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UN programmes and funds etc.

Individual Documents

Title: Der Rückzug des UN Global Fund aus Burma. Chancen und Risiken humanitärer Hilfe im autoritären System
Date of publication: 29 December 2005
Description/subject: Der Abzug der Gelder des UN Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria stellt einen schweren Einschnitt in die Gesundheitsversorgung Burmas dar. Laut öffentlicher Aussage des Global Fund sind die Rahmenbedingungen für eine effektive Implementierung der Programme aufgrund zunehmender Restriktionen des Regimes nicht mehr gegeben. Gleichzeitig soll der Global Fund jedoch von den USA und dortigen Menschenrechtsorganisationen unter massivem politischem Druch zum Rückzug aus Burma bewegt wroden sein. Unter internationalen Akteuren im humanitären Bereich besteht noch immer keine Einigkeit darüber, ob in Burma humanitäre Hilfe geleistet werden soll und - wenn ja - in welcher Form. keywords: UN Global Fund, humanitarian aid, AIDS, NGOs
Author/creator: Jasmin Lorch
Language: Deutsch, German
Source/publisher: Asienhaus Focus Asien Nr. 26; S. 65-71
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 06 December 2010

  • UNAIDS (The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS)

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: UNAIDS
    Description/subject: UNAIDS Homepage
    Language: English
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

    Individual Documents

    Title: UNAIDS Epidemiological fact sheet on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections (2004 Update)
    Date of publication: 2004
    Description/subject: Assessment of the epidemiological situation 2004 The national adult prevalence of HIV infection is between 1% to 2%. Myanmar is thus characterized as having a "generalized" epidemic. However, the spread of the HIV infection across the country is heterogenous varying widely by geographical location and by population sub group. HIV was introduced in Myanmar in mid-to-late 1980s and by the end of 2003, a cumulative 7,174 AIDS cases and 3,324 AIDS deaths have been reported. The male-to-female ratio among reported cases is 3.6:1. Among cases with known mode of transmission, 65% acquired infection by heterosexual route, 26% by injecting drug use, and 5% by contaminated blood.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: UNAIDS (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS), WHO, UNICEF
    Format/size: pdf (250K)
    Alternate URLs: http://data.unaids.org/Publications/Fact-Sheets01
    Date of entry/update: 28 April 2005

    Title: MAP Report 2001: The Status and Trends of HIV/AIDS/STI epidemics in Asia and the Pacific
    Date of publication: 04 October 2001
    Description/subject: "HIV has been well established in Asia for many years. However, many countries have recorded relatively low rates of infection even in sub-populations with high-risk behaviour. At the time of the last MAP report on Asia from Kuala Lumpur in 1999, only Thailand, Myanmar, and Cambodia were reporting substantial nation wide epidemics, with a number of states in India and provinces in China also heavily affected. In the last two years, the picture has changed dramatically. Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Nepal and Vietnam, for example, have all registered marked increases in HIV infection in recent years, while in China, home to a fifth of the world's people, the infection seems to be moving into new groups of the population..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: MAP (Monitoring the Aids Pandemic)
    Format/size: Download MS Word doc (688K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.thebody.com/content/art621.html
    Date of entry/update: 04 January 2011

  • UNDP (United Nations Development Programme)

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: UNDP in Myanmar
    Description/subject: "UNDP works in Myanmar under a mandate from its governing body which focuses UNDP activities at programmes with grassroots level impact in the areas of basic health, training and education, HIV/AIDS, the environment and food security. In response to this mandate, which was first laid down in a Governing Council decision in June 1993 and reaffirmed by subsequent Executive Board decisions [LINKS], UNDP is delivering its assistance through a programme known as the Human Development Initiative, or HDI. The HDI is a set of projects which is currently providing assistance to poor rural communities in 23 townships in 6 different regions of the country in the thematic sectors outlined int the Governing Council/ Executive Board decisions. The HDI focuses on helping poor communities to meet their basic social and food security needs, on promoting participation by all segments of the community in collective decision-making, and on building community capacities to plan and implement their own self-help activities. Through its activities and processes, HDI activities focus on the following four UNDP Practice Areas (UNDP focuses globally on 6 Practice Areas, the other two being Crisis Prevention and Recovery, and Information and Communications Technology). Poverty reduction Governance at the local level The environment HIV/AIDS In addtion to the HDI's grassroots community-based activities, the UNDP Executive Board also gave its approval, in September 2002, for UNDP to undertake an agricultural sector review and an integrated assessment of household living conditions. Both these new initiatives are based upon a recognition of the need to obtain more comprehensive information on the various factors influencing the livelihoods and well being of people and communities, particularly the rural poor, in order to identify causal factors and options for measures to address them."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

    Individual Documents

    Title: Future Assistance to Myanmar: DP/2001/27
    Date of publication: 14 September 2001
    Description/subject: Executive Board of the United Nations Development Programme and of the United Nations Population Fund Distr.: General 11 July 2001 Original: English Second regular session 2001. 10-14 September 2001, New York. Item 5 of the provisional agenda. Country cooperation frameworks and related matters. Future assistance to Myanmar. Note by the Administrator. Summary: The current phase of UNDP assistance to Myanmar is expected to be concluded at the end of 2001 in line with Executive Board decision 98/14. The present report is submitted in pursuance of decision 2001/7, in which the Board requested the Administrator, taking into account the findings of the independent assessment mission to Myanmar, to submit at the earliest possible date, a proposal for continued UNDP assistance to Myanmar in accordance with the guidelines provided in Governing Council decision 93/21 and Executive Board decisions 96/1 and 98/14. The attention of the Board is drawn in particular to chapter III, which provides an outline of proposals for Board action in relation to future assistance to Myanmar.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Executive Board of UNDP and UNPF
    Format/size: pdf (45K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.undp.org/execbrd/word/dp01-27.doc
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

  • UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund)

    Individual Documents

    Title: Government and UNICEF to strengthen birth registration system in Myanmar
    Description/subject: The births of three out of ten under five children in Myanmar have not been officially recorded. Nay Pyi Taw, 28th July 2014 : A National forum on accelerating birth registration in Myanmar was conducted at Thingaha Hotel in Nay Pyi Taw on 28th July 2014, a joint event between UNICEF and government ministries, to identify strategies for strengthening birth registration for all children in Myanmar. Birth registration is a critical first step towards the fulfilment of a whole range of children’s rights including entitlement to services such as health and education. Knowing the age of a person is central to protecting children from labour, forcible conscription in armed forces, child marriage and trafficking, and for ensuring they are dealt with appropriately by the justice system. A birth certificate may support the tracing and repatriation of children who are trafficked. All such issues are highly relevant to Myanmar.
    Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
    Format/size: html
    Alternate URLs: http://www.unicef.org/myanmar/PR_Birth_Registration_Launch_Myanmar.docx
    Date of entry/update: 23 October 2014

  • UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime)
    See under UN drugs-related entities

    Individual Documents

    Title: Transnational Organized Crime in East Asia and the Pacific - A Threat Assessment
    Date of publication: April 2013
    Description/subject: Illegal activities in the region is presented under 12 flows, most or all of which feature Myanmar... 1. Smuggling of migrants and labour trafficking within the Greater Mekong Sub-Region... 2. Trafficking of women and girls for sexual exploitation within the Greater Mekong Sub-Region... 3. Migrant smuggling from East and Southeast Asia to the United States and the European Union... 4. Migrant smuggling from South and West Asia through Southeast Asia to Australia and Canada... 5. Trafficking of opiates from Myanmar and Afghanistan into East Asia and the Pacific... 6. Trafficking of methamphetamines from Myanmar and China to the region... 7. The illegal wildlife trade in East Asia and the Pacific... 8. Illicit trade in wood-based products from the region to the world... 9. Illicit trade in electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) from the world to the region... 10. Illicit trade in ozone-depleting substances (ODS) from East Asia to the world... 11. Counterfeit consumer goods from East Asia to the United States and the European Union... 12. Fraudulent essential medicines from East Asia to Southeast Asia and Africa.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
    Format/size: pdf (2.4MB-OBL version; 2.9MB-original), html
    Alternate URLs: https://www.unodc.org/unodc/data-and-analysis/TOC-threat-assessments.html
    Date of entry/update: 02 May 2013

  • WFP (World Food Programme)

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Results of a Google site-specfic search for "Myanmar" on the WFP site
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: WFP, Google
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Date of entry/update: 29 January 2009

    Title: Search results for "Myanmar"on the WFP site
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: World Food Programme
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Alternate URLs: http://www.wfp.org/
    Date of entry/update: 04 January 2011

    Title: WFP Myanmar page
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: World Food Programme
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Date of entry/update: 04 January 2010

    Individual Documents

    Date of publication: 22 January 2009
    Description/subject: Mission Highlights: • During the 2008 monsoon season, agricultural production suffered a significant decline in areas severely affected by Cyclone Nargis, as a result of poor quality seeds, salinity and iron toxicity, lack of agricultural labour and draught animals. Compared to the previous year, average paddy production is estimated to have decreased by 32 percent in 7 affected townships in the Ayeyarwady Division and by 35 percent in 3 affected townships of Yangon Division. At the divisional level, 2008 monsoon paddy output was down by 13 percent in Ayeyarwady, and 9 percent in Yangon. • Overall, aggretate food production in Myanmar is satisfactory, with positive outputs expected in most states/divisions, reflecting favourable weather and increasing use of F1 and HYV rice seeds. The Mission forecasts a 2008/09 (2008 monsoon and 2009 summer) cereal output of 21 million tonnes (rice at 19.8 million tonnes, maize at 1.11 million tonnes, and wheat at 0.147 million tonnes), 3.2 percent below the previous year, but approximately 10 percent above the five-year average. Cereal exports are expected to be high, with estimated rice exports of 477 000 tonnes and maize exports of 159 000 tonnes conversely, up to 64 000 tonnes of wheat are expected to be imported. • The cyclone-related damage to the livestock and fishing sectors in the Ayeyarwady Delta will continue to affect food supply and income generation in 2008/09. • Rats have damaged 685 hectares of rice and 400 hectares of maize in 121 villages of Chin State;localized food insecurity in these villages is expected. • Despite the increase in international rice prices, paddy prices in Myanmar remained low in 2008 due to domestic market and trade barriers. These low prices, combined with the rising cost of fertilizer and other major inputs, have significantly reduced farmers’ incentives profits, and may have negatively impacted agricultural productivity and the country’s agricultural exports. • The Mission received reports of high levels of malnutrition in northern Rakhine State and recommends that a joint UNICEF and WFP food security and nutrition survey be conducted to verify these reports and to plan appropriate interventions, if needed. • In areas with high percentages of food insecure and vulnerable populations, defined as people living below the food poverty line, baseline surveys are required to measure food security, vulnerability, and nutrition, and plan appropriate interventions. Chin and Rakhine States are of the highest priority for baseline surveys. • There are more than 5 million people below the food poverty line in Myanmar. States/divisions which the Mission found to be a priority for emergency food assistance are: cyclone-affected areas of Ayeyarwady Division (85 000 tonnes); Chin State (23 000 tonnes), particularly those areas affected by the rat infestation; Rakhine State (15 000 tonnes), particularly the north of the State; Kachin State (8 300 tonnes); north Shan State (20 200 tonnes); east Shan State (7 000 tonnes); and Magwe Division (27 500 tonnes). Most of the food commodities can be procured locally, with only a limited requirement for imported food aid. • The Mission recommends the following agricultural assistance in cyclone-affected Ayeyarwady and Yangon Divisions: distribution of seeds for the coming summer and next monsoon planting seasons; distribution of draught animals adapted to local climatic conditions; distribution of other livestock for increased meat availability; distribution of hand tractors with training on their usage and maintenance; distribution of fishing equipment; re-establishment of ice production plants; and training in boat-building, net-making and on drafting of fishery laws. • The Mission recommends the following actions in regard to national food policies: set up a market information and food security warning system; develop balanced food production and trade policies for both producers and consumers; remove domestic market/trade barriers; and improve market integration.
    Author/creator: Cheng Fang, Maung Mar, Aye Mon, Thanda Kyi, Bernard Cartella, Jan Delbaere, Michael Sheinkman, Nang Seng Aye, Aaron Charlop-Powers, Siddharth Krishnaswamy, Raul Varela
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: FAO, WFP
    Format/size: pdf (437K)
    Date of entry/update: 22 September 2010