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Home > Main Library > Environment > The environment of Burma/Myanmar > Human activity in the environment of Burma/Myanmar > Threats to the environment of Burma/Myanmar > Hydropower projects

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Hydropower projects
See also the Dams sub-section under Water

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Dams and other hydropower projects (OBL sub-section in the "Water" section)
Language: English
Source/publisher: OnlineBurma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 January 2013


Individual Documents

Title: SAVE THE NAMTU RIVER - Impacts of the Upper Yeywa and other planned dams on the Namtu in Shan State
Date of publication: March 2016
Description/subject: In January 2016, Burma’s state media reported that Naypyidaw was proceeding with four new hydropower dams on the Namtu (Myitnge or Dokhtawaddy) River, three of which are in conflict areas of Shan State. These new dams, together with the existing Yeywa dam, will form a cascade blocking half the entire length of the river. The most advanced of the new dams is the Upper Yeywa Dam in Nawngkhio township, started by Burma’s military regime in 2008, and slated for completion in 2018. The planned reservoir will stretch for over 60 kilometers, entirely submerging a large Shan village of nearly 500 residents, called Ta Long, and possibly submerging part of Hsipaw town. Ta Long (meaning “large harbor”) is a prosperous community, renowned in northern Shan State for its organic oranges and pomelos, grown along the riverbank. Ancient stupas in the village are hundreds of years old. Ta Long villagers were neither informed nor consulted before the dam began. An Environment and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) was carried out for the dam only in 2014, six years after the dam had begun. During the ESIA, the villagers stated clearly that they were not willing to move. Despite this, dam-building has continued, with funding from China, and with the involvement of Chinese, Japanese, German and Swiss companies. A diversion tunnel has been completed, and construction of the main dam wall was beginning in early 2016. The other planned dams on the Namtu in Shan State -- the Middle Yeywa Dam being developed by Norway’s state-owned SN Power in Nawng Khio township, and the Namtu Dam in Hsipaw township -- are also proceeding without transparency, and without the informed consent of impacted villagers. This cascade of dams will have serious impacts on the ecology of the river. Disruption of fish spawning and migration patterns are likely to negatively impact the rich fish stocks upon which thousands of Hsipaw villagers rely. Toxins from mining upstream are also likely to build up in the reservoirs, endangering aquatic life and the health of those relying on the river. Methane emitted from rotting vegetation in the reservoirs will also contribute to global warming. Another serious concern for villagers living below the planned Namtu Dam in Hsipaw will be the unpredictable fluctuations in water level due to the operation of the dam, and risk of sudden surges causing accidents along the river bank. If there is heavy rainfall, large amounts of water may have to be released, causing flooding downstream. Even more worrying is the possibility of dam breakage, due to pressure from abnormally heavy rainfall, landslides or earthquakes. The Middle Yeywa dam is being planned over the Kyaukkyan fault line, the centre of the biggest earthquake in Burma’s history in 1912, measuring about 8 on the Richter scale. This is of great concern, as the weight of dam reservoirs near fault lines is known to trigger earthquakes. Dam breakage would release a deadly tsunami, destroying any lower dams and also threatening countless communities in the lower plains. Finally, it is highly unwise for Naypyidaw to be pushing through these risky, untransparent dam projects in active conflict zones. Since early 2016, fighting has intensified in Shan townships where these dams are planned. With Naypyidaw’s monopoly over natural resources being a key driver of the ethnic conflict, forging ahead with damaging hydropower projects over the heads of local ethnic communities will only fuel resentment and exacerbate the conflict. We therefore urge the new NLD-led government to immediately halt all plans to build new dams on the Namtu River, including the Upper Yeywa dam. Only when there is a negotiated federal settlement to the ethnic conflict, bringing genuine nationwide peace and decentralized natural resource management, should options for future hydropower development along the Namtu river be considered. Any future plans for hydropower development on the Namtu River must involve a transparent strategic impact assessment along the entire river, and there must be Free Prior and Informed Consent of affected indigenous communities.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Shan Human Rights Foundation, Shan State Farmers’ Network, Shan Sapawa Environmental Organization
Format/size: pdf (2.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 03 April 2016


Title: SAVE THE NAMTU RIVER - Impacts of the Upper Yeywa and other planned dams on the Namtu in Shan State (Burmese - ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: March 2016
Description/subject: ၂၀၁၆ ခုႏွစ္ဇန္န၀ါရီလတြင္ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ သတင္းဌာနမွသတင္းထဲတြင္ ေနျပည္ေတာ္သည္ ေရကာတာ ေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္စီမံကိန္း ၄ ခု ကုိ နမၼတူ( ျမစ္ငယ္ (သုိ႔) ဒု႒ဝတီ )ျမစ္ေပၚတြင္ တည္ေဆာက္ရန္စီစဥ္လွ်က္ရွိေၾကာင္း၊ ၎အနက္ ေရကာတာ (၃)ခုသည္ ယခု ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္ ပဋိပကၡ ျဖစ္ရာေနရာအတြင္းတြင္ျဖစ္ေနသည္။ ၎ေရကာတာသစ္မ်ား ႏွင္႔ ရဲရြာေရကာတာတုိ႔သည္ ျမစ္ေၾကာင္းတခုလံုး၏ထက္ဝက္ကုိပိတ္ဆုိ႔လုိက္ရမည္ျဖစ္သည္။ ေဆာက္လုပ္ဆဲအထက္ရဲရြာေရကာတာသည္ေနာင္ခ်ဳိျမိဳ႔နယ္တြင္ရွိၿပီးဗမာစစ္အစိုး ရက၂၀၀၈ခုႏွစ္မွစ၍တည္ေဆာက္ခဲ့သည္၊၂၀၁၈ခုႏွစ္တြင္ျပီးရန္ခန္႔မွန္းထားသည္။ တည္ေဆာက္မည့္ေရေလွာင္ကန္သည္ အက်ယ္အ၀န္း (၆၀) ကီလုိမီတာ ရွိသည္။လူဦးေရ (၅၀၀)ခန္႔ေနထိုင္သည့္ ရွမ္းရြာႀကီး ျဖစ္ေသာ တာလုံရြာသည္ ေရေအာက္လုံးဝျမဳပ္သြားၿပီးသီေပါျမိဳ႔ ၏တစ္စိတ္တပုိင္းတို႔မွာ လည္း ေရေအာက္ျမႇပ္သြားႏိုင္သည္။ တာလုံ ၏အဓိပၸါယ္မွာ (ဆိပ္ကမ္းၾကီး)ဟုဆိုသည္၊စည္ကားသာယာသည္။ ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္- ေျမာက္ပုိင္းတြက္ ေအာ္ဂင္းနစ္ သဘာဝလိေမၼာ္သီး၊ ကြ်ဲေကာသီးတုိ႔မွာ နမၼတူျမစ္ကမ္း တစ္ေလွ်က္တြင္ စုိက္ပ်ဳိးၾက၍ လူသိမ်ားသည္။ ႏွစ္ေပါင္းတစ္ရာေက်ာ္ ေရွးပေဝသဏီ ကတည္းက တည္ထားကိုးကြယ္ေသာ ေစတီပုထိုးမ်ားလည္းရွိသည္။ ေရကာတာ မတည္ ေဆာက္မွီကတည္းက တာလုံရြာသားတုိ႔အား အေၾကာင္းၾကားျခင္း မရွိသည္႔ျပင္ ညိႇႏႈိင္း တုိင္ပင္မႈမ်ားမရွိခဲ႔ေပ။ သဘာ၀ႏွင့္ လူမႈ၀န္းက်င္ထိခိုက္မႈ အကဲခတ္အဖြဲ႕ (ESIA) Environment and Social Impact Assessment တုိ႔က၂၀၁၄ ခုႏွစ္မွသာ စလုပ္ေဆာင္လာသျဖင့္ ေရကာတာစေဆာက္ၿပီး(၆) ႏွစ္မွ ေရာက္လာခဲ့ျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။(ESIA)လုပ္ေနစဥ္တြင္လည္း တာလုံရြာမွ ေဒသခံျပည္သူလူထုတုိ႔မွာ ေျပာင္းေရႊ႔မႈကုိ မလုိိလားၾကေၾကာင္း ရွင္းရွင္းေဖၚျပၾကသည္။ သုိ႔ေသာ္လည္း ဒီေရကာတာတည္ေဆာက္မႈကိုိ တရုတ္အရင္းအႏွီး ႏွင္႔ဆက္လက္ လုပ္ေဆာင္ေနၿပီး တရုတ္၊ဂ်ပန္၊ဂ်ာမန္ ႏွင္႔ ဆြစ္ကုမၼဏီ တုိ႔လည္းပါ၀င္ပတ္သက္ေနသည္ ေရလႊဲေပါက္ဥမင္လုိဏ္ေခါင္း မွ ျပီးစီးေနျပီျဖစ္ျပီး ေရကာတာ၏ အဓိကနံရံကုိ၂၀၁၆ ခုႏွစ္ အေစာပုိင္းတြင္တည္ ေဆာက္သြားမည္ျဖစ္သည္။ ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္ နမၼတူ ျမစ္ေပၚတြင္တည္ေဆာက္မည္႔ အျခားေသာ ေရကာတာ စီမံကိန္းမ်ားမွာ ေနာင္ခ်ဳိျမိဳ႔နယ္ တည္ေဆာက္ေနေသာ အလယ္ရဲရြာ ေရကာတာစီမံကိန္းသည္ ေနာ္ေဝႏိုင္ငံပိုင္ အက္စ္ အင္န္ပါ၀ါ ( SN Power) တာဝန္ယူတည္ေဆာက္သည္။ သီေပါျမိဳ႔နယ္ရွိ နမၼတူျမစ္ ေပၚတည္ေဆာက္ေနသည္႔ ေရကာတာလည္း ပြင့္လင္းျမင္သာမႈမရွိသလို ထိခိုက္နစ္နာမည့္လူထူကို ေဆြးေႏြးအေၾကာင္းၾကားျခင္းမရွိေပ။ ၎ေရကာတာ မ်ား၏ အဆင့္မ်ားေၾကာင္႔ ျမစ္ေခ်ာင္းေပၚရွိ သဘာ၀ေဂဟ စံနစ္ကို ျပင္းထန္စြာ ထိခိုက္ႏုိင္သည္။ငါးမ်ားသြားလာက်က္စားရာကို အေနွာက္အယွက္ျဖစ္ေစသျဖင့္ သီေပါျမိဳ႔မွ ေထာင္ေပါင္းေသာ ရပ္သူ၊ရြာသားအမ်ား မီွခုိစားေသာက္ရေသာ ငါးမ်ား ထိခိုက္နစ္နာႏိုင္သည္။ အထက္တြင္ရွိ သတၱဳတူးေဖၚသည့္ လုပ္ငန္းမ်ားေၾကာင့္ ေရေလွာင္ကန္မ်ား အဆိပ္သင့္ရကာ ငါးေတြႏွင့္ အမွီျပဳသည္သူမ်ား၏က်န္းမာလည္း ထိခိုက္ႏိုင္သည္။ သဘာဝေပါက္ပင္မ်ား ေရေဠယင္ကန္တြင္ ပုပ္သုိးျပီးမီသိန္းဓါတ္မ်ားထုတ္လႊတ္သျဖင့္ကမာၻၾကီးကုိပုိမုိပူေႏြးလာမႈ ကုိ ပိုျဖစ္ေစသည္။ အျခားေသာစုိးရိမ္ပူပန္မႈမွာ သီေပါျမိဳ႔နယ္ နမၼတူေရကာတာ စီမံကိန္းေအာက္ပုိင္းတြင္ ေနေသာသူမ်ားသည္ေရကာတာလုပ္ငန္း၏ ေရအတက္အက်ကုိမခန္႔မွန္းနိုင္ရကာျမစ္ကမ္း တစ္ေလွ်ာက္တြင္ ရုတ္တရက္တစ္ရွိန္ထုိးေရႀကီးလာႏုိင္ေသာ အႏၱရာယ္မ်ား ႀကံဳႏိုင္သည္။အကယ္၍ မုိးသည္းထန္စြာရြာသြန္းပါက ၾကီးမားေသာေရထုထည္ကိုေရဂါတာ က လႊတ္ခ်မည္ျဖစ္သျဖင့္ ျမစ္ေအာက္ပုိင္းတြင္္ေရဖုံးလႊမ္းႏုိင္ပါသည္။ ထုိထက္ပုိ၍ စုိးရိမ္ပူပန္စရာေကာင္းသည္မွာ ေရကာတာက်ဳိးပ်က္ႏိုင္ျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။မုိးသည္ ထူးကဲစြာသဲထန္ရြာျခင္း၊ေျမၿပိဳျခင္း၊ငလွ်င္လႈပ္ျခင္းမ်ားေၾကာင္႔လည္းျဖစ္ႏိုင္သည္။ အလယ္ရဲရြာ ေရကာတာ စီမံကိန္းသည္ ေက်ာက္ၾကံ႔ ငလွ်င္လႈိင္းေပၚတြင္ တည္ရွိသည္၊၎ ေက်ာက္ႀကံငလွ်င္လႈိင္း သည္ ၁၉၁၂ ခုႏွစ္က ရိတ္တာစေကး ၈ ခန္႔ရိွျပီး ျမန္္မာ႔သမုိင္းတြင္ အၾကီးမားဆုံးငလွ်င္လႈပ္ဖူးသည္။ ေရဂာာတာေရေလွာင္ကန္၏ အေလးခ်ိန္ေၾကာင္႔ေျမနိမ့္က်ခါ ငလွ်င္ျဖစ္ေပၚႏုိ္င္ျခင္းေၾကာင္႔ လည္း ၾကီးစြာစုိးရိမ္ပူပန္ရပါသည္။ေရကာတာက်ဳိးပဲ႔ပ်က္စီးပါက ေအာက္ပုိင္းရွိ ေရကာတာ မ်ားလည္းက်ိဳးခါ အနိမ့္ပိုင္းရွိ မေရတြက္ႏိုင္ေသာရပ္ရြာမ်ားကုိပါ ဆူနာမီေဘးဆိုး ကဲ့သို႔ က် ေရာက္ခံစားရႏုိင္သည္။ ေနာက္ဆုံးတြင္ ေနျပည္ေတာ္သည္တုိက္ပြဲျဖစ္ရာ ဇုန္တြင္ သိသာျမင္သာမႈမရွိသည္႔ ေရကာတာ စီမံကိန္းကုိ္အတင္း ဆက္လက္ ဖိလုပ္ေနျခင္းသည္ အေမွ်ာ္အျမင္နည္းရာ က်သည္။ ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္ အတြင္းေရကာတာစီမံကိန္းေဆာက္မည့္ေနရာတြင္ ၂၀၁၆ ခုႏွစ္ အေစာပုိင္းကတည္းကပင္ တုိက္ခုိက္မႈ သည္ ပုိမိုမ်ားျပားလာသည္။ ေနျပည္ေတာ္က သဘာဝသံယံဇာတကုိ လက္ဝါးၾကီးအုပ္ေနမႈသည္ ေဒသခံတိုင္းရင္းသား တို႔ႏွင့္ ပဋိပကၡ ျဖစ္ရျခင္း အေၾကာင္းရင္းျဖစ္ရာ စိတ္ထိခိုက္ျခင္းႏွင့္ ပဋိပကၡမ်ားသာ တိုးပြါးလာစရာသာ ရွိေပသည္။ ထို႔ေၾကာင္႔ ကြ်န္ေတာ္တုိ႔မွ အစုိးရသစ္ျဖစ္ေသာ NLD (အန္အဲယ္ဒီ) အား အထက္ရဲရြာ ေရကာတာ အပါအဝင္ နမၼတူ ေရကာတာသစ္တည္ေဆာက္မႈစီမံကိန္းအေကာင္ထည္ေဖာ္ မႈ အားလုံးခ်က္ခ်င္း ရပ္တန္႔ေပးပါရန္တုိ္က္တြန္းေတာင္းဆုိပါသည္။ ပဋိပကၡျဖစ္ေနေသာ တုိင္းရင္းသားနယ္ေျမမ်ားတြင္ ဖက္ဒရယ္အတြက္ သေဘာတူညႇ္ိႏႈိင္းမႈ တည္ေဆာက္မ၊ႈ၊ စစ္မွန္ေသာ တစ္ႏုိင္ငံလုံးျငိမ္ခ်မ္းေရးႏွင္႔ သဘာဝသံယံဇာတ စီမံခန္႔ခြဲမႈတုိ႔ကို ခြဲေ၀မႈ တို႔ျဖင့္သာ နမၼတူျမစ္ေခ်ာင္းတစ္ေလွ်ာက္အနာဂတ္ ေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္ဖြံၿဖိဳးေရးကို စဥ္းစား ႏိုင္မည္။ နမၼတူျမစ္ေပၚတည္ေဆာက္မည္ဆိုပါက ေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္စီမံကိန္းကုိမဆုိ ျမစ္ေၾကာင္း တစ္ေလွ်ာက္ သက္ေရာက္မည့္ ေကာင္းက်ိဳးဆိုးျပစ္ကိုထင္ရွားသိသာမႈရွိျခင္း၊သက္ဆိုင္ရာ တုိင္းရင္းသားဌာေန လူမ်ဳိးမ်ားအားႀကိဳတင္ညိွႏိႈင္း သေဘာတူညီမႈရယူရမည္။
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Shan Human Rights Foundation, Shan State Farmers’ Network, Shan Sapawa Environmental Organization
Format/size: pdf (1.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 03 April 2016


Title: SAVE THE NAMTU RIVER - Impacts of the Upper Yeywa and other planned dams on the Namtu in Shan State (Shan)
Date of publication: March 2016
Description/subject: In January 2016, Burma’s state media reported that Naypyidaw was proceeding with four new hydropower dams on the Namtu (Myitnge or Dokhtawaddy) River, three of which are in conflict areas of Shan State. These new dams, together with the existing Yeywa dam, will form a cascade blocking half the entire length of the river. The most advanced of the new dams is the Upper Yeywa Dam in Nawngkhio township, started by Burma’s military regime in 2008, and slated for completion in 2018. The planned reservoir will stretch for over 60 kilometers, entirely submerging a large Shan village of nearly 500 residents, called Ta Long, and possibly submerging part of Hsipaw town. Ta Long (meaning “large harbor”) is a prosperous community, renowned in northern Shan State for its organic oranges and pomelos, grown along the riverbank. Ancient stupas in the village are hundreds of years old. Ta Long villagers were neither informed nor consulted before the dam began. An Environment and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) was carried out for the dam only in 2014, six years after the dam had begun. During the ESIA, the villagers stated clearly that they were not willing to move. Despite this, dam-building has continued, with funding from China, and with the involvement of Chinese, Japanese, German and Swiss companies. A diversion tunnel has been completed, and construction of the main dam wall was beginning in early 2016. The other planned dams on the Namtu in Shan State -- the Middle Yeywa Dam being developed by Norway’s state-owned SN Power in Nawng Khio township, and the Namtu Dam in Hsipaw township -- are also proceeding without transparency, and without the informed consent of impacted villagers. This cascade of dams will have serious impacts on the ecology of the river. Disruption of fish spawning and migration patterns are likely to negatively impact the rich fish stocks upon which thousands of Hsipaw villagers rely. Toxins from mining upstream are also likely to build up in the reservoirs, endangering aquatic life and the health of those relying on the river. Methane emitted from rotting vegetation in the reservoirs will also contribute to global warming. Another serious concern for villagers living below the planned Namtu Dam in Hsipaw will be the unpredictable fluctuations in water level due to the operation of the dam, and risk of sudden surges causing accidents along the river bank. If there is heavy rainfall, large amounts of water may have to be released, causing flooding downstream. Even more worrying is the possibility of dam breakage, due to pressure from abnormally heavy rainfall, landslides or earthquakes. The Middle Yeywa dam is being planned over the Kyaukkyan fault line, the centre of the biggest earthquake in Burma’s history in 1912, measuring about 8 on the Richter scale. This is of great concern, as the weight of dam reservoirs near fault lines is known to trigger earthquakes. Dam breakage would release a deadly tsunami, destroying any lower dams and also threatening countless communities in the lower plains. Finally, it is highly unwise for Naypyidaw to be pushing through these risky, untransparent dam projects in active conflict zones. Since early 2016, fighting has intensified in Shan townships where these dams are planned. With Naypyidaw’s monopoly over natural resources being a key driver of the ethnic conflict, forging ahead with damaging hydropower projects over the heads of local ethnic communities will only fuel resentment and exacerbate the conflict. We therefore urge the new NLD-led government to immediately halt all plans to build new dams on the Namtu River, including the Upper Yeywa dam. Only when there is a negotiated federal settlement to the ethnic conflict, bringing genuine nationwide peace and decentralized natural resource management, should options for future hydropower development along the Namtu river be considered. Any future plans for hydropower development on the Namtu River must involve a transparent strategic impact assessment along the entire river, and there must be Free Prior and Informed Consent of affected indigenous communities.
Language: Shan
Source/publisher: Shan Human Rights Foundation, Shan State Farmers’ Network, Shan Sapawa Environmental Organization
Format/size: pdf (1.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 03 April 2016


Title: Think Like a Mountain: Toward a Perspective for Interdisciplinary Ecosystem Research
Date of publication: 25 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "This might refer to our relationship with the environment just as well as to that between a man and a woman. Our relationship with the environment requires careful attention for we must take care of it if we want it to reciprocate. Around the globe today, that relationship is being challenged. We are here in a wondrous and wonderful part of the world. This sketch of Asia’s major rivers flowing down from the Tibetan plateau illustrates just how central our location is, both geographically and in terms of the hundreds of millions of human lives and other biological phenomena impacted by the flow of these waters. The river of concern for me today is the Salween, in some locations called the Nu Jiang or the Thanlwin. Lately my focus has been on Myanmar (Burma) and its current struggles to emerge form a long period of difficult political and economic conditions. Many, dare I say all of us, desire to help this great country to achieve higher levels of prosperity and sustainable well-­being. One focal point for many has become the Salween..." .....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­25 July 2015
Author/creator: James Lin Compton
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­25 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (85K)
Date of entry/update: 06 August 2015


Title: China Moves to Dam the Nu, Ignoring Seismic, Ecological, and Social Risks
Date of publication: 25 January 2013
Description/subject: "In a blueprint for the energy sector in 2011-15, China’s State Council on Wednesday lifted an eightyear ban on five megadams for the largely free-flowing Nu River [Salween], ignoring concerns about geologic risks, global biodiversity, resettlement, and impacts on downstream communities. “China’s plans to go ahead with dams on the Nu, as well as similar projects on the Upper Yangtze and Mekong, shows a complete disregard of well-documented seismic hazards, ecological and social risks” stated Katy Yan, China Program Coordinator for the environmental organization International Rivers. Also included in the plan is the controversial Xiaonanhai Dam on the Upper Yangtze. A total of 13 dams was first proposed for the Nu River (also known as the Salween) in 2003, but Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao suspended these plans in 2004 in a stunning decision. Since then, Huadian Corporation has continued to explore five dams – Songta (4200 MW), Maji (4200 MW), Yabiluo (1800 MW), Liuku (180 MW), and Saige (1000 MW) – and has successfully lobbied the State Council to include them in the 12th Five Year Plan..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Rivers
Format/size: pdf (71K)
Date of entry/update: 26 January 2013


Title: High and Dry
Date of publication: June 2010
Description/subject: A fierce heat wave combined with a drought to create serious water shortages in many parts of Burma in May... "Temperatures in Rangoon, Pegu and Irrawaddy divisions and in central Burma and Arakan State reached three-decade record highs of up to 45 degrees Celsius, according to official reports. The excessive heat dried up ponds in many villages, leading to a shortage of water for drinking and sanitation. Many communities in need received emergency water supplies from volunteer workers—and the government..."
Author/creator: Myat Moe Maung
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 18, No. 6
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2010


Title: High and Dry: The Cross-Boundary Impacts of China's Longjiang Dam (Burmese ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 2010
Description/subject: Summary: "A recently built dam on the Longjiang (Nam Mao or Shweli) river in Yunnan Province of China has severely disrupted the livelihoods of about 16,000 villagers living in the Mao Valley along the northern Shan State border in Burma. The Ruili-Muse border crossing, in the Mao Valley, is the main border trade point between China and Burma, and local communiti es rely principally on income from ferrying goods across the river on either side of the crossing. However, in early 2010, when the reservoir in the Longjiang Dam started to be fi lled, the river dried up, falling to unprecedented low levels and bringing boats to a standsti ll. Since the start of the rains in May 2010, there have been huge daily fl uctuati ons in the river levels, causing not only grounding of boats, but also fl ooding of goods, cutti ng ferry workers' incomes by up to two-thirds. The numerous ferry operators have thus had to drasti cally reduce the numbers of their trips. The resulti ng drop in trade is not only cutti ng the income of the riverside communiti es, but also that of many of the 30,000 people living in the town of Muse, who rely on the border trade. These communiti es were never informed by either Chinese or Burmese authoriti es about the dam and its impacts. They are urgently requesti ng the Chinese authoriti es to modify the dam’s operati on so that the river’s environmental fl ow can be restored, and the disrupti on to their livelihoods minimized. This case study provides evidence that builders of hydropower dams on transnati onal rivers in China have neglected to consider the trans-boundary environmental and social impacts of these projects. There is an urgent need for transparent, comprehensive and parti cipatory assessments of the environmental and social impacts of these projects on the enti re length of the rivers."
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Shan Women's Action Network (SWAN)
Format/size: pdf (2.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016


Title: High and Dry: The Cross-Boundary Impacts of China's Longjiang Dam (English)
Date of publication: 2010
Description/subject: Summary: "A recently built dam on the Longjiang (Nam Mao or Shweli) river in Yunnan Province of China has severely disrupted the livelihoods of about 16,000 villagers living in the Mao Valley along the northern Shan State border in Burma. The Ruili-Muse border crossing, in the Mao Valley, is the main border trade point between China and Burma, and local communiti es rely principally on income from ferrying goods across the river on either side of the crossing. However, in early 2010, when the reservoir in the Longjiang Dam started to be fi lled, the river dried up, falling to unprecedented low levels and bringing boats to a standsti ll. Since the start of the rains in May 2010, there have been huge daily fl uctuati ons in the river levels, causing not only grounding of boats, but also fl ooding of goods, cutti ng ferry workers' incomes by up to two-thirds. The numerous ferry operators have thus had to drasti cally reduce the numbers of their trips. The resulti ng drop in trade is not only cutti ng the income of the riverside communiti es, but also that of many of the 30,000 people living in the town of Muse, who rely on the border trade. These communiti es were never informed by either Chinese or Burmese authoriti es about the dam and its impacts. They are urgently requesti ng the Chinese authoriti es to modify the dam’s operati on so that the river’s environmental fl ow can be restored, and the disrupti on to their livelihoods minimized. This case study provides evidence that builders of hydropower dams on transnati onal rivers in China have neglected to consider the trans-boundary environmental and social impacts of these projects. There is an urgent need for transparent, comprehensive and parti cipatory assessments of the environmental and social impacts of these projects on the enti re length of the rivers."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Shan Women's Action Network (SWAN)
Format/size: pdf (3.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016


Title: High and Dry: The Cross-Boundary Impacts of China's Longjiang Dam (Shan)
Date of publication: 2010
Description/subject: Summary: "A recently built dam on the Longjiang (Nam Mao or Shweli) river in Yunnan Province of China has severely disrupted the livelihoods of about 16,000 villagers living in the Mao Valley along the northern Shan State border in Burma. The Ruili-Muse border crossing, in the Mao Valley, is the main border trade point between China and Burma, and local communiti es rely principally on income from ferrying goods across the river on either side of the crossing. However, in early 2010, when the reservoir in the Longjiang Dam started to be fi lled, the river dried up, falling to unprecedented low levels and bringing boats to a standsti ll. Since the start of the rains in May 2010, there have been huge daily fl uctuati ons in the river levels, causing not only grounding of boats, but also fl ooding of goods, cutti ng ferry workers' incomes by up to two-thirds. The numerous ferry operators have thus had to drasti cally reduce the numbers of their trips. The resulti ng drop in trade is not only cutti ng the income of the riverside communiti es, but also that of many of the 30,000 people living in the town of Muse, who rely on the border trade. These communiti es were never informed by either Chinese or Burmese authoriti es about the dam and its impacts. They are urgently requesti ng the Chinese authoriti es to modify the dam’s operati on so that the river’s environmental fl ow can be restored, and the disrupti on to their livelihoods minimized. This case study provides evidence that builders of hydropower dams on transnati onal rivers in China have neglected to consider the trans-boundary environmental and social impacts of these projects. There is an urgent need for transparent, comprehensive and parti cipatory assessments of the environmental and social impacts of these projects on the enti re length of the rivers."
Language: Shan (ရွမ္းဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Shan Women's Action Network (SWAN)
Format/size: pdf (2.9MB-reduced version; 3.6MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/SWAN-2010-High_and_Dry-The_Cross-Boundary_Impacts_of_China_%20Lo...
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2016