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Home > Main Library > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Mon
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Discrimination against the Mon

  • "Kao Wao News "
    Some, though not all the articles are human rights-related.

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: "Kao Wao News"
    Description/subject: Frequency: about every 12 days "Kao Wao News Group is committed to social justice, peace, and democracy in Burma. We hope to be able to provide more of an in-depth analysis that will help to promote lasting peace and change within Burma. Editors, reporters, writers, and overseas volunteers are dedicated members of the Mon activist community based in Thailand. Our motto is working together for change. If you are an organization or individual who is committed to the same principles as Kao-Wao please use this eNewsletter as a tool to disseminate your views, articles, and issues pertaining to social justice and political, social and cultural freedom. We are open to all but please ensure to source your material either through email contacts or website. To ensure that it is widely read, you can use this email: kaowao@hotmail.com to tell others about this newsletter, and to let them know about your work, events, and public debate." Archive of the electronic newsletter.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Kao Wao News Group
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


  • "The Mon Forum" and other HURFOM Human Rights Reports (Complete archive)
    From March 1995 to November 1997 the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) published a series of "Human Rights Reports" and "Human Rights Publications". From January 1998 onwards the reports appeared in newsletter form as "The Mon Forum" with occasional one-off reports. All the texts of the reports are in the archive. Some also contain the photos and maps of the original print version. As time permits, pdf versions with photos, maps and Burmese language facsimiles of SLORC/SPDC Orders will be made for all the reports. Editing policy: the occasional typos and spelling mistakes picked out by a spellchecker have been corrected, a few brief explanations are added [in square brackets] and the format of the html versions has been adjusted for the Internet. Inspired neologisms like "backbreakingly" and "estimatedly" are retained as a contribution to the English language. Since errors can occur in the scanning process, the print version should be regarded as authoritative.

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Rehmonnya.org (human rights and media website)
    Description/subject: "Rehmonnya.org is an information web homepage provided by Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM), Burma as Human Rights issues, forums and publications for all communities to share the current situation of Mon territory and southern part of Burma. In this web page, we put all publications from our HURFOM such as "The Mon Forum monthly issue, Woman and Child Rights Project's report & journal (in Mon and Burmese) and Our time journal (in Mon language). We also link "Guiding Star monthly Mon newspaper" in Mon language from the Media issue for all Mon community to share their idas and inspirations. Please contact us if you would like to contribute any articles, cartoons, stories and poems in either "Guiding Star" Mon language newspaper or other Journals and magazines which were publiced from HURFOM. Thank you very much for visit and support us. Please Enjoy!"
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 20 March 2004


    Individual Documents

    Title: "The Mon Forum" No.1/2013 (Nov 2012-Jan 2013)
    Date of publication: January 2013
    Description/subject: NEWS: -Local people concerned about gas pipeline renovation... -Villagers slowly return to former communities in search of confiscated land... -Four cases of “pink card” bribery... -Plantations in Min Tar seized a second time..... Commentary: -Investment law and people’s rights in Burma..... Report: -"Infrastructure projects signal reform and reservations on the border": "In the past few months, two remarkable infrastructure projects have been planned for the areas extending north and west of Three Pagodas Pass on the Thai-Burmese border. The first entails rejuvenating a road that connects the border town to Kyainnseikyi, 53 miles to the north. The second project is part of a high-profile proposal to reconstruct a 60- mile section of the “Death Railway,” a World War II era rail line stretching 170 miles from Thanbyuzayat in Burma to Ratchaburi Province, Thailand..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (892K)
    Date of entry/update: 05 February 2013


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2012 (June-August 2012)
    Date of publication: August 2012
    Description/subject: News: - Local Residents Face Continuing Land Abuse In Kaw Thaung; - Forced relocation looms over 80 households in TPP [Three Pagodas Pass]; - Military, not security: Forced sentry duty in souther Ye Township; - Villagers forced to porter and labor for soldiers in Mon and Karen States; - DPW Analyzes Human Impact of Dawei Deep-Sea Port Project; - Locals plead: justice and accountability in torture case; - Extortion and restrictions still burden travellers on Ye – Tavoy highway; - Extortion causes villagers hardships - Insecurity continues to rise in Ye and Yebyu areas; - Local community wants state government to investigate corruption committed by village administration; - Armed ethnic groups sign Deed of Commitment to highlight dedication to children in armed conflict... Commentary: Government Must Address Land Confiscation for Peace and National Reconciliation... Report: Mon State communities troubled by growing Ya Ba usage among teens and students.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (870K)
    Date of entry/update: 31 August 2012


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2012 (April-May 2012)
    Date of publication: May 2012
    Description/subject: News: Young women leading community development projects; Torture and ill-treatment in Burma: Findings from the Human Rights Network report; Mon farmers to bring lawsuit against Zaykabar Company; Children at highest risk for malaria in Tavoy Township... Brief Report: Absent ruleoflaw and human rights abuses in Three Pagodas Pass border town... Analysis: Examination and Critique of the 2012 Farmland Bill [The title used the term "Bill" though this is clearly an alnalysis of the Act or Law]: Analyzing the Pyi Daung Su Hluttaw Law No.11, 2012;
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (675K)
    Date of entry/update: 12 June 2012


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2012 (January 2012)
    Date of publication: January 2012
    Description/subject: NEWS: Locals in Thanbyuzayat Township Continue to face Abuses of Land and Property Rights: Gov’t Battalion Burnt Down farming huts after Confiscating the Farms; Rubber Plantation owners wishing to get back the plantations after over one year confiscated; Plantation owners still charged with monthly allowances by the ARC No.315 for not to seize the plantations... Government’s Navy Units continue to violate rights of Locals in Yebyu Township... INTERVIEW: An Interview with a Released Mon Political Prisoner: Young Buddhist Monk Zaw Latt... REPORT: The Continuation of Human Rights Violations Despite Reforms: Summary; Bacvground; Government Troops Commit Forced Labor in Htan Ta BinTownship; Arbitrary Fee Collection Practiced by Government Troops in Htan Ta BinTownship; Female Villagers Also Face Forced Labor; Human Rights Abuses Continue to Happen in Kyainnseikyi Township - Villagers Forced to Serve as Porters and Human Shields; Local Villager Subjected to Inhumane Torture; Local Truck drivers Forced to Carry Army Supplies; Conclusion - "It is clear that although many people believe that President Thein Sein and his Administration have taken some steps of change, for those villagers in Htan Ta Bin and Kyainnseikyi townships the “change” is just a word as they are still experiencing human rights abuses at the hands of government troops, such as those documented in this report. The findings in this report show that civilians residing in the affected areas have become the victims of extortion and inhumane torture by government troops. In addition, they are forced to carry military supplies, to clean and cut the brush, and to clear landmines by walking ahead of the troops, besides providing their oxen-carts, motorbikes, and trucks for the use of carrying military supplies. Finally, they were demanded to provide a large amount of money for the government battalions’ New Year celebrations. Despite the establishment of a supposedly civilian-led government and the formation of the National Human Rights Commission, human rights abuses are still prevalent throughout the rural areas. Hence, it is a moral imperative for the new civilian government to move towards expansive democratic reforms, which contributes to all ethnic groups. And to establish political dialogues with all ethnic armed groups in order to end fighting and to bring about a stable peace. If the government continues to ignore the human rights situation throughout Burma, the people of Burma will continue to face and suffer human rights abuses in an environment of impunity."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (447K)
    Date of entry/update: 20 March 2012


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2011 (September 2011)
    Date of publication: September 2011
    Description/subject: News: Serving as Human Shield, Ta Dein Villager Loses his Leg... Commentary: Welcome Myanmar Human Rights Commission and Release of Political Prisoners, but More Progresses are Demanded... Report: Flood, Insect Attacks, and The Hardest Time for Farmers in Lower Burma: SummaryRice is the staple food of Burma and an essential part of Mon agriculture. It is what feeds the majority of people in Lower Burma and is one of Mon State’s primary exports. But this year rice is in short supply due to a treacherous trinity of problems that have attacked Mon farmers from all sides. First, unusually heavy and continuous rains since late May have inundated fields and by the end of August, many fields are still flooded. Some farmers, such as Nai Both in Sein Taung Ward, Ka-mar-wet village, estimate they have lost over half of their rice crop to flooding. In past years, farmers could re-cultivate their paddies after a flood. But as this year’s flooding has persisted unusually long, some farmers say there is neither time nor enough resources to re-cultivate. Making matters worse, a state-owned dam, the Win Pa-noon dam, is at full capacity. Needing repairs and on the verge of collapse, officials have opened the sluice gates, releasing water into farmers’ fields. Farmers say the dam is the biggest obstacle in reducing the water levels. Second, an invasion of snails has complicated efforts to maintain remaining rice plants and hampered those trying to re-cultivate. A zoologist who spoke with HURFOM said these snails, known as golden apple snails, are part of a species that is new to the region. They feed on the rice plants and lay thousands of eggs. Due to their rapid rate of reproduction, they can quickly overtake a rice field. Third, farm rats have taken shelter in the fields that were least damaged by floods. In doing so, they built underground nests from which an increasing number of rats emerge to eat the panicles. Farmers, former officials, and experts, have predicted that this year’s production of rice will not meet the needs of Mon State. Meanwhile, the government has yet to officially acknowledge there is even a problem. Some of the interviewees in this report opined that the government is not in the business of telling the truth, and officials have habitually reported false numbers to higher-ups in a chain of continuing false information. At the local level, for their part, authorities have forced beleaguered farmers to pay taxes for repairs to the Win Pa-noon dam and work in projects having similar characteristics as Loh Ah-Pay. But ill-equipped and under-supported, the farmers struggle to remove and kill all the snails and rats. In some cases, farmers have been forced to re-cultivate certain paddies owned by the government at their own expense.; Methodology; A background of paddy rice cultivation and current problems; Farmers Struggle to Stay Afloat Amid Severe Flooding in Lower Burma; No chance to re-cultivate the paddies in time; Paddy Rice Damaged by Snails and Farm Rats; Local Farmers Forced to Pick up Snails; Background of The Golden Apple Snails; Widespread Damage Caused by Rats After the Flooding; Local Farmers Forced to Re-Till Paddy Fields; Conclusion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (385K)
    Date of entry/update: 31 October 2011


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No.8/2011 (August 2011)
    Date of publication: 11 August 2011
    Description/subject: News: Human rights abuses are still being committed in the area of land confiscation: Villages at deep sea project prepare for relocation; Personal Accounts (2 cases)... Commentary: Creating the conditions. for successful peace talks... Report: Biting the hand that feeds - Armed extortion in Karen State: Summary" "From late June to mid-July 2011, HURFOM field reporters gathered human rights violation cases through conducting interviews with native residents of the villages under the administration of Kyon-doo Township, Kawkareik Township, and Kyarinnseikkyi Township. These villages include those that are located in western and southern Kawkareik Township, and some in the southern part of Kyarinnseikkyi Township, Karen State. Of native residents interviewed, 95% of them reported that they are being arbitrarily taxed by multiple armed groups. They experience immense hardship from trying to make a living while supporting all these groups, and they fear the prospect of having to maintain this arrangement long-term. The remaining 5 % of those interviewed reported that they are continuously being threatened, unfairly oppressed, and used as porters and human shields. This report concerns local villagers in the aforementioned areas, 98% of which are Karen nationals and 2% are Mon and Burmese nationals. These local residents heavily depend on the income from their farms and orchards for their livelihoods while some, residing along the rivers and streams, work as fishermen for a living. HURFOM has documented war crimes from ongoing war and armed conflicts happening in the following targeted areas: Karen State, Mon State, and Tenissarim Division. These are the areas where the government troops and Karen armed groups were active and engaged in fighting during HURFOM’s information-gathering over a one month period. It’s similar to the previous report about the breakout of fighting between government troops and a Karen armed group, which affected the lives of civilians where the conflicts took place. It also revealed that both sides, the government troops and the Karen armed group, harmed local residents by demanding military supplies, supporting fees, food supplies, and anything else their armies needed..." Methodology; Armed conflict in the Karen areas; Extortion and arbitrary taxation by breakaway DKBA armed forces; Local businessmen forced to pay armed groups of both sides; Fleeing armed conflict and forced relocation; Conclusion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (242K)
    Date of entry/update: 12 September 2011


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No.5/2011 (May 2011)
    Date of publication: May 2011
    Description/subject: News: Large Sums Extorted from Residents by Local Authorities for the Water Festival in Kawkareik Township... Commentary: Peace-building and the solving of Human Rights Problems... Report: “They will burn the village until it turns to ash”: Gross human rights violations committed by LIB Nos. 562 and 563 in Kawkareik Township, Karen State: On the morning of January 13, 2011, the Burmese Army’s Light Infantry Battalions (LIB) No. 562 and 563 entered Dauk Phalan village in Kawkareik Township, Karen State. Unbeknownst to the LIB troops, Karen National Union1(KNU)’s Brigade 6, battalion No.18, was present in the village. Coming upon each other, both sides opened fire. During the fighting, sections of the LIB battalions scavenged the village for residents they believed to be linked with the KNU. LIB troops then conducted arbitrary arrests of accused rebel supporters, inflicted physical punishment upon villagers, forcibly took villagers to work as porters, and destroyed the properties and livelihoods of villagers in order to insure armed ethnic groups were unable to survive in those areas...Torture; Execution; Extortion; Property Destruction; Conclusion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (210K)
    Date of entry/update: 21 June 2011


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No.4/2011 (April 2011)
    Date of publication: 30 April 2011
    Description/subject: News: (1) Gas Pipeline and Railway Security Troops Unintentionally Shoot Local Residents Free From Culpability... Commentary: Release of Political Prisoners Can Move Forward ‘National Reconciliation’... Report: A Year Later, Villagers Still Displaced Unable to Return Home in Ye and Yebyu Township:- Summary: "In April 2010, the New Mon State Party (NMSP) refused the Burmese government’s request for the NMSP to transform into part of the Border Guard Force (BGF), in which it would essentially provide security for the Burmese government. Tensions between both sides rose because of the NMSP’s rejection and the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC – the former Burmese military government) began a recruitment project in local villages, forcing villagers to serve as militiamen and committing a variety of human rights abuses. During that period, HURFOM conducted interviews with local residents who fled their homes to Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) sites, and documented the commission of crimes against humanity and assorted human rights abuses, on those IDPs, who lived in Ye Township, Mon State, and Ye Pyu Township, Tenasserim Division. Villages that faced militia recruitment during this period were Alaesakhan village, Hlar-chaung-pyar village, and Ta-nee Tha-kyar village in Ye Pyu Township, and Ma-kyi village, in Ye Township. Villagers in these areas were confronted with execution, extortion, torture, and forced relocation by the Burmese Army [at that time, the SPDC], accused of supporting rebel groups, and used as human shields leading the Burmese army [SPDC]. Consequently, many of these villagers, along with their entire families, were forced to flee their homes, leaving their orchards and other properties behind"; Background; Torture, Execution, Forced Labor and Extortion; Travel Restrictions and Impacts on Incomes; Livelihoods at the IDP Sites; Nai Htay Win:; Forced Labor; Conclusion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (256K)
    Date of entry/update: 24 May 2011


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2011 (March 2011)
    Date of publication: 31 March 2011
    Description/subject: News: (1) Residents Forced to Construct Military Barracks for Border Guard Forces’ (BGF) troops in Myawaddy District, Karen State; (2) Young women and elderly forced to Porter in Kawkereik Township, injuries result; (3) No Longer Able to Provide Rice, the MRDC Contemplates Providing Money; (4) KPF Soldier Commits Suicide After Shooting a Civilian; (5) Post-Ceasefire Education Role Thrown into Question... Commentary: The New Government Must Respect Freedom... Report: “To Whom Do We Report?”: Land Seizure by MOGE for the Expansion and Straightening of the Kanbauk to Myaing Kalay Gas Pipeline:- Background; Interviews; Analysis & Conclusion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (343K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 April 2011


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2011 (February 2011)
    Date of publication: 28 February 2011
    Description/subject: Contents: News: (1) Authorities in Ye Township seize land ostensibly for community development; development remains absent... Commentary: Minority Rights in Ethnic States of Burma... Report: “Sitting on the fire”: forced labor demands during Kanbauk to Myaing Kalay Pipelien expansion:- Introduction; History of forced labor; Ongoing forced labor on the pipeline; Economic impacts; Conclusion ["Since 2000 the use of forced labor in the construction of the Kanbauk to Myaing Kalay gas pipeline has been a key catalyst in the commission of crimes against humanity by Burmese soldiers along the pipeline. Now, as construction has begun again in January 2011, residents around the pipeline, already battered by years of abuse and economic hardship, face continued forced labor demands by Burmese soldiers. Working without compensation or support, villagers must not only cover the cost of food, construction materials and tools, but also spend the day working in grueling labor conditions, along a notoriously dangerous pipeline, or in guarding pipes or pipeline that, if attacked or damaged, can lead to the torture, imprisonment or execution of the laborer by the supervising battalion. Denied the preferred opportunity to avoid labor demands by paying a fee, communities’ attempts to negotiate their own economic instability are slashed. Such changes in informal policy represent a step back for communities who build their local financial stability around improvised methods to best improve their financial stability. The use of forced labor in both southern and northern areas of the Kanbuak to Myaing Kalay pipeline reveals a continued ignorance or intentional disregard for the conventions of the ILO working to ban the use of forced labor by Burmese military forces. Though reporting on abuses like those documented here remains dangerous for residents and victims of labor ordered by military forces, the recent renewal of the ILO convention for the 2011 to 2012 year promises an opportunity in which the ILO may be able to assist communities in addressing these abuses. HURFOM hopes that communities and Burmese government forces are able to work effectively with the ILO this year to curtail the potential use of forced labor in projects in resource extraction, industrial development, and construction already in their nascent stages in southern Burma"]
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (316K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 March 2011


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2011 (January 2011)
    Date of publication: 31 January 2011
    Description/subject: News: Arbitrary taxation in Pa’an Township burdens phone operators to near breaking point... Commentary: HURFOM Welcomes the UN Commission of Inquiry on War Crimes in Burma... Report: LIKE BIRDS IN A CAGE: Impacts of continued conflict on civilian populations in Kyainnseikyi and Three Pagodas area: The Background of the local armed conflicts; Abuses of Power; Injuries and conflict induced violence; Portering and Human Shields; Hostage village; Miscommunication and beatings; Theft; Extortion; Travel Restrictions; Conclusion... SUMMARY: "While the sudden conflict that erupted on November 7th between the Burmese State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) and splinter Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) forces drew much attention internationally, and concern from Burma’s ASEAN neighbors, the local impacts from the continuation and even expansion, of this conflict have garnered less attention.. For this months report the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) has documented the commission of crimes against humanity and assorted human rights abuses, on local ethnic residents between Kyainnseikyi Township, and Three Pagodas Pass Township, Karen State. In areas of continued fighting, civilians have suffered from direct exposure to violence, as bystanders to indiscriminate mortar, RPG, and small arms fire, use as forced porters, human shields, human land mine triggers, and physical abuse. Armed groups have also abused civilian communities through theft, extortion, and travel restrictions. Direct exposure to these threats undermines key methods of survival for local communities, who, though capable of addressing normal military presence, face greater threat to safety and live hood with enlarged and aggressive military presence. This uncommon level of disruption must be resolved for communities to ensure their safety and livelihood. Three HURFOM field reporters who conducted this field research recorded accounts from over thirty victims who have faced these abuses and hardships inflicted by ongoing armed conflict. In certain cases victims omitted personal information due to their security concerns. Additionally as this data was gathered in a live conflict zone, areas that were cut off ongoing action have not been visited. These accounts gathered by HURFOM field reporters give a clear sample of the abuses perpetrated in these areas and others not yet reached by field reporters, as further research efforts continue over the next months."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (278K)
    Date of entry/update: 09 February 2011


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2010 (December 2010)
    Date of publication: 31 December 2010
    Description/subject: News: (1) Route to TPP closed sending up commodity prices... Commentary: The Regime and The Companies in Collaboration in Land Confiscations... Report: ‘When I became desperate’: Opinions of residents during forced land acquisition in Kyaikmayaw Township: Introduction; October to November; November, Opening Demands; December 3rd to the 6th; December 6th; December 7th; December 8th; December 9th; December 22nd; Opportunity for change; Conclusion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (456K)
    Date of entry/update: 22 January 2011


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2010 (November 2010)
    Date of publication: November 2010
    Description/subject: News: (1) Thousands flee from Three Pagoda Pass Town, support and basic supplies a concern... Commentary: Welcoming the Release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and Genuine National Reconciliation... Report: Sand on the meat: citizen voices on election intimidation, manipulation and loss: November 7 7:00 AM - Wattae village, Mudon Township, Mon State...7:45 AM - Kaw-Kha-Loe village, Mudon Township...8:00 AM - Kamawet village, Mudon Township...8:00 AM - Nyaung Gone village, Mudon Township...9:00 AM - Juin Pan, Wad Tal, Winn Dar villages, Mudon Township...10:00 AM - Wattae village, Mudon Township...11:00 AM - Kankalay, Kangyi, and Kyone Phite villages, Mudon Township...11:00 AM - Lamine sub-township, Ye Township, Mon State...2:00 PM - Mudon Township...2:00 PM - Mudoon village, Chaung Zone Township...2:30 PM - Kamawet village, Mudon Township...Between 1:00 and 3:00 PM - Thanpyuzayat town, Thanpyuzayat Township...Between 1:00 and 3:00 PM - Kyaik Paran village, Mudon Township...Between 1:00 and 3:00 PM - Kyone Phite village, Mudon Township...3:30 PM – Mudoon village, Chaung Zone Township...4:00 PM - Mudon Township...November 8th Kyaikmayaw Township...Kamawet village, Mudon Township...Conclusion....Map showing HURFOM documented election abuses in Mon State.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (289K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 December 2010


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2010 (October 2010)
    Date of publication: October 2010
    Description/subject: News: (1) 1700 villagers join antielection protests in Karen; and Mon State (2) Expansion of militia and civilian strike groups at cost to villagers prior to election... Commentary: The New Civil War and Human Rights after Elections... Report: Waiting in Tears: Impacts of impending cement factory development in Kyaikmayaw Township:- Farms to Factory; Impact; Dirty Money; Essential for Life; Loss of Culture; Resistance; Conclusion..... Summary: Local communities in Kyaikmayaw Township, Mon State are facing the immanent threat of land seizer by local authorities, for the construction of a large scale cement factory and processing plant for the limestone from a nearby mountain. Nearly 600 acres of paddy land have already been surveyed for construction. The community, which is heavily dependent on the surrounding farmland passed on from generation to generation, has received no opportunity for input in the project, and only paltry warning of an impending “State” ordered seizer of its land. The project will have severe environmental impacts as it calls for the leveling of Ni Don mountain, the construction of a processing plant and factory, and construction of secondary infrastructure such as roads and a jetty into the nearby river. The company spearheading the cement plant construction is predominantly controlled by key members of the regime-backed political party the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP). Profits form the completed cement factory will be used to finance the government-backed USDP. In addition, the mountain is home to significant sacred Buddhist sites, relics, and cave paintings and drawings, which will be lost as the mountain is destroyed.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (280K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 December 2010


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2010 (September 2010)
    Date of publication: 30 September 2010
    Description/subject: News: (1) Ye Township Immigration Department inflates ID costs; (2) Local SPDC police captain orders forced labor for police station construction in southern Ye Township; (3) Mon monk sentenced to 15 years in Insein Prison... Commentary: Who will be responsible for past human rights violations?... Report: 35 Days Till Election: how state resources and area restrictions impact ethnic votes in Mon and Karen States: Background; Election Abuses; Manipulation – Family Lists and ID Cards; Coercion - Bribery; Coercion – Threats, Force, and Use of State Employees; Election Restricted Village Tracts; Personal Resistance; Opinions; Conclusion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (297K)
    Date of entry/update: 06 October 2010


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2010 (August 2010)
    Date of publication: 31 August 2010
    Description/subject: News: (1) SPDC soldiers arbitrarily shoot villager and boy... Commentary: USDP’s manipulations to win in elections... Report: Watering the Poison-Tree: The ongoing systemic erosion of democratic process: Background on Manipulation of Election Structure; Independent Parties; Civilian Observations of Abuses; USDP and NUP Election Abuses: Opening office and recruiting, Privileges granted for current members, Intimidation; Conclusion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (1MB)
    Date of entry/update: 05 October 2010


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2010 (July 2010)
    Date of publication: 31 July 2010
    Description/subject: News: (1) VPDC chairmen reluctant to collect student distinction taxes; (2) Mon party’s campaign dogged by government surveillance... Commentary: Ceasefire Concern, Security tightened in Gas Pipeline Areas... Report: “They think we are not human”: Strategic abuses threaten local economy:- Summary This month the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) documents the perpetuation of human rights violations by the State Peace and Development Council’s (SPDC’s) army units that are reminiscent of the previous anti-insurgent ‘4-cuts’ policy. Despite the supposed discontinuation of these systematized abuses, research clearly indicates that these violations are continually put in use to target ethnic groups located in the southern part of Mon State and northern part of Tenasserin Division. Starting in early May 2010 for over a two and a half month period, the four SPDC battalions LIB No. 282, No. 273, No. 299, IB No. 31, ordered travel restrictions against villages in northern Tenaserim Division and Southern Mon state on four separate occasions. In addition, HURFOM has confirmed that in four cases SPDC forces also defined restricted boundaries outside of villages in which villagers had to relocate their homes. Governmental army units have conducted a campaign of travel restrictions, arbitrary taxation, forced labor and forced relocation. These human rights violations threaten the local economy, security and livelihood of the residents in a specific attempt to suppress the influence and capacity of local insurgent armed groups based in the area. The consequences of these targeted violations are that villagers and owners of farms, plantations, and orchards have been deliberately undermined and had their financial stability disrupted, subsequently leaving famers and plantation owners financially crippled, and at times forced to move to more stable regions of Mon State...Background...Methodology...Targeted Abuses: Travel restrictions and work impact...Theft of crops from perennial plantations and fruit orchards...Forced Labor...Forced Relocation...Conclusion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (1.6MB)
    Date of entry/update: 04 August 2010


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2010 (June 2010)
    Date of publication: 30 June 2010
    Description/subject: News: (1) SPDC fines villager s for digging bomb-shelters for their security in Kyainnseikyi Township; (2) USDA election party membership fee causes frustration amongst members; (3) Recent Karen-Burmese fighting trigger s curfew and travel restrictions; (4) Tax increase at SPDC checkpoint on Zami River, financial burden for travelers and merchants... Commentary: Generals’ Road Map to Power after the Elections... Report: We all must suffer: Documentation of continued abuses during Kanbauk to Myaingkalay pipeline ruptures: Introduction; The presence of Kanbauk to Mayinkalay and a history of ruptures; Current situation for pipeline ruptures and abuses; Abuses related to gas ruptures in Taung Pon Village and Kwan Hla village; Arbitrary arrest and detention; Forced labor, guard duty and extortion; Travel restrictions; Health and Environmental impacts from gas ruptures in Taung Pon and Kwan Hlar villages; Conclusion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (313K)
    Date of entry/update: 05 July 2010


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2010 (May 2010)
    Date of publication: 31 May 2010
    Description/subject: News: (1) Khaw Zar town residents struggle with new people’s militia tax; (2) SPDC township authorities arrest and extort fees from residents not included in family lists... Commentary: 2010 Elections with Non- Politicians Candidates... Report: Like water poured in the sand: Southeastern Burma in a post-ceasefire world:- Introduction; Methodology; Background - Pre-ceasefire period; Post-ceasefire agreement period; Current Period; IDP Camps; IDP Camp Security; Current circumstances and needs of of Halockhanee and Blehdonphite resettlement sites; Economic Impacts of War; Impacts on Local Businesses; Land Seizure; Conclusion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (244K)
    Date of entry/update: 27 May 2010


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/2010 (April 2010)
    Date of publication: April 2010
    Description/subject: News: (1) IDP influx instigates Halochanee camp supply crisis; (2) 2010 Election Update: Ye Township USDA office use government administration to request family lists from area residents... Commentary: 2010 Elections Is Meaningless for the Mon People... Report: When Frogs Eat Frogs: Systematic Abuses by DKBA Forces Against Karen Communities: DKBA Army and Precedents of Abuse; Extortion in the Kawkareik Township DKBA Controlled Territory; Unpaid Labor and Portering Service Committed by DKBA; Torture committed by DKBA Battalions No.908 and No. 907 in Kawkareik Territory; Villager Opinions on the DKBA; Conclusion....Summary: "The Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) will spend its April 2010 report documenting the continued deliberate abuse of predominantly Karen residents by forces from the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA). These findings come 1 year after HURFOM initially released a report detailing abuses committed by DKBA forces in Dooplya Distrct1. From early March to the third week of April, a team of field researchers from HURFOM has documented human rights abuses committed by soldiers from the DKBA against local residents in the areas of Kawkareik and Kyainnseikyi townships. These areas remain contested by the armies of the SPDC and DKBA, sporadically engaging with elements of the insurgent Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA). Within these "black areasâ€� or free fire zones, SPDC and DKBA armies do not restrict their use of lethal force, and government and proxy army units, such as the DKBA, are given an unwritten order to steal, extort, and arbitrarily tax residents as they see fit to provide for their units own survival and wealth. HURFOM believes that as tensions have increased in relation to preparations by the SPDC for their 2010 election, and their relationship with the border ceasefire groups deteriorates, these troubles will lead to increased human rights abuses. It is crucial that the activities of the pro-government proxy army, the DKBA remain closely documented. This report will detail the 3 primary abuses committed by DKBA forces during this period; extortion of goods and money, use of unpaid labor and porters, and torture. The DKBA, which has informally accepted the SPDC's request to refit as a subsidiary border guard force, has become nearly unrecognizable to area residents, who cite shared language as the only means of separating SPDC forces from those of the DKBA. To highlight the growing concern within the Karen community over the direction the DKBA has turned, HURFOM has included in the latter half of this report opinions from township residents' describing their experiences, reactions and thoughts regarding the DKBA's close partnership with the SPDC."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (268K)
    Date of entry/update: 04 May 2010


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2010 (March 2010)
    Date of publication: March 2010
    Description/subject: News: (1) Cordless phone towers closed due to suspected media link; (2) Over 300 villagers flee from MOMC.7 offensive in Pegu Division; (3) Displaced villagers continue to struggle in Tavoy District; (4) Villagers forced to live in hiding after 2 villages burned; (5) Extortion efforts against residents near Kanbauk to Myinkalay pipeline expanded... Commentary: Can Ethnic Problems Be Solved After the 2010 Elections?... Report: Cycles of abuse: How extortion of remittances from Burmese workers perpetuates worker migration: Introduction; Background; Key checkpoints extorting money from migrants; Departure and extortion of migrants at Three Pagoda Pass; Departure and extortion of migrants at Myawaddy; Conclusion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (303K)
    Date of entry/update: 27 April 2010


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2010 (February 2010)
    Date of publication: February 2010
    Description/subject: News: (1) Village militia campaign leads to arrests in Yebyu Township; (2) DKBA combined base supplies gathered at villager expense; (3) Continued Forced Portering in Than Tha Bin Township... Commentary: Social Responsibility of Multinational Companies in Burma... Report: Oil and Water: The Impact of Government salary increases on democratic prospects: Introduction; The Salary Increase; Details of Commodity Price Increases; Voices of Current Government Employees; Voices of Retired Government Employees; Voices from privately employed civilians; Analysis; Conclusion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (185K)
    Date of entry/update: 27 April 2010


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2010 (January 2010)
    Date of publication: January 2010
    Description/subject: News: (1) Mon National Day Committee accepts government censorship; (2) 200 Karen villagers forced into service in Than Tha Bin Township... Personal Accounts: (1) A group of victims who had fled from the southern part of Ye Township... Commentary: New Conflicts in Mon Areas Signal Instability in 2010... Report: “We have to try”: Mount ing pressure in election preparations and re sponses from the Mon State community: Introduction; Background; Methodology; Census-gathering; Movement Restriction Against Civilians During the Pre-election Period; Targeting of Monastic Communities; Community responses to SPDC manipulation; Conclusion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (251K)
    Date of entry/update: 26 April 2010


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2009 (December 2009)
    Date of publication: December 2009
    Description/subject: News: (1) Continued abuse on International Human Rights day in Khaw-zar sub-township; (2) Villagers forced to carry stones for Burmese army battalion; (3) IB No. 48 kills 3 in Pegu Division... Commentary: Farmers in Mon State are in Trouble... Personal Accounts: Meeting with villagers who escaped from torture and abuses in their home... Report: Election preparations round off a year of abuses against farmers in Mon territory: Introduction; Devastation in the 2009 crop season; Ongoing Abuse; Arbitrary seizure of farmland; Maintenance duty for gas-pipelines; Extortion of money for cost of tractor; Forced summer paddy cultivation; Forced labor on agriculture projects; Forced sales of discounted rice to the Army; Impacts; Ongoing SPDC trainings for 2010 election; Impact of election preparation trainings on farmers; Conclusion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (426K)
    Date of entry/update: 26 April 2010


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2009 (November 2009)
    Date of publication: 30 November 2009
    Description/subject: News: (1) More than one hundred acres of farmland confiscated in Kamawet Sub- Township... (2) 37 villagers detained by IB 31 in Khawza Sub-Township... (3) Army continues to demand that local residents work along gas pipeline in Thanbyuzayat township..... Commentary: The 2008 Constitution and the 2010 Elections: Without Inclusiveness, Problems Will Remain Unresolved..... Report: Burmese government pressure on communities for support in 2010 election: Introduction...Background:...Use of Information Reporting and Spying Among Communities in Pre-election Period:...Militia Recruitment Disguised as Civilian Welfare Trainings:...Increase in Militia and Police Recruiting within Communities:...Arbitrary and Excessive Taxation Abuse From Pre-Election Recruitment:...Conclusion:
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (190K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 December 2009


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2009 (October 2009)
    Date of publication: 31 October 2009
    Description/subject: News: (1) Villagers in Kyaikmayaw Township forced to contribute money towards castor bean mill... (2) Militia recruitments ordered in North Tenasserim Division... Commentary: National Politics Party, NUP and USDA Start a Secret Campaign for 2010 Elections... Report: “I am very tired”: Three months of abuses along the Kanbauk to Myaing Kalay gas pipeline in Northern Ye and Southern Thanbyuzayat Township, from August 2009 to October 2009: Introduction...Cases of Villagers Forced to Act as Human Shields, and Subsequent Disappearances and Deaths...Unpaid Labor...Arbitrary Taxation by Burmese Army gas pipeline security forces...Torture...Physical and emotional intimidation...Conclusion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (560K)
    Date of entry/update: 21 November 2009


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2009 (September 2009)
    Date of publication: 30 September 2009
    Description/subject: News: (1) Students pay excess maintenance fees in Ye Town; (2) DKBA soldiers beat and rob villagers in Thaton district; (3) 19-Year-Old Woman Raped and Murdered in Karen State; (4) LIB no. 273, forced resident to serve portering into their operation... Commentary: Peace Spirit in September 2007... Reports: (1) Burmese government action in advance of 2010 election... (2) Empty Rice Baskets: An Analysis of the Causes and Implications of the August 2009 Flooding in Mon State: Introduction; Background; Methodology; The Win-pha-non and Kataik dams; Dam flooding impacts; Rainfall Flooding; Rainfall Flooding Impacts; Burmese Government Abuse; Additional Burdens for Mon State’s Farmers Forcing Farmers to Guard the Gas Pipeline; Farmers Forced to Work on the Burmese Army’s Farms; Opinions; Conclusion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (258K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 October 2009


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2009 (August 2009)
    Date of publication: 31 August 2009
    Description/subject: News: (1) Forced militia training conducted in Ye Township; (2) Extortion and corruption over football match in Ye township; (3) Villagers forced to repair road in Tenasserim division... Commentary: Fracturing Ceasefires and Regional Security Threats... Report: “Our Village Will Not Last:” Analysis of Abuses Conducted Against Civilians in Mon State and Tennaserim Division:- INTRODUCTION; SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY; BACKGROUND; Arbitrary Taxation; Intentional Depopulation; Sexual Assault; Land and Property Seizure; Villager Agency; Conclusion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (969K)
    Date of entry/update: 08 September 2009


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2009 (July 2009)
    Date of publication: 31 July 2009
    Description/subject: News: (1) Frustrated by military abuses, young Mon men join the Mon insurgent group... (2) Corruption and arbitrary taxation on road repairs in Hangan... Commentary: Wait and See for ASEAN Human Rights Commission... Report: The Coming Crisis of Brigade No. 6: Analysis of the Current Abuses Committed Against the Karen Population -- Introduction...Background - Previous attacks and the fall of Brigade No.7...Brigade No. 6...Deployment: SPDC, DKBA, KPF...Brigade No. 6 is the goal...The prospective civilian crisis...Ongoing Human Rights Abuse in the area...Seizer of supplies - money and food...Map of village locations which can be affected by the armed clashes in the KNLA’s southern Dooplaya District [Brigade No. 6.]...Travel restriction...Forced recruitment...Forced Portering service...Perspective - Fears and opinions of local villagers on armed conflict.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (618MB)
    Date of entry/update: 31 July 2009


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2009 (June 2009)
    Date of publication: 30 June 2009
    Description/subject: News: (1) Village in Mudon township forced to repair pipeline ruptures... (2) Over 2,981 Karen flee during the SPDC/DKBA and KNLA clashes... Commentary: SPDC's will to oppose 'National Reconciliation'... Personal Accounts: Interview with three women who fled from home and attempted to migrate to Thailand... Report: A road runs through it: Accounts of abuse during strand road construction in Thanbyuzayat: INTRODUCTION; BACKGROUND; LAND SEIZURE; FORCED SECURITY AND MANUAL LABOR; FORCED PROVISION OF FOOD; Map of Mon PDC road project connecting Setse beach and Kyaikkami Sub-Township, which has directly affected the economic well-being of the local farmers and villagers in Thanbyuzayat Township; CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (581K)
    Date of entry/update: 26 June 2009


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2009 (May 2009)
    Date of publication: 31 May 2009
    Description/subject: News: (1) Villagers are spread thin after meeting uncompensated labor demands... (2) No end in sight after 4 years of obligatory security detail by villagers..... Commentary: Outraged but not surprised..... Media release: Systemic human rights violations along 180-mile gas pipeline in southern Burma, says new report..... Personal: Meeting with child labors from Southern Mon State..... Report: “I Will Never Go Back:” Human Rights Abuses in Mon State and Tenasserim Division:- Introduction; Arbitrary Executions; Destruction of Civilians’ Houses and Properties; Map of the area documented in the report; Plundering and Looting of Food Supplies; Using Villagers in Forced Porter Service; Causing Great Economic Hardship and Food Crisis; Voices from the Victims Regarding the Loss of their Homes; Conclusion: "The individual abuses carried out in the 4 square mile area surrounding Paukpinkwin are representative of the broader abuses committed by the Burmese army within the wider region of South Mon State and Northern Tenasserim Division. As families continue to flee, abuses by Burmese army and, on a much smaller scale, insurgent forces, are carried out in increasingly depleted communities. In one extreme example, the 2 villages of Baraung and Amae have been completely relocated under the Burmese army’s counter-insurgency policy, carried out in July 2006 and November 2008 respectively. HURFOM research indicates that 65% of households in Paukpinkwin have been forced to relocate in the last 10 years, and continued instances of abuse by the Burmese Army threaten to condemn Paukpinkwin and the surrounding area to a similar fate of Baraung and Amae. But for many villagers, some who are elderly or have lived in the area for generations, leaving is an arduous and sometimes impossible task. They are thus trapped, unable to leave, but also unable to live. These families will remain the fodder for future human rights violations as long as the process of militarization continues."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (825K)
    Date of entry/update: 28 May 2009


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/2009 (April 2009)
    Date of publication: 30 April 2009
    Description/subject: News: (1) Mon rebels and SPDC army execute four village leaders in span of 12 hours... (2) New joint Mon-Burmese force attacks Karen rebels in Tenasserim Division... (3) Village headman sells confiscated land in Ye Township..... Commentary: Militarization in ethnic areas obstacle to national reconciliation..... Report: Surviving in the places where power comes through gun barrels: Violations Accounts of DKBA and its Unlawful Activities in Dooplaya District" I. Summary; II. Background of Dooplaya District; III. Abuses by DKBA Kloh Htoo Baw or ‘Shwe Hpar Si’ Tactical Command; A. Current offensives against KNLA/KNU; B. Demanding building materials, food and money for new camps construction; C. Destruction of properties; D. Confiscating livestock and agriculture products; E. Using villagers as minesweepers, guides and porters; F. Attacks on religious freedom; G. Movement Restriction; IV. Abuses by DKBA Special Battalion No. 999; A. Systematic looting of food and livestock; B. Destruction, arrest and extortion; C. Appointment of spies and informants; V. Conclusion; Map of area.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (445K)
    Date of entry/update: 23 April 2009


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2009 (March 2009)
    Date of publication: 31 March 2009
    Description/subject: News: (1) Permission denied to repair Mon National schools in southern Ye township... (2) Nigh time travel banned in Mudon and Thanbyuzayat... (3) Six villages suffer actions by DKBA..... Commentary: Considerations on Human Rights and Political Progress...... Personal: Meeting with villagers who recently fled to the border...... Report: Economic predation: taxation, extortion and commandeering in Mon State: I. Introduction; II. Background: A. Bad times, getting worse...B. Taxation...III. Taxation, extortion and commandeering: A. Forced labor fees...B. Projects and events...C. Services and general opportunism...D. Support for the army.....IV. Livelihood consequences......V. Conclusion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (458K)
    Date of entry/update: 30 March 2009


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2009 (February 2009)
    Date of publication: 28 February 2009
    Description/subject: News: (1) Mons worldwide celebrate national day; Burmese regime censors their speech... (2) Villagers forced to pay for concert... (3) Government-appointed headman stealing resources meant for school repairs..... Commentary: Regime still fails to improve human rights before the 2010 election..... Report: Living on a one-way ticket: self-reliance in the Mon resettlement sites:- I. Introduction...II. Background... A. Factors motivating displacement: a. Interrogation, assault and summary execution; b. Travel restrictions, forced relocation and surveillance; c. Punitive taxation, quotas, land seizure and looting; d. Forced labor, including conscription of porters and human minesweepers for military operations...B. Resettlement sites and “returned refugees”...III. Returned refugees livelihoods A. MRDC support and “self reliance”...B. Factors under-mining self reliance 1. Limited space for agriculture...Map of resettlement sites in NMSP controlled areas near the Thai Burma border...2. Security...3. Few non-agricultural jobs...IV. Conclusion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (458K)
    Date of entry/update: 26 February 2009


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2009 (January 2009)
    Date of publication: 31 January 2009
    Description/subject: News: (1) Police harassing Mon women legally working in Thailand... (2) Eight village tracts forced to provide unpaid, 24 hour road sentries... (3) Authorities ignoring rape and murder of 7-year-old girl in Pegu Division... (4) Corrupt taxation enriching government appointed headman in Mudon Township..... Commentary: People will be forced to support SPDC parties in 2010 Elections..... Report: Living between two fires: villager opinions on armed insurgency -- I. Introduction...II. Mon Rebels, and abuse:- A. Fertile forests, for farmers and fighting...B. The Nai Chan Dein group...III. SPDC army, and abuse -- A. Abuses, since 1948...B. Abuses, since November...IV. Go to other villages and you will hear people talking like me: villagers’ opinions -- A. Support for Nai Chan Dein...B. Support contingent on criticism...C. Opposition to Nai Chan Dein...D. Opposition to all armed groups...V. Conclusion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (341K)
    Date of entry/update: 29 January 2009


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2008 (December 2008)
    Date of publication: 31 December 2008
    Description/subject: News: (1) Thai Immigration detaining migrant workers who survived gruesome auto accident; (2) Mon political prisoner transferred from Insein to Tharawaddy Prison; (3) DKBA executes couple accused of being witches; (4) Former SPDC soldier arrested for rape of 10- year-old girl..... Commentary: Long sentences and transfers handed out to political prisoners part of preparations for 2010 Elections..... Report: Protecting their rice pots: an economic profile of trade and corruption in Three Pagodas Pass: I. Introduction; II. Background - A. Contested territory; B. A wild west town, in decline; C. Trade routes and checkpoints...III. An economic profile" A. Border trade - 1. Logging; 2. Minerals, gems, ivory and antiques; 3. Agricultural products and livestock; 4. Drugs; 5. Migrant labor trafficking; 6. Imports from Thailand...B. Illegal activities occurring in Three Pagodas: 1. Gambling; 2. Prostitution.....IV. Conclusion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (409K)
    Date of entry/update: 22 December 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2008 (November 2008)
    Date of publication: 30 November 2008
    Description/subject: News: (1) SMudon Township authorities order local farmers to cultivate summer rice, again; (2) Young men in Pegu forced to join army, v illa gers forced to work as unpaid laborers; (3) More land seized in northern Mon State... Commentary: Will ASEAN or the UN Human Rights Council do anything in response harsh sentencing by the SPDC?... Report: “I have no more left in my hands:” Human rights conditions in southern Ye Township and northern Tavoy District: I. Introduction...II. Background...III. Human rights violations in Ye and Tavoy, 2008: A. Interrogation, assault and summary execution; B. Travel restrictions and surveillance; C. Punitive taxation, quotas and looting; D. Forced labor; IV. Conclusion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (722K)
    Date of entry/update: 22 November 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2008 (October 2008)
    Date of publication: 31 October 2008
    Description/subject: NEWS: (1) SPDC confiscating and reselling vehicles in Mon State... (2) Villagers along the Ye to Tenasserim Division road forced to make road repairs... (3) Villagers in Yebyu Township strained by the army’s latest round of taxation.....COMMENTARY: SPDC Creates USDA as a Main Political Party in 2010 Elections.....REPORT: A silenced anniversary: one year after the Saffron Revolution: I. Introduction...II. August and September 2007: peaceful protest, violent response: A. Demonstrations across the country; B. Demonstrations in Mon State...III. August and September 2008: crackdowns and quiet: A. Isolated protests; B. Countrywide crackdowns; C. The cyber offensive...IV. Protest prevention in Mon State: sentries, sweeps and checkpoints: A. Orders from Naypyidaw; B. Travel checkpoints; C. Monitoring of public places; D. Monitoring of monasteries and religious sites; E. Monitoring of students and universities; F. Monitoring of government offices; G. Midnight ward sweeps...V. Conclusion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (820K)
    Date of entry/update: 25 October 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2008 (September 2008)
    Date of publication: 30 September 2008
    Description/subject: News: (1) Corruption enables illegal logging in Karen State... (2) Mon State authorities accepting bribes in exchange for motorbike licenses... (3) Landowners forced to donate to Cyclone... victims, worry about the funds’ destinations (4) Monasteries forced to bribe officials in ongoing attempt to control their land... (5) Junta plands to extend agricultural land... (6) Pirated CD's can be sold if authorities are bribed...... Commentary: (1) Another bloody month... (2) Broken communities: Just what the junta wants..... Report: Without a choice: Increased economic migration from Mon State to Thailand: I. Introduction...II. Economic factors contributing to increased economic migration: A. Country-wide economic deterioration; B. Poor employment conditions in Mon State...III. Abuses by army and township authorities contributing to increased economic migration: A. Travel restrictions; B. Punitive taxation; C. Forced labor; D. Land confiscation...IV. Conclusion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (306K)
    Date of entry/update: 25 October 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2008 (August 2008)
    Date of publication: 31 August 2008
    Description/subject: News: (1) Owners were Forced to Cut Rubber Plants; Fund Extortion and Move ment Restriction Con tinued in Mon State... (2) Residents forced to patrol their villages... (3) Villagers arrested on suspicion of rebel supporters..... Personal Accounts: (1) Meeting with group of young victims of torture..... Commentary: UN Envoys Move Wrong Path..... Report: Drugs problem in Burma and Drug Trafficking in Mon Areas - I. Burma: Well-known for Drug Production; II. Amphetamine uses increase in Mon State; III. Amphetamines Threats to Community and Flow to Thailand; IV. Drug Suppression in the Border Areas; V. Beyond the Border: Drug Addiction in Mon Migrant Communities; A story of Wan, from Kao Wao News; Growing Drug and HIV Problem; VI. Possible Involvement of SPDC Commanders in Drug Smuggling; A story of retired Burmese Army officers in drug trafficking; VII. Slow Action: UN’s Crop Substitute Program.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (289K)
    Date of entry/update: 07 September 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2008 (July 2008)
    Date of publication: 31 July 2008
    Description/subject: News: (1) Villagers Forced to Guard at Night and Work by Day at Army Base... (2) At Least Nine Youths Arrested After Bomb Explosion in Telecom Office... (3) Army Orders Cutting Down of Rubber Plants Near Base..... Personal Accounts: (1) Voices From Forgotten Victims..... Commentary: Concern over NMSP Ceasefire..... Report: Forced Labour Use by Burmese Army in Mon State from Mid-2007 to May 2008: - I. Background Information...II. Continuous Use of Forced Labour in 2007 and 2008...III. Details in Forced Labour Use: A. Forced Labour in Bridge Construction along Motor Roads - Bridge Construction for Military Control; Forced Local Carpenters; Forced the Local Villagers, and Collection of Sand and Stone; Commandeering Trucks...B. Forced Labour for Army Business: Timber Collection and Making Bricks...C. Forced Labour in Castor Oil Plantation...D. Forcible Conscription of Security Guards (1) In Mudon Township ...E. Forced Recruitment Into Militia Force - Pa-an Township, Karen State...V. Conclusion/ Suggestions.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (392K)
    Date of entry/update: 07 September 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2008 (June 2008)
    Date of publication: 30 June 2008
    Description/subject: News: (1) Border town malaria rates rise; (2) A Mon migrant worker shot in southern Thailand... Commentary: Urgent and more assistance to Cyclone victims - Hope... Report: Suppressed: Freedom of Press in Burma: History of Restriction against Freedom of Speech; Media in Exile; Journalists Inside; Internet Use in Burma; Media Inside; Foreign Media and Nargis; Restrictions on Comedy and Music; Moving Forward?... Special Report: Isolated Islands and Assistance Needs for Nargis Victims: Cyclone Nargis and Delay and Lack of Relief Responses; Isolated Cyclone Nargis Affected Islands in Bassein District; Information Restriction in Hein-gyi Island; Self-Help in the Aftermath of Cyclone; Order to Reconstruct the Devastated Communities; Situation Update and Needs in Pyin-kha-yaing Island: Foods, Water, Sheltering, and Relocation Food: Access to Food: Sheltering: Relocation: Water and Sanitation:; Availability of Foods; Needs Assessment of Victims; Food Assessment; Sheltering Assessment: School Building Assessment: Health Care Assessment: Children Education’s Assessment: Livelihood Assessment.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (346K)
    Date of entry/update: 21 July 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2008 (May 2008)
    Date of publication: 31 May 2008
    Description/subject: News: (1) Mon Civil War Continues in Southern Ye; (2) Junta Extends Weather Warning Sites in Mon state; (3) Food Crisis Looms in Refugee Camp on Thai-Burma Border; (4) Sea Fish Avoided, Pork Price Soars; (5) Rangoon Residents Pay for Repairing Power Infrastructure; (6) Burma Tops List In Deforestation... Opinion: (1) UN and international community need to prioritize issues in Burma... Commentary: SPDC’s Failure in Cyclone Mission... Report: Trouble Brewing; Before, During and After Cyclone Nargis: The Lead-up; May 2nd, 2008; The ‘Clean-up’; International Community vs General Than Shwe; Now.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (317K)
    Date of entry/update: 22 July 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No.4/2008 (April 2008)
    Date of publication: 30 April 2008
    Description/subject: NEWS: (1) ‘Yes’ votes stuffed by poll station staff in Mon state (2) Bodies floating to Mon State (3) NMSP arrests smuggler with amphetamines (4) Seven residents arrested in Referendum Chaos (5) Pre-vote Under Control of Mon Ceasefire Group (6) Approximately 60 timber vehicles pay bribes and cross checkpoint (7) Burmese authorities cheat and threaten to get ‘Yes’ vote (8) Villagers forced to guard pipeline as referendum approaches... OPINION: The dilemma of 'No' and 'Yes' votes for Burmese people COMMENTARY: Manipulation in the People’s Referendum... REPORT: Referendum 2008; Burma’s Road to a False Democracy - SPDC announce 92.4% approval for the constitution...The Constitution...Referendum Campaign – Moving Further Away from Democracy...May 10th, 2008...Results...Conclusion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (381K)
    Date of entry/update: 23 May 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2008 (March 2008)
    Date of publication: 31 March 2008
    Description/subject: News: (1) Referendum campaigns speed up in Mon State... (2) Illegal rice imports boom at Three Pagodas Pass... (3) Cease-fire groups required to provide security for the referendum... (4) Classes canceled to make room for polling stations... (5) Water festivities marked by referendum campaigns... (6) MNDF says Junta desperate to have constitution approved... (7) Referendum Commission threatens to delay elections if Constitution rejected... (8) Government groups organizing villagers in Mon State to vote “Yes”... (9) Hungry and Weak; Burma Migrants Deported....... Commentary: Current Draft Constitution Does Not Move to National Reconciliation....... Opinion & Analysis: (1) Civil society best hope for dignity of Burmese people... (2) Referendum; Crisis Continues?...... Report: Burma’s Constitutions: Downgrading from Democracy to Dictatorship::: A. The 1947 and 1974 Constitutions and Demands for Democracy; B. The people’s genuine desire for democracy in Burma; C. Analysis of the Draft Constitution - The Draft Constitution is undemocratic, Military dominance in lawmaking and barriers to Constitutional Amendment, Lack of Rights for Ethnic Nationalities, Legalized coups and broad authority to crack down on demonstrations...D. Undemocratic preparation for the referendum...E. Conclusion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (301K)
    Date of entry/update: 30 April 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2008 (February 2008)
    Date of publication: 29 February 2008
    Description/subject: News: (1) Cholera Outbreak in Mon State... (2) SPDC tightens security in response to anti-referendum activism... (3) Burmese Army troops kill woman in Southern Ye Township... (4) Burmese people fearful of banks, invest in land instead... (5) Computer shops investigated for copies of banned film... (6) IDPs on Thai-Burma border tricked into signing up for referendum IDs.. (7) Three Pagoda border crossing open, for the right price... (8) New Thai Governor targeting Mon workers.....Commentary: There will be no free and fair People Referendum.....Report: Another Cut: the SPDC Campaign to Erase Mon Culture: - I. Introduction... II Background...III. Attacks on Mon culture: A. Rewriting history...B. Erasing a language...C. Hijacking museums and cultural artifacts...D. Targeting important cultural symbols.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (270K)
    Date of entry/update: 26 March 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2008 (January 2008)
    Date of publication: 31 January 2008
    Description/subject: News: Regime continues its assault on the Mon Cultural Museum in Moulmein... Burmese soldiers burn plantations to punish suspected rebel supporters... Burmese Army forces villagers to relocate... Mon National Day is celebrated in Burma... Tractor-trailer owners forced to “donate” sand to a government golf course... New travel restrictions announced in Southern Ye... Members of Mon Literature and Culture Association replaced by junta thugs..... Commentary: International organizations can, and should, help protect the people of Mon state..... Report: A two crops policy that barely yields one: the failed Win-panon Dam project...The dry season failures of the Win-pha-non dam...Corruption with the MAS...The rainy season failures of the Win-pha-non Dam...Farmers drowning in cycles of debt...
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (322K)
    Date of entry/update: 17 March 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2007 (December 2007)
    Date of publication: 31 December 2007
    Description/subject: News: (1) Forced name change for Mon Cultural Museum by SPDC regime... (2) Local police ban beer sale in Mon state... (3) International human rights day held at Mon refugee camp in Thailand... (4) Burmese junta force farmers to cultivate summer rice... (5) Forty villagers tortured for their possessions... (6) Patients required to pay private clinics before receiving hospital treatment... (7) Monks require hometown police recommendation making passport... (8) Burmese regime force farmers to feed army...... Commentary: National Reconciliation in 2008 in Burma...... Report: Analysis of SPDC human rights violations in 2007: I. Summary of this report...II. SPDC human rights violations in 2007 - A. Summary of the events surrounding the September protests...B. Human rights violations committed by the SPDC during the September protests - Killing: Arbitrary Arrest, Detention and Imprisonment:Torture and Mistreatment: 1...C. Conscription and forced labour...Forced labor in bridge and highway construction:...Providing security for roads and bridges:...Providing security for gas pipelines:...Conscription into militia forces:....D. Movement Restrictions against Civilians and Buddhist Monks Movement restrictions prior to the September protests:...Movement restrictions following the September protests:...E. Torture and inhumane treatment...III. Consequences of SPDC human rights violations in 2007... A. Growth of civil society...B. Weakening of ceasefire groups like the NMSP...IV. Conclusion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (535K)
    Date of entry/update: 17 March 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2007 (November 2007)
    Date of publication: 07 November 2007
    Description/subject: News: (1) Corrupt police arrest youths, seize motorcycles in Mudon Township; (2) Village headmen shell out over one million Kyat to Township authorities... Commentary: People wants peaceful political dialogue... Report: (1) Land Confiscation and Continuous Consequences to Civilians in Northern Ye Area.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (381K)
    Date of entry/update: 27 January 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No 10/2007 (October 2007)
    Date of publication: 31 October 2007
    Description/subject: News: (1) Listeners arrested by Burmese soldiers in Mon State... (2) Authorities collect physic nut from people... (3) Military scrutinizing guests in monasteries..... Commentary: Welcome to Mr.Gambari and Suggestion to UN Mission..... Summary Presentation: Struggle for Survival of Mon Literature and Education in Monland..... Report: (1) Movement Restriction and Abuses behind the Pro-government Rallies in Mon State: I. Crackdown on the Peaceful Protests; II. Abuses occurring behind the rallies in each Township; III. Movement Restriction in Mon State; IV. Aggressive Activities of Regime Supporters - Near Moulmein and nearby area - Mudon Township - Kyaik-ma-yaw Township - Chaung-zone Township (Island Township) - Crackdown on dissidents in Mon state - Situation in Karen State (Kya-inn-seikyi Township) - Conclulsion
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (171K)
    Date of entry/update: 17 March 2008


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No 9/2007 (September 2007)
    Date of publication: 30 September 2007
    Description/subject: News: (1) Monks and University Students sent back home forcibly; (2) Five arrested on suspicion of links with organizations in exile... Commentary: International Community Must Stop Bloodshed and Conflict in Burma; SPDC’s misuse of the media and the role of bloggers during peaceful demonstrations in Burma... Personal Accounts: Interview with a forced labour victim from Ye Township... Report: (1) The Recent Crackdowns on Peaceful Demonstrators in the Context of International Criminal Laws: I. Background of Burma’s Conflict; II. Protracted Conflict and 1988 Uprising; III. Recent September Crackdown On Cities’ Streets - a. SPDC’s Intolerance on Protests; b. Human Rights Violations or Crimes - Some of the crimes in late crackdown are: Killing; Torture and Mistreatment:Arbitrary Arrests, Detention and Imprisonment: Disappearance: IV. Comparison Between 1988 and 2007 Pro-democracy Uprisings. V. In the Context of International Criminal Laws.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (372K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 October 2007


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No 8/2007 (August 2007)
    Date of publication: 31 August 2007
    Description/subject: News: (1) SPDC Followers are Convincing Pro-Government Groups in Mon State; (2) Villagers in Mon State are stuck with extortion imposed by Light Infantry Battalion No.31; (3) Burmese Soldiers commandeer villagers’ motorbikes in Mon State; (4) Police extort money from arrested young people in the Mon village; (5) SPDC Followers Earn Illegal Money with Different Method in Mon State; (6) Villagers in Mudon Township are being forced to grow castor-oil plants... Commentary: International Community Must Ensure for Democratization in Burma... Personal Accounts: Meeting with newly arrived IDP family... Report: Endless Abuses and the Creation of Poverty in Southern Mon State:- I. Summary: This report focuses on the updated situation about the ongoing Human Rights abuses committed by the SPDC and its armed forces, troops of Burmese Army, that creates the poverty and unsustainable life of the rural civilians in southern Mon State. Most of the abuses which described in this report were always happening in the rural areas under the control of this ruling SPDC. The major abuses are which covered in this report are forced relocation, forced labour, looting, confiscation of land and properties which artificially create poverty and hunger to population in rural areas of southern Mon State; II. Geographical analysis on Southern Mon State; III. Looting by the Burmese battalions; IV. Torture and inhumane treatment; V. On going abuses: Movement restriction and relocation; VI. Confiscation/ destruction of property/Taxation; VII. Population displacement.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (446K)
    Date of entry/update: 24 September 2007


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No 7/2007 (July 2007)
    Date of publication: 31 July 2007
    Description/subject: University students forced to grow physic nuts in Moulmein; ASEAN Charter and Human Rights Promotion in the Region (Commentary); Twenty one Thai phone owners arrested in Karen State; Personal Accounts; Factors Contributing to the Rise of Labour Migration from Southern Burma: I. ANALYSIS ON THE RISE OF LABOUR MIGRATION; II. SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY; III. THE FACTORS BEHIND THE RISE OF LABOUR MIGRATION - A. CONSCRIPTION OF FORCED LABOUR; B. ARBITRARY ARREST, TORTURE AND KILLING - INHUMANE TORTURE AND ARREST; KILLING OR SUMMARY EXECUTION; C. FORCED RELOCATION AND MOVEMENT RESTRICTION; D. LAND CONFISCATION.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (225K)
    Date of entry/update: 07 August 2007


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No 6/2007 (June 2007)
    Date of publication: 30 June 2007
    Description/subject: Rice mill owners were forced to pay for the battalions’ rations; SPDC Ignores Role of International Community (Commentary); Junta embarks on fresh round of ethnic cleansing; Continuous Use of Forced Labour by SPDC Authorities and The Burmese Army In Mon State and Tenasserim Division: I. Background Information; II. Continuous Use of Forced Labour in 2006 and 2007; III. Details of Forced Labour Use - A. Forced Labour in Bridge Construction along Highways; B. Forced conscription of security guards - (1) In Yebyu Township, Tenasserim Division; (2) Forced recruitment of women and children: guarding gas-pipelines...C. Forced labour providing firewood for army’s brick kilns; D. Forced cultivation of castor-oil plants in Mon State; E. Forced recruitment into militia forces; IV. Cases and Interviews with Forced Labour Victims Case I: Porter Service; Case II: Forced Labour and recruitment into militia forces; Case III: Forced labour for army busineses; V. Conclusion/ Suggestions.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (260K)
    Date of entry/update: 07 August 2007


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No 5/2007 (May 2007)
    Date of publication: 31 May 2007
    Description/subject: Six hundred villagers forced to work for a week to welcome Lt. Gen Maung Bo; ILO Should Extend its Monitoring Space on Forced Labour Issue in Burma (Commentary); People forced to grow Castor physic nuts; Junta collects money and confiscates farms for development project; Mon state authority round up unlicensed cars again; Burmese Army strengthens militia by forcibly training locals; Women and elders forcedto guard gas pipeline.....Report: Economic Deterioration and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Burma: I Introduction... II. Burma’s International Obligations... III. Current Political Situation and Economic Policy in Burma: A. Corruption / Taxation; B. Inflation; C. Economic Sanctions; D. Burma’s Over-Valued Currency; E. Poor Health Care in Rural Areas; F. Unemployment, Migration and Internally Displaced Persons...IV. Burmese IDPs in Limbo...V. Humanitarian Aid and Healthcare...VI. Lack of Social Welfare and Education: A. For rural school children in Burma , an uncertain future; B. Falling Education Rates...News: Five Mon Civil Organizations Denied New Work Registration.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (252K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 June 2007


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No 4/2007 (April 2007)
    Date of publication: 30 April 2007
    Description/subject: Authorities force Buddhist teachings in Burmese instead of Mon; Ensure SPDC’s Political Will in Prohibiting Forced Labour (Commentary); Burma Army Major goes on the rampage with gun in Ye Township; Gas pipeline blast burns rubber plantation; Villagers Paid Taxes to work in Thailand; SPDC Development Bridges Project and Civilian Labor Conditions:- I. Introduction: Forced Labor Convention and Government Development Projects in Burma; II. Background of Ye Town- ship and Impact of Forced Labor on Civilians; III. Army’s Use of Forced Labor on Bridge Constructions; A. Sand and Stone; B. Timber Collection and Making Bricks; C. Cement; D. Commandeering Trucks; IV. Advantage and Disadvantage.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (359K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 May 2007


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No 3/2007 (March 2007)
    Date of publication: 31 March 2007
    Description/subject: Owners pay huge amounts to get back seized motor cycles; How Taxation Makes the People Poor; Burmese soldier shoots at boy for motor cycle; Arbitrary and Illegal Taxation Practices in Burma: I. Introduction; II. Different Taxation - A. Working Abroad Tax; B. Taxes Collected by the Army - Case 1: Paddy Tax; Case 2: Gambling Tax; Case 3: Tax on Public Gatherings; Case 4: Security Tax; Case 5: Militia Training Tax... C. Family List Tax...D. Check Point Taxation - Case 1: Border Crossing Tax; Case: 2 Village Restrictions...E. Taxes in Lieu of Forced Labor...F. Tax on Gas-pipeline...G. Castor Oil Tree Taxes...H. Orchard Tax...V. Bribery...APPENDIX: Government Legal tax on Foreign Investment and Overseas Workers - Taxation: (i) Personal income tax; (ii) Business taxes; (iii) Capital gains tax.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (189K)
    Date of entry/update: 04 May 2007


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No 2/2007 (February 2007)
    Date of publication: 28 February 2007
    Description/subject: Ongoing forced labor usage on SPDC’s development projects in Southern Mon State (Khaw-Zar Sub Township, Southern Ye Township); Role of ICRC in Protection of Civilian Population in Burma; Women forced to patrol the village in Southern Ye Township (Southern Ye Township, Mon State); Local residents forced to provide timber to army brick factory; Government’s commandeering of private motor vehicles in Ye Township; The Burmese Army forced villagers including women to work in battalion’s summer paddy farms; Health Care Crisis Facing Displaced Mon (SPDC and Health Care in Burma, Lack of Medicines in Border Clinics and Disease Control, Civil War and Ramifications for Health Care, Where People Find Health Care, Livelihoods in the Border Camps, Affects on Healthcare, Health Care and Education).
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (272K)
    Date of entry/update: 20 March 2007


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2007 (January 2007)
    Date of publication: 31 January 2007
    Description/subject: Development Project Employed 140 villagers in Forced Labor;SPDC Should Admit There Is Humanitarian Crisis; Artillery battalion collects tax on rubber plant; Battalions plant summer paddy using farmer’s equipment; SPDC’s Major and Minor Development Projects and the Impact on Mon Civilians: I. Deteriorated Burmese Economy and Suffering of the People; II. Government Initiatives on Major Projects in Mon State; III. SPDC Projects’ Confiscation of Mon Properties - A. Primary Livelihood of Mon People; B. Development Projects and Displacement; IV. SPDC’s Minor Self-reliance Related Projects - A. Brick Making Project; B. Dam Projects; C. Bridge Projects; V. A Bad Result: Influx of Migrant Workers.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (230K)
    Date of entry/update: 12 March 2007


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2006 (December 2006)
    Date of publication: 31 December 2006
    Description/subject: Burmese battalion continues to torture southern Mon people; SPDC’s Militarization Policy and Impact on Mon People; Burmese Army confiscates land, farmers pay to work it; Two Crops Causes Debt Cycle For Farmers; Paddy Prices Soar... Growing Use of Forced Labor and Illegal Taxation In Ye Township. I. Background...II. SPDC Taxation Strategy and Forced Labor... III. Problems with Current Growing Forced Labor and Taxes; Taxation: A. Travel Document Tax; B. Orchard Tax; Map of Southern Ye Township and Easten Ye, Mon State; Forced Labour: A. Forced Recruitment For Militia Training; B. Forced Guarding of Villages; C. Forced Cultivation of Physic Nut Trees; D. Road Construction...IV. Forced Labor in Ethnic Areas and Livelihoods.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (256K)
    Date of entry/update: 24 January 2007


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2006 (November 2006)
    Date of publication: 30 November 2006
    Description/subject: Serious Human Rights violation persist in Southern Ye Township; NMSP Ceasefire is Unstable; Land confiscation keeps on in Sothern Ye Township; Urgent Release By the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) – Burma On Massive Arbitrary Arrest and Torturing in Southern Part of Ye Township; Militia troops on the rise - A new strategy to rip off the local inhabitants in Southern Burma: The updated Situation; The Act of Compulsory Military Service and People’s Militia Force; Recruitment and villagers’ supports to militiamen; People’s Militia Force: Another Name for an Anti-Demonstration force; The Structure of ‘People’s Militia Force’; The distress of the local inhabitants; The recruitment of People’s Militia Force by Local Military Battalions; Plight of Villagers Under Forced Recruitment for the Militia: Ye Township; Mudon Township.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (163K)
    Date of entry/update: 24 January 2007


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2006 (October 2006)
    Date of publication: 31 October 2006
    Description/subject: Villagers forced to train as militia for the protection of the country; Replacing headmen can’t make Burma into a democracy; Village Man Beaten To Death after Domestic Incident; Villagers suffer between the military and the rebels; Land confiscation persevere in Mudon Township; New Land confiscation in Wae- Ka-Lee village, Thanbyuzayat; Personall accounts of human rights violations; A failed Development Projcet. Win-pha-non Dam, Mon State: Farming problems created by flooding from the Winpha- non Dam; How different land levels are problematic for growing paddy; Government Corruption; Government Threats; Government Impediments to Increased Rice Production; How the Dam creates debt for farmers; The value of land destroyed.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (849K)
    Date of entry/update: 22 November 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2006 (September 2006)
    Date of publication: 30 September 2006
    Description/subject: Beggars increase in Mon State due to economic crisis; SPDC should uphold ethnic literature and culture rights; Local villagers tortured by Infantry Battalion No. 31; Land Confiscation for SPDC’s Army Fund In Mudon Township, Mon State Organized Land Confiscation: A serious threat to civilians in Mon State: Overview of the Relation: Land Confiscation and Army’s Self-reliance Program; Land Confiscation, Indigenous Rights and National and International Law; Land Confiscation and the NMSP; Cases of Land Confiscation: Land Confiscation by LIB No. 209; Land Confiscation by Artillery Regiment No. 318.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (1.1mb)
    Date of entry/update: 19 October 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2006 (August 2006)
    Date of publication: 31 August 2006
    Description/subject: Forced cultivation of castor-oil plants in Mon State; Burma’s ‘Serious Intentions’ Towards Political Reform; Land Confiscation in Ye township, Mon State; Local inhabitants including women and children were forced to guard Gas Pipeline; Health Crisis for ‘Internally Displaced Persons’ and Civilians in Mon Territory; Health Care and the SPDC; The Current Health Situation in the Ceasefire areas; Civil War and NMSP Peace Agreements; Human Rights Violations and IDPs in Mon Ceasefire Areas; How People Get Health Care without MSF; Livelihood In The Ceasefire Areas; Background to Health Care in the Different Areas of Mon State; Health Care and Education; Burmese battalion using civilians’ farm lands for army’s business.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (460K)
    Date of entry/update: 20 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2006 (January 2006)
    Date of publication: 31 January 2006
    Description/subject: Local authority bans Mon National Day signboards; SPDC Restriction against Mon National Day; Environment and National Resource Issues In Mon Areas:- Background of Mon people, Natural Resources and Environment; Extraction of National Resources during SLORC Era; Current Situation Related to National Resources and Environment: I. Land confiscation by Burmese Army; II. Kanbauk-Myaingkalay Gas Pipeline; III. Displaced communities and slash and burnt cultivation method...Actions: Reporting and advocacy; Impact assessment on Salween Dam; Environmental education; Property rights' campaign...Exploitation of Natural Resources and the suffering of civilians in the Southern Burma: I. The Exploitation of Natural Resource; II. The Summary of the Effects of the Regime's Gas pipelines: A. From Yatana Gas Pipeline; LIB/IB No. Locations; B. From Kanbauk-Myaingkalav Gas Pipeline...III. Providing forced security, unpaid labor and taxation in gas pipeline areas: Security for Yatana Gas Pipeline; Porter Service by Gas Pipeline Security Troops...IV. Impact to Environment: Gas Leaks in Mon Area...V. Logging in Mon State and Tenasserim Division: A. Logging on the rise in Mon area; B. Troops earn money by making charcoal; C. Logging by a pro-SPDC armed group in the Mon area.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (379K)
    Date of entry/update: 08 July 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2005 (December 2005)
    Date of publication: 31 December 2005
    Description/subject: The Mon Political Prisoner in Depression; SPDC's Refusal for National Reconciliation Process; Militarization and Continuous Suffering of Civilians in Mon Areas: Enforcement of Militarization Policy; Militarization after May 30 Killing Incident; The suffering of the civilians: A. Compulsory military training and forced labour; Land and properties confiscation by effect of Militarization; SPDC'S land confiscation for Army Village; Farmers lose land to Military Camps; Army auctioned seized plantations; Movement Restriction - Villagers' farm work restricted in Ye Township...SPDC's restriction against the Mon education rights: A Mon Middle Level School under Pressure to Relocate.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (333K)
    Date of entry/update: 08 July 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2005 (November 2005)
    Date of publication: November 2005
    Description/subject: Mon teachers are under pressure to stop teaching Mon language; Security and Movement Restriction by SPDC; In-depth Analysis on SPDC-Supporting Organizations USDA and PSO: - I. SPDC's Plan to Grip in Power...II. USDA Activities: A. USDA's preparation to recruit new members; B. Train USDA as Future Government; C. USDA's Forced Registration Process; D. USDA members as secret intelligence team; E. Official Supports by SPDC for USDA's Activities...III. People's Strength Organization A. People's Strength Organization's (PSO) Training Programs; B. Analysis on PSO.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (321K)
    Date of entry/update: 09 July 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2005 (October 2005)
    Date of publication: 31 October 2005
    Description/subject: USDA's Forced Registration and Preparation for Future Election; SPDC's National Convention and Plan to Hold on Power; The Plight of a Child Soldier...Role of ILO in Elimination of Forced Labour in Burma:- I. ILO's Involvement in Burma for Protection of Labour Rights; II. Important Role of ILO Office and Labour Rights Defenders; III. Escalated Tension Between ILO and SPDC in 2005; IV Continuous Use of Forced Labour in Mon State: A. Past Use of Forced Labour; B. Regular Use of Forced Labour; C. Forced Labour in 2005; V. Necessary for Presence of ILO.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (310K)
    Date of entry/update: 09 July 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2005 (September 2005)
    Date of publication: 30 September 2005
    Description/subject: Terrible prison condition and death of a Mon political prisoner; Ethnic Nationalities are ready to solve the political problems; More restriction to the civilians’ movement; Human Rights Violations Effects to Civilians in Yebyu Township: I. Background of Yebyu Township, Tenasserim Division; II. How the effects by multinational investment; III. Armed conflict and Gross Human Rights Violations; VI. Gross Human rights violation A. Villagers forced to attend military training; B. Destruction and Burnt of Civilians’ Houses; C. Banning Mon Schools and Mon Education system; E. New Rule for Rubber Export; F. Forced Labour; Security for Yatana Gas Pipeline.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (559K)
    Date of entry/update: 20 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2005 (August 2005)
    Date of publication: 31 August 2005
    Description/subject: Security Beefs Up in Mon State and Illegal Tax from Civilians; Criminal Responsibility for Human Rights Violations; Commander Interrupts in Judicial Power of the Courts; Terror Continues in Ye Township I. Background of Ye Township, Mon State; II. Recent Conflict and Offensives by the Burmese Army; III. Gross Human Rights Violation A. Killing or Summary Execution; B. Inhumane Torture; C. Rape or Sexual Violations against Women; D. Forced Labour and Porter Service I. Forced Porter Service; E. Movement Restriction I. Villagers’ farm work restricted in Ye Township.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (310K)
    Date of entry/update: 20 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2005 (July 2005)
    Date of publication: 31 July 2005
    Description/subject: A Mon Civil Society Leader was Arrested - Thanbyuzayat Township, Mon State; SPDC Finds Tactic to Block Openness; CATWALK TO THE BARRACKS Conscription of women for sexual slavery and other practices of sexual violence by troops of the Burmese military regime in Mon areas Report of Woman and Child Rights Project (Southern Burma) In collaboration with Human Rights Foundation of Monland (Burma) Press Release July 18, 2005 Systemic sexual violence on show in southern Burma...High Drop-out Rate in Government’s Schools and SPDC’s Oppression against Mon National Schools I. Burma’s Education in Less Progress; II. Drop-out Rate in High A. Statistics; B. High Educational Cost; C. ‘Heart Beating’ to Parents; D. The high entrance costs; III. Oppression against the Mon teachers, schools and education in 2005 A. Ceasefire Agreement and Discussion on Education Program; B. SPDC’s Attempts to Close Down Mon National Education CASE I Mon National Schools moved by SPDC, July 20, 2005; CASE II USDA10 against Mon Literature Protection; CASE III Close Down Mon National Schools in Ye Township; CASE IV Mon National School is not permitted for repairs.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (534K, 945K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs3/MF2005-07.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2005 (May 2005)
    Date of publication: 31 May 2005
    Description/subject: Continuous Rice Extortion for Burmese Army; No Sign of Political Improvement; The Civil Society Organizations in Mon Areas Under the Limited Space I. Ceasefire and Growth of Civil Society or CBOs in Mon State; II. The community organizations came into existence; III. The CBOs’ Activities, Challenges and Restriction by the Authorities6 1. Mon Literature and Buddhist Culture Association (MLBCA): Challenges: Restriction by the Authorities: 2. Artists and Traditional Mon Dancing Performance Groups: Challenges: Restriction by the Authorities: 3. Mon National Day (MND) Celebrating Committees: Challenges: Restriction from the authorities: IV. Suggestions to INGOs/ Local NGOs for Coordination with CBOs.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (205K)
    Date of entry/update: 21 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/2005 (April 2005)
    Date of publication: 30 April 2005
    Description/subject: Closing Ceremony of Mon Literacy Training Holds in Mudon Township; Dangerous Political Pressure to Ethnic Nationalities; Widespread Water Shortage Problems in Lower Burma; Multi-national investments, human rights violations and delay of democratic transition in Burma (Human Rights Foundation of Monland) Foreign Investment and Injection to the Military Regime; Unprecedented Human Rights Violations; SPDC: Strengthening Power with Dollars; USDA: The Organization Strengthening the Military Rule in Burma (Myanmar); I. Introduction: II. USDA, an Elite in the Community; III. USDA’s Political Agendas – A Future Winner in Elections; IV. USDA Current Activities Restricting the Civil Society USDA against Mon Literature Protection; USDA is formed as Intelligence Team; V. USDA: As Paramilitary Force; VI. USDA’s Involvement in Human Rights Violations;
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (353K)
    Date of entry/update: 21 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2005 (March 2005)
    Date of publication: 31 March 2005
    Description/subject: Confiscated land owners are allowed to collect rubber latex with tax payment; A dangerous political tension and protracted civil war in Shan State; A Burmese soldier killed a pregnant woman; Past and Present Suffering of Civilians in Yebyu Township Under the Name of Security to Gas Pipelines: I. Background of Yebyu Township; II. Important location for SPDC; III. Gross Human Rights Violations A. House Burnt and Forced Dislocation; B. Sexual violations against women; C. Forced labour in Porter Service; D. Looting and Taxation; IV. Result: Population Displacement
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (345K)
    Date of entry/update: 21 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2005 (February 2005)
    Date of publication: 28 February 2005
    Description/subject: The local villagers’ payment for gas pipeline security; Call for ASEAN’s responsibilities for Democratization in Burma; Civilians’ Houses in Ye and Yebyu Townships Are Burnt Down; SPDC’s National Convention: Silencing down the ceasefire groups’ voices; History of conflict; Role of ceasefire groups in the NC; Arbitrary arrests and detention of Shan leaders; Tensions between SPDC and NMSP; Current situation of ceasefire groups the NC
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (554K)
    Date of entry/update: 21 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2005 (January 2005)
    Date of publication: 31 January 2005
    Description/subject: Hundreds of villagers still flee from their homes; The real intention of troops of Burmese army;Burmese Army burns down 3 Mon villages; 5 million Kyat per month payment for gas-pipeline security fee; Knowing the reasons of population displacement; No Protection to Innocent Civilians and Population Displacement; I. Background of Ye Township and Yebyu Township; II. Gross Human Rights Violations and Reason of Population Displacement; Villages and Population Effected by the Offensives and Human Rights Violations Committed by Burmese Army (list of villages and estimates of numbers of households/people displaced); Illegal Taxation: III. Other human rights violations related to displacement: A. Gas pipeline security soldiers use villagers in forced porter service; B. Taxation on the Betal-nut Fruits and Movement Restriction; C. Forced labour for government and army buildings; IV. Population Displacement.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (504K)
    Date of entry/update: 21 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2004 (December 2004)
    Date of publication: 31 December 2004
    Description/subject: News: (1) Villagers are forced to build government servants' resodents...Commentary SPDC's Plan to grip on power in 2005... Report: (1) Brief Records of Gross Human Rights in Mon Areas in 2004
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (195K)
    Date of entry/update: 26 February 2005


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2004 (November 2004)
    Date of publication: 30 November 2004
    Description/subject: News: (1) Mon National School is not permitted for repairs; (2) Burmese Army's way of recruitment: 4000 Kyat salary per month plus bonus...Commentary Current regime's Focus: Non-Engagement to International Community... Report: Land Confiscation by SPDC and Burmese Army in Mon Areas in 2004.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (281K)
    Date of entry/update: 26 February 2005


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2004 (October 2004)
    Date of publication: 31 October 2004
    Description/subject: News: (1) Land-mine victim could not receive treatment in Burma's hospital; (2) Forced labour in police force deployment by Burmese Army...Commentary: Change in Regime Makes No Change for Burma... Media Release: Burma's Military Junta Wages War of Human Rights Violation in Mon State, Burma... Report: (1) SPDC's Tensions against Mon Political Parties and systematic persecution against Mon activists
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (383K)
    Date of entry/update: 26 February 2005


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2004 (September 2004)
    Date of publication: 30 September 2004
    Description/subject: News: (1) No compensation for the houses burnt by gas explosion...Commentary" SPDC tries to consolidate its power in ethnic areas... Report: (1) Gross Human Rights Violations in Ye Township, Southern Part of Mon State
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundatin of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (300K)
    Date of entry/update: 26 February 2005


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2004 (August 2004)
    Date of publication: 31 August 2004
    Description/subject: News: (1) The pressure to Mon National Schools intensified; (2) 8 New Mon State Party are arrested without a trial...Commentary: "Human Rights and Justice for Future Burma"... Report: (1) Continuous Conscription of Forced Labour in Mon Areas.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foiundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (306K)
    Date of entry/update: 26 February 2005


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2004 (July 2004)
    Date of publication: 31 July 2004
    Description/subject: Forced Relocation of 300 houses in northern part of Ye Township; SPDC’s War Against Ethnic Children’s Right to Education; Forced labour along Kanbauk-Myaingkalay Gas Pipeline; Constant threat against Mon National Education and Schools by SPDC in Southern Burma: I. Civilization of Mon people and the maintenance of the Mon language and literature; II. The initiative of Mon Education System; III. General Situation of Mon National Schools A. Curriculum in Mon National Schools; B. Teacher Recruitment and Upgrading Training; IV. Root cause of threat to Mon schools by the regime: Competition and weakness of government schools A. The entrance fee in government schools; B. Extra time fee and salary in government’s schools; V. Increase of Competition between Mon and Government Schools; VI. Oppression against Mon National Schools and activists in southern part of Ye Township; Case 1, Forced to stop teaching the Mon national schools January - April 2004; Case 2: New Burmese Army’s commander still tried to convert Mon schools under the regime control May 2004; Case 3: Another attempt to close down Mon schools in northern part of Ye Township, May 2004; Case 4: Establishment of government schools and creation of competition, July 2004; Case 5: Forced changing of Mon schools’ signboard to government’s schools, July 2004
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (717K)
    Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2004 (June 2004)
    Date of publication: 30 June 2004
    Description/subject: SPDC planned to confiscate another 1700 acres of land; SPDC’s National Convention and Human Rights Issue; Logging, Gas Pipeline and Impacts to the Mon People: I. The Exploitation of Natural Resource; II. Logging Business in Three Pagoda Pass border town: Logging and furniture making industries in Three Pagoda Pass Yearly wood production and transportation; Taxation; Price of wood; Who is it beneficial to and who is suffer from the revenge of the nature?; III. Logging in Mon State and Tenasserim Division, southern Burma: A. Forced logging for new battalion in Thanbyuzayat Area; B. Logging by DKBA in Ye Township; C. Logging by DKBA, KPF and other ceasefire groups in Yebyu, Tenasserim Division; IV. Impacts from the Kanbauk-Myaingkalay gas pipelines: A. Demand of building materials; B. Security for gas pipeline in Tenasserim Division; C. Forced women for the security of gas pipeline; D. Impact to Agriculture; E. Restriction movements near pipeline area.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (326K)
    Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2004 (May 2004)
    Date of publication: 31 May 2004
    Description/subject: Mon National Schools are threatened to Close Down by Burmese Army; The Relation between 'Rule of Law' and Protection of Human Rights... Lesson from the Mon Refugee (Involuntary) Repatriation:- I. Political Background or the Root Cause of Mon Refugees; II. Mon Refugee Camps in Thailand; III. Refugees as pawns in political game; IV. On a 'half-way' repatriation of Mon refugees; V. Continuous Population Displacement outside Ceasefire Zones; VI. The situation of the returned Mon refugees and IDPs after 2000: 1. The assistance from aid agencies; 2. Livelihood; 3. Security.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (372K)
    Date of entry/update: 09 July 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No.4/2004 (April 2004)
    Date of publication: 30 April 2004
    Description/subject: Formation of Militia Force in the Conflict Zone of Southern Ye Township; Unceasingly Human Rights Violation Does Not Proceed for National Reconciliation; Personal Accounts: The Forgotten Mon Refugees; Migration for Survival: Understanding Migrant Workers from Burma; II. Reasons of Migration A. Unemployment and Low-wage in Burma; B. Violations of the Rights of Economics; IV. The Condition of Migrant Workers in Thailand; V. Conclusion on the Rights to Migrant Workers and Their Families.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (318K)
    Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2004 (March 2004)
    Date of publication: 31 March 2004
    Description/subject: Mon National Conference condemned to SPDC for ‘human rights violations’ in Mon areas; Political Development and Human Rights Issue; Eviction by Salween Bridge (Moulmein) Project and Rangoon-Moulmein Railway Project in Mon State I. Background of forced relocation and eviction in southern Burma; II. Location Bridge and Railway and a Major Eviction; III. Eviction of Houses and City Residents; IV. Setting Up Satellite Town; V. Compensation Process; VI. Urban Population Displacement; VII. SPDC’s Victory; VIII. The suffering of the people.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (438K)
    Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2004 (February 2004)
    Date of publication: 29 February 2004
    Description/subject: Inhumane or Degrading Treatments against Civilians Continue (February 2004, Southern Ye Township, Mon State); What the MNWCWA Can Do for the Women in Southern Part of Ye Township; Terror in Southern Part of Ye Township – Part II I. Imposing ‘Great Fear’ Among the Civilian; II. Sexual Violations Against Women; A. Sexual Harassment against Women “Fashion & Beauty Show” arranged by Burmese Army’s local commanders; Rotation of Women’s Labour and Entertainment; B. Sexual Violations or Rapes; Rape Cases:...III. Forced Relocation and Dislocation; IV. No Protection to Innocent Civilians; Violations of Internationally Recognized Human Rights Principles (Accordingly in this Report).
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (260K)
    Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2004 (January 2004)
    Date of publication: 31 January 2004
    Description/subject: Conscription of Forced Labour along With Offensives (January 2003, Southern Ye Township, Mon State); SPDC’s Ruthless Way of Winning War; Mon State’s Farmers Demand for Farmers Right; Urgent Release Human Rights Foundation of Monland January 15, 2004 Serious Human Rights Violations: Crimes Against Humanity! Murder, Rape, Forced Relocations in Ye Township, Mon State, Burma (Myanmar); Terror in Southern Part of Ye Township – Part I: Summary Killing, Torture, Arbitrary Arrests and Detention I. Background of Ye Township; Violations of Internationally Recognized Human Rights Principles (Accordingly in this Report); II. Late 2003 Offensives and Suffering of the Civilians; III. Accounts of Killing, Torture, Arbitrary Arrests and Detention; A. Killing; B. Torture: Villages and Population Effected by the Offensives And Human Rights Violations Committed by Burmese Army; C. Arbitrary Arrests and Detentions;
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (541K)
    Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2003 (December 2003)
    Date of publication: 31 December 2003
    Description/subject: 1400 houses are relocated in Rangoon-Moulmein railway project; Terror in Ye and Yebyu Township, Southern Burma; Militarization policy and human rights violations in northern part of Tenasserim Division SPDC’s militarization policy and armed conflict in Tenasserim Division; The Command of Burmese Army; Compulsory military training and forced labour; Gross Human Rights Violations: I. Summary Execution; II. Kidnapping and Torture; 3. Sexual Assaults against Women; 4. Looting and Extortion; 5. Movement restriction.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (285K)
    Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2003 (November 2003)
    Date of publication: 30 November 2003
    Description/subject: The regime’s new plan to re-buy paddy at low price from farmers; How the SPDC’s treatment to farmers?; Further reduction of compensation for the confiscated lands; Disastrous flame burnt down 280 houses in southern Ye Township,but no relief program arranged; Lawlessness in Rural Areas in Southern Burma; Stealing and Looting by the Burmese Army; Setting gambling dens by the authorities; Corruption in all levels.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (428K)
    Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2003 (October 2003)
    Date of publication: 31 October 2003
    Description/subject: Printing of books in Mon Language are barred; SPDC’s Political Plan and Denial of People Participation; Kanbauk-Myaingkalay gas pipeline exploded October 17, 2003, Mudon Township, Mon State; Executive Summary of “No Land To Farm” Report; Human Rights Violations, Militarization and Labour Migration from Southern Burma I. The deep analysis on population migrantion; II. Human rights abuses that creates migration A. Illegal Taxation; B. Constant Conscription of Forced Labour; C. Looting crops and paddy tax; D. Land and properties confiscation; III. Militarization and its effects A.Forced recruits for military training; B.Increase of porter service; C. Escapees from Burmese Army; IV. Situation in Thailand;
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (467K)
    Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2003 (September 2003))
    Date of publication: 30 September 2003
    Description/subject: Forced demand of building materials for Kanbauk- Myaingkalay gas pipeline; Demand of more trainees for military training in Mon State; The Plight of Civilians in Tenasserim Division Due to Armed Conflict and Militarization in the Area I. Continual Conflict in Tenasserim Division; II. Killing and Disappearance; III. Looting, and the related abuses in villages; IV. Forced Labor; V. Farmers’ Suffering; VI. Land Confiscation; VII. Militarization in Tenasserim Division; A. Long-lone Township: B. Tavoy Township: C. Yebyu Township; Training by LIB No. 282: Training by LIB No. 408 and LIB No. 109: VIII. Population displacement.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (236K)
    Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No.8/2003 (August 2003)
    Date of publication: 31 August 2003
    Description/subject: More displaced persons escaped from their native homes; Slavery to Militarization in Burma; More porters died stepping on land-mines; Militarization in Mon Area and the Suffering of the People: - I. Background of Militarization... II. Militarization after May 30 Killing Incident. Case I: Military Training School in Ye Township and Escapees; Case II: SPDC formed "People Vigorous Association" with their supporters; Case III: Government servants are forced to attend military training schools...III. Use of Trainees after Training: - The detail formation and the inclusion of the trainees are as below: 1. Anti-Strike Group; 2. People Defense Force; 3. People Vigorous Association; 4. Paramilitary Force...IV. The suffering of the civilians.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (354K)
    Date of entry/update: 09 July 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No.7/2003 (July 2003)
    Date of publication: 31 July 2003
    Description/subject: Women are forced to build embankments; The people in Mon State and Karen State found human rights defenders; Land Confiscation in Kawkareik Township, Karen State... The Plight of Farmers in Mon State:- I. Background of Mon State and the situation of the farmers: The Suffering of Farmers: 2002-2003 Paddy-buying period, flood and labour cost; Examples of farmers in Chaung-zone township; USDA involved in buying paddy; Conscription of Forced Labour to Farmers: Forced labour in road construction; Using the local farmers to guard the gas pipeline; Fored labour for Authorities or Army... Inhumane treatment to farmers: Case I: Serious abuse to an old farmer by a drunk local police member; Case II: A drunk Burmese Military Captain tortured on 2 local farmers... Restriction against farmers living in conflict areas...Farmers' Campaigns...Expecting the New Rice Trading Policy.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf 3(44K)
    Date of entry/update: 09 July 2006


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2003 (June 2003)
    Date of publication: 30 June 2003
    Description/subject: High education tax during the school opening days; Forcible guarding of gas-pipeline between Thanbyuzayat and Ye Towns; Forced labour in Southern Burma (Myanmar); SPDC’s Political Oppression and Plan to Grip in Power; Deadlock to Political Dialogue in Burma.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (65K)
    Date of entry/update: 21 August 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2003 (May 2003)
    Date of publication: 31 May 2003
    Description/subject: Another land confiscation in Ye Township for artillery regiment; A child soldier refuses to return home as fear of killing; Population Displacement is Humanitarian Crisis in Burma - I. Background of armed conflict in Burma; II. Burmese Army’s military strategies against the ethnic armed oppositions: (1) Forced relocation; (2) Movement Restriction; (3) Confiscation or Devastation of crops; (4) Burning down the villages... III. The number of IDPs... IV. Population Displacement in Mon Territory in Year 2002: Kya-inn-seikyi Township; Ye Township and Yebyu Township... V. Related Food-shortage problems... VI. Conclusion and Recommendations.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (98K)
    Date of entry/update: 15 July 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/2003 (April 2003)
    Date of publication: 30 April 2003
    Description/subject: News: (1) Forced labour continues in Karen State; (2) Farmers tried to find defenders for their suffering; Report: (1) Burmese Army (Tatmadaw) Involvement in Extortion and Corruption in Burma.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (520K)
    Date of entry/update: 02 July 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2003, (March 2003)
    Date of publication: 31 March 2003
    Description/subject: News: (1) Farmers along Kanbauk-Myaingkalay Gas pipeline are in trouble; (2) The Government school building with the students' money... Special Report: Buddhist Mon Monks confronted Police on Human Rights Abuse in Mon State, Burma... Report: SPDC's Implementation of Assimilation Policy in Mon Areas: Decade-long Assimilation Policy in Burma; Banning of teaching Mon language; The oppression during the Mon National Day celebration; Banning of printing of Mon books and publications.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Forum of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (125K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2003, (February 2003)
    Date of publication: 28 February 2003
    Description/subject: SPDCs Police Officers Disturbed Mon National Day Celebration; Forced labour along Kanbauk-Myaing kalay Gas Pipeline; Forcibly Buying of Paddy in Southern Part of Burma: I. Farmers in Southern Part of Burma; II. Forcible Buying Paddy in the Mon State; Mudon Township: MoulmeinTownship; Ye Township; Paung Township; Chaungzone Township; Kyaikmayaw Township; Thanbyuzayat Township... III. Forcible Paddy buyng in Karen State: Kya-inn-seikyi Township; Kawkareik Township... IV. Forcible buying paddy in Tenasserim Division: Yebyu Township... V. The plight of farmers.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (124K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2003 (January 2003)
    Date of publication: 31 January 2003
    Description/subject: Award for new soldier recruit; More porters for LIB No. 273 in Yebyu Township; Civilian Guards along Kanbauk-Myaingkalay Gas Pipeline; Force Labour For the Helicopter Landing Pad Construction; Mon design and printing center banned and arrested two people; Lands confiscated for new battalions... Armed Conflicts: A motor shell hit to a boy after fighting; Fire! If wear army colour shirts; Extorted lumber woods for new battalion. Cruel and Degrading Treatment against the Civilians in Burma's Rural Areas: I. Civil War and Suffering of Ethnic Civilians; II. Armed Conflict after 1988 in Southern Part of Burma: II. A. SPDC's military deployment in Ye and Yebyu Township areas; II. B. Military operations and human rights violations in Kya-inn-seikyi and Three Pagodas Pass Township; III. Burmese Army's suspicion of rebel supporters against rural civilians: Abuses against Buddhist Monks; Abuses against Women; Shooting into villages; Killing during porter service; Sexual Violations or Gang Rape against Mon Women; Sexual violations against Karen Women; Killing and inhumane treatments; Torture; "Cruel and degrading treatment has also forced the local inhabitants to flee from their homes and displaced. After all men in the villages are always beaten by the soldiers, most men fled from villages and stayed in the jungle. When there was no man, the soldiers also arrested women for porter service or women are raped. Then women also decided from the native places. There are (unofficial number) one million displaced persons in Burma in the ethnic nationalities area. Most of them have suffered form the cruel and degrading treatments by members of Burmese Army and their physical and metal conditions have been quite weak. As long as the civil war, the innocent ethnic people must suffer more."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (157K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No.12/2002 (December 2002)
    Date of publication: 31 December 2002
    Description/subject: Torture against village headmen with suspicion of rebel supporters; Land confiscation for shrimp farms; Moulmein City's Farmers are forced to sell their paddy; Constant conscription of forced labour by members of Burmese Army: I. The continuous use of forced labour by Burmese Army... II. Porter Service for Burmese Army: Kyaikmayaw Township... III. Women and Children in Porter Service by Burmese Army...IV. Forced Labour in Works in Army "Self-reliance" Program...V. Forced Labour in Army Deployment... Commentary: Forced Labour that Affects the Livelihood of the People.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (92K) (no maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No.11/2002 (November 2002)
    Date of publication: 30 November 2002
    Description/subject: SPDC troops shot into a Mon village, villagers got serious injuries; Land confiscation in the southern part of Mudon Township; Forced Labour Related to Development Projects and State Investment in Lower Part of Burma.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (141K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2002 (October 2002)
    Date of publication: 31 October 2002
    Description/subject: News: (1) Forced labour in Ye-Tavoy road repairs; (2) Paddy destroyed by flood, difficult for farmers to sell their paddy to regime; (3) Guards in Kanbauk-Myaingkalay gas pipeline and forced laour; News in Brief: SPDC's various types of tax collection in Mon State. Report: (1) Human rights violations committed by DKBA and its unlawful activities.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (176k) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2002 (September 2002)
    Date of publication: 30 September 2002
    Description/subject: News: Arrest of 40 hungry villagers after stealing of rice; Flooded Mon villages along the Gyaing river; Teaching of Mon language is barred. Report: SPDC and its supporters in deep cycle of corruption and fund collection
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Houman Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (159K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2002 (August 2002)
    Date of publication: 31 August 2002
    Description/subject: News: (1) A SPDC's LIB No. 343 Sergeant shot at villagers; (2) Basic military training to villagers for involvement in militia force. Report: (1) Gross human rights violations in Kya-inn-seikyi Township, Karen State.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: HTLM (150K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2002 (July 2002)
    Date of publication: 31 July 2002
    Description/subject: News: 1) IB No. 62 soldiers killed 5 Mon villagers after raped a girl. 2) Torture a Mon man by LIB No. 343. 3) Teaching of Mon language is barred in a school in Ye Township. News in Brief: Violations against women and forced labour by members of the Burmese army. Report: Kanbauk-Myaingkalay Gas Pipeline and Negative Impacts to the Civilians. Commentary: No Surprise for SPDC's Sexual Violations against Women .
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: HTML (181K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2002 (June 2002)
    Date of publication: 30 June 2002
    Description/subject: News: (1) Rape case in Kya-inn-seikyi Township, Karen State; (2) Forced labour along Kanbauk-Myaingkalay gas pipeline. Report: Forced labour, extortion, looting and other abuses in Kawkareik Township.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (111K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2002 (May 2002)
    Date of publication: 31 May 2002
    Description/subject: News: 1) Burmese Army's IB No. 77 killed two Mon villagers; 2) Forced the villagers for gas-pipeline guards; 3) Forced labour in Magyi Danikyar road construction. Report: Administration and development fund for SPDC in Mon Area.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (100K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/2002 (April 2002)
    Date of publication: 30 April 2002
    Description/subject: News: (1) More land confiscation by MOMC No. 19 for Artillery Regiment; (2) Looting by Burmese Army and SPDC authorities; (3) Deep corruption in village PDC authorities; (4) The establishment of a Mon national school was barred; SPDC and DKBA's human rights violations in Brief: Report: (1) Burmese Army's constant requisition of forced labour.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (130K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2002 (March 2002)
    Date of publication: 31 March 2002
    Description/subject: News: (1) Huge fund for development projects; (2) Forced labour used in Kya-inn-seikyi Township; Report: (1) The extent of Burmese Army (Tatmadaw) and the suffering of the civilians.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (132K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2002 (February 2002)
    Date of publication: 28 February 2002
    Description/subject: News: (1) The Burmese Army still uses forced labour; (2) SPDC authorities' farms, but fund supported by civilians; Report: (1) Forced buying of paddy from the farmers in southern part of Burma.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (95K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2002 (January 2002)
    Date of publication: 31 January 2002
    Description/subject: News: (1) Civilians along gas pipeline route get small compensation for their lost properties; (2) Burmese Army disrobed a Mon Buddhist monk with a suspicion of rebel; (3) Milia (security force) recruited by Burmese Army but civilians have to pay. SPDC's human rights violations in Brief. Report: (1) Collective human rights abuses in Ye Township after military deployment and new armed conflict: PART II: Violations related to suspicion of rebel-supporters and sexual harrassment against women.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (134K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2001 (December 2001)
    Date of publication: 31 December 2001
    Description/subject: Less forced labour, but more fund extortion for road constructions; Chaung-zon township farmers are forced to grow bean in drought lands; Farmers in Mon and Karen States are forced to sell their paddy at low price; December 31, deadline for migrant workers; Collective human rights abuses in Ye Township after military deployment and hew armed conflict, PART I: forced labour and porter service.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: uman Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html 105K) (No photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2001 (November 2001)
    Date of publication: 30 November 2001
    Description/subject: SPDC's IB No. 62 burnt down a Karen village near Thailand border; Suspected villagers are still in detention after a train bomb blast; SPDC's order restriction against farmers; No crop alongside gas pipeline ordered by SPDC; Growth of anti-Muslim sentiment and oppression against Buddhist monks in Pegu Division by SPDC. Plight of young soldiers in SPDC battalions.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (hurfom)
    Format/size: html (109K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2001 (October 2001)
    Date of publication: 31 October 2001
    Description/subject: Local SPDC's Agricultural Products Trading Department forced farmers to sell paddy; Forced labour in Mon State after ILO Team visit; Human rights violations by SPDC and Burmese Army in Ye and Yebyu Township areas. Suffering of a Mon villager from Pa-law Township, Tenasserim Division.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (104K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2001 (September 2001)
    Date of publication: 30 September 2001
    Description/subject: SPDC's land confiscation for naval base in Kalargote island, Ye Township; Kya Inn Seikyi township authorities forcibly bought paddy from farmers; New military battalions collect fund in Ye Township; SPDC attempts to grip in power and cycle of corruption in southern part of Burma.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (123K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2001 (August 2001)
    Date of publication: 31 August 2001
    Description/subject: Rape case against Mon women in Yebyu township; Conscription of forced porter by SPDC battalion before ILO visit; Military deployment and huge land confiscation in Ye Township, Mon State. [Tables of land consfiscated]
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (514K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Breach of Rule of Law and Continuous Forced Labour in Southern Part of Burma
    Date of publication: 30 August 2001
    Description/subject: Contents: I. ILOs Actions on Burma; II. Breach of rule of law in Burma; III. SPDCs attempts to misinform about the cases of forced labour; IV. Requisition of forced labour in recent months: A. Forced labour for porter service, B. Forced labour in battalions works, C. Forced labour in new military deployment, D. Forced labour for development projects, E. Forced labour for security purposes... V. Recommendations... VI. ANNEX (included by OBL for Internet version): SPDC Order Supplementing Order No. 1/99.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (117K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2001 (July 2001)
    Date of publication: 31 July 2001
    Description/subject: Civilians in area along Kanbauk-Myaingkalay gas pipeline are in trouble; Arbitrary killing of villagers by LIB No. 343 in Ye Township; Breach of rule of law and continuous forced labour in southern part of Burma,.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (118K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2001 (June 2001)
    Date of publication: 30 June 2001
    Description/subject: Report: Collective Human Rights Violations in Kawkareik Township, Karen State. News: (1) IB No. 61 and LIB No. 299 used villagers as porters during a military operation; (2) More migrant workers move into Thailand after Sonkharam festival.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: HTML (107K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2001 (May 2001)
    Date of publication: 31 May 2001
    Description/subject: Torture and Ransom related to suspicion of rebel-supporters by LIB No. 343; Various types of fund collection in Kya Inn Seikyi township, Karen State; Tatmadaw Plans in Cement factory in Karen State; Forced labour by Burmese Army in lower part of Burma.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (87K) ,PDF (500K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2001-05.pdf (original formatting with map and pictures)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/2001 (April 2001)
    Date of publication: 30 April 2001
    Description/subject: New land confiscation in Ye township for Army; Forced relocation for dam construction in Paung Township; More restriction against activities by ethnic Mon community in Rangoon; REPORT: Forcible buying of agricultural crops in southern part of Burma: I. Conditions of Agriculture in Southern part of Burma; II. Paddy Buying in Mon State; Order (translation plus facsimile in pdf version) "To sell the set amount of paddy from Town Quarter/ Village"; III. Forcible Buying of Paddy in Karen State; IV. Forcible Buying of Bean in Pegu Division; V. The Plight of Farmers.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (80K), PDF (528K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2001-04.pdf (original format, with map, Burmese language doc and photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2001 (March 2001)
    Date of publication: 31 March 2001
    Description/subject: MI Unit No 5's threats to Mon National Schools; Child labour in Moulmein, the capital of Mon State; Development projects and related abuses in Mon State. Attached document: SPDCs supplementing order on forced labour, by Ministry of Home Affairs, Union of Myanmar.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (103K,), PDF (396K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2001-03.pdf (original format with map and photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2001 (February 2001)
    Date of publication: 28 February 2001
    Description/subject: Fund collection for tatmadaw members; Conscription of porters in Mon State; Forced purchase of bean in Pegu Division; Cruel and degrading treatments against civilians in Tenasserim Division, in Year 2000: (1) Accusation of rebel-supporters and abuses; (2) Abuses against women; (3) Population displacement.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (98K), pdf (353K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2001-02.pdf (original format, with photos and map)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2001 (January 2001)
    Date of publication: 31 January 2001
    Description/subject: SPDC buys paddy at low price in Mon State; Forced labour continues in Mon State; Cruel and degrading treatments against civilians in Tenasserim Division, in Year 2000: (1) Portering cases and abuses during porter service; (2) Conscription of forced labour.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Subscribe: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2001-01.htm
    Format/size: html (90K), pdf (432K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2001-01.pdf (original format, with map and photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2000 (December 2000)
    Date of publication: 31 December 2000
    Description/subject: Conscription of forced labour by LIB No. 299 after order halting this practices by SPDC; Conscription of forced labour in Karen State; SPDC forcible paddy buying conditions in Mon State; Land confiscation and fund extortion for development projects in Mon State; Human Rights Situation in Paung Tow.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (84K) PDF (504K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-12.pdf (original format, with photos and map)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2000 (November 2000)
    Date of publication: 30 November 2000
    Description/subject: SPDC Plans to construct a gas-pipeline, lands and houses are confiscated; LIB No. 299 ordered to fence villages; Conscription of forced labour and tax collection in Kawkareik township, Karen State.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (79K), PDF (638K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-11.pdf (original format, with photos, facsimile orders and map)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2000 (October 2000)
    Date of publication: 30 October 2000
    Description/subject: SPDCs MI No. 5 attempted to close Mon National Schools; LIB No. 299 demanded fund to buy walkie-talkie machines; Land confiscation and continuous civilians' suffering in Ye Township.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (81K), (PDF (480K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-10.pdf (original format, with photos, tables, and map)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2000 (September 2000)
    Date of publication: 30 September 2000
    Description/subject: Rape attempt to a Mon woman during the conscription of forced labour; Illegal tax payment in Pegu Township and poverty; SPDC'S conscription of forced labour and other abuses related to suspicion of rebel-supporters in Kya Inn Seikyi Township, Karen State: I. Gross Human Rights Abuses in Kya Inn Seikyi Township; II. Continuous Conscription of Forced Labour by IB No. 32; III. Conscription of Forced Labour by LIB No. 708; IV. Taxation by Army and Township Authorities; V. Cruel and Inhumane Treatments During SPDC'S Military Offensives.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (97K) PDF (444K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-09.pdf (original format with photos etc.)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2000 (August 2000)
    Date of publication: 31 August 2000
    Description/subject: LIB No. 343 asked civilians porters from Ye Township area; Tatmadaw IB No. 9 killed 12 villagers in Thaton Township; SPDC forced forming of militia forces in village tracts of Yebyu Township; Forced labour in Kyaikmayaw Township; Collective accounts of SPDC cash extortion in Mon State: I. Taxation in Mon State after NMSP-SPDC Ceasefire; II. Cash Extortion in Several Townships in Mon State - (a) Ye Township, (b) Thanbyuzayat Township, (c) Mudon Township, (d) Chaungzon Township, (e) Paung Township; III. Results after Hugh Cash Extortion.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: PDF (508K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-08.pdf (original format with full map details, photos etc.)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2000 (July 2000)
    Date of publication: 31 July 2000
    Description/subject: Forced farmers to sign a contract to sell paddy to government; Fund collection for education facilities and student sports; Tax collection from rubber plantation owners in Mon State; Human rights violations and population displacement in Kya Inn Seikyi Township area, Karen State: I. The Background of Kya Inn Seikyi Township Area; II. SPDC Military Offensives in Late 1999 and 2000, and Human Rights Violations ((a) Killing, (b) Conscription of Forced Labour and Porters for Military Purposes, (c) Looting of Villagers' Properties); III. Population Displacement and Flux to Three Pagoda Pass Area
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (139K), PDF (432K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-07.pdf (original format with photos etc.)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2000 (June 2000)
    Date of publication: 30 June 2000
    Description/subject: Mon State PDC bars the Mon literacy training in Moulmein; The military operations, human rights violations and related population displacement in Kya Inn Seikyi Township area; Conscription of forced labour for water canals near Pegu city; Population displacement in Yebyu Township area, Tenasserim Division: The Population Displacement in 2000 - (a) Movement Restriction Orders After Mon National Day, (b) Forced Relocation of Paukpingwin Village; Population Displacement
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: PDF (516K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-06.pdf (original format with photos etc.)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2000 (May 2000)
    Date of publication: 30 May 2000
    Description/subject: Forced relocation of Paukpingwin village and population displacement; SPDC soldiers killed Mon villagers during military operation; Conscription of trucks and use of porters for the military purpose of LID No. 88; The suffering of Mon villagers in Yebyu Township: for labour and porter service for No. 8 Command: Conscription of Forced Labour; Porter Service for No. 8 Command and Its Military Battalions.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (85K) PDF (521K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-05.pdf (original format with photos etc.)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/2000 (April 2000)
    Date of publication: 30 April 2000
    Description/subject: Conscription of forced labour in the construction of Hangan-Khawza motor road; More IDPs in Yebyu Township area; Levying tax from dry season paddy crop of the local farmers; Repatriation of Mon displaced persons from Thailand; Tax collection and other violations for battalion fund: Taxation for Police Station and Army Battalion Fund; Levying Indirect Tax from Civilians for Occasions and Activities;
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (69K), PDF (362K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-04.pdf (original format with photos etc.)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2000 (March 2000)
    Date of publication: 31 March 2000
    Description/subject: Forced labour in motor road for Total Oil and Gas Company; More land confiscation in northern part of Ye Township for military deployment; Forced labour in taking in railway in Ye Township; Levying tax for porter fee and development projects in Mon State.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Subscribe: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-03.htm
    Format/size: html (63K) PDF (382K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-03.pdf (original version, with pictures)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2000 (February 2000)
    Date of publication: 29 February 2000
    Description/subject: Mon National Day in Rangoon was Banned; Corruption and tax collection in Mon State; The various mistreatment against farmers during 1999-2000 paddy buying season (Part II).
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (61K) PDF (468K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-02.pdf (original format with pictures)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2000 (January 2000)
    Date of publication: 31 January 2000
    Description/subject: The conscription of forced labour in Ye-Tavoy motor road and dike construction; More tax collection in Kawkareik Township Karen State; Helpless situation of Mon villagers after big flood. The various mistreatment against farmers during 1999-2000 paddy buying season (Part I): The Government's Preparation to Buy Paddy; Forced Shut Down of Paddy-husking Mills; SPDC Order to close down all paddy-husking mills. Personal Account: The plight of a Mon farmer.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (75K) pdf (440K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-01.pdf (with pictures and original formatting)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/99 (December 1999)
    Date of publication: 31 December 1999
    Description/subject: Prisoners and civilians are used as forced labourers in local SPDC's farms and the related huge tax collection; Unusual tax collection in Gyaing river area; The local Mon farmers are forced to sell their paddy, and some farmers are arrested; Paddy-husking mills were ordered to close down in Kya; Heavy Tax Collection on Pa-an-Myawaddy Motor Road; Crimes committed by LIB No. 120, under the command of LID No. 88 in Karen State: The New Military Offensive in Karen State by SPDC; Cruel Torturing and Killing of Karen Villagers; Looting from the Villages; Conscription of Civilian Porters in the Battle-fields; Population Displacement and Refugee Flux to Thailand-Burma Border Area. Interview with a Karen villager from Kyone-sein village.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (100K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/99 (November 1999)
    Date of publication: 30 November 1999
    Description/subject: Mon schools were ordered to close down; The farmers are forced to grow two seasons paddy crops; The returned immigrants are suffered from extortion and detention; More military deployment in Mon State and related land confiscation: The Analysis on Land Confiscation - Land confiscation for rice farms and fruit plantation; Land confiscation for new settlement or new town section; Land confiscation for development projects; Land confiscation for troops deployment. Land Confiscation and Troop Deployments in 1999 in Mon State; The Conscription of Forced Labour and Collection Fund in Construction of the Military Camps
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (64K), pdf (326K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF1999-11.pdf (contains pictures and original formatting)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/99 (October 1999)
    Date of publication: 31 October 1999
    Description/subject: Arrests of hundreds of porters in Mon State and Karen State; Conscription of forced labour in Ye-Tavoy motor road and railway; Conscription of forced labour and related tax extortion by army in Kya Inn Seikyi township area; SPDC's plan to get yearly paddy tax from paddy peasant farmers in Mon State;
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (103K), pdf (511K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF1999-10.pdf (original formatting, with map and photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/99 (September 1999)
    Date of publication: 30 September 1999
    Description/subject: Government's Agricultural Products Trade Department is busy in forcing farmers to give promise for selling paddy; Student numbers drop in government schools in Mon State due to more expenses; More security beefed up in Mon State due to fear of 9-9-99 uprising; Conscription of forced labour, looting of villagers' belongings and tax collection continues in Mon State and Tenasserim Division.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (82K) , pdf (546K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF1999-09.pdf (original formatting, with map, Burmese text and photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/99 (August 1999)
    Date of publication: 31 August 1999
    Description/subject: A Curfew by SPDC and Restriction against the civilians due to fear of 9-9-99 uprising; Flood in Kawkareik and Pa-an Townships area of Karen State; Land confiscation around Mon, Karen States and Tenasserim Division, and use of forced labour after SPDC set order for self-support in army: I. the Reason of Land Confiscation; II. Land Confiscation in Mon State and Conscription of Forced Labour (Land Confiscation in Kyaikmayaw Township; Land Confiscation in Ye Township; Land Confiscation in other Townships in Mon State; New Military Battalion Deployment and Land Confiscation); III. Land Confiscation and Forced Labour in Farming in Karen State; IV. The Dike Construction and Exploration of Farmlands in Yebyu Township area, Tenasserim Division; Some Articles in the 1954 Agricultural Land Nationalization Act.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (81K), pdf (457K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF1999-08.pdf (original formatting, with photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/99 (July 1999)
    Date of publication: 31 July 1999
    Description/subject: Arbitrary execution, forced relocation, forced labour and refugee flux in Mergui district area; Unusual tax collection in Mon State; New military battalion deployment and land confiscation in Ye Township; The plights of rice cultivation farmers: The harassment against farmers in Karen State and Tenasserim Division in Taking 1998-1999 yearly paddy tax: I. The Mon People in Karen State and Tenasserim Division; II. Forced Taking of Yearly Paddy Tax in Karen State - a. The Situation of Farmers in Kawkarein Township; b. The Situation of Farmers in Kya Inn Seikyi Township; c. The Situation of the Farmers in Pa-an Township Area; III. The Similar Harassment against Mon Farmers in Tenasserim Division - a. The Situation of Farmers in Yebyu township; b. Movement Restriction against Farmers in Yebyu Township Area.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (97K), pdf (490K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF1999-07.pdf (Original format with map, photos & Burmese facsimiles of SLORC Orders)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/99 (June 1999)
    Date of publication: 30 June 1999
    Description/subject: Land confiscation by SPDC troops in connecting electric wires from gas-pipeline area to Ye; Forced labour in building Chaunghtitkwa- Kya Inn Seikyi motor road; Conscription of forced labour and Illegal tax collection in Paung Township; Forced labour and Illegal tax collection in Pa-an Township; The plights of rice cultivation farmers: The harassment against farmers in Mon State in taking 1998-99 yearly paddy tax - I. The Effects in 1998-99 Paddy Tax Collection in Mon State (Looting of Farmers' Belongings instead of Paddy, Cruel Treatment against the Farmers, The Corruption in Paddy Buying Centers).
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (62K), pdf (273K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF1999-06.pdf (original format with photos etc)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/99 (May 1999)
    Date of publication: 31 May 1999
    Description/subject: SPDC local authorities enjoy in illegal tax collection and corruption; Village headmen are tortured by commander; Tax collection from passengers, buses and trucks by SPDC'S military, police and servants in Ye; Forced Labour in Ye-Tavoy Motor road construction and the sufferings of local inhabitants: The Background of the Motor Road and Conscription of Forced Labour; The Initial Conscription of Forced Labour in Late 1998 for Motor Road; The Work-Duties in the Construction Site; The Conditions in the Work-sites; The Corruption in the Road Construction; The Population Flight to other Areas; Interview with An Escapee from Ye-Tavoy Motor Road Construction. Personal Account: (1) Interview with an escapee from Ye-Tavoy motor road construction
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (77K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/99 (April 1999)
    Date of publication: 30 April 1999
    Description/subject: Forced relocation of Karen and Mon villages along Three Pagoda Pass-Thanbyuzayat motor road; Tax collection under the name of border area development program; SPDC pressure on Mon national education; Atrocity, kidnapping and cash extortion by SPDC troops in Ye and Yebyu township area continue: Civil War, Ceasefire and Suffering of Local Inhabitants; Killing, detaining and torturing; Maltreatment or Punishment against Village Leaders in Rural Area - Forced Disrobing of a Monk to become Village Headman; Torturing Village Headmen... Kidnapping and Related Extortion from Villagers: 1. Violations by Maj. Myo Lwin, LIB No. 106; 2. Violations by Maj. Maung Maung Lay, LIB No. 273; 3. Torturing and Related Extortion by IB No. 61; 4. New Kind of Tax Collection after Fighting by Various SPDC troops.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (89K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum " No. 3/99 (March 1999)
    Date of publication: 31 March 1999
    Description/subject: Analysis Report on Foreign Investment in Southern Part of Burma: The Suffering of Villagers in Area Around the Yetana Gas Pipeline - I. Multi-national investment and deployment of SLORC/SPDC troops in area around the Yatana gas pipeline; II. Human Rights Accounts in the past... A. Forced relocation; B. Conscription of forced labour; C. Arbitrary arrests and killings; III. Human Rights Record in 1998/1999... A. Forced labour in road construction; B. Regular tax extortion; C. Ill-treatments to villagers including killings; D. Constant conscription of civilian porters.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (85K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/99 (February 1999)
    Date of publication: 28 February 1999
    Description/subject: Conscription of forced labour in Widening of Ye-Tavoy Motor Road; SPDC Troops used civilians as human-shields on Three Pagoda Pass-Thanbyuzayzat Motor Road; Forced labour in construction of dikes for army's rice cultivation lands in Yebyu township area: Supply Cuts to Army and Creation of Self-support in SPDC Local Battalions; Construction of Four Dikes in Yebyu Township Area - A. The Construction of "Singu" Dikes; B. The Construction of "Hmaw-gyi" Dike; C. Construction of "Kywe-tho-nyima" Dike; D. Construction of "Mintha" Dike; The Work-duties in the Construction Sites; The instruction order to construct the dike; Appalling Consequences in Construction-site; Other Mistreatments by Government Troops During the Construction; Constant Conscription of Forced Labour and Related Sufferings of Local Community.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (107K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/99 (January 1999)
    Date of publication: 31 January 1999
    Description/subject: Mon National Schools in Kawkareik Township were Ordered to Close Down; Three Mon Leaders were Imprisoned with Hard Labour; The Conscription of Forced Labour on the Repair of Ye-Tavoy Railway Road: The Opening Ceremony of Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction; Constant Conscription of Forced Labour and Accompanied Payment; Work-duties to the villager labourers; Appalling Working Conditions; The participation of women and children in the construction site; The Villagers' Hardships for Survival and Population Displacement Problems During Conscripting of Forced Labour.... Personal Account: Interview with An Escapee from Ye-Tavoy Railway Road Repair Construction.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (91K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/98 (November 1998)
    Date of publication: 30 November 1998
    Description/subject: SPDC Police Forced Local Paddy-husking Mills to Provide Rice; Land Confiscation for Army's Food Supplies; SPDC Troops' Atrocities against Karen Villagers: The offensives and Related Abuses; Killing and Torturing by LIB No. 230; Torturing and Rape by IB No. 62; Rebellion and Related Abuses against the Local Villagers by SPDC troops: Accusation of Rebel-supporters and Other Violations by SPDC in Ye Township; Killing and Torturing following the Allegation of Rebel-supporters; Mistreatment against the Local Village Leaders.... Personal Account: Interview with A Village Headman Who Was Tortured by SPDC Commander.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (86K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/98 (October 1998)
    Date of publication: 31 October 1998
    Description/subject: Arrest, Torturing, Cash Extortion from Village Headmen; Mon State PDC Collected Funds for Miserable Soldiers; SPDC Officials' Profit from Land Confiscation near Ye Town; The Political Oppression in Mon State: The Arrest in Mon State; The Recent Activities of MNDF and Mon Leaders; The Restriction and Discrimination against the Rights of Mon People; MNDF Role for the Mon People; SPDC's Allegation Against MNDF Leaders.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (64K) (No photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/98 (August 1998)
    Date of publication: 30 August 1998
    Description/subject: SPECIAL REPORT: Military Regimes' Constant threat against Mon National Education System and Schools... I. SUMMARY OF THE REPORT; II. HISTORY BACKGROUND AND CREATION OF MON EDUCATION SYSTEM: II. 1. The preservation of Mon literature during British and parliamentary democracy era; II. 2. The initiative of Mon education system. III. THE SITUATION OF MON NATIONAL SCHOOLS BEFORE AND AFTER NMSP-SLORC CEASEFIRE: III. 1. New military deployment and oppression against Mon schools and activities; III. 2. Ceasefire agreement and discussion on education program; III. 3. Disagreement on ODA program and failure of building a high school; III. 4. The teaching of Mon language in government schools. IV. THE THREAT TO MON EDUCATION AND SCHOOLS IN 1996 AND 1997: IV. 1. Disturbance against Mon national schools; IV. 2. Prohibition of the teaching of Mon language in government schools. V. THE RECENT PROHIBITION OF MON NATIONAL EDUCATION: V. 1. The opening of Mon national schools; V. 2. Orders to close down Mon national schools; V. 3. The current situation of Mon schools and defiance from Mon community.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (116K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/98 (July 1998)
    Date of publication: 31 July 1998
    Description/subject: SPDC Orders to Close down Mon National Schools; Forced Labour after Opening Ceremony of YeTavoy Railway Construction; Police Forced the Local Villagers to Grow Rice in Their Confiscated Farms; Revenge against the Villagers instead of Enemy: The Background Situation of Conflict in Ye and Yebyu Townships Area...Punishment by LIB No. 273 - a. Tortures in Danikyar Village; b. Tortures and Rape the Kyonekanya and Khawza Fishing Villagers; c. Tortures in Tawbaung Village...Punishment by IB No. 61 a. Tortures and Rape in Ba-round Village; b. Tortures in Kaw-hlaing Village...Effects after Movement Restriction on Villagers.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (60K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/98 (June 1998)
    Date of publication: 15 June 1998
    Description/subject: One Mon village in Thai territory was burnt down; Land confiscation and cash extortion for area development program in Mon State; The oppression against the rice cultivation farmers in Mon State: Looting of Paddy from the Whole Mon State - Mudon Township, Thanbyuzayat Township, Ye Township; Punishment to the Farmers, The Arrest of Farmers.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (79K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/98 (April 1998)
    Date of publication: 01 April 1998
    Description/subject: Thousands of Burmese Immigrants Return Burma; Cash Extortion for the Bridges along the Ye-Tavoy Railway; The Opening Ceremony of Ye-Tavoy Railway; Forced Labour in Southeast Military Commander's Gold Field... Personal Account: Stories of Forced Labour in SPDC'S Infrastructure Development Project, Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction... Plan for Forced Relocation of the Villagers from Kalar Goke Island: The Background of Kalar Goke Village; The Instruction for Forced Relocation; The Situation in the New Resettlement Site; Strategic Island for Regime and Companies.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (92K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/98 (March 1998)
    Date of publication: 01 March 1998
    Description/subject: Conscription of forced labour in Ye-Tavoy railway construction; SPDC local authorities broke promise to rice-cultivation farmers in Mon State; Three Mon injured, two Karens were killed by SPDC troops... The suffering of Mon and Karen villagers during the SLORC/SPDC continued offensives in Ye and Yebyu townships: The Forced Relocation in Ye Township and Relative Abuses; Rape Case in Natkyi Village; Forced Dislocation in Yebyu Township; Destruction of Mayan Village and Arbitrary Execution.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (59K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/98 (January 1998)
    Date of publication: 31 January 1998
    Description/subject: Conscription of forced labour on the repair of Ye-Tavoy motor road; New kind of taxation in Mon State and Tenasserim Division; The Mon refugees were repatriated... Forced Relocation in Kya-lnn-Seikyi township: Forced Relocation Process (incl. names and no. of households of relocated villagers); Other Cruel treatment against the local inhabitants; Population Displacement and Refugee Flux.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (59K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No. 5/97 (November 1997)
    Date of publication: November 1997
    Description/subject: Report One - The Prachuab Mon Refugees: Nowhere to Run: Unsafe Situation and Spontaneous Repatriation; Abuses after Repatriation; No Welcome Situation inside Thai Territory; The Last Incident: The Repatriation to Halockhani Camp... Report Two - The Forced Labour and Arbitrary Execution in Mergui District: The Offensives and Accompanying Abuses by SLORC; Constant Conscription of Forced Labour; Arbitrary Execution.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (76K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.4/97 (September 1997)
    Date of publication: September 1997
    Description/subject: Conscription of Forced Labour by the SLORC in Mon Areas Development Projects - Introduction of road construction in Mon areas; Appalling condition in the work-site and Mistreatment by the military... Report One - Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction: Long-term conscription of forced labour and the situation in 1997; The role of soldiers in the construction... Report Two - Ye-Magyi Truck Road... Report Three - Kya-lnn-Seikyi-Taungbauk Truck Road.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (79K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.2/97 (June, 1997)
    Date of publication: June 1997
    Description/subject: Report One - The Massive Arrest of Porters in Southern Part of Burma: The incidents, Killings and Gathering of Portering Fees and Ransom; The Set Order; The List of the Military Operational Servants to be Sent from Ye Southern Parts Quarters and Villages... Report Two - Forced Relocation in Gas-Pipeline Area: The Incident of Forced Relocation.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (51K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.3/97 (June 1997)
    Date of publication: June 1997
    Description/subject: Report One - SLORC Troops intruded into a Mon Refugee Camp, Halockhani: The SLORC's Intrusion into the camp; Background of Halockhani camp... Report Two - The Dry Season Offensives and Population Displacement: Gross Human Rights Abuses and the Population Displacement.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (46K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.1/97 (May 1997)
    Date of publication: May 1997
    Description/subject: Report One - The Forced Purchasing of Paddy in Mon State: The Set Amount of Paddy and Related Abuses by Government; SLORC Set Order in Forced Purchasing of Paddy from Farmers; The list of the amount of paddy, 1996-1997 paddy purchasing season Mudon Township, Mon State (The respective paddy purchasing center and the villages)... Report Two - Golden Jubilee Mon National Day was Prohibited and other Oppression against Mon Literature and Culture: The Prohibition of Mon National Day; Other Oppression against the Mon Literature and Culture.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (82K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.10/96 (March 1997)
    Date of publication: March 1997
    Description/subject: SLORC's Systematic Suppression of the Mon Education System: Background of Mon Education System; Ceasefire Agreement and the Existed Problems; Disagreement on ODA Program; Suppression and Abuses Related to Mon Education System; INterviews.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (90K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.9/96 (February, 1997)
    Date of publication: February 1997
    Description/subject: Conscription of Forced Labour in Three Pagoda Pass-Thanbyuzayat Motor Road Construction: Focus of This Report; Development of Construction Plan; Plan Related Conscription of Forced Labour; The Appalling Consequences in Construction Site; Other Human Rights Abuses
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (84K) (No maps or photos)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.8/96 (December 1996)
    Date of publication: 05 December 1996
    Description/subject: The Forced Relocation in the Southern Part of Burma and Accompanying Human Rights Abuses: The Recent Political Development in Tenasserim Division; Forced Relocation Program of SLORC; Accompanying Human Rights Abuses with Forced Relocation; Location map of SLORC's forced relocation.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (103K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.7/96 (November 1996)
    Date of publication: 24 November 1996
    Description/subject: Human Rights Abuses Related to Total Co and UNOCAL's Gas Pipeline Project: Limited Role of Company, in Implementing the Overall Project; Relative Tax Collection on Villagers and Destruction of Community Practices; Execution the Local Karen Villagers Related to Project; Total Co.'s Development Activities; Location Map of Gas-Pipeline Project; Orders of SLORC's local battalion, conscription of forced labour and material collection for the army that guarding the pipeline project; Photos in the project area.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (99K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.6/96 (September 1996)
    Date of publication: 15 September 1996
    Description/subject: Forced Portering after NMSP-SLORC Ceasefire Agreement: The Aggressive Behaviour of tatmadaw Recruitment of Porters; Unreliable NMSP-SLORC Ceasefire Agreement; Appalling Situation of Porters and Conscription of Minors into Forced Porters; Interviews; Official SLORCs Form for Portering Fee; SLORCs Order: Conscription of Forced Porters.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (73K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.5/96 (August 1996)
    Date of publication: 25 August 1996
    Description/subject: Spontaneous Repatriation and Uncertain Future of Mon Refugees: Background of Mon Refugees; Recent Development before Repatriation; NMSP and MNRC Arrangement for Repatriation; Human Rights Situation and Spontaneous Repatriation; Interviews; MNRC Statement Calls upon International Monitoring in Repatriation - statement of the mon national relief committee regarding the repatriation program of mon refugees; MNRC Letter to Bangkok Based UNHCR; NMSP President Letter to Bangkok Based UNHCR; Photos.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (94K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No. 4/96 (August 1996)
    Date of publication: 15 August 1996
    Description/subject: The Suppression on Karen Villagers with Allegation of [being] Rebel-supporters: The Tactics for Ceasefire Agreement; The human rights violation on Karen villagers in Yebyu Township; Interviews; map.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (92K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No. 3/96 (June 1996)
    Date of publication: 30 June 1996
    Description/subject: Sex Discrimination Against Refugee Women by SLORC troops: Brief Information of Mon Refugees along the Thai-Burma Border; Population Movement in Dry Season; Incident of Sex Discrimination; Interviews (with description of the rapes); map.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (38K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No. 2/96 (May 1996)
    Date of publication: 20 May 1996
    Description/subject: The Exploitation of Woman and Child labour in Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction: The Reason of conscription of woman and child labour; Terrible situations of women and children in worksites; Interviews.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (85K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No. 1/96 (April 1996)
    Date of publication: 15 April 1996
    Description/subject: Forced Labour in Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction: Background of Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction; Forced Labour for New Selected Railway Route; Forced Labour In Yebyu-Kalein Aung Section; Work Duty and Appalling Consequence in Worksites; Translations of SLORC orders for forced labourers; Interviews recounting: economic difficulties due to forced labour; land confiscation; inhumane conditions on work sites; lack of health care on the construction sites; destruction of local communities and population dislocation; extortionate and arbitrary taxation;
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (69K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No. 6/95 (August 1995)
    Date of publication: 16 August 1995
    Description/subject: Population Displacement in Tavoy District: Effects of Railway and Gas pipeline Constructions; Corruption related to construction; Interviews recounting: killings, including of children; rape; forced labour; destruction of local communities; tax and rice extortion; torture of elders; economic oppression resulting in food shortages and death of children; abandonment of villages; corruption; torture, including of women and village headmen; looting; brutal treatment of porters, including women; displacement/forced migration.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (103K) No maps or photos
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No. 5/95 (July 1995)
    Date of publication: 27 July 1995
    Description/subject: SLORC's destruction of Kyauktayan Village: Background of destruction of Kyauktayan village; forced relocation, detention, arrest of village headmen, looting, economic oppression, forced labour, gas pipeline, food shortage, deprivation of food, internal displacement, IDPs, malnutrition, forced portering for front line and other military operations, complicity of French company Total, arbitrary and ruinous taxation, Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) No. 401-410, No. 343; Infantry Battalion (IB) No. 61, No. 25; LIB 470's execution of innocent villager; impunity of soldiers who killed villagers; torture;
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (75K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Publication No. 4/95 (May 1995)
    Date of publication: 22 May 1995
    Description/subject: Human Rights Interviews with New Arrivals in Halockhani Refugee Camp: forced recruitment in to Burmese army; torture, ill-treatment; forced portering; burning down of villages; internal displacement IDPs; looting; persecution by SLORC troops; Tavoy, Moulmein and Thaton; SLORC attack and burning of Halockhani camp; refugee flight into Thailand; refugees forced back (refoulement, forced repatriation) by Thai forces in 1994; "After the SLORC took power in Burma in 1988, the Thai Government had established business relationship with SLORC to exploit natural resources from Mon and Karen territory. The Thai government had planned for buying natural gas from Burma's western offshore parts of Mon territory and construction darns in Karen territory..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (53K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Publication No. 3/95 (May 1995)
    Date of publication: 15 May 1995
    Description/subject: Brief Human Rights Abuses in Mon Territory: 1. Human Rights Abuses in Thaton District; Human Rights Abuses in Moulmein District; Human Rights Abuses in Tavoy District...torture; displacement of village people (IDPs); military operations; looting; detention; forced portering; shooting of villagers; arbitrary taxation; extortion; interrogation by torture; forcible disrobing of an abbot; forced relocation of villages; refugees to Halockhani; military offensive against the Karen National Union; confiscation of rice; accusations of supporting Mon rebels; arrest and torture of village leaders; land confiscation; "In February, after the SLORC signed a gas exploitation agreement with foreign oil companies UNOCAL (USA) and TOTAL (France), the SLORC have tried to relocate many local Mon villages which were possible for Mon troops to take bases and attack the gas drilling areas and gas pipeline route areas." Infantry Battalion (IB) 31, 62, Battalion 207, 208, 209; Light INfantry Battalion (LIB) 406.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (34K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Publication No. 2/95 (May 1995)
    Date of publication: 07 May 1995
    Description/subject: Human Rights Interviews on Forced Relocation of Ah Mae Village: "Since the SLORC had planned to construct the gas pipeline through the Mon and Karen rebel active areas, the SLORC has routinely and systematically tried to relocate local villages which were believed as the bases of the rebels. This happened in March and April. Ah Mae village of Yebyu township in the Tenasserim village was a village which was totally destroyed or relocated by SLORC during the second and third weeks of April. About 130 families of the inhabitants of Ah Mae village are Mon people and mostly they are local farmers...On April 16, about 10 families of Ah Mae village had arrived to Payaw Mon refugee camp and sought refuge for their safety and survival. Another about 15 families arrived again at the end of April..." forced portering on Ye-Tavoy railway construction; arbitrary taxation; confiscation of food; food shortage/deprivation; torture; forced relocation, forced migratoin; internal displacement (IDPs); forced portering of elderly man; looting....LIB 404, 408, 410.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Huamn Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (56K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: HURFOM Human Rights Interviews No. 1/95 (March 1995)
    Date of publication: March 1995
    Description/subject: Human Rights Interviews 1/95: "In October of 1994, the SLORC (the Burma's military regime State Law and Order Restoration Council) restarted the well known Ye-Tavoy death railway in southern part of Burma, which connects the Mon State and Tenasserim Division. When the SLORC started the railway construction last dry season 1993, many local inhabitants were conscripted as slave labours in this construction and since then many villagers were displaced in east of Ye-Tavoy motorway (See: location) by escaping the conscription of the military..." forced labour; food shortages, deprivation of food; Official order permitting confiscation of rice; torture; extortion; confiscation of rice and animals; forced portering; death due to ill-treatment and lack of health care on forced labour site for construction of military camps; use of child as human shield; Light Infantry Battalions (LIB) 406, 408, 410.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: html (50K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


  • Discrimination against the Mon -- Reports etc.

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Mon Unity League
    Description/subject: * Home... * About MUL... * Monland Update... * MUL Activities... * Media Releases... * Information Sheet... * Publications.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Mon Unity League
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Monland Restoration Council
    Description/subject: Lots of stuff on the site -- news, statements, research, articles in Mon and English, list of Mon organisations, links, photo gallery, Mon politics, literature and history and lots more.
    Language: English, Mon
    Source/publisher: Monland Restoration Council
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Individual Documents

    Title: Coercion, Cruelty and Collateral Damage: An assessment of grave violations of children’s rights in conflict zones of southern Burma
    Date of publication: January 2012
    Description/subject: "Research by the Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP) has demonstrated that grave violations of children’s rights continue to occur in southern Burma despite the creation, by the United Nations, of the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) pursuant to United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 1612 on Children and Armed Conflict passed in 2005. The Burmese government has failed to meet the time-bound action plan under Resolution 1612, demonstrated by the fact that WCRP researchers found numerous accounts of ‘grave violations’ under United Nations Security Council’s Resolution 1612 on children and armed conflict. These violations, committed by Burmese soldiers against children in southern Burma, include recruitment of child soldiers, killing and maiming, rape and sexual abuse, and forced labor. Though the Burmese government agreed to the implementation of a monitoring and reporting mechanism (MRM), pursuant to Resolution 1612, to report on instances of these grave violations, WCRP has found that abuses have continued unabated since 2005. The data detailed below provide evidence of widespread and systematic abuses, the vast majority of which were committed by soldiers from the Tatmadaw, the Burmese military. These confirmed cases of grave violations, taken from just 15 villages in two townships, committed over a period of 5 years, suggest that the Burmese government has failed to live up to its obligations under international law to protect children during situations of armed conflict. Limitations imposed by the Burmese government on the UN country team has made it difficult for them to receive, or verify, accounts of grave violations, in turn preventing the MRM from making a noticeable impact on the continued widespread abuse of children in southern Burma. WCRP’s data strongly suggests that the real numbers of abuses against children is vastly greater than officially recognized. Additionally, despite the fact that WCRP’s primary research covered only the period from 2005 through November 2010, recent updated reports suggest that all of the violations documented by WCRP have continued to occur over the course of the past year. Despite the political changes that may be underway in Naypyidaw, children in areas where armed conflict is ongoing continue to suffer grave violations. Thus, the international community must take further action to ensure that the MRM can effectively protect the rights of Burma’s children and realize the objective put forth in Resolution 1612, an end to the grave violations of children’s rights..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
    Format/size: pdf (1.1MB - OBL version; 2.1MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://rehmonnya.org/archives/2182
    Date of entry/update: 27 January 2012


    Title: Burma's Democratic Facade: Human Right Abuses Continued
    Date of publication: December 2011
    Description/subject: [Despite Gen. Thein Sein's attempts to move towards democratization or a democratic transition} "...the Burmese Army still operates military offensives against ethnic rebel groups in Karen State, Shan State and Kachin State whilst the government has conducted ceasefire talks. Human rights violations have continued in these areas and thousands of ethnic civilians continue to suffer from abuses committed by troops of the Burmese Army..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
    Format/size: pdf (1.6MB)
    Date of entry/update: 27 January 2012


    Title: An Enduring Culture
    Date of publication: April 2008
    Description/subject: The Mon, one of the earliest indigenous people in the Thai-Burmese area, were instrumental in disseminating Buddhism to the region. Nowadays they face a fight for cultural survival... " CONCENTRATED in the mountainous border area of Burma and Thailand, up to three million Mon are struggling to preserve their culture and language. Researchers and anthropologists worry that Mon culture may disappear entirely, deliberately assimilated through the policies of both the Thai and Burmese governments. Thai military officials observe a Mon festival in Samut Sakhon near Bangkok. (Photo: Bangkok Post) As evidence, they point to Moulmein, the capital of Mon State in Burma, where the name of the Mon National Museum was changed by Burmese authorities to the “National Museum,” and members of the Mon Literature and Culture Association were replaced by junta associates. In Thailand, meanwhile, security officials pressured organizers of the annual Mon National Day festival in February to refrain from singing and dancing, to limit the festival to one day, to identify the organizers of the festival and ban the participation of unregistered workers from Burma. In addition, Thai officials also urged the public not to support the Mon cultural events at Samut Sakhorn, home to almost 200,000 workers from Burma, the majority of whom are Mon..."
    Author/creator: Lawi Weng
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 4
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 27 April 2008


    Title: Internal Displacement in Karen State, Mon State and Pegu Division, 2005
    Date of publication: 2005
    Description/subject: Map
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Burmese Border Consortium (BBC)
    Format/size: html. jpeg
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Total Denial Continues - Earth rights abuses along the Yadana and Yetagun pipelines in Burma
    Date of publication: May 2000
    Description/subject: "Three Western oil companies -- Total, Premier and Unocal -- bent on exploiting natural gas , entered partnerships with the brutal Burmese military regime. Since the early 1990's, a terrible drama has been unfolding in Burma. Three western oil companies -- Total, Premier, and Unocal -- entered into partnerships with the brutal Burmese miltary regime to build the Yadana and Yetagun natural gas pipelines. The regime created a highly militarized pipelinecorridor in what had previously been a relatively peaceful area, resulting in violent suppression of dissent, environmental destruction, forced labor and portering, forced relocations, torture, rape, and summary executions. EarthRights International co-founder Ka Hsaw Wa and a team of field staff traveled on both sides of the Thai-Burmese border in the Tenasserim region to document the conditions in the pipeline corridor. In the nearly four years since the release of "Total Denial" (1996), the violence and forced labor in the pipeline region have continued unabated. This report builds on the evidence in "Total Denial" and brings to light several new facets of the tragedy in the Tenasserim region. Keywords:, human rights, environment, forced relocation, internal displacement, foreign investment. ADDITIONAL KEYWORDS: forced resettlement, forced relocation, forced movement, forced displacement, forced migration, forced to move, displaced
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Earthrights International
    Format/size: pdf (6MB - OBL ... 20MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.earthrights.org/files/Reports/TotalDenialCont-2ndEdition.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Human Rights Violations in Burma/Myanmar in 1999
    Date of publication: 14 March 2000
    Description/subject: Report of an expert fact-finding mission in December 1999. Particularly strong on methodology and the clinical description of torture. Includes high-quality photos. Most interviewed were Karenni or Mon... TOC: Summary; Preface; Introduction; Methods; Ethics; Results; Forced labour; Porter service; Forced relocation; Arrests; Other incidents; Looting; Killings; Rape; Disappearances; Torture; Landmine accidents; Army units; Discussion; Conclusion; Appendix, cases; References; Tables; Figures... "We interviewed and examined 129 persons who had fled Burma / Myanmar from December 1998 to December 1999, and compared the degree of reported human rights violations with that from the previously examined persons who fled November 1996 to November 1997. Of the interviewed persons, 88% reported forced labour and 77% porter service, 54% had been forcibly relocated from their villages, 87% had had their possessions looted, and 46% had lost at least one relative through killing, disappearance, or landmine accident. 20% reported that they or a near relative had been tortured. Of the former, four had remarkable scars that strongly corroborated their histories."
    Author/creator: Hans Draminsky Petersen, Lise Worm, Mette Zander, Ole Hartling and Bjarne Ussing
    Language: English, Danish
    Source/publisher: Amnesty International, Denmark, Danish Medical Group, Danchurchaid.
    Format/size: html (1913K), Word (3MB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.dk (For a Word version to download, click on bibilotek left frame Click on Burma rapport Click on download rapporten Click on rapport po engelsk Word or Text - the Word file is more than 2MB, but the Text version does not have the photos, and the tables are not shown. Danish version also available for download)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Myanmar: Human Rights Violations Against Ethnic Minorities
    Date of publication: 08 August 1996
    Description/subject: Amnesty International is concerned that the Burmese army has arbitrarily detained, extrajudicially killed, tortured and ill-treated members of ethnic minorities in the Shan and Mon States and the Tanintharyi (Tenasserim) Division in eastern Myanmar. This report is drawn from January and February 1996 interviews with dozens of members of the Shan, Akha, Lahu, Karen, and Mon ethnic minorities in Thailand. Most of these refugees are farmers and villagers who said they had fled from their homes because their lives were made impossible by the security forces.
    Language: English and French
    Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/38/96)
    Format/size: pdf (41K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA16/038/1996/en/c708ee19-eaee-11dd-b22b-3f24cef8f6d8/asa1... (French)
    http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/ASA16/038/1996/en
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Total Denial - A Report on the Yadana Pipeline Project in Burma
    Date of publication: 10 July 1996
    Description/subject: "'Total Denial' catalogues the systematic human rights abuses and environmental degradation perpetrated by SLORC as the regime seeks to consolidate its power base in the gas pipeline region. Further, the report shows that investment in projects such as the Yadana pipeline not only gives tacit approval and support to the repressive SLORC junta but also exacerbates the grave human rights and environmental problems in Burma.... The research indicates that gross human rights violations, including summary executions, torture, forced labor and forced relocations, have occurred as a result of natural gas development projects funded by European and North American corporations. In addition to condemning transnational corporate complicity with the SLORC regime, the report also presents the perspectives of those most directly impacted by the foreign investment who for too long have silently endured the abuses meted out by SLORC for the benefit of its foreign corporate partners." ...Additional keywords: environment, human rights violations.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: EarthRights International (ERI) and Southeast Asian Information Network (SAIN)
    Format/size: pdf (310K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: SLORC Orders to Villages: Set 96-C
    Date of publication: 27 May 1996
    Description/subject: Ye-Tavoy Railway, Dooplaya District "This report contains direct translations of several SLORC orders sent to villages in 1995. Orders #1 thru #15 were issued in the Ye-Tavoy railway area and concern railway labour. The Burmese copies of these orders were provided to KHRG by XXXX. Orders #16 and #17 were issued to Karen villages further north in Dooplaya District..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Orders Reports (KHRG #96-22)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Effects of the Gas Pipeline Project
    Date of publication: 23 May 1996
    Description/subject: SLORC has sent in thousands of troops to secure the pipeline route and the foreigners themselves, and these troops are making life much harder for villagers in the area through forced labour and extortion. Furthermore,villagers are now being used as forced labour to clear the pipeline route itself and build supply roads for pipeline supplies. Though the oil companies are hiring labour, SLORC is using forced labour wherever possible with or without the knowledge of the companies, who simply have too few employees in the area to see what is going on. The villagers see it very well, and we have interviewed several of them who describe it. This report consists of 3 parts: a summary of the current situation of the pipeline project, interviews with villagers who have recently fled the area, and an Annex consisting of a TOTAL letter about the project (translated from French) and a map of the area.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #96-21)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Forced Labour in Mon Areas
    Date of publication: 22 May 1996
    Description/subject: The accounts below were given by villagers from coastal areas of Mon State and Tenasserim Division in southern Burma, ranging from Kya In Seik Gyi Township in the north to Ye Pyu Township in the south. The main problems they discuss are forced labour on the Ye-Tavoy railway, the Ye-Tavoy motor road and other roads, at army camps and as porters, and the increasing extortion of money from villagers by the ever-increasing number of SLORC troops in the region. Ye Town now has regular curfews; parts of Ye Pyu Township are under martial law because of the gas pipeline project; travel is becoming more difficult as more and more army checkpoints are set up where everyone has to pay in order to pass.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #96-20)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Interviews on the School Situation [Karen and Mon]
    Date of publication: 10 May 1996
    Description/subject: Extortion for school-building (Interview #1), school fees (#1,2), textbooks (#1,2), school corruption (#2), threats against teachers/parents if students get involved in politics (#2), Burman-only curriculum (#2), dropout rate (#1,2), child conscription into the Army (#1), Ye Nyunt Youth (#1), USDA (#1), human rights in Thaton (#2).
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #96-16)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Story of a Mon Political Prisoner
    Date of publication: 09 January 1996
    Description/subject: Porters, burning of villages, interrogation & beatings by Army and MI, sentencing, conditions in Moulmein Jail, prison labour, beatings in prison, illness and death in prison, early release due to NMSP ceasefire deal.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #96-02)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Ye-Tavoy Area Update
    Date of publication: 05 January 1996
    Description/subject: Railway labour (items #1-8), gas pipeline fees / labour (#3,5,6), road labour (#1), Army camp labour (#4,6,8), difficulty harvesting due to forced labour (#1,4), rice confiscation (#3,4,6), rice shortage (#4), land confiscation(#1,4), forced Army conscription (#1), porter fees (#2,4,5,6,7), porters (#2,7), Mon ceasefire terms (#2), Thai repatriation plans (#5,6,8). Issues specific to railway construction: deadlines / increased demands for labour (#2,3,5,6), convict labour (#1), labour camp statistics (#1), labour of women and children (#3,5,8), beatings (#1,5,6,8), sickness (#1,3,5,6,8), collapsing embankments due to rainy season labour (#1,2,5), video cinemas (#1,5), Ministry of Railways (#1).
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports(KHRG #96-01)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Life as a Criminal Prisoner
    Date of publication: 02 August 1995
    Description/subject: Escaped convict "Maung Aung Shwe" (not his real name) arrived in a Mon camp in February 1995 after escaping a forced labour camp on the Ye-Tavoy railway. His story gives some insight into the life and thoughts of a criminal prisoner in Burma. Some names and details of his story have been omitted to protectthe people involved.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #95-28)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Conditions in the Gas Pipeline Area
    Date of publication: 01 August 1995
    Description/subject: "This report does not aim to give comprehensive details of the pipeline project to date, as this has been done elsewhere. Instead, this report focusses on presenting some information and interviews related to developments in the pipeline route area, particularly since the beginning of 1995. The information and interviews used have been obtained from several sources, including the Mergui-Tavoy Information Service, the Committee for Publicity of People's Struggle in Monland, independent sources and KHRG interviews..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #95-27)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Ye-Tavoy Railway Area: an Update
    Date of publication: 31 July 1995
    Description/subject: TOPIC SUMMARY: Railway labour (Story #1,2,4-10,12,14,15), abuse of the elderly (#8,9,10,13), abuse of children (#1,4,6,8,10), abuse of women (#1,2,4,6,8,12), rape (#6,12,15), beatings on the railway (#1,2,4-6,8,12,15), other beatings (#1,3,4,5,10,13,15), deaths on the railway (#5,6,8,9,15), other deaths/ killings (#4,11,13,15), extortion (#1,2,6-9,12-14), looting (#1,2,3), land confiscation/ destruction (#1), forced labour for commercial logging (#3), convict labour (#5,15), political prisoners on the railway (#5), prison conditions (#5,15), porters (#1-4,9-11,13), testimony by SLORC soldiers (#4,11), abuse of soldiers (#4,11), natural gas pipeline (#9,13).
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #95-26)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: SLORC Orders to Villages: Set 95-C: Mon Area: Ye-Tavoy Railway, Other Forced Labour, Etc
    Date of publication: 02 May 1995
    Description/subject: "The reportincludes the direct translations of some typical SLORC written orders received by Mon villages in southern Burma's Tenasserim Division, along the route of the Ye-Tavoy railway line which is currently being built with forced civilian and convict labour, and in the area where the SLORC / Total / Unocal gas pipeline from the Martaban Gulf is to come ashore en route to Thailand. All of the orders were signed by SLORC officers or officials, and in most cases were stamped with the military unit or local LORC stamp. Photocopies of the order documents themselves may be enclosed with this report, and if not they are available on request. Most of these orders concern forced labour, money and materials being extorted for construction of the railway, forced labour building a naval base which is most likely intended to protect the gas pipeline, extortion of labour and money to build houses for Mon soldiers who surrender to SLORC, general routine demands for money and labour, and summonses to 'meetings'. While many of the orders repeat each other, they are included to give an idea of the endless series of SLORC demands and threats faced by Mon villagers who are already struggling to survive. For each order included here, there are hundreds more which have been issued. Many are lost or destroyed, while others are impossible to obtain. We would like to express our sincere gratitude to those who helped us obtain copies of these documents..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Orders Reports (KHRG Photoset 95-C) (KHRG #95-15)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: SLORC Shootings & Arrests of Refugees
    Date of publication: 14 January 1995
    Description/subject: Karen State. Aug-Nov 94. Karen Men, women, children. List of people killed, wounded, arrested, disappeared, by SLORC. Killings; wounding; EO; ransoming; looting, pillaging; forced portering; torture; arbitrary detention; extortion; inhuman treatment (beating); forced labour.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #95-02)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: SLORC Orders to Villages: Set 95-a Ye-Tavoy Railway, Other Labour, & Extortion
    Date of publication: 05 January 1995
    Description/subject: Mon State & Tenasserim Division. May-Dec 94; Forced Labour; Threats of violence; extortion; reprisals; forced relocation. ... ADDITIONAL KEYWORDS: forced resettlement, forced movement, forced displacement, forced migration, forced to move, displaced
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Orders Reports (KHRG #95-01)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: MON - Die vergessenen Flchtlinge in Thailand
    Date of publication: 1995
    Description/subject: Mon - the forgotten refugees in Thailand Das Volk der Mon ist die Urbevlkerung im heutigen Kernland von Thailand, im Gebiet von Bangkok in Richtung burmesische Grenze (Kanchanaburi Provinz) sowie im benachbarten burmesischen Bergland und im Kerngebiet des heutigen Burma mit seiner Hauptstadt Rangoon. Einst Trger einer frhen und hochentwickelten buddhistischen Kultur, wurden sie in den vergangenen Jahrhunderten von anderen, aus Norden eindringenen Vlkern immer mehr verdrngt. Sie stellen heute sowohl in Thailand wie in Burma eine stark benachteiligte ethnische Minderheit dar. Die Mon in Burma fhren seit Jahrzehnten zusammen mit zahlreichen anderen ethnischen Minderheiten einen Kampf um ihre Unabhngigkeit und eigenstndige Entwicklung. Diese Bestrebungen werden von der Militrjunta mit einem systematischen Vernichtungsfeldzug beantwortet.
    Author/creator: Hans-Gnther Wagner
    Language: Deutsch, German
    Source/publisher: Netzwerk engagierter Buddhisten
    Alternate URLs: http://cscmosaic.albany.edu/~gb661/moncamps.html (Photos of the refugee camps at Halockhani and Lohloe -- 1994?)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: THE MON: PERSECUTED IN BURMA, FORCED BACK FROM THAILAND
    Date of publication: December 1994
    Description/subject: "...This report documents the continued systematic violation of internationally recognized human rights committed by the Burmese army in 1993-1994 against one of Burma's main ethnic minorities, the Mon. It also catalogues the treatment of the Mon by Thai authorities, which falls far short of international standards relating to the status of refugees and fundamental human rights principles. Throughout 1994, thousands of Mon continued to stream into Thailand, where a small proportion were able to take refuge in camps in Thailand established in 1990, but most became illegal workers. In Thailand, however, they found a government whose foreign policy, like so many others in the region, was driven by "commercial diplomacy." Thailand was as determined to send the Mon back as it was to strengthen economic relations with the SLORC...." Human Rights Violations of the Mon by the Burmese Government : Arrests and Extrajudicial Executions of Suspected Rebels; Abuses Associated With Taxation; Forced Relocations; Forced Labor. Abuses of the Mon by the Thai Government: The Attack on Halockhani Camp and the Thai Response; The Treatment of Mon Migrant Workers by Thai Authorities; Thai Policy Towards Mon and Other Burmese Refugees.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Human Rights Watch/Asia
    Format/size: html (306K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: SLORC Orders to Villages: Set 94-E
    Date of publication: 02 September 1994
    Description/subject: The report includes the direct translations of some SLORC written orders sent to villages in the area of the Ye-Tavoy railway line between Mon State and Tenasserim Division, which is currently being constructed entirely by the slave labour of tens of thousands of Mon, Karen, Tavoyan and Burman villagers (see the related report "The Ye-Tavoy Railway", KHRG 13/4/94). These orders are now months old, but copies of them have only recently been obtained by the Karen Human Rights Group. The work has been ongoing since late 1993, and similar orders are still being issued now. All of the orders were signed by SLORC officers or officials, and in most cases were stamped with the unit stamp. Photocopies of the order documents themselves are available on request. Where necessary, the names of people, villages, and army camps have been blanked out and denoted by ‘xxxx’ to protect villagers. Many of the orders end with phrases like "Should you fail to obey it will be your responsibility". The villagers know that this means that should they fail for any reason, SLORC will likely send troops to loot the village, destroy some houses, seize porters, execute villagers, or in some cases shell the village with mortars. Note: While SLORC stands for State Law & Order Restoration Council, it administers locally through State or Divisional LORC, Township LORC, Village Tract LORC and Village LORC. This abbreviation LORC (Law & Order Restoration Council) is used throughout this report.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG Set 94-E)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: SLORC's Attack on Halockhani Refugee Camp
    Date of publication: 30 August 1994
    Description/subject: On July 21, 1994 SLORC troops from Infantry Battalion 62 shocked the world by attacking a Mon refugee camp at Halockhani. Worst of all for SLORC, it happened just as its representatives were going to attend the annual Foreign Ministers’ meeting of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in Bangkok for the first time. This report attempts to describe the attack through the eyes of some of its victims.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG) Regional & Thematic Reports
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: The Ye-Tavoy Railway
    Date of publication: 13 April 1994
    Description/subject: From Nov 93. Karen, Mon, Burman men, women, children: Forced labour as "development". Up to 30,000 forced labourers, including old people, children and pregnant women are working on a rotating basis on the railway; no food provided; violence against women; abuse of child, economic oppression; break-up of villages; torture; inhuman treatment (beating, deprivation of food, medicine; beating to death; killings; rape; rapes followed by killing of victims; woman gave birth on site, no care, baby died; extortion; burmanisation (violation of ethnic language education rights); land confiscation; destruction of orchards; depletion or abandonment of villages.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG) Regional & Thematic Reports
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


  • Mon discussion groups

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Monnet
    Description/subject: "Discussion Mon affair". Very active group. Archive since November 1999 of several hundred messages.
    Language: English
    Subscribe: monnet-subscribe@yahoogroups.com
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


  • Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)

    • Women and Child Rights Project, home page, articles and reports

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Women and Child Rights Project
      Description/subject: Assessment for Project Implementation: The military regime, SPDC, ratified the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1997, and agreed to guarantee women’s rights in Burma. Similarly, the regime also ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in 1991 and agreed to guarantee child rights in Burma..... Objectives: * To monitor the woman and child rights situation in Mon areas and southern part of Burma, by collecting information about their real situation in the reference to the CEDAW and CRC. * To empower and educate women and children in the Mon community, by providing information on their rights accordingly to CEDAW and CRC and encourage them to participate in the struggle in protection of their own rights.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: WCRP/HURFOM
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 25 November 2010


      Title: Women and Child Rights Project - blog
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 09 October 2010


      Individual Documents

      Title: Children for Hire - a portrait of child labor in Mon areas
      Date of publication: November 2013
      Description/subject: Executive Summary: "The growing domestic and international attention being paid to child labor in Burma, also known as Myanmar, signals a vital step in the country’s reform and development process. The advent of new funding to research the scope of the problem, proposed amendments to labor laws, and popularized documentaries exposing the lives of working children have indicated fresh interest in revealing and reducing the incidence of child labor. However, the catalyst for this report was sparked by observations that these proliferating activities and discussions are often largely restricted to urban areas, particularly regarding the well-known prevalence of Burma’s “teashop boys.” While urban forms of child labor warrant immediate and effective interventions, the ambiguity that shrouds less visible forms of the practice, especially occurring in rural ethnic villages and communities tucked against the country’s vast borderline, necessitates targeted illumination. During several interviews conducted for this report, civil society members and child protection officers described child labor in Burma as vastly under-researched, and said that accurate data from the country’s peripheral areas is almost nonexistent. Almost half of the occurrences of child labor documented for this report were found in agricultural practices, primarily on rubber plantations and betel nut farms. An equivalent number of children interviewed were working in furniture factories, waiting tables or washing dishes in small restaurants, or searching garbage for recyclables to redeem. Others still were engaged as day laborers, piecing together daily wages by clearing weeds on plantations, gathering grasses to make brooms, or working as cowhands or woodcutters. Income scarcity and food insecurity were central themes collected in many family narratives, but were also often rooted in other fundamental social issues. Poverty was not necessarily the sole cause of child labor, but rather the two were jointly symptomatic of poor access to education and healthcare, landlessness, migration, and the effects of decades of armed conflict and human rights abuses. Children, and particularly young girls, were also subject to social and gender norms that contributed to their entry into the workforce. The reduced likelihood that working children will complete their education and the increased risks associated with labor performed during children’s early developmental stages were found to feed directly back into these same family burdens that led to child labor. In short, the many interconnecting social issues, economic and labor policies, and community histories surrounding child labor in rural areas are beyond the scope of this report to fully catalogue or evaluate. Instead, the research presented herein telescopes in on a very small but highly underreported area of child labor, and aims to amplify the voices and cast a light on the experiences of rural working children in Mon areas."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (2.2MB)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.rehmonnya.org
      Date of entry/update: 21 November 2013


      Title: Coercion, Cruelty and Collateral Damage: An assessment of grave violations of children’s rights in conflict zones of southern Burma
      Date of publication: January 2012
      Description/subject: "Research by the Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP) has demonstrated that grave violations of children’s rights continue to occur in southern Burma despite the creation, by the United Nations, of the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) pursuant to United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 1612 on Children and Armed Conflict passed in 2005. The Burmese government has failed to meet the time-bound action plan under Resolution 1612, demonstrated by the fact that WCRP researchers found numerous accounts of ‘grave violations’ under United Nations Security Council’s Resolution 1612 on children and armed conflict. These violations, committed by Burmese soldiers against children in southern Burma, include recruitment of child soldiers, killing and maiming, rape and sexual abuse, and forced labor. Though the Burmese government agreed to the implementation of a monitoring and reporting mechanism (MRM), pursuant to Resolution 1612, to report on instances of these grave violations, WCRP has found that abuses have continued unabated since 2005. The data detailed below provide evidence of widespread and systematic abuses, the vast majority of which were committed by soldiers from the Tatmadaw, the Burmese military. These confirmed cases of grave violations, taken from just 15 villages in two townships, committed over a period of 5 years, suggest that the Burmese government has failed to live up to its obligations under international law to protect children during situations of armed conflict. Limitations imposed by the Burmese government on the UN country team has made it difficult for them to receive, or verify, accounts of grave violations, in turn preventing the MRM from making a noticeable impact on the continued widespread abuse of children in southern Burma. WCRP’s data strongly suggests that the real numbers of abuses against children is vastly greater than officially recognized. Additionally, despite the fact that WCRP’s primary research covered only the period from 2005 through November 2010, recent updated reports suggest that all of the violations documented by WCRP have continued to occur over the course of the past year. Despite the political changes that may be underway in Naypyidaw, children in areas where armed conflict is ongoing continue to suffer grave violations. Thus, the international community must take further action to ensure that the MRM can effectively protect the rights of Burma’s children and realize the objective put forth in Resolution 1612, an end to the grave violations of children’s rights..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (1.1MB - OBL version; 2.1MB - original)
      Alternate URLs: http://rehmonnya.org/archives/2182
      Date of entry/update: 27 January 2012


      Title: NOWHERE ELSE TO GO: An examination of sexual trafficking and related human rights abuses in Southern Burma
      Date of publication: August 2009
      Description/subject: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "This report documents sexual trafficking and human rights abuses committed against Burmese women and children from 19 Townships in Mon State, Karen State, Tenasserim Division, Pegu Division, Rangoon Division and Mandalay Division. From 2004 to July 2009 the (Mon) Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)—Southern Burma documentation program compiled 40 separate incidents totaling 71 victims. This number represents only a small percentage of the instances of sexual trafficking from Burma to Thailand and other bordering nations, though the case studies of this report provide an important lens through which to view the present-day situation. Sexual trafficking and related human rights abuses are pervasive and arguably growing problems systematized by a harsh economic reality under the military rule of the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC). Whereas the illegitimate junta has become a signatory of anti-trafficking protocols from the United Nations and founded internal regulatory committees to deal with such issues, the last decade has seen flagrant corruption along the border of Burma and Thailand. Government-organized NGOs dedicated to defending the ‘rights’ of its people serve more as roadblocks than as catalysts for social advancement and equitable access to state resources. Facing a broken educational system most likely to betray them, women and girls inside Burma are left with few employable skills and must seek money in any way they can. A reeling marketplace stunted by the government’s economic mismanagement, increased militarization in rural and especially border areas, and the ear-ringing echoes of Cyclone Nargis and price fluctuations from a global economic downturn leave the women of the mainly-agrarian regions of Southern Burma with a glaring ultimatum: migrate or starve. The draw of being able to send money back to their home country in the form of remittances often cannot be tempered even by stories of corrupt traffickers, arrests, or dangerous and abusive living conditions upon arrival. Most of the incidents detailed in this report point to violent sexual abuses that took place during the trafficking process or upon arrival in Thailand, Malaysia, and other destinations. The interview subjects often narrate the types of factory and domestic jobs they were promised to contrast the illegal sex work and other exploitive labor they were forced to perform."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP); Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
      Format/size: pdf (1.4MB - reduced version; 3MB - original version)
      Alternate URLs: http://rehmonnya.org/data/nowhereelsetogo.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 31 August 2009


      Title: CATWALK TO THE BARRACKS: Conscription of women for sexual slavery and other practices of sexual violence by troops of the Burmese military regime in Mon areas
      Date of publication: July 2005
      Description/subject: by "This report exposes the ongoing and increasingly brazen use of sexual violence by Burmese Army troops in Mon areas of Burma. This is despite the ceasefire between the main Mon political party, the New Mon State Party, and the Burmese military regime, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) since 1995, and despite the regime's repeated denials during the past few years that its troops are practicing systematic sexual violence. The report details 37 incidents of sexual violence against 50 women and girls, aged 14 to 50 years old, and reveals evidence of widespread conscription of women into sexual slavery by Burmese Army troops. Since many women are unwilling to reveal that they have been raped owing to fear of stigma and reprisals by the army, detailed information has only been collected about a small portion of the actual number of women who have been raped. The report corroborates the findings of earlier reports on sexual violence in Shan and Karen States, showing the use of rape as a strategy of control by the junta’s troops, and revealing a pattern of abuse that provides strong evidence that rape has become systemic under military rule in Burma. The lack of rule of law and climate of impunity for military rape have caused SPDC’s troops to become increasingly emboldened in their acts of sexual violence. Many rapes took place during military operations against armed groups still active in southern Burma, such as the Karen National Union and a Mon splinter group; SPDC troops gang-raped, beat, kicked, slashed and killed women as "punishment" for supporting rebel groups. However, sexual violence is not only occurring in areas of conflict, but in "peaceful" areas under full SPDC control. The SPDC has deployed 20 more battalions in the southern Mon area since 1998; these troops have seized land from local villagers and forced them to work on military plantations and guard infrastructure projects such as gas pipelines. The increased troop presence has caused increased incidents of rape of local women. During operations in 2003-2004 against rebels in southern Ye township, SPDC troops brazenly conscripted scores of "comfort women" from nearby villages, who were forced to work for the troops by day and were forced into sexual slavery at night. They also forced about 30 young women, including schoolgirls, to stay at their base and take part in a military "fashion and beauty show." Over half of the documented cases of rape were committed by military officers, often in front of, or together with their troops. Many of the rapes took place in the women's homes or in other villagers' houses, frequently in the presence of other family members. In contrast to the SPDC's claim that "effective action is taken against those who commit rape according to the existing laws of the Myanmar Armed Forces," in none of the cases in this report was legal action taken against the perpetrators of sexual violence. In most cases, the community leaders did not dare to report the incidents of sexual violence to the military battalion commanders for fear of reprisals. Those that did were scolded, beaten or threatened to be killed. In one case complainants were forced to sign a written statement pardoning the rapist. Significantly, half of the rape cases documented in this report took place after June 2002, when the Shan report "Licence to Rape" first drew international attention to the Burmese regime's use of sexual violence, and UNGA resolutions on Burma began highlighting the issue. Burmese Army troops have therefore continued to flagrantly commit sexual violations in Mon areas precisely while the regime has been denying to the world that this practice exists. It is evident that political reform is urgently needed to address the problem of military rape in Burma. Unless the system of impunity for military rape is ended, and the political problems relating to equal rights for ethnic peoples and the restoration of democracy in Burma are solved, the culture of violence will continue to escalate, and the suffering of all civilians - including women and children - will continue..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (Southern Burma), Human Rights Foundation of Monland (Burma)
      Format/size: html (779K), Word (395K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs3/Catwalk_to_the_Barracks.doc
      Date of entry/update: 19 July 2005


      Title: Brief Assessment of the Health Situation in Mon Areas
      Date of publication: 31 October 2003
      Description/subject: "Ministry of Health and National Health Committee of Union of Myanmar, has planned to promote public health in the country and it is now campaniging widely in the community for a better health in nation wide. Ministry of Health has also implemented to State and Local Health Department to foster the campaign and service of public health. The military government has drawn a health project from 2001-2006. According Health Report from Mon State, despite the military government has developed a health project since 2001, there is no sufficient improvement for the public health. The report said that health budget allocation is lacking from the government to the previous years. The Health Department could not employ sufficient health workers and medical doctors. Moreover, according to a doctor from one Township, the military government also could not pay regular salary to health empoyees. Despite the military government has received aid from overseas, the resources did not place to the public hospitals. Furthermore, the military government has built road construction and school buildings for the sole purpose of remaining in power with the community support but a health service is ignored by the Burmese military officials. The regime in Rangoon, State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), allocates less than 10% of State Budget for the Ministries of Health and Education. In the recent years, WHO also found the health care situation in Burma is worth if compared with many other countries in the world..." Brief on the current public health situation in Mon State; Current services and condition of public hospitals; Who and how the private clinics work? Prescription under corruption; Women and the problems in child delivery; Phamacy stores and its prices; Symptoms of diseases:- Most serious diesaess that found in Mon State are: 1. Haemorrhage dengue fever 2. Malaria 3. tuberculosis 4. AIDS/HIV 5. Cholera 6. Diabettes 7. Hypertension 8. Skin Disease (leprosy) 9. Enteric fever (Typhoid)...
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "Plight of Women and Children in Burma" (Issue No. 3/2003) - Women and Child Rights Project (Southern Burma)
      Format/size: html (17K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 April 2004


      Title: Hardship of displaced families in the rural area
      Date of publication: 31 October 2003
      Description/subject: In Ye Township (in Mon State), Yebyu and Tavoy Townships (in Tenasserim Division), the battalions of local Burmese Army ordered the farmers to not take foods along with them when they traveled to their farms and are not allowed to stay at their farms at night time. Due to this movement restriction, the local farmers could not produce the sufficient foods for their families and communities. When the people fled from and displaced to escape from the above-mentioned human rights violation and racial persecution, they could not bring a lot of foods along with them. If they are arrested with over amount of foods, they could be killed or arrested. During their hiding situation, they also could not find food easily. During the displacement, if they try to contact their relatives in villages, they or their relatives could be arrested and tortured as the Burmese Army always suspected them that they are bringing foods for rebels. Foods are not available for almost displaced communities. Markets also are also far and dangerous when they try to get access to there. The relatives at villages or in the Burmese Army’s set relocations are not dared to support them, otherwise, they could be punished. Many restricted conditions created food-shortage problems to the displaced persons. They have to find the seasonal forest products to eat as foods. Banana, bamboo shoots, cassava, corns, papayas are available for foods during their displacement. However, as most ethnic people in Burma eat rice as their main foods, these fruits and forest products could not supplement them as main foods.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "Plight of Women and Children in Burma" (Issue No. 3/2003) - Women and Child Rights Project (Southern Burma)
      Format/size: html (11K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 April 2004


      Title: Women in suffering of poverty, sex industry and forced labour
      Date of publication: 31 October 2003
      Description/subject: " Burma (Myanmar) ratified the CEDAW to ensure the rights of women are fulfilled in tern of employment and available income. However the regime’s Women Affairs Committee is unable to improve the situation of women. Additionally, the armed faction of the regime, Burmese Army has also forced the women in the rural areas to contribute their unpaid labour for the army owned infrastructures. Poverty has forced many women including under aged girls to sell sex in cities for income. Some pieces of information that highlight the situation of rural women in southern part of Burma are as below:..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Plight of women and children in Burma (Issue No.3/2003, - Women and Child Rights Project (Southern Burma)
      Format/size: html (15K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 April 2004


      Title: A Review of Burma’s Obligations to CEDAW
      Date of publication: 31 May 2003
      Description/subject: "The plight of women and children in Mon State and Southern Burma is under serious concerns for their health, education, social welfare and family planning after the country has faced social, political and economy crisis for over fifth decades. Many of women and children in rural areas have lack of basic education and sometimes most of old women even could not sign their own names on official paper. After Burma has engaged into civil war and military rule for over four decades, many of women have faced a particular problem. It is not a family relationship but it is “Women Rights” issues to ensure for them to work, earn and save money for bearing children. Overall, women are denied to be ownership of their historic lands and farms. They are still denied to have a place in decision making in the community and national political environments..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: The Plight of Women and Children in Burma (Issue No.2/2003) - Women and Child Rights Project (Southern Burma)
      Format/size: html (32K)
      Date of entry/update: 06 April 2004


      Title: Burma's Women and Children: The Suffering and Survival
      Date of publication: March 2002
      Description/subject: I. Plight of women and children in rural area; II. Human rights violations in general: violations against women and children; III. Conscription of forced labour; III. A. Unpaid labour contribution for security reason and development projects; III. B. Porter service and the plight of women and children ; IV. Suspicion of rebel-supporters and related violations; IV. A. Arbitrary execution: IV. A.1. Killing with accusation of rebel-supporters; IV A.2. Killing for closing rape cases; IV A.3. Rape and killing with accusation of rebel supporters ; IV B Arbitrary arrest and torture: IV B.1. Torture during interrogation; IV B.2. Rape and cruel torture; IV B.3. Non-physical torture, but mentally... IV C. Kidnapping and extortion... V. Rape and other sexual violations against women... VI. Violations of child rights: VI. A. The conscription of child labour; VLB. The use of child soldiers in the extension of the Burmese Army... VI.B.1. Recruitment: Recruitment base and recruitment of child soldiers; Recruitment via local military battalions; VI.C. The plight of child soldiers in the army; VI.D. The plight of young soldiers in the Burmese Army; VI.D.1. Background of defectors during October and November 2001; VI.D.2. Interview with a young soldier; VII. Population displacement and the suffering of women and children... VILA. Rebellion and forced displacement: VII.B. Forced relocation and dislocation in the Tenasserim Division; VII.C. Population displacement in Karen State... Appendix 1: Map of Burma; Appendix 2: Map of Mon State; Appendix 3: Map of Karen State; Appendix 4: Map of Tenasserim Division; Appendix 5: Photos: Forced Labours; Displaced Persons.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (609K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    • "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma"

      Individual Documents

      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma" Issue No. 3, September 2010
      Date of publication: September 2010
      Description/subject: THE RECRUITMENT OF CHILD SOLDIERS THREATENS FAMILIES IN SOUTHERN BURMA: 1. SUMMARY; 2. METHODOLOGY; 3. MAIN FINDINGS; 4. ANALYSIS; 4.1 Village Militias, 4.2 The lottery, 4.3. Forced to buy guns, 4.4 Questions answered with torture, 4.5 Forced Labor, 4.6 “No choice”, 5. Forced Recruitment and forced labor causes, families to flee their villages, 6. Elections are unlikely to halt use of child soldiers or forced labor, 7. Who’s involved, 8. LEGAL DEFINITIONS, 9. WHAT YOU CAN DO, 10.RECOMMENDATIONS.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (2.1MB)
      Date of entry/update: 01 November 2010


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma" Issue No.2, June 2010
      Date of publication: June 2010
      Description/subject: REPORT:- Voices of the Displaced Women and Children: Introduction; Methodology; Background; The Threat; Property; Employment; Food and Resources; Education; Health and Sanitation; Hopes for the Future; Conclusion... NEWS: American Specialist Children’s Hospital in Moulmein Overflowing with Patients... FEATURES: Celebrations for the 65th birthday of Daw Aung Suu Kyi; Fleeing Prying Eyes; A Mothers Search for Safety
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (531K)
      Date of entry/update: 29 August 2010


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1, March 2010
      Date of publication: March 2010
      Description/subject: REPORT - Women’s Rights Study on Mon Women’s Day: Introduction; Background; 2010 Mon Women’s Day (MWD) celebration; Informal celebrations of Mon Women’s Day (MWD) in Thailand; Domestic Violence in Baleh-Donephai; Economic Despair; Conclusion... FEATURE - A home for the unwanted (about the Safe House near Huay Malai in Kanchnaburi province, Thailand... NEWS - SPDC ambushes Mon group, girl and soldier killed.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (488K)
      Date of entry/update: 29 August 2010


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 3/2009, September 2009
      Date of publication: September 2009
      Description/subject: REPORT: Why Burmese Women Become Sex Workers: Introduction... Background... Economic desperation... KTV... Minors... Government involvement... Conclusion..... News: Pg. 6 Thai Government Forces Migrant Worker to Make Temporary Passports While Burmese Officials Cash In... Pg. 7 10th Strandard Students Have to Give Headmisterss 20,000 kyat... Pg. 10 19-Year-Old Woman Raped an Murdered in Karen State... Personal Account... Pg. 5 Woman Robbed at Knife point Receives 36 Stitches..... Media Release: Pg. 3 No Where Else To Go.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (395K)
      Date of entry/update: 01 December 2009


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1/2009, March 2009
      Date of publication: March 2009
      Description/subject: Report: Mon Women, the Military & Forced Labor in Mon State: 1. Background; 2. Introduction; 3. Forced labor on road repairs: Case 1: WCRP interview with 32 year old woman from Toe-Thet-Ywa-Thit village; Case 2: WCRP interview with a woman from Toe-Thet-Ywa-Thit village; Case 3: IMNA, 2nd Oct 2008; Case 4: WCRP interview with 75 year old woman from Khaw-Zar Sub-Town; Case 5: WCRP interview with 32 year old woman from Toe-Thet-Ywa-Thit village; Case 6. WCRP interview with 40 year old woman from Yin-Dein-Wa village... 4. Forced labor to provide food and supplies for the military: Case 1: WCRP interview with 30 year old woman from Kyauk-Htaung village; Case2: WCRP interview with 53 year old woman from Yin-Ye village; 5. Forced labor on building maintenance: Case1: WCRP interview with a woman from Khaw-Zar Sub-township; Case2: WCRP interview with 52 year old woman from Shwe-Hin-Thar–Ywa-Thit village... 6. Forced labor for sentry duty: Case 1. WCRP interview with 55 year old woman from Yin-Ye village... 7. Conclusion..... Personal Account: Trafficked woman forced to have baby to pay debts..... Feature: A woman’s life, displaced on the border..... Activities: Mon Women’s day Joint Statement..... News: Illegal migrant driven to suicide by Thai boss’s abuse of her sister; Eleven migrant workers at risk in a Kanchanaburi forest.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (648K)
      Alternate URLs: http://rehmonnya.org/data/the%20plight%20pdf%2009%20March.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 31 August 2009


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 4/2008, December 2008
      Date of publication: December 2008
      Description/subject: REPORT:- SPDC’s Militarization and Impacts to Women in Mon Area: I. SPDC’s Military Deployment and Impacts... II. Sexual Violence and Harassment... III. Burmanization Policy: Manipulated and Forced Marriage... IV. The Community’s response on Assimilation policy... V. Conclusion..... News: 1. Police harassing Mon women legally working in Thailand... 2. Mon Woman Raped by Mon Migrant Worker... 3. Mon woman lured to Malaysia, raped... 4. Immigration raid frees eight human trafficking victims near Bangkok..... Activities: Celebration for International Stop Violence against Women Day held in Sangkhlaburi, Thailand
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (353K)
      Date of entry/update: 14 February 2009


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 3/2008, September 2008
      Date of publication: September 2008
      Description/subject: REPORT: POST NARGIS FLUX OF DISPLACEMENT: SITUATION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN: 1. Background of Cyclone Nargis Disaster... II. Post-Nargis flight of families headed by women: (a) Displacement to Burmese areas outside the delta; (b) Displacement to the border and Thailand... III. The plight of Nargis’ child survivors: (a) Malnutrition and psychological distress; (b) Education... IV. Conclusion..... Personal Account: One of the lucky stories of a Cyclone Nargis Victim on Thailand-Burma Border..... Feature: Where Is My School, Where Are My Friends?..... News: Stop Human Trafficking campaign in Samut Sakhon; Seventeen years old two girls faced trafficking; 14 Year Old Girl Raped at Refugee Camp; Women forced to repair army road in Khaw Zar Sub-township.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (903K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 November 2008


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 2/2008, June 2008
      Date of publication: June 2008
      Description/subject: REPORT: THE PLIGHT OF MIGRANT WORKER: SUFFRING ACROSS THE BORDERS: I. The Background of Migration of Workers from Burma... II. Some Reasons of Migrations: A. Large-scale Projects and Forced Labour; B. Unemployment and levels of income... III. Role of Brokers or Traffickers: A: Migrating or Smuggling to Thailand... IV. Thai law: A. The current registration; VI. Conclusion..... News: Mother and Child Die After Nurse Refuses to Help with Birth; Mon Woman Faces Sexual Abuse by Employer. Young Boys Threatened with Knife.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (436K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 February 2009


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1/2008, March 2008
      Date of publication: March 2008
      Description/subject: REPORT: THE PLIGHTS OF BURMA’S DISABLED POPULATION"- I. A Background on Disability... II. Types of Disability... III. Vaccinations... IV. Land Mines... V. Malnutrition... VI. Being Disabled in Burma... VII. Community response... VIII. Education for Disabled Children... XI. Response of Government and NGOs X. Summary..... ACTIVITY: Participation in Mon Women’s Day and Seminar of Mon Women Affairs..... NEWS: I. Villagers Forced to Fund Government School... II. Mon woman, working in Samut Sakorn, raped by six men... III. Child killed after eating castor oil seeds from plant cultivated under regime orders... IV. Mon woman raped by migrant workers in Thanphyuzayat... V. Child Arrested for Father’s Crimes... VI. Ministry of Education running fake diploma mill... VII. The examination of 2 subjects in a day at southern Mon State’ town.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (322K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 February 2009


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 4/2007, December 2007
      Date of publication: December 2007
      Description/subject: REPORT:CHILD DEVELOPMENT IN MON IDPs AREAS: I I. The situation of children in Mon IDPs areas I II. Food for children in IDPs areas III. Health care for children IV. Nursery Schools for Children (for Mental Development) V. Conclusion... NEWS: I. Violence against women in Thai-Burma area II NMSP area knife attach on mother and daughter III. Burmese women workers divided between two hells: BWU Activity
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project
      Format/size: pdf (742K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 March 2008


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 3/2007, September 2007
      Date of publication: September 2007
      Description/subject: REPORT:Trafficking Business Circle from Burma to Neighboring Countries:- I. Background of Burma’s economy and population migration... II. Migration to Thailand and Malaysia from Southern Burma... III. Circle of Trafficking from Burma... IV. Burma’s Law on Trafficking and Willingness of SPDC to Combat... V. Harmful workplaces in border areas and neighboring countries... VI. Case Studies... VII. How NGOs and the International Community combat human trafficking... VIII. Conclusion and suggestion..... NEWS: I. 500 Burmese illegal migrants including children were arrested... II. Myanmar (Burma) Women’s Affairs Committee ordered restaurants to cease employing female workers... III. At east 10 children die of dengue fever per day.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (277K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 February 2009


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 2/2007, June 2007
      Date of publication: June 2007
      Description/subject: REPORT: Education in Burden in Mon State:- I: Political and Education Background in Mon State... II : Mon Ethnic Education... III : New School Year and Expenses... IV: Deteriorated Burma’s Education System... V : No Access Education by Poor Children... VI: Corruption from Education: Private Tuition... VII. Conclusion..... ACTIVITIES: Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s Birthday Ceremony Completed..... NEWS: I. High drop-out rate in displaced communities’ schools... II. Children died of dengue fever in Mon State,
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (407K)
      Date of entry/update: 18 February 2009


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1/2007, March, 2007
      Date of publication: March 2007
      Description/subject: Women in Poverty: Impacts from Livelihood and Human Rights Violations: I. Economics mis-management and civil war; II. General Livelihood of Women in Southern Burma: a. Livelihood of Women in Rural Area; b. Livelihood of Women in Urban Area; c. Livelihood of women in IDPs area... III. Movement restriction... IV. Women access different wages from Men... V. Conclusion and Recommendations... NEWS: Low morale in health care: A private medic tries to rape a patient... ACTIVITIES: International Women's Day Ceremony Completed .
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (531K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs4/WCRP2007-03lr.pdf
      http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs4/WCRP2007-03mr.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 27 June 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 4/2006, December 2006
      Date of publication: December 2006
      Description/subject: Displaced Setting of Women and Children: Availability of education for the displaced persons; Healthcare; Food and other assistance for the displaced population... Anniversary ceremony for International Stop Violence Against Women Day; Women Empowerment WorkshopCompleted by WCRP; Celebration for International J Children Day Held...Building Better family in future; Village head charged with raping a girl escaped.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (935K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 June 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 3/2006, September 2006
      Date of publication: September 2006
      Description/subject: Women and Malaria: Women and Malaria Education; Case Studies of Malaria Suffering; Pregnant Women and Malaria; Basic Child rights Workshop in Border area; Completed Human Rights and Child Rights Education Course; Former Secretary of Village Headman Rapes 15 Year Old; Girl Raped and Killed by Migrant Worker; Girl Raped and Killed on Thai-Burma Border; Mon Man Killed his Wife and Threw Corpse in the Forest.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (377K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 June 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 2/2006, June 2006
      Date of publication: June 2006
      Description/subject: (mistakenly listed as 3/3006 in header)... Analysis on the Domestic Violence against Women in Burma:- I. Introduction; II. Methodology: Domestic violence; III. The form of domestic violence in Burma; IV. Key factors for domestic violence: a. Domestic Violence Religion and Culture; b. The victims of violence are reluctant to leave home behind; c. Domestic Violence and the Military; d. Burmese laws with regard to domestic violence... NEWS: I. Wide spread of malaria in the border; II Burmese Migrant women targeted in Mahachai, Thailand.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (498K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1/2006, March 2006
      Date of publication: March 2006
      Description/subject: REPORT I: Out Of The Frying Pan Into The Fire “Children taken away from trouble home to alien lands for sale.”: I. Situations forcing children to be trafficked: A. Immigrating into other countries as people are unable to pay taxes imposed by the government; B. Being denied right to schooling; C. Health; D. Burning up the villages and confiscating the farmland; E. Setting people to forced labor; F. Sexually harassed victims are prone to be cast into human-trafficking field; G. “Emigrant workers, especially young women are tempted into human-trafficking to be sold off.”;II. Human-trafficker’s persuasion; III. On the way into Thailand; IV. SPDC’s response to human trafficking REPORT: II HIV/AIDS: Unsolved Problem in Burma:- I. HIV/AIDS infecting rate increasing in Burma; II. Role of civil society in prevention... ACTIVITIES: International Women’s Day celebrated on Thai-Burma border - Mon Women’s Day Joint Statement... NEWS: Mon Women’s Organization Celebrates First Mon Women’s Day...
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (631K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 4/2005, December 2005
      Date of publication: December 2005
      Description/subject: REPORT 1: Child labour in Burma:I.Children and Beggars; II.Exploiting children for the profits; III.Children in Furniture Industries; IV.Other Kinds of Jobs; V. Helping in Families Works... REPORT: II Rights of naming and national recognition for Children... News: Forced Recruitment of A Child Soldier... REPORT: III Plight of Sex Workers in Burma Activity: I. Become a sex worker; II.Appalling Cases of Sex Workers in Brothel Houses... III.The Situation of Health... International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women Ceremony.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (236K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 3/2005, September 2005
      Date of publication: September 2005
      Description/subject: REPORT: The ongoing and increasingly shameless use of the sexual violance by Burmese Army’s troops:- I. Sexual Violance against Women:Common Abuses By Burmese Army; II. Catwalks to the Barracks; III. Continuous sexual violation in 2005: 4 Case studies including: Rape Case in Thanbyuzayat Township; Three Women Raped in Southern Ye Township; 13 years old woman raped... IV. Impacts to general women in the community: A. Get early marriage in the community; B. Displacement and Migration to Thailand... V. Legal system and community responses: A. Community’s views on rape victims; B. Legal System in Competent Armed Group... News: MNCWA and MCWA involves in forced recruitment of members... Activity: I. Basic Human Rights and Environment Training Completed; II. Women Empowerment Workshop Completed by WCRP.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (336K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 2/2005, July 2005
      Date of publication: July 2005
      Description/subject: [wrongly named "Issue No. 6/2005"... Women and Health problem in Burma:- I. Tradition, Food insufficiency and effects to Women’s Health; II. Health problem Among women: A. Malaria; B. Cholera; C. Anemia; D. Amenorrhea; E. Menopause; F. Vaginal Discharge; G. The underneath stomach pain: 1. The pain while menstruation; 2. Infection at the bladder; 3. Fungus in vagina (Yeast infection); 4. When swollen the organs from inside bladder; 5. The galls (or) knob appear in underneath stomach; 6. Infection in colon or small intestine; 7. Mental illness III. Diseases infected by sexual intercourse: A. HIV/ AIDS; IV. Women suffer by various cancers: A. Cancer of uterus cannel; B. Cancer of the ovary; C. Cancer of the uterus; D. Cancer of the Vagina; E. Breast cancer; V. The nutrition and the pregnant women.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (272K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1/2005, March 2003
      Date of publication: March 2005
      Description/subject: [Wrongly named " Issue No. 5/2005"]... REPORT: Political and Working life of Burma’s women:- I. Introduction; II. Burmese Women, Politics and Analysis on Leadership Role; A. Historic women participation in politics; B.Current Leadership Role of Women; III.Women, Domestic Works and Economic Life: A.Fundamental Belief on Women’s Role; B. Sale Businesses and Women; C. Women And Education Career; D. Women and Dressmaking Businesses; E. Women and Literature; IV. Conclusion... NEWS: Underage sex workers and free sex to military commander... ACTIVITY: Workshop on Basic Human Rights and Women’s Rights.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (614K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 4/2004, December 2004
      Date of publication: December 2004
      Description/subject: REPORT: HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Mon Areas and Prevention Crisis:- I. HIV/AIDS versus Mon Women; II. General HIV/AIDS Transmissions: a. HIV/AIDS transmission through sex; b. HIV infection from men; c. HIV transmission through SPDC soldiers rapes; d. Being infected with HIV through working as domestic workers; e. HIV virus infection through needle and blood transfusion; f.HIV transmission through mother-to-child route; III.HIV/AIDS Education Programs; IV. Community members attitute toward people living with HIV/AIDS; V. Conclusion and Recommendations... NEWS: Burmese Army: A thousand year old way of thinking -- Torture, imprisonment and violence against women continue... Women and HIV/ AIDS (Excerpt from UNAIDS Report)... ACTIVITY: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP) conducted ‘Human Rights Training’ in the Border Area.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (352K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 3/2004, September 2004
      Date of publication: September 2004
      Description/subject: Socio – economic condition of Mon IDPs in southern Burma:- I. Root cause of Mon IDPs; II. Economic and social conditions among the IDPs; III.The Health Situation of Internally Displaced Women; IV. IDPs Women and Children Education; V. IDP Women and Food Assistance; VI. Sheltering and Sanitation for IDPs; VII. Livelihood in the IDP communities; VIII. Security for IDPs... NEWS: A young Mon woman was raped.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (369K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 2/2004, June 2004
      Date of publication: June 2004
      Description/subject: Report I: Women And Child Trafficking in Burma:- I.Root Causes of Women And Child Trafficking in Burma; II.Women and children works as servants (or are sold as servant); III.Luring and Trafficking Women into Prostitution; IV.Trafficking women to China; V.Begging Money; VI.Child Trafficking... Report II Miserable Life of Burma’s rural women:- I. Cause of Poverty; II. Exploitation from women in rural areas; III. Restriction of Movement and Sexual Violations against Women; Conclusion: Population Displacement and Poverty...Students must to pay for including for preparing school
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (501K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1/2004, March 2004
      Date of publication: March 2004
      Description/subject: [Wrongly named "Issue No. 5/2004"]... Discrimination and Violation against Women in Burma:- I. Women and Education; II. Women and Health Care; III. HIV/AIDS; IV. Violence Against Women: a. Domestic Violence: b. Violations in the Community and Society; VI. Women In Economy and Culture; VII. Women's Urge...Widespread Exploitation of Child Labour in Burma:- I. Begging Money; II, Exploiting Children for the Profits; III. Child Labor in Government Development Projects; IV. Exploitation in Education... Statement on Mon Women's Day... NEWS: Basic Women rights and Gender Issue Workshop Completed... IDPs and Women's suffering/life.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (433K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 4/2003, December 2003
      Date of publication: December 2003
      Description/subject: Rape as a Weapon to Win War (License to Rape in Mon State):- I. Women suffering under SPDC's militarization policy (3 case studies); II. Recent Offensives and Violations against Women; I III. License to Rape in Mon State; IV. Sexual Violation: the Violations of Rights in CEDAW and other Convenants...Sex Workers in Mon State:- I. Livelihoods and Sex Industries; II. Mushroomed Brothels in Mon State, and Involvement of Corrupted Authorities; III. Treatment in Brothel; IV. What the regime’s role toward Sex Workers... Information from Testimony with a Displaced Woman: Burmese Army’s Sexual Harassment against Women; Killing of Women and Boys in the Recent Offensives;
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (520K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 3/2003, October 2003
      Date of publication: October 2003
      Description/subject: Women in suffering of poverty, sex industry and forced labour:- I.Poor women's hairs on sale; II. Poverty forced under-aged girls to involve in sex service; Ill. Women are in the conscription of forced labour; IV. Sex for Survival in Moulmein...Brief Assessment to Health Situation in Mon Areas:- I. Brief the current public health situation in Mon State; I. A. Current services and condition of public hospitals; I. B. Who and how the private clinics work? I. C. Prescription under corruption; I. D. Women and the problems in child delivery; I. E. Pharmacy stores and its prices; II. Symptoms of diseases: II. A. Haemorrhage dengue fever; Case Study: Child died for late treatment; II. B. Malaria; II. C. Tuberculosis (TB); III. D. HIV/AIDS...Hardship of displaced families in the rural area:- General Hardship During Displacement: 1. Food-shortage Problems; 2. Insufficient sheltering; 3. Serious health condition.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (476K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 2/2003, June 2003
      Date of publication: June 2003
      Description/subject: A Review of Burma’s Obligation to CEDAW:- I. Situation Analysis; II. Raped: No Legal Punishments; Rape (5 cases); III. The Failure of National Women’ Affairs Committee; IV. Illegal Sex Services; Case Two: Ngwe Moe Hotel and Sex Workers in Moulmein; Case Three: Ka Bya See Yeik Mhom Hostel and Sex; V. Child Welfare at Risk: Case one: Compulsory Fee for Dancing Dresses; VI. The Failure of Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association; VII. Ethnic Children Education at Risk; VIII. Women Welfare at Risk: Case One: Collect Cash for Building Hospital in Ye; Case Two: Forced Women to Attend Militia Training in Ye Phyu; Case Three: Detained and Tortured Villagers for Leaving Native Village in Tavoy; CHILD RIGHTS AND MON EDUCATION COMMITTEE: Mon National Education Policy; The Role of Buddhist Monks For Child Rights; RAPE A MON WOMAN AND NO LEGAL PUNISHMENT TO A COMMANDER FROM BURMESE ARMY: Background Information on the rape case; THE RAPE CASE IN DETAILS...NEWS: A child soldier refuses to return home as fear of killing.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (633K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


      Title: "The Plight of Women and Children in Burma", Issue No. 1/2003, February 2003
      Date of publication: February 2003
      Description/subject: Women and children in the circle of Burma's forced labour:- Forced labour: Use of women and children in workplaces; Why women and children involved in compulsory labour; Recent evidences of forced labour includes women and children; Other use of forced labour to women and children; What happens to women and children in the battlefield; Related physical and mental suffering...Why women migrated into Thailand: Labour Demand in Thailand and Migrant Women to Thailand; Developing Thailand and Civil War In Burma; The Reasons why Migrant Workers Moved into Thailand; The regime's oppression against migration...INTERVIEW: Serious human rights violations in Southern part of Ye Township... NEWS: Burmese Army's motor shell hit an elderly woman; Burmese Army used women as human-shields; A boy hurt in a fighting.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (467K)
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2007


    • "Voice Up"
      "The newsletter focusing on current issues of empowerment, community participation, and advocacy for women and children from Burma."

      Individual Documents

      Title: "Voice Up", Volume 2
      Date of publication: November 2012
      Description/subject: The life of a young trafficked woman...Industrial Mahachai concludes second child labor conference...Trafficking Brief...Trafficking, migration, and the need for cooperation...Voices from the field: Practitioners describe labor trafficking along the border...Migrant voices: Illegal abortion among women working in Thailand...Yangon hosts first Women’s Forum...Workshop promotes growing women’s leadership roles...Trafficking or Smuggling?.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
      Format/size: pdf (1.2MB)
      Date of entry/update: 19 November 2012


      Title: "Voice Up" Volume 1, August 2012
      Date of publication: August 2012
      Description/subject: "The newsletter focusing on current issues of empowerment, community participation, and advocacy for women and children from Burma."..... "Women narratives: the life of a refugee" - "The nine refugee camps along the Thai-Burmese border are home to people displaced by war, economic hardship, and Burmese military assaults on ethnic areas. Many refugee women are burdened by difficulties, but still holding on to hope..." "Reports of child trafficking and abuse prompt educational workshop on the border"..."Support Women’s Capacity and Listen to Their Voices"..."Donor cuts nearly shut down middle school in refugee camp"..."Parents question strenuous student schedules"..."Mon language study only allowed on weekends in government schools"..."Women IDPs and refugees continue to face challenges to livelihood"..."First ever Women and Peace Workshop held in Mon State"..."Shin Saw Puu Association represents important step in women’s leadership and civil participation" - “This Association really encourages women to participate in leadership roles, and they inspire many women to get involved.”..."Young women leading community development projects"..."KWAT Demonstrates Persistent Abuses and Impunity in Kachin State"..."Child sufferers of dengue fever pack Moulmein hospital"..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
      Format/size: pdf (2.6MB)
      Date of entry/update: 21 August 2012