"1. Under the aegis of the UNFC, an Ethnic Nationality Conference was held from July 29 to 31 at a certain place in the liberated area.
2. A total of 122 delegates, representing the UNFC member organizations, 18 resistance organizations, the United Nationality Alliance, 4 political parties of the ethnic nationalities, youth organizations, women organizations, community-based organizations, the overseas ethnic nationality organizations, academics and active individuals.
3. The delegates freely discussed matters relating to the current situation in Burma/Myanmar, enhancement of the unity of the ethnic nationalities and establishment of a future, peaceful, prosperous and genuine Federal Union.
4. The historic conference, in unity, adopted the following important positions and decisions..."
"1. On July 13, from 9 am to 5 pm, the UNFC Political Dialogue Delegation’s
Technical Team, led by Padoh Mahn Mahn, held consultative meeting in
Chiangmai, Thailand, with the Union Peace Making Work Committee’s Technical
Team, led by U Hla Maung Shwe.
2. At the meeting, the UNFC side proposed for holding the second preliminary
political consultative meeting in the first week of August. To this, the government
representatives took the position of giving a reply before the end of July 2013..."
"The United Nationalities Federal Council
the European Union
to maintain the
current level of sanctions on Burma
until the Government of Burma takes further steps to demonstrate
its commitment to peace,
political reform, and
respect for human rights.
While the UNFC acknowledges the important changes that have taken place in Burma over the last two
years, it is clear that the Burma’
s transition is only beginning.
are one of the most
pressure on the G
overnment of Burma to reform.
If the EU chooses to remove all sanctions, it will
reduce its ability to work to
promote, peace, democracy, and human rights
United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) Statement 3/2013
"February 20, 2013...
The eleven-member Union Peace Working Committee delegation, led by its Vice Chairman H.E. U Aung Min, and including Union Ministers H.E. U Khin Yi, H.E. U Ohn Myint, and Deputy Attorney General U Htun Htun Oo met with a United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) twelve-member political negotiation team led by Nai Hong Sar and Dr. La Ja to discuss the Framework for Political Dialogue between 9:00 am to 17:00 pm on February 20, 2013 in Chiang Mai, Thailand...
Both delegations discussed the following issues in a frank and friendly manner:..."
"The United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) herewith issue a statement on resolution adopted by the following member and affiliate organizations in the annual meeting held from the 7th to 10th of January 2013 in a place on Thai-Burma border....
Karen National Union (KNU)...
Karenni National Progressive Party
Kachin Independence Organization
Shan State Progressive Party (SSPP)...
New Mon State Party (NMSP)...
Arakan National Council (ANC)...
Pa-Oh National Liberation Organization
Palaung State Liberation Front (PSLF)...
Lahu Democratic Union (LDU)...
Wa National Organization (WNO)...
Chin National Front (CNF) – absent.....
The member organizations of UNFC, as a united entity, have decided to have comprehensive cease-fire and peace-talks with the government of Myanmar/Burma and would not accept any cease-fire and peace talks between the government and individual member organizations from now on. The UNFC, therefore, officially notifies the government of Myanmar/Burma that the UNFC is a sole negotiation body to the government in terms of comprehensive cease-fire and peace talks with the UNFC member organizations..."
"The United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) general annual meeting has to issue this press
release because of the continuing massive military
operations by the Burma (Myanmar)
government forces against the Kachin Independence O
rganization (KIO) base area of Laiza.
According to the KIO and media sources, the government forces have been using helicopter
gunships, jet fighters and heavy artilleries since
December, 2012. In the intensification of
war against the KIO and the local civilians, more human rights violations are committed by the
Myanmar forces. The government troops’ increasing acts of violence
and human rights violations are totally
contradictory to the program of peace making by the
Myanmar government led by President U
Thein Sein. It is also diametrically opposed to the
national reconciliation called for by the people
of the Union..."
"On behalf of the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) of Burma (Myanmar), I would like to
extend firstly the warmest greetings and best wishes to you.
I would like to express the UNFC’s concern regarding the program of the US New Investment
Policy in Burma, allowing the US businesses to invest before there is countrywide ceasefire in the cou
The Political Goal of UNFC is to establish a Genuine Federal Union (of Burma), with full guarantee
equality and the right of self-determination for all the ethnic nationalities. The objectives of the
UNFC are (1) To establish nationwide ceasefire and
peace in Burma; (2) To establish durable unity amongst
all ethnic nationalities through national reconcili
ation programs; (3) To promote multi-party democrac
To practice peaceful co-existence within the Federal Union under the principles of Liberty, Equality and
"The United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) regular meeting for the year 2012 was held at a place
in the liberated area on the Thai-Burma border, from July 16 to 18. At the meeting, an in-depth deliberation was
made over the war by Bama Tatmadaw (Myanmar Army) against the Kachin Independence Organization/Kachin
Independence Army (KIO/KIA), a member organization
of the UNFC, and the Union Peace Committee’s peace
building agenda, publicized by President U Thein Sein government.
President U Thein Sein government gives no regard to the UNFC’s call for nationwide ceasefire and
political dialogue, and makes war up to this day, against the KIO/KIA, which is a UNFC member organization.
Moreover, towards the end of June, its troops used
heavy weapons bombardment to capture a base camp of
Shan State Progress Party/Shan State Army-North (SS
PP/SSA-N), which is also a UNFC member organization
and which has signed ceasefire agreement..."
"The United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) regular meeting for the year 2012 was held at a place
liberated area on the Thai-Burma border, from July
16 to 18. At the meeting, an in-depth deliberation
was made over the
war by Bama Tatmadaw (Myanmar Army) against the Kac
hin Independence Organization/Kachin Independence A
(KIO/KIA), a member organization of the UNFC, and t
he Union Peace Committee’s peace building agenda, p
President U Thein Sein government..."
"...Our UNFC is composed of
armed organizations of Kachin, Karen, Kar
enni, Chin, Mon,
oh, Palaung, Lahu and Wa peoples. After nationwide ceasefire, we would like to
have representatives of all the armed organizations and representatives of the Union government
resolved the political problems
logue and negotiation
in the presence of representatives of
the international community
I would like to request you,
of the Indian government,
U Thein Sein
nationwide ceasefire and to
act for the emergence of ne
gotiation between all
the organizations and the government of the Union of Burma.
In closing, I would like to express my best wishes and regards to you
your colleagues in the
of India. May you have
success in all your endeavors..."
The extraordinary meeting of the
United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) attended by the UNFC central
executive committee members and top leaders of the member organizations was held from May 8 to 9, 2012, at a
on the Thai
Burma border. At this meeting,
serious discussion was held on
the Kachin Independence
as the main target
"The UNFC had issued its position statement, dated April 3, congratulating Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and the NLD
for their victory in the by-elections held on April 1, 2012 and had expressed the belief that
support for the internal peace process led by President U Thein Sein.
The main point is the declaration made by the UNFC to cooperate with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and the NLD in
whether inside the parliament or outside
of the parliament,
for the achievement of their objectives being:
Rule of Law;
Amendment of the 2008 Constitution
United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) Press release No. 12/ 2012
"The landslide victory by the National League for Democracy (NLD), led by national leader Daw Aung
San Suu Kyi, Clearly shows the true will of the people and we, the UNFC, warmly support and
welcome it, as it is the first step in the transition to the democratic system.
We, the UNFC, absolutely believe that Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, jointly with current president, U Thein
Sein, will be able to endeavor for realization of the stage of political dialogue with the armed ethnic
nationally organizations for the realization of a genuine (federal) union, or realization of the genuine
federal principle, from this first step of democratic primary victory to the second steps comprising of
nationwide ceasefire and then the realization of peace within the country..."
news released by the
Union of Myanmar/Burma
January 18, 2013
begins with a catalogue of
actions taken by
since the resumption of military campaigns in June 11, 2011
by Bama Tatmadaw
(Myanmar Armed Forces
) against the KIO/KIA.
In the one
sided attack, the UMNT makes it out as if
KIA were the
aggressors employing all the dirty
to bully the Tatmadaw troops. The news
release is nothing but a Nazi
war, the use of media
the KIO/KIA black in the eyes of the people of Burma and the
United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) Public Relation and News Unit
"The armed conflict, which has been going on between the non-Burman nationalities and successive regimes in power in the Union of Burma, is due to denial of equality to the non-Burman nationalities. This lack of equality is the crucial political problem underlying the politics of Burma.
Instead of resolving the political problem by political means, use of the military might for suppression or regional development after ceasefire, by the regimes in power is an attempt to break up the struggle of the nationalities for “Political Equality” by trickery and so the country has been driven away from peace for more than 60 years.
On August 18, U Thein Sein government made an overture for peace talk by issuing a statement once more. However, talk with individual organizations separately was specified as a pre-condition. We view this as not only as a difficult and slow-moving way but also as an attempt to break up the unity of the UNFC..."
"...We are good neighbors of the Thai people and we see
Thailand as one of peace and justice loving
countries of the World. Accordingly, we would like
to appeal to Your Excellency and the
government of Thailand, under your Excellency's lea
dership, to have sympathy and
understanding with our struggle against injustice,
feudal imperialism and military
Nazism/fascism. We would like to appeal also to you
r Excellency to urge the Burmese
government to cease military offensives entirely ag
ainst all the ethnic nationalities, to relinquish
the policies of feudal imperialism and Nazism/fasci
sm, punish the troops committing atrocities
and hold political dialogue with the ethnic organizations represented by the UNFC for
establishment of lasting peace and stability"
"At the oath taking ceremony for assuming presidential duties, President U Thein Sein said that he would
endeavor for national unity and
of the union spirit, which was
true nationalism. On August 18,
made overture for peace talk with the Union Government Statement Number
1/2011. These moves are indications
willingness to build national unity
the new government
led by U Thein Sein
Members of our U
nited Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC), the armed organizations of the ethnic nationalities,
also desire national unity.
Even though the two sides have the desire for national unity, why the national unity is in
shambles and armed conflict has been con
tinuing for more than 60 years? We need to analyze the question.
We, members of the UNFC, are not struggling for
breaking away from the union. We are simply striving to regain
our birth rights, which are the rights of the ethnic nationalities..."
"The UNFC is a
of reunification of almost all
forces, particularly between the ceasefire
the Kachin Independent
(KIO), Shan State
Progress Party (SSPP) and New Mon
and the non
Karen National Union (KNU), Karenni
National Progressive Party (KNPP) and Chin National Front
in early 2010, after the
insisted on the ceasefire
(CFOs) to transform
their armed wings
the Border Guard Force (BGF)
which would be subjected totally to
the command of Burma Army.
At the end of the 16
year old cease
military regime demanded
its armed forces
to BGF or people’s
Some CFOs such as the KIO, SSPP,
NMSP, DKBA, etc.
rejected the demand, since
they had signed the ceasefire agreement,
with the hope of
the rights to
political equality and self-determination
of the ethnic
Respected Mr. President,
"It was with great hope that the United Nationalities Federal Council (Union of Burma)
had warmly welcomed your commitment to building national unity as outlined in your
inaugural speech during your swearing-in ceremony as the new
President of the Union
People’s Leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.
United Nationalities Federal Council
received in good order your open letter
July 28, 2011,
sent to President U Thein Sein and
the Kachin Independence
Organization (KIO), the Karen National Union (KNU), the New Mon State Party
and the Shan State
Progress Party/Shan State Army (SSPP/SSA).
Instead of the UNFC member organizations,
to which the letter
making a reply
of almost all the armed organizations,
would like to
make a reply
on behalf of all the member organizations..."
Brief History of Burma (Myanmar...Military Dictatorship...Alliances of Freedom and Democratic Movement...Democratic Alliance of Burma...Ethnic Nationality Council...United Nationalities Federal Council...Aim and Policies of UNFC...
"The expanded meeting of the United Nationalities Fe
deral Council (UNFC) Political Leading Board
and Central Executive Committee was held from May 9
to 12, 2011 successfully in a liberated area in th
The meeting reviewed the domestic as well as the in
ternational situations and discussed
thoroughly some adjustments necessary for more effe
ctive and smooth performance of internal work of th
At this meeting, necessary amendments were made to
the UNFC Constitution, which was adopted
by the Ethnic Nationalities Conference held from Fe
bruary 12 to 16, 2011, in accordance with the provi
of the Constitution. The members of UNFC were selec
ted and the 9-member executive committee was
formed by consensus decision and in accordance with
the amended Constitution..."
Founded: Feb. 16, 2011
Headquarters: Chiang Mai, Thailand...
The UNFC is the latest coalition of ethnic armed groups. It was renamed and reformed from the Committee for the Emergence of Federal Union (CEFU), founded in Nov. 2010. The UNFC wants to represent all of the ethnic armed groups during peace negotiations with the government.
Previous Ethnic Alliances:
National Democratic Front (NDF), 1976-ongoing
Ethnic Nationalities Council (ENC), 2001-ongoing...
The UNFC wants to establish a Federal Union in Myanmar. They have already formed the Federal Union Army (FUA) to protect ethnic areas..."
"The 3 day Ethnic Conference organized by the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) that ended yesterday had overwhelmingly spurned the military-drawn and adopted 2008 constitution, following a 3-hour long debate...
One participant had called the 194-page composition drafted under the close guidance of the “retired” strongman Than Shwe as an attempt “to prolong the military dictatorship and keep the ethnic peoples under perpetual slavery.”...
To a representative from the Women’s League of Burma (WLB), it is a “fearsome” document, as it was written by soldiers who uphold no respect for the womenfolks...
The resolution was to draft a new constitution, despite counsel from some that it would mark a head-on confrontation with the military....
The meeting was also like-minded on several other topics:
Change, as one put it, is just “oil on the water’s surface.” The country is just “going through the motions” but change has yet to come
A nationwide ceasefire agreement without adequate guarantees of a political dialogue and monitoring mechanisms is unacceptable
After two years of ceasefire and peace talks, there is little trust between the two sides (“Documents captured in battles still call us ‘insurgents’ and stress ‘total annihilation,’” said a Shan State Army representative)
The President’s 8 point guidelines for peace talks received a resounding rejection (“The government is out for negotiated surrender, not negotiated settlement,” said Dr Lian H.Sakhong)..."
"On 20 February 2013,
Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) an
member ethnic alliance
met with the
(UPWC) at the Holiday
Inn, Chiang Mai, Thailand. The meeting
supported by the Nippon Foundation,
an attempt by Government negotiators to
include all relevant actor
s in the peace
is seen as
one of the
actors to represent the
various armed ethnic groups in the country
(for more information see BP No.6 Establishing a Common Framework)
and has frequently sought
terms as an
inclusive ethnic alliance...According to peace negotiator
Nyo Ohn Myint
the most recent meeting, in February 2013: Primarily they will discuss framework for starting the peace process, beginning with: addressing ways
to advance political dialogue; the division of rev
enue and resources between the central government
and the ethnic states; and how to maintain communica
tion channels for further talks.
Khun Okker, who attended the meeting, suggested that the February meeting was primarily a trust building
exercise for th
e UNFC and the Government. While individual armed groups had spoken to U Aung Min
throughout their negotiation processes
and some had already built up trust with the negotiation team. He
believed that the UNFC would be more cautious in its approach in relation to the peace process, especially
considering the continuing clashes with UNFC members including the KIO and SSPP/SSA..."
Paul Keenan, Editor: Lian H. Sakhong
Burma Centre for Ethnic Studies (Briefing Paper No. 12, February 2013)
"While the Burmese Government continues to seek peace with the various ethnic resistance movements individually at the local levels, the United Nationalities Federal Council – Union of Burma (UNFC) is working in the political process to ensure that any state-level talks are held through a common framework. However, there remain a number of concerns to be addressed by member organisations in recognizing a common policy that will benefit all relevant ethnic actors..."
Burma Centre for Ethnic Studies (Briefing Paper No. 6 )
"United Nationalities Federal Council. (UNFC), the newest coalition formed in a 5-day conference last week on the Thai-Burma border could well become the only non-Burman ethnic alliance worth talking about, according to some co-founding members The Committee for the Emergence of Federal Union (CEFU), the core group that organized the conference, 12-16 February, declared its dissolution following the founding of UNFC. It was formed by three former ceasefire groups: Kachin Independence Organization (KIO), New Mon State Party (NMSP) and Shan State Army (SSA) ‘North’ plus three non-ceasefire groups: Karen National Union (KNU), Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP) and Chin National Front (CNF) in November.
By contrast, other existing coalitions, notably the National Democratic Front (NDF), formed since 1976, and the Ethnic Nationalities Council (ENC), formed since 2001, are bound to be “history soon”, according to sources who request anonymity.
For the NDF, the reason is all of its member organizations, except for Arakan Liberation Front (ALP), have decided to join the UNFC..."
All ethnic groups believe that only negotiations on the terms of the Panglong Agreement based on self-determination, federalism and ethnic equality will resolve the ethnic conflict in Myanmar. However there is no cohesive plan or body that represents all armed groups.
Presently the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) is the most active ethnic alliance. However it does not represent all of the ethnic armed groups. Several of its members are involved in the Working Group on Ethnic Coordination (WGEC), which is administered and financed by the Brussels-based Euro-Burma Office (EBO). The EBO is the main organization responsible for liaising and coordinating with the MPSI.
Both the UNFC and WGEC have called for alternatives to the government’s BGF scheme and 2008 constitution. While the government claims that changes are possible by winning seats in parliament, ethnic armed groups are calling for political dialogue outside parliament.
Several of the ethnic armed groups’ main demands (excluding the government’s guiding principles that were previously mentioned) are: