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Inter-Communal violence and discrimination - Myanmar - international comment

Individual Documents

Title: Myanmar Border Attacks Fuel Tensions with Rohingya Muslim Minority
Date of publication: 12 October 2016
Description/subject: "Large coordinated attacks hit three Myanmar border police posts in the troubled Rakhine State on 9 October. In this Q&A, Crisis Group Myanmar Adviser Richard Horsey warns that it could tip simmering tensions between the beleaguered Rohingya Muslim minority and the government into wider, open conflict... At least 250 assailants, and perhaps as many as 500-800, launched simultaneous early morning attacks on 9 October on three border police posts in Maungdaw and Rathedaung townships near Myanmar’s north-western border with Bangladesh, according to information released by the government. They were armed mostly with knives and slingshots, as well as about 30 firearms. Nine police officers were killed and the attackers fled with at least 50 guns and 10,000 rounds of ammunition. In subsequent days there have been further deadly clashes between this group and the security forces. The attacks were carried out by Muslims, according to both government statements and local sources. An unverified video of the attackers, filmed in the wake of the attacks, has been circulating on social networks and seems legitimate. In it, one of the group calls on “all Rohingya around the world to prepare for jihad and join them”. This, the need for local knowledge to carry out the assaults, and the difficulty of moving large numbers of people around this area are all suggestive of local Muslim involvement – possibly organised with some outside support. However, many details of who exactly organised this and how remain unclear. The attacks mark a major escalation of violence in Rakhine. The number of attackers and their sophisticated tactics – they used a diversionary attack to draw the defenders out of one of the posts before the main assault began – display an unprecedented level of planning in a conflict that has to date seen little sign of organised violent resistance from the oppressed Muslim population..."
Author/creator: Richard Horsey
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Crisis Group (ICG)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 12 October 2016

Title: UN Human Rights Council, 22nd Session: Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (English)
Date of publication: 17 April 2013
Description/subject: "This report looks at the impact of ongoing reforms on the human rights situation in Myanmar, assessing positive developments, shortcomings, areas that remain unaddressed and gaps in implementation"
Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Human Rights Council (A/HRC/22/58)
Format/size: pdf (293K)
Date of entry/update: 12 March 2013

Title: Burma’s Ethnic Violence ‘Poses Threat to Foreign Investment’
Date of publication: 11 April 2013
Description/subject: "Continued religious and ethnic violence in Burma could deter much-needed investment by fostering a “wait and see” attitude among foreign companies and entrepreneurs, according to a study of the recent spate of anti-Muslim rioting and arson in the country. “Failure to prevent the spread of sectarian violence could dampen the influx of critical foreign investment,” the briefing on Burma by British business risk consultants Maplecroft said. The report identifies the booming tourism industry as the most vulnerable, with the negative impact quickly spreading to the retail and infrastructure sectors. “[Burma] has attracted significant interest from investors since the US and EU pared back sanctions in 2012. However, stakeholders remain cautious about making significant investments in the country, preferring to wait and see how the reform process moves forward,” said Maplecroft’s principal Asia analyst Arvind Ramakrishnan..."
Author/creator: William Boot|
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 April 2013

Title: ASEAN parliamentarians call for urgent national and regional response to sectarian violence in Myanmar, and independent investigation into Madrasa fire in Yangon
Date of publication: 02 April 2013
Description/subject: "he ASEAN inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus (AIPMC) is deeply concerned by reports of violence between Buddhist and Muslim communities in Myanmar and urges the Myanmar Parliament, ASEAN and other interested parties to act immediately to take appropriate measures to seek a long-term solution to inter-communal tensions whilst also protecting communities that remain at risk..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: ASEAN inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus (AIPMC)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.aseanmp.org/?p=2876
Date of entry/update: 03 April 2013

Title: Myanmar authorities must do more to stop spread of violence – UN independent expert
Date of publication: 28 March 2013
Description/subject: 28 March 2013 – An independent United Nations human rights expert today called on the Government of Myanmar to take urgent steps to tackle the prejudice and discrimination fuelling violence and destruction between Muslim and Buddhist communities. “The Government must take immediate action to stop the violence from spreading to other parts of the country and undermining the reform process,” said the UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UN News Centre
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 02 April 2013

Title: Myanmar: UN official voices concern at reports of increased sectarian violence
Date of publication: 25 March 2013
Description/subject: "The United Nations Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide today voiced deep concern at reports of increased violence between Muslim and Buddhist communities in Myanmar, and called on leaders to promote respect for diversity and peaceful coexistence. Last week President Thein Sein reportedly declared a state of emergency and imposed martial law in four central townships after several days of unrest between Buddhists and Muslims, including in Meiktila where at least 30 people were killed. “The recent episode of violence in Meiktila in central Myanmar raises concerns that sectarian violence is spreading to other parts of the country,” stated Special Adviser Adama Dieng. “In the context of last year’s violence between Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine state, there is a considerable risk of further violence if measures are not put in place to prevent this escalation.”..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UN News Centre
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 02 April 2013