Climate Change - global: science (causes and effects)
|Title:|| ||"Nature Climate Change"
|Description/subject:|| ||As of 5 May 2010, "Nature Reports Climate Change" will no longer be updated. Past content on the site will remain freely available online through the Nature Climate Change archive. The closure of this online resource will make way for "Nature Climate Change", a new journal launched in print and online in April 2011....Science and policy|
|Format/size:|| ||html, pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||21 June 2012|
|Title:|| ||"RealClimate" - Climate science from climate scientists
|Description/subject:|| ||start here...
|Date of entry/update:|| ||21 June 2012|
|Title:|| ||Climate Central
|Description/subject:|| ||Mission Statement:
"Communicate the science and effects of climate change to the public and decision-makers, and inspire Americans to support action to stabilize the climate, prepare for impacts of climate change, or some combination of the two"...
What We Do:
"Climate Central conducts scientific research on climate change and informs the public of key findings. Our public outreach is informed by our own scientific research and that of other leading climate scientists. Our scientists publish, and our journalists report on climate science, energy, impacts such as sea level rise, climate change attribution and related topics. Climate Central is not an advocacy organization. We do not lobby, and we do not support any specific legislation, policy or bill"...
How We Do It: "Climate Central scientists publish peer-reviewed research on climate science; energy; impacts such as sea level rise; climate attribution and more. Our work is not confined to scientific journals. We investigate and synthesize weather and climate data and science to equip local communities and media with the tools they need to visualize the threat of climate change and the need for practical solutions".|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Climate Central|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||19 July 2012|
|Title:|| ||Climate change
|Description/subject:|| ||"Climate change is a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions of years. It may be a change in average weather conditions, or in the distribution of weather around the average conditions (i.e., more or fewer extreme weather events). Climate change is caused by factors that include oceanic processes (such as oceanic circulation), variations in solar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics and volcanic eruptions, and human-induced alterations of the natural world; these latter effects are currently causing global warming, and "climate change" is often used to describe human-specific impacts..."|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||20 August 2012|
|Title:|| ||Global warming
|Description/subject:|| ||"Global warming is the rise in the average temperature of Earth's atmosphere and oceans since the late 19th century and its projected continuation. Since the early 20th century, Earth's mean surface temperature has increased by about 0.8 °C (1.4 °F), with about two-thirds of the increase occurring since 1980. Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and scientists are more than 90% certain that it is primarily caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases produced by human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. These findings are recognized by the national science academies of all major industrialized nations.
Climate model projections are summarized in the 2007 Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). They indicate that during the 21st century the global surface temperature is likely to rise a further 1.1 to 2.9 °C (2 to 5.2 °F) for their lowest emissions scenario and 2.4 to 6.4 °C (4.3 to 11.5 °F) for their highest. The ranges of these estimates arise from the use of models with differing sensitivity to greenhouse gas concentrations..."|
|Format/size:|| ||html, pdf, zip,|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||20 August 2012|
|Title:|| ||Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
|Description/subject:|| ||"The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the leading international body for the assessment of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of knowledge in climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts. The UN General Assembly endorsed the action by WMO and UNEP in jointly establishing the IPCC.
The IPCC is a scientific body. It reviews and assesses the most recent scientific, technical and socio-economic information produced worldwide relevant to the understanding of climate change. It does not conduct any research nor does it monitor climate related data or parameters.
Thousands of scientists from all over the world contribute to the work of the IPCC on a voluntary basis. Review is an essential part of the IPCC process, to ensure an objective and complete assessment of current information. IPCC aims to reflect a range of views and expertise. The Secretariat coordinates all the IPCC work and liaises with Governments. It is supported by WMO and UNEP and hosted at WMO headquarters in Geneva.
The IPCC is an intergovernmental body. It is open to all member countries of the United Nations (UN) and WMO. Currently 195 countries are members of the IPCC. Governments participate in the review process and the plenary Sessions, where main decisions about the IPCC work programme are taken and reports are accepted, adopted and approved. The IPCC Bureau Members, including the Chair, are also elected during the plenary Sessions.
Because of its scientific and intergovernmental nature, the IPCC embodies a unique opportunity to provide rigorous and balanced scientific information to decision makers. By endorsing the IPCC reports, governments acknowledge the authority of their scientific content. The work of the organization is therefore policy-relevant and yet policy-neutral, never policy-prescriptive."|
|Language:|| ||English, Français, French, Español, Spanish, Chinese, Russian, Arabic|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||26 June 2012|
|Title:|| ||The Climate Change Scorecard
|Date of publication:|| ||17 December 2013|
|Description/subject:|| ||"Since a nuclear weapon went off over Hiroshima, we have been living with visions of global catastrophe, apocalyptic end times, and extinction that were once the sole property of religion. Since August 6, 1945, it has been possible for us to imagine how human beings, not God, could put an end to our lives on this planet. Conceptually speaking, that may be the single most striking development of our age and, to this day, it remains both terrifying and hard to take in. Nonetheless, the apocalyptic possibilities lurking in our scientific-military development stirred popular culture over the decades to a riot of world-ending possibilities. In more recent decades, a second world-ending (or at least world-as-we-know-it ending) possibility has crept into human consciousness. Until relatively recently, our burning of fossil fuels and spewing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere represented such a slow-motion approach to end times that we didn’t even notice what was happening. Only in the 1970s did the idea of global warming or climate change begin to penetrate the scientific community, as in the 1990s it edged its way into the rest of our world, and slowly into popular culture, too.
Still, despite ever more powerful weather disruptions -- what the news now likes to call “extreme weather” events, including monster typhoons, hurricanes, and winter storms, wildfires, heat waves, droughts, and global temperature records -- disaster has still seemed far enough off. Despite a drumbeat of news about startling environmental changes -- massive ice melts in Arctic waters, glaciers shrinking worldwide, the Greenland ice shield beginning to melt, as well as the growing acidification of ocean waters -- none of this, not even Superstorm Sandy smashing into that iconic global capital, New York, and drowning part of its subway system, has broken through as a climate change 9/11. Not in the United States anyway.
We’ve gone, that is, from no motion to slow motion to a kind of denial of motion. And yet in the scientific community, where people continue to study the effects of global warming, the tone is changing. It is, you might say, growing more apocalyptic. Just in recent weeks, a report from the National Academy of Scientists suggested that “hard-to-predict sudden changes” in the environment due to the effects of climate change might drive the planet to a “tipping point.” Beyond that, “major and rapid changes [could] occur” -- and these might be devastating, including that “wild card,” the sudden melting of parts of the vast Antarctic ice shelf, driving sea levels far higher.
At the same time, the renowned climate scientist James Hansen and 17 colleagues published a hair-raising report in the journal PLoS. They suggest that the accepted target of keeping global temperature rise to two degrees Celsius is a fool’s errand. If global temperatures come anywhere near that level -- the rise so far has been less than one degree since the industrial revolution began -- it will already be too late, they claim, to avoid disastrous consequences.
Consider this the background “temperature” for Dahr Jamail’s latest piece for TomDispatch, an exploration of what climate scientists just beyond the mainstream are thinking about how climate change will affect life on this planet. What, in other words, is the worst that we could possibly face in the decades to come? The answer: a nightmare scenario. So buckle your seat belt. There’s a tumultuous ride ahead..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Dahr Jamail|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||19 December 2013|
|Title:|| ||Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4°C Warmer World Must Be Avoided
|Date of publication:|| ||November 2012|
|Description/subject:|| ||A Report for the World Bank
by the Potsdam Institute for
Climate Impact Research and
Climate Analytics....."This report spells out what the world would be like if it warmed by 4 degrees Celsius, which is what
scientists are nearly unanimously predicting by the end of the century, without serious policy changes.
The 4°C scenarios are devastating: the inundation of coastal cities; increasing risks for food production
potentially leading to higher malnutrition rates; many dry regions becoming dryer, wet regions wetter;
unprecedented heat waves in many regions, especially in the tropics; substantially exacerbated water
scarcity in many regions; increased frequency of high-intensity tropical cyclones; and irreversible loss of
biodiversity, including coral reef systems.
And most importantly, a 4°C world is so different from the current one that it comes with high uncertainty
and new risks that threaten our ability to anticipate and plan for future adaptation needs.
The lack of action on climate change not only risks putting prosperity out of reach of millions of people
in the developing world, it threatens to roll back decades of sustainable development..."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||World Bank|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf Full text, 8.1MB; Executive Summary, 2.1MB|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs14/Turn_Down_the_Heat-Executive_Summary-en.pdf (executive summary)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||27 November 2012|
|Title:|| ||World on the Edge - How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse
|Date of publication:|| ||2011|
|Description/subject:|| ||“We can get rid of hunger, illiteracy, disease, and poverty, and we can restore the earth’s soils, forests,
and fisheries. We can build a global community where the basic needs of all people are satisfied—a world
that will allow us to think of ourselves as civilized.” –Lester R. Brown.....
“Lester Brown tells us how to build a more just world and save the
planet . . . in a practical, straightforward way. We should all heed
—President Bill Clinton...
“. . . a far-reaching thinker.”
—U.S. News & World Report
“The best book on the environment I’ve ever read.”
—Chris Swan, Financial Times
“It’s exciting . . . a masterpiece!”
“[Brown’s] ability to make a complicated subject accessible to the
general reader is remarkable. . . ”
—Katherine Salant, Washington Post
“In tackling a host of pressing issues in a single book, Plan B 2.0
makes for an eye-opening read.”
—Times Higher Education Supplement...
“A great blueprint for combating climate change.”
—Bryan Walsh, Time...
"[Brown] lays out one of the most comprehensive set of solutions
you can find in one place.”
—Joseph Romm, Climate Progress...
“. . . a highly readable and authoritative account of the problems
we face from global warming to shrinking water resources, fisheries,
forests, etc. The picture is very frightening. But the book
also provides a way forward.”
—Clare Short, British Member of Parliament...|
|Author/creator:|| ||Lester Brown|
|Source/publisher:|| ||EARTH POLICY INSTITUTE|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (1MB-OBL version; 1.68MB-original)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.earth-policy.org/images/uploads/book_files/wotebook.pdf
|Date of entry/update:|| ||10 August 2012|
|Title:|| ||As Effects of Warming Grow, UN Report is Quickly Dated
|Date of publication:|| ||09 February 2009|
|Description/subject:|| ||Issued less than two years ago, the report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change was a voluminous and impressive document. Yet key portions of the report are already out of date, as evidence shows the impacts of warming intensifying from the Arctic to Antarctica.
by michael d. lemonick|
|Author/creator:|| ||Michael D. Lemonick|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Environment 360|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||19 July 2012|