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Class Number: 44 Class Title: FUEL AND RELATED COMPOSITIONS Subclass Subclass Number Title 250 FLAMELESS OR GLOWLESS 251 .Activatable by or containing water 252 ..Free metal-containing 253 ...With organic or second elemental material 265 SOLIDIFIED LIQUID (E.G., GEL, ETC.) 266 .Liquid alkanol base 267 ..With carbohydrate (e.g., cellulose compound, cotton, etc.) 268 .Liquid hydrocarbon base (e.g., gasoline, etc.) 269 ..With plant derivative of unknown composition (except rosin or rosin derivatives) or carbohydrate 270 ..With organic nitrogen compound 271 ..With organic polymer polymerized through olefinic or acetylenic bond (e.g., methacrylate polymers, polypropylene, etc.) 272 ..With organic -C(=X)X- compound, wherein the X's are the same or diverse chalcogens (e.g., aluminum carboxylates, rosin salts, etc.) 275 CANDLE COMPOSITION 280 SOLID CARBONACEOUS FUEL DISPERSED IN A LIQUID MEDIUM (E.G., DISPERSED COAL, COKE, CARBON POWDER, PEAT, ETC.) 281 .The liquid medium is, or contains, hydrocarbon 282 ..Liquid hydrocarbon, or liquid hydrocarbon and water, are the only components 300 LIQUID FUELS (EXCLUDING FUELS THAT ARE EXCLUSIVELY MIXTURES OF LIQUID HYDROCARBONS) 301 .Emulsion fuel (e.g., water-gasoline emulsions, etc.) 302 ..Alkanol component 303 .Oxo still bottoms containing (i.e., distillation residues from reaction product of carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and olefin) 304 .Organic compound of indeterminate structure which is a reaction product of an organic compound with sulfur halide or elemental sulfur containing 305 .Phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized organic compound of indeterminate structure containing (i.e., reaction products of organic compounds with phosphorus sulfides or oxides) 306 .Rosin, tall oil, or derivatives thereof containing (except abietic acids or fatty acids derived therefrom) 307 .Plant or animal extract mixtures or extracts of indeterminate structure containing 308 ..Containig triglycerides (e.g., castor oil, corn oil, olive oil, lard, etc.) 309 .Organic oxidate of indeterminate composition containing (e.g., paraffin wax oxidate or petroleum oxidate, etc.) 310 ..Chemically reacted organic oxidate (e.g., esterified, etc.) 311 .Sludge, pitch, tar, or tar distillate containing 312 .Quinone or anthraquinone containing (e.g., quinhydrone, benzoquinones, etc.) 313 .Carbohydrate containing 314 .Boron containing 315 ..Phosphorus attached directly or indirectly to the boron 316 ..Three carbons or three fluorines bonded directly to the boron 317 ..Nitrogen attached directly or indirectly to the boronn 318 ..Three identical or diverse chalcogens bonded directly to the boron 319 ...Carbon, chalcogen, and boron in the same ring 320 .Silicon containing 321 .Free metal or alloy containing 322 .Containing acyclic oxygen single bonded to acyclic oxygen (i.e., peroxy compounds) 323 .Containing -X-N(=X) or -X-N(=X)(=X) bonded directly to carbon, wherein the X's are the same or diverse chalcogens (e.g., thionitrite esters, etc.) 324 ..Nitrates or Thionitrates (i.e., -X-N(=O)(=O) bonded directly to carbon) 325 ...With organic non-nitrate nitrogen compound 326 ...With organic non-nitrate chalcogen compound 327 .Organic azide compound, or organic compound having acyclic nitrogen double bonded to acyclic nitrogen (e.g., diazo compounds, etc.) 328 ..Azo compound (i.e., each of the nitrogens is single bonded to carbon) 329 .Heterocyclic carbon compound containing a hetero ring having chalcogen or nitrogen as the only ring hetero atoms 330 ..Compound of indeterminate structure prepared by reacting a heterocyclic compound of known structure 331 ...The heterocyclic compound reactant is a dicarboxylic acid anhydride (e.g., reaction product of succinic anhydride with a polyamine, etc.) 332 ...The heterocyclic compound reactant is an oxirane (e.g., reaction product of epihalohydrin with amine, epoxide reactions, etc.) 333 ..The hetero ring contains six members including nitrogen and carbon 334 ...Chalcogen in the hetero ring 335 ...Plural nitrogens in the hetero ring (e.g., piperazines, etc.) 336 ....Triazine or 1,3-diazine 337 ...Polymer or copolymer of a vinyl pyridine 338 ...Acyclic chalcogen or acyclic nitrogen bonded directly to ring carbon of the hetero ring 339 ...The hetero ring is unsubstituted or hydrocarbyl substituted only, or salts thereof (e.g., pyridyl salicylate salts, isoquinoline, etc.) 340 ..The hetero ring contains five members including nitrogen and carbon (e.g., pyrrolidones, porphines, etc.) 341 ...Chalcogen in the hetero ring 342 ...Plural nitrogens in the hetero ring (e.g., imidazolines, etc.) 343 ....At least three nitrogens in the hetero ring (e.g., triazoles, tetrazoles, etc.) 344 ....Having -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen or NH, attached indirectly to the hetero ring by nonionic bonding 345 ....Carboxylic acid salt of the hetero ring compound, or a free carboxylic acid is present 346 ...Polymeric or copolymeric compound having plural occurrences of the hetero ring (e.g., alpha-olefin maleimide copolymers, etc.) 347 ...Acyclic chalcogen bonded directly to each carbon adjacent to the ring nitrogen (e.g., succinimides, etc.) 348 ....Substituent on the ring nitrogen contains an acyclic -C(=X)-- group, wherein X is chalcogen 349 ..The hetero ring contains six members including carbon and chalcogen (e.g., six-membered sorbitans, ketone peroxides, etc.) 350 ..The hetero ring contains five members including carbon and chalcogen 351 ...Acyclic chalcogen bonded directly to ring carbon of the hetero ring (e.g., five-membered lactones, anhydrides, sorbitans, etc.) 352 ...Ring carbons of the hetero ring are unsubstituted or hydrocarbyl substituted only 353 ..The hetero ring contains three or four members 354 .Aluminum or heavy metal, other than lead, containing 355 ..Inorganic metal carbonyl compound (e.g., iron carbonyl, etc.) 356 ...With organic -C(=O)O- containing compound (e.g., carboxylic acids, esters, etc.) 357 ..Inorganic compound of Zr, Cr, Cu, Zn, or Ni 358 ..Organic compound containing the heavy metal or aluminum 359 ...Metal carbonyl compound (e.g., cyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl, etc.) 360 ....Substituted or unsubstituted cyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl, with an organic compound having -C(=O)O- not bonded to heavy metal or aluminum etc.) 361 ...Five-membered, unsaturated carbocycle bonded directly to the heavy metal or aluminum (e.g., ferrocene, etc.) 362 ...Heavy metal or aluminum complex of compounds having two -C(=X)- groups, wherein X is chalcogen, bonded to the same carbon, or enols thereof (e.g., iron acetylacetonate, etc.) 363 ...Heavy metal or aluminum carboxylate salt or complex 364 ....The heavy metal is Cr, Zr, or a lanthanide 365 ...Heavy metal or aluminum sulfonate salt or complex 366 ...Heavy metal or aluminum salt of organic phosphorus acid 367 ...Nitrogen bonded directly or indirectly to the heavy metal or aluminum 368 ...Organic compound containing arsenic, antimony, or bismuth 369 .Containing -O-S(=O)(=O)O- or -O-S(=O)O- attached directly or indirectly to carbon by nonionic bonding (e.g., sulfate esters, sulfite esters, etc.) 370 .Containing organic -S(=O)(=O)O- compound (i.e., sulfonates) 371 ..Nitrogen or -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by nonionic bonding 372 ..Hydrazine or organic nitrogen compound salts of sulfonic acids 373 ..Overbased sulfonate or carbonated alkaline earth metal sulfonate 374 ..With organic -C(=O)O- compound (e.g., carboxylic acids, esters, etc.) 375 .Containing compound having phosphorus bonded directly to chalcogen and directly or indirectly to carbon by nonionic bonding (e.g., alkyl acid phosphates, etc.) 376 ..Nitrogen attached to the phosphorus directly or indirectly by acyclic nonionic bonding 377 ...Lecithin or indeterminate structure reaction product thereof 378 ..Carbon bonded directly to the phosphorus 379 ..Chalcogen or halogen attached indirectly to the phosphorus by acyclic nonionic bonding 380 ..Organic nitrogen compound salt of organic phosphorus acids 381 ...Chalcogen or additional nitrogen in the organic nitrogenn compound 382 ..Phosphorus triester 383 .Containing organic -C(=X)X- compound, wherein the X's are the same or diverse chalcogens, with at least one X being sulfur 384 .Organic compound containing -NC or -CN group 385 .Containing organic -C(=O)O- compound (e.g., fatty acids, etc.) 386 ..Compound of indeterminate structure prepared by reacting an organic -C(=O)O- compound 387 ..Nitrogen or oxygen bonded directly to the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group (e.g., carbamic and carbonic compounds, etc.) 388 ..The single bonded oxygen is bonded directly to an additional carbon, which carbon may be single bonded to any element but may be multiple bonded only to carbon (i.e., carboxylic acid esters) 389 ...Plural -C(=O)O- groups attached to each other directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding (e.g., polyesters, half ester-half acid compounds, etc.) 390 ....Halogen or sulfur attached indirectly to the -C(=O)O- by nonionic bonding 391 ....Nitrogen attached indirectly to the -C(=O)O- by nonionic bonding 392 .....Product polymerized through an olefinic double bond 393 ....Copolymer of olefinically unsaturated hydrocarbon monomer and additional monomer (e.g., ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers, etc.) 394 .....With organic nitrogen compound 395 .....With additional synthetic nonhydrocarbon polymer 396 .....One of the monomers contains a benzene ring (e.g., styrene, etc.) 397 ....Polymer or copolymer of nonhydrocarbon olefinically unsaturated monomers polymerized through an olefinic double bond (e.g., trimer esters, etc.) 398 ....Mono- di-, or polyester of polycarboxylic acids 399 ...Nitrogen attached indirectly to the -C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding 400 ...Chalcogen or halogen attached indirectly to the -C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding 401 ...Alkyl ester of formic or alkanoic acids 402 ....With alkanol or dialkyl ether 403 ..Plural -C(=O)O- groups attached to each other directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding 404 ...Carboxylic acid dimer, trimer, or homopolymer 405 ..Nitrogen attached indirectly to the -C(=O)O- group by acyclic nonionic bonding 406 ...The nitrogen is bonded directly to an additional -C(=O)- group 407 ....Plural nitrogens or plural chalcogens attached indirectly to the -C(=O)O- group by acyclic nonionic bonding 408 ..Organic nitrogen compound salt of carboxylic acids 409 ...Plural nitrogens in the organic nitrogen compound (e.g., diamines, aminoamides, guanidines, etc.) 410 ..Nitrogen or chalcogen attached indirectly to the -C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding 411 ..With alkanol, ketone, or phenol 412 .Organic nitrogen compound containing 413 ..Nitro or nitroso bonded directly to carbon 414 ...The carbon is acyclic or alicyclic 415 ..Compound of indeterminate structure prepared by reacting aa phenol, an aldehyde, and ammonia or substituted ammonia 416 ..The nitrogen is single bonded directly to nitrogen 417 ..Plural nitrogens bonded directly to the same -C(=X)- group, wherein X is chalcogen (e.g., ureas, etc.) 418 ..Having -C(=X)- bonded directly to the nitrogen, wherein X is chalcogen 419 ...Additional nitrogen attached indirectly to the -C(=X)- group by acyclic nonionic bonding 420 ..Carbon double bonded to the nitrogen 421 ...Plural nitrogens attached indirectly to each other by acyclic nonionic bonding 422 ..Quaternary ammonium salt or amine oxide 423 ..Chalcogen or phosphorus attached directly to the nitrogen by nonionic bonding 424 ..Benzene ring attached indirectly to the nitrogen by acyclic nonionic bonding 425 ...Additional nitrogen attached indirectly to the nitrogen by acyclic nonionic bonding 426 ..Benzene ring bonded directly to the nitrogen 427 ...Chalcogen attached directly or indirectly to the benzene ring by nonionic bonding 428 ....Acyclic carbon bonded directly to the nitrogen 429 ...The benzene ring is part of a polycyclo ring system 430 ...Plural nitrogens bonded to the same benzene 431 ....Plural rings bonded to the same nitrogen atom 432 ..Plural nitrogens attached indirectly to each other by acyclic nonionic bonding 433 ...Chalcogen attached indirectly to one of the nitrogens by acyclic nonionic bonding 434 ..Chalcogen or halogen attached indirectly to the nitrogen by acyclic nonionic bonding 435 .Sulfur or phosphorus attached directly or indirectly, by nonionic bonding, to carbon of an organic compound 436 .Organic oxygen compound containing (e.g., alicyclic alcohols, hypochlorites, etc.) 437 ..The oxygen is part of a -C(=O)- group 438 ...With alkanol or dialkyl ether 439 ...Acyclic ketone 440 ..Plural benzene rings bonded directly to each other or to the same acyclic carbon 441 ..Oxygen bonded directly to a polycyclo carbocyclic ring system 442 ..Plural oxygens bonded directly to the same monocyclic benzene ring 443 ..Plural oxygens attached indirectly to each other by acyclic nonionic bonding 444 ...Plural oxygens bonded directly to the same acyclic or alicyclic carbon (e.g., acetals, etc.) 445 ...All the oxygens are present as -OH groups (e.g., glycols, triols, etc.) 446 ..Alkanol compound with dialkyl ether compound 447 ..Ether 448 ...Dialkyl ether 449 ....Tertiary carbon bonded directly to the ether oxygen 450 ..Phenol or salt thereof 451 ..Alkanol 452 ...Mixture of alkanols 453 ...Dehydration processes, and products thereof 454 .Lead-containing organic compoundd 455 ..With inorganic additive 456 .Halogen bonded directly to carbon 457 .Inorganic component (e.g., carbon dioxide, etc.) 458 ..Nitrogen or sulfur containing (e.g., carbon disulfide, etc.) 459 .Solid hydrocarbon polymer containing 490 PEAT 491 .Briquet 492 .Process including heat 500 PARTICULATE (E.G., POWDERED, ETC.) 501 .Treated to reduce spontaneous ignition 502 .Solid particle containing liquid fuel 503 .Mixed with particles of different size 504 .Mixed with particles of different composition 505 .Process including removal of undesirable 506 COMBINED WITH FRICTION IGNITING MASS OR SURFACE 507 .Hand manipulable (e.g., match, etc.) 508 ..Plural integral (e.g., string, etc.) 509 ...Parallel 510 ..With scratcher 511 MATCH SPLINT OR STICK 512 .Process of making 519 PROVIDED WITH WICK OR FUSE 520 FUEL PRODUCT HAVING PASSAGEWAY FOR GAS 521 .Plural elements, with passageway unobstructed from side to opposite side 522 .Single element having aperture 530 FUEL PRODUCT OF DEFINED SHAPE OR STRUCTURE 531 .Composed of moveable (e.g., articulated, etc.) or readily-breakable sections 532 .Shaped or arranged for easier ignition 533 ..And containing easier-igniting material 534 ...Material acts as at least part of a wrapper or packaging 535 .Cylindrical (e.g., log, etc.) 540 WITH INCOMBUSTIBLE CARRIER (E.G., TORCH, ETC.) 541 BUNDLED, COVERED OR WRAPPED 542 COATED OR IMPREGNATED FOR EASIER IGNITION 543 .Solid fiber or particle in coating (e.g., sawdust, etc.) 544 .With wax 545 .With normally-liquid material 550 CONSOLIDATED SOLIDS (E.G., BRIQUETTE, ETC.) 551 .Containing specified binder 552 ..With sewage, animal blood, or animal manure 553 ..With synthetic organic polymer prepared by polymerizing specified monomer (e.g., polyacrylonitrile, urea-formaldehyde resins, etc.) 554 ..With vegetable flour, vegetable meal, or dairy product 555 ..With glue or gelatin 556 ..With nonproteinaceous organic nitrogen compound (e.g., hexamethylenetetramine, alkanolamine salts, etc.) 557 ..With phosphorus- or boron-containing compound 558 ..With oxidant (e.g., nitrates, chlorates, chromates, permanganates, black manganese oxide, etc.) 559 ..With gypsum or silicon-containing material (e.g., clay, portland cement, water glass, etc.) 560 ...With nonfibrous carbohydrate (e.g., molasses, starch, etc.) 561 ...With pitch, tar, tar oil, or bitumen 562 ...With paraffin, liquid hydrocarbon, or wax hydrocarbon 563 ...With fibrous vegetable material, resin, or organic -C(=O)-- compound (e.g., rosin, tall oil, tallow, pine resin, etc.) 564 ..Tar, pitch, or tar oil 565 ...With nonfibrous carbohydrate (e.g., molasses, starch, etc.) 566 ...With elemental metal, metal oxide, limestone, or inorganic metal salt (e.g., lime, etc.) 567 ...With fibrous vegetable material (e.g., cellulose, wood, paper, sawdust, etc.) 568 ...Solid fuel, or solid fuel and water, are the only other components of the composition 569 ..With bitumen or asphaltic material 570 ...With elemental metal, metal oxide, limestone, or inorganic metal salt (e.g., lime, etc.) 571 ...With paraffin, liquid hydrocarbon, or wax hydrocarbon 572 ..With paraffin, liquid hydrocarbon, or wax hydrocarbon 573 ...With resin or organic -C(=O)O- compound (e.g., rosin, tall oil, tallow, pine resin, carboxylic acid esters, etc.) 574 ...With preliminary purification of coal (e.g., oil agglomerates of desulfurized or deashed coal, etc.) 575 ...With elemental metal, metal oxide, limestone, or inorganic metal salt (e.g., lime, etc.) 576 ...With fibrous vegetable material (e.g., cellulose, wood, paper, sawdust, etc.) 577 ..With nonfibrous carbohydrate (e.g., molasses, starch, etc.) 578 ..With lignin, lignin derivative, or sulfite liquor (e.g., lignones, lignosulfonates, etc.) 579 ..With rubber, resin, or organic -C(=O)O- compound (e.g., rosin, tall oil, tallow, pine resin, carboxylic acids, etc.) 580 ..With limestone, elemental metal, elemental sulfur, or inorganic compound (except water) 589 .Vegetation or refuse 590 ..Wood, sawdust or paper 591 .Carbonized material (e.g., coke, etc.) 592 ."Low-rank" coal (e.g., lignite, etc.) 593 .Consolidation process using specified condition or technique 594 ..Predrying or moistening 595 ..Comminuting (e.g., grinding, etc.) 596 ..Pressing 597 ...With applied heat 598 ..Baking or drying of formed product 599 ..With chemical reaction (e.g., carbonizing.etc.) 600 WITH APPEARANCE MODIFYING ADDITIVE OR TREATMENT 601 WITH ANTIFREEZING ADDITIVE OR TREATMENT 602 WITH ANTIDUSTING ADDITIVE 603 WITH COMBUSTION IMPROVER 604 .Sulfur bindant 605 FROM VEGETATION OR REFUSE 606 .Wood, sawdust or paper 607 CARBONIZED COMPONENT (E.G., COKE, ETC.) 608 "LOW-RANK" COAL (E.G., LIGNITE, ETC.) 620 COAL TREATING PROCESS OR PRODUCT THEREOF 621 .Removal of undesirable 622 ..Sulfur 623 ...Using a transition metal-containing material 624 ...Using liquid aqueous material 625 ....And treatment with gas 626 ..Water (e.g., drying, etc.) 627 ..Ash or ash-former 628 MISCELLANEOUS FUEL COMPOSITIONN 629 APPARATUS FOR MAKING OR TREATING FUEL COMPOSITION 630 .Peat 631 ..Plural operations 632 ...With molding 633 ..Disintegrating 634 .Briquetting 635 ..Plural operations 636 ...With molding 639 .Liquid 640 WALL DEPOSIT PREVENTING OR REMOVING COMPOSITION (E.G., SOOT REMOVAL, ETC.) 641 SOLID FUEL COMBUSTION IMPROVING COMPOSITION 642 FLAME COLORANT COMPOSITION 643 MATCH SCRATCHER COMPOSITION OR STRUCTURE * ****************************** * CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS * ****************************** 901 FUEL COMBINED WITH MATERIAL TO BE HEATED 902 .Flameless or glowless, e.g., hair curler, etc. 903 METHOD INCLUDING MEASURING, TESTING OR AUTOMATIC CONTROL 904 METHOD INVOLVING ELECTRIC OR WAVE ENERGY 905 METHOD INVOLVING ADDED CATALYST