Region and State Government
Region and State Government - analysis
|Title:|| ||State and Region Governments in Myanmar
|Date of publication:|| ||September 2013|
|Description/subject:|| ||Executive Summary: "Subnational governance institutions and central-local relations are critical to the
future of Myanmar, and they are undergoing significant change. This report aims to
inform policy-makers, political actors, donors, and other stakeholders about the new
state and region structures created under the 2008 Constitution, and their
relationship with broader governance, peace and decentralization processes.1 These
new subnational governments have started to open political space, but they face
significant limitations. While the presence of partially-elected bodies at this level is a
major reform, they face capacity constraints. The executive at state and region level
is still dominated by a top-down appointment process, and ministers have little
control over the administrative apparatus, limiting the effectiveness of the new
governments. State and region budgets are as yet small, and prepared in a way that
reinforces central influence. Further reforms are needed to align the new political
structures with administrative and fiscal arrangements, broaden the scope of
decentralization to more significant areas, and link it with wider democratization,
peace and public administration reform processes...".....Table of Contents:
A NOTE ON NAMES...
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES;
TWO: THE STATE AND REGION GOVERNANCE FRAMEWORK:
MYANMAR’S SUBNATIONAL ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE;
STRUCTURE OF STATE AND REGION GOVERNMENTS UNDER THE 2008 CONSTITUTION;
INTERPRETING STATE AND REGION GOVERNMENT STRUCTURES;
THE SUBNATIONAL GOVERNANCE REFORM ENVIRONMENT ...
THREE: THE ADMINISTRATIVE DIMENSION:
STATE/REGION DEPARTMENTS ;
UNION MINISTRY OFFICES AT STATE AND REGION LEVEL ;
MYANMAR’S ADMINISTRATIVE BACKBONE: THE GENERAL ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT...
FOUR: THE FISCAL DIMENSION:
STATE AND REGION BUDGETING;
POVERTY REDUCTION FUND;
STATE AND REGION REVENUES;
ASSESSING FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION...
FIVE: THE POLITICAL DIMENSION:
STATE AND REGION CABINET MINISTERS;
STATE AND REGION HLUTTAWS;
PUBLIC OUTREACH BY STATE/REGION GOVERNMENTS AND HLUTTAWS;
POLITICAL PARTIES AT REGION AND STATE LEVEL...
SIX: CONCLUSIONS AND THE ROAD AHEAD:
ASSESSING DECENTRALIZATION TOMYANMAR’S STATES AND REGIONS TO DATE;
DECENTRALIZATION AND THE PEACE PROCESS;
DECENTRALIZATION AND DEMOCRACY;
TOWARDS A STATE AND REGION GOVERNANCE REFORM ROADMAP?;
NAVIGATING THE POLITICS OF REFORM...
ANNEX I: REGION OR STATE LEGISLATIVE LIST (SCHEDULE TWO)...
ANNEX II: STATE AND REGION LEGISLATIVE ACTIVITY...
ANNEX III: TAXES COLLECTED BY REGION OR STATES (SCHEDULE FIVE).|
|Author/creator:|| ||Hamish Nixon, Cindy Joelene, Kyi Pyar Chit Saw, Thet Aung Lynn, Matthew Arnold|
|Source/publisher:|| ||The Asia Foundation, Centre for Economic and Social Development of the Myanmar Development Resource Institute (MDRI-CESD)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (170K-reduced version; 4.2MB-original; Executive Summary - 501K)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs16/Myanmar_State_and_Region_Governments-en.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||16 September 2013|