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Class Number: 180 Class Title: MOTOR VEHICLES Subclass Subclass Number Title 164 WITH POWERED MEANS FOR CREATING FLUID FORCE TO ATTRACT VEHICLE TO SURFACE OF TRAVEL 116 SURFACE EFFECT VEHICLES (I.E., GROUND EFFECT MACHINES) 117 .Having propulsion or control means 118 ..Responsive to instability condition 119 ..Surface contacting control 120 ..Integrated with working fluid 121 ...With plural cushions 122 ...With dynamic seal or fluid curtain 123 .Spray deflector 124 .Expansible chamber 125 .Fluid bearing or fluid pad 126 .Rigid side walls 127 .Flexible skirt 128 ..Having outlet for working fluid 129 .Dynamic seal or fluid curtain 130 ..Recirculating 165 WITH FLUID OR MECHANICAL MEANS TO ACCUMULATE ENERGY (I) DERIVED FROM MOTION OF VEHICLE OR (II) OBTAINED FROM OPERATION OF VEHICLE MOTOR, AND GIVE UP THE ENERGY (1) WHEN NEEDED FOR VEHICLE ACCELERATION OR (2) TO POWER AN AUXILIARY SYSTEM OF THE VEHICLE 166 WHEELED INFANT CARRIAGE OR CRIB WITH DRIVEN MEANS FOR RECIPROCATING IT LONGITUDINALLY 2.1 MOTOR SUPPLIED WITH POWER FROM EXTERNAL SOURCE 2.2 .Source comprises or includes energy derived from force of nature (e.g., sun, wind) 167 WITH MEANS FOR CONTROLLING OPERATION RESPONSIVE TO ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION, MAGNETIC FORCE, OR SOUND WAVES RECEIVED FROM SOURCE, OR REFLECTED FROM OBJECT OR SURFACE, LOCATED APART FROM VEHICLE 168 .Having controlling means adapted to interact with stationary means which describes course of vehicle's travel 169 .Radiation, force, or waves reflected from external object or surface 170 WITH MEANS RESPONSIVE TO SPEED OF VEHICLE FOR MAINTAINING SPEED AT, OR PREVENTING IT FROM EXCEEDING, A PARTICULAR VALUE 171 .Including device to signal to operator existence of unusual or unintended speed 172 .Including device responsive to centrifugal force 173 ..And means to prevent tampering or unauthorized use 174 ..Having electrical switch 175 .Including fluid pressure actuated servomechanism 176 ..And electrical quantities comparison means for development of input pressure 177 ..And one or more electrical components for establishing or regulating input pressure 178 .Including electrically actuated servomechanism 179 ..And electrical quantities comparison means for development of electrical input 180 SKI- OR SKATE-TYPE VEHICLE FOR IMPARTING MOVEMENT TO A PERSON STANDING THEREONN 181 .With power means or a portion thereof affixed to or built into the ski or skate 182 INCLUDING ONE OR MORE SKI-LIKE OR RUNNER MEMBERS 183 .Member substitutable for wheel type support structure 184 ..With propulsion element of endless track type 185 ...Track comprises substitute for or addition to propulsion element of traction wheel type 186 .With at least one surface-engaging propulsion element 187 ..Element shuffles along support surface 188 ..Spiral type element 189 ..Plural elements connected to and spaced along the plural throws of a common crankshaft 190 ..Endless track type element 191 ...Protruding from member 192 ...Plural tracks with interconnected drive or support means 193 ...With vertically movable track support located intermediate the forward and rearward extremities of the track 194 ..Plural discrete elements protruding from a wheel, hub, or shaft 195 ...Each element moves relative to wheel, hub, or shaft 196 ..Element comprises traction wheel 197 WITH MEANS FOR DETECTING WHEEL SLIP DURING VEHICLE ACCELERATION AND CONTROLLING IT BY REDUCING APPLICATION OF POWER TO WHEEL 198 PORTABLE CARRIER SUPPORTS MOTOR VEHICLE IN TOTO AND IS PROPELLED THEREBY 199 WITH POWERED, GROUND-ENGAGING MEANS FOR PRODUCING, OR ASSISTING IN THE PRODUCTION OF, LATERAL MOVEMENT OF THE VEHICLE (E.G., FOR PARKING) 200 .Comprising rotatably driven auxiliary wheel or endless track 201 ..Driven by frictional engagement with tire of vehicle traction wheel 202 ..Driven by auxiliary electric or fluid motor 203 .Comprising reciprocably driven stepper or rotatably driven cam 204 WITH DEVICE FOR PROGRAMMABLY OPERATING VEHICLE'S STEERABLE WHEELS DURING PARKING MANEUVER THEREOF 6.2 STEERING BY DRIVING 6.24 .Combined with manual steering 6.26 ..Interlocked 6.28 ...Electrical 6.3 ...Fluid 6.32 ...Lever and/or linkage 6.34 ....With controller cam 6.36 ....Lost motion type 6.38 ....Geared 6.4 ....With flexible and/or yieldable link 6.44 .Auxiliary steering motor 6.48 .Independently operable drive motors 6.5 ..Electrical 6.54 .Variable contact 6.58 .Controlled from rotatably mounted superstructure 6.6 ..Steering responsive to rotary movement of superstructure 6.62 .Combined 6.64 .Swinging traction frame responsive to differential drive 6.66 .Reversing drive to traction element 6.7 .Endless flexible track 7.1 SPECIAL DRIVING DEVICE 7.2 .Spiral type element 7.3 .Reaction jet propulsionn 7.4 .Propeller type 7.5 .Vehicle mounted winch for pulling vehicle 8.1 .Stepper 8.2 ..Step or abutment ascending/desending type vehicle 8.3 ..Wheel and stepper type 8.4 ...Nonsupporting pusher type stepper 8.5 ..With alternately lifted supporting base and leg 8.6 ..With alternately lifted feet or skid 8.7 ..Endless or rotary type 9 .Portable track 9.1 ..Endless, flexible 9.21 ...Track substituted for drive wheel 9.22 ...Guided by walking attendant 9.23 ...With attendant station 9.25 ....Rider straddles vehicle (e.g., motorcycle) 9.26 ...Convertible from wheel type 9.28 ....Track remains with vehicle 9.3 .....Wheel or track contacts ground 9.32 ...With auxiliary obstacle surmounting means 9.34 ...With ground wheel 9.36 ....Opposite and laterally spaced 9.38 ....Steering 9.4 ...With hitch 9.42 ...Combined 9.44 ...With track-related steering means 9.46 ....Pivoted track frame 9.48 ...Laterally extendable track 9.5 ...Track support mounted for vertical movement 9.52 ....Adjustable 9.54 ....With spring 9.56 .....Longitudinally extending coil spring 9.58 .....Leaf or torsion spring 9.6 ......Transversely extending 9.62 ...Toothed wheel drive 9.64 ....Belt or chain driven 10 ..Annular 11 MOTOR-CARRYING ATTACHMENTS 12 .Driven steering wheel type 13 ..Single wheel 14.1 VEHICLE TRAINS 14.2 .Motorized trailer 14.3 ..All motors supplied from power plant of a single vehicle 14.4 .Drive means betwen vehicles through coupling 14.6 .Tractor drive effort varied by pull exerted by trailer 14.7 .Vehicle drive drives other vehicle wheel 14.5 .Overload release 15 ADDITIONAL TRACTION WHEEL 16 TRACTION WHEEL ATTACHMENTS 19.1 STEERED BY WALKING ATTENDANT 19.2 .Who steerably controls steerable wheel 19.3 .Handle movement controls vehicle drive 20 WITH ROLLERS 21 SPECIAL WHEEL BASE 22 .Five or more wheels 23 ..Driven steering wheel type 24 ...Stub-axle type 24.01 ..Having tandem steerable or translatable wheels or wheel setss 24.02 ..Displaceable wheel shifts or proportions load 24.03 ..Independently rotatable side-by-side dual wheels 24.04 ..With differential housing integrally fixed to vehicle frame 24.05 ..Rocker beam houses drive means 24.06 ..Plural propelling motors 24.07 ...Separate driving motor for each drive wheel 24.08 ..Each wheel positively driven 24.09 ..With interaxle differential 24.1 ..With drive interrupt means to either tandem drive wheel 24.11 ..Driven tandem wheels 24.12 ...One serially driven by other 24.13 ..Spring rocker beam 205 .With mechanism of occupant-powered type for developing torque for supplementing, alternating with, or replacing torque of motor 206 ..And means for controlling motor in response to either operation of occupant powered mechanism or vehicular movement resulting therefrom 207 ..Including member utilized in common by occupant-powered mechanism and by motor for transmitting torque output of each to wheel 208 .Collapsible or knockdown for storage or transport 209 .With means for changing number of supporting wheels, or for adjusting relative location thereof 210 .Having only three wheels 211 ..Including steerable and driven wheel 212 ...All wheels motor driven 213 ...Having motor mounted to swing with steerable wheel 214 ....Electrical-type motor 215 ..Including two wheels driven and having common axis of rotation 216 ...Electrical-type motor 217 ...Including endless element for transmitting drive to wheels 218 .Having only two wheels 219 ..Arranged in tandem 220 ...Electrical-type motor 221 ...Including rotating element for frictionally engaging and driving a wheel 222 ....And means for steering that wheel 223 ...Including steerable and driven wheel 224 ....Both wheels motor driven 225 ...Having frame element or fender constituting also exhaust or fuel passageway or fuel reservoir 226 ...Including longitudinally extending shaft for transmitting drive to wheel 227 ...Including resilient means for mounting driven wheel 228 ...Including resilient means for mounting motor 229 ...With means for cooling motor 230 ...With change-speed means between motor and driven wheel 231 ...Including endless element for transmitting drive and means for adjusting tension of element 36 STEAM TRACTION ENGINES 37 .Driven steering wheel type 38 ..Four wheels driven 39 .With boiler leveler 40 .Spring mounted on axle 232 WITH MEANS FOR (1) PROTECTING MOTOR FROM IMPACT OF COLLISION,, (2) UTILIZING MASS OF MOTOR TO ABSORB FORCE THEREOF, OR (3) PROTECTING OCCUPANT REGION OF VEHICLE FROM IMPACT-INDUCED SHIFTING OF MOTOR 41 WITH LEVELING DEVICE 233 HAVING FOUR WHEELS DRIVEN 234 .With means for steering all driven wheels 235 ..Comprising articulated frame and means for pivoting one portion of frame relative to other portion about vertical axis located centrally of vehicle 236 ..In a path of travel other than that produced by turning the front wheels and the rear wheels substantially equally and oppositely 237 ..Comprising swingable, plural-wheel-carrying axles on individual, vertical axes of pivot 238 ...At least one axle being offset from its pivotable axis 239 ...Including longitudinally extending, endless element for transmitting drive to wheels 240 ..Including rotatable shaft extending longitudinally from wheels at one end of vehicle to wheels at other end for transmitting steering force thereto 241 ..Including longitudinally extending, endless element for transmitting drive to wheels 242 .Including pump and fluid motor, or generator and electric motor, for driving one or more wheels 243 ..And another means for driving the remaining driven wheels 244 .With means for braking either (1) one or more driven wheels or (2) structure transmitting drive to wheel 245 .Including separate mechanical assemblies for transmitting drive to each of two wheels at one end of vehicle 246 ..And assemblies for each of two wheels at other end, also 247 .With manually operated means for disengaging drive to one or more, but fewer than all, of the four wheels 248 .With differential means for driving two wheel sets at dissimilar speeds 249 ..And means for locking out the differential means 250 ...Manually operated type of lockout means 251 .Including longitudinally extending, endless element for transmitting drive to wheels 252 HAVING AT LEAST ONE WHEEL BOTH DRIVEN AND STEERABLE 253 .Steerable wheel has exclusive axis of pivot (i.e., stub-axle type) 254 ..Including flexible, axially rotatable means having one portion fixed to vehicle and another portion pivotable with wheel for transmitting drive thereto 255 ...Pivotable portion of means has additional structure of gearlike nature in driving engagement with corresponding structure on wheel 256 ...Means comprises rotatable shaft containing plural universal joints 257 ....Having at least one joint located on each side of axis of pivot 258 ...Pivotable portion of means includes ball or socket element of ball-and socket type universal joint 259 ....Joint includes intermediate ball, floating in groove, for positively engaging ball with socket 260 ...Pivotable portion of means includes gear element of intermeshing gear type universal joint 261 ....Joint includes at least one gear element rotatable on axiss of pivot and intermeshing with gear element on pivotable portion 262 .....Joint also includes gear element on fixed portion engaging gear element on axis of pivot and vertically offset from gear element on pivotable portion 263 ...Having axis of pivot disposed between parallel planes defined by opposite sides of wheel 264 .With driven axle, mounting two or more wheels, swingable about axis of pivot, and motor mounted to swing therewith 265 ..Having axle offset longitudinally from axis of pivot 266 .With driven axle, mounting two or more wheels, swingable about axis of pivot, and swingable also about a horizontal axis 267 .With driven axle, mounting two or more wheels, swingable about axis of pivot, and shaft for transmitting drive coincident with axis 268 WITH BELT OR HARNESS FOR RESTRAINING OCCUPANT, AND MEANS WHEREBY THE BELT OR HARNESS CONTROLS, OR IS CONTROLLED BY, THE FUNCTIONING OF A VEHICLE SYSTEM OR COMPONENT 269 .System comprises transmission or element thereof 270 .System comprises ignition circuit or starter circuit or element of one or other 271 WITH MEANS FOR PROMOTING SAFETY OF VEHICLE, ITS OCCUPANT OR LOAD, OR AN EXTERNAL OBJECT 272 .Responsive to absence or inattention of operator, or negatively reactive to attempt to operate vehicle by person not qualified mentally or physically to do so 273 ..Utilizing weight, or lack thereof, of operator on seat or other support to determine presence or absence 274 .Responsive to engagement of portion of perimeter of vehicle with external object 275 ..And causing application of vehicle brake 276 ...Brake comprises or includes element moved or deformed into engagement with ground 277 ...And also interruption of at least one operational system of the vehicle or its motor 278 ....System comprises clutch 279 ..And causing interruption of an electrical system of the vehicle or its motor 280 ..And causing operation of vehicle steering system 281 .Comprising either movable closure member or fastening device therefor responsive to forward or rearward movement, or variations therein, of vehicle 282 .Responsive to sensing of acceleration, deceleration, or tilt of vehicle 283 ..And causing interruption of ignition circuit 284 ...And also impeding flow of fuel 285 ..And causing disruption of drive train between motor and wheels 286 .Comprising vehicle system or component responsive either to position of movable closure member or to status of fastening device therefor 287 .By preventing unauthorized or unintended access or use 288 ..Reponsive to failure of taxicab operator to activate fare meter upon boarding of passenger 289 ..Comprising device, mechanism, or system for either repositioning a movable or removable closure member or operating a fastening device therefor 290 .Responsive to weight of cargo load transported by vehiclee 53.1 MOTOR AS SOURCE OF POWER FOR OTHER MACHINE 53.2 .Other machine is creeper drive on motor vehicle 53.3 .Other machine is mounted by three point hitch (i.e., Ford-Ferguson hitch) 53.4 .Hydraulic drive to other machine 53.5 .Electric drive to other machine 53.6 .Drive to other machine by power take-off (PTO) driven by wheel or axle of motor vehicle 53.61 ..PTO mounted directly on or engaging drive wheel to rotate therewith 53.62 ..PTO constantly driven with wheel selectively driven 53.7 .Drive to other machine by power take-off (PTO) at front end of vehicle 53.8 .Other machine is vehicle accessory 54.1 POWER 54.2 .With spring powered motor 55 .On lower running gear 56 ..Rear axle and body 57 ...Longitudinal shaft 58 ..Frame 59 ...Pivoted support on axle 60 ...Electric 61 ..Pivoted support on axle 62 ..Rear axle 63 .Motor moved by axle 291 .Having specific motor-to-body-frame relationship 292 ..Including change-speed gearing, or clutch, mounted in common with motor 293 ...With member or mechanism for controlling gearing or clutch, and means for minimizing transfer of movement, caused by operation of motor, to member or mechanism 294 ...With means enabling repositioning of motor and gearing or clutch 295 ...With wheeled auxiliary frame, resiliently joined to body frame, for supporting motor and gearing or clutch 296 ..Including means on body frame or motor for handling exhaust 297 ..Having motor shaft parallel to rotational axis of driven wheel 298 ..Including means enabling repositioning of motor 299 ..Including auxiliary frame for motor and resilient means for connecting auxiliary frame to body frame 300 ..Including means of nonsupporting nature for minimizing operation-induced movement of motor 65.1 .Electric 65.2 ..Combined with nonelectric drive means 65.3 ..With means on vehicle for generating power for the electric motor 65.4 ...Generating means is driven by a prime mover 65.5 ..With motor in or moveable with wheel 65.6 ..With gearing between electric motor and drive wheel 65.7 ...Gearing is a changeable ratio gearing 65.8 ..With electronic devices (logic gates, semi-conductors, vacuum tubes, etc.) in control circuit 301 .Including traction motor of turbine type driven by fluid product of combustion 302 .Including traction motor of kind driven by expansible fluid from source external of motor 303 ..Gas is product of treatment of a volatile fluid (e.g., gas iss steam) 304 ...With means to condense gas discharged from motor 305 .Including traction motor of kind driven by noncompressible fluid received under pressure from a pump 306 ..Vehicle includes another system operated by same fluid 307 ..Having variable displacement type motor or pump 308 ..Having separate motor for each driven, surface-engaging member 309 .With means for handling motor exhaust 310 .With means to generate steam for a propulsion purpose 68.1 .With means to guide and/or control air for power plant cooling 68.2 ..With further means to utilize power plant cooling air for other purposes 68.3 .With means to guide and/or control combustion air for power plant 68.4 .Radiators and condensers, mounting 68.6 ..With protector for the radiator or condenser 68.5 .Battery mountings and holders 69.2 .Hoods 69.21 ..Pivoted about horizontal axis extending transversely of vehicle (e.g., alligator type or front end pivot) 69.22 ..With noise suppression means 69.23 ...Noise suppression means prevents hood from vribrating (i.e., anti rattlers) 69.24 ..With access openings having moveable or removeable closures 69.25 ..Water deflectors 69.3 .With means to increase idle speed of internal combustion engine to compensate for accessory load 69.4 .With fuel supply for internal combustion engine 69.5 ..Engine uses gaseous fuel 69.6 .Vehicle has plural power plants 69.1 .Underpans 337 TRANSMISSION MECHANISM 338 .Condition responsive (e.g., responsive to speed, load, etc.) 339 .With temperature control, lubrication or sealing 340 .With laterally movable wheel 341 .Wheel drives parallel wheel 342 .Tire directly driven 343 ..With particular gear structure 344 .Assembly feature 345 .Traction aid 346 .With protective guard or casing 347 .Mechanical movement transmission 348 .Final drive axle movable 349 ..Rigid axle 350 ...Belt or chain drive 351 ....With tensioning means 352 ...With lateral support between the differential or axle housing and the vehicle frame 353 ...With sprung differential 354 ....And differential support feature 355 ....And final gear drive 356 ...And final gear drive 357 ..Belt or chain drive 358 ..Swinging axle, single pivot 359 ..With sprung differentiall 360 ...And differential support feature 361 ...And final gear drive 362 ...And transverse leaf spring suspension 363 ..And final gear drive 364 .Variable speed or direction 365 ..Plural 366 ..Belt or chain 367 ..Fluid drive 368 ..Friction drive 369 ..Planetary 370 .With brake 371 .Final gear drive at each of two parallel wheels 372 ..Planetary 373 ..Belt or chain 374 .Gear transmission relationship to frame or axle 375 ..Transmission is differential 376 .Shaft relationship to frame or shaft 377 .Transmission support 378 ..Differential or axle housing 379 ..Shaft 380 ...With propeller shaft casing, (e.g., torque tube) 381 ...Vibration damping 382 ..Flexible support 383 .With particular drive coupling 384 ..Relative axial movement 385 ..Drive connection to wheel 76 COMPENSATING DEVICES 314 WITH PLURAL FUEL TANKS 315 MANUALLY ACTUATED CONTROLLING DEVICES 316 .By other than hand or foot of operator 317 .On mine car vehicle 318 .On delivery-type vehicle 319 .With rein means 320 .With vehicle control extension 321 .With plural control stations 322 ..Side-by-side 323 ..For single control means 324 ..With tool or equipment control 325 ..Braking controllable by passenger 326 .With movable control station or seat position 327 ..Movable cab 328 ...Tilting 329 ..Simultaneously movable seat and control 330 ..Seat on seat portion movable to alternate positon 331 ...With tool or equipment control 332 .With tiller-type handle 333 .Multiple vehicle functions controllable by single device 334 .With adjustable operator engageable control 335 .With fuel or air throttle control 336 .With transmission control 78 .Steering shaft 79 STEERING GEAR 131 .Steering by terrestrial guide 132 .With fluid power assist 133 ..With alternate emergency power means (e.g., pump, gearing etc.) 134 ..Between articulated wheeled vehicle sections 135 ...Combined with another steering modee 136 ...Reciprocating power assist 137 ....Including flexible power transmitting means 138 ....Including interengaging gear means 139 ....Plural working members 140 ..Each wheel steerable 141 ..With condition modulated steering 142 ...Electrical control 143 ...Speed condition only 144 ..With swinging vehicle frame transversing axle 145 ..Including flexible power transmitting means 146 ..Steering column supported 147 ...Including rack gear means 148 ..With rack and pinion gearing intermediate steering shaft and power assist 149 ..Having rotary working member 150 ..Having flexible working member 151 ..Steering linkage includes interengaging gear means 152 ..With plural working members 153 ...Working member movement traverses vehicle path 154 ..Working member movement traverses vehicle path 155 ...Moves separate rod for each wheel steering arm 156 ....Via intermediate pivoted member 157 .....With link member interconnecting pivoted member and rod 158 ....Working member is moving cylinder 159 ...Working member part engages wheel steering arm 160 ...Working member part engages tie rod 161 ..Movable working member engages wheel steering arm 162 ..Movable working member is moving cylinder 163 ..With linkage intermediate working member and wheel steering arm 79.1 .With electric power assist 79.3 .With mechanical power assist 79.4 ..Swinging axle 79.5 ..Truck 84 DUST GUARDS 89.1 BODIES 89.11 .With passenger compartment having article receiving or removing means 89.12 .Tractor and similar vehicle cabs 89.13 .Movable cab or operator's station 89.14 ..Tilting 89.15 ...Via power or power enhancing means 89.16 ..Overmotor cab 89.17 .Movable body portion facilitating engine access 89.18 ..Cab portion 89.19 .Overmotor cab 89.2 .With means for handling exhaust of a motor 90 .Dashboards 90.6 .Footboards and pedal guards 311 FRAME 312 .With structure adapted to receive or support a motor, change-speed gearing, or other power train element 313 MISCELLANEOUS * ****************************** * CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS * ****************************** 900 ARGICULTURAL-TYPE TRACTORS 901 DEVICES FOR TRAVERSING VERTICAL SURFACESS 902 SHOCK OR VIBRATION ABSORBING OR TRANSMITTING MEANS BETWEEN WHEEL SUSPENSION AND MOTOR 903 AIRSTREAM REACTIVE VEHICLE OR VEHICLE STRUCTURE 904 TRACTION DOLLIES FOR AIRCRAFT (Cross Reference Art Collection created in companion project) 905 AXLES 906 ADJUSTABLE AXLES 907 MOTORIZED WHEELCHAIRS 908 MOTOR VEHICLES WITH SHORT WHEELBASE