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Home > Main Library > Water, including dams > Water bodies (global. regional) > Water in Burma - water security and water bodies (including coastal waters) > Burma's water bodies - general

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Burma's water bodies - general

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Rivers in Myanmar: can the ecosystem tell us how things are going?
Description/subject: "Towards the end of 2015 I travelled to Myanmar and was struck by the vibrancy and beauty of a country that has gone through long periods of conflict, where the people seem to reflect an optimism and an inspirational enthusiasm for a new way of living. Rivers are the lifeblood of Burmese society, and yet coming out of years of political and economic isolation it is perhaps not surprising that the rivers are not well researched or understood. So much of Burmese culture is tied to these big rivers for transport, food and livelihoods. Many of the people live in close contact with the rivers and have a thriving boat culture, with boats and barges of all shapes and sizes navigating hundreds of kilometers up the river. With Myanmar opening up and development of its water resources occurring at a fast rate, there is an urgent need to understand the river situation and to ask questions of how best to manage these rivers so that they continue to provide services to a society that appears destined to grow. An issue that is already suggesting that things are not as good as they could be, is that the fish stocks that people are so dependent on, appear to be in serious decline. Why is this? Have the fish and the rivers themselves been used too much? Are the rivers polluted or are they suffering some other form of stress? What can be done to protect the fish stocks so that they continue to provide for the people of Myanmar? It is from questions such as these that a project was born looking at the health of the rivers in Myanmar, concentrating on the lower reaches of the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy), a “working river” at the heart of Myanmar’s national prosperity; and the Thanlwin (Salween), a near-pristine system with large potential for development, shared with China and Thailand..."
Author/creator: Chris Dickens
Language: English
Source/publisher: Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers (CGIAR)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 July 2016

Individual Documents

Title: Myanmar’s Next Great Transformation: Enclosing the oceans and our aquatic resources
Date of publication: 16 March 2017
Description/subject: "Myanmar is on the frontlines of a new cycle of great transformation. In Myanmar today a whole series of important changes in access and control of the country’s vast coastal and inland aquatic resources are on the verge of unfolding. Aquatic resources cover everything from fish, mangroves, coral reefs and other plants, to the sand and the coast, to oil and gas and the water itself. A huge variety of aquatic resources currently feed into fisher peoples’ lives and livelihoods in Myanmar. At their core these new dynamics threaten to take these resources out of reach of villagers and the country as a whole, and placing them firmly in the logic of a market-system that is becoming so prevalent today. The varied processes of enclosure currently unfolding the length of the Myanmar coastline and inland raise important questions about who has access and control over the country’s aquatic resources and who benefits from using them. Equally important is that the situation today is raising crucial questions about who will have access and control of these resources and who will be able to benefit from them and for what purposes in the future. The huge – and hugely profound – conflict over land and right to land spotlights the fact that such issues have never been simple or uncontroversial in Myanmar. Yet in the case of aquatic resources, the danger is particularly high that poor communities, ethnic minorities, and other vulnerable and marginalized people are on the verge of losing out. The threat is real and the danger is high. Alarm bells are ringing, but who is listening?..."
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Transnational Institute (TNI)
Format/size: pdf (English: 275K-reduced version; 361K-original...Burmrse: 4.6MB-original, 1.1-reduced version);
Alternate URLs: https://www.tni.org/files/publication-downloads/tni_pb_myanmar_online_100317.pdf
Date of entry/update: 18 March 2017

Title: Vulnerability and Resilience Assessment Ayeyarwady Delta, Myanmar
Date of publication: January 2016
Description/subject: "The Ayeyarwady Delta fans out from the limit of tidal influence at Myan Aung to the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea. The delta region is densely populated, and plays a dominant role in the cultivation of rice in rich alluvial soil as low as just 3 meters above sea level, although it also includes fishing communities in a vast area full of rivers and streams. It is mainly populated by farming and fishing communities in several villages besides market towns, mostly located along the main rivers. On 2 May 2008, the delta suffered a major disaster, devastated by Cyclone Nargis, which reportedly killed 84,537 people with 53,836 people missing, and left about 2.4 million affected. Total damage and loss is approximately 11.7 trillion Kyats, i.e. 4.1 billion US$ (Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, 2012)..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Delta Alliance
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.delta-alliance.org/
Date of entry/update: 24 July 2018

Title: Land and River Grabbing: the Mekong’s Greatest Challenge
Date of publication: 2015
Description/subject: "Throughout the Mekong region, large-scale development projects such as hydropower dams, mines, conventional power plants, and mono-crop plantations are displacing communities and limiting access to natural resources. Several hydropower dams have already been built on the Upper Mekong in China’s Yunnan Province, and the governments of Cambodia, Laos and Thailand are planning eleven additional large dams on the Mekong River’s mainstream. If completed, these dams would not only destroy local ecosystems, but also reduce the 􀆀 ow of silt throughout the Mekong River system, and block major 􀅿 sh migrations, placing at risk over sixty million people who depend on the Mekong for their food security and income. It’s vital for citizens of all six nations who share the Mekong basin’s rich resources to work together to promote greater accountability in development planning. This is exactly what is happening among a new generation of Mekong activists. Over the past nine years, alumni from EarthRights International’s Mekong School representing communities from the source to the mouth of the Mekong have been working together to advocate for stronger human rights and environmental protection in the region. In sharing these reports from their communities, Mekong School Alumni hope to inspire citizens throughout the Mekong region to consider the social and environmental impacts of hydropower dams, mines, power plants and other large development projects and to join together to advocate for greater transparency and public participation in development planning...." ..... CHINA: Gaps in the Environmental Regulation of Transnational Corporations: a Case Study of Cambodia’s Lower Sesan Dam by Li Miao Miao... MYANMAR: A Legal Analysis of the Heinda Mine and its Impact on 12 Communities in Dawei by Aye Mon Thu... Livelihood and Environmental Impacts from the Shwe Gas Pipeline in Nga Phe Township, Magway by Khaing Mi Phue Aung... The Hatgyi Dam Project and Potential Human Rights Violations in Karen State by Saw Lay Ka Paw... THALAND: Comparative Analysis of EIA Quality for Thai Overseas Investment Projects: Dawei Special Economic Zone and Hongsa Coal Power Plant by Ashijya Otwong... LAO PDR: Potential Impacts on Women’s Livelihoods from the Don Sahong Dam in Khong District, Champassak Province, Lao PDR by Dokkeo Sykham... Potential Impacts of the Nam Ou 2 Dam on Local Livelihoods 99 in Luang Prabang, Lao PDR by Luuk Nam Ou... CAMBODIA: Implications of the Anti-Dam Campaign and Eco-tourism 112 Initiative in the Araeng Valley, Central Cardamom Protected Area, Cambodia by Ham Oudom... VIETNAM: The Impacts of Dak Mi 4 Hydropower Dam on Downstream Communities: Assessing the Right to Public Participation by Tran Chi Thoi... The Social, Health and Environmental Impacts of Limestone Mining in Kien Luong District, Kien Giang Province, Vietnam by Nguyen Khiem... Asian Development Bank Safeguard Policies: Fact or Fiction? 170 The Case of the Northern Transmission Line Expansion Project by Vu Hai Linh... Epilogue by Mat Carney.
Author/creator: Chayan Vaddhanaphuti Sabrina Gyorvary (ed)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Center for ASEAN Studies, Chiang Mai University;The Regional Center for Social Science and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Social Sciences, Chiang Mai University
Format/size: pdf (2MB-reduced version; 2.96MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmapartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/07-Land-and-River-Grabbing-2015-sm.pdf
Date of entry/update: 31 July 2015

Title: *Youtube search for Burma OR Myanmar - dams* (video)
Description/subject: About 3,300 results (August 2017)
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Various sources via Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash or html5
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2017

Title: Human Right to water and sanitation
Description/subject: Search Results for "Myanmar"...6 instruments and agreements to which Myanmar is party
Language: English
Source/publisher: Waterlex Legal Database
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 May 2013