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The UN System and Burma/Myanmar
A NOTE ON DATES: In this Library, written and oral reports are given the date of publication or delivery, but resolutions are dated by date of decision (the date of publication might be several months later, when the report of the meeting is issued)...If any links in this section are dead, copy the document number and paste it into the Symbol box of the UN Documents Search engine at http://documents.un.org/... THE ILO MATERIAL is in the International Labour Organisation section.

  • UN System - general information

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: UN System: Official Website Locator
    Description/subject: Links to the websites of the UN agencies, programmes and offices throughout the world. Several thousand reports on "Myanmar" if you dig.
    Language: English, French
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: United Nations main page
    Language: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 19 October 2010


    Title: United Nations Research Guides & Resources
    Description/subject: Lots of stuff
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 28 May 2013


  • Accessing UN documents

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Dag Hammarskjöld Library
    Description/subject: Electronic copies of some documents on Burma/Myanmar, including documents not in the Official documents System (ODS) which mainly covers the period post 1993, may be found in the Dag Hammarskjöld Library. A search for "Myanmar" had 1869 results, and 250 for "Burma", most of which some were in pdf (usually heavy image files)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Date of entry/update: 31 January 2005


    Title: Search for United Nations Press Releases
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 25 January 2005


    Title: UN Official Document System (ODS)
    Language: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Date of entry/update: 25 January 2005


    Title: United Nations Documentation: Research Guide
    Description/subject: Several useful Power Point presentations on search tools and methods of finding UN documents
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html, Power Point
    Date of entry/update: 25 January 2005


    Individual Documents

    Title: United Nations opens Official Document System (ODS) to General Public
    Date of publication: 23 December 2004
    Description/subject: This new ODS access, dating from 31 December 2004, is a major development in accessing UN documents, including those on Myanmar, in the 6 official UN languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish). Use the Help button on the ODS site and the training link in the present press release.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html
    Alternate URLs: http://documents.un.org
    Date of entry/update: 25 January 2005


  • Accessing the UN Webcast (video)
    So far I have not found an easy way to search for videos on the UN Webcast, apart from the Human Rights Council Webcast which has a search engine. A google site-specific search brings up many pdf and html documents. Browsing each UN body by year works.

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Human Rights Council Webcast (video)
    Description/subject: Search by keyword (e.g. Myanmar) in VIDEO ON-DEMAND or browse by session or prodedure
    Language: Arabic, Chinese, English, French Russian, Spanish,
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: Real Player
    Date of entry/update: 17 March 2009


    Title: Security Council Webcast 2003-2009 (video)
    Description/subject: Quite a few video files on Burma/Myanmar from 2003 to 2009...Mainly press briefings...Choose the year you want and use your web browser to search for Myanmar (or whatever your interest is). If the link does not open with a left click, right click and open in a new window. Some files from 2003 required some inaccessible software.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: Real Player
    Date of entry/update: 17 March 2009


    Title: United Nations Webcast (video)
    Description/subject: Search for Myanmar under VIDEO ON DEMAND or by body, session etc. Something doesn't work, or I don't understand the system, as I got 87 results, mostly from the Human Rights Council, when I searched in Security Council, General Assembly etc..
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: Real Player
    Date of entry/update: 17 March 2009


  • UN Human Rights pages on Myanmar

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Documents on Myanmar
    Description/subject: Full list of UN documents on Burma/Myanmar in the Charter-based bodies Database (more than 250 - March 2009)
    Language: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish,
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Date of entry/update: 18 March 2009


    Title: Full list of documents on Burma/Myanmar in the Treaty Body Database
    Description/subject: About 33 documents (March 2009)- CRC and CEDAW
    Language: Arabic, Chinese, English, French Russian, Spanish,
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Date of entry/update: 18 March 2009


    Title: Human Rights in Myanmar
    Description/subject: Documents on Burma/Myanmar of the Charter-based and Treaty-based mechanisms
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 29 March 2008


  • UN Information Sources,Yangon
    Includes statements by the UN Country Team

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU)
    Description/subject: LARGE COLLECTION OF UN AND OTHER DOCUMENTS ON BURMA/MYANMAR..."The MIMU provides a common information exchange service for the humanitarian community through strengthened coordination, collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of information. The MIMU supports analysis and decision making by the UN Resident/Humanitarian Coordinator (RC/HC), Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) partners, the UN Country Team and other actors both inside and outside of Myanmar."...MAPS, ANALYSES, ASSESSMENTS ETC OF ALL PARTS OF THE COUNTRY.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: MIMU
    Format/size: html, pdf, etc.
    Date of entry/update: 07 October 2010


    Title: UN Information Center,Yangon
    Description/subject: Includes statements from the UN Country Team..."Established and in operation since 1959, UNIC Yangon is one of the branch offices of the United Nations Department of Public Information. UNIC Yangon provides up-to-date information on the United Nations and its activities to a wide audience in Myanmar"... Media outreach # Educational outreach # Reference library # Information materials # Latest news # Liaison with NGOs # Calendar # Recent UN reports # Employment # Useful links
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 02 November 2007


  • ALTSEAN-Burma UN Dossier
    A reader-friendly though incomplete set of UN documents on Burma/Myanmar

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: ALTSEAN-Burma UN Dossier
    Description/subject: A reader-friendly though incomplete set of UN documents on Burma/Myanmar
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: ALTSEAN-Burma
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Date of entry/update: 01 April 2008


  • The UN and Burma - news and commentary

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: "BurmaNet News" United Nations archive
    Description/subject: Archive from October 2010
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Various sources via "BurmaNet News"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 18 April 2012


    Individual Documents

    Title: The UN’s Dangerous Detour
    Date of publication: September 2008
    Description/subject: "By allowing the junta to hijack its mandate, the United Nations risks destroying Burma’s only hope for real progress: dialogue ...You know that the United Nations’ efforts to broker reconciliation talks in Burma are failing miserably when all the visiting UN envoy wants to talk about is the ruling junta’s “road map” to a sham democracy..."
    Author/creator: Editorial (Kyaw Zwa Moe)
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 9
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 13 November 2008


  • UN Secretariat

    • UN Secretary-General's reports on the situation of human rights in Myanmar

      • Informes del Secretario General sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Español)

        Websites/Multiple Documents

        Title: Documentos de las Naciones Unidas sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
        Language: Español, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Individual Documents

        Title: AG 2013 (68a reunión): Situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar - Informe del Secretario General (Español)
        Date of publication: 19 August 2013
        Description/subject: Resumen: "El presente informe, presentado en cumplimiento de lo dispuesto en el párrafo 21 de la resolución 67/233 de la Asamblea General, abarca el período comprendido entre el 25 de agosto de 2012 y el 10 de agosto de 2013. Durante ese período se registraron profundos cambios en Myanmar, ya que continuó la aplicación de las medidas de reforma iniciadas en 2011 para la creación de nuevas institu ciones y la promulgación de nuevas leyes en sesiones activas del Parlamento nacional y las asambleas legislativas regionales, al canzándose al mismo tiempo progresos constantes en la reconciliación nacional por conducto de negociaciones con hasta entonces grupos étnicos armados y la promoción del retorno voluntario y el reasentamiento de las poblaciones desplazadas. El Gobierno llevó a cabo una serie de reformas encaminadas a transformar la economía de modo que estuviera cada vez más orientada al mercado, abrió nuevos se ctores a las inversiones extranjeras y el comercio exterior e introdujo medidas para asegurar una mayor transparencia y para combatir la corrupción. A medida que se fue ampliando la relación del país con el mundo exterior, fueron surgiendo nuevos retos. El aumento de las tensiones en las comunidades y los incidentes de violencia en todo el país hicieron temer un debilitamiento del proceso de reforma en marcha. Las Naciones Unidas continuaron su participación en distintas esferas y la prestación de apoyo a Myanmar"
        Language: Español, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas. Asamblea General (A/68/331)
        Format/size: pdf (202K), html
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N13/431/10/PDF/N1343110.pdf?OpenElement
        Date of entry/update: 23 September 2013


        Title: AG 2012 (67a reunión): Situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar - Informe del Secretario General (Español)
        Date of publication: 24 August 2012
        Description/subject: Resumen: "Este informe se presenta en cumplimiento de lo dispuesto en el párrafo 32 de la resolución 66/230 de la Asamblea General y abarca el período comprendido entre los meses de agosto de 2011 y de julio 2012. Ha sido un año esperanzador y de cambios notables en Myanmar. Basándose en las iniciativas que había emprendido en la primera mitad de 2011, el nuevo Gobierno civil encabezado por el Presidente Thein Sein adoptó profundas y significativas medidas de reforma para consolidar la democracia, como la creación de nuevas instituciones; la promulgación de nuevas leyes en sesiones activas del Parlamento nacional y las asambleas legislativas regionales; el contacto con distintos grupos étnicos para promover la paz y la reconciliación nacional mediante consultas inclusivas y la promoción del retorno voluntario y el reasentamiento de las poblaciones desplazadas; la puesta en libertad de un número considerable de presos políticos, incluidas algunas de las figuras más prominentes; y la adopción de medidas para llevar a cabo reformas económicas destinadas a transformar una economía ampliamente centralizada en una economía cada vez más orientada al mercado y abierta a las inversiones extranjeras y el comercio exterior. El cambio de la situación política producido a raíz de la reunión entre el Presidente Thein Sein y Daw Aung San Suu Kyi en agosto de 2011 dio lugar a una revisión de la legislación electoral que permitió que, tras más de 20 años, la Liga Nacional para la Democracia se presentara nuevamente a un proceso electoral y ganara de manera convincente 43 de los 45 escaños en las elecciones parciales celebradas el 1 de abril de 2012. En este último año también se ha producido un marcado cambio en las relaciones entre Myanmar y la comunidad internacional. Los Estados miembros de la Asociación de Naciones de Asia Sudoriental (ASEAN) decidieron que Myanmar acogiera la cumbre de la ASEAN de 2014. En ese mismo período, la reanudación de las relaciones bilaterales de alto nivel entre Myanmar y los Estados Unidos de América, la Unión Europea y otros países interesados produjo cambios importantes en sus políticas, incluida la revisión, la suspensión o el levantamiento de las sanciones contra Myanmar. Hubo una nueva ampliación de las relaciones con las Naciones Unidas que permitió colaborar en la normalización de programas restringidos y cooperar en mayor medida con los distintos organismos de la Organización a fin de apoyar el desarrollo político y socioeconómico integral del país y atender las necesidades humanitarias. Del 29 de abril al 1 de mayo de 2012 realicé mi tercera visita a Myanmar como Secretario General."
        Language: Español, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas. Asamblea General (A/67/333)
        Format/size: pdf (188K)
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-ods.un.org/access.nsf/Get?OpenAgent&DS=A/67/333&Lang=S
        Date of entry/update: 02 October 2012


        Title: AG 2011 (66a reunión): Situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar - Informe del Secretario General (Español)
        Date of publication: 05 August 2011
        Description/subject: Resumen: "Este informe se presenta en cumplimiento de lo dispuesto en el párrafo 30 de la resolución 65/241 de la Asamblea General y abarca el período comprendido entre el 26 de agosto de 2010 y el 4 de agosto de 2011. Durante el período a que se refiere el informe, se cumplieron las etapas que quedaban de la guía política impulsada por el Consejo Estatal de Paz y Desarrollo, a saber: las elecciones generales se celebraron el 7 de noviembre de 2010, el nuevo Parlamento se reunió en enero de 2011 y el Consejo traspasó el poder al nuevo Gobierno el 30 de marzo de 2011. En el proceso, el Consejo fue oficialmente disuelto. El 13 de noviembre de 2010, una semana después de las elecciones, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi fue liberada después de siete años de arresto domiciliario."
        Language: Español, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Naciones UnidasAsamblea General (A/65/367 )
        Format/size: pdf (193K)
        Date of entry/update: 08 September 2011


        Title: AG 2010 (65a reunión): Situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar - Informe del Secretario General (Espanol)
        Date of publication: 14 September 2010
        Description/subject: Resumen: "Este informe se presenta en cumplimiento de lo dispuesto en la resolución 64/238 de la Asamblea General y abarca el período comprendido entre el 26 de agosto de 2009 y el 25 de agosto de 2010. Tras la reasignación del Sr. Ibrahim Gambari el 1 de enero de 2010, designé a mi Jefe de Gabinete, Sr. Vijay Nambiar, como Asesor Especial para que supervisara el mandato de buenos oficios. Desde mi última visita a Myanmar en julio de 2009, las autoridades de Myanmar han dado algunas muestras de flexibilidad en respuesta a lo que propuse, como la liberación, el 17 de septiembre de 2009, de más de 130 presos políticos como parte de una amnistía más amplia. Sin embargo, la detención de otros presos políticos y el hecho de que la Sra. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi continúe bajo el arresto domiciliario siguen siendo motivo de grave preocupación. Es lamentable que no se hayan aprovechado nuevas oportunidades para promover un diálogo político constructivo entre las principales partes interesadas. Durante todo el período que abarca el informe, se realizaron esfuerzos continuos para recabar la colaboración de las autoridades y las principales partes interesadas de Myanmar, a fin de tratar de lograr los objetivos del mandato de buenos oficios. Sin embargo, el Gobierno no ha invitado a mi Asesor Especial a mantener más contacto con las autoridades y otras partes interesadas del país desde mi última visita. Esa falta de participación constructiva es desalentadora, y también es una oportunidad que Myanmar ha perdido. A los Estados Miembros les interesa procurar activamente que Myanmar brinde la cooperación necesaria, y tienen la responsabilidad de hacerlo. Las próximas elecciones, las primeras en 20 años del país, constituirán una importante ocasión de poner a prueba las perspectivas de paz, democracia y prosperidad en el país. Los altos dirigentes de Myanmar han declarado reiteradamente su compromiso de celebrar elecciones libres y limpias. El Gobierno ha promulgado leyes electorales, ha nombrado una Comisión Electoral de la Unión con 18 miembros, y ha anunciado que la fecha de las elecciones será el 7 de noviembre de 2010. Al 25 de agosto, la Comisión había aprobado la inscripción de 42 de los 47 partidos políticos que aspiraban a presentarse a las elecciones, entre ellos 5 de los 10 partidos que ya se habían presentado a las elecciones de 1990 y habían vuelto a inscribirse. Si bien esto indica que posiblemente se haya ampliado el espacio político en comparación con de los últimos dos decenios, es aún más necesario que las autoridades aseguren que las elecciones se lleven a cabo de manera inclusiva, digna de crédito, participativa y transparente. En ese sentido, reitero mi petición de que se ponga en libertad a todos los presos políticos, incluida la Sra. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, lo cual supondría la señal más clara de dicho compromiso. Durante el período que abarca el informe, el Asesor Especial realizó esfuerzos para colaborar a nivel superior con las oficinas pertinentes de las Naciones Unidas, como el Grupo de Trabajo Interdepartamental sobre Myanmar, en el que se determinaron varias prioridades para todo el sistema. La Comisión Económica y Social para Asia y el Pacífico (CESPAP) siguió manteniendo un diálogo normativo de amplio alcance con el Gobierno para a hacer frente a las prioridades y desafíos del país en materia de desarrollo. El equipo de las Naciones Unidas en el país y el Gobierno llegaron a un acuerdo sobre una iniciativa humanitaria conjunta de dos años para el norte del estado de Rakhine. Dos años después de que el Gobierno, las Naciones Unidas y la Asociación de Naciones de Asia Sudoriental (ASEAN) establecieran el mecanismo del Grupo Básico Tripartito, su mandato terminó el 31 de julio de 2010 y fue objeto de reconocimiento y gratitud por parte de las autoridades de Myanmar. Myanmar debe progresar para superar el estancamiento político y el conflicto armado que ha heredado del pasado. Afrontar los desafíos paralelos de conseguir el respeto de los derechos humanos, la reconciliación nacional y la democratización es una meta esencial que todavía no se ha logrado. Es fundamental proseguir el diálogo y la cooperación entre todas las partes interesadas, así como lograr una mayor apertura política, social y económica. Estoy firmemente decidido a seguir cooperando con el Gobierno y el pueblo de Myanmar para que sus esfuerzos redunden en una transición satisfactoria hacia un Gobierno civil y democrático digno de crédito. Myanmar puede beneficiarse enormemente de la amplia experiencia de las Naciones Unidas y de los esfuerzos que la Organización ha realizado para prestar asistencia en los ámbitos humanitario y socioeconómico. Reitero mi llamamiento a la unidad de propósito y de acción entre los principales Estados Miembros interesados, las entidades regionales, los agentes de desarrollo multilaterales y las instituciones financieras internacionales, para alentar a todas las partes interesadas del país a que contribuyan a un cambio positivo en pro del interés nacional de Myanmar."
        Language: Espanol, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas - Asamblea General ( A/65/367)
        Format/size: pdf (178K)
        Date of entry/update: 27 October 2010


        Title: AG 2008 (63a reunión): Informe del Secretario General sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
        Date of publication: 17 September 2008
        Description/subject: Resumen: Este informe se presenta en cumplimiento del párrafo 6 de la resolución 62/222 de la Asamblea General. El 22 de mayo de 2007, el Secretario General designó a su Asesor Especial sobre el Pacto Internacional con el Iraq y otras cuestiones políticas y ex Secretario General Adjunto de Asuntos Políticos, Sr. Ibrahim Gambari, para que prosiguiera la misión de interposición de buenos oficios en su nombre. Durante el período al que se refiere el informe, que comprende desde el 23 de octubre de 2007 hasta el 5 de septiembre de 2008, el Asesor Especial visitó Myanmar en tres ocasiones por invitación del Gobierno del país, en noviembre de 2007 y en marzo y agosto de 2008. En cada visita pudo reunirse con representantes del Gobierno y de la oposición de Myanmar. Durante sus visitas y en todas las conversaciones que mantuvo con representantes del Gobierno, y de la oposición y con otros interesados, el Asesor Especial prosiguió su labor en nombre del Secretario General para promover la reconciliación nacional, el restablecimiento de la democracia y el respeto de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, de conformidad con los objetivos de las resoluciones pertinentes de la Asamblea General. A tal fin, se centró en las cinco esferas principales siguientes, que son motivo de preocupación para las Naciones Unidas y la comunidad internacional, y cuentan con el respaldo del Grupo de Amigos del Secretario General y el Consejo de Seguridad: a) la puesta en libertad de todos los presos políticos, incluida Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; b) la necesidad de un mayor diálogo sustantivo y con plazos precisos entre el Gobierno y Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; * Este informe se presenta el 17 de septiembre de 2008, a fin de incluir tanta información actualizada como sea posible. c) la necesidad de un proceso de transición política incluyente y digno de crédito conducente a un gobierno civil y democrático; d) cauces para mejorar las condiciones socioeconómicas, entre otras cosas, mediante un mecanismo nacional de base amplia; y e) modos de regularizar el proceso de participación y cooperación recíproca mediante la interposición de buenos oficios. En consulta con los Estados Miembros, el Secretario General y el Asesor Especial reiteraron también los cuatro principios rectores siguientes para llevar a cabo el mandato de interposición buenos oficios del Secretario General: a) la interposición de buenos oficios es un proceso, no un hecho único, y exige la participación continuada mediante visitas y consultas periódicas con todas las partes interesadas; b) la situación en Myanmar requiere una participación amplia en una gran variedad de cuestiones políticas, humanitarias, socioeconómicas y de derechos humanos; c) la participación no puede ser un fin en sí misma, sino que debe arrojar resultados concretos; y d) la comunidad internacional debe seguir colaborando de manera constructiva en apoyo de los objetivos de la interposición de buenos oficios. Tras la designación el 8 de octubre de 2007 del Ministro encargado de las relaciones con Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, ambos celebraron cinco reuniones entre noviembre de 2007 y enero de 2008, lo que supuso el primer intento de diálogo entre el Gobierno y Daw Aung San Suu Kyi desde 2003. Además, por primera vez en cuatro años, se permitió a Daw Aung San Suu Kyi reunirse en dos ocasiones con el Comité Ejecutivo Central de la Liga Nacional en pro de la Democracia (LND). El 9 de febrero de 2008, el Gobierno de Myanmar publicó por primera vez un calendario de los pasos que seguiría en su proceso político de aplicación de la “guía” para establecer un gobierno civil y democrático, y anunció que en mayo de 2008 se celebraría un referendo nacional sobre un proyecto de constitución, tras lo que habría elecciones multipartidistas en 2010. El 2 de mayo de 2008, el ciclón Nargis azotó Myanmar, y se calcula que dejó 140.000 muertos o desaparecidos y unos 2,4 millones de personas gravemente afectadas. En respuesta a ello, el Secretario General visitó el país los días 22 y 23 de mayo de 2008, lo que constituyó la primera visita a Myanmar de un Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas en 44 años. Tras las conversaciones que mantuvo con el Presidente del Consejo Estatal de Paz y Desarrollo, General en Jefe Than Shwe, se facilitó el acceso a los trabajadores de asistencia humanitaria internacional y se estableció un mecanismo de coordinación del Grupo básico tripartito entre el Gobierno de Myanmar, las Naciones Unidas y la Asociación de Naciones del Asia Sudoriental (ASEAN) para facilitar una respuesta humanitaria eficaz de gran escala. El 25 de mayo de 2008, el Secretario General volvió a Myanmar para presidir en Yangon, conjuntamente con el Gobierno de ese país y la ASEAN, una conferencia de alto nivel sobre promesas de contribuciones. El 10 de mayo de 2008, el Gobierno de Myanmar celebró, tal como estaba previsto, un referendo constitucional, pese al llamamiento que le había hecho el Secretario General para que dedicara todos los recursos disponibles a la respuesta humanitaria de emergencia como asunto prioritario. En los 47 municipios más afectados por el ciclón se aplazó la votación hasta el 24 de mayo de 2008. El 29 de mayo de 2008, el Gobierno anunció que se había aprobado oficialmente el proyecto de constitución, y se informó de que el porcentaje de votos afirmativos había sido del 92,48% con una participación del 98,12% de los votantes. El 27 de mayo de 2008, el Gobierno de Myanmar prorrogó el arresto domiciliario de Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. En una declaración hecha pública ese mismo día, el Secretario General manifestó su decepción por la decisión del Gobierno y destacó que la liberación de todos los presos políticos y su posibilidad de participar en el proceso político seguía siendo un tema prioritario de las conversaciones con el Gobierno de Myanmar en el contexto de la interposición de sus buenos oficios. Del 4 al 7 de agosto de 2008, el nuevo Relator Especial sobre Derechos Humanos, Sr. Tomás Ojea Quintana, realizó su primera visita a Myanmar por invitación del Gobierno. Previamente, en noviembre de 2007, había visitado el país su predecesor, Sr. Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, a instancias del Asesor Especial, tras cuatro años de habérsele denegado el acceso al país. Entretanto, el 28 de marzo y el 18 de junio de 2008 el Consejo de Derechos Humanos había aprobado dos resoluciones (7/31 y 8/14) en las que instaba a Myanmar, entre otras cosas, a cooperar con el Asesor Especial. Tras el anuncio oficial de la aprobación de una nueva Constitución, el Gobierno de Myanmar manifestó su decisión de convocar elecciones multipartidistas para 2010, lo que constituía el quinto paso a seguir en su guía de siete fases. Al mismo tiempo, distintos interesados importantes, como la LND, manifestaron oficialmente su rechazo a la nueva Constitución y su proceso de aprobación. Así pues, pese a los intentos del Gobierno por llevar a cabo su proceso de aplicación de la guía, la situación política en Myanmar se ha hecho más compleja y difícil, y ha focalizado cada vez más la atención de la comunidad internacional. El Secretario General y su Asesor Especial no han dejado de hacer hincapié en que sólo un proceso político digno de crédito e incluyente, basado en la comprensión mutua y el compromiso de todos los interesados, puede contribuir a promover las perspectivas de paz duradera, reconciliación nacional, democracia y respeto de los derechos humanos en Myanmar. En ese sentido, el apoyo de la comunidad internacional, incluidos los países de la región, a los buenos oficios del Secretario General y la labor de su Asesor Especial sigue siendo fundamental para proseguir con dicha misión. El Secretario General acoge con satisfacción y alienta el papel constructivo desempeñado por los vecinos de Myanmar y los Estados miembros de la ASEAN en apoyo de sus buenos oficios y la labor de su Asesor Especial. Además, acoge con beneplácito la conclusión adoptada en abril de 2008 por el Consejo Europeo sobre Myanmar y las declaraciones formuladas en julio de 2008 por la ASEAN, el Grupo de los Ocho, la Cumbre de Asia Oriental y el Foro Regional de la ASEAN, que apoyaron la interposición de sus buenos oficios y la continua labor de su Asesor Especial. Si bien el espíritu de cooperación entre Myanmar y las Naciones Unidas ha registrado innegables mejoras en los últimos meses, entre otras cosas, por las visitas del Secretario General y su Asesor Especial, sigue constituyendo un motivo de frustración que las autoridades del país no hayan adoptado todavía medidas significativas que tengan resultados tangibles en respuesta a las preocupaciones y expectativas de las Naciones Unidas y la comunidad internacional en el contexto del proceso de interposición de buenos oficios. En definitiva, el futuro de Myanmar está en manos de su Gobierno y su pueblo. El papel de las Naciones Unidas es determinar las posiciones de todas las partes y facilitar sus intentos de colaboración mediante el diálogo para lograr un proceso de reconciliación nacional y democratización mutuamente aceptable, respetando plenamente la soberanía de Myanmar y de conformidad con las expectativas de la comunidad internacional. Independientemente de cualquier proceso oficial, las dificultades políticas de toda transición a la democracia exigen soluciones políticas negociadas. En un momento en que el país se encuentra en una coyuntura delicada de su desarrollo político, no hay ninguna alternativa real a un proceso pacífico de reconciliación nacional y es hora de que el Gobierno y la oposición encuentren el modo de dialogar y colaborar en interés de la nación, a fin de promover los objetivos comunes de paz, prosperidad y democracia como fundamentos necesarios para la estabilidad y el desarrollo a largo plazo.
        Language: Espanol, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/63/356)
        Format/size: pdf (95K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 November 2008


        Title: CDH 2005: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
        Date of publication: 07 March 2005
        Description/subject: Resumen: "El presente informe se basa en las gestiones de buenos oficios realizadas por el Secretario General y su Enviado Especial, Razali Ismail, a fin de facilitar la reconciliación nacional y la democratización en Myanmar, de conformidad con la resolución 59/263 de la Asamblea General, de 23 de diciembre de 2004. El Secretario General ha mantenido desde el principio mismo del proceso que la Convención Nacional y las ulteriores fases de la guía de siete etapas para la transición hacia la democracia propuestas por el Gobierno de Myanmar en 2003 pueden convertirse en un paso positivo. También ha hecho hincapié en que para garantizar la credibilidad es esencial que la fase de la guía relacionada con la Convención Nacional, que el Gobierno volvió a convocar en mayo de 2004 para sentar las bases sobre las que se redacte una nueva Constitución, incluya a representantes de la Liga Nacional pro Democracia (LND), otros partidos políticos y grupos de nacionalidades étnicas, así como a otros estratos de la sociedad. El Secretario General, de forma similar, dejó claro que debe permitirse a todos los participantes en la Convención Nacional que se expresen libre y abiertamente y sin ninguna restricción sobre los temas que se traten. Lamentablemente, la Convención Nacional, hasta la fecha, no ha logrado responder satisfactoriamente a estos requerimientos básicos. El 17 de febrero de 2005, la Convención fue convocada de nuevo sin la participación de representantes de la LND y otros partidos políticos. Además, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi no sólo sigue bajo arresto domiciliario, sino que, lo mismo que su vicepresidente, ha visto también como se prorrogaba su detención por un año más. Otros dirigentes políticos y étnicos han sido también arrestados o detenidos, haciendo que un grupo que había concertado acuerdos de cesación del fuego boicotease la Convención. Lamentablemente, el Secretario General, por lo tanto, sigue manteniendo la opinión de que la configuración actual de la Convención Nacional no se ciñe a las recomendaciones formuladas por la Asamblea General en sus sucesivas resoluciones. Por ello, reitera su llamamiento a las autoridades de Myanmar para que, incluso en esta etapa avanzada, adopten las medidas necesarias a fin de que el proceso de aplicación de la guía sea más integrador y creíble. El Secretario General también alienta a las autoridades a que velen por que la tercera etapa de la guía, la de redacción de la constitución, incluya a todas las partes. Tras dicha etapa se celebrará un referendo nacional. La opinión meditada del Secretario General sigue siendo que, a menos que ese plebiscito se atenga a los criterios internacionalmente aceptados en materia de celebración de referendos y participación en ellos, puede resultar difícil que la comunidad internacional, inclusive los países de la región, respalden su resultado. En aras de este objetivo, el Secretario General una vez más hace un llamamiento a las autoridades de Myanmar para que reanuden sin demora un diálogo político sustantivo con los representantes de todos los grupos de nacionalidades étnicas y dirigentes políticos, incluida Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, para ayudar a hacer realidad un proceso genuino de reconciliación nacional. Reitera la necesidad de que se despejen las restricciones que puedan seguir imponiéndose a todos los dirigentes políticos, se permita la reapertura de las oficinas de la LND y se ponga en libertad a los prisioneros políticos, inclusive a los dirigentes electos. En este contexto, el Secretario General reafirma su disponibilidad a facilitar las actividades de reconciliación nacional entre todas las partes concernidas. Al mismo tiempo, no obstante, desea hacer llegar su profunda preocupación a las autoridades de Myanmar por la continuada falta de voluntad de cooperar con su Enviado Especial mostrada durante el año pasado. La actual situación arroja serias dudas sobre las perspectivas de que las Naciones Unidas puedan desempeñar una función de facilitación efectiva en apoyo de las resoluciones pertinentes de la Asamblea General. El Secretario General insta a las autoridades a dar pruebas de su compromiso con un proceso creíble de democratización y reconciliación nacional permitiendo que su Enviado Especial regrese a Myanmar para continuar desempeñando sus actividades de facilitación."
        Language: Espanol, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (E/CN.4/2005/130)
        Format/size: pdf (93K)
        Date of entry/update: 01 April 2008


        Title: AG 2004: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
        Date of publication: 16 August 2004
        Description/subject: Resumen: El presente informe se basa en los buenos oficios interpuestos por el Secretario General y su Enviado Especial, Sr. Razali Ismail, para facilitar la reconciliación y democratización nacional en Myanmar, de conformidad con lo dispuesto en la resolución 58/247, de 23 de diciembre de 2003. Las conversaciones que el Secretario General y su Enviado Especial mantuvieron por separado con las autoridades de Myanmar durante el período al que se refiere el presente informe se centraron en la necesidad de que este último convirtiera la guía de siete etapas para la transición hacia la democracia, anunciada por el Primer Ministro, General Khin Nyunt, el 30 de agosto de 2003, en un instrumento creíble para la reconciliación y democratización nacional y velara por que desde el principio incluyera a todas las partes y fuera transparente. Durante su misión de marzo de 2004, el Enviado Especial explicó la posición de las Naciones Unidas al Gobierno, a Daw Aung San Suu Kyi y a la Liga Nacional para la Democracia, así como a los representantes de otros partidos políticos y grupos étnicos nacionales. No obstante, el 17 de mayo, se volvió a convocar la Convención Nacional sin la participación de la Liga Nacional para la Democracia y de algunos partidos de nacionalidades étnicas. Además, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi y el Vicepresidente de la Liga, U Tin Oo, que fueron detenidos tras el incidente Depayin del 30 de mayo de 2003, seguían bajo arresto domiciliario. En el momento de preparar este informe su situación no se había modificado. Al Secretario General le preocupa profundamente que en Myanmar no exista un proceso de reconciliación y democratización nacional que incluya a todas las partes. Recordando las seguridades dadas por el Gobierno de Myanmar de que en el proceso de aplicación de la guía participarían todas las partes, el Secretario General insta al General en Jefe Than Shwe y a otros altos dirigentes del Consejo de Paz y Desarrollo del Estado a que aprovechen la oportunidad que brinda la suspensión de la Convención Nacional el 9 de julio para retirar, con carácter prioritario, las restantes restricciones impuestas a Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; iniciar inmediatamente un diálogo sustantivo con ella y su partido; adoptar las medidas necesarias para asegurar que el proceso de convocatoria de la Convención Nacional sea abierto e incluya a todas las partes; y asegurar que se tengan debidamente en cuenta las opiniones de los delegados, incluso las expresadas por grupos de nacionalidades étnicas que han concertado acuerdos de cesación del fuego. Si se adoptan esas medidas se sentarán las bases de un foro creíble para mantener un diálogo tripartito entre el Gobierno, la Liga Nacional para la Democracia y las nacionalidades étnicas. Además, el Secretario General insta a los países de la región y, en particular, a los Estados miembros de la Asociación de Naciones del Asia Sudoriental, a que desempeñen una función rectora y asesoren al Consejo de Paz y Desarrollo del Estado para que adopte las medidas antes mencionadas. También insta al Consejo a que autorice a su Enviado Especial a reanudar las visitas periódicas para facilitar la reconciliación y democratización nacional en el país. En este contexto, el Secretario General señala con preocupación que las reiteradas peticiones de que se autorice a su Enviado Especial a regresar a Myanmar (y peticiones similares formuladas por el Relator Especial de la Comisión de Derechos Humanos, el Sr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro), hasta la fecha no hayan sido atendidas por las autoridades de Myanmar. En esas circunstancias, es ineludible concluir que Myanmar no ha cooperado en la mayor medida posible con las Naciones Unidas y, por consiguiente, los esfuerzos de facilitación de las Naciones Unidas no han sido tan eficaces como habrían podido ser. No obstante, el Secretario General está determinado a seguir interponiendo sus buenos oficios, sobre la base de sucesivas resoluciones de la Asamblea General y en apoyo del pueblo de Myanmar al que, hasta ahora, se le ha impedido disfrutar de los mismos beneficios del desarrollo económico, social y político que a los habitantes de países vecinos.
        Language: Espanol, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/59/269)
        Format/size: pdf (64K)
        Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


        Title: CDH 2003: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
        Date of publication: 10 March 2003
        Language: Espanol, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (E/CN.4/2003/33)
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CDH 2002: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
        Date of publication: 18 March 2002
        Language: Espanol, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (E/CN.4/2002/35)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: AG 2001: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
        Date of publication: 24 October 2001
        Language: Espanol
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/56/505)
        Format/size: PDF (102K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CDH 2001: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
        Date of publication: 22 March 2001
        Language: Espanol
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (E/CN.4/2001/33)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: AG 2000: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
        Date of publication: 20 October 2000
        Language: Espanol
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/55/509)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CDH 2000: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar.
        Date of publication: 24 March 2000
        Language: Espanol
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (E/CN.4/2000/29)
        Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/d06993e442e88cb1802568b200452aa2/$FILE/G0011881.pdf
        http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/d06993e442e88cb1802568b200452aa2/$FILE/G0011881.doc
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: AG 1999: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
        Date of publication: 27 October 1999
        Language: Espanol
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/54/499)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CDH 1999: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
        Date of publication: 07 April 1999
        Language: Espanol
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (E/CN.4/1999/29)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: AG 1998: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
        Date of publication: 10 November 1998
        Language: Espanol
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/53/657)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CDH 1998: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
        Date of publication: 09 April 1998
        Description/subject: Carta dirigida por el Secretario General a la Alta Comisionada para los Derechos Humanos
        Language: Espanol
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (E/CN.4/1998/163)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: AG 1997: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
        Date of publication: 10 November 1997
        Language: Espanol
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/52/587)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CDH 1997: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
        Date of publication: 27 March 1997
        Language: Espanol
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (E/CN.4/1997/129)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: AG 1996: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
        Date of publication: 08 November 1996
        Language: Espanol
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/51/660)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1996: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 17 April 1996
        Language: English (Francais, Espanol non disponible)
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1996/157)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CDH 1995: Informe del Secretario General sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
        Date of publication: 21 February 1995
        Language: Espanol
        Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (E/CN.4/1995/150)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      • Rapports du Secrétaire général sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar (Français)

        Websites/Multiple Documents

        Title: Documents droits de l'homme de l'ONU sur Myanmar par annee.
        Description/subject: Documents en français de l'Assemblee generale, la Commission des droits de l'homme, rapports du Secretaire general etc.
        Language: Francais
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Individual Documents

        Title: AG 2013 (68e sesssion): Situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar - Rapport du Secrétaire général (Français)
        Date of publication: 19 August 2013
        Description/subject: Résumé: "Le présent rapport soumis en applicat ion du paragraphe 21 de la résolution 67/233 de l’Assemblée générale porte sur la période allant du 25 août 2012 au 10 août 2013. Durant cette période, des ch angements spectaculaires ont marqué le Myanmar au fur et à mesure que les mesures de réforme, lancées en 2011, se sont poursuivies par la mise en place de nouvelles institutions et la promulgation de nouvelles lois à l’occasion de sessions dynamiques du Parlement national et des assemblées régionales. Le processus de ré conciliation nationale progresse de façon régulière grâce aux négociati ons menées avec les anciens groupes ethniques armés et aux mesures incitatives en faveur du retour volontaire et de la réinstallation des populations déplacées. Le Gouvernement a adopté toute une série de mesures visant à transformer graduellement l’économie en économie de marché. Il a ouvert de nouveaux secteurs aux investissements ét rangers et au commerce, a pris des dispositions en faveur d’une plus grande transparence et de la lutte contre la corruption. Les engagements internationaux du pays avec le monde extérieur se sont considérablement étendus, entraînant de nouveaux défis. Le regain des tensions intercommunautaires et les mani festations de violence dans tout le pays ont suscité des interrogations concernant leur impact sur les réformes en cours. L’Organisation des Nations Unies a maintenu ses multiples engagements et son appui au Myanmar."
        Language: Français, French
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies, Assemblée générale (A/68/331)
        Format/size: pdf (115K), html
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N13/431/10/PDF/N1343110.pdf?OpenElement
        Date of entry/update: 23 September 2013


        Title: AG 2012 (67e sesssion): Situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar - Rapport du Secrétaire général (Français)
        Date of publication: 24 August 2012
        Description/subject: Résumé: "Le présent rapport est soumis en application du paragraphe 32 de la résolution 66/230 de l’Assemblée générale et porte sur la période allant d’août 2011 à juillet 2012. L’année a été marquée par des promesses et le changement au Myanmar. Développant plus avant les efforts initiaux déployés pendant le premier semestre de 2011, le nouveau Gouvernement civil dirigé par le Président Thein Sein à procédé à des mesures de réforme spectaculaires et significatives destinées à consolider la démocratie grâce à la mise en place de nouvelles institutions et la promulgation de nouvelles lois à l’occasion de sessions dynamiques du Parlement national et des assemblées régionales. Les mesures ont été étendues aux divers groupes ethniques aux fins de la promotion de la paix et de la réconciliation nationale grâce à des consultations inclusives et à la promotion du retour et de la réinstallation volontaire des populations déplacées; à la libération d’un nombre considérable de prisonniers politiques, dont certaines des personnalités les plus en vue; et à des mesures de réforme économique visant à transformer une économie essentiellement centralisée en une économie axée sur le marché et ouverte aux investissements étrangers et au commerce extérieur. L’évolution de l’environnement politique qui a suivi la rencontre entre le Président Thein Sein et Daw Aung San Suu Kyi a abouti à la révision de la loi électorale, ce qui a permis à la Ligue nationale pour la démocratie de participer à nouveau aux élections, après plus de 20 ans, et de remporter 43 sur les 45 sièges pourvus à l’occasion des élections partielles du 1er avril 2012. L’année dernière à également vu un changement majeur dans les relations entre le Myanmar et la communauté internationale. Les États membres de l’Association des nations de l’Asie du Sud-Est (ASEAN) ont décidé que le Myanmar accueillerait le sommet de l’ASEAN de 2014. Pendant la même période, la reprise de contacts bilatéraux de haut niveau avec les États-Unis, l’Union européenne et d’autres pays intéressés s’est soldée par une modification significative de leur politique, y compris le réexamen, la suspension ou la levée de leurs sanctions contre le Myanmar. Les relations avec l’Organisation des Nations Unies ont été élargies, ce qui a permis de normaliser les programmes précédemment limités et de renforcer la coopération avec les divers organismes des Nations Unies à l’appui du développement politique et socioéconomique général et de la satisfaction des besoins humanitaires. J’ai visité le Myanmar du 29 avril au 1er mai 2012, ma troisième visite dans le pays en tant que Secrétaire général."
        Language: Français, French
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies, Assemblée générale (A/67/333)
        Format/size: pdf (104K)
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-ods.un.org/access.nsf/Get?OpenAgent&DS=A/67/333&Lang=F
        Date of entry/update: 02 October 2012


        Title: AG 2011 (66e sesssion): Situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar - Rapport du Secrétaire général (Français)
        Date of publication: 11 August 2011
        Description/subject: Résumé Le présent rapport est soumis en application du paragraphe 30 de la résolution 65/241 de l’Assemblée générale et porte sur la période allant du 26 août 2010 au 4 août 2011. Au cours de la période considérée, les dernières étapes de la feuille de route politique du Conseil d’État pour la paix et le développement ont été mises en oeuvre, à savoir la tenue d’élections générales le 7 novembre 2010; la réunion du nouveau Parlement en janvier 2011; la passation des pouvoirs du Conseil au nouveau Gouvernement le 30 mars 2011. Ce faisant, le Conseil a été officiellement dissous. Le 13 novembre 2010, une semaine après les élections, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi a été libérée après sept ans d’assignation à domicile.
        Language: Français, French
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies Assemblée générale (A/66/267)
        Format/size: pdf (108K)
        Date of entry/update: 08 September 2011


        Title: AG 2010 (65e sesssion): Situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar - Rapport du Secrétaire général (Francais)
        Date of publication: 14 September 2010
        Description/subject: Résumé: "Soumis en application de la résolution 64/238 de l’Assemblée générale, le présent rapport porte sur la période du 26 août 2009 au 25 août 2010. Après la réaffectation d’Ibrahim Gambari le 1er janvier 2010, j’ai nommé mon Directeur de cabinet, Vijay Nambiar, au poste de Conseiller spécial chargé de diriger la mission de bons offices. Depuis ma dernière visite au Myanmar, qui a eu lieu en juillet 2009, les autorités ont légèrement assoupli leur position concernant mes propositions; ainsi, le 17 septembre 2009, plus de 130 prisonniers politiques ont été libérés dans le cadre d’une série d’amnisties. Le maintien en détention d’autres prisonniers politiques et le fait que Daw Aung San Suu Kyi soit toujours assignée à domicile restent une source de vive préoccupation. Il est dommage que davantage n’ait pas été fait pour favoriser un véritable dialogue politique entre les principales parties prenantes. Pendant la période considérée, des efforts constants ont été menés pour dialoguer avec les autorités du Myanmar et les principales parties prenantes, en vue de la réalisation des objectifs de la mission de bons offices. Toutefois, depuis ma dernière visite, le Gouvernement n’a pas invité mon Conseiller spécial à venir s’entretenir avec les autorités et les autres parties intéressées dans le pays. En plus d’être décevante, cette absence d’échanges substantiels est une occasion manquée pour le Myanmar. Il est dans l’intérêt et de la responsabilité des États Membres de veiller activement à ce que le Myanmar se montre coopératif. * A/65/150. A/65/367 2 10-53350 Les élections, qui vont se tenir – pour la première fois en 20 ans – donneront une idée de ce que sont les perspectives du pays sur les plans de la paix, de la démocratie et de la prospérité. Les dirigeants du Myanmar se sont engagés à plusieurs reprises à tenir des élections libres et régulières. Le Gouvernement a adopté des lois électorales, institué la Commission électorale de l’Union, composée de 18 membres, et annoncé que les élections se tiendraient le 7 novembre 2010. Au 25 août, la Commission électorale avait approuvé l’enregistrement de 42 partis politiques sur 47, dont 5 des 10 partis qui avaient participé aux élections de 1990 et qui s’étaient réenregistrés. Si l’on peut y voir un signe d’ouverture de l’espace politique au regard de ce qui s’est passé ces 20 dernières années, encore faut-il que les autorités veillent à ce que ces élections soient crédibles, transparentes et ouvertes à tous et que les électeurs y participent. Je demande à nouveau au Gouvernement de libérer tous les prisonniers politiques, y compris Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, en signe de bonne volonté. Pendant la période considérée, le Conseiller spécial s’est employé à dialoguer avec les responsables des organismes des Nations Unies compétents, tel le groupe de travail interdépartemental sur le Myanmar, qui a défini plusieurs priorités à l’échelle du système. La Commission économique et sociale pour l’Asie et le Pacifique a continué d’étudier toute une série de questions avec le Gouvernement pour pouvoir prendre en compte les priorités et difficultés de développement du pays. L’équipe de pays des Nations Unies et le Gouvernement se sont mis d’accord sur une initiative humanitaire commune de deux ans pour le nord de l’État d’Arakan. Le 31 juillet 2010, soit deux ans après sa création par le Gouvernement, l’Organisation des Nations Unies et l’Association des nations de l’Asie du Sud-Est, le Groupe clef tripartite a terminé son mandat, avec la reconnaissance et la gratitude des autorités du Myanmar. Le Myanmar doit s’employer à surmonter deux problèmes durables : l’impasse politique et le conflit armé. Il doit encore relever les défis que sont le respect des droits de l’homme, la réconciliation nationale et la démocratisation. Il est essentiel que toutes les parties prenantes continuent de dialoguer et de coopérer et que le pays continue de s’ouvrir sur les plans politique, social et économique. Je suis déterminé à continuer de coopérer avec le Gouvernement et le peuple du Myanmar pour les aider à se doter d’un régime civil et démocratique crédible. Le Myanmar pourrait grandement bénéficier de la riche expérience de l’Organisation des Nations Unies et de l’aide qu’elle peut apporter sur les plans humanitaire et socioéconomique. Je demande une nouvelle fois que les principaux États Membres intéressés, les entités régionales, les organismes multilatéraux de développement et les institutions financières internationales oeuvrent ensemble à la réalisation d’objectifs communs en vue d’amener toutes les parties prenantes du pays à concourir à une évolution positive de la situation, dans l’intérêt du Myanmar."
        Language: Francais,m French
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies - Assemblée générale (A/65/367)
        Format/size: pdf (99 K)
        Date of entry/update: 27 October 2010


        Title: AG 2008 (63e sesssion): Rapport du Secrétaire général sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar (francais)
        Date of publication: 17 September 2008
        Description/subject: Résumé: Le présent rapport est soumis en application du paragraphe 6 de la résolution 62 /222 de l’Assemblée générale. Le 22 mai 2007, le Secrétaire général a chargé son Conseiller spécial concernant le Pacte international pour l’Iraq et autres questions politiques et ancien Secrétaire général adjoint aux affaires politiques, Ibrahim Gambari, de poursuivre la mission de bons offices menée en son nom. Durant la période à l’examen, à savoir du 23 octobre au 5 septembre 2008, le Conseiller spécial s’est rendu au Myanmar, à trois reprises sur l’invitation du Gouvernement, en novembre 2007, puis mars et août 2008. À chacune de ces visites, il a pu s’entretenir avec des représentants du Gouvernement du Myanmar et de l’opposition. Lors de ses visites et durant tous les entretiens qu’il a eus avec des représentants du Gouvernement, de l’opposition et d’autres parties prenantes, le Conseiller spécial a poursuivi les efforts qu’il menait au nom du Secrétaire général en vue de promouvoir la réconciliation nationale, le rétablissement de la démocratie et le respect des droits de l’homme au Myanmar, conformément aux objectifs des résolutions pertinentes de l’Assemblée générale. À cette fin, il a mis l’accent sur les cinq grandes questions qui suscitent les préoccupations de l’ONU et de la communauté internationale, telles que les ont entérinées le Groupe des amis du Secrétaire général et le Conseil de sécurité à savoir : a) la libération de tous les prisonniers politiques, y compris Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; b) la nécessité d’un * Le présent rapport est soumis à la date du 17 septembre 2008 de façon à présenter une information aussi actuelle que possible. A/63/356 2 08-50873 dialogue renforcé, portant sur les questions de fond et assorti d’un calendrier entre le Gouvernement et Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; c) la nécessité d’un processus de transition politique crédible et sans exclusive aucune qui permette d’aboutir à la constitution d’un gouvernement civil et démocratique; d) les moyens d’améliorer les conditions socioéconomiques, notamment par le biais d’un mécanisme national ayant une large assise; et e) les moyens de régulariser le processus de concertation et de coopération mutuelles par la voie de bons offices. En outre, lors de consultations qu’ils ont tenues avec certains États Membres, le Secrétaire général et le Conseiller spécial ont réitéré les quatre principes fondamentaux autour desquels s’articulait la mission de bon offices du Secrétaire général, à savoir : a) les bons offices ne sont pas un événement ponctuel, mais un processus exigeant un dialogue permanent grâce à des rencontres et à des consultations régulières avec toutes les parties prenantes; b) la situation au Myanmar exige un dialogue approfondi portant sur un large éventail de questions touchant à la politique, au droit humanitaire, au développement socioéconomique et aux droits de l’homme; c) le dialogue n’est pas une fin en soi, mais doit déboucher sur des résultats concrets; et d) la communauté internationale doit continuer de coopérer de manière constructive en vue d’appuyer la réalisation des objectifs de la mission de bons offices. Après avoir été nommé le 8 octobre 2007, le Ministre chargé des relations avec Daw Aung San Suu Kyi a rencontré cette dernière à cinq reprises entre novembre 2007 et janvier 2008. Ces entretiens ont marqué la première tentative de dialogue entre le Gouvernement et Daw Aung San Suu Kyi depuis 2003. En outre, pour la première fois en l’espace de quatre ans, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi a été autorisée à rencontrer à deux reprises le Comité exécutif central de la Ligue nationale pour la démocratie (NLD). Le 9 février 2008, le Gouvernement du Myanmar a rendu public pour la première fois un calendrier des mesures qu’il comptait prendre dans le cadre du processus politique qu’il avait engagé au titre de sa « feuille de route » aux fins de la constitution d’un gouvernement civil et démocratique, et a annoncé qu’il organiserait en mai 2008 un référendum national sur le projet de constitution qui serait suivi, en 2010, d’élections multipartites. Le 2 mai 2008, le cyclone Nargis a ravagé le Myanmar, laissant derrière lui, d’après les estimations, 140 000 morts ou disparus et touchant gravement près de 2,4 millions de personnes. À la suite de cette catastrophe, le Secrétaire général s’est rendu au Myanmar les 22 et 23 mai 2008. C’était là la première visite qu’un Secrétaire général de l’ONU effectuait dans ce pays depuis 44 ans. À la suite des entretiens que Ban-Ki moon a eus avec le Président du Conseil d’État pour la paix et le développement, le généralissime Than Shwe, le personnel international des organismes de secours a pu avoir plus aisément accès au Myanmar tandis qu’un mécanisme de coordination, le Groupe clef tripartite (Tripartite Core Group) composé de représentants du Gouvernement, de l’ONU et de l’Association des nations de l’Asie du Sud-Est (ASEAN) a été créé afin de faciliter le déploiement d’interventions humanitaires de grande ampleur et efficaces. Le 25 mai 2008, le Secrétaire général est retourné au Myanmar pour y coprésider, avec le Gouvernement du Myanmar et l’ASEAN, une conférence commune de haut niveau pour les annonces de contributions qui s’est tenue à Yangon. A/63/356 08-50873 3 Le 10 mai 2008, le Gouvernement du Myanmar a tenu, comme prévu, un référendum constitutionnel alors que le Secrétaire général lui avait demandé de consacrer en priorité toutes les ressources disponibles aux interventions humanitaires d’urgence. Dans les 47 localités les plus touchées par le cyclone, le scrutin a été reporté au 24 mai 2008. Le 29 mai 2008, le Gouvernement a annoncé que le projet de constitution avait été officiellement adopté avec l’approbation de 92,48 % des votants et un taux de participation électorale de 98,12 %. Le 27 mai 2008, le Gouvernement du Myanmar a prorogé l’assignation à résidence de Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. Dans une déclaration publiée le même jour, le Secrétaire général s’est déclaré déçu par cette décision et a souligné que la libération de tous les prisonniers politiques et leur capacité de participer au processus politique demeuraient au coeur des discussions qu’il avait eues avec le Gouvernement du Myanmar dans le cadre de sa mission de bons offices. Du 4 au 7 août 2008, le nouveau Rapporteur spécial sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana, s’est rendu pour la première fois au Myanmar à l’invitation du gouvernement de ce pays. Cette visite faisait suite à la mission que son prédécesseur, Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, avait effectuée en novembre 2007, à la demande du Conseiller spécial, après s’être vu refuser pendant quatre ans l’accès au Myanmar. Elle a également eu lieu après l’adoption, par le Conseil des droits de l’homme, les 28 mars et 18 juin 2008, de deux résolutions dans lesquelles le Conseil engageait le Myanmar à notamment coopérer avec le Conseiller spécial. Suite à l’annonce officielle de l’adoption de la nouvelle constitution, le Gouvernement s’est déclaré résolu à tenir des élections multipartites en 2010, la cinquième des sept étapes du processus engagé au titre de la feuille de route en sept points pour la démocratie. Dans le même temps, plusieurs parties prenantes importantes, dont la NLD, ont officiellement rejeté la nouvelle Constitution ainsi que le processus par lequel cette dernière avait été adoptée. C’est ainsi qu’en dépit des efforts déployés par le Gouvernement pour mener à bien le processus engagé au titre de sa feuille de route, la situation politique au Myanmar est devenue encore plus complexe et plus difficile, suscitant l’attention accrue de la communauté internationale. Le Secrétaire général et son Conseiller ont régulièrement souligné que seule une solution politique crédible et non exclusive fondée sur l’entente et l’esprit de compromis mutuels de toutes les parties prenantes pouvait contribuer à la réalisation des objectifs suivants : paix durable, réconciliation nationale, démocratie et respect des droits de l’homme au Myanmar. Sur ce plan, l’appui de la communauté internationale, notamment des pays de la région, à la mission de bons offices du Secrétaire général et aux travaux de son Conseiller spécial reste indispensable à la poursuite de ces efforts. Le Secrétaire général salue et encourage le rôle constructif joué par les voisins du Myanmar et par les États membres de l’ASEAN pour soutenir sa mission de bons offices et l’action de son Conseiller spécial. Il se félicite en outre de la conclusion à laquelle le Conseil de l’Europe a abouti en avril 2008 sur la question du Myanmar ainsi que des déclarations faites en juillet 2008 par l’ASEAN, le Groupe des Huit, le Sommet de l’Asie de l’Est et le Forum régional de l’ASEAN, qui ont tous exprimé leur appui à sa mission de bons offices et aux efforts sans relâche de son Conseiller spécial. Bien que l’esprit de coopération entre le Myanmar et l’ONU se soit amélioré au cours de ces derniers mois, grâce notamment aux visites du Secrétaire général et de son Conseiller spécial, le fait que les autorités du Myanmar n’aient pas encore pris A/63/356 4 08-50873 de mesures probantes à même de produire des résultats tangibles pour répondre aux préoccupations et aux attentes exprimées par l’ONU et par la communauté internationale dans le cadre de sa mission de bons offices, demeure une source de frustration. En dernière analyse, c’est au Gouvernement et au peuple du Myanmar qu’il appartient de forger l’avenir du pays. Le rôle de l’ONU consiste à s’enquérir des positions propres à chacune des parties et à faciliter les efforts que celles-ci déploient pour coopérer, par la voie d’un dialogue, à un processus mutuellement acceptable de réconciliation nationale et de démocratisation, pleinement respectueux de la souveraineté du Myanmar et conforme aux attentes de la communauté internationale. Indépendamment de tout autre processus officiel, pour surmonter les obstacles politiques qui freinent la transition vers la démocratie, il faut des solutions politiques négociées. Alors que le pays arrive à un tournant décisif de son évolution politique, il n’a d’autre option que d’engager un processus pacifique de réconciliation nationale et le moment est maintenant venu, tant pour le Gouvernement que pour l’opposition, de trouver le moyen de dialoguer et de coopérer dans l’intérêt de la nation tout entière, afin de promouvoir la paix, la prospérité et la démocratie, objectifs communs qui sont les fondements nécessaires de la stabilité et du développement à long terme.
        Language: Francais, French
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/63/356)
        Format/size: pdf (100K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 November 2008


        Title: CDH 2005: Rapport du Secrétaire général sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar (francais)
        Date of publication: 07 March 2005
        Description/subject: Résumé: "Le présent rapport rend compte des efforts déployés par le Secrétaire général et son envoyé spécial, M. Razali Ismail, pour faciliter la réconciliation nationale et la démocratisation au Myanmar, conformément à la résolution 59/263 de l’Assemblée générale, en date du 23 décembre 2004. Le Secrétaire général a affirmé dès le début que la Convention nationale et les autres composantes du plan en sept étapes pour une transition démocratique présentées par le Gouvernement du Myanmar en 2003 peuvent constituer un véritable pas en avant. Il a souligné que, par souci de crédibilité, il est essentiel que des représentants de la Ligue nationale pour la démocratie (LND), d’autres partis politiques et de groupes ethniques, ainsi que d’autres couches de la société participent à la Convention nationale, prévue par le plan, que le Gouvernement a décidé de convoquer à nouveau en mai 2004 en vue de définir les fondements d’une nouvelle constitution. Le Secrétaire général a de même clairement indiqué que tous les participants à la Convention nationale doivent être autorisés à s’exprimer librement, ouvertement et sans restriction. Cependant, à ce jour, la Convention nationale n’a malheureusement pas satisfait ces exigences élémentaires. Le 17 février 2005, la Convention s’est de nouveau réunie sans la participation des représentants de la LND et d’autres partis politiques. En outre, non seulement Daw Aung San Suu Kyi continue d’être assignée à résidence, mais elle et son adjoint ont vu leur maintien en détention prolongé d’une année supplémentaire. D’autres dirigeants politiques et des représentants de groupes ethniques ont également été arrêtés ou détenus, ce qui a amené un groupe participant au cessez-le-feu à boycotter la Convention. Par conséquent, le Secrétaire général ne peut que vivement déplorer que la Convention nationale, sous sa forme actuelle, ne respecte pas les recommandations que l’Assemblée générale a formulées dans ses résolutions successives. Il engage donc à nouveau les autorités du Myanmar, même à ce stade avancé, à prendre les mesures nécessaires pour mettre en œuvre le plan de manière plus ouverte et crédible. Il encourage également les autorités à veiller à ce que sa troisième étape, à savoir la rédaction de la Constitution, soit pleinement ouverte. Un référendum national sera ensuite organisé. Le Secrétaire général est convaincu qu’à moins que cette consultation ne se déroule conformément aux normes de conduite et de participation acceptées au niveau international il sera difficile pour la communauté internationale, notamment les pays de la région, d’en accepter le résultat. En vue d’atteindre cet objectif, le Secrétaire général exhorte, une fois de plus, les autorités du Myanmar à reprendre sans délai un dialogue politique de fond avec les représentants de tous les groupes ethniques nationaux et les responsables politiques, notamment Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, afin de parvenir à un véritable processus de réconciliation nationale. Il affirme à nouveau qu’il est nécessaire de lever les contraintes qui pèsent encore sur tous les responsables politiques, d’autoriser la réouverture des bureaux de la LND et de libérer les prisonniers politiques, notamment les élus. Dans ce contexte, le Secrétaire général se déclare de nouveau prêt à faciliter les efforts de réconciliation nationale de toutes les parties concernées. Toutefois, il se doit aussi d’exprimer sa profonde inquiétude face au refus persistant des autorités du Myanmar de coopérer avec son envoyé spécial pendant l’année écoulée. La situation actuelle compromet gravement la possibilité qu’a l’Organisation des Nations Unies de contribuer effectivement à la mise en œuvre des résolutions pertinentes de l’Assemblée générale. Le Secrétaire général demande instamment aux autorités de démontrer qu’elles sont engagées dans un processus crédible de démocratisation et de réconciliation nationale en autorisant son envoyé spécial à se rendre au Myanmar afin d’y poursuivre ses efforts pour faciliter le processus."
        Language: French, Francais
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (E/CN.4/2005/130)
        Format/size: pdf (94K)
        Date of entry/update: 01 April 2008


        Title: AG 2004: Rapport du Secrétaire général sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar (Francais)
        Date of publication: 16 August 2004
        Description/subject: Résumé: Le présent rapport rend compte des efforts déployés par le Secrétaire général et son Envoyé spécial, Razali Ismail, pour essayer de faciliter la réconciliation nationale et la démocratisation au Myanmar, conformément à la résolution 58/247 de l’Assemblée générale, en date du 23 décembre 2003. Les entretiens que le Secrétaire général et son Envoyé spécial ont eus, séparément, avec les autorités du Myanmar au cours de la période faisant l’objet du présent rapport ont été centrés sur la nécessité pour ces dernières de faire de la feuille de route en sept étapes vers la démocratisation, présentée le 30 août 2003 par le général Khin Nyunt, Premier Ministre, un vecteur crédible de réconciliation nationale et de démocratisation. Pour y parvenir, elles devaient veiller à ce que cet instrument soit, dès le départ, ouvert à tous et transparent. Au cours de la mission qu’il a effectuée au mois de mars 2004, l’Envoyé spécial a exposé la position des Nations Unies au Gouvernement, à Daw Aung San Suu Kyi et à la Ligue nationale pour la démocratie (LND), ainsi qu’aux représentants d’autres partis politiques et minorités ethniques. Le 17 mai, la Convention nationale a été convoquée de nouveau, mais sans la participation de la LND ni de certains partis politiques ethniques. De plus, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi et son adjoint, U Tin Oo, qui avaient été arrêtés après les événements survenus à Depayin le 30 mai 2003, demeuraient assignés à résidence. Leur condition n’avait pas évolué au moment de l’élaboration du présent rapport. Le Secrétaire général est profondément préoccupé par l’absence d’un processus de réconciliation nationale et de démocratisation ouvert à tous au Myanmar. Rappelant les garanties qu’avait données le Gouvernement du Myanmar à son Envoyé spécial, selon lesquelles la feuille de route serait ouverte à tous, le Secrétaire général demande instamment au général en chef Than Shwe et aux autres hauts responsables du Conseil national pour la paix et le développement de profiter de l’ajournement de la Convention nationale, le 9 juillet 2004, pour lever à titre prioritaire les restrictions qui pèsent encore sur Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; d’entamer sur le champ un dialogue de fond avec elle et son parti; de prendre les mesures nécessaires pour garantir l’ouverture à tous du processus de la Convention nationale; et de veiller à ce que les points de vue des délégués, notamment ceux qu’avaient déjà exposés des groupes ethniques participant au cessez-le-feu, soient correctement pris en considération. Ces gestes donneraient la crédibilité voulue au dialogue tripartite entre le Gouvernement, la LND et les minorités ethniques. En outre, le Secrétaire général engage les pays de la région, en particulier les États membres de l’Association des nations de l’Asie du Sud-Est (ANASE), à jouer un rôle moteur en incitant le Conseil national pour la paix et le développement à prendre les mesures évoquées ci-dessus. Il invite aussi instamment le Conseil à permettre à son Envoyé spécial de reprendre ses visites régulières, afin qu’il puisse contribuer au processus de réconciliation nationale et de démocratisation dans le pays. Le Secrétaire général regrette à ce propos de devoir constater qu’à ce jour, les autorités du pays ont jugé « inopportunes » les demandes successives tendant à ce que son Envoyé spécial soit autorisé à retourner au Myanmar (et les requêtes similaires formulées par le Rapporteur spécial de la Commission des droits de l’homme, Paulo Sergio Pinheiro). On ne peut donc qu’en conclure que le Myanmar n’a pas coopéré dans toute la mesure du possible avec l’Organisation des Nations Unies; de ce fait, les activités entreprises par cette dernière pour contribuer au processus n’ont pas été aussi efficaces qu’elles auraient pu l’être. Le Secrétaire général est cependant déterminé à poursuivre sa mission de bons offices, en s’appuyant sur une série de résolutions de l’Assemblée générale, afin d’aider le peuple du Myanmar qui, jusqu’à présent, a été privé des bienfaits apportés par le développement économique, social et politique dont jouissent les citoyens de pays voisins.
        Language: Francais, French
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/59/269)
        Format/size: pdf (125K)
        Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


        Title: CDH 2003: Rapport du Secrtaire gnral sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar (francais)
        Date of publication: 10 March 2003
        Language: Francais, French
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (E/CN.4/2003/33)
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CDH 2002: Rapport du Secrtaire gnral sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar (francais)
        Date of publication: 18 March 2002
        Description/subject: Commission des droits de l'Homme. Cinquante-huitime session
        Language: Francais, French
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (E/CN.4/2002/35)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: AG 2001: Rapport du Secrtaire gnral sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
        Date of publication: 24 October 2001
        Language: Francais
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/56/505)
        Format/size: PDF (94K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CDH 2001: Rapport du Secrtaire gnral sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
        Date of publication: 22 March 2001
        Language: Francais
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (E/CN.4/2001/33)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: AG 2000: Rapport du Secrtaire gnral sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
        Date of publication: 20 October 2000
        Language: Francais
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/55/509)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CDH 2000: Rapport du Secrtaire gnral sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
        Date of publication: 24 March 2000
        Language: Francais
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (E/CN.4/2000/29)
        Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/a8d3c25cca9badbd802568b200452775/$FILE/G0011879.doc
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: AG 1999: Rapport du Secrtaire gnral sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
        Date of publication: 27 October 1999
        Language: Francais
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/54/499)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CDH 1999: Rapport du Secrtaire gnral sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
        Date of publication: 07 April 1999
        Language: Francais
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (E/CN.4/1999/29)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: AG 1998: Rapport du Secrtaire gnral sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
        Date of publication: 10 November 1998
        Language: Francais
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/53/657)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CDH 1998: Rapport du Secrtaire gnral sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
        Date of publication: 09 April 1998
        Description/subject: Lettre adresse par le Secrtaire gnral la Haut-Commissaire aux droits de l'homme
        Language: Francais
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (E/CN.4/1998/163)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: AG 1997: Rapport du Secrtaire gnral sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
        Date of publication: 10 November 1997
        Language: Francais
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/52/587)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CDH 1997: Rapport du Secrtaire gnral sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
        Date of publication: 27 March 1997
        Language: Francais
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (E/CN.4/1997/129)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: AG 1996: Rapport du Secrtaire gnral sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
        Date of publication: 08 November 1996
        Language: Francais
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/51/660)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1996: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 17 April 1996
        Language: English (Francais, Espanol non disponible)
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1996/157)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CDH 1995: Rapport du Secrtaire gnral sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
        Date of publication: 21 February 1995
        Language: Francais
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (E/CN.4/1995/150)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      • The Secretary-General's reports on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (Chinese)

        Individual Documents

        Title: GA 2013 (68th session): Situation of human rights in Myanmar - Report of the Secretary-General (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 19 August 2013
        Description/subject: 联合国 A /68/331 大 会 Distr.: General 19 August 2013 Chinese Original: English 13-43109 (C) 160913 160913 *1343109C* 第六十八届会议 临时议程  * 项目 69(c) 促进和保护人权:人权状况 及特别报告员和代表的报告 缅甸人权状况 秘书长的报告 摘要 本报告根据大会第 67/233 号决议第 21 段提交,所述期间为 2012 年 8 月 25 日至 2013 年 8 月 10 日。在本报告所述期间,缅甸发生了巨大变化,通过建立新 机构以及国民议会和地区议会开会积极颁布新法律等继续实施 2011 年启动的改 革措施; 同时在民族和解方面取得稳步进展, 并为此与前族裔武装团体进行谈判, 鼓励流离失所者自愿回返和重新安置。政府开展了一系列旨在逐步实现市场经济 的改革措施,向外国投资和贸易开放了新的行业,并采取措施确保提高透明度和 打击腐败。随着缅甸与外界的交往广泛扩大,出现了新的挑战。全国族裔之间的 紧张关系和暴力事件不断增加,人们对当前的改革是否会受到影响感到忧虑。联 合国继续进行广泛参与,并向缅甸提供支持。
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: 联合国 大 会 A/68/331
        Format/size: pdf (315K), html
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N13/431/09/PDF/N1343109.pdf?OpenElement
        Date of entry/update: 23 September 2013


        Title: GA 2012 (67th session): Situation of human rights in Myanmar - Report of the Secretary-General (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 24 August 2012
        Description/subject: 摘要 本报告根据大会第66/230 号决议提交,所涉期为2011 年8 月至2012 年7 月。对于缅甸来说,这是作出承诺和进行变革的非凡的一年。由吴登盛总统领导 的新的文职政府在2011 年上半年所做初步工作的基础上,大刀阔斧地采取了巩 固民主的重大改革措施,即建立新机构;在国民议会和区议会开会期间颁布新法 律;与各族群接触,通过包容性协商、鼓励自愿回返和重新安置流离失所者,促 进和平和民族和解;释放大批政治犯,包括一些最著名人士;采取措施进行经济 改革,以期将一个基本上属于中央集权的经济变成一个对外资和贸易开放的更加 面向市场的经济。2011 年8 月吴登盛总统与昂山素季会见后,政治环境发生了变 化,促使对选举法进行了修订,使全国民主联盟得以在20 多年后重新参加竞选, 并在2012 年4 月1 日的补选中令人信服地在45 个席位中赢得43 席。过去一年, 缅甸与国际社会的交往也发生重大变化。东南亚国家联盟(东盟)成员国同意由缅 甸来主办2014 年东盟首脑会议。同一期间,美利坚合众国、欧洲联盟和其他有 关国家恢复与缅甸的高级双边接触,在政策上实现了重大转变,包括复查、暂停 或解除对缅甸的制裁。与联合国的关系有了新的扩展,从而可以相互协商使受限 制方案恢复正常和与联合国各机构加强合作以支持该国政治和社会经济全面发 展和满足人道主义需求等问题。我于2012 年4 月29 日至5 月1 日访问了缅甸, 这是我以秘书长的身份进行的第三次访问。 一. 导言 1. 本报告根据大会第66/230 号决议第32 段提交,其中大会请秘书长继续进行 斡旋,并继续与缅甸政府和人民讨论人权状况、民主改革、发展和民族和解进程; 为此向缅甸政府提供技术协助;并向大会第六十七届会议以及人权理事会报告该 决议的执行进展。本报告所涉期为2011 年8 月至2012 年7 月。联合国缅甸人权 状况特别报告员单独提交的报告分别于2011 年9 月(A/66/365)和2012 年3 月 (A/HRC/19/67)印发。 2. 鉴于缅甸局势的复杂性和多面性,我同往年一样,与我的顾问们一起力求始 终与缅甸当局和其他相关利益攸关者保持互动,争取在以下各方面取得进展:(a) 释放政治犯;(b) 政府与参与民族和解进程的所有相关各方,包括在议会中有席 位和没有席位的各方进行广泛对话;(c) 为确保建立包容各方和具有公信力的政 治和选举进程创造有利条件;(d) 通过加强联合国与缅甸的伙伴关系,改善社会 经济状况;(e) 缅甸和联合国之间在斡旋进程中的相互接触与合作形式正规化。 据我评估,过去一年缅甸政府在每一个领域取得的进展和采取的步骤,消除了国 内利益攸关方、联合国和国际社会的许多长期关切。 3. 在我们努力实现上述目标和帮助推动该国已经走上的改革之路的过程中,我 的特别顾问应缅甸政府邀请,于2011 年10 月-11 月、2012 年2 月、4 月-5 月和 6 月四次访问缅甸。我在2012 年4 月29 日至5 月1 日访问缅甸之前,于2011 年11 月在印度尼西亚巴厘岛举行第四届东南亚国家联盟-联合国首脑会议期间与 吴登盛总统进行了会晤。本报告所述期间,缅甸问题秘书长之友小组举行了两次 会议。第一次是部长级会议,于2011 年9 月27 日大会第六十六届会议期间举行。 第二次会议是在我访问缅甸之前于2012 年4 月23 日在纽约举行。我的特别顾问 在2011 年11 月14 日、2012 年4 月11 日和6 月20 日的三次非正式会议上向大 会主席以及安全理事会汇报了情况。这些情况汇报是在2010 年11 月举行选举后 以及4 月1 日补选中出现重大发展的背景下进行的。记得我还于2012 年5 月9 日在大会向会员国通报了情况。我的特别顾问在2012 年6 月11 日至14 日访问 缅甸后又做了一次情况汇报,他向会员国通报了若开邦的最新事态发展,以及建 设和平议程,这正是他在我第三次访问该国后进行这次后续访问的基础。在一个 局势多变的时期,为努力促进缅甸与国际社会之间更公开地交换意见和增加信 任,2011 年9 月20 日,我的特别顾问协助亚洲协会主办了第一次非正式会议, 出席会议的有外交部长吴温纳貌伦、吴登盛总统咨询委员会两名成员和有关会员 国的官员。
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: 联合国 大 会 A/67/333
        Format/size: pdf (266K)
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-ods.un.org/access.nsf/Get?OpenAgent&DS=A/67/333&Lang=C
        Date of entry/update: 02 October 2012


        Title: GA 2011 (66th session): Situation of human rights in Myanmar - Report of the Secretary-General (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 05 August 2011
        Description/subject: 摘要 本报告是根据大会决议第65/241 号决议第30 段提交的,涵盖2010 年8 月 26 日至2011 年8 月4 日。在报告所述期间内,由国家和平与发展委员会领导推 行的政治路线图余下步骤均已实施,即于2010 年11 月7 日举行大选;2011 年1 月召开新议会;2011 年3 月30 日由委员会将权力移交新政府。在权力移交过程 中,和发会正式解散。大选后一个星期,被软禁7 年的昂山素季于2010 年11 月 13 日获释。
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: 联合国 大 会 (A/66/267)
        Format/size: pdf (248K)
        Date of entry/update: 08 September 2011


        Title: GA 2010 (65th session): Situation of human rights in Myanmar - Report of the Secretary-General (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 14 September 2010
        Description/subject: 摘要 本报告依照大会第64/238 号决议提交,述期为2009 年8 月26 日至2010 年 8 月25 日。2010 年1 月1 日改派易卜拉欣·甘巴里担任其他职务后,我已指派 秘书长办公厅主任南威哲担任特别顾问,负责监督斡旋任务。 自我上次在2009 年7 月访问缅甸以来,有迹象显示缅甸当局对我的建议采 取了灵活态度,例如,在2009 年9 月17 日作为更广泛大赦的一部分释放了130 余名政治犯。然而,关押政治犯和继续软禁昂山素季依然令人感到严重关切。令 人遗憾的是,没有设法谋求更多的机会来推动主要利益关系方开展有意义的政治 对话。 在本报告所述期间,为与缅甸当局和主要利益关系方进行接触作出了不断努 力,以完成斡旋任务的目标。然而,自我上次访问以来,该国政府未向我的特别 代表发出邀请,以便同当局及该国其他有关各方进一步接触。这种缺乏有意义接 触的情况令人失望。缅甸也丧失了一次机会。会员国有意也有责任积极确保缅甸 提供必要合作。 即将举行的选举是该国20 年来举行的第一次选举,也是对该国和平、民主 和繁荣前景的重大考验。缅甸高级领导人多次表示致力于举行自由公正的选举。 政府颁布了选举法,任命了一个由18 人组成的联邦选举委员会,并宣布2010 年 11 月7 日为选举日。截至8 月25 日,委员会在47 个参加竞选政党中核准了42 个政党的登记,其中包括在1990 年参加竞选并再次登记的10 个党派中的5 个。 这表明按照过去20 年的标准可能已经出现政治空间,但当局更有必要确保以包 容各方、可信、参与和透明的方式举行选举。为此,我再次呼吁释放包括昂山素 季在内的所有政治犯,以此作为最清晰的信号展示此类承诺。 在本报告所述期间,特别顾问努力同部门间缅甸问题工作组等相关联合国机 构进行高级别接触,确定了若干全系统优先事项。亚洲及太平洋经济社会委员会 (亚太经社会)继续同该国政府进行广泛政策对话,以应对该国的发展优先事项和 挑战。联合国国家工作队和该国政府就若开邦北部一个为期两年的联合人道主义 倡议达成协议。该国政府、联合国和东南亚国家联盟(东盟)三方核心小组机制成 立两年后,于2010 年7 月31 日完成任务规定,并得到缅甸当局的承认和感谢。 缅甸必须在解决政治僵局和武装冲突双重遗留问题方面取得进展。尊重人 权、民族和解和民主化的平行挑战是一个有待完成的重要目标。当务之急是在所 有利益攸关方之间开展对话与合作,并扩大政治、社会和经济开放。 我决心继续与缅甸政府和人民合作,促使他们努力成功转型,成为一个具有 公信力的文官民主政府。缅甸可以从联合国的广泛经验及其在提供人道主义和社 会经济援助方面的努力中大大获益。我再次呼吁主要有关会员国、区域实体、多 边发展行为体和国际金融机构同心协力,以鼓励所有国内利益攸关方推动为缅甸 国家利益进行积极变革。
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations GeneralAssembly (A/65/367)
        Format/size: pdf (232 K)
        Date of entry/update: 27 October 2010


        Title: GA 2008 (63rd Session): Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 17 September 2008
        Description/subject: 摘要 本报告是依照大会第62/222 号决议第6 段的要求提交的。2007 年5 月22 日,秘书长指定他的伊拉克国际契约及其他政治问题特别顾问、主管政治事务的 前副秘书长易卜拉欣·甘巴里继续代表他进行斡旋。在本报告所述期间,从2007 年10 月23 日至2008 年9 月5 日,特别顾问应缅甸政府的邀请于2007 年11 月、 2008 年3 月和2008 年8 月三赴缅甸。在每次访问的过程中,特别顾问都得以与 缅甸政府和反对派双方的代表进行接触。 在每次访问缅甸及与政府、反对派和各利益攸关方的代表进行的所有讨论 中,特别顾问始终代表秘书长推行反映联合国和国际社会各主要关切问题的5 点 议程,该议程是秘书长之友小组和安全理事会认可的,也符合大会各项有关决议 的以下目标:(a) 释放所有政治犯,包括昂山素季;(b) 有必要进行一次包容各 方的实质性和有时限的对话;(c) 需要进行各方参加的、可信的政治过渡进程, 向文官民主政府过渡;(d) 改善社会-经济状况的途径;(e) 调整缅甸与联合国 之间的斡旋进程的方法。 * 本报告于2008 年9 月17 日提出,以尽可能列入最新资料。 在与会员国进行协商的过程中,秘书长和特别顾问还重申了执行秘书长斡旋 任务的四条指导原则,即:(a) 斡旋不是一次性的,而是一个过程,需要经常访 问以及与有关各方进行协商,从而不断保持接触;(b) 缅甸的局势复杂,需要就 广泛的政治、人权、人道主义和社会经济问题进行全面接触;(c) 接触本身并不 是目的,但是必须产生具体结果;(d) 国际社会需要共同做出建设性的努力,支 持各项斡旋目标。 在2007 年10 月8 日指定了负责与昂山素季进行联络的部长以后,双方在 2007 年11 月至2008 年1 月进行了五次会晤。这是2003 年以来缅甸政府与昂山 素季首次尝试进行对话。此外,昂山素季在四年以来第一次获准与全国民主联盟 (民盟)中央执行委员会进行了两次会晤。 2008 年2 月9 日,缅甸政府首次公布了时间表,说明了为建立一个文官民主 政府而开展的政治“路线图”进程的未来步骤,宣布将于2008 年5 月就宪法草 案举行全国公民投票,然后于2010 年举行多党选举。 2008 年5 月2 日,“纳尔吉斯”气旋袭击了缅甸,造成约14 万人丧生或失踪, 约240 万人严重受灾。气旋发生后,秘书长于2008 年5 月22 日和23 日访问了 缅甸,这是44 年来联合国秘书长第一次访问缅甸。秘书长与国家和平与发展委 员会丹瑞大将进行会谈以后,国际救援人员通行更为便利,缅甸政府、联合国和 东南亚国家联盟(东盟)设立了三方核心小组协调机制,为有效的大规模人道主义 救灾活动提供便利。2008 年5 月25 日,秘书长返回缅甸,在仰光与缅甸政府和 东盟共同主持了高级别联合认捐会议。 虽然秘书长呼吁缅甸政府动用所有可用的资源优先进行紧急人道主义救灾 活动,但是缅甸政府仍于2008 年5 月10 日如期举行了宪法公民投票。在受灾最 严重的47 个乡镇,投票推迟到了2008 年5 月24 日。2008 年5 月29 日,缅甸政 府宣布宪法草案正式通过,据报赞成率为92.48%,投票率为98.12%。 2008 年5 月27 日,缅甸政府延长了对昂山素季的软禁时间。同一天,秘书 长发表声明,对缅甸政府的决定表示失望,并强调指出释放所有政治犯并允许他 们参加政治进程仍然是秘书长斡旋工作中与缅甸政府进行商谈的头等大事。 2008 年8 月4 日至7 日,新任人权问题特别报告员托马斯·奥赫亚·金塔纳 应缅甸政府邀请首次访问缅甸。在此之前,他的前任保罗·塞尔吉奥·皮涅罗应 特别顾问的要求访问了缅甸,这是在中断四年以后特别报告员首次得以进入缅 甸。在此之前,人权理事会于2008 年3 月28 日和6 月18 日通过了两项决议(第 7/31 号和8/14 号决议),敦促缅甸与特别顾问进行合作。 缅甸政府正式宣布新宪法获得通过以后,表示决心在2010 年前进行多党派 选举,即七步路线图的第五步。同时,一些重要的利益攸关方,包括民盟,正式 表示拒绝接受新宪法及其获得通过的过程。因此,虽然缅甸政府努力执行路线图 进程,但缅甸的政治局势愈发复杂艰难,令国际社会更为关注。秘书长及其特别 顾问一直强调指出,只有在所有利益攸关方相互理解和妥协的基础上开展具有可 信的、各方参加的政治进程才能有助于提升在缅甸实现持久和平、民族和解、民 主和尊重人权的前景。 在这一方面,国际社会,包括该区域各国支持秘书长的斡旋和特别顾问的工 作对于继续作出这些努力仍然至关重要。秘书长欢迎并鼓励缅甸各邻国和东盟成 员国在支持秘书长斡旋和特别顾问工作方面所发挥的建设性作用。他还欢迎欧洲 理事会2008 年4 月就缅甸问题作出的结论及东盟、八国集团、东亚峰会和东盟 区域论坛于2008 年7 月发表的各项声明,这些声明都表示支持秘书长进行斡旋 和特别顾问继续作出努力。 由于秘书长和特别顾问进行了访问等,最近几个月缅甸与联合国之间的合作 精神有所提高,但仍然令人沮丧的是,缅甸当局尚未针对联合国和国际社会在斡 旋工作方面的关切和期望采取具有实际效果的有益步骤。 缅甸的未来归根结底有赖于缅甸政府和人民。联合国的作用是充分尊重缅甸 的主权且根据国际社会的期望确认各方的立场,推动各方努力通过对话共同实现 互相可以接受的民族和解和民主化进程。民主过渡的政治挑战独立于任何正式进 程之外,需要通过谈判找到政治解决办法。缅甸的政治发展现处于微妙关头,政 府和反对派都应为了国家利益寻求谈判和开展合作,以推动作为长期稳定和发展 必要基础的和平、繁荣和民主等共同目标。为确保所有利益攸关方都能为其国家 的未来作出贡献,现在只有开展对话而别无它法。就此,恢复有所改善的、包容 各方的有时限的实质性对话的关键是释放昂山素季和其他政治犯。
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/63/356)
        Format/size: pdf (232K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 November 2008


        Title: CHR 2005: Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 07 March 2005
        Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is based upon the good offices efforts undertaken by the Secretary-General and his Special Envoy, Razali Ismail, in facilitating national reconciliation and democratization in Myanmar, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 59/263 of 23 December 2004. The Secretary-General has maintained from the very beginning that the National Convention and subsequent stages in the seven-step road map for transition to democracy put forth by the Government of Myanmar in 2003 has the potential to be a positive step forward. He has stressed that to ensure credibility it is essential that the National Convention phase of the road map, which the Government reconvened in May 2004 to lay the foundations on which a new constitution is drafted, includes representatives of the National League for Democracy (NLD), other political parties and ethnic nationality groups, as well as other strata of society. The Secretary-General has similarly made it clear that all those involved in the National Convention must also be allowed to speak freely, openly and without restriction on the matters at hand. To date, however, the National Convention has regrettably fallen short of satisfying these basic requirements. On 17 February 2005, the Convention was again reconvened without the participation of representatives of the NLD and other political parties. Furthermore, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi not only remains under house arrest, but along with her deputy has also had her detention extended for a further year. Other political and ethnic leaders have also been arrested or detained, causing one ceasefire group to boycott the Convention. Most regrettably, it therefore remains the Secretary-General’s view that the National Convention, in its present format, does not adhere to the recommendations made by the General Assembly in successive resolutions. He thus reiterates his call on the Myanmar authorities, even at this late stage, to take the necessary steps to make the road map process more inclusive and credible. The Secretary-General also encourages the authorities to ensure that the third phase of the road map, the drafting of the constitution, is fully inclusive. A national referendum will be held after that. It is his considered view that unless this poll adheres to internationally accepted standards of conduct and participation, it may be difficult for the international community, including the countries of the region, to endorse the result. In furtherance of this objective, the Secretary-General once again appeals to the Myanmar authorities to resume without delay a substantive political dialogue with the representatives of all ethnic nationality groups and political leaders, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, to help achieve a genuine process of national reconciliation. He reiterates the need for the remaining constraints on all political leaders to be lifted, NLD offices to be allowed to reopen and political prisoners, including elected officials, to be released. In this context, the Secretary-General renews his readiness to facilitate national reconciliation efforts among all parties concerned. At the same time, however, he wishes to articulate his deep concern at the Myanmar authorities’ continued unwillingness to cooperate with his Special Envoy over the past year. The present situation casts serious doubt on the prospects for the United Nations to play an effective role as a facilitator in furtherance of the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly. He urges the authorities to demonstrate their commitment to a credible process of democratization and national reconciliation by allowing his Special Envoy to return to Myanmar to continue his facilitation efforts."
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2005/130)
        Format/size: pdf (231K)
        Date of entry/update: 01 April 2008


        Title: GA 2001: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 24 October 2001
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/56/505)
        Format/size: PDF (181K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 2001: Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 22 March 2001
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2001/33)
        Format/size: PDF (143K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 2000: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 20 October 2000
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/55/509)
        Format/size: PDF (214K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 2000: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 24 March 2000
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2000/29)
        Format/size: PDF (45K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1999: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 27 October 1999
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/54/499)
        Format/size: PDF (155K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1999: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 07 April 1999
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1999/29)
        Format/size: PDF (54K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1998: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 10 November 1998
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/53/657)
        Format/size: PDF (179K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1999: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 09 April 1998
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations ((E/CN.4/1998/163)
        Format/size: PDF (231K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1997: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 10 November 1997
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/52/587)
        Format/size: PDF (155K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1997: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 27 March 1997
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1997/129)
        Format/size: PDF (213K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1996: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 08 November 1996
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/51/660)
        Format/size: PDF (189K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1995: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 16 October 1995
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/50/568)
        Format/size: PDF (176K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1995: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 21 February 1995
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1995/150)
        Format/size: PDF (117K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1994: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Chinese)
        Date of publication: 25 November 1994
        Language: Chinese
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/49/716)
        Format/size: PDF (262K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      • The Secretary-General's reports on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (Arabic)

        Individual Documents

        Title: GA 2013 (68th session): Situation of human rights in Myanmar - Report of the Secretary-General (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 19 August 2013
        Description/subject: المتحـدة الأمــم A /68/331 العامة الجمعية Distr.: General 19 August 2013 Arabic Original: English 160913 160913 13-43108 (A) *1343108* الدورة الثامنة والستون البند ٦٩ ) ج ( من جدول الأعمال المؤقت * تعزيز حقوق الإنسان وحمايتها : حالات حقوق الإنسان والتقارير المقدمة من المقررين والممثلين الخاصين حالة حقوق الإنسان في ميانمار تقرير الأمين العام موجز يقدم هذا التقرير عملا بالفقرة ٢١ من قرار الجمعية العامـة ٦٧ / ٢٣٣ ويغطـي الفتـرة من ٢٥ آب / أغسطس ٢٠١٢ إلى ١٠ آب / أغسطس ٢٠١٣ . وخـلال تلـك الفتـرة، شـهدت ميانمار تغـييرات كـبيرة مـع اسـتمرار الـسعي إلى تنفيـذ التـدابير الإصـلاحية الـتي بـدأت في عـام ٢٠١١ ، ـن مـ خــلال بنــاء المؤســسات الجديــدة، وســن قــوانين جديــدة في إطــار الجلــسات الــتي يعقدها فعليـا البرلمـان الـوطني والجمعيـات الإقليميـة، في حـين تم إحـراز تقـدم مطـرد في تحقيـق ـصالحة المـ الوطنيــة مــن خــلال المفاوضــات مــع الجماعــات العرقيــة المــسلحة الــسابقة، وتــشجيع العــودة الطوع يــة، وإعــادة تــوطين الــسكان المــشردين . ونفــذت الحكومــة سلــسلة مــن التــدابير الإصلاحية الرامية إلى تحويل الاقتصاد إلى اقتصاد موجه نحـو الـسوق بـشكل متزايـد، وفتحـت قطاعات جديدة أمام الاستثمار الأجنبي والتجارة، واتخذت تدابير لكفالـة المزيـد مـن الـشفافية ومكافحة الفـساد . وبمـواز اة توسـيع البلـد نطـاق تعاملـه مـع العـالم الخـارجي، نـشأت تحـديات جديدة . فأثـارت التـوترات الطائفيـة والحـوادث العنيفـة المتزايـدة في جميـع أنحـاء البلـد شـكوكا ـشأن بـ مــا إذا كــان يمكنــها أن تقــوض عمليــة الإصــلاح الجاريــة . وقــد واصــلت الأمــم المتحــدة أعمالها الواسعة النطاق مع ميانمار و تقديم دعمها إليها . * A/68/150 .
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: A/68/331 الجمعية العامة الأمم المتحدة
        Format/size: pdf (270K),html
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N13/431/09/PDF/N1343109.pdf?OpenElement
        Date of entry/update: 23 September 2013


        Title: GA 2012 (67th session): Situation of human rights in Myanmar - Report of the Secretary-General (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 24 August 2012
        Description/subject: موجز ٢٣٠ ويغطي الفترة / يقدم هذا التقري ر عملا بالفقرة ٣٢ من قرار الجمعية العامة ٦٦ من آب /أغسطس ٢٠١١ إلى تموز/يوليه ٢٠١٢ . ولقد كانت سنة تميزت بالوعود والتغيير في ميانمار. فبناء على جهودها الأولية المبذولة في النصف الأول من عام ٢٠١١ ، اتخذت الحكومة المدنية الجديدة، بقيادة الرئيس ثين سين، تدابير إصلاحية هامة وكبيرة لتوطيد الديمقراطية من خلال بنا ء المؤسسات الجديدة؛ وسن قوانين جديدة في إطار الجلسات التي يعقدها فعليا البرلمان الوطني والجمعيات الإقليمية؛ والتواصل مع مختلف اﻟﻤﺠموعات العرقية لتعزيز السلام والمصالحة الوطنية من خلال عملية ت شاور شاملة للجميع، وتشجيع العودة الطوعية للمشردين وإعادة توطينهم؛ والإفراج عن أعداد كبيرة من السجناء السياسيين، بمن فيهم بعض من أبرز الشخصيات؛ واتخاذ تدابير للاضطلاع بإصلاحات اقتصادية ﺗﻬدف إلى تحويل الاقتصاد الذي يتسم بدرجة كبيرة من المركزية إلى اقتصاد يزداد توجها نحو السوق ويكون مفتوحا أمام الاستثمار الأجنبي والتجارة الخارجية . وقد أدى تغير البيئة السياسية، في أعقاب الاجتماع المعقود بين الرئيس ثين سين و داو أونغ سان سو كي في آب /أغسطس ٢٠١١ ، إلى مراجعة قوانين الانتخابات، مما سمح للرابطة الوطنية من أجل الد يمقراطية باستئناف نشاطها الانتخابي بعد انقطاع دام ما يزيد عن ٢٠ عاما وبالفوز بصورة مقنعة . ب ٤٣ مقعدا من أصل ٤٥ في الانتخابات الفرعية التي أجريت في ١ نيسان /أبريل ٢٠١٢ كما شهد العام الماضي تغيرا هاما في إطار التعاون القائم بين ميانمار واﻟﻤﺠتمع الدولي . واتفقت الدول الأعضاء في رابطة أمم جنوب شرق آسيا على أن تستضيف ميانمار مؤتمر القمة الذي ستعقده الرابطة في عام ٢٠١٤ . وفي الفترة نفسها، أدى استئناف علاقات التعاون الثنائية الرفيعة المستوى بين ميانمار والولايات المتحدة الأمريكية والاتحاد الأوروبي والدول المهتمة الأخرى إلى حدوث تحولات هامة في سياساﺗﻬا، بما في ذلك استعراض الجزاءات التي تفرضها على ميانمار أو تعليقها أو رفعها . أما فيما يتعلق بالأم م المتحدة، فقد حدث توسع جديد في العلاقات أتاح العمل على تطبيع البرامج الخاضعة لقيود وتعزيز التعاون مع مختلف وكالات الأمم المتح دة دعما للتنمية السياسية والاجتماعية الاقتصادية الشاملة في البلد وتلبية للاحتياجات الإنسانية. وقد زرتُ ميانمار في الفترة من ٢٩ نيسان/أبريل إلى ١ أيار/مايو ٢٠١٢ ، وكانت تلك الزيارة زيارتي الثالثة إلى البلد كأمين عام للأمم المتحدة. أولا - مقدمة ٢٣٠ ، الذي طلبت / ١ - يقدم هذا التقرير عملا بالفقرة ٣٢ من قرار الجمعية العامة ٦٦ فيه الجمعية إلى الأمين العام أن يواصل مساعيه الحميدة وأن يتابع مناقشاته مع حكومة وشعب ميانمار بشأن حالة حقوق الإنسان والإصلاحات الديمقراطية والتنمية وعملية المصالحة الوطنية؛ وأن يعرض على الحكومة تقديم المساعدة التقنية في هذا الصدد؛ وأن يقدم تقريرا إلى الجمعية العامة في دورﺗﻬا السابعة والستين وإلى مجلس ح قوق الإنسان عن التقدم المحرز . في تنفيذ القرا ر. ويغطي التقرير الفترة من آب /أغسطس ٢٠١١ إلى تموز/يوليه ٢٠١٢ وقد صدر تقريران مستقلان عن المقرر الخاص للأمم المتح دة المعني بحالة حقوق الإنسان .(A/HRC/19/67) وفي آذار/مارس ٢٠١٢ (A/66/365) في ميانمار في أيلول/سبتمبر ٢٠١١ ٢ - وأسوة بالسنوات السابقة، ونظرا للطابع المعقد والمتعدد الأبعاد للحالة في ميانمار، عملت، جنبا إلى جنب مع مستشاري، على إشراك سلطات مي انمار وغيرها من أصحاب المصلحة المعنيين إشراكا مستمرا في إحراز تقدم تحقيقا لما يلي : (أ) الإفراج عن السجناء
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: A/67/333 الجمعية العامة الأمم المتحدة
        Format/size: pdf (260K)
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-ods.un.org/access.nsf/Get?OpenAgent&DS=A/67/333&Lang=A
        Date of entry/update: 02 October 2012


        Title: GA 2011 (66th session): Situation of human rights in Myanmar - Report of the Secretary-General (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 05 August 2011
        Description/subject: موجز ٢٤١ ويشمل الفترة / يُقدَّم هذا التقرير عملا بالفقرة ٣٠ من قرار الجمعية العامة ٦٥ من ٢٦ آب/أغسطس ٢٠١٠ إلى ٤ آب/أغسطس ٢٠١١ . وخلال الفترة المشمولة بالتقرير، تم تنفيذ الخطوات المتبقية من خارطة الطريق السياسية التي يقودها مجلس الدولة للسلام والتنمية، وهي إجراء انتخابات عامة في ٧ تشرين الثاني/نوفمبر ٢٠١٠ ؛ وانعقاد البرلمان الجديد في كانون الثا ني /يناير ٢٠١١ ؛ ونقل السلطة من اﻟﻤﺠلس إلى الحكومة الجديدة في ٣٠ آذار /مارس ٢٠١١ . وفي غضون هذه العملية، تم حل اﻟﻤﺠلس رسميا . وفي ١٣ تشرين الثاني/نوفمبر ٢٠١٠ ، أي بعد أسبوع واحد من إجراء الانتخابات، ُأطلق سراح داو أونغ سان سو كي، بعد احتجازها لمدة سبع سنوات رهن الإقامة الجبرية في مترلها. .A.
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: A/66/الجمعية العامةالأمم المتحدة 267
        Format/size: pdf (228K)
        Date of entry/update: 08 September 2011


        Title: GA 2010 (65th session): Situation of human rights in Myanmar - Report of the Secretary-General (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 14 September 2010
        Description/subject: موجز ٢٣٨ ويغطي الفترة من / يُقدَّم هذا التقرير عملاً بقرار الجمعية ا لعامة ٦٤ ٢٦ آب/أغسطس ٢٠٠٩ حتى ٢٥ آب/أغسطس ٢٠١٠ . وعقب إعادة انتداب ابراهيم غمبري في ١ كانون الثاني/يناير ٢٠١٠ ، عينتُ رئيس ديواني، فيجاي نامبيار، مستشارًا خاصًا للإشراف على ولاية المساعي الحميدة. ومنذ زيارتي الأ خيرة إلى ميانمار في تموز /يوليه ٢٠٠٩ ، أظهرت سلطات ميانمار بعض مؤشرات المرونة إزاء مقترحاتي، وقد تج ّلت هذه المرون ة على سبيل المثال في الإفراج في ١٧ أيلول/سبتمبر ٢٠٠٩ عن أكثر من ١٣٠ سجينا سياسيا في إطار عفو واسع النطاق. غير أن احتجاز سجناء سياسيين آخرين واست م رار فرض الإقامة الجبرية على داو أونغ سان سو كيي لا يزالان مصدر قلق بالغ . ومن المؤسف أنه لم يج ر اغتنام فر ٍ ص أخرى لإجراء حوار سياسي هادف بين أصحاب المصلحة الرئيسيين. وطوال الفترة المشمولة بالتقرير، دلت جهود متواصلة للتعاون مع سلطات ميانمار وأصحاب المصلحة الرئيسيين من أجل تحقيق أهداف ولاية المساعي الحميدة . غير أن الحكومة لم تقم، منذ زيارتي الأخيرة، بتوجيه أي دعوة إلى مستشاري الخاص لإجراء مزيد من المشاورات مع السلطات والأطراف المعنية الأخرى في البلد . وإن هذا الافتقار إلى التعاون الفعلي لمخيّبٌ للآما ل . كما أنه يمثّل فرصة ضائعة بالنسبة لميانمار . وللدول الأعضاء مصلحة في السعي الحثيث لكفالة أن تمدّ ميانمار يد التعاون على النحو اللازم، كما أن مسؤولية هذه الدول تملي عليها ذلك. وتمّثل الانتخابات المقبلة، وهي أولى انتخابات يشهدها البلد منذ ٢٠ سنة، اختبارا رئيسيا لآ فاق السلام والديمقراطية والرخاء في البلد . وقد أدلى كبار قادة ميانمار بتصريحات متكررة أعربوا فيها عن التزامهم بإجراء انتخابات حرة ونزيهة . وأصدرت الحكومة قوانين انتخابية، وعيّنت لجنة انتخابات اتحادية تتألف من ١٨ عضوًا، كما أُعلن يوم ٧ تشرين الثاني/نوفمبر ٢٠١٠ موعدًا للانتخابات . وفي ٢٥ آب/أغسطس، أقرّت اللجنة تسجيل ٤٢ حزبًا سياسيًا من أصل ٤٧ حزبا لخوض الانتخابات، من بينها خمسة من الأحزاب العشرة التي شاركت في انتخابات عام ١٩٩٠ وُأعيد تسجيلها. ورغم أن هذا يشير، انطلاقًا من معايير العقدين الماضيين، إلى أن آفاقًا سي اسية ربما تكون قد ُفتحت، يبقى من الضروري بالنسبة للسلطات كفالة إجراء الانتخابات بطريقة شاملة وذات مصداقية وقائمة على المشاركة ومتّسمة بالشفافية . وفي هذا الصدد، أكرر دعوتي إلى الإفراج عن جميع السجناء السياسيين، بمن فيهم داو أونغ سان سو كيي، كأبلغ دليل على احترام هذه الالتزامات. وخلال الفترة المشمولة بالتقرير، بذل المستشار الخاص جهودا للتعاون، على مستوى كبار الموظفين، مع مكاتب الأمم المتحدة ذات الصلة، مثل الفريق العامل المشترك بين الإدارات المعني بميانمار ، حيث تم تحديد عدد من الأولويات على نطاق المنظومة . وواصلت اللجنة الاقتصادية والاجتماعية لآسيا والمحيط الهادئ إجراء حوار واسع النطاق مع الحكومة بشأن السياسات يهدف إلى معالجة ما لدى البلاد من أولويات و ما يواجهها من تحديات على الصعيد الإ نمائي. وتوصّل فريق الأمم المتحدة القطري والحكومة إلى اتفا ق على مبادرة إنسانية مدﺗﻬا عام ان بشأن ولاية راخين الشمالي ة . وبعد مرور سنتين على إنشاء آلية الفريق الأساسي الثلاثي من جانب الحكومة والأمم المتحدة ورابطة أمم جنوب شرق آسيا، انتهت ولاية هذه الآلية في ٣١ تموز/يوليه ٢٠١٠ بإعراب سلطات ميانمار عن الاعتراف ﺑﻬا والامتنان لإنشائها. ويجب أن تحرز ميانمار تقدمًا في التغلب على إرثها المزدوج من الجمود السياسي والتراع المسلح . كما أن التصدي للتحديات الموازية المتمثلة في احترام حقوق الإنسان والمصالحة الوطنية وإرساء الديمقراطية يشكّل هدفًا أساسيًا لا يزال يتعين الوفاء به . ومن الأهمية بمكان مواصلة الحوار والتعاون بين جميع أصحاب المصلحة، فضلا عن زيادة الانفتاح السياسي والاجتماعي والاقتصادي. وإنني ملتزم بمواصلة التعاون مع حكومة ميانمار وشعبها لكي تثمر جهودهم ا فينجح ا في الانتقال إلى حكومة مدنية وديمقراطية ذات مصداقي ة . وسوف تستفيد ميانمار كثير ا مم ا تتمتع به الأمم المتحدة من خبرات واسعة النطاق ومما تبذله من جهود للمساعدة في اﻟﻤﺠالات الإنسانية والاجتماعية والاقتصادي ة . وأكرر دعوتي إلى وحدة الهدف ووحدة العمل بين الدول الأعضاء المعنية الرئيسية والكيانات الإقليمية والجهات الفاعلة الإنمائية المتعددة الأطراف والمؤسسات المالية الدولية، لتشجيع جميع أصحاب المصلحة المحليين على المساهمة في إحداث تغيير إيجابي لما فيه مصلحة ميانمار الوطنية
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/65/367)
        Format/size: pdf (2.18 K)
        Date of entry/update: 27 October 2010


        Title: GA 2008 (63rd Session): Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 17 September 2008
        Description/subject: موجز ٢٢٢ . وقد عين / هذا التقرير مقدم عملا بالفقرة ٦ من قرار الجمعية العامة ٦٢ الأمين العام في ٢٢ أيار/مايو ٢٠٠٧ مستشاره الخاص المعني بالعهد الدولي مع العراق ومسائل سياسية أخرى، ووكيل الأمين العام السابق للشؤون السياس ية إبراهيم غمباري لمواصلة المساعي الحميدة نيابة عن الأمين العام . وخلال الفترة المشمولة بالتقرير، أي من ٢٣ تشرين الأول /أكتوبر ٢٠٠٧ إلى ٥ أيلول /سبتمبر ٢٠٠٨ ، زار المستشار الخاص ميانمار ، ثلاث مرات بدعوة من حكومتها، في تشرين الثاني /نوفمبر ٢٠٠٧ ، وآذار/مارس ٢٠٠٨ وآب/أغسطس ٢٠٠٨ . وتمكن المستشار الخاص في كل زيارة من تلك الزيارات من الاتصال بكل من الحكومة والمعارضة في ميانمار. وواصل المستشار الخاص، خلال زياراته ومناقشاته مع ممثلي الحكومة والمعارضة وغيرهم من الأطراف المعنية، جهوده باسم الأمين العام بغية تعزيز المصالح ة الوطنية، واستعادة الديمقراطية، واحترام حقوق الإنسان في ميانمار، وفقا لأهداف قرارات الجمعي ة * قدم هذا التقرير يوم ١٧ أيلول/سبتمبر ٢٠٠٨ ليتسنى تضمينه أحدث المعلومات المتاحة. العامة ذات الصلة . وتحقيقا لذلك، شدد المستشار الخاص على اﻟﻤﺠالات الخمسة الرئيسية التي تشغل بال الأمم المتحدة واﻟﻤﺠتمع الدولي، وهو تشديد يؤيده مجلس الأمن ومجموعة أ صدقاء الأمين العام، وهي : (أ) الإفراج عن جميع المساجين السياسيين بمن فيهم داو أونغ سان سوكي؛ (ب) ضرورة إجراء حوار معمق وموضوعي خلال إطار زمني محدد بين الحكومة وداو أونغ سان سوكي؛ (ج) ضرورة القيام بعملية سياسية تُشرك جميع الأطراف وتحظى بالمصداقية للانتقال إلى حكومة مدنية ديمقراطية؛ (د) وسائل لتحسين الظروف الاجتماعية - الاقتصادية بما في ذلك عن طريق آليات وطنية عريضة القاعدة؛ (ه) سبل تنظيم عملية الاشتراك والتعاون من خلال المساعي الحميدة المبذولة. وأكد الأمين العام ومستشاره الخاص مجددا في مشاوراﺗﻬما مع الدول الأعضاء، أربعة مبادئ توجيهية في تنفيذ ولاية المساعي الحميدة للأمين العام، وهي (أ) المساعي الحميدة عملية وليست حدثا، وهي تتطلب اشتراكا متواصلا في شكل زيارات ومشاورات منتظمة بين جميع المعنيين بالأمر؛ (ب) الحالة في ميانمار تتطلب اشتراكا شاملا في مجموعة واسعة من المسائل السياسية والإنسانية والاجتماعية - الاقتصادية والمتعلقة بحقوق الإنسان؛ (ج) الاشتراك لا يمكن أن يكون غاية في حد ذاته، بل ينبغي أن يؤدي إلى نتائج ملموسة؛ (د) ينبغي للمجتمع الدولي أن يواصل العمل المشترك بشكل بناء لدعم أهداف المساعي الحميدة. وبعد تعيين الوزير المكلف بالعلاقات مع داو أونغ سان سوكي في ٨ تشرين الأول/أكتوبر ٢٠٠٧ ، التقيا خمس مرات بين تشرين الثاني /نوفمبر ٢٠٠٧ وكانون الثاني/يناير ٢٠٠٨ . وكان ذلك أول محاولة لإجراء حوار بين الحكومة وداو أونغ سان سوكي منذ عام ٢٠٠٣ . ولأول مرة أيضا منذ أربع سنوا ت يُسمح لداو أونغ سان سوكي بالاجتماع مرتين مع اللجنة التنفيذية المركزية للرابطة الوطنية من أجل الديمقراطية. وفي ٩ شباط/فبراير ٢٠٠٨ أعلنت حكومة ميانمار لأول مرة عن إطار زمني للخطوات القادمة في ”خارطتها السياسي ة “ الرامية إلى تحقيق تقدم في اتجاه إنشاء حكومة مدنية ديمقراطية، وأعلنت عن تنظيم استفتاء وطني بشأن مشروع دستور في أيار /مايو . ٢٠٠٨ ، تليه انتخابات متعددة الأحزاب في عام ٢٠١٠ ١٤٠ وفي ٢ أيار/مايو ٢٠٠٨ ، ضرب إعصار نارجيس ميانمار، مخلفا وراءه ٠٠٠ بين قتلى ومفقودين، وعددا من المتضررين بشدة قدر ب ٢,٤ مليون ن سمة. وأدى الأمين العام زيارة إلى ميانمار يومي ٢٢ و ٢٣ أيار /مايو ٢٠٠٨ للاطلاع على الآثار التي خلفها الإعصار، وكانت أول زيارة يؤديها أمين عام للأمم المتحدة إلى ميانمار منذ ٤٤ سنة . وإثر المحادثات التي أجراها الأمين العام مع كبير الجنرالات ثان شوي، رئيس مجلس ا لدولة للسلام والتنمية، تيسر وصول عمال المعونة الإنسانية، وأنشئت آلية تنسيق ثلاثية بين حكومة ميانمار، والأمم المتحدة، ورابطة أمم جنوب شرق آس ي ا لتيسير فعالية جهود المعونة الإنسانية في معالجة آثار الإعصا ر . وفي ٢٥ أيار /مايو ٢٠٠٨ ، عاد الأمين العام إلى ميانمار ل يرأس في يانغون مع حكومة ميانمار ورابطة أمم جنوب شرق آسيا مؤتمرا مشتركا رفيع المستوى لإعلان التبرعات. وفي ١٠ أيار/مايو ٢٠٠٨ ، نظمت حكومة ميانمار، مثلما كان مقررا، استفتاءا دستوريا، بالرغم من النداء الذي وجهه الأمين العام لكي تخصص كل الموارد المتاحة لتلبية الاحتياجات الإنسانية الطارئة، على سبيل الأولوي ة . وأجل التصويت إلى ٢٤ أيار/مايو ٢٠٠٨ في البلدات ال ٤٧ الأشد تضررا بالإعصار . وفي ٢٩ أيار/مايو ٢٠٠٨ ، أعلنت الحكومة أن مشروع الدستور أعتُمد رسميا بأغلبية ٩٢,٤٨ في المائة في انتخابا ت شارك فيها ٩٨,١٢ في المائة من المسجلين. وفي ٢٧ أيار /مايو ٢٠٠٨ ، مددت حكومة ميانمار الإقامة الجبرية المفروضة على داو أونغ سان سوكي . وأعرب الأمين العام في بيان أصدره في اليوم نفسه عن خيبة أملة في قرار الحكومة وشدد على أن مسألة الإفراج عن جميع المساجين السياسيين ومشاركتهم في العملية السياسية لا تزال تتصدر المناقشات مع حكومة ميانمار في سياق مساعيه الحميدة. وأدى المقرر الخاص الجديد المعني بحقوق الإنسان، توماس أوجيا كوينتانا، زيارته الأولى إلى ميانمار من ٤ إلى ٧ آب /أغسطس ٢٠٠٨ ، بدعوة من حكومته ا . وكان ذلك إثر زيارة قام ﺑﻬا سلفه بولو سيرجيو ب ينهيرو في تشرين الثاني /نوفمبر ٢٠٠٧ بناء على طلب من المستشار الخاص، بعد أربع سنوات من انتظار الإذن بزيارة البلد . واعتمد مجلس حقوق الإنسان بعد ذلك في ٢٨ آذار/مارس وفي ١٨ حزيران/يونيه ٢٠٠٨ قرارين ١٤ ) يدعوان ميانمار، في جملة أمور، إلى التعاون مع المستشار الخاص. / ٣١ و ٨ /٧) وإثر الإعلان رسميا عن اعتماد الدستور الجديد، أعلنت حكومة ميانمار أﻧﻬا مقرة العزم على إجراء انتخابات متعددة الأحزاب في عام ٢٠١٠ ، وهي الخطوة الخامسة في خارطة الطريق التي وضعتها والتي تتضمن سبع نقاط . وفي الوقت نفسه، أعرب عدد من المعنيين بالأمر، ومنهم الرابطة الوطنية من أجل الديمقراطية، رسميا عن رفضهم للدستور الجديد وللعملية التي أفرزته . ولذلك، وبالرغم من الجهود التي بذلتها الحكومة لتنفيذ عملية خارطة الطريق، ازدادت العملية السياسية في ميانمار تعقدا وصعوبة، وتزايد اهتمام اﻟﻤﺠتمع الدولي ﺑﻬ ا . وأكد الأمين العام ومستشاره الخاص باستمرار على أن تعزيز فرص إحلال سلام دائم و مصالحة وطنية ونشر الديمقراطية واحترام حقوق الانسان في ميانمار لن يحدث إلا بالقيام بعملية سياسية شاملة وذات مصداقية، تقوم على التفاهم واشتراك جميع المعنيين بالأمر. ويظل دعم اﻟﻤﺠتمع الدو لي ، بما في ذلك بلدان المنطقة، للمساعي الحميدة التي يقدمها الأمين العام وللأنشطة التي يقوم ﺑﻬا مستشاره الخاص عاملا أساسيا في استمرار تلك الجهود . ويشجع الأمين العام الجهود البناءة التي يقوم ﺑﻬا جيران ميانمار وأعضاء رابطة أمم جنوب شرق آسي ا لدعم مساعيه الحميدة وأنشطة مستشاره الخاص . وهو يرحب أيضا ، بالاستنتاجات التي توصل اليها مجلس أوروبا بشأن ميانمار في نيسان /أبريل ٢٠٠٨ وبالبيانات التي أصدرﺗﻬا في تموز /يوليه ٢٠٠٨ ، كل من رابطة أمم جنوب شرق آسي ا، ومجموعة الثمانية، ومؤتمر قمة شرق آسيا، والمحفل الإقليمي ل رابطة أمم جنو ب شرق آسي ا ، وقد أعربت جميع تلك الهيئات عن دعمها لمساعيه الحميدة وللجهود المتواصلة التي يبذلها مستشاره الخاص. وفي حين أن روح التعاون بين ميانمار والأمم المتحدة شهدت تحسنا في السنوات الأخيرة، بما في ذلك عن طريق زيارات الأمين العام ومستشاره الخاص، فإنه من دواعي الأسف أن سلطات ميانمار لم تتخذ بعد خطوات حقيقية ذات نتائج ملموسة، استجابة لقلق وتطلعات الأمم المتحدة واﻟﻤﺠتمع الدولي، في سياق عملية المساعي الحميدة. ويظل مستقبل ميانمار في ﻧﻬاية المطاف في يد حكومتها وشعبها . ودور الأمم المتحدة هو التأكد من مواقف جمي ع الأطراف وتيسير جهودها للعمل معا عن طريق الحوار للتوصل إلى عملية مصالحة وإحلال الديمقراطية، يقبلها الجميع وتحترم تماما سيادة ميانمار وفقا لتوقعات اﻟﻤﺠتمع الدولي . وبصرف النظر عن أي عملية رسمية، تتطلب التحديات السياسية التي يمثلها الانتقال إلى الديمقراطية ح لولا سياسية تفاوضية . وفي الوقت الذي وصل فيها البلد إلى مرحلة حساسة في تطوره السياسي، لا يوجد خيار حقيقي لعملية سلمية تفضي إلى مصالحة وطنية، وقد حان الوقت لكي تجد كل من الحكومة والمعارضة طريقة للتحاور والتعاون لما فيه مصلحة البلد و ازدهاره وديمقراطيته، فتلك ه ي الأسس اللازمة لاستقرار البلد وتطوره في الأجل الطويل.
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/63/356)
        Format/size: pdf (204K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 November 2008


        Title: CHR 2005: Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 07 March 2005
        Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is based upon the good offices efforts undertaken by the Secretary-General and his Special Envoy, Razali Ismail, in facilitating national reconciliation and democratization in Myanmar, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 59/263 of 23 December 2004. The Secretary-General has maintained from the very beginning that the National Convention and subsequent stages in the seven-step road map for transition to democracy put forth by the Government of Myanmar in 2003 has the potential to be a positive step forward. He has stressed that to ensure credibility it is essential that the National Convention phase of the road map, which the Government reconvened in May 2004 to lay the foundations on which a new constitution is drafted, includes representatives of the National League for Democracy (NLD), other political parties and ethnic nationality groups, as well as other strata of society. The Secretary-General has similarly made it clear that all those involved in the National Convention must also be allowed to speak freely, openly and without restriction on the matters at hand. To date, however, the National Convention has regrettably fallen short of satisfying these basic requirements. On 17 February 2005, the Convention was again reconvened without the participation of representatives of the NLD and other political parties. Furthermore, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi not only remains under house arrest, but along with her deputy has also had her detention extended for a further year. Other political and ethnic leaders have also been arrested or detained, causing one ceasefire group to boycott the Convention. Most regrettably, it therefore remains the Secretary-General’s view that the National Convention, in its present format, does not adhere to the recommendations made by the General Assembly in successive resolutions. He thus reiterates his call on the Myanmar authorities, even at this late stage, to take the necessary steps to make the road map process more inclusive and credible. The Secretary-General also encourages the authorities to ensure that the third phase of the road map, the drafting of the constitution, is fully inclusive. A national referendum will be held after that. It is his considered view that unless this poll adheres to internationally accepted standards of conduct and participation, it may be difficult for the international community, including the countries of the region, to endorse the result. In furtherance of this objective, the Secretary-General once again appeals to the Myanmar authorities to resume without delay a substantive political dialogue with the representatives of all ethnic nationality groups and political leaders, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, to help achieve a genuine process of national reconciliation. He reiterates the need for the remaining constraints on all political leaders to be lifted, NLD offices to be allowed to reopen and political prisoners, including elected officials, to be released. In this context, the Secretary-General renews his readiness to facilitate national reconciliation efforts among all parties concerned. At the same time, however, he wishes to articulate his deep concern at the Myanmar authorities’ continued unwillingness to cooperate with his Special Envoy over the past year. The present situation casts serious doubt on the prospects for the United Nations to play an effective role as a facilitator in furtherance of the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly. He urges the authorities to demonstrate their commitment to a credible process of democratization and national reconciliation by allowing his Special Envoy to return to Myanmar to continue his facilitation efforts."
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2005/130)
        Format/size: pdf (120K)
        Date of entry/update: 01 April 2008


        Title: GA 2001: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 24 October 2001
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/56/505)
        Format/size: PDF (84K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 2001: Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (Arabic0
        Date of publication: 22 March 2001
        Description/subject: Commission on Human Rights: Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 55/112 (E/CN.4/2001/33)
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2001/33)
        Format/size: PDF (59K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 2000: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 20 October 2000
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/55/509)
        Format/size: PDF (83K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 2000: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 24 March 2000
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2000/29)
        Format/size: PDF (65K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1999: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 27 October 1999
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/54/499)
        Format/size: PDF (50K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1999: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 07 April 1999
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: Nations Unies (E/CN.4/1999/29)
        Format/size: PDF (61K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1998: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 10 November 1998
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/53/657)
        Format/size: PDF (68K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1998: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 09 April 1998
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations ((E/CN.4/1998/163)
        Format/size: PDF (229K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1997: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 10 November 1997
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/52/587)
        Format/size: PDF (65K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1997: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 27 March 1997
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1997/129)
        Format/size: PDF (68K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1996: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 08 November 1996
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/51/660)
        Format/size: PDF (62K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1995: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 16 October 1995
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/50/568)
        Format/size: PDF (66K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1995: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 21 February 1995
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1995/150)
        Format/size: PDF (62K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1994: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Arabic)
        Date of publication: 25 November 1994
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/49/716)
        Format/size: PDF (68K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      • The Secretary-General's reports on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (English)

        Websites/Multiple Documents

        Title: UN human rights documents on Burma (Myanmar), by year (from 1991)
        Description/subject: Resolutions of the General Assembly and Commission on Human Rights; reports by the Secretary-General and the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar; written statements by NGOs; reports with references to Myanmar by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, Special Rapporteur on toxic wastes, Special Rapporteur on Torture, Report of the High Commissioner on human rights and mass exoduses, Report of the Secretary-General on the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities, Report of the Secretary-General on the national practices related to the right to a fair trial.
        Language: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
        Format/size: html, pdf
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Individual Documents

        Title: GA 2013 (68th Session): Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (English)
        Date of publication: 19 August 2013
        Description/subject: Summary: "The present report, submitted pursuant to paragraph 21 of General Assembly resolution 67/233 , covers the period from 25 August 2012 to 10 August 2013. During that period, Myanmar witnessed dramatic changes as the reform measures initiated in 2011 continued to be pursued through the building of new institutions and the enactment of new laws in active sessions of the national parliament and regional assemblies, while steady progress was ach ieved in national reconciliation through negotiations with erstwhile ethnic armed groups and encouragement of the voluntary return and resettlement of displaced p opulations. The Government carried out a series of reform measures aimed at transforming the economy into an increasingly market-oriented economy, opened new sector s to foreign investment and trade and introduced measures to ensure greater transparency and to combat corruption. As the country’s engagements with the outside world expanded widely, new challenges arose. The increased communal tensions and violent incidents around the country raised doubts as to whether they could undermine the reform process under way. The United Nations continued its wi de-ranging engagement with and provision of support to Myanmar"
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/68/331)
        Format/size: pdf (93K)
        Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N13/431/10/pdf/N1343110.pdf?OpenElement
        Date of entry/update: 23 September 2013


        Title: GA 2012 (67th Session): Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (English)
        Date of publication: 24 August 2012
        Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 32 of General Assembly resolution 66/230 and covers the period from August 2011 to July 2012. It has been a remarkable year of promise and change in Myanmar. Building on its initial efforts in the first half of 2011, the new civilian Government headed by President Thein Sein undertook dramatic and significant reform measures to consolidate democracy by building new institutions; enacting new laws in active sessions of the national parliament and regional assemblies; reaching out to various ethnic groups to promote peace and national reconciliation through inclusive consultation, and encouraging the voluntary return and resettlement of displaced populations; releasing significant numbers of political prisoners, including some of the most prominent figures; and taking measures to carry out economic reforms aimed at transforming the largely centralized economy into an increasingly market-oriented one that is open to foreign investment and trade. The changed political environment, following the meeting between President Thein Sein and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in August 2011, resulted in the revision of the electoral laws that has enabled the National League for Democracy to return to the electoral fold after more than 20 years and to convincingly win 43 of the 45 seats in the by-election held on 1 April 2012. The past year has also witnessed a step change in the engagement between Myanmar and the international community. The member States of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) agreed to Myanmar’s hosting of the 2014 ASEAN summit. In the same period, the resumption of high-level bilateral engagement with Myanmar by the United States of America, the European Union and other interested countries brought about major shifts in their policies, including the review, suspension or lifting of their sanctions against Myanmar. With the United Nations, there was a new expansion in relations that enabled engagement on the normalization of restricted programmes and greater cooperation with the various agencies of the Organization in support of the country’s all-round political and socioeconomic development and in meeting humanitarian needs. I visited Myanmar from 29 April to 1 May 2012, which was my third visit to the country as Secretary-General."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/67/333)
        Format/size: pdf (91K)
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-ods.un.org/access.nsf/Get?OpenAgent&DS=A/67/333&Lang=E
        Date of entry/update: 02 October 2012


        Title: GA 2011 (66th Session) : Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (English)
        Date of publication: 05 August 2011
        Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 30 of General Assembly resolution 65/241 and covers the period from 26 August 2010 to 4 August 2011. During the reporting period, the remaining steps of the political road map led by the State Peace and Development Council were implemented, namely, the holding of general elections on 7 November 2010; the convening of the new Parliament in January 2011; and the transfer of power from the Council to the new Government on 30 March 2011. In the process, the Council was officially dissolved. On 13 November 2010, one week after the election, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was released after seven years of house arrest."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/66/267)
        Format/size: pdf (87K)
        Date of entry/update: 08 September 2011


        Title: GA 2010 (65th Session): Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (English)
        Date of publication: 14 September 2010
        Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 64/238 and covers the period from 26 August 2009 to 25 August 2010. Upon the reassignment of Ibrahim Gambari on 1 January 2010, I designated my Chef de Cabinet, Vijay Nambiar, as Special Adviser to oversee the good offices mandate. Since my last visit to Myanmar in July 2009, there have been some signs of flexibility from the Myanmar authorities in response to my proposals, such as the release, on 17 September 2009, of over 130 political prisoners as part of a broader amnesty. However, the detention of other political prisoners and the continued house arrest of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi remain of grave concern. It is regrettable that further opportunities to advance meaningful political dialogue among key stakeholders have not been pursued. Throughout the reporting period, continuous efforts were made to engage the Myanmar authorities and key stakeholders, in order to pursue the objectives of the good offices mandate. However, the Government, has not extended an invitation to my Special Adviser to engage further with the authorities and other concerned parties in the country since my last visit. This lack of meaningful engagement is disappointing. It is also a lost opportunity for Myanmar. Member States have an interest and responsibility to actively ensure that Myanmar extends the necessary cooperation. The upcoming elections, the country’s first in 20 years, present a major test of the prospects of peace, democracy and prosperity in the country. Myanmar’s senior leaders have made repeated statements of commitment to free and fair elections. The Government has issued electoral laws, appointed an 18-member Union Electoral Commission and announced an election date of 7 November 2010. As at 25 August, the Commission had approved the registration of 42 out of 47 political parties to contest the elections, including 5 of the 10 parties that had contested the 1990 elections and had re-registered. While this suggests that political space may have opened up by the standards of the past two decades, it is all the more necessary for the authorities to ensure that the elections are conducted in an inclusive, credible, participatory and transparent manner. In this regard, I reiterate my call for the release of all political prisoners, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, as the clearest signal of such commitments. During the reporting period, the Special Adviser exerted efforts to engage at the senior level with relevant United Nations offices, such as the interdepartmental working group on Myanmar, where a number of system-wide priorities were identified. The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) continued a wide-ranging policy dialogue with the Government aimed at addressing the country’s developmental priorities and challenges. The United Nations country team and the Government reached agreement on a two-year joint humanitarian initiative on Northern Rakhine State. Two years after the establishment of the Tripartite Core Group mechanism by the Government, the United Nations and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), its mandate was concluded on 31 July 2010, with recognition and gratitude expressed by the Myanmar authorities. Myanmar must make progress in overcoming its twin legacies of political deadlock and armed conflict. Addressing the parallel challenges of respect for human rights, national reconciliation and democratization is an essential goal that remains to be fulfilled. It is critical to pursue dialogue and cooperation among all stakeholders, as well as greater political, social and economic openness. I am committed to continuing cooperation with the Government and people of Myanmar to enable their efforts to make a successful transition to a credible civilian and democratic Government. Myanmar stands to benefit greatly from the wideranging experiences of the United Nations and its efforts to assist in the humanitarian and socio-economic areas. I reiterate my call for unity of purpose and unity of action among key interested Member States, regional entities, multilateral development actors and international financial institutions, to encourage all domestic stakeholders to contribute to positive change in the national interest of Myanmar."
        Language: English (also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
        Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/65/367)
        Format/size: pdf (86 K)
        Date of entry/update: 27 October 2010


        Title: GA 2008 (63rd Session) : Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 17 September 2008
        Description/subject: Summary: The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 6 of General Assembly resolution 62/222. On 22 May 2007, the Secretary-General designated his Special Adviser on the International Compact with Iraq and Other Political Issues and former Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Ibrahim Gambari, to continue to pursue the good offices on his behalf. During the reporting period, from 23 October 2007 to 5 September 2008, the Special Adviser visited Myanmar three times at the invitation of the Government, in November 2007, March 2008 and August 2008. On each visit, the Special Adviser was able to engage with representatives of both the Government of Myanmar and the opposition. During his visits and in all his discussions with representatives of the Government, opposition and other stakeholders, the Special Adviser continued his efforts on behalf of the Secretary-General to promote national reconciliation, the restoration of democracy and respect for human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with the objectives of relevant General Assembly resolutions. To that end, the Special Adviser focused on the following five key areas of concern to the United Nations and the international community, as endorsed by the Group of Friends of the Secretary-General and in the Security Council: (a) the release of all political prisoners, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; (b) the need for an enhanced, substantive and time-bound dialogue between the Government and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; (c) the need for an inclusive and credible political transition process to civilian and democratic government; (d) avenues for improving socio-economic conditions, including through a broad-based national mechanism; and (e) ways to regularize the process of mutual engagement and cooperation through the good offices process. In consultations with Member States, the Secretary-General and the Special Adviser also reiterated four guiding principles for the implementation of the Secretary-General’s good offices mandate, namely: (a) the good offices are a process, not an event, and require sustained engagement through regular visits and consultations with all concerned; (b) the situation in Myanmar requires comprehensive engagement on a broad range of political, human rights, humanitarian and socio-economic issues; (c) engagement cannot be an end in itself, but must yield concrete results; and (d) the international community needs to continue to work together constructively in support of the goals of the good offices. Following the designation, on 8 October 2007, of the Minister for Relations with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, they both met together five times between November 2007 and January 2008. This marked the first attempt at a dialogue between the Government and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi since 2003. In addition, for the first time in four years, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was allowed to meet twice with the Central Executive Committee of the National League for Democracy (NLD). On 9 February 2008, the Government of Myanmar for the first time made public a time frame for the next steps in its political “road map” process towards the establishment of a civilian and democratic government, announcing that a national referendum on a draft constitution would be held in May 2008, followed by multiparty elections in 2010. On 2 May 2008, cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar, leaving an estimated 140,000 people dead or missing, and an estimated 2.4 million people severely affected. In response to the cyclone, the Secretary-General visited Myanmar on 22 and 23 May 2008, marking the first visit to that country by a Secretary-General of the United Nations in 44 years. Following the Secretary-General’s discussions with State Peace and Development Council Chairman Senior General Than Shwe, access for international aid workers was facilitated, and a Tripartite Core Group coordination mechanism was set up between the Government of Myanmar, the United Nations and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to facilitate an effective largescale humanitarian response. On 25 May 2008, the Secretary-General returned to Myanmar to co-chair a joint high-level pledging conference in Yangon with the Government of Myanmar and ASEAN. On 10 May 2008, the Government of Myanmar held a constitutional referendum as planned, despite the Secretary-General’s call to it to dedicate all available resources to the emergency humanitarian response as a matter of priority. Voting was postponed to 24 May 2008 in the 47 townships most affected by the cyclone. On 29 May 2008, the Government announced that the draft constitution had been formally adopted, with a reported 92.48 per cent approval and 98.12 per cent turnout of voters. On 27 May 2008, the Government of Myanmar extended the house arrest of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. In a statement issued on the same day, the Secretary- General expressed his disappointment at the Government’s decision and stressed that the release and ability of all political prisoners to take part in the political process remained at the forefront of discussions with the Government of Myanmar in the context of his good offices. From 4 to 7 August 2008, the new Special Rapporteur for Human Rights, Tomás Ojea Quintana, made his first visit to Myanmar at the invitation of the Government. This followed a visit by his predecessor, Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, in November 2007, at the behest of the Special Adviser, after four years without being granted access to the country. It also followed the adoption, on 28 March and 18 June 2008, by the Human Rights Council, of two resolutions (7/31 and 8/14) urging Myanmar, inter alia, to cooperate with the Special Adviser. Following the official announcement of the adoption of a new Constitution, the Government of Myanmar has expressed its determination to proceed with multiparty elections by 2010, the fifth step in its seven-step road map. At the same time, a number of key stakeholders, including NLD, have formally stated their rejection of the new Constitution and the process by which it was adopted. Thus, despite the Government’s efforts in implementing its road map process, the political situation in Myanmar has become even more complex and challenging, drawing increased attention from the international community. The Secretary-General and his Special Adviser have consistently emphasized that only a credible and inclusive political process — based on mutual understanding and compromise by all stakeholders — can help to advance the prospects of durable peace, national reconciliation, democracy and respect for human rights in Myanmar. In this regard, the support of the international community, including countries in the region, for the good offices of the Secretary-General and the work of his Special Adviser continue to be essential to the continuation of those efforts. The Secretary- General welcomes and encourages the constructive role played by Myanmar’s neighbours and ASEAN member States in support of his good offices and the work of his Special Adviser. He further welcomes the April 2008 conclusion by the European Council on Myanmar and the July 2008 statements by ASEAN, the Group of Eight, the East Asian Summit, and the ASEAN Regional Forum, which all expressed support for his good offices and for the continued efforts of his Special Adviser. While the spirit of cooperation between Myanmar and the United Nations has been marked by improvement in recent months, including through the visits of the Secretary-General and of his Special Adviser, it remains a source of frustration that meaningful steps with tangible results have yet to be taken by the Myanmar authorities in response to the concerns and expectations of the United Nations and the international community in the context of the good offices process. Ultimately, the future of Myanmar rests with the Government and people of Myanmar. The role of the United Nations is to ascertain the positions of all parties and facilitate their efforts to work together through dialogue towards a mutually acceptable process of national reconciliation and democratization, in full respect of Myanmar’s sovereignty and in accordance with the expectations of the international community. Independently of any formal process, the political challenges of any transition to democracy require negotiated political solutions. As the country reaches a delicate juncture in its political development, there is no real alternative to a peaceful process of national reconciliation and now is the time for the Government and opposition alike to find ways to talk to each other and work together in the interest of the nation, with a view to advancing the shared objectives of peace, prosperity and democracy as the necessary foundations for long-term stability and development.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/63/356)
        Format/size: pdf (86K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 November 2008


        Title: GA 2007 (62nd Session): Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 22 October 2007
        Description/subject: Summary: The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 5 of General Assembly resolution 61/232. During the reporting period, two visits to Myanmar were undertaken in the context of the Secretary-General's good offices mandate. Following his first visit in May 2006, the Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs undertook a second visit from 9 to 12 November 2006 at the invitation of the Government. On 22 May 2007, the Secretary-General designated his Special Adviser on the International Compact with Iraq and Other Political Issues and former Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Ibrahim Gambari, to continue to pursue the good offices on his behalf. From June to August 2007, the Special Adviser engaged in extensive consultations with key interested countries, with a view to returning to Myanmar as soon as possible. In response to the demonstrations and crisis that broke out in the country on 19 August, which attracted unprecedented world attention and generated serious concerns within the international community, the Secretary-General on 26 September dispatched his Special Adviser to Myanmar, with the support of Myanmar's neighbours, the States members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the Security Council. The Special Adviser visited Myanmar from 29 September to 2 October. Each visit to Myanmar included meetings with both the Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council, Senior General Than Shwe, and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. In the course of these visits, five key areas of concern to the United Nations and the international community were identified on which the Government of Myanmar is expected to deliver concrete results: (a) the release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, or at least an improvement in her detention conditions, and a security review leading to the release of all political prisoners; (b) the need for a genuinely inclusive, participatory and transparent political process through which all the people of Myanmar can contribute to shaping their country's future; (c) the need for better cooperation with the United Nations and other humanitarian agencies with a view to ensuring free and unhindered humanitarian access, including the possibility of a technical assessment mission to border areas; (d) a cessation of hostilities in conflict areas, including Kayin State; and (e) the need for continued cooperation with the International Labour Organization on the establishment of a joint mechanism to evaluate forced labour complaints. Furthermore, the following guiding principles for the implementation of the good offices were welcomed by all key interested Member States: (a) the good offices is not an event but a process that will require sustained engagement through regular visits and consultations with all concerned; (b) Myanmar presents a complex situation that cannot be reduced to a single issue — however important that may be — but rather requires engagement on a broad range of political, human rights, humanitarian and socio-economic topics; (c) engagement cannot be an end in itself, but rather must yield concrete results; and (d) the international community needs to work together in order to encourage Myanmar to move in the right direction. Key interested countries also expressed concern to varying degrees about the situation in Myanmar, support for the Secretary-General's good offices and appreciation for the Special Adviser's efforts based on the above principles. Against a few modest but encouraging steps taken by the Government over the past year, the tragic events of recent weeks constituted a serious setback for Myanmar. The main objectives of the Special Adviser's visit to Myanmar during the recent crisis were threefold: (a) to assess the situation on the ground in the wake of recent demonstrations; (b) to deliver clear messages from the Secretary-General to the Myanmar authorities at the highest level in response to the situation; and (c) to try to promote dialogue between the Government and the opposition as the best path to ending the crisis and achieving national reconciliation. While the Secretary-General took note of the initial steps taken by the Government to de-escalate the crisis following the Special Adviser's visit, he remains concerned about continuing reports of human rights violations, particularly the excessive use of force and arbitrary detentions, and calls upon the authorities to put an immediate end to any abuses. The Secretary-General welcomes the announcement by the Government of a possible meeting between Senior General Than Shwe and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and the subsequent announcement of the appointment of a liaison officer to establish a channel of communication with her, as suggested by the Special Adviser. The Secretary-General urges both parties to display maximum flexibility in order to meet as soon as possible and stands ready to continue to use his good offices to help facilitate any efforts at dialogue. The Secretary-General further encourages the Government of Myanmar to seriously consider the recommendations made by his Special Adviser to address the underlying political and economic factors to the recent unrest, including the need to release all political prisoners, and the possibility of establishing a broad-based constitutional review commission and a broad-based poverty alleviation commission. A/62/498 07-55746 3 While the Secretary-General recognizes that the responsibility for the future of Myanmar rests ultimately with the Government and people of Myanmar, he believes that a return to the status quo that existed prior to the crisis would be unacceptable and unsustainable. The Secretary-General is thus committed to making every effort, including through the intensification of his good offices, so that the United Nations can continue to work in partnership with Myanmar and support its efforts towards national reconciliation, the transition to democracy and full respect for human rights as the necessary foundations for long-term stability and prosperity. This will require the sustained engagement of the United Nations, with the active support of the international community, including especially the countries in the region. In this connection, the Secretary-General welcomes the constructive role played by Myanmar's neighbours and the members of ASEAN, and encourages such efforts to continue. The Secretary-General also welcomes the Presidential statement adopted by the Security Council on 11 October 2007 (S/PRST/2007/37) in support of his good offices mandate, as well as Human Rights Council resolution S-5/1 on the situation of human rights in Myanmar. The more united the international community is, the better the prospects for arriving at the shared goals of peace, democracy and prosperity for the people of Myanmar."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/62/498)
        Format/size: pdf (66K)
        Date of entry/update: 30 October 2007


        Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 09 October 2006
        Description/subject: Summary: "The present report provides details on the good offices efforts undertaken by the Secretary-General aimed at facilitating national reconciliation and democratization in Myanmar, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 60/233 of 23 December 2005. During the reporting period, efforts were made by the United Nations to re-engage with the Myanmar authorities after no high-level contacts for nearly two years. Engagement at the appropriate senior level was considered critical if the Secretary-General was to exercise his good offices, especially after the resignation of his Special Envoy in January 2006. A series of discussions with the Government of Myanmar, through its Permanent Mission in New York, led to the visit to Myanmar by the Under- Secretary-General for Political Affairs in May 2006. The mission led by the Under- Secretary-General met with relevant stakeholders and raised issues of concern to the United Nations directly with the top leadership of the Government of Myanmar. Some developments have taken place as a follow-up to the mission. However, more tangible progress is needed, as a genuine process of democratization and national reconciliation has yet to be launched. While the Government's announcement that the National Convention would resume on 10 October 2006 is encouraging, there has been no indication to date that the process will be broadened to include representatives from the National League for Democracy and certain ethnic nationality political groups, or that the process will be altered so as to allow more meaningful involvement by participants. There is also concern over the slow pace and lack of inclusiveness of the road map process, as nearly three years have elapsed since its announcement and no clear outcome is yet in sight. The Secretary-General renews his call upon the Myanmar authorities to establish a substantive dialogue with the representatives of all ethnic nationality groups and political leaders. Such a dialogue should commence as soon as possible, starting with certain confidence-building measures, such as the release of a substantial number of political prisoners, the lifting of the remaining constraints on all political leaders, the reopening of offices of the National League for Democracy, and the inclusion of opposition and certain ethnic nationality groups in the ongoing road map process. If progress is made, the Secretary-General reiterates his readiness to help mobilize international assistance in supporting national reconciliation efforts so that the people of Myanmar can partake in the same benefits of economic, social and political development as those enjoyed in neighbouring countries."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A-61-504)
        Format/size: pdf (39 K)
        Date of entry/update: 20 October 2006


        Title: CHR 2006: Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 28 February 2006
        Description/subject: "...Despite the lack of progress in the national reconciliation process, the Secretary-General remains committed to offering his good offices. If progress occurs, the Secretary-General is prepared to do his utmost to mobilize all the necessary international assistance to support the Myanmar authorities in facilitating their national reconciliation efforts in order to ensure that the people of Myanmar can partake in the same benefits of economic, social and political development as are enjoyed in neighbouring countries."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2006/117)
        Format/size: pdf (22K)
        Date of entry/update: 01 April 2008


        Title: GA 2005 (60th Session): Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 10 October 2005
        Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is based upon the good offices efforts undertaken by the Secretary-General and his Special Envoy aimed at facilitating national reconciliation and democratization in Myanmar, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 59/263 of 23 December 2004. The Secretary-General believes that the National Convention, which is charged with drawing up the principles based upon which a new constitution will be drafted, and the seven-point road map towards democracy announced by the Myanmar authorities in 2003, have the potential to generate positive change. However, as he has stressed from the beginning, the road map process should be transparent and allinclusive in order to ensure its credibility. To date, the National Convention — whose reconvening in 2004 constituted the first step of the seven-point road map, has regrettably fallen short of satisfying these basic requirements. The Convention, which is expected to resume later in 2005, continues to exclude representatives from many political parties, including the National League for Democracy, and several ethnic nationality groups, as well as other crucial groups of society. It also fails, in its present format, to adhere to the recommendations made by successive resolutions of the General Assembly. The Secretary-General thus reiterates his call upon the Myanmar authorities to take the necessary steps to make the road map process more inclusive and credible when the Convention resumes later in 2005, and during subsequent phases of the road map process, including those for drafting the constitution and organizing a national referendum. As a first step towards that end, the Secretary-General encourages the Myanmar authorities to resume dialogue with the representatives of all ethnic nationality groups and political leaders. Such a step should commence as soon as possible and be followed by: further release of political prisoners; the lifting of the remaining constraints on all political leaders; reopening of offices of the National League for Democracy; and inclusion of the aforementioned groups in the ongoing road map process. The Secretary-General hopes to see these steps implemented by the first half of 2006. If progress occurs, the Secretary-General is prepared to do his utmost to mobilize all the necessary international assistance to support the Myanmar authorities in facilitating their national reconciliation efforts so that the people of Myanmar can partake in the same benefits of economic, social and political development as are enjoyed in neighbouring countries."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/60/422)
        Format/size: pdf (37 K)
        Date of entry/update: 19 October 2005


        Title: CHR 2005: Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 07 March 2005
        Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is based upon the good offices efforts undertaken by the Secretary-General and his Special Envoy, Razali Ismail, in facilitating national reconciliation and democratization in Myanmar, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 59/263 of 23 December 2004. The Secretary-General has maintained from the very beginning that the National Convention and subsequent stages in the seven-step road map for transition to democracy put forth by the Government of Myanmar in 2003 has the potential to be a positive step forward. He has stressed that to ensure credibility it is essential that the National Convention phase of the road map, which the Government reconvened in May 2004 to lay the foundations on which a new constitution is drafted, includes representatives of the National League for Democracy (NLD), other political parties and ethnic nationality groups, as well as other strata of society. The Secretary-General has similarly made it clear that all those involved in the National Convention must also be allowed to speak freely, openly and without restriction on the matters at hand. To date, however, the National Convention has regrettably fallen short of satisfying these basic requirements. On 17 February 2005, the Convention was again reconvened without the participation of representatives of the NLD and other political parties. Furthermore, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi not only remains under house arrest, but along with her deputy has also had her detention extended for a further year. Other political and ethnic leaders have also been arrested or detained, causing one ceasefire group to boycott the Convention. Most regrettably, it therefore remains the Secretary-General’s view that the National Convention, in its present format, does not adhere to the recommendations made by the General Assembly in successive resolutions. He thus reiterates his call on the Myanmar authorities, even at this late stage, to take the necessary steps to make the road map process more inclusive and credible. The Secretary-General also encourages the authorities to ensure that the third phase of the road map, the drafting of the constitution, is fully inclusive. A national referendum will be held after that. It is his considered view that unless this poll adheres to internationally accepted standards of conduct and participation, it may be difficult for the international community, including the countries of the region, to endorse the result. In furtherance of this objective, the Secretary-General once again appeals to the Myanmar authorities to resume without delay a substantive political dialogue with the representatives of all ethnic nationality groups and political leaders, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, to help achieve a genuine process of national reconciliation. He reiterates the need for the remaining constraints on all political leaders to be lifted, NLD offices to be allowed to reopen and political prisoners, including elected officials, to be released. In this context, the Secretary-General renews his readiness to facilitate national reconciliation efforts among all parties concerned. At the same time, however, he wishes to articulate his deep concern at the Myanmar authorities’ continued unwillingness to cooperate with his Special Envoy over the past year. The present situation casts serious doubt on the prospects for the United Nations to play an effective role as a facilitator in furtherance of the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly. He urges the authorities to demonstrate their commitment to a credible process of democratization and national reconciliation by allowing his Special Envoy to return to Myanmar to continue his facilitation efforts." "
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2005/130)
        Format/size: pdf (28K)
        Date of entry/update: 13 March 2005


        Title: GA 2004: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 16 August 2004
        Description/subject: Summary: The present report is based upon the good offices efforts undertaken by the Secretary-General and his Special Envoy, Razali Ismail, in attempting to facilitate national reconciliation and democratization in Myanmar, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 58/247 of 23 December 2003. The discussions that the Secretary-General and his Special Envoy have had separately with the Myanmar authorities during the reporting period focused on the need for the latter to make the seven-step road map for democratic transition, announced by Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt on 30 August 2003, a credible vehicle for national reconciliation and democratization by ensuring that it was all-inclusive and transparent from the beginning. During his mission in March 2004, the Special Envoy explained the United Nations position to the Government, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and the National League for Democracy, as well as to representatives of other political parties and ethnic nationality groups. On 17 May, however, the National Convention was reconvened without the participation of the National League for Democracy and some ethnic nationality political parties. Moreover, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and her deputy, U Tin Oo, who had been detained after the Depayin incident of 30 May 2003, remained under house arrest. Their status remains unchanged at the time of reporting. The Secretary-General is seriously concerned by the absence of an all-inclusive process of national reconciliation and democratization in Myanmar. Recalling the assurances given by the Government of Myanmar to his Special Envoy that the road map process would be all-inclusive, the Secretary-General urges Senior General Than Shwe and other senior leaders of the State Peace and Development Council to use the opportunity presented by the 9 July adjournment of the National Convention to lift, as a matter of priority, the remaining restrictions on Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; to commence a substantive dialogue with her and her party immediately; to take the necessary steps to ensure that the National Convention process is all-inclusive and open; and to ensure that the views of the delegates, including those already articulated by the ethnic nationality ceasefire groups, are adequately taken into account. Those actions, if taken, would provide the basis of a credible forum for a tripartite dialogue among the Government, the National League for Democracy and ethnic nationalities. In addition, the Secretary-General calls on the countries in the region, and especially the member States of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, to take a leading role in counselling the State Peace and Development Council to take the aforementioned steps. He also urges the Council to allow his Special Envoy to resume regular visits so that he can help to facilitate national reconciliation and democratization in the country. In that context, the Secretary-General notes with concern that repeated requests for his Special Envoy to be allowed to return to Myanmar (and similar requests made by the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, Paulo Sergio Pinheiro), have, to date, been considered “not convenient” by the Myanmar authorities. Under the circumstances, there can be no escaping the conclusion that Myanmar has not cooperated to the maximum extent possible with the United Nations; consequently, the United Nations facilitation efforts have not been as effective as they could have been. The Secretary-General is nevertheless determined to continue providing his good offices, on the basis of successive General Assembly resolutions and in support of the people of Myanmar, who have hitherto been prevented from enjoying the same benefits of economic, social and political development as their counterparts in neighbouring countries.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/59/269)
        Format/size: pdf (44 K)
        Date of entry/update: 23 September 2004


        Title: CHR 2004: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 03 March 2004
        Description/subject: ADVANCE EDITED VERSION Distr. GENERAL E/CN.4/2004/30 3 March 2004 Original: ENGLISH COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS Sixtieth session Item 9 of the provisional agenda QUESTION OF THE VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS IN ANY PART OF THE WORLD Situation of human rights in Myanmar Report of the Secretary-General
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2004/30)
        Format/size: pdf (101K)
        Date of entry/update: 23 March 2004


        Title: GA 2003: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar: Addendum
        Date of publication: 06 November 2003
        Description/subject: Update to incorporate the Special Envoy's visit to Burma, 30 September to 2 October 2003
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/58/325/Add.1)
        Format/size: pdf (39K)
        Date of entry/update: 19 November 2003


        Title: GA 2003: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 25 August 2003
        Description/subject: "...The present report is based upon the good offices efforts undertaken by the Secretary-General and his Special Envoy, Razali Ismail, in attempting to facilitate national reconciliation and democratization in Myanmar, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 57/231 of 18 December 2002. The discussions that the Secretary-General and his Special Envoy have had separately with the Myanmar authorities during this reporting period continued to focus on the issue of how the United Nations can be of assistance in facilitating the national reconciliation process in Myanmar. During this period, the optimism that followed the lifting of the remaining restrictions on Daw Aung San Suu Kyi on 11 May 2002 dissipated. Contrary to the expectations of the Myanmar people, who are overwhelmingly in favour of change, and the United Nations, there was no substantive progress towards national reconciliation and democratization in Myanmar. Following the events in northern Myanmar of 30 May, which resulted in the detention of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and other leaders of the National League for Democracy (NLD), Myanmar’s embryonic and home-grown national reconciliation process, as understood by the United Nations, was halted. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and other NLD leaders still remain detained and incommunicado at the time of this reporting. The Secretary- General remains gravely concerned about the safety and well-being of these NLD leaders and others detained after 30 May and reiterates his call for the Myanmar authorities to remove, without delay, all the restrictions imposed on their freedom of movement and political activities. He is also seriously concerned that the absence of 2 A/58/325 progress in the process of national reconciliation and democratization is to the detriment of the Myanmar people, who voted for change in 1990 and deserve to experience the same benefits of economic, civil, social and political development as their counterparts in neighbouring countries. The Secretary-General reiterates his determination to do his utmost to revive the national reconciliation process if all parties are willing. He particularly appeals to the leaders of the State Peace and Development Council to release Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and commence substantive political dialogue with her immediately, so that national reconciliation and democratization in Myanmar can be achieved at an early date, with the participation of all the interested parties concerned, and in a way that brings immediate and tangible benefits to the Myanmar people..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/58/325)
        Format/size: pdf (47K)
        Date of entry/update: 01 October 2003


        Title: CHR 2003: Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 10 March 2003
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2003/33)
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 2002: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 16 October 2002
        Description/subject: United Nations A/57/484 General Assembly Distr.: General 16 October 2002 Original: English Fifty-seventh session Agenda item 109 (c) Summary: "The present report is based upon the good offices undertaken by the Secretary- General and his Special Envoy, Razali Ismail, to facilitate national reconciliation and democratization in Myanmar, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 56/231 of 24 December 2001. The discussions that the Secretary-General and his Special Envoy have had separately with the Myanmar authorities during the reporting period have focused on the issue of how the United Nations, which has been facilitating the confidence-building talks that started between the Government and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in October 2000, can be of assistance in moving these discussions towards a more substantive dialogue. Some significant developments have taken place, including the restoration of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s freedom of movement on 6 May. However, substantive dialogue between the Government and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has not started yet. Concerned that the positive momentum generated since this spring will be lost unless some tangible progress is made in the near future, the Secretary-General reiterates his call on the Government and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to set aside their differences, unite for the larger cause of national reconciliation and start their political dialogue as soon as possible so that a national reconciliation acceptable to all interested parties in Myanmar can be achieved at an early date. * The present report is being submitted on 16 October 2002 so as to include as much up-to-date information as possible..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations A/57/484
        Format/size: pdf (53K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 2002: Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 18 March 2002
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2002/35)
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 2001: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 24 October 2001
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/56/505)
        Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/(Symbol)/A.56.505.En?Opendocument
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 2001: Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 22 March 2001
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2001/33)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 2000: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 20 October 2000
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/50/509)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 2000: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 24 March 2000
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2000/29)
        Alternate URLs: (Word) http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/cc1a061e9b9a4f76802568b20042ff3b/$FILE/G0011878.doc
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1999: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 27 October 1999
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/54/499)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1999: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 07 April 1999
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1999/29)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1998: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 10 November 1998
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/53/657)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1998: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 09 April 1998
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1998/163
        Format/size: pdf (234K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1997: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 10 November 1997
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/52/587)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1997: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 27 March 1997
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1997/129)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1996: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 08 November 1996
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/51/660)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1996: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 17 April 1996
        Language: English (Francais, Espanol non disponible)
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1996/157)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1995: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 24 November 1995
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/50/782)
        Format/size: pdf (19 K)
        Date of entry/update: 07 July 2005


        Title: CHR 1995: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 21 February 1995
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1995/150)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1994: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 25 November 1994
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/49/716)
        Format/size: pdf (17 K)
        Date of entry/update: 07 July 2005


      • The Secretary-General's reports on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (Russian)

        Individual Documents

        Title: GA 2013 (68th Session) : Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 19 August 2013
        Description/subject: Резюме Настоящий доклад , представленный во исполнение пункта 21 резолюции 67/233 Генеральной Ассамблеи , охватывает период с 25 августа 2012 года по 10 августа 2013 года . В течение этого периода в Мьянме произошли знаменательные события : продолжалось проведение начатых в 2011 году реформ посредством создания новых институтов и принятия новых законов на сессиях национального парламента и региональных ассамблей , а также достигнут значительный прогресс в национальном примирении на основе переговоров с бывшими вооруженными этническими группами и содействия добровольному возвращению и переселению перемещенных лиц . Правительство приняло ряд реформаторских мер , направленных на преобразование экономики на более рыночных основах , открыло новые секторы для иностранных инвестиций и внешней торговли и ввело меры по обеспечению большей транспарентности и борьбе с коррупцией . По мере расширения международных связей Мьянмы с внешним миром возникли новые проблемы . Рост напряженности в отношениях между общинами и инциденты с применением насилия по всей стране поставили под угрозу проводящиеся реформы . Организация Объединенных Наций продолжала осуществлять активное сотрудничество с Мьянмой и оказывала ей помощь .
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: Организация Объединенных Наций Генеральная Ассамблея (A/68/331)
        Format/size: pdf (309K)
        Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N13/431/12/pdf/N1343112.pdf?OpenElement
        Date of entry/update: 23 September 2013


        Title: GA 2012 (67th Session) : Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 24 August 2012
        Description/subject: Резюме : Настоящий доклад представлен в соответствии с пунктом 32 резолю- ции 66/230 Генеральной Ассамблеи и охватывает период с августа 2011 года по июль 2012 года. Это был примечательный, многообещающий год для Мьян- мы, богатый на перемены. Основываясь на первоначальных усилиях первой по- ловины 2011 года, новое гражданское правительство, возглавляемое президен- том Тейн Сейном, провело существенные коренные реформы с целью консоли- дировать демократию путем построения новых институтов; принятия новых за- конов в ходе активных сессий национального парламента и региональных ас- самблей; взаимодействия с различными этническими группами с целью содей- ствовать миру и национальному примирению через всеобъемлющие консульта- ции; и поощрения добровольного возвращения и расселения перемещенного населения; освобождения существенного количества политических заключен- ных, в том числе ряда видных деятелей; и принятия мер по проведению эконо- мических реформ, целью которых является преобразование в основном центра- лизованной экономики в развивающуюся рыночную экономику, открытую для иностранных инвестиций и торговли. Изменение политической обстановки, произошедшее после встречи президента Тейн Сейна с г-жой Аун Сан Су Чжи в августе 2011 года, дало возможность пересмотреть законы о выборах, что по- зволило Национальной лиге за демократию спустя более чем 20 лет вновь при- нять участие в выборах и убедительно получить 43 из 45 мест по результатам дополнительных выборов, состоявшихся 1 апреля 2012 года. Прошедший год также был ознаменован коренными изменениями в отношениях между Мьян- мой и международным сообществом. Государства — члены Ассоциации госу- дарств Юго-Восточной Азии (АСЕАН) предоставили Мьянме право принимать у себя саммит АСЕАН в 2014 году. В то же время возобновление двусторонних отношений на высоком уровне между Мьянмой и Соединенными Штатами Америки, Европейским союзом и другими заинтересованными странами приве- ло к коренным изменениям в политике этих стран, включая пересмотр, приос- тановление или отмену их санкций в отношении Мьянмы. Получили дальней- шее развитие отношения с Организацией Объединенных Наций, что позволило возобновить нормальные процессы реализации ограниченных программ и обеспечило более активное сотрудничество с различными учреждениями Орга- низации в поддержку повсеместного политического и социоэкономического развития страны и удовлетворения гуманитарных потребностей. Я посетил Мьянму с визитом с 29 апреля по 1 мая 2012 года — это был мой третий визит в эту страну в качестве Генерального секретаря.
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: Организация Объединенных Наций Генеральная Ассамблея (A/67/333)
        Format/size: pdf (331K)
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N12/472/27/PDF/N1247227.pdf?OpenElement
        Date of entry/update: 02 October 2012


        Title: GA 2011 (66th Session) : Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 05 August 2011
        Description/subject: Резюме Настоящий доклад представлен в соответствии с пунктом 30 резолю- ции 65/241 Генеральной Ассамблеи и охватывает период с 26 августа 2010 года по 4 августа 2011 года. В ходе отчетного периода под руководством Государст- венного совета мира и развития были реализованы остальные шаги в рамках политической «дорожной карты», а именно: 7 ноября 2010 года были проведены всеобщие выборы; в январе 2011 года был созван новый парламент; а 30 марта 2011 года Совет передал власть новому правительству. В ходе этого процесса Совет был официально распущен. Через неделю после выборов, 13 ноября 2010 года, г-жа Аун Сан Су Чжи была отпущена на свободу после семи лет до- машнего ареста.
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: Организация Объединенных Наций Генеральная Ассамблея (A/66/267)
        Format/size: pdf (325K)
        Date of entry/update: 08 September 2011


        Title: GA 2010 (65th Session) : Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 14 September 2010
        Description/subject: Резюме Настоящий доклад представляется в соответствии с резолюцией 64/238 Генеральной Ассамблеи и охватывает период с 26 августа 2009 года по 25 августа 2010 года. После перевода на другую работу Ибрахима Гамбари 1 января 2010 года я назначил руководителя моего аппарата Виджая Намбияра Специальным советником для осуществления контроля за выполнением манда- та в области оказания добрых услуг. За период, прошедший после моего последнего посещения Мьянмы в ию- ле 2009 года, имеют место определенные признаки гибкости со стороны вла- стей Мьянмы применительно к моим предложениям, например освобождение 17 сентября 2009 года более 130 политических заключенных в рамках более широкой амнистии. Однако содержание под стражей других политических за- ключенных и продолжающийся домашний арест г-жи Аун Сан Су Чжи по-прежнему вызывают серьезную озабоченность. Вызывает сожаление тот факт, что не используются новые возможности для достижения прогресса в предметном политическом диалоге между ключевыми действующими лицами. В течение отчетного периода постоянно предпринимались усилия, на- правленные на налаживание взаимодействия между властями Мьянмы и клю- чевыми действующими лицами, в целях реализации задач, предусмотренных мандатом в области оказания добрых услуг. Однако правительство не направи- ло приглашение моему Специальному советнику, с тем чтобы он мог вступить в более тесный контакт с органами власти и другими заинтересованными сто- ронами в стране в течение периода, прошедшего после моего последнего визи- та. Отсутствие предметного взаимодействия вызывает чувство разочарования. Кроме того, это — упущенная для Мьянмы возможность. Государства-члены заинтересованы в том, чтобы Мьянма оказывала необходимое содействие, и они обязаны активно добиваться этого. Предстоящие выборы — первые в стране за последние 20 лет — являются одним из важнейших испытаний в плане обеспечения мира, демократии и про- цветания в стране. Высшее руководство Мьянмы неоднократно выступало с за- явлениями о том, что оно привержено делу проведения свободных и справед- ливых выборов. Правительство издало законы о выборах, назначило Союзную избирательную комиссию в составе 18 членов и объявило, что выборы состоят- ся 7 ноября 2010 года. По состоянию на 25 августа Комиссия утвердила заявки на регистрацию 42 из 47 политических партий для участия в выборах, включая 5 из 10 партий, которые участвовали в проведенных в 1990 году выборах и бы- ли повторно зарегистрированы. В то время как это дает основания полагать, что политическое пространство может быть открытым по сравнению со стан- дартами прошлых двух десятилетий, еще более необходимо, чтобы власти обеспечили проведение всеохватных, внушающих доверие, с участием широ- кой общественности и транспарентных выборов. В этой связи я вновь обраща- юсь с призывом об освобождении всех политических заключенных, включая г-жу Аун Сан Су Чжи, что стало бы четким сигналом готовности к практиче- скому проявлению такой приверженности. В течение отчетного периода Специальный советник предпринимал уси- лия по взаимодействию на высоком уровне с соответствующими подразделе- ниями Организации Объединенных Наций, такими как междепартаментская рабочая группа по Мьянме, и в ходе таких контактов было определен целый ряд общесистемных приоритетов. Экономическая и социальная комиссия для Азии и Тихого океана (ЭСКАТО) продолжала проводить широкомасштабный политический диалог с правительством, направленный на установление при- оритетов и решение проблем этой страны в области развития. Страновая груп- па Организации Объединенных Наций и правительство заключили соглашение по вопросу о двухгодичной совместной гуманитарной инициативе по штату Северный Ракхайн. По прошествии двух лет после создания правительством, Организацией Объединенных Наций и Ассоциацией стран Юго-Восточной Азии (АСЕАН) механизма Трехсторонней основной группы действие его ман- дата истекло 31 июля 2010 года, и власти Мьянмы воздали ему должное и вы- разили ему признательность. Мьянма должна добиться прогресса в преодолении его двоякого наследия, которое заключается в политическом тупике и вооруженном конфликте. Парал- лельное решение проблем в области уважения прав человека, национального примирения и демократизации является существенно важной целью, которую все еще предстоит достичь. Чрезвычайно важно стремиться к диалогу и со- трудничеству между всеми действующими лицами, а также обеспечивать более высокую степень политической, социальной и экономической открытости. Я готов продолжать сотрудничество с правительством и народом Мьянмы, с тем чтобы содействовать их усилиям, направленным на успешный переход к внушающему доверие гражданскому и демократическому правлению. Мьянма извлечет значительную пользу из накопленного Организацией Объединенных Наций обширного опыта и ее усилий по оказанию помощи в гуманитарной и социально-экономической областях. Я вновь обращаюсь с призывом о том, что- бы ключевые заинтересованные государства-члены, региональные организа- ции, многосторонние действующие лица в области развития и международные финансовые учреждения руководствовались единой целью в своих действиях, с тем чтобы стимулировать всех внутригосударственных действующих лиц к со- действию в целях проведения позитивных преобразований, отвечающих на- циональным интересам Мьянмы.
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/65/367)
        Format/size: pdf (317 K)
        Date of entry/update: 27 October 2010


        Title: GA 2008 (63rd Session): Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 17 September 2008
        Description/subject: Summary: The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 6 of General Assembly resolution 62/222. On 22 May 2007, the Secretary-General designated his Special Adviser on the International Compact with Iraq and Other Political Issues and former Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Ibrahim Gambari, to continue to pursue the good offices on his behalf. During the reporting period, from 23 October 2007 to 5 September 2008, the Special Adviser visited Myanmar three times at the invitation of the Government, in November 2007, March 2008 and August 2008. On each visit, the Special Adviser was able to engage with representatives of both the Government of Myanmar and the opposition. During his visits and in all his discussions with representatives of the Government, opposition and other stakeholders, the Special Adviser continued his efforts on behalf of the Secretary-General to promote national reconciliation, the restoration of democracy and respect for human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with the objectives of relevant General Assembly resolutions. To that end, the Special Adviser focused on the following five key areas of concern to the United Nations and the international community, as endorsed by the Group of Friends of the Secretary-General and in the Security Council: (a) the release of all political prisoners, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; (b) the need for an enhanced, substantive and time-bound dialogue between the Government and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; (c) the need for an inclusive and credible political transition process to civilian and democratic government; (d) avenues for improving socio-economic conditions, including through a broad-based national mechanism; and (e) ways to regularize the process of mutual engagement and cooperation through the good offices process. In consultations with Member States, the Secretary-General and the Special Adviser also reiterated four guiding principles for the implementation of the Secretary-General’s good offices mandate, namely: (a) the good offices are a process, not an event, and require sustained engagement through regular visits and consultations with all concerned; (b) the situation in Myanmar requires comprehensive engagement on a broad range of political, human rights, humanitarian and socio-economic issues; (c) engagement cannot be an end in itself, but must yield concrete results; and (d) the international community needs to continue to work together constructively in support of the goals of the good offices. Following the designation, on 8 October 2007, of the Minister for Relations with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, they both met together five times between November 2007 and January 2008. This marked the first attempt at a dialogue between the Government and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi since 2003. In addition, for the first time in four years, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was allowed to meet twice with the Central Executive Committee of the National League for Democracy (NLD). On 9 February 2008, the Government of Myanmar for the first time made public a time frame for the next steps in its political “road map” process towards the establishment of a civilian and democratic government, announcing that a national referendum on a draft constitution would be held in May 2008, followed by multiparty elections in 2010. On 2 May 2008, cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar, leaving an estimated 140,000 people dead or missing, and an estimated 2.4 million people severely affected. In response to the cyclone, the Secretary-General visited Myanmar on 22 and 23 May 2008, marking the first visit to that country by a Secretary-General of the United Nations in 44 years. Following the Secretary-General’s discussions with State Peace and Development Council Chairman Senior General Than Shwe, access for international aid workers was facilitated, and a Tripartite Core Group coordination mechanism was set up between the Government of Myanmar, the United Nations and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to facilitate an effective largescale humanitarian response. On 25 May 2008, the Secretary-General returned to Myanmar to co-chair a joint high-level pledging conference in Yangon with the Government of Myanmar and ASEAN. On 10 May 2008, the Government of Myanmar held a constitutional referendum as planned, despite the Secretary-General’s call to it to dedicate all available resources to the emergency humanitarian response as a matter of priority. Voting was postponed to 24 May 2008 in the 47 townships most affected by the cyclone. On 29 May 2008, the Government announced that the draft constitution had been formally adopted, with a reported 92.48 per cent approval and 98.12 per cent turnout of voters. On 27 May 2008, the Government of Myanmar extended the house arrest of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. In a statement issued on the same day, the Secretary- General expressed his disappointment at the Government’s decision and stressed that the release and ability of all political prisoners to take part in the political process remained at the forefront of discussions with the Government of Myanmar in the context of his good offices. From 4 to 7 August 2008, the new Special Rapporteur for Human Rights, Tomás Ojea Quintana, made his first visit to Myanmar at the invitation of the Government. This followed a visit by his predecessor, Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, in November 2007, at the behest of the Special Adviser, after four years without being granted access to the country. It also followed the adoption, on 28 March and 18 June 2008, by the Human Rights Council, of two resolutions (7/31 and 8/14) urging Myanmar, inter alia, to cooperate with the Special Adviser. Following the official announcement of the adoption of a new Constitution, the Government of Myanmar has expressed its determination to proceed with multiparty elections by 2010, the fifth step in its seven-step road map. At the same time, a number of key stakeholders, including NLD, have formally stated their rejection of the new Constitution and the process by which it was adopted. Thus, despite the Government’s efforts in implementing its road map process, the political situation in Myanmar has become even more complex and challenging, drawing increased attention from the international community. The Secretary-General and his Special Adviser have consistently emphasized that only a credible and inclusive political process — based on mutual understanding and compromise by all stakeholders — can help to advance the prospects of durable peace, national reconciliation, democracy and respect for human rights in Myanmar. In this regard, the support of the international community, including countries in the region, for the good offices of the Secretary-General and the work of his Special Adviser continue to be essential to the continuation of those efforts. The Secretary- General welcomes and encourages the constructive role played by Myanmar’s neighbours and ASEAN member States in support of his good offices and the work of his Special Adviser. He further welcomes the April 2008 conclusion by the European Council on Myanmar and the July 2008 statements by ASEAN, the Group of Eight, the East Asian Summit, and the ASEAN Regional Forum, which all expressed support for his good offices and for the continued efforts of his Special Adviser. While the spirit of cooperation between Myanmar and the United Nations has been marked by improvement in recent months, including through the visits of the Secretary-General and of his Special Adviser, it remains a source of frustration that meaningful steps with tangible results have yet to be taken by the Myanmar authorities in response to the concerns and expectations of the United Nations and the international community in the context of the good offices process. Ultimately, the future of Myanmar rests with the Government and people of Myanmar. The role of the United Nations is to ascertain the positions of all parties and facilitate their efforts to work together through dialogue towards a mutually acceptable process of national reconciliation and democratization, in full respect of Myanmar’s sovereignty and in accordance with the expectations of the international community. Independently of any formal process, the political challenges of any transition to democracy require negotiated political solutions. As the country reaches a delicate juncture in its political development, there is no real alternative to a peaceful process of national reconciliation and now is the time for the Government and opposition alike to find ways to talk to each other and work together in the interest of the nation, with a view to advancing the shared objectives of peace, prosperity and democracy as the necessary foundations for long-term stability and development.
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/63/356)
        Format/size: pdf (313K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 November 2008


        Title: CHR 2005: Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 07 March 2005
        Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is based upon the good offices efforts undertaken by the Secretary-General and his Special Envoy, Razali Ismail, in facilitating national reconciliation and democratization in Myanmar, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 59/263 of 23 December 2004. The Secretary-General has maintained from the very beginning that the National Convention and subsequent stages in the seven-step road map for transition to democracy put forth by the Government of Myanmar in 2003 has the potential to be a positive step forward. He has stressed that to ensure credibility it is essential that the National Convention phase of the road map, which the Government reconvened in May 2004 to lay the foundations on which a new constitution is drafted, includes representatives of the National League for Democracy (NLD), other political parties and ethnic nationality groups, as well as other strata of society. The Secretary-General has similarly made it clear that all those involved in the National Convention must also be allowed to speak freely, openly and without restriction on the matters at hand. To date, however, the National Convention has regrettably fallen short of satisfying these basic requirements. On 17 February 2005, the Convention was again reconvened without the participation of representatives of the NLD and other political parties. Furthermore, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi not only remains under house arrest, but along with her deputy has also had her detention extended for a further year. Other political and ethnic leaders have also been arrested or detained, causing one ceasefire group to boycott the Convention. Most regrettably, it therefore remains the Secretary-General’s view that the National Convention, in its present format, does not adhere to the recommendations made by the General Assembly in successive resolutions. He thus reiterates his call on the Myanmar authorities, even at this late stage, to take the necessary steps to make the road map process more inclusive and credible. The Secretary-General also encourages the authorities to ensure that the third phase of the road map, the drafting of the constitution, is fully inclusive. A national referendum will be held after that. It is his considered view that unless this poll adheres to internationally accepted standards of conduct and participation, it may be difficult for the international community, including the countries of the region, to endorse the result. In furtherance of this objective, the Secretary-General once again appeals to the Myanmar authorities to resume without delay a substantive political dialogue with the representatives of all ethnic nationality groups and political leaders, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, to help achieve a genuine process of national reconciliation. He reiterates the need for the remaining constraints on all political leaders to be lifted, NLD offices to be allowed to reopen and political prisoners, including elected officials, to be released. In this context, the Secretary-General renews his readiness to facilitate national reconciliation efforts among all parties concerned. At the same time, however, he wishes to articulate his deep concern at the Myanmar authorities’ continued unwillingness to cooperate with his Special Envoy over the past year. The present situation casts serious doubt on the prospects for the United Nations to play an effective role as a facilitator in furtherance of the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly. He urges the authorities to demonstrate their commitment to a credible process of democratization and national reconciliation by allowing his Special Envoy to return to Myanmar to continue his facilitation efforts."
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2005/130)
        Format/size: pdf (106K)
        Date of entry/update: 01 April 2008


        Title: GA 2001: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 24 October 2001
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/56/505)
        Format/size: Word (63K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 2001: Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 22 March 2001
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2001/33)
        Format/size: PDF (112K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 2000: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 20 October 2000
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/55/509)
        Format/size: PDF (129K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 2000: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 24 March 2000
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/2000/29)
        Format/size: PDF (56K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1999: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 27 October 1999
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/54/499)
        Format/size: PDF (43K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1999: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 07 April 1999
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1999/29)
        Format/size: PDF (35K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1998: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 10 November 1998
        Language: Russian)
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/53/657)
        Format/size: PDF (46K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1998: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 09 April 1998
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1998/163)
        Format/size: PDF (237K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1997: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 10 November 1997
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/52/587)
        Format/size: PDF (45K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1997: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 27 March 1997
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1997/129)
        Format/size: PDF (45K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1996: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 08 November 1996
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/51/660)
        Format/size: PDF (47K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1995: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 16 October 1995
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/50/568)
        Format/size: PDF (48K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: CHR 1995: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 21 February 1995
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (E/CN.4/1995/150)
        Format/size: PDF (38K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        Title: GA 1994: Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar (Russian)
        Date of publication: 25 November 1994
        Language: Russian
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/49/716)
        Format/size: PDF (48K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    • UN Secretary-General's statements on Burma/Myanmar

      Individual Documents

      Title: Activities of the Secretary-General in Myanmar, 03 - 04 Jul
      Date of publication: 06 July 2009
      Description/subject: United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon arrived in Yangon from Singapore in the morning of Friday 3 July, for a two-day visit to Myanmar. From Yangon, he travelled by air to Nay Pyi Taw, the administrative capital of Myanmar, for the first of two meetings with Senior General Than Shwe, senior members of the State Peace and Development Council and with other Government officials.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations Secretary-General (SG/T/2686)
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 08 July 2009


      Title: Ban Ki-moon's Speech in Bangkok [to the media]
      Date of publication: 06 July 2009
      Description/subject: REMARKS TO THE MEDIA [including Q&A], Bangkok, 4 July 2009: "Good evening. Thank you for coming to meet me at this late hour of the day. As you know, I have just come from a two-day visit to Myanmar. I met twice the Senior General Than Shwe, and I had discussions with other government officials. I also met with leaders of Myanmar’s registered political parties and with those former armed groups that have chosen to observe a cease-fire. This morning I also had time to visit Kyon Da Village in the Irrawaddy Delta to see the results of recovery and reconstruction work. Let me first address my meetings with Senior General Than Shwe. As you know by now, I asked to meet with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. I am deeply disappointed that Senior General Than Shwe refused my request. Allowing a visit to Daw Aung San Suu Kyi would have been an important symbol of the government’s willingness to embark on the kind of meaningful engagement that will be essential if the elections in 2010 are to be seen as credible..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 06 July 2009


      Title: Secretary-General, quoting predecessor U Thant, says Myanmar Government has missed 'unique opportunity' to match country's early commitment to human rights
      Date of publication: 06 July 2009
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations Secretary-General
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 08 July 2009


      Title: UN Secretary-General: Remarks on Myanmar to diplomatic missions, UN agencies and non-governmental organizations
      Date of publication: 05 July 2009
      Description/subject: This statement was made in Rangoon on 4 July..."...neither peace nor development can thrive without democracy and respect for human rights. Myanmar is no exception...the primary responsibility lies with the Government to move the country towards its stated goals of national reconciliation and democracy. Failure to do so will prevent the people of Myanmar from realizing their full potential...Myanmar's human rights record remains a matter of grave concern...The upcoming election -- the first in twenty years -- must be inclusive, participatory and transparent if it is to be credible. Myanmar's way forward must be rooted in respect for human rights This is why I say that all political prisoners, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, should be released without delay. When I met General Than Shwe yesterday and today, I asked to visit Ms. Suu Kyi. I am deeply disappointed that he refused. I believe the government of Myanmar has lost a unique opportunity to show its commitment to a new era of political openness..."
      Author/creator: UNSG Ban Ki-Moon
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations Office of the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General (OSSG)
      Format/size: pdf (68K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/MYAI-7TN67F?OpenDocument&rc=3&emid=TC-2008-000057-MMR
      Date of entry/update: 05 July 2009


  • UN Human Rights entities working on Burma (Myanmar)
    See also the Human Rights section for human rights standards and UN mechanisms in several areas (discrimination, children, labour rights, freedom of expression etc.) as well as reports of human rights violations. Also use the alphabetical list and Search function...N.B. many UN web pages require disablement of your firewall oo access documents.

    • United Nations General Assembly (GA)

      • Statements and documents submitted to the GA by Myanmar

        Individual Documents

        Title: Letter dated 24 October 2012 from the Permanent Representative of Myanmar to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General
        Date of publication: 24 October 2012
        Description/subject: "...1. A country-specific resolution on Myanmar was first tabled by the European Union in the Third Committee of the General Assembly in 1991. Since then it has become a ritual for the European Union to do the same on a yearly basis. 2. Myanmar has all along rejected the resolution and dissociated itself from the adoption thereof. This approach is taken for a couple of reasons. Firstly, as a matter of principle, Myanmar rejects country-specific resolutions. Secondly, the resolution did not reflect nor recognize the realities on the ground. It mainly relies on unsubstantiated information leading to erroneous conclusions. The draft resolutions are usually influenced by the recommendations and observations of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, whose views are usually focused only on the perspective of ideal standards of human rights without giving due consideration to the broader aspects of national reconciliation and peace and stability of the country. 3. This memorandum is intended to provide States Members of the United Nations with objective information on the human rights situation in Myanmar. It is our hope that it will be able to rectify the misperception and misunderstanding that may still persist about Myanmar..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/C.3/67/4)
        Format/size: pdf (60K)
        Date of entry/update: 19 November 2012


        Title: Response by Ambassador H.E. U Thaung Tun, Representative of the Union of Myanmar to the Oral Presentation by Special Rapporteur Professor Paulo Sergio Pinheiro,
        Date of publication: 24 October 2007
        Description/subject: Response by Ambassador H.E. U Thaung Tun Representative of the Union of Myanmar to the Oral Presentation by Special Rapporteur Professor Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, in the Third Committee at the 62nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly..."...the Special Rapporteur's report on Myanmar as contained in document A/62/223 is less than objective and is replete with unfounded allegations. It is essentially the same as that of the last year and largely reproduces allegations emanating from insurgents and expatriate groups opposed to the government. However, to his credit the Special Rapporteur acknowledges in paragraph 62 of the report that he was not able to verify the accuracy of the allegations received. He attributes this to the fact that he was unable to visit the country in recent years. In reality, the Distinguished Professor is someone who is not unfamiliar with the complex situation obtaining in Myanmar, the multitude of challenges it faces and the efforts of the Government to promote political, economic and socio-cultural development. The Professor in fact has no difficulty to exchange views on the situation in Myanmar with interested parties including the Myanmar Missions to the United Nations in New York and Geneva. It is also possible for him to verify the reports he receives by communicating with the Myanmar Government and the UN Country Team. Unsubstantiated allegations have no place in a Special Rapporteur's report..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission, New York
        Format/size: pdf (133K)
        Date of entry/update: 30 October 2007


        Title: GA 2003: Statement on the Draft Resolution entitled "Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar" delivered by His Excellency U Kyaw Tint Swe to the Third Committee
        Date of publication: 24 November 2003
        Description/subject: 58th United Nations General Assembly
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations
        Format/size: html (49K)
        Date of entry/update: 06 December 2003


        Title: GA 2003: Statement by HE Mya Than
        Date of publication: 13 November 2003
        Description/subject: In the General Debate of the 1st Committee
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 02 November 2003


        Title: GA 2003: Memorandum concerning the situation of human rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 22 October 2003
        Language: English, Francais, French
        Source/publisher: SPDC via UN
        Format/size: pdf
        Alternate URLs: http://ods-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N03/576/04/PDF/N0357604.pdf?OpenElement (version en francais)
        Date of entry/update: 10 February 2004


        Title: GA 2003: Statement by HE U Win Aung, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Chairman of the Delegation of the Union of Myanmar
        Date of publication: 29 September 2003
        Description/subject: at the fifty-eighth General Assembly of the United Nations, New York
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations
        Format/size: html
        Alternate URLs: http://www.mofa.gov.mm/speeches/58_unga.html
        Date of entry/update: 02 October 2003


        Title: Statement by H.E. U Win Aung
        Date of publication: 19 September 2002
        Description/subject: Statement by His Excellency U Win Aung, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Chairman of the Delegation at the 57th General Assembly of the United Nations "...Cooperation with the United Nations is the cornerstone of Myanmar's Foreign Policy..."
        Author/creator: Myanmar
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations
        Format/size: HTML (18K)
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      • Documents and reports for the GA from the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma

        Individual Documents

        Title: GA 2002: NCGUB Briefing Paper
        Date of publication: 02 October 2002
        Description/subject: Briefing paper on the current political and human rights situation in Burma 2002. For the 57th Session of the UN General Assemblys resolution on the human rights situation in Myanmar [Burma]. Prepared by the Burma UN Service Office of the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma, 2 October 2002. Contents: Summary; Suggested Language for the Resolution ; The Move Towards a Genuine and Substantive Dialogue ; Political Prisoners and Political Activities ; The Judicial System and Unjust Laws and Orders ; The National Convention; Continued violations of human rights and widespread discriminatory practices against ethnic and religious minorities; Forced displacement; Women; Children; Refugees and IDPs; Landmines; Forced Labor; Restrictions on religious freedom ; Humanitarian concerns; The Economic situation; Appendix I: Aide Memoire Impact of Armed Conflict on the Children of Burma.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: NCGUB
        Format/size: html (385K) 38 pages
        Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      • Reports to the GA on the situation of human rights in Myanmar

        • Informes al AG del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Español)

          Individual Documents

          Title: AG 2013 (68me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Español)
          Date of publication: 23 September 2013
          Description/subject: Resumen: "En el presente informe, el Relator Especial expone que las reformas que se están llevando a cabo en Myanmar siguen generando la perspectiva de que la situación de los derechos humanos en el país va a mejorar de un modo sustancial. Entre los principales acontecimientos ocurridos durante el período objeto de informe figuran la liberación constante de presos de conciencia, la mejora del respeto del derecho a la libertad de opinión y de expresión, y los avances en pos de un acuerdo nacional de cesación del fuego. El Relator Especial subraya, no obstante, los peligros de restar importancia a las carencias existentes en la esfera de los derechos humanos, o de dar por supuesto que dichas carencias se abordarán inevitablemente gracias al impulso de las reformas actuales. El autor del informe advierte de que, si no se abordan ahora esas deficiencias, se irán acentuando progresivamente en ámbitos como la rendición de cuentas sobre las violaciones de los derechos humanos, los derechos de las minorías étnicas y religiosas, los derechos de libertad de reunión y de asociación pacífica, la representación de las mujeres en puestos de adopción de decisiones, los derechos sobre la tierra y los derechos humanos y el desarrollo. Además, si no se afrontan de conformidad con las normas internacionales de derechos humanos, es posible que minen el proceso mismo de reforma. El Relator Especial concluye que el reto, ya planteado desde el inicio del proceso de reforma, es conseguir pasar de la mentalidad militar predominante en el seno del Gobierno a una concepción democrática que defienda los derechos humanos."
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: Español, Spanish
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas. Asamblea General (A/68/397)
          Format/size: pdf (243K)
          Alternate URLs: http://daccess-ods.un.org/access.nsf/Get?Open&DS=A/68/397&Lang=S
          Date of entry/update: 24 October 2013


          Title: AG 2012 (67me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar ( Español)
          Date of publication: 25 September 2012
          Description/subject: Resumen: "Durante el período al que se refiere el informe han vuelto a registrarse en Myanmar rápidos y significativos cambios, que pueden seguir mejorando la situación de los derechos humanos en el país, aunque la persistencia de problemas que son motivo de inquietud desde hace tiempo sigue suponiendo un riesgo para el proceso de reforma."..... Índice: Página I. Introducción... II. Situación de los derechos humanos: A. Presos de conciencia; B. Condiciones de detención y tratamiento de los reclusos; C. Otras cuestiones relativas a los derechos civiles y políticos; D. Sociedad civil; E. Derechos económicos, sociales y culturales... III. Situación de las minorías étnicas... IV. Situación en el estado de Rakhine... V. Transición democrática y establecimiento del estado de derecho... VI. Verdad, justicia y rendición de cuentas... VII. Conclusiones ... VIII. Recomendaciones.
          Language: Español, Spanish
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas. Asamblea General (A/67/383)
          Format/size: pdf (214K)
          Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N12/520/51/PDF/N1252051.pdf?OpenElement
          Date of entry/update: 22 October 2012


          Title: AG 2011 (66me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
          Date of publication: 16 September 2011
          Description/subject: Resumen: Este es un momento clave en la historia de Myanmar y existen oportunidades reales de lograr cambios positivos y significativos para mejorar la situación de los derechos humanos y profundizar la transición hacia la democracia. El nuevo Gobierno ha adoptado una serie de medidas para alcanzar estos fines. Sin embargo, sigue habiendo muchas cuestiones de derechos humanos pendientes que deben abordarse. El nuevo Gobierno debe redoblar sus esfuerzos para cumplir sus propios compromisos y sus obligaciones internacionales en materia de derechos humanos. La comunidad internacional debe mantener su compromiso y permanecer atenta a la evolución de las circunstancias. La comunidad internacional también debe apoyar y ayudar al Gobierno durante esta importante etapa. El Relator Especial reafirma su voluntad de trabajar de manera constructiva y cooperar con Myanmar para mejorar la situación de su pueblo en materia de derechos humanos.
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: Español, Spanish
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas - Asamblea General (A/66/365 )
          Format/size: pdf (226K)
          Date of entry/update: 20 October 2011


          Title: AG 2010 (65me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
          Date of publication: 15 September 2010
          Description/subject: Resumen: Este informe se presenta en cumplimiento de la resolución 13/25 del Consejo de Derechos Humanos y de la resolución 64/238 de la Asamblea General, y se refiere a la evolución de la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar desde el informe que presentó el Relator Especial al Consejo de Derechos Humanos en marzo de 2010 (A/HRC/13/48). El 13 de agosto de 2010, el Gobierno de Myanmar anunció, tras mucho tiempo de espera, que las elecciones nacionales se celebrarían el 7 de noviembre de 2010. El presente informe se centra en los derechos humanos en relación con las elecciones, y en el asunto de la justicia y la rendición de cuentas. En las actuales circunstancias, las condiciones para unas elecciones auténticas son limitadas, y la posibilidad de que estas elecciones conlleven un cambio significativo y una mejora en la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar continúa siendo incierto. En relación con el tema de la justicia y la rendición de cuentas, el Relator Especial observa que, si bien el Gobierno de Myanmar es el principal responsable de abordar el problema de las flagrantes y sistemáticas violaciones de los derechos humanos por todas las partes, dicha responsabilidad recae en la comunidad internacional si el Gobierno no la asume. El Relator Especial recomienda al Gobierno de Myanmar que respete la libertad de expresión y opinión, así como la de reunión y asociación, en el contexto de las elecciones nacionales; ponga en libertad a todos los prisioneros de conciencia; aborde el asunto de la justicia y la rendición de cuentas; aplique los cuatro componentes básicos de los derechos humanos detallados en sus informes anteriores; y facilite el acceso a la asistencia humanitaria y continúe aumentando su cooperación con el sistema internacional de derechos humanos.
          Language: Espanol, Spanish
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas -- Asamblea General (A/65/368)
          Format/size: pdf (137K)
          Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N10/534/80/pdf/N1053480.pdf?OpenElement
          Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


          Title: AG 2009 (64me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
          Date of publication: 24 September 2009
          Description/subject: Resumen: "El presente informe se presenta en cumplimiento de la resolución 63/245 de la Asamblea General y la resolución 10/27 del Consejo de Derechos Humanos, y debe leerse junto con el informe del Relator Especial al Consejo de Derechos Humanos en su décimo período de sesiones (A/HRC/10/19), ya que se centra principalmente en los acontecimientos en materia de derechos humanos ocurridos en Myanmar después de la presentación de ese informe. En el período bajo examen el juicio de Aung San Suu Kyi fue el acontecimiento más importante. Los 18 meses adicionales de arresto domiciliario le impiden participar activamente en las elecciones de 2010. El Relator Especial considera que la continuación de su arresto domiciliario es un golpe a la hoja de ruta en siete etapas para la transición a la democracia del Gobierno y lamenta que el Gobierno de Myanmar haya perdido otra oportunidad de demostrar su compromiso con la celebración de unas elecciones no excluyentes, libres e imparciales. El informe se concentra en las cuestiones de la protección de los derechos humanos. En particular, destaca la situación de los presos de conciencia, su derecho a un juicio imparcial y a las garantías procesales, y en las condiciones de su detención, así como en la libertad de expresión, reunión y asociación en el contexto de las próximas elecciones de 2010. A continuación se examinan los conflictos internos, la protección de la población civil, la discriminación y la necesidad de asistencia humanitaria. El Relator Especial reitera su recomendación sobre los cuatro componentes básicos de los derechos humanos: una revisión de la legislación nacional en consonancia con la nueva Constitución y las obligaciones internacionales; la progresiva puesta en libertad de los presos de conciencia; la reforma de las fuerzas armadas para garantizar el respeto de los derechos humanos y del derecho humanitario internacionales, incluida la capacitación; y el establecimiento de un poder judicial independiente e imparcial. Dado que Myanmar es parte solamente en la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño y la Convención sobre la eliminación de todas las formas de discriminación contra la mujer, el Relator Especial recomienda enérgicamente que se adhiera a los demás principales instrumentos internacionales de derechos humanos."
          Language: Espanol, Spanish
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/64/318)
          Format/size: pdf (121K)
          Date of entry/update: 10 October 2009


          Title: AG 2008 (63me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
          Date of publication: 05 September 2008
          Description/subject: Resumen: En su resolución 1992/58, la Comisión de Derechos Humanos estableció el mandato sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, que fue posteriormente prorrogado por el Consejo de Derechos Humanos en su decisión 1/102 y en su resolución 5/1. En marzo de 2008, en virtud de su resolución 7/32, el Consejo prorrogó por un año el mandato. El 26 de marzo de 2008 Tomás Ojea Quintana (Argentina) fue designado nuevo Relator Especial y tomó oficialmente posesión de su cargo el 1º de mayo de 2008. Tras presentar una solicitud para realizar una visita del 3 al 13 de agosto de 2008, el 9 de julio el Relator Especial recibió una respuesta positiva del Gobierno de Myanmar para que realizara una misión al país del 3 al 7 de agosto de 2008. El Relator Especial da las gracias al Gobierno de Myanmar por su hospitalidad y la cooperación recibida durante su primera misión al país. El principal propósito de la visita era establecer relaciones de trabajo con las autoridades y tomar contacto con la sociedad civil y con quienes no disfrutan de sus libertades fundamentales. El programa de la visita se incluye como anexo del informe. Este informe se presenta en cumplimiento de la resolución 62/222 de la Asamblea General. La primera parte se centra en las actividades y el programa de trabajo del Relator Especial. La segunda parte se concentra en las cuestiones sustantivas y en ella se profundiza en las relacionadas con la protección de los derechos humanos en el contexto de la nueva Constitución; la cuestión de la participación en el proceso democrático y la organización de las elecciones de 2010; el derecho de reunión y el derecho a la libertad de opinión y expresión y su formulación en la nueva Constitución; la cuestión del derecho internacional humanitario y la protección de la población civil, así como la situación de determinados grupos, como los grupos étnicos, las mujeres y los niños. El Relator Especial profundiza también en los mecanismos existentes para garantizar el máximo de protección en el contexto del desastre natural causado por el ciclón Nargis, y sus repercusiones en las condiciones y medios de vida y los derechos humanos. Por último, el Relator Especial examina las novedades acaecidas en la cooperación internacional que guardan relación con las cuestiones de derechos humanos pertinentes para su mandato y el entorno para fortalecer la cooperación en la promoción y la protección de los derechos humanos en el país. En sus recomendaciones, el Relator Especial incluye cuatro componentes básicos de los derechos humanos para allanar el camino de la democracia en Myanmar.
          Language: Espanol, Spanish
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/63/341)
          Format/size: pdf (112K)
          Date of entry/update: 22 November 2008


          Title: AG 2007 (62me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
          Date of publication: 13 August 2008
          Description/subject: Resumen: El presente informe se presenta de conformidad con la resolución 61/232 de la Asamblea General. El Relator Especial acoge con agrado la decisión del Gobierno de Myanmar de convocar nuevamente a la Convención Nacional para que celebre su último período de sesiones el 18 de julio de 2007 y termine de establecer los principios de una nueva constitución, como parte de una hoja de ruta de siete etapas para la transición a la democracia. No obstante, le sigue preocupando que no se den oportunidades de participación efectiva y auténtica a la Liga Nacional para la Democracia (NLD) y a algunos grupos étnicos, que han optado por no participar debido a la falta de transparencia y de posibilidades de hacer un aporte significativo. El Relator ha señalado en varias ocasiones que no habrá una auténtica transición a la democracia en Myanmar mientras no se libere a todos los presos políticos. Dada la importancia de la última etapa de la Convención Nacional, deplora que se haya extendido el arresto domiciliario del Secretario General de la NLD y que otros presos políticos continúen detenidos. En un momento de tal importancia para el proceso de reforma política y en vista de la necesidad de una reconciliación, el tratamiento tan severo que se dispensa a los máximos dirigentes de los grupos étnicos es muy contraproducente y ha consternado a muchos ciudadanos y observadores de derechos humanos. Los problemas de derechos humanos a que se hace referencia en el presente informe son en gran medida similares a los que el Relator Especial señaló el año pasado. El Relator Especial lamenta que el Gobierno, pese a los reiterados pedidos, no lo haya invitado a visitar el país. Por este motivo, el Relator no ha podido evaluar ninguna mejora ni verificar la exactitud de las denuncias recibidas de fuentes fidedignas. Se imponen severas restricciones a las libertades fundamentales de los activistas políticos y los defensores de los derechos humanos. Al 27 de junio de 2007, se estimaba que el número de presos políticos era 1.192. En todo el país, las comunidades son objeto de malos tratos por parte de algunos miembros de las fuerzas armadas que, con el fin de consolidar el control del Gobierno y a menudo también para aplicar proyectos nacionales de desarrollo, recurren al trabajo forzoso, la confiscación de bienes y activos, y al reasentamiento de poblaciones, en particular en las zonas fronterizas en que habitan los grupos étnicos. La falta de un compromiso efectivo de parte del Gobierno de Myanmar para hacer frente a la situación de los derechos humanos sigue siendo motivo de profunda preocupación. A nivel nacional, la capacidad de las instituciones encargadas de velar por el cumplimiento de la ley y la independencia e imparcialidad del poder judicial se han visto menoscabadas por la persistente situación de impunidad. También son motivo de preocupación las restricciones al ejercicio de los derechos fundamentales de los opositores políticos, los defensores de los derechos humanos y las víctimas de violaciones de los derechos humanos. A/62/223 07-45717 3 El Relator Especial también toma nota con gran satisfacción del entendimiento de 26 de febrero de 2007, entre la Organización Internacional del Trabajo (OIT) y el Gobierno de Myanmar, destinado a ofrecer a las víctimas de trabajo forzoso un mecanismo para obtener reparación. El Relator Especial también ha observado algunos avances concretos que él considera importantes hitos en la lucha contra la impunidad en Myanmar. Entre éstos figuran el establecimiento de un mecanismo nacional que se ocupa de recibir denuncias de trabajo forzoso y el diálogo iniciado por la Representante Especial del Secretario General para la cuestión de los niños y los conflictos armados con el Gobierno, sobre la elaboración de un plan de acción para poner fin al reclutamiento de niños soldados y elaborar programas de reintegración, y el establecimiento de un mecanismo nacional para presentar denuncias sobre violaciones de los derechos humanos que se cometen contra los niños durante los conflictos armados. Estos mecanismos deben mejoran el acceso a las zonas en las que actualmente se restringe el acceso para la prestación de asistencia humanitaria, así como para la vigilancia de las violaciones de los derechos humanos. El Relator Especial está convencido de que Myanmar se beneficiaría de una cooperación más activa con su mandato, teniendo en cuenta las atribuciones redefinidas por el Consejo de Derechos Humanos. Ha insistido en que es su obligación hacer públicas las denuncias de violaciones de los derechos humanos pero que ello no excluye un diálogo constructivo y continuado con el Gobierno. Estos dos elementos de su mandato pueden contribuir a una nueva dinámica para mejorar la situación de los derechos humanos en el país. Como señala el Relator Especial en su informe anterior, no será fácil para Myanmar promover la transición política y los derechos humanos fundamentales. La colaboración entre las Naciones Unidas y la comunidad internacional es esencial para apoyar los esfuerzos del Gobierno y la sociedad civil. En sus recomendaciones, el Relator Especial alienta a la comunidad internacional a promover un marco de principios a fin de que los Estados Miembros puedan explorar muy diversas estrategias y modalidades de cooperación con Myanmar de acuerdo con sus ventajas y capacidades particulares. Es urgente que la comunidad internacional aproveche los programas de asistencia humanitaria existentes y preste apoyo en las esferas de la salud, la educación y los derechos humanos, en particular para el desarrollo de la sociedad civil.
          Language: Espanol, Spanish
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/62/223)
          Format/size: pdf (72K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: AG 2006 (61me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derecho humanos en Myanmar (Espanol) Corr. 1
          Date of publication: 18 October 2006
          Description/subject: Situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar Nota del Secretario General... Corrección: 1. Párrafo 56 La última oración debería decir lo siguiente: El brote de gripe aviar H5N1 de marzo/abril sigue siendo motivo de gran preocupación, aunque no ha habido casos de infección del H5N1 en seres humanos en Myanmar.... 2. Párrafo 73 Sustitúyase el texto existente por el siguiente: 73. El Relator Especial quisiera: a) Habida cuenta de la gravedad de las violaciones de los derechos humanos, recomendar que el Gobierno de Myanmar someta a todos los funcionarios que cometen esos actos a un control disciplinario y un castigo estrictos y ponga fin a la cultura de impunidad reinante en todo el país. En ese sentido, se deben adoptar varias medidas de manera inmediata, como la creación de una o varias comisiones nacionales independientes a fin de investigar el ataque de una turba contra Aung San Suu Kyi en noviembre de 1996 y el brutal incidente ocurrido en Depayin en mayo de 2003, así como la violencia sexual generalizada contra las mujeres y las niñas, con miras a que se enjuicie a los responsables de esos delitos; b) Exhortar al Gobierno de Myanmar a que autorice el acceso del Relator Especial, las Naciones Unidas y el personal asociado, así como del personal de organizaciones humanitarias a las zonas afectadas, y garantice su seguridad y libertad de circulación.
          Language: Espanol, Spanish
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/61/369/Corr.1)
          Format/size: pdf (26K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: AG 2006 (61me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derecho humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
          Date of publication: 21 September 2006
          Description/subject: Resumen: El mandato del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar fue establecido por la Comisión de Derechos Humanos en su resolución 1992/58 y prorrogado recientemente por el Consejo de Derechos Humanos, en su decisión 1/102, por la que el Consejo decidió prorrogar excepcionalmente por un año los mandatos y los titulares de mandatos de los procedimientos especiales de la Comisión. El Relator Especial no ha podido llevar a cabo una misión de investigación en Myanmar desde de noviembre de 2003. Pese a que no se le ha permitido visitar el país durante el período al que se refiere este informe, ha seguido cumpliendo su mandato en la medida de sus posibilidades, basándose en la información recibida de diversas fuentes independientes y fidedignas. En los dos últimos años, el proceso de reforma propuesto en la “hoja de ruta de siete puntos para la reconciliación nacional y la transición democrática”, que estaba destinado a abrirse en última instancia a distintos actores pertinentes, ha quedado rigurosamente limitado y delineado. En consecuencia, el espacio político se ha redefinido de forma más estrecha. Además, una serie de obstáculos registrados en los dos últimos años han frenado el avance y limitado el carácter inclusivo de las reformas necesarias para la democratización. Esta evolución ha afectado negativamente a la labor de la Convención Nacional. Durante décadas, se ha reducido considerablemente el margen para el establecimiento de instituciones civiles y democráticas. La capacidad de las instituciones encargadas de velar por el cumplimiento de la ley y la independencia e imparcialidad del poder judicial se han visto obstaculizadas por la persistente situación de impunidad. Esta situación ha contribuido a acentuar la desigualdad y la disparidad entre los más pobres y los más ricos. El 27 de mayo de 2006, se volvió a prorrogar por 12 meses el arresto domiciliario de Aung Sang Suu Kyi a pesar de los diversos llamamientos internacionales realizados, en particular por el Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas. A finales de agosto de 2006 se estimaba en 1.185 el número de presos políticos. De abril a julio de 2006, se habría obligado a 1.038 miembros de la Liga Nacional para la Democracia a dimitir del partido, mediante intimidaciones y amenazas. El Relator Especial ha indicado reiteradamente que la reconciliación nacional requiere un diálogo fructífero y abierto con los representantes políticos y entre éstos. Cree firmemente que el arresto y la detención de varios líderes políticos o las graves y continuas restricciones de las libertades fundamentales no contribuyen a la conciliación nacional y la estabilidad en Myanmar. La persecución de miembros de partidos políticos de la oposición y defensores de los derechos humanos muestra que actualmente hay demasiados obstáculos a la hoja de ruta para la democracia, que impiden una auténtica transición. En el pasado, el Relator Especial reconoció que la hoja de ruta podía desempeñar un papel positivo en la transición política. Lamentablemente, parece que se ha perdido el impulso positivo de los primeros años de su mandato. El Relator Especial sigue particularmente preocupado por la persistente situación de impunidad, que ha cobrado un carácter sistemático y a la que el Gobierno de Myanmar deberá abordar urgentemente. Es cada vez más patente que la persistencia de la impunidad no se debe únicamente a una falta de capacidad institucional. Esta impunidad ha permitido eludir su responsabilidad a los autores de actos de opresión contra personas que habían impugnado políticas y prácticas en vigor. No se ha perseguido a varias personas y grupos que habían cometido violaciones graves de derechos humanos, en particular miembros de las fuerzas armadas. Asimismo, tampoco está demostrado que las autoridades competentes hayan investigado estos graves delitos. Las violaciones graves de los derechos humanos no sólo son conocidas y toleradas en la total impunidad por las estructuras existentes del Consejo Estatal para la Paz y el Desarrollo, sino que hasta están autorizadas por la Ley. A este respecto, el Relator Especial también está muy preocupado por el continuo uso indebido del sistema jurídico, que no reconoce el imperio de la ley y representa un obstáculo importante para el ejercicio efectivo y verdadero de las libertades fundamentales por parte de los ciudadanos. En especial, considera sumamente preocupante que se haya tipificado como delito el ejercicio de las libertades fundamentales por los opositores políticos, los defensores de los derechos humanos y las víctimas de abusos en materia de derechos humanos. El Relator Especial está muy preocupado por la campaña militar en curso en zonas habitadas por minorías étnicas de Myanmar oriental y por sus efectos en los derechos humanos, en especial en la población civil contra la que se han dirigido los ataques. La situación debería examinarse con relación a la práctica ampliamente extendida de confiscación de tierras en todo el país, destinada aparentemente a consolidar el control militar, especialmente en zonas habitadas por minorías étnicas. Esta práctica ha conducido a numerosos desalojos, traslados y reasentamientos forzados, así como a situaciones de migración y desplazamiento forzosos dentro del país. Habida cuenta de la envergadura de la actual campaña militar, la situación podría desembocar en una crisis humanitaria si no se hace frente a ella inmediatamente. El Relator Especial toma nota de la votación reciente del Consejo de Seguridad, el 15 de septiembre de 2006, para incluir a Myanmar en su orden del día. Considera que el próximo debate sobre Myanmar en el Consejo podría brindar una oportunidad de acelerar el proceso de transición hacia la democracia.
          Language: Espanol, Spanish
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/61/369)
          Format/size: pdf (100K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: AG 2005 (60eme Session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
          Date of publication: 12 August 2005
          Description/subject: Resumen: "El mandato del Relator Especial de la Comisión de Derechos Humanos sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar fue establecido por la Comisión en su resolución 1992/58 y prorrogado recientemente en su resolución 2005/10. En esa resolución, la Comisión pidió al Relator Especial que presentara un informe a la Asamblea General en su sexagésimo período de sesiones, así como a la Comisión en su 62° período de sesiones. El presente informe se ha preparado en cumplimiento de esa solicitud y se basa en la información recibida por el Relator Especial hasta el 22 de julio de 2005. El presente informe debe examinarse conjuntamente con el último informe presentado por el Relator a la Comisión (E/CN.4/2005/36). El Relator Especial no ha podido llevar a cabo una misión de investigación en Myanmar desde noviembre de 2003. Pese a que no se le ha permitido visitar el país durante el período al que se refiere este informe, el Relator Especial ha seguido cumpliendo su mandato en la medida de sus posibilidades, basándose en la información recibida de diversas fuentes independientes y fidedignas. La Convención Nacional fue convocada nuevamente del 17 de febrero al 31 de marzo de 2005 sin la participación de varios partidos políticos, entre ellos la Liga Nacional para la Democracia (LND). Se seleccionó a los delegados invitados de entre las mismas ocho categorías establecidas para la Convención anterior: partidos políticos, representantes electos, razas nacionales, campesinos, trabajadores, intelectuales, personal del servicio estatal y grupos que han suscrito el alto el fuego. Según la Comisión para la Convocatoria de la Convención Nacional, de los 1.081 delegados invitados asistieron a la reunión un total de 1.073. El hecho de que se haya excluido del proceso a actores políticos importantes y representativos, las restricciones impuestas a su participación, la intolerancia con respecto a las voces críticas y la intimidación y detención de activistas en pro de la democracia hacen que carezca de significado, en este caso, toda noción de proceso democrático. Se debe garantizar la libertad de movimiento, reunión y asociación, pues dichas libertades son requisitos básicos para la reconciliación nacional y la democratización. El Relator Especial está firmemente convencido de que si no se enmiendan las restricciones de procedimiento inherentes al proceso y si no participan en la Convención los representantes de la oposición democrática, carecerá de credibilidad cualquier constitución que emerja de dicha reunión. Sentar las disposiciones de procedimiento que rigen la Convención Nacional sobre sólidas bases democráticas coadyuvará a la inclusión y participación plenas de todos los partidos políticos y para que se registren avances reales en el proceso de democratización. El Gobierno puede y debe adoptar medidas inmediatas para rescatar la Convención Nacional y su credibilidad tanto en el plano nacional como internacional. Una de las cuestiones más relevantes del actual proceso político es definir quién redactará el proyecto de constitución. Además, en la actualidad no hay indicios claros de cuáles son las reglas para la aprobación de la constitución mediante un referendo nacional. El Relator Especial observa con pesar que la información recibida demuestra que, en lo que respecta al ejercicio de los derechos y libertades fundamentales, la situación no ha cambiado de manera sustancial durante el período al que se refiere el informe. El Relator Especial recibe constantemente informes sobre restricciones y violaciones de libertades y derechos básicos. Al parecer quedan más de 1.100 presos políticos en Myanmar. La liberación de 249 presos políticos el 6 de julio de 2005 se vio menoscabada por los arrestos, la detención y la condena a severas penas de civiles y defensores de la democracia debido a actividades políticas de carácter pacífico. El Relator Especial sigue muy preocupado por la práctica de la detención administrativa. Es profundamente lamentable que Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Secretaria General de la LND, haya celebrado en arresto domiciliario sus 60 años. Su reclusión casi total y la falta de comunicación con sus colegas de la LND redundan en detrimento del espíritu de reconciliación nacional. El Relator Especial se siente alentado por el incremento de las actividades de prevención y tratamiento del VIH/SIDA, pero sigue muy preocupado por el hecho de que el VIH/SIDA se ha convertido en una epidemia generalizada en Myanmar. Si bien es cierto que el Gobierno sigue elaborando un plan nacional de acción en favor de los niños, aún no ha ratificado los dos Protocolos Facultativos de la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño. Se siguen cometiendo graves violaciones de los derechos humanos contra las comunidades étnicas minoritarias de Myanmar. Continúan recibiéndose informes generalizados sobre casos de trabajo forzado, violación y abuso sexual, extorsión y expropiación por parte de las fuerzas gubernamentales. Son raras las veces en que las víctimas de tales violaciones tienen posibilidades de obtener compensación. No se puede seguir posponiendo la transición hacia una democracia plena y participativa en Myanmar. El diálogo político e institucional debe iniciarse sin más dilaciones. Al instituir los valores de la democracia y los derechos humanos, el Gobierno estará dando claras muestras ante el pueblo de Myanmar y la comunidad internacional de que está firmemente comprometido a facilitar la creación de un futuro estable y democrático para el país. Las Naciones Unidas y la comunidad internacional están dispuestas a trabajar en asociación con el Gobierno, los partidos políticos y las organizaciones de la sociedad civil para facilitar de forma efectiva la reconciliación nacional y la transición a la democracia. Si fortalece su cooperación con las organizaciones internacionales, el Gobierno de Myanmar podrá tener la seguridad de recibir apoyo en materia de solución de conflictos, reformas políticas y económicas, fortalecimiento institucional y creación de capacidad, asistencia humanitaria y desarrollo humano."
          Language: Espanol, Spanish
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/60/221)
          Format/size: pdf (227K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 September 2005


          Title: AG 2004 (59me Session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
          Date of publication: 30 August 2004
          Description/subject: Resumen: El mandato del Relator Especial de la Comisión de Derechos Humanos sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar fue establecido por la Comisión en su resolución 1992/58 y prorrogado recientemente en su resolución 2004/61. En esa resolución, la Comisión pedía al Relator Especial que presentara un informe provisional a la Asamblea General en su quincuagésimo noveno período de sesiones. El presente informe provisional se basa en la información recibida por el Relator Especial hasta el 30 de julio de 2004 y debe examinarse conjuntamente con el último informe presentado por el Relator a la Comisión (E/CN.4/2004/33). Desde su última misión a Myanmar en noviembre de 2003, el Relator Especial ha solicitado en varias ocasiones la colaboración del Gobierno de Myanmar para volver al país y llevar a cabo una misión de investigación. No obstante, pese a que en principio parecía haber indicios de acuerdo con la visita del Relator Especial, ésta no fue autorizada. Por tanto, en este informe, el Relator Especial presenta breves actualizaciones de los temas que examinó durante su última visita tomando como base información obtenida de otras fuentes. El Relator Especial seguirá tratando de ir a Myanmar a fin de poder desempeñar su mandato plenamente. La Convención Nacional se volvió a convocar del 17 de mayo al 9 de julio de 2004. La revitalización de la Convención Nacional constituye el primer paso de los siete previstos en el plan de reconciliación nacional y transición democrática presentado por el Primer Ministro, el General Khin Nyunt, el 30 de agosto de 2003. Las autoridades anunciaron que esperaban que los delegados de la nueva Convención Nacional plantearan sus sugerencias en el marco de los seis objetivos y 104 principios ya establecidos durante la Convención de 1993 a 1996. La Convención Nacional volvió a convocarse sin la participación de la Liga Nacional para la Democracia (LND) y de otros partidos políticos que obtuvieron la mayoría de escaños en las elecciones de 1990. A ella asistieron 1.076 delegados en comparación con los 702 que participaron en la convención anterior. El aumento se debió en gran medida a los representantes de nacionalidades étnicas, incluidos grupos de cesación del fuego que surgieron en el nuevo entorno político creado como resultado de acuerdos de cesación del fuego establecidos con 17 antiguos grupos armados. Por ello, considerando las posibilidades de resolución del conflicto, la Convención Nacional de 2004 puede constituir una oportunidad única para las minorías étnicas. El Relator Especial observa que las inquietudes respecto del proceso de la Convención Nacional que puso de manifiesto en el último informe que presentó a la Comisión no se han considerado, ni se han adoptado las medidas necesarias para garantizar unas condiciones democráticas mínimas en la nueva convocatoria de la Convención Nacional. El Relator Especial reitera que si el Gobierno desea promover un verdadero proceso de transición política, es necesario cumplir las obligaciones fundamentales en materia de derechos humanos. No obstante, el Relator Especial espera que el resultado definitivo de la Convención Nacional aporte algunas soluciones concretas a los problemas de toda la población de Myanmar. La liberación de Daw Aung San Suu Kyi y el inicio de un diálogo profundo con ella y con su partido, así como el logro de un acuerdo con grupos de cesación del fuego que tenga en cuenta las sugerencias de éstos ayudaría a la evolución del proceso político. En este sentido, el Relator Especial hace un llamamiento al Gobierno de Myanmar para que reconozca la función del Enviado Especial del Secretario General y la necesidad de que éste vuelva al país lo antes posible a fin de continuar con su labor de facilitación, en particular en el contexto de los preparativos del próximo período de sesiones de la Convención Nacional. La información recibida por el Relator Especial durante el período a que se refiere el informe indica que la situación relacionada con el ejercicio de las libertades fundamentales y los derechos humanos básicos en Myanmar no ha cambiado en esencia. Aún no se ha vuelto totalmente a la normalidad tras los acontecimientos ocurridos el 30 de mayo de 2003 en Depayin. Sigue habiendo gran cantidad de detenidos por razones de seguridad. El Relator Especial ha recibido varios informes de que continúan las detenciones y de que se imponen sentencias duras por actividades políticas pacíficas; muchos de los casos denunciados fueron mencionados por el Relator Especial en sus cartas y llamamientos urgentes dirigidos al Gobierno de Myanmar. Al Relator Especial le sigue preocupando la práctica de la detención administrativa. Aún hay restricciones a la actividad política y siguen clausuradas todas las oficinas de la LND, a excepción de la sede de este partido en Yangon, cuya reapertura fue permitida en abril de 2004. Pese a las restricciones existentes, según informes recientes la Liga Nacional para la Democracia ha podido llevar a cabo algunas actividades. Si bien aún queda por ver en qué medida se va a permitir a la LND y a otros partidos políticos que realicen actividades políticas pacíficas sin tomar represalias, el Relator Especial desearía reiterar su opinión, manifestada durante su última misión en noviembre, de que la aplicación del plan debe ir acompañada de cambios tangibles sobre el terreno que conduzcan a un proceso verdaderamente libre, transparente e integrador en el que participen todos los partidos políticos, las nacionalidades étnicas y los miembros de la sociedad civil. Deben respetarse las libertades y los derechos políticos para crear un entorno favorable que permita una transición democrática satisfactoria. La aplicación de las reformas en materia de derechos humanos que propone el Relator Especial en sus informes y cartas a las autoridades de Myanmar ayudaría a crear dicho entorno. Durante el período bajo examen, el Relator Especial ha recibido informes creíbles y detallados de violaciones de los derechos humanos en determinadas zonas en que se lucha contra la insurgencia de Myanmar y el Relator espera poder aclarar esos informes en su próxima misión. El Relator recuerda que las autoridades de Myanmar aún no han respondido a su petición de realizar una evaluación independiente en el Estado de Shan. El Relator Especial ha tomado nota de la cooperación del Gobierno de Myanmar con el Comité de los Derechos del Niño para el examen del segundo informe periódico de Myanmar sobre la aplicación de la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño. El Relator Especial considera que en los últimos años la comunidad internacional ha considerado cada vez más la necesidad de prestar asistencia humanitaria en Myanmar. En este sentido, el Relator acoge con satisfacción la labor realizada por el Equipo de las Naciones Unidas en el País para determinar los aspectos más vulnerables de Myanmar a fin de elaborar un marco estratégico para la asistencia de las Naciones Unidas. Habida cuenta de la situación reinante en Myanmar, siguen siendo válidas las conclusiones y recomendaciones que figuran en los informes anteriores del Relator Especial.
          Language: Espanol, Spanish
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/59/311)
          Format/size: pdf (165K)
          Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


          Title: AG 2001: Informe provisional del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
          Date of publication: 20 August 2001
          Description/subject: Resumen: Este es el primer informe del actual Relator Especial, nombrado para este mandato el 28 de diciembre de 2000. El informe está centrado en las actividades relativas a los derechos humanos y la evolución de la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar entre el 1° de enero y el 14 de agosto de 2001. Dado que el Relator Especial llevó a cabo una breve visita introductoria a Myanmar en abril y efectuará la debida misión de determinación de los hechos a fines de septiembre de 2001, el presente informe se limita únicamente a un número restringido de aspectos. De acuerdo con a evaluación presentada por el Relator Especial en este informe, Myanmar ha iniciado una etapa de transición política que, como en muchos países, constituye un proceso complejo que ha de avanzar gradualmente. En lo atinente a los derechos humanos, en el contexto de las conversaciones en curso entre el Gobierno y la oposición, se han podido observar algunos indicios de que el Gobierno tiene el propósito de seguir avanzando. A ese respecto, cabe señalar la divulgación de las normas sobre derechos humanos a que deben atenerse los funcionarios públicos, la labor del Comité de Derechos Humanos establecido por el Gobierno, la liberación de presos políticos, la reapertura de algunas oficinas de la Liga Nacional pro Democracia, el principal partido de oposición, la supervisión permanente, por parte de observadores internacionales, de las condiciones carcelarias, y la colaboración con la Comisión de Derechos Humanos, entre otras cosas, en el contexto del mandato de este Relator Especial y con el Enviado Especial del Secretario General para Myanmar y la Organización Internacional del Trabajo. Entre las esferas a las que es imprescindible prestar atención prioritaria cabe citar la situación de los grupos vulnerables, en particular, los niños, las mujeres y las minorías étnicas y, en especial, quienes se han visto desplazados dentro del país en zonas de operaciones militares. En general, existe una compleja situación humanitaria en Myanmar, que podría empeorar a menos que todas las partes afectadas adoptaran las medidas necesarias.
          Author/creator: Sr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: Espanol
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/56/312)
          Format/size: pdf and Word
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 2000: Situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar - Informe provisional del Relator Especial
          Date of publication: 22 August 2000
          Description/subject: Asamblea General, Quincuagsimo quinto perodo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional preparado por el Sr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, Relator Especial de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, de conformidad con lo dispuesto en la resolucin 2001/15 de la Comisin y la decisin 2001/251 del Consejo Econmico y Social.
          Author/creator: Sr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: Espanol
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/55/359 )
          Format/size: PDF (116K) and Word
          Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/17a7a41bf23c6125c1256983002f7c42/$FILE/0063507s.doc
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1999: Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
          Date of publication: 04 October 1999
          Description/subject: Quincuagsimo cuarto perodo de sesiones Asamblea General, Quincuagsimo cuarto perodo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, preparado por el Sr. Rajsoomer Lallah, Relator Especial de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos de conformidad con la resolucin 1999/17 de la Comisin, de 23 de abril de 1999 y con la decisin 1999/231 del Consejo Econmico y Social de 27 de julio de 1999.
          Author/creator: Sr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Espanol
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/54/440)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1998: Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
          Date of publication: 10 September 1998
          Description/subject: Asamblea Generale, Quincuagsimo tercer perodo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, preparado por el Sr. Rajsoomer Lallah, Relator Especial de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos, de conformidad con la decisin 1998/261, del Consejo Econmico y Social, de 30 de julio de 1998.
          Author/creator: Sr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Espanol
          Source/publisher: Nacionese Unidas (A/53/364)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1997: Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
          Date of publication: 16 October 1997
          Description/subject: Asamblea General, Quincuagsimo segundo perodo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los Miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, preparado por el Sr. Rajsooomer Lallah, Relator Especial de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos, de conformidad con la resolucin 51/117 de la Asamblea General, de 12 de diciembre de 1996, y la decisin 1997/272 del Consejo Econmico y Social, de 22 de julio de 1997.
          Author/creator: Sr. Rajsooomer Lallah
          Language: Espanol
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/52/484)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1996: Informe provisional del Relator Especial sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
          Date of publication: 08 October 1996
          Description/subject: Asamblea General, Quincuagsimo primer perodo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional preparado por el Sr. Juez Rajsoomer Lallah, Relator Especial de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos, sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, de conformidad con la resolucin 1996/80 del 23 de abril de 1996.
          Author/creator: Sr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Espanol
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/51/466)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1995: Informe del Relator especial sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
          Date of publication: 16 October 1995
          Description/subject: Asamblea General, Quincuagsimo perodo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional preparado por el Sr. Yozo Yokota, Relator Especial de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, de conformidad con la resolucin 1995/72 de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos, de 8 de marzo de 1995, y la decisin 1995/283 del Consejo Econmico y Social, de 25 de julio de 1995.
          Author/creator: Sr. Yozo Yokota
          Language: Espanol
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/50/568)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1994: Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (annex)
          Date of publication: 09 November 1994
          Description/subject: Asamblea General, Cuadragsimo noveno perodo de sesiones. 1. El 5 de octubre de 1994 el Relator Especial envi al Gobierno de Myanmar un resumen de las denuncias que haba recibido sobre presuntas violaciones de los derechos los humanos en Myanmar (para el texto del resumen vase el documento A/49/594, prr. 9). En la carta que acompaaba el informe el Relator Especial peda las respuestas del Gobierno de Myanmar respecto de cinco cuestiones concretas (vase el documento A/49/594, prr. 8). 2. En una nota verbal de fecha 4 de noviembre de 1994, la Misin Permanente de la Unin de Myanmar ante la Oficina de las Naciones Unidas en Ginebra trasmiti las respuestas del Gobierno de Myanmar acerca del resumen de las denuncias que le haba enviado el Relator Especial y de las cinco cuestiones concretas que figuraban en su carta de 5 de octubre de 1994. 3. El texto completo de la respuesta del Gobierno de Myanmar respecto del resumen de las denuncias enviado por el Relator Especial es el siguiente:
          Author/creator: Sr. Yozo Yokota
          Language: Espanol
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/49/594/Add.1)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1994: Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
          Date of publication: 28 October 1994
          Description/subject: Asamblea General, Cuadragsimo noveno perodo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional preparado por el Sr. Yozo Yokota, Relator Especial de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, de conformidad con el prrafo 20 de la resolucin 1994/85 de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos, de 9 de marzo de 1994 y de la decisin 1994/269 del Consejo Econmico y Social, de 25 de julio de 1994.
          Author/creator: Sr. Yozo Yokota
          Language: Espanol
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/49/594)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1993: Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situacion de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
          Date of publication: 16 November 1993
          Description/subject: Asamblea General, Cuadrag�simo octavo per�odo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional preparado por el Profesor Yozo Yokota, Relator Especial de la Comisi�n de Derechos Humanos sobre la situaci�n de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, de conformidad con el p�rrafo 16 de la resoluci�n 1993/73 de la Comisi�n de Derechos Humanos, de 10 de marzo de 1993, y de la decisi�n 1993/278 del Consejo Econ�mico y Social, de 28 de julio de 1993
          Author/creator: Sr. Yozo Yokota
          Language: Espanol
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/48/578)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1992: Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
          Date of publication: 13 November 1992
          Description/subject: "El 3 de marzo de 1992, en su cuadragésimo octavo período de sesiones, la Comisi6n de Derechos Humanos aprob6 la resoluci6n 1992/58, titulada "Situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar". En esa resolución, la Comisi6n, consciente, de que, de conformidad con la Carta, las Naciones Unidas promovían y estimulaban el respeto de los derechos humanos y de las libertades fundamentales de todos y de que en la Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos se afirmaba que "la voluntad del pueblo es la base de la autoridad del poder público", tomó nota con especial preocupaci6n en ese sentido de que el proceso electoral iniciado en Myanmar con las elecciones generales del 27 de mayo de 1990 todavía no había llegado a su conclusi6n, de que al parecer no se había logrado ningún progreso para acatar la voluntad política del pueblo de Myanmar, conforme fue expresada en las elecciones, y de que los resultados finales de las elecciones ni siquiera se habían publicado oficialmente. La Comisi6n tomó nota también de que muchos dirigentes políticos, en particular algunos representantes elegidos, seguían privados de su libertad y que Daw Aung San Suu Kyi seguía sometida a arresto domiciliario, y tom6 nota con preocupaci6n de la gravedad de la situaci6n de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, de la existencia de importantes restricciones al ejercicio de las libertades fundamentales y de la imposición de medidas opresivas dirigidas, en particular, contra los grupos minoritarios y del éxodo continuo de refugiados de Myanmar hacia los países vecinos, en particular, de refugiados musulmanes de Myanmar a Bangladesh..."
          Author/creator: Profesor Yozo Yokota
          Language: Espanol, Spanish
          Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas Asamblea General (A/47/651)
          Format/size: pdf (1.9 MB)
          Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


        • Rapports a l'AG du rapporteur special sur la situation des droits de l'Homme au Myanmar (Français)

          Individual Documents

          Title: AG 2013 (68me sesssion): Rapport du Rapporteur spécial sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar (Français)
          Date of publication: 23 September 2013
          Description/subject: Résumé: "Dans le présent rapport, le Rapporteur spécial rend compte des réformes en cours au Myanmar et de la mesure dans laquelle elles permettent toujours d’escompter des améliorations significatives de la situation des droits de l’homme. Parmi les évolutions importantes intervenues au cours de la période considérée figurent la libération continue de prisonniers d’opinion; le plus grand respect du droit à la liberté d’opinion et d’expression; et les progrès vers un accord de cessez-le-feu national. Le Rapporteur spécial met en garde, cependant, contre le risque que les lacunes dans le domaine des droits de l’homme ne soient sous-estimées ou que l’on considère que la seule dynamique des réformes actuelles suffise à y remédier. De son point de vue, si ces lacunes ne sont pas corrigées aujourd’hui, elles tendront à se pérenniser dans des domaines comme la responsabilité pour les violations des droits de l’homme; les droits des minorités ethniques et religieuses; les droits de réunion et d’association pacifiques; la représentation des femmes dans les postes décisionnels; les droits fonciers; et les droits de l’homme et le développement. En outre, elles finiront par nuire au processus de réforme lui-même s’il n’y est pas fait face en conformité avec les normes internationales des droits de l’homme. Le Rapporteur spécial conclut que, depuis le début du processus de réforme, l’enjeu est de parvenir à passer de l’état d’esprit militaire qui prévaut au sein du gouvernement à un état d’esprit démocratique, respectueux des droits de l’homme."
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: Français, French
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies, Assemblée générale (A/68/397)
          Format/size: pdf (135K)
          Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
          Date of entry/update: 24 October 2013


          Title: AG 2012 (67me sesssion): Rapport du Rapporteur spécial sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar (Français)
          Date of publication: 25 September 2012
          Description/subject: Résumé: "La période couverte par le présent rapport a une nouvelle fois été marquée au Myanmar par des bouleversements profonds et rapides, qui pourraient améliorer la situation de ce pays au regard des droits de l’homme, mais aussi par la persistance de problèmes qui se posent depuis longtemps et qui demeurent un facteur de risque pour le processus de réforme.".....I. Introduction... II. Situation des droits de l’homme: A. Prisonniers d’opinion; B. Conditions de détention et traitement des détenus; C. Autres questions liées aux droits civils et politiques; D. Société civile; E. Droits économiques, sociaux et culturels... III. Situation des minorités ethniques... IV. Situation dans l’État de Rakhine... V. Transition démocratique et instauration de l’état de droit... VI. Vérité, justice et responsabilité... VII. Conclusions... VIII. Recommandations.
          Language: Français, French
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies, Assemblée générale (A/67/383)
          Format/size: pdf (130K)
          Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N12/520/49/PDF/N1252049.pdf?OpenElement
          Date of entry/update: 22 October 2012


          Title: AG 2011 (66me sesssion): Rapport du Rapporteur spécial sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar (Français)
          Date of publication: 16 September 2011
          Description/subject: Résumé: Le Myanmar se trouve à un tournant de son histoire et les possibilités d’évolution positive et concrète vers une amélioration de la situation des droits de l’homme et une transition démocratique plus marquée sont réelles. Le nouveau Gouvernement a pris des mesures en ce sens. Toutefois, de nombreux problèmes graves subsistent en matière de droits de l’homme et il faut y remédier. Le nouveau Gouvernement doit intensifier ses efforts pour tenir ses propres engagements et s’acquitter de ses obligations internationales relatives aux droits de l’homme. La communauté internationale doit rester vigilante et suivre de près l’évolution de la situation. Elle doit aussi soutenir et aider le Gouvernement en ce moment crucial. Le Rapporteur spécial réaffirme sa volonté d’oeuvrer de manière constructive, en coopération avec le Myanmar, à l’amélioration de la situation des droits fondamentaux de sa population.
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: Français, French
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies Assemblée générale (A/66/365)
          Format/size: pdf (135K)
          Date of entry/update: 20 October 2011


          Title: AG 2010 (65me sesssion): Rapport du Rapporteur spécial sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar (francais)
          Date of publication: 15 September 2010
          Description/subject: Résumé: Le présent rapport, soumis en application de la résolution 13/25 du Conseil des droits de l’homme et de la résolution 64/238 de l’Assemblée générale, porte sur l’évolution de la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar depuis que le Rapporteur spécial a fait rapport au Conseil des droits de l’homme en mars 2010 (A/HRC/13/48). Le 13 août 2010, le Gouvernement du Myanmar a fait savoir – annonce longtemps attendue – que des élections nationales auraient lieu le 7 novembre 2010. Le présent rapport analyse la situation des droits de l’homme dans le contexte des élections ainsi que la question de la justice et de la responsabilité. Dans les circonstances actuelles, les conditions préalables à la tenue d’élections authentiques ne sont pas réunies, et il est difficile de dire si les élections se traduiront véritablement par un changement et par une amélioration de la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar. S’agissant de la justice et de la responsabilité, le Rapporteur spécial relève que s’il incombe essentiellement au Gouvernement du Myanmar de régler le problème lié aux violations flagrantes et systématiques des droits de l’homme par toutes les parties, c’est la communauté internationale qui devra le faire si le Gouvernement ne s’acquitte pas de cette responsabilité. Le Rapporteur spécial recommande au Gouvernement du Myanmar de respecter la liberté d’expression et d’opinion et la liberté de réunion et d’association dans le contexte des élections nationales; de libérer tous les prisonniers d’opinion; de renforcer le système de justice et de responsabilité; de mettre en oeuvre les quatre éléments fondamentaux en matière de droits de l’homme, tels que ceux-ci sont exposés en détail dans ses rapports antérieurs; de faciliter la fourniture d’une assistance humanitaire; et de continuer de resserrer sa coopération avec le système international des droits de l’homme.
          Author/creator: M. Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: Francais, French, English and other languages also available
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies -- Assemblée générale (A/65/368)
          Format/size: pdf (219K)
          Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N10/534/78/PDF/N1053478.pdf?OpenElement
          http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N10/534/77/PDF/N1053477.pdf?OpenElement
          http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=89
          Date of entry/update: 04 January 2011


          Title: AG 2009 (64ieme session): Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial (Francais)
          Date of publication: 24 August 2009
          Description/subject: Résumé: "Le présent rapport est soumis en application de la résolution 63/245 de l’Assemblée générale et de la résolution 10/27 du Conseil des droits de l’homme. Il doit être lu avec le rapport du Rapporteur spécial présenté au Conseil des droits de l’homme à sa dixième session (A/HRC/10/19), étant donné qu’il porte essentiellement sur l’évolution des droits de l’homme au Myanmar depuis la parution de ce rapport. Le procès d’Aung San Suu Kyi a été l’événement le plus marquant de la période considérée. Les 18 mois supplémentaires d’assignation à résidence lui interdisent de participer activement aux élections de 2010. Le Rapporteur spécial considère que le maintien de son assignation à résidence est un coup porté à la feuille de route en sept étapes vers la démocratie et regrette que le Gouvernement du Myanmar ait manqué une autre occasion de manifester son attachement à la tenue d’élections ouvertes, libres et régulières. Le rapport se concentre sur les questions de protection des droits de l’homme. Il insiste notamment sur la situation des prisonniers de conscience, leur droit à un procès équitable et le respect des garanties prévues par la loi et leurs conditions de détention; ainsi que sur la liberté d’expression, d’assemblée et d’association dans le cadre des prochaines élections prévues en 2010. Il se poursuit par un examen des conflits internes, de la protection des civils, de la discrimination et du besoin d’aide humanitaire. Le Rapporteur spécial réitère sa recommandation concernant quatre éléments fondamentaux en matière de droits de l’homme : un examen de la législation nationale de la nouvelle constitution et des obligations internationales, la libération progressive des prisonniers de conscience, la réforme des forces armées en vue d’assurer le respect des droits de l’homme et du droit international humanitaire, y compris la formation; et l’établissement d’un système judiciaire indépendant et impartial. Le Myanmar étant uniquement partie à la Convention relative aux droits de l’enfant et à la Convention sur l’élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes, le Rapporteur spécial lui recommande vivement d’adhérer aux autres principaux instruments internationaux relatifs aux droits de l’homme."
          Language: Francais(French), English and other languages also available
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/64/ 318)
          Format/size: pdf (124 K)
          Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N09/491/52/PDF/N0949152.pdf?OpenElement
          http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N09/491/51/PDF/N0949151.pdf?OpenElement (English)
          http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=89
          Date of entry/update: 04 January 2011


          Title: AG 2008 (63me session): Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial (Francais)
          Date of publication: 08 October 2008
          Description/subject: Résumé: Dans sa résolution 1992/58, la Commission des droits de l’homme a créé le mandat sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar, qui a été prorogé par la décision 1/102 et la résolution 5/1 du Conseil des droits de l’homme. En mars 2008, par sa résolution 7/32, le Conseil a prorogé d’un an le mandat. Le 26 mars 2008, Tomás Ojea Quintana (Argentine) a été nommé nouveau Rapporteur spécial et est officiellement entré en fonction le 1er mai 2008. Suite à une demande de visite du 3 au 13 août 2008, le 9 juillet, le Rapporteur spécial a reçu une réponse positive du Gouvernement du Myanmar pour entreprendre une mission dans ce pays du 3 au 7 août 2008. Le Rapporteur spécial voudrait remercier le Gouvernement du Myanmar pour son hospitalité et pour sa coopération pendant sa première mission dans le pays. Cette visite visait essentiellement à établir des rapports de travail avec les autorités, à rencontrer des membres de la société civile et également des personnes qui ne jouissent pas des droits fondamentaux. Le programme de la visite est joint au présent rapport. Le présent rapport fait suite à la résolution 62/222 de l’Assemblée générale. Sa première partie est axée sur les activités et sur le programme de travail du Rapporteur spécial. La seconde partie du rapport met l’accent sur des questions importantes et s’étend sur celles liées à la protection des droits de l’homme dans le cadre de la nouvelle constitution; elle traite de la question de la participation au processus démocratique et de l’organisation des élections de 2010, du droit de réunion et du droit à la liberté d’opinion et d’expression et de leur formulation dans la nouvelle Constitution, de la question du droit humanitaire international et de la protection des civils ainsi que de la situation de groupes précis comme les groupes ethniques, les femmes et les enfants. Le Rapporteur spécial traite ensuite des mécanismes mis en place pour assurer une protection maximale dans le cadre de la catastrophe naturelle du cyclone Nargis ainsi que des conditions de vie, des moyens de subsistance et des implications en matière de droits de l’homme. Finalement, le Rapporteur spécial commente les évolutions survenues dans la coopération internationale et qui sont liées aux problèmes des droits de l’homme pertinents vis-à-vis de son mandat et de l’environnement favorable à une coopération accrue en matière de promotion et de protection des droits de l’homme dans le pays. Dans ses recommandations, le Rapporteur spécial intègre quatre éléments essentiels pour le Myanmar.
          Language: Francais, French
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/63/341)
          Format/size: pdf (118K)
          Date of entry/update: 22 November 2008


          Title: AG 2007 (62me session): Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial (Francais)
          Date of publication: 13 August 2007
          Description/subject: Résumé: Le présent rapport est soumis en application de la résolution 61/232 de l’Assemblée générale. Le Rapporteur spécial se félicite de la décision prise par le Gouvernement du Myanmar de reconvoquer la Convention nationale pour sa dernière session, le 18 juillet 2007, afin de mettre au point les principes d’une nouvelle constitution dans le cadre d’une feuille de route en sept étapes vers la démocratie. Il demeure toutefois préoccupé par le fait que la Ligue nationale pour la démocratie (NLD) et les groupes ethniques ne peuvent participer efficacement et activement à un processus qui, dénué de transparence et de crédibilité, les a découragés d’apporter leur contribution. Le Rapporteur spécial a affirmé à diverses reprises qu’il n’y aurait pas de transition démocratique authentique au Myanmar tant que tous les détenus politiques n’auraient pas été libérés. Compte tenu de l’importance de la dernière phase de la Convention nationale, il déplore la prorogation de l’ordre d’assignation à résidence de la Secrétaire générale de la NLD et le maintien en détention d’autres dirigeants politiques. À un moment aussi important pour le processus de réforme politique et compte tenu de la nécessité de s’engager sur la voie de la réconciliation, un traitement aussi sévère de hauts dirigeants des groupes ethniques envoie un message très dommageable, qui révolte de nombreux citoyens et observateurs des droits de l’homme. Les préoccupations relatives aux droits de l’homme mentionnées dans le présent rapport sont pour l’essentiel très semblables à celles qu’avait exprimées le Rapporteur spécial l’an dernier. Ce dernier déplore que le Gouvernement, malgré plusieurs demandes, ne l’ait pas invité à se rendre dans le pays. Pour cette raison, il n’a pas été en mesure d’évaluer toute amélioration éventuelle ni de vérifier l’exactitude des allégations reçues de sources crédibles. De sévères restrictions concernant les libertés fondamentales sont imposées aux activistes politiques et aux défenseurs des droits de l’homme. Au 27 juin 2007, le nombre de détenus politiques était estimé à 1 192. Dans tout le pays, les communautés sont soumises à des pratiques abusives par des membres des forces armées qui, afin de renforcer le contrôle du gouvernement central, et souvent pour mettre en oeuvre des projets de développement national, recourent au travail forcé, à la saisie de biens et d’avoirs et à des mesures de réinstallation forcée de populations, notamment dans les zones frontalières où résident des groupes appartenant à des minorités ethniques. L’absence de volonté effective du Gouvernement du Myanmar d’agir face à la situation dans le domaine des droits de l’homme continue de soulever de graves préoccupations. Au niveau national, la capacité des services de police et l’indépendance et l’impartialité du système judiciaire ont été entravées par une impunité persistante. Les restrictions imposées à l’exercice des libertés fondamentales par les opposants politiques, les défenseurs des droits de l’homme et les victimes des atteintes aux droits de l’homme constituent également un sujet de préoccupation. Le Rapporteur spécial prend aussi acte avec grande satisfaction de l’Accord conclu entre l’Organisation internationale du Travail et le Gouvernement du Myanmar le 26 février 2007, visant à mettre en place un mécanisme permettant aux victimes du travail forcé de demander réparation. Le Rapporteur spécial a également souligné certains faits concrets qu’il considère comme marquant une étape importante dans la lutte contre l’impunité au Myanmar. On mentionnera à ce sujet la mise en place d’un mécanisme national chargé de recevoir les plaintes des victimes du travail forcé, et le dialogue lancé par le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général pour les enfants et les conflits armés avec le Gouvernement concernant l’élaboration d’un plan d’action visant à mettre un terme au recrutement des enfants soldats et à établir des programmes de réinsertion, et la mise en place d’un mécanisme national chargé de signaler les violations des droits de l’homme commises contre des enfants pendant un conflit armé. Ces dispositifs devraient faciliter l’accès aux zones actuellement limitées, en vue de la fourniture d’une assistance humanitaire et du contrôle des violations. Le Rapporteur spécial est convaincu que le Myanmar aurait avantage à renforcer sa coopération avec son mandat, tel qu’il a été redéfini par le Conseil des droits de l’homme. Il souligne qu’il est de son devoir de faire connaître les allégations relatives à des violations des droits de l’homme mais que cela n’exclut pas un dialogue constructif et continu avec les autorités. Ces deux éléments de son mandat peuvent contribuer à promouvoir une nouvelle dynamique en vue de l’amélioration de la situation des droits de l’homme dans le pays. Comme l’a indiqué le Rapporteur spécial dans son rapport précédent, le Myanmar aura des difficultés à promouvoir la transition politique et le respect des droits de l’homme fondamentaux. La collaboration de l’ONU et de la communauté internationale sont indispensables pour soutenir les efforts du Gouvernement et de la société civile. Dans ses recommandations, le Rapporteur spécial encourage la communauté internationale à promouvoir un cadre de principes afin de permettre aux États Membres de poursuivre diverses stratégies et d’établir des relations de coopération avec les autorités du Myanmar, compte tenu de leurs forces et capacités spécifiques. Il est urgent que la communauté internationale s’appuie sur les programmes d’assistance humanitaire existants et apporte son soutien à la santé, à l’éducation et aux droits de l’homme, notamment en contribuant au développement de la société civile.
          Language: Francais, French
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/62/223)
          Format/size: pdf (105K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: AG 2006 (61me session): Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial (Francais) Corr. 1
          Date of publication: 18 October 2006
          Description/subject: Situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar Note du Secrétaire général... Rectificatif: 1. Paragraphe 56 La dernière phrase doit se lire comme suit : Les cas de grippe aviaire apparus en mars et avril continuent de susciter de vives préoccupations, même si le virus H5N1 n’a été détecté chez aucun être humain dans le pays.... 2. Paragraphe 73 Remplacer le texte existant par le texte ci-après : 73. Le Rapporteur spécial : a) Recommande que, compte tenu de l’ampleur des violations des droits de l’homme, le Gouvernement du Myanmar impose à tous les fonctionnaires coupables de tels actes des mesures disciplinaires et des sanctions strictes et mette fin à la culture d’impunité qui règne dans tout le pays. À cet effet, le Gouvernement devrait immédiatement prendre certaines mesures, par exemple créer une ou plusieurs commissions nationales indépendantes chargées d’enquêter sur l’agression collective dirigée contre Aung San Suu Kyi en novembre 1996 et sur le massacre perpétré à Depayin en mai 2003, ainsi que sur la violence sexuelle généralisée à l’égard des femmes et des filles, afin de veiller à ce que les auteurs de ces infractions soient traduits en justice; b) Demande au Gouvernement du Myanmar d’autoriser le Rapporteur spécial, le personnel des Nations Unies et le personnel associé, ainsi que le personnel des organisations humanitaires à se rendre dans les zones touchées et d’assurer leur sûreté, leur sécurité et leur liberté de mouvement.
          Language: Francais, French
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/61/369/Corr.1)
          Format/size: pdf (30K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: AG 2006 (61me session): Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial (Francais)
          Date of publication: 21 September 2006
          Description/subject: Résumé: La Commission des droits de l’homme a établi le mandat du Rapporteur spécial sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar dans sa résolution 1992/58 et le Conseil des droits de l’homme l’a prorogé la dernière fois dans sa décision 1/102, par laquelle il a décidé de reconduire pour une année, à titre exceptionnel, les mandats et les titulaires de mandats relevant de toutes les procédures spéciales de la Commission des droits de l’homme. Depuis novembre 2003, le Rapporteur spécial n’a pas été autorisé à effectuer de mission d’établissement des faits au Myanmar. Faute d’avoir pu se rendre dans ce pays au cours de la période considérée, il a continué de s’acquitter de son mandat du mieux qu’il le pouvait sur la base des informations recueillies auprès de différentes sources indépendantes et fiables. Ces deux dernières années, le processus de réforme qui avait été proposé dans la « feuille de route en sept points pour la réconciliation nationale et la transition démocratique », et auquel devaient être associées diverses parties intéressées à plus ou moins longue échéance, a été strictement circonscrit et délimité, ce qui a eu pour effet de réduire l’espace politique. En outre, des manoeuvres d’obstruction ont ralenti le rythme des réformes nécessaires à la démocratisation et entravé la participation à ces réformes. Les travaux de la Convention nationale s’en sont ressentis. Au fil des décennies, l’espace disponible pour la création d’institutions civiles et démocratiques n’a cessé de se restreindre. La capacité de la force publique, de même que l’indépendance et l’impartialité de la justice, ont été entravées par le règne de l’impunité, ce qui a renforcé les inégalités et creusé le fossé entre pauvres et riches. Le 27 mai 2006, le maintien en résidence surveillée d’Aung San Suu Kyi a de nouveau été prolongé pour un an, en dépit des appels internationaux qui ont été lancés, notamment par le Secrétaire général de l’ONU. D’après les estimations, à la fin août 2006, le Myanmar comptait 1 185 prisonniers politiques. Entre les mois d’avril et de juillet 2006, 1 038 membres de la Ligue nationale pour la démocratie auraient été contraints, par des mesures d’intimidation et des menaces, de démissionner du parti. Le Rapporteur spécial insiste depuis le départ sur le fait que la réconciliation nationale doit passer par l’instauration d’un véritable dialogue, sans exclusive, avec les représentants politiques et entre eux. Il est fermement convaincu que ni l’arrestation et la détention de dirigeants politiques, ni les obstacles systématiquement mis à l’exercice des libertés fondamentales ne jouent en faveur de la réconciliation nationale ou de la stabilité du Myanmar. La persécution de membres de partis politiques de l’opposition et de défenseurs des droits de l’homme donne à penser que la feuille de route pour la démocratie se heurte aujourd’hui à trop d’obstacles pour déboucher sur une véritable transition. Par le passé, le Rapporteur spécial avait estimé que la feuille de route pourrait favoriser la transition politique. Malheureusement, le pays semble avoir perdu l’élan qu’il avait pris pendant les premières années de son mandat. Le Rapporteur spécial demeure particulièrement préoccupé par le problème de l’impunité, qui est devenue systématique et que le Gouvernement du Myanmar doit absolument combattre de toute urgence. Il est de plus en plus évident que l’impunité ne provient pas seulement de la faiblesse des institutions : elle permet aussi aux auteurs d’actes d’oppression commis à l’encontre de personnes qui s’opposent aux politiques et aux pratiques en vigueur d’échapper à leurs responsabilités. Des personnes et des groupes responsables de graves atteintes aux droits de l’homme, en particulier des militaires, échappent à la justice, et rien ne permet de penser que les autorités compétentes aient jamais enquêté sur les crimes en question. Les services du Conseil d’État pour la paix et le développement sont au courant de l’existence de graves violations des droits de l’homme, qui non seulement restent impunies mais sont autorisées par la loi. À cet égard, le Rapporteur spécial est également très préoccupé par les dysfonctionnements de justice, qui font obstacle à la primauté du droit et à l’exercice effectif et véritable des libertés fondamentales. Il est, en particulier, alarmé que les dissidents politiques, les défenseurs des droits de l’homme et les victimes de violations de ces droits soient poursuivis comme des criminels lorsqu’ils veulent exercer leurs libertés fondamentales. Le Rapporteur spécial est vivement préoccupé par la poursuite de la campagne militaire dans des régions du Myanmar où vivent des minorités, et par les incidences de cette campagne sur les droits de l’homme, surtout pour les civils visés. Cette question ne peut être séparée de celle de la confiscation des terres, pratique répandue dans tout le pays qui, selon toute apparence, vise à consolider le contrôle des militaires, surtout dans les régions où vivent des minorités ethniques, et a conduit à de nombreux déplacements, expulsions et réinstallations forcés, ainsi qu’à des migrations et des mouvements forcés de populations à l’intérieur du Myanmar. La campagne militaire actuellement menée, est d’une telle ampleur qu’elle pourrait déboucher sur une crise humanitaire s’il n’y est pas mis fin immédiatement. Le Rapporteur spécial note que le 15 septembre 2006, le Conseil de sécurité a décidé d’inscrire la situation au Myanmar à son ordre du jour; il estime qu’un débat sur la question au Conseil de sécurité pourrait accélérer la démocratisation du pays.
          Language: Francais, French
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/61/369)
          Format/size: pdf (112K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: AG 2005 (60eme Session): Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial (Francais
          Date of publication: 12 August 2005
          Description/subject: Résumé: "Le mandat du Rapporteur spécial de la Commission des droits de l’homme sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar a été établi par la Commission dans sa résolution 1992/58 et prorogé la dernière fois dans sa résolution 2005/10. Dans cette résolution, la Commission a prié le Rapporteur spécial de présenter un rapport intérimaire à l’Assemblée générale, lors de sa soixantième session, et de lui faire rapport à elle-même à sa soixante-deuxième session. Le présent rapport, qui fait suite à cette demande, a été établi à partir des informations recueillies par le Rapporteur spécial jusqu’au 22 juillet 2005 et doit être rapproché du dernier rapport qu’il a présenté à la Commission (E/CN.4/2005/36). Depuis novembre 2003, le Rapporteur spécial n’a pas été autorisé à effectuer de mission d’établissement des faits au Myanmar. Faute d’avoir pu se rendre dans ce pays au cours de la période considérée, il a continué de s’acquitter de son mandat du mieux qu’il le pouvait sur la base des informations recueillies auprès de différentes sources indépendantes et fiables. La Convention nationale, pour sa reprise, a été convoquée du 17 février au 31 mars 2005 sans la participation de plusieurs partis politiques dont la Ligue nationale pour la démocratie (NLD). Les délégués invités à y participer appartenaient aux huit mêmes catégories que par le passé : partis politiques, représentants élus, ethnies nationales, paysans, travailleurs, intellectuels et intelligentsia, fonctionnaires d’État et groupes parties au cessez-le-feu. D’après la Commission chargée de son organisation, 1 073 des 1 081 délégués invités à y participer y ont assisté. L’exclusion d’acteurs politiques importants et représentatifs, les restrictions imposées à leur participation, l’intolérance face aux critiques et l’intimidation et la détention des militants pour la démocratie sont antinomiques de tout processus démocratique. Les libertés de mouvement, de rassemblement et d’association doivent être garanties car elles sont un préalable à la réconciliation nationale et à la démocratisation. Le Rapporteur spécial est fermement convaincu que si les procédures restrictives inhérentes à la Convention nationale ne sont pas levées et les représentants de l’opposition démocratique ne sont pas autorisés à participer à ses travaux, la Constitution qui en découlera manquera de crédibilité. Pour faire reposer les arrangements de procédure régissant la Convention nationale sur des bases démocratiques solides, il faut permettre la pleine participation et implication de tous les partis politiques et progresser réellement dans le processus de démocratisation. Le Gouvernement peut et doit prendre des mesures immédiates pour sauver la Convention de l’échec et conserver sa propre crédibilité sur les plans aussi bien national qu’international. La question de savoir à qui incombe l’élaboration de la constitution est un des aspects les plus critiques du processus politique en cours. En outre, on ignore encore à l’heure actuelle quelles seront exactement les règles qui s’appliquent à l’adoption de la constitution à l’occasion d’un référendum national. Le Rapporteur spécial constate avec regret que, d’après ses sources, la situation concernant l’exercice des droits fondamentaux et libertés civiles n’a pas vraiment évolué au cours de la période considérée. Il reçoit sans cesse des informations faisant état de restrictions et de violations de ces droits et libertés. Il y aurait encore plus de 1 100 prisonniers politiques au Myanmar. La libération de 249 d’entre eux le 6 juillet 2005 n’a pas empêché la poursuite des arrestations, des détentions et des condamnations de civils et militants démocratiques à des peines sévères pour des activités politiques pacifiques. Le Rapporteur spécial reste également très préoccupé par la pratique de la détention administrative. Il est tout à fait regrettable que la Secrétaire générale de la NLD, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, ait fêté son soixantième anniversaire en détention administrative. Sa détention dans des conditions de quasi-mise au secret et l’interdiction qui lui est faite d’avoir des contacts avec les membres de son parti sont contraires à l’esprit de réconciliation nationale. Le Rapporteur spécial note avec encouragement que les activités de prévention et de traitement du VIH/sida se sont multipliées mais s’inquiète toujours de ce que la maladie a pris les proportions d’une épidémie généralisée au Myanmar. Si le Gouvernement continue de collaborer à l’élaboration d’un plan d’action national en faveur des enfants, il n’en a pas pour autant ratifié les deux protocoles facultatifs à la Convention relative aux droits de l’enfant. De graves violations des droits de l’homme continuent d’être commises contre les minorités ethniques du Myanmar. Les allégations de travail forcé, de viol et autres violences sexuelles, d’extorsion et d’expropriation par les forces gouvernementales continuent d’affluer. Les victimes de ces violations ont rarement des voies de recours. La transition vers un système pleinement démocratique et participatif au Myanmar ne souffre plus aucun retard. Un dialogue politique et constitutionnel doit être entamé sans tarder. En faisant respecter les valeurs démocratiques et les droits de l’homme, le Gouvernement fera clairement comprendre à la population du Myanmar et à la communauté internationale qu’il est fermement résolu à contribuer à l’instauration d’un avenir stable et démocratique pour le pays. L’Organisation des Nations Unies et la communauté internationale sont prêtes à travailler en partenariat avec le Gouvernement, les partis politiques et les organisations de la société civile pour contribuer efficacement à la réconciliation nationale et à la démocratisation. S’il coopère plus activement avec les organisations internationales, le Gouvernement peut être assuré de leur soutien en vue du règlement des conflits, des réformes politiques et économiques, du renforcement des institutions et des capacités, de la fourniture d’une assistance humanitaire et du développement axé sur l’être humain."
          Language: Francais, French
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/60/221)
          Format/size: pdf (116K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 September 2005


          Title: AG 2004 (59me Session): Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial (Francais)
          Date of publication: 30 August 2004
          Description/subject: Résumé: Le mandat du Rapporteur spécial de la Commission des droits de l’homme sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar a été donné par la Commission dans sa résolution 1992/58 et prorogé, la dernière fois, dans sa résolution 2004/61. Dans cette résolution, la Commission a prié le Rapporteur spécial de présenter un rapport intérimaire à la cinquante-neuvième session de l’Assemblée générale. Le présent rapport a été établi à partir des informations recueillies par le Rapporteur spécial jusqu’au 30 juillet 2004 et doit être rapproché du dernier rapport qu’il a présenté à la Commission (E/CN.4/2004/33). Depuis sa dernière mission au Myanmar en novembre 2003, le Rapporteur spécial a demandé au Gouvernement du Myanmar, à plusieurs reprises, de coopérer à son retour dans le pays en vue d’une mission d’établissement des faits. Cependant, s’il a donné son accord de principe à cette visite du Rapporteur spécial, aucune autorisation n’a été reçue de lui. Le Rapporteur spécial donne donc dans le présent rapport un résumé succinct des questions qu’il a examinées durant sa dernière visite, et sur la base d’informations recueillies auprès d’autres sources. Le Rapporteur spécial s’efforcera de retourner au Myanmar afin de s’acquitter pleinement de son mandat. La Convention nationale, pour sa reprise, a été convoquée du 17 mai au 9 juillet 2004. La relance de la Convention nationale constitue la première étape d’une feuille de route en sept points pour la réconciliation nationale et la transition démocratique, présentée par le Premier Ministre, le général Khin Nyunt, le 30 août 2003. Les autorités ont annoncé que les délégués à la nouvelle Convention nationale devraient formuler leurs propositions en fonction des six grands objectifs et des 104 principes déjà posés durant celle qui s’est tenue entre 1993 et 1996. La Convention nationale a été convoquée sans la National League for Democracy (NLD) ni les autres partis politiques qui avaient remporté la majorité des sièges aux élections de 1990. Elle a réuni 1 076 délégués, alors que la Convention précédente n’en avait réuni que 702. Cette augmentation s’explique essentiellement par le nombre accru de représentants des nationalités, y compris les groupes qui sont apparus dans le nouveau paysage politique à la suite des accords de cessez-le-feu signés avec 17 groupes armés. Pour les minorités ethniques, la Convention nationale de 2004 pourrait constituer une occasion irremplaçable de résoudre les conflits. Le Rapporteur spécial rappelle que les préoccupations qu’il avait exprimées dans son dernier rapport à la Commission au sujet de la Convention nationale n’ont pas été dissipées et que les mesures nécessaires pour assurer un fonctionnement démocratique minimal de la Convention nationale au moment où elle est à nouveau convoquée n’ont pas été prises. Le Rapporteur spécial réaffirme que si le Gouvernement souhaite faciliter un authentique processus de transition politique, il doit respecter des règles élémentaires concernant les droits de l’homme. Le Rapporteur spécial espère néanmoins que les résultats finals des travaux de la Convention nationale apporteront des solutions concrètes aux problèmes de l’ensemble de la population du Myanmar. La libération de Mme Aung San Suu Kyi et l’amorce d’un dialogue de fond avec elle et avec son parti ainsi que la conclusion d’un accord avec les groupes ayant signé le cessez-le-feu, qui tiendrait compte de leurs propositions, contribueraient à faire avancer le processus politique. À cet égard, le Rapporteur spécial engage le Gouvernement du Myanmar à reconnaître le rôle de l’Envoyé spécial du Secrétaire général et la nécessité de son retour dans ce pays le plus tôt possible en vue de poursuivre ses efforts de facilitation, notamment dans le cadre de la préparation de la prochaine session de la Convention nationale. Les informations reçues par le Rapporteur spécial au cours de la période considérée donnent à penser que la situation concernant l’exercice des droits fondamentaux et des libertés civiles au Myanmar n’a pas beaucoup changé. Les conséquences sur les droits de l’homme des événements du 30 mai 2003 à Depayin ne sont pas totalement estompées. Les détenus demeurent très nombreux dans les quartiers de sécurité. Le Rapporteur spécial a été informé de la poursuite des arrestations et des condamnations à des peines sévères de personnes menant des activités politiques pacifiques; un grand nombre des cas signalés ont été soulevés par le Rapporteur spécial dans ses lettres et appels urgents adressés au Gouvernement du Myanmar. Il reste également préoccupé par la pratique de la détention administrative. Des restrictions continuent de peser sur l’activité politique. Tous les locaux de la NLD demeurent fermés, à l’exception de son siège à Yangon, qui a été autorisé à rouvrir en avril 2004. D’après des informations récentes, la NLD a réussi malgré ces restrictions à mener certaines activités. On ne sait pas dans quelle mesure la NLD et les autres partis politiques seront autorisés à mener des activités politiques pacifiques sans subir de représailles, mais le Rapporteur spécial tient à rappeler les vues exprimées au cours de sa dernière mission en novembre, à savoir que la mise en oeuvre de la feuille de route doit s’accompagner de changements tangibles conduisant à un processus véritablement libre, transparent et ouvert à tous, avec le concours de tous les partis politiques, groupes ethniques et membres de la société civile. Le respect des droits et des libertés politiques est une condition essentielle de la création d’un climat favorisant le succès de la transition démocratique. La mise en oeuvre de réformes dans le domaine des droits de l’homme, que le Rapporteur spécial avait préconisée dans ses rapports et ses lettres aux autorités du Myanmar, contribuerait à un tel climat. Durant la période considérée, le Rapporteur spécial a pris connaissance d’informations crédibles et détaillées faisant état de violations des droits de l’homme dans certaines zones où sont menées des opérations anti-insurrectionnelles, au Myanmar, et espère qu’il sera en mesure d’apporter des précisions sur ces informations durant sa prochaine mission. Il rappelle que les autorités du Myanmar n’ont pas encore répondu à sa demande d’organisation d’une évaluation indépendante dans l’État Shan. Le Rapporteur spécial a pris note de la coopération du Gouvernement du Myanmar avec le Comité des droits de l’enfant à l’occasion de l’examen du second rapport périodique du Myanmar sur l’application de la Convention relative aux droits de l’enfant. Le Rapporteur spécial constate que depuis quelques années la communauté internationale comprend mieux l’impératif d’une aide humanitaire au Myanmar. À ce sujet, il salue les efforts qu’accomplit l’équipe des Nations Unies au Myanmar pour recenser les facteurs de vulnérabilité, au Myanmar, afin de mettre au point un plancadre de l’aide de l’ONU. Étant donné la situation qui prévaut actuellement au Myanmar, les recommandations et les conclusions données dans les rapports antérieurs du Rapporteur spécial demeurent valables.
          Language: Francais, French
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/59/311)
          Format/size: pdf (165K)
          Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


          Title: AG 2003: Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial
          Date of publication: 05 August 2003
          Language: Francais, French
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies
          Format/size: pdf, Word
          Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/huridocda/huridoca.nsf/e06a5300f90fa0238025668700518ca4/bae571e4004cb1a4c1256da9003ece48/$FILE/N0345984.doc
          Date of entry/update: 29 October 2003


          Title: AG 2002 Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial
          Date of publication: 09 August 2002
          Language: Francais, French
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies
          Format/size: pdf, Word
          Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/2850b6b995dc5febc1256c55002dbfd7/$FILE/N0264235.pdf (correction)
          http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/2850b6b995dc5febc1256c55002dbfd7/$FILE/N0251785.doc
          http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/2850b6b995dc5febc1256c55002dbfd7/$FILE/N0264235.doc (correction)
          Date of entry/update: 29 October 2003


          Title: AG 2001: Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport int�rimaire �tabli par le Rapporteur sp�cial
          Date of publication: 20 August 2001
          Description/subject: Assembl�e g�n�rale, Cinquante-sixi�me session. Le Secr�taire g�n�ral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assembl�e g�n�rale le rapport int�rimaire sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, �tabli par Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, Rapporteur sp�cial de la Commission des droits de l'homme, conform�ment � la r�solution 2001/15 de la Commission et � la d�cision 2001/251 du Conseil �conomique et social.
          Author/creator: M. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: Francais, English and other languages also available
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/56/312)
          Format/size: pdf (215 K),MS Word
          Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/a89062dfcd84095bc1256ad9004d78a9/$FILE/N0151753.pdf
          http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N01/517/52/PDF/N0151752.pdf?OpenElement (English)
          http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=89
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 2000: Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar - Rapport int�rimaire par le Rapporteur sp�cial
          Date of publication: 22 August 2000
          Description/subject: Assembl�e g�n�rale, Cinquante-cinqui�me session. Le Secr�taire g�n�ral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assembl�e g�n�rale le rapport int�rimaire sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, �tabli par Rajsoomer Lallah, Rapporteur sp�cial de la Commission des droits de l'homme, conform�ment � la r�solution 2000/23 de la Commission et � la d�cision 2000/255 du Conseil �conomique et social.
          Author/creator: M. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Francais, English and other languages also available
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/55/359)
          Format/size: pdf (111 K) et Word
          Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/25fb2381e52cc7bcc1256983002f1a7f/$FILE/0063505f.doc
          http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=89
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1999: situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar - rapport du Rapporteur special
          Date of publication: 04 October 1999
          Description/subject: Assembl�e g�n�rale, Cinquante-quatri�me session. Le Secr�taire g�n�ral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assembl�e g�n�rale le rapport int�rimaire sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, �tabli par M. Rajsoomer Lallah, Rapporteur sp�cial de la Commission des droits de l'homme, conform�ment � la r�solution 1999/17 de la Commission en date du 23 avril 1999 et � la d�cision 1999/231 du Conseil �conomique et social en date du 27 juillet 1999.
          Author/creator: M. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Francais, English and other languages also available
          Source/publisher: Nations UNies (A/54/440)
          Format/size: pdf (61 K)
          Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N99/290/89/PDF/N9929089.pdf?OpenElement (English)
          Date of entry/update: 04 January 2011


          Title: AG 1998: Rapport du Rapporteur spcial sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
          Date of publication: 10 September 1998
          Description/subject: Assemble gnral, Cinquante-troisime session. Le Secrtaire gnral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assemble gnrale le rapport intrimaire sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, tabli par M. Rajsoomer Lallah, Rapporteur spcial de la Commission des droits de l'homme, conformment la dcision 1998/261 du Conseil conomique et social en date du 30 juillet 1998.
          Author/creator: M. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Francais
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/53/364)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1997: Rapport du Rapporteur spcial sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
          Date of publication: 16 October 1997
          Description/subject: Le Secrtaire gnral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assemble gnrale le rapport intrimaire sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, tabli par M. Rajsoomer Lallah, Rapporteur spcial de la Commission des droits de l'homme, conformment la rsolution 51/117 de l'Assemble gnrale, en date du 12 dcembre 1996, et la dcision 1997/272 du Conseil conomique et social, en date du 22 juillet 1997.
          Author/creator: M. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Francais
          Source/publisher: A/52/484
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1996: Rapport intrimaire du Rapporteur spcial sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
          Date of publication: 08 October 1996
          Description/subject: Assemble gnrale, Cinquante et unime session. Le Secrtaire gnral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assemble gnrale le rapport intrimaire sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, tabli par le juge Rajsoomer Lallah, Rapporteur spcial de la Commission des droits de l'homme, conformment la rsolution 1996/80 de la Commission en date du 23 avril 1996.
          Author/creator: M. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Francais
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/51/466)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1995: Rapport du Rapporteur spcial sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
          Date of publication: 16 October 1995
          Description/subject: Assemble gnrale, Cinquantime session. Le Secrtaire gnral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assemble gnrale le rapport intrimaire tabli par M. Yozo Yokota, Rapporteur spcial de la Commission des droits de l'homme charg d'examiner la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, conformment au paragraphe 20 de la rsolution 1995/72 de la Commission en date du 8 mars 1995 et la dcision 1995/283 du Conseil conomique et social en date du 25 juillet 1995.
          Author/creator: M. Yozo Yokota
          Language: Francais
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/50/568)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1994: Rapport du Rapporteur spcial sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar (Annex)
          Date of publication: 09 November 1994
          Description/subject: Assemblee Generale, Quarante-neuvime session 1. Le Rapporteur spcial a soumis au Gouvernement du Myanmar, le 5 octobre 1994, un rsum des allgations qu'il avait reues concernant les violations des droits de l'homme au Myanmar (pour le texte, voir A/49/594, par. 9). Dans sa lettre d'accompagnement, le Rapporteur spcial priait le Gouvernement du Myanmar de lui faire tenir les rponses cinq questions particulires (voir A/49/594, par. 8). 2. Par note verbale date du 4 novembre 1994, la Mission permanente de l'Union du Myanmar auprs de l'Office des Nations Unies Genve a transmis les rponses du Gouvernement du Myanmar au rsum des allgations reues par le Rapporteur spcial, ainsi qu'aux cinq questions particulires poses par ce dernier dans sa lettre du 5 octobre 1994. 3. On trouvera ci-aprs le texte complet de la rponse du Gouvernement du Myanmar au rsum des allgations reues par le Rapporteur spcial :
          Author/creator: M. Yozo Yokota
          Language: Francais
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/49/594/Add.1)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1994: Rapport du Rapporteur spcial sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
          Date of publication: 28 October 1994
          Description/subject: Assemble gnrale, Quarante-neuvime session. Le Secrtaire gnral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assemble gnrale le rapport intrimaire tabli par M. Yozo Yokota, Rapporteur spcial de la Commission des droits de l'homme charg d'examiner la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, conformment au paragraphe 20 de la rsolution 1994/85 de la Commission en date du 9 mars 1994 et la dcision 1994/269 du Conseil conomique et social en date du 25 juillet 1994.
          Author/creator: M. Yozo Yokota
          Language: Francais
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/49/594)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1993: Rapport du Rapporteur spcial sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
          Date of publication: 16 November 1993
          Description/subject: Assemble gnrale, Quarante-huitime session. Le Secrtaire gnral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assemble gnrale le rapport intrimaire tabli par le professeur Yozo Yokota, Rapporteur spcial de la Commission des droits de l'homme charg d'examiner la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, conformment au paragraphe 16 de la rsolution 1993/73 de la Commission en date du 10 mars 1993 et de la dcision 1993/278 du Conseil conomique et social en date du 28 juillet 1993.
          Author/creator: M. Yozo Yokota
          Language: Francais
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/48/578)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: AG 1992 (47eme session) Rapport du Rapporteur spécial sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar (francais)
          Date of publication: 13 November 1992
          Description/subject: "Le 3 mars 1992, à sa quarante-huitième session, la Commission des droits de l'homme a adopt~ la r~solution 1992/58. intitul~e "La situation des ~roits de l'homme au Myanmar". Dans cette r~solution, la Commission soulignait que conform~ment à la Charte, l'Organisation des Nations Unies favorise et encourage le respect des droits de l'homme et des libert~s fondamentales pour tous et que la Déclaration universelle des droits de l'homme énonce que ·'la volont~ du peuple est le fondement de l'autorité du pouvoir public"; elle notait ~galement avec une préoccupation particulière à cet égard que le processus électoral engagé au Myanmar avec les élections générales du 27 mai 1990 n'était pas encore parvenu à son terme. qu'aucun progrès apparent n'avait été fait pour concrétiser la volonté politique du peuple du Myanmar, telle qu'elle s'était exprimée dans les élections, et que les résultats définitifs des élections n'avaient pas même été rendus officiellement publics; elle notait aussi que de nombreux dirigeants politiques, en particulier des représentants élus, demeuraient privés de liberté et que Daw Aung San Suu Kyi faisait toujours l'objet d'une assignation à domicile; elle notait avec préoccupation la gravité de la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanrnar, l'existence de restrictions importantes qui pesaient sur l'exercice des libertés fondamentales et l'imposition de mesures oppressives dirigées en particulier contre des groupes minoritaires. ainsi que l'exode continu de réfugi~s du Myanmar vers les pays voisins. y compris celui des réfugiés musulmans du Myanmar vers le Bangladesh..."
          Language: Francais, French
          Source/publisher: Nations Unies -- Assemblée générale (A47-651)
          Format/size: pdf (2 MB)
          Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


        • Reports to the GA by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)

          Individual Documents

          Title: GA 2013 (68th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 23 September 2013
          Description/subject: موجز في هذا التقرير ، يصف المقرر الخاص كيف تستمر الإصلاحات الجارية في ميانمار في ﺗﻬيئة آفاق لتحقيق أوجه تحسن كبيرة في حالة حقوق الإنسان . وتشمل التطورات الهامة التي شهدﺗﻬا الفترة المشمولة بالتقرير استمرار الإفراج عن سجناء ا لضمير؛ وتعزيز احترام الحق في حرية الرأي والتعبير؛ وإحراز تقدم نحو التوصل إلى اتفاق بشأن وقف إطلاق النار على الصعيد الوطني . غير أن المقرر الخاص يسلط الضوء على الأخطار الناجمة عن التغاض ي عن أوجه القصور في مجال حقوق الإنسان أو عن التعامل مع أوجه القصور هذه على افتراض أن الزخم المتوّلد عن الإصلاحات الحالية سيؤدي دون شك إلى معالجتها . ويحذر من أن أوجه القصور هذه، إذا لم تتم معالجتها الآن، ستترسخ على نحو متزايد في مجالات من قبيل المساءلة عن انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان ؛ وحقوق الأقليات العرقية والدينية؛ والحق في التجمع السلمي وفي تكوين الجمعيات؛ وتمثيل المرأة في مناصب صنع ال قرار؛ و الحقوق في الأراضي ؛ وحقوق الإنسان والتنمية . وعلاوة على ذلك، فإﻧﻬ ا ستؤدي في ﻧﻬاية المطاف إلى تقويض عملية الإصلاح نفسها ما لم تتم معالجتها وفقا للمعايير الدولية لحقوق الإنسان . ويخلص إلى أن التحدي القائم منذ بداية عملية الإصلاح يتمثل في تحقيق الانتقال من العقلية العسكرية السائدة داخل الحكومة إلى عقلية ديمقراطية تحترم حقوق الإنسان.
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/68/397)
          Format/size: pdf (278K)
          Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
          Date of entry/update: 24 October 2013


          Title: GA 2012 (67th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 25 September 2012
          Description/subject: موجز شهدت الفترة التي يغطيها التقرير مرة أخرى حدوث تغييرات هائلة وسريعة في ميانمار، يمكن أن تؤدي إلى زيادة تحسن حالة حقوق الإنسان في البلد، ولكن اس تمرار الشواغل الطويلة الأمد أيضا ما زال يشكل مخاطر ﺗﻬدد عملية الإصلاح. ......المحتويات الصفحة أولا - مقدمة . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٣ ثانيا - حالة حقوق الإنسان . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٤ ألف - سجناء الضمير . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٥ باء - ظروف احتجاز السجناء ومعاملتهم . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٦ جيم - مسائل أخرى متعلقة بالحقوق المدنية و السياسية . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٧ دال - اﻟﻤﺠتمع المد ني . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٩ هاء - الحقوق الاقتصادية والاجتماعية والثقافية . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ١٠ ثالثا - حالة الأقليات العرقية . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ١٤ رابعا - الحالة في ولاية راخين . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ١٨ خامسا - الانتقال الديمقراطي وإرساء سيادة القانون . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٢٢ سادسًا - الحقيقة والعدالة والمساءلة . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٢٦ سابعًا - الاستنتاجات . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٢٧ ثامنًا - التوصيا ت
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/67/383
          Format/size: pdf (316K)
          Date of entry/update: 22 October 2012


          Title: GA 2011 (66th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 16 September 2011
          Description/subject: موجز تشهد ميانمار لحظة حاسمة في تاريخها وهناك فرص حقيقية لحدوث تط ورات إيجابية هادفة تتحسن ﺑﻬا حالة حقوق الإنسان وتتعمق من خلالها عملية الانتقال إلى الديمقراطية . وقد اتخذت الحكومة الجديدة عددًا من الخطوات لتحقيق ذلك . على أن هناك كثيرا من قضايا حقوق الإنسان التي لا تزال متبقية ويتعين معالجته ا. وينبغي للحكومة الجديدة أن تضاعف جهودها لتنفيذ الالتزامات التي قطعتها على نفسها وللوفاء بالتزاماﺗﻬا الدولية في مجال حقوق الإنسان. ويجب على اﻟﻤﺠتمع الدولي أن يواصل اهتمامه ﺑﻬذه التطورات وأن يتابعها عن كث ب . كما يتعين أن يقدم اﻟﻤﺠتمع الدولي الدعم والمساعدة للحكومة في هذه المرحلة الهامة . ويؤكد المقرر الخاص مجددًا استعداده للعمل بصورة بناءة والتعاون مع ميانمار لتحسين حالة حقوق الإنسان لشعبها.
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/66/365)
          Format/size: pdf (331K)
          Date of entry/update: 20 October 2011


          Title: GA 2010 (65th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 15 September 2010
          Description/subject: موجز ٢٥ وقرار الجمعية العامة / يقدَّم هذا التقرير عملا بقرار مجلس حقوق الإنسان ١٣ ٢٨٣ ، وهو يغطي مستجدات حقوق الإنسان في ميانمار منذ تقديم تقرير المقرر الخاص /٦٤ .(A/HRC/13/48) إلى مجلس حقوق الإنسان في آذار/مارس ٢٠١٠ وفي ١٣ آب /أغسطس ٢٠١٠ ، أعلنت حكومة ميانم ار أن موعد الانتخابات الوطنية الذي طال انتظاره هو ٧ تشرين الثاني/نوفمبر ٢٠١٠ . ويركز هذا التقرير على حقوق الإنسان في علاقتها مع الانتخابات، وعلى مسألة العدالة والمساءلة . وتتسم شروط عقد انتخابات نزيهة بالمحدودية في ظل الظروف الحالية، ويظل احتمال أن تحدث هذه الانتخابات تغييرا مجديا وأن تحسّن حالة حقوق الإنسان في ميانمار أمرا غير مؤكد. وفيما يتعلق بمسألة العدالة والمساءلة، يلاحظ المقرر الخاص أنه بينما تتحمل حكومة ميانمار المسؤولية في المقام الأول عن التصدي لمشكلة الانتهاكات الجسيمة والمنهجية لحقوق الإنسان التي ترتكبها جميع الأطراف، فإن هذه المسؤولية تقع على عاتق اﻟﻤﺠتمع الدولي ما لم تضطلع ﺑﻬا الحكومة. ويوصي المقرر الخاص بأن تحترم حكومة ميانمار حرية التعبير والرأي وحرية التجمع في سياق الانتخابات الوطنية؛ وتطلق سراح جميع سجناء الضمير؛ وتعالج مسألة العدالة والمساءلة؛ وتنّفذ العناصر الأساسية الأربعة لحقوق الإنسان، على النحو المفصل في تقاريره السابقة؛ وتسهّل وصول المساعدات الإنسانية؛ وتواصل تطوير التعاون مع منظومة حقوق الإنسان الدولية.
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/65/368)
          Format/size: pdf (322K)
          Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N10/534/75/pdf/N1053475.pdf?OpenElement
          Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


          Title: GA 2009 (64th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 24 September 2009
          Description/subject: موجز ٢٤٥ وقرار مجلس حقوق الإنسان / يقدّم هذا التقرير عملا بقرار الجمعية العامة ٦٣ ٢٧ . وينبغي قراءته بالاقتران مع التقرير المقدّم من المقرر الخاص إلى مجلس حقوق /١٠ حيث أنه ير ّ كز بشكل رئيسي عل ى التطورات ،(A/HRC/10/ الإنسان في دورته العاشرة ( 19 التي استجدّت في مجال حقوق الإنسان في ميانمار منذ تقديم ذلك التقرير. وكانت محاكمة أونغ سان سو كيي أهم أحداث الفترة المشمولة بالاستعراض . فالحكم عليها ب ١٨ شهرا إضافية من الإقامة الجبرية يعني منعها من المشاركة النشطة في انتخابات عام ٢٠١٠ . ويرى المقرر الخاص أن استمرار فرض الإقامة الجبرية عليها يشكل ضربة لخارطة الطريق إلى الديمقراطية ذات الخطوات السبع التي وضعتها الحكومة، وهو يأسف لأن حكومة ميانمار قد أهدرت فرصة أخرى لإثبات التزامها بإجراء انتخابات حرة ونزيهة وشاملة للجميع. ويركّز التقرير على قضا يا حماية حقوق الإنسان . وهو يسّلط الضوء، على وجه الخصوص، على حالة سجناء الرأي، وعلى حقهم في المحاكمة العادلة وفي مراعاة الأصول القانونية الواجبة، وعلى ظروف احتجازهم؛ ويسّلط الضوء كذلك على حرية التعبير والتجمّع وتكوين الجمعيات في سياق الانتخابات التي ستجرى في عام ٢٠١٠ . ويتضمن التقرير بالإضافة إلى ذلك استعراضا للنزاعات الداخلية ومسائل حماية المدنيين والتمييز والحاجة إلى المساعدة الإنسانية. ويكرّر المقرر الخاص توصيته بتنفيذ أربعة عناصر رئيسية لحقوق الإنسان، ألا وهي : إجراء استعراض للتشريعات الوطنية وفقا للدستور الجديد والالتزامات الدولية؛ والإفراج تدريجيا عن سجناء الرأي؛ وإصلاح القوات المسلحة لضمان احترام القانون الدولي لحقوق الإنسان والقانون الإنساني الدولي، بما يشمل التدريب؛ وإنشاء سلطة قضائية مستقلة ومحايدة. وبما أن ميانمار ليست طرفا إلا في اتفاقية حقوق الط فل واتفاقية القضاء على جميع أشكال التمييز ضد المرأة، فإن المقرّر الخاص يوصي بقوة بأن تنضم ميانمار إلى سائر صكوك حقوق الإنسان الدولية الرئيسية.
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/64/318)
          Format/size: pdf (269K)
          Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N09/491/49/pdf/N0949149.pdf?OpenElement
          Date of entry/update: 10 October 2009


          Title: GA 2008 (63rd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 05 September 2008
          Description/subject: Summary: "In its resolution 1992/58, the Commission on Human Rights established the mandate on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, which was then extended by the Human Rights Council in its decision 1/102 and resolution 5/1. In March 2008, by its resolution 7/32, the Council extended the mandate for one year. On 26 March 2008, Tomás Ojea Quintana (Argentina) was appointed as the new Special Rapporteur, and he officially assumed the function on 1 May 2008. Following a request for a visit from 3 to 13 August 2008, on 9 July the Special Rapporteur received a positive response from the Government of Myanmar to undertake a mission to that country from 3 to 7 August 2008. The Special Rapporteur would like to thank the Government of Myanmar for its hospitality and the cooperation he received during his first mission to the country. This visit was mainly aimed at establishing working relations with the authorities, to meet with civil society and also with those who do not enjoy their fundamental rights. The programme of the visit is annexed to the report. The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 62/222. The first part focuses on the activities and programme of work of the Special Rapporteur. The second part of the report concentrates on substantive issues and elaborates on those related to the protection of human rights in the context of the new Constitution; and the question of participation in the democratic process and organization of the 2010 elections; the right to assembly and right to freedom of opinion and expression and their formulation in the new Constitution; and the question of international humanitarian law and protection of civilians, as well as the situation of specific groups such as ethnic groups, women and children. The Special Rapporteur further elaborates on the mechanisms in place to ensure maximum protection in the context of natural disaster cyclone Nargis, and the living conditions, sustenance and its human rights implications. Finally, the Special Rapporteur discusses developments that have taken place in international cooperation and that relate to human rights issues pertinent to his mandate and the environment for a strengthened cooperation on the promotion and protection of human rights in the country. In his recommendations, the Special Rapporteur includes four core human rights elements for paving the road to democracy in Myanmar."
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/63/341)
          Format/size: pdf (265K)
          Date of entry/update: 22 November 2008


          Title: GA 2007 (62nd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 13 August 2007
          Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 61/232. The Special Rapporteur welcomes the decision of the Government of Myanmar to reconvene the National Convention for its last session on 18 July 2007, to finish laying down principles for a new constitution as part of a seven-stage road map to democracy. He remains concerned, however, at the lack of opportunity for effective and genuine participation by the National League for Democracy (NLD) and ethnic groups, which have deliberately chosen not to participate owing to the lack of transparency and meaningful input. He has repeated on several occasions that there will be no authentic democratic transition in Myanmar until all political prisoners are released. Given the importance of the last phase of the National Convention, he deplores the extension of the house arrest of the NLD General Secretary and the continued detention of other political leaders. At a time of such importance to the political reform process and in view of the need for reconciliation, such severe treatment of senior ethnic nationality leaders sends a very counterproductive signal, shocking many citizens and human rights observers. The human rights concerns enumerated in the present report are largely very similar to those highlighted by the Special Rapporteur last year. The Special Rapporteur deplores the fact that the Government, despite several requests, has not invited him to visit the country. For this reason he was not able to assess any improvements or verify the accuracy of the allegations received from credible sources. Severe restrictions on fundamental freedoms are imposed on political activists and human rights defenders. As of 27 June 2007, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,192. Throughout the country communities are subjected to patterns of abuse by members of the military who, in order to assert greater central government control, and often to implement national development projects, resort to forced labour, the seizure of property and assets and the forced relocation of populations, particularly in the border areas where ethnic nationality groups reside. The lack of an effective commitment by the Government of Myanmar to respond to the human rights situation continues to raise serious concerns. At the national level, the capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hindered by sustained impunity. The restrictions on the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses is also a matter of concern. The Special Rapporteur also takes note with great satisfaction of the Understanding between the International Labour Organizations and the Government of Myanmar, concluded on 26 February 2007, to provide a mechanism to enable victims of forced labour to seek redress. The Special Rapporteur has also noted concrete developments which he considers to be significant milestones in the fight against impunity in Myanmar. These include the establishment of a national redress mechanism to receive complaints of forced labour, and the dialogue initiated by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict with the Government regarding the development of an action plan to halt recruitment of child soldiers and to develop reintegration programmes and the setting up of a national mechanism to report on human rights violations committed against children during armed conflict. These mechanisms should lead to greater access to currently restricted areas for the provision of humanitarian assistance, as well as the monitoring of violations. The Special Rapporteur is convinced that Myanmar would benefit from more active cooperation with his mandate, now under terms of reference that have been redefined by the Human Rights Council. He insists that it is his obligation to go public about allegations of human rights violations, but that this does not exclude a constructive and continuous dialogue with the Government. These two elements of his mandate can contribute to a new dynamic for the improvement of the situation of human rights in the country. As indicated by the Special Rapporteur in his previous report, it will not be easy for Myanmar to promote political transition and basic human rights. The collaboration of the United Nations and the international community are essential to support the efforts of the Government and civil society. In his recommendations, the Special Rapporteur encourages the international community to promote a framework of principles to enable Member States to pursue a plurality of strategies and cooperation with the Government of Myanmar in accordance with their particular strengths and capacities. It is urgent that the international community build on existing programmes of humanitarian assistance and support health, education and human rights, in particular through support to the development of civil society..."
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/62/223)
          Format/size: pdf (169K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: GA 2006 (61st Session) Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic) Corr. 1
          Date of publication: 18 October 2006
          Description/subject: Situation of human rights in Myanmar Note by the Secretary-General... Corrigendum: 1. Paragraph 56 The last sentence should read The March/April outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza remains of serious concern, although there is no human case of H5N1 in Myanmar. 2. Paragraph 73 For the existing text substitute 73. The Special Rapporteur would like: (a) To recommend that, given the magnitude of human rights abuses, the Government of Myanmar should subject all officials committing these acts to strict disciplinary control and punishment and put an end to the culture of impunity that prevails throughout the country. In that respect, a number of immediate steps should be taken, such as setting up (an) independent national commission(s) to look into the mob attack of Aung San Suu Kyi in November 1996 and the brutal Depayin incident in May 2003, and to investigate the widespread sexual violence against women and girls with a view to ensuring that those responsible for such crimes are brought to justice; (b) To call upon the Government of Myanmar to authorize access to the affected areas by the Special Rapporteur, the United Nations and associated personnel, as well as personnel of humanitarian organizations and to guarantee their safety, security and freedom of movement.
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/61/369/Corr.1)
          Format/size: pdf (60K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 21 September 2006
          Description/subject: أنشأت لجنة حقوق الإنسان ولاية المقرر الخاص المعني بحالة حقوق الإنسان في ٥٨ ومدد هذه الولاية مؤخرا مجلس حقوق الإنسان، في مقرره / ميانمار في قرارها ١٩٩٢ ١٠٢ ، الذي قرر الس بموجبه أن يمدد، على نحو استثنائي لمدة سنة واحدة، الولايات /١ المتعلقة بالإجراءات الخاصة للجنة والقائمين على تلك الولايات. ولم يسمح للمقرر الخاص بأن يجري بعثة تقصي حقائق في ميانمار منذ تشرين الثاني /نوفمبر ٢٠٠٣ . وبما أنه لم يسمح له بالدخول إلى البلد خلال الفترة المشمولة ذا التقرير، فقد واصل ممارسة ولايته بقدر ما يستطيع مستندًا إلى المعلوما ت التي جمعت من عدد مختلف من المصادر المستقلة والموثوقة. وفي السنتين الماضيتين، تعرضت عملية الإصلاح المقترحة في ”خريطة الطريق ذات النقاط السبع من أجل المصالحة الوطنية والانتقال نحو الديمقراطية “، التي كانت دف إلى أن تظل مفتوحة أمام مختلف الجهات المعنية، إلى ضغوط وقيود شديدة. ونتيجة لذلك، تم تضييق تعريف اال السياسي؛ وبالإضافة إلى ذلك، فإن العوائق التي برزت خلال السنتين الماضيتين أعاقت تقدم الإصلاحات المطلوبة لإضفاء الديمقراطية وأثرت على شموليتها . وقد تأثر عمل المؤتمر الوطني سلبًا نتيجة هذا التطور. وخلال عشرات السنوات، تقلص اال المتاح لإنشاء مؤسسات مدنية وديمقراطية إلى درجة كبيرة . وقد أعاقت الممارسة المستمرة للإفلات من العقاب قدرة مؤسسات إنفاذ القانون واستقلالية وحياد الهيئة القضائية . وساهم هذا الحال في ت رسيخ عدم المساوا ة وزيادة الفجوة بين الأكثر فقرا والأكثر غنى. وفي ٢٧ أيار/مايو، مددت الإقامة الجبرية ل أوانغ سانغ سو كي لمدة ١٢ شهرا أخرى رغم مختلف المناشدات الدولية، بما في ذلك مناشدة الأمين العام ل لأمم المتحدة . وفي اية آب/أغسطس ٢٠٠٦ ، ُق  در عدد السجناء السياسيين ب ١١٨٥ سجينًا. ومن ١ عضوًا من العصبة الوطنية من أجل نيسان /أبريل إلى تموز /يوليه ٢٠٠٦ ، أفيد أن ٠٣٨ الديمقراطية قد أرغموا على الاستقالة من الحزب بعد أعمال الترهيب والتهديد . وما فتئ المقرر الخاص يشير إلى أن المصالحة الوطنية تحتاج إلى حوار شامل وذي مغزى مع الممثلين السياسيين وفيما بينهم . وهو يعتقد اعتقادا راسخا بأن إلقاء القبض على عدد من القادة السياسيين واحتجازهم أو تقييد الحريات الأساسية بشكل مستمر لا يخدم المصالحة الوطنية واستقرار ميانمار. A/61/369 3 06-53068 وبالنظر إلى اضطهاد عدد من الأحزاب السياسية في المعارضة والمدافعين عن حقوق الإنسان، يبين أن خريط ة الطريق للديمقراطية تواجه اليوم عوائق كثيرة تحول دون حد وث عملية انتقال حقيقية . وقد أعرب المقرر الخاص في الماضي عن اعتقاده بأن خريطة الطريق قد تؤدي دورًا إيجابيا في عملية الانتقال السياسية. ولكن يبدو للأسف أن الزخم الإيجابي في السنوات الأولى من ولايته قد توقف. ولا يزال المقرر الخاص يشعر بالقلق بشكل خاص إزاء استمرار الإفلات من العقاب، الذي أصبح منهجيا ويجب أن تتصدى له حكومة ميانمار بسرعة . وأصبح من الواضح على نحو متزايد أن الإفلات من العقاب باستمرار لا ينبع من الافتقار إلى قدرة المؤسسات، إذ أدى الإفلات من العقاب إلى تفادي المساءلة عن الأعمال التي كتمت الأصوات التي تتساءل عن السياسات والممارسات القائمة . ولم تجر مقاضاة العديد من الأفراد واموعات المسؤولة عن ارتكاب انتهاكات خطيرة لحقوق الإنسان، وخاصة الأفراد العسكريين. ولا تكاد توجد دلائل على إجراء تحقيقات ع ن هذه الجرائم الخطيرة من قبل السلطات المختصة. إن الهياكل المنشأة التابعة لس الدولة للسلام والتنمية لا تداري الإفلات من العقاب إزاء الانتهاكات الخطيرة لحقوق الإنسان فحسب، بل تأذن ا القوانين أيضًا . وفي هذا اال، يشعر المقرر الخاص أيضا بالقلق إزاء استمرار سوء استغلال النظام القانوني مما ينكر سيادة القانون ويمثل عقبة رئيسية في وجه كفالة الممارسة الفعالة وذات المغزى للحريات الأساسية من قبل المواطنين . ومما يثير قلقه بشكل خاص تجريم ممارسة الحريات الأساسية من قبل الم عارضين السياسيين والمدافعين عن حقوق الإ نسان وضحايا انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان. ويشعر المقرر الخاص بقلق شديد إزاء الحملة العسكرية الجارية في المناطق الإثنية في شرقي ميانمار و آثارها على حقوق الإن سان، وخاصة على المدنيين الذين ا س تهدفوا خلال الهجمات. ويجب النظر في الحالة في ضوء انتشار ممارسة مصادرة ا لأراضي على نطاق واسع في جميع أنحاء البلد، التي يبدو أا دف إلى ترسيخ السيطرة العسكرية، وخاصة في المناطق الإثنية. وقد أدت هذه الممارسة إلى عمليات إخلاء ونقل وإعادة استيطان قسرية كثيرة جدا، وإلى حالات جير وتشريد داخلي قسريين . وبالنظر إلى حجم الحملة العس كرية الحالية، قد تؤدي الحالة إلى أزمة إنسانية إذا لم يتم التصدي لها على الفور. ويحيط المقرر الخاص علما بالتصويت الذي أجراه مؤخرًا مجلس الأمن في ١٥ أيلول/سبتمبر ٢٠٠٦ لإدراج ميانمار في جدول أعماله. ويرى أن مناقشة قادمة في الس حول ميانمار قد توفر فرصة للإسراع في عملية الانتقال إلى الديمقراطية
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/61/369)
          Format/size: pdf (236K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: GA 2005 (60th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 12 August 2005
          Description/subject: زجوم تأشنأ اهرارقب ناسنلإا قوقح ةنلج١٩٩٢/٥٨ ةنجلل صالخا ررقلما ةيلاو بح نيعلما ناسنلإا قوقح ةنولآا في ةيلاولا كلت تعسوو ،رانمايم في ناسنلإا قوقح ةلا رارقلاب ةيرخلأا٢٠٠٥/١٠ . فيو قلا اذه لىإ ةنجللا تبلط ،رار اريرقت مدقي نأ صالخا ررقلما اﺗﻬرود في ةماعلا ةيعملجا لىإ ينتسلاو ةيناثلا اﺗﻬرود في ةنجللا لىإو ينتسلا .و مدقيريرقتلا ليالحا دنتسيو بلطلا كلذ ىلع ءانب تىح صالخا ررقلما اهاقلت تيلا تامولعلما لىإ ٢٢ زوتم/ هيلوي٢٠٠٥.و أرقي نأ ينعتي نارتقلاابا يرخلأا هريرقت عم ةنجللا لىإ مدقلم)E/CN.4/2005/36.( نيرشت ذنم رانمايم لىإ قئاقلحا يصقتل ةثعبب مايقلاب صالخا ررقملل حمسي لمونياثلا/برمفون ٢٠٠٣ . ةلومشلما ةرتفلا للاخ دلبلا لىإ لوخدلاب هل حامسلا مدع مغرو لعلما لىإ ادانتسا هتعاطتسا ردق ىلع هتيلاو ذيفنت لصاو ،ليالحا ريرقتلاب نم ةعمﻟﻤﺠا تامواﺑﻬ قوثولماو ةلقتسلما رداصلما نم ةفئاط. في ديدج نم نيطولا رتمؤلما دقعنا دقو نم ةرتفلا١٧طابش / لىإ ريابرف٣١ راذآ/ سرام٢٠٠٥ كلذ في ابم ،ةيسايسلا بازحلأا نم ددع كارشإ نود ةينطولا ةطبارلا ةيطارقيمدلا لجأ نم . ا تائفلا سفن نم نوبودنلما يقُتناو يهو قباسلا رتمؤلما في امك نيامثل : ةينطولا قارعلأاو ،نوبختنلما نولثملماو ،ةيسايسلا بازحلأا، ،لامعلاو ،نوحلافلاو وفظومو ،نوفقثلماو نوركفلماو ةيسمرلا رئاودلا رانلا قلاطإ فقو تاعاجمو ،.و بسحام ،نيطولا رتمؤلما ميظنت ةنلج هتدروأ عامتجلاا رضح٠٧٣ ١ لصأ نم ابودنم ٠٨١ ١ مهيلإ ةوعدلا تهجُو ابودنم. ىلع دويقلا ضرفو ،ةيلمعلا نم ةيباينلاو ةمالها ةيسايسلا ةلعافلا تاهلجا داعبتساو ةبلاطلما لامج في ينطشانلا فيوتخو ،نيدقتنلما عم لماعتلا في بصعتلاو ،اهتكراشم نم ايلاخ ةيطارقيمدلا ةيلمعلل موهفم يأ لعيج ،مهزاجتحاو ةيطارقيمدلاب نىعلما . بجاولا نمف ةينطولا ةلحاصملل ةيساسأ طورش اﻧﻬلأ تايعملجا نيوكتو عامتجلااو لقنتلا ةيرح حنمةيطارقيمدلا ءاسرإو. دعت لم اذإ هنأ اخسار اداقتعا صالخا ررقلما دقتعيو ةلصأتلما ةيئارجلإا دويقلا للمو يق نإف نيطولا رتمؤلما في ةيطارقيمدلا ةضراعلما ولثمم كرشُي لىإ رقتفيس روتسد يأ ماةيقادصلما . يطارقيمد ساسأ ىلع نيطولا رتمؤلما مظنت تيلا ةيئارجلإا تابيترتلا عضو حيتيسو في يقيقح مدقت قيقتحو ةلماك ةروصب مهتكراشمو ةيسايسلا بازحلأا عيجم جامدإ ميلس ةيطارقيمدلا ءاسرإ ةيلمع . اله يغبنيو ةيروف تاءارجإ ذاتخا ةموكلحا عيطتستو لجأ نم كلذءاوسلا ىلع ليودلاو يلخادلا ديعصلا ىلع هتيقادصمو نيطولا رتمؤلما ذاقنإ. في ةمالها لئاسلما ىدحإ برتعت روتسدلا ةغايصب علطضتس تيلا ةهلجا ديدتح ةلأسمو ةيلالحا ةيسايسلا ةيلمعلا . ةحضاو ةراشإ ةيأ نهارلا تقولا في دجوت لا ،كلذ ىلع ةولاعولا دعاوق عضو لىإنيطو ءاتفتسا ءارجإ قيرط نع روتسدلا دامتع. ةقلعتلما ةلالحا نأ ينبت ةدراولا تامولعلما نأ ظحلاي ذإ صالخا ررقلما فسأيو ريرقتلاب ةلومشلما ةرتفلا للاخ يربك لكشب يرغتت لم ةيساسلأا تايرلحاو قوقلحا ةسرامبم . تيلا تاكاهتنلااو دويقلا نع ريراقت ةرمتسم ةروصب ىقلتي وهف تايرلحاو قوقلحا لاطت ةيساسلأا. قوفي ام رانمايم في لازام هنأ لاقيو١٠٠ ١ يسايس ينجس . ةيهمأ نم للق دقو نع جارفلإا٢٤٩ في ايسايس انيجس ٦زوتم / هيلوي٢٠٠٥ ةاعدو ينيندلما لاقتعا رارمتسا ملسلا ةيسايسلا مهتطشنأ ببسب مهدض ةيساق ماكحأ رادصإو مهزاجتحاو ةيطارقيمدلاةي . يرادلإا زاجتحلاا ةسرامم نم ةياغلل اقلق صالخا ررقلما لازامو . فسلأا قيمع هل فسؤُي اممو ،ةيطارقيمدلا لجأ نم ةينطولا ةطبارلل ةماعلا ةنيملأا نأ س ناس غنوأ وادي يك و ديعب تلفتحا ، ةيبرلجا ةماقلإا نهر يهو ينتسلا اهدلايم . دارفنا عقاولا مكبح برتعلما اهزجح فىانتيو ايةينطولا ةلحاصلما حور عم ةطبارلا في اهئلامز عم لاصتلاا نم اﻧﻬامرحو. ةعانلما صقن سويرف لامج في جلاعلاو ةياقولا ةطشنأ ديازت صالخا ررقلما عجش امموةيرشبلا/ ةيرشبلا ةعانلما صقن سويرف نأ نم ةياغلل اقلق لظي هنكل ،زديلإا/ ءابو حبصأ زديلإا رانمايم في ارشتنم .غرو لامج في لمعلا لصاوت ةموكلحا نأ م نم ةينطولا لمعلا ةطخلجأ لفطلا لا ينيرايتخلاا ينلوكوتوبرلا ىلع قيدصتلا اهيلع ينعتي لازام هنإف ، ةيقافتقوقح لفطلا. امو ةيقرعلا تايلقلأا تاعمتمج دض ناسنلإا قوقلح ةميسج تاكاهتنا بكترُت تلاز رانمايم في . عساو ريراقت درت تلازامو لاكشأ نم هيرغو باصتغلااو ،ةرخسلا نع راشتنلاا ة ةموكلحا تاوق اﺑﻬ موقت تيلا ةيكللما عزنو ،زازتبلااو ،يسنلجا فنعلا . اياحض ديج ام ارذانوفاصتنلاا لىإ لايبس تاكاهتنلاا هذه Summary: The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2005/10. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to report to the General Assembly at its sixtieth session and to the Commission at its sixty-second session. The present report is submitted further to that request and is based on information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 22 July 2005. It is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2005/36). The Special Rapporteur has not been permitted to conduct a fact-finding mission to Myanmar since November 2003. While he has not been granted access to the country during the period covered by the present report, he has continued to fulfil his mandate to the best of his ability based on information collected from a variety of independent and reliable sources. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 February to 31 March 2005 without the involvement of a number of political parties, including the National League for Democracy (NLD). The invited delegates were selected from the same eight categories as for the previous Convention: political parties, representativeselect, national races, peasants, workers, intellectuals and intelligentsia, State service personnel and ceasefire groups. According to the National Convention Convening Commission, 1,073 out of the 1,081 delegates invited attended the meeting. The exclusion of important and representative political actors from the process, the restrictions placed on their involvement, the intolerance of critical voices and the intimidation and detention of pro-democracy activists render any notion of a democratic process devoid of meaning. Freedom of movement, assembly and association must be guaranteed, as they are basic requirements for national reconciliation and democratization. The Special Rapporteur firmly believes that if the inherent procedural restrictions are not amended and the representatives of the democratic opposition are not involved in the National Convention, any constitution that emerges will lack credibility. Placing the procedural arrangements that govern the National Convention on a sound democratic footing would allow for the full inclusion and involvement of all political parties and true progress to be made in the democratization process. The Government can and should take immediate steps to salvage the National Convention and its credibility both at home and internationally. The question of defining who will draft the constitution is one of the most relevant issues in the current political process. Furthermore, there is at present no clear indication of the rules for the adoption of the constitution through a national referendum. The Special Rapporteur regrets to note that the information received demonstrates that the situation regarding the exercise of fundamental rights and 3 A/60/221 freedoms has not substantially changed during the reporting period. He constantly receives reports of restrictions and violations of basic rights and freedoms. There reportedly remain over 1,100 political prisoners in Myanmar. The release of 249 political prisoners on 6 July 2005 was tempered by the continuation of the arrests, detention and harsh sentences meted out to civilians and democracy advocates for peaceful political activities. The Special Rapporteur remains very concerned at the practice of administrative detention. It is deeply regrettable that NLD General-Secretary Daw Aung San Suu Kyi celebrated her sixtieth birthday under house arrest. Her virtual solitary confinement and lack of access to NLD colleagues run counter to the spirit of national reconciliation. The Special Rapporteur is encouraged that HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment activities have increased, but remains very concerned that HIV/AIDS has become a generalized epidemic in Myanmar. While the Government continues to work on a national plan of action for children, it has yet to ratify the two Optional Protocols on the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Serious human rights violations continue to be perpetrated against Myanmar’s ethnic minority communities. Widespread reports of forced labour, rape and other sexual violence, extortion and expropriation by Government forces continue to be received. Victims of violations rarely have recourse to redress. The transition to a full, participatory and democratic system in Myanmar can no longer be postponed. Political and constitutional dialogue must begin without delay. By instituting values of democracy and human rights, the Government will send a clear signal to the people of Myanmar and the international community that it is actively committed to facilitating the creation of a stable and democratic future for the country. The United Nations and the international community stand ready to work in partnership with the Government, the political parties and civil society organizations, to effectively facilitate national reconciliation and the transition to democracy. By strengthening its cooperation with international organizations, the Government can be assured of support for conflict resolution, political and economic reform, institution- and capacity-building, humanitarian assistance and human development.
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/60/ الأمم المتحدة 221)
          Format/size: pdf (410K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: GA 2004 (59th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 30 August 2004
          Description/subject: Summary: The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2004/61. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its fifty-ninth session. The present interim report is based upon information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 30 July 2004 and is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2004/33). Since his last mission to Myanmar in November 2003 the Special Rapporteur has requested from the Government of Myanmar on several occasions its cooperation in returning to the country for a fact-finding mission. However, in spite of the indication of agreement in principle to the Special Rapporteur’s visit, no authorization to visit was received. The Special Rapporteur therefore provides in the present report short updates on the issues he examined during his last visit, based on information collected from other sources. The Special Rapporteur will continue seeking access to Myanmar so as to more fully discharge his mandate. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 May to 9 July 2004. Reviving the National Convention constitutes the first step under the seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition presented by the Prime Minister, General Khin Nyunt, on 30 August 2003. It was announced by the authorities that the delegates to the new National Convention were expected to frame their suggestions in the context of the six objectives and the 104 principles already laid down during the 1993-1996 Convention. The National Convention was reconvened without the involvement of the National League for Democracy (NLD) and other political parties that won the majority of seats in the 1990 elections. It was attended by 1,076 delegates, compared with the 702 participants at the previous Convention. This increase was largely made up of representatives of ethnic nationalities, including ceasefire groups that emerged in the new political environment created as a result of ceasefire agreements with 17 former armed groups. In terms of potential for conflict resolution, the 2004 National Convention may thus be a unique opportunity for ethnic minorities. The Special Rapporteur notes that the concerns regarding the National Convention process that he expressed in his last report to the Commission have not been addressed and that the necessary steps to ensure minimum democratic conditions for the reconvening of the National Convention have not been taken. The Special Rapporteur reiterates that if the Government wishes to promote a genuine process of political transition, fundamental human rights requirements have to be fulfilled. The Special Rapporteur nevertheless hopes that the final outcome of the National Convention will bring some concrete solutions to the concerns of the entire population of Myanmar. Releasing Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and beginning a substantive dialogue with her and her party, as well as reaching an agreement with ceasefire groups that takes into account their suggestions would contribute to the advancement of the political process. In this respect, the Special Rapporteur appeals to the Government of Myanmar to recognize the role of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General and the necessity of his return to the country as soon as possible to continue his facilitation efforts, in particular in the context of preparations for the next session of the National Convention. The information received by the Special Rapporteur during the reporting period indicates that the situation with regard to the exercise of basic human rights and fundamental freedoms in Myanmar has not substantially changed. The effects of the events of 30 May 2003 in Depayin have yet to be fully reversed. There remain large numbers of security detainees. The Special Rapporteur has received several reports of continuing arrests and harsh sentences for peaceful political activities; many of the reported cases were raised by the Special Rapporteur in his letters and urgent appeals addressed to the Government of Myanmar. The Special Rapporteur also remains concerned at the practice of administrative detention. There are still restrictions on political activity, with all NLD party offices remaining shut, except for its headquarters in Yangon which was allowed to reopen in April 2004. Despite the restrictions in place, according to recent reports, NLD has been able to conduct some activities. While the extent to which NLD and other political parties will be allowed to conduct peaceful political activities without reprisals remains to be seen, the Special Rapporteur would like to reiterate the view, expressed during his last mission in November, that the implementation of the road map must be accompanied by tangible changes on the ground towards a genuinely free, transparent and inclusive process involving all political parties, ethnic nationalities and members of civil society. Political rights and freedoms must be respected in order to create an enabling environment conducive to a successful democratic transition. The implementation of human rights reforms proposed in his reports and letters to the Myanmar authorities would help create such an environment. During the reporting period, the Special Rapporteur has received credible and detailed reports of human rights violations in certain counter-insurgency areas in Myanmar and hopes that he will be able to clarify those reports during his next mission. He recalls that his request for an independent assessment in Shan State has not yet been answered by the Myanmar authorities. The Special Rapporteur has taken note of the cooperation by the Government of Myanmar with the Committee on the Rights of the Child in the consideration of the second periodic report of Myanmar on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Special Rapporteur believes that there has been growing appreciation in recent years by the international community of an imperative for humanitarian assistance in Myanmar. In this regard, he welcomes the efforts of the United Nations Country Team in mapping out vulnerabilities in Myanmar with a view to developing a strategic framework for United Nations assistance. In view of the prevailing situation in Myanmar, the conclusions and recommendations given in the previous reports of the Special Rapporteur remain valid.
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/59/311)
          Format/size: pdf (228 K)
          Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


          Title: GA 2001: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 20 August 2001
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-sixth session. Summary: "The present report is the first report of the present Special Rapporteur, appointed to this mandate on 28 December 2000. The report refers to his activities and developments relating to the situation of human rights in Myanmar between 1 January and 14 August 2001. In view of the brevity and exploratory nature of the Special Rapporteurs initial visit to Myanmar in April and pending a proper fact-finding mission to take place at the end of September 2001, this report addresses only a limited number of areas. In the Special Rapporteurs assessment as presented in this report, political transition in Myanmar is a work in progress and, as in many countries, to move ahead incrementally will be a complex process. In the human rights context, against the background of ongoing talks between the Government and the opposition, there have been some positive signals indicative of the Governments endeavour to make progress. Those include the dissemination of human rights standards for public officials, work of the governmental Committee on Human Rights, releases of political detainees, reopening of branches of the National League for Democracy (NLD), the main opposition party, the continued international monitoring of prison conditions, and cooperation with the Commission on Human Rights, inter alia, through the mandate of this Special Rapporteur and with the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Myanmar and the International Labour Organization. Among the areas in most need of significant improvement is the situation of vulnerable groups, inter alia, children, women and ethnic minorities and, in particular, those among them who have become internally displaced in zones of military operations. Overall, there exists a complex humanitarian situation in Myanmar, which may decline unless it is properly addressed by all concerned." Author: Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
          Author/creator: Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/56/312)
          Format/size: PDF (241K)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 2000: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 22 August 2000
          Description/subject: The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 2000/23 and Economic and Social Council decision 2000/255.
          Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/55/359)
          Format/size: PDF (219K)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1999: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 04 October 1999
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-fourth session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 1999/17 of 23 April 1999 and Economic and Social Council decision 1999/231 of 27 July 1999.
          Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/54/440)
          Format/size: PDF (78K)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1998: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 10 September 1998
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-third session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by , Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with Economic and Social Council decision 1998/261 of 30 July 1998.
          Author/creator: Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/53/364)
          Format/size: PDF (117K)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1997: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
          Date of publication: 16 October 1997
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-second session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 51/117 of 12 December 1996 and Economic and Social Council decision 1997/272 of 22 July 1997. Good section on citizenship and citizenship legislation (paras 119-142), mainly relating to the Rohingyas, a Muslim group in Rakhine (Arakan) state; statelessness and the conformity of the different forms of citizenship [in Burma] with international norms. Also, the rights pertaining to democratic governance, the right to form and join trade unions, forced labour, violations against ethnic minorities, including violations of civil rights.
          Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Arabic
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/52/484)
          Format/size: PDF (168K)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1996: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 08 October 1996
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-first session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by Judge Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with Commission resolution 1996/80 of 23 April 1996.
          Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: English,Arabic, and other languages also available
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/51/466)
          Format/size: pdf
          Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=89
          Date of entry/update: 04 January 2011


        • Reports to the GA by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)

          Individual Documents

          Title: GA 2013 (68th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
          Date of publication: 23 September 2013
          Description/subject: 摘要 本报告根据大会第67/233 号决议第21 段提交,所述期间为2012 年8 月25 日至2013 年8 月10 日。在本报告所述期间,缅甸发生了巨大变化,通过建立新 机构以及国民议会和地区议会开会积极颁布新法律等继续实施2011 年启动的改 革措施;同时在民族和解方面取得稳步进展,并为此与前族裔武装团体进行谈判, 鼓励流离失所者自愿回返和重新安置。政府开展了一系列旨在逐步实现市场经济 的改革措施,向外国投资和贸易开放了新的行业,并采取措施确保提高透明度和 打击腐败。随着缅甸与外界的交往广泛扩大,出现了新的挑战。全国族裔之间的 紧张关系和暴力事件不断增加,人们对当前的改革是否会受到影响感到忧虑。联 合国继续进行广泛参与,并向缅甸提供支持。
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: Chinese
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/67/397)
          Format/size: pdf (377K)
          Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
          Date of entry/update: 24 October 2013


          Title: GA 2012 (67th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
          Date of publication: 25 September 2012
          Description/subject: 第六十七届会议 临时议程* 项目70(c) 促进和保护人权:人权状况及特别 报告员和代表的报告 伊朗伊斯兰共和国的人权状况 秘书长的说明 秘书长谨向大会成员转递由伊朗伊斯兰共和国人权状况特别报告员艾哈迈 德·沙希德依照人权理事会第16/9 号决议提交的报告。特别报告员已向大会第 六十六届会议提交第一份临时报告,并向人权理事会第十九届会议提交了第一次 报告,而人权理事会则在该届会议上延长了特别报告员的任期。 本报告没有涵盖该国境内所有潜在的侵犯人权行为,但概述了当前人权状 况,尤其是对伊朗伊斯兰共和国履行国际义务的能力构成阻碍的系统性问题。.....目录 段次页次 一. 导言.............................................................. 1-6 3 二. 工作方法.......................................................... 7-9 4 三. 公民和政治权利.................................................... 10-51 4 A. 言论自由和知情权 .............................................. 10-22 4 B. 集会和结社自由 ................................................ 23-25 8 人权维护者.................................................... 26-28 9 C. 宗教自由 ...................................................... 29-31 10 1. 巴哈教 .................................................... 32-33 10 2. 基督教 .................................................... 34-36 11 3. 伊斯兰教苦行僧教派 ........................................ 37-39 11 D. 司法 .......................................................... 40 12 1. 修订版伊斯兰刑法 .......................................... 40-44 12 2. 适当程序权利 .............................................. 45-48 13 3. 法律界的独立性 ............................................ 49-51 14 4. 监狱状况 .................................................. 52 15 5. 酷刑、残忍和有辱人格的惩罚及处决 .......................... 53-56 15 四. 经济、社会和文化权利.............................................. 57-69 16 获得教育、经济、社会和文化发展的权利.......................... 58-62 16 1. 阿拉伯社区 ................................................ 63-66 17 2. 阿塞拜疆人 ................................................ 67-69 18 五. 儿童权利.......................................................... 70-73 19 A. 处决,残忍和有辱人格的惩罚 .................................... 70-72 19 B. 童婚 .......................................................... 73 20 六. 结论和建议........................................................
          Language: Chinese
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/67/383
          Format/size: pdf (375K)
          Date of entry/update: 22 October 2012


          Title: GA 2011 (66th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
          Date of publication: 16 September 2011
          Description/subject: 摘要 这是缅甸历史上的关键时刻,此时真正有机会取得积极、有意义的进展,以 改善人权状况并深化向民主过渡。新政府已采取一些措施来实现这些目标。但是, 许多严重的人权问题依然存在,必须予以解决。新政府应加紧努力,落实承诺并 履行其国际人权义务。国际社会需继续参与并密切跟踪事态发展。国际社会还需 在此重要时期支持并协助缅甸政府。特别报告员重申他愿意与缅甸开展建设性合 作,以改善缅甸人民的人权状况。
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: Chinese
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/66/365)
          Format/size: pdf (358K)
          Date of entry/update: 20 October 2011


          Title: GA 2010 (65th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
          Date of publication: 15 September 2010
          Description/subject: 摘要 本报告是根据人权理事会第13/25 号决议和大会第64/238 号决议提交,述 及特别报告员于2010 年3 月向人权理事会提交报告(A/HRC/13/48)以来缅甸国内 的人权事态发展。 缅甸政府于2010 年8 月13 日宣布,把人们期待已久的全国选举日期定于 2010 年11 月7 日。本报告集中讨论与选举有关的人权问题以及声张仗义和追究 责任问题。在当前情况下,举行真正选举的条件有限,这些选举给缅甸人权状况 带来实际变化和改观的可能性仍不确定。 关于声张仗义和追究责任问题,特别报告员指出,虽然首先应该由缅甸政府 负责处理所有当事方严重和系统地侵犯人权的问题,但如果该国政府没有负起责 任,国际社会将负责处理这一问题。 特别报告员建议缅甸政府在全国选举方面尊重言论和意见自由以及集会和 结社自由;释放所有政治犯;解决声张仗义和追究责任问题;落实他在上次报告 中详细阐述的四项核心人权要素;为获得人道主义援助提供便利;继续发展与国 际人权体系的合作。
          Language: Chinese
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/65/368)
          Format/size: pdf (375K)
          Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N10/534/76/pdf/N1053476.pdf?OpenElement
          Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


          Title: GA 2009 (64th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
          Date of publication: 24 September 2009
          Description/subject: 摘要 本报告是根据大会第63/245 号决议和人权理事会第10/27 号决议提交的。 阅读本报告时应参阅特别报告员给人权理事会第十届会议的报告(A/HRC/ 10/19),因为本报告的重点主要是那份报告以来缅甸的人权事态发展。 对昂山素季的审判是本报告所述期间最重大的事件。对她增加18 个月的软 禁使她不能积极参加2010 年的选举。特别报告员认为,继续软禁她是对缅甸政 府促进民主的七点路线图的打击,他感到遗憾的是,缅甸政府又失去了一次证明 自己致力于包容各方、自由和公正选举的机会。 本报告着重说明人权保护问题。它特别强调政治犯的状况、他们接受公正审 判的权利、适当法律程序和他们的拘留条件;以及在即将到来的2010 年选举背 景下的言论、集会和结社自由。报告接着审查了该国的内部冲突、平民保护、歧 视和人道主义援助需要等问题。 特别报告员重申其四项核心人权要素的建议:根据新《宪法》和国际义务审 查国家立法;逐步释放政治犯;改造武装部队,包括培训,以确保尊重国际人权 和人道主义法;以及建立独立和公正的司法机构。由于缅甸仅仅是《儿童权利公 约》和《消除对妇女一切形式歧视公约》的缔约国,特别报告员大力建议缅甸加 入其他核心国际人权文书。
          Language: Chinese
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/64/318)
          Format/size: pdf (304K)
          Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N09/491/50/pdf/N0949150.pdf?OpenElement
          Date of entry/update: 10 October 2009


          Title: GA 2008 (63rd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
          Date of publication: 05 September 2008
          Description/subject: 摘要 人权委员会在其第1992/58 号决议中确定了关于缅甸人权状况的任务,人权 理事会在其第1/102 号决定和第5/1 号决议中延长了这项任务期限。 2008 年3 月,理事会在其第7/32 号决议中把该任务期限延长一年。2008 年 3 月26 日,托马斯·奥赫亚·金塔纳(阿根廷)被任命为新的特别报告员,他于 2008 年5 月1 日正式上任。 特别报告员要求于2008 年8 月3 日至13 日进行访问,7 月9 日特别报告员 收到缅甸政府的正面答复, 于2008 年8 月3 日至7 日前往该国执行任务。特别 报告员感谢缅甸政府在其对缅甸第一次执行任务中给予款待和合作。这次访问主 要目的是同当局建立工作关系,与民间社会会面,也与那些无法享受其基本权利 的人会面。这次访问行程载于本报告附件。 本报告是按照大会第62/222 号决议提交的。第一部分集中叙述特别报告员 的活动和工作方案。 本报告第二部分集中谈论实质性问题,阐述与在新宪法下保护人权有关的问 题;参与民主进程和举行2010 年选举的问题;集会权利、意见自由和表达自由 权利,以及新宪法列入这些权利的问题;国际人道主义法和保护平民的问题,以 及诸如族裔群体、妇女和儿童等特殊群体的状况。特别报告员进一步阐述为最大 限度保护“纳尔吉斯”气旋自然灾害受害者的现有机制,以及生活条件、生活资 料及其对人权的影响。最后,特别报告员讨论了在国际合作方面和在与其任务有 关人权问题方面的事态发展,以及就促进和保护该国人权问题加强合作的环境。 特别报告员在其建议中列入四项核心人权要素,以便为缅甸民主铺路。
          Language: Chinese
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/63/341)
          Format/size: pdf (357K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: GA 2007 (62nd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
          Date of publication: 13 August 2007
          Description/subject: Summary: The present report is submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 61/232. The Special Rapporteur welcomes the decision of the Government of Myanmar to reconvene the National Convention for its last session on 18 July 2007, to finish laying down principles for a new constitution as part of a seven-stage road map to democracy. He remains concerned, however, at the lack of opportunity for effective and genuine participation by the National League for Democracy (NLD) and ethnic groups, which have deliberately chosen not to participate owing to the lack of transparency and meaningful input. He has repeated on several occasions that there will be no authentic democratic transition in Myanmar until all political prisoners are released. Given the importance of the last phase of the National Convention, he deplores the extension of the house arrest of the NLD General Secretary and the continued detention of other political leaders. At a time of such importance to the political reform process and in view of the need for reconciliation, such severe treatment of senior ethnic nationality leaders sends a very counterproductive signal, shocking many citizens and human rights observers. The human rights concerns enumerated in the present report are largely very similar to those highlighted by the Special Rapporteur last year. The Special Rapporteur deplores the fact that the Government, despite several requests, has not invited him to visit the country. For this reason he was not able to assess any improvements or verify the accuracy of the allegations received from credible sources. Severe restrictions on fundamental freedoms are imposed on political activists and human rights defenders. As of 27 June 2007, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,192. Throughout the country communities are subjected to patterns of abuse by members of the military who, in order to assert greater central government control, and often to implement national development projects, resort to forced labour, the seizure of property and assets and the forced relocation of populations, particularly in the border areas where ethnic nationality groups reside. The lack of an effective commitment by the Government of Myanmar to respond to the human rights situation continues to raise serious concerns. At the national level, the capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hindered by sustained impunity. The restrictions on the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses is also a matter of concern. The Special Rapporteur also takes note with great satisfaction of the Understanding between the International Labour Organizations and the Government of Myanmar, concluded on 26 February 2007, to provide a mechanism to enable victims of forced labour to seek redress. The Special Rapporteur has also noted concrete developments which he considers to be significant milestones in the fight against impunity in Myanmar. These include the establishment of a national redress mechanism to receive complaints of forced labour, and the dialogue initiated by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict with the Government regarding the development of an action plan to halt recruitment of child soldiers and to develop reintegration programmes and the setting up of a national mechanism to report on human rights violations committed against children during armed conflict. These mechanisms should lead to greater access to currently restricted areas for the provision of humanitarian assistance, as well as the monitoring of violations. The Special Rapporteur is convinced that Myanmar would benefit from more active cooperation with his mandate, now under terms of reference that have been redefined by the Human Rights Council. He insists that it is his obligation to go public about allegations of human rights violations, but that this does not exclude a constructive and continuous dialogue with the Government. These two elements of his mandate can contribute to a new dynamic for the improvement of the situation of human rights in the country. As indicated by the Special Rapporteur in his previous report, it will not be easy for Myanmar to promote political transition and basic human rights. The collaboration of the United Nations and the international community are essential to support the efforts of the Government and civil society. In his recommendations, the Special Rapporteur encourages the international community to promote a framework of principles to enable Member States to pursue a plurality of strategies and cooperation with the Government of Myanmar in accordance with their particular strengths and capacities. It is urgent that the international community build on existing programmes of humanitarian assistance and support health, education and human rights, in particular through support to the development of civil society.
          Language: Chinese
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/62/223)
          Format/size: pdf (302K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese) Corr. 1
          Date of publication: 18 October 2006
          Description/subject: Situation of human rights in Myanmar Note by the Secretary-General... Corrigendum: 1. Paragraph 56 The last sentence should read The March/April outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza remains of serious concern, although there is no human case of H5N1 in Myanmar.... 2. Paragraph 73 For the existing text substitute 73. The Special Rapporteur would like: (a) To recommend that, given the magnitude of human rights abuses, the Government of Myanmar should subject all officials committing these acts to strict disciplinary control and punishment and put an end to the culture of impunity that prevails throughout the country. In that respect, a number of immediate steps should be taken, such as setting up (an) independent national commission(s) to look into the mob attack of Aung San Suu Kyi in November 1996 and the brutal Depayin incident in May 2003, and to investigate the widespread sexual violence against women and girls with a view to ensuring that those responsible for such crimes are brought to justice; (b) To call upon the Government of Myanmar to authorize access to the affected areas by the Special Rapporteur, the United Nations and associated personnel, as well as personnel of humanitarian organizations and to guarantee their safety, security and freedom of movement.
          Language: Chinese
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/61/369/Corr.1)
          Format/size: pdf (90K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
          Date of publication: 21 September 2006
          Description/subject: Summary: The mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission on Human Rights in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently by the Human Rights Council, in its decision 1/102 by which the Council decided to extend, exceptionally for one year, the mandates and mandate holders of the special procedures of the Commission. The Special Rapporteur has not been permitted to conduct a fact-finding mission to Myanmar since November 2003. While he has not been granted access to the country during the period covered by the present report, he has continued to fulfil his mandate to the best of his ability based on information collected from a variety of independent and reliable sources. In the past two years, the reform process proposed in the “seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition”, which was meant to become eventually open to various relevant actors, has been strictly limited and delineated. As a result, the political space has been redefined in narrower terms. In addition, obstructions in the past couple of years have held back the pace and inclusive nature of the reforms which were required for democratization. The work of the National Convention has been adversely affected by this evolution. Through the decades, the space for the establishment of civilian and democratic institutions has been seriously curtailed. The capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hampered by sustained practices of impunity. This situation has contributed to reinforce inequality and increased the gap between the poorest and the richest. On 27 May 2006, the house arrest of Aung Sang Suu Kyi was further prolonged by 12 months in spite of various international appeals, including by the Secretary- General of the United Nations. As at the end of August 2006, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,185. From April to July 2006, 1,038 members of the National League for Democracy were reportedly forced to resign from the party following intimidation and threats. The Special Rapporteur has consistently indicated that national reconciliation requires meaningful and inclusive dialogue with and between political representatives. He firmly believes that the national reconciliation and the stability of Myanmar are not well served by the arrest and detention of several political leaders or by the severe and sustained restrictions on fundamental freedoms. The persecution of members of political parties in the opposition and human rights defenders shows that nowadays the road map for democracy faces too many obstacles to bring a genuine transition. In the past, the Special Rapporteur acknowledged that the road map could play a positive role in the political transition. Sadly, the positive momentum in the early years of his mandate is apparently stalled. The Special Rapporteur remains particularly concerned about the continuing impunity, which has become systematic and must be urgently addressed by the Government of Myanmar. It has become increasingly clear that the persistent impunity does not only stem from a lack of institutional capacity. Impunity has allowed accountability to be avoided for acts that have oppressed voices questioning existing policies and practices. Several individuals and groups responsible for committing serious violations of human rights, in particular members of the military, have not been prosecuted. There is also little evidence that these serious crimes have been investigated by relevant authorities. Grave human rights violations are received among the established structures of the State Peace and Development Council and indulged not only with impunity but authorized by the sanction of laws. In that respect, the Special Rapporteur is also very concerned by the continued misuse of the legal system, which denies the rule of law and represents a major obstacle for securing the effective and meaningful exercise of fundamental freedoms by citizens. He considers especially as a matter of grave concern the criminalization of the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses. The Special Rapporteur is very concerned by the ongoing military campaign in ethnic areas of eastern Myanmar and by its effects on human rights, especially on civilians who have been targeted during the attacks. The situation should be considered in connection with the widespread practice of land confiscation throughout the country, seemingly aiming to anchor military control, especially in ethnic areas. Such a practice has led to numerous forced evictions, relocations and resettlements, situations of forced migration and internal displacement. Given the scale of the current military campaign, the situation may lead to a humanitarian crisis if it is not addressed immediately. The Special Rapporteur takes note of the recent vote of the Security Council on 15 September 2006 to include Myanmar in its agenda. He believes that a forthcoming debate of the Council on Myanmar may offer an opportunity to speed up the process of transition towards democracy.
          Language: Chinese
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/61/369)
          Format/size: pdf (347K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: GA 2005 (60th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
          Date of publication: 12 August 2005
          Description/subject: Summary: "The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2005/10. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to report to the General Assembly at its sixtieth session and to the Commission at its sixty-second session. The present report is submitted further to that request and is based on information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 22 July 2005. It is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2005/36). The Special Rapporteur has not been permitted to conduct a fact-finding mission to Myanmar since November 2003. While he has not been granted access to the country during the period covered by the present report, he has continued to fulfil his mandate to the best of his ability based on information collected from a variety of independent and reliable sources. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 February to 31 March 2005 without the involvement of a number of political parties, including the National League for Democracy (NLD). The invited delegates were selected from the same eight categories as for the previous Convention: political parties, representativeselect, national races, peasants, workers, intellectuals and intelligentsia, State service personnel and ceasefire groups. According to the National Convention Convening Commission, 1,073 out of the 1,081 delegates invited attended the meeting. The exclusion of important and representative political actors from the process, the restrictions placed on their involvement, the intolerance of critical voices and the intimidation and detention of pro-democracy activists render any notion of a democratic process devoid of meaning. Freedom of movement, assembly and association must be guaranteed, as they are basic requirements for national reconciliation and democratization. The Special Rapporteur firmly believes that if the inherent procedural restrictions are not amended and the representatives of the democratic opposition are not involved in the National Convention, any constitution that emerges will lack credibility. Placing the procedural arrangements that govern the National Convention on a sound democratic footing would allow for the full inclusion and involvement of all political parties and true progress to be made in the democratization process. The Government can and should take immediate steps to salvage the National Convention and its credibility both at home and internationally. The question of defining who will draft the constitution is one of the most relevant issues in the current political process. Furthermore, there is at present no clear indication of the rules for the adoption of the constitution through a national referendum. The Special Rapporteur regrets to note that the information received demonstrates that the situation regarding the exercise of fundamental rights and freedoms has not substantially changed during the reporting period. He constantly receives reports of restrictions and violations of basic rights and freedoms. There reportedly remain over 1,100 political prisoners in Myanmar. The release of 249 political prisoners on 6 July 2005 was tempered by the continuation of the arrests, detention and harsh sentences meted out to civilians and democracy advocates for peaceful political activities. The Special Rapporteur remains very concerned at the practice of administrative detention. It is deeply regrettable that NLD General-Secretary Daw Aung San Suu Kyi celebrated her sixtieth birthday under house arrest. Her virtual solitary confinement and lack of access to NLD colleagues run counter to the spirit of national reconciliation. The Special Rapporteur is encouraged that HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment activities have increased, but remains very concerned that HIV/AIDS has become a generalized epidemic in Myanmar. While the Government continues to work on a national plan of action for children, it has yet to ratify the two Optional Protocols on the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Serious human rights violations continue to be perpetrated against Myanmar’s ethnic minority communities. Widespread reports of forced labour, rape and other sexual violence, extortion and expropriation by Government forces continue to be received. Victims of violations rarely have recourse to redress. The transition to a full, participatory and democratic system in Myanmar can no longer be postponed. Political and constitutional dialogue must begin without delay. By instituting values of democracy and human rights, the Government will send a clear signal to the people of Myanmar and the international community that it is actively committed to facilitating the creation of a stable and democratic future for the country. The United Nations and the international community stand ready to work in partnership with the Government, the political parties and civil society organizations, to effectively facilitate national reconciliation and the transition to democracy. By strengthening its cooperation with international organizations, the Government can be assured of support for conflict resolution, political and economic reform, institution- and capacity-building, humanitarian assistance and human development."
          Language: Chinese
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/60/221)
          Format/size: pdf (375K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 September 2005


          Title: GA 2004: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
          Date of publication: 30 August 2004
          Description/subject: Summary: The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2004/61. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its fifty-ninth session. The present interim report is based upon information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 30 July 2004 and is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2004/33). Since his last mission to Myanmar in November 2003 the Special Rapporteur has requested from the Government of Myanmar on several occasions its cooperation in returning to the country for a fact-finding mission. However, in spite of the indication of agreement in principle to the Special Rapporteur’s visit, no authorization to visit was received. The Special Rapporteur therefore provides in the present report short updates on the issues he examined during his last visit, based on information collected from other sources. The Special Rapporteur will continue seeking access to Myanmar so as to more fully discharge his mandate. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 May to 9 July 2004. Reviving the National Convention constitutes the first step under the seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition presented by the Prime Minister, General Khin Nyunt, on 30 August 2003. It was announced by the authorities that the delegates to the new National Convention were expected to frame their suggestions in the context of the six objectives and the 104 principles already laid down during the 1993-1996 Convention. The National Convention was reconvened without the involvement of the National League for Democracy (NLD) and other political parties that won the majority of seats in the 1990 elections. It was attended by 1,076 delegates, compared with the 702 participants at the previous Convention. This increase was largely made up of representatives of ethnic nationalities, including ceasefire groups that emerged in the new political environment created as a result of ceasefire agreements with 17 former armed groups. In terms of potential for conflict resolution, the 2004 National Convention may thus be a unique opportunity for ethnic minorities. The Special Rapporteur notes that the concerns regarding the National Convention process that he expressed in his last report to the Commission have not been addressed and that the necessary steps to ensure minimum democratic conditions for the reconvening of the National Convention have not been taken. The Special Rapporteur reiterates that if the Government wishes to promote a genuine process of political transition, fundamental human rights requirements have to be fulfilled. The Special Rapporteur nevertheless hopes that the final outcome of the National Convention will bring some concrete solutions to the concerns of the entire population of Myanmar. Releasing Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and beginning a substantive dialogue with her and her party, as well as reaching an agreement with ceasefire groups that takes into account their suggestions would contribute to the advancement of the political process. In this respect, the Special Rapporteur appeals to the Government of Myanmar to recognize the role of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General and the necessity of his return to the country as soon as possible to continue his facilitation efforts, in particular in the context of preparations for the next session of the National Convention. The information received by the Special Rapporteur during the reporting period indicates that the situation with regard to the exercise of basic human rights and fundamental freedoms in Myanmar has not substantially changed. The effects of the events of 30 May 2003 in Depayin have yet to be fully reversed. There remain large numbers of security detainees. The Special Rapporteur has received several reports of continuing arrests and harsh sentences for peaceful political activities; many of the reported cases were raised by the Special Rapporteur in his letters and urgent appeals addressed to the Government of Myanmar. The Special Rapporteur also remains concerned at the practice of administrative detention. There are still restrictions on political activity, with all NLD party offices remaining shut, except for its headquarters in Yangon which was allowed to reopen in April 2004. Despite the restrictions in place, according to recent reports, NLD has been able to conduct some activities. While the extent to which NLD and other political parties will be allowed to conduct peaceful political activities without reprisals remains to be seen, the Special Rapporteur would like to reiterate the view, expressed during his last mission in November, that the implementation of the road map must be accompanied by tangible changes on the ground towards a genuinely free, transparent and inclusive process involving all political parties, ethnic nationalities and members of civil society. Political rights and freedoms must be respected in order to create an enabling environment conducive to a successful democratic transition. The implementation of human rights reforms proposed in his reports and letters to the Myanmar authorities would help create such an environment. During the reporting period, the Special Rapporteur has received credible and detailed reports of human rights violations in certain counter-insurgency areas in Myanmar and hopes that he will be able to clarify those reports during his next mission. He recalls that his request for an independent assessment in Shan State has not yet been answered by the Myanmar authorities. The Special Rapporteur has taken note of the cooperation by the Government of Myanmar with the Committee on the Rights of the Child in the consideration of the second periodic report of Myanmar on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Special Rapporteur believes that there has been growing appreciation in recent years by the international community of an imperative for humanitarian assistance in Myanmar. In this regard, he welcomes the efforts of the United Nations Country Team in mapping out vulnerabilities in Myanmar with a view to developing a strategic framework for United Nations assistance. In view of the prevailing situation in Myanmar, the conclusions and recommendations given in the previous reports of the Special Rapporteur remain valid.
          Language: Chinese
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/59/311)
          Format/size: pdf (426K)
          Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


          Title: GA 2001: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
          Date of publication: 20 August 2001
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-sixth session. Summary: "The present report is the first report of the present Special Rapporteur, appointed to this mandate on 28 December 2000. The report refers to his activities and developments relating to the situation of human rights in Myanmar between 1 January and 14 August 2001. In view of the brevity and exploratory nature of the Special Rapporteurs initial visit to Myanmar in April and pending a proper fact-finding mission to take place at the end of September 2001, this report addresses only a limited number of areas. In the Special Rapporteurs assessment as presented in this report, political transition in Myanmar is a work in progress and, as in many countries, to move ahead incrementally will be a complex process. In the human rights context, against the background of ongoing talks between the Government and the opposition, there have been some positive signals indicative of the Governments endeavour to make progress. Those include the dissemination of human rights standards for public officials, work of the governmental Committee on Human Rights, releases of political detainees, reopening of branches of the National League for Democracy (NLD), the main opposition party, the continued international monitoring of prison conditions, and cooperation with the Commission on Human Rights, inter alia, through the mandate of this Special Rapporteur and with the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Myanmar and the International Labour Organization. Among the areas in most need of significant improvement is the situation of vulnerable groups, inter alia, children, women and ethnic minorities and, in particular, those among them who have become internally displaced in zones of military operations. Overall, there exists a complex humanitarian situation in Myanmar, which may decline unless it is properly addressed by all concerned."
          Author/creator: Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: Chilnese
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/56/312)
          Format/size: PDF (349K)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 2000: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
          Date of publication: 22 August 2000
          Description/subject: The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 2000/23 and Economic and Social Council decision 2000/255.
          Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Chinese
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/55/359)
          Format/size: PDF (382K)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1999: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
          Date of publication: 04 October 1999
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-fourth session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 1999/17 of 23 April 1999 and Economic and Social Council decision 1999/231 of 27 July 1999.
          Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Chinese
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/54/440)
          Format/size: PDF (612K)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1998: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 10 September 1998
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-third session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by , Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with Economic and Social Council decision 1998/261 of 30 July 1998.
          Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Chinese
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/53/364)
          Format/size: PDF (900K)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        • Reports to the GA by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)

          Websites/Multiple Documents

          Title: Collected reports to the UN General Assembly by the Special Rapporteurs on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
          Description/subject: All the reports from 1992 in one document. "...All the reports from 1993 in one document."Basic starting points for an assessment of human rights conditions in Burma/Myanmar are the UN resolutions on the situation of human rights in Myanmar and the body of reports submitted since 1992 to the UN General Assembly and Commission on Human Rights/Human Rights Council by the UN Special Rapporteurs on Myanmar. Special Rapporteurs are independent experts appointed by the Commission on Human Rights (and the Human Rights Council which replaced the Commission in 2006) to examine and report on particular human rights themes or on the situation of human rights in particular countries. Country Special Rapporteurs are only appointed to examine the most serious human rights situations. The Commission appointed Professor Yozo Yokota as Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar in 1992 following two years when Burma/Myanmar had been examined by the Commission under its 1503 (confidential) procedure. He was succeeded in 1996 by Judge Rajsoomer Lallah, who was followed in 2000 by Professor Paolo Sergio Pinheiro followed, in 2008, by Sr Tomás Ojea Quintana. Not only are the reports of the Special Rapporteur the most authoritative general reports on the human rights situation in Burma/Myanmar, including analysis of the legal framework governing the exercise of human rights in the country, but they also contain an abundance of summaries of testimonies gathered by the Special Rapporteurs since 1993 as well as the responses of the Government of Myanmar to specific allegations. By reading or searching the reports as a body it is thus possible to see the patterns of violations over a number of years, to assess the degree to which they are systematic, widespread and persistent over time, to track particular themes (e.g. killings, rape, torture, forced relocation, forced labour) but also to inquire whether there has been any development, positive or negative, since the United Nations human rights bodies began their examination of the situation..." See also the parallel collection of reports to the Commission on Human Rights/Human Rights Council.
          Author/creator: Professor Yozo Yokota, Judge Rajsoomer Lallah, Professor Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations
          Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
          Date of entry/update: 20 February 2009


          Individual Documents

          Title: GA 2013 (68th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
          Date of publication: 23 September 2013
          Description/subject: Summary: "In the present report, the Special Rapporteur describes how the reforms under way in Myanmar continue to create the prospect of significant improvements in the human rights situation. Important developments during the reporting period include the continuing release of prisoners of conscience; improving respect of the right to freedom of opinion and expression; and progress towards agreement on a national ceasefire. The Special Rapporteur highlights, however, the dangers of glossing over shortcomings in the area of human rights or presuming that these shortcomings will inevitably be addressed through the momentum of current reforms. He warns that, if these shortcomings are not addressed now, they will become increasingly entrenched in areas such as accountability for human rights violations; the rights of ethnic and religious minorities; the rights to peaceful assembly and association; the representation of women in decision-making positions; land rights; and human rights and development. Furthermore, they will eventually undermine the reform process itself if they are not addressed in accordance with international human rights standards. He concludes that the challenge, which has been present since the outset of the reform process, is to achieve a transition from the military mindset that prevails within the Government to a democratic mindset that upholds human rights."
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/68/397)
          Format/size: pdf (116K)
          Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
          Date of entry/update: 24 October 2013


          Title: Statement by Tomás Ojea Quintana SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN MYANMAR
          Date of publication: 25 October 2012
          Description/subject: "...We should all acknowledge and commend the Government of Myanmar for what has been achieved thus far, which I have previously stated has improved the country’s human rights situation. Yet, recent developments highlight that Myanmar continues to grapple with ongoing human rights concerns that could pose risks to the reform process..."
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (67th session)
          Format/size: pdf (100K)
          Date of entry/update: 01 November 2012


          Title: GA 2012 (67th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
          Date of publication: 25 September 2012
          Description/subject: Summary: "The reporting period has again seen dramatic and accelerated changes in Myanmar, which can further improve the country’s human rights situation, but also the persistence of long-standing concerns that continue to pose risks to the reform process".....Contents: I. Introduction ... II. Human rights situation: A. Prisoners of conscience; B. Conditions of detention and treatment of prisoners; C. Other issues relating to civil and political rights; D. Civil society; E. Economic, social and cultural rights... III. Situation of ethnic minorities... IV. Situation in Rakhine State... V. Democratic transition and establishing the rule of law... VI. Truth, justice and accountability... VII. Conclusions... VIII. Recommendations.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/67/383
          Format/size: pdf (111K)
          Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N12/520/49/PDF/N1252049.pdf?OpenElement
          Date of entry/update: 22 October 2012


          Title: GA 2011 (66th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
          Date of publication: 16 September 2011
          Description/subject: Summary: "This is a key moment in Myanmar’s history and there are real opportunities for positive and meaningful developments to improve the human rights situation and deepen the transition to democracy. The new Government has taken a number of steps towards these ends. Yet, many serious human rights issues remain and they need to be addressed. The new Government should intensify its efforts to implement its own commitments and to fulfil its international human rights obligations. The international community needs to continue to remain engaged and to closely follow developments. The international community also needs to support and assist the Government during this important time. The Special Rapporteur reaffirms his willingness to work constructively and cooperatively with Myanmar to improve the human rights situation of its people."
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/66/365)
          Format/size: pdf (118K)
          Date of entry/update: 20 October 2011


          Title: GA 2010 (65th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
          Date of publication: 15 September 2010
          Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 13/25 and General Assembly resolution 64/238 and covers human rights developments in Myanmar since the Special Rapporteur’s report to the Human Rights Council in March 2010 (A/HRC/13/48). On 13 August 2010, the Government of Myanmar announced the long-awaited date for national elections for 7 November 2010. The present report focuses on human rights in relation to elections, and the issue of justice and accountability. Conditions for genuine elections are limited under the current circumstances, and the potential for these elections to bring meaningful change and improvement to the human rights situation in Myanmar remains uncertain. Regarding the issue of justice and accountability, the Special Rapporteur notes that while it is foremost the responsibility of the Government of Myanmar to address the problem of gross and systematic human rights violations by all parties, that responsibility falls to the international community if the Government fails to assume it. The Special Rapporteur recommends that the Government of Myanmar respect freedom of expression and opinion and freedom of assembly and association in the context of the national elections; release all prisoners of conscience; address justice and accountability; implement the four core human rights elements, as detailed in his previous reports; and facilitate access for humanitarian assistance and continue developing cooperation with the international human rights system."
          Language: English (also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/65/368)
          Format/size: pdf (172K)
          Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


          Title: GA 2009 (64th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
          Date of publication: 24 September 2009
          Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 63/245 and Human Rights Council resolution 10/27. It should be read in conjunction with the report of the Special Rapporteur to the Human Rights Council at its tenth session (A/HRC/10/19), since it focuses mainly on the human rights developments in Myanmar since that report. The trial of Aung San Suu Kyi was the most significant event of the period under review. The additional 18-month house arrest bars her from actively participating in the 2010 elections. The Special Rapporteur considers that the continuation of her house arrest is a blow to the Government’s seven-step road map to democracy and regrets that the Government of Myanmar missed another opportunity to prove its commitment to hold inclusive, free and fair elections. The report concentrates on human rights protection issues. In particular, it highlights the situation of prisoners of conscience, their right to a fair trial and due process of law and conditions of their detention; as well as freedom of expression, assembly and association in the context of the upcoming elections in 2010. It continues with a review of internal conflicts, the protection of civilians, discrimination and the need for humanitarian assistance. The Special Rapporteur reiterates his recommendation of four core human rights elements: a review of national legislation in accordance with the new Constitution and international obligations; the progressive release of prisoners of conscience; the reform of the armed forces to ensure respect for international human rights and humanitarian law, including training; and the establishment of an independent and impartial judiciary. Since Myanmar is party only to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Special Rapporteur strongly recommends that it accede to the other core international human rights instruments."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/64/318)
          Format/size: pdf (108K)
          Date of entry/update: 10 October 2009


          Title: GA 2008 (63rd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
          Date of publication: 05 September 2008
          Description/subject: Summary: "In its resolution 1992/58, the Commission on Human Rights established the mandate on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, which was then extended by the Human Rights Council in its decision 1/102 and resolution 5/1. In March 2008, by its resolution 7/32, the Council extended the mandate for one year. On 26 March 2008, Tomás Ojea Quintana (Argentina) was appointed as the new Special Rapporteur, and he officially assumed the function on 1 May 2008. Following a request for a visit from 3 to 13 August 2008, on 9 July the Special Rapporteur received a positive response from the Government of Myanmar to undertake a mission to that country from 3 to 7 August 2008. The Special Rapporteur would like to thank the Government of Myanmar for its hospitality and the cooperation he received during his first mission to the country. This visit was mainly aimed at establishing working relations with the authorities, to meet with civil society and also with those who do not enjoy their fundamental rights. The programme of the visit is annexed to the report. The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 62/222. The first part focuses on the activities and programme of work of the Special Rapporteur. The second part of the report concentrates on substantive issues and elaborates on those related to the protection of human rights in the context of the new Constitution; and the question of participation in the democratic process and organization of the 2010 elections; the right to assembly and right to freedom of opinion and expression and their formulation in the new Constitution; and the question of international humanitarian law and protection of civilians, as well as the situation of specific groups such as ethnic groups, women and children. The Special Rapporteur further elaborates on the mechanisms in place to ensure maximum protection in the context of natural disaster cyclone Nargis, and the living conditions, sustenance and its human rights implications. Finally, the Special Rapporteur discusses developments that have taken place in international cooperation and that relate to human rights issues pertinent to his mandate and the environment for a strengthened cooperation on the promotion and protection of human rights in the country. In his recommendations, the Special Rapporteur includes four core human rights elements for paving the road to democracy in Myanmar."
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/63/341)
          Format/size: pdf (102K)
          Date of entry/update: 31 October 2008


          Title: GA 2007 (62nd Session): Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 24 October 2007
          Description/subject: Statement by Mr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar... 62nd session of the General Assembly, Third Committee, Item 70 (c)... 24 October 2007 New York..."Since the submission of my report, tragic events have been taking place in Myanmar since 15 August 2007 when the Government of Myanmar increased the retail price of fuel by up to 500 per cent. This decision, which was made without advance warning, has drastically affected the livelihoods of the people of Myanmar. The population, who has seen for the last years its standards of living curtailed, reacted to this state of affairs by staging a number of peaceful protests starting on 19 August, which culminated in large demonstrations from 18 September to 30 September, led by Buddhist monks with the participation of the 88 generation students, NLD parliamentarians, religious minorities and citizen, including women and children, as well as government officials. From 26 to 28 September, the security forces repressed peaceful demonstrators with the use of excessive force including shootings and severe beatings. As a result, people have been killed and thousands of them have been arrested. Many people remain still detained and I continue received alarming reports of death in custody, torture and disappearances. At the time of speaking, I have been able to verify, through different independent and reliable sources, allegations of the use excessive force by the security forces including live ammunitions, rubber bullets, teargas, bamboo and wood sticks, rubber batons and catapults (slingshots). This largely explains the killings and the severe injuries reported. The use of non-law enforcement officials and non-State armed groups alongside the security forces, including members' of the Union Solidarity and Development Association (USDA) as well as militia (Swan Ah Shin), is also of very serious concern..."
          Author/creator: Sergio Paulo Pinheiro
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations
          Format/size: pdf (147K)
          Date of entry/update: 30 October 2007


          Title: GA 2007 (62nd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
          Date of publication: 13 August 2007
          Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 61/232. The Special Rapporteur welcomes the decision of the Government of Myanmar to reconvene the National Convention for its last session on 18 July 2007, to finish laying down principles for a new constitution as part of a seven-stage road map to democracy. He remains concerned, however, at the lack of opportunity for effective and genuine participation by the National League for Democracy (NLD) and ethnic groups, which have deliberately chosen not to participate owing to the lack of transparency and meaningful input. He has repeated on several occasions that there will be no authentic democratic transition in Myanmar until all political prisoners are released. Given the importance of the last phase of the National Convention, he deplores the extension of the house arrest of the NLD General Secretary and the continued detention of other political leaders. At a time of such importance to the political reform process and in view of the need for reconciliation, such severe treatment of senior ethnic nationality leaders sends a very counterproductive signal, shocking many citizens and human rights observers. The human rights concerns enumerated in the present report are largely very similar to those highlighted by the Special Rapporteur last year. The Special Rapporteur deplores the fact that the Government, despite several requests, has not invited him to visit the country. For this reason he was not able to assess any improvements or verify the accuracy of the allegations received from credible sources. Severe restrictions on fundamental freedoms are imposed on political activists and human rights defenders. As of 27 June 2007, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,192. Throughout the country communities are subjected to patterns of abuse by members of the military who, in order to assert greater central government control, and often to implement national development projects, resort to forced labour, the seizure of property and assets and the forced relocation of populations, particularly in the border areas where ethnic nationality groups reside. The lack of an effective commitment by the Government of Myanmar to respond to the human rights situation continues to raise serious concerns. At the national level, the capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hindered by sustained impunity. The restrictions on the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses is also a matter of concern. The Special Rapporteur also takes note with great satisfaction of the Understanding between the International Labour Organizations and the Government of Myanmar, concluded on 26 February 2007, to provide a mechanism to enable victims of forced labour to seek redress. The Special Rapporteur has also noted concrete developments which he considers to be significant milestones in the fight against impunity in Myanmar. These include the establishment of a national redress mechanism to receive complaints of forced labour, and the dialogue initiated by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict with the Government regarding the development of an action plan to halt recruitment of child soldiers and to develop reintegration programmes and the setting up of a national mechanism to report on human rights violations committed against children during armed conflict. These mechanisms should lead to greater access to currently restricted areas for the provision of humanitarian assistance, as well as the monitoring of violations. The Special Rapporteur is convinced that Myanmar would benefit from more active cooperation with his mandate, now under terms of reference that have been redefined by the Human Rights Council. He insists that it is his obligation to go public about allegations of human rights violations, but that this does not exclude a constructive and continuous dialogue with the Government. These two elements of his mandate can contribute to a new dynamic for the improvement of the situation of human rights in the country. As indicated by the Special Rapporteur in his previous report, it will not be easy for Myanmar to promote political transition and basic human rights. The collaboration of the United Nations and the international community are essential to support the efforts of the Government and civil society. In his recommendations, the Special Rapporteur encourages the international community to promote a framework of principles to enable Member States to pursue a plurality of strategies and cooperation with the Government of Myanmar in accordance with their particular strengths and capacities. It is urgent that the international community build on existing programmes of humanitarian assistance and support health, education and human rights, in particular through support to the development of civil society..." N.B. this report was written before the recent events in the country. The Special Rapporteur is expected to address the Third Committee of the General Assembly on the afternoon of 24 October 2007, when he will no doubt talk about the crackdown - OBL.
          Author/creator: Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/62/223)
          Format/size: pdf (90K)
          Date of entry/update: 16 October 2007


          Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 20 October 2006
          Author/creator: Sr.Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations
          Format/size: pdf (97K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 October 2006


          Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English) CORR. 1
          Date of publication: 18 October 2006
          Description/subject: Corrigendum to A/61/369:- 1. Paragraph 56: The last sentence should read The March/April outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza remains of serious concern, although there is no human case of H5N1 in Myanmar... 2. Paragraph 73: For the existing text substitute 73. The Special Rapporteur would like: (a) To recommend that, given the magnitude of human rights abuses, the Government of Myanmar should subject all officials committing these acts to strict disciplinary control and punishment and put an end to the culture of impunity that prevails throughout the country. In that respect, a number of immediate steps should be taken, such as setting up (an) independent national commission(s) to look into the mob attack of Aung San Suu Kyi in November 1996 and the brutal Depayin incident in May 2003, and to investigate the widespread sexual violence against women and girls with a view to ensuring that those responsible for such crimes are brought to justice; (b) To call upon the Government of Myanmar to authorize access to the affected areas by the Special Rapporteur, the United Nations and associated personnel, as well as personnel of humanitarian organizations and to guarantee their safety, security and freedom of movement.
          Language: English (other languages available)
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/61/369/Corr.1)
          Format/size: pdf (24.77 K)
          Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=89
          Date of entry/update: 04 January 2011


          Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
          Date of publication: 21 September 2006
          Description/subject: Summary: "... In the past two years, the reform process proposed in the “seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition”, which was meant to become eventually open to various relevant actors, has been strictly limited and delineated. As a result, the political space has been redefined in narrower terms. In addition, obstructions in the past couple of years have held back the pace and inclusive nature of the reforms which were required for democratization. The work of the National Convention has been adversely affected by this evolution. Through the decades, the space for the establishment of civilian and democratic institutions has been seriously curtailed. The capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hampered by sustained practices of impunity. This situation has contributed to reinforce inequality and increased the gap between the poorest and the richest. On 27 May 2006, the house arrest of Aung Sang Suu Kyi was further prolonged by 12 months in spite of various international appeals, including by the Secretary- General of the United Nations. As at the end of August 2006, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,185. From April to July 2006, 1,038 members of the National League for Democracy were reportedly forced to resign from the party following intimidation and threats. The Special Rapporteur has consistently indicated that national reconciliation requires meaningful and inclusive dialogue with and between political representatives. He firmly believes that the national reconciliation and the stability of Myanmar are not well served by the arrest and detention of several political leaders or by the severe and sustained restrictions on fundamental freedoms. The persecution of members of political parties in the opposition and human rights defenders shows that nowadays the road map for democracy faces too many obstacles to bring a genuine transition. In the past, the Special Rapporteur acknowledged that the road map could play a positive role in the political transition. Sadly, the positive momentum in the early years of his mandate is apparently stalled. The Special Rapporteur remains particularly concerned about the continuing impunity, which has become systematic and must be urgently addressed by the Government of Myanmar. It has become increasingly clear that the persistent A/61/369 06-53070 3 impunity does not only stem from a lack of institutional capacity. Impunity has allowed accountability to be avoided for acts that have oppressed voices questioning existing policies and practices. Several individuals and groups responsible for committing serious violations of human rights, in particular members of the military, have not been prosecuted. There is also little evidence that these serious crimes have been investigated by relevant authorities. Grave human rights violations are received among the established structures of the State Peace and Development Council and indulged not only with impunity but authorized by the sanction of laws. In that respect, the Special Rapporteur is also very concerned by the continued misuse of the legal system, which denies the rule of law and represents a major obstacle for securing the effective and meaningful exercise of fundamental freedoms by citizens. He considers especially as a matter of grave concern the criminalization of the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses. The Special Rapporteur is very concerned by the ongoing military campaign in ethnic areas of eastern Myanmar and by its effects on human rights, especially on civilians who have been targeted during the attacks. The situation should be considered in connection with the widespread practice of land confiscation throughout the country, seemingly aiming to anchor military control, especially in ethnic areas. Such a practice has led to numerous forced evictions, relocations and resettlements, situations of forced migration and internal displacement. Given the scale of the current military campaign, the situation may lead to a humanitarian crisis if it is not addressed immediately. The Special Rapporteur takes note of the recent vote of the Security Council on 15 September 2006 to include Myanmar in its agenda. He believes that a forthcoming debate of the Council on Myanmar may offer an opportunity to speed up the process of transition towards democracy."....N.B. CORR. I
          Author/creator: Sr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/61/369)
          Format/size: pdf (88K)
          Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs3/GA2006-SRM-rep-en.pdf
          Date of entry/update: 04 January 2011


          Title: GA 2005 (60th Session): Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 27 October 2005
          Description/subject: "...Throughout my mandate as Special Rapporteur I have received many reports, documenting violations of the Government's pledge to democratic reform and respect for human rights. I have attempted on many occasions, through different means, to be allowed to visit the country in order to verify those reports. The Government of Myanmar has not given me the opportunity to do so. In this way the Government is renouncing to have its views and policies reflected in my report..." In his oral delivery, though not included in the present text, the Special Rapporteur referred to the case of Su Su Nway as an example of regime’s harsh crackdown on human rights defenders and lack of cooperation with the ILO. This will be included in a later version if it becomes available.
          Author/creator: Mr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations
          Format/size: pdf (37K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 October 2005


          Title: GA 2005 (60th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
          Date of publication: 12 August 2005
          Description/subject: Summary: "The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2005/10. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to report to the General Assembly at its sixtieth session and to the Commission at its sixty-second session. The present report is submitted further to that request and is based on information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 22 July 2005. It is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2005/36). The Special Rapporteur has not been permitted to conduct a fact-finding mission to Myanmar since November 2003. While he has not been granted access to the country during the period covered by the present report, he has continued to fulfil his mandate to the best of his ability based on information collected from a variety of independent and reliable sources. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 February to 31 March 2005 without the involvement of a number of political parties, including the National League for Democracy (NLD). The invited delegates were selected from the same eight categories as for the previous Convention: political parties, representativeselect, national races, peasants, workers, intellectuals and intelligentsia, State service personnel and ceasefire groups. According to the National Convention Convening Commission, 1,073 out of the 1,081 delegates invited attended the meeting. The exclusion of important and representative political actors from the process, the restrictions placed on their involvement, the intolerance of critical voices and the intimidation and detention of pro-democracy activists render any notion of a democratic process devoid of meaning. Freedom of movement, assembly and association must be guaranteed, as they are basic requirements for national reconciliation and democratization. The Special Rapporteur firmly believes that if the inherent procedural restrictions are not amended and the representatives of the democratic opposition are not involved in the National Convention, any constitution that emerges will lack credibility. Placing the procedural arrangements that govern the National Convention on a sound democratic footing would allow for the full inclusion and involvement of all political parties and true progress to be made in the democratization process. The Government can and should take immediate steps to salvage the National Convention and its credibility both at home and internationally. The question of defining who will draft the constitution is one of the most relevant issues in the current political process. Furthermore, there is at present no clear indication of the rules for the adoption of the constitution through a national referendum. The Special Rapporteur regrets to note that the information received demonstrates that the situation regarding the exercise of fundamental rights and freedoms has not substantially changed during the reporting period. He constantly receives reports of restrictions and violations of basic rights and freedoms. There reportedly remain over 1,100 political prisoners in Myanmar. The release of 249 political prisoners on 6 July 2005 was tempered by the continuation of the arrests, detention and harsh sentences meted out to civilians and democracy advocates for peaceful political activities. The Special Rapporteur remains very concerned at the practice of administrative detention. It is deeply regrettable that NLD General-Secretary Daw Aung San Suu Kyi celebrated her sixtieth birthday under house arrest. Her virtual solitary confinement and lack of access to NLD colleagues run counter to the spirit of national reconciliation. The Special Rapporteur is encouraged that HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment activities have increased, but remains very concerned that HIV/AIDS has become a generalized epidemic in Myanmar. While the Government continues to work on a national plan of action for children, it has yet to ratify the two Optional Protocols on the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Serious human rights violations continue to be perpetrated against Myanmar’s ethnic minority communities. Widespread reports of forced labour, rape and other sexual violence, extortion and expropriation by Government forces continue to be received. Victims of violations rarely have recourse to redress. The transition to a full, participatory and democratic system in Myanmar can no longer be postponed. Political and constitutional dialogue must begin without delay. By instituting values of democracy and human rights, the Government will send a clear signal to the people of Myanmar and the international community that it is actively committed to facilitating the creation of a stable and democratic future for the country. The United Nations and the international community stand ready to work in partnership with the Government, the political parties and civil society organizations, to effectively facilitate national reconciliation and the transition to democracy. By strengthening its cooperation with international organizations, the Government can be assured of support for conflict resolution, political and economic reform, institution- and capacity-building, humanitarian assistance and human development."
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/60/221)
          Format/size: pdf (110K)
          Date of entry/update: 27 September 2005


          Title: GA 2004 (59th Session): Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 28 October 2004
          Description/subject: Statement by Mr. Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar 59th Session of the General Assembly, New York, 28 October 2004.
          Author/creator: Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro,
          Source/publisher: United Nations
          Format/size: html (45K), Word (47K)
          Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/GA2004-SRM-oral.doc
          Date of entry/update: 04 November 2004


          Title: GA 2004 (59th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
          Date of publication: 30 August 2004
          Description/subject: Summary: The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2004/61. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its fifty-ninth session. The present interim report is based upon information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 30 July 2004 and is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2004/33). Since his last mission to Myanmar in November 2003 the Special Rapporteur has requested from the Government of Myanmar on several occasions its cooperation in returning to the country for a fact-finding mission. However, in spite of the indication of agreement in principle to the Special Rapporteur’s visit, no authorization to visit was received. The Special Rapporteur therefore provides in the present report short updates on the issues he examined during his last visit, based on information collected from other sources. The Special Rapporteur will continue seeking access to Myanmar so as to more fully discharge his mandate. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 May to 9 July 2004. Reviving the National Convention constitutes the first step under the seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition presented by the Prime Minister, General Khin Nyunt, on 30 August 2003. It was announced by the authorities that the delegates to the new National Convention were expected to frame their suggestions in the context of the six objectives and the 104 principles already laid down during the 1993-1996 Convention. The National Convention was reconvened without the involvement of the National League for Democracy (NLD) and other political parties that won the majority of seats in the 1990 elections. It was attended by 1,076 delegates, compared with the 702 participants at the previous Convention. This increase was largely made up of representatives of ethnic nationalities, including ceasefire groups that emerged in the new political environment created as a result of ceasefire agreements with 17 former armed groups. In terms of potential for conflict resolution, the 2004 National Convention may thus be a unique opportunity for ethnic minorities. The Special Rapporteur notes that the concerns regarding the National Convention process that he expressed in his last report to the Commission have not been addressed and that the necessary steps to ensure minimum democratic conditions for the reconvening of the National Convention have not been taken. The Special Rapporteur reiterates that if the Government wishes to promote a genuine process of political transition, fundamental human rights requirements have to be fulfilled. The Special Rapporteur nevertheless hopes that the final outcome of the National Convention will bring some concrete solutions to the concerns of the entire population of Myanmar. Releasing Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and beginning a substantive dialogue with her and her party, as well as reaching an agreement with ceasefire groups that takes into account their suggestions would contribute to the advancement of the political process. In this respect, the Special Rapporteur appeals to the Government of Myanmar to recognize the role of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General and the necessity of his return to the country as soon as possible to continue his facilitation efforts, in particular in the context of preparations for the next session of the National Convention. The information received by the Special Rapporteur during the reporting period indicates that the situation with regard to the exercise of basic human rights and fundamental freedoms in Myanmar has not substantially changed. The effects of the events of 30 May 2003 in Depayin have yet to be fully reversed. There remain large numbers of security detainees. The Special Rapporteur has received several reports of continuing arrests and harsh sentences for peaceful political activities; many of the reported cases were raised by the Special Rapporteur in his letters and urgent appeals addressed to the Government of Myanmar. The Special Rapporteur also remains concerned at the practice of administrative detention. There are still restrictions on political activity, with all NLD party offices remaining shut, except for its headquarters in Yangon which was allowed to reopen in April 2004. Despite the restrictions in place, according to recent reports, NLD has been able to conduct some activities. While the extent to which NLD and other political parties will be allowed to conduct peaceful political activities without reprisals remains to be seen, the Special Rapporteur would like to reiterate the view, expressed during his last mission in November, that the implementation of the road map must be accompanied by tangible changes on the ground towards a genuinely free, transparent and inclusive process involving all political parties, ethnic nationalities and members of civil society. Political rights and freedoms must be respected in order to create an enabling environment conducive to a successful democratic transition. The implementation of human rights reforms proposed in his reports and letters to the Myanmar authorities would help create such an environment. During the reporting period, the Special Rapporteur has received credible and detailed reports of human rights violations in certain counter-insurgency areas in Myanmar and hopes that he will be able to clarify those reports during his next mission. He recalls that his request for an independent assessment in Shan State has not yet been answered by the Myanmar authorities. The Special Rapporteur has taken note of the cooperation by the Government of Myanmar with the Committee on the Rights of the Child in the consideration of the second periodic report of Myanmar on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Special Rapporteur believes that there has been growing appreciation in recent years by the international community of an imperative for humanitarian assistance in Myanmar. In this regard, he welcomes the efforts of the United Nations Country Team in mapping out vulnerabilities in Myanmar with a view to developing a strategic framework for United Nations assistance. In view of the prevailing situation in Myanmar, the conclusions and recommendations given in the previous reports of the Special Rapporteur remain valid.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/59/311)
          Format/size: pdf (72K)
          Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


          Title: GA 2003 (58th Session): Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar and the debate in the 3rd Committee
          Date of publication: 12 November 2003
          Description/subject: Statement by Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro, Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar... 58th Session of the General Assembly. Third Committee, Item 117 (c)...The main URL contains the longer version of the Special Rapporteur's statement which was distributed to the 3rd Committee. What was actually read out was shorter, due to time constraints. This short version, with the following interactive debate, including the statement of the Myanmar Ambassador, is accessible online on video at the URL given below. The Press Release contains a summary of the statement and the debate.
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations
          Format/size: html (38K)
          Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/PP-oral-PR.htm (Press Release)
          http://157.150.195.57/ramgen/ga/58/ga3rd031112.rm (full video version of the debate. Scroll in about one quarter to the beginning of the Statement)
          Date of entry/update: 13 November 2003


          Title: GA 2003 (58th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 05 August 2003
          Description/subject: This report contains very firm criticism of the SPDC for the crackdown on the NLD and in particular the 30 May attack on an NLD convoy when a number of NLD supporters were killed and others, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, were detained. He considers that these actions have set back the dialogue process, perhaps terminally. The report also contains a section entitled "Research on the human rights situation in ethnic areas of Myanmar" with paragraphs on: Forced relocations; Confiscation of land and property, Forced labour and portering, Torture, arbitrary detention and extrajudicial killings or executions; Rape; Arbitrary taxation and extortion; Use of landmines; and Violations by other armed groups.
          Author/creator: Professor Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/58/219)
          Format/size: pdf (142K), html (91K)
          Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/GA2003SRM-rep.htm
          http://daccess-ods.un.org/access.nsf/Get?Open&DS=A/58/219&Lang=E
          Date of entry/update: 12 September 2003


          Title: GA 2002 (57th Session): Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 06 November 2002
          Description/subject: Statement by Mr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar. 57th Session of the General Assembly, Third Committee, Item 119. New York, 6 November 2002.
          Author/creator: Sr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: English
          Format/size: html (48K)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 2002 (57th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 09 August 2002
          Description/subject: "The present report is based upon the findings of the Special Rapporteur’s mission to Myanmar, undertaken in February 2002, and information received by him up to 1 July 2002...There can be no credible democratic political transition in Myanmar without four fundamental conditions: the inclusion of all components of society in political dialogue in a spirit of participation, mutual respect, cooperation and equity; the release of all political prisoners; the lifting of the restrictions which continue to hamper the ability of political parties and groups having concluded ceasefires with the Government to meet, discuss, exchange and peacefully conduct their legitimate activities; and the explicit discussion of political democratization that cannot take place without free elections...the issue of reform of the system of administration of justice is crucial. The Government and civil society of Myanmar must work together to ensure that reform of the judicial institutions takes place in the context of the process of political transition..."
          Author/creator: Sr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/57/290)
          Format/size: PDF (84K), Word (105K)
          Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/5f76f926296339ebc1256c55002d2211/$FILE/N0251784.doc
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 2001 (56th Session): Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 09 November 2001
          Description/subject: Statement by Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro, Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar. 56th Session of the General Assembly. Third Committee, Item 119. New York, 9 November 2001. "I have the honour to present my first report which refers to my activities and developments relating to the situation of human rights in Myanmar between 1 January and 14 August 2001. I would also like to share a few preliminary observations from my first fact-finding mission to Myanmar from 9 to 17 October 2001..."
          Author/creator: Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations
          Alternate URLs: http://listserv.indiana.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind0111&L=maykha-l&O=A&P=15883
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 2001 (56th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 20 August 2001
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-sixth session. Summary: "The present report is the first report of the present Special Rapporteur, appointed to this mandate on 28 December 2000. The report refers to his activities and developments relating to the situation of human rights in Myanmar between 1 January and 14 August 2001. In view of the brevity and exploratory nature of the Special Rapporteur’s initial visit to Myanmar in April and pending a proper fact-finding mission to take place at the end of September 2001, this report addresses only a limited number of areas. In the Special Rapporteur’s assessment as presented in this report, political transition in Myanmar is a work in progress and, as in many countries, to move ahead incrementally will be a complex process. In the human rights context, against the background of ongoing talks between the Government and the opposition, there have been some positive signals indicative of the Government’s endeavour to make progress. Those include the dissemination of human rights standards for public officials, work of the governmental Committee on Human Rights, releases of political detainees, reopening of branches of the National League for Democracy (NLD), the main opposition party, the continued international monitoring of prison conditions, and cooperation with the Commission on Human Rights, inter alia, through the mandate of this Special Rapporteur and with the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Myanmar and the International Labour Organization. Among the areas in most need of significant improvement is the situation of vulnerable groups, inter alia, children, women and ethnic minorities and, in particular, those among them who have become internally displaced in zones of military operations. Overall, there exists a complex humanitarian situation in Myanmar, which may decline unless it is properly addressed by all concerned."
          Author/creator: Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/56/312)
          Format/size: PDF (195K) and Word
          Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/huridocda/huridoca.nsf/AllSymbols/53F25867FD928877C1256AD9004B8E15/$File/N0151752.doc?OpenElement
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 2000 (55th Session) Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 22 August 2000
          Description/subject: The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 2000/23 and Economic and Social Council decision 2000/255.
          Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/55/359)
          Format/size: PDF (98K) and Word
          Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/6f93e36e7c6843ccc1256983002e3c40/$FILE/0063504e.doc
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1999 (54th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 04 October 1999
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-fourth session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 1999/17 of 23 April 1999 and Economic and Social Council decision 1999/231 of 27 July 1999.
          Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/54/440)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1998 (53rd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 10 September 1998
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-third session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by , Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with Economic and Social Council decision 1998/261 of 30 July 1998.
          Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/53/364)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1997 (52nd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 16 October 1997
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-second session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 51/117 of 12 December 1996 and Economic and Social Council decision 1997/272 of 22 July 1997. Good section on citizenship and citizenship legislation (paras 119-142), mainly relating to the Rohingyas, a Muslim group in Rakhine (Arakan) state; statelessness and the conformity of the different forms of citizenship [in Burma] with international norms. Also, the rights pertaining to democratic governance, the right to form and join trade unions, forced labour, violations against ethnic minorities, including violations of civil rights.
          Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/52/484)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1996: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 08 October 1996
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-first session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by Judge Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with Commission resolution 1996/80 of 23 April 1996.
          Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/51/466)
          Format/size: pdf (94K), html
          Date of entry/update: 22 November 2010


          Title: GA 1995: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 16 October 1995
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fiftieth session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Mr. Yozo Yokota, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission on Human Rights resolution 1995/72 of 8 March 1995, and Economic and Social Council decision 1995/283 of 25 July 1995.
          Author/creator: Mr. Yozo Yokota
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/50/568)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1994: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Addendum - Government Response)
          Date of publication: 09 November 1994
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Forty-ninth session. 1. The Special Rapporteur submitted to the Government of Myanmar, on 5 October 1994, a summary of allegations he had received concerning human rights violations in Myanmar (for the text, see A/49/594, para. 9). In his accompanying letter, the Special Rapporteur requested the Government of Myanmar's responses to five specific questions (see A/49/594, para. 8). 2. By note verbale dated 4 November 1994, the Permanent Mission of the Union of Myanmar to the United Nations Office at Geneva transmitted the responses of the Government of Myanmar to both the Special Rapporteur's summary of allegations received and the five specific questions put in his letter of 5 October 1994. 3. The following is the full text of the Government of Myanmar's response to the summary of allegations received by the Special Rapporteur: "OBSERVATIONS AND REBUTTALS ON THE SUMMARY OF ALLEGATIONS"
          Author/creator: Mr. Yozo Yokota
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/49/594/Add.1)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1994: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 28 October 1994
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Forthy-ninth session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Mr. Yozo Yokota, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar in accordance with paragraph 20 of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1994/85 of 9 March 1994 and Economic and Social Council decision 1994/269 of 25 July 1994.
          Author/creator: Mr. Yozo Yokota
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/49/594)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1993: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 16 November 1993
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Forty-eighth session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Professor Yozo Yokota, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with paragraph 16 of the Commission on Human Rights resolution 1993/73 of 10 March 1993 and Economic and Social Council decision 1993/278 of 28 July 1993.
          Author/creator: Mr. Yozo Yokota
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/48/578)
          Format/size: PDF (88K) and Word
          Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/026307f31845840dc125699000591d47/$FILE/9361495E.doc
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1992: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
          Date of publication: 13 November 1992
          Description/subject: Forty-seventh session Agenda item 97 (c) "...n 3 March 1992, at its forty-eighth session, the Commission on Human Rights adopted resolution 1992/58, entitled "Situation of human rights in Myanmar". In that resolution, the Commission noted that in accordance with the Charter, the United Nations promotes and encourages respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, and that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that "the will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government"; noted also with particular concern in that regard that the electoral process initiated in Myanmar by the general elections of 27 May 1990 had not yet reached its conclusion, that no apparent progress had been made in giving effect to the political will of the people of Myanmar, as expressed in the elections..."
          Author/creator: Mr. Yozo Yokota
          Language: English
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/47/651)
          Format/size: pdf (1.8MB); html (117K)
          Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/GA1992_SR-report.htm
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


        • Reports to the GA by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)

          Individual Documents

          Title: GA 2013 (68th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
          Date of publication: 23 September 2013
          Description/subject: Резюме В настоящем докладе Специальный докладчик представляет информацию о том, как благодаря проводимым в настоящее время в Мьянме реформам про- должают открываться возможности для значительных улучшений положения в области прав человека. К числу важных событий, произошедших в отчетном периоде, относятся продолжающееся освобождение узников совести, улучше- ние ситуации с соблюдением права на свободу мнения и с лова, а также дости- жение прогресса в соблюдении национального соглашения о прекращении огня. Вместе с тем Специальный докладчик особо отмечает опасности, связанные с замалчиванием недостатков в области прав человека и ожиданиями того, что эти недостатки будут в любом случае устранены по инерции в рамках проводи- мых реформ. Он предупреждает о том, что если эти недостатки не будут устра- нены сейчас, то они будут все более прочно укореняться в таких областях, как привлечение к ответственности за нарушения прав человека; соблюдение прав этнических и религиозных меньшинств; соблюдение прав на свободу мирных собраний и ассоциации; обеспечение представленности женщин на руководя- щих должностях; соблюдение прав землевладения и землепользования; и права человека и развитие. Кроме того, если они не будут устранены в соответствии с международными стандартами в области прав человека, то в конечном итоге они подорвут сам процесс реформ. В заключение он отмечает, что серьезной за- дачей, которая возникла с самого начала процесса реформ, является обеспече- ние перехода от основанного на военной доктрине образа мышления, преобла- дающего в правительстве, к демократическому образу мышления, ориентиро- ванному на соблюдение прав человека.
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: Russian
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/68/397)
          Format/size: pdf (397K)
          Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
          Date of entry/update: 24 October 2013


          Title: GA 2012 (67th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
          Date of publication: 25 September 2012
          Description/subject: Резюме : За отчетный период в Мьянме вновь имели место существенные и стреми- тельные перемены, которые могут дополнительно улучшить положение в облас- ти прав человека в стране, однако сохраняются долгосрочные проблемы, кото- рые продолжают создавать угрозу для процесса реформ. ..... Содержание Стр. I. Введение ... II. Положение в области прав человека : A. Узники совести; B. Условия содержания и обращение с заключенными; C. Прочие вопросы, касающиеся гражданских и политических прав; D. Гражданское общество; E. Экономические, социальные и культурные права ... III. Положение этнических меньшинств... IV. Положение в штате Ракхайн... V. Демократические преобразования и обеспечение верховенства права ... VI. Истина, справедливость и подотчетность ... VII. Выводы ... VIII. Рекомендации
          Language: Russian
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/67/383)
          Format/size: pdf (385K)
          Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
          Date of entry/update: 22 October 2012


          Title: GA 2011 (66th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
          Date of publication: 16 September 2011
          Description/subject: Резюме Настоящий момент является одним из ключевых этапов в истории Мьянмы и предоставляет реальные возможности для позитивных и значимых событий, которые помогут улучшить положение в области прав человека и углубить пе- реход к демократии. Новое правительство предприняло ряд шагов для достиже- ния данной цели. Однако многие серьезные проблемы в сфере прав человека по-прежнему сохраняются и требуют решения. Новому правительству следует активизировать усилия по выполнению собственных обязательств, а также ме- ждународных обязательств, связанных с правами человека. Международному сообществу необходимо сохранять приверженность данному процессу и при- стально наблюдать за ним. Оно также должно поддерживать правительство и оказывать ему помощь в этот важный период. Специальный докладчик под- тверждает свою готовность к конструктивной работе и сотрудничеству с Мьян- мой в целях улучшения положения в области прав ее населения.
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: Russian
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/66/365)
          Format/size: pdf (417K)
          Date of entry/update: 20 October 2011


          Title: GA 2010 (65th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
          Date of publication: 15 September 2010
          Description/subject: Резюме Настоящий доклад представлен во исполнение резолюции Совета по пра- вам человека 13/25 и резолюции 64/238 Генеральной Ассамблеи и в нем рас- сматриваются события в области прав человека в Мьянме за период после пред- ставления доклада Специального докладчика Совету по правам человека в мар- те 2010 года (A/HRC/13/48). 13 августа 2010 года правительство Мьянмы наконец-то объявило о том, что национальные выборы будут проведены 7 ноября 2010 года. В настоящем докладе основное внимание уделяется вопросу о правах человека применитель- но к выборам, а также вопросу о правосудии и подотчетности. Условия для про- ведения подлинных выборов в нынешних обстоятельствах ограничены и воз- можность того, что эти выборы позволят добиться предметных преобразований и улучшат ситуацию в области прав человека в Мьянме, по-прежнему носит не- определенный характер. Что касается вопроса о правосудии и подотчетности, то Специальный док- ладчик отмечает, что, хотя первейшая обязанность правительства Мьянмы за- ключается в решении проблемы грубых и систематических нарушений прав че- ловека всеми сторонами, ответственность ляжет на международное сообщество в том случае, если правительство не выполнит свои обязанности. Специальный докладчик выносит рекомендацию о том, что правительство Мьянмы должно уважать свободу выражения мнений, свободу собраний и ассо- циации в контексте национальных выборов; освободить всех узников совести; заниматься решением вопросов в области правосудия и подотчетности; выпол- нять четыре главных правозащитных элемента, подробно изложенных в его предыдущих докладах; а также содействовать обеспечению доступа для целей оказания гуманитарной помощи и продолжать развивать сотрудничество с меж- дународной правозащитной системой.
          Language: Russian
          Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/65/368) Организация Объединенных Наций Генеральная Ассамблея
          Format/size: pdf (480K)
          Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


          Title: GA 2009 (64th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
          Date of publication: 24 September 2009
          Description/subject: Резюме: Настоящий доклад представляется во исполнение резолюции 63/245 Гене- ральной Ассамблеи и резолюции 10/27 Совета по правам человека. Его следует рассматривать совместно с докладом Специального докладчика Совету по пра- вам человека на его десятой сессии (A/HRC/10/19), поскольку основное внима- ние в нем уделяется событиям в области прав человека, которые имели место в Мьянме после представления этого доклада. Самым значительным событием рассматриваемого периода стал судебный процесс по делу Аунг Сан Су Чжи. Назначенные ей дополнительно 18 месяцев домашнего ареста лишают ее возможности активно участвовать в выборах 2010 года. Специальный докладчик считает, что продление ее домашнего ареста наносит удар по осуществлению семиэтапного правительственного плана демо- кратизации, и выражает сожаление в связи с тем, что правительство Мьянмы упустило еще одну возможность доказать свою приверженность проведению всеохватных, свободных и справедливых выборов. В центре внимания настоящего доклада находится вопрос защиты прав че- ловека. В частности, в нем идет речь о положении узников совести, их праве на справедливое судебное разбирательство и на должную правовую процедуру; а также о свободе выражения мнений, собраний и ассоциаций в связи с пред- стоящими в 2010 году выборами. Далее в нем рассматриваются вопросы, ка- сающиеся внутренних конфликтов, защиты мирного населения, дискриминации и необходимости гуманитарной помощи. Специальный докладчик вновь подтверждает свою рекомендацию относи- тельно четырех основных элементов, касающихся реализации прав человека: пересмотр национального законодательства с учетом положений новой консти- туции и в соответствии с международными обязательствами; постепенное осво- бождение узников совести; реформа вооруженных сил с целью обеспечить со- блюдение международных норм в области прав человека и международного гу- манитарного права, включая подготовку кадров; и создание независимой и бес- пристрастной судебной системы. Поскольку Мьянма является участницей толь- ко Конвенции о правах ребенка и Конвенции о ликвидации всех форм дискри- минации в отношении женщин, Специальный докладчик настоятельно рекомен- дует ей присоединиться к другим основным международным договорам в об- ласти прав человека.
          Language: Russian
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/64/318)
          Format/size: pdf (377K)
          Date of entry/update: 10 October 2009


          Title: GA 2008 (63rd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
          Date of publication: 05 September 2008
          Description/subject: Резюме В своей резолюции 1992/58 Комиссия по правам человека учредила мандат по вопросу о положении в области прав человека в Мьянме, который впослед- ствии был продлен Советом по правам человека в его решении 1/102 и резолю- ции 5/1. В марте 2008 года в своей резолюции 7/32 Совет продлил срок действия этого мандата на один год. 26 марта 2008 года новым Специальным докладчи- ком был назначен Томас Охеа Кинтана (Аргентина), который официально при- ступил к исполнению своих обязанностей 1 мая 2008 года. В ответ на свою просьбу о посещении Мьянмы в период с 3 по 13 августа 2008 года Специальный докладчик 9 июля получил от правительства Мьянмы согласие на посещение страны в период с 3 по 7 августа 2008 года. Специаль- ный докладчик хотел бы поблагодарить правительство Мьянмы за гостеприим- ство и содействие, оказанное ему в ходе первого посещения им этой страны. Главная цель посещения заключалась в том, чтобы установить рабочие отноше- ния с властями, встретиться с представителями гражданского общества, а также с теми, кто лишен возможности пользоваться своими основными правами. Про- грамма посещения приводится в приложении к настоящему докладу. Настоящий доклад представляется во исполнение резолюции 62/222 Гене- ральной Ассамблеи. В первой части представлена информация о деятельности и программе работы Специального докладчика. Вторая часть доклада посвящена вопросам существа и вопросам, касаю- щимся защиты прав человека в свете новой конституции, вопрос об участии в демократическом процессе и проведения выборов в 2010 году, вопрос о свободе собраний и вопрос о праве на свободу убеждений и на их свободное выражение и о том, каким образом они сформулированы в новой конституции, вопрос о международном гуманитарном праве и защите гражданских лиц, а также вопрос о положении конкретных групп населения, таких как этнические меньшинства, женщины и дети. Далее Специальный докладчик подробно останавливается на вопросе о действующих механизмах, призванных обеспечить максимально эф- фективную защиту населения после стихийных бедствий, в частности после циклона «Наргис», а также об условиях жизни, возможностях получения средств к существованию и их последствиях для прав человека. В заключение Специальный докладчик останавливается на событиях, которые произошли в сфере международного сотрудничества и связаны с вопросами прав человека, имеющими отношение к его мандату, и рассматривает вопрос об условиях ук- репления сотрудничества в области поощрения и защиты прав человека в стра- не. В качестве рекомендаций Специальный докладчик представляет четыре ос- новных элемента реализации прав человека, призванных обеспечить переход Мьянмы к демократии.
          Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
          Language: Russian
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/63/341)
          Format/size: pdf (362K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: GA 2007 (62nd Session) : Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
          Date of publication: 13 August 2007
          Description/subject: Summary: The present report is submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 61/232. The Special Rapporteur welcomes the decision of the Government of Myanmar to reconvene the National Convention for its last session on 18 July 2007, to finish laying down principles for a new constitution as part of a seven-stage road map to democracy. He remains concerned, however, at the lack of opportunity for effective and genuine participation by the National League for Democracy (NLD) and ethnic groups, which have deliberately chosen not to participate owing to the lack of transparency and meaningful input. He has repeated on several occasions that there will be no authentic democratic transition in Myanmar until all political prisoners are released. Given the importance of the last phase of the National Convention, he deplores the extension of the house arrest of the NLD General Secretary and the continued detention of other political leaders. At a time of such importance to the political reform process and in view of the need for reconciliation, such severe treatment of senior ethnic nationality leaders sends a very counterproductive signal, shocking many citizens and human rights observers. The human rights concerns enumerated in the present report are largely very similar to those highlighted by the Special Rapporteur last year. The Special Rapporteur deplores the fact that the Government, despite several requests, has not invited him to visit the country. For this reason he was not able to assess any improvements or verify the accuracy of the allegations received from credible sources. Severe restrictions on fundamental freedoms are imposed on political activists and human rights defenders. As of 27 June 2007, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,192. Throughout the country communities are subjected to patterns of abuse by members of the military who, in order to assert greater central government control, and often to implement national development projects, resort to forced labour, the seizure of property and assets and the forced relocation of populations, particularly in the border areas where ethnic nationality groups reside. The lack of an effective commitment by the Government of Myanmar to respond to the human rights situation continues to raise serious concerns. At the national level, the capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hindered by sustained impunity. The restrictions on the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses is also a matter of concern. The Special Rapporteur also takes note with great satisfaction of the Understanding between the International Labour Organizations and the Government of Myanmar, concluded on 26 February 2007, to provide a mechanism to enable victims of forced labour to seek redress. The Special Rapporteur has also noted concrete developments which he considers to be significant milestones in the fight against impunity in Myanmar. These include the establishment of a national redress mechanism to receive complaints of forced labour, and the dialogue initiated by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict with the Government regarding the development of an action plan to halt recruitment of child soldiers and to develop reintegration programmes and the setting up of a national mechanism to report on human rights violations committed against children during armed conflict. These mechanisms should lead to greater access to currently restricted areas for the provision of humanitarian assistance, as well as the monitoring of violations. The Special Rapporteur is convinced that Myanmar would benefit from more active cooperation with his mandate, now under terms of reference that have been redefined by the Human Rights Council. He insists that it is his obligation to go public about allegations of human rights violations, but that this does not exclude a constructive and continuous dialogue with the Government. These two elements of his mandate can contribute to a new dynamic for the improvement of the situation of human rights in the country. As indicated by the Special Rapporteur in his previous report, it will not be easy for Myanmar to promote political transition and basic human rights. The collaboration of the United Nations and the international community are essential to support the efforts of the Government and civil society. In his recommendations, the Special Rapporteur encourages the international community to promote a framework of principles to enable Member States to pursue a plurality of strategies and cooperation with the Government of Myanmar in accordance with their particular strengths and capacities. It is urgent that the international community build on existing programmes of humanitarian assistance and support health, education and human rights, in particular through support to the development of civil society.
          Language: Russian
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/62/223)
          Format/size: pdf (338K)
          Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


          Title: GA 2004: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
          Date of publication: 30 August 2004
          Description/subject: Summary: The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2004/61. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its fifty-ninth session. The present interim report is based upon information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 30 July 2004 and is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2004/33). Since his last mission to Myanmar in November 2003 the Special Rapporteur has requested from the Government of Myanmar on several occasions its cooperation in returning to the country for a fact-finding mission. However, in spite of the indication of agreement in principle to the Special Rapporteur’s visit, no authorization to visit was received. The Special Rapporteur therefore provides in the present report short updates on the issues he examined during his last visit, based on information collected from other sources. The Special Rapporteur will continue seeking access to Myanmar so as to more fully discharge his mandate. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 May to 9 July 2004. Reviving the National Convention constitutes the first step under the seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition presented by the Prime Minister, General Khin Nyunt, on 30 August 2003. It was announced by the authorities that the delegates to the new National Convention were expected to frame their suggestions in the context of the six objectives and the 104 principles already laid down during the 1993-1996 Convention. The National Convention was reconvened without the involvement of the National League for Democracy (NLD) and other political parties that won the majority of seats in the 1990 elections. It was attended by 1,076 delegates, compared with the 702 participants at the previous Convention. This increase was largely made up of representatives of ethnic nationalities, including ceasefire groups that emerged in the new political environment created as a result of ceasefire agreements with 17 former armed groups. In terms of potential for conflict resolution, the 2004 National Convention may thus be a unique opportunity for ethnic minorities. The Special Rapporteur notes that the concerns regarding the National Convention process that he expressed in his last report to the Commission have not been addressed and that the necessary steps to ensure minimum democratic conditions for the reconvening of the National Convention have not been taken. The Special Rapporteur reiterates that if the Government wishes to promote a genuine process of political transition, fundamental human rights requirements have to be fulfilled. The Special Rapporteur nevertheless hopes that the final outcome of the National Convention will bring some concrete solutions to the concerns of the entire population of Myanmar. Releasing Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and beginning a substantive dialogue with her and her party, as well as reaching an agreement with ceasefire groups that takes into account their suggestions would contribute to the advancement of the political process. In this respect, the Special Rapporteur appeals to the Government of Myanmar to recognize the role of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General and the necessity of his return to the country as soon as possible to continue his facilitation efforts, in particular in the context of preparations for the next session of the National Convention. The information received by the Special Rapporteur during the reporting period indicates that the situation with regard to the exercise of basic human rights and fundamental freedoms in Myanmar has not substantially changed. The effects of the events of 30 May 2003 in Depayin have yet to be fully reversed. There remain large numbers of security detainees. The Special Rapporteur has received several reports of continuing arrests and harsh sentences for peaceful political activities; many of the reported cases were raised by the Special Rapporteur in his letters and urgent appeals addressed to the Government of Myanmar. The Special Rapporteur also remains concerned at the practice of administrative detention. There are still restrictions on political activity, with all NLD party offices remaining shut, except for its headquarters in Yangon which was allowed to reopen in April 2004. Despite the restrictions in place, according to recent reports, NLD has been able to conduct some activities. While the extent to which NLD and other political parties will be allowed to conduct peaceful political activities without reprisals remains to be seen, the Special Rapporteur would like to reiterate the view, expressed during his last mission in November, that the implementation of the road map must be accompanied by tangible changes on the ground towards a genuinely free, transparent and inclusive process involving all political parties, ethnic nationalities and members of civil society. Political rights and freedoms must be respected in order to create an enabling environment conducive to a successful democratic transition. The implementation of human rights reforms proposed in his reports and letters to the Myanmar authorities would help create such an environment. During the reporting period, the Special Rapporteur has received credible and detailed reports of human rights violations in certain counter-insurgency areas in Myanmar and hopes that he will be able to clarify those reports during his next mission. He recalls that his request for an independent assessment in Shan State has not yet been answered by the Myanmar authorities. The Special Rapporteur has taken note of the cooperation by the Government of Myanmar with the Committee on the Rights of the Child in the consideration of the second periodic report of Myanmar on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Special Rapporteur believes that there has been growing appreciation in recent years by the international community of an imperative for humanitarian assistance in Myanmar. In this regard, he welcomes the efforts of the United Nations Country Team in mapping out vulnerabilities in Myanmar with a view to developing a strategic framework for United Nations assistance. In view of the prevailing situation in Myanmar, the conclusions and recommendations given in the previous reports of the Special Rapporteur remain valid.
          Language: Russian
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/59/311)
          Format/size: pdf (292K)
          Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


          Title: GA 2001: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
          Date of publication: 20 August 2001
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-sixth session. Summary: "The present report is the first report of the present Special Rapporteur, appointed to this mandate on 28 December 2000. The report refers to his activities and developments relating to the situation of human rights in Myanmar between 1 January and 14 August 2001. In view of the brevity and exploratory nature of the Special Rapporteurs initial visit to Myanmar in April and pending a proper fact-finding mission to take place at the end of September 2001, this report addresses only a limited number of areas. In the Special Rapporteurs assessment as presented in this report, political transition in Myanmar is a work in progress and, as in many countries, to move ahead incrementally will be a complex process. In the human rights context, against the background of ongoing talks between the Government and the opposition, there have been some positive signals indicative of the Governments endeavour to make progress. Those include the dissemination of human rights standards for public officials, work of the governmental Committee on Human Rights, releases of political detainees, reopening of branches of the National League for Democracy (NLD), the main opposition party, the continued international monitoring of prison conditions, and cooperation with the Commission on Human Rights, inter alia, through the mandate of this Special Rapporteur and with the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Myanmar and the International Labour Organization. Among the areas in most need of significant improvement is the situation of vulnerable groups, inter alia, children, women and ethnic minorities and, in particular, those among them who have become internally displaced in zones of military operations. Overall, there exists a complex humanitarian situation in Myanmar, which may decline unless it is properly addressed by all concerned."
          Author/creator: Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
          Language: Russian
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/56/312)
          Format/size: PDF (399K)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 2000: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
          Date of publication: 22 August 2000
          Description/subject: The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 2000/23 and Economic and Social Council decision 2000/255.
          Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Russian
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/55/359)
          Format/size: PDF (271K)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1998: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
          Date of publication: 10 September 1998
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-third session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by , Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with Economic and Social Council decision 1998/261 of 30 July 1998.
          Author/creator: Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Russian
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/53/364)
          Format/size: PDF (94K)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


          Title: GA 1997: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
          Date of publication: 16 October 1997
          Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-second session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 51/117 of 12 December 1996 and Economic and Social Council decision 1997/272 of 22 July 1997. Good section on citizenship and citizenship legislation (paras 119-142), mainly relating to the Rohingyas, a Muslim group in Rakhine (Arakan) state; statelessness and the conformity of the different forms of citizenship [in Burma] with international norms. Also, the rights pertaining to democratic governance, the right to form and join trade unions, forced labour, violations against ethnic minorities, including violations of civil rights.
          Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
          Language: Russian
          Source/publisher: United Nations (A/52/484)
          Format/size: PDF (94K)
          Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003