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Climate Change - global: science (causes and effects), general

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: "Nature Climate Change"
Description/subject: "Understanding the Earth's changing climate, and its consequences, is a scientific challenge of enormous importance to society. Nature Climate Change is a monthly journal dedicated to publishing the most significant and cutting-edge research on the science of climate change, its impacts and wider implications for the economy, society and policy. Nature Climate Change publishes original research across the physical and social sciences and strives to synthesize interdisciplinary research. The journal follows the standards for high-quality science set by all Nature-branded journals and is committed to publishing top-tier original research in all areas relating to climate change through a fair and rigorous review process, access to a broad readership, high standards of copy editing and production, rapid publication and independence from academic societies and others with vested interests. In addition to publishing original research, Nature Climate Change provides a forum for discussion among leading experts through the publication of opinion, analysis and review articles. It also highlights the most important developments in the field through Research Highlights and publishes original reporting from renowned science journalists in the form of feature articles..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Nature"
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 09 July 2014


Title: "RealClimate" - Climate science from climate scientists
Description/subject: start here... home... about... data sources... RC wiki... contributors... index.. archive
Language: English
Source/publisher: "RealClimate"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 21 June 2012


Title: Climate Central
Description/subject: Mission Statement: "Communicate the science and effects of climate change to the public and decision-makers, and inspire Americans to support action to stabilize the climate, prepare for impacts of climate change, or some combination of the two"... What We Do: "Climate Central conducts scientific research on climate change and informs the public of key findings. Our public outreach is informed by our own scientific research and that of other leading climate scientists. Our scientists publish, and our journalists report on climate science, energy, impacts such as sea level rise, climate change attribution and related topics. Climate Central is not an advocacy organization. We do not lobby, and we do not support any specific legislation, policy or bill"... How We Do It: "Climate Central scientists publish peer-reviewed research on climate science; energy; impacts such as sea level rise; climate attribution and more. Our work is not confined to scientific journals. We investigate and synthesize weather and climate data and science to equip local communities and media with the tools they need to visualize the threat of climate change and the need for practical solutions".
Language: English
Source/publisher: Climate Central
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 July 2012


Title: Climate Change (Wikipedia)
Description/subject: "Climate change is a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions of years. It may be a change in average weather conditions, or in the distribution of weather around the average conditions (i.e., more or fewer extreme weather events). Climate change is caused by factors such as biotic processes, variations in solar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics, and volcanic eruptions. Certain human activities have also been identified as significant causes of recent climate change, often referred to as "global warming"..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 08 July 2014


Title: Global warming
Description/subject: "Global warming is the rise in the average temperature of Earth's atmosphere and oceans since the late 19th century and its projected continuation. Since the early 20th century, Earth's mean surface temperature has increased by about 0.8 °C (1.4 °F), with about two-thirds of the increase occurring since 1980. Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and scientists are more than 90% certain that it is primarily caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases produced by human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. These findings are recognized by the national science academies of all major industrialized nations. Climate model projections are summarized in the 2007 Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). They indicate that during the 21st century the global surface temperature is likely to rise a further 1.1 to 2.9 °C (2 to 5.2 °F) for their lowest emissions scenario and 2.4 to 6.4 °C (4.3 to 11.5 °F) for their highest. The ranges of these estimates arise from the use of models with differing sensitivity to greenhouse gas concentrations..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html, pdf, zip,
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2012


Title: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Description/subject: "The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the leading international body for the assessment of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of knowledge in climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts. The UN General Assembly endorsed the action by WMO and UNEP in jointly establishing the IPCC. The IPCC is a scientific body. It reviews and assesses the most recent scientific, technical and socio-economic information produced worldwide relevant to the understanding of climate change. It does not conduct any research nor does it monitor climate related data or parameters. Thousands of scientists from all over the world contribute to the work of the IPCC on a voluntary basis. Review is an essential part of the IPCC process, to ensure an objective and complete assessment of current information. IPCC aims to reflect a range of views and expertise. The Secretariat coordinates all the IPCC work and liaises with Governments. It is supported by WMO and UNEP and hosted at WMO headquarters in Geneva. The IPCC is an intergovernmental body. It is open to all member countries of the United Nations (UN) and WMO. Currently 195 countries are members of the IPCC. Governments participate in the review process and the plenary Sessions, where main decisions about the IPCC work programme are taken and reports are accepted, adopted and approved. The IPCC Bureau Members, including the Chair, are also elected during the plenary Sessions. Because of its scientific and intergovernmental nature, the IPCC embodies a unique opportunity to provide rigorous and balanced scientific information to decision makers. By endorsing the IPCC reports, governments acknowledge the authority of their scientific content. The work of the organization is therefore policy-relevant and yet policy-neutral, never policy-prescriptive."
Language: English, Français, French, Español, Spanish, Chinese, Russian, Arabic
Source/publisher: IPCC
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 June 2012


Title: Nature Climate Change archive
Description/subject: "Nature Reports Climate Change was an online only publication from Nature Publishing Group, published from June 2007 through May 2010. Content from the site remains freely available and can be accessed through the Nature Climate Change archive."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Nature"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 09 July 2014


Title: Publications on "Climate change"
Description/subject: Climate change and justice...Climate change and agriculture...Climate change and forests...Bioenergy.
Language: English, Spanish, French, Portuguese
Source/publisher: Misereor
Format/size: html. pdf
Date of entry/update: 25 March 2014


Title: Results of a Google search for "Climate Change" in "New Scientist"
Description/subject: More than 10,000 results - summaries and full texts
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Scientist" via Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 21 June 2012


Title: Worldwatch Institute
Description/subject: "Through research and outreach that inspire action, the Worldwatch Institute works to accelerate the transition to a sustainable world that meets human needs. The Institute’s top mission objectives are universal access to renewable energy and nutritious food, expansion of environmentally sound jobs and development, transformation of cultures from consumerism to sustainability, and an early end to population growth through healthy and intentional childbearing..." Publishes the annual "State of the World" reports and other publications
Language: English
Source/publisher: Worldwatch Institute
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 25 January 2005


Individual Documents

Title: Briefing: What's new and interesting in the IPCC synthesis report
Date of publication: 02 November 2014
Description/subject: "The world has received the clearest message yet on how humans are changing the climate. Delegates from 195 countries gathered in Copenhagen this week to add their seal of approval to a 100-page "synthesis report". It's the final installment in a four-part series from the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The synthesis report condenses the IPCC's three other major reports on different aspects of climate change into one concise document. While that means some parts of it may sound familiar, there are some new and different sections as well. Here's our assessment of what's new, as well as a look at the report's main conclusions...Warming continues unabated...A stronger message on human influence...Acidifying oceans, sea level rise and ice melt...Consequences of inaction...Counting the costs...What happens now?.....Today's report isn't a rulebook. It's designed to act as a guide for policymakers on how to avoid the most serious climate change risks, should we collectively decide that's worth doing. Where we go from here rests largely on what level of risk we're willing to expose ourselves to. As today's report says: "Decision making about climate change is influenced by how individuals and organizations perceive risks and uncertainties and take them into account." However, the report does clearly and concisely lay out scientists' best understanding of the science of climate change, in a document that will be closely scrutinised by policymakers. However the politics of climate progress, there can be little doubt that a comprehensive assessment of the science on climate change is now firmly on the table...."
Author/creator: Roz Pidcoc
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Carbon Brief
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.carbonbrief.org/
Date of entry/update: 02 November 2014


Title: IPCC Synthesis Report
Date of publication: 01 November 2014
Description/subject: Introduction: "The Synthesis Report (SYR) of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) provides an overview of the state of knowledge concerning the science of climate change, emphasizing new results since the publication of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report in 2007 (AR4). The SYR synthesizes the main findings of the AR5 (IPCC) based on contributions from Working Group I (The Physical Science Basis), Working Group II (Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability), and Working Group III (Mitigation of Climate Change), plus two additional IPCC reports (Special Report on Renewable Energy and Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation). The AR5 SYR is divided into four topics. Topic 1 (Observed changes and their causes) focuses on observational evidence for a changing climate, the impacts caused by this change and the human contributions to it. Topic 2 (Future climate changes, risks, and impacts) assesses projections of future climate change and the resultant projected impacts and risks. Topic 3 (Future Pathways for Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable Development) considers adaptation and mitigation as complementary strategies for reducing and managing the risks of climate change. Topic 4 (Adaptation and mitigation) describes individual adaptation and mitigation options and policy approac hes. It also addresses integrated responses that link mitigation and adaptation with other societal objectives. The challenge of understanding and managing risks and uncertainties are important themes in this report. See Box 1 (‘Risk and the management of an uncertain future’) and Box 2 (‘Sources and treatment of uncertainty’). This report includes information relevant to Article 2 of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Panel on Climate Change
Format/size: pdf (3.38MB)
Date of entry/update: 02 November 2014


Title: Stark IPCC climate report shows the time for talking is over
Date of publication: 01 November 2014
Description/subject: "The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is set to publish the “synthesis report” of its fifth assessment period, drawing on three individual working group reports already published on: the physical science of climate change; climate impacts and adaptation; and mitigation, or how to reduce emissions or enhance the natural uptake of greenhouse gases (GHGs). The latest report is the first collective assessment of climate change by governments since the 2007 report, published just as the world fell off a financial and economic cliff. It is therefore a vital input to the current round of UN climate negotiations culminating in Paris next year..."
Author/creator: Simon Buckle
Language: English
Source/publisher: \\\"The Conversation \\\"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 02 November 2014


Title: What to Do When You're Running Out of Time
Date of publication: 18 September 2014
Description/subject: "Just when no one needed more lousy news, the U.N.’s weather outfit, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), issued its annual Greenhouse Gas Bulletin. It offered a shocking climate-change update: the concentrations of long-lasting greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere (carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide) rose at a “record-shattering pace” from 2012 to 2013, including the largest increase in CO2 in 30 years -- and there was a nasty twist to this news that made it even grimmer. While such increases reflected the fact that we continue to extract and burn fossil fuels at staggering rates, something else seems to be happening as well. Both the oceans and terrestrial plant life act as carbon sinks; that is, they absorb significant amounts of the carbon dioxide we release and store it away. Unfortunately, both may be reaching limits of some sort and seem to be absorbing less. This is genuinely bad news if you’re thinking about the future warming of the planet. (As it happens, in the same period, according to the Yale Project on Climate Change Communication, parts of the American public stopped absorbing information in no less striking fashion: the number of those who believe that global warming isn’t happening rose 7% to 23%.)..."
Author/creator: Rebecca Solnit
Language: English
Source/publisher: Tom Dispatch.com
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 September 2014


Title: WMO GREENHOUSE GAS BULLETIN (September 2014)
Date of publication: 09 September 2014
Description/subject: The State of Greenhouse Gases in the Atmosphere....."...the U.N.’s weather outfit, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), issued its annual Greenhouse Gas Bulletin. It offered a shocking climate-change update: the concentrations of long-lasting greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere (carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide) rose at a “record-shattering pace” from 2012 to 2013, including the largest increase in CO2 in 30 years -- and there was a nasty twist to this news that made it even grimmer. While such increases reflected the fact that we continue to extract and burn fossil fuels at staggering rates, something else seems to be happening as well. Both the oceans and terrestrial plant life act as carbon sinks; that is, they absorb significant amounts of the carbon dioxide we release and store it away. Unfortunately, both may be reaching limits of some sort and seem to be absorbing less. This is genuinely bad news if you’re thinking about the future warming of the planet..." (Tom Dispatch.com)
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Meterological Organisation, Global Atmosphere Watch
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 September 2014


Title: The Threat to Fisheries and Aquaculture from Climate Change
Date of publication: 08 May 2014
Description/subject: Key Messages: • Significance of fisheries and aquaculture. Fish provide essential nutrition and income to an ever-growing number of people around the world, especially where other food and employment resources are limited. Many fishers and aquaculturists are poor and ill-prepared to adapt to change, making them vulnerable to impacts on fish resources. • Nature of the climate change threat. Fisheries and aquaculture are threatened by changes in temperature and, in freshwater ecosystems, precipitation. Storms may become more frequent and extreme, imperilling habitats, stocks, infrastructure and livelihoods. • The need to adapt to climate change. Greater climate variability and ncertainty complicate the task of identifying impact pathways and areas of vulnerability, requiring research to devise and pursue coping strategies and improve the adaptability of fishers and aquaculturists. • Strategies for coping with climate change. Fish can provide opportunities to adapt to climate change by, for example, integrating aquaculture and agriculture, which can help farmers cope with drought while boosting profits and household nutrition. Fisheries management must move from seeking to maximize yield to increasing adaptive capacity.
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Fish Center
Format/size: pdf (747K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs17/Climate%20Change%20and%20Fisheries.pdf
Date of entry/update: 23 May 2014


Title: The Climate Change Scorecard
Date of publication: 17 December 2013
Description/subject: "Since a nuclear weapon went off over Hiroshima, we have been living with visions of global catastrophe, apocalyptic end times, and extinction that were once the sole property of religion. Since August 6, 1945, it has been possible for us to imagine how human beings, not God, could put an end to our lives on this planet. Conceptually speaking, that may be the single most striking development of our age and, to this day, it remains both terrifying and hard to take in. Nonetheless, the apocalyptic possibilities lurking in our scientific-military development stirred popular culture over the decades to a riot of world-ending possibilities. In more recent decades, a second world-ending (or at least world-as-we-know-it ending) possibility has crept into human consciousness. Until relatively recently, our burning of fossil fuels and spewing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere represented such a slow-motion approach to end times that we didn’t even notice what was happening. Only in the 1970s did the idea of global warming or climate change begin to penetrate the scientific community, as in the 1990s it edged its way into the rest of our world, and slowly into popular culture, too. Still, despite ever more powerful weather disruptions -- what the news now likes to call “extreme weather” events, including monster typhoons, hurricanes, and winter storms, wildfires, heat waves, droughts, and global temperature records -- disaster has still seemed far enough off. Despite a drumbeat of news about startling environmental changes -- massive ice melts in Arctic waters, glaciers shrinking worldwide, the Greenland ice shield beginning to melt, as well as the growing acidification of ocean waters -- none of this, not even Superstorm Sandy smashing into that iconic global capital, New York, and drowning part of its subway system, has broken through as a climate change 9/11. Not in the United States anyway. We’ve gone, that is, from no motion to slow motion to a kind of denial of motion. And yet in the scientific community, where people continue to study the effects of global warming, the tone is changing. It is, you might say, growing more apocalyptic. Just in recent weeks, a report from the National Academy of Scientists suggested that “hard-to-predict sudden changes” in the environment due to the effects of climate change might drive the planet to a “tipping point.” Beyond that, “major and rapid changes [could] occur” -- and these might be devastating, including that “wild card,” the sudden melting of parts of the vast Antarctic ice shelf, driving sea levels far higher. At the same time, the renowned climate scientist James Hansen and 17 colleagues published a hair-raising report in the journal PLoS. They suggest that the accepted target of keeping global temperature rise to two degrees Celsius is a fool’s errand. If global temperatures come anywhere near that level -- the rise so far has been less than one degree since the industrial revolution began -- it will already be too late, they claim, to avoid disastrous consequences. Consider this the background “temperature” for Dahr Jamail’s latest piece for TomDispatch, an exploration of what climate scientists just beyond the mainstream are thinking about how climate change will affect life on this planet. What, in other words, is the worst that we could possibly face in the decades to come? The answer: a nightmare scenario. So buckle your seat belt. There’s a tumultuous ride ahead..."
Author/creator: Dahr Jamail
Language: English
Source/publisher: Tomgram
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 December 2013


Title: Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4°C Warmer World Must Be Avoided
Date of publication: November 2012
Description/subject: A Report for the World Bank by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics....."This report spells out what the world would be like if it warmed by 4 degrees Celsius, which is what scientists are nearly unanimously predicting by the end of the century, without serious policy changes. The 4°C scenarios are devastating: the inundation of coastal cities; increasing risks for food production potentially leading to higher malnutrition rates; many dry regions becoming dryer, wet regions wetter; unprecedented heat waves in many regions, especially in the tropics; substantially exacerbated water scarcity in many regions; increased frequency of high-intensity tropical cyclones; and irreversible loss of biodiversity, including coral reef systems. And most importantly, a 4°C world is so different from the current one that it comes with high uncertainty and new risks that threaten our ability to anticipate and plan for future adaptation needs. The lack of action on climate change not only risks putting prosperity out of reach of millions of people in the developing world, it threatens to roll back decades of sustainable development..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Bank
Format/size: pdf Full text, 8.1MB; Executive Summary, 2.1MB
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs14/Turn_Down_the_Heat-Executive_Summary-en.pdf (executive summary)
Date of entry/update: 27 November 2012


Title: World on the Edge - How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse
Date of publication: 2011
Description/subject: “We can get rid of hunger, illiteracy, disease, and poverty, and we can restore the earth’s soils, forests, and fisheries. We can build a global community where the basic needs of all people are satisfied—a world that will allow us to think of ourselves as civilized.” –Lester R. Brown..... “Lester Brown tells us how to build a more just world and save the planet . . . in a practical, straightforward way. We should all heed his advice.” —President Bill Clinton... “. . . a far-reaching thinker.” —U.S. News & World Report “The best book on the environment I’ve ever read.” —Chris Swan, Financial Times “It’s exciting . . . a masterpiece!” —Ted Turner... “[Brown’s] ability to make a complicated subject accessible to the general reader is remarkable. . . ” —Katherine Salant, Washington Post “In tackling a host of pressing issues in a single book, Plan B 2.0 makes for an eye-opening read.” —Times Higher Education Supplement... “A great blueprint for combating climate change.” —Bryan Walsh, Time... "[Brown] lays out one of the most comprehensive set of solutions you can find in one place.” —Joseph Romm, Climate Progress... “. . . a highly readable and authoritative account of the problems we face from global warming to shrinking water resources, fisheries, forests, etc. The picture is very frightening. But the book also provides a way forward.” —Clare Short, British Member of Parliament...
Author/creator: Lester Brown
Language: English
Source/publisher: EARTH POLICY INSTITUTE
Format/size: pdf (1MB-OBL version; 1.68MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.earth-policy.org/images/uploads/book_files/wotebook.pdf
http://www.earth-policy.org/books/wote
Date of entry/update: 10 August 2012


Title: As Effects of Warming Grow, UN Report is Quickly Dated
Date of publication: 09 February 2009
Description/subject: Issued less than two years ago, the report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change was a voluminous and impressive document. Yet key portions of the report are already out of date, as evidence shows the impacts of warming intensifying from the Arctic to Antarctica. by michael d. lemonick
Author/creator: Michael D. Lemonick
Language: English
Source/publisher: Environment 360
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 July 2012