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Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings
The rules/bylaws/regulations etc. are in the hands of the various ministries rather than the hluttaws, but since they are so closely tied to specific bills (proposed legislation) and laws/acts (adopted legislation), they are included here for convenience. Where we do not have an official English title for a law, we may put in a provisional title. Bills are dated by date of publication, laws by date of adoption by parliament.

  • Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015

    Individual Documents

    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 23 January, 2015: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approves signing agreement on establishing ASEAN tourism secretariat, JICA loan
    Date of publication: 24 January 2015
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 23 Jan — Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approved proposals of the government to sign the agreement on establishing a regional secretariat for mutual recognition of ASEAN tourism experts and to receive Yen 10.5 billion loan for the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology from JICA on Friday. For signing the regional secretariat, Deputy Minister for Hotels and Tourism Dr Tin Shwe explained the benefits to be enjoyed form signing the agreement including enhanced capacity, competitiveness, cooperation for tourism promotion, lower restrictions, promotion of ASEAN region into a destination with international standards, development of tourism and services and human resources development. Then, the Hluttaw session approved the proposal. Afterwards, two representatives discussed receiving the loan from the JICA before Deputy Minister for Communications and Information Technology U Thaung Tin explained the arrangements. Later, the Hluttaw session approved the loan.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (69K)
    Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 22 January, 2015: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discusses messages of president on national education law
    Date of publication: 23 January 2015
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 22 Jan — The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discussed the messages of the president on the national education law and six-party talks on Thursday. Secretary of Joint Bill Committee U Saw Hla Tun read out the findings of the committee on the message. The committee recommended amending the national education law, adding that the contents of the message on the law are comprehensive and contribute to stability and peaceful learning environment and the Ministry of Education should come up with the amendment bill as soon as possible. Then, the secretary read out the response of the speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw to the president’s message on six-party talks. The response to the message urges the president to hold the first found of six-party talks in order to develop the framework and future tasks of the talks as soon as possible. Afterwards, the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session discussed the bill amending the law on salaries and emoluments of Hluttaw representatives sent back with remarks by the president and approved the bill as recommended by the joint bill committee. Later, a member of the committee read out the bill for holding a national referendum for amending the 2008 state constitution and invited representatives to take part in the discussion at next sessions
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (64K)
    Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 20 January, 2015: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discuss Japanese loans, Chemical Weapons Convention
    Date of publication: 21 January 2015
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Jan — The twelfth regular session of first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw convened Tuesday and discussed about borrowing10.500 billion yen loan from Japan International Cooperation Agency, and membership application of Myanmar for Chemical Weapons Convention. U Thaung Tin, deputy minister for Communications and Information Technology, explained the Japanese loan will be spent on telecommunication infrastructure and upgrading Internet connection in six different categories— installation of equipment for Yangon-Nay Pyi Taw-Mandalay fiber network; extension of fiber network in Yangon; setting up metro fiber equipment; expanding bandwidth of national gateway for international communication; upgrading IPv 4 internet system to IPv 6; establishing telecommunication infrastructure at Thilawa Special Economic Zone. The deputy minister added that while mobile telecommunication services are being operated by private companies, the state will operate landline and fax, banking network and special economic zone which need tight security in line with the standards of ITU/APNIC. JICA’s interest rate is 0.1 percent with a 10-year suspension period and 40- year term of settlement. Regarding the message of President U Thein Sein on membership application of Chemical Weapons Convention, Deputy Minister U Tin Oo Lwin for foreign affairs made explanation. The Convention aims to eliminate an entire category of weapons of mass destruction by prohibiting the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, retention, transfer or use of chemical weapons by States Parties. States Parties, in turn, must take the steps necessary to enforce that prohibition in respect of persons (natural or legal) within their jurisdiction. U Tin Oo Lwin said Myanmar has been a signatory to Biological Weapons Convention after the country has submitted applications at Geneva, Switzerland, on 1 December 2014 for membership to the representatives of the United States, the United Kingdom and Russia which are the founding members of the treaty. The CWC comprises a Preamble, 24 Articles, and 3 Annexes—the Annex on Chemicals, the Verification Annex, and the Confidentiality Annex. The Convention aims to eliminate an entire category of weapons of mass destruction by prohibiting the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, retention, transfer or use of chemical weapons by States Parties. States Parties, in turn, must take the steps necessary to enforce that prohibition in respect of persons (natural or legal) within their jurisdiction. All States Parties have agreed to disarm by destroying any stockpiles of chemical weapons they may hold and any facilities which produced them, as well as any chemical weapons they abandoned on the territory of other States Parties in the past. States Parties have also agreed to create a verification regime for certain toxic chemicals and their precursors in order to ensure that such chemicals are only used for purposes not prohibited. One-hundred and ninety states have given their consent to be bound by the CWC. Myanmar and Israel have signed but not yet ratified the treaty and four states—Angola, North Korea, Egypt, and South Sudan— have not accede to the treaty. State parties have destroyed 72,524 metric tonnes of chemical weapons accounted for 84.95 percent in the world. Deputy Minister U Tin Oo Lwin said Myanmar’s aspiration to apply for membership of CWC would be a gesture of protection against chemical not only in Asian region, but global community. Membership of CWC will take effect after 30 days of application to UN Secretary-General. U Tin Oo Lwin made a conclusion remark that CWC membership will benefit Myanmar through industrial sector, and a good impression of international community for global peace. Pyidaungsu Hluttaw agreed application for membership of CWC.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (75MB)
    Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015


  • Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Meetings in 2014

    Individual Documents

    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 27 November, 2014: [incl. upgrading fisheries & livestock breeding in Rakhine State + harm to livelihoods and the environment caused by construction of buildings + Electoral Risk Management Tool]
    Date of publication: 28 November 2014
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (64K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 26 November, 2014: [Taxes, increase in salaries of civil sevants (incl. police) and release of approved bylaws/regulations]
    Date of publication: 27 November 2014
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (124K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 26 November, 2014: [Taxes, increase in salaries of civil sevants (incl. police) and release of approved bylaws/regulations]
    Date of publication: 27 November 2014
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (124K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 25 November, 2014: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw accepts proposal for six party round - table talks [on amendment of the Constitution]
    Date of publication: 26 November 2014
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (125K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 24 November, 2014: Debate on constitutional amendment continues at Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
    Date of publication: 25 November 2014
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (125K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 21 November, 2014: Discussions on constitutional reform continue at Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
    Date of publication: 22 November 2014
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 21 Nov —The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on Friday approved an agre: ement to be signed between Myanmar and Russia to cooperate in military intelligence, followed by discussions on a report submitted by a committee responsible for the implementation of constitutional change. U Than Nwe of Budalin constituency suggested that decentralization will promise individual states and regions control over Discussions on constitutional reform continue at Pyidaungsu Hluttaw their own affairs, a federalism demanded by ethnic parties, calling for a constitutional change so that states and regions parliaments will enjoy the right to elect their regional chiefs. Dr Win Myint Aung of Sagaing Region constituency- 4 said that ideologies and policies keep changing in the world, hinting that the constitution should be amended in a way that will ensure a win-win situation. U Steven Tha Beit of Chin State constituency-4 called the constitution the lifeblood of the nation but pointed out the need to change undemocratic sections, citing the changing patterns of the country’s political, economic and social settings as well as of international relations. U Khin Maung Win of Lanmadaw constituency said that the constitution is meant to safeguard and promote the interests of the ruled, noting that a constitution is a political pact reached between the ruler and the ruled. He added that constitutional amendments should take into consideration political and economic reforms, national reconciliation and ethnic conflicts.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (134K)
    Date of entry/update: 24 November 2014


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 20 November, 2014: Constitutional amendments debated at Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
    Date of publication: 21 November 2014
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Nov — The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on Thursday continued its debate on the report of the Constitutional Amendment Implementation Committee. Defence Services Personnel Representative Lt- Col Moe Kyaw Oo was against conferring powers for defence, security, foreign affairs and finance to states and regions, arguing that new laws enacted by states and regions may contradict one another and this may undermine national unity. Representative Daw Phyu Phyu Thin of Mingala Taungnyunt Constituency said that a constitution that is simple and easy to understand helps the public and contributes to the stability of the country. Representative U Salai Khwe Yan of Chin State Constituency-12 said that a solution must be sought through negotiations in the interests of the nation amidst challenges and that section 436 of the constitution should be open to amendment. The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw is debating the report until 25 November.—MNA
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (124K)
    Date of entry/update: 24 November 2014


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hlutaw 19 November, 2014: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw continues debate on constitution
    Date of publication: 20 November 2014
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 19 Nov — The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session on Wednesday continued its debate on the report of the Constitutional Amendment Implementation Committee. Representative U Myat Ko of Sagaing Region Constituency- 12 was in favour of the system of appointing union ministers and deputy ministers from parliamentary representatives, saying that only then will the union ministers and deputy ministers be able to work in the interests of the people. Representative Daw Khin Thanda of Tada-U Constituency said that it is necessary to draw a timetable to undertake amendments of the constitution in six months ahead of the 2015 general elections by enacting a law. She highlighted that today, all are to focus on peace and democracratization of the nation by setting aside their interests. All the citizens have the rights to enjoy the rights of fair and standardized democracy. Defence Services Personnel Representative Lt- Col Thein Htut preferred conferring some legislative powers to state and region governments to contribute to equality and national unity of ethnic national races while another defence services personnel representative, Lt-Col Pe Kyaing, said he was against the insertion of the phrase “with the consent of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw” into Section 40 (c) of the constitution as doing so could hinder the commander in chief of defence services from exercising his powers in a state of emergency conferred by provisions of the constitution. Daw Mi Myint Than of Ye Constituency encouraged the representatives to amend Section 436 of the constitution while Representative Dr Aye Maung of Rakhine State Constituency- 1the representatives to try their best for emerging a constitution which is the most suitable to this day.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (136K)
    Date of entry/update: 24 November 2014


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 18 November, 2014: MPs suggest constitutional change for national stability, development and reconciliation
    Date of publication: 19 November 2014
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 18 Nov — The Pyiduangsu Hluttaw on Tuesday discussed the report submitted by a committee responsible for the implementation and amendment of the constitution. Daw Sanda Min of the Zabyuthiri constituency said that constitutional change is not a one-time matter and it needs amending step by step, adding that the purpose of constitutional amendment is to reinforce national reconciliation rather than instigating conflicts. She called for greater cooperation in changing the constitution within the framework of the law to ensure a better future of the country. U Sai Kyaw Zaw Than of the Shan State constituency- 2 pointed out that the report should be discussed with a focus on national stability and development, national integrity, national reconciliation and rule of law. Col Hla Win Aung, a defence services personnel representative, noted that amending the constitution is unavoidable as public desires change with the passage of time, adding that the constitution should be changed in national and public interests in line with the law, if any of its sections or articles limits the efficiency and freedom of executive, legislative and judicial branches. U Naing Ngan Lin of the Dekkhinathiri constituency expressed his belief that constitutional change will help the democratic system take shape, thereby propelling internal peace processes. He called for a compromise solution to national reconciliation and mutual understanding and trust. U Myint Tun of the Bago Region constituency- 10 suggested an increased role of people and their representatives in constitutional amendment.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (124K)
    Date of entry/update: 24 November 2014


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 14 November, 2014: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw raises objection to UNSG’s use of “Rohingya”
    Date of publication: 15 November 2014
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 14 Nov — The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session on Friday unanimously approved an emergency motion calling on the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw to object to the use of the term “Rohingya” by UN Secretary-General Ban Kimoon as it interfered with the sovereignty of Myanmar. The motion was put forward by Representative U Thein Nyunt of Thingangyun Township Constituency and seconded by Representative Daw Khin Saw Wai of Yathedaung Township Constituency. U Thein Nyunt said that under international law, all should respect the law of a host country and the UN secretary-general should not have used the word “Rohingya,” as the people it refers to have never existed officially in Myanmar and are not Myanmar citizens, adding that this might harm the stability of the democratic transition. Daw Khin Saw Wai also said that the use of the word hampers the stability between the Rakhine nationals and the Bengalis, explaining that there is no such race as “Rohingya” in Myanmar. The motion was unanimously approved by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. The UN secretary-general used the word at a press conference held at Myanmar International Convention Centre in Nay Pyi Taw on 12 November. Also Friday, the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session approved the Myanmar Aviation Bill and a bill for medical treatment for emergency patients.—MNA Source: The Global New Light of Myanmar, 2014-11-15
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (191K)
    Date of entry/update: 24 November 2014


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 10 November, 2014: Hluttaw approves Myanmar signatory in Basel Convention
    Date of publication: 11 November 2014
    Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 10 Nov— Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Monday approved Myanmar is to join the Basel Convention as a signatory like the other nine ASEAN member countries. The Basel Convention on the Control of Trans-boundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal was adopted in March 1989 by the Conference of Plenipotentiaries in Base, Switzerland. This international treaty was designed to reduce movements of hazardous waste between nations and to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries. During its 22th day session of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw also discussed allotment of additional union budget for 2014-2015 fiscal year, with explanation of Union Minister for Finance U Win Shein on the projects which will need more budgets. The union ministers also held discussions on the use of budgets for this fiscal year. U Win Than, representative of Thabaung Township constituency submitted his objection to the release of Pyiduangsu Hluttaw on the announcement of treasury sanctions of the United States against Pyithu Hluttaw representative U Aung Thaung on 31 October. U Win Than said that this Executive Order (E.O.) 13448 has tarnished the efforts of Myanmar parliament and parliamentarians on peace-making efforts, national reconciliation and rule of laws, as well as the bilateral relationship between the two countries. The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw accepted his objection, and decided to make further release on it."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (48K)
    Date of entry/update: 24 November 2014


    Title: Representatives divided on purchase of farm machinery in installments from South Korea
    Date of publication: 31 October 2014
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 30 Oct — "Pyidaungsu Hluttaw representatives had different opinions on purchase of farm machinery worth of US$ 100 million from Daedong Industrial Co, Ltd of South Korea..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (48K)
    Date of entry/update: 08 November 2014


    Title: Representative discuss additional budget at Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
    Date of publication: 30 October 2014
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 29 Oct — "Representatives discussed the additional budget for 2014-15 fiscal year at the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Session on Wednesday..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (48K)
    Date of entry/update: 08 November 2014


    Title: Ministries elaborate on reasons for more budget allocations
    Date of publication: 29 October 2014
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 28 Oct- "A new budget allocation bill came under discussion at the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw here on Tuesday, with union ministers and deputy ministers clarifying the principle of the bill and its initial debates on why their ministries need additional budgets..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (64K)
    Date of entry/update: 08 November 2014


    Title: Union ministers explain budgets and tasks of ministries at Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
    Date of publication: 28 October 2014
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 27 Oct— "Union ministers and deputy ministers explained the matters related to the additional budget for 2014- 15 fiscal year at the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Session on Monday. Union Minister for Finance U Win Shein explained the nature of original budget estimates and amended budget estimates, additional budgets, the duty and rights of the financial commission, procedures of budgets and additional budgets, management of public finance, financial policy, economic growth, government spending and requirements to include loans that have not been approved by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw in the budget. Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Zan Myint briefed the representatives on financial management of the ministry and measures taken for transforming the Myanmar Police Force into a modern people’s police force..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (59K)
    Date of entry/update: 08 November 2014


    Title: Additional budget allocations come under discussion at Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
    Date of publication: 25 October 2014
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 24 Oct — "The framework and fundamentals of the additional budget allocations bill for the 2014-2015 fiscal year came under discussion at the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on Friday. Daw Sanda Min, a representative of the Zabuthiri constituency, said that the attempt to ask for enormous amounts of budget allocations for the second time is likely to harm the budget rigidity, stating that allocations and appropriations are in unanticipated amounts and putting the blame on lack of scrutiny in the first budget allotment."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (59K)
    Date of entry/update: 08 November 2014


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw speaker urges representatives to debate constitutional amendment with positive attitude
    Date of publication: 23 October 2014
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 22 Oct - "Debating the constitutional amendment with goodwill will lead to good results, the speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw told Pyidaungsu Hluttaw representatives at the Hluttaw session on Wednesday..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (48K)
    Date of entry/update: 08 November 2014


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw to discuss bills
    Date of publication: 16 October 2014
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 15 Oct— "At the Pyidaungsu Hlutaw Session on Wednesday, the Bill Committee of the Hluttaw reported their reviews on two bills sent back from the president with remarks including the Amendment Bill of Constitutional Tribunal Law (2014) and the electricity bill..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (405K)
    Date of entry/update: 10 November 2014


    Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw discusses legal protection for two Myanmar nationals accused of murder in Thailand and peace process
    Date of publication: 14 October 2014
    Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 13 Oct - "The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Session on Monday discussed human rights and legal protection for two Myanmar nationals accused of murdering two tourists in Thailand and the progress of the peace process in Myanmar and international assistance for it..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (568K)
    Date of entry/update: 10 November 2014