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Politics and Government

  • Politics and Government - global - general studies

    Individual Documents

    Title: The Art of War
    Description/subject: "...The Art of War (Chinese: trad. 孫子兵法, simp. 孙子兵法, pinyin Sūnzǐ Bīngfǎ, lit. "Master Sun's Rules for Army") was traditionally ascribed to Sun Tzu. It presents a philosophy of war for managing conflicts and winning battles. It is accepted as a masterpiece on strategy and is frequently cited and referred to by generals and theorists since it was first published, translated, and distributed internationally.[13] There are numerous theories concerning when the text was completed and concerning the identity of the author or authors, but archeological recoveries have proven that The Art of War had achieved roughly its current form by at least the early Han.[14] Because it is impossible to prove definitively when the Art of War was completed before this date, the differing theories concerning the work's author or authors and date of completion are unlikely to ever be completely resolved.[15] Some modern scholars believe that it contains not only the thoughts of its original author but also commentary and clarifications from later military theorists, such as Li Quan and Du Mu. Of the military texts written before the unification of China and Shi Huangdi's subsequent book burning in the second century BC, six major works have survived. During the much later Song dynasty, these six works were combined with a Tang text into a collection called the Seven Military Classics. As a central part of that compilation, The Art of War formed the foundations of orthodox military theory in early modern China. Illustrating this point, the book was required reading to pass the tests needed for imperial appointment to military positions.[16]..."
    Author/creator: Sun Tsu
    Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
    Source/publisher: Internet (Akasha)
    Format/size: pdf (99K-English; 1.7MB-Burmese)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/Sun_Tsu-the_art_of_war-bu.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 28 March 2015


  • Politics and Government - Burma/Myanmar - general studies

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Myanmar’s new political geography
    Date of publication: 17 October 2012
    Description/subject: "Alongside a team of talented cartographers and GIS specialists from the Australian National University’s College of Asia and the Pacific I have recently been working on a large series of maps designed to help illustrate the changing political geography of Myanmar. We hope that in the years ahead these maps will become a useful resource for scholars, students, analysts, journalists and others hoping to come to grips with the 2010 general election, and also with the 2012 by-election. Of course, the planned 2015 general election is when such mapping products, and the databases that drive them, could prove most compelling. For the moment, and in an effort to begin introducing this project, I recently recorded a short video presentation. In that presentation I begin to talk about some of the key elements of Myanmar’s changing political geography. I have plans to continue this project and to record further episodes in what may become a substantial series of discussions dealing with these issues of political geography. If there are particualr topics you would like to see discussed through these maps then please don’t hesitate to leave a comment or get in contact at the usual place. As I am learning, almost anything is possible when it comes to the wizardry of cutting-edge cartographic work."
    Author/creator: Nicholas Farrelly
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 17 July 2014


    Title: "BurmaNet News" Parliament archive (English)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Various sources via "BurmaNet News"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 08 March 2015


    Title: CIA Factbook, Burma
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: CIA
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Politics and Government (Burmese) ႏိုင္ငံေရးႏွင့္ အစိုးရ burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Language: Burmese
    Source/publisher: Wikipedia (Burmese)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 19 December 2013


    Individual Documents

    Title: Why Burma Is Heading Downhill Fast
    Date of publication: 28 March 2015
    Description/subject: "...None of this seems to impress Burma’s ordinary citizens much — which hardly comes as a surprise, given their continuing poverty and lack of rights. They are left to cope with the daily reality of unemployment, illegal land grabs, official corruption, ethnic tension, and the inevitable outbursts of violence when government forces step in to suppress the resulting protests. (In the photo above, protesters pray during a demonstration against land grabs in Yangon.) Given the general atmosphere of tension, it is not hard to imagine how power struggles at the top might lead to partisan political protests, religious riots, or even terrorist attacks. Since the general level of trust and tolerance is so weak, and the capacity of the state so fragile, society could easily find itself in a situation even worse than Thailand’s recent bout of political polarization. No wonder the Economist projected that Burma is at high risk of social unrest in 2014. Unless Burma’s leaders manage to reach a basic consensus about the speed and character of the transition, these risks will only mount. A few weeks ago I described the current situation in our country to some of my friends as a "slow-motion train wreck." As one of those listening put it: "Yes. And we, the people of Burma, are inside the train.""
    Author/creator: Min Zin
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Foreign Policy"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 16 March 2015


    Title: Myanmar 2014: Civic Knowledge and Values in a Changing Society (Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ )
    Date of publication: 11 December 2014
    Description/subject: "Burmese version. A survey to document public knowledge and awareness of new government institutions and processes, and to gauge the political, social, and economic values held by people from diverse backgrounds, to inform the country's long-term development. The survey included face-to-face interviews with more than 3,000 respondents across all 14 Myanmar states and regions.."
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Asia Foundation
    Format/size: pdf (14MB-reduced version; 18.7MB-original)
    Alternate URLs: http://asiafoundation.org/resources/pdfs/FullMyanmar2014MM.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 05 January 2015


    Title: Myanmar 2014: Civic Knowledge and Values in a Changing Society (English)
    Date of publication: December 2014
    Description/subject: "A survey to document public knowledge and awareness of new government institutions and processes, and to gauge the political, social, and economic values held by people from diverse backgrounds, to inform the country's long-term development. The survey included face-to-face interviews with more than 3,000 respondents across all 14 Myanmar states and regions."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Asia Foundation
    Format/size: pdf (1.4MB-reduced version; 1.7MB-original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/AF-2014-MyanmarSurvey-en-red.pdf
    http://asiafoundation.org/resources/pdfs/MM2014SurveySummaryReportENG.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 05 January 2015


    Title: Legislators in Myanmar’s First “Post- Junta” National Parliament (2010–2015): A Sociological Analysis
    Date of publication: September 2014
    Description/subject: Abstract: "In an attempt to better grasp the realities of Myanmar’s na- tional legislature, which was formed after the 2010 elections, this paper examines the personal profiles and social backgrounds of its elected and appointed members. I have sought to record data on the social composition of Myanmar’s first “post-junta” parliament and provide a dataset for further comparative research on the resurgence of legislative affairs in the country. The study draws on official publications containing the biographies of 658 national parliamentarians. Focusing on six socio-demographic variables, the findings suggest that the typical Burmese legislator still closely mirrors the conventional image of Myanmar’s characteristic postcolonial leader: a man, in his mid-fifties, ethnically Bamar, Buddhist, holding a Myanmar university degree, engaged in business activities or in the education sector (in the case of the 492 elected legislators) or in the security sector (for the 166 military appointees). However, I argue that the profile of Myanmar’s first post-junta legislature offers a quite unexpected level of diversity that may augur well for the emergence of a new civilian policymaking elite in Myanmar.... Manuscript received 14 August 2014; accepted 21 September 2014.... Keywords: Myanmar, parliament, legislature composition, parliamentary elites, sociological profile, Burmese legislator, Hluttaws
    Author/creator: Renaud Egreteau
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs 2/2014: 91–124
    Format/size: pdf (743K)
    Date of entry/update: 08 November 2014


    Title: The elephant and Myanmar politics
    Date of publication: 29 April 2014
    Description/subject: "When news broke about the National League for Democracy (NLD) postponing its parliamentary debut on account of a dispute over the wording of the oath to be taken by new Members of Parliament (MP) one immediate reaction was to recall a well known Myanmar saying “Hsinpyaung Gyi Ah Mee Kya Hma Tit” or “The tusker got stuck at the tail”. After all the efforts by the government, led by reformist President U Thein Sein, and the NLD, led by Nobel laureate Daw Aung San Suu Kyi (DASSK), to set aside differences and work together on common issues for the sake of Myanmar, the process to bring the NLD back into the mainstream political process now appears stalled over the choice of words whether to “uphold and abide by” (current version) or “respect” (NLD’s preference) the Constitution..."
    Author/creator: Tin Maung Maung Than
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 22 July 2014


    Title: Return to the fold
    Date of publication: 22 April 2014
    Description/subject: "The shadow of Myanmar’s past military rule won’t harm its new-found place as a respected member of ASEAN and the region. Whether Myanmar did a good job chairing the recent 24th Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit, held in Nay Pyi Taw from 10-11 May depends very much on whom you ask. For Myanmar’s leaders the summit appears to have been an almost complete success. Myanmar hosted what appears to have been an efficient and smoothly ‘talk fest’, revealing false the naysayers’ fears about not enough hotels, not enough roads and not enough logistical know-how to run a large high profile international event. All the symbols of a successful ASEAN meeting were produced; glossy photos of smiling dignitaries, a series of carefully worded statements and of course the Nay Pyi Taw Declaration, “Realisation of the ASEAN Community by 2015”. In an association as concerned with process as ASEAN, these symbols are incredibly important, suggesting business as usual and on-going regional harmony. Compared to the fiasco of the 45th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting held in 2012 under Cambodian leadership, which failed to produce for the first time a joint communiqué, this is no mean achievement. Through this success, Myanmar has cemented its position as a legitimate, efficient and productive member of ASEAN, newly returned to the fold after the years of overt military rule had cast it as an outsider criticised by fellow members for its violent political repression. For ASEAN itself the Summit is harder to read. It was always unlikely that substantial progress on the South China Sea issue would have been forthcoming. But ASEAN seems to have made no forward motion at all. The Nay Pyi Taw Declaration limits itself, in point 7, to a restatement of existing agreements that so far have proven woefully inadequate to resolving the situation. Those critical of Myanmar will point to its on-going close ties to China and a failure of Myanmar to take clear ‘pro-ASEAN’ leadership. Those more forgiving note that escalating tensions between ASEAN members Vietnam and China obscure the fact that member states themselves have competing claims to the region and that an agreement to diplomatic resolution is at least not a step backwards. Perhaps Myanmar’s greatest challenge in 2014 is working towards the completion of ASEAN’s community project in 2015. The Nay Pyi Taw Declaration certainly says the right things, with repeated reference to ‘accelerating’ ‘intensifying’ and ‘strengthening’ existing plans. Whether or not these claims are realised with the completion of the political, economic and socio-cultural communities that ASEAN is building, remains to be seen. While there is scepticism that ASEAN will finish everything it has set out to achieve, it is doubtful whether this can be laid solely at Myanmar’s door given the Charter was signed in 2007. For at least some of the citizens of Myanmar though, the Summit offered little. Going into the Summit there had been interest in whether human rights issues, especially concerning on-going violence against Myanmar’s Rohingya minority would be brought into discussion. Myanmar managed to keep this off of the agenda completely, and the Nay Pyi Taw Declaration contains only bland commitments to human rights, with the usual ASEAN caveat that non-intervention remains the paramount right of member states. In contrast to Gareth Robinson, writing for New Mandala on 21 May, I do not think the domestic situation in Myanmar will impact on its engagement with Southeast Asia. Robinson writes that ‘the continuing shadow of the military over the governance of the country is also likely to encourage scepticism at the prospect of Burma assuming a greater role in regional cooperation’. I believe quite the opposite is true; that the ongoing domestic situation in Myanmar is now at a ‘low enough level’ to not raise itself on the regional radar. It was never the military regime itself that ASEAN was concerned with, but its repeated violation of even the most basic standards of good governance through widespread repression. The move towards a limited democracy that institutionalised the military’s position in Myanmar’s society was welcomed by ASEAN as early as the 2010 election – the same election being widely criticised outside of the region. ASEAN is concerned with the general domestic situation in Myanmar. Partial liberalisation, partial democracy and partial ceasefires are enough for ASEAN. Given the variety of ASEAN member states domestic situations, and at the moment the clearly anti-democratic movements in Thailand, there is little room for ASEAN to be concerned with much more. Robinson’s more general claim, that Myanmar is becoming a regional player, is far stronger. We can see it being played out now through events like the ASEAN Summit. As its economy opens to regional and global trade and investment, Myanmar’s position is only going to strengthen. The more interesting question, however, is what values a stronger, more regionally engaged, Myanmar will seek to promote as it engages more fully with the world and the region. Having staked a claim as a legitimate part of the regional conversation, Myanmar’s leaders will need to now think about what it is they actually want to say."
    Author/creator: Mathew Davies
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 24 July 2014


    Title: Let’s Face It: Democracy in Burma Is Not Inevitable
    Date of publication: 03 April 2014
    Description/subject: "... In my reports, I’m trying to offer readers more empirical facts from the ground and analyze them in the light of possible trajectories ahead. I’m increasingly convinced that the process of political opening in Burma is heading towards a particular brand of hybrid regime. In short, it’s high time for us to call a spade a spade: We need to get over the hopeful talk of "democratization" in Burma and recognize that the country is, in fact, undergoing a liberalization process that doesn’t necessarily lead toward liberal democracy. As I see it, there are three basic groups that have three fundamentally different views: In the view of the authoritarians (the Chinese and old regime hardliners), the predatory state under the old dictator served their interests well, so they long for yesterday. The liberalizers (including both Burma’s current business cronies and Burma’s friends in the West) welcome the space afforded by liberalization, so they live for today. Then there are the ordinary people of the country, who desperately yearn for more find that their path forward is still blocked. So the people of Burma feel that tomorrow does not belong to them."
    Author/creator: Min Zin
    Language: English and French
    Source/publisher: "Foreign Policy"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 16 March 2015


    Title: What Burma Should Learn from Nelson Mandela
    Date of publication: 07 December 2013
    Description/subject: "... These days, Burma’s transition from tyranny to democracy is partly stymied by the opposition’s attempt to institutionalize the memory of our past political divisions. Instead of putting forward a vision for the future and policies to make that vision a reality, the opposition leadership tends to employ a "good-versus-evil" political narrative as a key frame of reference in mobilizing the public. The opposition, of course, can gain a significant advantage by using this polarizing ploy. The public’s distrust and hatred of the previous junta still poisons its opinion of the current pseudo-civilian government. However, using history as a campaign instrument has only encouraged dark forces within the establishment to defend themselves using "biology" in campaigns advocating racial and religious purity. These have ranged from an attempt to prohibit interfaith marriage, to rampant anti-Muslim hate speeches, to outright communal violence. The country is gradually sliding into a history-versus-biology political battle as it approaches the 2015 elections. What we really need is a truly democratic contest of vision and policy. The country lacks a sense of unity. True reconciliation and healing remain elusive in this fragile transition. Mandela was right. When invoking memory becomes a political strategy, society suffers from a lack of imagination. Without a new vision for the future, we cannot move on and be reborn..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Foreign Policy"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 16 March 2015


    Title: Why It Makes Sense to Engage with Burma’s Military
    Date of publication: 19 September 2013
    Description/subject: "...In short, any positive political concessions the Burmese military is likely to make regarding constitutional reform and the 2015 elections rest to a significant degree on a mil-to-mil incentive package from the United States. I think that smart, timely action by the United States to reconnect with the Burmese military would be one of the best insurance polices against another military take-over. And that could well save me and my compatriots from reliving that tragic day in September 1988."
    Author/creator: Min Zin
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Foreign Policy"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 16 March 2015


    Title: Why Peace Is Still a Tough Sell
    Date of publication: 10 September 2013
    Description/subject: "... Generally speaking, the whole peace process is an executive-led initiative. The Myanmar Peace Center (MPC), led by reform-minded ministers Aung Min and Soe Thein, plays an essential role in facilitating on-the-ground negotiations (as well as the ensuing complaints, protests and controversies). With the help of the MPC, the government has thus far struck ceasefire deals with fourteen ethnic armed groups despite ongoing battles with Kachin state in northern Burma and other ethnic resistance armies. President Thein Sein has made it very clear on many occasions that the country would soon see a nationwide ceasefire signed between the government and ethnic rebel armies. The government plans to hold a grand ceremony in October of this year to sign a nationwide ceasefire accord with the 14 ethnic armed groups and is keeping the door open for other armed groups to enter the agreement at any time. The government, working in coordination with all stakeholders — including ethnic groups, Union Parliament, the military, political parties and civil society organizations — will then draft a framework for a national political dialogue. Thein Sein and his aides are aiming for nothing less than a complete end to the civil war..."
    Author/creator: Min Zin
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Foreign Policy"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 17 March 2015


    Title: Politics of Burma
    Description/subject: Contents: 1 Political conditions... 2 History - 2.1 Independence era; 2.2 AFPFL/Union Government; 2.3 Military socialist era; 2.4 SPDC era; 2.5 New constitution; 2.6 2010 Election; 2.7 2012 By Elections... 3 Executive branch - 3.1 Members of Government of Burma... 4 Legislative branch... 5 Judicial system - 5.1 Wareru dhammathat; 5.2 Dhammazedi pyatton... 6 Administrative divisions... 7 International organization participation... 8 See also... 9 References... 10 Further reading... 11 External links - 11.1 Burmese democracy and human rights online media
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Wikipedia
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 12 August 2012


  • Burma/Myanmar's Executive (under construction)

    • President's Office

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: President's Office website
      Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ English
      Source/publisher: President's Office
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 19 May 2012


    • Presidential Orders, Notifications, Decrees etc.

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Announcements (English)
      Description/subject: Back to October 2011
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: President's Office
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 08 April 2013


      Title: Notifications
      Description/subject: Notifications back to March 2012. 18 notifications, as of 9 April 2013
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: President's Office
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 08 April 2013


      Title: Orders
      Description/subject: Back to March 2011
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: President's Office
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 08 April 2013


      Individual Documents

      Title: Farm Land Rules
      Date of publication: 31 August 2012
      Description/subject: This translation of the Rules is in need of editing, which the OBL Librarian is undertaking. Pending the completion of the editing, we are putting this unedited version online, since the general meaning is clear.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation/President's Office
      Format/size: pdf (159K)
      Date of entry/update: 01 November 2012


      Title: Announcements (ေၾကညာခ်က္မ်ား)
      Date of publication: 2011
      Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
      Source/publisher: President's Office
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 06 June 2014


      Title: Notifications (အမိန္႔ေၾကာ္ျငာစာမ်ား)
      Date of publication: 2011
      Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
      Source/publisher: President's Office
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 06 June 2014


      Title: Orders (အမိန္႔မ်ား)
      Date of publication: 2011
      Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
      Source/publisher: President's Office
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 06 June 2014


    • Ministries and other administrative bodies

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Cabinet of Burma
      Description/subject: The Cabinet of Burma is the executive body of the Burmese government led by the President.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Wikipedia
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 05 December 2011


      Individual Documents

      Title: Farm Land Rules
      Date of publication: 31 August 2012
      Description/subject: This translation of the Rules is in need of editing, which the OBL Librarian is undertaking. Pending the completion of the editing, we are putting this unedited version online, since the general meaning is clear.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation/President's Office
      Format/size: pdf (159K)
      Date of entry/update: 01 November 2012


  • Burma/Myanmar's Legislature

    • Burma/Myanmar's Legislature - analysis and commentary

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Euro-Burma Office/Associates to Develop Democratic Burma (ADDB)
      Description/subject: EBO Political Monitors...Research papers: reports, statements and press releases...EBO Briefing Papers...News
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Euro-Burma Office
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 02 February 2012


      Title: MYANMAR Pyithu Hluttaw (House of Representatives)
      Description/subject: General information; Electoral system; Last elections; Election archive; Full text.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Inter-Parliamentary Union
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 27 March 2012


      Title: PARLIAMENT WATCH
      Description/subject: PEOPLE’S ASSEMBLY * Overview * Sessions - 1st Session (Jan-Mar 2011) - 2nd Session (Aug-Nov 2011) - 3rd Session (Jan-May 2012) o Bills o MPs o Committees NATIONAL ASSEMBLY o Overview o Sessions - 1st Session (Jan-Mar 2011) - 2nd Session (Aug-Nov 2011) - 3d Session (Jan-May 2012) o Bills o MPs o Committees NATIONAL PARLIAMENT o Overview o Sessions - 1st Session (Jan-Mar 2011) - 2nd Session (Aug-Nov 2011) - 3rd Session (Jan-Apr 2012) o Bills o Committees DIVISION AND STATE PARLIAMENTS o Overview o Sessions - 1st Session (Jan-Mar 2011) - 1st Special Session (Jun-Jul 2011) - 2nd Session (Oct-Nov 2011) - 3rd Session (Feb-Mar 2012) - 3rd Special Session (Mar-Apr 2012) o Committees 2012 BY-ELECTIONS o By-elections special BACKGROUND o Political parties RELATED REPORTS Burma’s Parliament - A tool for institutionalized oppression 100 Days of Burmas Parliament - Strengthening the Status Quo Issues & Concerns Vol. 7 - Locked in, tied up: Burma’s disciplined democracy
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: ALTSEAN-Burma
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 09 June 2012


      Title: REGIME WATCH
      Description/subject: LEGISLATIVE has moved to "PARLIAMENT WATCH" at http://www.altsean.org/Research/Regime%20Watch/Home.php .... EXECUTIVE:- President; Advisory Board; Vice-Presidents; National Defense and Security Council; Cabinet; Financial Commission; Division and State Administrations... Military: Tatmadaw Regional Commanders..... JUDICIAL: Supreme Court; Constitutional Tribunal; Election Commission... Anatomy of the regime..... RELATED REPORTS: Issues & Concerns Vol. 7 - Locked in, tied up: Burma’s disciplined democracy; 100 Days of Burmas Parliament - Strengthening the Status Quo; Thein Sein's first 100 days: Words not matched by actions.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: ALTSEAN-Burma
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 12 July 2011


      Title: See also the 7th step of the 7-Step Roadmap
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 28 November 2011


      Title: The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
      Description/subject: The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Burmese: ပြည်ထောင်စု လွှတ်တော်, pronounced [pjìdàuɴzu̯ l̥ʊʔtɔ̀]; Assembly of the Union) is the national-level bicameral legislature of Myanmar (officially known as the Republic of the Union of Myanmar) established by the 2008 National Constitution. The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw is made up of two houses, the Amyotha Hluttaw (အမျိုးသားလွှတ်တော်; House of Nationalities), a 224-seat upper house as well as the Pyithu Hluttaw, a 440-seat lower house (ပြည်သူ့လွှတ်တော်; House of Representatives). Each of the fourteen major administrative regions and states has its own local Hluttaw--Region Hluttaw (တိုင်းဒေသကြီးလွှတ်တော်; Region Assembly) or State Hluttaw (ပြည်နယ်လွှတ်တော်; State Assembly). The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw is housed in a 31-building complex, which is believed to represent the 31 planes of existence in Buddhist cosmology, located in Zeya Theddhi Ward of Naypyidaw.[1] Members of the first Pyidaungsu Hluttaw were elected in the Burmese general election on 7 November 2010.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Wikipedia
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 29 November 2011


      Individual Documents

      Title: Not a Rubber Stamp: Myanmar’s Legislature in a Time of Transition
      Date of publication: 13 December 2013
      Description/subject: OVERVIEW: "Myanmar’s new legislature, the Union Assembly formed in 2011 on the basis of elections the previous year, has turned out to be far more vibrant and influential than expected. Both its lower and upper houses have a key role in driving the transition process through the enactment and amendment of legislation needed to reform the outdated legal code and are acting as a real check on the power of the executive. Yet, some bills moving through the legislature have raised concerns that the authorities, both legislative and executive, may not be ready to give up authoritarian controls on the media, on civil society organisations and on the right to demonstrate. More broadly, the role of the 25 per cent military bloc and its impact on the legislature have been questioned. Serious individual and institutional capacity constraints and unclear procedures serve as a brake on effective, efficient lawmaking. Several controversial pieces of legislation are being developed. The association bill under consideration would provide a framework for the registration and operation of social organisations and international non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Initial drafts were considered by local organisations and international experts to be highly restrictive and far short of global best practice. At the same time, there has been legislative willingness to consult with those local groups and listen to expert advice. The latest version is far less restrictive and addresses the majority of civil society concerns. The law on peaceful assembly promulgated in 2011 has been widely criticised for imposing criminal penalties on those who demonstrate without permission. Scores of activists have been charged and dozens imprisoned under it, raising serious questions about the true extent of Myanmar’s new freedoms. Senior lawmakers have acknowledged that such imprisonment is inconsistent with the president’s pledge that there will be no more political prisoners by the end of the year. A proposal to amend the problematic provisions has been drawn up. New media legislation to replace the old draconian restrictions is being debated. Again, some problematic provisions have been carried over into the draft bills, including the power to issue and revoke publishing licences and broadly-worded restrictions on content. There has been consultation with media representatives, including the press council, but so far it is not clear to what extent their concerns will be taken into account. The government has expressed some unease about having an unregulated media when many journalists still do not well understand professional and ethical standards. What emerges is a picture of a lawmaking process with flaws but in general willing to consult with stakeholders and make use of expert inputs. Authoritarian reflexes and concerns in some quarters about opening up too far, too fast are now tempered, though not erased, by other considerations, such as public demands for consultation and a desire to meet international standards. The shape of media legislation and whether the announced amendments are made to the peaceful assembly law will be the next concrete tests of whether it is the old reflexes that hold sway or the new openness. The 25 per cent of seats reserved for the military under the constitution has been a source of concern to many. While the reservation is not consistent with fundamental democratic principles, the military bloc has generally taken positions supportive of the reform process. There have been some tensions with other lawmakers, as the bloc has sometimes voted in support of the executive and the president and against the majority Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP), established by the old military regime. More broadly, lawmaking is constrained by representatives’ lack of experience and institutional weaknesses in what is the first independent legislature in Myanmar for 50 years. Lawmakers have little knowledge of democratic practice, and there is very little institutional support. Without offices or staff, with no policy and research help, and with committees lacking internal experts to report on and analyse the issues, efficient, effective lawmaking is impossible. Under such circumstances, and with a crowded legislative agenda, it is impressive how much has been achieved. But as the transition proceeds, far greater investments are needed if this critical branch of government is to meet public expectations".
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: International Crisis Group (ICG) Asia Report N°142
      Format/size: pdf (286K-reduced version; 2.58MB-original)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/asia/south-east-asia/myanmar/b142-not-a-rubber-stamp-myanmar-...
      Date of entry/update: 13 December 2013


      Title: BURMA’S PARLIAMENT: FUNDAMENTAL REFORMS STILL BLOCKED
      Date of publication: 21 September 2012
      Description/subject: 1..No progress on the repeal of oppressive laws 2..Important proposals rejected 3..Parliament accepts new VP with eyes closed, boosts presidential powers 3..Local Parliaments shut 3..Military MPs inactive 4..Regime lies in Parliament 4..MPs wrangle over Foreign Investment Law 4..Green light to land confiscation commission, improved legislation 5..NLD makes parliamentary debut 6..Recap of parliamentary sessions 6..List of new laws
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: ALTSEAN-Burma
      Format/size: pdf (99K)
      Date of entry/update: 24 September 2012


      Title: BURMA’S PARLIAMENT: A TOOL FOR INSTITUTIONALIZED OPPRESSION
      Date of publication: 28 November 2011
      Description/subject: • Despite the regime’s claim that an elected legislature was a crucial step towards the emergence of its “discipline-flourishing democracy,” the Parliament is turning out to be the regime’s key tool for institutionalizing oppression. • The pro-regime Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP)-dominated Parliament refuses to repeal the draconian laws that provided the basis for the imprisonment of several thousand political prisoners in recent years. • The refusal makes the adoption of the much-publicized “Labor Organizations Law” and “Peaceful Gathering and Demonstration Law” irrelevant as the regime is still able to invoke the blanket “security” provisions of draconian laws. • The Parliament’s second session repeats the sham parliamentary debates witnessed during the January- March first session. Important issues, such as national reconciliation and the ongoing conflict in ethnic areas are only marginally discussed. • During question time, regime ministers and officials go to great lengths to categorically deny human rights abuses and to justify repressive measures. • Ruling party and military MPs oppose the adoption of important proposals on the release of political prisoners and the improvement of detention conditions in jails across the country. Instead, they introduce new restrictive laws designed to limit political participation. • Debate and approval of the national budget remain off-limits to MPs because State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) Chairman Sr Gen Than Shwe approved the budget for the 2011-2012 financial year before Parliament convened on 31 January. • The laws that govern parliamentary proceedings, enacted by Than Shwe in October 2010, continue to severely restrict parliamentary debate and participation. • Censorship and lack of access continue to characterize the media environment during the Parliament’s second session. • Despite the regime’s claim that local Parliaments would provide some degree of legislative decentralization, most of the Division and State Parliaments fail to introduce or debate any legislation. • In a bogus attempt to show its commitment to reach a ceasefire with ethnic armed groups, the regime forms two parliamentary ‘peace-making’ committees. However, the committees fail to adopt any initiatives aimed at facilitating peace talks.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: ALTSEAN-Burma
      Format/size: pdf (152K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.altsean.org/Docs/PDF%20Format/Thematic%20Briefers/Burmas%20Parliament%20-%20A%20tool%20f...
      Date of entry/update: 28 November 2011


      Title: An Independent Analysis of the Principal Elements of the 2008 Constitution
      Date of publication: 2009
      Description/subject: Reproduced, with the author’s permission, from “The State in Myanmar” by Robert H Taylor published in 2009 by Hurst & Company, London..."The 2008 constitution contains a number of points that attempt to address issues that had grown out of the state in Myanmar’s post-colonial history. Among these, most prominently and controversially, in addition to the power and autonomy of the armed forces under the constitution, and the complex issue of political autonomy for ethnicallydesignated groups, was the distribution of power between the executive, legislature and judiciary at various levels of government. The constitution is the army government’s attempt to cast these issues in terms that will be politically resolvable and will avoid in the future both the severe conflicts of the civil war and the popular upheaval of 1988. Whether the constitution proves to be more durable and adaptable than its two predecessors, of course, is a question that future historians will answer..."
      Author/creator: Robert Taylor
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Network Myanmar
      Format/size: pdf (124K)
      Date of entry/update: 10 March 2010


      Title: "The Irrawaddy" commentaries on the Parliament
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 24 January 2015


      Title: Amyotha Hluttaw
      Description/subject: The Amyotha Hluttaw (Burmese: အမျိုးသားလွှတ်တော်, IPA: [ʔəmjóðá l̥ʊʔtɔ̀]; House of Nationalities) is the upper house of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, the bicameral legislature of Burma (Myanmar). It consists of 224 member of which 168 are directly elected and 56 appointed by the Myanmar Armed Forces. The last elections to the Amyotha Hluttaw were held in November 2010. At its first meeting on 31 January 2011, Khin Aung Myint was elected Speaker of the Amyotha Hluttaw and Chairman of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw as a whole.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Wikipedia
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 29 November 2011


      Title: Pyithu Hluttaw
      Description/subject: The Pyithu Hluttaw (Burmese: ပြည်သူ့ လွှတ်တော်, pronounced [pjìðṵ l̥ʊʔtɔ̀]; House of Representatives) is the lower house of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, the bicameral legislature of Burma (Myanmar). It consists of 440 members of which 330 are directly elected and 110 appointed by the Myanmar Armed Forces. The last elections to the Pyithu Hluttaw were held in November 2010. At its first meeting on 31 January 2011, Thura Shwe Mann was elected Speaker of the Pyithu Hluttaw.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Wikipedia
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 29 November 2011


    • Hluttaw websites

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Pyithu Hluttaw - ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္
      Description/subject: News, Meetings (not updated), Representatives, Committees and Commissions, Law affairs (not updated), Videos (not updated), Photos..... အဖြင့္, သတင္းႏွင့္ ျပန္ၾကားေရး၊ အစည္းအေဝးမ်ား (မတင္ရေသး)၊ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ မ်ား၊ ေကာ္မတီ/ေကာ္မရွင္မ်ား၊ ဥပေဒဆိုင္ရာမ်ား (မတင္ရေသး)၊ ဗီဒီယိုမ်ား (မတင္ရေသး)၊ ဓါတ္ပံုမ်ား
      Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
      Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 04 September 2012


    • Parliament

      • Amyotha Hluttaw (Nationalities' Assembly/Upper House): Meetings

        • Amyotha Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015

          Individual Documents

          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 26 May, 2015: Govt monitoring, assisting ethnic armed groups in line with peace deal [incl. Shweli (3) Hydro Power Project+eucalypt cultivation]
          Date of publication: 27 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 26 May — Authorities are monitoring the Karen National Union and other ethnic armed groups and cooperating with them in accordance with an agreement between the government and the armed groups, Deputy Minister at the President Office U Aung Thein told the Amyotha Hluttaw session on Tuesday The deputy minister gave the explanation in response to a question from a representative on whether authorities have a plan to monitor activities of the KNU, which is cooperating with the government for peace, in their areas. Authorities will raise objections over activities that contravene conditions of the peace deal, the three main national causes of the Tatmadaw, and the rule of law and security, according to the deputy minister. In addition, the deputy minister said authorities are helping KNU troops by establishing farms for their resettlement. Deputy Minister for Electric Power U Maw Tha Htwe, in response to a question on increasing the budget for the Shweli (3) Hydro Power Project, said the ministry is discussing low-interest loans for the project from international financial institutions including the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, since the government budget cannot accommodate the K150 billion needed for the project every year. The deputy minister also added that road and bridges are also being reinforced to transport large machinery for the project. In response to a question about eucalypt cultivation, Deputy Minister for Environmental Conservation and Forestry U Aye Myint Maung said eucalypt is economically beneficial, as it can be turned into plywood within five years and can be used for firewood, charcoal and other needs. The deputy minister pointed out that the tree can contribute to greening projects as it grows quickly and can be cultivated on unfertile land, adding that advantages and disadvantages of the tree will be disseminated through the media and talks."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (70K)
          Date of entry/update: 28 May 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 25 May, 2015: Pure Gold Star bean on test cultivation for poppy-cultivated areas [incl. Upgrading roads and a self-reliant primary school in Kyaukpyu Township]
          Date of publication: 26 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 25 May—U Saw Tun Mya Aung of Kayin State Constituency No 5 asked about a plan to grow Pure Gold Star Bean (Star Sacha Inchi) as alternative development in the poppy-cultivated areas on hilly regions at the 51st session of Amyotha Hluttaw Monday. Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn Than replied that El Shaddai Co., Ltd. imported seeds of bean for 1,500 acres of farmlands and cultivated it in Lashio, Muse and Myitkyina townships. The bean is being nurtured in Ayethukha village in Bago Region and Myaungchawgon village in Hmawby Township, Yangon Region. If test cultivation achieves success, the ministry will provide technical assistance to local farmers for cultivation of Pure Gold Star Bean in the poppy- cultivated areas. U Ohn Htin, MP of Rakhine State constituency asked whether there is a plan to upgrade an earthen road to a laterite road linking three villages in Kyaukpyu Township. Deputy Minister for Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development U Khin Maung Aye said that as the upgrading plan for the inter-village road in Kyaukpyu Township has not been submitted to the government in 2015-16 fiscal year, there is no plan to upgrade the road. U Khin Maung (a) U Aung Kyaw Oo of Rakhine State constituency No 3 asked about a plan to open a Basic Education Primary School in Hsanthitpyin Village, Kyauktaw Township. Deputy Minister for Education U Thant Shin replied that the self-reliant BEPS in the village is about three miles from Ngatapaung BEPS. The ministry will upgrade the self-reliant school to a BEPS branch in 2015-16 academic year."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (70K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 May 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 19 May, 2015: Three steps of reform plan clarified in Amyotha Hluttaw [incl. Company registration+ publication of newspapers in Zolai language+ Union Election Commission Law]
          Date of publication: 20 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 19 May — Deputy Minister at the President Office U Kyaw Kyaw Win explained the three steps of government’s reform plan in response to the query of MP U Khet Htein Nan from Kachin state constituency 1 at Amyotha Hluttaw session on Tuesday. U Kyaw Kyaw Win said since the government has taken office in 2011, it adopted the first phase of reform plan namely ‘First Wave’, and formed Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw along with the Union Government and State/ Region governments in accordance with 2008 Constitution. Under the ‘Second Wave’, the government made political and economic reforms in 2011; development of management on public affairs in 2012; modification of private sector. The ‘Third Wave’ initiated on 10 June 2014 includes laying a good foundation for the new democratic state and fulfilling the needs of people in social and economic sectors. The deputy minister added plans were made to foster the earlier step by the following step. Regarding company registration process suggested by U Hla Swe, MP of Magway Region constituency 12, Deputy Minister for National Planning and Economic Development Daw Lei Lei Thein said the Company Registration Office is liable for checking the needs of registration process, and that it is not possible to make a deep investigation on possible entrepreneurs for easy registration process. She said complaints on embezzlement and misuse can be reported to the Ministry of Home Affairs for legal actions. U Nein Khinn Paung, MP of Chin state constituency 7, asked for publication of newspapers in Zolai language, one of the Chin ethnic groups. Deputy Minister for Information U Pike Htway said there are many other ethnic languages in Chin state, and permission for Zolai language newspaper is tantamount to negligence on other minorities in Chin state, adding that it will not be allowed for this newspaper. Amyotha Hluttaw then approve the bill on amendment of Union Election Commission Law."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (72K)
          Date of entry/update: 26 May 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 18 May, 2015: Region and state governments release orders and directives for reducing use of plastic bags [incl. system change for releasing the result of matriculation examination+Thahtay hydropower project+measures against the use of p
          Date of publication: 19 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 18 May—Amyotha Hluttaw continued for the 49th-day session Monday. With regard to the question raised by U Phone Myint Aung of Yangon Region Constituency No 3 on change of system for releasing the result of matriculation examination, Dep-uty Minister for Education U Thant Shin said that the Ministry of Education will release the result of matriculation examination through its website and hardcopy on the designated date. U Myint Hlaing of Rakhine State Constituency No 12 asked about annual fund, equipment, generator and related materials for completion of Thahtay hydropower project in Rakhine State in 2018-19 fiscal year. Deputy Minister for Electric Power U Aung Than Oo said that funds will be sought for implementation of the project. Generator and related equipment will be imported in coming fiscal year for timely completion of the project. U Khin Maung (a) U Aung Kyaw Oo of Rakhine State Constituency No 3 asked about measures against use of plastic bags by the State. Deputy Minister for Health Dr Daw Thein Thein Htay replied that region and state governments released orders and directives on prohibition of using plastic bags under the environmental conservation law. The Department of Health cooperates with Development Affairs Committee in reducing use of plastic bags for environmental conservation. The Amyotha Hluttaw decided to submit controversial points between two Hluttaws in the bill amending the National Education Law to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. U Min Oo of Bago Region Constituency No 7 discussed it needs to improve the 1954 Buddhist Women Special Marriage and Inheritance Act in conformity with the present time. If not, the new law should be drafted in line with the human rights of the constitution, Universal Declaration of Human Rights and international treaties signed by Myanmar. Daw Khin Waing Kyi of Yangon Region Constituency No 1 also discussed that it is necessary to draft a marriage law for Myanmar women to protect their rights."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (75K)
          Date of entry/update: 25 May 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 14 May, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw discusses measures to ease traffic congestion in big cities
          Date of publication: 15 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 14 May—Dr Myat Nyana Soe of the fourth constituency in Yangon Region on Thursday asked the Amyotha Hluttaw about measures to ease the increasing traffic congestion in big cities. U Chan Maung, Deputy Minister for Rail Transportation, responded that the Yangon Region government’s efforts to solve the problem include the construction of flyovers, designation of no-parking roads and bus lanes, installation of Japanese-model automatic traffic control systems, and increased tolls for vehicles entering Yangon. Regarding a question about vehicle registration and registration renewal, the deputy minister said vehicle inspection fees range from K5,00 to K10,000, and registration fees from K15,00 to K40,000."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (64K)
          Date of entry/update: 25 May 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 13 May, 2015: Chin MP calls for state-run technical high school in Matupi [incl. school exams+renovation of old and fragile school buildings]
          Date of publication: 14 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 13 May — Union Minister for Science and Technology Dr Ko Ko Oo and Deputy Minister for Education U Thant Shin fielded questions from parliamentarians about school facilities Wednesday as the Amyotha Hluttaw continued its 12th session. U Paw Lyan Lwin, MP of Matupi Township constituency, called for the establishment of a state-run technical high school in Matupi Township. Dr Ko Ko Oo said his ministry is not ready to open a government technical high school in Matupi Township during fiscal 2015-2016, as it is establishing schools in states and regions under human resource development and economic projects. U Phone Myint Aung, MP of Yangon region constituency 3, asked for students to be allowed to enter school compounds hours before exams. Deputy Minister U Thant Shin said for the sake of security, as well as to ensure the secrecy of exam papers, students must only be allowed to enter school compounds once teachers have prepared exam rooms. Defence Services Personnel representative Major Myo Tun Aung asked what plans, if any, the education ministry has for renovation of old and fragile school buildings in fiscal 2015- 2016. U Thant Shin said school buildings still requiring repairs will be fixed by the ministry in fiscal 2016- 2017."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (69K)
          Date of entry/update: 25 May 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 12 May, 2015: Amyotha Hlutaw discusses agricultural issues
          Date of publication: 13 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 12 May — Amyotha Hlutaw session on Tuesday focused on questions on agriculture sector and Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn Than responded to the questions. One of the representatives asked whether the government has plans to suspend one year to repay agricultural loans in Kyangin and Myanaung Townships in Ayeyawady Region as farmers there did not earn enough from failed crops due to shortages of rainwater and adverse weather conditions. Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn Than said that Myanmar Agricultural Development Bank may suspend loans when crops are damaged due to natural disasters and losses are reported to the bank on time. Although the bank can suspend loans with the recommendation of local authorities at different levels, new loans will not be available for farmers who fail to repay their old loans under the rules and regulations of the bank, the deputy minister added. In addition, the farmers may be subjected to interests and fines as Myanmar Agricultural Development Bank has to borrow money from Myanma Economic Bank to issue loans for farmers, according to the deputy minister. Concerning the questions to fulfill requirements for the central agricultural farm in Mahlaing in Meiktila District, the deputy minister said that it is impossible to irrigate the farm form Konte Dam as it is located at a place higher than the dam. A hand pump well is being used for small scale agriculture in the farm, according to the deputy minister who added that a dry lake in the farm will be repaired before the coming rainy season. As for the lease of farmland, the deputy minister said that it is possible to rent land according to the provision of the farmland law."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (63KB)
          Date of entry/update: 25 May 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 11 May, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw session addresses remote area hospitals, rural development [incl. Thapaya Lake repair+people with disabilities & Myanmar Buddhist Women's Special Marriage Bill]
          Date of publication: 12 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 11 May — The Department of Medical Care has a plan to provide ambulances to township-level people’s hospitals in fiscal 2015- 2016, but not to station hospitals in remote areas at this stage, Deputy Minister for Health Dr Daw Thein Thein Htay told the Amyotha Hluttaw on Monday. The deputy minister made the admission during the 45th day session of the Upper House after U Hla Swe, MP of Magway Region Constituency No 12, asked whether the department under the Ministry of Health planned to provide ambulances, drivers and fuel to station hospitals in remote areas for transport of emergency patients. U Soe Aung of Mandalay Region Constituency No 11 asked for a plan to repair Thapaya Lake near Thanpayakan Village in Mahlaing Township. Deputy Minister for Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development U Tin Ngwe told the Upper House that the ministry has no plan to immediately dredge the earthen lake to store rainwater but undertakes rural development tasks as a priority. The Hluttaw approved the amendment of the Pyithu Hluttaw over the bill on rights for people with disabilities. Member of Amyotha Hluttaw Bill Committee U Tin Yu submitted a report of the committee to the Hluttaw to enable MPs to discuss the Myanmar Buddhist Women’s Special Marriage Bill sent back by the Pyithu Hluttaw with amendments."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (68K)
          Date of entry/update: 16 May 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 9 April, 2015: Rural development tasks being carried out according to priorities
          Date of publication: 10 April 2015
          Description/subject: "Deputy Minister: "Nay Pyi Taw, 9 April _ Representatives at Amyotha Hluttaw on Thursday raised questions on regional development tasks including upgrading an eight-mile road section in Meiktila, water supply and installation of solar lights and construction of a 70-foot long bridge in Meikwa Village in Paletwa Township and construction of a river crossing bridge in Khonsint Village Tract in Moemauk Township. However, Deputy Minister for Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development Dr Aung Myat Oo said that the ministry is unable to carry out the projects at the moment as rural development tasks are being implemented according to their priorities. Afterwards, the representatives discussed the reports on finding of teams on field trip of the Amyotha Hluttaw government’s Guar-antees, Pledges and Undertakings Vetting Committee. Representative U Hlaing Oo of Ayeyawady Region Constituency (12) pointed out that three pledges were cancelled under Letter No. 7/445, but Labutta Township is the largest rain paddy growing area and the pledges should be fulfilled after making field trips to study the difficulty of farmers. Then, a member of the vetting committee sought the approval for the report and the session approved it. The Amyotha Hluttaw session also approved the report of the Public Complaints Committee submitted by Representative Dr Khin Shwe of Yangon Region Constituency (9)."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (7.8K)
          Date of entry/update: 30 April 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 8 April, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw approves report of Public Account Committee
          Date of publication: 09 April 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 8 April — Amyotha Hluttaw session on Wednesday approved the report of the Public Accounts Committee on tasks being carried out with the union budget in 2013-14 fiscal year by the Ministry of Border Affairs and the Ministry of Livestock, Fisherirs and Rural Development. U Salai Khwe Yan, a representative from Chin State constituency No 12 pointed out at the session that both contractors and supervising authority lack accountability for road and bridge projects in Chin State and said that effective action should be taken against those responsible. U Thein Hlaing, Sagaing Region constituency No 8 said that Hsegyi Creek RC Bridge in Kalewa Township built with the union budget is not usable during rainy seasons and a school building in North Tonhlaw Village is not durable. The representative proposed taking action against those responsible. After discussions, the session approved the report. At today’s session, the speaker informed the representatives of receiving bill for Myanmar Accountancy Council from the Pyithu Hluttaw with some amendments."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (7.5K)
          Date of entry/update: 01 May 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 7 April, 2015: A&I ministry deals with queries at Upper House session
          Date of publication: 08 April 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 7 April — Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Khin Zaw was in Amyotha Hluttaw session on Tuesday, answering queries about water storage facilities and a rural development bank. Replying to the question of U Aung Chit Lwin, an MP of Sagaing region constituency No 11, the deputy minister said a fund for construction of onewall reservoir in Homalin Township, Hkamti District, in northwestern Myanmar has not been proposed in the regional government budget of 2015-2016 fiscal year despite benefits of this suggested water facility to irrigate more than 550 acres of paddy farms. Regarding the query about formation of a management committee on water storage facilities, U Khin Zaw also said Myanmar National Committee on Large Dams has been legalized on February 27 this year, and the executive board of the committee is open to all civil service employees. He also said the ministry has not planned to open an outlet of Myanma Agricultural Development Bank in Waingmaw Township in Kachin State in consideration of budget allocation in 2015-2016 fiscal year."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (7.5K)
          Date of entry/update: 01 May 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 6 April, 2015: Deputy education minister responded to questions in Amyotha Hluttaw
          Date of publication: 07 April 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 6 April — Deputy Minister for Education Dr Zaw Min Aung responded to questions raised for the ministry at the Amyotha Hluttaw Session on Monday. The first question was concerned with a dangerous school building in an affiliated middle school in Ywama Village in Chauk. The deputy minister said school buildings are being built according to their priority and the school building could not be replaced with a new one during the 2015-16 fiscal year. Another question focused on upgrading of a middle school into a high school in Webula Village in Falam. The deputy minister said that there is no plan to upgrade the school at the moment but it is possible to upgrade it according to priority if the state government recommends doing so. Another question was raised for construction of a reinforced concrete school building for a primary school in Dawmu Kalar Village in Loikaw. The deputy minister said that the ministry has allotted K 738.00 million for other 25 schools in the township and could not build the new building for the school. Then, the session accepted the bill repealing the township development committee’s law as there was no representative to discuss the bill. Afterwards, the reports of the government’s guarantees, pledges and undertaking vetting committee was read out at the session and submitted to the Hluttaw by the committee chairman."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (7.7K)
          Date of entry/update: 01 May 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 3 April, 2015: MoH rejects hospital upgrading in Pakokku
          Date of publication: 04 April 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 3 April— U Thaw Zin Oo of the Magway Region constituency No. 9 proposed a motion at the Amyotha Hluttaw on Friday calling for upgrading a hospital in Pakokku township, with Deputy Minister for Health Dr Daw Thein Thein Htay rejecting the proposal and explaining that the facility does not need upgrading considering the number of hospital admissions. Regarding a question of the publication of Unique Constructions as references, Deputy Minister for Construction U Soe Tint responded that his ministry will publish construction references in volumes in 2015-2016 financial year. Maj Aung Kyaw Zaw, defence services personnel representative, called for the reformation of the Public Works under the Ministry of Construction. The deputy minister responded that the Public Works has been restructured into three— road, bridge and building departments— as of 1 April this year. The ministry has hired foreign consultant teams for supervision and quality control at construction projects implemented with foreign loans from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and Asian Development Bank (ADB). The Amyotha Hluttaw approved the inland waterways bill, which was resent with some changes by the Pyithu Hluttaw."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (70K)
          Date of entry/update: 09 April 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 2 April, 2015: Supreme Court of the Union implements three-year strategic plan for completion of year long civil cases
          Date of publication: 03 April 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 2 April — U Hla Swe of Magway Region constituency No 12 asked plans for opening courts of civil cases at the 39th day session of Amyotha Hluttaw on Thursday. Supreme Court Judge U Soe Nyunt replied that the Supreme Court of the Union has no plan to open the separate courts to hear civil cases but it has adopted a three-year strategic plan (2015-17) that will cover completion of year long civil cases. U Sai San Min of Shan State Constituency No 3 asked a question whether there is a plan to install more traffic lights in Lashio and to repair three damaged lights. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Aung Thein said that No 65 traffic police platoon installed traffic lights at Lashiogyi junction, Namtu junction, Kholaung junction and Mandalay junction as of 8 November 2008 by spending the traffic rules fund. Tow traffic lights at Kholaung junction and Namtu junction are in operation but remaining lights had been damaged in bad weather since September 2014. The traffic police squad plans to install yellow traffic lights at Meitan junction and water fountain junction so as to ease traffic congestion. Arrangements are being made to install more traffic lights and slow down in Lashio. And, a coordination meeting will be made between the traffic police squad and district traffic rules enforcement committee for repairing the damaged lights. The speaker of Amyotha Hluttaw sought approval for each paragraphs of the health care bill for control of population rate sent back by the Pyithu Hluttaw with amendments. Amyotha Hluttaw ethnic affairs, easing conflict and peace-making process committee submitted its report to the Hluttaw and sought the approval."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (68K)
          Date of entry/update: 09 April 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 1 April, 2015: Private mining company to release residential areas
          Date of publication: 02 April 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 1 April — A private-owned mining company is making plans to hand over some residential areas included in its project to local authorities in Sagaing region, said Deputy Minister for Mines U Than Tun Aung to Amyotha Hluttaw on Wednesday. The deputy minister said Htoo International Industry Group Co., Ltd., which is operating two coal mines in Kalewa Township and Thitchauk region of upper Myanmar, has transferred a hospital, a 1.28 acre land plot and some buildings to regional department of health, added that the company will also release a residential ward and a village to the local authorities. On query about future plan on CDMA (450 MHz) mobile network, Deputy Minister U Win Than for Communications and Information Technology said the ministry will not develop this mobile network and its call-charges as GSM/ UMTS system is more popular in the country. He also answered the advanced money is being given out for the phones leased for public call offices in Thanetpin Township, Bago region. Representatives of Amyotha Hluttaw also approved each paragraph of Myanmar Nursing and Midwifery Council Bill presented by Pyithu Hluttaw."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (68K)
          Date of entry/update: 09 April 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 31 March, 2015: Education Ministry to upgrade schools in Kyangin Tsp
          Date of publication: 01 April 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 31 March — Amyotha Hluttaw continued for the 37th day session, here, Tuesday. U Khin Maung Yi of Ayeyawady Region constituency No 6 asked plans for upgrading basic education middle school branches to BEMSs in Alon and Hteinbinmyaung villages in Kyangin Township. Deputy Minister for Education Dr Zaw Min Aung replied that upgrading of the schools depends on number of students, school furniture, land plot, transport and regional development. Ayeyawady Region Education Directorate enlisted upgrading of BEMS branches in Ahlon village and Hteinbinmyaung village in 2015-16 academic year. With regard to a question on upgrading of solar electrification to supply of electricity in Pyaebin Village of Chauk Township raised by U Aung Nyein of Magway Region Constituency No 2, Deputy Minister for Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development U Tin Ngwe explained that the ministry allotted K132.4 million to electrify 662 houses in five villages in Chauk Township through solar panels in 2014-15 FY. The village was allowed to change solar electrification to electricity supply in cooperation with Myanmar Electric Power Enterprise. The deputy minister replied to a question raised by U Salai Khwe Yan of Chin State Constituency No 12 that the ministry has no plan to build four suspension bridges and four wooden bridges in 2015-16 FY in Paletwa Township. The session approved salaries and allowances for the chairman and members of Amyotha Hluttaw Political, Economic and Legal Affairs Commission. The Hluttaw approved the farmers’ rights protection and raising interests rules with amendments of the Pyithu Hluttaw. The Hluttaw agreed to discuss the proposal tabled by U Saw Maw Tun of Bago Region Constituency No 1 on participation of entire people in reducing use of plastic for public health and environmental conservation."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (71K)
          Date of entry/update: 09 April 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 30 March, 2015: Sports federations not to practise pro system except football, Futsal, traditional boxing
          Date of publication: 31 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 30 March—Defence Services personnel representative Major Aung Ko Min asked about the plans for practising the pro sport system in football, volleyball, Futsal, Sepak Takraw, Chinlone, boxing, Myanmar traditional boxing, basketball, hockey, badminton, tennis and table tennis events in Myanmar at the 36th day session of Amyotha Hluttaw on Monday. Deputy Minister for Sports U Zaw Win explained that Ministry of Sports has transformed amateur to professional system in football, Futsal and traditional boxing events. Sports federations have no plan to change competition system of their sports events to professional one. U Kham Swin Mong of Chin State constituency No 5 asked whether there is a plan to install a 66-KVpower line and build a sub-power station in Tiddim. Deputy Minister for Electric Power U Aung Than Oo replied that a 230 KV Gangaw-Kalay power line is being installed as of 2014-15 fiscal year while sub-power stations are under construction in Falam and Kalay. Upon completion, the 230KV Kalay sub-power station will supply electricity to Tiddim through a 66KV power line in 2016."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (69K)
          Date of entry/update: 06 April 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 26 March, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw approves bill amending national education law
          Date of publication: 27 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 26 March — Chairman of Amyotha Hluttaw Bill Committee U Khin Maung Yi read out the findings and remarks of the committee over the bill amending national education law at the 35th day session of Amyotha Hluttaw on Thursday. The speaker of the Amyotha Hluttaw sought paragraph by paragraph approval for the bill from the Hluttaw. Deputy Minister for Education Dr Zaw Min Aung also sought the approval for the bill and the session approved it."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (51K)
          Date of entry/update: 06 April 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 25 March, 2015: MPs discuss wording changes in National Education amendment bill
          Date of publication: 26 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 25 March — Representatives of Amyotha Hluttaw discussed on Wednesday changes of the words in the National Education Law and the amendment bill on this law. U Nu, an MP of Yangon Region constituency 10, suggested the word preschool in Myanmar language should not be shortened in the law and fully defined the term of preschool that aims to nurture physical, mental and moral practices of the children before proceeding to learn higher levels. He also urged substitution of ‘mother ethnic language’ with ‘individual ethnic language’ in the bill, saying his support for the paragraphs that mention special programmes, teaching aids and methodologies for the disabled persons. Defence Services personnel representatives Major Aung Ko Min suggested inserting the words ‘all-round systematic thinking’ to replace ‘freedom of thinking’ which he assumed the latter would lead to wrong thinking for the children. U Ohn Tin, an MP of Rakhine State constituency 10, also discussed some changes of words in the bill. Later, members of Amyotha Hluttaw’s Bill Committee and representatives who supported student protests against the National Education Law discussed details for the amendment bill."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (67K)
          Date of entry/update: 06 April 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 24 March, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw MPs urge education amendment bill must serve national interests
          Date of publication: 25 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 24 March — The national education amendment bill came under discussion at the Amyotha Hluttaw here on Tuesday, with members of parliament speaking with one voice on the bill, which they said must emphasize suitability, adaptability and practicality for the long-term interests of the country. U Thein Swe from No.10 Constituency of Ayeyawady Region suggested participation of experienced specialists rather than independent specialists. The education reform would enable Myanmar to catch up with others when we could overcome the challenges, according to U Khin Maung Latt of Rakhine State’s No.6 Constituency. U Min Oo of the Bago Region constituency No.7 described the national education as a national concern, saying the education law must pave the way for a better education system. U Saw Ohn, who represents No.9 Constituency in Mon State, said education must be reconstructed for the country to become modern and prosperous."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (66K)
          Date of entry/update: 06 April 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 23 March, 2015: Plan to extend emerald green project in 178 more townships
          Date of publication: 24 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 23 March — At the 32nd day session of Amyotha Hluttaw Monday, U Sai Paung Nap of Shan State Constituency No 12 asked about master plan for multi-sectoral economic development of rural and less-development areas in Myanmar. Deputy Minister for Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development U Khin Maung Aye replied that emerald green project being implemented in 1,150 villages creates job opportunities and increases income of rural families with K34.5 billion allotted by the government. Thanks to the remarkable progress, the project will be extended in 178 more townships. The rural development strategy has covered rural development programmes for establishment of commercial crops farms, forest plantations, agricultural farm, fish hatching station, livestock breeding farm and nurseries and other development tasks including value-added production, milling, packaging, microfinance and mobile banking systems. U Hnin Wai of Kayah State Constituency No 12 asked whether there is a plan to provide travel allowance for health staff who go along with patient transferred to district or state hospitals from township ones. Deputy Minister for Health Dr Win Myint replied that TA can be allowed to the health staff who took care of patient along the route but cannot be allowed for transport of patient by ambulance. Dr Soe Win of Mon State constituency No 2 asked about arrangements for issuance of birth registration and birth certificate to babies across the nation. The deputy minister replied that the Health Department has instructed hospitals at different level, rural health centres and branches to issue the birth certificates to babies on schedules under supervision of the heads of township Health Department. Departments concerned will issue the birth certificates and birth registrations to the babies who were born in neighbouring countries. The children under five years who delayed 12 months to take birth registration and certificates can draw these certificates with approval from heads of region/state health departments. For the children under 10 years old, the Ministry of Health will scrutinize documents and cooperate with related ministries for issuance of certificates."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (70K)
          Date of entry/update: 06 April 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 20 March, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw agrees to discuss education amendment bill
          Date of publication: 21 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 20 March — The Amyotha Hluttaw on Friday agreed to discuss the national education amendment bill as proposed by Union Minister for Education Dr Daw Khin San Yi. The bill committee said the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw passed the National Education Law on 30 September 2014, prompting the student-led Democratic Education Movement Leading Committee to seek its amendment. Following four-party talks, the bill was brought before the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on 17 February, which handed over the case to the Amyotha Hluttaw on 20 February. The amendment of the education law was discussed in the upper house from 5 to 17 March. According to the bill committee, hearings drew nine representatives from the Democratic Education Movement Leading Committee, 20 from the National Network for Education Reform, 34 from political parties, eight from civil society organizations and 15 from educators and legal experts. The bill committee called for the Amyotha Hluttaw to discuss the education amendment bill as proposed by the education union minister by embracing it as a national concern and helping raise the education standard of the country."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (66K)
          Date of entry/update: 24 March 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 19 March 2015: Suspension bridge construction resumes in Kayin State
          Date of publication: 20 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Amyotha Hluttaw: Nay Pyi Taw, 19 March — The Amyotha Hluttaw on Thursday was urged to build a suspension bridge in the township of Thantaungyi, Kayin State, with Deputy Minister U Kyaw Kyaw Win responding that soil tests are under way ahead of its construction. The suspension bridge will have two lanes, he said. An MP proposed compensation for farmlands destroyed by seawater in some parts of Rakhine State, with the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation saying farmland management committees will examine the damage in the affected areas and report to the central government for recompense, pledging technical assistance. The parliament has agreed to discuss two proposals concerning its election amendment bill and a bill calling for the central government to form a commission to investigate the recent shipwreck in Myepon, a township in Rakhine State, and compensate the victims for their losses."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (64K)
          Date of entry/update: 24 March 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 18 March, 2015: Improved transport for tourism on agenda in Upper House
          Date of publication: 19 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 18 March — The Amyotha Hluttaw convened its 29th day meeting of the 12th regular session on Wednesday, with discussion of road construction in Mandalay region and promotion of tourism through improved transportation in Chin State. Replying to a query from Upper House MP U Soe Aung about the plan to build a new road outside Meikhtila Township to link Myingyan and Mandalay, Union Minister U Kyaw Lwin said the Ministry of Construction will conduct a feasibility study with Mandalay region government to upgrade the 4-mile-long earth road. U Paw Lyan Lwin, an MP of Chin State constituency 9 also asked for development of Bungtla Waterfall, the longest waterfall in Chin State near Matupi Township, into a tourist attraction. Deputy Minister at the President’s Office U Aung Thein said the Chin State government is developing its road networks, with understanding that reliable transportation is important for the tourism industry and the respective areas. The Amyotha Hluttaw then approved a bill on amending the Highways Act passed by the Pyithu Hluttaw with some amendments."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (67K)
          Date of entry/update: 24 March 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 16 March, 2015: Ministry of Electric Power to electrify villages in Seikpyu Tsp, Paletwa Tsp depending on budgets
          Date of publication: 17 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 16 March — The Amyotha Hluttaw continued for the 27th day session, here, on Monday. U Thaw Zin Oo of Magway Region Constituency raised a question on a plan for installation of 11 KVA power line along Seikpyu, Tegyi, Myaygyandaw, Gwaybin, Hteingan, Ywathitgyi and Kethsegan villages in Seikpyu Township. Deputy Minister for Electric Power U Aung Than Oo explained that electrification for 22 villages needs to install 11KV power lines in 23 miles of total length from Seikpyu power station to Lethse village and to Pintale village in the township and 23 transformers. Governments of regions and states sought funds for construction of small sub-power stations, 11 KV power lines and 400 volt power lines in 2014- 15 fiscal year. Magway region government plans to coordinate allotment of a fund for installation of 11 KV power line in coming fiscal years. U Salai Khwe Yan of Chin State Constituency No 12 asked whether there is a plan to supply electricity to Paletwa Township, Chin State, located on India- Myanmar Asian Highway. Deputy Minister U Aung Than Oo replied that Kyauktaw region in Rakhine State is being supplied electricity through 66 KV Ponnagyun-Kyauktaw power line and sub-power station as of 30 November 2014. A project must be implemented to electrify Paletwa region by building a 66-KV Kyauktaw- Paletwa power line and a sub-power station. Installation of power line and transformer for Paletwa region is expected to cost K12.235 billion except the expenditure for installation of power line to villages. Depending on the budget allotment of the government, the project will be implemented in 2015-16 fiscal year."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (71K)
          Date of entry/update: 20 March 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 12 March, 2015: Myanmar’s airlines urged to merge for giving better flight services
          Date of publication: 13 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 12 March — The Ministry of Transport and Department of Civil Aviation have urged Myanmar’s airlines to merge with among them or international airlines so as to give better flight services to the passengers, Deputy Minister for Transport U Zin Yaw replied to a question raised by U Nyunt Tin of Yangon Region Constituency No 2 at Thursday’s session of Amyotha Hluttaw. With regard to the ASEAN Open Sky Policy included in the question of U Nyunt Tin, the deputy minister said that Department of Civil Aviation will clarify the drafting Myanmar Aviation Policy to all stakeholders for seeking advices from them. The ministry allows establishment of joint venture airlines with 49 percent of foreign investment. The MP asked one related question on plans of the departments concerned to urge airlines not to recruit staff with incentives of high salaries and emoluments in competitiveness with opponent airlines. The deputy minister replied that the Ministry of Transport has responsibility to supervise safely operating the airlines in line with the International Civil Aviation Organization and economic policies, laws and regulations of the government. Recruitment of staff is under management of respective organizations. A video clip on hearing the bill amending the national education law was presented to MPs at the 12th session of Amyotha Hluttaw."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (67K)
          Date of entry/update: 20 March 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 12 March, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw convene 25th day meeting
          Date of publication: 12 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 11 March — Representatives of Amyotha Hluttaw discussed issues on road construction, steel factories and infrastructural development. Dr Htay Win, an MP of Ayeyawady region constituency 5, asked for the transfer of railway section between Htugyi and Bantbwegone from the Ministry of Rail Transportation to the Department of Rural Development under the Ministry of Livestock, Fishery and Rural Development. Deputy Minister for Rail Transportation U Myint Thein said as the railway section is no longer used and the handover is a possibility if the MLFRD seeks approval from the MRT. MPs also discussed report of Amyotha Hluttaw’s National Planning and Development Projects Committee on its fact-findings for the third three-year of 2014- 2015 fiscal year. U Phone Myint, an MP of Yangon Region constituency 3, said the report of committee has showed that Myingyan steel factory was targeted to manufacture 200 thousand tonnes of steel. However the target was not met and the factory was suspended. He continued that another steel factory namely Patpin is under construction and is expected to manufacture steel in 2015-2016 fiscal year to be able to supply Myingyan facility with raw steel. The representative also noted he is optimistic about the potential of Petpin facility as the project has also been advocated by Union Ministry for Industry U Maung Myint and parliamentarians. U Paw Lyan Lwin, an MP of Chin State constituency 9, said companies and contractors who won deals for state projects did not observe the standards promised in the agreements due to negligence of quality inspection teams. Later, U Pe Thaung, Amyotha Hluttaw’s Rescue and Relief Committee submitted a report on humanitarian works of Amyotha Hluttaw members led by speaker U Khin Aung Myint in Mandalay, Rakhine, and Yangon."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (68K)
          Date of entry/update: 20 March 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 10 March, 2015: Construction ministry giving compensations for land seizures in Nay Pyi Taw Council Area (incl. edu. law)
          Date of publication: 11 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 10 March — Union Minister for Construction U Kyaw Lwin said the ministry has given some compensations for land confiscations in Lewe and Pyinmana townships for construction of Lewe-Pyinmana Highway. During Amyotha Hluttaw session Tuesday, U Kyaw Lwin replied to the query of U Hmat Gyi from Mandalay Region constituency No.9, saying the ministry has compensate K407.11 million from Union Budget (Additional) to 217 farmers for 319.88 acres from December 28, 2014 to January 13 2015. He added the five remaining farmers will get compensations for a total of 7.8 acre in March after the land prices have been approved by local scrutinizing committee. The union minister also said that compensation will be given to 265 farmers for their 170.34 acres of vacant lands, 169.97 cultivated land and two buildings after the prices have been approved by relevant committees. Deputy Minister for Defence Maj-Gen Kyaw Nyunt said the farmers who are cultivating crops in army-owned lands will get loans from Myawady Bank and Inwa Bank if they agreed to sign they are temporarily working on these lands. The deputy minister also said these farmers will need approvals and recommendations for their property or the agreement of the military base concerned to return loans if the debtors failed to do so. Then, Amyotha Hluttaw members viewed video record that carries discussion about amendment of the bill for National Education Law."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (71K)
          Date of entry/update: 13 March 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 9 March, 2015: Education Ministry to allot budget for construction of school building in Launglon Tsp
          Date of publication: 10 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 9 March—At the Amyotha Hluttaw session Monday, Dr Aye Maung of Rakhine State Constituency No 1 asked about losses of land owners in construction of a market at corner of Strand Street and Zaygyi market in Kyaybingyi Ward, Sittway. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Kyaw Kyaw Win replied that in the time of the government of the State Law and Order Restoration Council, local authorities built a market in the above-mentioned place but allowed the land owners to purchase one apartment each at Ngwe Nadi housing near the market. Twelve land owners purchased the apartments and three did not buy the apartment. With regard to submissions of 15 land owners, the deputy minister retold a decision adopted by Rakhine State land utilization committee at its meeting on 10 October 2014 that priority will be given to 15 land owners when the committee implements the land reclamation and housing projects. U Tin Maung Myint of Taninthayi Region Constituency No 3 asked whether or not an 120x30 feet RC building will be constructed in the place of an old building at Sakhanthit Basic Education Primary School in Launglon Township. Deputy Minister for Education U Thant Shin explained that the Ministry of Education has earmarked to allot K48.60 million from the capital expenditure in 2015-16 fiscal year for construction of a new RC school building at Sakhanthit Village BEPS. A video clip on hearing the bill amending the National Education Law among officials of Amyotha Hluttaw Bill Committee, Action Committee for Democracy Education Movement, representatives of political parties was presented to all Mps."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (71K)
          Date of entry/update: 13 March 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 6 March, 2015: Political parties give suggestions on amendment to education law
          Date of publication: 07 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 6 March — Political parties suggested amendments to the education law at the Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) on Friday. Fifteen political parties held discussions with the Bill Committee and the Commission for Political, Economic and Legal Affairs, with the chairman of the Bill Committee urging participants to pool ideas to draft a bill to amend the National Education Law. It took nearly two years of coordination with international scholars and UN agencies for the national education bill to become a law, he stated. Despite being passed by parliament, the law sparked protests, prompting authorities to rework it. Student protesters accepted the parliament’s invitation to discuss the amendment to the law, but were unable to send a representative, prompting them to ask for another chance. According to the chairman, the parliament will inform them of a new date two or three days in advance. He pledged his committee will give careful consideration and special attention to suggestions made by political parties in writing the bill. The political parties contributed their opinions to the amendment to the National Education Law."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (64K)
          Date of entry/update: 09 March 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 5 March, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw bill committee meets students from ACDEM
          Date of publication: 06 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 5 March — Hearing for amendment bill of the national education law started at the Amyotha Hluttaw building on Thursday. Present were Chairman of Amyotha Hluttaw Bill Committee U Khin Maung Yi and members, Amyotha Hluttaw Political, Economic and Legal Affairs Commission Chairman U Myint Thein and members, students from the Action Committee for Democracy Education Movement including Maung Chit Win Maung, fourth year (Civil) Magway Technological Univeristy, Maung Pyae Phyo Kyaw, third year (Chemistry) Pakokku University, Maung Thant Sin Tun, fourth year (Civil), Pyay Technological University, Maung Zeyar Lwin, third year, Yangon University of Economics, Maung Ye Zarni Tun, second year, Hmawby University of Computer Studies, Maung Nan Lin, second year (Physics) Dagon University, Maung Paing Ye Thu, third year (Maths) Dagon University, Maung Wai Moe Naing, fourth year (English), Monywa University, Maung Min Lwin Oo, B.E (Mechanical) and Maung Thein Htein, incharge of documents for the ACDEM. At the meeting, the bill committee chairman explained that submitted bills have to be adopted in accordance with Hluttaw rules and regulations and students, political parties and civil society organizations can participate in the discussions which take place from 5 to 15 March. The political, economic and legal affairs commission chairman said that his commission is contributing to the political, economic and legal affairs of the Hluttaw. Maung Zeyar Lwin of the ACDEM said that they came to the Hluttaw to inform that they could not attend the hearing due to current situation in Letpatan but he said that they would closely watch the hearing and were willing to attend the hearing at an opportune time. Before the hearing, the chairmen of the committee and commission responded to questions raised by journalists."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (68K)
          Date of entry/update: 09 March 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 25 February, 2015: Adjudication at special appeal court needs approval of Chief Justice of the Union
          Date of publication: 26 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 25 Feb — Supreme Court Judge U Soe Nyunt said the Union Judiciary Law’s paragraph 20 has defined that except the case adjudicated by the Special Appeal Court of the Full Bench, if the Chief Justice of the Union considers that any problem on which action should be taken for the benefit of the public has arisen in any case finally adjudicated by the Supreme Court of the Union, he may cause the retrial of such problem by the special Appeal Court or by the Full bench. U Sai Mya Maung, an MP of Amyotha Hluttaw from constituency 2 of Kachin State, urged the Hluttaw for thorough investigation on civil case No. 10/2011 happened in Bhamo District, Kachin State. U Soe Nyunt replied that the Chief Justice of the Union has not decided to adjudicate the case as it has not reached to his office. To get a way near the fence of PTTEI in Ye Phyu Township, Dawei district of Taninthayi region, U Maung Sein, an MP of Taninthayi region constituency 5, sought the help of Ministry of Energy. Deputy Minister U Myint Zaw said a total of K1, 688,462,225 have been compensated to land owners in 2011 for 75.04 acres, and MOGE and PTTEPI have a plan to construct a road beside the fence of company, while the investigation team on this issue recommended a 10-ft road. He also said that the construction will be started after it has been approved by Taninthayi Region government. Amyotha Hluttaw than approved bill on the rights of disabled persons."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (71K)
          Date of entry/update: 02 March 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 24 February, 2015: Health Department to raise health awareness for betel quid chewers
          Date of publication: 25 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 24 Feb — Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) continued its 20th day session at its hall, here, on Tuesday. U Phone Myint Aung of Yangon Region Constituency No 3 asked a question on keeping warnings at betel quid shops for raising customers’ health awareness. Deputy Minister for Health Dr Win Myint replied that under the supervision of region and state Health Department, district and township Health Department disseminate knowledge about danger of chewing betel quid to the people. Arrangements are being made for putting up vinyl and posters on danger and disadvantages of chewing betel quid at the public places. U Aung Cho Oo of Bago Region Constituency No 5 asked whether departments and organization extract sand and gravel from Ayeyawady River or not. Deputy Minister for Transport U Han Sein replied that Ministry of Transport does not have authority to allow extraction of sand and gravel from the river but it replies remarks of township and district authorities to the entrepreneurs. U Ha Shein Bwe of Chin State Constituency No 8 submitted a proposal calling for implementing the small-scale dams to irrigate highland farming and terrace farming in less developed states and the Hluttaw approved the proposal."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (68K)
          Date of entry/update: 01 March 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 23 February, 2015: School libraries in operation, says education deputy minister
          Date of publication: 24 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 23 Feb — Deputy Minister for Education U Thant Shin discussed on the suggestion of U Salai Khwe Yan of Chin State’s No 12 constituency for development of school libraries across the country. In reply to the ethnic MP at Amyotha Hluttaw on Monday, U Thant Shin said that libraries in the state-run schools are now operating as a ‘learning environment’ to support both children and teachers. He also said Ministry of Education is persuading the school children to develop reading habit, and setting up mobile libraries in cooperation with Ministry of Information. Defence Services Personnel representative Major Kyaw Nu Maw also said that libraries are knowledge banks for all people and annual fund will be needed to set up school libraries traditionally or digitally. U Thein Hlaing, an MP of Sagaing Region constituency 8, said slow development of libraries in the country is due to the lack of skills by librarians and of reading habit among the people, especially in rural areas. Another military representative said education sector must be promoted to become a modernized country, and both the government and communities should support for the emergence of libraries in more than 40,000 state-run schools. U Bo Rei, an MP of Kayah State constituency 3, said books and libraries are true friends of children as knowledge banks. Daw Khin Waing Kyi, an MP of Yangon Region constituency 1, said, a wide knowledge could help someone in making right decision. U Aung Cho Oo, an MP of Bago Region constituency 11, also suggested libraries should be developed through modern technologies. Amyotha Hluttaw then decided to keep records of these discussion."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (67MB)
          Date of entry/update: 01 March 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 19 February, 2015: Ministers’ Office to be opened as museum for public observation
          Date of publication: 20 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 19 Feb — At the 19th day session of Amyotha Hluttaw on Thursday, Dr Myat Nyana Soe of Yangon Region Constituency No 4 asked whether there is a plan to build social security housings under the 2012 Social Security Law. Deputy Minister for Labour, Employment and Social Security Daw Win Maw Tun replied that depending on economic development of the State and financial situation, the housing project will be submitted to the union government in coming fiscal years. Those workers wishing to buy the housing must pay the whole cost or 25 percent of their income to the project monthly during 180 months period under the 1954 Social Security Act and 2012 Social Security Law. U Saw Maw Tun of Bago Region Constituency No 1 asked whether there is a plan to arrange public observation of historic parliament building in the compound of Secretariat in Yangon. Deputy Minister for Construction U Soe Tint replied that Myanmar Investment Commission invited tender for renovation of the Ministers’ Office (Secretariat) in Botahtaung Township, Yangon, and allowed Anawmar Fine Arts Co Ltd to renovate the building. The company will open historic rooms where martyrs were assassinated, office of General Aung San and parliament building for public observation. U Myo Myint of Mandalay Region Constituency No 6 submitted a proposal calling for successful implementation of projects in development of Myanmar’s future electric power sector. Three MP seconded the motion, and Hluttaw approved the proposal."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (69K)
          Date of entry/update: 22 February 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 18 February, 2015: Measures being taken to prevent Ebola, says deputy health ministe
          Date of publication: 19 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 18 Feb — The Deputy Minister for Health said the ministry is taking measures to prevent the spread Ebola virus which was found in Guinea in West Africa, in March 2014. In reply to the question of U Khin Maung Yi, an MP of Ayeyawady region constituency 6, the deputy minister said according to the statistics of World Health Organization on February 8, 2015, a total of 22,894 people in six countries of West Africa, as well as in Spain and the United States, were infected with Ebola virus, with a death toll of 9,177. The deputy minister also said the Ministry is cooperating with WHO, International Air Transport Association, International Civil Aviation Organization, international airlines and World Courier Service to be able send blood samples of Ebola suspected patients as the establishments of laboratories with the highest biosafety level 4 (BSL-4) are very expensive. Detection of Ebola virus is being carried out at airports and border checkpoints, while training programmes for treating infected persons are conducted for healthcare staff. U Khet Htain Nan, an MP of Kachin State constituency 1, urged Union Government during the session to set up a sports institute in Myitkyina, the capital of state. The proposal was supported by U Phe Thaung, an MP of Kachin State constituency 6, saying that the Ministry of Sports should make strategies to nurture skillful sportspersons in ethnic areas. U Sai Tin Aung, an MP of Kachin State constituency 5, also suggested to make short and long term plans for sports in other states and regions in addition to a huge investments in Nay Pyi Taw. Deputy Minister then explained that the lack of budget allocation will not make it possible to construct a sports institution in Myitkyina."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (72K)
          Date of entry/update: 22 February 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 16 February, 2015: Myanmar Investment Commission defends bylaw and notification
          Date of publication: 17 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 16 Feb — Deputy Minister Dr Maung Maung Thein, a member of Myanmar Investment Commission, said Monday bylaw and notifications of Foreign Investment Law are not ultra vires to the law. In reply to U Tin Yu, an MP of Yangon region constituency 3, Dr Maung Maung Thein clarified bylaws and notifications are not beyond the powers in line with the definitions of ‘letter of law’ and ‘spirit of law’, as he was quoting article 3 of the Foreign Investment Law that says the Law shall apply to business stipulated by the Commission, by notification, with the prior approval of the Union Government. He also said paragraph numbers 4, 5 and 7 explain details of this article about restriction, prohibitions and investment in business sector, as well as possible permissions. Notification number 49/2014 issued in August last year has stipulated the list of economic activities under prohibition. The Deputy Minister said sectors that have been allowed or prohibited can vary from time to time. MPs also agreed to discuss amendment bill on 2012 Amyotha Hluttaw Law which is required to meet the changing situations directly related with the Upper House."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (66K)
          Date of entry/update: 22 February 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 10 February, 2015: No waste of budget in Nay Pyi Taw development plan, says council member
          Date of publication: 11 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 10 Feb — Dr Myat Nyana Soe, MP of Yangon Region constituency 4, asked whether the government has a pragmatic and sound plan with systematic use of budget for Nay Pyi Taw development programmes as budget allocation for the new capital is higher than any other major cities of the country. The previous administration founded it and regarded as the capital, as per 2008 Constitution. U Kan Chun, member of Nay Pyi Taw Council, said there is no waste of budget for the capital with the Town Plan to meet international standards to become a clean and tidy ‘green city’ after the capital has been developed with sustainable infrastructural sectors to promote social lives of residents, business and human resources. Replying to the question of U Paw Htan Tai, MP of Chin State about preparations of Union Election Commission for 2015 general elections, a member of the electoral body said transparent advance voting system has been stipulated in electoral bylaws for respective Hluttaws. He also said advance voting system will be explained in the election management courses. Under the electoral law the eligible voters, except those who have cast advance vote, will have to cast votes at poll station in person, and no one is allowed on behalf of them. He assured that UEC has adopted a 12- point five-year strategic plan from 2014 to 2018, including preparations for holding 2015 general elections successfully. Speaker of Pyithu Hluttaw decided question and answers of this issue will be described in Myanmar Gazette in accordance with Amyotha Hluttaw Rules 122."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (69K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 9 February, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw approves motion on effective prevention of drug abuse
          Date of publication: 10 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 9 Feb— Amyotha Hluttaw Session on Monday discussed the motion calling for the government to implement projects for establishing educative training centres for drug addicts in every township to prevent them from choosing wrong course of life in cooperation with civil society organizations, government departments, INGOs and NGOs submitted by Representative U Pe Thaung. The motion was seconded by four representatives who proposed to form bodies made up of teachers and town elders to expose drug addicts and give treatment to them as well as to take action against traffickers, to restructure current rehabilitation centres for effective measures, and to educate young people in townships on drug abuse and to expose drug traffickers regardless of their statuses. In response to the motion, Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Kyaw Tun said that Myanmar is a signatory to three UN conventions on prevention of drug abuse and has formed a central body to combat drug abuse and trafficking under which rehabilitation centres for drug addicts are treating drug addicts who offer themselves to the centres and those who are sent there by their parents without taking legal action against them. Educative measures are also being taken at township level while the anti-drug squad is being expanded by adding 50 more anti- drug teams, according to the deputy minister. He added that the ministry is also cooperating with local and international organizations to treat and rehabilitate drug addicts. The session approved the motion. Other topic discussed at the session included raising travel allowance for government employees and amendment of the law translation bill. Deputy Minister for Finance Dr Lin Aung said travel allowance for government employees would be raised starting from 2015-16 fiscal year while the speaker agreed to discuss the law translation bill."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (69K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 6 February, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw session goes on for twelfth day
          Date of publication: 07 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 6 Feb — Amyotha Hluttaw session continued for twelfth day on Friday, with submission of a report and two proposals and five questions that were answered. On a question whether a plan for establishment of pine forests to prevent deforestation in Chin State through cooperation between the Ministry of U Steven Tha Beik of Chin State Constituency No (4), Deputy Minister U Aye Myint Maung revealed a plan to commercially establish 100-acre pine plan- tation funded by the Union budget and set up community forest plantations at 10 villages in Chin State with the use of the funds of the state government in 2015-2016 FY. The ministry will cooperate with UN agencies and international organizations if it receives requests from them, the deputy minister added. On a question raised by U Hla Swe of Magway Region Constituency No (12) asking how to realize the transformation of Red Cross Society, Deputy Minister Dr Win Myint said that a directive to increase membership of region/state/district Red Cross Society supervisory committee with two more townselders each until 31 December 2015 was released. During the session, U Myo Myint of Mandalay Region Constituency No (6) submitted a motion calling for implementation of projects that can guarantee equality of having access to electricity in the country. Amyotha Hluttaw decided to discuss the proposal."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (68K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 5 February, 2015: Development of SMEs creates middle class people
          Date of publication: 06 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 5 Feb— At the 13th day session of Amyotha Hluttaw on Thursday, Q&A session focused on upgrading of a laterite road linking Awaing Village and Yangon-Mandalay highway, adoption of a project for prevention of floods in Yangon, construction of Manipur Dam, electrification of villages in Thanatpin Township and construction of a hydropower station in Yathedaung Township. Dr Myat Nyana Soe of Yangon Constituency No 4 asked a question whether there is a plan to adopt a project for prevention of floods in commercial hub Yangon city annually. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Aung Thein replied that repairing of drains and installation of sluice gates at outlet of rivers and creeks are being carried out in fiscal years in Yangon not to cause floods. Yangon City Development Committee has conducted preliminary survey in three downtown townships for prevention of flood. If the region government cannot spend the budget for the project, the committee will seek the budget from President’s special fund and submit the report to the union government for taking technology. MPs participated in discussions of SME development bill. U Nay Win Tun of Shan State Constituency No 9 and U Hla Swe of Magway Region Constituency No 12 discussed prospects from development of SMEs and progress of SMEs to emerge a middle class people for Myanmar’s graduation from lower developed countries status, and seeking foreign assistance and technology for development of SMEs in Myanmar. The speaker of the Hluttaw decided the Amyotha Hluttaw Bill Committee must review the discussions of the Mps."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (70K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 4 February 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw approves motion to encourage yam cultivation
          Date of publication: 05 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 4 Feb — Amyotha Hlutaw session on Wednesday discussed the motion calling for the union government to take systematic measures for yam cultivation in suitable areas submitted by Representative U Har Shein Bway. The motion was seconded by Representative U Paw Lyan Lwin. He said that it is necessary for the government to arrange loans for yam cultivation at low interest rates while the Ministry of Commerce and the Ministry of Cooperatives are required to set up yam purchasing centres in villages. Representative U Salai Khweyan supported the motion, saying that yam can be a new product item that will raise the income of the country if yam researches are conducted and the cultivation is expanded. He also called for the government to provide financial and technical assistance to yam farmers. Representative U Nyunt Tin said it is necessary to form an organization of yam farmers for successful cultivation of yam. Concerning the motion, Union Minister for Commerce U Win Myint said that the country exported 3,525 tons of yam worth US$ 6.489 million up to 16 January in 2014- 15 fiscal year, adding that helping yam farmers will contribute to raising the living standards of yam farmers and increased export earnings of the country. He continued to say that a body has been formed and the ministry has urged authorities to set up yam cultivation zones. In conclusion, he said that systematic storage and processing techniques will help raise the prices of yam in the market. The session approved the motion and accepted another motion for discussions urging the government to establish libraries in basic education schools. Representative U Moe Myint raised a question at the session on construction and maintenance of school buildings in No. 1 Basic Education High School in Myeik. Deputy Minister for Education Dr Zaw Min Aung said the government has allotted K 64.8 million for construction of a building in 2015- 15 fiscal year and arrangements will be made to allot more fund for maintenance of a school building."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (70K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 3 February, 2015: DICA issues company registrations, work licences, permission within three days
          Date of publication: 04 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Amyotha Hluttaw 3 February, 2015 DICA issues company registrations, work licences, permission within three days Nay Pyi Taw, 3 Feb — Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) held the 11th day session at its hall in Hluttaw Complex, here, on Tuesday. U Zone Hle Htan of Chin State Constituency No 2 asked whether there is a plan to publish the book on information and rules on company registration, work licence and permission for the people. Deputy Minister for National Planning and Economic Development Daw Lei Lei Thein replied that Directorate of Investment and Companies Administration gives talks and share knowledge about company registration process, and procedures of application for investment in regions and states and through www. dica.gov.com of the directorate. The department eases rules and regulations for convenience of applicants and opens branches in Nay Pyi Taw, Yangon, Mandalay, Taunggyi and Mawlamyine for company registration. The department issues company’s registration, work licence and permission within three days. The ministry has no plan to publish the book on information and procedures for registration. Defence Services Personnel representative Col Khin Soe asked about matters related to NGOs and INGOs in Myanmar. Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Kyaw Tun explained that according to the section 42 of association registration law, a total of 663 non-governmental organizations and 106 INGOs, totalling 769 operate their tasks in Myanmar. NGOs carry out social tasks in line with their missions and visions. INGOs sign MoU with ministries concerned for undertaking education, health, social, environmental conservation, relief and rehabilitation in the nation. A total of 76 NGOs, UN and INGOs are undertaking tasks in Rakhine State. Of them, 26 NGOs, UN and INGOs are carrying out education and health sectors, 13 teams for children and aged care, 23 teams for supply of potable water and regional development, eight teams for rescue and relief of natural disaster and environmental conservation and six teams for social welfare tasks. The UGO/INGOs are operating their tasks under the supervision of ministries concerned and local authorities under the laws."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (71K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 2 February, 2015: Waingmaw to get retaining wall for prevention of bank erosion
          Date of publication: 03 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 2 Feb— At the 10th day session of the Amyotha Hluttaw on Monday, U Gam Sai of Kachin State Constituency No 2 asked whether there is a plan to build a 472 feet long gravel-filled retaining wall for bank erosion of Ayeyawady River at Ward 1 in Waingmaw. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Kyaw Kyaw Win replied that Kachin State Water Resources Utilization Department will be assigned to conduct feasibility study for construction of retaining wall and to seek approval from the head office of the department. Then, the department will be ordered to demand the funds from the separate budget of the president and the budget from Kachin State government in 2015- 16 fiscal year. Depending on the fund, the department will build the retaining wall. U Thein Hlaing of Sagaing Region Constituency No 8 asked about a plan for construction of Razagyo Dam. Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Khin Zaw replied that construction of the embankment at Razagyo Dam in Kalay Township, Sagaing Region, has been completed by 96 percent, a spillway by 100 percent, a hydropower station by 65 percent and feeder canals by 27 percent in 2014-15 fiscal year. T he budget proposal has been submitted to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw for completion of remaining tasks in 2015-16 fiscal year. If the Hluttaw approved the budget proposal, the project will be implemented in 2015-16 FY."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (69K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 29 January 2015: MPs debate Population Control Healthcare Bill
          Date of publication: 30 January 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 29 Jan— The Speaker of Amyotha Hluttaw decided to bring the Population Control Healthcare Bill back to Amyotha Hluttaw Bill Committee after the bill was debated at the Hluttaw today. U Khin Maung Latt of Rakhine State’s No. 6 constituency has suggested to enact the bill as a law, stressing the need for adopting policies which are adapted to situation of Myanmar as it is located between the countries where population explosion is happening. U Zone Hlyal Htan of Chin State’s constituency No. 2 and Dr Myint Naing of Sagaing Region Constituency No. 3 have suggested to take time to be able to thoroughly make assessment to the bill before enacting it. Maj Ye Wint Soe, a representative from the Ministry of Defence Services, has pointed out that there is no sections for punishment for hindrances to the health care services which would be carried out in accordance with the law. He has suggested to think about whether punishments should be added to the bill. U J Yaw Wu of Kachin State’s constituency No. 12 has objected the Population Control Healthcare Bill while Daw Khin Waing Kyi of Yangon Region’s No. 1 constituency seconded it."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (68K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 28 January, 2015: Government helps tea farmers and merchants
          Date of publication: 29 January 2015
          Description/subject: "Deputy Minister: Nay Pyi Taw, 28 Jan — The government is helping tea farmers by taking measures to export tea to Japan and display tea products at the ASEAN Food Show, Deputy Minister for Commerce Dr Pwint Hsan said in his response to a question at the Amyotha Hluttaw session on Wednesday. In addition, the government formed a central body of tea farmers, tea producers and tea merchants, according to the deputy minister. The government has established a tea market and it is necessary for the central body and the Association of Myanmar Fruit, Flowers and Vegetables Farmers, Manufacturers and Exporters to cooperate with local authorities for the stability of the tea market while the government offers necessary assistance, the deputy minister said. Another question raised at the session was responded by Deputy Minister for Education Dr Zaw Min Aung, who said that transfers and promotion of teachers in basic education sector are being carried out in a transparent manner by announcing vacancies on notice boards at township, district and region/state education offices when application forms are invited for transfers and promotions. Afterwards, a representative discussed the religion conversion bill and the speaker decided to discuss the bill at the next session. The speaker reported to the Amyotha Hluttaw on measures taken by the government concerning the construction works that fall short of building standard."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (66K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 27 January, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw discusses parental leave and business in ethnic armed group areas
          Date of publication: 28 January 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 27 Jan — Amoytha Hluttaw discussed Tuesday three issues of parental leave for government employees, security for businesses in the areas of ethnic armed groups and modern railway system. In response to the question of MP Dr Myat Nyana Soe, Chairman U Kyaw Thu of Union Civil Services Board explained female employees of civil service can enjoy six-month maternal leave, while the husband of that woman or the male employee of non-civil service woman cannot enjoy paternal leave. However, the male employee can get one of the 10 types of two-week leave to take care her wife and new-born baby, but not paternal leave, in accordance with Civil Service Law. U Kyaw Thu also said the new mother can enjoy the full term of six-month maternal leave even though the baby died; however, the leave of her husband cannot be extended. Regarding the question MP U Soe Thet, Deputy Minister at President Office U Aung Thein answered that the government and ethnic armed groups have reached an agreement that the latter’s approval and discussions with both sides are needed to carry out development programmes and businesses in their areas where ceasefire agreement has been made. The government has signed ceasefire agreement with 14 ethnic armed groups, while KIA has agreed to ease tension. For the question of Major Aung Kyaw Zaw, Deputy Minister of Rail Transportation U Myint Thein said two railways of Asia railway network of India- China-Thailand under the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) and Kunming-Singapore railway will pass through Myanmar with standard gauge system. The ministry is now producing dual gauge sleepers compatible with both meter gauge and standard gauge systems to upgrade railways across the country."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (68K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 26 January, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw divided on religious conversion bill
          Date of publication: 27 January 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 26 Jan— Amotha Hluttaw representatives were divided on the religious conversion bill on its sixth day session on Monday, with Representative U Khin Maung Latt of Rakhine State Constituency (6) saying enacting the bill will contribute to reduction of conflicts, stability and national interests while Representative U Aung Kyi Nyunt of Magway Region Constituency (4) was of the view that special care and enough time should be taken for enactment of an unbiased and meaningful law as the bill will force people to convert religion as its side effects and stoke the worry of national races instead of protecting the freedom of worship. However, Representative Dr Banya Aung Moe of Mon State Constituency (7) said that the bill will not affect the freedom of worship and will encourage people of different religions to live in unity. Similarly, Defence Services Personnel Representative Lt-Col Thein Lwin believed that the bill is in accordance with the state constitution and meets the international legal standards without preventing freedom of religious conversion. He said the bill systematize the conversion of religion. Representatives U Nyan Lin of Ayeyawady Region Constituency (3) and U Phone Myint Aung of Yangon Region Constituency (3) proposed redrafting the bill while Representatives U Zonhle Htan of Chin State Constituency (2) and U J Yaw Wu of Kachin State Constituency (12) objected to it. Debate on the bill will continue on the seventh day session of the Amyotha Hluttaw."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (68K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 23 January, 2015: Recovery plans for environmental degradation explained in Amyotha Hluttaw
          Date of publication: 24 January 2015
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 23 Jan — The Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) session here on Friday saw a question arise as to plans for the recovery of environmental degradation caused by some ministries. U Aye Myint Maung, Deputy Minister for Environmental Conservation and Forestry, responded that cautious efforts are underway to minimize serious damage to the environment through supervisions at all levels. The ministry has instructed mining companies to refill open pits with topsoil from exploration sites and grow perennial trees and shady trees in order to maintain ecosystems. According to the deputy minister, permission for mine closure requires an approval from local governments, which will inspect activities of land remediation and reclamation carried out by extractive companies in areas concerned. “Legal actions are being taken against mine sites being operated without permission,” he said. As to another question of how PTTEP, a Thai oil company, received permission to drill for oil in the Bayon forest reserve in Magway Region, the deputy minister said that the Thailand’s oil company is carrying out oil drilling in cooperation with the Ministry of Energy for national interests on the basis of mutual benefits. He added the oil firm recompensed over K16,749 million for 4.88 acres of land affected by their project. The religious conversion bill also came under discussion at the Amyotha Hluttaw session, with an MP from Chin State calling for a deferment of the bill because of its potential for undesirable effects. “Myanmar enjoys human rights and freedom of worship to the full,” he said. An MP from Rakhine State welcomed the bill, saying that it protects freedom of worship and forced religious conversion, and is compatible with human rights.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (71K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 22 January, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw Recompense for farmlands affected by highway construction underway
          Date of publication: 23 January 2015
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 22 Jan — U Soe Tint, Deputy Minister for Construction, at the Amyotha Hluttaw session here on Thursday responded to a question of paying compensation to people affected by the construction of the Yangon-Mandalay highway. The ministry in the 2013-2014 fiscal year paid nearly K1.486 billion to 976 farmers in recompense for the loss of 2,402.75 acres of their farmland, with the deputy minister saying that arrangements are underway to compensate over K1.182 billion to 797 farmers in four townships of the Nay Pyi Taw Council Area for the loss of 1,864.04 acres of their farmland in the 2014- 2014 FY. He added that over K124m has been earmarked for spending on affected farmland in Bago Region, whose area is still being measured. The compensation could be made, following an approval by the local government, he said, adding that funds of K10 billion have been appealed to recompense affected farmers in the regions of Yangon, Bago and Mandalay as well as the Nay Pyi Taw council area in the 2015-2016 FY. U Than Swe, Deputy Minister for Culture, dealt with a question of whether donations are allowed for the effort to maintain the World’s Biggest Book, a stone inscription which has been inscribed on the World Heritage List. The deputy minister explained cooperation between Myanmar and Australian researchers and archaeologists in preserving the pages of stone inscriptions, collecting data and upload digitalized photos of stone inscriptions online. Reckless acts of some people have caused damage to some stone pages, with the deputy minister saying that the damage is due to chemical reactions of correction ink, whitewash and metallic ink. Such acts have now been prohibited and donors are welcome to contribute to re-inking the inscriptions, according to the deputy minister. The Amyotha Hluttaw approved a bill that revokes “the Agricultural Produce Markets Act” submitted by Deputy Minister for Commerce Dr Pwint Hsan and agreed to discuss a proposal that calls for the government to open a sport institute in Myitkyina, Kachin State.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (70K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 21 January, 2015: Amyotha Hluttaw discusses land seizure, electoral system
          Date of publication: 22 January 2015
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 21 Jan— Land confiscation of Tatmadaw and proportional representation electoral systems are discussed at the twelfth regularly meeting of Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) Wednesday. Major General Kyaw Nyunt, deputy minister for Defence, answered the questions of two representatives about land seizure of Tatmadaw and incentive cash for military personnel in remote areas. Answering to the question of U Thaw Zin Oo, representative of Magway region constituency 9, the deputy defence minister said Tatmadaw will not release an area of 450 acres as these were seized by respective commands for security reasons. He explained in these areas, only 268 acres are land plots, while 153.38 acres are pond areas; crops are cultivated on the cultivable lands for household funds of families. The deputy minister said Ministry of Home Affairs issued land permits for these areas where buildings and offices have been constructed for the families of military staff and command. Regarding the question of U Mahn Kan Nyunt, representative of Kayin State constituency 2, the major general said military staff in remote areas never enjoyed incentive cash as they are receiving extra money from their own cultivation and livestock in their respective commands, while they are provided with food rations. Chairman of Amyotha Hluttaw informed the Upper House about submitting a proposal to constitutional tribunal for verification of proportional representation voting system for the state constitution. Twenty- six representatives of Amyotha Hluttaw asked the practices of PR system for the seats of Upper House and state/region Hluttaw except self-administration regions under the arrangement of Union Election Commission.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (69K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 20 January, 2015: Bago village health care centre to be upgraded to station hospital in next FY
          Date of publication: 21 January 2015
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Jan — The deputy minister for Health at the Amyotha Hluttaw session here on Tuesday responded to a question concerning a permission to the construction of a station hospital and the possible appointment of medical staff by the government in Thapyu village of Kawa township, Bago Region. Dr Daw Thein Thein Htay said that there is difficult access by road and waterway even to the nearest hospital from the village, thereby causing local people great travelling expenses. The deputy minister promised to upgrade the village’s health care centre to a regional hospital in 2015-2016 fiscal year. A well-wisher has set up a fund close to K600 million, with another well-wisher pledging a five acres of plot at the front entrance of the village, according to the deputy minister. A defence service personnel representative asked the Hluttaw whether a village in Taungtha township, Mandalay Region, could get a tube well drilled for fresh water. Responding to the question, U Tin Ngwe, Deputy Minister for Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development, said that his ministry have received a fund of K4.44787 billion for 2014-2015 fiscal year to undertake 381 water facilities in Mandalay Region. The township of Taungtha has been earmarked for 19 water supply facilities with a K345 million fund for 2014-2015 fiscal year and a deep tube well with a K9.95 million for following fiscal year, according to the deputy minister.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (69K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015


        • Amyotha Hluttaw: Meetings in 2014

          Individual Documents

          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 26 November, 2014: Rakhine State extends cultivable and livestock breeding lands
          Date of publication: 27 November 2014
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (124K)
          Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 25 November, 2014: Three bills passed at Amyotha Hluttaw session
          Date of publication: 26 November 2014
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (123K)
          Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw 24 November, 2014: Amyotha Hluttaw approves PR system
          Date of publication: 25 November 2014
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (124K)
          Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw to discuss amendment bills
          Date of publication: 22 November 2014
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw 21 Nov — The speaker of the Amyotha Hluttaw informed the Hluttaw session on Friday of the approval of the Pyithu Hluttaw on bills amending laws stipulating the salaries, allowances and titles of union level officials, the chairman and members of the Nay Pyi Taw Council, and chairmen and members of self-administered regions and areas. However, the Pyithu Hluttaw sent the bills amending the laws stipulating the salaries, allowances and titles of state/region level officials, representatives of the Pyithu Hluttaw, the Amyotha Hluttaw and state/region Hluttaw representatives and leading members of self-administered regions and areas to the Amyotha Hluttaw with added notes. Afterwards, members of the Amyotha Hluttaw Bill Committee U Tin Mya, U Maung Aye Tun and Deputy Minister for Commerce Dr Pwint Hsan submitted the bill on the budget allocation proposal, the report on repealing the Agricultural Produce Markets Act and the bill repealing the Agricultural Produce Markets Act, respectively. The act was enacted in 1941 so it fails to reflect the current situation. The Amyotha Hluttaw session today also agreed to debate the bills amending the Diplomats and Consular Officers (Oaths and Fees) Act and amending the United Nations (Rights and Exemptions) Act submitted by Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs U Tin Oo Lwin.
          Language: Burmese
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (124K)
          Date of entry/update: 25 November 2014


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw holds 31st session
          Date of publication: 21 November 2014
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Nov — Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Kyaw Tun responded to questions for the ministry at the Amyotha Hluttaw session (Upper House) on Thursday. In his response to a question on issuing land grants to families residing in Kanthaya Village formerly registered as Gatekon Village in Taikkyi Township in Yangon Region, the deputy minister said that since the village is situated on pasture land, it is necessary for the township general administration department to apply for the cancellation of the pasture land to the Ministry of Home Affairs in accordance with rules and regulations. To change the name of the village, the Yangon Region chief minister is required to submit his recommendation to the president, according to the deputy minister. If approved, the residents can apply for land grants in accordance with rules and regulation, the deputy minister said. Regarding a question as to whether the ministry has plans to purchase helicopters for the fire brigade, the deputy minister said that despite the efforts of the ministry to improve the skill of personnel in fire brigades by sending them to undergo training at home and abroad, no plan has been made to purchase helicopters as priority has been placed on expanding the fire brigade, substituting old fire engines with new ones and purchasing modern equipment. As to the questions on drug trafficking in Rakhine State, the deputy minister said a number of measures have been taken to prevent the inflow of drugs into the state and that educational measures are also being implemented at schools.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf 9124K)
          Date of entry/update: 25 November 2014


          Title: Unscrupulous fuel stations can face temporary or permanent cancellation of their licences
          Date of publication: 19 November 2014
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 18 Nov — Maj Zawana, a defense services personnel representative, asked the Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) on Tuesday about action taken against unscrupulous oil stations nationwide, with the deputy minister responding that supervisory committees inspect fuel stations to ensure oil quality and accurate measurement. He added that action is taken against fuel stations found guilty of dishonest sales by means of from temporary to total cancellation of their licences. A question was concerned with the possibility of upgrading an industrial ward to an industrial zone in Loikaw, Kayah State. U Aung Thein, Deputy Minister for President Office, responded that it is possible to promote the ward to an industrial zone on condition that industrialists there ask for so, adding that local departments will give loans to manufacturers with complete documents. According to the deputy minister, there are 38 applicants, of whom 18 have been linked with the Small and Medium Enterprises Bank for the loans. Speaking of technical assistance, he said that workshops and seminars have been held between local SME entrepreneurs and those of Germany, South Korea and Japan.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (124K)
          Date of entry/update: 25 November 2014


          Title: Laungshay rejected for inclusion on World Heritage List
          Date of publication: 15 November 2014
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 14 Nov — Deputy Minister for Culture U Than Swe on Friday rejected a request by U Hla Swe of Magway Region constituency-12 to the Amyotha Hluttaw on Friday to include Laungshay in Saw, a town in Magway Region, as an archaeological site on the World Heritage List and as a tourist destination. U Than Swe said that there is no plan to inscribe Laungshay on the World Heritage List as it takes nearly four years to collect data for an archaeological site to be submitted. The deputy minister added that one of eight proposed areas has so far been submitted to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization for inclusion on the list. Other questions asked at the Amyotha Hluttaw were concerned with road construction, agriculture, social welfare and resettlement, culture and power supply.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (124K)
          Date of entry/update: 25 November 2014


          Title: Upper House discuss security measures for Myanmar immigrants in Malaysia
          Date of publication: 12 November 2014
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 11 Nov—Representatives from Hluttaw Affairs Committee of Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) presented its report on security measures for Myanmar immigrants in Malaysia, who are being killed in clashes. The report said that Myanmar delegation led by Myanmar ambassador to Malaysia, military attaché and deputy counselor has discussed the matter to protect Myanmar migrant workers in Malaysia on 10 July 2014, asking for protection on Myanmar migrant workers and investigations on the murder cases. It also said that although the three ministries of Myanmar tried to bring back undocumented Myanmar migrants since 27 December 2013 with the formation of a committee at the Myanmar embassy in Malaysia, few of them contacted it. The report also mentioned that in many accidents Malaysian police could not file the cases though they found the suspects in murder cases due to the lack of concrete evidences, delaying to hand over the cases to the respective courts; in some cases, witnesses dare not give their statements to the courts, causing to close the cases. It also said that Myanmar embassy there has some limitations on resolving the problems of illegal migrants there in accordance with Malaysian laws. Between 2012 and September 2014, police forces of Myanmar and Malaysia worked together on investigations of 21 criminal cases. The report also suggested Myanmar migrant workers in Malaysia to take care themselves when moving around outside by observing the existing laws, and the establishment of a mutual legal assistance mechanism to help investigate on the criminal cases concerned with both countries. During its 28th day session of Amyotha Hluttaw on 11 November, the parliamentarians also discussed housing projects for the homeless, which has been handed over to the Yangon City Development Committee by the Department of Human Settlement and Housing Development.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (125K)
          Date of entry/update: 25 November 2014


          Title: Supreme Court Judge responds to legal questions in Amyotha Hluttaw
          Date of publication: 10 November 2014
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 10 Nov--The Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) session on Monday raised questions on two lawsuits concerning disputes over collective saving schemes. Supreme Court judge of the Union U Soe Nyunt responded to the legal questions, saying that the collective saving schemes are based on contracts that all participants contribute a certain amount of money every month and that each participant is entitled to take out the money in turn. If one of the participants breaks the contract, those who suffer losses have the right to file civil suits against the persons who break the contract s, he added. In the lawsuits against those in charge of the collective saving scheme, the accused failed to reimburse the savings entrusted to them and they were found to have breached Section 406 and 420 of the Penal Code. Legal action was taken against them in accordance with the law, the Supreme Court Judge said. However, a breach of contract suit is required to be filed within three years from the incident under the Limitation Act. Therefore, the plaintiffs in the civil suit in Bhamo District lost their suit because they filed the case more than three years after the breach occurred, the chief justice explained.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (124K)
          Date of entry/update: 25 November 2014


          Title: Only member countries propose their cultural and natural sites as world heritage
          Date of publication: 31 October 2014
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 30 Oct — "A defence services representative asked the Amyotha Hluttaw on Thursday about the procedures of listing world heritage sites and ongoing arrangements for the inclusion of cultural heritage sites which are still left...Another question was concerned with the possibility of giving out low- interest loans to casual labourers as in agricultural loans to farmers. "
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (48K)
          Date of entry/update: 08 November 2014


          Title: Amyotha Hluttaw convene its 25th day session
          Date of publication: 30 October 2014
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 29 Oct — "The Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) continued for the 25th day session on Wednesday. Deputy Minister for Energy U Aung Htoo said that No 1 Oil Refinery (Thanlyin) will be renovated upon completion of mutual cooperation tasks with foreign companies to build a new oil refinery so as to distribute ROM 92 advanced fuel for domestic consumption. Moreover, feasibility studies are being conducted for environment and socioeconomic status of the people to be able to build an oil refinery that can distribute fuel RON 92 to central and upper Myanmar..."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (48K)
          Date of entry/update: 08 November 2014


          Title: Plan underway to form Construction Industry Development Board
          Date of publication: 29 October 2014
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 28 Oct— "With regard to the question raised by Defence Services Personnel representative Brig-Gen Aung Kyaw at Tuesday’s session of Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House), Deputy Minister for Construction U Soe Tint replied that a plan is underway to upgrade Mongphyat-Mongyawng road to the asphalt road for smooth transport of local people by demanding the fund..."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (135K)
          Date of entry/update: 08 November 2014


          Title: No action will be taken against legal property transactions - deputy minister
          Date of publication: 28 October 2014
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 27 Oct "The government will not take action against property buyers and sellers if they do their business with money legally earned and pay taxes on profits from their transactions in accordance with the income tax law, Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Zan Myint told the Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) on Monday..."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (48K)
          Date of entry/update: 07 November 2014


          Title: State and region governments to allot land plots to farmless and homeless persons under village and town plan
          Date of publication: 23 October 2014
          Description/subject: "The Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) continued for the 22nd day at its hall in Nay Pyi Taw on Wednesday. With regard to the question raised by U Maung Aye Tun of Rakhine State Constituency No 9 whether there is a plan to adopt arrangements for farmless and homeless persons as part of effort to ensure poverty alleviation, Deputy Minister for Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development U Tin Ngwe replied that the region and state governments coordinate to allot land plots to farmless and homeless persons under the town plans and village plans and release some confiscated farmlands to the owners..." .
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (6.1MB)
          Date of entry/update: 07 November 2014


          Title: Officials check plant pests at trade routes, airports: Deputy A&I Minister
          Date of publication: 18 October 2014
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 17 Oct — "Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Khin Zaw responded to the question of U Saw Maw Tun of Bago Region Constituency No 1 that prevention against crops germs and pests are disseminated to the farmers about 120 times through Radio Myanmar and MRTV programmes, farmers channel, Sky Net channel, Agri & Livestock channel, Cherry FM, Leyar Seepwar journal of Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, New Technology journal and Myanmar farmers journals at Friday’s session of Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) in Nay Pyi Taw..."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (335K)
          Date of entry/update: 10 November 2014


          Title: Electricity consumers to be offered deserved compensation for their losses and damage
          Date of publication: 17 October 2014
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 16 Oct — "Amyotha Hluttaw representatives discussed the motion tabled by U Sai Kyaw Zaw Than of Shan State Constituency calling for the union government to take special measures to protect the public from electrical risks. Concerning with the motion, Deputy Minister for Electric Power U Maw Tha Htwe said that educative measures for electric safety are disseminated to the public through leaflets, posters, talks, radio and television programmes and columns in newspapers and journals to protect the public from electrical risks..."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (346K)
          Date of entry/update: 10 November 2014


          Title: Land plots at fair price for investors available at Ponnagyun Industrial Zone
          Date of publication: 16 October 2014
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 15 Oct— "The 11th regular session of Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) continued for the 17th day at its hall on Wednesday. Dr Myat Nyana Soe of Yangon Region Constituency No 4 raised questions, asking whether there is a plan to solve the high price for land plots not only for local entrepreneurs but for foreign investors in hiring land plots from the owners. Deputy Minister for Industry U Thein Aung replied that a management committee has been formed to supervise the construction of factories and industries on the allotted plots. The plot owners who fail to construct factories and industries on their lands in the project period must return their plots to the government and who cannot complete construction tasks must pay fines to the government..."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (405K)
          Date of entry/update: 10 November 2014


          Title: Staff housing comes under discussion at Upper House
          Date of publication: 15 October 2014
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 14 Oct - "The Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House) dealt with a question enquiring the prospect of the government’s arrangements for the construction of houses in Yangon Region. The government has designated plots of land for its employees in eastern Dagon township and South Dagon township, sources said..."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Amyotha Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (335K)
          Date of entry/update: 10 November 2014


      • Pyithu Hluttaw (People's Assembly/House of Representatives/Lower House) - proceedings

        • Pyithu Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015

          Individual Documents

          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 26 May, 2015: Ministry of Health provides snake anti-venom to rural health centres, station hospitals [incl. Modernization of railroads+ Branch 1 of the investigation commission handling 1,501 complaints of land confiscation]
          Date of publication: 27 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 26 May — The Ministry of Health has distributed snake anti- venom to rural hospitals and health centres for treatment of farmers and residents during growing season, Deputy Minister for Health Dr Win Myint told the Pyithu Hluttaw on Tuesday, at the 52nd-day session of the Lower House. The deputy minister explained the distribution of anti-venom in reply to Dr May Win Myint of Mayangon constituency, who asked about management of foreign aid for snakebite treatment. Dr Win Myint said Myanma Pharmaceutical Enterprise, under the Ministry of Industry, is receiving technical assistance and materials from the WHO, Australia and Brazil for production of anti-venom. U Myint Thein of Mudon Constituency asked about modernization of railroads and whether new coaches from Japan would be operated on the Mawlamyine- Ye route. Deputy Minister for Rail Transportation U Chan Maung said priority is being given to improvement of Yangon’s circular railroad and other high-usage routes, and there is no plan to use new Japanese coaches on the Mawlamyine-Ye section. U Aung Thein Lin of South Okkalapa constituency asked how Branch 1 of the investigation commission was handling 1,501 complaints of land confiscation and what plans were in place to report its findings. Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig- Gen Kyaw Zan Myint said the branch had scrutinized 14 cases involving 1,166 acres of confiscated farmlands and had transferred 664 acres of farmland to 84 farmers, and 387 more acres to 18 other farmers, as well as 65 acres of pasture land to respective persons."
          Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (72K)
          Date of entry/update: 28 May 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 25 May, 2015: Wetland conservation needs more coordinated efforts [incl. Compensation for paddy fields in Sgaing region+money changers for foreigners]
          Date of publication: 26 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 25 May— The coordinated efforts are need for wetland conservation programme in Myanmar, according to Deputy Minister for Environmental Conservation and Forestry U Aye Myint Maung at Pyithu Hluttaw session on Monday. The 30-year management plan for wetland conservation was carried out in Yamethin district, Mandalay region, for more than hundreds of acres. The deputy minister called for the cooperation of departments and locals concerned with hydropower generation and water resource in conservation programmes. MP U Thaung Han of Yinmabin Township constituency in Sagaing region suggested to give out compensation for paddy fields which were dug for Letwel irrigation canal and construction of water channels for the paddy fields in Yinmabin and Pale townships. Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Khin Zaw replied that the ministry has not planned yet to give out compensation for the lands which were used for irrigation in previous government as the possible amount of compensation would be very high. He also said the budget proposal of the ministry for construction of irrigation channels for the paddy fields in Yamabin and Pale townships in 2015-2016 fiscal year was rejected in Hluttaw. MP U Soe Myint from Pyawbwe Township constituency requested the operation of banks and official money changers for foreigners during long holidays. Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Myanmar U Set Aung said some foreign local banks of KBZ Bank, AYA Bank and CB Bank have planned to set up money changers at airports, Shwedagon pagoda and major shopping centres and preparations will be made to operate money exchange counters by next Water Festival. Some private banks will also set up foreign exchange ATMs in Yangon and Mandalay during this fiscal year."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (71K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 May 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 21 May, 2015: Pyithu Hluttaw continues for 50th day [incl. a five-storey building in Kamayut Township+Dayemee and Akyaung creeks in DaikU Township+Yangon-Mandalay Highway+the 2012 Amyotha Hluttaw Law]
          Date of publication: 22 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 21 May — Dr Soe Yin of Kamayut Constituency asked about a complaint for a five-storey building at No 54/A on Thiri Mingala Street in Ward 8 in Kamayut Township under permission of YCDC at the 50th-day session of Pyithu Hluttaw Thursday. Deputy Minister at the President office U Kyaw Kyaw Win replied that YCDC allowed construction of the five-storey building in line with the existing rules of the committee although local residents have made complaints over its construction. With regard to a question raised by U Min Swe of DaikU Constituency, the deputy minister said that although the local authorities have demanded the budget in 2015-16 fiscal year, works of dredging Dayemee and Akyaung creeks and other silted creeks in DaikU Township in the open season. Dr Maung Maung Swe of Kyaukdaga Constituency asked about timetable for repairing the road linking Yangon-Mandalay Highway with KhinIngyi, Bogon and Hsabyin villages. Deputy Minister for Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development U Tin Ngwe replied that the rural development fund of the ministry this fiscal year does not include the repairing of the road but the ministry will undertake rural development tasks on priority. Pyithu Hluttaw Bill Committee member U Khin Maung Shwe submitted a report on bill amending the 2012 Amyotha Hluttaw Law."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (72K)
          Date of entry/update: 26 May 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 20 May, 2015: Coal fired power plant projects to go ahead [incl. Myanmar seafarers joining shipping companies in Taipei (China)]
          Date of publication: 21 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 20 May — Coal fired power plant projects will not be cancelled as electricity consumption in Myanmar is increasing by13 to 15 percent annually, said Deputy Minister for Electric Power U Aung Than Oo to Pyithu Hluttaw session on Wednesday. MP Daw Tin Tin Yi from Kyunsu constituency asked the government’s plan whether the coal fired projects would be cancelled amidst the protest of local people. Myanmar has 43 power stations with installation capacity of 4,987 MW generated 69 percent from hydropower, 29 percent from natural gas and 2 percent from coal, while only 30 percent of households across the country get electricity. The deputy minister said Myanmar needs to construct more power plants to be able to generate 23,594 MW in 2030- 2031 to distribute electricity the whole country. Regarding query of Myanaung constituency’s Pyithu Hluttaw MP U Aung Sein about electricity distribution to Myanaung township from national grid, U Aung Than Oo said preliminary surveys are being carried out to construct a 33-KV power station by using bio-fuel and wind powers alternatively. He added that the project will be implemented depending on budget allocation and low-interest from local or foreign loans. Myanaung township is about five nautical miles from nearest Yanbye Township. Deputy Minister for Labour, Employment and Social Security U Htin Aung replied to the query of Kanpetlet constituency MP Thura U Aung Ko whether Myanmar seafarers could join shipping companies in Taipei (China). U Htin Aung said Myanmar sailor associations can also practice similar trend like the Myanmar Seafarers Federation."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (70K)
          Date of entry/update: 26 May 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 19, May 2015: Contractors to be blacklisted for disqualified school buildings [incl. allotment of land plots for new villages+constructing and repairing teachers and staff quarters in Yesagyo Township+Lower Myanmar Town and Village Act]
          Date of publication: 20 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 19 May — U Soe Aung of Thegon Constituency asked about allotment of land plots as a 6x120-foot-area each for new village including a warehouse for crops, a plot for winnowing, cattle farm and feedstuff pile at Tuesday’s session of Pyithu Hluttaw. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Aung Thein replied that as new village must be formed with areas of school, monastery, dispensary, market and rural roads, each land plot with 120 feet in length and 60 feet in width will be allotted to local residents in new village depending on the designated area. U Aung Thein Lin of South Okkalapa Constituency asked a question on ways to take action against construction companies for building disqualified foundations of schools. Deputy Minister for Education U Thant Shin said that action is being taken the construction companies for reconstruction of disqualified buildings, substitution those who offended the disciplines of the contract with new ones, announcement of a blacklist for construction entrepreneurs for disqualified structures. With regard to ques-tion on construction of staff quarters for teachers at Basic Education High School in poor transport areas in Yesagyo Township and repairing of staff quarters raised by U Tin Htay Aung of Yesagyo Constituency, the deputy minister replied that a budget for K442.8 million has been earmarked to repair and construct 17 basic education schools in Yesagyo Township in 2015- 16 fiscal year and there is no plan to construct staff quarters and school buildings. The Hluttaw invited MPs to discuss the bill amending Lower Myanmar Town and Village Lands Act."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (73K)
          Date of entry/update: 25 May 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 18 May, 2015: Plan to dredge six main drains in Myawady [incl. Kyaw Hlwan Moe and Brothers Company+Waw market entrance+drains in Myawady+bills of Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law, Amyotha Hluttaw Election Law, State Hluttaw Election Law]
          Date of publication: 19 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 18 may—At the 47th-day session of Pyithu Hluttaw Monday, Daw Khin Than Myint of Ngaputaw Constituency asked about breeding of fish, prawn and crab by Kyaw Hlwan Moe and Brothers Company on the sandbank of Thetkethaung Village-tract in Hainggyikyun, Ngaputaw Township. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Kyaw Kyaw Win replied that Hainggyikyun Township Fisheries Department did not issue permit for the company. The department allowed work licence for the sandbank through tender yearly but the sandbank has been designated as a common fishing plot since 2011. Arrangements will be made for convenience of fishing workers. U Myint Shwe of Waw Constituency asked whether there is a plan to re-allow the road area as entrance and exit of the market of Waw or not as a land plot was allotted at the entrance to the market. Deputy Minister U Kyaw Kyaw Win replied that if the entrance and exit of the market are included in the original plan, the grant for the land plot will be cancelled. U Than Oo of Myawady Constituency asked about dredging of main drains in Myawady with the budget of the union government. The deputy minister said that a plan is underway to dredge six drains in 4.5 miles long from 2014-15 to 2020-21 fiscal year with K985.20 million fund. The Hluttaw invited MPs to discuss the bill on second amendment of Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law, the bill on second amendment of Amyotha Hluttaw Election Law and the bill on second amendment of Region or State Hluttaw Election Law."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (73K)
          Date of entry/update: 25 May 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 14 May, 2015: Pyithu Hluttaw discusses special allowances for defence services personnel [incl. Treatment for hepatitis-C+repealing the Law for Protection of State Constitution 1959]
          Date of publication: 15 May 2015
          Description/subject: "The government has no plan at the moment to give allowances equal to their salaries to defence services personnel who are discharging duties in military and security operations, Deputy Minister for Defence Maj- Gen Kyaw Nyunt said at Pyithu Hluttaw session on Thursday. The deputy minister was responding to a question raised by a representative whether the government has plans to give special allowances for military operations. However, all defence services personnel, from privates to generals, are entitled to the allowances of K 10,000 per month for hardship and risks involved in their job, the deputy minister added. Salaries for defence services personnel are the same for those who are discharging duties in military operation and those who are performing ordinary duties, according to the deputy minister. Deputy Minister for Health Dr Daw Thein Thein Htay responded to the question whether the government has plan to treat hepatitis-C. The deputy minister said that there is no plan at the moment to treat hepatitis- C but plans are underway to conduct a survey for outbreaks of hepatitis in the entire country in 2015 in order to collect country representative data in cooperation with Department of Healthcare, Department of Public Health, Medical Research Department, Heart Foundation and Clinton Health Foundation. Based on the data from the survey, future tasks will be selected and implemented, the deputy minister said. Representative U Thein Nyunt submitted the bill to repeal the Law for Protection of State Constitution 1959."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (67K)
          Date of entry/update: 25 May 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 13 May, 2015: Deputy Attorney-General says 66 laws need amending, 33 repealing and replacing: Pyithu Hluttaw [incl. land issue+age-old watercraft use+ a report on health care for villagers of Kyaukkyi Township]
          Date of publication: 14 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 13 May — The parliament has found 66 laws to be amended and 33 repealed and replaced since its inception in March 2011, said U Tun Tun Oo, Deputy Attorney- General, at the Pyithu Hluttaw here on Wednesday. Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Zan Myint, responding to complaints about land grabs, said the Central Committee for Land Management is dealing with cases and will submit a progress report to parliament on individual complaints left to be scrutinized. In connection with the replacement of age-old watercraft used in Rakhine State, Deputy Minister for Transport U Han Sein explained measures for strict supervision over vessel conditions, life-saving materials, seating capacity and cargo loading. He added assistance has been sought from Japan for vessels in need of replacement. Brig-Gen Htay Naing, who is a Defence Services personnel representative, submitted a report on health care for villagers of Kyaukkyi Township in Bago Region who have suffered various physical impairments."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (71K)
          Date of entry/update: 25 May 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 12 May, 2015: No discrimination against degree holders of universities of distance education, according to chairman of UCSB [incl. Concerns on distance education+pension extension for teachers+proposal to amend the anti-human trafficking
          Date of publication: 13 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 12 May — Deputy Minister for Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development U Khin Maung Aye explained arrangements for water supply at the Pyithu Hluttaw session on Tuesday. The government was able to build 4,268 water supply facilities for 3,949 villages in 2014-2015 fiscal year and a total of 3,957 water supply facilities for 3,662 villages in 2015-2016 fiscal year, the deputy minister said. Another question at the session concerning discrimination against graduates from universities of distance education, Chairman of Union Civil Services Board U Kyaw Thu said that the board has never discriminate between degree- holders of universities of distance education and those of other universities in its written tests, interviews and all those who are qualified for good civil servants are chosen for government posts. For the question whether the government has plans to extend the pension age of experienced rectors, professors, teachers and law officers, Chairman U Kyaw Thu said that pension age of civil servants in Myanmar has been designated based on requirements of Myanmar as well as on those of other ASEAN countries and extension of pension age in Myanmar may result in fewer opportunities for promotion of civil servants while it will encourage youth employment. The chairman said it is inappropriate for Myanmar to extend the pension age at the moment. The session put on record the proposal by a representative to amend the anti-human trafficking law. Representative at the session were also informed at the session of the appointment of U Ko Ko Naing (Retired Maj-Gen) as a member to the Pyithu Hluttaw Legal and Special Cases Assessment Commission."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (73K)
          Date of entry/update: 25 May 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 11 May, 2015: No free transportation for voters, says UEC [incl. Htanbatin Township query + Education & Television and Broadcasting Bill + ASEAN Single Window]
          Date of publication: 12 May 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 11 May — The government will not make any transport arrangements for voters in the upcoming general elections, even in remote areas, said Union Election Commission member U Win Ko to Pythu Hluttaw on Monday. In response to a query from Htantabin Township MP U Thein Yi, the UEC member told the Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) that such facilitation by any political party or electoral representative is tantamount to a breach of the electoral law. U Win Ko also said polling stations will open in remote areas in accordance with the law, following consultation with sub-commissions on the appropriate number of polling stations for each township. He then noted voter education will be conduct-ed by media, election commissions in constituencies, political parties and civil service organizations. Regarding the benefits of switching from the National Single Window to the ASEAN Single Window, Dr Lin Aung, the deputy minister for finance, said the system could reduce the time and cost involved in foreign trade by streamlining customs processes and improving management of trade departments. The deputy minister added that Myanmar is setting up the Automated Custom Clearance System and information system with financial assistance of the Japanese government to replace the existing manual system and the Myanmar e-custom system. U Khin Maung Nyo also read out the report on Television and Broadcasting Bill with amendments transferred by the Amyotha Hluttaw."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (70K)
          Date of entry/update: 16 May 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 9 April, 2015: Ministry says Indaw gem mine operation lawful
          Date of publication: 10 April 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 9 April— The government confirmed the legality of a gem mining operation in Sagaing Region on Thursday in response to a question from a member of the Pyithu Hluttaw. U Kyaw Naing Htay of the Indaw constituency asked whether the mine in a reserved forest near a village in his township of Sagaing Region is legally permitted, saying the company ignores letters of protest calling for the mine’s closure. U Than Tun Aung, Deputy Minister for Mines, answered that his ministry issued a gem company with a licence for jade mining in February 2010, adding that it had not been informed of the letter of notice dated 4 February, 2015, sent by the Ministry of Forestry. The deputy minister pledged his ministry’s coordination with the Ministry of Forestry. U Pike Lin of the Paletwa constituency raised a query concerning the prospect of a national power grid linking Paletwa in Chin State and Kyauktaw in Rakhine State. Deputy Minister for Electric Power U Aung Than Oo rejected the proposal, saying the installation of power lines between the two townships depends on the budget. The funds for the project are not included in the 2015-2016 fiscal year, he said."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (7.5MB)
          Date of entry/update: 01 May 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 8 April, 2015: Government takes measures to prevent child labour, recruitment as soldiers
          Date of publication: 09 April 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 8 April—The government is taking measures to prevent child labour and the employment of children in dangerous or illegal work, including the recruitment of minors into armed forces, Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Zan Myint told the Pyithu Hluttaw session on Wednesday. Those who abandon or traffic children, or force them to beg, will also be targeted, the deputy minister said, in accordance with criminal and juvenile laws. Those who abandon a child under 12 are liable to a maximum seven-year sentence. Trafficking children for forced labour is subject to a life sentence under the anti-human trafficking law, according to the deputy minister. The ministry of health is also trying to issue birth certificates when newborns are discharged from hospitals to prevent abandonment of children, the deputy minister added. Concerning child soldiers, the deputy minister said that armed forces have their own rules and regulations for recruiting new soldiers who are required to be between the ages of 18 and 25. Armed forces have released 594 child soldiers who were recruited improperly, while action was taken against 50 officers and 277 other personnel who recruited child soldiers."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (7.6K)
          Date of entry/update: 01 May 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 7 April, 2015: Pyithu Hluttaw approves education amendment bill
          Date of publication: 08 April 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 7 April — The Pyithu Hluttaw on Tuesday approved the national education amendment bill, which came to the parliament with changes from the Amyotha Hluttaw and the Bill Committee. Pyithu Hluttaw approves education amendment bill The Amyotha Hluttaw and the Bill Committee had made 50 changes and 45 changes respectively to the education amendment bill, with the Pyithu Hluttaw accepting their amendments after discussing them clause by clause."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (6.8K)
          Date of entry/update: 01 May 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 6 April, 2015: Health ministry constructs rural health branches in Kachin State
          Date of publication: 07 April 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 6 April — Ministry of Health explained establishments of rural health branches in two villages of Shwegu Township of Bhamo district, Kachin State and budget allocation for two branches in Shwepyitha Township, Yangon Region. U Win Naing, an MP of Shwegu Township constituency, called for construction of each rural health branch at Shwechaungthar and Naungmoh villages. Deputy Minister for Health Dr Daw Thein Thein Htay said in accordance with the number of locals in the area, the ministry will construction one health facility in Shwechaungthar and another one in Zinbone village, instead of the proposed one. Regarding the query of MP U Tin Maung Oo from Shwepyitha Township constituency, the deputy minister said Yangon region government did not cut the budget allocated by Union Hluttaw, but public funds are totally given out only when the projects are completed and the qualities are passed by the ministry. Proposal of Ye Township constituency in southern Myanmar on upgrading the road linking the villages of Lamai, Thaungpyin and Aryutaung was rejected for 2015-2016 fiscal year on the ground of budget limitation by the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development. The Lower House then decided to approve Myanmar Accountancy Council Bill submitted by the Upper House with its amendments."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (7.7K)
          Date of entry/update: 01 May 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 3 April, 2015: Tender issues dominate Pyithu Hluttaw
          Date of publication: 04 April 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 3 April— Local authorities invite tenders through mass media for construction of roads and bridges with government funds, Deputy Minister at President Office U Aung Thein told the Pyithu Hluttaw on Friday. He explained the role of responsible committees in selecting highest bidders, setting floor prices, supervising quality control, and making contracts. An MP proposed more flight services in the airport in Mawlamyine, Mon State, with Deputy Minister U Zin Yaw rejecting the proposal by citing a small number of passengers as economic disadvantage. Currently, the Department of Civil Aviation has invited register of interest (ROI) from interested private airlines in a bid to encourage the private sector in aviation. The deputy minister spoke of the possibility of upgrading the airport in Thaton in the future, given its convenient location."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (64K)
          Date of entry/update: 09 April 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 1 April, 2015: Term of legal affairs commission extended to 2016
          Date of publication: 02 April 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 1 April — Pyithu Hluttaw approved on Wednesday extension of the term for the Legal Affairs and Special Issues Assessment Commission till January 31, 2016 after suggestion of Thura U Shwe Mann, Speaker of Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House). The speaker said parliament has approved 149 laws with the help of the commission in which the members are well-experienced and qualified. Regarding repairing works of roads and bridges in Laikha Township in Shan State, Deputy Minister for Construction U Soe Tint said the road section of highway that passes in Laikha Township was being repaired with the budget of Shan State and it will be upgraded to 18-ft wide road. To fill vacancies at the people hospitals of Panglong Township and Mongpawn Township, Deputy Minister for Health Dr Daw Thein Thein Htay said the ministry has assigned a medical superintendent for Panglong hospital, while Shan State government will hire new doctors for Mongpawn hospital by this month."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (68K)
          Date of entry/update: 09 April 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 30 March, 2015: Arid zone to get water under rural development plan
          Date of publication: 31 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 30 March— Dry zone in central Myanmar will get water supply under rural development plan of Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development. Replying to the query of U Thein Lwin, an MP of Chauk Township constituency, about possible means to ensure sufficient drinking water in the arid area, Deputy Minister for MLFRD U Khin Maung Aye said the ministry has drawn the plan up to 2015-2016 fiscal year for water supply. Then, U Paik Linn, an MP of Paletwa Township constituency, asked any plan for university of distance education students in science majors to work laboratory experiments for seven or 14 consecutive days at the universities. Dr Zaw Min Aung, Deputy Minister for Education, said, these students have to learn theory and then have to do practical at the weekend when other regular classes are closed, noting that this schedule is more appropriate than one or two consecutive weeks."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (66K)
          Date of entry/update: 06 April 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 26 March, 2015: Health Department upgrades YGH with technical assistance of local and foreign organizations
          Date of publication: 27 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 26 March — With regard to the question on arrangements for opening Sports University raised by U Thang Lein of Mindat Constituency, Deputy Minister for Sports U Thaung Htaik replied that the university will be opened in 2016-17 fiscal year depending on budget in 2015-16 FY at the 34th day session of Pyithu Hluttaw Thursday. U Min Swe of DaikU Constituency asked about upgrading of Yangon General Hospital. Deputy Minister for Health Dr Win Myint explained that the Yangon General Hospital upgrading and renovation committee was formed with 12 members to upgrade the facility with technical assistance of former minister of Department of Health Mr. Lord Darzi of England, trustee Dr Michael Marett-Crosby of Rangoon General Hospital Reinvigoration Fund of England, Robin Cross, Ian Goodfellow, and Louise Hansen Yangon Heritage Trust of the UK, Myanmar Engineering Society, Myanmar Integrated Engineer Group, Quality Control and Nikki Group. Health Department allotted K5 billion in 2013- 14 FY and K4.5 billion in 2014-15 FY for upgrading the YGH. Up to 4 February, a five-storey building has been completed by 100 percent while a cyclotron PET/ CT, emergency and out-patient ward, main building, building for O2Plan, medical store, 1,000-KVA transformer and lecture hall are under construction. The Hluttaw invited MPs to discuss the bill on rights of persons with disabilities sent by Amyotha Hluttaw with amendments."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (72K)
          Date of entry/update: 06 April 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 25 March, 2015: Unethical contractors will be charged: Education Ministry
          Date of publication: 26 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 25 March — Education ministry will take actions against contractors or inspectors if school facilities cannot be completed in right time or are found using low quality construction materials, U Thant Shin, Deputy Minister for Education, told Pyithu Hluttaw Wednesday. In reply to the query of MP U Than Oo from Myawady Township constituency, the deputy minister said for breaching agreements in the contracts, the contractors will have to pay fines with daily basis depending on the sizes of schooling buildings, and inspector in-charge of quality will be prosecuted in accordance with provisions of civil service law. U Thant Shin also said that the ministry is making promotion of teachers before each school season and transfer of teacher is allowed only after another teacher has been substituted, and all the schools open by May 15 every academic year. Enquiring about possible construction of a bridge to link Yangon’s Kyimyindine Township and Ayeywa village crossing Hline River, Deputy Minister for Construction U Soe Tint said the project includes in Maha Yangon Development Project (2040) which will be jointly implemented Yangon City Development Committee and Japan International Cooperation Agency. He said feasible study has been made for the project and detail assessment are being carried out as the project will help develop more road networks for Yangon. U Aye Mauk, an MP of Mahlaing Township constituency, submitted a proposal to discuss transfer of road networks among villages, townships and district to the Ministry of Construction."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (67K)
          Date of entry/update: 06 April 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 24 March, 2015: Pyithu Hluttaw promises Kalewa independence obelisk with park
          Date of publication: 25 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 24 March— U Soe Thein of the Kalewa constituency on Tuesday put forward a motion demanding the Pyithu Hluttaw that an independence obelisk be erected in the township of Kalewa, Sagaing Region, before Independence Day, 4 January, in 2016. U Aung Thein, Deputy Minister at President Office, responded that the local management committee under the supervision of the region’s chief minister is making arrangements for the construction of the obelisk alongside a park on 0.064 acre of land near the Myittha bridge. U Nyi Nyi Myint of the Ottwin constituency urged the parliament to construct a bridge across Sittoung River linking Ottwin and Htantabin, with U Khin Maung Aye, Deputy Minister for Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development, rejecting the proposal. He said the cost of constructing the bridge is not included in the ministry’s budgets for 2014- 2015 financial year. U Sai Tin Maung of the Laikha constituency proposed providing reasonable allowances from state’s budgets to trustworthy personnel assigned to election commissions, which the Pyithu Hluttaw accepted. U Win Ko of the Union Election Commission responded that an increase of travel allowances would be made through coordination with departments concerned."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (64K)
          Date of entry/update: 06 April 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 23 March, 2015: Oil price falls impacts on revenue from natural gas export
          Date of publication: 24 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 23 March — Dramatic fall of oil price in global market has affected export of Myanmar natural gas, said Deputy Minister for Energy U Myint Zaw to Pyithu Hluttaw on Monday. Regarding the query of U Thein Lwin, an MP of Chauk constituency, the deputy minister said although revenue from the sales of natural gas has declined, the ministry will manage to meet the income from this sector as in previous years. U Myint Zaw also promised the ministry will operate more joint-venture businesses with foreign companies to avoid monopolies of international firms in the domestic market, while the respective agencies are examining fuel qualities and market price. While transportation charges have also declined due to the falling fuel price, the Ministry of Energy will cooperate with other ministries and agencies for the fall of commodity prices. Regarding query of Daw Nan Sae Awa, an MP of Hpa-an constituency, Kayin State, on education funds for basic education schools, Deputy Minister for Education U Thant Shin replied that under the free education system of 2014- 2015 fiscal year for primary schools, the ministry allocated funds to all basic education schools based on the number of schoolchildren. The deputy minister said that in last fiscal year schools with 100 primary level children were given K800,000 (US$800), those with 200 children K1000,000 ($1,000), with 300 children K1.2 million ($1,200), with 400 children K1.4 million ($1,400), with more than 400 children K1.6 million, and K 400,000 for each affiliated primary school. U Thant Shin also clarified on the query of U Than Myint, an MP of Wundwin constituency that the ministry is cooperating with the Ministry of Health for health programmes at schools the whole year. U Aung Thein Linn, an MP of South Okkalapa constituency, urged the government to address trade deficit through prioritizing export sector of the country. His suggestion was recorded by the Lower House, and Union Minister for Commerce U Win Myint said the ministry has relaxed some restrictions on trade sector, remarking that both total expenditure of the country and amount of foreign direct investment have increased. He also said one of the reasons for trade deficit is due to more import items for investment sector, suggesting that enactment of laws for value-added products, and establishments of export/import bank and trade promotion board will help develop a business model that emphasizes on export sector."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (71K)
          Date of entry/update: 06 April 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 19 March, 2015: Pyithu Hluttaw urged to create global market for local rubber
          Date of publication: 20 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 19 March — U Saw Ba Thein of the Thaton constituency asked the Pyithu Hluttaw on Thursday about the prospect of creating a global market for local rubber and the disbursement of loans. Turning rubber into finished products is the first priority for the country to enter the international market, responded U Ohn Than, Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation, adding that his ministry is working in tandem with companies from Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore in a bid to build more factories to manufacture finished products as well as enabling growers to earn more. Myanma Agricultural Development Bank has not made any plan to disburse loans to rubber growers, according to the deputy minister. U Ye Htun of the Sibaw constituency asked the lower house the number of total miles of roads across the country, their total cost and the possibility of contracting private companies. Deputy Minister for Construction U Soe Tint responded that his ministry has constructed over 24,900 miles of roads nationwide and that their annual maintenance requires over K390 billion. So far 27 private companies owned by Myanmar nationals have been permitted to construct 3,490 miles of roads under the BOT (build, operate and transfer) system, with new private companies invited, the deputy minister said. MPs also discussed the marriage bill on Myanmar Buddhist women and the population control healthcare bill."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (65K)
          Date of entry/update: 24 March 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 18 March, 2015: Information Ministry withdraws proposed Public Service Media bill
          Date of publication: 19 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 18 March — The Pyithu Hluttaw in its session Wednesday discussed illegal imports of satellite dishes and receivers for foreign TV channels, motorway toll charges and the withdrawal of the proposed Public Service Media bill by the Ministry of Information. Deputy Home Affairs Minister Brig-Gen Kyaw Zan Myint told the Lower House that the ministry and its organs are taking action against illegal imports of satellite TV receivers in accordance with the 2012 Import- Export Law. The penalty for breaching the law on the prohibition of illegal items is up to three years’ imprisonment, a fine, or both, he said. He added that authorities will take action in response to complaints from TV service providers. Responding to the query of Lower House MP U Thein Nyunt, Union Minister for Information U Ye Htut also said relevant ministries need to cooperate to control illegal import of foreign satellite receivers, as some of the channels show explicit programmes and gambling. The information minister said spill-over is technically unavoidable as TV programmes are broadcast through satellites, although imports of satellite dishes that can receive programmes from Skynet and MRTV have been banned. He also suggested the bill committee of the Pyithu Hluttaw should consider puting this issue into the discussion of a bill on television and broadcast law. On the issue of motorway tolls, Deputy Minister at the President’s Office U Kyaw Kyaw Win said the toll rates will not be changed for cars coming into Yangon Region. Concerning tender invitations for government projects, Deputy Minister for Construction U Soe Tint said projects worth under K 5 million do not require a tender invitation, but instead should be referred to the departmental tender scrutiny board. From K 5 million to K 50 million, tenders are sought through notice boards of relevant government departments, while for projects worth K 50 million and over, tender invitations are advertised in state-owned newspapers one month in advance. The Pyithu Hluttaw also agreed on the withdrawal of the Public Service Media bill that was submitted by the Ministry of Information on the 26th day of the 9th regular Pyithu Hluttaw session. Regarding the withdrawal, the information minister said the ministry tried to transform state-run media to public service media, with a study tour of representatives from the Ministry of Information, the Amyotha Hluttaw, and the Pyithu Hluttaw to four European countries in June 2012 and the holding of a conference on international public service media in Yangon in September 2012. It also provided an explanation bout PSM to committee members of the Amyotha Hluttaw and Pyithu Hluttaw. U Ye Htut also said the ministry drafted the PSM bill with the assistance of UNESCO before it was submitted to Hluttaw. The information minister said the ministry invited public opinion, publicizing the bill on state-run media, adding that the withdrawal is now aimed at reviewing and improving the bill."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (73K)
          Date of entry/update: 24 March 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 16 March, 2015: Seniors’ social welfare fund programme will be expanded gradually
          Date of publication: 17 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 16 March — Deputy Minister for Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement U Phone Swe said the ministry has proposed a budget to Pyidaungsu Hluttaw to support the elder people between 90 and 100 years old in 2015- 2016 fiscal year. He also said the ministry has not planned to give K30,000 monthly to the senior citizens between 65 and 90 years old and the disabled persons in cooperation with NGOs and INGOs, adding that the plan will be carried out year by year based on the budget allocation. Replying to the query about special programmes of citizenship cards issuing namely ‘Moe Pwint Project’ raised by U Thein Tun Oo of Amarapura Constituency, Deputy Minister for Immigration and Population U Win Myint said the ministry conducted Moe Pwint Projects from level one to seven in many states and regions by using ministry’s budget for regular expenditure K417.964 million in 2013-2014 fiscal year and the assistance of respective states and regions where citizenship registration cards were issued. He also said that the ministry did not hire daily staff for the project. Later, Speaker of Pyithu Hluttaw said the Hluttaw proposed the union government to set up a pension fund for the retired politicians, however, the President Office rejected the proposal as Myanmar Socialist Programme Party has been revoked in accordance with an order of the military’s State Peace and Development Council in 1988, resulting in no pension fund for the dissolved party’s members."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (71K)
          Date of entry/update: 20 March 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 12 March, 2015: Union Supreme Court responds to legal action against unjust verdicts by judges
          Date of publication: 13 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 12 March — The Pyithu Hluttaw on Thursday was asked of a query of the way legal action is taken against judges for unjust verdicts and how many of them have been punished, with the Supreme Court of the Union responding that unjust decisions are likely to result from the wrong interpretation of legal stipulations and that judges imposing unlawful decisions are punished regarding the severity of their wrongful verdicts. An MP tabled a motion at the parliament, demanding seismic surveys for hydropower projects planned to implement in the Thanlwin river. The Ministry of Electric Power responded arrangements are underway to study possible impacts the projects might have on the environment and that the public will be informed of safety measures. The parliament approved another motion urging the government to place the marketplace of the country’s products in border trade under the management of citizens."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (64K)
          Date of entry/update: 20 March 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 11 March, 2015: Government to reclaim about 39,000 acres of farmlands in 2015-16 FY
          Date of publication: 12 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 11 March — U Myint Soe, MP of Pyawbwe Constituency, asked about plans of the Anti- Corruption Commission to enquire corruption and bribery cases at law offices and courts at Wednesday’s session of Pyithu Hluttaw. Chairman of the commission U Mya Win replied that corruption cases need firm evidences and information from investigation report to take action against the lawbreakers. It is not easy to enquire corruption cases at the law offices and courts under disguise of clients. Depending on the cases, investigation and taking action will be undertaken under the anti-corruption law. U Than Myint of Wundwin Constituency asked about reclamation of mechanized farm plots and disbursement of long-term loans for reclamation of modern farmlands. Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn Than explained that the government has reclaimed 34,376 acres of mechanized farmlands including 711 aces with the assistance of Japanese Institute of Irrigation and Drainage-JIID and Japan International Cooperation Agency-JICA and Korea International Cooperation Agency-KOICA from 2011-12 to 2014-15 fiscal year. In 2015-16 fiscal year, the government will spend its fund on 4,500 acres of farmland, loans from India on 30,400 acres of land and International Fund for Agricultural Development-IFDA on 4,000 acres of land. Moreover, 20,400 acres of farmlands will be reclaimed with the loan from India and 4,000 acres with IFAD in 2016-17 fiscal year. A plan is underway to reclaim 2,000 acres by spending loan from IFAD in 2017-18 fiscal year. Myanmar Agricultural Development Bank has no plan to disburse long-term loans to farmers for paying back it through installment."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (70K)
          Date of entry/update: 20 March 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 10 March, 2015: Pyithu Hluttaw explains laws on electioneering and campaigning activities
          Date of publication: 11 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 10 March — A representative from the TadaU constituency asked the Pyithu Hluttaw here on Tuesday about public campaigns for what action would be taken against in violation of the law on electioneering, with an official of the Union Election Commission responding that nobody is above the election law and that lawsuits could be filed in police stations as for violation of laws prescribed in Section 13. The Union Election Commission announced the Election Law to take action against violators on 16 January this year, according to the official. An MP from Myebon asked whether incumbent representatives and candidates need to abide by the electioneering law and the election law, to which the same UEC official responded, stating that they all must obey the laws. UEC has announced that the general elections have been scheduled for late October or early November this year, with the official saying that political parties are found soliciting for votes although the commission has not yet officially designated the canvass period. He also spoke of speeches and leaflet distribution must be in line with the existing law and the election law."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (64K)
          Date of entry/update: 13 March 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 9 March, 2015: Four townships in Kayah State, Ayeyawady Region to get inter-town asphalt roads in March
          Date of publication: 10 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 9 March—Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) continued its 23rd day session Monday. With regard to the question raised by U Htay Maung of Saw Constituency on number of townships facilitated with inter-town asphalt roads in the nation, Deputy Minister for Construction U Soe Tint replied that so far, Ministry of Construction has constructed inter-town roads in 248 townships of 330 across the nation. Upgrading of inter-town roads will be completed in Shadaw in Kayah State, Thabaung, Wakema and Mawlamyinegyun townships in Ayeyawady Region in March this year. Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn Than replied to a question sufficiency for quality paddy seeds raised by U Thein Tun of Kyaunggon Constituency that region and state administrative bodies need to invite investors for establishment of paddy seed production, while the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation will provide assistance to them in controlling quality of seeds, registration and inspection of seed farms under the seeds law. Thura U Aung Ko of Kanpetlet Constituency asked whether there is a plan to arrange flow of foreign direct investment to Myanmar for development of agriculture sector. He also explained that the ministry cooperates with foreign experts with their expertise and technology for development of agrobased industries. Now, the ministry is holding talks with 65 foreign companies for investment in agriculture sector. At present, 21 projects worth US$78 million are being implemented while over US$370 million foreign loans are being spent on four projects."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (70K)
          Date of entry/update: 13 March 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 5 March, 2015: Pyithu Hluttaw discusses inflation
          Date of publication: 06 March 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 5 March — Members of the Pyithu Hluttaw questioned the government in Thursday’s lower house session about how it plans to control inflation if a proposed pay rise for civil servants is instituted. Central Bank of Myanmar Deputy Governor Daw Khin Saw Oo told the session inflation will increase when salaries of government employees are raised to a decent level, with the central bank issuing more money to fulfill the increased government budget. Higher incomes will also drive inflation by increasing consumption, with prices rising where demand exceeds supply, according to the vice governor. Private sector pay rises will inevitably follow they government salary hike, with the resulting increase in production costs also driving up prices, she added. Increased consumption of imports will also raise the budget deficit and depreciate the value of Myanmar’s currency, further driving inflation. However, she said the government is seeking to adjust the deficit under 5 percent of GDP for sustainable development. Deputy Minister for Finance Dr Maung Maung Thein was of the view that decreasing government spending can keep inflation under control, with government spending to be reduced in capital expenditure. Another tool for fighting inflation is to increase tax collection. The ministry is taking appropriate measures in term of fiscal policy to prevent inflation, the deputy minister added. Deputy Minister for National Planning and Economic Development Daw Lei Lei Thein said her ministry is also taking appropriate measures in cooperation with other ministries concerned."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (46K)
          Date of entry/update: 09 March 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 23 February, 2015: Ministries of forest conservation, cooperatives, NPED deal with Amyotha Hluttaw queries
          Date of publication: 24 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 23 Feb — Deputy Ministers of union government answered the queries of representatives at Amyotha Hluttaw’s 20th day session Monday. In reply to the query of U Bo Ni, an MP of Yamethin Township constituency, Deputy Minister U Aye Myint Maung for Environmental Conservation and Forestry said the country has adopted a 30-year plan from 2000-2001 to 2030-2031 fiscal years for forest conservation, with updating every decade and reviewing every five years and development of reserved forest to 30 percent of the country’s total area and 10 percent for natural habitats. He also explained afforestation and growing of firewood plants with the contribution of people. Regarding query of Dr Than Aung, an MP of Shwebo Township constituency, the Deputy Minister said the ministry has not planned to extend the period for farmers to settle agricultural loans, as the loans from EXIM Bank of China will have to be paid back in eight years. Thura U Aung Ko, an MP of Kanpetlet constituency, asked the plans on proper use of international grants and loans. Deputy Minister Daw Lei Lei Thein for National Planning and Economic Development said the ministry has formed two committees to scrutinize foreign grants in cooperation with union-level ministries, governments of states and regions, foreign aid agencies for prevent misuse of international supports."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (70K)
          Date of entry/update: 02 March 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 19 February, 2015: Pyithu Hluttaw goes on for 19th day
          Date of publication: 20 February 2015
          Description/subject: " Nay Pyi Taw, 19 Feb — The Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) continued its 19th day session on Thursday, with questions and answers regarding farming disputes and standards and measures for sale of alcohol and a submission of motion. In his answer to the question on promulgation of anti-bullying laws, rules and regulations for farmers who won the farming dispute cases, Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Kyaw Tun said that new legislation is not needed as existing farmland law and rules and regulations, the penal code and general and specials laws have provided adequate protection for farmers to do their businesses peacefully. The deputy minister also responded to a question on matters related to sale of alcohol that licenses have been issued in accord with a chain of approvals by local authorities; that regulators from the Ministry of Home Affairs or the Ministry of Health have released recommendations to ensure safe alcohol sale; and that actions are being taken against production and distribution of unqualified alcohol and illegal alcohol sellers in accord with the law. During the today’s session, U Myint Soe of Pyawbwe Constituency submitted a proposal urging the Union government to give exemption to those who resides on both sides of the highway from lawsuits against them as the new Highway Law requires houses to be built 230 feet apart from the highway, whereas the previous law only requires 100 feet."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (72K)
          Date of entry/update: 22 February 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 18 February, 2015: Ministries officially allowed three more minutes for explanations
          Date of publication: 19 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Government ministries have got three more minutes for explanations at Pyithu Hluttaw beginning at the 18th day of 12th regular session despite only three minutes in the past. Responsible persons of ministers took more than three minutes which was officially allowed for each explanation, and Speaker of Hluttaw had to neglect the limited time. Decision of Hluttaw Rights Committee on Wednesday includes MPs are allowed three minutes for each question, while ministries are allocated a total of six minutes for explanation. The Speaker of Hluttaw may stop irrelevant questions with related issue; U Thein Nyunt, MP of Pyithu Hluttaw from Thingangyun Township constituency, remarked, “Ministers and deputy ministers answered and explained with long stories for even sample and short questions, presenting the works of their respective ministries. It is a waste of time for Hluttaw and revenue of the country. So, union level officials should try to compete the answer during the allocated time."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (66k)
          Date of entry/update: 22 February 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 16 February, 2015: MPF extends many branches and enhances capacity
          Date of publication: 17 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 16 Feb—At the 17th day session of Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) on Monday, U Than Myint of Wundwin Constituency asked whether there is a plan to issue warning of earthquake to the people and process of preparations. Deputy Minister for Transport U Zin Yaw replied that the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement is taking various ways and means for decreasing loss of life and property in natural disasters including earthquakes and disseminating knowledge to the people. Department of Meteorology and Hydrology also distributes pamphlets on preparations to be carried out before and after earthquakes and conducts natural disaster management courses and prevention of earthquake in cooperation with the Ministry of SWRR, Myanmar Red Cross Society and Myanmar Engineering Society. U Khaing Maung Yi of Ahlon Constituency submitted a proposal calling for extending establishment of Myanmar Police Force and security forces and upgrading them to be able to prevent and control terrorism and destructive acts for ensuring life security of the people. The Hluttaw approved it. Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Zan Myint explained that MPF extended many branches from 2011 to 2014 and conducts capacity enhancement courses for the police and community policing courses with the assistance of European Union- EU for ensuring safety of people."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (69K)
          Date of entry/update: 22 February 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 10 February, 2015: Land management to be reformed for urban development
          Date of publication: 11 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 10 Feb — Deputy Ministers of the government explained Pyithu Hluttaw Tuesday about land management systems under urban development programmes. Pyithu Hluttaw MP U Khin Maung Nyo of Pauk Township constituency, Magwe region, asked about the plan to relax restrictions and red tapes on land utilization management. U Ohn Than, Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation, said except changing farm lands into other projects, Department of Land Records Office in townships are issuing permits within one-month to valid application for grant lands and mine exploration across the country excluding in the Nay Pyi Taw council areas and major cities of Yangon and Mandalay. U Khun Thein Pe, MP of Hopong Township constituency, asked the government’ plan to demarcate road areas across the country, while people are settling and squatting at roadsides along some highways, even erecting walls illegally for compounds. U Soe Tint, Deputy Minister for Construction, said clear lines will be drawn for demarcation between road areas and residential places, and legal actions will be taken against squatting in road areas. In response to question of U Thein Nyunt, MP of Thingangyun Township constituency, Deputy Minister U Aung Thein at President Office answered that members of Yangon City Development Committee, MPs of Yangon Region Hluttaw, representatives of Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers and Commerce, senior officials of respective ministries held workshops at Yangon City Hall in June and December 2013 and March in 2014 to lay down the rules for Floor Area Ratio (FAR) and Building Coverage Ratio (BCR) under urban development programmes. U Aung Thein said YCDC has instructed reconstruction and rehabilitation of the buildings which do not meet urbanization standards in Yangon city. U Kim Sein, MP of Thayetchaung Township constituency, discussed offshore fishing industry is declining, and is likely to collapse in the long term, with suggestion to Union government to prohibit fishing from June 1 to August 31. Pyithu Hluttaw also accepted three starred questions, one proposal, two bill and invitation to MPs for their proposals."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (69K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 9 February, 2015: 12th regular session of Pyithu Hluttaw continues
          Date of publication: 10 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 9 Feb — Pyithu Hluttaw session on Monday discussed religious affairs, availability of call centres in the entire country, repairs of rural roads and upgrading of monastic education schools. Concerning the question on availability of call centres in the entire country raised by Representative U Min Swe of DaikU, Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn Than said that arrangements are under way for mobile phone networks to cover the entire country so that farmers can communicate for their needs. As for the motion calling for the upgrading of monastic education schools, Deputy Minister for Religious Affairs Dr Maung Maung Htay said that the ministry has been upgrading monastic education schools when they meet their respective requirements and salaries for teachers at monastic education schools will be raised according to the number of students at each school approved by state/region supervisory committees for monastic education schools."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (61K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 6 February, 2015: Strategic EIA to be conducted at hydropower dams on Thanlwin River
          Date of publication: 07 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 6 Feb— Feasibility tests are being conducted at five project sites for dams on the Thanlwin River, Deputy Minister for Electric Power U Maw Tha Htway told the Pyithu Hluttaw session on Friday. The deputy minister was responding to the question whether the min-istry has a plan to conduct strategic environmental impact assessment and to use IWRM comprehensive water resource management system at six dam projects on the Thanlwin River. The environmental impact assessment and social impact assessment for Kunlong Hydropower Project, which is located at the upper reach of the river, have been conducted and a central body of the ministry led by a deputy minister and regional level committees have been formed to monitor field inspection of the reports, according to the deputy minister. Local people have been informed about the project and negotiations for compensations have been held, the deputy minister added. The deputy minister said that the ministry will cooperate with other ministries to conduct strategic environmental impact assessment for the other four projects and arrangements are under way to conduct such EIA with technicians from STUCKY AS consultant firm from Switzerland. Then, Representative U Phyo Min Thein submitted the motion calling for the union government to take measures for freedom of news coverage for the media with accountability and responsibility in accordance with the law. Concerning the motion, Deputy Minister for Information U Pike Htway said that the government has relaxed the restrictions on the media step by step by allowing the media to publish without prior censorship since 20 August 2012 while private newspapers, which were never permitted in the past, are now publishing their dailies. He added as the other restrictions were also eased, a total of 396 journals, 324 magazines, 936 general publications, 27 private newspapers have been permitted until January 2015. Out of them, 220 journals, 128 magazines and 12 newspapers are still in circulation while some of them have been allowed to publish their periodicals in languages of ethnic national races and some foreign languages including English and Japanese, according to the deputy minister. The deputy minister also said the freedom of the media should come together with responsibility and accountability and it is natural for the media to wish for higher standards of media freedom in accordance with Article 19 of the Human Rights Declaration but the media is also required to abide by Article 29 of the declaration. Fairness is a prerequisite for a democracy and it is necessary for the media to be ethical and to abide by the law by exercising freedom in a responsible and accountable manner. The government has a plan to cooperate with the press council for development of media, effectiveness of measures of the press council on ethical issues and effectiveness of news release of the government, the deputy minister added. The Ministry of Information and the press council is now cooperating for rules of the media law, the deputy minister said. The deputy minister said that the media has been permitted to cover news in accordance with the Media Law and legal action will not be taken against journalists if they abide by the law and ethic code of the press council. The session voted against the motion."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (74K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 5 February, 2015: 11 MoUs signed between Govt, local & foreign companies to make assessment of building coal-fired power plants
          Date of publication: 06 February 2015
          Description/subject: " Nay Pyi Taw, 5 Feb — The government has signed 11 Memorandum of Understanding (MoUs) with local and foreign companies to carry out assessments of potentials for building coal-fired power plants, said Deputy Minister for Electric Power U Aung Than Oo. The deputy minister made the remarks at the meeting of Pyithu Hluttaw Thursday as U Myint Soe of Pyawbwe Constituency submitted a proposal to produce power sufficiently with the use of modern technologies including coal-power and nuclear power technologies without damaging the health of the people and environment. However, the government has no plan yet to produce electricity from nuclear power in the country as generating electricity from the nuclear power is under criticism currently in the world, U Aung Than Oo said. He also replied to a question raised by U Aung Kyaing of NyaungU Constituency that power will be supplied to 45 Bagan-era pagodas in Sarle Village in Chauk Township when budget allocation for building a 11-KV cable line in the region is approved. The deputy minister continued to say that regional and state governments have sought budget allocations from the government to build and upgrade 11-KV cables in the respective regions. To supply power to 45 Bagan-era pagodas in Sarle Village in Chauk Township, it is needed to build a one- and- a half-mile-long cable to link the village and a sub-power station in Yenanchaung, the deputy minister said. Meanwhile, the Ministry of Electric Power is implementing power supply projects with the use of budget allocation from the government and assistance from the World Bank, Asia Development Bank, Japan International Cooperation Agency and loans from the other countries, giving priorities to supplying power to rural areas, U Aung Than Oo said. Besides, the ministry has a plan to build a 230- KV cable line, apart from a 66-KV cable line, to be able to supply power to villages in Gangaw Township."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (72K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 4 February, 2015: Ministries concerned striving for construction of industrial zones meeting international standards
          Date of publication: 05 February 2015
          Description/subject: " Nay Pyi Taw, 4 Feb— Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) continued for the 12th day at its hall, here, on Wednesday. U Tin Maung Oo of Shwepyitha Constituency asked whether or not ministries concerned will solve standardization of industrial zones and disputes of land plots at the zones. Deputy Minister for Industry U Myo Aung replied that ministries concerned are striving for construction of industrial zones meeting international standards. These ministries solve the problems on land plots for land ownership and squatters. In some regions and states, respective industrial zone management committees of region and state governments and industrial zone management committees inspect land plots where no industry is operated for returning them to the government. U Khin Maung Shwe of Tamu Constituency asked whether there is a plan to sink well and carry out water supply to Tamu and construction of local asphalt road. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Aung Thein replied that K316.20 million of border region fund has been allotted for placing asphalt on a four-mile long local roads in Tamu in 2015-16 fiscal year. He added that Sagaing Region Development Affairs Committee has a plan to repair a public lake near Myoma Sasana Yeiktha in Tamu by spending K2 million in 2015-16 fiscal year. U Nyan Swe Win of Kyaukkyi Constituency submitted a proposal calling for allowing rights of political pension under the law. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Aung Thein explained it needs to draw a new political pension law enacted as Pyithu Hluttaw Law No 4 in 1980 as it is not conformity with the present time. The Hluttaw approved the proposal."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (70K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 3 February, 2015: National transport master plan comprising 142 projects to seek approval of Hluttaw
          Date of publication: 04 February 2015
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 3 Feb — At 11th day session of Pyithu Hluttaw on Tuesday, U Zaw Tun of Labutta Constituency asked whether there is a plan to cancel or amend the fine for overdue repayment date of agricultural loans of farmers. Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn Than replied that Myanma Agricultural Development Bank collected 5 per cent interest from the loans and 12 percent fine for overdue loans. According to the existing laws and rules, there is no plan to cancel or amend the fine for overdue loans. At present, coordination is being made with the office of the Attorney-General of the Union for amendment of the law. U Than Myint of Wundwin Constituency raised a question on plans of the government how to draw and implement national transport master plan. Deputy Minister for Transport U Han Sein replied that the master plan consists of 32 aviation projects, 15 waterway transport projects, 33 inland water transport projects, 14 rail transportation projects, 48 road transport projects, totalling 142. Arrangements are being made to seek approval for the master plan. Projects of the plan will be implemented at prioritized level. A national level central committee will be formed with officials of Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Rail Transportation, Ministry of Construction and other ministries concerned. U Thang Lein of Mindat Constituency submitted a proposal calling for drawing land management policies based on ecosystem and geographical conditions so as to conserve environment and natural resources. Deputy Minister for Environmental Conservation and Forestry U Aye Myint Maung explained that not only government but also NGOs and INGOs participate in undertaking the process of drawing land management policies based on ecosystem and geographical conditions so as to conserve environment and natural resources. The Hluttaw decided to put the proposal on record."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (71K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 2 February, 2015: There is no way to return confiscated lands, says defence deputy minister
          Date of publication: 03 February 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 2 Feb— Tenth-day meeting of Pyithu Hluttaw session Monday questioned and answered land seizures of Tatmataw, naming of towns and villages and sexual abuses on women. In response to the question of Daw Khin Saw Wai, parliamentarian of Yathedaung Township constituency, Major General Kyaw Nyunt, deputy minister for Defence, said military confiscated some lands in Zedipyin Village in this constituency for headquarters of Border Area Immigration Control Command before the lands and buildings were transferred to police battalion under Ministry of Home Affairs. He added it is not possible to return the lands to original owners as all the lands are occupied with the buildings of security forces. Question of Daw Khin San Hlaing, an MP of Pale Township constituency, was answered by Brigadier General Kyaw Zan Myint, deputy minister of Home Affairs, saying that the names of villages and towns are officially recognized as have been registered by the ministry. The deputy minister also explained the suggestion of Daw Nang Say Awa, an MP of Hpa-an Township constituency, to enact a law to protect women from sexual abuses. The Brigadier General said headed by the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, a body of three committees comprising representatives of government ministries, parliament, political parties, legal experts, civil society organizations and NGOs is drafting the proposed law."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (67K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 29 January, 2015: Pyithu Hluttaw session discusses appointment of law officers and drug eradication
          Date of publication: 30 January 2015
          Description/subject: " Nay PYi Taw, 29 Jan — The Office of the Attorney- General of the Union appointed 600 law officers (grade-4) over the period of five fiscal years, Deputy Attorney-General U Tun Tun Oo told the Pyithu Hluttaw session on Thursday while he was responding to a question raised by a representative who asked whether the office had plans to appoint more law officers. However, the deputy attorney-general said there were still 229 vacant posts for deputy township law officers in the entire country. A total of 150 law officers recruited in 2013- 14 fiscal year completed their training course at the Central Civil Service University on 12 December and they were appointed to vacant posts while another 150 recruited in 2014-15 fiscal year were still under training at the university, according to the deputy attorney- general. Two other representatives at the session submitted motions urging the government to form ward/ village teams for prevention of drug abuse and to crack down drug trafficking as a public campaign enlisting personnel form the Ministry of Home affairs, other related ministries, judicial authorities, and members of fire brigade, Red Cross societies and social organizations. D Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Zan Myint explained the measures being taken for eradication of drug abuse, future plans and cooperation with the international community. The two motions on narcotic drug elimination were approved by the Pyithu Hluttaw session."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (69K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 28 January, 2015: Women service personnel enjoy maternity leave under rules and law
          Date of publication: 29 January 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 28 Jan— At the eighth day session of Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) on Wednesday, U Khin Maung Shwe of Tamu Constituency raised questions on maternity leave for female workers under the civil service law and rules and whether there is a plan to manage permission for maternity leave of woman staff at Mintha Station Hospital in Myothit, Tamu District. Chairman of Union Civil Services Board U Kyaw Thu replied that any woman service personnel in service can enjoy maternity leave under rules 101 and 102 of civil service law. The woman staff at the station hospital needs to submit applications with documents referring to the civil service law to the ministry concerned for enjoying the maternity leave with full salary. Daw Khin San Hlaing of Pale Constituency asked whether Myanmar Police Force controls criminal activities in Yangon Region or not. Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Zan Myint replied that police are discharging duty of security and rule of law in Yangon Region through a 1:1228 police to people ratio as population of the region reaches over 7.3 million. Police in 44 townships of the region led by the commander of Yangon Region Police Force emphasize prevention of 10 major criminal cases under the law. Police prosecuted 146 murder cases of 155 and 32 robbery cases of 47 in 2011, 156 murders of 164 and 26 robbery cases of 30 in 2012, 121 murders of 130 and 25 robbery cases of 33 in 2013 and 172 murders of 186 and 35 robbery cases of 48 in 2014. Police also arrested all suspects in five cases of mob violence in 2013 and three in 2014. If all people abide by existing laws and cooperate in preventive measures of crime, police can ensure prevalence of law and order and control of criminal cases. U Thein Swe of An Constituency submitted a proposal calling for drawing a five-year plan to appoint one midwife at appropriate villages so as to narrow development gap between rural and urban areas in health care services. Deputy Minister for Health Dr Win Myint said that a total of 20 midwifery training schools and 46 nursing and midwifery training schools are turning out midwives. As of 2015-16 academic year, the ministry will open two midwifery schools and two nursing schools. That is why the ministry will assign one midwife for two-three villages in 2020 when over 23,600 midwives will be turned out across the nation. The Hluttaw approved the proposal."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (72K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 27 January, 2015: Farmlands sacrificed for new satellite towns in public interests
          Date of publication: 28 January 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 27 Jan — U Soe Tint, Deputy Minister for Construction, at the Pyithu Hluttaw session here on Tuesday answered a query about the government plans for the loss of farmlands and the sale of apartments in installments. “Farmland loss is due to establishing new satellite towns in public interests,” he said, adding “The projects are real.” He spoke of the resettlement of affected people on plots measuring 20 feet by 60 feet and 40ft by 60ft, explaining that compensation have been made K 10,000 an acre of bare land and K20,000 per acre of land under cultivation. He added the compensation was more than the then market value. Regarding the sale of apartments in installments, he said low-price housing projects for ordinary people are under planning stage, with detailed calculations being made to ensure the purchase of apartments in long-term monthly installments. As for a question concerning the relationship between the Pyu culture and the Bagan culture, Deputy Minister for Culture U Than Swe spoke of three Pyu cities that date back about 2000 years, quoting researchers as saying that there is evidence that the religion, culture, architecture and arts in Pyu era were discovered in Bagan before the times of King Anawrahta. Cultural evidences found in Bagan and shared by Pyu, Mon and Myanmar are of great significance to the culture of Bagan, he said, adding that the Bagan culture have derived from the Pyu culture. An MP called for the government in her proposal, suggesting that a state-level supervisory committee be formed to deal with arbitrations likely to rise from product-sharing contracts between governmental ministries and foreign firms. Responding to the proposal, Deputy Minister Dr Maung Maung Thein, who is also a member of the Myanmar Investment Commission, said that ministries differ from one another in their operations and that different projects demand different contracts even in a single ministry. Disputes involving international companies are to be settled by arbitration according to the New York Convention, which he said covers Myanmar and as a result the Supreme Court of the Union is working on it to write a law. It is not an easy task to form a state-level committee to tackle disputes on contracts, with the deputy minister saying that contracting parties are fully responsible for the points included in contracts. “The formation of a committee is against the open market system and will amount to the existence of centralization,” he said."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (69K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 26 January, 2015: Plan to improve Myanmar Agricultural Development Bank Law
          Date of publication: 27 January 2015
          Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 26 Jan—The Pyithu Hluttaw held the sixth day session on Monday. With regard to the question on implementation of Sarpay Beikman’s vision raised by U Soe Paing of Wuntho Constituency, Deputy Minister for Information U Pike Htway replied that Sarpay Beikman publishes books in translation and on technology to serve the interest of readers and to improve Myanmar literature standard. U Myint Oo of Thanatpin Constituency asked whether or not there is a plan to disburse medium- term and long-term agricultural loans to the farmers for mortgaging farming rights certificate at any bank. Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn Than replied that Myanma Agricultural Development Bank disbursed loans to farmers in Bago Region by taking original certificates of farming rights. As there no instruction to take original certificates in disbursement of loans, the bank delivered loans to farmers in remaining regions and states by taking copies of certificates. The bank disburses loans to the farmers who really carry out farming works with endorsement of local authorities. Disbursement of agricultural loans will be improved under the farming rights protection and interest promotion law and rules. U Khin Maung Shwe of Tamu Constituency asked how to apply for vacant and virgin lands on a manageable scale and whether there is plan to ease disciplines of application. The deputy minister replied that anybody may apply for farming rights on less than 10 acres of vacant and virgin lands on a manageable scale at region or state vacant land management work committee. The disciplines are aimed at scrutinizing the financial situation of entrepreneurs to do cultivation on over 50 acres of land. Scrutiny of financial situation will be eased for rural farmers and families on manageable scale works and there is no separate form for applying farming rights. U Thein Tun of Kyaunggon Constituency submitted a proposal calling for disbursement of annual, short-term and longterm loans to farmers. The Hluttaw put it on record. The deputy minister replied that amendment for existing Myanmar Agricultural Development Bank Law are submitted to the office of Attorney-General of the Union to improve the loan system for farmer."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (70K)
          Date of entry/update: 14 February 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 23 January, 2015: DHSHD to build staff quarters in Shadaw Township
          Date of publication: 24 January 2015
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 23 Jan — At the 5th day session of Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) on Friday, Daw Nang Nwam of Shadaw Constituency asked whether there is a plan to construct staff quarters for departmental personnel far from Shadaw Township in Kayah State. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Kyaw Kyaw Win replied that a total of 179 local staff and 119 personnel from other townships are discharging duty at 25 departments in Shadaw Township. At present, 86 staff members far from Shadaw Township need staff quarters. Township Department of Human Settlement and Housing Development plans to build staff quarters on 47.04 acres of land but still seeks permission for construction. U Pe Than of Myebon Constituency asked plans for construction of asphalt or concrete Minbya- Myebon inter-town road and for better transport of Myebon. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Aung Thein replied that Rakhine State government asked for K6696.295 million estimated cost for upgrading a sixmile asphalt road section, a six-mile and three-furlong gravel road section, construction of seven-mile earthen pavement and construction of 25 reinforced concrete bridges on the road in 2015-15 fiscal year. When the budget is allotted, the inter-town road will be constructed as a six-mile and three-furlong- long asphalt section, a 16-mile and one-furlong-long gravel section and two-mile and two-furlong-long earthen section. Depending on the fund, the road will be upgraded. U Kyi Tha of Gwa Constituency submitted a proposal to take action against unlicensed motorcycles and motor cars and seek the ways for selling motorcycles and cars to citizens at fair prices. It was seconded by U Win Than of Thabaung Constituency. Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Kyaw Tun explained that Myanmar Police Force, Customs Department, Transport Planning Department and Directorate of Road Administration in combine teams take action against unlicensed vehicles and motorcycles under the law. The Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Rail Transportation, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Health and Ministry of Religious Affairs eased the restrictions for sales of vehicles to the citizens. The Hluttaw approved the proposal. U Maung Nyo of Sittway Constituency submitted a proposal to rename Cantonment Park (a) Kandaw Mingala Park in Yangon as U Ottama Park, supported by MPs. The Hluttaw approved the proposal.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (71K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 22 January, 2015: Pyithu Hluttaw raises questions on retirees, industrial waste water, upgrading of stadium
          Date of publication: 23 January 2015
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 22 Jan— Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) session raised questions on retirees who worked beyond their retirement age, environmental and social impacts from factory sewage of an industrial zone in Mawlamyine and upgrading a stadium in Myaung on Thursday. Deputy Minister for Finance Dr Lin Aung answered the questions on retirees, saying that government employees are required to retire when they are sixty under section 230 of rules for government employees, and it is true that the Ministry of Education asked retirees who worked beyond their retirement age to repay the salaries and benefits they enjoyed beyond their retirement age. The deputy minister added that some staff of the education ministry, however, were found to have dishonestly changed their dates of birth so that they could work beyond their retirement age and as a result, the ministry took necessary measures to recover the salaries and benefits in accordance with the law. Deputy Minister for Environmental Conservation and Forestry Daw Thet Thet Zin responded to the question on sewage from factories in Mawlamyine, saying that only nine out of 117 factories under operation use water and the waste water from the factories is treated before it is drained out into nearby paddy field. The waste water is not drained out into the Attaran River, which is about 1,800 feet away from the industrial zone, according to the deputy minister. As paddy in the field is growing well, there is no impact of waste water on the environment, she added. For the upgrading of the stadium in Myaung, Deputy Minister for Sports U Thaung Htaik said that the government allotted K 100 million in 2014-15 fiscal year and upgrading tasks are being carried out at the moment.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (69K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 21 January, 2015: Pyithu Hluttaw discusses fall in oil price, losses of local merchants and farmers
          Date of publication: 22 January 2015
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 21 Jan —Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) session discussed impact of falling oil prices, losses of Myanmar merchants to Chinese traders and upgrading and maintenance of regional reservoirs on Wednesday. Concerning the impact of falling oil prices in the international market, Deputy Minister for Energy U Aung Htoo said that oil prices were falling in the international market due to imbalance of supply and demand and this had an impact on gas prices exported from Myanmar but incomes from gas could only slightly fall as production from new projects, Zawtika and Shwe, met the targets, adding that the ministry had an advantage of lower costs for imported oil and gas for local consumption. The deputy minister continued to say that falling oil prices could also slow down the activities of exploration and production but there were advantages as well as disadvantages as Myanmar could gain short term benefits if it could buy and store reserve oil at low prices. As for losses of Myanmar merchants to Chinese traders, Deputy Minister for Commerce Dr Pwint Hsan said that local merchants and farmers suffered losses because they did not follow rules and regulations and relied on trust between them and illegally traded goods. However, losses of local merchants and farmers would be recovered by negotiations between authorities of the two countries and between merchant associations if evidence was provided, the deputy minister added, saying that his ministry had already discussed the matter at the 10th China-Myanmar Trade Coordination Meeting but the Chinese side replied that it was necessary to investigate who engaged in illegal trade. However, the deputy minister said the two countries had agreed to hold a coordination meeting and the list of Chinese merchants who still needed to pay for goods they bought would be given to Chinese authorities at the meeting. For the question on upgrading of regional reservoir, Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Khin Zaw said that maintenance and upgrading of regional reservoirs is being carried out by state/region governments. At today’s session, a motion calling for effective prevention and action against illegal trade of natural resources to other countries was submitted by a representative.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (67K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015


          Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 20 January, 2015: Yangon University being furnished with modern teaching aids, scientific laboratories
          Date of publication: 21 January 2015
          Description/subject: Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Jan— U Thant Shin, the deputy minister for Education, at the Pyithu Hluttaw on Tuesday dealt with a question of how world’s best universities are helping upgrade Yangon University, explaining extensive renovations to the university, the improvement of education quality, international relations and research works. Regarding renovation work, U Thant Shin said that classrooms are being furnished with modern teaching aids materials and laboratories with scientific instruments. New constructions will include a two-storey canteen, two buildings that can house 400 students, a building for the National English Language Centre, a building for aquatic life, and some buildings for arts and science disciplines, according to the deputy minister. As part of improving educational quality, he emphasized changes in pedagogic principles, the launch of e-learning, seminars and workshops on the internationalization of syllabuses and curricula, and the provision of teacher trainings. Speaking of international cooperation, he said memoranda of understanding aimed at student exchange, staff exchange, faculty exchange and collaboration research have been signed with 21 international universities and organizations, with 16 more to come. Another question was concerned with functions of traffic police, with the deputy minister for Home Affairs explaining the organizational structure of traffic police. Nearly six million traffic violations nationwide were reported in 2014, with Nay Pyi Taw alone seeing 11,412 cases in 2012, 7,380 cases in 2013 and 6,001 in 2014, according to Brig- Gen Kyaw Zan Myint. Last year, traffic violations numbered 252,045 in Yangon and 62,694 in Mandalay, he said. The Myanmar Police Force allotted K10.88 million as expenditures for the transport of culprits and their automobiles, of which K6.78m was disbursed to traffic police stations nationwide in the 2014-2015 fiscal year. He stated that there is no need to offer bribes in return for seized vehicles at police stations and pledged bribery charges in line with the rules and regulations of traffic police.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
          Format/size: pdf (71K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 January 2015