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United Nations General Assembly (GA)

  • Reports to the UN General Assembly by the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar

    • Informes al AG del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Español)

      Individual Documents

      Title: AG 2014 (69me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, Sra. Yanghee Lee (Español)
      Date of publication: 23 September 2014
      Description/subject: Resumen: \\\"El importante proceso de transición y las amplias reformas que se están llevando a cabo en Myanmar son dignos de elogio. Sin embargo, se debe hacer frente a cualquier posible señal de retroceso para no echar por tierra los avances conseguidos. En el pr esente informe se describen los principales ámbitos preliminares de atención y las recomendaciones de la Relatora Especial, que tienen como objetivo contribuir a los esfuerzos de Myanmar para respetar, proteger y promover los derechos humanos y lograr la d emocratización, la reconciliación nacional y el desarrollo.\\\"
      Author/creator: Sra. Yanghee Lee
      Language: Español, Spanish
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas. Asamblea General (A/69/398)
      Format/size: pdf (391K)
      Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N14/545/28/pdf/N1454528.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 16 October 2014


      Title: AG 2013 (68me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Español)
      Date of publication: 23 September 2013
      Description/subject: Resumen: "En el presente informe, el Relator Especial expone que las reformas que se están llevando a cabo en Myanmar siguen generando la perspectiva de que la situación de los derechos humanos en el país va a mejorar de un modo sustancial. Entre los principales acontecimientos ocurridos durante el período objeto de informe figuran la liberación constante de presos de conciencia, la mejora del respeto del derecho a la libertad de opinión y de expresión, y los avances en pos de un acuerdo nacional de cesación del fuego. El Relator Especial subraya, no obstante, los peligros de restar importancia a las carencias existentes en la esfera de los derechos humanos, o de dar por supuesto que dichas carencias se abordarán inevitablemente gracias al impulso de las reformas actuales. El autor del informe advierte de que, si no se abordan ahora esas deficiencias, se irán acentuando progresivamente en ámbitos como la rendición de cuentas sobre las violaciones de los derechos humanos, los derechos de las minorías étnicas y religiosas, los derechos de libertad de reunión y de asociación pacífica, la representación de las mujeres en puestos de adopción de decisiones, los derechos sobre la tierra y los derechos humanos y el desarrollo. Además, si no se afrontan de conformidad con las normas internacionales de derechos humanos, es posible que minen el proceso mismo de reforma. El Relator Especial concluye que el reto, ya planteado desde el inicio del proceso de reforma, es conseguir pasar de la mentalidad militar predominante en el seno del Gobierno a una concepción democrática que defienda los derechos humanos."
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: Español, Spanish
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas. Asamblea General (A/68/397)
      Format/size: pdf (243K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-ods.un.org/access.nsf/Get?Open&DS=A/68/397&Lang=S
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2013


      Title: AG 2012 (67me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar ( Español)
      Date of publication: 25 September 2012
      Description/subject: Resumen: "Durante el período al que se refiere el informe han vuelto a registrarse en Myanmar rápidos y significativos cambios, que pueden seguir mejorando la situación de los derechos humanos en el país, aunque la persistencia de problemas que son motivo de inquietud desde hace tiempo sigue suponiendo un riesgo para el proceso de reforma."..... Índice: Página I. Introducción... II. Situación de los derechos humanos: A. Presos de conciencia; B. Condiciones de detención y tratamiento de los reclusos; C. Otras cuestiones relativas a los derechos civiles y políticos; D. Sociedad civil; E. Derechos económicos, sociales y culturales... III. Situación de las minorías étnicas... IV. Situación en el estado de Rakhine... V. Transición democrática y establecimiento del estado de derecho... VI. Verdad, justicia y rendición de cuentas... VII. Conclusiones ... VIII. Recomendaciones.
      Language: Español, Spanish
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas. Asamblea General (A/67/383)
      Format/size: pdf (214K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N12/520/51/PDF/N1252051.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 22 October 2012


      Title: AG 2011 (66me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
      Date of publication: 16 September 2011
      Description/subject: Resumen: Este es un momento clave en la historia de Myanmar y existen oportunidades reales de lograr cambios positivos y significativos para mejorar la situación de los derechos humanos y profundizar la transición hacia la democracia. El nuevo Gobierno ha adoptado una serie de medidas para alcanzar estos fines. Sin embargo, sigue habiendo muchas cuestiones de derechos humanos pendientes que deben abordarse. El nuevo Gobierno debe redoblar sus esfuerzos para cumplir sus propios compromisos y sus obligaciones internacionales en materia de derechos humanos. La comunidad internacional debe mantener su compromiso y permanecer atenta a la evolución de las circunstancias. La comunidad internacional también debe apoyar y ayudar al Gobierno durante esta importante etapa. El Relator Especial reafirma su voluntad de trabajar de manera constructiva y cooperar con Myanmar para mejorar la situación de su pueblo en materia de derechos humanos.
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: Español, Spanish
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas - Asamblea General (A/66/365 )
      Format/size: pdf (226K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 October 2011


      Title: AG 2010 (65me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
      Date of publication: 15 September 2010
      Description/subject: Resumen: Este informe se presenta en cumplimiento de la resolución 13/25 del Consejo de Derechos Humanos y de la resolución 64/238 de la Asamblea General, y se refiere a la evolución de la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar desde el informe que presentó el Relator Especial al Consejo de Derechos Humanos en marzo de 2010 (A/HRC/13/48). El 13 de agosto de 2010, el Gobierno de Myanmar anunció, tras mucho tiempo de espera, que las elecciones nacionales se celebrarían el 7 de noviembre de 2010. El presente informe se centra en los derechos humanos en relación con las elecciones, y en el asunto de la justicia y la rendición de cuentas. En las actuales circunstancias, las condiciones para unas elecciones auténticas son limitadas, y la posibilidad de que estas elecciones conlleven un cambio significativo y una mejora en la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar continúa siendo incierto. En relación con el tema de la justicia y la rendición de cuentas, el Relator Especial observa que, si bien el Gobierno de Myanmar es el principal responsable de abordar el problema de las flagrantes y sistemáticas violaciones de los derechos humanos por todas las partes, dicha responsabilidad recae en la comunidad internacional si el Gobierno no la asume. El Relator Especial recomienda al Gobierno de Myanmar que respete la libertad de expresión y opinión, así como la de reunión y asociación, en el contexto de las elecciones nacionales; ponga en libertad a todos los prisioneros de conciencia; aborde el asunto de la justicia y la rendición de cuentas; aplique los cuatro componentes básicos de los derechos humanos detallados en sus informes anteriores; y facilite el acceso a la asistencia humanitaria y continúe aumentando su cooperación con el sistema internacional de derechos humanos.
      Language: Espanol, Spanish
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas -- Asamblea General (A/65/368)
      Format/size: pdf (137K)
      Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N10/534/80/pdf/N1053480.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


      Title: AG 2009 (64me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
      Date of publication: 24 September 2009
      Description/subject: Resumen: "El presente informe se presenta en cumplimiento de la resolución 63/245 de la Asamblea General y la resolución 10/27 del Consejo de Derechos Humanos, y debe leerse junto con el informe del Relator Especial al Consejo de Derechos Humanos en su décimo período de sesiones (A/HRC/10/19), ya que se centra principalmente en los acontecimientos en materia de derechos humanos ocurridos en Myanmar después de la presentación de ese informe. En el período bajo examen el juicio de Aung San Suu Kyi fue el acontecimiento más importante. Los 18 meses adicionales de arresto domiciliario le impiden participar activamente en las elecciones de 2010. El Relator Especial considera que la continuación de su arresto domiciliario es un golpe a la hoja de ruta en siete etapas para la transición a la democracia del Gobierno y lamenta que el Gobierno de Myanmar haya perdido otra oportunidad de demostrar su compromiso con la celebración de unas elecciones no excluyentes, libres e imparciales. El informe se concentra en las cuestiones de la protección de los derechos humanos. En particular, destaca la situación de los presos de conciencia, su derecho a un juicio imparcial y a las garantías procesales, y en las condiciones de su detención, así como en la libertad de expresión, reunión y asociación en el contexto de las próximas elecciones de 2010. A continuación se examinan los conflictos internos, la protección de la población civil, la discriminación y la necesidad de asistencia humanitaria. El Relator Especial reitera su recomendación sobre los cuatro componentes básicos de los derechos humanos: una revisión de la legislación nacional en consonancia con la nueva Constitución y las obligaciones internacionales; la progresiva puesta en libertad de los presos de conciencia; la reforma de las fuerzas armadas para garantizar el respeto de los derechos humanos y del derecho humanitario internacionales, incluida la capacitación; y el establecimiento de un poder judicial independiente e imparcial. Dado que Myanmar es parte solamente en la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño y la Convención sobre la eliminación de todas las formas de discriminación contra la mujer, el Relator Especial recomienda enérgicamente que se adhiera a los demás principales instrumentos internacionales de derechos humanos."
      Language: Espanol, Spanish
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/64/318)
      Format/size: pdf (121K)
      Date of entry/update: 10 October 2009


      Title: AG 2008 (63me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
      Date of publication: 05 September 2008
      Description/subject: Resumen: En su resolución 1992/58, la Comisión de Derechos Humanos estableció el mandato sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, que fue posteriormente prorrogado por el Consejo de Derechos Humanos en su decisión 1/102 y en su resolución 5/1. En marzo de 2008, en virtud de su resolución 7/32, el Consejo prorrogó por un año el mandato. El 26 de marzo de 2008 Tomás Ojea Quintana (Argentina) fue designado nuevo Relator Especial y tomó oficialmente posesión de su cargo el 1º de mayo de 2008. Tras presentar una solicitud para realizar una visita del 3 al 13 de agosto de 2008, el 9 de julio el Relator Especial recibió una respuesta positiva del Gobierno de Myanmar para que realizara una misión al país del 3 al 7 de agosto de 2008. El Relator Especial da las gracias al Gobierno de Myanmar por su hospitalidad y la cooperación recibida durante su primera misión al país. El principal propósito de la visita era establecer relaciones de trabajo con las autoridades y tomar contacto con la sociedad civil y con quienes no disfrutan de sus libertades fundamentales. El programa de la visita se incluye como anexo del informe. Este informe se presenta en cumplimiento de la resolución 62/222 de la Asamblea General. La primera parte se centra en las actividades y el programa de trabajo del Relator Especial. La segunda parte se concentra en las cuestiones sustantivas y en ella se profundiza en las relacionadas con la protección de los derechos humanos en el contexto de la nueva Constitución; la cuestión de la participación en el proceso democrático y la organización de las elecciones de 2010; el derecho de reunión y el derecho a la libertad de opinión y expresión y su formulación en la nueva Constitución; la cuestión del derecho internacional humanitario y la protección de la población civil, así como la situación de determinados grupos, como los grupos étnicos, las mujeres y los niños. El Relator Especial profundiza también en los mecanismos existentes para garantizar el máximo de protección en el contexto del desastre natural causado por el ciclón Nargis, y sus repercusiones en las condiciones y medios de vida y los derechos humanos. Por último, el Relator Especial examina las novedades acaecidas en la cooperación internacional que guardan relación con las cuestiones de derechos humanos pertinentes para su mandato y el entorno para fortalecer la cooperación en la promoción y la protección de los derechos humanos en el país. En sus recomendaciones, el Relator Especial incluye cuatro componentes básicos de los derechos humanos para allanar el camino de la democracia en Myanmar.
      Language: Espanol, Spanish
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/63/341)
      Format/size: pdf (112K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 November 2008


      Title: AG 2007 (62me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
      Date of publication: 13 August 2008
      Description/subject: Resumen: El presente informe se presenta de conformidad con la resolución 61/232 de la Asamblea General. El Relator Especial acoge con agrado la decisión del Gobierno de Myanmar de convocar nuevamente a la Convención Nacional para que celebre su último período de sesiones el 18 de julio de 2007 y termine de establecer los principios de una nueva constitución, como parte de una hoja de ruta de siete etapas para la transición a la democracia. No obstante, le sigue preocupando que no se den oportunidades de participación efectiva y auténtica a la Liga Nacional para la Democracia (NLD) y a algunos grupos étnicos, que han optado por no participar debido a la falta de transparencia y de posibilidades de hacer un aporte significativo. El Relator ha señalado en varias ocasiones que no habrá una auténtica transición a la democracia en Myanmar mientras no se libere a todos los presos políticos. Dada la importancia de la última etapa de la Convención Nacional, deplora que se haya extendido el arresto domiciliario del Secretario General de la NLD y que otros presos políticos continúen detenidos. En un momento de tal importancia para el proceso de reforma política y en vista de la necesidad de una reconciliación, el tratamiento tan severo que se dispensa a los máximos dirigentes de los grupos étnicos es muy contraproducente y ha consternado a muchos ciudadanos y observadores de derechos humanos. Los problemas de derechos humanos a que se hace referencia en el presente informe son en gran medida similares a los que el Relator Especial señaló el año pasado. El Relator Especial lamenta que el Gobierno, pese a los reiterados pedidos, no lo haya invitado a visitar el país. Por este motivo, el Relator no ha podido evaluar ninguna mejora ni verificar la exactitud de las denuncias recibidas de fuentes fidedignas. Se imponen severas restricciones a las libertades fundamentales de los activistas políticos y los defensores de los derechos humanos. Al 27 de junio de 2007, se estimaba que el número de presos políticos era 1.192. En todo el país, las comunidades son objeto de malos tratos por parte de algunos miembros de las fuerzas armadas que, con el fin de consolidar el control del Gobierno y a menudo también para aplicar proyectos nacionales de desarrollo, recurren al trabajo forzoso, la confiscación de bienes y activos, y al reasentamiento de poblaciones, en particular en las zonas fronterizas en que habitan los grupos étnicos. La falta de un compromiso efectivo de parte del Gobierno de Myanmar para hacer frente a la situación de los derechos humanos sigue siendo motivo de profunda preocupación. A nivel nacional, la capacidad de las instituciones encargadas de velar por el cumplimiento de la ley y la independencia e imparcialidad del poder judicial se han visto menoscabadas por la persistente situación de impunidad. También son motivo de preocupación las restricciones al ejercicio de los derechos fundamentales de los opositores políticos, los defensores de los derechos humanos y las víctimas de violaciones de los derechos humanos. A/62/223 07-45717 3 El Relator Especial también toma nota con gran satisfacción del entendimiento de 26 de febrero de 2007, entre la Organización Internacional del Trabajo (OIT) y el Gobierno de Myanmar, destinado a ofrecer a las víctimas de trabajo forzoso un mecanismo para obtener reparación. El Relator Especial también ha observado algunos avances concretos que él considera importantes hitos en la lucha contra la impunidad en Myanmar. Entre éstos figuran el establecimiento de un mecanismo nacional que se ocupa de recibir denuncias de trabajo forzoso y el diálogo iniciado por la Representante Especial del Secretario General para la cuestión de los niños y los conflictos armados con el Gobierno, sobre la elaboración de un plan de acción para poner fin al reclutamiento de niños soldados y elaborar programas de reintegración, y el establecimiento de un mecanismo nacional para presentar denuncias sobre violaciones de los derechos humanos que se cometen contra los niños durante los conflictos armados. Estos mecanismos deben mejoran el acceso a las zonas en las que actualmente se restringe el acceso para la prestación de asistencia humanitaria, así como para la vigilancia de las violaciones de los derechos humanos. El Relator Especial está convencido de que Myanmar se beneficiaría de una cooperación más activa con su mandato, teniendo en cuenta las atribuciones redefinidas por el Consejo de Derechos Humanos. Ha insistido en que es su obligación hacer públicas las denuncias de violaciones de los derechos humanos pero que ello no excluye un diálogo constructivo y continuado con el Gobierno. Estos dos elementos de su mandato pueden contribuir a una nueva dinámica para mejorar la situación de los derechos humanos en el país. Como señala el Relator Especial en su informe anterior, no será fácil para Myanmar promover la transición política y los derechos humanos fundamentales. La colaboración entre las Naciones Unidas y la comunidad internacional es esencial para apoyar los esfuerzos del Gobierno y la sociedad civil. En sus recomendaciones, el Relator Especial alienta a la comunidad internacional a promover un marco de principios a fin de que los Estados Miembros puedan explorar muy diversas estrategias y modalidades de cooperación con Myanmar de acuerdo con sus ventajas y capacidades particulares. Es urgente que la comunidad internacional aproveche los programas de asistencia humanitaria existentes y preste apoyo en las esferas de la salud, la educación y los derechos humanos, en particular para el desarrollo de la sociedad civil.
      Language: Espanol, Spanish
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/62/223)
      Format/size: pdf (72K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: AG 2006 (61me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derecho humanos en Myanmar (Espanol) Corr. 1
      Date of publication: 18 October 2006
      Description/subject: Situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar Nota del Secretario General... Corrección: 1. Párrafo 56 La última oración debería decir lo siguiente: El brote de gripe aviar H5N1 de marzo/abril sigue siendo motivo de gran preocupación, aunque no ha habido casos de infección del H5N1 en seres humanos en Myanmar.... 2. Párrafo 73 Sustitúyase el texto existente por el siguiente: 73. El Relator Especial quisiera: a) Habida cuenta de la gravedad de las violaciones de los derechos humanos, recomendar que el Gobierno de Myanmar someta a todos los funcionarios que cometen esos actos a un control disciplinario y un castigo estrictos y ponga fin a la cultura de impunidad reinante en todo el país. En ese sentido, se deben adoptar varias medidas de manera inmediata, como la creación de una o varias comisiones nacionales independientes a fin de investigar el ataque de una turba contra Aung San Suu Kyi en noviembre de 1996 y el brutal incidente ocurrido en Depayin en mayo de 2003, así como la violencia sexual generalizada contra las mujeres y las niñas, con miras a que se enjuicie a los responsables de esos delitos; b) Exhortar al Gobierno de Myanmar a que autorice el acceso del Relator Especial, las Naciones Unidas y el personal asociado, así como del personal de organizaciones humanitarias a las zonas afectadas, y garantice su seguridad y libertad de circulación.
      Language: Espanol, Spanish
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/61/369/Corr.1)
      Format/size: pdf (26K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: AG 2006 (61me session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derecho humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
      Date of publication: 21 September 2006
      Description/subject: Resumen: El mandato del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar fue establecido por la Comisión de Derechos Humanos en su resolución 1992/58 y prorrogado recientemente por el Consejo de Derechos Humanos, en su decisión 1/102, por la que el Consejo decidió prorrogar excepcionalmente por un año los mandatos y los titulares de mandatos de los procedimientos especiales de la Comisión. El Relator Especial no ha podido llevar a cabo una misión de investigación en Myanmar desde de noviembre de 2003. Pese a que no se le ha permitido visitar el país durante el período al que se refiere este informe, ha seguido cumpliendo su mandato en la medida de sus posibilidades, basándose en la información recibida de diversas fuentes independientes y fidedignas. En los dos últimos años, el proceso de reforma propuesto en la “hoja de ruta de siete puntos para la reconciliación nacional y la transición democrática”, que estaba destinado a abrirse en última instancia a distintos actores pertinentes, ha quedado rigurosamente limitado y delineado. En consecuencia, el espacio político se ha redefinido de forma más estrecha. Además, una serie de obstáculos registrados en los dos últimos años han frenado el avance y limitado el carácter inclusivo de las reformas necesarias para la democratización. Esta evolución ha afectado negativamente a la labor de la Convención Nacional. Durante décadas, se ha reducido considerablemente el margen para el establecimiento de instituciones civiles y democráticas. La capacidad de las instituciones encargadas de velar por el cumplimiento de la ley y la independencia e imparcialidad del poder judicial se han visto obstaculizadas por la persistente situación de impunidad. Esta situación ha contribuido a acentuar la desigualdad y la disparidad entre los más pobres y los más ricos. El 27 de mayo de 2006, se volvió a prorrogar por 12 meses el arresto domiciliario de Aung Sang Suu Kyi a pesar de los diversos llamamientos internacionales realizados, en particular por el Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas. A finales de agosto de 2006 se estimaba en 1.185 el número de presos políticos. De abril a julio de 2006, se habría obligado a 1.038 miembros de la Liga Nacional para la Democracia a dimitir del partido, mediante intimidaciones y amenazas. El Relator Especial ha indicado reiteradamente que la reconciliación nacional requiere un diálogo fructífero y abierto con los representantes políticos y entre éstos. Cree firmemente que el arresto y la detención de varios líderes políticos o las graves y continuas restricciones de las libertades fundamentales no contribuyen a la conciliación nacional y la estabilidad en Myanmar. La persecución de miembros de partidos políticos de la oposición y defensores de los derechos humanos muestra que actualmente hay demasiados obstáculos a la hoja de ruta para la democracia, que impiden una auténtica transición. En el pasado, el Relator Especial reconoció que la hoja de ruta podía desempeñar un papel positivo en la transición política. Lamentablemente, parece que se ha perdido el impulso positivo de los primeros años de su mandato. El Relator Especial sigue particularmente preocupado por la persistente situación de impunidad, que ha cobrado un carácter sistemático y a la que el Gobierno de Myanmar deberá abordar urgentemente. Es cada vez más patente que la persistencia de la impunidad no se debe únicamente a una falta de capacidad institucional. Esta impunidad ha permitido eludir su responsabilidad a los autores de actos de opresión contra personas que habían impugnado políticas y prácticas en vigor. No se ha perseguido a varias personas y grupos que habían cometido violaciones graves de derechos humanos, en particular miembros de las fuerzas armadas. Asimismo, tampoco está demostrado que las autoridades competentes hayan investigado estos graves delitos. Las violaciones graves de los derechos humanos no sólo son conocidas y toleradas en la total impunidad por las estructuras existentes del Consejo Estatal para la Paz y el Desarrollo, sino que hasta están autorizadas por la Ley. A este respecto, el Relator Especial también está muy preocupado por el continuo uso indebido del sistema jurídico, que no reconoce el imperio de la ley y representa un obstáculo importante para el ejercicio efectivo y verdadero de las libertades fundamentales por parte de los ciudadanos. En especial, considera sumamente preocupante que se haya tipificado como delito el ejercicio de las libertades fundamentales por los opositores políticos, los defensores de los derechos humanos y las víctimas de abusos en materia de derechos humanos. El Relator Especial está muy preocupado por la campaña militar en curso en zonas habitadas por minorías étnicas de Myanmar oriental y por sus efectos en los derechos humanos, en especial en la población civil contra la que se han dirigido los ataques. La situación debería examinarse con relación a la práctica ampliamente extendida de confiscación de tierras en todo el país, destinada aparentemente a consolidar el control militar, especialmente en zonas habitadas por minorías étnicas. Esta práctica ha conducido a numerosos desalojos, traslados y reasentamientos forzados, así como a situaciones de migración y desplazamiento forzosos dentro del país. Habida cuenta de la envergadura de la actual campaña militar, la situación podría desembocar en una crisis humanitaria si no se hace frente a ella inmediatamente. El Relator Especial toma nota de la votación reciente del Consejo de Seguridad, el 15 de septiembre de 2006, para incluir a Myanmar en su orden del día. Considera que el próximo debate sobre Myanmar en el Consejo podría brindar una oportunidad de acelerar el proceso de transición hacia la democracia.
      Language: Espanol, Spanish
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/61/369)
      Format/size: pdf (100K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: AG 2005 (60eme Session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
      Date of publication: 12 August 2005
      Description/subject: Resumen: "El mandato del Relator Especial de la Comisión de Derechos Humanos sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar fue establecido por la Comisión en su resolución 1992/58 y prorrogado recientemente en su resolución 2005/10. En esa resolución, la Comisión pidió al Relator Especial que presentara un informe a la Asamblea General en su sexagésimo período de sesiones, así como a la Comisión en su 62° período de sesiones. El presente informe se ha preparado en cumplimiento de esa solicitud y se basa en la información recibida por el Relator Especial hasta el 22 de julio de 2005. El presente informe debe examinarse conjuntamente con el último informe presentado por el Relator a la Comisión (E/CN.4/2005/36). El Relator Especial no ha podido llevar a cabo una misión de investigación en Myanmar desde noviembre de 2003. Pese a que no se le ha permitido visitar el país durante el período al que se refiere este informe, el Relator Especial ha seguido cumpliendo su mandato en la medida de sus posibilidades, basándose en la información recibida de diversas fuentes independientes y fidedignas. La Convención Nacional fue convocada nuevamente del 17 de febrero al 31 de marzo de 2005 sin la participación de varios partidos políticos, entre ellos la Liga Nacional para la Democracia (LND). Se seleccionó a los delegados invitados de entre las mismas ocho categorías establecidas para la Convención anterior: partidos políticos, representantes electos, razas nacionales, campesinos, trabajadores, intelectuales, personal del servicio estatal y grupos que han suscrito el alto el fuego. Según la Comisión para la Convocatoria de la Convención Nacional, de los 1.081 delegados invitados asistieron a la reunión un total de 1.073. El hecho de que se haya excluido del proceso a actores políticos importantes y representativos, las restricciones impuestas a su participación, la intolerancia con respecto a las voces críticas y la intimidación y detención de activistas en pro de la democracia hacen que carezca de significado, en este caso, toda noción de proceso democrático. Se debe garantizar la libertad de movimiento, reunión y asociación, pues dichas libertades son requisitos básicos para la reconciliación nacional y la democratización. El Relator Especial está firmemente convencido de que si no se enmiendan las restricciones de procedimiento inherentes al proceso y si no participan en la Convención los representantes de la oposición democrática, carecerá de credibilidad cualquier constitución que emerja de dicha reunión. Sentar las disposiciones de procedimiento que rigen la Convención Nacional sobre sólidas bases democráticas coadyuvará a la inclusión y participación plenas de todos los partidos políticos y para que se registren avances reales en el proceso de democratización. El Gobierno puede y debe adoptar medidas inmediatas para rescatar la Convención Nacional y su credibilidad tanto en el plano nacional como internacional. Una de las cuestiones más relevantes del actual proceso político es definir quién redactará el proyecto de constitución. Además, en la actualidad no hay indicios claros de cuáles son las reglas para la aprobación de la constitución mediante un referendo nacional. El Relator Especial observa con pesar que la información recibida demuestra que, en lo que respecta al ejercicio de los derechos y libertades fundamentales, la situación no ha cambiado de manera sustancial durante el período al que se refiere el informe. El Relator Especial recibe constantemente informes sobre restricciones y violaciones de libertades y derechos básicos. Al parecer quedan más de 1.100 presos políticos en Myanmar. La liberación de 249 presos políticos el 6 de julio de 2005 se vio menoscabada por los arrestos, la detención y la condena a severas penas de civiles y defensores de la democracia debido a actividades políticas de carácter pacífico. El Relator Especial sigue muy preocupado por la práctica de la detención administrativa. Es profundamente lamentable que Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Secretaria General de la LND, haya celebrado en arresto domiciliario sus 60 años. Su reclusión casi total y la falta de comunicación con sus colegas de la LND redundan en detrimento del espíritu de reconciliación nacional. El Relator Especial se siente alentado por el incremento de las actividades de prevención y tratamiento del VIH/SIDA, pero sigue muy preocupado por el hecho de que el VIH/SIDA se ha convertido en una epidemia generalizada en Myanmar. Si bien es cierto que el Gobierno sigue elaborando un plan nacional de acción en favor de los niños, aún no ha ratificado los dos Protocolos Facultativos de la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño. Se siguen cometiendo graves violaciones de los derechos humanos contra las comunidades étnicas minoritarias de Myanmar. Continúan recibiéndose informes generalizados sobre casos de trabajo forzado, violación y abuso sexual, extorsión y expropiación por parte de las fuerzas gubernamentales. Son raras las veces en que las víctimas de tales violaciones tienen posibilidades de obtener compensación. No se puede seguir posponiendo la transición hacia una democracia plena y participativa en Myanmar. El diálogo político e institucional debe iniciarse sin más dilaciones. Al instituir los valores de la democracia y los derechos humanos, el Gobierno estará dando claras muestras ante el pueblo de Myanmar y la comunidad internacional de que está firmemente comprometido a facilitar la creación de un futuro estable y democrático para el país. Las Naciones Unidas y la comunidad internacional están dispuestas a trabajar en asociación con el Gobierno, los partidos políticos y las organizaciones de la sociedad civil para facilitar de forma efectiva la reconciliación nacional y la transición a la democracia. Si fortalece su cooperación con las organizaciones internacionales, el Gobierno de Myanmar podrá tener la seguridad de recibir apoyo en materia de solución de conflictos, reformas políticas y económicas, fortalecimiento institucional y creación de capacidad, asistencia humanitaria y desarrollo humano."
      Language: Espanol, Spanish
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/60/221)
      Format/size: pdf (227K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 September 2005


      Title: AG 2004 (59me Session): Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (Espanol)
      Date of publication: 30 August 2004
      Description/subject: Resumen: El mandato del Relator Especial de la Comisión de Derechos Humanos sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar fue establecido por la Comisión en su resolución 1992/58 y prorrogado recientemente en su resolución 2004/61. En esa resolución, la Comisión pedía al Relator Especial que presentara un informe provisional a la Asamblea General en su quincuagésimo noveno período de sesiones. El presente informe provisional se basa en la información recibida por el Relator Especial hasta el 30 de julio de 2004 y debe examinarse conjuntamente con el último informe presentado por el Relator a la Comisión (E/CN.4/2004/33). Desde su última misión a Myanmar en noviembre de 2003, el Relator Especial ha solicitado en varias ocasiones la colaboración del Gobierno de Myanmar para volver al país y llevar a cabo una misión de investigación. No obstante, pese a que en principio parecía haber indicios de acuerdo con la visita del Relator Especial, ésta no fue autorizada. Por tanto, en este informe, el Relator Especial presenta breves actualizaciones de los temas que examinó durante su última visita tomando como base información obtenida de otras fuentes. El Relator Especial seguirá tratando de ir a Myanmar a fin de poder desempeñar su mandato plenamente. La Convención Nacional se volvió a convocar del 17 de mayo al 9 de julio de 2004. La revitalización de la Convención Nacional constituye el primer paso de los siete previstos en el plan de reconciliación nacional y transición democrática presentado por el Primer Ministro, el General Khin Nyunt, el 30 de agosto de 2003. Las autoridades anunciaron que esperaban que los delegados de la nueva Convención Nacional plantearan sus sugerencias en el marco de los seis objetivos y 104 principios ya establecidos durante la Convención de 1993 a 1996. La Convención Nacional volvió a convocarse sin la participación de la Liga Nacional para la Democracia (LND) y de otros partidos políticos que obtuvieron la mayoría de escaños en las elecciones de 1990. A ella asistieron 1.076 delegados en comparación con los 702 que participaron en la convención anterior. El aumento se debió en gran medida a los representantes de nacionalidades étnicas, incluidos grupos de cesación del fuego que surgieron en el nuevo entorno político creado como resultado de acuerdos de cesación del fuego establecidos con 17 antiguos grupos armados. Por ello, considerando las posibilidades de resolución del conflicto, la Convención Nacional de 2004 puede constituir una oportunidad única para las minorías étnicas. El Relator Especial observa que las inquietudes respecto del proceso de la Convención Nacional que puso de manifiesto en el último informe que presentó a la Comisión no se han considerado, ni se han adoptado las medidas necesarias para garantizar unas condiciones democráticas mínimas en la nueva convocatoria de la Convención Nacional. El Relator Especial reitera que si el Gobierno desea promover un verdadero proceso de transición política, es necesario cumplir las obligaciones fundamentales en materia de derechos humanos. No obstante, el Relator Especial espera que el resultado definitivo de la Convención Nacional aporte algunas soluciones concretas a los problemas de toda la población de Myanmar. La liberación de Daw Aung San Suu Kyi y el inicio de un diálogo profundo con ella y con su partido, así como el logro de un acuerdo con grupos de cesación del fuego que tenga en cuenta las sugerencias de éstos ayudaría a la evolución del proceso político. En este sentido, el Relator Especial hace un llamamiento al Gobierno de Myanmar para que reconozca la función del Enviado Especial del Secretario General y la necesidad de que éste vuelva al país lo antes posible a fin de continuar con su labor de facilitación, en particular en el contexto de los preparativos del próximo período de sesiones de la Convención Nacional. La información recibida por el Relator Especial durante el período a que se refiere el informe indica que la situación relacionada con el ejercicio de las libertades fundamentales y los derechos humanos básicos en Myanmar no ha cambiado en esencia. Aún no se ha vuelto totalmente a la normalidad tras los acontecimientos ocurridos el 30 de mayo de 2003 en Depayin. Sigue habiendo gran cantidad de detenidos por razones de seguridad. El Relator Especial ha recibido varios informes de que continúan las detenciones y de que se imponen sentencias duras por actividades políticas pacíficas; muchos de los casos denunciados fueron mencionados por el Relator Especial en sus cartas y llamamientos urgentes dirigidos al Gobierno de Myanmar. Al Relator Especial le sigue preocupando la práctica de la detención administrativa. Aún hay restricciones a la actividad política y siguen clausuradas todas las oficinas de la LND, a excepción de la sede de este partido en Yangon, cuya reapertura fue permitida en abril de 2004. Pese a las restricciones existentes, según informes recientes la Liga Nacional para la Democracia ha podido llevar a cabo algunas actividades. Si bien aún queda por ver en qué medida se va a permitir a la LND y a otros partidos políticos que realicen actividades políticas pacíficas sin tomar represalias, el Relator Especial desearía reiterar su opinión, manifestada durante su última misión en noviembre, de que la aplicación del plan debe ir acompañada de cambios tangibles sobre el terreno que conduzcan a un proceso verdaderamente libre, transparente e integrador en el que participen todos los partidos políticos, las nacionalidades étnicas y los miembros de la sociedad civil. Deben respetarse las libertades y los derechos políticos para crear un entorno favorable que permita una transición democrática satisfactoria. La aplicación de las reformas en materia de derechos humanos que propone el Relator Especial en sus informes y cartas a las autoridades de Myanmar ayudaría a crear dicho entorno. Durante el período bajo examen, el Relator Especial ha recibido informes creíbles y detallados de violaciones de los derechos humanos en determinadas zonas en que se lucha contra la insurgencia de Myanmar y el Relator espera poder aclarar esos informes en su próxima misión. El Relator recuerda que las autoridades de Myanmar aún no han respondido a su petición de realizar una evaluación independiente en el Estado de Shan. El Relator Especial ha tomado nota de la cooperación del Gobierno de Myanmar con el Comité de los Derechos del Niño para el examen del segundo informe periódico de Myanmar sobre la aplicación de la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño. El Relator Especial considera que en los últimos años la comunidad internacional ha considerado cada vez más la necesidad de prestar asistencia humanitaria en Myanmar. En este sentido, el Relator acoge con satisfacción la labor realizada por el Equipo de las Naciones Unidas en el País para determinar los aspectos más vulnerables de Myanmar a fin de elaborar un marco estratégico para la asistencia de las Naciones Unidas. Habida cuenta de la situación reinante en Myanmar, siguen siendo válidas las conclusiones y recomendaciones que figuran en los informes anteriores del Relator Especial.
      Language: Espanol, Spanish
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/59/311)
      Format/size: pdf (165K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


      Title: AG 2001: Informe provisional del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
      Date of publication: 20 August 2001
      Description/subject: Resumen: Este es el primer informe del actual Relator Especial, nombrado para este mandato el 28 de diciembre de 2000. El informe está centrado en las actividades relativas a los derechos humanos y la evolución de la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar entre el 1° de enero y el 14 de agosto de 2001. Dado que el Relator Especial llevó a cabo una breve visita introductoria a Myanmar en abril y efectuará la debida misión de determinación de los hechos a fines de septiembre de 2001, el presente informe se limita únicamente a un número restringido de aspectos. De acuerdo con a evaluación presentada por el Relator Especial en este informe, Myanmar ha iniciado una etapa de transición política que, como en muchos países, constituye un proceso complejo que ha de avanzar gradualmente. En lo atinente a los derechos humanos, en el contexto de las conversaciones en curso entre el Gobierno y la oposición, se han podido observar algunos indicios de que el Gobierno tiene el propósito de seguir avanzando. A ese respecto, cabe señalar la divulgación de las normas sobre derechos humanos a que deben atenerse los funcionarios públicos, la labor del Comité de Derechos Humanos establecido por el Gobierno, la liberación de presos políticos, la reapertura de algunas oficinas de la Liga Nacional pro Democracia, el principal partido de oposición, la supervisión permanente, por parte de observadores internacionales, de las condiciones carcelarias, y la colaboración con la Comisión de Derechos Humanos, entre otras cosas, en el contexto del mandato de este Relator Especial y con el Enviado Especial del Secretario General para Myanmar y la Organización Internacional del Trabajo. Entre las esferas a las que es imprescindible prestar atención prioritaria cabe citar la situación de los grupos vulnerables, en particular, los niños, las mujeres y las minorías étnicas y, en especial, quienes se han visto desplazados dentro del país en zonas de operaciones militares. En general, existe una compleja situación humanitaria en Myanmar, que podría empeorar a menos que todas las partes afectadas adoptaran las medidas necesarias.
      Author/creator: Sr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: Espanol
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/56/312)
      Format/size: pdf and Word
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 2000: Situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar - Informe provisional del Relator Especial
      Date of publication: 22 August 2000
      Description/subject: Asamblea General, Quincuagsimo quinto perodo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional preparado por el Sr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, Relator Especial de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, de conformidad con lo dispuesto en la resolucin 2001/15 de la Comisin y la decisin 2001/251 del Consejo Econmico y Social.
      Author/creator: Sr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: Espanol
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/55/359 )
      Format/size: PDF (116K) and Word
      Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/17a7a41bf23c6125c1256983002f7c42/$FILE/0063507s.doc
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1999: Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
      Date of publication: 04 October 1999
      Description/subject: Quincuagsimo cuarto perodo de sesiones Asamblea General, Quincuagsimo cuarto perodo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, preparado por el Sr. Rajsoomer Lallah, Relator Especial de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos de conformidad con la resolucin 1999/17 de la Comisin, de 23 de abril de 1999 y con la decisin 1999/231 del Consejo Econmico y Social de 27 de julio de 1999.
      Author/creator: Sr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Espanol
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/54/440)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1998: Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
      Date of publication: 10 September 1998
      Description/subject: Asamblea Generale, Quincuagsimo tercer perodo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, preparado por el Sr. Rajsoomer Lallah, Relator Especial de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos, de conformidad con la decisin 1998/261, del Consejo Econmico y Social, de 30 de julio de 1998.
      Author/creator: Sr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Espanol
      Source/publisher: Nacionese Unidas (A/53/364)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1997: Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
      Date of publication: 16 October 1997
      Description/subject: Asamblea General, Quincuagsimo segundo perodo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los Miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, preparado por el Sr. Rajsooomer Lallah, Relator Especial de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos, de conformidad con la resolucin 51/117 de la Asamblea General, de 12 de diciembre de 1996, y la decisin 1997/272 del Consejo Econmico y Social, de 22 de julio de 1997.
      Author/creator: Sr. Rajsooomer Lallah
      Language: Espanol
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/52/484)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1996: Informe provisional del Relator Especial sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
      Date of publication: 08 October 1996
      Description/subject: Asamblea General, Quincuagsimo primer perodo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional preparado por el Sr. Juez Rajsoomer Lallah, Relator Especial de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos, sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, de conformidad con la resolucin 1996/80 del 23 de abril de 1996.
      Author/creator: Sr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Espanol
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/51/466)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1995: Informe del Relator especial sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
      Date of publication: 16 October 1995
      Description/subject: Asamblea General, Quincuagsimo perodo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional preparado por el Sr. Yozo Yokota, Relator Especial de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, de conformidad con la resolucin 1995/72 de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos, de 8 de marzo de 1995, y la decisin 1995/283 del Consejo Econmico y Social, de 25 de julio de 1995.
      Author/creator: Sr. Yozo Yokota
      Language: Espanol
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/50/568)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1994: Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar (annex)
      Date of publication: 09 November 1994
      Description/subject: Asamblea General, Cuadragsimo noveno perodo de sesiones. 1. El 5 de octubre de 1994 el Relator Especial envi al Gobierno de Myanmar un resumen de las denuncias que haba recibido sobre presuntas violaciones de los derechos los humanos en Myanmar (para el texto del resumen vase el documento A/49/594, prr. 9). En la carta que acompaaba el informe el Relator Especial peda las respuestas del Gobierno de Myanmar respecto de cinco cuestiones concretas (vase el documento A/49/594, prr. 8). 2. En una nota verbal de fecha 4 de noviembre de 1994, la Misin Permanente de la Unin de Myanmar ante la Oficina de las Naciones Unidas en Ginebra trasmiti las respuestas del Gobierno de Myanmar acerca del resumen de las denuncias que le haba enviado el Relator Especial y de las cinco cuestiones concretas que figuraban en su carta de 5 de octubre de 1994. 3. El texto completo de la respuesta del Gobierno de Myanmar respecto del resumen de las denuncias enviado por el Relator Especial es el siguiente:
      Author/creator: Sr. Yozo Yokota
      Language: Espanol
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/49/594/Add.1)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1994: Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
      Date of publication: 28 October 1994
      Description/subject: Asamblea General, Cuadragsimo noveno perodo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional preparado por el Sr. Yozo Yokota, Relator Especial de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos sobre la situacin de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, de conformidad con el prrafo 20 de la resolucin 1994/85 de la Comisin de Derechos Humanos, de 9 de marzo de 1994 y de la decisin 1994/269 del Consejo Econmico y Social, de 25 de julio de 1994.
      Author/creator: Sr. Yozo Yokota
      Language: Espanol
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/49/594)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1993: Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situacion de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
      Date of publication: 16 November 1993
      Description/subject: Asamblea General, Cuadrag�simo octavo per�odo de sesiones. El Secretario General tiene el honor de transmitir a los miembros de la Asamblea General el informe provisional preparado por el Profesor Yozo Yokota, Relator Especial de la Comisi�n de Derechos Humanos sobre la situaci�n de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, de conformidad con el p�rrafo 16 de la resoluci�n 1993/73 de la Comisi�n de Derechos Humanos, de 10 de marzo de 1993, y de la decisi�n 1993/278 del Consejo Econ�mico y Social, de 28 de julio de 1993
      Author/creator: Sr. Yozo Yokota
      Language: Espanol
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas (A/48/578)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1992: Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar
      Date of publication: 13 November 1992
      Description/subject: "El 3 de marzo de 1992, en su cuadragésimo octavo período de sesiones, la Comisi6n de Derechos Humanos aprob6 la resoluci6n 1992/58, titulada "Situación de los derechos humanos en Myanmar". En esa resolución, la Comisi6n, consciente, de que, de conformidad con la Carta, las Naciones Unidas promovían y estimulaban el respeto de los derechos humanos y de las libertades fundamentales de todos y de que en la Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos se afirmaba que "la voluntad del pueblo es la base de la autoridad del poder público", tomó nota con especial preocupaci6n en ese sentido de que el proceso electoral iniciado en Myanmar con las elecciones generales del 27 de mayo de 1990 todavía no había llegado a su conclusi6n, de que al parecer no se había logrado ningún progreso para acatar la voluntad política del pueblo de Myanmar, conforme fue expresada en las elecciones, y de que los resultados finales de las elecciones ni siquiera se habían publicado oficialmente. La Comisi6n tomó nota también de que muchos dirigentes políticos, en particular algunos representantes elegidos, seguían privados de su libertad y que Daw Aung San Suu Kyi seguía sometida a arresto domiciliario, y tom6 nota con preocupaci6n de la gravedad de la situaci6n de los derechos humanos en Myanmar, de la existencia de importantes restricciones al ejercicio de las libertades fundamentales y de la imposición de medidas opresivas dirigidas, en particular, contra los grupos minoritarios y del éxodo continuo de refugiados de Myanmar hacia los países vecinos, en particular, de refugiados musulmanes de Myanmar a Bangladesh..."
      Author/creator: Profesor Yozo Yokota
      Language: Espanol, Spanish
      Source/publisher: Naciones Unidas Asamblea General (A/47/651)
      Format/size: pdf (1.9 MB)
      Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


    • Rapports a l'AG du rapporteur special sur la situation des droits de l'Homme au Myanmar (Français)

      Individual Documents

      Title: AG 2014 (69me sesssion): Rapport de la Rapporteure spéciale sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar, Yanghee Lee (Français)
      Date of publication: 23 September 2014
      Description/subject: Résumé: \"Les importantes réformes en cours au Myanmar doivent être saluées, et le pays est en transition. Pourtant, il faut s’occuper des indices d’un possible retour en arrière de façon à ne pas compromettre les progrès réalisés. Le présent rapport expose les analyses préliminaires de la Rapporteure spéciale et ses premières recommandations pour contribuer à ce que fait le pays dans la voie du respect, de la promotion et de la protection des droits de l’homme, et dans la poursuite de la démocratisation, de la réconciliation nationale et du développement du pays.\"
      Author/creator: Yanghee Lee
      Language: Français, French
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies, Assemblée générale (A/69/398)
      Format/size: pdf (567K)
      Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N14/545/26/pdf/N1454526.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 16 October 2014


      Title: AG 2013 (68me sesssion): Rapport du Rapporteur spécial sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar (Français)
      Date of publication: 23 September 2013
      Description/subject: Résumé: "Dans le présent rapport, le Rapporteur spécial rend compte des réformes en cours au Myanmar et de la mesure dans laquelle elles permettent toujours d’escompter des améliorations significatives de la situation des droits de l’homme. Parmi les évolutions importantes intervenues au cours de la période considérée figurent la libération continue de prisonniers d’opinion; le plus grand respect du droit à la liberté d’opinion et d’expression; et les progrès vers un accord de cessez-le-feu national. Le Rapporteur spécial met en garde, cependant, contre le risque que les lacunes dans le domaine des droits de l’homme ne soient sous-estimées ou que l’on considère que la seule dynamique des réformes actuelles suffise à y remédier. De son point de vue, si ces lacunes ne sont pas corrigées aujourd’hui, elles tendront à se pérenniser dans des domaines comme la responsabilité pour les violations des droits de l’homme; les droits des minorités ethniques et religieuses; les droits de réunion et d’association pacifiques; la représentation des femmes dans les postes décisionnels; les droits fonciers; et les droits de l’homme et le développement. En outre, elles finiront par nuire au processus de réforme lui-même s’il n’y est pas fait face en conformité avec les normes internationales des droits de l’homme. Le Rapporteur spécial conclut que, depuis le début du processus de réforme, l’enjeu est de parvenir à passer de l’état d’esprit militaire qui prévaut au sein du gouvernement à un état d’esprit démocratique, respectueux des droits de l’homme."
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: Français, French
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies, Assemblée générale (A/68/397)
      Format/size: pdf (135K)
      Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2013


      Title: AG 2012 (67me sesssion): Rapport du Rapporteur spécial sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar (Français)
      Date of publication: 25 September 2012
      Description/subject: Résumé: "La période couverte par le présent rapport a une nouvelle fois été marquée au Myanmar par des bouleversements profonds et rapides, qui pourraient améliorer la situation de ce pays au regard des droits de l’homme, mais aussi par la persistance de problèmes qui se posent depuis longtemps et qui demeurent un facteur de risque pour le processus de réforme.".....I. Introduction... II. Situation des droits de l’homme: A. Prisonniers d’opinion; B. Conditions de détention et traitement des détenus; C. Autres questions liées aux droits civils et politiques; D. Société civile; E. Droits économiques, sociaux et culturels... III. Situation des minorités ethniques... IV. Situation dans l’État de Rakhine... V. Transition démocratique et instauration de l’état de droit... VI. Vérité, justice et responsabilité... VII. Conclusions... VIII. Recommandations.
      Language: Français, French
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies, Assemblée générale (A/67/383)
      Format/size: pdf (130K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N12/520/49/PDF/N1252049.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 22 October 2012


      Title: AG 2011 (66me sesssion): Rapport du Rapporteur spécial sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar (Français)
      Date of publication: 16 September 2011
      Description/subject: Résumé: Le Myanmar se trouve à un tournant de son histoire et les possibilités d’évolution positive et concrète vers une amélioration de la situation des droits de l’homme et une transition démocratique plus marquée sont réelles. Le nouveau Gouvernement a pris des mesures en ce sens. Toutefois, de nombreux problèmes graves subsistent en matière de droits de l’homme et il faut y remédier. Le nouveau Gouvernement doit intensifier ses efforts pour tenir ses propres engagements et s’acquitter de ses obligations internationales relatives aux droits de l’homme. La communauté internationale doit rester vigilante et suivre de près l’évolution de la situation. Elle doit aussi soutenir et aider le Gouvernement en ce moment crucial. Le Rapporteur spécial réaffirme sa volonté d’oeuvrer de manière constructive, en coopération avec le Myanmar, à l’amélioration de la situation des droits fondamentaux de sa population.
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: Français, French
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies Assemblée générale (A/66/365)
      Format/size: pdf (135K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 October 2011


      Title: AG 2010 (65me sesssion): Rapport du Rapporteur spécial sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar (francais)
      Date of publication: 15 September 2010
      Description/subject: Résumé: Le présent rapport, soumis en application de la résolution 13/25 du Conseil des droits de l’homme et de la résolution 64/238 de l’Assemblée générale, porte sur l’évolution de la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar depuis que le Rapporteur spécial a fait rapport au Conseil des droits de l’homme en mars 2010 (A/HRC/13/48). Le 13 août 2010, le Gouvernement du Myanmar a fait savoir – annonce longtemps attendue – que des élections nationales auraient lieu le 7 novembre 2010. Le présent rapport analyse la situation des droits de l’homme dans le contexte des élections ainsi que la question de la justice et de la responsabilité. Dans les circonstances actuelles, les conditions préalables à la tenue d’élections authentiques ne sont pas réunies, et il est difficile de dire si les élections se traduiront véritablement par un changement et par une amélioration de la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar. S’agissant de la justice et de la responsabilité, le Rapporteur spécial relève que s’il incombe essentiellement au Gouvernement du Myanmar de régler le problème lié aux violations flagrantes et systématiques des droits de l’homme par toutes les parties, c’est la communauté internationale qui devra le faire si le Gouvernement ne s’acquitte pas de cette responsabilité. Le Rapporteur spécial recommande au Gouvernement du Myanmar de respecter la liberté d’expression et d’opinion et la liberté de réunion et d’association dans le contexte des élections nationales; de libérer tous les prisonniers d’opinion; de renforcer le système de justice et de responsabilité; de mettre en oeuvre les quatre éléments fondamentaux en matière de droits de l’homme, tels que ceux-ci sont exposés en détail dans ses rapports antérieurs; de faciliter la fourniture d’une assistance humanitaire; et de continuer de resserrer sa coopération avec le système international des droits de l’homme.
      Author/creator: M. Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: Francais, French, English and other languages also available
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies -- Assemblée générale (A/65/368)
      Format/size: pdf (219K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N10/534/78/PDF/N1053478.pdf?OpenElement
      http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N10/534/77/PDF/N1053477.pdf?OpenElement
      http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=89
      Date of entry/update: 04 January 2011


      Title: AG 2009 (64ieme session): Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial (Francais)
      Date of publication: 24 August 2009
      Description/subject: Résumé: "Le présent rapport est soumis en application de la résolution 63/245 de l’Assemblée générale et de la résolution 10/27 du Conseil des droits de l’homme. Il doit être lu avec le rapport du Rapporteur spécial présenté au Conseil des droits de l’homme à sa dixième session (A/HRC/10/19), étant donné qu’il porte essentiellement sur l’évolution des droits de l’homme au Myanmar depuis la parution de ce rapport. Le procès d’Aung San Suu Kyi a été l’événement le plus marquant de la période considérée. Les 18 mois supplémentaires d’assignation à résidence lui interdisent de participer activement aux élections de 2010. Le Rapporteur spécial considère que le maintien de son assignation à résidence est un coup porté à la feuille de route en sept étapes vers la démocratie et regrette que le Gouvernement du Myanmar ait manqué une autre occasion de manifester son attachement à la tenue d’élections ouvertes, libres et régulières. Le rapport se concentre sur les questions de protection des droits de l’homme. Il insiste notamment sur la situation des prisonniers de conscience, leur droit à un procès équitable et le respect des garanties prévues par la loi et leurs conditions de détention; ainsi que sur la liberté d’expression, d’assemblée et d’association dans le cadre des prochaines élections prévues en 2010. Il se poursuit par un examen des conflits internes, de la protection des civils, de la discrimination et du besoin d’aide humanitaire. Le Rapporteur spécial réitère sa recommandation concernant quatre éléments fondamentaux en matière de droits de l’homme : un examen de la législation nationale de la nouvelle constitution et des obligations internationales, la libération progressive des prisonniers de conscience, la réforme des forces armées en vue d’assurer le respect des droits de l’homme et du droit international humanitaire, y compris la formation; et l’établissement d’un système judiciaire indépendant et impartial. Le Myanmar étant uniquement partie à la Convention relative aux droits de l’enfant et à la Convention sur l’élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes, le Rapporteur spécial lui recommande vivement d’adhérer aux autres principaux instruments internationaux relatifs aux droits de l’homme."
      Language: Francais(French), English and other languages also available
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/64/ 318)
      Format/size: pdf (124 K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N09/491/52/PDF/N0949152.pdf?OpenElement
      http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N09/491/51/PDF/N0949151.pdf?OpenElement (English)
      http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=89
      Date of entry/update: 04 January 2011


      Title: AG 2008 (63me session): Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial (Francais)
      Date of publication: 08 October 2008
      Description/subject: Résumé: Dans sa résolution 1992/58, la Commission des droits de l’homme a créé le mandat sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar, qui a été prorogé par la décision 1/102 et la résolution 5/1 du Conseil des droits de l’homme. En mars 2008, par sa résolution 7/32, le Conseil a prorogé d’un an le mandat. Le 26 mars 2008, Tomás Ojea Quintana (Argentine) a été nommé nouveau Rapporteur spécial et est officiellement entré en fonction le 1er mai 2008. Suite à une demande de visite du 3 au 13 août 2008, le 9 juillet, le Rapporteur spécial a reçu une réponse positive du Gouvernement du Myanmar pour entreprendre une mission dans ce pays du 3 au 7 août 2008. Le Rapporteur spécial voudrait remercier le Gouvernement du Myanmar pour son hospitalité et pour sa coopération pendant sa première mission dans le pays. Cette visite visait essentiellement à établir des rapports de travail avec les autorités, à rencontrer des membres de la société civile et également des personnes qui ne jouissent pas des droits fondamentaux. Le programme de la visite est joint au présent rapport. Le présent rapport fait suite à la résolution 62/222 de l’Assemblée générale. Sa première partie est axée sur les activités et sur le programme de travail du Rapporteur spécial. La seconde partie du rapport met l’accent sur des questions importantes et s’étend sur celles liées à la protection des droits de l’homme dans le cadre de la nouvelle constitution; elle traite de la question de la participation au processus démocratique et de l’organisation des élections de 2010, du droit de réunion et du droit à la liberté d’opinion et d’expression et de leur formulation dans la nouvelle Constitution, de la question du droit humanitaire international et de la protection des civils ainsi que de la situation de groupes précis comme les groupes ethniques, les femmes et les enfants. Le Rapporteur spécial traite ensuite des mécanismes mis en place pour assurer une protection maximale dans le cadre de la catastrophe naturelle du cyclone Nargis ainsi que des conditions de vie, des moyens de subsistance et des implications en matière de droits de l’homme. Finalement, le Rapporteur spécial commente les évolutions survenues dans la coopération internationale et qui sont liées aux problèmes des droits de l’homme pertinents vis-à-vis de son mandat et de l’environnement favorable à une coopération accrue en matière de promotion et de protection des droits de l’homme dans le pays. Dans ses recommandations, le Rapporteur spécial intègre quatre éléments essentiels pour le Myanmar.
      Language: Francais, French
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/63/341)
      Format/size: pdf (118K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 November 2008


      Title: AG 2007 (62me session): Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial (Francais)
      Date of publication: 13 August 2007
      Description/subject: Résumé: Le présent rapport est soumis en application de la résolution 61/232 de l’Assemblée générale. Le Rapporteur spécial se félicite de la décision prise par le Gouvernement du Myanmar de reconvoquer la Convention nationale pour sa dernière session, le 18 juillet 2007, afin de mettre au point les principes d’une nouvelle constitution dans le cadre d’une feuille de route en sept étapes vers la démocratie. Il demeure toutefois préoccupé par le fait que la Ligue nationale pour la démocratie (NLD) et les groupes ethniques ne peuvent participer efficacement et activement à un processus qui, dénué de transparence et de crédibilité, les a découragés d’apporter leur contribution. Le Rapporteur spécial a affirmé à diverses reprises qu’il n’y aurait pas de transition démocratique authentique au Myanmar tant que tous les détenus politiques n’auraient pas été libérés. Compte tenu de l’importance de la dernière phase de la Convention nationale, il déplore la prorogation de l’ordre d’assignation à résidence de la Secrétaire générale de la NLD et le maintien en détention d’autres dirigeants politiques. À un moment aussi important pour le processus de réforme politique et compte tenu de la nécessité de s’engager sur la voie de la réconciliation, un traitement aussi sévère de hauts dirigeants des groupes ethniques envoie un message très dommageable, qui révolte de nombreux citoyens et observateurs des droits de l’homme. Les préoccupations relatives aux droits de l’homme mentionnées dans le présent rapport sont pour l’essentiel très semblables à celles qu’avait exprimées le Rapporteur spécial l’an dernier. Ce dernier déplore que le Gouvernement, malgré plusieurs demandes, ne l’ait pas invité à se rendre dans le pays. Pour cette raison, il n’a pas été en mesure d’évaluer toute amélioration éventuelle ni de vérifier l’exactitude des allégations reçues de sources crédibles. De sévères restrictions concernant les libertés fondamentales sont imposées aux activistes politiques et aux défenseurs des droits de l’homme. Au 27 juin 2007, le nombre de détenus politiques était estimé à 1 192. Dans tout le pays, les communautés sont soumises à des pratiques abusives par des membres des forces armées qui, afin de renforcer le contrôle du gouvernement central, et souvent pour mettre en oeuvre des projets de développement national, recourent au travail forcé, à la saisie de biens et d’avoirs et à des mesures de réinstallation forcée de populations, notamment dans les zones frontalières où résident des groupes appartenant à des minorités ethniques. L’absence de volonté effective du Gouvernement du Myanmar d’agir face à la situation dans le domaine des droits de l’homme continue de soulever de graves préoccupations. Au niveau national, la capacité des services de police et l’indépendance et l’impartialité du système judiciaire ont été entravées par une impunité persistante. Les restrictions imposées à l’exercice des libertés fondamentales par les opposants politiques, les défenseurs des droits de l’homme et les victimes des atteintes aux droits de l’homme constituent également un sujet de préoccupation. Le Rapporteur spécial prend aussi acte avec grande satisfaction de l’Accord conclu entre l’Organisation internationale du Travail et le Gouvernement du Myanmar le 26 février 2007, visant à mettre en place un mécanisme permettant aux victimes du travail forcé de demander réparation. Le Rapporteur spécial a également souligné certains faits concrets qu’il considère comme marquant une étape importante dans la lutte contre l’impunité au Myanmar. On mentionnera à ce sujet la mise en place d’un mécanisme national chargé de recevoir les plaintes des victimes du travail forcé, et le dialogue lancé par le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général pour les enfants et les conflits armés avec le Gouvernement concernant l’élaboration d’un plan d’action visant à mettre un terme au recrutement des enfants soldats et à établir des programmes de réinsertion, et la mise en place d’un mécanisme national chargé de signaler les violations des droits de l’homme commises contre des enfants pendant un conflit armé. Ces dispositifs devraient faciliter l’accès aux zones actuellement limitées, en vue de la fourniture d’une assistance humanitaire et du contrôle des violations. Le Rapporteur spécial est convaincu que le Myanmar aurait avantage à renforcer sa coopération avec son mandat, tel qu’il a été redéfini par le Conseil des droits de l’homme. Il souligne qu’il est de son devoir de faire connaître les allégations relatives à des violations des droits de l’homme mais que cela n’exclut pas un dialogue constructif et continu avec les autorités. Ces deux éléments de son mandat peuvent contribuer à promouvoir une nouvelle dynamique en vue de l’amélioration de la situation des droits de l’homme dans le pays. Comme l’a indiqué le Rapporteur spécial dans son rapport précédent, le Myanmar aura des difficultés à promouvoir la transition politique et le respect des droits de l’homme fondamentaux. La collaboration de l’ONU et de la communauté internationale sont indispensables pour soutenir les efforts du Gouvernement et de la société civile. Dans ses recommandations, le Rapporteur spécial encourage la communauté internationale à promouvoir un cadre de principes afin de permettre aux États Membres de poursuivre diverses stratégies et d’établir des relations de coopération avec les autorités du Myanmar, compte tenu de leurs forces et capacités spécifiques. Il est urgent que la communauté internationale s’appuie sur les programmes d’assistance humanitaire existants et apporte son soutien à la santé, à l’éducation et aux droits de l’homme, notamment en contribuant au développement de la société civile.
      Language: Francais, French
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/62/223)
      Format/size: pdf (105K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: AG 2006 (61me session): Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial (Francais) Corr. 1
      Date of publication: 18 October 2006
      Description/subject: Situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar Note du Secrétaire général... Rectificatif: 1. Paragraphe 56 La dernière phrase doit se lire comme suit : Les cas de grippe aviaire apparus en mars et avril continuent de susciter de vives préoccupations, même si le virus H5N1 n’a été détecté chez aucun être humain dans le pays.... 2. Paragraphe 73 Remplacer le texte existant par le texte ci-après : 73. Le Rapporteur spécial : a) Recommande que, compte tenu de l’ampleur des violations des droits de l’homme, le Gouvernement du Myanmar impose à tous les fonctionnaires coupables de tels actes des mesures disciplinaires et des sanctions strictes et mette fin à la culture d’impunité qui règne dans tout le pays. À cet effet, le Gouvernement devrait immédiatement prendre certaines mesures, par exemple créer une ou plusieurs commissions nationales indépendantes chargées d’enquêter sur l’agression collective dirigée contre Aung San Suu Kyi en novembre 1996 et sur le massacre perpétré à Depayin en mai 2003, ainsi que sur la violence sexuelle généralisée à l’égard des femmes et des filles, afin de veiller à ce que les auteurs de ces infractions soient traduits en justice; b) Demande au Gouvernement du Myanmar d’autoriser le Rapporteur spécial, le personnel des Nations Unies et le personnel associé, ainsi que le personnel des organisations humanitaires à se rendre dans les zones touchées et d’assurer leur sûreté, leur sécurité et leur liberté de mouvement.
      Language: Francais, French
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/61/369/Corr.1)
      Format/size: pdf (30K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: AG 2006 (61me session): Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial (Francais)
      Date of publication: 21 September 2006
      Description/subject: Résumé: La Commission des droits de l’homme a établi le mandat du Rapporteur spécial sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar dans sa résolution 1992/58 et le Conseil des droits de l’homme l’a prorogé la dernière fois dans sa décision 1/102, par laquelle il a décidé de reconduire pour une année, à titre exceptionnel, les mandats et les titulaires de mandats relevant de toutes les procédures spéciales de la Commission des droits de l’homme. Depuis novembre 2003, le Rapporteur spécial n’a pas été autorisé à effectuer de mission d’établissement des faits au Myanmar. Faute d’avoir pu se rendre dans ce pays au cours de la période considérée, il a continué de s’acquitter de son mandat du mieux qu’il le pouvait sur la base des informations recueillies auprès de différentes sources indépendantes et fiables. Ces deux dernières années, le processus de réforme qui avait été proposé dans la « feuille de route en sept points pour la réconciliation nationale et la transition démocratique », et auquel devaient être associées diverses parties intéressées à plus ou moins longue échéance, a été strictement circonscrit et délimité, ce qui a eu pour effet de réduire l’espace politique. En outre, des manoeuvres d’obstruction ont ralenti le rythme des réformes nécessaires à la démocratisation et entravé la participation à ces réformes. Les travaux de la Convention nationale s’en sont ressentis. Au fil des décennies, l’espace disponible pour la création d’institutions civiles et démocratiques n’a cessé de se restreindre. La capacité de la force publique, de même que l’indépendance et l’impartialité de la justice, ont été entravées par le règne de l’impunité, ce qui a renforcé les inégalités et creusé le fossé entre pauvres et riches. Le 27 mai 2006, le maintien en résidence surveillée d’Aung San Suu Kyi a de nouveau été prolongé pour un an, en dépit des appels internationaux qui ont été lancés, notamment par le Secrétaire général de l’ONU. D’après les estimations, à la fin août 2006, le Myanmar comptait 1 185 prisonniers politiques. Entre les mois d’avril et de juillet 2006, 1 038 membres de la Ligue nationale pour la démocratie auraient été contraints, par des mesures d’intimidation et des menaces, de démissionner du parti. Le Rapporteur spécial insiste depuis le départ sur le fait que la réconciliation nationale doit passer par l’instauration d’un véritable dialogue, sans exclusive, avec les représentants politiques et entre eux. Il est fermement convaincu que ni l’arrestation et la détention de dirigeants politiques, ni les obstacles systématiquement mis à l’exercice des libertés fondamentales ne jouent en faveur de la réconciliation nationale ou de la stabilité du Myanmar. La persécution de membres de partis politiques de l’opposition et de défenseurs des droits de l’homme donne à penser que la feuille de route pour la démocratie se heurte aujourd’hui à trop d’obstacles pour déboucher sur une véritable transition. Par le passé, le Rapporteur spécial avait estimé que la feuille de route pourrait favoriser la transition politique. Malheureusement, le pays semble avoir perdu l’élan qu’il avait pris pendant les premières années de son mandat. Le Rapporteur spécial demeure particulièrement préoccupé par le problème de l’impunité, qui est devenue systématique et que le Gouvernement du Myanmar doit absolument combattre de toute urgence. Il est de plus en plus évident que l’impunité ne provient pas seulement de la faiblesse des institutions : elle permet aussi aux auteurs d’actes d’oppression commis à l’encontre de personnes qui s’opposent aux politiques et aux pratiques en vigueur d’échapper à leurs responsabilités. Des personnes et des groupes responsables de graves atteintes aux droits de l’homme, en particulier des militaires, échappent à la justice, et rien ne permet de penser que les autorités compétentes aient jamais enquêté sur les crimes en question. Les services du Conseil d’État pour la paix et le développement sont au courant de l’existence de graves violations des droits de l’homme, qui non seulement restent impunies mais sont autorisées par la loi. À cet égard, le Rapporteur spécial est également très préoccupé par les dysfonctionnements de justice, qui font obstacle à la primauté du droit et à l’exercice effectif et véritable des libertés fondamentales. Il est, en particulier, alarmé que les dissidents politiques, les défenseurs des droits de l’homme et les victimes de violations de ces droits soient poursuivis comme des criminels lorsqu’ils veulent exercer leurs libertés fondamentales. Le Rapporteur spécial est vivement préoccupé par la poursuite de la campagne militaire dans des régions du Myanmar où vivent des minorités, et par les incidences de cette campagne sur les droits de l’homme, surtout pour les civils visés. Cette question ne peut être séparée de celle de la confiscation des terres, pratique répandue dans tout le pays qui, selon toute apparence, vise à consolider le contrôle des militaires, surtout dans les régions où vivent des minorités ethniques, et a conduit à de nombreux déplacements, expulsions et réinstallations forcés, ainsi qu’à des migrations et des mouvements forcés de populations à l’intérieur du Myanmar. La campagne militaire actuellement menée, est d’une telle ampleur qu’elle pourrait déboucher sur une crise humanitaire s’il n’y est pas mis fin immédiatement. Le Rapporteur spécial note que le 15 septembre 2006, le Conseil de sécurité a décidé d’inscrire la situation au Myanmar à son ordre du jour; il estime qu’un débat sur la question au Conseil de sécurité pourrait accélérer la démocratisation du pays.
      Language: Francais, French
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/61/369)
      Format/size: pdf (112K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: AG 2005 (60eme Session): Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial (Francais
      Date of publication: 12 August 2005
      Description/subject: Résumé: "Le mandat du Rapporteur spécial de la Commission des droits de l’homme sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar a été établi par la Commission dans sa résolution 1992/58 et prorogé la dernière fois dans sa résolution 2005/10. Dans cette résolution, la Commission a prié le Rapporteur spécial de présenter un rapport intérimaire à l’Assemblée générale, lors de sa soixantième session, et de lui faire rapport à elle-même à sa soixante-deuxième session. Le présent rapport, qui fait suite à cette demande, a été établi à partir des informations recueillies par le Rapporteur spécial jusqu’au 22 juillet 2005 et doit être rapproché du dernier rapport qu’il a présenté à la Commission (E/CN.4/2005/36). Depuis novembre 2003, le Rapporteur spécial n’a pas été autorisé à effectuer de mission d’établissement des faits au Myanmar. Faute d’avoir pu se rendre dans ce pays au cours de la période considérée, il a continué de s’acquitter de son mandat du mieux qu’il le pouvait sur la base des informations recueillies auprès de différentes sources indépendantes et fiables. La Convention nationale, pour sa reprise, a été convoquée du 17 février au 31 mars 2005 sans la participation de plusieurs partis politiques dont la Ligue nationale pour la démocratie (NLD). Les délégués invités à y participer appartenaient aux huit mêmes catégories que par le passé : partis politiques, représentants élus, ethnies nationales, paysans, travailleurs, intellectuels et intelligentsia, fonctionnaires d’État et groupes parties au cessez-le-feu. D’après la Commission chargée de son organisation, 1 073 des 1 081 délégués invités à y participer y ont assisté. L’exclusion d’acteurs politiques importants et représentatifs, les restrictions imposées à leur participation, l’intolérance face aux critiques et l’intimidation et la détention des militants pour la démocratie sont antinomiques de tout processus démocratique. Les libertés de mouvement, de rassemblement et d’association doivent être garanties car elles sont un préalable à la réconciliation nationale et à la démocratisation. Le Rapporteur spécial est fermement convaincu que si les procédures restrictives inhérentes à la Convention nationale ne sont pas levées et les représentants de l’opposition démocratique ne sont pas autorisés à participer à ses travaux, la Constitution qui en découlera manquera de crédibilité. Pour faire reposer les arrangements de procédure régissant la Convention nationale sur des bases démocratiques solides, il faut permettre la pleine participation et implication de tous les partis politiques et progresser réellement dans le processus de démocratisation. Le Gouvernement peut et doit prendre des mesures immédiates pour sauver la Convention de l’échec et conserver sa propre crédibilité sur les plans aussi bien national qu’international. La question de savoir à qui incombe l’élaboration de la constitution est un des aspects les plus critiques du processus politique en cours. En outre, on ignore encore à l’heure actuelle quelles seront exactement les règles qui s’appliquent à l’adoption de la constitution à l’occasion d’un référendum national. Le Rapporteur spécial constate avec regret que, d’après ses sources, la situation concernant l’exercice des droits fondamentaux et libertés civiles n’a pas vraiment évolué au cours de la période considérée. Il reçoit sans cesse des informations faisant état de restrictions et de violations de ces droits et libertés. Il y aurait encore plus de 1 100 prisonniers politiques au Myanmar. La libération de 249 d’entre eux le 6 juillet 2005 n’a pas empêché la poursuite des arrestations, des détentions et des condamnations de civils et militants démocratiques à des peines sévères pour des activités politiques pacifiques. Le Rapporteur spécial reste également très préoccupé par la pratique de la détention administrative. Il est tout à fait regrettable que la Secrétaire générale de la NLD, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, ait fêté son soixantième anniversaire en détention administrative. Sa détention dans des conditions de quasi-mise au secret et l’interdiction qui lui est faite d’avoir des contacts avec les membres de son parti sont contraires à l’esprit de réconciliation nationale. Le Rapporteur spécial note avec encouragement que les activités de prévention et de traitement du VIH/sida se sont multipliées mais s’inquiète toujours de ce que la maladie a pris les proportions d’une épidémie généralisée au Myanmar. Si le Gouvernement continue de collaborer à l’élaboration d’un plan d’action national en faveur des enfants, il n’en a pas pour autant ratifié les deux protocoles facultatifs à la Convention relative aux droits de l’enfant. De graves violations des droits de l’homme continuent d’être commises contre les minorités ethniques du Myanmar. Les allégations de travail forcé, de viol et autres violences sexuelles, d’extorsion et d’expropriation par les forces gouvernementales continuent d’affluer. Les victimes de ces violations ont rarement des voies de recours. La transition vers un système pleinement démocratique et participatif au Myanmar ne souffre plus aucun retard. Un dialogue politique et constitutionnel doit être entamé sans tarder. En faisant respecter les valeurs démocratiques et les droits de l’homme, le Gouvernement fera clairement comprendre à la population du Myanmar et à la communauté internationale qu’il est fermement résolu à contribuer à l’instauration d’un avenir stable et démocratique pour le pays. L’Organisation des Nations Unies et la communauté internationale sont prêtes à travailler en partenariat avec le Gouvernement, les partis politiques et les organisations de la société civile pour contribuer efficacement à la réconciliation nationale et à la démocratisation. S’il coopère plus activement avec les organisations internationales, le Gouvernement peut être assuré de leur soutien en vue du règlement des conflits, des réformes politiques et économiques, du renforcement des institutions et des capacités, de la fourniture d’une assistance humanitaire et du développement axé sur l’être humain."
      Language: Francais, French
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/60/221)
      Format/size: pdf (116K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 September 2005


      Title: AG 2004 (59me Session): Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial (Francais)
      Date of publication: 30 August 2004
      Description/subject: Résumé: Le mandat du Rapporteur spécial de la Commission des droits de l’homme sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar a été donné par la Commission dans sa résolution 1992/58 et prorogé, la dernière fois, dans sa résolution 2004/61. Dans cette résolution, la Commission a prié le Rapporteur spécial de présenter un rapport intérimaire à la cinquante-neuvième session de l’Assemblée générale. Le présent rapport a été établi à partir des informations recueillies par le Rapporteur spécial jusqu’au 30 juillet 2004 et doit être rapproché du dernier rapport qu’il a présenté à la Commission (E/CN.4/2004/33). Depuis sa dernière mission au Myanmar en novembre 2003, le Rapporteur spécial a demandé au Gouvernement du Myanmar, à plusieurs reprises, de coopérer à son retour dans le pays en vue d’une mission d’établissement des faits. Cependant, s’il a donné son accord de principe à cette visite du Rapporteur spécial, aucune autorisation n’a été reçue de lui. Le Rapporteur spécial donne donc dans le présent rapport un résumé succinct des questions qu’il a examinées durant sa dernière visite, et sur la base d’informations recueillies auprès d’autres sources. Le Rapporteur spécial s’efforcera de retourner au Myanmar afin de s’acquitter pleinement de son mandat. La Convention nationale, pour sa reprise, a été convoquée du 17 mai au 9 juillet 2004. La relance de la Convention nationale constitue la première étape d’une feuille de route en sept points pour la réconciliation nationale et la transition démocratique, présentée par le Premier Ministre, le général Khin Nyunt, le 30 août 2003. Les autorités ont annoncé que les délégués à la nouvelle Convention nationale devraient formuler leurs propositions en fonction des six grands objectifs et des 104 principes déjà posés durant celle qui s’est tenue entre 1993 et 1996. La Convention nationale a été convoquée sans la National League for Democracy (NLD) ni les autres partis politiques qui avaient remporté la majorité des sièges aux élections de 1990. Elle a réuni 1 076 délégués, alors que la Convention précédente n’en avait réuni que 702. Cette augmentation s’explique essentiellement par le nombre accru de représentants des nationalités, y compris les groupes qui sont apparus dans le nouveau paysage politique à la suite des accords de cessez-le-feu signés avec 17 groupes armés. Pour les minorités ethniques, la Convention nationale de 2004 pourrait constituer une occasion irremplaçable de résoudre les conflits. Le Rapporteur spécial rappelle que les préoccupations qu’il avait exprimées dans son dernier rapport à la Commission au sujet de la Convention nationale n’ont pas été dissipées et que les mesures nécessaires pour assurer un fonctionnement démocratique minimal de la Convention nationale au moment où elle est à nouveau convoquée n’ont pas été prises. Le Rapporteur spécial réaffirme que si le Gouvernement souhaite faciliter un authentique processus de transition politique, il doit respecter des règles élémentaires concernant les droits de l’homme. Le Rapporteur spécial espère néanmoins que les résultats finals des travaux de la Convention nationale apporteront des solutions concrètes aux problèmes de l’ensemble de la population du Myanmar. La libération de Mme Aung San Suu Kyi et l’amorce d’un dialogue de fond avec elle et avec son parti ainsi que la conclusion d’un accord avec les groupes ayant signé le cessez-le-feu, qui tiendrait compte de leurs propositions, contribueraient à faire avancer le processus politique. À cet égard, le Rapporteur spécial engage le Gouvernement du Myanmar à reconnaître le rôle de l’Envoyé spécial du Secrétaire général et la nécessité de son retour dans ce pays le plus tôt possible en vue de poursuivre ses efforts de facilitation, notamment dans le cadre de la préparation de la prochaine session de la Convention nationale. Les informations reçues par le Rapporteur spécial au cours de la période considérée donnent à penser que la situation concernant l’exercice des droits fondamentaux et des libertés civiles au Myanmar n’a pas beaucoup changé. Les conséquences sur les droits de l’homme des événements du 30 mai 2003 à Depayin ne sont pas totalement estompées. Les détenus demeurent très nombreux dans les quartiers de sécurité. Le Rapporteur spécial a été informé de la poursuite des arrestations et des condamnations à des peines sévères de personnes menant des activités politiques pacifiques; un grand nombre des cas signalés ont été soulevés par le Rapporteur spécial dans ses lettres et appels urgents adressés au Gouvernement du Myanmar. Il reste également préoccupé par la pratique de la détention administrative. Des restrictions continuent de peser sur l’activité politique. Tous les locaux de la NLD demeurent fermés, à l’exception de son siège à Yangon, qui a été autorisé à rouvrir en avril 2004. D’après des informations récentes, la NLD a réussi malgré ces restrictions à mener certaines activités. On ne sait pas dans quelle mesure la NLD et les autres partis politiques seront autorisés à mener des activités politiques pacifiques sans subir de représailles, mais le Rapporteur spécial tient à rappeler les vues exprimées au cours de sa dernière mission en novembre, à savoir que la mise en oeuvre de la feuille de route doit s’accompagner de changements tangibles conduisant à un processus véritablement libre, transparent et ouvert à tous, avec le concours de tous les partis politiques, groupes ethniques et membres de la société civile. Le respect des droits et des libertés politiques est une condition essentielle de la création d’un climat favorisant le succès de la transition démocratique. La mise en oeuvre de réformes dans le domaine des droits de l’homme, que le Rapporteur spécial avait préconisée dans ses rapports et ses lettres aux autorités du Myanmar, contribuerait à un tel climat. Durant la période considérée, le Rapporteur spécial a pris connaissance d’informations crédibles et détaillées faisant état de violations des droits de l’homme dans certaines zones où sont menées des opérations anti-insurrectionnelles, au Myanmar, et espère qu’il sera en mesure d’apporter des précisions sur ces informations durant sa prochaine mission. Il rappelle que les autorités du Myanmar n’ont pas encore répondu à sa demande d’organisation d’une évaluation indépendante dans l’État Shan. Le Rapporteur spécial a pris note de la coopération du Gouvernement du Myanmar avec le Comité des droits de l’enfant à l’occasion de l’examen du second rapport périodique du Myanmar sur l’application de la Convention relative aux droits de l’enfant. Le Rapporteur spécial constate que depuis quelques années la communauté internationale comprend mieux l’impératif d’une aide humanitaire au Myanmar. À ce sujet, il salue les efforts qu’accomplit l’équipe des Nations Unies au Myanmar pour recenser les facteurs de vulnérabilité, au Myanmar, afin de mettre au point un plancadre de l’aide de l’ONU. Étant donné la situation qui prévaut actuellement au Myanmar, les recommandations et les conclusions données dans les rapports antérieurs du Rapporteur spécial demeurent valables.
      Language: Francais, French
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/59/311)
      Format/size: pdf (165K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


      Title: AG 2003: Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial
      Date of publication: 05 August 2003
      Language: Francais, French
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies
      Format/size: pdf, Word
      Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/huridocda/huridoca.nsf/e06a5300f90fa0238025668700518ca4/bae571e4004cb1a4c1256da9003ece48/$FILE/N0345984.doc
      Date of entry/update: 29 October 2003


      Title: AG 2002 Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport intérimaire établi par le Rapporteur spécial
      Date of publication: 09 August 2002
      Language: Francais, French
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies
      Format/size: pdf, Word
      Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/2850b6b995dc5febc1256c55002dbfd7/$FILE/N0264235.pdf (correction)
      http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/2850b6b995dc5febc1256c55002dbfd7/$FILE/N0251785.doc
      http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/2850b6b995dc5febc1256c55002dbfd7/$FILE/N0264235.doc (correction)
      Date of entry/update: 29 October 2003


      Title: AG 2001: Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar- Rapport int�rimaire �tabli par le Rapporteur sp�cial
      Date of publication: 20 August 2001
      Description/subject: Assembl�e g�n�rale, Cinquante-sixi�me session. Le Secr�taire g�n�ral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assembl�e g�n�rale le rapport int�rimaire sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, �tabli par Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, Rapporteur sp�cial de la Commission des droits de l'homme, conform�ment � la r�solution 2001/15 de la Commission et � la d�cision 2001/251 du Conseil �conomique et social.
      Author/creator: M. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: Francais, English and other languages also available
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/56/312)
      Format/size: pdf (215 K),MS Word
      Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/a89062dfcd84095bc1256ad9004d78a9/$FILE/N0151753.pdf
      http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N01/517/52/PDF/N0151752.pdf?OpenElement (English)
      http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=89
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 2000: Situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar - Rapport int�rimaire par le Rapporteur sp�cial
      Date of publication: 22 August 2000
      Description/subject: Assembl�e g�n�rale, Cinquante-cinqui�me session. Le Secr�taire g�n�ral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assembl�e g�n�rale le rapport int�rimaire sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, �tabli par Rajsoomer Lallah, Rapporteur sp�cial de la Commission des droits de l'homme, conform�ment � la r�solution 2000/23 de la Commission et � la d�cision 2000/255 du Conseil �conomique et social.
      Author/creator: M. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Francais, English and other languages also available
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/55/359)
      Format/size: pdf (111 K) et Word
      Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/25fb2381e52cc7bcc1256983002f1a7f/$FILE/0063505f.doc
      http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=89
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1999: situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar - rapport du Rapporteur special
      Date of publication: 04 October 1999
      Description/subject: Assembl�e g�n�rale, Cinquante-quatri�me session. Le Secr�taire g�n�ral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assembl�e g�n�rale le rapport int�rimaire sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, �tabli par M. Rajsoomer Lallah, Rapporteur sp�cial de la Commission des droits de l'homme, conform�ment � la r�solution 1999/17 de la Commission en date du 23 avril 1999 et � la d�cision 1999/231 du Conseil �conomique et social en date du 27 juillet 1999.
      Author/creator: M. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Francais, English and other languages also available
      Source/publisher: Nations UNies (A/54/440)
      Format/size: pdf (61 K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N99/290/89/PDF/N9929089.pdf?OpenElement (English)
      Date of entry/update: 04 January 2011


      Title: AG 1998: Rapport du Rapporteur spcial sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
      Date of publication: 10 September 1998
      Description/subject: Assemble gnral, Cinquante-troisime session. Le Secrtaire gnral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assemble gnrale le rapport intrimaire sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, tabli par M. Rajsoomer Lallah, Rapporteur spcial de la Commission des droits de l'homme, conformment la dcision 1998/261 du Conseil conomique et social en date du 30 juillet 1998.
      Author/creator: M. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Francais
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/53/364)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1997: Rapport du Rapporteur spcial sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
      Date of publication: 16 October 1997
      Description/subject: Le Secrtaire gnral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assemble gnrale le rapport intrimaire sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, tabli par M. Rajsoomer Lallah, Rapporteur spcial de la Commission des droits de l'homme, conformment la rsolution 51/117 de l'Assemble gnrale, en date du 12 dcembre 1996, et la dcision 1997/272 du Conseil conomique et social, en date du 22 juillet 1997.
      Author/creator: M. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Francais
      Source/publisher: A/52/484
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1996: Rapport intrimaire du Rapporteur spcial sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
      Date of publication: 08 October 1996
      Description/subject: Assemble gnrale, Cinquante et unime session. Le Secrtaire gnral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assemble gnrale le rapport intrimaire sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, tabli par le juge Rajsoomer Lallah, Rapporteur spcial de la Commission des droits de l'homme, conformment la rsolution 1996/80 de la Commission en date du 23 avril 1996.
      Author/creator: M. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Francais
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/51/466)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1995: Rapport du Rapporteur spcial sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
      Date of publication: 16 October 1995
      Description/subject: Assemble gnrale, Cinquantime session. Le Secrtaire gnral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assemble gnrale le rapport intrimaire tabli par M. Yozo Yokota, Rapporteur spcial de la Commission des droits de l'homme charg d'examiner la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, conformment au paragraphe 20 de la rsolution 1995/72 de la Commission en date du 8 mars 1995 et la dcision 1995/283 du Conseil conomique et social en date du 25 juillet 1995.
      Author/creator: M. Yozo Yokota
      Language: Francais
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/50/568)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1994: Rapport du Rapporteur spcial sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar (Annex)
      Date of publication: 09 November 1994
      Description/subject: Assemblee Generale, Quarante-neuvime session 1. Le Rapporteur spcial a soumis au Gouvernement du Myanmar, le 5 octobre 1994, un rsum des allgations qu'il avait reues concernant les violations des droits de l'homme au Myanmar (pour le texte, voir A/49/594, par. 9). Dans sa lettre d'accompagnement, le Rapporteur spcial priait le Gouvernement du Myanmar de lui faire tenir les rponses cinq questions particulires (voir A/49/594, par. 8). 2. Par note verbale date du 4 novembre 1994, la Mission permanente de l'Union du Myanmar auprs de l'Office des Nations Unies Genve a transmis les rponses du Gouvernement du Myanmar au rsum des allgations reues par le Rapporteur spcial, ainsi qu'aux cinq questions particulires poses par ce dernier dans sa lettre du 5 octobre 1994. 3. On trouvera ci-aprs le texte complet de la rponse du Gouvernement du Myanmar au rsum des allgations reues par le Rapporteur spcial :
      Author/creator: M. Yozo Yokota
      Language: Francais
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/49/594/Add.1)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1994: Rapport du Rapporteur spcial sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
      Date of publication: 28 October 1994
      Description/subject: Assemble gnrale, Quarante-neuvime session. Le Secrtaire gnral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assemble gnrale le rapport intrimaire tabli par M. Yozo Yokota, Rapporteur spcial de la Commission des droits de l'homme charg d'examiner la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, conformment au paragraphe 20 de la rsolution 1994/85 de la Commission en date du 9 mars 1994 et la dcision 1994/269 du Conseil conomique et social en date du 25 juillet 1994.
      Author/creator: M. Yozo Yokota
      Language: Francais
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/49/594)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1993: Rapport du Rapporteur spcial sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar
      Date of publication: 16 November 1993
      Description/subject: Assemble gnrale, Quarante-huitime session. Le Secrtaire gnral a l'honneur de transmettre aux membres de l'Assemble gnrale le rapport intrimaire tabli par le professeur Yozo Yokota, Rapporteur spcial de la Commission des droits de l'homme charg d'examiner la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanmar, conformment au paragraphe 16 de la rsolution 1993/73 de la Commission en date du 10 mars 1993 et de la dcision 1993/278 du Conseil conomique et social en date du 28 juillet 1993.
      Author/creator: M. Yozo Yokota
      Language: Francais
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies (A/48/578)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: AG 1992 (47eme session) Rapport du Rapporteur spécial sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Myanmar (francais)
      Date of publication: 13 November 1992
      Description/subject: "Le 3 mars 1992, à sa quarante-huitième session, la Commission des droits de l'homme a adopt~ la r~solution 1992/58. intitul~e "La situation des ~roits de l'homme au Myanmar". Dans cette r~solution, la Commission soulignait que conform~ment à la Charte, l'Organisation des Nations Unies favorise et encourage le respect des droits de l'homme et des libert~s fondamentales pour tous et que la Déclaration universelle des droits de l'homme énonce que ·'la volont~ du peuple est le fondement de l'autorité du pouvoir public"; elle notait ~galement avec une préoccupation particulière à cet égard que le processus électoral engagé au Myanmar avec les élections générales du 27 mai 1990 n'était pas encore parvenu à son terme. qu'aucun progrès apparent n'avait été fait pour concrétiser la volonté politique du peuple du Myanmar, telle qu'elle s'était exprimée dans les élections, et que les résultats définitifs des élections n'avaient pas même été rendus officiellement publics; elle notait aussi que de nombreux dirigeants politiques, en particulier des représentants élus, demeuraient privés de liberté et que Daw Aung San Suu Kyi faisait toujours l'objet d'une assignation à domicile; elle notait avec préoccupation la gravité de la situation des droits de l'homme au Myanrnar, l'existence de restrictions importantes qui pesaient sur l'exercice des libertés fondamentales et l'imposition de mesures oppressives dirigées en particulier contre des groupes minoritaires. ainsi que l'exode continu de réfugi~s du Myanmar vers les pays voisins. y compris celui des réfugiés musulmans du Myanmar vers le Bangladesh..."
      Language: Francais, French
      Source/publisher: Nations Unies -- Assemblée générale (A47-651)
      Format/size: pdf (2 MB)
      Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


    • Reports to the GA by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (Arabic)

      Individual Documents

      Title: GA 2014 (69th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Yanghee Lee (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 23 September 2014
      Description/subject: لا أد من الإشادة أالمرحلة الانتقالية الهامة الـ رـر ـا ميانمـار وأالإصـاحات البعيـدة المدى الجارية فيها. غير عنه ينبغـي التدـدلأ لألأ عامـات لتملـة للتراجـلا حـس لا تتسـب في تقــويا التقــدم ا ــرر. ويعــرت رــذا التقريــر ــالات التركيــز الر يســية الأو ليــة الــ تارحهــا المقررة الخاصة وتوصـيااا الراميـة لى الإسـهام في الجهـود الـ تبـذلها ميانمـار مـن عجـ احتـرام حقوق الإنسان وحمايتها وتعزيزرا ولرسا الديمقراطية وتحقيق المدالحة الوطنية والتنمية
      Author/creator: Yanghee Lee
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/69/398)
      Format/size: pdf (367K)
      Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N14/545/23/pdf/N1454523.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 16 October 2014


      Title: GA 2013 (68th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 23 September 2013
      Description/subject: موجز في هذا التقرير ، يصف المقرر الخاص كيف تستمر الإصلاحات الجارية في ميانمار في ﺗﻬيئة آفاق لتحقيق أوجه تحسن كبيرة في حالة حقوق الإنسان . وتشمل التطورات الهامة التي شهدﺗﻬا الفترة المشمولة بالتقرير استمرار الإفراج عن سجناء ا لضمير؛ وتعزيز احترام الحق في حرية الرأي والتعبير؛ وإحراز تقدم نحو التوصل إلى اتفاق بشأن وقف إطلاق النار على الصعيد الوطني . غير أن المقرر الخاص يسلط الضوء على الأخطار الناجمة عن التغاض ي عن أوجه القصور في مجال حقوق الإنسان أو عن التعامل مع أوجه القصور هذه على افتراض أن الزخم المتوّلد عن الإصلاحات الحالية سيؤدي دون شك إلى معالجتها . ويحذر من أن أوجه القصور هذه، إذا لم تتم معالجتها الآن، ستترسخ على نحو متزايد في مجالات من قبيل المساءلة عن انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان ؛ وحقوق الأقليات العرقية والدينية؛ والحق في التجمع السلمي وفي تكوين الجمعيات؛ وتمثيل المرأة في مناصب صنع ال قرار؛ و الحقوق في الأراضي ؛ وحقوق الإنسان والتنمية . وعلاوة على ذلك، فإﻧﻬ ا ستؤدي في ﻧﻬاية المطاف إلى تقويض عملية الإصلاح نفسها ما لم تتم معالجتها وفقا للمعايير الدولية لحقوق الإنسان . ويخلص إلى أن التحدي القائم منذ بداية عملية الإصلاح يتمثل في تحقيق الانتقال من العقلية العسكرية السائدة داخل الحكومة إلى عقلية ديمقراطية تحترم حقوق الإنسان.
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/68/397)
      Format/size: pdf (278K)
      Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2013


      Title: GA 2012 (67th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 25 September 2012
      Description/subject: موجز شهدت الفترة التي يغطيها التقرير مرة أخرى حدوث تغييرات هائلة وسريعة في ميانمار، يمكن أن تؤدي إلى زيادة تحسن حالة حقوق الإنسان في البلد، ولكن اس تمرار الشواغل الطويلة الأمد أيضا ما زال يشكل مخاطر ﺗﻬدد عملية الإصلاح. ......المحتويات الصفحة أولا - مقدمة . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٣ ثانيا - حالة حقوق الإنسان . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٤ ألف - سجناء الضمير . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٥ باء - ظروف احتجاز السجناء ومعاملتهم . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٦ جيم - مسائل أخرى متعلقة بالحقوق المدنية و السياسية . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٧ دال - اﻟﻤﺠتمع المد ني . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٩ هاء - الحقوق الاقتصادية والاجتماعية والثقافية . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ١٠ ثالثا - حالة الأقليات العرقية . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ١٤ رابعا - الحالة في ولاية راخين . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ١٨ خامسا - الانتقال الديمقراطي وإرساء سيادة القانون . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٢٢ سادسًا - الحقيقة والعدالة والمساءلة . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٢٦ سابعًا - الاستنتاجات . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ٢٧ ثامنًا - التوصيا ت
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/67/383
      Format/size: pdf (316K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 October 2012


      Title: GA 2011 (66th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 16 September 2011
      Description/subject: موجز تشهد ميانمار لحظة حاسمة في تاريخها وهناك فرص حقيقية لحدوث تط ورات إيجابية هادفة تتحسن ﺑﻬا حالة حقوق الإنسان وتتعمق من خلالها عملية الانتقال إلى الديمقراطية . وقد اتخذت الحكومة الجديدة عددًا من الخطوات لتحقيق ذلك . على أن هناك كثيرا من قضايا حقوق الإنسان التي لا تزال متبقية ويتعين معالجته ا. وينبغي للحكومة الجديدة أن تضاعف جهودها لتنفيذ الالتزامات التي قطعتها على نفسها وللوفاء بالتزاماﺗﻬا الدولية في مجال حقوق الإنسان. ويجب على اﻟﻤﺠتمع الدولي أن يواصل اهتمامه ﺑﻬذه التطورات وأن يتابعها عن كث ب . كما يتعين أن يقدم اﻟﻤﺠتمع الدولي الدعم والمساعدة للحكومة في هذه المرحلة الهامة . ويؤكد المقرر الخاص مجددًا استعداده للعمل بصورة بناءة والتعاون مع ميانمار لتحسين حالة حقوق الإنسان لشعبها.
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/66/365)
      Format/size: pdf (331K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 October 2011


      Title: GA 2010 (65th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 15 September 2010
      Description/subject: موجز ٢٥ وقرار الجمعية العامة / يقدَّم هذا التقرير عملا بقرار مجلس حقوق الإنسان ١٣ ٢٨٣ ، وهو يغطي مستجدات حقوق الإنسان في ميانمار منذ تقديم تقرير المقرر الخاص /٦٤ .(A/HRC/13/48) إلى مجلس حقوق الإنسان في آذار/مارس ٢٠١٠ وفي ١٣ آب /أغسطس ٢٠١٠ ، أعلنت حكومة ميانم ار أن موعد الانتخابات الوطنية الذي طال انتظاره هو ٧ تشرين الثاني/نوفمبر ٢٠١٠ . ويركز هذا التقرير على حقوق الإنسان في علاقتها مع الانتخابات، وعلى مسألة العدالة والمساءلة . وتتسم شروط عقد انتخابات نزيهة بالمحدودية في ظل الظروف الحالية، ويظل احتمال أن تحدث هذه الانتخابات تغييرا مجديا وأن تحسّن حالة حقوق الإنسان في ميانمار أمرا غير مؤكد. وفيما يتعلق بمسألة العدالة والمساءلة، يلاحظ المقرر الخاص أنه بينما تتحمل حكومة ميانمار المسؤولية في المقام الأول عن التصدي لمشكلة الانتهاكات الجسيمة والمنهجية لحقوق الإنسان التي ترتكبها جميع الأطراف، فإن هذه المسؤولية تقع على عاتق اﻟﻤﺠتمع الدولي ما لم تضطلع ﺑﻬا الحكومة. ويوصي المقرر الخاص بأن تحترم حكومة ميانمار حرية التعبير والرأي وحرية التجمع في سياق الانتخابات الوطنية؛ وتطلق سراح جميع سجناء الضمير؛ وتعالج مسألة العدالة والمساءلة؛ وتنّفذ العناصر الأساسية الأربعة لحقوق الإنسان، على النحو المفصل في تقاريره السابقة؛ وتسهّل وصول المساعدات الإنسانية؛ وتواصل تطوير التعاون مع منظومة حقوق الإنسان الدولية.
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/65/368)
      Format/size: pdf (322K)
      Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N10/534/75/pdf/N1053475.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


      Title: GA 2009 (64th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 24 September 2009
      Description/subject: موجز ٢٤٥ وقرار مجلس حقوق الإنسان / يقدّم هذا التقرير عملا بقرار الجمعية العامة ٦٣ ٢٧ . وينبغي قراءته بالاقتران مع التقرير المقدّم من المقرر الخاص إلى مجلس حقوق /١٠ حيث أنه ير ّ كز بشكل رئيسي عل ى التطورات ،(A/HRC/10/ الإنسان في دورته العاشرة ( 19 التي استجدّت في مجال حقوق الإنسان في ميانمار منذ تقديم ذلك التقرير. وكانت محاكمة أونغ سان سو كيي أهم أحداث الفترة المشمولة بالاستعراض . فالحكم عليها ب ١٨ شهرا إضافية من الإقامة الجبرية يعني منعها من المشاركة النشطة في انتخابات عام ٢٠١٠ . ويرى المقرر الخاص أن استمرار فرض الإقامة الجبرية عليها يشكل ضربة لخارطة الطريق إلى الديمقراطية ذات الخطوات السبع التي وضعتها الحكومة، وهو يأسف لأن حكومة ميانمار قد أهدرت فرصة أخرى لإثبات التزامها بإجراء انتخابات حرة ونزيهة وشاملة للجميع. ويركّز التقرير على قضا يا حماية حقوق الإنسان . وهو يسّلط الضوء، على وجه الخصوص، على حالة سجناء الرأي، وعلى حقهم في المحاكمة العادلة وفي مراعاة الأصول القانونية الواجبة، وعلى ظروف احتجازهم؛ ويسّلط الضوء كذلك على حرية التعبير والتجمّع وتكوين الجمعيات في سياق الانتخابات التي ستجرى في عام ٢٠١٠ . ويتضمن التقرير بالإضافة إلى ذلك استعراضا للنزاعات الداخلية ومسائل حماية المدنيين والتمييز والحاجة إلى المساعدة الإنسانية. ويكرّر المقرر الخاص توصيته بتنفيذ أربعة عناصر رئيسية لحقوق الإنسان، ألا وهي : إجراء استعراض للتشريعات الوطنية وفقا للدستور الجديد والالتزامات الدولية؛ والإفراج تدريجيا عن سجناء الرأي؛ وإصلاح القوات المسلحة لضمان احترام القانون الدولي لحقوق الإنسان والقانون الإنساني الدولي، بما يشمل التدريب؛ وإنشاء سلطة قضائية مستقلة ومحايدة. وبما أن ميانمار ليست طرفا إلا في اتفاقية حقوق الط فل واتفاقية القضاء على جميع أشكال التمييز ضد المرأة، فإن المقرّر الخاص يوصي بقوة بأن تنضم ميانمار إلى سائر صكوك حقوق الإنسان الدولية الرئيسية.
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/64/318)
      Format/size: pdf (269K)
      Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N09/491/49/pdf/N0949149.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 10 October 2009


      Title: GA 2008 (63rd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 05 September 2008
      Description/subject: Summary: "In its resolution 1992/58, the Commission on Human Rights established the mandate on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, which was then extended by the Human Rights Council in its decision 1/102 and resolution 5/1. In March 2008, by its resolution 7/32, the Council extended the mandate for one year. On 26 March 2008, Tomás Ojea Quintana (Argentina) was appointed as the new Special Rapporteur, and he officially assumed the function on 1 May 2008. Following a request for a visit from 3 to 13 August 2008, on 9 July the Special Rapporteur received a positive response from the Government of Myanmar to undertake a mission to that country from 3 to 7 August 2008. The Special Rapporteur would like to thank the Government of Myanmar for its hospitality and the cooperation he received during his first mission to the country. This visit was mainly aimed at establishing working relations with the authorities, to meet with civil society and also with those who do not enjoy their fundamental rights. The programme of the visit is annexed to the report. The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 62/222. The first part focuses on the activities and programme of work of the Special Rapporteur. The second part of the report concentrates on substantive issues and elaborates on those related to the protection of human rights in the context of the new Constitution; and the question of participation in the democratic process and organization of the 2010 elections; the right to assembly and right to freedom of opinion and expression and their formulation in the new Constitution; and the question of international humanitarian law and protection of civilians, as well as the situation of specific groups such as ethnic groups, women and children. The Special Rapporteur further elaborates on the mechanisms in place to ensure maximum protection in the context of natural disaster cyclone Nargis, and the living conditions, sustenance and its human rights implications. Finally, the Special Rapporteur discusses developments that have taken place in international cooperation and that relate to human rights issues pertinent to his mandate and the environment for a strengthened cooperation on the promotion and protection of human rights in the country. In his recommendations, the Special Rapporteur includes four core human rights elements for paving the road to democracy in Myanmar."
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/63/341)
      Format/size: pdf (265K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 November 2008


      Title: GA 2007 (62nd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 13 August 2007
      Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 61/232. The Special Rapporteur welcomes the decision of the Government of Myanmar to reconvene the National Convention for its last session on 18 July 2007, to finish laying down principles for a new constitution as part of a seven-stage road map to democracy. He remains concerned, however, at the lack of opportunity for effective and genuine participation by the National League for Democracy (NLD) and ethnic groups, which have deliberately chosen not to participate owing to the lack of transparency and meaningful input. He has repeated on several occasions that there will be no authentic democratic transition in Myanmar until all political prisoners are released. Given the importance of the last phase of the National Convention, he deplores the extension of the house arrest of the NLD General Secretary and the continued detention of other political leaders. At a time of such importance to the political reform process and in view of the need for reconciliation, such severe treatment of senior ethnic nationality leaders sends a very counterproductive signal, shocking many citizens and human rights observers. The human rights concerns enumerated in the present report are largely very similar to those highlighted by the Special Rapporteur last year. The Special Rapporteur deplores the fact that the Government, despite several requests, has not invited him to visit the country. For this reason he was not able to assess any improvements or verify the accuracy of the allegations received from credible sources. Severe restrictions on fundamental freedoms are imposed on political activists and human rights defenders. As of 27 June 2007, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,192. Throughout the country communities are subjected to patterns of abuse by members of the military who, in order to assert greater central government control, and often to implement national development projects, resort to forced labour, the seizure of property and assets and the forced relocation of populations, particularly in the border areas where ethnic nationality groups reside. The lack of an effective commitment by the Government of Myanmar to respond to the human rights situation continues to raise serious concerns. At the national level, the capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hindered by sustained impunity. The restrictions on the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses is also a matter of concern. The Special Rapporteur also takes note with great satisfaction of the Understanding between the International Labour Organizations and the Government of Myanmar, concluded on 26 February 2007, to provide a mechanism to enable victims of forced labour to seek redress. The Special Rapporteur has also noted concrete developments which he considers to be significant milestones in the fight against impunity in Myanmar. These include the establishment of a national redress mechanism to receive complaints of forced labour, and the dialogue initiated by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict with the Government regarding the development of an action plan to halt recruitment of child soldiers and to develop reintegration programmes and the setting up of a national mechanism to report on human rights violations committed against children during armed conflict. These mechanisms should lead to greater access to currently restricted areas for the provision of humanitarian assistance, as well as the monitoring of violations. The Special Rapporteur is convinced that Myanmar would benefit from more active cooperation with his mandate, now under terms of reference that have been redefined by the Human Rights Council. He insists that it is his obligation to go public about allegations of human rights violations, but that this does not exclude a constructive and continuous dialogue with the Government. These two elements of his mandate can contribute to a new dynamic for the improvement of the situation of human rights in the country. As indicated by the Special Rapporteur in his previous report, it will not be easy for Myanmar to promote political transition and basic human rights. The collaboration of the United Nations and the international community are essential to support the efforts of the Government and civil society. In his recommendations, the Special Rapporteur encourages the international community to promote a framework of principles to enable Member States to pursue a plurality of strategies and cooperation with the Government of Myanmar in accordance with their particular strengths and capacities. It is urgent that the international community build on existing programmes of humanitarian assistance and support health, education and human rights, in particular through support to the development of civil society..."
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/62/223)
      Format/size: pdf (169K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: GA 2006 (61st Session) Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic) Corr. 1
      Date of publication: 18 October 2006
      Description/subject: Situation of human rights in Myanmar Note by the Secretary-General... Corrigendum: 1. Paragraph 56 The last sentence should read The March/April outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza remains of serious concern, although there is no human case of H5N1 in Myanmar. 2. Paragraph 73 For the existing text substitute 73. The Special Rapporteur would like: (a) To recommend that, given the magnitude of human rights abuses, the Government of Myanmar should subject all officials committing these acts to strict disciplinary control and punishment and put an end to the culture of impunity that prevails throughout the country. In that respect, a number of immediate steps should be taken, such as setting up (an) independent national commission(s) to look into the mob attack of Aung San Suu Kyi in November 1996 and the brutal Depayin incident in May 2003, and to investigate the widespread sexual violence against women and girls with a view to ensuring that those responsible for such crimes are brought to justice; (b) To call upon the Government of Myanmar to authorize access to the affected areas by the Special Rapporteur, the United Nations and associated personnel, as well as personnel of humanitarian organizations and to guarantee their safety, security and freedom of movement.
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/61/369/Corr.1)
      Format/size: pdf (60K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 21 September 2006
      Description/subject: أنشأت لجنة حقوق الإنسان ولاية المقرر الخاص المعني بحالة حقوق الإنسان في ٥٨ ومدد هذه الولاية مؤخرا مجلس حقوق الإنسان، في مقرره / ميانمار في قرارها ١٩٩٢ ١٠٢ ، الذي قرر الس بموجبه أن يمدد، على نحو استثنائي لمدة سنة واحدة، الولايات /١ المتعلقة بالإجراءات الخاصة للجنة والقائمين على تلك الولايات. ولم يسمح للمقرر الخاص بأن يجري بعثة تقصي حقائق في ميانمار منذ تشرين الثاني /نوفمبر ٢٠٠٣ . وبما أنه لم يسمح له بالدخول إلى البلد خلال الفترة المشمولة ذا التقرير، فقد واصل ممارسة ولايته بقدر ما يستطيع مستندًا إلى المعلوما ت التي جمعت من عدد مختلف من المصادر المستقلة والموثوقة. وفي السنتين الماضيتين، تعرضت عملية الإصلاح المقترحة في ”خريطة الطريق ذات النقاط السبع من أجل المصالحة الوطنية والانتقال نحو الديمقراطية “، التي كانت دف إلى أن تظل مفتوحة أمام مختلف الجهات المعنية، إلى ضغوط وقيود شديدة. ونتيجة لذلك، تم تضييق تعريف اال السياسي؛ وبالإضافة إلى ذلك، فإن العوائق التي برزت خلال السنتين الماضيتين أعاقت تقدم الإصلاحات المطلوبة لإضفاء الديمقراطية وأثرت على شموليتها . وقد تأثر عمل المؤتمر الوطني سلبًا نتيجة هذا التطور. وخلال عشرات السنوات، تقلص اال المتاح لإنشاء مؤسسات مدنية وديمقراطية إلى درجة كبيرة . وقد أعاقت الممارسة المستمرة للإفلات من العقاب قدرة مؤسسات إنفاذ القانون واستقلالية وحياد الهيئة القضائية . وساهم هذا الحال في ت رسيخ عدم المساوا ة وزيادة الفجوة بين الأكثر فقرا والأكثر غنى. وفي ٢٧ أيار/مايو، مددت الإقامة الجبرية ل أوانغ سانغ سو كي لمدة ١٢ شهرا أخرى رغم مختلف المناشدات الدولية، بما في ذلك مناشدة الأمين العام ل لأمم المتحدة . وفي اية آب/أغسطس ٢٠٠٦ ، ُق  در عدد السجناء السياسيين ب ١١٨٥ سجينًا. ومن ١ عضوًا من العصبة الوطنية من أجل نيسان /أبريل إلى تموز /يوليه ٢٠٠٦ ، أفيد أن ٠٣٨ الديمقراطية قد أرغموا على الاستقالة من الحزب بعد أعمال الترهيب والتهديد . وما فتئ المقرر الخاص يشير إلى أن المصالحة الوطنية تحتاج إلى حوار شامل وذي مغزى مع الممثلين السياسيين وفيما بينهم . وهو يعتقد اعتقادا راسخا بأن إلقاء القبض على عدد من القادة السياسيين واحتجازهم أو تقييد الحريات الأساسية بشكل مستمر لا يخدم المصالحة الوطنية واستقرار ميانمار. A/61/369 3 06-53068 وبالنظر إلى اضطهاد عدد من الأحزاب السياسية في المعارضة والمدافعين عن حقوق الإنسان، يبين أن خريط ة الطريق للديمقراطية تواجه اليوم عوائق كثيرة تحول دون حد وث عملية انتقال حقيقية . وقد أعرب المقرر الخاص في الماضي عن اعتقاده بأن خريطة الطريق قد تؤدي دورًا إيجابيا في عملية الانتقال السياسية. ولكن يبدو للأسف أن الزخم الإيجابي في السنوات الأولى من ولايته قد توقف. ولا يزال المقرر الخاص يشعر بالقلق بشكل خاص إزاء استمرار الإفلات من العقاب، الذي أصبح منهجيا ويجب أن تتصدى له حكومة ميانمار بسرعة . وأصبح من الواضح على نحو متزايد أن الإفلات من العقاب باستمرار لا ينبع من الافتقار إلى قدرة المؤسسات، إذ أدى الإفلات من العقاب إلى تفادي المساءلة عن الأعمال التي كتمت الأصوات التي تتساءل عن السياسات والممارسات القائمة . ولم تجر مقاضاة العديد من الأفراد واموعات المسؤولة عن ارتكاب انتهاكات خطيرة لحقوق الإنسان، وخاصة الأفراد العسكريين. ولا تكاد توجد دلائل على إجراء تحقيقات ع ن هذه الجرائم الخطيرة من قبل السلطات المختصة. إن الهياكل المنشأة التابعة لس الدولة للسلام والتنمية لا تداري الإفلات من العقاب إزاء الانتهاكات الخطيرة لحقوق الإنسان فحسب، بل تأذن ا القوانين أيضًا . وفي هذا اال، يشعر المقرر الخاص أيضا بالقلق إزاء استمرار سوء استغلال النظام القانوني مما ينكر سيادة القانون ويمثل عقبة رئيسية في وجه كفالة الممارسة الفعالة وذات المغزى للحريات الأساسية من قبل المواطنين . ومما يثير قلقه بشكل خاص تجريم ممارسة الحريات الأساسية من قبل الم عارضين السياسيين والمدافعين عن حقوق الإ نسان وضحايا انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان. ويشعر المقرر الخاص بقلق شديد إزاء الحملة العسكرية الجارية في المناطق الإثنية في شرقي ميانمار و آثارها على حقوق الإن سان، وخاصة على المدنيين الذين ا س تهدفوا خلال الهجمات. ويجب النظر في الحالة في ضوء انتشار ممارسة مصادرة ا لأراضي على نطاق واسع في جميع أنحاء البلد، التي يبدو أا دف إلى ترسيخ السيطرة العسكرية، وخاصة في المناطق الإثنية. وقد أدت هذه الممارسة إلى عمليات إخلاء ونقل وإعادة استيطان قسرية كثيرة جدا، وإلى حالات جير وتشريد داخلي قسريين . وبالنظر إلى حجم الحملة العس كرية الحالية، قد تؤدي الحالة إلى أزمة إنسانية إذا لم يتم التصدي لها على الفور. ويحيط المقرر الخاص علما بالتصويت الذي أجراه مؤخرًا مجلس الأمن في ١٥ أيلول/سبتمبر ٢٠٠٦ لإدراج ميانمار في جدول أعماله. ويرى أن مناقشة قادمة في الس حول ميانمار قد توفر فرصة للإسراع في عملية الانتقال إلى الديمقراطية
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/61/369)
      Format/size: pdf (236K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: GA 2005 (60th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 12 August 2005
      Description/subject: زجوم تأشنأ اهرارقب ناسنلإا قوقح ةنلج١٩٩٢/٥٨ ةنجلل صالخا ررقلما ةيلاو بح نيعلما ناسنلإا قوقح ةنولآا في ةيلاولا كلت تعسوو ،رانمايم في ناسنلإا قوقح ةلا رارقلاب ةيرخلأا٢٠٠٥/١٠ . فيو قلا اذه لىإ ةنجللا تبلط ،رار اريرقت مدقي نأ صالخا ررقلما اﺗﻬرود في ةماعلا ةيعملجا لىإ ينتسلاو ةيناثلا اﺗﻬرود في ةنجللا لىإو ينتسلا .و مدقيريرقتلا ليالحا دنتسيو بلطلا كلذ ىلع ءانب تىح صالخا ررقلما اهاقلت تيلا تامولعلما لىإ ٢٢ زوتم/ هيلوي٢٠٠٥.و أرقي نأ ينعتي نارتقلاابا يرخلأا هريرقت عم ةنجللا لىإ مدقلم)E/CN.4/2005/36.( نيرشت ذنم رانمايم لىإ قئاقلحا يصقتل ةثعبب مايقلاب صالخا ررقملل حمسي لمونياثلا/برمفون ٢٠٠٣ . ةلومشلما ةرتفلا للاخ دلبلا لىإ لوخدلاب هل حامسلا مدع مغرو لعلما لىإ ادانتسا هتعاطتسا ردق ىلع هتيلاو ذيفنت لصاو ،ليالحا ريرقتلاب نم ةعمﻟﻤﺠا تامواﺑﻬ قوثولماو ةلقتسلما رداصلما نم ةفئاط. في ديدج نم نيطولا رتمؤلما دقعنا دقو نم ةرتفلا١٧طابش / لىإ ريابرف٣١ راذآ/ سرام٢٠٠٥ كلذ في ابم ،ةيسايسلا بازحلأا نم ددع كارشإ نود ةينطولا ةطبارلا ةيطارقيمدلا لجأ نم . ا تائفلا سفن نم نوبودنلما يقُتناو يهو قباسلا رتمؤلما في امك نيامثل : ةينطولا قارعلأاو ،نوبختنلما نولثملماو ،ةيسايسلا بازحلأا، ،لامعلاو ،نوحلافلاو وفظومو ،نوفقثلماو نوركفلماو ةيسمرلا رئاودلا رانلا قلاطإ فقو تاعاجمو ،.و بسحام ،نيطولا رتمؤلما ميظنت ةنلج هتدروأ عامتجلاا رضح٠٧٣ ١ لصأ نم ابودنم ٠٨١ ١ مهيلإ ةوعدلا تهجُو ابودنم. ىلع دويقلا ضرفو ،ةيلمعلا نم ةيباينلاو ةمالها ةيسايسلا ةلعافلا تاهلجا داعبتساو ةبلاطلما لامج في ينطشانلا فيوتخو ،نيدقتنلما عم لماعتلا في بصعتلاو ،اهتكراشم نم ايلاخ ةيطارقيمدلا ةيلمعلل موهفم يأ لعيج ،مهزاجتحاو ةيطارقيمدلاب نىعلما . بجاولا نمف ةينطولا ةلحاصملل ةيساسأ طورش اﻧﻬلأ تايعملجا نيوكتو عامتجلااو لقنتلا ةيرح حنمةيطارقيمدلا ءاسرإو. دعت لم اذإ هنأ اخسار اداقتعا صالخا ررقلما دقتعيو ةلصأتلما ةيئارجلإا دويقلا للمو يق نإف نيطولا رتمؤلما في ةيطارقيمدلا ةضراعلما ولثمم كرشُي لىإ رقتفيس روتسد يأ ماةيقادصلما . يطارقيمد ساسأ ىلع نيطولا رتمؤلما مظنت تيلا ةيئارجلإا تابيترتلا عضو حيتيسو في يقيقح مدقت قيقتحو ةلماك ةروصب مهتكراشمو ةيسايسلا بازحلأا عيجم جامدإ ميلس ةيطارقيمدلا ءاسرإ ةيلمع . اله يغبنيو ةيروف تاءارجإ ذاتخا ةموكلحا عيطتستو لجأ نم كلذءاوسلا ىلع ليودلاو يلخادلا ديعصلا ىلع هتيقادصمو نيطولا رتمؤلما ذاقنإ. في ةمالها لئاسلما ىدحإ برتعت روتسدلا ةغايصب علطضتس تيلا ةهلجا ديدتح ةلأسمو ةيلالحا ةيسايسلا ةيلمعلا . ةحضاو ةراشإ ةيأ نهارلا تقولا في دجوت لا ،كلذ ىلع ةولاعولا دعاوق عضو لىإنيطو ءاتفتسا ءارجإ قيرط نع روتسدلا دامتع. ةقلعتلما ةلالحا نأ ينبت ةدراولا تامولعلما نأ ظحلاي ذإ صالخا ررقلما فسأيو ريرقتلاب ةلومشلما ةرتفلا للاخ يربك لكشب يرغتت لم ةيساسلأا تايرلحاو قوقلحا ةسرامبم . تيلا تاكاهتنلااو دويقلا نع ريراقت ةرمتسم ةروصب ىقلتي وهف تايرلحاو قوقلحا لاطت ةيساسلأا. قوفي ام رانمايم في لازام هنأ لاقيو١٠٠ ١ يسايس ينجس . ةيهمأ نم للق دقو نع جارفلإا٢٤٩ في ايسايس انيجس ٦زوتم / هيلوي٢٠٠٥ ةاعدو ينيندلما لاقتعا رارمتسا ملسلا ةيسايسلا مهتطشنأ ببسب مهدض ةيساق ماكحأ رادصإو مهزاجتحاو ةيطارقيمدلاةي . يرادلإا زاجتحلاا ةسرامم نم ةياغلل اقلق صالخا ررقلما لازامو . فسلأا قيمع هل فسؤُي اممو ،ةيطارقيمدلا لجأ نم ةينطولا ةطبارلل ةماعلا ةنيملأا نأ س ناس غنوأ وادي يك و ديعب تلفتحا ، ةيبرلجا ةماقلإا نهر يهو ينتسلا اهدلايم . دارفنا عقاولا مكبح برتعلما اهزجح فىانتيو ايةينطولا ةلحاصلما حور عم ةطبارلا في اهئلامز عم لاصتلاا نم اﻧﻬامرحو. ةعانلما صقن سويرف لامج في جلاعلاو ةياقولا ةطشنأ ديازت صالخا ررقلما عجش امموةيرشبلا/ ةيرشبلا ةعانلما صقن سويرف نأ نم ةياغلل اقلق لظي هنكل ،زديلإا/ ءابو حبصأ زديلإا رانمايم في ارشتنم .غرو لامج في لمعلا لصاوت ةموكلحا نأ م نم ةينطولا لمعلا ةطخلجأ لفطلا لا ينيرايتخلاا ينلوكوتوبرلا ىلع قيدصتلا اهيلع ينعتي لازام هنإف ، ةيقافتقوقح لفطلا. امو ةيقرعلا تايلقلأا تاعمتمج دض ناسنلإا قوقلح ةميسج تاكاهتنا بكترُت تلاز رانمايم في . عساو ريراقت درت تلازامو لاكشأ نم هيرغو باصتغلااو ،ةرخسلا نع راشتنلاا ة ةموكلحا تاوق اﺑﻬ موقت تيلا ةيكللما عزنو ،زازتبلااو ،يسنلجا فنعلا . اياحض ديج ام ارذانوفاصتنلاا لىإ لايبس تاكاهتنلاا هذه Summary: The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2005/10. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to report to the General Assembly at its sixtieth session and to the Commission at its sixty-second session. The present report is submitted further to that request and is based on information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 22 July 2005. It is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2005/36). The Special Rapporteur has not been permitted to conduct a fact-finding mission to Myanmar since November 2003. While he has not been granted access to the country during the period covered by the present report, he has continued to fulfil his mandate to the best of his ability based on information collected from a variety of independent and reliable sources. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 February to 31 March 2005 without the involvement of a number of political parties, including the National League for Democracy (NLD). The invited delegates were selected from the same eight categories as for the previous Convention: political parties, representativeselect, national races, peasants, workers, intellectuals and intelligentsia, State service personnel and ceasefire groups. According to the National Convention Convening Commission, 1,073 out of the 1,081 delegates invited attended the meeting. The exclusion of important and representative political actors from the process, the restrictions placed on their involvement, the intolerance of critical voices and the intimidation and detention of pro-democracy activists render any notion of a democratic process devoid of meaning. Freedom of movement, assembly and association must be guaranteed, as they are basic requirements for national reconciliation and democratization. The Special Rapporteur firmly believes that if the inherent procedural restrictions are not amended and the representatives of the democratic opposition are not involved in the National Convention, any constitution that emerges will lack credibility. Placing the procedural arrangements that govern the National Convention on a sound democratic footing would allow for the full inclusion and involvement of all political parties and true progress to be made in the democratization process. The Government can and should take immediate steps to salvage the National Convention and its credibility both at home and internationally. The question of defining who will draft the constitution is one of the most relevant issues in the current political process. Furthermore, there is at present no clear indication of the rules for the adoption of the constitution through a national referendum. The Special Rapporteur regrets to note that the information received demonstrates that the situation regarding the exercise of fundamental rights and 3 A/60/221 freedoms has not substantially changed during the reporting period. He constantly receives reports of restrictions and violations of basic rights and freedoms. There reportedly remain over 1,100 political prisoners in Myanmar. The release of 249 political prisoners on 6 July 2005 was tempered by the continuation of the arrests, detention and harsh sentences meted out to civilians and democracy advocates for peaceful political activities. The Special Rapporteur remains very concerned at the practice of administrative detention. It is deeply regrettable that NLD General-Secretary Daw Aung San Suu Kyi celebrated her sixtieth birthday under house arrest. Her virtual solitary confinement and lack of access to NLD colleagues run counter to the spirit of national reconciliation. The Special Rapporteur is encouraged that HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment activities have increased, but remains very concerned that HIV/AIDS has become a generalized epidemic in Myanmar. While the Government continues to work on a national plan of action for children, it has yet to ratify the two Optional Protocols on the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Serious human rights violations continue to be perpetrated against Myanmar’s ethnic minority communities. Widespread reports of forced labour, rape and other sexual violence, extortion and expropriation by Government forces continue to be received. Victims of violations rarely have recourse to redress. The transition to a full, participatory and democratic system in Myanmar can no longer be postponed. Political and constitutional dialogue must begin without delay. By instituting values of democracy and human rights, the Government will send a clear signal to the people of Myanmar and the international community that it is actively committed to facilitating the creation of a stable and democratic future for the country. The United Nations and the international community stand ready to work in partnership with the Government, the political parties and civil society organizations, to effectively facilitate national reconciliation and the transition to democracy. By strengthening its cooperation with international organizations, the Government can be assured of support for conflict resolution, political and economic reform, institution- and capacity-building, humanitarian assistance and human development.
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/60/ الأمم المتحدة 221)
      Format/size: pdf (410K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: GA 2004 (59th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 30 August 2004
      Description/subject: Summary: The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2004/61. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its fifty-ninth session. The present interim report is based upon information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 30 July 2004 and is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2004/33). Since his last mission to Myanmar in November 2003 the Special Rapporteur has requested from the Government of Myanmar on several occasions its cooperation in returning to the country for a fact-finding mission. However, in spite of the indication of agreement in principle to the Special Rapporteur’s visit, no authorization to visit was received. The Special Rapporteur therefore provides in the present report short updates on the issues he examined during his last visit, based on information collected from other sources. The Special Rapporteur will continue seeking access to Myanmar so as to more fully discharge his mandate. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 May to 9 July 2004. Reviving the National Convention constitutes the first step under the seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition presented by the Prime Minister, General Khin Nyunt, on 30 August 2003. It was announced by the authorities that the delegates to the new National Convention were expected to frame their suggestions in the context of the six objectives and the 104 principles already laid down during the 1993-1996 Convention. The National Convention was reconvened without the involvement of the National League for Democracy (NLD) and other political parties that won the majority of seats in the 1990 elections. It was attended by 1,076 delegates, compared with the 702 participants at the previous Convention. This increase was largely made up of representatives of ethnic nationalities, including ceasefire groups that emerged in the new political environment created as a result of ceasefire agreements with 17 former armed groups. In terms of potential for conflict resolution, the 2004 National Convention may thus be a unique opportunity for ethnic minorities. The Special Rapporteur notes that the concerns regarding the National Convention process that he expressed in his last report to the Commission have not been addressed and that the necessary steps to ensure minimum democratic conditions for the reconvening of the National Convention have not been taken. The Special Rapporteur reiterates that if the Government wishes to promote a genuine process of political transition, fundamental human rights requirements have to be fulfilled. The Special Rapporteur nevertheless hopes that the final outcome of the National Convention will bring some concrete solutions to the concerns of the entire population of Myanmar. Releasing Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and beginning a substantive dialogue with her and her party, as well as reaching an agreement with ceasefire groups that takes into account their suggestions would contribute to the advancement of the political process. In this respect, the Special Rapporteur appeals to the Government of Myanmar to recognize the role of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General and the necessity of his return to the country as soon as possible to continue his facilitation efforts, in particular in the context of preparations for the next session of the National Convention. The information received by the Special Rapporteur during the reporting period indicates that the situation with regard to the exercise of basic human rights and fundamental freedoms in Myanmar has not substantially changed. The effects of the events of 30 May 2003 in Depayin have yet to be fully reversed. There remain large numbers of security detainees. The Special Rapporteur has received several reports of continuing arrests and harsh sentences for peaceful political activities; many of the reported cases were raised by the Special Rapporteur in his letters and urgent appeals addressed to the Government of Myanmar. The Special Rapporteur also remains concerned at the practice of administrative detention. There are still restrictions on political activity, with all NLD party offices remaining shut, except for its headquarters in Yangon which was allowed to reopen in April 2004. Despite the restrictions in place, according to recent reports, NLD has been able to conduct some activities. While the extent to which NLD and other political parties will be allowed to conduct peaceful political activities without reprisals remains to be seen, the Special Rapporteur would like to reiterate the view, expressed during his last mission in November, that the implementation of the road map must be accompanied by tangible changes on the ground towards a genuinely free, transparent and inclusive process involving all political parties, ethnic nationalities and members of civil society. Political rights and freedoms must be respected in order to create an enabling environment conducive to a successful democratic transition. The implementation of human rights reforms proposed in his reports and letters to the Myanmar authorities would help create such an environment. During the reporting period, the Special Rapporteur has received credible and detailed reports of human rights violations in certain counter-insurgency areas in Myanmar and hopes that he will be able to clarify those reports during his next mission. He recalls that his request for an independent assessment in Shan State has not yet been answered by the Myanmar authorities. The Special Rapporteur has taken note of the cooperation by the Government of Myanmar with the Committee on the Rights of the Child in the consideration of the second periodic report of Myanmar on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Special Rapporteur believes that there has been growing appreciation in recent years by the international community of an imperative for humanitarian assistance in Myanmar. In this regard, he welcomes the efforts of the United Nations Country Team in mapping out vulnerabilities in Myanmar with a view to developing a strategic framework for United Nations assistance. In view of the prevailing situation in Myanmar, the conclusions and recommendations given in the previous reports of the Special Rapporteur remain valid.
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/59/311)
      Format/size: pdf (228 K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


      Title: GA 2001: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 20 August 2001
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-sixth session. Summary: "The present report is the first report of the present Special Rapporteur, appointed to this mandate on 28 December 2000. The report refers to his activities and developments relating to the situation of human rights in Myanmar between 1 January and 14 August 2001. In view of the brevity and exploratory nature of the Special Rapporteurs initial visit to Myanmar in April and pending a proper fact-finding mission to take place at the end of September 2001, this report addresses only a limited number of areas. In the Special Rapporteurs assessment as presented in this report, political transition in Myanmar is a work in progress and, as in many countries, to move ahead incrementally will be a complex process. In the human rights context, against the background of ongoing talks between the Government and the opposition, there have been some positive signals indicative of the Governments endeavour to make progress. Those include the dissemination of human rights standards for public officials, work of the governmental Committee on Human Rights, releases of political detainees, reopening of branches of the National League for Democracy (NLD), the main opposition party, the continued international monitoring of prison conditions, and cooperation with the Commission on Human Rights, inter alia, through the mandate of this Special Rapporteur and with the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Myanmar and the International Labour Organization. Among the areas in most need of significant improvement is the situation of vulnerable groups, inter alia, children, women and ethnic minorities and, in particular, those among them who have become internally displaced in zones of military operations. Overall, there exists a complex humanitarian situation in Myanmar, which may decline unless it is properly addressed by all concerned." Author: Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
      Author/creator: Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/56/312)
      Format/size: PDF (241K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 2000: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 22 August 2000
      Description/subject: The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 2000/23 and Economic and Social Council decision 2000/255.
      Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/55/359)
      Format/size: PDF (219K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1999: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 04 October 1999
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-fourth session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 1999/17 of 23 April 1999 and Economic and Social Council decision 1999/231 of 27 July 1999.
      Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/54/440)
      Format/size: PDF (78K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1998: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 10 September 1998
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-third session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by , Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with Economic and Social Council decision 1998/261 of 30 July 1998.
      Author/creator: Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/53/364)
      Format/size: PDF (117K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1997: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Arabic)
      Date of publication: 16 October 1997
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-second session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 51/117 of 12 December 1996 and Economic and Social Council decision 1997/272 of 22 July 1997. Good section on citizenship and citizenship legislation (paras 119-142), mainly relating to the Rohingyas, a Muslim group in Rakhine (Arakan) state; statelessness and the conformity of the different forms of citizenship [in Burma] with international norms. Also, the rights pertaining to democratic governance, the right to form and join trade unions, forced labour, violations against ethnic minorities, including violations of civil rights.
      Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Arabic
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/52/484)
      Format/size: PDF (168K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1996: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 08 October 1996
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-first session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by Judge Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with Commission resolution 1996/80 of 23 April 1996.
      Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: English,Arabic, and other languages also available
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/51/466)
      Format/size: pdf
      Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=89
      Date of entry/update: 04 January 2011


    • Reports to the GA by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (Chinese)

      Individual Documents

      Title: GA 2014 (69th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Yanghee Lee (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 23 September 2014
      Description/subject: 摘要 缅甸的重要过渡和意义深远的改革必须得到赞扬。但应消除退缩迹象,以避免损害已取得的进展。本报告介绍了特别报告员初步关注的重点领域和为促进缅甸努力尊重、保护和促进人权及实现民主化、民族和解和发展而提出的建议。
      Author/creator: Yanghee Lee
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/69/398)
      Format/size: pdf (651K)
      Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N14/545/24/pdf/N1454524.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 16 October 2014


      Title: GA 2013 (68th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 23 September 2013
      Description/subject: 摘要 本报告根据大会第67/233 号决议第21 段提交,所述期间为2012 年8 月25 日至2013 年8 月10 日。在本报告所述期间,缅甸发生了巨大变化,通过建立新 机构以及国民议会和地区议会开会积极颁布新法律等继续实施2011 年启动的改 革措施;同时在民族和解方面取得稳步进展,并为此与前族裔武装团体进行谈判, 鼓励流离失所者自愿回返和重新安置。政府开展了一系列旨在逐步实现市场经济 的改革措施,向外国投资和贸易开放了新的行业,并采取措施确保提高透明度和 打击腐败。随着缅甸与外界的交往广泛扩大,出现了新的挑战。全国族裔之间的 紧张关系和暴力事件不断增加,人们对当前的改革是否会受到影响感到忧虑。联 合国继续进行广泛参与,并向缅甸提供支持。
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/67/397)
      Format/size: pdf (377K)
      Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2013


      Title: GA 2012 (67th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 25 September 2012
      Description/subject: 第六十七届会议 临时议程* 项目70(c) 促进和保护人权:人权状况及特别 报告员和代表的报告 伊朗伊斯兰共和国的人权状况 秘书长的说明 秘书长谨向大会成员转递由伊朗伊斯兰共和国人权状况特别报告员艾哈迈 德·沙希德依照人权理事会第16/9 号决议提交的报告。特别报告员已向大会第 六十六届会议提交第一份临时报告,并向人权理事会第十九届会议提交了第一次 报告,而人权理事会则在该届会议上延长了特别报告员的任期。 本报告没有涵盖该国境内所有潜在的侵犯人权行为,但概述了当前人权状 况,尤其是对伊朗伊斯兰共和国履行国际义务的能力构成阻碍的系统性问题。.....目录 段次页次 一. 导言.............................................................. 1-6 3 二. 工作方法.......................................................... 7-9 4 三. 公民和政治权利.................................................... 10-51 4 A. 言论自由和知情权 .............................................. 10-22 4 B. 集会和结社自由 ................................................ 23-25 8 人权维护者.................................................... 26-28 9 C. 宗教自由 ...................................................... 29-31 10 1. 巴哈教 .................................................... 32-33 10 2. 基督教 .................................................... 34-36 11 3. 伊斯兰教苦行僧教派 ........................................ 37-39 11 D. 司法 .......................................................... 40 12 1. 修订版伊斯兰刑法 .......................................... 40-44 12 2. 适当程序权利 .............................................. 45-48 13 3. 法律界的独立性 ............................................ 49-51 14 4. 监狱状况 .................................................. 52 15 5. 酷刑、残忍和有辱人格的惩罚及处决 .......................... 53-56 15 四. 经济、社会和文化权利.............................................. 57-69 16 获得教育、经济、社会和文化发展的权利.......................... 58-62 16 1. 阿拉伯社区 ................................................ 63-66 17 2. 阿塞拜疆人 ................................................ 67-69 18 五. 儿童权利.......................................................... 70-73 19 A. 处决,残忍和有辱人格的惩罚 .................................... 70-72 19 B. 童婚 .......................................................... 73 20 六. 结论和建议........................................................
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/67/383
      Format/size: pdf (375K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 October 2012


      Title: GA 2011 (66th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 16 September 2011
      Description/subject: 摘要 这是缅甸历史上的关键时刻,此时真正有机会取得积极、有意义的进展,以 改善人权状况并深化向民主过渡。新政府已采取一些措施来实现这些目标。但是, 许多严重的人权问题依然存在,必须予以解决。新政府应加紧努力,落实承诺并 履行其国际人权义务。国际社会需继续参与并密切跟踪事态发展。国际社会还需 在此重要时期支持并协助缅甸政府。特别报告员重申他愿意与缅甸开展建设性合 作,以改善缅甸人民的人权状况。
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/66/365)
      Format/size: pdf (358K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 October 2011


      Title: GA 2010 (65th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 15 September 2010
      Description/subject: 摘要 本报告是根据人权理事会第13/25 号决议和大会第64/238 号决议提交,述 及特别报告员于2010 年3 月向人权理事会提交报告(A/HRC/13/48)以来缅甸国内 的人权事态发展。 缅甸政府于2010 年8 月13 日宣布,把人们期待已久的全国选举日期定于 2010 年11 月7 日。本报告集中讨论与选举有关的人权问题以及声张仗义和追究 责任问题。在当前情况下,举行真正选举的条件有限,这些选举给缅甸人权状况 带来实际变化和改观的可能性仍不确定。 关于声张仗义和追究责任问题,特别报告员指出,虽然首先应该由缅甸政府 负责处理所有当事方严重和系统地侵犯人权的问题,但如果该国政府没有负起责 任,国际社会将负责处理这一问题。 特别报告员建议缅甸政府在全国选举方面尊重言论和意见自由以及集会和 结社自由;释放所有政治犯;解决声张仗义和追究责任问题;落实他在上次报告 中详细阐述的四项核心人权要素;为获得人道主义援助提供便利;继续发展与国 际人权体系的合作。
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/65/368)
      Format/size: pdf (375K)
      Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N10/534/76/pdf/N1053476.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


      Title: GA 2009 (64th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 24 September 2009
      Description/subject: 摘要 本报告是根据大会第63/245 号决议和人权理事会第10/27 号决议提交的。 阅读本报告时应参阅特别报告员给人权理事会第十届会议的报告(A/HRC/ 10/19),因为本报告的重点主要是那份报告以来缅甸的人权事态发展。 对昂山素季的审判是本报告所述期间最重大的事件。对她增加18 个月的软 禁使她不能积极参加2010 年的选举。特别报告员认为,继续软禁她是对缅甸政 府促进民主的七点路线图的打击,他感到遗憾的是,缅甸政府又失去了一次证明 自己致力于包容各方、自由和公正选举的机会。 本报告着重说明人权保护问题。它特别强调政治犯的状况、他们接受公正审 判的权利、适当法律程序和他们的拘留条件;以及在即将到来的2010 年选举背 景下的言论、集会和结社自由。报告接着审查了该国的内部冲突、平民保护、歧 视和人道主义援助需要等问题。 特别报告员重申其四项核心人权要素的建议:根据新《宪法》和国际义务审 查国家立法;逐步释放政治犯;改造武装部队,包括培训,以确保尊重国际人权 和人道主义法;以及建立独立和公正的司法机构。由于缅甸仅仅是《儿童权利公 约》和《消除对妇女一切形式歧视公约》的缔约国,特别报告员大力建议缅甸加 入其他核心国际人权文书。
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/64/318)
      Format/size: pdf (304K)
      Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N09/491/50/pdf/N0949150.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 10 October 2009


      Title: GA 2008 (63rd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 05 September 2008
      Description/subject: 摘要 人权委员会在其第1992/58 号决议中确定了关于缅甸人权状况的任务,人权 理事会在其第1/102 号决定和第5/1 号决议中延长了这项任务期限。 2008 年3 月,理事会在其第7/32 号决议中把该任务期限延长一年。2008 年 3 月26 日,托马斯·奥赫亚·金塔纳(阿根廷)被任命为新的特别报告员,他于 2008 年5 月1 日正式上任。 特别报告员要求于2008 年8 月3 日至13 日进行访问,7 月9 日特别报告员 收到缅甸政府的正面答复, 于2008 年8 月3 日至7 日前往该国执行任务。特别 报告员感谢缅甸政府在其对缅甸第一次执行任务中给予款待和合作。这次访问主 要目的是同当局建立工作关系,与民间社会会面,也与那些无法享受其基本权利 的人会面。这次访问行程载于本报告附件。 本报告是按照大会第62/222 号决议提交的。第一部分集中叙述特别报告员 的活动和工作方案。 本报告第二部分集中谈论实质性问题,阐述与在新宪法下保护人权有关的问 题;参与民主进程和举行2010 年选举的问题;集会权利、意见自由和表达自由 权利,以及新宪法列入这些权利的问题;国际人道主义法和保护平民的问题,以 及诸如族裔群体、妇女和儿童等特殊群体的状况。特别报告员进一步阐述为最大 限度保护“纳尔吉斯”气旋自然灾害受害者的现有机制,以及生活条件、生活资 料及其对人权的影响。最后,特别报告员讨论了在国际合作方面和在与其任务有 关人权问题方面的事态发展,以及就促进和保护该国人权问题加强合作的环境。 特别报告员在其建议中列入四项核心人权要素,以便为缅甸民主铺路。
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/63/341)
      Format/size: pdf (357K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: GA 2007 (62nd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 13 August 2007
      Description/subject: Summary: The present report is submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 61/232. The Special Rapporteur welcomes the decision of the Government of Myanmar to reconvene the National Convention for its last session on 18 July 2007, to finish laying down principles for a new constitution as part of a seven-stage road map to democracy. He remains concerned, however, at the lack of opportunity for effective and genuine participation by the National League for Democracy (NLD) and ethnic groups, which have deliberately chosen not to participate owing to the lack of transparency and meaningful input. He has repeated on several occasions that there will be no authentic democratic transition in Myanmar until all political prisoners are released. Given the importance of the last phase of the National Convention, he deplores the extension of the house arrest of the NLD General Secretary and the continued detention of other political leaders. At a time of such importance to the political reform process and in view of the need for reconciliation, such severe treatment of senior ethnic nationality leaders sends a very counterproductive signal, shocking many citizens and human rights observers. The human rights concerns enumerated in the present report are largely very similar to those highlighted by the Special Rapporteur last year. The Special Rapporteur deplores the fact that the Government, despite several requests, has not invited him to visit the country. For this reason he was not able to assess any improvements or verify the accuracy of the allegations received from credible sources. Severe restrictions on fundamental freedoms are imposed on political activists and human rights defenders. As of 27 June 2007, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,192. Throughout the country communities are subjected to patterns of abuse by members of the military who, in order to assert greater central government control, and often to implement national development projects, resort to forced labour, the seizure of property and assets and the forced relocation of populations, particularly in the border areas where ethnic nationality groups reside. The lack of an effective commitment by the Government of Myanmar to respond to the human rights situation continues to raise serious concerns. At the national level, the capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hindered by sustained impunity. The restrictions on the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses is also a matter of concern. The Special Rapporteur also takes note with great satisfaction of the Understanding between the International Labour Organizations and the Government of Myanmar, concluded on 26 February 2007, to provide a mechanism to enable victims of forced labour to seek redress. The Special Rapporteur has also noted concrete developments which he considers to be significant milestones in the fight against impunity in Myanmar. These include the establishment of a national redress mechanism to receive complaints of forced labour, and the dialogue initiated by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict with the Government regarding the development of an action plan to halt recruitment of child soldiers and to develop reintegration programmes and the setting up of a national mechanism to report on human rights violations committed against children during armed conflict. These mechanisms should lead to greater access to currently restricted areas for the provision of humanitarian assistance, as well as the monitoring of violations. The Special Rapporteur is convinced that Myanmar would benefit from more active cooperation with his mandate, now under terms of reference that have been redefined by the Human Rights Council. He insists that it is his obligation to go public about allegations of human rights violations, but that this does not exclude a constructive and continuous dialogue with the Government. These two elements of his mandate can contribute to a new dynamic for the improvement of the situation of human rights in the country. As indicated by the Special Rapporteur in his previous report, it will not be easy for Myanmar to promote political transition and basic human rights. The collaboration of the United Nations and the international community are essential to support the efforts of the Government and civil society. In his recommendations, the Special Rapporteur encourages the international community to promote a framework of principles to enable Member States to pursue a plurality of strategies and cooperation with the Government of Myanmar in accordance with their particular strengths and capacities. It is urgent that the international community build on existing programmes of humanitarian assistance and support health, education and human rights, in particular through support to the development of civil society.
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/62/223)
      Format/size: pdf (302K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese) Corr. 1
      Date of publication: 18 October 2006
      Description/subject: Situation of human rights in Myanmar Note by the Secretary-General... Corrigendum: 1. Paragraph 56 The last sentence should read The March/April outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza remains of serious concern, although there is no human case of H5N1 in Myanmar.... 2. Paragraph 73 For the existing text substitute 73. The Special Rapporteur would like: (a) To recommend that, given the magnitude of human rights abuses, the Government of Myanmar should subject all officials committing these acts to strict disciplinary control and punishment and put an end to the culture of impunity that prevails throughout the country. In that respect, a number of immediate steps should be taken, such as setting up (an) independent national commission(s) to look into the mob attack of Aung San Suu Kyi in November 1996 and the brutal Depayin incident in May 2003, and to investigate the widespread sexual violence against women and girls with a view to ensuring that those responsible for such crimes are brought to justice; (b) To call upon the Government of Myanmar to authorize access to the affected areas by the Special Rapporteur, the United Nations and associated personnel, as well as personnel of humanitarian organizations and to guarantee their safety, security and freedom of movement.
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/61/369/Corr.1)
      Format/size: pdf (90K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 21 September 2006
      Description/subject: Summary: The mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission on Human Rights in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently by the Human Rights Council, in its decision 1/102 by which the Council decided to extend, exceptionally for one year, the mandates and mandate holders of the special procedures of the Commission. The Special Rapporteur has not been permitted to conduct a fact-finding mission to Myanmar since November 2003. While he has not been granted access to the country during the period covered by the present report, he has continued to fulfil his mandate to the best of his ability based on information collected from a variety of independent and reliable sources. In the past two years, the reform process proposed in the “seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition”, which was meant to become eventually open to various relevant actors, has been strictly limited and delineated. As a result, the political space has been redefined in narrower terms. In addition, obstructions in the past couple of years have held back the pace and inclusive nature of the reforms which were required for democratization. The work of the National Convention has been adversely affected by this evolution. Through the decades, the space for the establishment of civilian and democratic institutions has been seriously curtailed. The capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hampered by sustained practices of impunity. This situation has contributed to reinforce inequality and increased the gap between the poorest and the richest. On 27 May 2006, the house arrest of Aung Sang Suu Kyi was further prolonged by 12 months in spite of various international appeals, including by the Secretary- General of the United Nations. As at the end of August 2006, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,185. From April to July 2006, 1,038 members of the National League for Democracy were reportedly forced to resign from the party following intimidation and threats. The Special Rapporteur has consistently indicated that national reconciliation requires meaningful and inclusive dialogue with and between political representatives. He firmly believes that the national reconciliation and the stability of Myanmar are not well served by the arrest and detention of several political leaders or by the severe and sustained restrictions on fundamental freedoms. The persecution of members of political parties in the opposition and human rights defenders shows that nowadays the road map for democracy faces too many obstacles to bring a genuine transition. In the past, the Special Rapporteur acknowledged that the road map could play a positive role in the political transition. Sadly, the positive momentum in the early years of his mandate is apparently stalled. The Special Rapporteur remains particularly concerned about the continuing impunity, which has become systematic and must be urgently addressed by the Government of Myanmar. It has become increasingly clear that the persistent impunity does not only stem from a lack of institutional capacity. Impunity has allowed accountability to be avoided for acts that have oppressed voices questioning existing policies and practices. Several individuals and groups responsible for committing serious violations of human rights, in particular members of the military, have not been prosecuted. There is also little evidence that these serious crimes have been investigated by relevant authorities. Grave human rights violations are received among the established structures of the State Peace and Development Council and indulged not only with impunity but authorized by the sanction of laws. In that respect, the Special Rapporteur is also very concerned by the continued misuse of the legal system, which denies the rule of law and represents a major obstacle for securing the effective and meaningful exercise of fundamental freedoms by citizens. He considers especially as a matter of grave concern the criminalization of the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses. The Special Rapporteur is very concerned by the ongoing military campaign in ethnic areas of eastern Myanmar and by its effects on human rights, especially on civilians who have been targeted during the attacks. The situation should be considered in connection with the widespread practice of land confiscation throughout the country, seemingly aiming to anchor military control, especially in ethnic areas. Such a practice has led to numerous forced evictions, relocations and resettlements, situations of forced migration and internal displacement. Given the scale of the current military campaign, the situation may lead to a humanitarian crisis if it is not addressed immediately. The Special Rapporteur takes note of the recent vote of the Security Council on 15 September 2006 to include Myanmar in its agenda. He believes that a forthcoming debate of the Council on Myanmar may offer an opportunity to speed up the process of transition towards democracy.
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/61/369)
      Format/size: pdf (347K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: GA 2005 (60th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 12 August 2005
      Description/subject: Summary: "The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2005/10. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to report to the General Assembly at its sixtieth session and to the Commission at its sixty-second session. The present report is submitted further to that request and is based on information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 22 July 2005. It is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2005/36). The Special Rapporteur has not been permitted to conduct a fact-finding mission to Myanmar since November 2003. While he has not been granted access to the country during the period covered by the present report, he has continued to fulfil his mandate to the best of his ability based on information collected from a variety of independent and reliable sources. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 February to 31 March 2005 without the involvement of a number of political parties, including the National League for Democracy (NLD). The invited delegates were selected from the same eight categories as for the previous Convention: political parties, representativeselect, national races, peasants, workers, intellectuals and intelligentsia, State service personnel and ceasefire groups. According to the National Convention Convening Commission, 1,073 out of the 1,081 delegates invited attended the meeting. The exclusion of important and representative political actors from the process, the restrictions placed on their involvement, the intolerance of critical voices and the intimidation and detention of pro-democracy activists render any notion of a democratic process devoid of meaning. Freedom of movement, assembly and association must be guaranteed, as they are basic requirements for national reconciliation and democratization. The Special Rapporteur firmly believes that if the inherent procedural restrictions are not amended and the representatives of the democratic opposition are not involved in the National Convention, any constitution that emerges will lack credibility. Placing the procedural arrangements that govern the National Convention on a sound democratic footing would allow for the full inclusion and involvement of all political parties and true progress to be made in the democratization process. The Government can and should take immediate steps to salvage the National Convention and its credibility both at home and internationally. The question of defining who will draft the constitution is one of the most relevant issues in the current political process. Furthermore, there is at present no clear indication of the rules for the adoption of the constitution through a national referendum. The Special Rapporteur regrets to note that the information received demonstrates that the situation regarding the exercise of fundamental rights and freedoms has not substantially changed during the reporting period. He constantly receives reports of restrictions and violations of basic rights and freedoms. There reportedly remain over 1,100 political prisoners in Myanmar. The release of 249 political prisoners on 6 July 2005 was tempered by the continuation of the arrests, detention and harsh sentences meted out to civilians and democracy advocates for peaceful political activities. The Special Rapporteur remains very concerned at the practice of administrative detention. It is deeply regrettable that NLD General-Secretary Daw Aung San Suu Kyi celebrated her sixtieth birthday under house arrest. Her virtual solitary confinement and lack of access to NLD colleagues run counter to the spirit of national reconciliation. The Special Rapporteur is encouraged that HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment activities have increased, but remains very concerned that HIV/AIDS has become a generalized epidemic in Myanmar. While the Government continues to work on a national plan of action for children, it has yet to ratify the two Optional Protocols on the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Serious human rights violations continue to be perpetrated against Myanmar’s ethnic minority communities. Widespread reports of forced labour, rape and other sexual violence, extortion and expropriation by Government forces continue to be received. Victims of violations rarely have recourse to redress. The transition to a full, participatory and democratic system in Myanmar can no longer be postponed. Political and constitutional dialogue must begin without delay. By instituting values of democracy and human rights, the Government will send a clear signal to the people of Myanmar and the international community that it is actively committed to facilitating the creation of a stable and democratic future for the country. The United Nations and the international community stand ready to work in partnership with the Government, the political parties and civil society organizations, to effectively facilitate national reconciliation and the transition to democracy. By strengthening its cooperation with international organizations, the Government can be assured of support for conflict resolution, political and economic reform, institution- and capacity-building, humanitarian assistance and human development."
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/60/221)
      Format/size: pdf (375K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 September 2005


      Title: GA 2004: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 30 August 2004
      Description/subject: Summary: The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2004/61. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its fifty-ninth session. The present interim report is based upon information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 30 July 2004 and is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2004/33). Since his last mission to Myanmar in November 2003 the Special Rapporteur has requested from the Government of Myanmar on several occasions its cooperation in returning to the country for a fact-finding mission. However, in spite of the indication of agreement in principle to the Special Rapporteur’s visit, no authorization to visit was received. The Special Rapporteur therefore provides in the present report short updates on the issues he examined during his last visit, based on information collected from other sources. The Special Rapporteur will continue seeking access to Myanmar so as to more fully discharge his mandate. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 May to 9 July 2004. Reviving the National Convention constitutes the first step under the seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition presented by the Prime Minister, General Khin Nyunt, on 30 August 2003. It was announced by the authorities that the delegates to the new National Convention were expected to frame their suggestions in the context of the six objectives and the 104 principles already laid down during the 1993-1996 Convention. The National Convention was reconvened without the involvement of the National League for Democracy (NLD) and other political parties that won the majority of seats in the 1990 elections. It was attended by 1,076 delegates, compared with the 702 participants at the previous Convention. This increase was largely made up of representatives of ethnic nationalities, including ceasefire groups that emerged in the new political environment created as a result of ceasefire agreements with 17 former armed groups. In terms of potential for conflict resolution, the 2004 National Convention may thus be a unique opportunity for ethnic minorities. The Special Rapporteur notes that the concerns regarding the National Convention process that he expressed in his last report to the Commission have not been addressed and that the necessary steps to ensure minimum democratic conditions for the reconvening of the National Convention have not been taken. The Special Rapporteur reiterates that if the Government wishes to promote a genuine process of political transition, fundamental human rights requirements have to be fulfilled. The Special Rapporteur nevertheless hopes that the final outcome of the National Convention will bring some concrete solutions to the concerns of the entire population of Myanmar. Releasing Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and beginning a substantive dialogue with her and her party, as well as reaching an agreement with ceasefire groups that takes into account their suggestions would contribute to the advancement of the political process. In this respect, the Special Rapporteur appeals to the Government of Myanmar to recognize the role of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General and the necessity of his return to the country as soon as possible to continue his facilitation efforts, in particular in the context of preparations for the next session of the National Convention. The information received by the Special Rapporteur during the reporting period indicates that the situation with regard to the exercise of basic human rights and fundamental freedoms in Myanmar has not substantially changed. The effects of the events of 30 May 2003 in Depayin have yet to be fully reversed. There remain large numbers of security detainees. The Special Rapporteur has received several reports of continuing arrests and harsh sentences for peaceful political activities; many of the reported cases were raised by the Special Rapporteur in his letters and urgent appeals addressed to the Government of Myanmar. The Special Rapporteur also remains concerned at the practice of administrative detention. There are still restrictions on political activity, with all NLD party offices remaining shut, except for its headquarters in Yangon which was allowed to reopen in April 2004. Despite the restrictions in place, according to recent reports, NLD has been able to conduct some activities. While the extent to which NLD and other political parties will be allowed to conduct peaceful political activities without reprisals remains to be seen, the Special Rapporteur would like to reiterate the view, expressed during his last mission in November, that the implementation of the road map must be accompanied by tangible changes on the ground towards a genuinely free, transparent and inclusive process involving all political parties, ethnic nationalities and members of civil society. Political rights and freedoms must be respected in order to create an enabling environment conducive to a successful democratic transition. The implementation of human rights reforms proposed in his reports and letters to the Myanmar authorities would help create such an environment. During the reporting period, the Special Rapporteur has received credible and detailed reports of human rights violations in certain counter-insurgency areas in Myanmar and hopes that he will be able to clarify those reports during his next mission. He recalls that his request for an independent assessment in Shan State has not yet been answered by the Myanmar authorities. The Special Rapporteur has taken note of the cooperation by the Government of Myanmar with the Committee on the Rights of the Child in the consideration of the second periodic report of Myanmar on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Special Rapporteur believes that there has been growing appreciation in recent years by the international community of an imperative for humanitarian assistance in Myanmar. In this regard, he welcomes the efforts of the United Nations Country Team in mapping out vulnerabilities in Myanmar with a view to developing a strategic framework for United Nations assistance. In view of the prevailing situation in Myanmar, the conclusions and recommendations given in the previous reports of the Special Rapporteur remain valid.
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/59/311)
      Format/size: pdf (426K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


      Title: GA 2001: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 20 August 2001
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-sixth session. Summary: "The present report is the first report of the present Special Rapporteur, appointed to this mandate on 28 December 2000. The report refers to his activities and developments relating to the situation of human rights in Myanmar between 1 January and 14 August 2001. In view of the brevity and exploratory nature of the Special Rapporteurs initial visit to Myanmar in April and pending a proper fact-finding mission to take place at the end of September 2001, this report addresses only a limited number of areas. In the Special Rapporteurs assessment as presented in this report, political transition in Myanmar is a work in progress and, as in many countries, to move ahead incrementally will be a complex process. In the human rights context, against the background of ongoing talks between the Government and the opposition, there have been some positive signals indicative of the Governments endeavour to make progress. Those include the dissemination of human rights standards for public officials, work of the governmental Committee on Human Rights, releases of political detainees, reopening of branches of the National League for Democracy (NLD), the main opposition party, the continued international monitoring of prison conditions, and cooperation with the Commission on Human Rights, inter alia, through the mandate of this Special Rapporteur and with the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Myanmar and the International Labour Organization. Among the areas in most need of significant improvement is the situation of vulnerable groups, inter alia, children, women and ethnic minorities and, in particular, those among them who have become internally displaced in zones of military operations. Overall, there exists a complex humanitarian situation in Myanmar, which may decline unless it is properly addressed by all concerned."
      Author/creator: Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: Chilnese
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/56/312)
      Format/size: PDF (349K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 2000: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 22 August 2000
      Description/subject: The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 2000/23 and Economic and Social Council decision 2000/255.
      Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/55/359)
      Format/size: PDF (382K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1999: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
      Date of publication: 04 October 1999
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-fourth session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 1999/17 of 23 April 1999 and Economic and Social Council decision 1999/231 of 27 July 1999.
      Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/54/440)
      Format/size: PDF (612K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1998: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 10 September 1998
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-third session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by , Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with Economic and Social Council decision 1998/261 of 30 July 1998.
      Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Chinese
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/53/364)
      Format/size: PDF (900K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    • Reports to the GA by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (English)

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Collected reports to the UN General Assembly by the Special Rapporteurs on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
      Description/subject: All the reports from 1992 in one document. "...All the reports from 1993 in one document."Basic starting points for an assessment of human rights conditions in Burma/Myanmar are the UN resolutions on the situation of human rights in Myanmar and the body of reports submitted since 1992 to the UN General Assembly and Commission on Human Rights/Human Rights Council by the UN Special Rapporteurs on Myanmar. Special Rapporteurs are independent experts appointed by the Commission on Human Rights (and the Human Rights Council which replaced the Commission in 2006) to examine and report on particular human rights themes or on the situation of human rights in particular countries. Country Special Rapporteurs are only appointed to examine the most serious human rights situations. The Commission appointed Professor Yozo Yokota as Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar in 1992 following two years when Burma/Myanmar had been examined by the Commission under its 1503 (confidential) procedure. He was succeeded in 1996 by Judge Rajsoomer Lallah, who was followed in 2000 by Professor Paolo Sergio Pinheiro followed, in 2008, by Sr Tomás Ojea Quintana. Not only are the reports of the Special Rapporteur the most authoritative general reports on the human rights situation in Burma/Myanmar, including analysis of the legal framework governing the exercise of human rights in the country, but they also contain an abundance of summaries of testimonies gathered by the Special Rapporteurs since 1993 as well as the responses of the Government of Myanmar to specific allegations. By reading or searching the reports as a body it is thus possible to see the patterns of violations over a number of years, to assess the degree to which they are systematic, widespread and persistent over time, to track particular themes (e.g. killings, rape, torture, forced relocation, forced labour) but also to inquire whether there has been any development, positive or negative, since the United Nations human rights bodies began their examination of the situation..." See also the parallel collection of reports to the Commission on Human Rights/Human Rights Council.
      Author/creator: Professor Yozo Yokota, Judge Rajsoomer Lallah, Professor Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 20 February 2009


      Individual Documents

      Title: GA 2014 (69th Session): Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Yanghee Lee (English)
      Date of publication: 23 September 2014
      Description/subject: Summary: "The important transition and far-reaching reforms in Myanmar must be commended. Yet, possible signs of backtracking should be addressed so as not to undermine the progress achieved. The present report sets out the Special Rapporteur’s preliminary key areas of focus and recommendations aimed at contributing to Myanmar’s efforts towards respecting, protecting and promoting human rights and achieving democratization, national reconciliation and development."
      Author/creator: Yanghee Lee
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/69/398)
      Format/size: pdf (453K)
      Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N14/545/25/pdf/N1454525.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 16 October 2014


      Title: UN General Assembly 2014 - Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar - Conclusions and Recommendations
      Date of publication: 23 September 2014
      Description/subject: These Conclusions and Recommendations were extracted by the Online Burma/Myanmar Library from the report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar. See the Alternate URL for the full report.
      Author/creator: Yanghee Lee
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/69/398) via Online Burma/Myanmar Library
      Format/size: pdf (150K-Conclusions&Recommendations; 453K-full report)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs19/2014-UNGA69-SRMreport-en.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 20 October 2014


      Title: GA 2013 (68th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
      Date of publication: 23 September 2013
      Description/subject: Summary: "In the present report, the Special Rapporteur describes how the reforms under way in Myanmar continue to create the prospect of significant improvements in the human rights situation. Important developments during the reporting period include the continuing release of prisoners of conscience; improving respect of the right to freedom of opinion and expression; and progress towards agreement on a national ceasefire. The Special Rapporteur highlights, however, the dangers of glossing over shortcomings in the area of human rights or presuming that these shortcomings will inevitably be addressed through the momentum of current reforms. He warns that, if these shortcomings are not addressed now, they will become increasingly entrenched in areas such as accountability for human rights violations; the rights of ethnic and religious minorities; the rights to peaceful assembly and association; the representation of women in decision-making positions; land rights; and human rights and development. Furthermore, they will eventually undermine the reform process itself if they are not addressed in accordance with international human rights standards. He concludes that the challenge, which has been present since the outset of the reform process, is to achieve a transition from the military mindset that prevails within the Government to a democratic mindset that upholds human rights."
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/68/397)
      Format/size: pdf (116K)
      Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2013


      Title: Statement by Tomás Ojea Quintana SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN MYANMAR
      Date of publication: 25 October 2012
      Description/subject: "...We should all acknowledge and commend the Government of Myanmar for what has been achieved thus far, which I have previously stated has improved the country’s human rights situation. Yet, recent developments highlight that Myanmar continues to grapple with ongoing human rights concerns that could pose risks to the reform process..."
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (67th session)
      Format/size: pdf (100K)
      Date of entry/update: 01 November 2012


      Title: GA 2012 (67th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
      Date of publication: 25 September 2012
      Description/subject: Summary: "The reporting period has again seen dramatic and accelerated changes in Myanmar, which can further improve the country’s human rights situation, but also the persistence of long-standing concerns that continue to pose risks to the reform process".....Contents: I. Introduction ... II. Human rights situation: A. Prisoners of conscience; B. Conditions of detention and treatment of prisoners; C. Other issues relating to civil and political rights; D. Civil society; E. Economic, social and cultural rights... III. Situation of ethnic minorities... IV. Situation in Rakhine State... V. Democratic transition and establishing the rule of law... VI. Truth, justice and accountability... VII. Conclusions... VIII. Recommendations.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/67/383
      Format/size: pdf (111K)
      Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N12/520/49/PDF/N1252049.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 22 October 2012


      Title: GA 2011 (66th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
      Date of publication: 16 September 2011
      Description/subject: Summary: "This is a key moment in Myanmar’s history and there are real opportunities for positive and meaningful developments to improve the human rights situation and deepen the transition to democracy. The new Government has taken a number of steps towards these ends. Yet, many serious human rights issues remain and they need to be addressed. The new Government should intensify its efforts to implement its own commitments and to fulfil its international human rights obligations. The international community needs to continue to remain engaged and to closely follow developments. The international community also needs to support and assist the Government during this important time. The Special Rapporteur reaffirms his willingness to work constructively and cooperatively with Myanmar to improve the human rights situation of its people."
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/66/365)
      Format/size: pdf (118K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 October 2011


      Title: GA 2010 (65th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
      Date of publication: 15 September 2010
      Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 13/25 and General Assembly resolution 64/238 and covers human rights developments in Myanmar since the Special Rapporteur’s report to the Human Rights Council in March 2010 (A/HRC/13/48). On 13 August 2010, the Government of Myanmar announced the long-awaited date for national elections for 7 November 2010. The present report focuses on human rights in relation to elections, and the issue of justice and accountability. Conditions for genuine elections are limited under the current circumstances, and the potential for these elections to bring meaningful change and improvement to the human rights situation in Myanmar remains uncertain. Regarding the issue of justice and accountability, the Special Rapporteur notes that while it is foremost the responsibility of the Government of Myanmar to address the problem of gross and systematic human rights violations by all parties, that responsibility falls to the international community if the Government fails to assume it. The Special Rapporteur recommends that the Government of Myanmar respect freedom of expression and opinion and freedom of assembly and association in the context of the national elections; release all prisoners of conscience; address justice and accountability; implement the four core human rights elements, as detailed in his previous reports; and facilitate access for humanitarian assistance and continue developing cooperation with the international human rights system."
      Language: English (also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/65/368)
      Format/size: pdf (172K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


      Title: GA 2009 (64th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
      Date of publication: 24 September 2009
      Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 63/245 and Human Rights Council resolution 10/27. It should be read in conjunction with the report of the Special Rapporteur to the Human Rights Council at its tenth session (A/HRC/10/19), since it focuses mainly on the human rights developments in Myanmar since that report. The trial of Aung San Suu Kyi was the most significant event of the period under review. The additional 18-month house arrest bars her from actively participating in the 2010 elections. The Special Rapporteur considers that the continuation of her house arrest is a blow to the Government’s seven-step road map to democracy and regrets that the Government of Myanmar missed another opportunity to prove its commitment to hold inclusive, free and fair elections. The report concentrates on human rights protection issues. In particular, it highlights the situation of prisoners of conscience, their right to a fair trial and due process of law and conditions of their detention; as well as freedom of expression, assembly and association in the context of the upcoming elections in 2010. It continues with a review of internal conflicts, the protection of civilians, discrimination and the need for humanitarian assistance. The Special Rapporteur reiterates his recommendation of four core human rights elements: a review of national legislation in accordance with the new Constitution and international obligations; the progressive release of prisoners of conscience; the reform of the armed forces to ensure respect for international human rights and humanitarian law, including training; and the establishment of an independent and impartial judiciary. Since Myanmar is party only to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Special Rapporteur strongly recommends that it accede to the other core international human rights instruments."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/64/318)
      Format/size: pdf (108K)
      Date of entry/update: 10 October 2009


      Title: GA 2008 (63rd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
      Date of publication: 05 September 2008
      Description/subject: Summary: "In its resolution 1992/58, the Commission on Human Rights established the mandate on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, which was then extended by the Human Rights Council in its decision 1/102 and resolution 5/1. In March 2008, by its resolution 7/32, the Council extended the mandate for one year. On 26 March 2008, Tomás Ojea Quintana (Argentina) was appointed as the new Special Rapporteur, and he officially assumed the function on 1 May 2008. Following a request for a visit from 3 to 13 August 2008, on 9 July the Special Rapporteur received a positive response from the Government of Myanmar to undertake a mission to that country from 3 to 7 August 2008. The Special Rapporteur would like to thank the Government of Myanmar for its hospitality and the cooperation he received during his first mission to the country. This visit was mainly aimed at establishing working relations with the authorities, to meet with civil society and also with those who do not enjoy their fundamental rights. The programme of the visit is annexed to the report. The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 62/222. The first part focuses on the activities and programme of work of the Special Rapporteur. The second part of the report concentrates on substantive issues and elaborates on those related to the protection of human rights in the context of the new Constitution; and the question of participation in the democratic process and organization of the 2010 elections; the right to assembly and right to freedom of opinion and expression and their formulation in the new Constitution; and the question of international humanitarian law and protection of civilians, as well as the situation of specific groups such as ethnic groups, women and children. The Special Rapporteur further elaborates on the mechanisms in place to ensure maximum protection in the context of natural disaster cyclone Nargis, and the living conditions, sustenance and its human rights implications. Finally, the Special Rapporteur discusses developments that have taken place in international cooperation and that relate to human rights issues pertinent to his mandate and the environment for a strengthened cooperation on the promotion and protection of human rights in the country. In his recommendations, the Special Rapporteur includes four core human rights elements for paving the road to democracy in Myanmar."
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/63/341)
      Format/size: pdf (102K)
      Date of entry/update: 31 October 2008


      Title: GA 2007 (62nd Session): Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 24 October 2007
      Description/subject: Statement by Mr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar... 62nd session of the General Assembly, Third Committee, Item 70 (c)... 24 October 2007 New York..."Since the submission of my report, tragic events have been taking place in Myanmar since 15 August 2007 when the Government of Myanmar increased the retail price of fuel by up to 500 per cent. This decision, which was made without advance warning, has drastically affected the livelihoods of the people of Myanmar. The population, who has seen for the last years its standards of living curtailed, reacted to this state of affairs by staging a number of peaceful protests starting on 19 August, which culminated in large demonstrations from 18 September to 30 September, led by Buddhist monks with the participation of the 88 generation students, NLD parliamentarians, religious minorities and citizen, including women and children, as well as government officials. From 26 to 28 September, the security forces repressed peaceful demonstrators with the use of excessive force including shootings and severe beatings. As a result, people have been killed and thousands of them have been arrested. Many people remain still detained and I continue received alarming reports of death in custody, torture and disappearances. At the time of speaking, I have been able to verify, through different independent and reliable sources, allegations of the use excessive force by the security forces including live ammunitions, rubber bullets, teargas, bamboo and wood sticks, rubber batons and catapults (slingshots). This largely explains the killings and the severe injuries reported. The use of non-law enforcement officials and non-State armed groups alongside the security forces, including members' of the Union Solidarity and Development Association (USDA) as well as militia (Swan Ah Shin), is also of very serious concern..."
      Author/creator: Sergio Paulo Pinheiro
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (147K)
      Date of entry/update: 30 October 2007


      Title: GA 2007 (62nd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
      Date of publication: 13 August 2007
      Description/subject: Summary: "The present report is submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 61/232. The Special Rapporteur welcomes the decision of the Government of Myanmar to reconvene the National Convention for its last session on 18 July 2007, to finish laying down principles for a new constitution as part of a seven-stage road map to democracy. He remains concerned, however, at the lack of opportunity for effective and genuine participation by the National League for Democracy (NLD) and ethnic groups, which have deliberately chosen not to participate owing to the lack of transparency and meaningful input. He has repeated on several occasions that there will be no authentic democratic transition in Myanmar until all political prisoners are released. Given the importance of the last phase of the National Convention, he deplores the extension of the house arrest of the NLD General Secretary and the continued detention of other political leaders. At a time of such importance to the political reform process and in view of the need for reconciliation, such severe treatment of senior ethnic nationality leaders sends a very counterproductive signal, shocking many citizens and human rights observers. The human rights concerns enumerated in the present report are largely very similar to those highlighted by the Special Rapporteur last year. The Special Rapporteur deplores the fact that the Government, despite several requests, has not invited him to visit the country. For this reason he was not able to assess any improvements or verify the accuracy of the allegations received from credible sources. Severe restrictions on fundamental freedoms are imposed on political activists and human rights defenders. As of 27 June 2007, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,192. Throughout the country communities are subjected to patterns of abuse by members of the military who, in order to assert greater central government control, and often to implement national development projects, resort to forced labour, the seizure of property and assets and the forced relocation of populations, particularly in the border areas where ethnic nationality groups reside. The lack of an effective commitment by the Government of Myanmar to respond to the human rights situation continues to raise serious concerns. At the national level, the capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hindered by sustained impunity. The restrictions on the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses is also a matter of concern. The Special Rapporteur also takes note with great satisfaction of the Understanding between the International Labour Organizations and the Government of Myanmar, concluded on 26 February 2007, to provide a mechanism to enable victims of forced labour to seek redress. The Special Rapporteur has also noted concrete developments which he considers to be significant milestones in the fight against impunity in Myanmar. These include the establishment of a national redress mechanism to receive complaints of forced labour, and the dialogue initiated by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict with the Government regarding the development of an action plan to halt recruitment of child soldiers and to develop reintegration programmes and the setting up of a national mechanism to report on human rights violations committed against children during armed conflict. These mechanisms should lead to greater access to currently restricted areas for the provision of humanitarian assistance, as well as the monitoring of violations. The Special Rapporteur is convinced that Myanmar would benefit from more active cooperation with his mandate, now under terms of reference that have been redefined by the Human Rights Council. He insists that it is his obligation to go public about allegations of human rights violations, but that this does not exclude a constructive and continuous dialogue with the Government. These two elements of his mandate can contribute to a new dynamic for the improvement of the situation of human rights in the country. As indicated by the Special Rapporteur in his previous report, it will not be easy for Myanmar to promote political transition and basic human rights. The collaboration of the United Nations and the international community are essential to support the efforts of the Government and civil society. In his recommendations, the Special Rapporteur encourages the international community to promote a framework of principles to enable Member States to pursue a plurality of strategies and cooperation with the Government of Myanmar in accordance with their particular strengths and capacities. It is urgent that the international community build on existing programmes of humanitarian assistance and support health, education and human rights, in particular through support to the development of civil society..." N.B. this report was written before the recent events in the country. The Special Rapporteur is expected to address the Third Committee of the General Assembly on the afternoon of 24 October 2007, when he will no doubt talk about the crackdown - OBL.
      Author/creator: Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/62/223)
      Format/size: pdf (90K)
      Date of entry/update: 16 October 2007


      Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 20 October 2006
      Author/creator: Sr.Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (97K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 October 2006


      Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English) CORR. 1
      Date of publication: 18 October 2006
      Description/subject: Corrigendum to A/61/369:- 1. Paragraph 56: The last sentence should read The March/April outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza remains of serious concern, although there is no human case of H5N1 in Myanmar... 2. Paragraph 73: For the existing text substitute 73. The Special Rapporteur would like: (a) To recommend that, given the magnitude of human rights abuses, the Government of Myanmar should subject all officials committing these acts to strict disciplinary control and punishment and put an end to the culture of impunity that prevails throughout the country. In that respect, a number of immediate steps should be taken, such as setting up (an) independent national commission(s) to look into the mob attack of Aung San Suu Kyi in November 1996 and the brutal Depayin incident in May 2003, and to investigate the widespread sexual violence against women and girls with a view to ensuring that those responsible for such crimes are brought to justice; (b) To call upon the Government of Myanmar to authorize access to the affected areas by the Special Rapporteur, the United Nations and associated personnel, as well as personnel of humanitarian organizations and to guarantee their safety, security and freedom of movement.
      Language: English (other languages available)
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/61/369/Corr.1)
      Format/size: pdf (24.77 K)
      Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=89
      Date of entry/update: 04 January 2011


      Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
      Date of publication: 21 September 2006
      Description/subject: Summary: "... In the past two years, the reform process proposed in the “seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition”, which was meant to become eventually open to various relevant actors, has been strictly limited and delineated. As a result, the political space has been redefined in narrower terms. In addition, obstructions in the past couple of years have held back the pace and inclusive nature of the reforms which were required for democratization. The work of the National Convention has been adversely affected by this evolution. Through the decades, the space for the establishment of civilian and democratic institutions has been seriously curtailed. The capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hampered by sustained practices of impunity. This situation has contributed to reinforce inequality and increased the gap between the poorest and the richest. On 27 May 2006, the house arrest of Aung Sang Suu Kyi was further prolonged by 12 months in spite of various international appeals, including by the Secretary- General of the United Nations. As at the end of August 2006, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,185. From April to July 2006, 1,038 members of the National League for Democracy were reportedly forced to resign from the party following intimidation and threats. The Special Rapporteur has consistently indicated that national reconciliation requires meaningful and inclusive dialogue with and between political representatives. He firmly believes that the national reconciliation and the stability of Myanmar are not well served by the arrest and detention of several political leaders or by the severe and sustained restrictions on fundamental freedoms. The persecution of members of political parties in the opposition and human rights defenders shows that nowadays the road map for democracy faces too many obstacles to bring a genuine transition. In the past, the Special Rapporteur acknowledged that the road map could play a positive role in the political transition. Sadly, the positive momentum in the early years of his mandate is apparently stalled. The Special Rapporteur remains particularly concerned about the continuing impunity, which has become systematic and must be urgently addressed by the Government of Myanmar. It has become increasingly clear that the persistent A/61/369 06-53070 3 impunity does not only stem from a lack of institutional capacity. Impunity has allowed accountability to be avoided for acts that have oppressed voices questioning existing policies and practices. Several individuals and groups responsible for committing serious violations of human rights, in particular members of the military, have not been prosecuted. There is also little evidence that these serious crimes have been investigated by relevant authorities. Grave human rights violations are received among the established structures of the State Peace and Development Council and indulged not only with impunity but authorized by the sanction of laws. In that respect, the Special Rapporteur is also very concerned by the continued misuse of the legal system, which denies the rule of law and represents a major obstacle for securing the effective and meaningful exercise of fundamental freedoms by citizens. He considers especially as a matter of grave concern the criminalization of the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses. The Special Rapporteur is very concerned by the ongoing military campaign in ethnic areas of eastern Myanmar and by its effects on human rights, especially on civilians who have been targeted during the attacks. The situation should be considered in connection with the widespread practice of land confiscation throughout the country, seemingly aiming to anchor military control, especially in ethnic areas. Such a practice has led to numerous forced evictions, relocations and resettlements, situations of forced migration and internal displacement. Given the scale of the current military campaign, the situation may lead to a humanitarian crisis if it is not addressed immediately. The Special Rapporteur takes note of the recent vote of the Security Council on 15 September 2006 to include Myanmar in its agenda. He believes that a forthcoming debate of the Council on Myanmar may offer an opportunity to speed up the process of transition towards democracy."....N.B. CORR. I
      Author/creator: Sr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/61/369)
      Format/size: pdf (88K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs3/GA2006-SRM-rep-en.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 04 January 2011


      Title: GA 2005 (60th Session): Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 27 October 2005
      Description/subject: "...Throughout my mandate as Special Rapporteur I have received many reports, documenting violations of the Government's pledge to democratic reform and respect for human rights. I have attempted on many occasions, through different means, to be allowed to visit the country in order to verify those reports. The Government of Myanmar has not given me the opportunity to do so. In this way the Government is renouncing to have its views and policies reflected in my report..." In his oral delivery, though not included in the present text, the Special Rapporteur referred to the case of Su Su Nway as an example of regime’s harsh crackdown on human rights defenders and lack of cooperation with the ILO. This will be included in a later version if it becomes available.
      Author/creator: Mr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (37K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 October 2005


      Title: GA 2005 (60th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
      Date of publication: 12 August 2005
      Description/subject: Summary: "The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2005/10. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to report to the General Assembly at its sixtieth session and to the Commission at its sixty-second session. The present report is submitted further to that request and is based on information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 22 July 2005. It is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2005/36). The Special Rapporteur has not been permitted to conduct a fact-finding mission to Myanmar since November 2003. While he has not been granted access to the country during the period covered by the present report, he has continued to fulfil his mandate to the best of his ability based on information collected from a variety of independent and reliable sources. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 February to 31 March 2005 without the involvement of a number of political parties, including the National League for Democracy (NLD). The invited delegates were selected from the same eight categories as for the previous Convention: political parties, representativeselect, national races, peasants, workers, intellectuals and intelligentsia, State service personnel and ceasefire groups. According to the National Convention Convening Commission, 1,073 out of the 1,081 delegates invited attended the meeting. The exclusion of important and representative political actors from the process, the restrictions placed on their involvement, the intolerance of critical voices and the intimidation and detention of pro-democracy activists render any notion of a democratic process devoid of meaning. Freedom of movement, assembly and association must be guaranteed, as they are basic requirements for national reconciliation and democratization. The Special Rapporteur firmly believes that if the inherent procedural restrictions are not amended and the representatives of the democratic opposition are not involved in the National Convention, any constitution that emerges will lack credibility. Placing the procedural arrangements that govern the National Convention on a sound democratic footing would allow for the full inclusion and involvement of all political parties and true progress to be made in the democratization process. The Government can and should take immediate steps to salvage the National Convention and its credibility both at home and internationally. The question of defining who will draft the constitution is one of the most relevant issues in the current political process. Furthermore, there is at present no clear indication of the rules for the adoption of the constitution through a national referendum. The Special Rapporteur regrets to note that the information received demonstrates that the situation regarding the exercise of fundamental rights and freedoms has not substantially changed during the reporting period. He constantly receives reports of restrictions and violations of basic rights and freedoms. There reportedly remain over 1,100 political prisoners in Myanmar. The release of 249 political prisoners on 6 July 2005 was tempered by the continuation of the arrests, detention and harsh sentences meted out to civilians and democracy advocates for peaceful political activities. The Special Rapporteur remains very concerned at the practice of administrative detention. It is deeply regrettable that NLD General-Secretary Daw Aung San Suu Kyi celebrated her sixtieth birthday under house arrest. Her virtual solitary confinement and lack of access to NLD colleagues run counter to the spirit of national reconciliation. The Special Rapporteur is encouraged that HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment activities have increased, but remains very concerned that HIV/AIDS has become a generalized epidemic in Myanmar. While the Government continues to work on a national plan of action for children, it has yet to ratify the two Optional Protocols on the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Serious human rights violations continue to be perpetrated against Myanmar’s ethnic minority communities. Widespread reports of forced labour, rape and other sexual violence, extortion and expropriation by Government forces continue to be received. Victims of violations rarely have recourse to redress. The transition to a full, participatory and democratic system in Myanmar can no longer be postponed. Political and constitutional dialogue must begin without delay. By instituting values of democracy and human rights, the Government will send a clear signal to the people of Myanmar and the international community that it is actively committed to facilitating the creation of a stable and democratic future for the country. The United Nations and the international community stand ready to work in partnership with the Government, the political parties and civil society organizations, to effectively facilitate national reconciliation and the transition to democracy. By strengthening its cooperation with international organizations, the Government can be assured of support for conflict resolution, political and economic reform, institution- and capacity-building, humanitarian assistance and human development."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/60/221)
      Format/size: pdf (110K)
      Date of entry/update: 27 September 2005


      Title: GA 2004 (59th Session): Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 28 October 2004
      Description/subject: Statement by Mr. Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar 59th Session of the General Assembly, New York, 28 October 2004.
      Author/creator: Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro,
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html (45K), Word (47K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/GA2004-SRM-oral.doc
      Date of entry/update: 04 November 2004


      Title: GA 2004 (59th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (English)
      Date of publication: 30 August 2004
      Description/subject: Summary: The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2004/61. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its fifty-ninth session. The present interim report is based upon information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 30 July 2004 and is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2004/33). Since his last mission to Myanmar in November 2003 the Special Rapporteur has requested from the Government of Myanmar on several occasions its cooperation in returning to the country for a fact-finding mission. However, in spite of the indication of agreement in principle to the Special Rapporteur’s visit, no authorization to visit was received. The Special Rapporteur therefore provides in the present report short updates on the issues he examined during his last visit, based on information collected from other sources. The Special Rapporteur will continue seeking access to Myanmar so as to more fully discharge his mandate. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 May to 9 July 2004. Reviving the National Convention constitutes the first step under the seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition presented by the Prime Minister, General Khin Nyunt, on 30 August 2003. It was announced by the authorities that the delegates to the new National Convention were expected to frame their suggestions in the context of the six objectives and the 104 principles already laid down during the 1993-1996 Convention. The National Convention was reconvened without the involvement of the National League for Democracy (NLD) and other political parties that won the majority of seats in the 1990 elections. It was attended by 1,076 delegates, compared with the 702 participants at the previous Convention. This increase was largely made up of representatives of ethnic nationalities, including ceasefire groups that emerged in the new political environment created as a result of ceasefire agreements with 17 former armed groups. In terms of potential for conflict resolution, the 2004 National Convention may thus be a unique opportunity for ethnic minorities. The Special Rapporteur notes that the concerns regarding the National Convention process that he expressed in his last report to the Commission have not been addressed and that the necessary steps to ensure minimum democratic conditions for the reconvening of the National Convention have not been taken. The Special Rapporteur reiterates that if the Government wishes to promote a genuine process of political transition, fundamental human rights requirements have to be fulfilled. The Special Rapporteur nevertheless hopes that the final outcome of the National Convention will bring some concrete solutions to the concerns of the entire population of Myanmar. Releasing Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and beginning a substantive dialogue with her and her party, as well as reaching an agreement with ceasefire groups that takes into account their suggestions would contribute to the advancement of the political process. In this respect, the Special Rapporteur appeals to the Government of Myanmar to recognize the role of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General and the necessity of his return to the country as soon as possible to continue his facilitation efforts, in particular in the context of preparations for the next session of the National Convention. The information received by the Special Rapporteur during the reporting period indicates that the situation with regard to the exercise of basic human rights and fundamental freedoms in Myanmar has not substantially changed. The effects of the events of 30 May 2003 in Depayin have yet to be fully reversed. There remain large numbers of security detainees. The Special Rapporteur has received several reports of continuing arrests and harsh sentences for peaceful political activities; many of the reported cases were raised by the Special Rapporteur in his letters and urgent appeals addressed to the Government of Myanmar. The Special Rapporteur also remains concerned at the practice of administrative detention. There are still restrictions on political activity, with all NLD party offices remaining shut, except for its headquarters in Yangon which was allowed to reopen in April 2004. Despite the restrictions in place, according to recent reports, NLD has been able to conduct some activities. While the extent to which NLD and other political parties will be allowed to conduct peaceful political activities without reprisals remains to be seen, the Special Rapporteur would like to reiterate the view, expressed during his last mission in November, that the implementation of the road map must be accompanied by tangible changes on the ground towards a genuinely free, transparent and inclusive process involving all political parties, ethnic nationalities and members of civil society. Political rights and freedoms must be respected in order to create an enabling environment conducive to a successful democratic transition. The implementation of human rights reforms proposed in his reports and letters to the Myanmar authorities would help create such an environment. During the reporting period, the Special Rapporteur has received credible and detailed reports of human rights violations in certain counter-insurgency areas in Myanmar and hopes that he will be able to clarify those reports during his next mission. He recalls that his request for an independent assessment in Shan State has not yet been answered by the Myanmar authorities. The Special Rapporteur has taken note of the cooperation by the Government of Myanmar with the Committee on the Rights of the Child in the consideration of the second periodic report of Myanmar on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Special Rapporteur believes that there has been growing appreciation in recent years by the international community of an imperative for humanitarian assistance in Myanmar. In this regard, he welcomes the efforts of the United Nations Country Team in mapping out vulnerabilities in Myanmar with a view to developing a strategic framework for United Nations assistance. In view of the prevailing situation in Myanmar, the conclusions and recommendations given in the previous reports of the Special Rapporteur remain valid.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/59/311)
      Format/size: pdf (72K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


      Title: GA 2003 (58th Session): Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar and the debate in the 3rd Committee
      Date of publication: 12 November 2003
      Description/subject: Statement by Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro, Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar... 58th Session of the General Assembly. Third Committee, Item 117 (c)...The main URL contains the longer version of the Special Rapporteur's statement which was distributed to the 3rd Committee. What was actually read out was shorter, due to time constraints. This short version, with the following interactive debate, including the statement of the Myanmar Ambassador, is accessible online on video at the URL given below. The Press Release contains a summary of the statement and the debate.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html (38K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/PP-oral-PR.htm (Press Release)
      http://157.150.195.57/ramgen/ga/58/ga3rd031112.rm (full video version of the debate. Scroll in about one quarter to the beginning of the Statement)
      Date of entry/update: 13 November 2003


      Title: GA 2003 (58th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 05 August 2003
      Description/subject: This report contains very firm criticism of the SPDC for the crackdown on the NLD and in particular the 30 May attack on an NLD convoy when a number of NLD supporters were killed and others, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, were detained. He considers that these actions have set back the dialogue process, perhaps terminally. The report also contains a section entitled "Research on the human rights situation in ethnic areas of Myanmar" with paragraphs on: Forced relocations; Confiscation of land and property, Forced labour and portering, Torture, arbitrary detention and extrajudicial killings or executions; Rape; Arbitrary taxation and extortion; Use of landmines; and Violations by other armed groups.
      Author/creator: Professor Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/58/219)
      Format/size: pdf (142K), html (91K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/GA2003SRM-rep.htm
      http://daccess-ods.un.org/access.nsf/Get?Open&DS=A/58/219&Lang=E
      Date of entry/update: 12 September 2003


      Title: GA 2002 (57th Session): Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 06 November 2002
      Description/subject: Statement by Mr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar. 57th Session of the General Assembly, Third Committee, Item 119. New York, 6 November 2002.
      Author/creator: Sr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: English
      Format/size: html (48K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 2002 (57th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 09 August 2002
      Description/subject: "The present report is based upon the findings of the Special Rapporteur’s mission to Myanmar, undertaken in February 2002, and information received by him up to 1 July 2002...There can be no credible democratic political transition in Myanmar without four fundamental conditions: the inclusion of all components of society in political dialogue in a spirit of participation, mutual respect, cooperation and equity; the release of all political prisoners; the lifting of the restrictions which continue to hamper the ability of political parties and groups having concluded ceasefires with the Government to meet, discuss, exchange and peacefully conduct their legitimate activities; and the explicit discussion of political democratization that cannot take place without free elections...the issue of reform of the system of administration of justice is crucial. The Government and civil society of Myanmar must work together to ensure that reform of the judicial institutions takes place in the context of the process of political transition..."
      Author/creator: Sr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/57/290)
      Format/size: PDF (84K), Word (105K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/5f76f926296339ebc1256c55002d2211/$FILE/N0251784.doc
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 2001 (56th Session): Oral statement by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 09 November 2001
      Description/subject: Statement by Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro, Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar. 56th Session of the General Assembly. Third Committee, Item 119. New York, 9 November 2001. "I have the honour to present my first report which refers to my activities and developments relating to the situation of human rights in Myanmar between 1 January and 14 August 2001. I would also like to share a few preliminary observations from my first fact-finding mission to Myanmar from 9 to 17 October 2001..."
      Author/creator: Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Alternate URLs: http://listserv.indiana.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind0111&L=maykha-l&O=A&P=15883
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 2001 (56th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 20 August 2001
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-sixth session. Summary: "The present report is the first report of the present Special Rapporteur, appointed to this mandate on 28 December 2000. The report refers to his activities and developments relating to the situation of human rights in Myanmar between 1 January and 14 August 2001. In view of the brevity and exploratory nature of the Special Rapporteur’s initial visit to Myanmar in April and pending a proper fact-finding mission to take place at the end of September 2001, this report addresses only a limited number of areas. In the Special Rapporteur’s assessment as presented in this report, political transition in Myanmar is a work in progress and, as in many countries, to move ahead incrementally will be a complex process. In the human rights context, against the background of ongoing talks between the Government and the opposition, there have been some positive signals indicative of the Government’s endeavour to make progress. Those include the dissemination of human rights standards for public officials, work of the governmental Committee on Human Rights, releases of political detainees, reopening of branches of the National League for Democracy (NLD), the main opposition party, the continued international monitoring of prison conditions, and cooperation with the Commission on Human Rights, inter alia, through the mandate of this Special Rapporteur and with the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Myanmar and the International Labour Organization. Among the areas in most need of significant improvement is the situation of vulnerable groups, inter alia, children, women and ethnic minorities and, in particular, those among them who have become internally displaced in zones of military operations. Overall, there exists a complex humanitarian situation in Myanmar, which may decline unless it is properly addressed by all concerned."
      Author/creator: Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/56/312)
      Format/size: PDF (195K) and Word
      Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/huridocda/huridoca.nsf/AllSymbols/53F25867FD928877C1256AD9004B8E15/$File/N0151752.doc?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 2000 (55th Session) Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 22 August 2000
      Description/subject: The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 2000/23 and Economic and Social Council decision 2000/255.
      Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/55/359)
      Format/size: PDF (98K) and Word
      Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/6f93e36e7c6843ccc1256983002e3c40/$FILE/0063504e.doc
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1999 (54th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 04 October 1999
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-fourth session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 1999/17 of 23 April 1999 and Economic and Social Council decision 1999/231 of 27 July 1999.
      Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/54/440)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1998 (53rd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 10 September 1998
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-third session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by , Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with Economic and Social Council decision 1998/261 of 30 July 1998.
      Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/53/364)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1997 (52nd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 16 October 1997
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-second session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 51/117 of 12 December 1996 and Economic and Social Council decision 1997/272 of 22 July 1997. Good section on citizenship and citizenship legislation (paras 119-142), mainly relating to the Rohingyas, a Muslim group in Rakhine (Arakan) state; statelessness and the conformity of the different forms of citizenship [in Burma] with international norms. Also, the rights pertaining to democratic governance, the right to form and join trade unions, forced labour, violations against ethnic minorities, including violations of civil rights.
      Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/52/484)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1996: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 08 October 1996
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-first session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by Judge Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with Commission resolution 1996/80 of 23 April 1996.
      Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/51/466)
      Format/size: pdf (94K), html
      Date of entry/update: 22 November 2010


      Title: GA 1995: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 16 October 1995
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fiftieth session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Mr. Yozo Yokota, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission on Human Rights resolution 1995/72 of 8 March 1995, and Economic and Social Council decision 1995/283 of 25 July 1995.
      Author/creator: Mr. Yozo Yokota
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/50/568)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1994: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Addendum - Government Response)
      Date of publication: 09 November 1994
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Forty-ninth session. 1. The Special Rapporteur submitted to the Government of Myanmar, on 5 October 1994, a summary of allegations he had received concerning human rights violations in Myanmar (for the text, see A/49/594, para. 9). In his accompanying letter, the Special Rapporteur requested the Government of Myanmar's responses to five specific questions (see A/49/594, para. 8). 2. By note verbale dated 4 November 1994, the Permanent Mission of the Union of Myanmar to the United Nations Office at Geneva transmitted the responses of the Government of Myanmar to both the Special Rapporteur's summary of allegations received and the five specific questions put in his letter of 5 October 1994. 3. The following is the full text of the Government of Myanmar's response to the summary of allegations received by the Special Rapporteur: "OBSERVATIONS AND REBUTTALS ON THE SUMMARY OF ALLEGATIONS"
      Author/creator: Mr. Yozo Yokota
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/49/594/Add.1)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1994: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 28 October 1994
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Forthy-ninth session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Mr. Yozo Yokota, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar in accordance with paragraph 20 of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1994/85 of 9 March 1994 and Economic and Social Council decision 1994/269 of 25 July 1994.
      Author/creator: Mr. Yozo Yokota
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/49/594)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1993: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 16 November 1993
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Forty-eighth session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Professor Yozo Yokota, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with paragraph 16 of the Commission on Human Rights resolution 1993/73 of 10 March 1993 and Economic and Social Council decision 1993/278 of 28 July 1993.
      Author/creator: Mr. Yozo Yokota
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/48/578)
      Format/size: PDF (88K) and Word
      Alternate URLs: http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/026307f31845840dc125699000591d47/$FILE/9361495E.doc
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1992: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
      Date of publication: 13 November 1992
      Description/subject: Forty-seventh session Agenda item 97 (c) "...n 3 March 1992, at its forty-eighth session, the Commission on Human Rights adopted resolution 1992/58, entitled "Situation of human rights in Myanmar". In that resolution, the Commission noted that in accordance with the Charter, the United Nations promotes and encourages respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, and that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that "the will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government"; noted also with particular concern in that regard that the electoral process initiated in Myanmar by the general elections of 27 May 1990 had not yet reached its conclusion, that no apparent progress had been made in giving effect to the political will of the people of Myanmar, as expressed in the elections..."
      Author/creator: Mr. Yozo Yokota
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/47/651)
      Format/size: pdf (1.8MB); html (117K)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/GA1992_SR-report.htm
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    • Reports to the GA by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar (Russian)

      Individual Documents

      Title: GA 2014 (69th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Yanghee Lee (Russian)
      Date of publication: 23 September 2014
      Description/subject: Резюме Важный процесс перехода и глубокие реформы в Мьянме заслуживают одобрения. Тем не менее необходимо обратить внимание на возможные признаки свертывания реформ во избежание ослабления достигнутого прогресса. В настоящем докладе определяются предполагаемые основные направления деятельности Специального докладчика и излагаются рекомендации по содействию мерам, принимаемым Мьянмой в целях обеспечения уважения, защиты и поощрения прав человека и достижения демократизации, национального примирения и развития.
      Author/creator: Yanghee Lee
      Language: Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/69/398)
      Format/size: pdf (607K)
      Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N14/545/27/pdf/N1454527.pdf?OpenElement
      Date of entry/update: 16 October 2014


      Title: GA 2013 (68th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
      Date of publication: 23 September 2013
      Description/subject: Резюме В настоящем докладе Специальный докладчик представляет информацию о том, как благодаря проводимым в настоящее время в Мьянме реформам про- должают открываться возможности для значительных улучшений положения в области прав человека. К числу важных событий, произошедших в отчетном периоде, относятся продолжающееся освобождение узников совести, улучше- ние ситуации с соблюдением права на свободу мнения и с лова, а также дости- жение прогресса в соблюдении национального соглашения о прекращении огня. Вместе с тем Специальный докладчик особо отмечает опасности, связанные с замалчиванием недостатков в области прав человека и ожиданиями того, что эти недостатки будут в любом случае устранены по инерции в рамках проводи- мых реформ. Он предупреждает о том, что если эти недостатки не будут устра- нены сейчас, то они будут все более прочно укореняться в таких областях, как привлечение к ответственности за нарушения прав человека; соблюдение прав этнических и религиозных меньшинств; соблюдение прав на свободу мирных собраний и ассоциации; обеспечение представленности женщин на руководя- щих должностях; соблюдение прав землевладения и землепользования; и права человека и развитие. Кроме того, если они не будут устранены в соответствии с международными стандартами в области прав человека, то в конечном итоге они подорвут сам процесс реформ. В заключение он отмечает, что серьезной за- дачей, которая возникла с самого начала процесса реформ, является обеспече- ние перехода от основанного на военной доктрине образа мышления, преобла- дающего в правительстве, к демократическому образу мышления, ориентиро- ванному на соблюдение прав человека.
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/68/397)
      Format/size: pdf (397K)
      Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2013


      Title: GA 2012 (67th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
      Date of publication: 25 September 2012
      Description/subject: Резюме : За отчетный период в Мьянме вновь имели место существенные и стреми- тельные перемены, которые могут дополнительно улучшить положение в облас- ти прав человека в стране, однако сохраняются долгосрочные проблемы, кото- рые продолжают создавать угрозу для процесса реформ. ..... Содержание Стр. I. Введение ... II. Положение в области прав человека : A. Узники совести; B. Условия содержания и обращение с заключенными; C. Прочие вопросы, касающиеся гражданских и политических прав; D. Гражданское общество; E. Экономические, социальные и культурные права ... III. Положение этнических меньшинств... IV. Положение в штате Ракхайн... V. Демократические преобразования и обеспечение верховенства права ... VI. Истина, справедливость и подотчетность ... VII. Выводы ... VIII. Рекомендации
      Language: Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/67/383)
      Format/size: pdf (385K)
      Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
      Date of entry/update: 22 October 2012


      Title: GA 2011 (66th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
      Date of publication: 16 September 2011
      Description/subject: Резюме Настоящий момент является одним из ключевых этапов в истории Мьянмы и предоставляет реальные возможности для позитивных и значимых событий, которые помогут улучшить положение в области прав человека и углубить пе- реход к демократии. Новое правительство предприняло ряд шагов для достиже- ния данной цели. Однако многие серьезные проблемы в сфере прав человека по-прежнему сохраняются и требуют решения. Новому правительству следует активизировать усилия по выполнению собственных обязательств, а также ме- ждународных обязательств, связанных с правами человека. Международному сообществу необходимо сохранять приверженность данному процессу и при- стально наблюдать за ним. Оно также должно поддерживать правительство и оказывать ему помощь в этот важный период. Специальный докладчик под- тверждает свою готовность к конструктивной работе и сотрудничеству с Мьян- мой в целях улучшения положения в области прав ее населения.
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/66/365)
      Format/size: pdf (417K)
      Date of entry/update: 20 October 2011


      Title: GA 2010 (65th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
      Date of publication: 15 September 2010
      Description/subject: Резюме Настоящий доклад представлен во исполнение резолюции Совета по пра- вам человека 13/25 и резолюции 64/238 Генеральной Ассамблеи и в нем рас- сматриваются события в области прав человека в Мьянме за период после пред- ставления доклада Специального докладчика Совету по правам человека в мар- те 2010 года (A/HRC/13/48). 13 августа 2010 года правительство Мьянмы наконец-то объявило о том, что национальные выборы будут проведены 7 ноября 2010 года. В настоящем докладе основное внимание уделяется вопросу о правах человека применитель- но к выборам, а также вопросу о правосудии и подотчетности. Условия для про- ведения подлинных выборов в нынешних обстоятельствах ограничены и воз- можность того, что эти выборы позволят добиться предметных преобразований и улучшат ситуацию в области прав человека в Мьянме, по-прежнему носит не- определенный характер. Что касается вопроса о правосудии и подотчетности, то Специальный док- ладчик отмечает, что, хотя первейшая обязанность правительства Мьянмы за- ключается в решении проблемы грубых и систематических нарушений прав че- ловека всеми сторонами, ответственность ляжет на международное сообщество в том случае, если правительство не выполнит свои обязанности. Специальный докладчик выносит рекомендацию о том, что правительство Мьянмы должно уважать свободу выражения мнений, свободу собраний и ассо- циации в контексте национальных выборов; освободить всех узников совести; заниматься решением вопросов в области правосудия и подотчетности; выпол- нять четыре главных правозащитных элемента, подробно изложенных в его предыдущих докладах; а также содействовать обеспечению доступа для целей оказания гуманитарной помощи и продолжать развивать сотрудничество с меж- дународной правозащитной системой.
      Language: Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/65/368) Организация Объединенных Наций Генеральная Ассамблея
      Format/size: pdf (480K)
      Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


      Title: GA 2009 (64th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
      Date of publication: 24 September 2009
      Description/subject: Резюме: Настоящий доклад представляется во исполнение резолюции 63/245 Гене- ральной Ассамблеи и резолюции 10/27 Совета по правам человека. Его следует рассматривать совместно с докладом Специального докладчика Совету по пра- вам человека на его десятой сессии (A/HRC/10/19), поскольку основное внима- ние в нем уделяется событиям в области прав человека, которые имели место в Мьянме после представления этого доклада. Самым значительным событием рассматриваемого периода стал судебный процесс по делу Аунг Сан Су Чжи. Назначенные ей дополнительно 18 месяцев домашнего ареста лишают ее возможности активно участвовать в выборах 2010 года. Специальный докладчик считает, что продление ее домашнего ареста наносит удар по осуществлению семиэтапного правительственного плана демо- кратизации, и выражает сожаление в связи с тем, что правительство Мьянмы упустило еще одну возможность доказать свою приверженность проведению всеохватных, свободных и справедливых выборов. В центре внимания настоящего доклада находится вопрос защиты прав че- ловека. В частности, в нем идет речь о положении узников совести, их праве на справедливое судебное разбирательство и на должную правовую процедуру; а также о свободе выражения мнений, собраний и ассоциаций в связи с пред- стоящими в 2010 году выборами. Далее в нем рассматриваются вопросы, ка- сающиеся внутренних конфликтов, защиты мирного населения, дискриминации и необходимости гуманитарной помощи. Специальный докладчик вновь подтверждает свою рекомендацию относи- тельно четырех основных элементов, касающихся реализации прав человека: пересмотр национального законодательства с учетом положений новой консти- туции и в соответствии с международными обязательствами; постепенное осво- бождение узников совести; реформа вооруженных сил с целью обеспечить со- блюдение международных норм в области прав человека и международного гу- манитарного права, включая подготовку кадров; и создание независимой и бес- пристрастной судебной системы. Поскольку Мьянма является участницей толь- ко Конвенции о правах ребенка и Конвенции о ликвидации всех форм дискри- минации в отношении женщин, Специальный докладчик настоятельно рекомен- дует ей присоединиться к другим основным международным договорам в об- ласти прав человека.
      Language: Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/64/318)
      Format/size: pdf (377K)
      Date of entry/update: 10 October 2009


      Title: GA 2008 (63rd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
      Date of publication: 05 September 2008
      Description/subject: Резюме В своей резолюции 1992/58 Комиссия по правам человека учредила мандат по вопросу о положении в области прав человека в Мьянме, который впослед- ствии был продлен Советом по правам человека в его решении 1/102 и резолю- ции 5/1. В марте 2008 года в своей резолюции 7/32 Совет продлил срок действия этого мандата на один год. 26 марта 2008 года новым Специальным докладчи- ком был назначен Томас Охеа Кинтана (Аргентина), который официально при- ступил к исполнению своих обязанностей 1 мая 2008 года. В ответ на свою просьбу о посещении Мьянмы в период с 3 по 13 августа 2008 года Специальный докладчик 9 июля получил от правительства Мьянмы согласие на посещение страны в период с 3 по 7 августа 2008 года. Специаль- ный докладчик хотел бы поблагодарить правительство Мьянмы за гостеприим- ство и содействие, оказанное ему в ходе первого посещения им этой страны. Главная цель посещения заключалась в том, чтобы установить рабочие отноше- ния с властями, встретиться с представителями гражданского общества, а также с теми, кто лишен возможности пользоваться своими основными правами. Про- грамма посещения приводится в приложении к настоящему докладу. Настоящий доклад представляется во исполнение резолюции 62/222 Гене- ральной Ассамблеи. В первой части представлена информация о деятельности и программе работы Специального докладчика. Вторая часть доклада посвящена вопросам существа и вопросам, касаю- щимся защиты прав человека в свете новой конституции, вопрос об участии в демократическом процессе и проведения выборов в 2010 году, вопрос о свободе собраний и вопрос о праве на свободу убеждений и на их свободное выражение и о том, каким образом они сформулированы в новой конституции, вопрос о международном гуманитарном праве и защите гражданских лиц, а также вопрос о положении конкретных групп населения, таких как этнические меньшинства, женщины и дети. Далее Специальный докладчик подробно останавливается на вопросе о действующих механизмах, призванных обеспечить максимально эф- фективную защиту населения после стихийных бедствий, в частности после циклона «Наргис», а также об условиях жизни, возможностях получения средств к существованию и их последствиях для прав человека. В заключение Специальный докладчик останавливается на событиях, которые произошли в сфере международного сотрудничества и связаны с вопросами прав человека, имеющими отношение к его мандату, и рассматривает вопрос об условиях ук- репления сотрудничества в области поощрения и защиты прав человека в стра- не. В качестве рекомендаций Специальный докладчик представляет четыре ос- новных элемента реализации прав человека, призванных обеспечить переход Мьянмы к демократии.
      Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
      Language: Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/63/341)
      Format/size: pdf (362K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: GA 2007 (62nd Session) : Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
      Date of publication: 13 August 2007
      Description/subject: Summary: The present report is submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 61/232. The Special Rapporteur welcomes the decision of the Government of Myanmar to reconvene the National Convention for its last session on 18 July 2007, to finish laying down principles for a new constitution as part of a seven-stage road map to democracy. He remains concerned, however, at the lack of opportunity for effective and genuine participation by the National League for Democracy (NLD) and ethnic groups, which have deliberately chosen not to participate owing to the lack of transparency and meaningful input. He has repeated on several occasions that there will be no authentic democratic transition in Myanmar until all political prisoners are released. Given the importance of the last phase of the National Convention, he deplores the extension of the house arrest of the NLD General Secretary and the continued detention of other political leaders. At a time of such importance to the political reform process and in view of the need for reconciliation, such severe treatment of senior ethnic nationality leaders sends a very counterproductive signal, shocking many citizens and human rights observers. The human rights concerns enumerated in the present report are largely very similar to those highlighted by the Special Rapporteur last year. The Special Rapporteur deplores the fact that the Government, despite several requests, has not invited him to visit the country. For this reason he was not able to assess any improvements or verify the accuracy of the allegations received from credible sources. Severe restrictions on fundamental freedoms are imposed on political activists and human rights defenders. As of 27 June 2007, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,192. Throughout the country communities are subjected to patterns of abuse by members of the military who, in order to assert greater central government control, and often to implement national development projects, resort to forced labour, the seizure of property and assets and the forced relocation of populations, particularly in the border areas where ethnic nationality groups reside. The lack of an effective commitment by the Government of Myanmar to respond to the human rights situation continues to raise serious concerns. At the national level, the capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hindered by sustained impunity. The restrictions on the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses is also a matter of concern. The Special Rapporteur also takes note with great satisfaction of the Understanding between the International Labour Organizations and the Government of Myanmar, concluded on 26 February 2007, to provide a mechanism to enable victims of forced labour to seek redress. The Special Rapporteur has also noted concrete developments which he considers to be significant milestones in the fight against impunity in Myanmar. These include the establishment of a national redress mechanism to receive complaints of forced labour, and the dialogue initiated by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict with the Government regarding the development of an action plan to halt recruitment of child soldiers and to develop reintegration programmes and the setting up of a national mechanism to report on human rights violations committed against children during armed conflict. These mechanisms should lead to greater access to currently restricted areas for the provision of humanitarian assistance, as well as the monitoring of violations. The Special Rapporteur is convinced that Myanmar would benefit from more active cooperation with his mandate, now under terms of reference that have been redefined by the Human Rights Council. He insists that it is his obligation to go public about allegations of human rights violations, but that this does not exclude a constructive and continuous dialogue with the Government. These two elements of his mandate can contribute to a new dynamic for the improvement of the situation of human rights in the country. As indicated by the Special Rapporteur in his previous report, it will not be easy for Myanmar to promote political transition and basic human rights. The collaboration of the United Nations and the international community are essential to support the efforts of the Government and civil society. In his recommendations, the Special Rapporteur encourages the international community to promote a framework of principles to enable Member States to pursue a plurality of strategies and cooperation with the Government of Myanmar in accordance with their particular strengths and capacities. It is urgent that the international community build on existing programmes of humanitarian assistance and support health, education and human rights, in particular through support to the development of civil society.
      Language: Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/62/223)
      Format/size: pdf (338K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


      Title: GA 2004: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
      Date of publication: 30 August 2004
      Description/subject: Summary: The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2004/61. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its fifty-ninth session. The present interim report is based upon information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 30 July 2004 and is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2004/33). Since his last mission to Myanmar in November 2003 the Special Rapporteur has requested from the Government of Myanmar on several occasions its cooperation in returning to the country for a fact-finding mission. However, in spite of the indication of agreement in principle to the Special Rapporteur’s visit, no authorization to visit was received. The Special Rapporteur therefore provides in the present report short updates on the issues he examined during his last visit, based on information collected from other sources. The Special Rapporteur will continue seeking access to Myanmar so as to more fully discharge his mandate. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 May to 9 July 2004. Reviving the National Convention constitutes the first step under the seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition presented by the Prime Minister, General Khin Nyunt, on 30 August 2003. It was announced by the authorities that the delegates to the new National Convention were expected to frame their suggestions in the context of the six objectives and the 104 principles already laid down during the 1993-1996 Convention. The National Convention was reconvened without the involvement of the National League for Democracy (NLD) and other political parties that won the majority of seats in the 1990 elections. It was attended by 1,076 delegates, compared with the 702 participants at the previous Convention. This increase was largely made up of representatives of ethnic nationalities, including ceasefire groups that emerged in the new political environment created as a result of ceasefire agreements with 17 former armed groups. In terms of potential for conflict resolution, the 2004 National Convention may thus be a unique opportunity for ethnic minorities. The Special Rapporteur notes that the concerns regarding the National Convention process that he expressed in his last report to the Commission have not been addressed and that the necessary steps to ensure minimum democratic conditions for the reconvening of the National Convention have not been taken. The Special Rapporteur reiterates that if the Government wishes to promote a genuine process of political transition, fundamental human rights requirements have to be fulfilled. The Special Rapporteur nevertheless hopes that the final outcome of the National Convention will bring some concrete solutions to the concerns of the entire population of Myanmar. Releasing Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and beginning a substantive dialogue with her and her party, as well as reaching an agreement with ceasefire groups that takes into account their suggestions would contribute to the advancement of the political process. In this respect, the Special Rapporteur appeals to the Government of Myanmar to recognize the role of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General and the necessity of his return to the country as soon as possible to continue his facilitation efforts, in particular in the context of preparations for the next session of the National Convention. The information received by the Special Rapporteur during the reporting period indicates that the situation with regard to the exercise of basic human rights and fundamental freedoms in Myanmar has not substantially changed. The effects of the events of 30 May 2003 in Depayin have yet to be fully reversed. There remain large numbers of security detainees. The Special Rapporteur has received several reports of continuing arrests and harsh sentences for peaceful political activities; many of the reported cases were raised by the Special Rapporteur in his letters and urgent appeals addressed to the Government of Myanmar. The Special Rapporteur also remains concerned at the practice of administrative detention. There are still restrictions on political activity, with all NLD party offices remaining shut, except for its headquarters in Yangon which was allowed to reopen in April 2004. Despite the restrictions in place, according to recent reports, NLD has been able to conduct some activities. While the extent to which NLD and other political parties will be allowed to conduct peaceful political activities without reprisals remains to be seen, the Special Rapporteur would like to reiterate the view, expressed during his last mission in November, that the implementation of the road map must be accompanied by tangible changes on the ground towards a genuinely free, transparent and inclusive process involving all political parties, ethnic nationalities and members of civil society. Political rights and freedoms must be respected in order to create an enabling environment conducive to a successful democratic transition. The implementation of human rights reforms proposed in his reports and letters to the Myanmar authorities would help create such an environment. During the reporting period, the Special Rapporteur has received credible and detailed reports of human rights violations in certain counter-insurgency areas in Myanmar and hopes that he will be able to clarify those reports during his next mission. He recalls that his request for an independent assessment in Shan State has not yet been answered by the Myanmar authorities. The Special Rapporteur has taken note of the cooperation by the Government of Myanmar with the Committee on the Rights of the Child in the consideration of the second periodic report of Myanmar on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Special Rapporteur believes that there has been growing appreciation in recent years by the international community of an imperative for humanitarian assistance in Myanmar. In this regard, he welcomes the efforts of the United Nations Country Team in mapping out vulnerabilities in Myanmar with a view to developing a strategic framework for United Nations assistance. In view of the prevailing situation in Myanmar, the conclusions and recommendations given in the previous reports of the Special Rapporteur remain valid.
      Language: Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/59/311)
      Format/size: pdf (292K)
      Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


      Title: GA 2001: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
      Date of publication: 20 August 2001
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-sixth session. Summary: "The present report is the first report of the present Special Rapporteur, appointed to this mandate on 28 December 2000. The report refers to his activities and developments relating to the situation of human rights in Myanmar between 1 January and 14 August 2001. In view of the brevity and exploratory nature of the Special Rapporteurs initial visit to Myanmar in April and pending a proper fact-finding mission to take place at the end of September 2001, this report addresses only a limited number of areas. In the Special Rapporteurs assessment as presented in this report, political transition in Myanmar is a work in progress and, as in many countries, to move ahead incrementally will be a complex process. In the human rights context, against the background of ongoing talks between the Government and the opposition, there have been some positive signals indicative of the Governments endeavour to make progress. Those include the dissemination of human rights standards for public officials, work of the governmental Committee on Human Rights, releases of political detainees, reopening of branches of the National League for Democracy (NLD), the main opposition party, the continued international monitoring of prison conditions, and cooperation with the Commission on Human Rights, inter alia, through the mandate of this Special Rapporteur and with the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Myanmar and the International Labour Organization. Among the areas in most need of significant improvement is the situation of vulnerable groups, inter alia, children, women and ethnic minorities and, in particular, those among them who have become internally displaced in zones of military operations. Overall, there exists a complex humanitarian situation in Myanmar, which may decline unless it is properly addressed by all concerned."
      Author/creator: Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
      Language: Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/56/312)
      Format/size: PDF (399K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 2000: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
      Date of publication: 22 August 2000
      Description/subject: The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 2000/23 and Economic and Social Council decision 2000/255.
      Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/55/359)
      Format/size: PDF (271K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1998: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
      Date of publication: 10 September 1998
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-third session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by , Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with Economic and Social Council decision 1998/261 of 30 July 1998.
      Author/creator: Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/53/364)
      Format/size: PDF (94K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      Title: GA 1997: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Russian)
      Date of publication: 16 October 1997
      Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-second session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 51/117 of 12 December 1996 and Economic and Social Council decision 1997/272 of 22 July 1997. Good section on citizenship and citizenship legislation (paras 119-142), mainly relating to the Rohingyas, a Muslim group in Rakhine (Arakan) state; statelessness and the conformity of the different forms of citizenship [in Burma] with international norms. Also, the rights pertaining to democratic governance, the right to form and join trade unions, forced labour, violations against ethnic minorities, including violations of civil rights.
      Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
      Language: Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/52/484)
      Format/size: PDF (94K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


  • Statements and documents submitted to the GA by Myanmar

    Individual Documents

    Title: Letter dated 24 October 2012 from the Permanent Representative of Myanmar to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General
    Date of publication: 24 October 2012
    Description/subject: "...1. A country-specific resolution on Myanmar was first tabled by the European Union in the Third Committee of the General Assembly in 1991. Since then it has become a ritual for the European Union to do the same on a yearly basis. 2. Myanmar has all along rejected the resolution and dissociated itself from the adoption thereof. This approach is taken for a couple of reasons. Firstly, as a matter of principle, Myanmar rejects country-specific resolutions. Secondly, the resolution did not reflect nor recognize the realities on the ground. It mainly relies on unsubstantiated information leading to erroneous conclusions. The draft resolutions are usually influenced by the recommendations and observations of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, whose views are usually focused only on the perspective of ideal standards of human rights without giving due consideration to the broader aspects of national reconciliation and peace and stability of the country. 3. This memorandum is intended to provide States Members of the United Nations with objective information on the human rights situation in Myanmar. It is our hope that it will be able to rectify the misperception and misunderstanding that may still persist about Myanmar..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations (A/C.3/67/4)
    Format/size: pdf (60K)
    Date of entry/update: 19 November 2012


    Title: Response by Ambassador H.E. U Thaung Tun, Representative of the Union of Myanmar to the Oral Presentation by Special Rapporteur Professor Paulo Sergio Pinheiro,
    Date of publication: 24 October 2007
    Description/subject: Response by Ambassador H.E. U Thaung Tun Representative of the Union of Myanmar to the Oral Presentation by Special Rapporteur Professor Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, in the Third Committee at the 62nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly..."...the Special Rapporteur's report on Myanmar as contained in document A/62/223 is less than objective and is replete with unfounded allegations. It is essentially the same as that of the last year and largely reproduces allegations emanating from insurgents and expatriate groups opposed to the government. However, to his credit the Special Rapporteur acknowledges in paragraph 62 of the report that he was not able to verify the accuracy of the allegations received. He attributes this to the fact that he was unable to visit the country in recent years. In reality, the Distinguished Professor is someone who is not unfamiliar with the complex situation obtaining in Myanmar, the multitude of challenges it faces and the efforts of the Government to promote political, economic and socio-cultural development. The Professor in fact has no difficulty to exchange views on the situation in Myanmar with interested parties including the Myanmar Missions to the United Nations in New York and Geneva. It is also possible for him to verify the reports he receives by communicating with the Myanmar Government and the UN Country Team. Unsubstantiated allegations have no place in a Special Rapporteur's report..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Myanmar Mission, New York
    Format/size: pdf (133K)
    Date of entry/update: 30 October 2007


    Title: GA 2003: Statement on the Draft Resolution entitled "Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar" delivered by His Excellency U Kyaw Tint Swe to the Third Committee
    Date of publication: 24 November 2003
    Description/subject: 58th United Nations General Assembly
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html (49K)
    Date of entry/update: 06 December 2003


    Title: GA 2003: Statement by HE Mya Than
    Date of publication: 13 November 2003
    Description/subject: In the General Debate of the 1st Committee
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 02 November 2003


    Title: GA 2003: Memorandum concerning the situation of human rights in Myanmar
    Date of publication: 22 October 2003
    Language: English, Francais, French
    Source/publisher: SPDC via UN
    Format/size: pdf
    Alternate URLs: http://ods-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N03/576/04/PDF/N0357604.pdf?OpenElement (version en francais)
    Date of entry/update: 10 February 2004


    Title: GA 2003: Statement by HE U Win Aung, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Chairman of the Delegation of the Union of Myanmar
    Date of publication: 29 September 2003
    Description/subject: at the fifty-eighth General Assembly of the United Nations, New York
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: html
    Alternate URLs: http://www.mofa.gov.mm/speeches/58_unga.html
    Date of entry/update: 02 October 2003


    Title: Statement by H.E. U Win Aung
    Date of publication: 19 September 2002
    Description/subject: Statement by His Excellency U Win Aung, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Chairman of the Delegation at the 57th General Assembly of the United Nations "...Cooperation with the United Nations is the cornerstone of Myanmar's Foreign Policy..."
    Author/creator: Myanmar
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations
    Format/size: HTML (18K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


  • Documents and reports for the GA from the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma

    Individual Documents

    Title: GA 2002: NCGUB Briefing Paper
    Date of publication: 02 October 2002
    Description/subject: Briefing paper on the current political and human rights situation in Burma 2002. For the 57th Session of the UN General Assemblys resolution on the human rights situation in Myanmar [Burma]. Prepared by the Burma UN Service Office of the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma, 2 October 2002. Contents: Summary; Suggested Language for the Resolution ; The Move Towards a Genuine and Substantive Dialogue ; Political Prisoners and Political Activities ; The Judicial System and Unjust Laws and Orders ; The National Convention; Continued violations of human rights and widespread discriminatory practices against ethnic and religious minorities; Forced displacement; Women; Children; Refugees and IDPs; Landmines; Forced Labor; Restrictions on religious freedom ; Humanitarian concerns; The Economic situation; Appendix I: Aide Memoire Impact of Armed Conflict on the Children of Burma.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: NCGUB
    Format/size: html (385K) 38 pages
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003