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The global environment

  • The global environment - resources

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Center for the advancement of the steady-state economy (CASSE)
    Description/subject: "Perpetual economic growth is neither possible nor desirable. Growth, especially in wealthy nations, is already causing more problems than it solves. Recession isn't sustainable or healthy either. The positive, sustainable alternative is a steady state economy. Learn More >>
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: CASSE
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 09 November 2012


    Title: eTekkatho - Educational resources for the Myanmar academic community
    Description/subject: "eTekkatho is a digital library especially designed for the academic community in Myanmar. The library is delivered over a very low bandwidth website and is also available over local area networks at partner institutions in Myanmar. The project is not-for-profit and access to the library is free. Anyone can use the library and no registration is required......SUBJECTS: "Earth sciences... Environment... Human geography... Physical geography... Research tools and methods... South East Asia and related country studies... Supporting subjects... Computing and IT... English language... Mathematics
    Language: English (Burmese?)
    Source/publisher: University of Manchester
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 19 November 2013


    Individual Documents

    Title: International Energy Outlook 2013 - With Projections to 2040
    Date of publication: 25 July 2013
    Description/subject: The International Energy Outlook 2013 (IEO2013) projects that world energy consumption will grow by 56 percent between 2010 and 2040. Total world energy use rises from 524 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) in 2010 to 630 quadrillion Btu in 2020 and to 820 quadrillion Btu in 2040 (Figure 1). Much of the growth in energy consumption occurs in countries outside the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),2 known as non-OECD, where demand is driven by strong, long-term economic growth. Energy use in non-OECD countries increases by 90 percent; in OECD countries, the increase is 17 percent. The IEO2013 Reference case does not incorporate prospective legislation or policies that might affect energy markets
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: US Energy Infoirmation Administration (EIA)
    Format/size: pdf (20MB), html
    Alternate URLs: http://www.eia.gov/forecasts/ieo/pdf/0484(2013).pdf
    http://www.tomdispatch.com/post/175745/tomgram%3A_michael_t._klare%2C_2040_or_bust/#more
    Date of entry/update: 11 September 2013


    Title: The Limits to Growth (Wikipedia)
    Date of publication: 1972
    Description/subject: "The Limits to Growth is a 1972 book about the computer modeling of unchecked economic and population growth with finite resource supplies.[1] It was commissioned by the Club of Rome and was first presented at the 3. St. Gallen Symposium. Its authors were Donella H. Meadows, Dennis L. Meadows, Jørgen Randers, and William W. Behrens III. The book used the World3 model to simulate[2] the consequence of interactions between the Earth's and human systems. The book echoes some of the concerns and predictions of Thomas Malthus in An Essay on the Principle of Population (1798). Five variables were examined in the original model, on the assumptions that exponential growth accurately described their patterns of increase, and that the ability of technology to increase the availability of resources grows only linearly. These variables are: world population, industrialization, pollution, food production and resource depletion. The authors intended to explore the possibility of a sustainable feedback pattern that would be achieved by altering growth trends among the five variables under three scenarios. They noted that their projections for the values of the variables in each scenario were predictions "only in the most limited sense of the word," and were only indications of the system's behavioral tendencies.[3] Two of the scenarios saw "overshoot and collapse" of the global system by the mid to latter part of the 21st century, while a third scenario resulted in a "stabilized world."[4]
    Author/creator: Donella H. Meadows Dennis L. Meadows Jørgen Randers William W. Behrens III
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Wikipedia
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 22 November 2012


  • The impact of human activities on the global environment

    • Violation of environmental and human rights

      Individual Documents

      Title: Smash & Grab: Conflict, Corruption and Human Rights Abuses in the Shrimp Farming Industry
      Date of publication: June 2003
      Description/subject: "...Shrimp farming has led to serious conflict over land rights and access to natural resources. Resulting social problems include increased poverty, landlessness, and reduced food security. In Ecuador, a single hectare of mangrove forest has been shown to provide food and livelihood for ten families, while a prawn farm of 110 hectares employs just six people during preparation and a further five during harvest. Globally, tens of thousands of rural poor in developing countries have been displaced following the impact of shrimp farming on traditional livelihoods. For instance, 20 thousand fisher-folk in Sri Lanka's Puttalam District migrated following declines of fish catches following the advent of shrimp farming. Wealth generated by exporting farmed shrimp rarely trickles down to the communities affected by the industry. Corruption, poor governance and greed have resulted in powerful individuals making vast sums of money from shrimp farming with little regard for the basic human rights of the poor communities living in shrimp farming areas. "It is another example of resource-use conflict in which the poor and vulnerable are suppressed by a powerful elite intent on making quick profits, whilst turning a blind eye to the abuses that result" said Dr Mike Shanahan of EJF..." Examples from Burma
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Environmental Justice Foundation
      Format/size: pdf (2399K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 June 2003


  • Law and policy related to the global environment

    • Environmental and social impact assessments

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Asian Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Network (AECEN)
      Description/subject: AECEN has been commissioned to maintain an environmental impact assessment (EIA) clearinghouse to facilitate knowledge capture and dissemination of information on international and regional best practices in EIA implementation.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: AECEN
      Format/size: html
      Alternate URLs: http://www.aecen.org/eia/myanmar
      Date of entry/update: 17 May 2013


      Individual Documents

      Title: FPIC Fever: Ironies and Pitfalls
      Date of publication: May 2013
      Description/subject: Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC)... Text box extracted from "Access Denied - Land Rights and Ethnic Conflict in Burma" by TNI/BCN, May 2013 at http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/TNI-accesdenied-briefing11-red.pdf
      Author/creator: Jennifer Franco,
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Transnational Institute (TNI), Burma Centre Netherlands
      Format/size: pdf (44K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/TNI-accesdenied-briefing11-red.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 17 May 2013


    • International organisations, movements, conferences, publications and resources related to the global environment

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: "New Scientist"
      Description/subject: ENVIRONMENT... EVOLUTION... CLIMATE CHANGE... TECHNOLOGY
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "New Scientist"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 26 June 2012


      Title: Centre for International Environmental Law (CIEL)
      Language: English
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD)
      Description/subject: "The United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) was established by the UN General Assembly in December 1992 to ensure effective follow-up of United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as the Earth Summit. The Commission is responsible for reviewing progress in the implementation of Agenda 21 and the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development; as well as providing policy guidance to follow up the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI) at the local, national, regional and international levels. The JPOI reaffirmed that the CSD is the high-level forum for sustainable development within the United Nations system. The CSD meets annually in New York, in two-year cycles, with each cycle focusing on clusters of specific thematic and cross-sectoral issues, outlined in its new multi-year programme of work (2003-2017) (E/CN.17/2003/6) . The CSD has opened its sessions to broad participation from both governmental and non-governmental actors, and it supports a number of innovative activities, such as the Partnerships Fair, the Learning Centre and a series of panels, roundtables and side events. The High-level segment features dialogue among Ministers, and Ministers also hold a special dialogue session with Major Groups. As a functional commission of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), CSD has 53 member States (about one third of the members are elected on a yearly basis). Each session of the CSD elects a Bureau, comprised of a Chair and four vice-Chairs..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD)
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 21 October 2007


      Title: Rio+20 Portal - Building the Peoples Summit Rio+20
      Description/subject: MAIN THEMES: Ethical and philosophical fundamentals: subjectivity, domination, and emancipation... Human rights, peoples, territories, and defense of Mother Earth... Political subjects, the architecture of power, and democracy... Production, distribution and consumption, access to wealth, common goods, and economies in transition.
      Language: English (French, Spanish, Portuguese also available)
      Source/publisher: Rio+20 Portal
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 26 June 2012


    • International treaties and declarations related to the global environment

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Database of Selected Environmental Treaties
      Description/subject: Air Pollution...Antarctic...Biodiversity/Biosafety...Climate Change...Desertification (Regional Implementation Annex for Asia)...Endangered Species...Environmental Modification...Hazardous Wastes...Law of the Sea...Marine Dumping...Marine Life Conservation...Ozone Layer Protection...Prior Informed Consent...Sustainable development...Tropical Timber...Wetlands...Whaling.....The database has links to the text of the individual treaties (in the languages available, typically Arabic, Chinese, English, French,,Russian and Spanish), generally with the Status of Ratification (which countries have acceded to the treaty (signed...ratified), along with other explanatory and historical background. SEVERAL DEAD LINKS
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: UNESCO
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 26 June 2012


      Title: International Environmental Agreements (IEA) Database Project
      Description/subject: "A summary of the current contents includes over 1,100 MEAs, [multilateral environmental agreements] over 1,500 BEAs, [bilateral environmental agreements] and over 250 other environmental agreements."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: International Environmental Agreements (IEA)
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 26 June 2012


      Title: International Human Rights Declarations, Conventions and Charters Relevant to Environmental Concerns
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Environment and Human Rights Advisory (EHRA)
      Format/size: html. pdf
      Date of entry/update: 26 June 2012


      Individual Documents

      Title: Agenda 21
      Language: English
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003