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Home > Main Library > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Conflict in particular States > Armed conflict in Karen State > Armed conflict in Karen State - military activities and their impact on village life, including livelihood, health, education and land tenure security

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Armed conflict in Karen State - military activities and their impact on village life, including livelihood, health, education and land tenure security

Individual Documents

Title: Hpapun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township, January to June 2014
Date of publication: 03 December 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District during the period between January 2014 to June 2014, including arbitrary taxation, violent abuse, militarisation, forced labour and access to healthcare and education: Villagers report being subjected to arbitrary taxation by armed groups, such as the Tatmadaw and Border Guard Force (BGF), as well as the Karen National Union (KNU), when travelling by boat or car... Officer Tha Beh from BGF Battalion #1014 violently abused a village head, punching and hitting him. Officer Tha Beh’s soldier shot another village head in the hand after Officer Tha Beh learned they had summoned a villager on behalf of the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (218K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-44-s1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 December 2014


Title: Hpa-an Situation Update: Hlaingbwe, Nabu, Paingkyon and Hti Lon townships, May to July 201 4
Date of publication: 28 November 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Hlaingbwe, Nabu, Paingkyon and Hti Lon townships, Hpa-an District during the period between May and July 2014, including destruction of villagers’ farm land due to road construction and drug awareness and eradication efforts carried out by armed groups.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (7.3K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-57-s1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 November 2014


Title: Hpapun Situation Update: Lu Thaw Township, March to May 2014
Date of publication: 28 November 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Lu Thaw Township, Hpapun District, during the period between March and May 2014, including Tatmadaw activities, landmines, and the situation regarding civilian livelihoods, health care and education.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (186.9K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-38-s1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 November 2014


Title: Legal Memorandum: War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity in Eastern Myanmar
Date of publication: 05 November 2014
Description/subject: Conclusion: "...This memorandum describes a Myanmar military counterinsurgency offensive that involved the widespread targeting of civilians in northern Kayin State and eastern Bago Division. Myanmar Army soldiers fired mortars at villages, opened fire on fleeing villagers, destroyed homes, laid landmines in civilian locations, forced villagers to work and porter, and captured and executed civilians. The impact on the population was massive. Tens of thousands of individuals were displaced during the campaign and many were killed. In Thandaung Township—the area which was the focus of the Clinic’s investigation—nearly every village was affected by the Offensive and almost all of the villagers residing in black areas were forced to flee. Evidence collected by the Clinic during the investigation demonstrates that the actions of Myanmar Army personnel during the Offensive constitute crimes under international criminal law. These crimes include the war crimes of attacking civilians, displacing civilians, destroying or seizing the enemy’s property, pillage, murder, execution without due process, torture, and outrages upon personal dignity, and the crimes against humanity of forcible transfer of a population, murder, enslavement, torture, and other inhumane acts. The Clinic has also collected evidence relevant to the war crime of rape, as well as the crimes against humanity of rape and persecution. More research and analysis is necessary to determine whether these crimes could be included in a criminal case associated with the Offensive..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Human Rights Clinic at Harvard Law School
Format/size: pdf (850-reduced version; 4.4MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://hrp.law.harvard.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/2014.11.05-IHRC-Legal-Memorandum.pdf
Date of entry/update: 06 November 2014


Title: Thaton Situation Update: Bilin Township, May 201 4
Date of publication: 30 October 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Bilin Township, Thaton District during May 2014, including information regarding healthcare, education and villagers’ livelihoods. In Bilin Township there are three clinics that were established by the Karen National Union (KNU); Ta Meh Hkee, Ta Meh Hta and Meh Naw Ther, which mostly provide healthcare to villagers from the upper part of Bilin Township. However, these clinics are not able to treat all illnesses, in which cases villagers must travel to nearby towns for treatment. In Bilin Township there are two high schools, one of which receives support primarily from the KNU and one that is primarily supported by the Burma/Myanmar government.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (185K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-55-s1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 02 December 2014


Title: Thaton Situation Update: Hpa-an Township, January to June 2014
Date of publication: 30 October 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Hpa-an Township, Thaton District between January and June 2014, including the activity of military actors, infrastructure and industrial development activities conducted by private companies, non-governmental organisations (NGO) activities, education and healthcare: Battalion #1014 of the Border Guard Force (BGF) built a military camp in Hpah Paw village, Weh Pyah village tract on February 4th 2014... The Soe Naing Phyo Company had intended to build a cement factory in Meh Ka Raw village, but after negotiations with local Karen National Union (KNU) authorities the project was halted due to objections from local villagers. Similarly, the Mi Zaing Taung Company had a plan to build hospitals and schools in some mountain villages, but after consulting the KNU were not granted permission to proceed with the construction... Villagers reported a lack of coordination between the Burma/Myanmar government and KNU affiliated local authorities’ efforts to provide education services in the district... Poor coordination was also reported in the healthcare sector, as government health care workers came into conflict with NGO staff engaged in the distribution of medicine to local communities. - See more at: http://www.khrg.org/2014/10/14-37-s1/thaton-situation-update-hpa-an-township-january-june-2014#sthash.YbvHIqZ0.dpuf
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (218K)
Date of entry/update: 03 December 2014


Title: Hpa-an Situation Update: Hlaingbwe Township, April 2014
Date of publication: 29 October 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Hlaingbwe Township, Hpa-an District in 2013 and 2014, including villagers’ livelihoods, development projects, migration, landmines and Tatmadaw militarization: A Japanese non-governmental organization (NGO) entered Hlaingbwe Township and built a number of schools and hospitals, but villagers expressed concerns that their children did not have the opportunity to learn their own Karen language in the schools... A number of villagers who live on the Thai-Burma/Myanmar border have returned to their villages to work on their fields, but they are concerned about old landmines which were planted by the Tatmadaw... Villagers expressed that they are not confident in the ceasefire process, mainly due to the fact that the Tatmadaw has continued to engage in activities which local villagers perceive as preparations for further conflict throughout Hlaingbwe Township...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (153K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-30-s1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 December 2014


Title: Hpapun Interview: U A---, January 2014
Date of publication: 13 October 2014
Description/subject: This Interview with U A--- describes events occurring in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District, between November 2013 and January 2014, including forced labour, arbitrary taxation, land confiscation, violent abuse and explicit threats toward villagers: The interviewee reports that BGF Officer Tha Beh forces villagers to log, split and porter wood, as well as to make bricks for him. Furthermore, women and children are also required to work for him... The interviewee describes an incident in which several tons of his and other villagers wood was confiscated by Officer Tha Beh. The interviewee and other villagers were summoned to see Officer Tha Beh who then punched and hit them. They do not know why Officer Tha Beh violently abused them... After complaints were made to Officer Tha Beh regarding his abusive behaviour by a village elder, U A---’s forest land was confiscated. Officer Tha Beh threatened to cut off U A---‘s head in front of his fellow villagers if he dared to log in the forest area that was confiscated. U A--- has fled his village out of fear of Officer Tha Beh.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (235K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-56-a2-i1_0.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 December 2014


Title: Nyaunglebin Situation Update: Kyaukkyi Township, July 2014
Date of publication: 09 October 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Kyaukkyi Township, Nyaunglebin District in 2014, including Tatmadaw militarisation, villagers’ livelihoods and access to health and education: Villagers’ livelihoods in highland and lowland areas in Kyaukkyi Township are described... In 2014, the Tatmadaw has begun to increase the amount of rations it is transporting through Kyaukkyi Township, using 60 to 70 trucks per trip, as opposed to 40 to 50 trucks per trip in 2013... The Burma/Myanmar government has begun building a new school and clinic in Mu Theh village...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (223K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-43-s1_0.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 December 2014


Title: Hpapun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township, November 2013 to February 2014
Date of publication: 26 September 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District during the period between November 15th 2013 and February 15th 2014, including violent abuse and tax demands by Second Lieutenant Hpah Tha Beh, also known as Saw Tha Beh, of Border Guard Force (BGF) Battalion #1014: On December 30th 2013, soldiers from BGF Battalions #1013 and #1014 who were under the influence of drugs threatened a villager by pointing guns at him... On January 13th 2014, Second Lieutenant Hpah Tha Beh violently abused a villager after accusing him of failing to pay taxes demanded by the BGF, breaking the villager’s arm and demanding 300,000 kyat from him... During the reporting period, the Tatmadaw supplied and repaired army camps.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (183K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-16-s1_0.pdf
Date of entry/update: 05 December 2014


Title: Hpapun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township, February to July 2014
Date of publication: 25 September 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District between February and July 2014. During this period, local villagers reported challenges in securing their livelihoods following a poor harvest, information regarding access to healthcare, community efforts to establish a school, allegations of corruption against the Burma/Myanmar government and frustration with a lack of support from the Karen National Union (KNU).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (246K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-47-s1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 05 December 2014


Title: Dooplaya Situation Update: Kyonedoe Township, January to June 2014
Date of publication: 11 September 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Kyonedoe Township, Dooplaya District between January and June 2014, including military activity, arbitrary taxation, education, NGO activity, healthcare and villagers’ livelihoods: Expanding rubber plantations are decreasing the amount of free forest areas for villagers and livestock to use. Villagers use these forested areas to obtain food, bamboo and firewood... Many Burma/Myanmar government clinics in Kyonedoe Township do not have enough medicine and villagers with serious health issues must go to the nearest hospital where they have to pay higher fees for treatment, medicine and electricity and water usage. They must also bring their own bedding when receiving treatment at Burma/Myanmar government hospitals in Kyonedoe Township... Villagers raised their concerns that officers in Border Guard Force (BGF) Battalion #1021, situated in No Lon village, are involved in gambling and arbitrarily tax gambling business owners.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (463K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-36-s1_final_version.pdf
Date of entry/update: 05 December 2014


Title: Violent abuse and forced labour in Hpapun District, November 2013-January 2014
Date of publication: 10 September 2014
Description/subject: This News Bulletin describes forced labour and violent abuse perpetrated by Saw Tha Beh, a 2nd Lieutenant of BGF Battalion #1014 in Hpapun District, where local villagers reported being forced to transport wooden planks in support of a logging operation in the forest close to M--- village. Those who were unable to provide labour had their own wood confiscated and faced beatings. In order to avoid forced labour, most of the village’s inhabitants fled to other villages.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (159K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-6-nb1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 05 December 2014


Title: Hpapun Incident Report: Forced labour and violent abuse in Bu Tho Township, January 2014
Date of publication: 28 August 2014
Description/subject: This Incident Report describes events occurring in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District, including forced labour and violent abuse committed against villagers, by Saw Tha Beh, 2nd Lieutenant of Border Guard Force (BGF) Battalion #1014, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Maung Chit: 2nd Lieutenant Saw Tha Beh, of the BGF, setup military and logging camps around three villages, and forced villagers to transport wood using their ox-carts and cars, without pay... Villagers who refused to participate were verbally abused and beaten; in response a number of them fled to other villages in the area.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (222K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-56-i7.pdf
Date of entry/update: 05 December 2014


Title: Nyaunglebin Situation Update: Mone Township, November 2013 to January 2014
Date of publication: 29 July 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Mone Township, Nyaunglebin District during the period between November 2013 and January 2014, including military activities, villagers’ livelihoods, education, obstacles to free religious practice, healthcare and freedom of movement: The preliminary ceasefire agreement signed in January 2012 has had a positive impact, leading to a reduction in attacks by the Tatmadaw, but military activity such as the manning of checkpoints during the transportation of rations and troops along roads used by villagers is still on-going in some areas. On January 20th 2014, a Tatmadaw soldier pointed a gun at a group of villagers as they travelled home from a shopping trip to Kyaukkyi town... Villagers have reported fewer restrictions placed on their freedom of movement since the ceasefire. However, the Karen National Union placed travel restrictions on local villagers, insisting that they were not allowed to travel freely without permission letters. The Tatmadaw questioned villagers as they travelled past Tatmadaw checkpoints and army camps, with villagers from Hpapun District facing more questioning than villagers from other districts... Villagers report feeling freer to carry out agricultural livelihood activities due to a reduction in military activity, but some villagers faced food shortages after their paddy fields were damaged by excessive rain... Displaced people built a primary school, which they also use as a place of worship, as their original church was burned down by the Tatmadaw in the past.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (690K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-17-s1_pdf_0.pdf
Date of entry/update: 05 December 2014


Title: Dooplaya Situation Update: Kyainseikgyi, Kawkareik and Kyonedoe townships, October 2013 to January 2014
Date of publication: 08 July 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Kyainseikgyi, Kawkareik and Kyonedoe townships, Dooplaya District during the period between October 2013 and January 2014, and includes information regarding ongoing militarisation and forced labour; the environmental and other impacts of mining and rubber tree cultivation; education; and drug-related sexual violence: Beginning on November 11th 2013, during a troop rotation, Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalion #545 ordered S--- villagers to transport materials using their own tractors; villagers were forced to do this work without pay or the provision of food, but money for gasoline was provided... Coal and stone mining projects led to deforestation, the pollution of water sources used for drinking and bathing and to skin and lung problems... Villagers raised concerns regarding drug problems leading to killings, rape and sexual harassment. A disabled girl in W--- was raped by a man under the influence of drugs and subsequently became pregnant. A court case was filed and ended with a decision from the court sentencing the perpetrator to a jail term.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (807K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-20-s1_pdf.pdf
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014


Title: Hpapun District Situation Update: Dwe Lo Township, January to February 2013
Date of publication: 01 July 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Dwe Lo Township, Hpapun District during January and February 2013, including forced labour, arbitrary taxation, land confiscation, negative impacts of gold mining and an overall update on access to healthcare, education and livelihoods:- Tatmadaw IB #96 soldiers continue to force villagers to work; four villagers are required to carry materials for the soldiers each month... Villagers were coerced, including by a member of the Federal Trade Union of Kawthoolei (FTUK), to sell their land to be used in gold mining projects. Villagers reported environmental destruction and health concerns related to the impacts of gold mining... Increasing presence of KNLA checkpoints around gold mining sites has led to an increase in taxes for area villagers, but also to a decrease in the presence of Tatmadaw forces... Fewer human rights violations and a general improvement in access to land and freedom of movement were reported.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (627K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/13-19-s1_pdf.pdf
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014


Title: Papun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township, July to October 2012
Date of publication: 11 April 2013
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in November 2012 by a community member describing events occurring in Papun District, during the period between July 2012 to October 2012. It specifically discusses forced labour, torture, the activity of major armed groups in the Bu Tho Township area, including the KNLA, DKBA, Tatmadaw and BGF, as well as villagers' healthcare, education and livelihood problems. The report describes how BGF Battalion #1014, led by Commander Maw Hsee, continues to demand materials and forced labour from villagers in order to build army camps. The report also provides details about a 50-year-old L--- villager, named Maung P---, who was arrested and tortured by the Tatmadaw Military Operation Command Column #2, which is under Battalion #44 and commanded by Hay Tha and Aung Thu Ra, because he asked other villagers to deliver a letter that the Tatmadaw demanded he deliver. The report includes information about the different challenges villagers face in Burma government and non-government controlled areas, as well as the ways villagers access healthcare from the KNU or the Burma government. According to the community member, civilians continue to face problems with their livelihood, which are caused by BGF and DKBA activities, but are improving since the ceasefire; also described are problems faced by villagers caused by natural factors, such as unhealthy crops and flooding. In order to improve crop health, farmers are using traditional remedies, but the community member mentions that those remedies do not address the problems well. Moreover, this report mentions how villagers pursue alternative livelihoods during intervals between farming and to cope with food shortages, including logging and selling wood..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (271K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2013/khrg13b18.html
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg13b18.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 April 2013


Title: Nyaunglebin Situation Update: Ler Doh Township, November 2012 to January 2013
Date of publication: 09 April 2013
Description/subject: This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in January 2013 by a community member describing events occurring in Nyaunglebin District during the period between November 2012 and January 2013. Specifically, it describes the confiscation of more than 2375.14 acres of villagers' land by Tatmadaw Infantry Battalion #60. One villager was required by Light Infantry Battalion #264 soldiers to collect 250,000 kyat per month from the villagers who operate gold ore processing machines. The community member also describes how, despite the January 2012 ceasefire being in effect, the Tatmadaw continues to increase resupply missions in the area, which has created alarm amongst local civilians. As part of a CIDKP pilot project, 173 sacks of rice have been distributed to Muh Theh villagers. The community member reports that there was an increase in medical care in the area, where Tatmadaw medics travelled with armed soldiers to three towns in KNU-controlled areas in Kyauk Kyi Township, while FBR medics travelled with unarmed KNLA soldiers to Tatmadaw-controlled areas. In response to the land confiscation, villagers' reported their complaints by submitting a letter to the Burma government, however, no response had been received as of January.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (1.5MB
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2013/khrg13b17.html
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg_13b17_-pdf.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 April 2013


Title: Landmines shatter peace for villagers in eastern Burma
Date of publication: 08 April 2013
Description/subject: "To mark International Mine Awareness Day, Karen Human Rights Group published new data collected by community members in eastern Burma that describes the ongoing devastation caused by landmines. Each year the United Nations International Mine Awareness Day draws attention to the global impact of landmines and notes progress towards their eradication. Landmines continue to disrupt the potential for civilians to return to their way of life even after the conflict has subsided. Old landmines pose serious restrictions on villagers' ability to travel safely or resume farming and reconstruction of previously abandoned homes. Fatalities and injuries to people and livestock occur frequently, especially when there is no prior knowledge of the mined areas, making displaced communities particularly vulnerable."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (274K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2013/khrg13_landmine.html
Date of entry/update: 30 April 2013


Title: Incident Report: Violent abuse in Papun District, October 2012
Date of publication: 01 April 2013
Description/subject: "...The incident occurred on October 15th 2012 in Htee Th'Daw Hta village tract, Bu Tho Township, Papun District, when Saw P--- allowed his cow to graze on a vehicle road that had been closed by Saw Pah Mee, a Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) Commander. Upon encountering Saw P--- in the area under his control, Commander Saw Pah Mee blindfolded, punched, and left Saw P--- tied up overnight, as well as shooting one of his cows. The incident report also mentions the violent abuse of a Muslim villager, Saw L---, by Border Guard Commander #1014 Commander Maw Nee Hseh; details of this incident were described by the same community member in a previously published report: "Papun Situation Update: Bu Tho and Dwe Lo townships, September to December 2012," KHRG, March 2013..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (273K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2013/khrg13b15.html
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg13b15.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 May 2013


Title: Papun Situation Update: Bu Tho and Dwe Lo townships, September to December 2012
Date of publication: 08 March 2013
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in January 2013 by a community member, who describes events occurring in Papun District during December 2012. Specific abuses include arbitrary arrest of a villager by a KNLA officer, Border Guard demands for money, labour, and items, religious discrimination by the Border Guard and a Buddhist monk, violent abuse, looting and movement restrictions through road closures. The community member reports how one KNLA Commander named Saw Hpah Mee arrested and tortured villager Saw M---, as well as shooting one of his cows, while Saw M--- was travelling to trade cows in Bu Tho Township, on the Thailand-Burma border, but was unaware that the road he used was closed. This report also describes how Border Guard Battalion #1014 soldiers arrested a Muslim villager who was selling his cows on the Thai border, and subsequently looted his money, and how Border Guard Battalion #1013 soldiers forced villagers to work for them and restricting them from trading. Also described in the report is a meeting held on September 10th 2012, during which a Buddhist monk informed villagers of four rules that were created to prohibit Buddhists from interacting with Muslims, which were distributed by the Border Guard. Villagers then reported this to the KNLA and the Tatmadaw, who subsequently held a meeting regarding the rules and explained that religious discrimination should not happen. Details on the incident are published in "Incident Report: Religious discrimination and restrictions in Papun District, September 2012," KHRG, March 2013.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (164K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg13b7.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 March 2013


Title: Papun Situation Update: Lu Thaw Township, March to November 2012
Date of publication: 25 February 2013
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in November 2012 by a community member describing events occurring in Lu Thaw Township, Papun District during the period between July 2012 and November 2012. It describes how the Tatmadaw continues to resupply and repair military infrastructure despite ongoing ceasefire talks with the KNU, as well as make new preparations for gold extraction projects. The Tatmadaw also tried to build relations with civilians by providing free food placed beside vehicle roads, but fears of poisoned food and mistrust prevented the civilians from accepting the food. On March 19th 2012, soldiers from the Tatmadaw LID #66 killed two villagers, 30 year-old Saw K--- and 19 year-old Saw E---, and injured one, 28 year-old Saw N---, when they crossed a road in K'Kyay Hta; the Tatmadaw took the 160,000 kyat that the victims were carrying. The civilians in the internally displaced persons areas still do not dare to show themselves to the Tatmadaw, and continue to monitor troop movement along vehicle roads. The situation update also discusses villagers' concerns regarding the ceasefire, describing how civilians want peace so that they can return to work on their land. Currently, heavy rains in 2011 and crop maladies have caused food security problems for many communities. In response, communities support one another with food transportation and use of traditional medicine cooperatives, which are still developing local involvement and action plans..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf(409K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg13b2.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 March 2013


Title: Papun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township, June 2012
Date of publication: 12 October 2012
Description/subject: This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in June 2012 by a community member describing events occurring in Papun District, during June 2012. Specifically discussed are Nay Pyi Daw military operations along Papun-Ka' Ma Moo vehicle road. It includes details on the location and names of the different NPD military camps that are based along the Papun-K'Ma Moh vehicle road.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (252K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b79.html
Date of entry/update: 08 November 2012


Title: Papun Situation Update: Northern Lu Thaw Township, March to June 2012
Date of publication: 05 September 2012
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in June 2012 by a community member describing events occurring in Papun District, during the period between March and June 2012. Specifically described is the location of Tatmadaw operations in the twelve village tracts inside the Northern Lu Thaw Township, and the living conditions of the villagers from those village tracts. This report details military activities, such as sending rations and repairing bridges, and it also includes concerns the villagers have related to the military's activities and the permanence of the 2012 ceasefire. Other detailed information about the livelihood, healthcare, education, and the responsive strategies of the villagers, is also provided."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (268K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b75.html
Date of entry/update: 05 November 2012


Title: Papun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township, received April 2012
Date of publication: 10 June 2012
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in April 2012 by a community member trained by KHRG describing events occurring in Bu Tho Township, Papun District, prior to April 2012. It contains updated information concerning an increase in Tatmadaw and Border Guard military activity since the January 2012 ceasefire agreement with the KNU, including more frequent transportation of rations, building materials and weapons, and an increase in troop deployment. It describes how Tatmadaw LIB #341, #434, #340, and #642 have established permanent bases by the Papun vehicle road, and how troops reportedly remain stationed at numerous bases along the Thailand-Burma border. Land confiscation for infrastructure projects and the construction of military bases and plantations is highlighted as a significant issue, and continued natural resource extraction also serves to limit the amount of cultivatable land available. State-led development projects at the village level are also cited as contributing to land confiscation as a result of demands for land from government officials involved. Information is also provided on the construction of a new village in Meh Pree Township by a monk in command of approximately 20-30 soldiers. Villagers continue to face demands for food and goods, such as thatch shingles, and demands for forced labour. Significantly, demands for money, or for villagers to serve as soldiers and guides or to perform sentry duty, has reportedly ceased, and there has been a reduction in travel restrictions since January 2012. Some limited landmine clearance is reported to have occurred after villagers discussed the problem with a Tatmadaw officer. Other villagers have adapted to the reduction of suitable farmland by trading livestock and transporting food to sell. Villagers also refused to comply with demands for land in exchange for electricity, and confronted officials over the issue."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (566K)
Date of entry/update: 13 July 2012


Title: Sustained Tatmadaw resupply operations in Thaton, Nyaunglebin and Papun during ceasefire
Date of publication: 31 May 2012
Description/subject: "During the first three months after the January 2012 ceasefire between the Karen National Union (KNU) and the Burma government, villagers in Thaton, Nyaunglebin and Papun districts have raised concerns about Tatmadaw activity related to resupply operations, troop reinforcements and the transport of heavy artillery. LID #44 soldiers were deployed for road security purposes during military resupply operations at the end of January along the Bilin riverbank in Thaton District, while further north in Nyaunglebin District, LIB #702 transported rations, mortars and troop reinforcements, while Tatmadaw soldiers burned the vehicle road near three army camps. In Papun District, the vehicle road was repaired in early February before Tatmadaw soldiers transported supplies and troop reinforcements to camps in the area around Wa Klee Koo. The restricted scope of Tatmadaw operations since the ceasefire negotiations in January has allowed some villagers in Papun District to return to previously abandoned agricultural land. Villagers nonetheless complained of movement restrictions during military resupply operations, and expressed concerns that, because Tatmadaw troops have been reinforced and are now well-supplied, they will be in an advantageous position if the current ceasefire is broken."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (578K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b51.html
Date of entry/update: 25 June 2012


Title: Incident report: Four villagers forced to guide Tatmadaw troops in Thaton District
Date of publication: 19 January 2012
Description/subject: "The following incident report was written by a villager trained by KHRG to document human rights abuses, and details an incident that occurred in May 2011 during which Tatmadaw soldiers from LIB #216 arrested four villagers in Bilin Township, including two village headwomen, and forced them to accompany troops on active patrol. The two village headwomen told the villager who wrote this report that the Tatmadaw soldiers did not provide them with water nor allow them to return to their own village at night, forcing them to sleep in a monastery with the soldiers. One of the women said that the Tatmadaw soldiers told her that they were afraid they were going to be shot at by KNLA soldiers at the time she was forced to accompany them. The following morning, the four villagers successfully negotiated with the Tatmadaw commanding officers to secure their release and received 8,000 kyat (US $ 10.39) split unevenly between the four of them as compensation."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (269K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b5.html
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2012


Title: Dooplaya Situation Update: August 2011 to September 2011 [News Bulletin]
Date of publication: 09 December 2011
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in September 2011 by a villager describing events and military activities occurring in Kawkareik Township, Dooplaya District, during the period between August and September 2011. The villager describes the shelling of civilian areas by DKBA troops resulting in the destruction of a villager’s house, and villagers’ fears of violence by DKBA forces following the defection of a DKBA soldier to Tatmadaw Border Guard troops and his transport through the area around their community. The report also details demands for payment issued by KNU/KNLA Peace Council soldiers; discusses the death of a KNU/KNLA Peace Council officer by natural causes; and raises villagers’ concerns about the flooding of bean and corn plantations along the Moei River at the beginning of September which resulted in destruction of farmers’ seeds and crops."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (203K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2011/khrg11b53.html
Date of entry/update: 18 January 2012


Title: Villagers flee to avoid fighting and portering: Conflict continues to impact civilians in Dooplaya District
Date of publication: 04 December 2010
Description/subject: "Civilians in Dooplaya District continue to be impacted by conflict between the Tatmadaw and armed Karen groups, who have increased fighting in the area since November 7th 2010. The situation around Palu village remains highly unstable; in order to avoid conflict and conflict-related abuse, civilians are moving frequently between their homes and fields, more secure locations outside the village and along the Moei River, and both official and unofficial locations in Thailand's Phop Phra District. Residents of the community have told KHRG that they believe male villagers face a serious threat of being forcibly recruited as porters to support re-supply operations of Tatmadaw units deployed in the area, and that men in Palu are actively avoiding encountering Tatmadaw troops."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (494K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2010/khrg10b16.html
Date of entry/update: 19 February 2012


Title: Karen rebels go on offensive in Myanmar
Date of publication: 16 November 2010
Description/subject: While Myanmar's generals held their stage-managed elections, an ethnic rebel group forcibly seized control of two border towns and highlighted immediately the polls' ineffectiveness at achieving national reconciliation. Government forces on Tuesday forced the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) out of Myawaddy and Pyathounzu towns, but the attacks already had significant repercussions for the transition from military to civilian rule.
Author/creator: Brian McCartan
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asia Times Online
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 15 November 2010


Title: Hpa-an Situation Update: Paingkyon Township, July 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Paingkyon Township, Hpa-an District in July 2014, including access to healthcare and education, development projects, land confiscation and arbitrary taxation: The Burma/Myanmar government built clinics in several villages in Paingkyon Township, however villagers reported that these clinics do not have enough medicine and that patients are sometimes treated with expired medicine... The Burma/Myanmar government also built schools in several villages and staffed them with Burmese/Myanmar government teachers. Villagers must find and hire Karen speaking teachers on their own, in order for the Karen language to be taught in school... Border Guard Force (BGF) Officer Kya Aye confiscated uncultivated land from villagers in A---village, which he then measured into small plots and sold back to the villagers... Villagers reported being subject to arbitrary taxation and demands for food and guiding by the Karen National Union (KNU, however they were not requested to porter... Villagers also reported being subject to arbitrary taxation by other armed groups in the area, including the Tatmadaw, BGF and Karen National Union/Karen National Liberation Army– Peace Council (KNU/KNLA-PC)...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (162K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-58-s1_0.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 December 2014