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Burmese social and political culture

  • Astrology, numerology, fortune telling, prophetic sayings etc.

    Individual Documents

    Title: Pagoda Power
    Date of publication: July 2009
    Description/subject: Looking for omens in a pile of rubble... "IT was a sunny day, but a young laborer working on the renovation of the Danok Pagoda, near Rangoon, recalled: “It suddenly grew very dark and we saw a bright red light rising from the northern end of the pagoda, and we heard a strange, haunting voice coming from that direction.” Then the ancient pagoda collapsed, reportedly killing 20 of the laborer’s fellow workers and naval personnel who were helping out. The authorities blamed faulty renovation work, which they said was being hurried along because of the approaching rainy season. Many local people, however, have a less mundane explanation for the collapse of the historic pagoda. Supernatural forces, not shoddy workmanship, brought it down, they say..."
    Author/creator: Arkar Moe
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 17, No. 4
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 11 August 2009


    Title: So What’s in Store for Burma in 2005?
    Date of publication: January 2005
    Description/subject: "Political Turmoil, Military Intrigues, But Also Prosperity and Progress—Astrologers Hedge Their Bets...The tsunami that smashed into several Southeast Asian countries in December appears miraculously to have spared Burma the full fury of its preternatural power... While many outside Burma cast doubt on the regime figures, the generals in Rangoon have a mystical explanation for them: Burma escaped the lethal waves relatively unharmed because they had earned merit with Lord Buddha by building pagodas...Burmese soothsayers saw the Sumatra earthquake as a bad omen and a harbinger of political upheaval, perhaps a change of government. The current year will certainly be a crucial one for the regime, they say. Superstitious nonsense? Not for the overwhelming majority of the Burmese people, including their leaders. It’s no secret that top generals and their wives regularly consult astrologers. Even opposition figures have their astrologers—democratic-minded ones, of course..."
    Author/creator: Aung Zaw
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 13, No. 1
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 10 August 2005


    Title: "A Preliminary Study of Burmese Prophetic Sayings"
    Date of publication: 2002
    Description/subject: The Burmese people are known to be superstitious in many ways. One is a belief in prophetic saying known as tabaun. This paper explains how in the past, people placed importance on these prophetic sayings. It describes how learned Buddhist monks have reminded people not to be influenced by them. Rather, they should be concerned with their kamma.
    Author/creator: Saw Tun
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Journal of Burma Studies Vol. 7 (2002)
    Format/size: pdf (829K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.niu.edu/burma/publications/jbs/vol9/index.shtml
    Date of entry/update: 07 March 2009


    Title: No Escape from the 31 Planes of Existence
    Date of publication: February 2001
    Description/subject: Naypyidaw—the “Abode of Kings”—is Than Shwe’s monument to his own rule... "I am not an astrologer, but I will venture one prediction about the year ahead: that the regime in Burma will hold its election as planned and formally introduce what it calls a “discipline-flourishing democracy.” So far, however, the junta leaders remain tight-lipped about the how and when of the election. At this stage, the best anyone can offer is an educated guess. But come what may, the election will happen—be sure of it. Why am I so certain of this, when others have suggested that the junta will probably try to find some pretext to put the vote off indefinitely? Because the clearest evidence of the junta’s intentions can be found in Naypyidaw, where construction of new parliamentary buildings is proceeding apace. This news is not entirely reassuring, however. According to a recent Reuters report, much work remains to be done on the new legislature, “from unfinished roads to painting many of the parliamentary complex’s 31 buildings, with pagoda-style roofs sheathed in scaffolding.” But others who have been to the junta’s capital say that they are amazed at how much progress has been made since last March, when only the main building of the Hluttaw, or Parliament, had been completed. In recent months, the regime has ordered army engineers and construction workers to work even faster to meet their deadline—whenever that might be. While some people are preoccupied with the question of when the buildings will be finished, I am more intrigued by the number being built—31. In Buddhism, this number has a special significance. According to Buddhist cosmology, 31 is the number of planes of existence into which we can be reborn. Humans belong to the fifth plane, above other beings such as animals and hungry ghosts, but below the devas—the god-like beings who exist in the realms of form and formlessness. The important thing to remember about the 31 planes of existence is that they are all subject to suffering. By following the Buddha’s teachings, however, one can escape the rounds of rebirth and attain a state that is completely beyond suffering, known as Nirvana..."
    Author/creator: Aung Zaw
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 18, No. 2
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 28 February 2010


  • Burmese political culture - books from the 1950s and '60s (most published by AFPFL)

    Individual Documents

    Title: "Criticism of the paper on an advisory board for internal unity" "ျပည္တြင္း ညီညြတ္ေရး အႀကံေပးအဖြဲ႔ စာတန္းအေပၚ ေ၀ဖန္ခ်က္"
    Date of publication: 01 October 1969
    Author/creator: Thein Pay Myint သိန္းေဖျမင့္
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Thein Pay Myint သိန္းေဖျမင့္
    Format/size: pdf (3.67MB)
    Date of entry/update: 12 August 2012


    Title: "Mao Ze Dong’s China and the Sovereignty of Myanmar" "ေမာ္စီတုန္းတရုတ္ႏွင့္ ျမန္မာ့ အခ်ဳပ္အခ်ာအာဏာ"
    Date of publication: 01 August 1967
    Description/subject: A collection of articles in "Bo Ta Taung" newspaper about the relationship between Burma and China in 1967. This book is a ...... သိန္းေဖျမင့္ သည္ ၁၉၆၇ ခုႏွစ္က ဗိုလ္တေထာင္ သတင္းစာတြင္ တရုတ္ျမန္မာ ဆက္ဆံေရး အေၾကာင္း အခန္းဆက္ ေဆာင္းပါးမ်ားေရးခဲ့ၿပီး၊ ဤစာအုပ္ တြင္ စုစည္း ထုတ္ ေ၀လိုက္ျခင္း ျဖစ္သည္။
    Author/creator: Thein Pay Myint သိန္းေဖျမင့္
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: "Bo Ta Taung"
    Format/size: pdf (6.1MB)
    Date of entry/update: 11 August 2012


    Title: "Communism and we Burmans" "ဘံု၀ါဒႏွင့္ ဒို႔ဗမာ
    Date of publication: 25 January 1967
    Description/subject: First Edition 1954: Second Edition 1964: Third Edition 1967, ... Articles by: 1. Thakhin Ko Daw Hmai, 2. Thakhin Aung San, 3. U Nu, 4. Thakhin Soe, 5. Thakhin Than Tun, 6. Thakhin Ba Hein, 7. Thakhin Hla Pay (Bo Lat Yar), 8. Thakhin Kyaw Sein, 9. Thein Pay Myint, 10. U Ba Swe, 11. Thakhin Lay Maung, 12. U Thant (United Nations)..... ပထမအႀကိမ္ ထုတ္ေ၀ျခင္း ၁၉၅၄၊ ဒုတိယ အႀကိမ္ ထုတ္ေ၀ျခင္း ၁၉၆၄၊ ယခုတႀကိမ္ သည္ တတိယ အႀကိမ္ ထုတ္ေ၀ျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။... စာေရးဆရာ ေပါင္းစံုပါ၀င္သည္။ ၁. သခင္ကိုယ္ေတာ္ မႈိင္း ၂. သခင္ေအာင္ဆန္း ၃. ဦးႏု ၄. သခင္စိုး ၅. သခင္သန္းထြန္း ၆. သခင္ဗဟိန္း ၇. သခင္ လွေဖ(ဗိုလ္လက္ယာ) ၈. သခင္ ေက်ာ္စိန္ ၉. သိန္းေဖျမင့္ ၁၀. ဦးဘေဆြ တို႔ျဖစ္သည္။
    Author/creator: Thein Pay Myint သိန္းေဖျမင့္
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Thein Pay Myint သိန္းေဖျမင့္
    Format/size: pdf (13.92MB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs14/Book20-split.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 11 August 2012


    Title: "On The People's Democratic Dictatorship" “ျပည္သူ႔ဒီမိုကေရစီ အာဏာရွင္စနစ္”
    Date of publication: 1966
    Description/subject: Translated into Burmese by Lwin Maung in 1966. Chinese original, 1949... Ka Laung Pyan Publishing House, Rangoon, Burma... ထုတ္ေ၀သူ ၏ အမွာ ဤ “ျပည္သူ႔ဒီမိုကေရစီ အာဏာရွင္စနစ္” ဟူေသာ စာတမ္းကို တရုပ္ျပည္ကြန္ျမဴနစ္ပါတီ (၂၈) ႏွစ္ေျမာက္ အထိမ္းအမွတ္ အတြက္ ၁၉၄၉ ခုႏွစ္ ဇြန္လ ၃၀ ရက္ေန႔ တြင္ ရဲေဘာ္ ေမာ္စီတံုး ေရးသားျခင္း ျဖစ္ပါသည္။
    Author/creator: Mao Zedong
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Format/size: pdf (2.02MB)
    Date of entry/update: 24 July 2012


    Title: "The Path of the AFPFL" "ဖဆပလ ၏ ေျခလွမ္း"
    Date of publication: 01 September 1963
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Lanzin Newspaper လမ္းစဥ္ သတင္းစာ
    Format/size: pdf (7MB)
    Date of entry/update: 12 August 2012


    Title: "Thein Pay Myint - a threat to peace" "ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႏွင့္ သိန္းေဖျမင့္ အႏၱရာယ္"
    Date of publication: 15 August 1963
    Description/subject: ဤစာအုပ္တြင္- ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး အဖ်က္သမား သိန္းေဖျမင့္ အလုိမရွိ... ကြန္ျမဴနစ္ပါတီႏွင့္ သိန္းေဖျမင့္... ႏိုင္ငံေရး မ်က္လွည့္ဆရာႀကီး သိန္းေဖျမင့္... ျပည္သူ႔ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး အဖြဲ႔ ေပါင္းစံု ႏွင့္ သိန္းေဖျမင့္... သိန္းေဖျမင့္ ၏ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ့ေရးရာ အျမင္မ်ား။ (လမ္းစဥ္ အယ္ဒီတာ အဖြဲ႔မွ ျပဳစုသည္)
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: "Lanzin Newspaper" လမ္းစဥ္သတင္းစာ
    Format/size: pdf (7.69MB)
    Date of entry/update: 12 August 2012


    Title: "Domestic Peace and Dialogue Movement" "ျပည္တြင္းၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႏွင့္ ေတြ႔ဆံုေဆြးေႏြးေရး အေရးေတာ္ပံု"
    Date of publication: 1963
    Description/subject: Peace in Burma movement lead by Thakhin Ko Daw Hmaing: ... သခင္ကိုယ္ေတာ္မႈိင္း ဦးေဆာင္သည့္ ျပည္တြင္းၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး လႈပ္ရွားမႈ အေၾကာင္း တင္ျပသည့္ စာအုပ္တအုပ္ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ လမ္းစဥ္ အယ္ဒီတာ အဖြဲ႔မွ ျပဳစု တင္ျပပါသည္။
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: "Lanzin Newspaper" လမ္းစဥ္ သတင္းစာ
    Format/size: pdf (4.93MB)
    Date of entry/update: 12 August 2012


    Title: "The Advanced Socialism" "တိုးတက္ေသာ ဆိုရွယ္လစ္စနစ္"
    Date of publication: 1963
    Description/subject: ပထစ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ သခင္တင္ေရးသားသည္။
    Author/creator: Thakhin Tin (A leader of the Union Party)
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Thakhin Tin
    Format/size: pdf (7.51MB)
    Date of entry/update: 12 August 2012


    Title: "The Burma Workers Party's view on the BSPP" ဗမာျပည္ အလုပ္သမားပါတီ ၏ မဆလ ပါတီအေပၚ သေဘာထား
    Date of publication: 09 August 1962
    Description/subject: The Burma Workers Party's view on the BSPP (Wi Du Ya Tha Khin Chit Maung and journalists: Press Release.) ဗမာျပည္အလုပ္သမား ပါတီ၏ မဆလ ပါတီ အေပၚ သေဘာထား (၀ိဓုရ- သခင္ခ်စ္ေမာင္ ႏွင့္ သတင္းစာ ဆရာမ်ား အေမး အေျဖ... တိုင္းေရးျပည္ေရး အျဖစ္စံု တင္ျပခ်က္မ်ား)
    Author/creator: Vi Dhu Ra Tha-khin Chit Maung
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Burma Workers Party Headquarters
    Format/size: pdf (2.18MB)
    Date of entry/update: 04 August 2012


    Title: "Collected speeches and his opinion on internal peace by Brigadier General Kyaw Zaw"
    Date of publication: 01 December 1960
    Description/subject: First edition- November 1957: Second edition - December 1960: "ဗိုလ္မွဴးခ်ဳပ္ေက်ာ္ေဇာ ၏ ျပည္တြင္းၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး သေဘာထားႏွင့္ လက္ေရြးစဥ္ မိန္႔ခြန္းမ်ား" ပထမအႀကိမ္ပံုႏွိပ္ျခင္း- ႏို၀င္ဘာလ ၁၉၅၇၊ ဒုတိယအႀကိမ္ပံုႏွိပ္ျခင္း- ဒီဇင္ဘာလ ၁၉၆၀။
    Author/creator: Brigadier General Kyaw Zaw
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Brigadier General Kyaw Zaw
    Format/size: pdf (4.42MB)
    Date of entry/update: 14 August 2012


    Title: "AFPFL’s view on recognizing Buddhism as the State Religion"
    Date of publication: 18 December 1959
    Description/subject: Publication of Man Dai Newspaper(14-12-59) "ဗုဒၶဘာသာကို ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ဘာသာ အျဖစ္သတ္မွတ္ေရးႏွင့္ပါတ္သက္၍ ဖ.ဆ.ပ.လ အဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္၏သေဘာထား" (၁၄-၁၂-၅၉) ေန႔ အထူးထုတ္ မ႑ိဳင္ သတင္းစာကို၊ သံဃာ့ တပ္ဦး အဖြဲ႔မွ တဆင့္ ကူးယူ ရိုက္ႏွိပ္ ေ၀ငွသည္။
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: AFPFL
    Format/size: pdf (1.01MB)
    Date of entry/update: 29 July 2012


    Title: Seminar to evaluate the AFPFL's Programme ဖဆပလ အဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္ လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္ျပန္လည္သံုးသပ္ေရး ႏွီးေႏွာ ဖလွယ္ပဲြ
    Date of publication: 24 October 1959
    Description/subject: "Seminar to evaluate the AFPFL's Programme" (24 October 1959 ) ဖဆပလ အဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္ လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္ျပန္လည္သံုးသပ္ေရး ႏွီးေႏွာ ဖလွယ္ပဲြ (၁၉၅၉-ခု ေအာက္တိုဘာလ ၂၄- ရက္) တြင္ ဖဆပလ အဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္ ၀ါဒႏွင့္ လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္သေဘာထား လူမႈေရး အခဏ္ ကို ပညာေရးႏွင့္ ျပည္ေထာင္စု ယဥ္ေက်းမႈ က႑ ဖဆပလ အဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္၊ အလုပ္အမႈေဆာင္ ဦးထြန္းတင္ ေဆြးေႏြးတင္ျပပါသည္။
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Education and Culture Section (AFPFL)
    Format/size: pdf (2.07MB)
    Date of entry/update: 04 August 2012


    Title: Step by Step Struggle Against Oppression ဖိႏွိပ္မႈ တိုက္ပြဲ အဆင့္ဆင့္
    Date of publication: September 1959
    Description/subject: First edition: July 1959 ... Second edition: August 1959 ... 1. Freedom of religion... 2. Freedom of expression ... 3. Freedom of organizing ...4. justice ... 5. Freedom of working and living... 6. Right to freedom through independence ... 7. Independence of Ireland ... 8. The American Revolution ... 9. The French Revolution ... 10. Italian solidarity... 11. Independence of Mexico ... 12. The hero of South American freedom ... 13. Independence of Philippines... 14. Various struggles... 15. Non-violence of the people of Korea... 16. Freedom and intelligence....... သန္႔ရွင္း ဖဆပလ အဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္ ဥကၠဌ ဦးႏု ေရးသည္... ပထမ ႏွိပ္ျခင္း (၁၉၅၉ ဇူလိုင္)... ဒုတိယ ႏွိပ္ျခင္း (၁၉၅၉ ၾသဂုတ္)... ၁. လြတ္လပ္စြာကိုးကြယ္ခြင့္... ၂. လြတ္လပ္စြာေရးသားေဟာေျပာခြင့္... ၃. လြတ္လပ္စြာ စည္းေ၀းခြင့္ႏွင့္ စည္းရံုးခြင့္... ၄. လြတ္လပ္စြာ တရားစီရင္ခြင့္... ၅. လြတ္လပ္စြာသက္ေမြး ၀မ္းေက်ာင္းႏိုင္ပံု... ၆. လြတ္လပ္ခြင့္မွ လြတ္လပ္ေရးသို႔... ၇. အိုင္ယာလန္လြတ္လပ္ေရး... ၈. အေမရိကန္ေတာ္လွန္ေရး... ၉. ျပင္သစ္အေရးေတာ္ပံု... ၁၀. အီတလီျပည္စည္းလံုးေရး... ၁၁. မကၠဆီကိုလြတ္လပ္ေရး... ၁၂. ေတာင္အေမရိကလြတ္လပ္ေရးသူရဲေကာင္း... ၁၃. ဖိလစ္ပိုင္ လြတ္လပ္ေရး... ၁၄. တိုုက္ပြဲအမ်ဳိးမ်ဳိး... ၁၅. ကိုရီးယားျပည္သူတို႔၏ အႏုနည္း... ၁၆. လြတ္လပ္ေရးႏွင့္ ႏွလံုးရည္
    Author/creator: U Nu
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League (AFPFL-Clean)
    Format/size: pdf (5.00MB)
    Date of entry/update: 07 August 2012


    Title: "Where is Parliamentary Democracy going?" "ပါလီမန္ဒီမိုကေရစီဘယ္လဲ"
    Date of publication: 1959
    Description/subject: This is a criticism by Member of Parliament Tha Khin Chit Maung (Thar Yar Waddy) of Prime Minister General Ne Win's speech to Parliament on 16 February, 1959. ဤစာအုပ္သည္ ပါလီမန္အမတ္ သခင္ခ်စ္ေမာင္ (သာယာ၀တီ) က ၀န္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ ေန၀င္း ၁၉၅၉၊ ေဖေဖၚ၀ါရီ ၁၆ တြင္ ပါလီမန္ သို႔ ေျပာသည့္မိန္႔ခြန္းကို ေ၀ဖန္ ခ်က္ျဖစ္သည္။
    Author/creator: Wi Du Ya Thakhin Chit Maung ၀ိဓူရ သခင္ခ်စ္ေမာင္
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Burma Labour Party (Rangoon District)
    Format/size: pdf (2.46MB)
    Date of entry/update: 24 July 2012


    Title: "Where is Social-Ni (Red-Social) going?" ဆိုရွယ္နီဘယ္လဲ?
    Date of publication: August 1958
    Description/subject: Criticism on The Burma Workers Party. ..... အလုပ္သမားပါတီအားေ၀ဖန္ခ်က္။
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: The comrades who want the Real Peace
    Format/size: pdf (2.52MB)
    Date of entry/update: 14 August 2012


    Title: "Interim Organizing Programme of the AFPFL (Clean)" ဖဆပလ(သန္႔ရွင္း) အဖြဲ႔ စည္းရံုးေရး ၾကားျဖတ္လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္
    Date of publication: 07 July 1958
    Description/subject: The AFPLF had split into 2 factions. The faction which published this paper called itself the "clean" AFPFL. It had to organise itself quickly because the other faction, the "stable" AFPFL, had already begun... ဗ.တ.လ.စ ပံုႏွိပ္တိုက္၊ အမွတ္ ၄ ၀ကၤဘာလမ္း၊ ဗဟန္း၊ ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႔
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: AFPFL (Clean)
    Format/size: pdf (777K)
    Date of entry/update: 29 July 2012


    Title: Criticism of Chan Aye's Critical review ခ်မ္း ေအးစစ္တမ္း ေ၀ဖန္ခ်က္
    Date of publication: 01 August 1957
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Burma Workers and Peasants Party
    Format/size: pdf (3.66MB)
    Date of entry/update: 09 August 2012


    Title: Report of the Burma Workers' and Peasants' Party Central Committee
    Date of publication: 01 February 1957
    Description/subject: The report was presented in "Countrywide Conference of Burma Workers' and Peasants' Party" hold in 5 - 7 September 1956) ဗမာျပည္အလုပ္သမား လယ္သမားပါတီ ဆဌမ အႀကိမ္ေျမာက္ ဗဟိုေကာ္မတီ အစီရင္ခံစာ" ဒုတိယ အႀကိမ္ေျမာက္ ႏိုင္ငံလံုးဆုိင္ရာ ပါတီ ကြန္ဖရင့္ တြင္ တင္သြင္းသည္။ (၁၉၅၆၊ စက္တင္ဘာ ၅ - ၇)
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Burma Workers' and Peasants' Party
    Format/size: pdf (7.24MB)
    Date of entry/update: 09 August 2012


    Title: People’s Democracy Party - Burma (formerly Dobama Asiayone) ျပည္သူ႔ ဒီမိုကေရစီပါတီ (ဗမာျပည္)
    Date of publication: 20 November 1956
    Description/subject: The history and constitution of the People’s Democracy Party (Burma) which changed from Dobama Asiayone (Our Burman Association). ယခုစာတမ္းသည္ ျပည္သူ႔ ဒီမုိကေရစီပါတီ (ဗမာျပည္) ၏ သမိုင္း ႏွင့္ ဖြဲ႔ စည္းပံု ျဖစ္ ၿပီး ၄င္းပါတီသည္ ဒို႔ဗမာ အစည္းအရံုးမွ အသြင္ေျပာင္းလာသည့္ ပါတီျဖစ္သည္။
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: People’s Democracy Party (Burma)
    Format/size: pdf (2.90MB)
    Date of entry/update: 07 August 2012


    Title: "Various Affairs in Politics (First Volume)" "ႏိုင္ငံေရးရာ အျဖာျဖာ"
    Date of publication: 09 October 1946
    Description/subject: 33 articles by U Ba Pay out of 98 in "Han Thar Waddy" newspaper from 23 April 1946... ဟံသာ၀တီ သတင္းစာ ပါ ေဆာင္းပါး ၃၃ ေစာင္ ကို စုစည္းခ်က္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ စာအုပ္ထုတ္ေ၀ခ်ိန္အထိ ဟံသာ၀တီ သတင္းစာတြင္ ေဆာင္းပါး ၉၈ ေစာင္ ေဖၚျပခဲ့ပါသည္။ ေဆာင္းပါးမ်ားကို ဦးဘေဖ ေရးသားၿပီး ပထမဆံုး ေဆာင္းပါးကို ၁၉၄၆ ခု၊ ဧၿပီ ၂၃ ရက္ေန႔တြင္ စတင္ေဖၚျပပါသည္။
    Author/creator: U Ba Pay (The Great Leader)
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: "Han Thar Waddy" newspapaper
    Format/size: pdf (5.9MB)
    Date of entry/update: 12 August 2012


    Title: The Monk and the Vote ဘုန္းႀကီးႏွင့္မဲ
    Date of publication: 1946
    Description/subject: Presentation of the book is Monks should be right to Vote or not in election. ဤစာအုပ္တြင္ ဘုန္းႀကီးမ်ား အေနျဖင့္ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲတြင္ မဲေပးပိုင္ခြင့္ ရွိသင့္ မရွိသင့္ ကို တင္ျပထားသည္။
    Author/creator: U Tint Shwe (Patama Jaw, Parli Mahar Wizar)
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Format/size: pdf (3.65MB)
    Date of entry/update: 07 August 2012


    Title: "THE NEW BURMA IN THE NEW WORLD"
    Date of publication: 1945
    Description/subject: Manifesto of the Anti Fascist People's Freedom League (Burma Patriotic Front)... Towards better mutual understanding and greater co-operation between the British and the Peoples of Burma... Radio Address by Colonel Naywin (7-5-45) to the People of Burma... Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League Statement... Queries and replies at the press interview given by Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League on 14th May 1945 ... Programme of "National reconstruction through National service"... Policy and immediate Programme of the Anti- Fascist People's Freedom League (Burma Patriotic Front)... Provisional Rules for Supreme Council of Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League... Leaders Conference ... Letter to the Governor ... Resolutions passed at the Meeting of the Supreme Council of The Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League which was held in Session on the 6th, 7th and 8th October 1945... Statement of the Supreme Council of Anti- Fascist People's Freedom League on His Excellency tho Governor's speech on 17fn October 1945 Instrument of Instructions. ... Statement issued on 28th October 1945 by Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League ... The League's Rejonder... List of the nominees of the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League... Shwedagon Mass Meeting. Governor's Executive Council ... Gist of Major-General Aung San's Speech... THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENT IS MISSING: The report of Thakin Than Tun, General Secretary, AFPFL made at the mass meeting held at the Shwedagon Pagoda on the 18th November 1945
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Anti Fascist People's Freedom League (AFPFL)
    Format/size: pdf (2.6MB-OBL version; 7.07MB-original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs13/Book19(en).pdf
    Date of entry/update: 11 August 2012


    Title: "Manifesto of the Communist Party" ကြန္ျမဴနစ္ပါတီ ေက်ညာစာတမ္း (၁)
    Description/subject: The title in Burmese translation is "Manifesto of the Communist Party (1)"... Translated to Burmese from the version "Translated: Samuel Moore in cooperation with Frederick Engels, 1888;" by Maung Maung Tin (No publication date in Burmese translation). Written: Late 1847; First Published: February 1848; Source: Marx/Engels Selected Works, Vol. One, Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1969, pp. 98-137; Proofed: and corrected against 1888 English Edition by Andy Blunden 2004; ... ျမန္မာဘာသာျပန္ ၏ ေခါင္းစဥ္မွာ "ကြန္ျမဴနစ္ပါတီ ေက်ညာစာတမ္း (၁)" ျဖစ္ပါသည္... ထုတ္ေ၀သူ၏ မွတ္ခ်က္တြင္ (၁၈၄၈ ခုႏွစ္ မူလ ဂ်ာမန္ဘာသာ စာမူမွ ၁၈၈၈ ခုႏွစ္တြင္ ဆမ္ျမဴရယ္မိုးက အဂၤလိပ္ ဘာသာျပန္ဆို၍၊ ဖရက္ဒရစ္ အိန္ဂ်ယ္စ္က တည္းျဖတ္ထားသည့္ အဂၤလိပ္ဘာသာ- "ကြန္ျမဴနစ္ပါတီ ေက်ညာစာတမ္း" ကို ျမန္မာ ဘာသာသုိ႔ ျပန္ဆိုထားျခင္းျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ယခု စာမူတြင္ ၁၈၈၈ ခုႏွစ္ အဂၤလိပ္ ဘာသာ ရိုက္စာအုပ္ႏွင့္ ၁၈၉၀ ျပည့္ႏွစ္ ဂ်ာမန္ဘာသာ ရိုက္ စာအုပ္တို႔ အတြက္ အိန္ဂ်ယ္စ္၏ မွတ္ခ်က္မ်ားႏွင့္ ဘာသာ အမ်ဳိးမ်ဳိး ျဖင့္ ရိုက္ေသာ ေက်ညာစာတမ္း စာအုပ္မ်ား၏ နိဒါန္းမ်ား အားလံုးလည္း ပါ၀င္ေပသည္။) ဟု ပါရွိသည္။
    Author/creator: Karl Marx and Frederick Engels
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Format/size: pdf (8.12MB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/index.htm
    Date of entry/update: 05 August 2012


    Title: Guidelines for organisers on the rules and programme of the Union League
    Description/subject: No publication date. This book was probably published in 1959 or 1960, (Page 6, paragraph 16). "ျပည္ေထာင္စု အဖြဲ႔ ခ်ဳပ္- စည္းရံုးေရး မွဴးမ်ား လိုက္နာရန္ စည္းကမ္းခ်က္ ႏွင့္ စည္းရံုးေရး လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္- ညႊန္ၾကားခ်က္" ... ဗ.တ.လ.စ ပံုႏွိပ္တိုက္ အမွတ္ ၃၉၇ ျပည္လမ္း ၊ ရန္ကုန္။ ...
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Union League
    Format/size: pdf (1.02MB)
    Date of entry/update: 29 July 2012


    Title: Karl Marxism ကားလ္မတ္စ္ ၀ါဒ
    Description/subject: Probably published in 1941(not sure): Recognized by the Nagani (Red Dragon) book club and the Nagani (Red Dragon) printing house. (The title in the cover of this book used "Karl Marx", but the title in first page is "Karl Marxism" and the book explain about Marxism ..... မ်က္ႏွာဖံုး မွ စာအုပ္ အမည္ "ကားလ္မတ္စ္" ျဖစ္ၿပီး၊ ပထမစာမ်က္ႏွာမွ စာအုပ္အမည္မွာ "ကားလ္မတ္စ္ ၀ါဒ" ျဖစ္သည္။ မာ့က္စ္ ၀ါဒအေၾကာင္းရွင္းျပထားေသာ စာအုပ္ျဖစ္သည္။)
    Author/creator: Thakhin Bo သခင္ဗို
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Na Gar Ni
    Format/size: pdf (8.17MB)
    Date of entry/update: 09 August 2012


    Title: Standard rules for registered trade unions
    Description/subject: No publication date. The Burma Trade Union Congress was a central trade union organization in Burma, founded in 1950 as the trade union wing of the Burma Workers and Peasants Party (Wikipedia).
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: The Trade Union Congress (Burma)
    Format/size: pdf (1.12MB)
    Date of entry/update: 04 August 2012


  • Burmese political culture - general publications

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Harn Lay's politcal cartoons
    Description/subject: High quality, hard-hitting. See also the cartoons on "The Irrawaddy"
    Author/creator: Harn Lay
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Shanland
    Format/size: jpeg
    Alternate URLs: http://www.cartoonharnlay.com/
    http://www.irrawaddy.org/archive_cartoon.php?sub_id=9
    http://www.shanland.org/oldversion/cartoons.htm
    Date of entry/update: 15 December 2010


    Individual Documents

    Title: Helping Education to Keep Pace with Reform
    Date of publication: 12 March 2012
    Description/subject: Need for translations into Burmese of key texts
    Author/creator: David Steinberg
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 31 March 2012


    Title: Der Traum vom buddhistischen Wohlfahrtsstaat
    Date of publication: 29 December 2005
    Description/subject: Die hier vorgestellte These besagt, dass es im buddhistischen Birma ein von Menschen aus allen Schichten der Bevölkerung geteiltes geschichtlich überliefertes System von Vorstellungen und Erwartungen gibt, das mit unserem Begriff "Wohlfahrtsstaat" belegt werden kann. keywords: burmese way to socialism, social system, constitution, political culture, welfare state
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zöllner
    Language: Deutsch, German
    Source/publisher: Asienhaus Focus Asien Nr. 26; S. 15-21
    Format/size: pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 March 2006


    Title: The Culture of Burmese Politics: An Interview with Gustaaf Houtman
    Date of publication: January 2004
    Description/subject: "Gustaaf Houtman, PhD, is the Deputy Director of the Royal Anthropology Institute in London and the Editor of Anthropology Today. His book, Mental Culture in Burmese Crisis Politics, discusses the Buddhist dimensions to Burma’s conflict between the opposition and the ruling military junta. He spoke with The Irrawaddy about Burma’s political culture and the shortcomings of scholarly work about the country..."
    Language: Engllish
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 12, No. 1
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 07 March 2004


    Title: Ethnic Entertainers Make the Scene
    Date of publication: May 2003
    Description/subject: "Burma’s ethnic diversity hasn’t translated into equal representation in the entertainment industry, but young ethnic stars are gradually rising above the prejudice held by the Burman majority... Back in the 1970s, when Sai Khan Lait would walk the city streets to go to school at Mandalay Medical Institute, kids along the way would heckle him for his peculiar attire: an ethnic Shan outfit. When hanging around campus, schoolgirls simpered at him. When at the hospital, he would be roundly upbraided by the nurses. "As a student coming from an ethnic minority group, I was very much aware that my life would not be easy in Mandalay," says Sai Khan Lait, who has since become the most famous and respected composer of original modern music in Burma. "Those experiences were deeply personal, and compelled me to compose the song, ‘A Shan Living in Mandalay’." The song went on to become one of the biggest hits in Burmese pop music history..."
    Author/creator: Min Zin
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 11, No. 4
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 02 July 2003


    Title: Thagyamin Is Watching You
    Date of publication: April 2003
    Description/subject: "Legend has it that the king of the nats makes an annual visit to earth with the aim of delivering the world from evil...Where did Thagyamin choose to visit this year? Maybe he was so comfortable surrounded by angels and queens that he forgot to replenish his store of merit. Or perhaps, during Thingyan he went to Inya Lake to enjoy a drink or two with the generals. With any luck he might have found time between drinks to remind them of their spiritual duties..."
    Author/creator: Aung Zaw
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 11, No. 3
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: 'External' Aspects of Self-Determination Movements in Burma
    Date of publication: February 2003
    Description/subject: Abstract: "Based on secondary resources and long term anthropological field research, this paper explores some of the 'external' factors involved in the pro-democracy and ethnic struggles for self-determination currently being experienced in Burma. The analysis draws in cultural, economic and political aspects to demonstrate that a number of macro- and micro-level external or external-origin influences are at play, at a number of different 'inside', 'outside' and marginal sites. The paper argues in particular that 'cultural' factors such as computer-mediated communication and contacts with outsiders when living in exile, serve as means by which real, virtual and imaginary connections are drawn between these different sites and the actors who inhabit them. In the context of Burma, this paper thus presents a glimpse into this complexity of origin and substance of external influences, of interactions between the external and the internal, and of the multidirectional pathways along which they operate. After an introductory overview, it does so by first reviewing some pertinent macro-political and macro-economic external factors, including international views and strategic interests. The paper then focuses on micro-level social and cultural issues, examining aspects of new media as utilised by the Burmese exile community and international activists. External influences on exiled communities living in the margins on the Thai-Burma border (characterised by the paper as neither 'inside' nor 'outside' proper), including Christianity and foreign non-governmental organisations, are then explored. The paper concludes that inside views, reactions and experiences of outside influences are presently just as important in determining outcomes as are the outside influences themselves."
    Author/creator: Sandra Dudley
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Queen Elizabeth House
    Format/size: pdf (123K)
    Alternate URLs: http://ideas.repec.org/p/qeh/qehwps/qehwps94.html
    Date of entry/update: 08 July 2010


    Title: The Coming of the 'Future King" -- Burmese Minlaung Expectations Before and During the Second World War
    Date of publication: 2003
    Description/subject: Throughout the history of Burma we come across rebellions often led by so-called 'future kings,' minlaungs. In western historiography, minlaung-movements are usually attributed to the pre-colonial past, whereas rebellions and movements occurring during the British colonial period are conceived of as proto-nationalist in character and thus an indication of the westernizing process. In this article, the notion of minlaung and concomitant ideas about rebellion and the magical-spiritual forces involved are explained against the backdrop of Burmese-Buddhist culture. It is further shown how these ideas persisted and gained momentum before and during World War II and how they affected the western educated nationalists, especially Aung San whose political actions fit into the cultural pattern of the career of a minlaung.
    Author/creator: Susanne Prager
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Studies" Vol. 8, 2003
    Format/size: pdf (601K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.niu.edu/burma/publications/jbs/vol8/Abstract2_ClymerOpt.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 01 January 2009


    Title: Ludu Daw Amar: Speaking Truth to Power
    Date of publication: October 2002
    Description/subject: A brief look into the life of Ludu Daw Amar, Burma�s best known female journalist and social critic... "The Burmese word amar translates as "the strong" or "the hard". It is an apt description of one of Burma�s most respected female figures, Ludu Daw Amar (she prefers the spelling, Amah), who turned 87 in November. An energetic political dissenter and left-leaning journalist with a faculty for articulating messages to and for the public, Ludu Daw Amar and her family have had more than their fair share of troubles with the authorities. Even now, Daw Amar is under constant surveillance, but she has never been one to bow down to power. As the prefix of her name Ludu or "the people" suggests, Daw Amar�s raison d�etre is to speak truth to power on behalf of the people without compromise. "I�ll never forget my first impression," recalls Dutch journalist Minka Nijhuis, who has met Daw Amar four times since 1995. "At first she looked so fragile that even her wristwatch seemed too heavy for her arm. But that impression disappeared as soon as she started speaking."
    Author/creator: Min Zin
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 10, No. 8
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: An Interview with Ad Carabao
    Date of publication: September 2002
    Description/subject: "I think I can be more like a bullet they could use in fighting back."... The Irrawaddy spoke recently with Yuenyong "Ad" Ophakul, of the Thai folk-rock band Carabao, about his recent solo release, "Don�t Cry" (Mai Dtong Rong Hai). The album, which combines reggae rhythms with strong lyrics expressing support for the Shan struggle for independence, is the artist�s latest foray into Burmese politics. The artist spoke about music and free expression in an interview with Wandee Suntivutimetee..."
    Author/creator: Wandee Suntivutimetee
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 10, No. 7
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: AND THE BAND PLAYED ON
    Date of publication: September 2002
    Description/subject: "The promotion of political ideas in a musical context has been a common feature of mass movements Southeast Asia. In Burma, where strict censorship prevails and military dictatorship still governs, the uneasy marriage of music and politics continues to be met with stiff resistance. Like other political movements in Southeast Asia, music has provided a rallying point for the masses during political upheavals in Burma. It has served as a potent response to the rapid political and social displacements brought on by neo-colonialism, industrialization, and dictatorship. At the same time, music has also been appropriated to serve the establishment by strengthening national cohesion, promoting entrenched power structures and spreading selected values and information to the multitudes..."
    Author/creator: Aung Zaw
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 10. No. 7
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Burmese Pop Music: Identity in Transition
    Date of publication: September 2002
    Description/subject: "Dominated by cover songs derived from foreign imports, Burmese popular music continues to struggle to find its own voice. In a closed society like Burma, culture is all about preservation and less to do with innovation. Any creative breakthrough produces moral panic, not only in the minds of the powers that be, but also of the majority of folks. In a deep-down analysis, the structural interests of both politics and the market are the most decisive factors in shaping the creative capacity of the society at large. The 30-year-long journey of Burmese pop music can be seen in this light, since it is very much a product of this control culture and is still subject to the restrictive and exploitative political and market structure..."
    Author/creator: Min Zin
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 10, No. 7
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Straight Outta Rangoon
    Date of publication: September 2002
    Description/subject: "Rap music and Hip-Hop have gained a foothold in Rangoon, but many still prefer to step to a different beat. Sai Sai stands waiting backstage wearing his high-top Nike Air Jordans, both hands in the pockets of his oversized shorts that match his loose-fitting hooded sweatshirt. His friend, wearing a bandanna on his head beneath a New York Yankees baseball cap flipped backwards, talks to a fellow band-member sporting her favorite skintight jeans. They are waiting to perform along side some of Burma�s newest and hottest music stars in Rangoon at an outdoor concert�a rarity in a country where public gatherings of more than five people are officially prohibited..."
    Author/creator: Shawn L. Nance/Rangoon
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 10, No. 7
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: The Power of Hpoun
    Date of publication: December 2001
    Description/subject: "The excitement surrounding the discovery of a white elephant has served to illustrate the continuing importance of pre-modern notions of power in Burmese society... Culture is not an immediate obstacle to the political transition that Burma urgently needs to undergo. However, Burmese culture—or, more particularly, notions of power rooted in Burmese culture—may provide a distorted map that could very well prolong the country’s journey towards its goal of achieving a modern, democratic state..."
    Author/creator: Min Zin
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 9, No. 9
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Stealing Heaven's Thunder
    Date of publication: April 2001
    Description/subject: The descent of the Celestial King during the Burmese New Year has been eclipsed by the ambitions of generals who believe they will be rewarded for their deeds here on Earth.
    Author/creator: Min Zin
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 9. No. 3
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Life under Military Rule
    Date of publication: September 2000
    Description/subject: Family vs. Morality
    Author/creator: Christina Fink
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Burma Debate", Vol. VII, No. 3
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Looking at Burma's Political Culture
    Date of publication: September 2000
    Description/subject: With headlines declaring a political stalemate and international efforts for promoting dialogue stalled, many of those outside Burma are grappling for an understanding of what makes the Burmese political mind tick. On the following pages, Burmese from varied walks of life share their views on the mental culture surrounding Burmese political thinking. What do they see as the cultural and social influences that have an impact on the way people think of politics? How much of a role do religion and traditional values play? And what does it all mean for the future of Burma?
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Burma Debate", Vol. VII, No. 3
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Thakin Kodaw Hmaing (1876 -1964)
    Date of publication: March 2000
    Description/subject: Contemporary poet and literary scholar Min Thu Wun has commented that modern Burmese literature and political thought would be impossible to imagine without the works of Kodaw Hmaing. Maung Lun, later known as Thakin Kodaw Hmaing, was born on March 23, 1876 in Wale Village, Shwedaung Township. In 1894 he moved to Rangoon, where he began his career as a playwright. Later turning to journalism, he published his first articles in a newspaper in Moulmein. But in 1911, just as the Burmese nationalist movement was gaining strength, he returned to the capital to work for the Suria newspaper.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 8, No. 2
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 18 February 2009


    Title: Remaking Myanmar and human origins
    Date of publication: 04 August 1999
    Description/subject: "...an account of the role of pagoda relics and museum fossils in SLORC-SPDC concepts of nation-building... Here I examine two notable features of this regime. Desperate for national and international recognition, it began the large-scale renovation and construction of pagodas, on the one hand, and museums, palaces and ancient monasteries on the other. These constructions have taken place on a scale and with a rapidity never before witnessed in the history of Southeast Asia. It has decided to renovate and rebuild all the thousands of pagodas in the 11th century capital Pagan. It is furthermore committing enormous funds to pagodas all over the country. At least two dozen new museums have been built. These house ancient heritage, but also the history of the army and the Pondaung fossils, that it claims represent the oldest humanoids of the world. The latter, it hopes, places the Myanmar people on the world's map as the oldest civilization. It also has rebuilt all ancient palaces in the ancient capitals. As I hope to show, these are vital elements at the heart of the regime's "new" ideology I have dubbed "Myanmafication", after their decision to rename the country Myanmar in 1989..."
    Author/creator: Gustaaf Houtman
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Anthropology Today", Vol. 15, No. 4, August 1999, pp 13-19
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 08 July 2010


    Title: The True Meaning of Garava
    Date of publication: August 1999
    Description/subject: Garava, the principle of respect for oneself and others, is a cornerstone of Burmese culture. But as Pyei Lwin Nyeinchan writes, forcing people to kowtow to authority is not the way to win respect.
    Author/creator: Pyei Lwin Nyeinchan
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 7. No. 7
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Kamma on the Palm of Your Hand?
    Date of publication: March 1999
    Description/subject: Moe Aung examines the relationship between Buddhism and popular beliefs in Burma.
    Author/creator: Moe Aung
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 7. No. 3
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Our Burmese Days
    Date of publication: 1996
    Description/subject: by Lindsey Merrison color, 94 minutes, rd 1996 video sale $225, rental $65 "An examination of biculturalism wrapped in an extraordinary personal odyssey. "Our Burmese Days" is also a fascinating defacto glimpse of life in a country that's rarely covered in the media today. Now known as Myanmar, the film's title is a reference to the novel "Burmese Days" by George Orwell, who worked for a time in the country's colonial police force...B&W footage of the war in Burma is well integrated with modern views and memories. The camera gives a a feel for contemporary life, both urban and rural without being "touristy". The filmmaker had long negotiations with the country's military for a permit to shoot this film. While the political situation is only hinted at the film is eloquent about the violence of world and family history; eloquent about the anguish and spiritual expense of hating one's own origins..."
    Author/creator: Lindsey Merrison
    Language: English
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: What policy should be used to establish the third Union of Burma? တတိယ ျပည္ေထာင္စုျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ ဘယ္မူနဲ႔ ဖြဲ႔စည္းမလဲ
    Description/subject: This is a speech of Wi Du Ya Thakhin Chit Maung on the 44th anniversary of Union Day (12 February 1991)... (၄၄) ႀကိမ္ေျမာက္ျပည္ေထာင္စုေန႔ (၁၂-၂-၉၁)၊ အမ်ဳိးသား ျပန္လည္တည္ေဆာက္ေရး ဒီမိုကေရစီတပ္ေပါင္းစု ဌာနခ်ဳပ္တြင္ က်င္းပသည့္ ျပည္ေထာင္စုေန႔ အခမ္းအနားတြင္ ၀ိဓူရ သခင္ခ်စ္ေမာင္ ေျပာၾကားေသာ မိန္႔ခြန္း... (၁၉၉၂ ခုႏွစ္ ေဖေဖာ္၀ါရီလ၊ ပထမအႀကိမ္၊ ေစာင္ေရ ၅၀၀၀၊ တန္ဖိုး ၁၀က်ပ္။)
    Author/creator: Wi Du Ya Thakhin Chit Maung ၀ိဓူရ သခင္ခ်စ္ေမာင္
    Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: League of National Progressive Youth
    Format/size: pdf (3.14MB)
    Date of entry/update: 04 August 2012


  • Culture of violence

    Individual Documents

    Title: Voices for Change: Domestic Violence and Gender Discrimination in the Palaung Area (Burmese)
    Date of publication: 25 November 2011
    Description/subject: Executive Summary: "This report documents how women in the Palaung area are affected by domestic violence and gender discrimination. Survey results collected by PWO show that almost all respondents had experienced or seen physical violence within families in their community, and that physical violence is occurring with alarming frequency, in many cases on an almost daily basis. PWO’s research shows that gender discrimination is widespread in the Palaung area, and that many people’s attitudes conform to traditional gender stereotypes which assume that women must fulfil the role of homemaker and accept sole responsibility for childcare duties. Since the 2010 election, Burma’s military-backed regime has failed to take any effective action to promote women’s rights and gender equality, or to uphold its commitments to CEDAW. Burma remains one of only two ASEAN countries lacking a specific law criminalising domestic violence, and PWO’s research has found that there are no government-led projects to raise awareness of domestic violence and women’s rights in the rural areas of northern Shan State, where the vast majority of the Palaung population live. The ‘new’ regime has yet to address the economic and social crises fuelling domestic violence in the Palaung area. The economic crisis afflicting the Palaung people as a direct result of the state’s monopoly of the tea industry, as well as the increase in opium cultivation and addiction in the Palaung area since the 2010 election have directly contributed to the problem of domestic violence, as males resort to physical violence as a means of expressing their anger and frustration with their situation. More than five decades of civil war have bred a culture of male domination, fear, and violence in Burma. Palaung people, especially males, have been socialised into this culture, and see violence as a necessary means of asserting their authority over their wives, in the same way as the state uses violence to assert its authority over Burma’s ethnic nationalities. The regime appears to have no intention of bringing an end to Burma’s culture of violence, and continues to wage war against ethnic rebels in northern Shan State. 5 Domestic violence has a devastating impact on individuals, families and communities. Apart from the obvious physical impact of domestic violence, women also suffer psychologically. Domestic violence threatens the stability of the family unit, often has a negative impact on children’s education, and acts as an obstacle to community development. Burma’s military-backed regime needs to recognise domestic violence and gender discrimination as obstacles to achieving a peaceful society in Burma, and to embark upon a program of genuine political reform which addresses the social and economic factors fuelling domestic violence and gender discrimination."
    Language: Burmese
    Source/publisher: Palaung Women's Organization (PWO)
    Format/size: pdf (1.91MB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.palaungwomen.com
    Date of entry/update: 25 January 2012


    Title: Voices for Change: Domestic Violence and Gender Discrimination in the Palaung Area (English)
    Date of publication: 25 November 2011
    Description/subject: Executive Summary: "This report documents how women in the Palaung area are affected by domestic violence and gender discrimination. Survey results collected by PWO show that almost all respondents had experienced or seen physical violence within families in their community, and that physical violence is occurring with alarming frequency, in many cases on an almost daily basis. PWO’s research shows that gender discrimination is widespread in the Palaung area, and that many people’s attitudes conform to traditional gender stereotypes which assume that women must fulfi l the role of homemaker and accept sole responsibility for childcare duties. Since the 2010 election, Burma’s military-backed regime has failed to take any effective action to promote women’s rights and gender equality, or to uphold its commitments to CEDAW. Burma remains one of only two ASEAN countries lacking a specifi c law criminalising domestic violence, and PWO’s’ research has found that there are no government-led projects to raise awareness of domestic violence and women’s rights in the rural areas of northern Shan State, where the vast majority of the Palaung population live. The ‘new’ regime has yet to address the economic and social crises fuelling domestic violence in the Palaung area. The economic crisis affl icting the Palaung people as a direct result of the state’s monopoly of the tea industry, as well as the increase in opium cultivation and addiction in the Palaung area since the 2010 election have directly contributed to the problem of domestic violence, as males resort to physical violence as a means of expressing their anger and frustration with their situation. More than fi ve decades of civil war have bred a culture of male domination, fear, and violence in Burma. Palaung people, especially males, have been socialised into this culture, and see violence as a necessary means of asserting their authority over their wives, in the same way as the state uses violence to assert its authority over Burma’s ethnic nationalities. The regime appears to have no intention of bringing an end to Burma’s culture of violence, and continues to wage war against ethnic rebels in northern Shan State. 5 Domestic violence has a devastating impact on individuals, families and communities. Apart from the obvious physical impact of domestic violence, women also suffer psychologically. Domestic violence threatens the stability of the family unit, often has a negative impact on children’s education, and acts as an obstacle to community development. Burma’s military-backed regime needs to recognise domestic violence and gender discrimination as obstacles to achieving a peaceful society in Burma, and to embark upon a program of genuine political reform which addresses the social and economic factors fuelling domestic violence and gender discrimination."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Palaung Women's Organisation
    Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.palaungwomen.com
    Date of entry/update: 25 January 2012


    Title: VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN (Chapter from "Gathering Strength")
    Date of publication: January 2002
    Description/subject: OVERVIEW; WOMEN IN WAR; RELOCATION & DISPLACEMENT; SEXUAL VIOLENCE & ARMED CONFLICT; SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN AREAS OF MILITARY OCCUPATION; SEXUAL VIOLENCE ACROSS BORDERS: REFUGEES & MIGRANTS; SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN THE COMMUNITY; REPORTING & PUNISHMENT OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE; FORCED MARRIAGE; DOMESTIC VIOLENCE; DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN RELOCATION & REFUGE; GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE; FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS.
    Author/creator: Brenda Belak
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Images Asia
    Format/size: PDF (745K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


  • Dress

    Individual Documents

    Title: Nationalism by design: The politics of dress in British Burma
    Date of publication: January 2008
    Description/subject: Colonial attempts to hem in racial and gender difference through practice, law and lore made dress a potent field of resistance in British Burma, giving rise to new strands of nationalism by design.
    Author/creator: Penny Edwards
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: International Institute for Asian Studies (IIAS) (Newsletter No. 46
    Format/size: pdf (580K)
    Date of entry/update: 07 March 2009


  • Myanmar Literature Project

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Dates of the Myanmar Literature Project papers
    Date of publication: April 2010
    Description/subject: Since some of the papers have been updated it is not clear how to date them. This list gives the date of original publication and of the updates, where relevant.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (54K)
    Date of entry/update: 24 April 2010


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - English version
    Date of publication: February 2007
    Description/subject: English introduction to the Myanmar Literature Project..."The project connects three aims.  It intends to document and analyse the role of Burmese/Myanmar literature as a medium between the world and the country’s society from the beginning of the 20th century until today.  It seeks to establish a network of people who are concerned about Burma's/Myanmar's intellectual and literary life past, present and future both inside and outside of present day Myanmar.  It wants to implement small scale training courses in the fields of literary, historical and social sciences for scholars and students of Myanmar studies..."
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (91.6K)
    Date of entry/update: 08 May 2007


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - Home Page
    Description/subject: This page contains a German introduction to the project plus links to an English introduction and to a number of individual papers, which are all in English apart from the German version of one paper which is also online in English.
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed)
    Language: English, Deutsch, German
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Date of entry/update: 08 May 2007


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - Working Paper No. 10:100 - Papers Presented at the Burma Studies Conference Singapore 2006
    Description/subject: Contents: About the Contributors... I INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zoellner)... Looking Back on the Way to a Second Level of Investigation... Nationalism ... Political Terms and Political Reality ... Socialist Economics with a Question Mark... A Way Out ... Looking Ahead - Sceptically, not Pessimistically ... II Hans-Bernd Zöllner: INTEGRATING OTHER PEOPLES’ PAST... III Mo Mo Thant: A STUDY OF PUBLICATION BY NAGANI BOOK CLUB UNDER THE NATIONALISTIC ASPECTS... 1 Introduction... 2 Political Biographies... 3 Socialism... 4 Anti-Fascism... 5 Internal Affairs ... 6 Summary... 7 Bibliography ... IV Tin Hlaing: TRANSLATION OF POLITICAL TERMS AND CONCEPTS INTO BURMESE WITH REFERENCE TO NAGANI PUBLICATIONS... Initial Conditions ... Growth of Nationalism and Political Awakening... Political Terms and Concepts in Nagani Books... Reviving Old Terms ... Parties and Organizations ... Democracy and People Power, Communism and Socialism... Revolution ... Constitution ... Political Meetings... University ... Other un-translated Terms... Conclusion... References... V Khin Maung Nyo: EMERGENCE OF SOCIALIST ECONOMIC LITERATURE IN MYANMAR/BURMA SOME PROVISIONAL REMARKS... Introduction... Attractiveness of Socialism... Controversial Issues... Experiences of the Thakins ... Anti-Imperialism and Anti-Capitalism... Nationalism and Buddhism ... Japanese Period ... Individual Responsibility... Socialism - a Solution or a Problem?... VI Bo Bo: A CONTROVERSIAL FICTION OF A CONTROVERSIAL AUTHOR, THE WAY’S OUT... Photograph of Daw Khin Kyi Kyi ... Introduction... Newspaper Advertisement of Thein Pe The Way Out... Political Background of the Book ... Literary Background ... Synopsis of the Book ... Foreword... The Plot ... Book Reviews and Comments ... My Opinion... References... VII APPENDICES.
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed.)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (340K - OBL version; 607K - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp100.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Individual Documents

    Title: Myanmar Literature Project . Working Paper No. 10:1.1 "The Strike War"
    Date of publication: October 2012
    Description/subject: Foreword (Hans-Bernd Zöllner): "It's a special pleasure for me to write the foreword for this working paper which is a rather special issue in more than one way. The translator, Stephen Campbell, sent the text to me and asked if it could be included in the Myanmar Literature Project's series of Working Papers. After having a look at the work I realised first that Thakin Po Hla Gyi was no Nagani author but as a Thakin must have shared the political creed of the Nagani founders. Second and more important, his work complements a series of books and pamphlets published by Nagani, notably the two booklets by Ba Hein and Thein Pe on the students' revolution and the involvement in the strike of the oilfield workers in 1938 and the Indo-Burmese riots of the same year respectively (Working Papers 11 an 12 of this series). Therefore, it is very much suited to be included in ths series. Thakin Po Hla Gyi's book very much contributes to understand the revolutionary spirit among the students, workers and nationalists in the year 1938 – 1300 according to the Burmese era. It would be worthwhile to further investigate the events of that year and compare it to the upheavals in Burma's post-war history. Finally, I would like to thank Stephen Campbell very much for his contribution to the Myanmar Lierature Project. The publication of the text coincides with the 75th anniversary of the Nagani Bok Club which will be celebrated in Yangon on November 4th, 2012. Hopefully, this celebration and the changes happening in Myanmar these days will help to broaden the interest in the foundations of Burma's independence in the late colonial period, its impact on later events and its significance for understanding Burmese perceptions of society and politics."
    Author/creator: Thakin Po Hla Gyi (trans. Stephen Campbell)
    Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Source/publisher: Myanmar Literature Project (Working Paper No. 10:11.1)
    Format/size: pdf (5.6MB)
    Date of entry/update: 21 November 2012


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 01. Working Paper No. 10:1 - An Introduction into the Nagani Book Club
    Description/subject: Contents About the Contributors... I. INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zöllner)... On the History of the Myanmar Literature Project... A Rather Long March... First Steps... Future Issues... Introducing this Publication... Fundamentals... Categories of Interest... Nagani in Different Contexts... People... Books... Public Relations... Others... A Note on Editing the Book Reports...... II. ENTERTAINING KNOWLEDGE: An Introduction into the Nagani Book Club... 1. Introduction: 2. History and Stories... Roots... The Genesis of an Idea... The Beginnings... Success and Split... The Final Years... 3. Books and More... Classification and Nature of Published Books... The Reception of World Literature... Personal and Political Affiliation... 4. The Club's Impact... 5. Invitation to Join the "Club of Researchers"..... III. INFORMATION ABOUT U TUN AYE (Compiled by Thakin Hla Kun)... 1. Life Sketch of U Tun Aye... 2. Translation of an Interview given by U Tun Aye... Foreword by Editor Soe Myint Latt... 3. The Song.. 4. Some of the Publications of Nagani..... IV. BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES ON THAKIN HLA KUN... 1. Personal Life Sketch... Photograph of Thakin Hla Kun (1945)... 2. Extract from a diary covering a travel to Yangon in January, 2005 (H.-B. Zöllner)... Photograph of Thakin Hla Kun (2005)..... V. INTERVIEW WITH DAGON TAYA: Photograph of Dagon Taya (2001)..... VI. NU’s BIOGRAPHICAL REMINISCENCES ON THE NAGANI BOOK CLUB: Outside the Ivory Tower... Reproduction of an invitation card to commemorate the 10th anniversary of Nu's death..... VII. THE NAGANI NEWSLETTER "AN OVERVIEW... Volume 1, No. 1, 42 pp. [Incomplete]; Volume 1. No, 2, 36 pp; Vol. I, No. 3, 34 (+2) pp; Vol. I, No. 4, 38 (+2) pp; Vol. I, No. 5 [missing]; Vol. 1. No. 7, (End of September 1938), 40 pp; Vol. I, No. 8, 32 pp. (End of October 1938); Vol. I, No. 9, 32 pp..... VIII. THREE DOCUMENTS: Leaflet Heralding the Purposes and Activities of the Nagani Book Club... Translation of Leaflet Heralding Purposes and Activities of the Nagani Book Club... The Dragon Book of Verse (Title Page)... Nagani Share..... IX. LIST OF BOOKS PUBLISHED BY NAGANI BOOK CLUB AND BURMA PUBLISHING HOUSE: Nagani Book Club... Tun Aye's Burma Publishing House..... X. APPENDICES: Nagani Project"Call for Participants"..... SHORT INFORMATION on the MAKING of the BOOK REPORTS
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zöllner (ed)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (717K - OBL version; 1.52MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp1.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 02. Working Paper No. 10:1.1 - Additional Material related to the Nagani Book Club
    Description/subject: Contents: About the Contributors... I. INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zöllner): International Relations... Documents and Information... Writings on The Nagani Book Club... Miscellanea..... II. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: 1. The Left Book Club..... III. DOCUMENTS and INFORMATION: 1. Tun Shwe’s Dossier (Translation: Ye Nyunt)... 2. Myint Swe, Nagani Diga (Translation: Tin Hlaing)... 3. Nagani Weekly (Nwe Ni Aung)... 3.1. Vol. 2, No 3 (August 31st, 1940); 3.2. Vol. 2, No 16 (September 21st, 1940); 3.3. Vol. 2, No 17 (28th September 1940); 3.4. Vol. 2, No. 19 (12th October, 1940); 3.5. Vol. 2, No. 35 (February 8th, 1941)..... IV. WRITINGS on NAGANI: 1. Kyaw Hoe, Inception and Objective of the Nagani Association (Translation: Ye Nyunt)... 2. Maung Zeyar, Nagani Sarzu (Translation: Ye Nyunt)... 3. Maung Zeyar, Thakin Ba Thaung & Nagani (Translation: Ye Nyunt)..... V. MISCELLANEA..... VI. APPENDICES
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zöllner (ed)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (939K - OBL version; 3.58MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp1.1.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 03. Working Paper No. 10:2 - Material on Thein Pe, Biography of Saya Lun and Member of Parliament
    Description/subject: Contents: About the Contributors..... I INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zoellner): Measuring the Size of a Dragon... Some Observations and Questions... About this Volume... Drawing Thankin Kodaw Hmaing... Front page of Saya Lun's Biography (Reproduction)..... II MATERIAL ON THEIN PE, BIOGRAPHY OF SAYA LUN: 1 Bibliographical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Frankie Tun)... 2 Ko Tar: Book Review on Biography of Saya Lun... The Author... Saya Lun alias Thakin Kodaw Hmine... Thein Pe’s Biography of Saya Lun ... The Editorial Foreword and Introduction... 3 Commentary on Ko Tar Thein Pe, Biography of Saya Lun (Gerhard Köberlin)... 4 Kyaw Nyunt: Book Review on Biography of Saya Lun (Thakin Kodaw Hmaing)... Brief Biography of the Author, Thein Pe Myint (1914-1978) 27 Summary of the Book on Saya Lun... Aim and Impact of the Book and Assessment... References... 5 Critique of the Review by Kyaw Nyunt (Volker Grabowsky)... 6 Some Writings by Saya Lun (Translation: U Tin Htway)... Introductory Remarks: a) Poems on the Student Strike of 1920 (University le:-khyui:-kri:)... b) Excerpts from the Thakin Tika..... III MATERIAL ON THEIN PE, MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT... 1 Bibliographical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Frankie Tun)... 2 Nay Lin: Book Report of Min Taing Pin (Member of Parliament) (Translation: Tin Hlaing)... Thein Pe, Saya Lun and Royal Advisers... Brief Biography of the Author... Abstract of the Story... Remarks... 3 Commentary on Nay Lin’s report (Doerthe Beer)... 4 Thein Pe, The MLA (Translation: Usha Nagayarma)..... IV APPENDICES... SHORT INFORMATION on the MAKING of the BOOK REPORTS... INFORMATION about COMMENTARIES on BOOK REPORTS.
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed.)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (539K - OBL version; 1.46MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp2.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 04. Working Paper No. 10:3 - Material on Ba Hein: The World of Capitalists
    Description/subject: Contents: About the Contributors... I INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zoellner)... Heralding another Book Club... Ba Hein and the Alliance of Students, Thakins and Workers... The Godfathers... The Message and its Multi-Layered Background... About this Volume... Illustrations... II PREFACE BY THAKIN THAN TUN (Translation: Thakin Hla Kun)... III MATERIAL ON BA HEIN: WORLD OF CAPITALISTS... 1 U Tin Htway on Ko Ba Hein's World of Capitalists... 2 Kyaw Hoe: Information about Ba Hein (Translation: Frankie Tun)... 3 U Aung Min Naing: Book Review (Translation: Georg Noack)... Biography of the Author... Summary of the Book of "The Capitalist World"... Critique... 31 Short Commentary by Philip Schunke... 4 Zaw Naing: Book Report (Danashin loka), (Translation: Georg Noack)... Biography of the Author... Summary of Content... Critique... Present Significance... 41 Tinya Wollweber: Commentary on Zaw Naing’s Report on Danashin Loka... IV SOME MATERIAL FROM THE INTERNET ON RAJINI PALME DUTT5... 1 Vijay Singh, Record of the Discussions of Rajani Palme Dutt with MK Gandhi, Sardar Patel and Jawaharlal Nehru (4th, 8th and 9th April, 1946)... Introduction... 2 Paul Flewers, What R Palme Dutt stood for ... 3 Jim Higgins, RP Dutt: Stalin’s British mouthpiece (February 1975)... V APPENDICES... SHORT INFORMATION on the MAKING of the BOOK REPORTS... INFORMATION about COMMENTARIES on BOOK REPORTS.
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed.)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (448K - OBL version; 878K - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp3.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 05. Working Paper No. 10:4 - Material on Thein Pe: Students’ Boycott (Two Volumes)
    Description/subject: Contents: About the Contributors.... I INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zoellner).... Marginal Research on a Central Issue.... Contextualizing two Documentary Novels .... A Closer Look at Three Burmese Political Theatres in 1938 and 1939.... The Task of Conceptualising the Role of Students in Burmese Politics.... About this Volume.... Reproduction of the Front Page..... II MATERIAL ON THEIN PE, STUDENTS’ BOYCOTT.... 1 Kyaw Hoe, Bibliographical Information, Part 1 (Translation: Frankie Tun).... 2 Kyaw Hoe, Bibliographical Information, Part 2 (Translation: Frankie Tun)...Two Photos from the Students' Strike of 1936...3. A critique by Maung Nu of “The Boycotting Student”... 4 Than Min Htaik, Book Report on Students' Boycott (Translation: Aung Kyaw Moe).... The Biography of Writer Thein Pe Myint (1914-1978).... Synopsis Volume One.... Synopsis Volume Two.... A Review on the Novel “The Boycott Student”.... 5.1 Commentary by Esther-Rina Urbani.... 5.2 Reply to the Commentary by Than Min Htaik... 6 Kyaw Min: Book Report on Students' Boycott, Vol 1 (Translation: Frankie Tun).... Biography of the Author... STUDENTS’ BOYCOTT ( First Part ).... Critique.... 7. Commentary on the Report on Thein Pe Myint's Students' Boycott (Jasmin Lorch).... 8. Kyaw Min: Book Report on Students' Boycott, Vol 2 (Translation: Frankie Tun) .... Students’ Boycott (Part Two).... Critique.... 9. Commentary by Barend Jan Terwiel .... 10. Aye Kyaw, The 1936 Strike.... 11. Article from Oway Magazin: "Hell Hound at Large".... 12. Demands of the Striking Students, 1936.... 13. Nu, Autobiographical Reminiscences: A Quarrel with Principal Sloss.... Meet the RUSU President... A Fiendish Tattoo on Tin Cans... Expulsion and the Student Strike... Outside the Ivory Tower.... 13. Frankie Tun, My Point of View after Reading Thein Phe Myint’s Students’ Boycott.... 14 Khin Yi on the End of the Student Strike of 1939.... 15 John F Cady's Remembrances of 1936.... 16 Lucian Pye on the Students’ Strike of 1936 and the Burmese “Politicians’ Search for Identity”..... III APPENDICES.
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zollner (ed.)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (556K - OBL version; 5.75MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp4.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 06. Working Paper No. 10:4.1 - Students and Politics in Burma/Myanmar – Documents and Essays
    Description/subject: I INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zoellner)..... II DOCUMENTS: 1 1920-1947: DOCUMENT 1: Demands of the Striking Students, 1920... DOCUMENT 2: Speech of the Chairman of the Strike Committee Ko Ba U... DOCUMENT 3: On the Death of Aung Kyaw (December 1938).... DOCUMENT 4: We Students... DOCUMENT 5: Meeting of the ABSU October 1939... 2 1948-1962: DOCUMENT 6: Nu, “New Responsibilties”, 28th February 1951 … DOCUMENT 7: Maung Maung, Student Unions in England and Burma... DOCUMENT 8: Nu, “To Students” 23rd November 1951... DOCUMENT 9: Nu, “Advice to University Students”, 2nd November 1953... DOCUMENT 10: Address by General Ne Win December 2, 1958... DOCUMENT 11: TEXT OF ADDRESS BY GENERAL NE WIN DECEMBER 18, 1959...... 3: DOCUMENTS 1962 to 1988: DOCUMENT 12: Seventh July Student Massacre... Document 13 : Excerpt from Aung Gyi’s letter to Ne Win, 22 June 1988... Document 14: Excerpt from Ne Win’s Speech before the BSSP Congress, 23. July 1988... Document 15: Peace Eludes U Thant... DOCUMENT 16: Tin Maung Oo, A Rose In December 74..... 4: 1988 until Today: DOCUMENT 17: Excerpts from Suu Kyi’s Speech at Shwedagon-Pagoda, 26.8.1988... DOCUMENT 18: Excerpts from Megan Clymer, Min Ko Naing... DOCUMENT 19: Two Interviews with Ko Ko Gyi: Democratic Voice of Burma: Interview with Ko Ko Gyi after his release Thu Mar 17, 2005... Interview with MIZZIMA (No Date)..... DOCUMENT 20: Min Ko Naing on Burma’s Human Right Day (Monday 13.3.2006)... DOCUMENT 21: VOA, October 3, 2006, Report on Arrests of "88 Students Group" … DOCUMENT 22: Interview with Min Ko Naing 2007... DOCUMENT 23: Statement of the 2007 Generation Students' Union..... 5: Aung Saw Oo, Burma's Student Movement: A Concise History..... III Bibliographical Note (H.-B. Zöllner)..... IV. Essays: 1. Barbara Zeus, The Internet: a new weapon of the Burmese student movement?... 2. Anna Jüschke, “Reformasi“ versus Revolution – Burma’s and Indonesia’s Students in Comparison.
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (801K - OBL version; 1.89MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp4.1.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 07. Working Paper No. 10:5 - Material on Ba Khaing, Political History of Myanma
    Description/subject: Contents: About the Contributors..... I. INTRODUCTION: A Pioneering Work, Nearly Forgotten... Shared Convictions - Different Ways... Closed Systems of Communication... About this Volume... Reproduction: Front Page..... II. MATERIAL on BA KHAING, POLITICAL HISTORY OF MYANMA: 1. Kyaw Hoe, Bibliographical Information (Translation: Frankie Tun)... 2. Dr. Khin Thida, Review of the Book [Extracts] (Translation: Htun Aung Kyaw)... 3. Myanmar Political History, Translation (Tin Hlaing)... Introduction... Chapter 1: History of Burma.... Chapter 2: Growth of the Desire for Independence ... Chapter 3: The Beginning of the Wunthanu Movement ... Chapter 4: General Council of Burmese Associations (G.C.B.A.)... Chapter 5: The Breach Begins .... Chapter 6 ... Chapter 7: The Sasana... Chapter 8: Wunthanu Activities of Burmese Women... Chapter 9: U Chit Hlaing GCBA... Chapter 10: Second Split of GCBA... Chapter 11: U Soe Thein GCBA... Chapter 12: [50 Sub-chapters; see overview on pp.12-14] ...... 4. Extracts from U Ba Khaing's book “Burma's Political History” (Translation: Tin Htway)... Extract No. 1 (pp.: 56-58) ... Burmese Text (The Split between Old Men and Youth) .... Extract No. 2 (pp.: 64-66)... Burmese Text (GCBA Associations)... Extract No. 3 (pp.: 77-78) Burmese Text (Chapter 6) ... Extract No. 4 (pp.: 90-95) ... Burmese Text (Chapter 8 - Wunthanu Activities of Burmese Women) ... Extract No. 5 (pp.: 209-211) ... Burmese Text (The Thakin Movement) ... Extract No. 6. (pp.: 271-272) ... Burmese Text (U Chit Hling and Burmese Language) ... Extract No. 7 (pp.:301-302) ............................ Burmese Text: (The Financial Situation of Myanma) .... 5. Ko Ko Thett, An Appraisal of ‘Political History of Burma’ by Ba Khine..... III. APPENDICES: SHORT INFORMATION on the MAKING of the BOOK REPORTS.... INFORMATION about COMMENTARIES on BOOK REPORTS
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zollner (ed.)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (2.9MB - OBL version; 8.93MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp5.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 08. Working Paper No. 10:6 - Material on Nu: Gandalarit
    Description/subject: CONTENTS: About the Contributors..... I. INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zöllner): Travelogue in Various Perspectives... Winning Friends and Influencing Peoples... Various Images of a Burmese Nation Between India and Japan ... Books ... Travels... Homogenity, Diversity and the Threat of Splits... Building Friendship through Charismatic Diplomacy... About this Volume...... II. MATERIAL on NU, GANDALARIT: 1. Kyaw Hoe, Bibliographical Information (Translation: Frankie Tun)... Reproduction of Three Photos Contained in the Book ... A scene from a Chinese play... Chiang Kai-shek & Wife and the Delegation... Mao Tse Tung... 2.1 Mo Mo Thant: Report on Gandarlarit (Translation. Georg Noack)... Biography of the Author ... Gandarlarit... Critique... 2.2. Commentary on Mo Mo Thant’s Book Report by J. Wahoff ... 3.1. Tin Hlaing: Book Report on Nu, Gandalarit... The Author... The Book... The Backdrop... The Contents of the Book... External Sources of Information in the Book... Translation of Terms and Concepts... Aim and Impact... Assessment of the Book..... APPENDIX: Additional Information about the Members of the Delegation... 3.2. Lydia Seibel: Commentary on Tin Hlaing's Book Report ... 3.3. Tin Hlaing: Response on Lydia Seibel's Comment ... 4. Excerpt: The Japanese Air-Raid on Chungking, Translation by Tin Htway... 5. The Dobama Song..... III. APPENDICES: SHORT INFORMATION on the MAKING of the BOOK REPORTS... INFORMATION about COMMENTARIES on BOOK REPORTS.
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (481K - OBL version; 1.18MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp6.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 09. Working Paper No. 10:7 - Material on Mogyo: José Rizal
    Description/subject: Contents: About the Contributors.... I INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zoellner): Presenting a Tragic Asian Hero... Burmese Days - Martyrs’ Days... Reflections and Questions... About this Volume...... II MATERIAL ON MOGYO, JOSE RIZAL: 1 Kyaw Hoe, Summary (Translation: Khin Maung Saw) .... 2 Moe Hein Zaw: Book Review (Translation: Aung Kyaw Moe) .... Chapter (1).... Chapter (2): The Student Life .... Chapter (3): The Overseas Education .... Chapter (4): Learning Higher Education .... Chapter (5): Noli Me Tangere .... Chapter (6): A Melancholic Love Story .... Chapter (7): Second Expatriation .... Chapter (8): The Reign of Greed .... Chapter (9): A Struggle between Violence and Peace .... Chapter (10) How Rizal Let the World Know about the Philippines .... Chapter (11): The Blistering Lava from the Volcano .... Chapter (12): Coming Back to Sacrifice His Life .... Chapter (13): The Execution .... Review .... 2.1 Commentary to Moe Hein Zaw’s Report by Heinrich Geiger .... 3 Daw Khin Hla Myint: Book Review on Jose Rizal (Translation: Khin Maung Saw) .... Chapter (1) .... Chapter (2).... Chapter (3).... Chapter (4) .... Chapter (5) .... Chapter (6) .... Chapter (7) .... Chapter (8) .... Chapter (9) .... Chapter (10) .... Chapter (11) .... Chapter (12) .... Chapter (13) .... Analysis: .... 4 U Thet Tun: Report on the Translation of the Biography of Jose Rizal .... 41 Commentary on the report by U Thet Tun by Dietrich Schilling .... 5 Nagani News, Book Review by Ye Ye Tauk (Translation: Khin Maung Saw) .... 6 Nagani News, My Last Farewell (Translation: Khin Maung Saw) .... 7 Ba Choe, U Wizara (Translation: Georg Noack) .... 8 Khin Maung Saw, A Comparative Study of Rizal’s Biography, English Version written by Russell & Rodriguez and the Burmese Version written by Moe Gyo (U Ohn Khin)...... III APPENDICES: SHORT INFORMATION on the MAKING of the BOOK REPORTS 88 INFORMATION about COMMENTARIES on BOOK REPORTS.
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (411K - OBL version; 669K - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp7.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 10. Working Paper No. 10: 8 - Material on Three Books on “World War and Burma”
    Description/subject: Contents: About the Contributors..... I. INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zöllner): Burma and the World - The World and Burma: Broad Issues, Strong Asymmetries ... Burma Between September 1939 and August 1940... World, War & Burma in Theory and Practice. Some Questions .... About This Volume...... II. MATERIAL ON BA HEIN, WORLD WAR AND BURMA'S FUTURE .... 1. Bibliographical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Frankie Tun) ... Title Page, Reproduction.... 2. Shwe Sin Aung,: Book Review (Translation: Tin Hlaing) ..... Biography of the author... The book's abstract ... Comments... 3. Bernhard Dahm, Commentary on the Book Report ... 4. Response of Shwe Sin Aung to the Commentary ...... III. MATERIAL ON AUNG SAN, BA MAW, BA KHAING, WORLD WAR AND BURMA: 1. Bibliograpgraphical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Frankie Tun) ... World War and Burma, Title Page.... 2. Tin Htway, Translation of Aung San, World War and Burma (1979)... 3. Thet Tun, Translation of Aung San, World War and Burma (ca. 2003)...4. Aung San, World War and Burma (Burmese Text)... 5 Shwe Sin Aung, Assessment of Aung San's Article (translation: Thakin Hla Kun)... 6. Joanne Dunne, Synopsis of the Article Aung San, World War and Burma, 1940... 7. Susanne Prager-Nyein, Essay on Aung San's World War and Burma... 8. Joanne Dunne, Remarks on Aung San, World War and Burma ... 9. 1 Ba Maw, World War and Burma (Translated by Chit Thein Oo)... 9. 2 Ba Maw, World War and Burma (Translated by Khin Maung Saw)... 9. 3 Ba Maw, World War and Burma (Burmese Text) .... 10. 1 Ba Khaing, The World War and Burma (Translated by Chit Thein Oo) ... 10. 2 Ba Khaing, The World War and Burma (Translated by Khin Maung Saw) ... 10. 3 Ba Khaing, The World War and Burma (Burmese Text).... 11. Two Burmese Marching Songs (translated by Tin Htway) ... 10.1 Bama Letyone Tat Marching Song ... 11.2 Aung Gyi's Ye Tat Marching Song No. 1... 12. Aung San on the "International Situation" (1946) ... 13. Appendices to "World War and Burma"... 13.1.1 Soe, Announcement of his Book on Dialectic Materialism (Translated by Chit Thein Oo ...13.1.2 Soe, Announcement of his Book on Dialectic Materialism (Translated by Khin Maung Saw) .... 13.1.3 Soe, Announcement of his Book on Dialectic Materialism (Burmese Text)... 13.2.1 Nagani Policy Not Changed (Translated by Chit Thein Oo) ... 13.2.2 Nagani Policy has not Changed (Translated by Khin Maung Saw)... 13.2.3 Nagani Policy has not Changed (Burmese Text)...... IV. MATERIAL ON HLA PE, BA KHAING, WORLD WAR AND IDEOLOGY: 1. Bibliographical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Hninsi von Marschall)... Title Page, Reproduction... 2. Moe Hein Zaw: Book Review (Translation: Ye Nyunt)...... V. EXCERPTS FROM THE DEBATE ON THE WAR RESOLUTION IN THE BURMESE PARLIAMENT, 23. February 1940... The Resolutions.... U Kun's Speech ..... Mr. Bourne's Speech ....... V. APPENDICES: SHORT INFORMATION on the MAKING of the BOOK REPORTS... INFORMATION about COMMENTARIES on BOOK REPORTS.
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (2.8MB - OBL version; 6.9MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp8.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 19 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 11. Working Paper No. 10:9 - Two Books on the Russian Revolution
    Description/subject: Contents: About the Contributors.... I INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zoellner): Modelling a Revolution against Britain via Britain.... A Pilgrimage’s Legacies... About this Volume ...... II MATERIAL ON NU, WAY OUT OF POVERTY (Two Volumes).... 1 Kyaw Hoe, Bibliographical Information (Translation: Gunnar Peters) .... 2 Win Lwin, Book Review (Tranlation: Master Group).... The Translator .... Introduction... The Way to Emancipate the Paupers, General Critique.... The Topics in the Book.... Affairs of Myanmar.... The Second Stage of the Russian Revolution and Myanmar.... Impact of the System .... Conclusion .... 3 Commentary on the Book Report .... 4 R Page Arnot, Biographical Note .... 5 R Page Arnot, The Russian Revolution .... III MATERIAL ON ANONYMOUS, LENIN: 1 Kyaw Hoe: Bibliographical Information (Translation: Gunnar Peters).... Reproduction of the Title and Back Page .... 2 The Book’s Foreword (Translation: Thakin Hla Kun).... Why ‘Lenin‘ should be read with all seriousness .... 3 Thinzar Swe, Maung Phyu, Aye Aye Khine: A Summary of the Book.... The Leader of the Poor.... University and Rebel.... Not Making a Living with his Law Education.... Transport into Exile .... Social Democratic Party .... Living in London .... Social Democrat Conference .... Bolshevik and Menshevik.... All the Poor People .... Appearance of Soviets .... Not Being Inflexible .... First Rebellion against the Government.... Blaming Lenin .... Revival in Russia .... Arrest as a Russian Undercover Agent .... The 1917 Revolution.... Return to the Home Country.... Plan to Bring Down the Provisional Government.... Seizing Power .... The Smolny Institute Building.... Leader of the Poor.... Within a Month.... Moscow.... Lenin was Shot by a Jewish Lady.... War with Poland .... Death of Lenin .... 4 Gerhard Will, Commentary on the Book Report of Maung Phyu and Aye Aye Khine.... 5 Katja Meincke, Anna Jüschke, Commentary on Thinzar Shwe’s Book Report .... 6 Biographical Information on James Maxton (from Wikipedia).... 7 Sidney Hook: Book Review of Maxton, Lenin.... 8 Maung Ba Swe: Stalin, erector of Paradise on Earth (Translation: Georg Noack).... 9 Thakin Hla Kun: How our memory of Lenin faded.... IV APPENDICES.
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (456K - OBL version; 1.3MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp9.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 19 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 12. Working Paper No. 10:10 - Material on Soe: Socialism and Chit Hlaing: Memories (updated)
    Description/subject: updated July 2011... CONTENTS: About the Contributors... Foreword (Hans-Bernd Zöllner); I.INTRODUCTION (Robert H. Taylor)... II. MATERIAL ON SOE, SOCIALISM: 1.Kyaw Hoe: Bibliographical Information (Translation: Gunnar Peters); Reproduction of Title Page; Soe, Photos; 2.Translation (Tin Hlaing); The Significance of the Red Flag; Editor Thakin Than Tun's Foreword; Foreword ; Chapter 1; Chapter 2; Chapter 3; Chapter 4; Chapter 6; Chapter 7; Chapter 8; Chapter 9; Chapter 10; Appendix One; Appendix Two; Appendix Three; Appendix Four; 3 Nagani News, Socialism and Burma (Translation: Phone Kywe Myat); 4 Nagani News, Socialism (Translation: Phone Kywe Myat); 5 Nagani News, 11 Points of Discussion on Socialism (Translation: Phone Kywe Myat)... III. U CHIT HLAING, A SHORT NOTE ON MY INVOLVEMENT IN THE BURMA: SOCIALIST PROGRAMME PARTY (Unrevised Version)... IV. APPENDICES
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (544K - OBL version; 4.81MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.phil.uni-passau.de/fileadmin/group_upload/45/pdf/workingpaper/WP_10_Soe__Socialism__Chit_Hlaing__Memories_01.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 13. Working Paper No. 10:11 - Material on Ba Hein: Students' Revolution
    Description/subject: Contents: About the Contributors I. INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zöllner) 1. Manifold Complement 2. Revolution in Theory and Practice 3. Another Tragic Hero 4. Questions 5. About this Volume. II. MATERIAL ON BA HEIN, STUDENTS’REVOLUTION 1. Kyaw Hoe, Bibliographical Information (Translation: Gunnar Peters) Photo: Ba Hein, Nu and his Family 2. Translation: Sandy Saw Myat and Gunnar Peters (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6 and 7) (8) Appendix: Announcement of the All Burma Students' Union 3. Ba Hein, Students’ Revolution -- Reproduction of the Burmese Text (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6 and 7) (8) Appendix: III. ADDITIONAL MATERIAL 1: Further Writings of Ba Hein 1. Maung Maung Myint Than, Brief Summary of Ba Hein’s Review of "British Imperialism and India" written by Joan Beauchamp 2. Ba Hein, My Answer (Translation: Maung Maung Myint Than) 3. Maung Maung Myint Than, Review of Ba Hein’s Article: A Political Party That Made the World Frighten 4. Ba Hein, Life's Journey (Translation: Ye Nyunt) IV. ADDITIONAL MATERIAL 2: Writings About Ba Hein 1. Ye Nyunt, Review of an Article of Dagon Taya: "One with the Padomma lotus smile" or Ba Hein 2. Thakhin Hla Kun: Meeting with Ko Ba Hein V. APPENDICES
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (904K - OBL version; 3.97MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.phil.uni-passau.de/fileadmin/group_upload/45/pdf/workingpaper/WP_11.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 14. Working Paper No. 10:12 - Material on Thein Pe: Indo-Burman Conflict
    Description/subject: Contents: About the Contributors I. INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zoellner) 1. Numbers, Genres, and Emotions 2. Additional Information on Nagani 3. Another Invitation for Further Studies II. MATERIAL ON THEIN PE, INDO-BURMAN CONFLICT 1. Kyaw Hoe, Bibliographical Information (Translation: Hninsi von Marschall) Photo of Thein Pe 2. English Text of Cover and Back Pages (Translation: Georg Noack) Cover Page Back Side of Cover Page Back Side of Back Page Back Page 3. Translation of the Text (Translation: Tin Htway) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) 4. Burmese Text Front Page Back of Front Page. Back Page 5. Ba Hein, Life’s Journey III. APPENDICES
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed)
    Language: English, Burmese
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (2.5MB - OBL version; 7.5MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp12.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 15. Working Paper No. 10:13 - Material on Two Political Dictionaries
    Description/subject: Contents: About the Contributors ..... I. INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zöllner): Two encyclopaedias within an encyclopaedic venture... Geo-Politics... The Authors and the World... The Transfer-Question or: Facts and their Meaning... About This Volume..... II. MATERIAL on HLA PE, POLITICAL MAP OF THE WORLD: 1. Bibliographical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Hinsi von Marschall)... 2. Photos and Reproduction... Bo Let Ya (Hla Pe): Two Photos... Reproduction of Title Page... 2. Ba Hein, Foreword and Hle Pe, Introduction (Translation: Ye Nyunt)... 3. Moe Hein Zaw, Book Review (Translation and Comments: Khin Maung Saw)..... III. MATERIAL on NU, HLA PE, DICTIONARY OF POLITICAL TERMS: 1. Bibliographical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Hninsi von Marschall)... Reproduction of a Copy of the Title Page... 2. Translation (Tin Hlaing)...... IV. APPENDICES.
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (1MB - OBL verwsion; 6.21MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp13.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 16. Working Paper No. 10:14 - Material on Thandwe Maung, Ashoka and Tun Shein, First Hand Experience of India
    Description/subject: Contents: About the Contributors.... I.INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zöllner): India exposed in Comprehensive Eclecticism... The Authors and a Changing Publisher's Profile .... Two Role Models for Burma's Future... Religion, Politics and Violence - and Other Open Questions ... About this Volume ...... II.MATERIAL on THANDWE MAUNG, ASHOKA: 1. Kyaw Hoe, Bibliographical Information (Translation: Uta Gärtner)... Reproduction of the Title Page... 2. Lu Pe Win, Preface (Translation: Ye Nyunt)... 2.1 Biographical Information on Lu Pe Win... 3. Author's Foreword (Translation: Ye Nyunt)... 4. Khine Khine Thin, Thway Thway Myint, Book Review (Translation: Soe Naung and Tin Hlaing... Biography of the author ... The book ... Chapter 1... Chapter 2... Chapter 3... Chapter 4... Chapter 5... Chapter 6... Chapter 7 (The inscriptions) ... Assessment.... 5 Jan Dreßler, Commentary on the Book Report of Khine Khine Thin....... III.MATERIAL on TUN SHEIN, FIRST HAND EXPERIENCE OF INDIA: 1. Kyaw Hoe, Bibliographical Information (Translation: Uta Gärtner)... Reproduction of the Title Page... 2. Bo Yan Naing, Biography (Translation: Ye Nyunt)... Bo Yan Naing, Photo... 3. Author's Preface (Translation: Ye Nyunt)..... Thandwe Maung, Asoka and Tun Shein, First Hand Experience of India: 4. Nay Lin, Book Report... Brief biography of the author .... All that should be known... Jawaharlal Nehru .... The birth of the Congress ... Actors in the Congress... The secrets of Congress .... Assessment .... 5. Translation of the Book's Information on Jawaharlal Nehru .... IV. We Students! ..... Burmese Text .... Translation (Ye Nyunt)...... V. APPENDICES
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (429K - OBL version; 1.95MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp14.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 17. Working Paper No. 10:15 - Material on Four Books about Germany
    Description/subject: Contents:- About the Contributors; I. INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zöllner): A Personal Note; Feelings of Sympathy towards Germany; A Period of Accelerating Tensions, both Internally and Externally; Britain's Difficulties and Burmese Problems; Germany - Among Others; About This Volume and the Need for Further Research... II. MATERIAL on SHWE U DAUNG, What Hitler has Done: Bibliographical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Gunnar Peters); Biography of the author/translator; The book's abstract; Comments; Arthur Minsat, Commentary on the Book Report; Shwe Sin Aung, Reply to Arthur Minsat's Commentary... III. MATERIAL on THEIN PE, Who is Wrong - Hitler or Chamberlain: Bibliograpgraphical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Gunnar Peters); Nay Lin, Book Review (Translation Tin Hlaing); Biographical sketch of the author; The contents in brief; Comments; Larah Wessendorf, Commentary on the Book Report; Nay Lin, Answer to Larah Wessendorf's Commentary... IV. MATERIAL on BA KHAING, Internal Affairs of Germany: Bibliograpgraphical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Gunnar Peters); Reproduction of Title Page; Nay Lin, Book Review (Translation. Ye Nyunt); Summary; Review; Nay Lin, Answer to Christoph Mann's Commentary... V. MATERIAL on THA DUN, Germany: Bibliograpgraphical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Gunnar Peters); Tun Aye, Apology (Translation: Maung Maung Aye); Map of Germany in 1871; Tha Dun, Foreword (Translation: Maung Maung Aye); Nwe Ni Aung, Summary of the Book's Information on Bismarck and Hindenburg (Translation: Maung Maung Aye); Bismarck; Hindenburg... VI. Other Material: Germany in the Nagani Weekly79; Term Paper: Capitalism and Hitler as told by Nagani (1969/70);... VII. APPENDICES: SHORT INFORMATION on the MAKING of the BOOK REPORTS; INFORMATION about COMMENTARIES on BOOK REPORTS
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zöllner (ed.)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (411k - OBL version; 851K - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.phil.uni-passau.de/fileadmin/group_upload/45/pdf/workingpaper/mlp15_1_.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 18: Working Paper No. 10:15.1 - Material on Khin Khin Lay, Two Books about Germany
    Description/subject: Contents: About the Contributors; I. INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zöllner): Countering Burmese Inclinations towards Germany in the Service of British Propaganda; The Problems of a "Non-Political" Political Book Club; Politics Based on a Combination of Knowledge and Science; Khin Khin Lay as an Independent Writer cum Entepreneur; Inconsistencies; About this Volume... II. MATERIAL on Rays of War: Bibliographical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Georg Noack); Reproduction of Title Page; Aye Aye Myint: Book Review (Translation:Richard Zatu); Biography of the writer; Gist of "Image of War"; Evaluation; Translation of the Book's Final Pages; Ute Köster, Commentary on the Book Report; Translation of the Information on the Book's Back Cover; Life of Edith Cavell (Wikipedia); Gordon Brown on Edith Cavell; Peter van Alfen... III. MATERIAL on Enemy of the World; 1. Bibliograpgraphical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Georg Noack); Reproduction of Title Page, First Edition; Reproduction of Title Page, Reprint of 1967; Blurb of the 1967 Edition (Translation Richard Zatu); The Author's Preface of 1967 (Translation Richard Zatu); Moe Hein Zaw, Book Review (Translation Richard Zatu); Biographical sketch of the author; Objective; Summary of the Story; Evaluation; Franziska Blum, Commentary on the Book Report... IV. ADDITIONAL MATERIAL: SHORT INFORMATION on the MAKING of the BOOK REPORTS INFORMATION about COMMENTARIES on BOOK REPORTS.
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zöllner (ed.)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (691K - OBL version; 1.5MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.phil.uni-passau.de/fileadmin/group_upload/45/pdf/workingpaper/WP_15.1_Two_Books_by_Khin_Khin_Lay_on_Germany.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 19: Working Paper No. 10:16 - Material on Four Books about Sun Yat Sen
    Description/subject: Contents:- About the Contributors... I INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zöllner) Look East to the West: Idealisation of Second-hand Experiences and Incorporation into the Buddhist Sphere; The Neglect of Difference and the Choice of New Models by the Political Elites; A Note on the Books' Contributors... About This Volume... II MATERIAL on Nationalism: 1 Kyaw Hoe, Bibliographical Information (Translation: Gunnar Peters); Reproduction of Title Page; Reproduction of Sun Yat Sen's Photo; 2 Shwe Pyi Soe, Book Review (Translation: Ye Nyunt); Biography of Deedok U Ba Choe; Introduction; Context of the Book and Review; Dr Sun Yat Sen; Speeches 1-6; Reflection of the Time and System; Conclusion; 3 Salai Kipp Ko Liang, Book Report; Introduction; A Brief Comment on the Titles of the Burmese Versions; Summary of the Contents; Assessment; 4 Nagani News, Book Review of "Nationalism"; 5Nagani News, Book Review of "Racism" by Magnus Hirschfeld... III MATERIAL on People's Power and French Revolution: 1 Kyaw Hoe, Bibliograpgraphical Information (Translation: Gunnar Peters); Four Books on Sun Yat Sen: Reproduction of Title Page; 2 Thein Pe, Foreword (Translation Ye Nyunt); 3 Shw Pyi Soe, Book Review (Translation Ye Nyunt); Biography of the author; Review of "People's Power and French Revolution"; Reflection on Age and System in Myanmar; Conclusion... IV MATERIAL on Peoples' Power and English-American Great Revolution: 1 Kyaw Hoe, Bibliograpgraphical Information (Translation: Gunnar Peters); Reproduction of Title Page; 2 Mogyoe, Foreword (Translation: Ye Nyunt); 3 Shwe Pyi Soe, Book Review (Translation: Ye Nyunt); Introduction; (1) People's Power; (2) The Historical Campaigns in England; (3) The American Revolution; Generalized Comment; Conclusion; V Material on The Inner History of the Chinese Revolution: 1 Bibliograpgraphical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Gunnar Peters); Reproduction of Title Page; 2 Nay Linn, Book Review (Translation: Richard Zatu); Brief Biography of the Translator; Summary of "The Inner Story of the Chinese Revolution" ; Evaluation... VI APPENDICES: SHORT INFORMATION on the MAKING of the BOOK REPORTS; INFORMATION about COMMENTARIES on BOOK REPORTS
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (543K - OBL version; 1.68MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp16.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 20: Working Paper No. 10:17 - Nu, Early Plays and Ba Thoung, Adaptation of “An Enemy of the People”
    Description/subject: Contents:- About the Contributors... I INTRODUCTION (Hans-Ber;nd Zöllner): Plays on the Fringe 4 Ba Thoung's Vision and Nu's Dream; Unplayed Plays - Unrealised Visions of Modernity; About This Volume... II MATERIAL on Nu, Modern Drama: 1 Bibliographical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Gunnar Peters); Title Page; 2 Critique of Nu "Modern Plays" in the Nagani Weekly; 3 Htay Htay Myint, Book Review (Translation: Thakin Hla Kun); Introduction; Play 1: U Klein; Play 2: Naung Daw Chut-Khan; Play 3: Sukara; Play 4: The Husband of a Wicked Wife; Play 5: An Elephant Must Lose Its Life; 4 Translation (Tin Hlaing); U Kalein; The Husband of a Bad Wife; The Wife of a Bad Husband; Get a Husband, Kill an Elephant; Sukra; 5 Nu, Forward to "Wolf the Wolf of Man"... III MATERIAL on BA THOUNG, An Enemy of the People; 1 Bibliograpgraphical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Gunnar Peters)173 Reproduction of Title Page ; Reproduction of Title Page (2nd Edition, 1963); Nu and Ba Thoung, Plays; 2 Preface to the First Edition (Translation: Tin Hlaing); 3 Tin Hlaing, Book Review; Thakin Ba Thaung; Summary of the Play; The Translation of Terms and Concepts; Impact; 4 Kyaw Nyaing, Book Review1... V APPENDICES: SHORT INFORMATION on the MAKING of the BOOK REPORTS; INFORMATION about COMMENTARIES on BOOK REPORTS
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (686K - OBL version; 1.75MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.zoellner-online.org/mlp17.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 21: Working Paper No. 10:18 - Two Books on Sex and Gender
    Description/subject: Contents:- About the ... I. INTRODUCTION (Hans-Bernd Zöllner): Connecting Burma to modernity - and vice versa; The personal and the political; Facts before fantasy; New and old ways of educating people; About this volume... II. MATERIAL on Hla Shwe, Husband and Wife: 1. Bibliographical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Gunnar Peters); Hla Shwe, Foreword (Translation: Phone Kyaw Myat); 2. Thwe Thwe Nwe, Book Review (Translation: Thiri Than Win); Summary of contents; Thinking about this book; 3. Dagon Tayar, Dr. Hla Shwe (1947) (Translation: Phone Kyaw Myat); 4. Maung Maung Nyo, Dictator Dr. Hla Shwe (1961); 5. Aung Min Htut, A Commentary on Dr. Hla Shwe’s Translation, Prof. Mg Mg Nyo’s Book on the Same Subject and His letter... III. MATERIAL on Mya Sein, Women: 1. Bibliograpgraphical Information (Kyaw Hoe, Translation: Gunnar Peters); Mya Sein, Picture; Mya Sein, Photo Gallery; 2. Advertisment of "Woman" in book no. 96, "Sinn Fein"; 3. Deedoke U Ba Choe, Foreword (Translation: Phone Kyaw Myat); 4. Min Maw Thant, Book Review (Translation. Ma Thida); Brief biography of the author; Summary of the contents; Khin Khin Su's problem; Lecture 1: Women in world history; A marriage proposal; Lecture 2: Male - female relations; Khin Khin Su in love; Lecture 3: Developments in England; Khin Khin Su's reaction; Lecture 4: Women in China; Lecture 5: Women in Japan; Lecture 6: Women in India; Khin Khin Su's own investigations - Women in Burma; Comments; 5. Andrea Fleschenberg, Commentary; 6. Ma Thanegi on Women; 7. Biography of Mya Sein (from the Who's Who in Burma (1961)); 8. Mya Sein's speeches at the BurmaRound Table Conference 1931... IV. Additional Material: 1. The "Upper Garments" controvery (1938) (Translation: Phone Kyaw Myint); 1.1 A Kyawt, The monks and the thin upper garments; 1.2: Sein Hlaing, The monks and the thin upper garments (response); 2. Khin Myo Chit, Problems of the Women of Burma (1940); 2.1 Review Maung Yoe (Translation: Ye Nyunt); 2.2: Review Shwe Pyi Soe (Translation: Phone Kyaw Myat); 3. The Bhikkuni Controversy; 3.1 Nagani News, Reference to a Book of Ashin Adiccavamsa (1938); 3.2 Shwe Oak Oar, Biography of Ashin Ardessa Wuntha (Adiccavamsa) Translation: Aung Min Htut; 3.3 Bricker, Discrimination of Women in Modern Burma (2006); 4. Than Than Nwe, Gendered Space: Women in Burmese Society; 5. Cherrryl Barron, Burma: Feminist Utopia?; 6. Chie Ikeya, The 'Traditional' High Status of Women in Burma - Conclusion ... V. APPENDICES: SHORT INFORMATION on the MAKING of the BOOK REPORTS; INFORMATION about COMMENTARIES on BOOK REPORTS.
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zöllner (ed.)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Lehrstuhl für Südostasienkunde, Universität Passau, Myanmar Literature Project
    Subscribe: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs11/mlp10.18-op.pdf
    Format/size: pdf (642K - OBL version; 2.18MB - original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.phil.uni-passau.de/fileadmin/group_upload/45/pdf/workingpaper/WP_18_Two_Books_on_Sex_and_Gender.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 19 July 2011


    Title: Myanmar Literature Project - 22: Working Paper No. 10:19 - Material on Three Novels ("Pantha Ma Sa U" and "Oil" by Ba Thoung; "May" by Dagon Taya)
    Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zoellner (ed.)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Myanmar Literature Project
    Format/size: pdf (855K)
    Date of entry/update: 18 August 2012


  • SPDC Cultural Perspectives

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: The Golden Land
    Description/subject: Very jolly site, full of pics of soldiers, dancers and temples. Very slow; set aside a whole afternoon. This site contains "The New Light of Myanmar" snippets, with slow graphics; the "Information Sheets" with slow graphics from mid-1998. The earlier stuff, basically text, is much faster
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: SPDC
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Individual Documents

    Title: Remaking Rangoon
    Date of publication: July 2003
    Description/subject: "Rangoon’s modernization drive in preparation for the 2006 Asean Summit is destroying the capital’s architectural heritage... A house of teak and brick in Botataung Township in Rangoon is being razed to make way for a taller, more modern skyscraper. The house was full of charm at the turn of the 20th century, and was one of many buildings that earned the Burmese capital the reputation as the "Pearl of the Orient". "My house was beautiful and in good condition considering it was nearly 100 years old," said the 50-year-old owner, as he watched his home being demolished. But now he is more pragmatic than sentimental. "As the new ones are coming, the old ones have to go," he added. In the first half of the last century Rangoon was a model for other Southeast Asian cities. Famed for its many buildings of religious, historical and architectural significance, the city was a hybrid of colonial charm and unique Burmese splendor. The great traditional houses of the city were built from teak, with grand spired roofs, decorated eaves and crafted paneling. But now much of that has been thrown into the dustbin of history..."
    Author/creator: Kyaw Zwa Moe
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 11, No. 6
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 06 November 2003