"Mekong Watch is the Japanese NGO established in1993
to monitor and research social and environmental impacts of the Japanese development initiatives in the Mekong region, and to advocate more sustanable and people-centered ways..." It appears to be a consortium of NGOs, largely Japanese, which aims "...to create channels for local people in the Mekong region to participate in each decision-making process of development initiatives affecting their livelihoods, cultures and ecosystems. We will foster a deeper understanding of them and their impacts, and support local people
for benefiting their own development paths based on their local resources and rules.
1.Information gathering and analysis on problematic development plans.
2.Understanding social and environmental situation in Mekong River Region.
3.Feedback of relevant information both to Mekong region and Japan.
4.Developing ideas on information disclosure, participation and civil society.
Critical, in particular, of Japanese-funded dams.
Search for Myanmar..."Welcome to the official website for International Water Power and Dam Construction magazine (IWP&DC), where you’ll find essential information on the hydro power and dams industry, from the latest details on embankment dams, spillways and Kaplan and Francis turbines, through to flood management plans, tunnelling projects and generator refurbishment. New users who require more information should click here..."
Salween, Irrawaddy, Chindwin, Mekong, Sittaung, Kaladan, Estuaries including "Burma Dams map"...
o News Archives
* Burma Energy
o Oil and Gas
* Dam Projects
o Salween Dams
+ Upper Thanlwin
+ Downstream Impacts
o Yeywa Dam
o Paunglaung Dams
o Shweli Dams
o Tamanthi Dam
o Dapein Dam
o Kengtawng Dam
o Lawpita Hydropower
o Mekong Development
o Social Impacts of Dams
o Environmental Impacts of Dams
o Dam Safety
o Mangrove Loss
o About Dams
o Hydropower Guidelines
o Burma's River Law
o China's Dam Industry
o BRN Publications
o Press Releases
o International Campaigns
o Local Action
o Salween River
o Mekong River
o Shweli River
o Irrawaddy River
o Paunglaung River
o Downstream Impacts
"Large dams are being constructed on all of Burma's major rivers and tributaries by Chinese, Thai and Indian companies. The dams are causing displacement, militarization, human rights abuses, and irreversible environmental damage, threatening the livelihoods and food security of millions. The power and revenues generated are going to the military regime and neighbouring countries.
There is complete military control of energy development in Burma and no processes that allow for information disclosure, public participation or implementation of proper standards for dam-building. Neighbouring countries benefit from this situation by gaining electricity without bearing the social and environmental costs.
To ensure transparency and accountability, the recognition of rights, and social justice in energy development projects, a democratically-elected government is needed in Burma. All investments in large dam projects in Burma must be stopped until that time, when sustainable energy policies can be developed.
KRW is the forum for individual Karen and Karen organizations that are interested in and actively protecting the Karen social, economical, political and environmental aspects of life.
To safeguard and protect the environment of rivers;
To highlight the advantages and disadvantages of any projects on the rivers in our areas; and
To actively involve in the protection and conservation of the environment, human rights including the right to self-determination..."
Opposition to big dams from activist groups in East and Southeast Asia, including Burma. Pak Mun Declaration approved at the First East and SE Asia Meeting on Dams, Rivers and People. Country studies. Good links page.
"Southeast Asia Rivers Network-Thailand Chapter or SEARIN Thailand was launched on March 14, 1999, the International Day of Action Against Dams and for Rivers, Water and Life. SEARIN Thailand was established by academics and NGO activists who have been working on social and environmental issues in Thailand, particularly on the environmental and social problems caused by large dams, and state policies on resource management.
SEARIN Thailand is a campaign-based organization, working to support local community rights to their rivers, and to oppose threats to rivers and riverine ecosystems in mainland south-east Asia, such as large dams and water diversion projects..." News items and documents including: Evaluation of the EIA for the Proposed Upper Mekong Navigation Improvement Project; Preliminary Impact Assessment on Navigation Channel Improvement Project of the Lancang-Mekong (draft);
Agreement on Commercial Navigation on Lancang-Mekong River; EIA of the Navigation Channel Improvement Project of the Lancang-Mekong River;
Report on the Feasibility of the Waterway Improvement Project on the Upper Mekong River.
"The Burmese military government, together with
the government of India, is planning to build a giant
hydroelectric dam near Tamanthi on the Chindwin River
in northwest Burma’s Sagaing Division. The dam’s fl ood
reservoir will be almost 1,400 sq km, the size of Delhi, and
will permanently displace over 45,000 people, including
the entire town of Khamti. Already over 2,400 people have
been relocated at gunpoint from the dam site, without fair
The Tamanthi dam will adversely affect the biodiversity
and ecological balance of the entire Chindwin River, which,
as the largest tributary of the Irrawaddy, acts as a major
watershed for the whole country. Although the dam will
bring about massive changes to the Chindwin, the entire
dam building process has been shrouded in secrecy, and
there has been a complete lack of public participation in
Local indigenous Kuki people have been nourished by the
Chindwin for generations, and are determined to protect
the river from this destructive project. We therefore urge
the Burmese regime and Indian government to immediately
cancel the Tamanthi dam."
English, Burmese, Kuki
The Kuki Women’s Human Rights Organization (KWHRO)
pdf (English, 603K - OBL version; 804K - original)
"...Information in this article comes from the Ministry of Electric Power No 2 and differs somewhat from that of the previous article that was sourced from info provided by the EPM-1 which focuses mainly on the construction of hydropower dams and plants. I found the chart in the second article which shows how power demand is apportioned among the various classes of users to be of considerable interest...."Now, power plants only can generate 556 megawatts due to decrease in producing electricity of hydropower plants in summer when fewer water can be stored and decrease in generating capacity of some old power plants although the amount of electricity demand is 1555.25 megawatts. A total of 856 megawatts of electricity is being produced and distributed averagely including 300 megawatts from Shweli (1) Hydropower Plant of Ministry of Electric Power No (1). So, the Ministry of Electricity No (2) is distributing electricity alternately to the public from the national power grid by setting groups in order to keep balance between supply and demand of electric power." If this statement is correct, then half the power currently being generated at Shweli-1 is being transmitted over long distances to the central part of the country to supply power needs there...."...
"For development of the economy of the State,
the electric power plays a major role in building
infrastructures for the agriculture and industrial
sectors. Electricity is also essential for the daily life
of the people. Therefore, after 1988, the government
built power grid and main power supply
stations in the country as part of efforts for supplying
power to areas with no access to it and for timely
supply of power from increased generation to the
people..." CONTAINS TABLES AND PHOTOS
"...The rather surprising assertion in this article that the total MW capacity of Burma/Myanmar's electric power plants has passed the 2250-MW mark is apparently explained by the fact that Shweli-1 which has been exporting most of its power production to the PRC is now being included in the name-plate capacity of these power stations.
..."....."Now, Myanmar is on the path of
development to achieve success. New
factories and workshops operated by
private entrepreneurs and the government
have emerged one after another
reflecting progress in the industrial sector.
Likewise, the production capacity
rose in the agriculture sector. As a result,
farmers can use modern farming
Moreover, the urban areas have
expanded. The people are enjoying the
higher living standard, and their electricity
consumption rose many times. It was
estimated that the power consumption
has increased by 15 per cent annually in
the entire nation..."....INCLUDES PHOTOS AND TABLES
'The report “Roots and Resilience” by the Shan Sapawa Environment Organization focuses on the ecologically unique area of Keng Kham, a community of 15,000 that was forcibly relocated over ten years ago; the majority have fled to Thailand. Today the estimated 3,000 that remain are managing to maintain their livelihoods and culture despite the constant threats of the Burma Army and the impending Tasang dam.
Indigenous Shan cultural practices, river-fed farms, sacred cave temples and pristine waterfalls are depicted in photos from this isolated war-zone, together with updated information about the dam project, which has been shrouded in secrecy.
The 7,110 MW Tasang Dam is the biggest of five dams planned on the Salween River; the majority of the power from the dam will be sold to Thailand. Project investors include the Thai MDX Company and China’s Gezhouba Group Company.
Thailand’s support for the controversial dam was recently reiterated when the project was included in its national Power Development Plan.
Military tension has escalated in recent months in Shan State as the Burmese regime has been putting pressure on the United Wa State Army to transform into a “Border Guard Force.” Abuses linked to anti-insurgency campaigns are also on the rise.'
Updated September 2008...INTRODUCTION:
Amidst recent international interest in China’s moves to secure resources throughout the world
and recent events in Burma1, the international community has turned its attention to China’s role
in Burma. In September 2007, the violent suppression of a peaceful movement led by Buddhist
monks in Burma following the military junta’s decision to drastically raise fuel prices put the
global spotlight on the political and economic relationships between China and neighboring
EarthRights International (ERI) has identified at least 69 Chinese multinational corporations
(MNCs) involved in at least 90 hydropower, oil and natural gas, and mining projects in Burma.
These recent findings build upon previous ERI research collected between May and August 2007
that identified 26 Chinese MNCs involved in 62 projects. These projects vary from small dams
completed in the last two decades to planned oil and natural gas pipelines across Burma to
southwest China. With no comprehensive information about these projects available in the
public domain, the information included here has been pieced together from government
statements, English and Chinese language news reports, and company press releases available on
the internet. While concerned that details of the projects and their potential impacts have not
been disclosed to affected communities of the general public, we hope that this information will
stimulate additional discussion, research, and investigation into the involvement of Chinese
MNCs in Burma.
Concerns over political repression in Burma have led many western governments to prohibit new
trade with and investment in Burma, and have resulted in the departure of many western
corporations from Burma; notable exceptions include Total of France and Chevron3 of the United
States. Meanwhile, as demand for energy pushes many Asian countries to look abroad for
natural resources, Burma has been an attractive destination. India, Thailand, Korea, Singapore,
and China are among the Asian countries with the largest investments in Burma’s hydropower,
oil and natural gas, and mining sectors. Foreign direct investment (FDI) in Burma’s oil and
natural gas sectors, for example, more than tripled from 2006 to 2007, reaching US$ 474.
million, representing approximately 90% of all FDI in 2007. While China has embraced a foreign policy of non-interference in the internal affairs of other
states, the line between business and politics in a country like Burma is blurred at best. In pursuit
of Burma’s natural resources, China has provided Burma with political support, 6 military
armaments,7 and financial support in the form of conditions-free loans.8 Investments in Burma’s
energy sectors provide billions of US dollars in financial support to the military junta, which
devotes at least 40% of its budget to military spending, 9 only slightly more than 1% on
healthcare, and around 5% on public education.10 These kinds of economic and political support
for the current military regime constitute a concrete involvement in Burma’s internal affairs.
The following is a brief introduction to and summary of the major completed, current and
planned hydropower, oil and natural gas, and mining projects in Burma with Chinese
involvement. All information is based on Chinese and English language media available on the
internet and likely represents only a fraction of China’s actual investment.
The past decade has witnessed a tremendous surge in investment in hydropower projects in Southeast Asian countries on the part of Chinese corporations at the same time as the PRC continues to overdevelop its own hydropower
potential and environmental protection takes greater priorities within the country. In this paper delivered at at a China - ASEAN power forum attended by hundreds of executives of leading PRC power companies, Zao Noam and Piaporn Deetes of Thailand argue that the social and environmental impacts from hydropower development in the Mekong countries must be seriously addressed in order to mitigate damaging impacts to regional economies, food security and rural livelihoods. Without comprehensive and
careful consideration of hydropower's multi-faceted impacts, millions of small farmers and fisher folk whose livelihoods depend on the richness of the Mekong ecosystems will bear most of the costs of the infrastructure development. Civil society in the Mekong region urges the Chinese corporate
sector to conduct hydropower development in the region according to international standards which minimizes socio-economic and ecological harm.
"Introductory research conducted by the Burma Project over the past three months has found
more than 26 Chinese multinational corporations (MNCs) involved in more than 62
hydropower, oil & gas, and mining projects in Burma. The projects vary from small dams
completed in the past decade to planned dual oil and gas pipelines across Burma to Yunnan
province announced this year. Detailed information about many of these investments is not
made available to affected communities or the general public, and we hope that the
information here will stimulate additional discussion, research, and investigation into the
conduct of Chinese MNCs in Burma..."
English, Chinese, Burmese
pdf (English,3.21 MB; Chinese,1.8 MB; Burmese,1.84 MB)
This resource covers the visuals from a power point presentation by Myanmar delegates to an ASEAN energy seminar in September 2007. Organograms, otherwise unavailable, show the responsibilities of the two Myanmar ministries of electric power since they were separated in mid-2006. Charts provide lists of existing, planned and projected power stations and sub-power stations. They are accompanied by maps showing the current and projected transmission grids. The Myanmar presentation at the seminar can be usefully compared with similar presentations by other delegates from other ASEAN nations presently available on the website of Thailand's Joint Graduate School of Energy and the Environment... Includes lists of hydropower projects in operation, under construction and in the planning stage.
Joint Graduate School of Energy and the Environment of Thailand
Myanmar - Yeywa Hydel Power Project - 6 min - Nov 27, 2006
Myanmar Patriots Netwrok - www.mrtv3.net.mm/...
"The Yeywa Hydel Power Plant is situated near the Yeyamann Village, 31 miles southeast of Mandalahy. It will be able to generate Electrical P...all » The Yeywa Hydel Power Plant is situated near the Yeyamann Village, 31 miles southeast of Mandalahy. It will be able to generate Electrical Power by using the water flow of Myitnge River, 10 miles from the south of Mandalay, flowing into the Ayeyarwady River. Yeywa Hydel Power Dam is 2264 feet long and 433 feet high and is a Roller compacted concrete dam type blocks the MyitNge River. To construct the dam, water was diverted by digging a tunnel on the right side of the mountain range. There are two diversion tunnels in this dam. No.1 diversion tunnels is 33 feet wide and 1443 feet long and No.2 diversion tunnel is 33 feet wide and 1674 feet long . On completion of the dam, one of the two diversion tunnels will be blocked. The plant will be able to generate a total of 790 megawatts, with the installed four generators, each with a capacity of producing 179.5 megawatts. The turbine, installed there is a Francis, vertical shaft type. Yeywa Hydel Power Project has been implemented in cooperation with Myanmar Engineers and Foreign Technocrafts since 2001. Those responsible for the project are constructing with might and main to complete the project as soon as possible, in accordance with the set-standard. On completion of the project, annual generated electricity will be 3, 551 million kilowatt hours. For the Yeywa Hydel Power dam project, a Pozolan Plant is being constructed in Popa region, Mandalay Division to use Natural Pozolan to mixing the cement for construction of RCC concrete. On completion of the Natural Pozolan plant, the finished products from the plant are aimed not only for Yeywa Hydel Power Project but also for other National Grid Projects. Natural Pozolan Plant has been built from the beginning of August, 2003. Raw materials for the plant are available from Nga Yat Kone and KyaukTaGa Villages in Popa region, KyaukPaTaung Township. This plant can produce 1,000 tons of Natural Pozolans. We will be sending Pozolans for construction of RCC concrete dam of Yeywa Hydel Power Project in Mandalay Division. Yeywa Hydel Power Plant is a project that will benefit, not only for this region but also for the whole country.«..."
"The 790 MW Yeywa Hydropower Project is located on the Myitinge River (lower reach of Nam Tu River),
approximately 50 km southeast of Mandalay in central Myanmar. The project comprises principally of a 134m high
roller compacted concrete dam (RCCD) with a 790 MW power station located on the left bank at the foot of the dam
and an ungated spillway located in the central section of the dam for flood water discharges. Two concrete lined
river diversion tunnels are located in the right bank, one of these being subsequently converted into a bottom outlet
enabling reservoir drawdown and control on reservoir filling, maintaining of riparian flows to the river downstream
during the impounding period and in the emergency case of all turbines being closed down." .... Technical data, with maps, plans, photos.
U. Win Kyaw, U. Myint Zaw, Alan Dredge, Paul Fischer, K. Steiger
HydroAsia 2006 - Department of Hydropower, Ministry of Electric Power, Myanmar & Colenco Power Engineering Ltd, CH
BURMA ARMY ATROCITIES
PAVE THE WAY FOR SALWEEN DAMS
IN KAREN STATE...
"As Thailand proceeds with plans to join Burma’s military regime in building
a series of dams on the Salween River to gain “cheap” electricity, this report
reveals the atrocities being inflicted on the people of Northern Karen State to
pave the way for two of the planned dams.
The Upper Salween (Wei Gyi) Dam and Lower Salween (Dar Gwin) Dam
are planned to be built on the river where it forms the border between
Thailand’s Mae Hong Son province and Burma’s Karen State. Together they
will produce about 5,300 MW of electricity. It is estimated that the reservoir
for the Upper Dam will stretch for 380 kilometers inside Karen and Karenni
States of Burma.
Both dams are located at the eastern edge of Papun district in Karen State.
Once a Karen liberated area, during the last decade Papun has been the site
of repeated military offensives and anti-insurgency campaigns by the regime’s
troops to crush the Karen resistance. Before 1992, there were only ten Burma
Army garrisons in Papun district. Today there are fifty-four garrisons, including
twelve along the Salween river bank, fortified with heavy artillery.
The military campaigns have decimated the local population. 210 villages
have been destroyed, and villagers forcibly relocated to 31 relocation sites,
where movement has been strictly controlled, and villagers are subject to
forced labour and other human rights abuses. Tens of thousands of villagers
have fled to Thailand as refugees; others live in hiding in the jungle, where
they live in constant fear of being found and tortured or killed. In 1992,
there were estimated to be about 107,000 people in Papun district. Now this
has been halved to about 54,000, of whom about 35,000, or 60%, are
internally displaced in the jungles. The rest have fled to Thailand or other
parts of Burma.
Out of 85 original villages in the mountainous area of Eastern Papun
directly adjoining the planned dam sites, only a quarter remain. Most of the
communities who had farmed and traded along the Salween River have fled
to Thailand, and many farms in the fertile tributary valleys have been lying fallow for over a decade. Over 5,000 villagers remain hiding in the jungle,
facing severe food shortages and health problems. Roads to the planned dam
sites have been built using forced labour, and landmines have been planted
alongside the roads.
There has been no consultation with local communities about the dam
plans. If the dams are built, the floodwaters will permanently displace many
of the communities currently in hiding or living as refugees in Thailand. The
increased military security for the dam sites will also inevitably mean further
abuses against local populations.
The Salween dams fit into the ongoing strategy of the Burmese military
regime to use “development” projects to gain funding and collusion from
neighbouring countries to subjugate ethnic resistance movements, and exploit
the natural resources in the ethnic areas.
Karen Rivers Watch makes the following recommendations:..."
Livelihoods and Ecosystems along the Salween;
Politics and Power Behind Dam Building;
Conditions in Burma;
Wei Gyi and Dagwin Dams:
Salween Water Diversion Projects;
Avoiding Tragedy..."...This book calls for efforts to prevent destructive
large scale hydro-power development on the Salween, and also to find
low-impact models of development that can ensure a rising standard of living
for the communities it supports. Our hope is that the international community
will support the campaign to protect the Salween and its peoples in both Thailand
and Burma...Among the major river systems in mainland Southeast Asia, the dam-building
industry has successfully promoted construction of numerous dams on the
Mekong River and its tributaries, causing the destruction of the environment
and loss of livelihoods for millions of people. By contrast, the Salween River,
which like the Mekong originates in the Himalayas and runs parallel to the
Mekong for several hundred miles, remains the longest river in mainland
Southeast Asia that flows freely, uninterrupted by dams.
This does not mean that the Salween River has been free from efforts to
construct dams in its basin. In fact, hydro-power developers and dam builders
from countries such as Japan, China, Australia, and Thailand have long been
attracted to the Salween River basin, along with public institutions that have a
history of financing hydro-power development and dam construction such as
the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), and the Japan Bank
for International Cooperation (JBIC). Feasibility studies already have been
conducted at many sites, and the promoters of the dams are geared to start
construction at any moment without either consulting the local peoples or
considering the social and environmental impacts the dams will have. If current
trends continue, it is only a matter of time before the Salween will forever
cease to flow freely.
As with dam building in any other part of the world, the drive behind the plans
to build dams on the Salween River does not necessarily stem from the quest
for social or public welfare. While hydro-power may generate needed
electricity, much of the push to dam comes from the ambitions of dam builders
who stand to benefit from the consultancies, provision of equipment and building
contracts. Chapter 2 examines the political and economic motives behind the
plans to dam the Salween River.
Dams’ Harmful Impacts
Construction of large dams in any part of the world is known to inflict severe,
negative effects on the environment and the livelihoods of the local people,
and the planned dam and diversion projects in the Salween River system are
no exception. Moreover, the current situation in Burma will certainly further
aggravate such impacts for those communities living in the project areas in
Burma. Chapters 1 and 3 describe the situation along the Salween where the
dams are proposed. Given the negative impacts that are certain to occur,
alternative energy and water management options should be considered before
final decisions are made to dam the Salween River. Chapter 7 examines the
alternative options that are available, and presents recommendations to the
Salween Watch, Southeast Asia Rivers Network, Center for Social Development Studies, Chulalongkorn University
"Burma’s government has initiated a massive dam-building program. Yuki Akimoto details the projects and examines the possible ramifications. [also see table for complete details]
The military junta that rules Burma, the State Peace and Development Council, or SPDC, has a strong predilection for hydro-power plants. Council chairman, Sr-Gen Than Shwe, who hails from Kyaukse, through which the Zawgyi River flows, is widely rumored to believe himself a reincarnation of King Anawrahta (r. 1044-1077). The long-dead Pagan-era monarch was a prolific dam- and canal-builder, particularly along the Zawgyi, where he supervised the building of a series of weirs and canals to atone for killing his foster-brother Sokka-te..."
September 25, 2006
International River’s briefing paper outlines threats arising from the Mekong Power Grid scheme, proposed by the ADB, that would facilitate the construction of numerous hydropower schemes in Laos, Burma, and China’s Yunnan province to feed the power–hungry cities of Thailand and Vietnam. The briefing paper identifies alternative sustainable solutions that would satisfy the region’s energy needs, including the promotion of renewable energy technologies and the adoption of energy efficiency measures...."A quiet threat is brewing in the Mekong region. The Asian Development Bank and the
World Bank are planning a regional power grid and electricity trading system that
would undermine the fragile Mekong River ecosystem that millions depend on for their
livelihoods and survival.
Over 60 million people depend on the Mekong’s
muddy waters for fish, irrigation, drinking water and
many other critical human needs. The river is a symbol
of life and fertility, considered the lifeblood of
mainland Southeast Asia.
But for institutions like the Asian Development Bank
(ADB) and the World Bank, the river is a tempting
resource that must be exploited. Their plans to create
a regional power grid would lay the groundwork for
an ambitious program of hydropower development.
Power from some of the most controversial dam projects
in China, Burma and Laos would be transmitted
through the grid to the energy-hungry cities of
Thailand and Vietnam.
The ADB, World Bank and other institutions are
eagerly promoting the regional power grid despite
mounting evidence against hydropower.
Internationally, hydropower projects have caused
tremendous social and environmental problems and
have often failed to produce as much power as predicted.
In the Mekong region, many projects built
during the last decade have left a legacy of damaged
livelihoods, cultures and ecosystems in their wake.
This devastation will increase if the Mekong power
grid goes forward.
This paper outlines the threats posed by the regional
power grid, the poor experience with hydropower in
the basin, and opportunities for sustainably and equitably
meeting the region’s energy needs..."
Für den Energieexport nach Thailand will Burmas Militärregierung einen Großstaudamm bauen, für den Tausende Angehörige der Shan umgesiedelt werden sollen. Der Tasang Staudamm soll am Fluss Salween im zentralen Shan Bundesstaat entstehen. Teile des Gebietes sind bereits entvölkert.
Überblick der Geselschaft für bedrohte Völker über die Pläne zum Bau des Tasang-Staudamms und die Konsequenzen für die einheimische Bevölkerung und die Umwelt.
key words: Tasang-dam, forced relocation, consequences for local population, environment
forced labour, ILO, human rights, international economic relations.
Bericht über Zwangsarbeit in Burma. Der Artikel von Tom Kramer
beleuchtet auch den Aspekt von Auslandsinvestitionen und wie auslaendische
Unternehmen von der Zwangsarbeit profitieren.
Headwaters of the Salween River
"A Thai dam-building company is proposing the construction of a massive hydroelectric dam on the Salween River in northeastern Burma. Tens of thousands of local people have already been forcibly relocated from the site of the proposed TA Sarong dam and its reservoir, by order of Burma's military dictatorship.
"Recognising that there exist vast potential for joint utilization of energy resources, particularly hydropower and petroleum resources in the Union of Myanmar; for the mutual benefits of the peoples of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Union of Myanmar...
"The Government of the Kingdom of Thailand hereby agrees to cooperate with the Government of the Union of Myanmar in the implementation of the policy to sell power to Thailand, and would encourage the purchase of power by the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) or other agencies designated by the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand to buy up to I,500 Megawatt [sic] of electricity power from projects in Myanmar by the year 2010. (Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government or the Union of Myanmar on the Power Purchase Program from the Union of Myanmar, 4 July 1997)..."
Towards Ecological Recovery and Regional Alliance (TERRA) Watershed Vol. 5, No. 2,
"...Salween Watch was set up with the primary aim of preventing the building of harmful hydroelectric dams on the Salween River. The group members aim to inform and raise awareness among local and international communities about the impacts of the proposed hydropower development projects in the Salween Basin.
The coalition works to collect information directly from the affected project areas about the environment and the people. It also collects and analyses information from the media and from other credible sources. The information is used to raise awareness about the development projects and the potential effects on the environment. Both the positive and negative aspects of development projects among the affected communities are evaluated. The group strives to build the capacity of local activists, and supports local community initiatives to help organise against development projects that potentially harm their livelihoods. At the same time, much of the group's information and campaign activities are directed outwards, with the aim of alerting and motivating key sections of the regional and international community who are in a position to access more information, influence policy, and block the financing of the hydroelectric power projects..." Sections include: Salween River; Environmental Impacts; Social Impacts; Maps.
1. The Battle of the Dambusters - Saving China's Virgin Rivers, Shanghai Daily, May 3, 2004;
2. Killing Nujiang hydro project the right move, Xiao Hua, April 29, 2004;
3. Chinese Ambassador to Thailand met with the Thai Energy Minister, Matichon Daily, April 20, 2004;
4.China, in surprise step, puts large dam on hold, Jim Yardley, New York Times Friday, April 9, 2004;
5. China's premier reportedly orders restudy of controversial dam...., Asia News, April 9, 2004;
6 . Dam activists win first round, S.H.A.N, April 3, 2004;
7 . Nujiang hydropower development, Eastern Morning Post, April 2, 2004, translated by Kevin Li;
8 . Let the Salween flow, Hseng Kham, Salween Watch, 21 March, 2004;
9 . President Hu asked to stop the Salween dams, S.H.A.N. March 13, 2004;
10 . Opening survey on the Kok begins, S.H.A.N, March 12, 2004;
11 . Dam on China's Salween goes for it, S.H.A.N, March 11, 2004;
12 . Norway behind Mekong power plan, S.H.A.N., March 10, 2004;
13.UN agency hits China over dams, The Nation, March 2, 2004;
14.Thai-Burmese plan to dam two rivers, Bangkok Post, February 25, 2004;
15.NHPC to help set up 800 MW power plant in Myanmar, Times News Network, February 25, 2004;
16.Indian Power Company to Invest in Myanmar, Mike Hurle, World Markets Research, February 25, 2004;
17.No sign of dam on the Salween, S.H.A.N, February 25, 2004.
1. Egat told to suspend dam talks, The Nation, Oct 27, 2003;
2. China, Myanmar sign contract on power transmission, People’s daily online, October 10, 2003;
3. China to discuss Salween dam project, Bangkok Post, October 6, 2003;
4. Tough challenges face Egat chief ahead of IPO, The Nation, Sep 10, 2003
5. Activists protest Tasang dam, October 13;
6. Tough challenges face Egat chief ahead of IPO, The Nation, Sep 10, 2003;
7. Minefield delays goods on way to Burma, The Bangkok Post, October 6, 2003;
8. China Huadian Corp to lead Nu River (upper Salween); hydropower plan, Yunnan TV, June 14, 2003, and Yunnan Daily, June 15, 2003;
9. Relocation of Mae Khon Kha Refugee Camp: Voices of Refugees;
10. Petition to Chinese Government on Upper Salween Dams, December 16, 2003.
1. SALWEEN IS HOME TO NEW DAM ROW -
KULTIDA SAMABUDDHI -Bangkok Post, 9 April 2003;
2. DAM - A COVER-UP FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF STRATEGIC ROAD BY BURMA TO CONTAIN SHAN MILITANTS -
Asian Tribune, 24 April 2003;
3. BURMA TO GET POWER STATION (summary)-
Bangkok Post, 11 August 2003;
4. THAILAND TO LOBBY MYANMAR FOR SALWEEN POWER PROJECT-
Dow Jones Newswires, 24 April 2003;
5. TROOPS SURVEY DAM IMPACTS (summary)-
Bangkok Post, 7 August 2003;
6. PM WANTS KAREN PEOPLE, STORED LOGS MOVED OUT-
Yuwadee Tunyasiri, Bangkok Post, 25 April 2003;
7. BURMESE REFUGEES TO SHIFT FROM SALWEEN (summary)-
Bangkok Post, 02 July 2003;
8. BURMESE TO BE SHIFTED FROM CAMP (summary)-
Bangkok Post, 3 August 2003;
9. KRAISAK URGES GOVT TO ABANDON PROJECT-
Apiradee Treerutkuarkul, Bangkok Post, 25 April 2003;
10. HELP NEEDED IN SOCIAL AREA, SAYS SURAKIART (summary)-
Bhanravee Tansubhapol Achara Ashayagachat, Bangkok Post, 29 April 2003;
11. KRAISAK WARNS DAMS MAY BLUR BORDERLINE-
Wasant Techawongtham, Bangkok Post, 29 April 2003;
12. PAST ERRORS MAKE NO IMPRESSION ON EGAT-
Wasant Techawongtham, Bangkok Post, 2 May 2003;
13. MONEY SQUANDERED BY 'POOR PREPARATION" (summary)-
Preeyanat Phanayanggoor -Bangkok Post, 16 April 2003;
14. TOO MANY PROJECTS GONE BUST (summary)-
Kamol Hengkietisal -Bangkok Post, 20 April 2003;
15. INDIA SCOUTS FOR EXPLORATION PROJECTS IN MYANMAR (summary)-
Asian Tribune, 2 May 2003;
16. CABINET GIVES GREEN LIGHT FOR RATIFICATION OF POWER ACCORD-
Kultida Samabuddhi -Bangkok Post, 5 June 2003.
1. SALWEEN WATCH EDITORIAL: A BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE PAST 18 MONTHS;
2. EGAT TO TAKE PART IN SALWEEN DAM PROJECT;
3. MDX PLANS DAM ON SALWEEN;
4. 69 GROUPS OPPOSE SALWEEN DAM PROJECT;
5. DON'T STALL ON PRIVATISATION, EGAT TOLD;
6. SENATE PANEL WANTS DAM PLANS SCRAPPED;
7. EGAT BOARD RESIGNS EN MASS, AVOIDS CONTENTIOUS DECISION; ;
8. FUNDS SOUGHT FOR SALWEEN POWER PLANT;
9. FEASIBILITY STUDY INTO PLAN FOR DAM ON BURMESE BORDER;
10. BORDER REMAINS CLOSED AFTER RANGOON CHANGES MIND;
11. GOVT `PLAYS A ROLE IN ETHNIC CLEANSING;
12. THAIS WARY OF LATEST BURMESE BLITZKRIEG;
13. BURMA LOOKS ABROAD TO AVERT FOCUS AT HOME;
14. THREE-FOLD ERADICATION DEAL;
15. RESIDENTS ADVISED TO MOVE;
16. SENATE WANTS PROJECT NIXED.
1. EDITORIAL COMMENT;
2. DOZENS FEARED KILLED IN MYANMAR FLASH FLOODS;
3. FLASH FLOOD DERAILS MANDALAY-MYITKYINA TRAIN, DEAD, INJURED UNKNOWN;;
4. DAM COLLAPSED, CAUSED BY HEAVY RAIN AND FLOOD;
5. MORE INPUTS ARE NEEDED TO POWER A HYDRO FUTURE;
6. FIX ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE, OFFICIAL TELLS CONFERENCE
7. CREATING A STIR WITH 3 BILLION YEN-- AID TO BURMA. Japan sunshine policy to promote talks: US/EU due to human rights concerns, ill-timed;
8. FOREIGN MINISTER TANAKA IS CAUTIOUS ON BALUCHAUNG REPAIR;
9. JAPAN WILL GIVE $24 MILLION AID TO MYANMAR. THE INQUIRY MISSION WILL BE SENT IN MAY;
10. CONTROVERSIAL MON STATE DAM FINALLY COMMISSIONED.
1. JAPAN REWARDS BURMA FOR POLITICAL OPENING : Aid Linked to Junta's Talks With Opposition;
2. JAPAN DEFENDS DAM-AID OFFER TO RANGOON;
3. MYANMAR EXILES CALLS JAPAN AID "MORE HARM THAN GOOD";
4. $29M GRANT HINTS JAPAN READY TO TAKE LEAD ROLE;
5. BUSH URGED TO MAINTAIN SANCTIONS;
6. INTERVIEW WITH SENIOR OFFICER OF THE KARENNI ARMY ON THE SUBJECT OF JAPANESE PLANS TO GRANT FUNDS TO THE SPDC TO REPAIR THE BALUCHAUNG II POWER PLANT;
7. INTERVIEW WITH A KARENNI WOMAN DISPLACED FROM THE BALUCHAUNG HYDROPOWER PLANT AREA;
8. DAM MISINFORMATION AND THE PARADIGM SHIFT;
9. A REGION AT RISK: MEKONG'S FUTURE MUDDY.
[though this issue is marked as June 2001, I have dated is as May, since it contains no articles for June, and there is another June issue - DA]
1. JAPAN MAY PROVIDE AID TO MYANMAR;
2. US$17 M DEBT RELIEF IN JAPANESE GOVT GRANT;
3. LETTER OF CONCERN TO THE JAPANESE FOREIGN MINISTER REGARDING RESUMPTION OF AID TO THE BALUCHAUNG HYDROPOWER PLANT;
4. STATEMENT OF KARENNI EVERGREEN REGARDING THE PROPOSED JAPANESE GOVERNMENT GRANT OF 3.5 BILLION YEN TO THE SPDC FOR THE REPAIR OF LAWPITA HYDROELECTRIC POWER STATION NO-(2) IN KARENNI;
5. INSIDE SOURCES – LEAKS FROM THE CORPORATE STRUCTURE;
6. SALWEEN PROJECT DUSTED OFF;
7. CHAVALIT PROPOSES TO HELP DEVELOP BURMA: “Feeling comes from 'bottom of my heart';
8. CHINESE PLANNING TO DIVERT WATER TO THE NORTHWEST PART OF CHINA FROM UPPER SALWEEN, UPPER MEKONG AND UPPER BRAMAPUTRA?;
9. PLANT FUELS POLLUTION CONCERNS;
10. SHANS TAKE PART IN THE ANTI-POWER PLANT PROTEST;
11. STOP FIRES BEFORE THEY TAKE HOLD. Commentary on the Politics of the Tachilek Power Plant and the Environment;
12. DAM CREATES BANGLADESH, MYANMAR TENSION;
13. KAREN REBELS BOAST OF MARCH 5 CONQUEST: DAM HEAD TAKEN, THREE DEAD IN RAID;
14. SINO-THAI POWER SHARING DEAL STRUCK.
1. “STOP JAPANESE INVOLVEMENT IN THE TASANG DAM PROJECT”;
2. TASANG DAM PROJECT IN BURMA (Myanmar) Project Overview;
3. APPEAL FOR ELECTRIC POWER DEVELOPMENT COMPANY LTD.’S WITHDRAWAL FROM TASANG HYDROELECTRIC POWER GENERATION PROJECT (SHAN STATE, BURMA);
4. “REGIONAL COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT FOR THE SALWEEN RIVER”; “JAPAN’S “BURMA LOVERS” AND THE MILITARY REGIME”.
1. CONTROVERSY DOGS BURMA’S SALWEEN DAM;
2. ARMY WIPING OUT POPULATION IN THE FLOOD AREA OF THE DAM PROJECT, SAY VILLAGERS;
3. WAS APPLYING FOR LOGGING CONCESSION IN THE SALWEEN DAM AREA;
4. CHINA EXIMBANK HELPS FUND MYANMAR POWER STATION;
5. JAPAN AND PLANS FOR THE TASANG DAM ON BURMA’S SALWEEN RIVER;
6. IRRIGATION DAM CAUSES DISPOSSESSION OF MONS;
7. PAK MOOL COST MORE THAN IT'S WORTH.
1. From Scorched Earth to Flooded Earth: The Generals' Dam on Burma's Salween River;
2. REFUGEES REVEAL FURTHER DETAILS OF KUNHING KILLINGS;
3. JAPAN MAY DEFY BANS TO RESUME MYANMAR AID;
4. BIG QUAKE SHAKES NORTHERN MYANMAR;
5. PAK MUN DECLARATION;
6. A JAPANESE DAM FOR BURMA’S GENERALS: THE TA SANG DAM, FORCED LABOR AND THE JAPAN CONNECTION.
1. SHAN: Japan to Channel Funds Through China;
2. SHAN: Shan State Army - "Negotiations Have Not Begun;
3. KHRG: Interview with "Sai Harn";
4. LE MONDE DIPLOMATIQUE: Thailand Taps Burma's Rivers;
5. SHRF: Reports of Massacres.
6. AP: UN Labor Agency Sends Burma Into Deeper Isolation
7. PROBE INTERNATIONAL: Peddling Yesterday's Technology
8. THE NATION: Chuan Shows Tact on Diplomacy
9. MTBR: Intense Focus on Developing Sustainable Primary Industry
(1) TERRA: A Dam For Burma's Generals;
(2) PANYA CONSULTANTS: Hydropower Potential And Water Diversion Form The Salween Basin;
(3) SHAN: The Salween Dam Mineral Survey Continues;
(4) SHAN: Wa's Applying for Logging Concession In The Salween Dam Area;
(5) THE NATION: GMS Power to Kick-Start Laos Dam Project;
(6) IRN DAY OF ACTION - MARCH 14.
1. SALWEEN DAM FACT SHEET;
2. WHAT'S THE DEAL HERE?
- Some arguments to show that the dams and elated infra-structure projects between Thailand and Burma are not illusions;
3. Final Studies For Salween Dam Begun;
4. Alert issued over Salween dam decision;
5. YEYWA, BILIN AND THAUKYEGAT DAM FEASIBILITY STUDIES PRESENTED;
6. SHAN PEOPLE DON'T WANT THE SALWEEN DAM: SHAN VILLAGERS;
7. Statement of the Karen Youth Organisation on the 5 plans to build dams on the Salween River Karen Youth Organisation; Central Executive Committee;;
8. RADIO MESSAGE FROM SSA SOUTH ON THE DAM PROJECT;
9. MEETING POSITION ON THE PLANS BY THE BURMESE MILITARY REGIME TO BUILD A DAM ON THE SALWEEN RIVER IN SHAN STATE;
10. BURMA HINTS AT WORLD BANK TIES;
11. JAPANESE BUSINESS INTEREST IN BURMA;
12. JAPAN OFFERS TO HELP REFORM MYANMAR ECONOMY, SPECIAL MISSION COMING;
13. OBUCHI WILL TALK TO MYANMAR LEADER
14. ANALYSIS-JAPAN'S MYANMAR MOVES REFLECT CHINA WORRY;
15. Earthquake Hits China's Southwest;
16. WHAT YOU MAY BE ABLE TO DO ABOUT THE SALWEEN DAM PLANS:
Salween Watch suggestions and requests;
17. SENIOR LEADER MAUNG AYE STRESSES SELF-SUFFICIENCY.
1. STATUS OF THE SALWEEN (THANLWIN) DAM PLANS;
2. STATUS OF THE HYDRO POWER PROJECTS TO BE IMPLEMENTED FOR POWER EXPORT TO THAILAND;
3. Open letter regarding the "Workshop on Transboundary Waters: The Salween Basin" to be held in Chiang Mai, Thailand, September 13-16, 1999;
4. BACKGROUND TO SALWEEN WATCH OPEN LETTER;
5. POSITION OF KNU REGARDING PROJECTS FOR BUILDING DAMS ON SALWEEN;
6. MEETING WITH DAM BUILDERS;
7. "Thanlwin Basin Hydropower Development Study in Myanmar and Thailand including Transmission Interconnection between the two countries": SUBREGIONAL ENERGY SECTOR STUDY FOR ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK - Draft Report, June 1994; Norconsult International;
8. Letter Regarding EPDC From Japanese NGO;
9. POWER BILL HIKE;
10. The World Water Vision (of the World Bank, UNU, FAO, etc.);
11. Junta Fortifying the Salween Dam Site.
1. First Phase Of Salween Dam Survey Completed;
2. Plans to build the Salween Dam at Ta Sang in Southern Shan State;
3. JICA Interview Relating to the Kok-Ing-Nan Water Diversion Project;
4. Minutes of Meeting with JICA on Kok-Ing-Nan;
5. International Committee on Dams, Rivers and People
WCD UPDATE No. 2, May 1999;
6. First round of Salween Dam survey completed;
7. Northern Thai Hill People's Demonstrate for Rights to Citizenship, and use of Traditional Lands and Resources.
1. SALWEEN ACTION ALERT;
2. OVERVIEW OF THE SALWEEN DAM PLANS, 7th February 1999;
3. EMAIL NOTE: From an anonymous Shan source, 13 January ;
4. UPDATE ON THE SALWEEN DAM PROJECT IN SHAN STATE;
5. 3D VISION: THE SALWEEN UNDER ATTACK AGAIN;
6. FREE BURMA COALITION TO LAUNCH A CAMPAIGN IN PROTEST OF JAPAN'S RESUMPTION OF ODA TO BURMA;