References and Sources Consulted



C&A          Core, Earle L. and Nelle P. Ammons.  1958.  Woody Plants in Winter: A Manual of Common Trees and Shrubs in Winter in the Northeastern United States and Southeastern Canada.  The Boxwood Press: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.


D               Dirr, Michael A.  1998.  Manual of Woody Landscape Plants: Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture, Propagation and Uses, 5th ed.  Stipes Publishing: Champaign, Illinois.


H&H          Harris, James G. and Melinda Woolf Harris.  2001.  Plant Identification Terminology: An Illustrated Glossary, 2nd ed.  Spring Lake Publishing: Spring Lake, Utah.


H&K          Hickey, Michael and Clive King.  2000.  The Cambridge Illustrated Glossary of Botanical Terms.  Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.


H               Hightshoe, Gary L.  1978.  Native Trees for Urban and Rural America: A Planting Design Manual for Environmental Designers.  Iowa State University Research Foundation: Ames, Iowa.


K&P          Kiger, Robert W. and Duncan M. Porter.  2001.  Categorical Glossary for the Flora of North America Project.  Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie Mellon University: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.


L                Lawrence, George H. M.  1951.  Taxonomy of Vascular Plants.  The MacMillan Company: New York.


RDMB       Radford, Albert E., William C. Dickison, Jimmy R. Massey, and C. Ritchie Bell.  1974.  Vascular Plant Systematics.  Harper & Row Publishers: New York, Evanston, San Francisco, London.


REE           Raven, Peter H., Ray F. Evert, and Susan E. Eichhorn.  1999.  Biology of Plants, 6th ed.  Worth Publishers: New York.


W&K         Walters, Dirk R. and David J. Keil.  1996.  Vascular Plant Taxonomy, 4th ed.  Kendall/Hunt Publishing: Dubuque, Iowa.


Z                Zomlefer, Wendy B.  1994.  Guide to Flowering Plant Families.  University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, NC & London.