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Class Number: 431 Class Title: COMBUSTION Subclass Subclass Number Title 1 COMBUSTION BURSTS OR FLARE-UPS IN PULSES OR SERIAL PATTERN 2 PROCESS OF COMBUSTION OR BURNER OPERATION 3 .Decarbonizing, cleaning or purging 4 .Feeding flame modifying additive 5 .Burning waste gas, e.g., furnace gas, etc. 6 .Starting or shutdown procedure 7 .In a porous body or bed, e.g., surface combustion, etc. 8 .Flame shaping, or distributing components in combustion zone 9 ..Whirling, recycling material, or reversing flow in an enclosed flame zone 10 ..Oxidizer added to region of incomplete combustion 11 .Heating feed 12 .Controlling or proportioning feed 13 WITH INDICATOR OR INSPECTION MEANS 14 .Correlated with action of condition responsive burner control 15 ..Shutdown or aborted start attempt indicated 16 ...Responsive to gas leakage, overflow, abnormal pressure or electrical component malfunction 17 .Burner component position indicator 18 TIMER, PROGRAMMER, RETARDER OR CONDITION RESPONSIVE CONTROL 19 .Responsive to combustion chamber pressure 20 .Of or by exhaust damper or exhaust pump 21 .By combustion destructible element, e.g., fusible plug, etc. 22 .By sensing of gas leakage, flashback or escaped flame 23 .Of means protecting burner component from combustion heat 24 .With test circuit checking or analyzing flame sensing circuit for malfunction 25 ..Utilizing unidirectional electrical conducting effect of flame 26 ..Test circuit activated, then inactivated in starting 27 .Providing repeated start attempts prior to shutdown upon failure to establish combustion 28 .Actuation sequence of electric feed heater and feed flow controller or igniter 29 .Control of purger, of scavenger or of combustion start-up delay period 30 ..Of scavenging or purging pump 31 ...Scavenging or purging period started by combustion demand 32 .Of cleaning means 33 .Of extinguishing means 34 ..Wick cover actuated in response to tilting of burner 35 ..By candle length or fuel quantity 36 .Of or by burner feed supply heating structure 37 ..By controlling admittance of feed to structure 38 ...By pressure of feed in structure 39 ...By level of liquid feed in structure 40 ...By linear expansion of feed holder 41 ..Supply of heat to heating structure controlled 42 .Sensor of first burner controls second burner, e.g., pilot and main, etc. 43 ..With electrical igniter 44 ...Igniter deenergized by fuel pressure variation in startt effort 45 ...Igniter deenergized by timer, programmer or retarder 46 ...Igniter deenergization responsive to first burner ignition 47 ...With manual igniter actuation 48 ..Sensor of second burner controls third burner 49 ..And an igniting burner for first burner 50 ..Sensing of flame at both burners required for continued operation of second burner 51 ..Both burners cut off upon sensed extinguishment of first burner 52 ...First burner manual reset valve cut off 53 ....Single valve cuts off branched flow 54 .....Reset includes structure preventing feed to second burner prior to sensed combustion at first burner 55 ....Burners independently controlled by reset valves 56 ...Having cut-off valve by-pass or additional supply to first burner 57 ..Manual reset of second burner required upon first burner extinguishment 58 ..Sensor controls diaphragm motor of second burner valve 59 ..Electrical or magnetic sensor controls second burner 60 .Of sequential operation of plural burners, e.g., pilot and main, etc. 61 ..By fuel feed pressure variation 62 .Of diverse feed or feed rate in starting, e.g., enriching fuel mixture in starting, etc. 63 ..Combustion sensor establishes "run" feed 64 .Level responsive means controls fuel level in wick pot or pot type burner 65 .Fuel feed cut off by collected fuel over-flow 66 .Sensor of electrical condition or temperature of electrical igniter controls fuel feed 67 .Igniter heat up and fuel feed sequence controlled by timer or retarder 68 .Sensing of hot combustion zone condition blocks restart attempt 69 .Shutdown by sensed absence of flame in proving period 70 ..Recycle through proving period on sensing of failure of established flame 71 ..Igniter cut off when flame establishment proved 72 .Of igniter and feed controlled sequence 73 ..By timer or retarder 74 ..Combustion zone sensor controls igniter 75 .By combustion or combustion zone sensor 76 ..Combustion product composition sensor 77 ..Of shutdown by response to sensed combustion failure or overheat 78 ...By electrical control circuit 79 ....Photoelectric sensor 80 ....Thermoelectric generator sensor 81 ...Manual setting means for biased valve released upon sensed combustion 82 ...With fuel feed means downstream of shutdown valve 83 ...Sensor movement losses means holding shutdown valve open against bias 84 ....Held by latch, latch released by sensor 85 .....Expanding fluid sensor 86 .By manually started timer or retarder, or by time of dayy device 87 ..Of combustion initiating means, e.g., match striker, etc. 88 .By tilting, jarring, or mechanical damage 89 .By condition of burner feed or feed means 90 ..Sensor of one feed controls another feed 91 PROJECTOR AND IGNITER FOR LIQUID OR GELLED FUEL SLUG OR ROD, E.G., FLAME THROWER, ETC. 357 ILLUMINATING FLASH DEVICE, E.G., PHOTOGRAPHIC BULB, ETC. 358 .Fuel charge within sealed transparent casing, e.g., bulb 359 ..Plurality of bulbs associated for sequential ignition 360 ..Coated casing 361 ..Percussive ignition means ignites charge 362 ..Electrically ignited primer ignites charge 363 .Having fuel charge feeding means 364 .Having protective shield 365 .Electrical means ignites charge 99 MAGNESIUM STRIP 100 INCANDESCENT MANTLE 101 .Resiliently supported 102 .Wick feeds vapor to mantle 103 .Heated feed line section 104 ..Discrete flame holder heats section, e.g., auxiliary jet, etc. 105 ..Within mantle 106 ..Above upwardly fed mantle 107 ..Heated by downwardly fed mantle 108 .Distinct means increases pressure at mantle 109 .Depends below downwardly facing fuel discharger 110 .Supported above upwardly facing fuel discharger 111 .Supporting or protecting means external of mantle 112 ..Extending within mantle 113 ..On upwardly opening mantle 114 WITH MEANS ATTENUATING SOUND OR PULSATION 115 COMBUSTION PRODUCTS RETURN STRUCTURE 116 .Recirculation about mixing or combustion chamber wall or baffle 117 WITH EXTERNAL DRAIN FOR SURPLUS LIQUID FUEL DISCHARGED INTO VAPORIZATION OR COMBUSTION ZONE 118 .Drained collecting basin spaced from zone 119 WITH DRIP OR LEAKAGE COLLECTOR 120 WITH WICK TRIMMING, TREATING, INSERTING, OR REMOVING MEANS 121 WITH APPARATUS CLEANING, PURGING OR SCAVENGING MEANS 122 .Scraping or clearing member 123 ..Feed orifice penetrating 124 WITH RESERVE FLINT HOLDER 125 WITH SIMULATION FEATURE 126 WITH ORNAMENTATION OR FLAME COLORING ADDITIVE 127 BURNER ASSEMBLY INCLUDES IGNITER ELEMENT AND REMOVABLE HAND MANIPULATABLE TORCH 128 .Electrical igniter 129 BURNER HEAD COVER OPERATIVELY INTERRELATED WITH IGNITER 130 .Interconnected with valve in fuel feed passage 131 ..By movably mounted burner nozzle 132 .Electrical igniter 133 .Solid ignition charge dispenser and striker 134 .Actuation of ignition member releases biased open cover 135 .Cover, latched closed, biased open; igniter actuated on releasee 136 ..Abrasive wheel moves with cover about a common axis 137 .Cover actuator cocks and releases abrasive member drive 138 .Common axis for cover and abrasive wheel 139 ..Actuator (e.g., finger piece) engaged with cover for relative movement 140 ...Gear drive between cover and actuator 141 .One way drive means between cover and abrasive wheel 142 BURNER HEAD OR IGNITER REMOVABLY SECURED TO FUEL TANK BY ENCIRCLING FRAME OR CASING 143 .Burner head on tank and igniter on frame or casing 144 BURNER CAP, COVER OR EXTINGUISHER 145 .Fluid 146 .Movably or removably mounted cover for flame holder 147 ..Cover bars oxidizer from catalyst 148 ..Connected to lamp chimney or its support 149 ..And distinct snuffer within cover 150 ..Cover operatively interconnected with feed controller or feed pump 151 ..And windshield within covered zone 152 ..Pivotally mounted 153 CORRELATION OF FUEL OR POWER SUPPLY WITH COMPONENT MOVEMENTS IN A DISABLING AND ENABLING SEQUENCE 154 WITH REPAIR, ASSEMBLY OR DISASSEMBLY ADJUNCT 155 .Slide or roller 156 CONVERTIBLE 157 MEANS AT CHAMBER OUTLET ESTABLISHING COMBUSTION PRESSURE DISTINCT FROM AMBIENT 158 .Chamber outlet forms jet nozzle 159 FUEL DISPERSER INSTALLED IN FURNACE 160 .Disperser cooled by fluid additional to furnace feed 161 .Furnace heated feed line section 162 ..Distinct sections feeding disparate fluids to furnace 163 ..Section feeds steam to disperser 164 ..Section feeds oxidizer through furnace wall opening spaced from that for disperser 165 ...Oxidizer fed at spaced points along combustion path 166 ..Section feeds oxidizer to disperser or through disperser furnace wall opening 167 ...Section is furnace wall cavity leading to disperser 168 .Rotary disperser projects at surrounding flange surface 169 ..Mixing ring or group of deflectors overhangs flange surface 170 .Disperser feeds into permeable mass, e.g., checkerwork, etc. 171 .With discrete flame directing baffle 172 ..Baffle means forms flame ring around combustion chamber 173 .Feed projected tangential to wall of circular combustion chamber 174 .Spaced fuel dispersing orifices within furnace 175 ..Intersecting fuel streams 176 ...Opposed rows of streams of radially directed streams in a common plane 177 ..Annular arrangement with fuel directed on surrounding combustion chamber wall 178 ..Row with parallel discharge through combustion chamber wall 179 ...Longitudinally adjacent rows 180 ..Row across combustion chamber 181 .Plural feed means extending to common wall opening of furnace 182 ..Duct with air whirling means surrounds disperser 183 ...Row of stationary blades coaxial with disperser whirls airr 184 ....Pivotally adjustable blades 185 ..Feed whirling means at wall 186 ..Shiftably mounted disperser; or flame shaper 187 ..Feeds discharged coaxially 188 ...Air chamber with inlet control surrounds disperser at wall 189 .Disperser adjustably mounted for movement relative to furnace wall opening 190 .Water, air or steam feeder spaced from disperser 191 BURNER IGNITED BY FLASH FLAME THROUGH CONDUIT 192 .Conduit feed means spaced from ignited burner 193 .Unique burner manifold orifice feeds conduit 194 ..Nipple forms orifice and anchors conduit 195 FUEL DISTRIBUTOR UNDERLYING COMBUSTION ANNULUS HAVING AIR FEEDING PERFORATIONS 196 .With pilot burner, primer, or electric combustion starter 197 .Annulus movably mounted for access to distributor 198 .Distributor annulus feeds combustion annulus through coaxial throat or row of orifices 199 .Distributor receives heated fuel from annulus heated line section 200 .Coaxial combustion chambers with intermediate air space 201 .Structure surrounding annulus guides combustion air to perforations 202 STRUCTURAL INSTALLATION 203 FLAME HOLDER MOUNTED ON HEATED SINGLE CHARGE FUEL TANK 204 .Fuel jet from heated tank traverses wick burner 205 .Priming cup heats tank 206 .Having heat conductor between spaced flame holder and tank 207 HEATED LINE SECTION FEEDS FLAME HOLDER 208 .Electrically heated section 209 .Section and its heat source mounted for relative movement, e.g., to vary thermal effect, etc. 210 .Heated section supplied by separate diverse feeds, e.g., water and fuel, etc. 211 ..One feed heated before being fed to section 212 ...Another feed heated before being fed to section 213 .Air from section discharged downwardly toward fuel surface 214 ..Fuel surface is film descending from elevated structure 215 .Distinct exhaust products line heats feed line 216 .Lines for diverse feeds heated 217 ..With mixing upstream of combustion zone 218 .Basin for burning liquid fuel heats feed line section 219 ..Heated line feeds steam to fuel basin area 220 ..Separate basin and flame holder fuel lines 221 ...Valved branch of flame holder feed line feeds basin 222 ..Basin receives fuel from terminus of heated fuel line 223 ...With selective deflector directing fuel to basin 224 ...Horizontally extending cavity of basin forms heated section 225 ...Basin mounted on valve housing 226 ...Heated fuel drum above basin 227 ...Basin encompasses vertical heated line section 228 ....Line passes through basin to surrounding, descending discharge structure 229 ....Elongated basin parallel to fuel line 230 .Auxiliary burner heats wick within heated section 231 .Fuel container having means feeding gas to a separate line heating burner and liquid to heated section 232 .Section heated by distinct flame holders, one fed by heatedd section 233 .Heated line supplies its heater and an external structure, e.g., flame holder 234 ..One of a group of similar burners heats section 235 ..Heated line supplies generated gas to main of distributing system 236 .Section heated by auxiliary burner 237 ..Main fuel line branch feeds auxiliary burner 238 .Unheated fuel supply to flame holder 239 ..Heated feed aspirates or atomizes fuel 240 .Insert in heated fuel line, e.g., packing, etc. 241 ..Lifts fuel from tank to heated section by capillary action 242 .Housing encloses heated section and flame area 243 .Flame enclosure comprises, or conducts heat to heated section 244 .Discrete jet section of flame holder heats its fuel line 245 .Unheated oxidizer supply to line between heated section and feed discharger 246 ..Feed discharger wall cavity forms heated section 247 .Fuel conduit within flame or combustion products zone 248 ..Distinct baffle directs flame at or around conduit 249 WITH FEATURE FOR ACCESS TO OR EXPOSURE OF FLAME HOLDER 250 .With match scratching surface within enclosure 251 .Enclosure movably mounted for access 252 WITH ADJUNCTIVE MEANS TO EXTEND OR DEFLECT FLAME BY AIR BLAST OR ASPIRATION 253 COMBINED 254 ELECTRICAL OR MECHANICAL IGNITER CORRELATED WITH BURNER FEED 255 .Having electric current producer 256 .Switch or electrode of igniter moved by valve element or operator 257 ..Make and break electrode moved 258 BURNER HAVING ELECTRICAL HEATER OR IGNITER 259 .Igniter and separate heater 260 .Adjacent exposed liquid fuel surface on fuel support 261 ..Capillary fuel holder 262 ...Resistance type heater or igniter 263 .Igniter in shelter chamber 264 .Spark electrode in front of or adjacent fuel discharger 265 ..Gun type burner with electrode supported in air blast conduit 266 ..Spark circuit includes feed terminus 267 FRICTIONAL, CHEMICAL OR PERCUSSIVE TYPE IGNITER 268 .Catalytic 269 .Cap, match or pellet igniting charge holding and firing means 270 ..Externally accessible operator fires charge within flame enclosure 271 ..Plural charge holder with presenting structure 272 ...Serially connected charges 273 .Spark projecter, e.g., flint and abrasive striker, etc. 274 ..Mechanical movement operated abrasive member 275 ...Stored energy actuated; detent, latch or overcenter release 276 ..Advancing type flint holder 277 ..Mounted on fuel tank adjacent flame holder 278 SEPARATELY SUPPLIED OR CONTROLLED, PHYSICALLY RELATED FLAME HOLDERS, E.G., DIVERSE FUELS, PILOT AND MAIN, ETC. 279 .Relatively movable 280 .By multiway valve 281 .Correlated controls 282 .Adjustable wickk 283 .Three mounted in cross igniting relationship 284 .Coaxial 285 .Having common flame chamber or shield means 286 DISCRETE MEANS TRANSMITTING FLAME BETWEEN SEPARATE FLAME HOLDING SECTIONS 287 HAVING COMBUSTION STARTING ASSISTANT 288 CANDLE, E.G., TAPER, ETC. 289 .Having structure additional to wax and wick 290 ..Height adjuster or maintained flame level 291 ..Fuel body totally within casing, e.g., vigil light, etc. 292 ..Melt handler or receiver 293 ...Follower cap 294 ...Drained or openwork candle grip mounted on melt receiver 295 ..Holder for plural candles 296 ..Hook, clamp or spike supported candle holder 297 ..Candle mounting attachment for socket type support 298 FIBROUS WICK TYPE FLAME HOLDER 299 .Having feeder or holder for disparate fluid 300 .Means forcing air into flame area 301 .Wick movement limiting structure 302 .Tubular wick having central supporting and air supplying structure 303 ..Having lateral air inlet passage through wick 304 ..Having wick raiser 305 ...Screw thread on wick carrier 306 ...Rotatable threaded rod and follower 307 ...Rack and pinion 308 ...Reciprocated bar 309 ..Having air guide or distributor 310 .Having air or flame director, air distributor, or windguard 311 ..Transparent director surrounding wick support or guide 312 ..Director passageways, each surrounding wick or flame zone 313 ..Director passageways leading to flame zone 314 ..Air annulus leads to flame zone 315 .Having adjustable wick exposure, position, or porosity setting structure 316 ..Rotatable projection means engages wick 317 ...Transmission mechanism rotates means 318 ...Opposed rotatable wick engaging means 319 .Having distinct fuel line between reservoir and wick guide or support means 320 .Liquid fuel container carries wick guide or support 321 ..Having distinct container filling or venting structure 322 ..Means supporting displaced wick guide or support on fuel container 323 ..Having absorbing, baffling or additional wick supporting structure in container 324 ..Detachable closure securing guide to container 325 .Coated, impregnated, layered, coupled or reinforced wick 326 POROUS, CAPILLARY, PARTICULATE OR SIEVELIKE FLAME HOLDER, E.G., RADIANT SURFACE BURNER, ETC. 327 .Capillary mass having handle 328 .Means supplying fuel for passage through the flame holding structure, e.g., radiant surface burner 329 ..Woven screen holds flame 330 DRIP, TRICKLER, OR SHELF-TO-SHELF TYPE BURNER 331 POT TYPE BURNER 332 .Having feeder or holder for disparate fluidd 333 .Having means for continuously feeding fuel 334 ..With pot or fuel reservoir elevating means 335 ..Air feed passage through bottom of pot 336 ..Ring structure at pot outlet forms central vertical discharge throat 337 ...Structure includes radial air feed passages discharging at throat 338 ..Having baffling means within pot confines 339 ...Forms separate zones of combustion at fuel surface 340 ...Horizontally extending partition having central passage 341 .Including exhaust flue having air feed passages 342 ..And baffling means within pot 343 WITH SUPPORTING BRACKET, LEG, HOOK, STRAP OR CLIP 344 FLAME HOLDER AND FUEL TANK ASSEMBLY 345 FLAME HOLDER HAVING ATTACHED HANDLE 346 FLASH-BACK CONTROLLING OR PREVENTING STRUCTURE 347 INCANDESCING OR REFLECTING COMPONENT, E.G., REIGNITING HOT SPOT, ETC. 348 .Flame sweeps dished incandescing surface 349 ADJUNCTIVE, RELATIVELY LOW VELOCITY, FLAME MAINTAINING FUEL PASSAGE 350 FLAME HOLDER HAVING PROTECTIVE FLAME ENCLOSING OR FLAME STABILIZING STRUCTURE 351 .Including means feeding air axially spaced points of the flame 352 ..Axial perforations along combustion tube 353 .Tubular member delineates flame 354 MIXER AND FLAME HOLDER 355 .Bunsen burner type 356 MISCELLANEOUS