VL.png The World-Wide Web Virtual Library
[WWW VL database || WWW VL search]
donations.gif asia-wwwvl.gif

Online Burma/Myanmar Library

Full-Text Search | Database Search | What's New | Alphabetical List of Subjects | Main Library | Reading Room | Burma Press Summary

Home > Main Library > The UN System and Burma/Myanmar > UN Human Rights entities working on Burma (Myanmar) > United Nations General Assembly (GA) > Reports to the GA on the situation of human rights in Myanmar > Reports to the GA by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)

Order links by: Reverse Date Title

Reports to the GA by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)

Individual Documents

Title: GA 2013 (68th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
Date of publication: 23 September 2013
Description/subject: 摘要 本报告根据大会第67/233 号决议第21 段提交,所述期间为2012 年8 月25 日至2013 年8 月10 日。在本报告所述期间,缅甸发生了巨大变化,通过建立新 机构以及国民议会和地区议会开会积极颁布新法律等继续实施2011 年启动的改 革措施;同时在民族和解方面取得稳步进展,并为此与前族裔武装团体进行谈判, 鼓励流离失所者自愿回返和重新安置。政府开展了一系列旨在逐步实现市场经济 的改革措施,向外国投资和贸易开放了新的行业,并采取措施确保提高透明度和 打击腐败。随着缅甸与外界的交往广泛扩大,出现了新的挑战。全国族裔之间的 紧张关系和暴力事件不断增加,人们对当前的改革是否会受到影响感到忧虑。联 合国继续进行广泛参与,并向缅甸提供支持。
Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
Language: Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/67/397)
Format/size: pdf (377K)
Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
Date of entry/update: 24 October 2013


Title: GA 2012 (67th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
Date of publication: 25 September 2012
Description/subject: 第六十七届会议 临时议程* 项目70(c) 促进和保护人权:人权状况及特别 报告员和代表的报告 伊朗伊斯兰共和国的人权状况 秘书长的说明 秘书长谨向大会成员转递由伊朗伊斯兰共和国人权状况特别报告员艾哈迈 德·沙希德依照人权理事会第16/9 号决议提交的报告。特别报告员已向大会第 六十六届会议提交第一份临时报告,并向人权理事会第十九届会议提交了第一次 报告,而人权理事会则在该届会议上延长了特别报告员的任期。 本报告没有涵盖该国境内所有潜在的侵犯人权行为,但概述了当前人权状 况,尤其是对伊朗伊斯兰共和国履行国际义务的能力构成阻碍的系统性问题。.....目录 段次页次 一. 导言.............................................................. 1-6 3 二. 工作方法.......................................................... 7-9 4 三. 公民和政治权利.................................................... 10-51 4 A. 言论自由和知情权 .............................................. 10-22 4 B. 集会和结社自由 ................................................ 23-25 8 人权维护者.................................................... 26-28 9 C. 宗教自由 ...................................................... 29-31 10 1. 巴哈教 .................................................... 32-33 10 2. 基督教 .................................................... 34-36 11 3. 伊斯兰教苦行僧教派 ........................................ 37-39 11 D. 司法 .......................................................... 40 12 1. 修订版伊斯兰刑法 .......................................... 40-44 12 2. 适当程序权利 .............................................. 45-48 13 3. 法律界的独立性 ............................................ 49-51 14 4. 监狱状况 .................................................. 52 15 5. 酷刑、残忍和有辱人格的惩罚及处决 .......................... 53-56 15 四. 经济、社会和文化权利.............................................. 57-69 16 获得教育、经济、社会和文化发展的权利.......................... 58-62 16 1. 阿拉伯社区 ................................................ 63-66 17 2. 阿塞拜疆人 ................................................ 67-69 18 五. 儿童权利.......................................................... 70-73 19 A. 处决,残忍和有辱人格的惩罚 .................................... 70-72 19 B. 童婚 .......................................................... 73 20 六. 结论和建议........................................................
Language: Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/67/383
Format/size: pdf (375K)
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2012


Title: GA 2011 (66th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
Date of publication: 16 September 2011
Description/subject: 摘要 这是缅甸历史上的关键时刻,此时真正有机会取得积极、有意义的进展,以 改善人权状况并深化向民主过渡。新政府已采取一些措施来实现这些目标。但是, 许多严重的人权问题依然存在,必须予以解决。新政府应加紧努力,落实承诺并 履行其国际人权义务。国际社会需继续参与并密切跟踪事态发展。国际社会还需 在此重要时期支持并协助缅甸政府。特别报告员重申他愿意与缅甸开展建设性合 作,以改善缅甸人民的人权状况。
Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
Language: Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/66/365)
Format/size: pdf (358K)
Date of entry/update: 20 October 2011


Title: GA 2010 (65th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
Date of publication: 15 September 2010
Description/subject: 摘要 本报告是根据人权理事会第13/25 号决议和大会第64/238 号决议提交,述 及特别报告员于2010 年3 月向人权理事会提交报告(A/HRC/13/48)以来缅甸国内 的人权事态发展。 缅甸政府于2010 年8 月13 日宣布,把人们期待已久的全国选举日期定于 2010 年11 月7 日。本报告集中讨论与选举有关的人权问题以及声张仗义和追究 责任问题。在当前情况下,举行真正选举的条件有限,这些选举给缅甸人权状况 带来实际变化和改观的可能性仍不确定。 关于声张仗义和追究责任问题,特别报告员指出,虽然首先应该由缅甸政府 负责处理所有当事方严重和系统地侵犯人权的问题,但如果该国政府没有负起责 任,国际社会将负责处理这一问题。 特别报告员建议缅甸政府在全国选举方面尊重言论和意见自由以及集会和 结社自由;释放所有政治犯;解决声张仗义和追究责任问题;落实他在上次报告 中详细阐述的四项核心人权要素;为获得人道主义援助提供便利;继续发展与国 际人权体系的合作。
Language: Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (A/65/368)
Format/size: pdf (375K)
Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N10/534/76/pdf/N1053476.pdf?OpenElement
Date of entry/update: 21 October 2010


Title: GA 2009 (64th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
Date of publication: 24 September 2009
Description/subject: 摘要 本报告是根据大会第63/245 号决议和人权理事会第10/27 号决议提交的。 阅读本报告时应参阅特别报告员给人权理事会第十届会议的报告(A/HRC/ 10/19),因为本报告的重点主要是那份报告以来缅甸的人权事态发展。 对昂山素季的审判是本报告所述期间最重大的事件。对她增加18 个月的软 禁使她不能积极参加2010 年的选举。特别报告员认为,继续软禁她是对缅甸政 府促进民主的七点路线图的打击,他感到遗憾的是,缅甸政府又失去了一次证明 自己致力于包容各方、自由和公正选举的机会。 本报告着重说明人权保护问题。它特别强调政治犯的状况、他们接受公正审 判的权利、适当法律程序和他们的拘留条件;以及在即将到来的2010 年选举背 景下的言论、集会和结社自由。报告接着审查了该国的内部冲突、平民保护、歧 视和人道主义援助需要等问题。 特别报告员重申其四项核心人权要素的建议:根据新《宪法》和国际义务审 查国家立法;逐步释放政治犯;改造武装部队,包括培训,以确保尊重国际人权 和人道主义法;以及建立独立和公正的司法机构。由于缅甸仅仅是《儿童权利公 约》和《消除对妇女一切形式歧视公约》的缔约国,特别报告员大力建议缅甸加 入其他核心国际人权文书。
Language: Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations (A/64/318)
Format/size: pdf (304K)
Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N09/491/50/pdf/N0949150.pdf?OpenElement
Date of entry/update: 10 October 2009


Title: GA 2008 (63rd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
Date of publication: 05 September 2008
Description/subject: 摘要 人权委员会在其第1992/58 号决议中确定了关于缅甸人权状况的任务,人权 理事会在其第1/102 号决定和第5/1 号决议中延长了这项任务期限。 2008 年3 月,理事会在其第7/32 号决议中把该任务期限延长一年。2008 年 3 月26 日,托马斯·奥赫亚·金塔纳(阿根廷)被任命为新的特别报告员,他于 2008 年5 月1 日正式上任。 特别报告员要求于2008 年8 月3 日至13 日进行访问,7 月9 日特别报告员 收到缅甸政府的正面答复, 于2008 年8 月3 日至7 日前往该国执行任务。特别 报告员感谢缅甸政府在其对缅甸第一次执行任务中给予款待和合作。这次访问主 要目的是同当局建立工作关系,与民间社会会面,也与那些无法享受其基本权利 的人会面。这次访问行程载于本报告附件。 本报告是按照大会第62/222 号决议提交的。第一部分集中叙述特别报告员 的活动和工作方案。 本报告第二部分集中谈论实质性问题,阐述与在新宪法下保护人权有关的问 题;参与民主进程和举行2010 年选举的问题;集会权利、意见自由和表达自由 权利,以及新宪法列入这些权利的问题;国际人道主义法和保护平民的问题,以 及诸如族裔群体、妇女和儿童等特殊群体的状况。特别报告员进一步阐述为最大 限度保护“纳尔吉斯”气旋自然灾害受害者的现有机制,以及生活条件、生活资 料及其对人权的影响。最后,特别报告员讨论了在国际合作方面和在与其任务有 关人权问题方面的事态发展,以及就促进和保护该国人权问题加强合作的环境。 特别报告员在其建议中列入四项核心人权要素,以便为缅甸民主铺路。
Language: Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations (A/63/341)
Format/size: pdf (357K)
Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


Title: GA 2007 (62nd Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
Date of publication: 13 August 2007
Description/subject: Summary: The present report is submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 61/232. The Special Rapporteur welcomes the decision of the Government of Myanmar to reconvene the National Convention for its last session on 18 July 2007, to finish laying down principles for a new constitution as part of a seven-stage road map to democracy. He remains concerned, however, at the lack of opportunity for effective and genuine participation by the National League for Democracy (NLD) and ethnic groups, which have deliberately chosen not to participate owing to the lack of transparency and meaningful input. He has repeated on several occasions that there will be no authentic democratic transition in Myanmar until all political prisoners are released. Given the importance of the last phase of the National Convention, he deplores the extension of the house arrest of the NLD General Secretary and the continued detention of other political leaders. At a time of such importance to the political reform process and in view of the need for reconciliation, such severe treatment of senior ethnic nationality leaders sends a very counterproductive signal, shocking many citizens and human rights observers. The human rights concerns enumerated in the present report are largely very similar to those highlighted by the Special Rapporteur last year. The Special Rapporteur deplores the fact that the Government, despite several requests, has not invited him to visit the country. For this reason he was not able to assess any improvements or verify the accuracy of the allegations received from credible sources. Severe restrictions on fundamental freedoms are imposed on political activists and human rights defenders. As of 27 June 2007, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,192. Throughout the country communities are subjected to patterns of abuse by members of the military who, in order to assert greater central government control, and often to implement national development projects, resort to forced labour, the seizure of property and assets and the forced relocation of populations, particularly in the border areas where ethnic nationality groups reside. The lack of an effective commitment by the Government of Myanmar to respond to the human rights situation continues to raise serious concerns. At the national level, the capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hindered by sustained impunity. The restrictions on the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses is also a matter of concern. The Special Rapporteur also takes note with great satisfaction of the Understanding between the International Labour Organizations and the Government of Myanmar, concluded on 26 February 2007, to provide a mechanism to enable victims of forced labour to seek redress. The Special Rapporteur has also noted concrete developments which he considers to be significant milestones in the fight against impunity in Myanmar. These include the establishment of a national redress mechanism to receive complaints of forced labour, and the dialogue initiated by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict with the Government regarding the development of an action plan to halt recruitment of child soldiers and to develop reintegration programmes and the setting up of a national mechanism to report on human rights violations committed against children during armed conflict. These mechanisms should lead to greater access to currently restricted areas for the provision of humanitarian assistance, as well as the monitoring of violations. The Special Rapporteur is convinced that Myanmar would benefit from more active cooperation with his mandate, now under terms of reference that have been redefined by the Human Rights Council. He insists that it is his obligation to go public about allegations of human rights violations, but that this does not exclude a constructive and continuous dialogue with the Government. These two elements of his mandate can contribute to a new dynamic for the improvement of the situation of human rights in the country. As indicated by the Special Rapporteur in his previous report, it will not be easy for Myanmar to promote political transition and basic human rights. The collaboration of the United Nations and the international community are essential to support the efforts of the Government and civil society. In his recommendations, the Special Rapporteur encourages the international community to promote a framework of principles to enable Member States to pursue a plurality of strategies and cooperation with the Government of Myanmar in accordance with their particular strengths and capacities. It is urgent that the international community build on existing programmes of humanitarian assistance and support health, education and human rights, in particular through support to the development of civil society.
Language: Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations (A/62/223)
Format/size: pdf (302K)
Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese) Corr. 1
Date of publication: 18 October 2006
Description/subject: Situation of human rights in Myanmar Note by the Secretary-General... Corrigendum: 1. Paragraph 56 The last sentence should read The March/April outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza remains of serious concern, although there is no human case of H5N1 in Myanmar.... 2. Paragraph 73 For the existing text substitute 73. The Special Rapporteur would like: (a) To recommend that, given the magnitude of human rights abuses, the Government of Myanmar should subject all officials committing these acts to strict disciplinary control and punishment and put an end to the culture of impunity that prevails throughout the country. In that respect, a number of immediate steps should be taken, such as setting up (an) independent national commission(s) to look into the mob attack of Aung San Suu Kyi in November 1996 and the brutal Depayin incident in May 2003, and to investigate the widespread sexual violence against women and girls with a view to ensuring that those responsible for such crimes are brought to justice; (b) To call upon the Government of Myanmar to authorize access to the affected areas by the Special Rapporteur, the United Nations and associated personnel, as well as personnel of humanitarian organizations and to guarantee their safety, security and freedom of movement.
Language: Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations (A/61/369/Corr.1)
Format/size: pdf (90K)
Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


Title: GA 2006 (61st Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
Date of publication: 21 September 2006
Description/subject: Summary: The mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission on Human Rights in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently by the Human Rights Council, in its decision 1/102 by which the Council decided to extend, exceptionally for one year, the mandates and mandate holders of the special procedures of the Commission. The Special Rapporteur has not been permitted to conduct a fact-finding mission to Myanmar since November 2003. While he has not been granted access to the country during the period covered by the present report, he has continued to fulfil his mandate to the best of his ability based on information collected from a variety of independent and reliable sources. In the past two years, the reform process proposed in the “seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition”, which was meant to become eventually open to various relevant actors, has been strictly limited and delineated. As a result, the political space has been redefined in narrower terms. In addition, obstructions in the past couple of years have held back the pace and inclusive nature of the reforms which were required for democratization. The work of the National Convention has been adversely affected by this evolution. Through the decades, the space for the establishment of civilian and democratic institutions has been seriously curtailed. The capacity of law enforcement institutions and the independence and impartiality of the judiciary have been hampered by sustained practices of impunity. This situation has contributed to reinforce inequality and increased the gap between the poorest and the richest. On 27 May 2006, the house arrest of Aung Sang Suu Kyi was further prolonged by 12 months in spite of various international appeals, including by the Secretary- General of the United Nations. As at the end of August 2006, the number of political prisoners was estimated at 1,185. From April to July 2006, 1,038 members of the National League for Democracy were reportedly forced to resign from the party following intimidation and threats. The Special Rapporteur has consistently indicated that national reconciliation requires meaningful and inclusive dialogue with and between political representatives. He firmly believes that the national reconciliation and the stability of Myanmar are not well served by the arrest and detention of several political leaders or by the severe and sustained restrictions on fundamental freedoms. The persecution of members of political parties in the opposition and human rights defenders shows that nowadays the road map for democracy faces too many obstacles to bring a genuine transition. In the past, the Special Rapporteur acknowledged that the road map could play a positive role in the political transition. Sadly, the positive momentum in the early years of his mandate is apparently stalled. The Special Rapporteur remains particularly concerned about the continuing impunity, which has become systematic and must be urgently addressed by the Government of Myanmar. It has become increasingly clear that the persistent impunity does not only stem from a lack of institutional capacity. Impunity has allowed accountability to be avoided for acts that have oppressed voices questioning existing policies and practices. Several individuals and groups responsible for committing serious violations of human rights, in particular members of the military, have not been prosecuted. There is also little evidence that these serious crimes have been investigated by relevant authorities. Grave human rights violations are received among the established structures of the State Peace and Development Council and indulged not only with impunity but authorized by the sanction of laws. In that respect, the Special Rapporteur is also very concerned by the continued misuse of the legal system, which denies the rule of law and represents a major obstacle for securing the effective and meaningful exercise of fundamental freedoms by citizens. He considers especially as a matter of grave concern the criminalization of the exercise of fundamental freedoms by political opponents, human rights defenders and victims of human rights abuses. The Special Rapporteur is very concerned by the ongoing military campaign in ethnic areas of eastern Myanmar and by its effects on human rights, especially on civilians who have been targeted during the attacks. The situation should be considered in connection with the widespread practice of land confiscation throughout the country, seemingly aiming to anchor military control, especially in ethnic areas. Such a practice has led to numerous forced evictions, relocations and resettlements, situations of forced migration and internal displacement. Given the scale of the current military campaign, the situation may lead to a humanitarian crisis if it is not addressed immediately. The Special Rapporteur takes note of the recent vote of the Security Council on 15 September 2006 to include Myanmar in its agenda. He believes that a forthcoming debate of the Council on Myanmar may offer an opportunity to speed up the process of transition towards democracy.
Language: Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations (A/61/369)
Format/size: pdf (347K)
Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


Title: GA 2005 (60th Session): Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
Date of publication: 12 August 2005
Description/subject: Summary: "The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2005/10. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to report to the General Assembly at its sixtieth session and to the Commission at its sixty-second session. The present report is submitted further to that request and is based on information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 22 July 2005. It is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2005/36). The Special Rapporteur has not been permitted to conduct a fact-finding mission to Myanmar since November 2003. While he has not been granted access to the country during the period covered by the present report, he has continued to fulfil his mandate to the best of his ability based on information collected from a variety of independent and reliable sources. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 February to 31 March 2005 without the involvement of a number of political parties, including the National League for Democracy (NLD). The invited delegates were selected from the same eight categories as for the previous Convention: political parties, representativeselect, national races, peasants, workers, intellectuals and intelligentsia, State service personnel and ceasefire groups. According to the National Convention Convening Commission, 1,073 out of the 1,081 delegates invited attended the meeting. The exclusion of important and representative political actors from the process, the restrictions placed on their involvement, the intolerance of critical voices and the intimidation and detention of pro-democracy activists render any notion of a democratic process devoid of meaning. Freedom of movement, assembly and association must be guaranteed, as they are basic requirements for national reconciliation and democratization. The Special Rapporteur firmly believes that if the inherent procedural restrictions are not amended and the representatives of the democratic opposition are not involved in the National Convention, any constitution that emerges will lack credibility. Placing the procedural arrangements that govern the National Convention on a sound democratic footing would allow for the full inclusion and involvement of all political parties and true progress to be made in the democratization process. The Government can and should take immediate steps to salvage the National Convention and its credibility both at home and internationally. The question of defining who will draft the constitution is one of the most relevant issues in the current political process. Furthermore, there is at present no clear indication of the rules for the adoption of the constitution through a national referendum. The Special Rapporteur regrets to note that the information received demonstrates that the situation regarding the exercise of fundamental rights and freedoms has not substantially changed during the reporting period. He constantly receives reports of restrictions and violations of basic rights and freedoms. There reportedly remain over 1,100 political prisoners in Myanmar. The release of 249 political prisoners on 6 July 2005 was tempered by the continuation of the arrests, detention and harsh sentences meted out to civilians and democracy advocates for peaceful political activities. The Special Rapporteur remains very concerned at the practice of administrative detention. It is deeply regrettable that NLD General-Secretary Daw Aung San Suu Kyi celebrated her sixtieth birthday under house arrest. Her virtual solitary confinement and lack of access to NLD colleagues run counter to the spirit of national reconciliation. The Special Rapporteur is encouraged that HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment activities have increased, but remains very concerned that HIV/AIDS has become a generalized epidemic in Myanmar. While the Government continues to work on a national plan of action for children, it has yet to ratify the two Optional Protocols on the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Serious human rights violations continue to be perpetrated against Myanmar’s ethnic minority communities. Widespread reports of forced labour, rape and other sexual violence, extortion and expropriation by Government forces continue to be received. Victims of violations rarely have recourse to redress. The transition to a full, participatory and democratic system in Myanmar can no longer be postponed. Political and constitutional dialogue must begin without delay. By instituting values of democracy and human rights, the Government will send a clear signal to the people of Myanmar and the international community that it is actively committed to facilitating the creation of a stable and democratic future for the country. The United Nations and the international community stand ready to work in partnership with the Government, the political parties and civil society organizations, to effectively facilitate national reconciliation and the transition to democracy. By strengthening its cooperation with international organizations, the Government can be assured of support for conflict resolution, political and economic reform, institution- and capacity-building, humanitarian assistance and human development."
Language: Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations (A/60/221)
Format/size: pdf (375K)
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2005


Title: GA 2004: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
Date of publication: 30 August 2004
Description/subject: Summary: The mandate of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar was established by the Commission in its resolution 1992/58 and extended most recently in resolution 2004/61. In that resolution, the Commission requested the Special Rapporteur to submit an interim report to the General Assembly at its fifty-ninth session. The present interim report is based upon information received by the Special Rapporteur up to 30 July 2004 and is to be read in conjunction with his last report to the Commission (E/CN.4/2004/33). Since his last mission to Myanmar in November 2003 the Special Rapporteur has requested from the Government of Myanmar on several occasions its cooperation in returning to the country for a fact-finding mission. However, in spite of the indication of agreement in principle to the Special Rapporteur’s visit, no authorization to visit was received. The Special Rapporteur therefore provides in the present report short updates on the issues he examined during his last visit, based on information collected from other sources. The Special Rapporteur will continue seeking access to Myanmar so as to more fully discharge his mandate. The National Convention was reconvened from 17 May to 9 July 2004. Reviving the National Convention constitutes the first step under the seven-point road map for national reconciliation and democratic transition presented by the Prime Minister, General Khin Nyunt, on 30 August 2003. It was announced by the authorities that the delegates to the new National Convention were expected to frame their suggestions in the context of the six objectives and the 104 principles already laid down during the 1993-1996 Convention. The National Convention was reconvened without the involvement of the National League for Democracy (NLD) and other political parties that won the majority of seats in the 1990 elections. It was attended by 1,076 delegates, compared with the 702 participants at the previous Convention. This increase was largely made up of representatives of ethnic nationalities, including ceasefire groups that emerged in the new political environment created as a result of ceasefire agreements with 17 former armed groups. In terms of potential for conflict resolution, the 2004 National Convention may thus be a unique opportunity for ethnic minorities. The Special Rapporteur notes that the concerns regarding the National Convention process that he expressed in his last report to the Commission have not been addressed and that the necessary steps to ensure minimum democratic conditions for the reconvening of the National Convention have not been taken. The Special Rapporteur reiterates that if the Government wishes to promote a genuine process of political transition, fundamental human rights requirements have to be fulfilled. The Special Rapporteur nevertheless hopes that the final outcome of the National Convention will bring some concrete solutions to the concerns of the entire population of Myanmar. Releasing Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and beginning a substantive dialogue with her and her party, as well as reaching an agreement with ceasefire groups that takes into account their suggestions would contribute to the advancement of the political process. In this respect, the Special Rapporteur appeals to the Government of Myanmar to recognize the role of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General and the necessity of his return to the country as soon as possible to continue his facilitation efforts, in particular in the context of preparations for the next session of the National Convention. The information received by the Special Rapporteur during the reporting period indicates that the situation with regard to the exercise of basic human rights and fundamental freedoms in Myanmar has not substantially changed. The effects of the events of 30 May 2003 in Depayin have yet to be fully reversed. There remain large numbers of security detainees. The Special Rapporteur has received several reports of continuing arrests and harsh sentences for peaceful political activities; many of the reported cases were raised by the Special Rapporteur in his letters and urgent appeals addressed to the Government of Myanmar. The Special Rapporteur also remains concerned at the practice of administrative detention. There are still restrictions on political activity, with all NLD party offices remaining shut, except for its headquarters in Yangon which was allowed to reopen in April 2004. Despite the restrictions in place, according to recent reports, NLD has been able to conduct some activities. While the extent to which NLD and other political parties will be allowed to conduct peaceful political activities without reprisals remains to be seen, the Special Rapporteur would like to reiterate the view, expressed during his last mission in November, that the implementation of the road map must be accompanied by tangible changes on the ground towards a genuinely free, transparent and inclusive process involving all political parties, ethnic nationalities and members of civil society. Political rights and freedoms must be respected in order to create an enabling environment conducive to a successful democratic transition. The implementation of human rights reforms proposed in his reports and letters to the Myanmar authorities would help create such an environment. During the reporting period, the Special Rapporteur has received credible and detailed reports of human rights violations in certain counter-insurgency areas in Myanmar and hopes that he will be able to clarify those reports during his next mission. He recalls that his request for an independent assessment in Shan State has not yet been answered by the Myanmar authorities. The Special Rapporteur has taken note of the cooperation by the Government of Myanmar with the Committee on the Rights of the Child in the consideration of the second periodic report of Myanmar on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Special Rapporteur believes that there has been growing appreciation in recent years by the international community of an imperative for humanitarian assistance in Myanmar. In this regard, he welcomes the efforts of the United Nations Country Team in mapping out vulnerabilities in Myanmar with a view to developing a strategic framework for United Nations assistance. In view of the prevailing situation in Myanmar, the conclusions and recommendations given in the previous reports of the Special Rapporteur remain valid.
Language: Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations (A/59/311)
Format/size: pdf (426K)
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2004


Title: GA 2001: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
Date of publication: 20 August 2001
Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-sixth session. Summary: "The present report is the first report of the present Special Rapporteur, appointed to this mandate on 28 December 2000. The report refers to his activities and developments relating to the situation of human rights in Myanmar between 1 January and 14 August 2001. In view of the brevity and exploratory nature of the Special Rapporteurs initial visit to Myanmar in April and pending a proper fact-finding mission to take place at the end of September 2001, this report addresses only a limited number of areas. In the Special Rapporteurs assessment as presented in this report, political transition in Myanmar is a work in progress and, as in many countries, to move ahead incrementally will be a complex process. In the human rights context, against the background of ongoing talks between the Government and the opposition, there have been some positive signals indicative of the Governments endeavour to make progress. Those include the dissemination of human rights standards for public officials, work of the governmental Committee on Human Rights, releases of political detainees, reopening of branches of the National League for Democracy (NLD), the main opposition party, the continued international monitoring of prison conditions, and cooperation with the Commission on Human Rights, inter alia, through the mandate of this Special Rapporteur and with the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Myanmar and the International Labour Organization. Among the areas in most need of significant improvement is the situation of vulnerable groups, inter alia, children, women and ethnic minorities and, in particular, those among them who have become internally displaced in zones of military operations. Overall, there exists a complex humanitarian situation in Myanmar, which may decline unless it is properly addressed by all concerned."
Author/creator: Mr. Paolo Sergio Pinheiro
Language: Chilnese
Source/publisher: United Nations (A/56/312)
Format/size: PDF (349K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: GA 2000: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
Date of publication: 22 August 2000
Description/subject: The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 2000/23 and Economic and Social Council decision 2000/255.
Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
Language: Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations (A/55/359)
Format/size: PDF (382K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: GA 1999: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (Chinese)
Date of publication: 04 October 1999
Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-fourth session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report prepared by Rajsoomer Lallah, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, in accordance with Commission resolution 1999/17 of 23 April 1999 and Economic and Social Council decision 1999/231 of 27 July 1999.
Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
Language: Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations (A/54/440)
Format/size: PDF (612K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: GA 1998: Report by the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
Date of publication: 10 September 1998
Description/subject: General Assembly, Fifty-third session. The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the interim report on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, prepared by , Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, in accordance with Economic and Social Council decision 1998/261 of 30 July 1998.
Author/creator: Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah
Language: Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations (A/53/364)
Format/size: PDF (900K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003