Searches, reports and other documents about the UNFC
|Title:|| ||United Nationalities Federal Council (Profile by Myanmar Peace Monitor)
Founded: Feb. 16, 2011
Headquarters: Chiang Mai, Thailand...
The UNFC is the latest coalition of ethnic armed groups. It was renamed and reformed from the Committee for the Emergence of Federal Union (CEFU), founded in Nov. 2010. The UNFC wants to represent all of the ethnic armed groups during peace negotiations with the government.
Previous Ethnic Alliances:
National Democratic Front (NDF), 1976-ongoing
Ethnic Nationalities Council (ENC), 2001-ongoing...
The UNFC wants to establish a Federal Union in Myanmar. They have already formed the Federal Union Army (FUA) to protect ethnic areas..."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Myanmar Pece Monitor|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||16 July 2013|
|Title:|| ||United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC)
|Description/subject:|| ||Link to entries on UNFC under "Non_Burman and non-Buddhist groups"|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Online Burma/Myanmar Library|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||08 January 2013|
|Title:|| ||ANALYSIS OF THE UNFC POSITION
|Date of publication:|| ||06 August 2013|
|Description/subject:|| ||EBO analysis of the UNFC position developed at its Chiangmai meeting of 29-31 July, 2013...contains article-by article analuysis plus a chart of the relative strength of the UNFC and non-UNFC forces.|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Euro-Burma Office (EBO) Briefing Paper No. 4/2013|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (393K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||07 August 2013|
|Title:|| ||2008 charter dumped by Chiangmai conference
|Date of publication:|| ||01 August 2013|
|Description/subject:|| ||"The 3 day Ethnic Conference organized by the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) that ended yesterday had overwhelmingly spurned the military-drawn and adopted 2008 constitution, following a 3-hour long debate...
One participant had called the 194-page composition drafted under the close guidance of the “retired” strongman Than Shwe as an attempt “to prolong the military dictatorship and keep the ethnic peoples under perpetual slavery.”...
To a representative from the Women’s League of Burma (WLB), it is a “fearsome” document, as it was written by soldiers who uphold no respect for the womenfolks...
The resolution was to draft a new constitution, despite counsel from some that it would mark a head-on confrontation with the military....
The meeting was also like-minded on several other topics:
Change, as one put it, is just “oil on the water’s surface.” The country is just “going through the motions” but change has yet to come
A nationwide ceasefire agreement without adequate guarantees of a political dialogue and monitoring mechanisms is unacceptable
After two years of ceasefire and peace talks, there is little trust between the two sides (“Documents captured in battles still call us ‘insurgents’ and stress ‘total annihilation,’” said a Shan State Army representative)
The President’s 8 point guidelines for peace talks received a resounding rejection (“The government is out for negotiated surrender, not negotiated settlement,” said Dr Lian H.Sakhong)..."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Shan Herald Agency for News (S.H.A.N.)|
|Format/size:|| ||html, pdf (263K)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.english.panglong.org/index.php?view=article&catid=85%3Apolitics&id=5523%3A2008-c...|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||07 August 2013|
|Title:|| ||ALLIED IN WAR , DIVIDED IN PEACE - The Future of Ethnic Unity in Burma
|Date of publication:|| ||February 2013|
|Description/subject:|| ||"On 20 February 2013,
Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) an
member ethnic alliance
met with the
(UPWC) at the Holiday
Inn, Chiang Mai, Thailand. The meeting
supported by the Nippon Foundation,
an attempt by Government negotiators to
include all relevant actor
s in the peace
is seen as
one of the
actors to represent the
various armed ethnic groups in the country
(for more information see BP No.6 Establishing a Common Framework)
and has frequently sought
terms as an
inclusive ethnic alliance...According to peace negotiator
Nyo Ohn Myint
the most recent meeting, in February 2013: Primarily they will discuss framework for starting the peace process, beginning with: addressing ways
to advance political dialogue; the division of rev
enue and resources between the central government
and the ethnic states; and how to maintain communica
tion channels for further talks.
Khun Okker, who attended the meeting, suggested that the February meeting was primarily a trust building
exercise for th
e UNFC and the Government. While individual armed groups had spoken to U Aung Min
throughout their negotiation processes
and some had already built up trust with the negotiation team. He
believed that the UNFC would be more cautious in its approach in relation to the peace process, especially
considering the continuing clashes with UNFC members including the KIO and SSPP/SSA..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Paul Keenan, Editor: Lian H. Sakhong|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Burma Centre for Ethnic Studies (Briefing Paper No. 12, February 2013)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (215K)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://burmaethnicstudies.net/pdf/BCES-BP-12.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||11 March 2013|
|Title:|| ||Establishing a common framework: The role of the United Nationalities Federal Council in the peace process and the need for an all-inclusive ethnic consultation
|Date of publication:|| ||May 2012|
|Description/subject:|| ||"While the Burmese Government continues to seek peace with the various ethnic resistance movements individually at the local levels, the United Nationalities Federal Council – Union of Burma (UNFC) is working in the political process to ensure that any state-level talks are held through a common framework. However, there remain a number of concerns to be addressed by member organisations in recognizing a common policy that will benefit all relevant ethnic actors..."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Burma Centre for Ethnic Studies (Briefing Paper No. 6 )|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (598K - original; 526K - OBL version)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||11 May 2012|
|Title:|| ||United Nationalities Federal Council. (UNFC), the newest coalition formed in a 5-day conference last week on the Thai-Burma border
|Date of publication:|| ||21 February 2011|
|Description/subject:|| ||"United Nationalities Federal Council. (UNFC), the newest coalition formed in a 5-day conference last week on the Thai-Burma border could well become the only non-Burman ethnic alliance worth talking about, according to some co-founding members The Committee for the Emergence of Federal Union (CEFU), the core group that organized the conference, 12-16 February, declared its dissolution following the founding of UNFC. It was formed by three former ceasefire groups: Kachin Independence Organization (KIO), New Mon State Party (NMSP) and Shan State Army (SSA) ‘North’ plus three non-ceasefire groups: Karen National Union (KNU), Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP) and Chin National Front (CNF) in November.
By contrast, other existing coalitions, notably the National Democratic Front (NDF), formed since 1976, and the Ethnic Nationalities Council (ENC), formed since 2001, are bound to be “history soon”, according to sources who request anonymity.
For the NDF, the reason is all of its member organizations, except for Arakan Liberation Front (ALP), have decided to join the UNFC..."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Democracy for Burma|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||01 September 2012|
|Title:|| ||WE ARE NOT FREE TO WORK FOR OURSELVES: Forced Labor and Other Human Rights Abuses in Burma
|Date of publication:|| ||June 2002|
|Description/subject:|| ||"Burma’s State Peace and Development Council’s Order No. 1/99 (March 1999), along with the
Supplementary Order to Order No. 1/99 (October 2000),1 outlawed forced labor throughout the
country. Despite these orders, forced labor continues. The villagers of Shan State, Karenni
State, Karen State, Pegu Division, Mandalay Division, and Tenasserim Division tell of their
experiences in the 77 accounts that follow. Life under military rule still means a life where the
rule of law is absent. Without legal recourse and continued international pressure for change,
these people have no choice but to flee..."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||EarthRights International (ERI)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (1.1MB)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||15 March 2007|
|Title:|| ||Myanmar Peace Monitor - Ethnic Peace Plan
|Description/subject:|| ||All ethnic groups believe that only negotiations on the terms of the Panglong Agreement based on self-determination, federalism and ethnic equality will resolve the ethnic conflict in Myanmar. However there is no cohesive plan or body that represents all armed groups.
Presently the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) is the most active ethnic alliance. However it does not represent all of the ethnic armed groups. Several of its members are involved in the Working Group on Ethnic Coordination (WGEC), which is administered and financed by the Brussels-based Euro-Burma Office (EBO). The EBO is the main organization responsible for liaising and coordinating with the MPSI.
Both the UNFC and WGEC have called for alternatives to the government’s BGF scheme and 2008 constitution. While the government claims that changes are possible by winning seats in parliament, ethnic armed groups are calling for political dialogue outside parliament.
Several of the ethnic armed groups’ main demands (excluding the government’s guiding principles that were previously mentioned) are:|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Myanmar Peace Monitor|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||15 May 2013|