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Agricultural science, Agronomy

Individual Documents

Date of publication: September 2017
Description/subject: "....CONCLUSIONS Agricultural mechanization is already well advanced in the village tracts surveyed, almost completely replacing the use of draft cattle. Economic reforms and the growth in the non-farm sector from 2011 have stimulated an ongoing process of structural transformation, in which labor is moving from agriculture to the more productive urban industrial and service sectors. Resultant rural labor shortages and increases in real wage rates have been major drivers of mechanization in agricultural sector, particularly from 2013 onwards. The declining real price of some types of machinery has contributed to the acceleration of this process. The increasing availability of financial services following reforms post-2011 is also likely to have accelerated the adoption of large-scale agricultural machinery, particularly from 2013 onwards. The rise of rental markets, especially for large-scale equipment (combine harvesters and four-wheel tractors), has further improved access to these machines for farmers with small and large landholdings alike."
Author/creator: Myat Thida Win and Aye Mya Thinzar
Language: English
Source/publisher: Michigan State University (MSU)-Food Security Policy Project Research Highlights Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (794K)
Date of entry/update: 12 March 2018

Title: Green Gram Rotation Effects on Maize Growth Parameters and Soil Quality in Myanmar
Date of publication: 2008
Description/subject: Abstract: "At present maize–green gram crop rotations are not widely practiced among farmers in Myanmar. However, this cropping system might become more popular in the future given raising prices for green gram and maize grain and scarcity of mineral nitrogen (N) fertilizers in this Asian country. The results of a cropping systems experiment with continuous maize versus a green gram-maize rotation, manure application (0 and 2 tha−1) and phosphorus (P) fertilization (0 and 15 kg P ha−1) in each of five consecutive seasons revealed a strong decline in total dry matter and grains yields for both crops irrespective of the treatment. Treatment effects on yield components, nutrient concentrations, mycorrhizal infection and nematode infestation were small or negligible. The data show that in addition to manure used at 2 t ha−1, application of mineral N fertilizers is essential to maintain particularly maize yields. A comparison of different green gram cultivars did not indicate genotype specific effects on maize growth. The incorporation of legume residues, unless they are used as animal feed, is recommended to increase the recycling of N and to balance N fluxes when green gram is cultivated for seed."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics Volume 109, No. 2, 2008, pages 123–137
Format/size: pdf (190K)
Date of entry/update: 08 March 2016