Development in Myanmar - general articles
|Title:|| ||The politics of the emerging agro-industrial complex in Asia’s ‘final frontier’ - The war on food sovereignty in Burma
|Date of publication:|| ||03 September 2013|
|Description/subject:|| ||"Burma's dramatic turn-around from 'axis of evil' to western darling in the past year has been imagined as Asia's 'final frontier' for global finance institutions, markets and capital. Burma's agrarian landscape is home to three-fourths of the country's total population which is now being constructed as a potential prime investment sink for domestic and international agribusiness. The Global North's development aid industry and IFIs operating in Burma has consequently repositioned itself to proactively shape a pro-business legal environment to decrease political and economic risks to enable global finance capital to more securely enter Burma's markets, especially in agribusiness. But global capitalisms are made in localized places - places that make and are made from embedded social relations. This paper uncovers how regional political histories that are defined by very particular racial and geographical undertones give shape to Burma's emerging agro-industrial complex. The country's still smoldering ethnic civil war and fragile untested liberal democracy is additionally being overlain with an emerging war on food sovereignty. A discursive and material struggle over land is taking shape to convert subsistence agricultural landscapes and localized food production into modern, mechanized industrial agro-food regimes. This second agrarian transformation is being fought over between a growing alliance among the western development aid and IFI industries, global finance capital, and a solidifying Burmese military-private capitalist class against smallholder farmers who work and live on the country's now most valuable asset - land. Grassroots resistances increasingly confront the elite capitalist class' attempts to corporatize food production through the state's rule of law and police force. Farmers, meanwhile, are actively developing their own shared vision of food sovereignty and pro-poor land reform that desires greater attention....
Food Sovereignty: a critical dialogue, 14 - 15 September, New Haven.|
|Author/creator:|| ||Kevin Woods|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Transnational Institute (TNI)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (593K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||04 September 2013|
|Title:|| ||A NEW DAWN FOR EQUITABLE GROWTH IN MYANMAR? Making the private sector work for small - scale agriculture
|Date of publication:|| ||04 June 2013|
|Description/subject:|| ||"The new wave of political reforms have set Myanmar on a road to
unprecedented economic expansion, but,
even the playing field, the benefits of new
investment will filter down to only a few,
the backbone of the Myanmar economy
to benefit from
If Myanmar is to meet its ambitions on equitable
growth, political leaders must put
generate equitable growth
at the heart of their democratic reform
agenda. These must
address power inequalities in the markets, put
at the centre of new agricultural investments,
and close loopholes in law and practice that
leave the poorest open
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (266K-OBL version; 314K-original)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/ib-equitable-growth-myanmar-040613-en.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||01 July 2013|
|Title:|| ||Excluded - Burma’s Ethnic Nationalities on the Margins of Development & Democracy
|Date of publication:|| ||December 2012|
|Description/subject:|| ||"This report presents documented evidence that ethnic nationalities directly affected by development
projects in Burma are systematically denied their right to free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC).
While development related abuse has been well documented, no report has shed light on the staggering
scale of the widespread denial of participation rights in Burma...Our research shows that:
• Close to 90% of those surveyed did not receive any information about the development project before it was started by a decision maker. In all but 2 sites, not one person was given any information.
• Approximately 80% of the total survey population did not know who to contact or where to go
to find out more information about the project. In 3 sites, the figure soared to 100%.
• Less than 1% said a public forum was held by a project decision maker where the local community
• Of the total sample population, less than 2% felt they would not be punished if they sought information
about the project.
• Close to half (44.1%) felt unsafe seeking further information about the project, while 45.2% were
not sure whether it was safe or unsafe.
• Less than 1% experienced positive impacts from the development project...
This report is meant to serve as a warning of the risks entailed in denying participation rights as well
as a reminder to potential investors of their human rights obligations..."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Nationalities Youth Forum (NY-Forum) and Students Youth Congress of Burma (SYCB)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (1.9MB)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||15 May 2013|
|Title:|| ||United Nations Strategic Framework 2012-2015 [Myanmar]
|Date of publication:|| ||19 January 2012|
|Description/subject:|| ||Table of Contents:
Signatories: October 2011...
Acronyms and Abbreviations...
Map of UN offices in Myanmar...
Section I: Development Context...
Human Development and the MDGs....
UN in Myanmar....
Section II: The Strategic Framework...
Strategic Priority 1: Encourage inclusive growth (both rural
and urban), including agricultural development and enhancement
of employment opportunities ...
Strategic Priority 2: Increase equitable access to quality
Strategic Priority 3: Reduce vulnerability to natural disasters and
Strategic Priority 4: Promote good governance and strengthen
democratic institutions and human rights...
Section III: Resource Requirements...
Section IV: Management and Implementation....
Section V: Monitoring and Evaluation.....
Section VI: Operationalization of the UN Strategic Framework|
|Source/publisher:|| ||United Nations Country Team in Myanmar|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (2.6MB)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://unic.un.org/imucms/userfiles/yangon/file/UN_Strategic_Framework_for_Myanmar_2012-2015.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||21 November 2012|
|Title:|| ||A Comparative Study of State-Led Development in Myanmar (1988–2010) and Suharto’s Indonesia: An Approach from the Developmental State Theory
|Date of publication:|| ||2011|
|Description/subject:|| ||Abstract: "This article explores the institutionalization of state-led development
in Myanmar after 1988 in comparison with Suharto’s Indonesia. The
analysis centres on the characteristics and theory of developmental states
that emerged from the studies of East Asian countries like Japan, South
Korea, and Taiwan. In Southeast Asia, Suharto’s Indonesia was perceived as
a successful case and was studied by scholars in line with the characteristics
of the developmental state. The Tatmadaw (military) government in Myanmar
was believed to follow the model of state-led development in Indonesia
under Suharto where the military took the role of establishing economic and
political development. However, Myanmar has yet to achieve its goal of
building a successful state-led development. Therefore, this paper argues
that implementing an efficient and effective institutionalization is essential
for a successful state-led development (developmental state) in Myanmar."....
Keywords: Myanmar, Suharto’s Indonesia, state-led development, developmental
state, institutionalization....ISSN: 1868-4882 (online), ISSN: 1868-1034 (print|
|Author/creator:|| ||Sai Khaing Myo Tun|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs 1/2011: 69-94|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (230K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||21 August 2011|