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Sustainable/ethical tourism

  • Sustainable/ethical tourism (international)

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Tourism Concern
    Description/subject: "The UK's leading resource for ethical and sustainable tourism"....Search Results in TC For "burma": Burma: Not Black and White - Burma: Not Black and White... Daw Aung San Suu Kyi on tourism to Burma - Daw Aung San Suu Kyi on tourism to Burma... What others say on tourism to Burma.... - What others say on tourism to Burma.... News - To go or not to go? Burma update... News - New petition demands Lonely Planet withdraws Burma guidebook... Burma - Burma... News - Burma and Lonely Planet: A personal look back... Displacement of People - Displacement of People... Sign our Burma Lonely Planet guidebook petition - Sign our Burma Lonely Planet guidebook petition... Burma and Tourism: Facts and Figures - Burma and Tourism: Facts and Figures... Add your Voice to Calls for Burma Tourism Boycott - Add your Voice to Calls for Burma Tourism Boycott... Campaign with us - Campaign with us... Tsunami of Tourism - Tsunami of Tourism... Campaigns - Campaigns... Displacement - Displacement... Working conditions - Working conditions... Past Campaigns - Past Campaigns... FAQs for Tourists - FAQs for Tourists... News - Burmese refugees trapped by tourism.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Tourism Concern
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Tourism Concern's Ethical Tourism links
    Description/subject: About 30 links to groups/networks working on ethical tourism
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Tourism Concern
    Format/size: html
    Alternate URLs: http://www.tourismconcern.org.uk/resources/useful-links.html
    Date of entry/update: 03 March 2012


    Title: Tourism Concern's Related Organisations links
    Description/subject: Headings: UK development organisations and resources...TEN (Third World European Network)...Indigenous peoples
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Tourism Concern
    Format/size: html
    Alternate URLs: http://www.tourismconcern.org.uk/resources/useful-links.html
    Date of entry/update: 03 March 2012


  • Sustainable/ethical (?) tourism (Burma/Myanmar)

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: "Responsible Tourism Policy" für Myanmar
    Description/subject: "Am 27. September 2012 fanden in Nay Pyi Taw, der Hauptstadt Myanmars, unter dem Titel „Tourism & Sustainable Energy: Powering Sustainable Development“ erstmals offizielle Feierlichkeiten zum jährlichen Welttourismustag der Vereinten Nationen statt. Die Veranstaltung eröffnete der Vizepräsident der Republik der Union Myanmar, Dr. Sai Mauk Kham. Neben Kabinettsministern und ranghohen Beamten waren auch Vertreter ausländischer Botschaften und Nichtregierungsorganisationen anwesend. Der Welttourismustag der Vereinten Nationen macht aufmerksam auf das Potential von Tourismus und die Auswirkungen auf politische, soziale und kulturelle sowie wirtschaftliche Werte. Für Myanmar, das über 50 Jahre von der internationalen Gemeinschaft isoliert war und zu einem der ärmsten Länder der Erde zählt, ist der Tourismus eine der wichtigsten Einnahmequellen. Wirtschaftlicher Fortschritt und die Verbesserung der Lebensbedingungen für mehr als 54 Millionen Burmesen sind auch eine Voraussetzung für die Demokratisierung..."
    Language: Deutsch, German
    Source/publisher: Hanns Seidel Foundation
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 26 November 2012


    Title: Myanmar Tourism Master Plan
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Asian Development Bank (ADB) 46271-001:
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 26 November 2012


    Individual Documents

    Title: Myanmar Tourism Master Plan 2013 - 2020
    Date of publication: June 2013
    Description/subject: Executive Summary: "As a result of sweeping political and economic reforms, The Republic of the Union of Myanmar is enjoying unprecedented tourism growth. Between 2011 and 2012, visitor arrivals increased by 29.7% and, for the first time in its history, Myanmar received over 1 million international visitors. Other key drivers of growth include the rapid expansion of scheduled inbound flights, eased tourist visa-on-arrival privileges at gateway airports, improving business and investment conditions, and the growing demand for international travel among regional and long-haul markets. Although Myanmar possesses diverse and extensive cultural, natural, and historic assets, it has only begun to develop its enormous tourism potential. Due to the income- and employment-generating opportunities it creates, tourism is a global industry with special economic significance to developing countries. Consequently, the Government of Myanmar (GOM) has prioritized tourism development in its Framework for Economic and Social Reforms. To help ensure that tourism growth delivers broad and equitable social, economic, and environmental benefits, GOM adopted the Myanmar Responsible Tourism Policy in 2012. The policy is also endorsed by the Myanmar Tourism Federation (MTF), and is highly acclaimed by both civil society and development partners. The vision for tourism in Myanmar, as set out in the Responsible Tourism Policy is “we intend to use tourism to make Myanmar a better place to live in—to provide more employment and greater business opportunities for all our people, to contribute to the conservation of our natural and cultural heritage and to share with us our rich cultural diversity. We warmly welcome those who appreciate and enjoy our heritage, our way of life, and who travel with respect.” In this context, the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism (MOHT)—the agency mandated by GOM to oversee the systematic development of tourism—prepared the Myanmar Tourism Master Plan (the Master Plan). The Master Plan adopts this vision for tourism in Myanmar and the nine aims of the Myanmar Responsible Tourism Policy as its guiding principles. It sets out strategic programs, priority projects, and activities in a long-term implementation framework covering 2013–2020 and a short-term action plan for 2013–2015. The goal of the Master Plan is to maximize tourism’s contribution to national employment and income generation, and ensure that the social and economic benefits of tourism are distributed equitably. Key objectives for each strategic program are listed below."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Ministry of Hotels and Tourism, The R epublic of the Union of Myanma
    Format/size: pdf (2.9MB-reduced version; 4.32-0rigtinal)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.harrison-institute.org/Myanmar%20Tourism%20Master%20Plan%202013-2020.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 01 October 2013


    Title: Responsible Tourism in Myanmar: Current Situation and Challenges
    Date of publication: 10 December 2012
    Description/subject: "...There is an urgent need for a critical debate on mass tourism in Myanmar, particularly the viability and frailty of the Myanmar Responsible Tourism Policy that is soon to be framed by the Myanmar Tourism Master Plan. ‘One of the most fascinating aspects of travel in Myanmar is the opportunity to experience a corner of Asia that, in many ways, has changed little since British colonial times,’ says the Lonely Planet. It remains to be seen how this place of authenticity will be reshaped by mass tourism as a force of globalisation in the near future, and how the state of Myanmar will responsibly respond to the challenges brought about by mass tourism..."
    Author/creator: Ko Ko Thet
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Burma Center Prague.
    Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ecoburma.com
    Date of entry/update: 10 December 2012


    Title: Myanmar tourism after the boycott
    Date of publication: 23 November 2012
    Description/subject: "The touristification of Myanmar has begun. The Ministry of Hotels and Tourism declared tourism the country’s ‘national priority sector’ in its Responsible Tourism Policy (RTP), released in September. In the same month, the Ministry had signed the Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam Tourism Cooperation (CLMV), which aims to welcome 25 million visitors in the region, with four million ‘exchange visitors’ in each country, over the period 2013-2015. Myanmar’s tourism infrastructure was already strained by half a million tourists in the first half of 2012, compared to almost 400,000 in 2011. Myanmar’s membership of CLMV is not only un-legislated and un-democratic but it also ignores ‘value over volume’ advice by the UNWTO. As the ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party is widely expected to be voted out in the 2015 elections, the CLMV is seen as the former generals’ unscrupulous attempt to make hay while the sun shines..."
    Author/creator: Ko Ko Thett
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 25 November 2012


    Title: ADB, Norway to Help Myanmar Manage Tourist Boom
    Date of publication: 11 October 2012
    Description/subject: MANILA, PHILIPPINES – The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Norway will help Myanmar cope with an exploding tourism sector with a $225,000 grant designed to generate a sustainable tourism master plan. “Myanmar is undergoing a period of dramatic change, and the skyrocketing number of tourists visiting the country is already putting existing tourism infrastructure under enormous strain,” said Putu Kamayana, Head of ADB’s Extended Mission in Myanmar. “To ensure benefits of the burgeoning tourism industry are sustainable and extend to more of Myanmar’s people, the country needs a comprehensive plan that respects culture and the environment.”
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 26 November 2012


    Title: Myanmar Responsible Tourism Policy (English and Burmese)
    Date of publication: 27 September 2012
    Description/subject: Contents: Minister's Introduction... Background... Responsible Tourism... Statement of Commitment... Our Vision... Our Aims... Action Points... Map of Myanmar... Stakeholder Involvement... Monitoring, Reporting and Revision
    Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Ministry of Hotels and Tourism, Myanmar Touriam Federation, Hanns Seidel Foundation (Germany)
    Format/size: pdf (English: 1.8MB-OBL version; 5.16MB-original. Burmese-3.4MB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs14/Myanmar_Responsible_Tourism_Policy-bu-red.pdf
    http://www.tourismtransparency.org/sites/default/files/Myanmar%20Responsible%20Tourism%20Policy%202012.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 25 November 2012


    Title: The Draft Responsible Tourism Policy for Myanmar formulated successfully
    Date of publication: June 2012
    Description/subject: "From the 22nd of May to the 5th of June in workshops all over Myanmar and in a Concluding Conference more than 350 participants from public and private tourism sector expressed that tourism should be developed in a responsible and sustainable way. Local communities, local authorities and local initiatives should be integrated as much as possible. Additionally it was articulated to raise awareness campaigns about the (negative) impacts of tourism, especially focusing on child sex tourism and human trafficking. The Deputy-Minister for Hotels and Tourism, H.E. U Htay Aung, opening the concluding conference said in Nay Pyi Taw on 5th June: “The Ministry has repeatedly stated its commitment to uphold the principles of Responsible Tourism. We are fully aware that the success of tourism can be judged by the net benefit to the country and its people.” The aim he said: “ is a simple one – to encourage every travel company, operator, hotel and destination to take real action and show consumers that they not only care about the sustainability of the tourism industry in Myanmar but also the communities that are so often negatively affected by mass tourism. Responsible Tourism can be used to get competitive advantage..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Hanns Seidel Foundation
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 26 November 2012


    Title: Nay Pyi Taw Responsible Tourism Statement Taking Responsibility for Tourism – A working week on responsible tourism planning in Myanmar
    Description/subject: "This statement is the outcome of the Taking Responsibility for Tourism – A working week on responsible tourism planning in Myanmar. Prepared by Professor Harold Goodwin, Nicole Haeusler, Achim Munz and the public and private sector of the Myanmar tourism industry."
    Author/creator: Professor Harold Goodwin, Nicole Haeusler, Achim Munz
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: http://mekongtourism.org
    Format/size: pdf (81K)
    Date of entry/update: 26 November 2012