration Process in Thailand; • Retroactive Birth Registration; • Birth Registration Forms... Management of the Personal Legal Status of Ethnic Groups in Thailand: • Adding Names to Household Registration (Tor Ror 13) 29; • Legal Assistance for Highlanders of Thai Nationality; • Legal Assistance for Alien Migrants; • Legal Assistance for Highlanders Born in Thailand but Ineligible for Thai Nationality Due to Immigrant Parents... Surveying and Issuing Identification Cards for People without Thai Nationality (Pink-Colour Card)... Surveying, Issuing Identification Cards, and Registering Undocumented Persons... Basic Rights of Ethnic Groups in Thailand: • The Right to Movement; • The Right to Start a Family (Marriage Registration); • The Right to Education; • The Right to Work... • Annex 1: Civil Registration Act (No. 2) 2008 (B.E. 2551) ... • Annex 2: Nationality Act (No. 4) 2008 (B.E. 2551)... • Annex 3: Official Letters on Residence Relocation (MoI) ... • Annex 4: Strategy on Legal Status and Rights Management
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: UNESCO
    Format/size: pdf (6.9MB)
    Date of entry/update: 24 December 2010


    Title: Citizenship Manual - Capacity-Building on Birth Registration and Citizenship in Thailand (Thai)
    Date of publication: 2008
    Description/subject: THIS MANUAL IS BEING UPDATED FOLLOWING CHANGES IN THAI LEGISLATION AND POLICY... Table of Contents: Basic Knowledge: • Basic Information about Ethnic Groups in Thailand Chapter; Birth Registration for People Born in Thailand • The Birth Registration Process in Thailand; • Retroactive Birth Registration; • Birth Registration Forms... Management of the Personal Legal Status of Ethnic Groups in Thailand: • Adding Names to Household Registration (Tor Ror 13) 29; • Legal Assistance for Highlanders of Thai Nationality; • Legal Assistance for Alien Migrants; • Legal Assistance for Highlanders Born in Thailand but Ineligible for Thai Nationality Due to Immigrant Parents... Surveying and Issuing Identification Cards for People without Thai Nationality (Pink-Colour Card)... Surveying, Issuing Identification Cards, and Registering Undocumented Persons... Basic Rights of Ethnic Groups in Thailand: • The Right to Movement; • The Right to Start a Family (Marriage Registration); • The Right to Education; • The Right to Work... • Annex 1: Civil Registration Act (No. 2) 2008 (B.E. 2551) ... • Annex 2: Nationality Act (No. 4) 2008 (B.E. 2551)... • Annex 3: Official Letters on Residence Relocation (MoI) ... • Annex 4: Strategy on Legal Status and Rights Management
    Language: Thai
    Source/publisher: UNESCO
    Format/size: pdf (1.9MB)
    Date of entry/update: 14 October 2009


    Title: Committee on the Rights of the Child, Thailand 2006. Examination of Thailand's 2nd report: Summary Record (1)
    Date of publication: 30 January 2006
    Description/subject: COMITÉ DES DROITS DE L’ENFANT Quarante et unième session COMPTE RENDU ANALYTIQUE DE LA 1113e SÉANCE... Deuxième rapport périodique de la Thaïlande... FRENCH ONLY.
    Language: Francais, French
    Source/publisher: United Nations (CRC/C/SR.1113)
    Format/size: pdf (121K)
    Date of entry/update: 20 February 2006


    Title: Committee on the Rights of the Child, Thailand 2006. Examination of Thailand's 2nd report: Summary Record (2)
    Date of publication: 30 January 2006
    Description/subject: COMITÉ DES DROITS DE L’ENFANT Quarante et unième session COMPTE RENDU ANALYTIQUE DE LA 1115e SÉANCE... Deuxième rapport périodique de la Thaïlande... FRENCH ONLY.
    Language: Francais, French
    Source/publisher: United Nations (CRC/C/SR.1115)
    Format/size: pdf (116K)
    Date of entry/update: 20 February 2006


    Title: Committee on the Rights of the Child, Thailand 2006 -- Concluding Observations
    Date of publication: 27 January 2006
    Description/subject: These concluding observations contain a number of comments and recommendations on refugee and other migrant children in Thailand, including the question of birth registration, the situation of domestic migrant workers etc.
    Language: English, French, Spanish
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: pdf (96K - English; 176K - Spanish; 186K - French)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/%28Symbol%29/CRC.C.THA.CO.2.En?Opendocument
    http://www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/898586b1dc7b4043c1256a450044f331/88a0d5457061da2fc125715e0048d5f9/$FILE/G0640937.pdf (French)
    http://www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/898586b1dc7b4043c1256a450044f331/1fb69816b0194a92c125715e0048d66d/$FILE/G0640939.pdf (Spanish)
    Date of entry/update: 17 November 2010


    Title: Oral statement to the Human Rights Committee regarding Article 24 of the ICCPR
    Date of publication: 18 July 2005
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Burma Peace Foundation
    Format/size: pdf (67K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 March 2009


    Title: Selected documents on low levels of birth registration for certain groups in Thailand -- Submission to the Committee on the Rights of the Child regarding Articles 7 and 22 of the CRC.
    Date of publication: April 2005
    Description/subject: CONTENTS: A. Background: Birth registration and the Hill Tribes, Burmese migrants and trafficking... 1) Vulnerability of children lacking birth registration in Thailand; 2) Birth registration of hill tribe communities in Thailand ; 3) Extracts on Thailand from "Lives on Hold: The Human Cost of Statelessness”; 4) Extracts from “No Status: Migration, Trafficking & Exploitation of Women in Thailand”; 5) Extracts from an NGO document on Burmese migrants; 6) An article from the Bangkok Post on birth registration; 7) UN and NGO letter on birth registration and trafficking to the Minister of Foreign Affairs... Thai Government Proposals: 1) Stateless People: Govt. to revamp processing of nationality applications; 2) Registering babies is just a start in life... B. Analysis: Birth Registration of Migrant Children Born in Thailand... C. Suggestions for the List of Issues... Annexes: A) Relevant Thai legislation (links to selected texts): 1) Thailand’s Nationality Act; 2) The Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand; 3) Immigration Act of 1979; 4) Links to other Thai legislation... B) Thailand’s initial report to the Human Rights Committee - The section on Article 24 (paras 612-623)... C) The Committee on the Rights of the Child: its concerns about birth registration in Thailand: 1) Thailand’s reservation on Article 7; 2) The CRC on the reservation; 3) Discussion of the reservation in Thailand’s 2nd report to the CRC.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Burma Peace Foundation
    Format/size: pdf (320K)
    Date of entry/update: 21 August 2006


    Title: Submission to the Human Rights Committee regarding Article 24 of the ICCPR - Selected documents on low levels of birth registration for certain groups in Thailand
    Date of publication: March 2005
    Description/subject: "This preliminary collection of documents is submitted to the Human Rights Committee in advance of its examination of Thailand’s initial report, to raise the issue of the groups in Thailand whose children, in violation of Article 24 of the Covenant, tend not to be registered at birth, and are thus exposed to statelessness and many forms of difficulties and abuse... CONTENTS: A. Background: Birth registration and the Hill Tribes, Burmese migrants and trafficking; 1) Vulnerability of children lacking birth registration in Thailand; 2) Birth registration of hill tribe communities in Thailand ; 3) Extracts on Thailand from "Lives on Hold: The Human Cost of Statelessness”; 4) Extracts from “No Status: Migration, Trafficking & Exploitation of Women in Thailand”; 5) Extracts from an NGO document on Burmese migrants; 6) An article from the Bangkok Post on birth registration; 7) UN and NGO letter on birth registration and trafficking to the Minister of Foreign Affairs... Thai Government Proposals: 1) Stateless People: Govt. to revamp processing of nationality applications; 2) Registering babies is just a start in life... B. Analysis: Birth Registration of Migrant Children Born in Thailand... C. Suggested orientation of the question(s) for the List of Issues... Annexes: A) Relevant Thai legislation (links to selected texts); 1) Thailand’s Nationality Act; 2) The Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand; 3) Immigration Act of 1979; 4) Links to other Thai legislation... B) Thailand’s initial report to the Human Rights Committee -- The section on Article 24 (paras 612-623)... C) The Committee on the Rights of the Child: its concerns about birth registration in Thailand; 1) Thailand’s reservation on Article 7; 2) The CRC on the reservation; 3) Discussion of the reservation in Thailand’s 2nd report to the CRC.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Burma Peace Foundation
    Format/size: pdf (321K)
    Date of entry/update: 21 August 2006


    Title: Registering babies is just a start in life
    Date of publication: 30 July 2004
    Description/subject: "Stateless people can look forward to some light at the end of the tunnel following Deputy Prime Minister Chaturon Chaisaeng's proposal that their children be issued with birth certificates. This step would help secure basic rights, on health and education, for hundreds of thousands of babies languishing in limbo in the border provinces because their existence has not been acknowledged by the state. It also would help Thailand fulfil its commitment as a signatory to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which calls for every child to be registered ''immediately after birth..."
    Author/creator: Editorial
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Bangkok Post
    Format/size: pdf (78K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 March 2009


    Title: BIRTH REGISTRATION Concern over kin of illegal Burmese -- Govt unable to verify number of newborns
    Date of publication: 10 January 2003
    Description/subject: The government has lost track of the number of newborn babies in the country as illegal foreign labourers do not register births with authorities, an Interior Ministry official said yesterday at the end of a conference co-organised by the UN Children's Fund.
    Author/creator: Saritdet Marukatat
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Bangkok Post
    Format/size: pdf (19K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 March 2009


    Title: You don't exist' Children of illegal immigrants are robbed of their basic rights because the authorities refuse to recognise their existence
    Date of publication: 23 October 2002
    Author/creator: Santisuda Ekachai
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Bangkok Post
    Format/size: pdf (128K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 March 2009


    Title: Concluding observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on Thailand's 1st report
    Date of publication: 26 October 1998
    Language: English, French, Francais, Espanol, Spanish
    Source/publisher: United Nations (CRC/C/15/Add.97)
    Format/size: html
    Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/(Symbol)/CRC.C.15.Add.97.Fr?Opendocument (Francais)
    http://www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/(Symbol)/CRC.C.15.Add.97.Sp?Opendocument
    (Espanol)
    Date of entry/update: 10 August 2004


  • Thai legislation and other official documents relating to birth registration in Thailand

    Individual Documents

    Title: Thailand: Directive on birth registration of 17 February 2009 (Thai)
    Date of publication: 17 February 2009
    Description/subject: This document updates the MOI Directive of 23 August 2008
    Language: Thai
    Source/publisher: Thai Ministry of the Interior (MOI)
    Format/size: pdf (1.4MB)
    Date of entry/update: 01 March 2009


    Title: Thailand: Directive on birth registration of 17 February 2009 (Burmese)
    Date of publication: 17 January 2009
    Description/subject: This document updates the MOI Directive of 23 August 2008
    Language: Burmese
    Source/publisher: Thai Ministry of the Interior (MOI)
    Format/size: pdf (118K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 September 2009


    Title: Directive on the application of birth certificate of 23 August 2008 (Thai)
    Date of publication: 23 August 2008
    Description/subject: Replaced by MOI Directive of 17 January 2009
    Language: Thai
    Source/publisher: Thai Ministry of the Interior (MOI)
    Format/size: pdf (511K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 March 2009


    Title: Thailand's Nationality Act (No.4) 2008 (B.E. 2551)
    Date of publication: 19 February 2008
    Description/subject: Given on the 19th day of February 2008 (B.E. 2551) Being the 63rd Year of the Present Reign
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Govt. of Thailand
    Format/size: pdf (79K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 March 2009


    Title: Thailand's Civil Registration Act (No.2) B.E. 2551
    Date of publication: 15 February 2008
    Description/subject: Given on the 15th Being the 63th Year of the Present Reign
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Govt. of Thailand
    Format/size: pdf (32K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 March 2009


    Title: Thailand's Civil Registration Act (No.2) B.E. 2551
    Date of publication: 15 February 2008
    Language: Thai
    Source/publisher: Govt., of Thailand
    Format/size: pdf (170K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 March 2009


    Title: Additional Page for the Manual on Birth Registration
    Date of publication: 2008
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Govt of Thailand
    Format/size: pdf (13K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 March 2009


    Title: Committee on the Rights of the Child: Thailand 2006: Written replies to the list of issues from Thailand
    Date of publication: 29 December 2005
    Description/subject: WRITTEN REPLIES BY THE GOVERNMENT OF THAILAND CONCERNING THE LIST OF ISSUES (CRC/C/THA/Q/2) RECEIVED BY THE COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD RELATING TO THE CONSIDERATION OF THE SECOND PERIODIC REPORT OF THAILAND (CRC/C/83/Add.15)*
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: pdf
    Date of entry/update: 28 January 2006


    Title: Letter from the Thai Ministry of Foreign Affairs concerning birth registration and trafficking
    Date of publication: 29 August 2005
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Thai Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    Format/size: pdf (24K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 March 2009


    Title: Thailand's initial report to the Human Rights Committee
    Date of publication: 24 June 2004
    Description/subject: "Thailand has prepared this report to implement Art.40 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 1966. It deals with the legislative, administrative and judicial process that serve to efficiently implement various provisions of the Covenant and shall be in accordance to the spirit of the Covenant. This report should be read together with the core document of Thailand which already narrates the general conditions of Thailand on geographical, economical, political, governmental aspects, including the legal system and judicial process in detail..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations (CCPR/C/THA/2004/1)
    Format/size: pdf (491K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 August 2004


    Title: Thailand’s Second State Party Report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child
    Date of publication: 07 June 2004
    Description/subject: Thailand’s Second Report On The Implementation of the Convention On the Rights of the Child Submitted to The United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child... by The Sub-committee on the Rights of the Child; The National Youth Commission; The Office of Welfare Promotion, Protection and Empowerment of Vulnerable Groups; Ministry of Social Development and Human Security... Contents: Introduction; 1. General Measures of Implementation; 2. Definition of the Child; 3. General Principles; 4. Civil Rights and Freedoms; 5. Family Environment and Alternative Care; 6. Basic Health and Welfare; 7. Education, Leisure and Cultural Activities; 8. Special Protection Measures.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations (CRC/C/83/Add.15)
    Format/size: pdf (923K), Word (884K)
    Date of entry/update: 10 August 2004


    Title: Thailand's Child Protection Act of 2003 (Burmese)
    Date of publication: 24 September 2003
    Description/subject: Unofficial translation (by UNICEF)
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Government of Thailand
    Format/size: pdf (112K)
    Date of entry/update: 16 January 2013


    Title: Thailand's Child Protection Act of 2003 (English)
    Date of publication: 24 September 2003
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Government of Thailand
    Format/size: pdf (172K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 September 2009


    Title: Thailand's Child Protection Act of 2003 (Thai)
    Date of publication: 24 September 2003
    Language: Thai
    Source/publisher: Government of Thailand
    Format/size: pdf (228K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 September 2009