Page 242

[The edition of the Report at Purdue University has the following note 
in place of Chapter V:

CHAPTER V OF THIS REPORT, AS WELL AS THE CONCLUSIONS BASED THEREON WHICH 
RELATE TO COLONEL WYMAN, HAVE BEEN OMITTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE 
STATEMENT OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR DATED AUGUST 29, 1945.

Then, at the end of Chapter VII is the full text of Chapter V, which was 
bound with the balance of the report at some time after the reports 
reached Purdue.]

CHAPTER V: WYMAN AND CONSTRUCTION DELAYS IN HAWAII

A. PRE-PEARL HARBOR ASSOCIATIONS OF WYMAN AND ROHL: SCOPE OF 
INVESTIGATION.

1. RELATIONSHIP OF WYMAN AND ROHL IN LOS ANGELES: 

2. HAWAIIAN ACTIONS OF WYMAN AND ROHL: Wyman's actions in Hawaii with 
other contractors; the initiation of the secret defense construction in 
Hawaii in November, 1940; Wyman's selection of contractors for the task; 
the difficulty of Rohl's alien status; Wyman's efforts to get the 
naturalization of Rohl; the yacht VEGA.

3. ROHL'S ASSOCIATIONS: Rohl's origin and German affiliations; Rohl's 
association with Werner Plack; Rohl's perjury; Wyman's association with 
Rohl and Rohl's citizenship considered.

4. SUBSEQUENT RELATIONS - WYMAN AND ROHL:  The Rohl-Wyman association 
and the reason for selection of the Hawaiian Constructors.

5. DELAYS IN CONSTRUCTION: Wyman's inefficient administration and 
management; typical delays listed.

6. DIRECTIVE OF NOVEMBER 24, 1941:  Relationship between contractors and 
the Corps of Engineers disregarded by Wyman; Rohl's continued 
relationship with Wyman; Rohl's conduct in the Islands and removal.

7. RESPONSIBILITY OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS:  Lack of supervision by the 
District Engineer and the Chief of Engineers; inspections made by the 
Inspector General on the complaint of civilians in Congress;  
inspections made by direction of Secretary of War.

B. OVERT ACTS

1. FALSE OFFICIAL STATEMENT BY WYMAN AS TO HIS KNOWLEDGE OF ROHL'S ALIEN 
STATUS:

2. REFUSAL TO ACCEPT LOW BIDDER ON HAWAIIAN CONTRACTS.  WYMAN PREFERRED 
HIS FRIENDS:

3. IRREGULAR PURCHASE OF MACHINERY BY WYMAN FROM THE HAWAIIAN 
CONSTRUCTORS AND HIS ASSOCIATES:

C. SUMMARY



Page 243

A. PRE-PEARL HARBOR ASSOCIATIONS OF WYMAN AND ROHL: SCOPE OF 
INVESTIGATION.

1. RELATIONSHIP OF WYMAN AND ROHL IN LOS ANGELES: The investigation 
represented by the following summary and by the more detailed report 
attached hereto on Colonel Wyman (Appendix) is the result of the 
direction of the Acting Secretary of War, the Honorable Robert P. 
Patterson, to investigate the conduct of Colonel Theodore Wyman, Jr. as 
District Engineer in the Hawaiian Department as his activities and those 
of his contractor associates prior to his advent in the Hawaiian 
Islands, because some of them were initiated prior to the departure of 
Colonel Wyman for the Islands; we found it was necessary to consider the 
acts for a time after December 7, 1941, as many of them were the fruits 
of the things done and mistakes made that were initiated before December 
7 and the full effect and importance of which would not be appreciated 
unless the subsequent events after December 7, 1941, were recorded.

In making this summary report we have divided it into two parts: the 
first part is a running story of Colonel Wyman's activities on the 
mainland with Hans Wilhelm Rohl and the associated contractors involved 
in this matter, and the results upon the Pearl Harbor operations by 
reason of such associations; the second part is an explanation of 
typical acts of Colonel Theodore Wyman, Jr. which represent many other 
matters of similar nature which can be found in his conduct.  In no 
sense has this board attempted to draw any complete specifications or 
charges, but we have confined ourselves to findings of fact.



page 244

The record shows that Wyman, as a Captain going to duty as a District 
Engineer at Los Angeles, was an able and steady officer, devoted to his 
professional duties and to the government's interest, with a forceful 
disposition.

While at Los Angeles he fell into the company of Hans Wilhelm Rohl, 
German alien, who was in a contracting firm that became the successful 
bidder on a contract to build a breakwater at Los Angeles.  This 
contract was under the administration and jurisdiction of Wyman (R. 
3359, 3378)

Rohl's methods of doing business and his personal life were at that time 
apparently the antithesis of Wyman's.  Rohl was a man-about-town in Los 
Angeles and had become increasingly prominent in the night life and 
social activities of Los Angeles and Hollywood.  His personal habits in 
connection with extreme drinking and with "party girls" of the 
community, his extravagant methods of living and his disregard of the 
domestic and social proprieties of a responsible person increased as the 
years went by, but they were already well developed at the time of his 
initial associations with Wyman, who was introduced by him into new and 
more extravagant methods of living.  Rohl evidently introduced Wyman, or 
at least influenced him to join in extravagant and disgraceful parties 
as Rohl's house guest in Los Angeles hotels, and in heavy drinking over 
considerable periods.  Trips on Rohl's yacht were expensive and lavish. 
[1]

Footnotes:

[1] Colonel Hunt in his Inspector General's Report found:  "These yacht 
trips, as described by Colonel Wyman, were for the greater part 
essentially business trips, primarily to inspect the quarries above 
referred to. Actually, there existed no necessity for conducting the 
business of inspecting quarrying activities on Catalina Island in this 
manner, since there were available to the District Engineer adequate 
Government-owned vessels.  These trips must therefore be classed as 
pleasure trips at Mr. Rohl's expense, official business being an 
incidental consideration. ... It is therefore apparent that Colonel 
Wyman was



Page 245

This association involved pleasure trips on Rohl's yacht, membership in 
a large number of clubs and a scale of riotous living, drunkenness and 
both private and public misconduct by Wyman and Rohl together.

Thus was born an intimate association, characterized by improper 
conduct, and it continued over a considerable period into and through 
the Pearl Harbor events.  Rohl, at that earlier time, had distinguished 
himself by his lack of domestic propriety; he was the father of four 
illegitimate children by what he called a common-law wife, later 
discarded.  (R. 2223, 2441, 4113).  In 1938, Wyman also divorced his 
wife of 30 years standing and shortly thereafter acquired another wife.  
This Rohl association continued actively up until Wyman was ordered to 
Honolulu as the Hawaiian District Engineer [1]  It also

Footnotes:

(continued from preceding page) on close and intimate social relations 
with Mr. Rohl during the period when, as the Government's 
representative, he administered extensive work for which Mr. Rohl was 
the contractor.

"The yacht trips and house parties given by Mr. Rohl and attended by 
Colonel Wyman were expensive and lavish.  Intoxicating liquors were 
habitually served, with no limitation except the guest's capacity to 
imbibe.  Colonel Wyman, claiming an ability to hold his liquor, imbibed 
freely.  It is not in evidence, however, that his acceptance of Mr. 
Rohl's entertainment was in any sense necessary to that desirable degree 
of acquaintance between the Corps of Engineers and the construction 
industry which may be considered necessary to their mutual interests.  
These contacts were essentially, if not entirely, social and personal 
affairs, which by their frequency and character tended strongly to bring 
discredit upon the Corps of Engineers and to give to just such 
allegations as the ones now in question."

[1] Colonel Hunt in his Inspector General's report found: "A very 
careful study of all facts and circumstances brought to light in the 
course of this investigation leads to the following conclusions:

"During the years 1936-1939, Colonel Wyman, as District Engineer, Los 
Angeles, maintained a close personal friendship, as distinguished from a 
business friendship, with Mr. Hans Wilhelm Rohl, which was inappropriate 
on the part of a United States Army officer administering costly works 
on which the said Mr. Rohl was engaged as contractor.  This relationship 
extended so far beyond the need for ordinary cordial business relation 
as to give rise to such presumption of impropriety as



Page 246

continued in Hawaii. [2]

2. HAWAIIAN ACTIONS OF WYMAN AND ROHL. Wyman reported to Hawaii in July 
1940 (r. 3371).  In the Islands there were not only a large number of 
able and competent resident contractors but also one of the leading 
contracting firms in the United States, which had opened up an office in 
Honolulu and which had been building millions of dollars worth of 
construction for the Army and Navy.  This was an organization of great 
wealth, high integrity and unquestioned ability and a successful 
government contractor for a long period of years.  They were just 
concluding some of their contracts when Wyman arrived. (R. 2399-2400)

When the contract began to develop for the defenses of Hawaii in 
November, 1940, apparently the general outline of the project was well 
known and fully considered by Wyman and the

Footnotes:

(continued from preceding page)  formed, in part, the basis of this 
investigation.  In maintaining that relationship, Colonel Wyman was not 
sufficiently mindful of that unquestionable reputation for integrity and 
impartiality which it was the duty of a man in his position to cultivate 
at all times.

"The flattery of Colonel Wyman personally and professionally, which was 
bestowed upon him by his wealthy associate, Mr. Rohl, evoked in Colonel 
Wyman so complete a confidence in the former as to lead him to an unwise 
acceptance of Mr. Rohl's judgment and advice during their subsequent 
association in Hawaii.  He thereby relinquished to some extent that 
independence of judgment required of an officer in charge of the 
Government's interest, as indicated in his too ready acceptance of Mr. 
Rohl's recommendations relating to equipment purchases and appraisals."  
(R. 749-750)


[2] Colonel Hunt also reported: "d. Various witnesses testified to 
having seen Colonel Wyman with Mr. Rohl at various semi-public 
functions, when both men indulged freely in intoxicating beverages.  So 
far as could be ascertained most of these instances were prior to the 
attack of 7 December. No witness was found who could testify to 
drunkenness on Colonel Wyman's part."  (R. 2114)



Page 247

Hawaiian Department.  They knew generally what they wanted to do, 
although the details of the plans probably had not been fully worked out 
by the time of the actual execution of the contract hereinafter 
mentioned as having been entered into by the Corps of Engineers with the 
Hawaiian Constructors.  Generally, it was desired to have built as a 
part of the Hawaiian defense the following:  a war reserve storage 
system for gasoline, aircraft warning service, and improved or new 
airfields.  There were in all about 148 major projects. [1] (R. 3423, 
3570-3572)

When it came time to place the contract and negotiate, the Corps of 
Engineers decided upon a cost-plus-a-fixed-fee contract.  Wyman stated 
that only certain Los Angeles contractors were interested in this work.  
This is contrary to the evidence.  The McKee Company, then doing 
millions of dollars of work in

Footnotes:

[1] Colonel Hunt in his Inspector General's Report found:  "As to 
whether his relationship influenced Colonel Wyman to find a place for 
the Rohl-Connolly Company in the Hawaiian Constructors, contractor for 
work ultimately totaling about $100,000,000 in Hawaii and the South 
Pacific, there is no conclusive evidence.  Colonel Wyman became District 
Engineer in Hawaii in June 1940.  In November of that year, funds became 
available for road, railroad, fortifications, and allied work to the 
estimated cost of about $1,097,673.  Details of this work were not 
available.  Colonel Wyman testified that he proposed to perform the work 
by hired labor, since a proper basis for contracting the work was 
lacking.  Due to a marked propensity on the part of Colonel Wyman to 
conduct business orally to the exclusion of written records where 
possible, other references to which will be made in this report, no 
positive proof of this claim was developed.  It was determined by 
inquiry among contractors in Honolulu that at about the time mentioned 
by Colonel Wyman, they had been requested to indicate what equipment 
they had available for rental.  Neither Mr. Phillip C. Chew, Chief Clerk 
of Colonel Wyman's officer nor other members thereof could confirm the 
statement that Colonel Wyman proposed doing the work by hired labor, nor 
could anything be found in the files which would confirm it.  However, 
there is no reason to doubt that such was Colonel Wyman's original 
intention.  The idea of performing work by contract appears to have 
reached Colonel Wyman through the office of the South Pacific Engineer 
Division and the then Division Engineer at San Francisco, California, 
Brigadier General (then Colonel) Warren T. Hannum, CE.  On 6 November 
1940, General Hannum in a letter to the District Engineer, Honolulu, 
suggested a cost-plus-a-fixed-fee form of contract



Page 248

the islands, and an number of island contractors with full equipment and 
a fine record of performance were anxious and willing to bid on the job.  
(R. 2416-2418)  Wyman's reason for selecting his friends is without 
foundation and the net result condemns his choice.

Wyman now proceeded to secure contractors for this task in this manner.  
By virtue of using a cost-plus-a-fixed-fee type of contract he was able 
to award the work to contractors comprising his old fiends and 
immediately excluded all others from consideration, both in the Hawaiian 
Islands and the United States. [1] (r. 3632, 3722)  He turned to his old 
Los Angeles alien friend Rohl, who was president of the firm of Rohl-
Connolly (and half owner), and their associate companies, the Callahan 
Company and the Gunther & Shirley Company (R. 2240, 2295, 2319).  These 
companies much later, when they found them-

Footnotes:

(continued from preceding page)  due to the probable difficulties of 
conducting the work on a fixed price basis while large Navy works in 
Hawaii were being performed on the fee basis.  (Exhibit C) There 
followed some telephone conversations between Colonel Wyman and General 
Hannum, records of which were not kept, and about the middle of December 
1940, negotiations were started in the San Francisco office, which 
ultimately resulted in the signing of Contract "-414-Eng-602. That 
contract originally contemplating a job totaling $1,097,673 and a fixed 
fee of $52,220, value of work to be performed thereunder approached 
$100,000,000 and the fee approximated $1,000,000."

[1]  Rohl-Connolly Company, the W.E. Callahan Company and the Gunther & 
Shirley Company who became co-adventurers as the Hawaiian Constructors.  
Colonel Hunt's report reads: "Colonel Wyman testified that he had tried 
to interest local contractors in taking on the work originally proposed, 
and that they showed no interest.  That statement was not confirmed by 
inquiry among those contractors, seven of whom were questioned in the 
matter, all of them denying having been given a chance to take on any 
part of the work.  These contractors were then seeking new work, and the 
bringing in of an outside contractor without giving them a chance to 
participate, created a considerable natural resentment on their part."



Page 249

selves in difficulty in performing the work, took into partnership 
certain of the local Hawaiian contractors in a subordinate position.  
(R. 3727, 3750-51).  These several contractors formed what was known as 
the Hawaiian Constructors.  The chairman of the executive committee and 
the principal executive steering the organization of Hawaiian 
Constructors at the outset and the signer of the contract was Mr. Paul 
Grafe (r. 2299-2301, 2345).  Grafe was Vice-president of the Callahan 
Company.

There was a federal statute that prevented an alien from having any 
interest in or the management of a secret national defense contract. [1]

This brought about the disclosure to Wyman that Rohl was a German alien, 
that he was born in Lubeck, Germany, in 1886, that he had entered the 
United States as an alien, that he had never acquired citizenship, 
although he had applied for it, but had not consummated the transaction.  
This story is elsewhere

Footnote:

[1] The statue reads: 
NATIONAL DEFENSE
"CHAPTER 440 -3D SESSION
"(PUBLIC - NO. 671 - 76TH CONGRESS)
"(H.R. 9822)

"An Act to expedite national defense, and for other purposes.

"Sec. 11, (a) No aliens employed by a contractor in the performance of 
secret, confidential or restricted Government contracts shall be 
permitted to have access to the plans or specifications, or the work 
under such contracts, or to participate in the contract trials, unless 
the written consent of the head of the Government department concerned 
has first been obtained, and any person who willfully violates or 
through negligence permits the violation of the provision of this 
subsection shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more 
than five years, or both.

(b) Any alien who obtains employment on secret, confidential, or 
restricted Government contracts by willful misrepresentation of his 
alien status, or who makes such willful misrepresentation while seeking 
such employment, shall be fined not more than $10,00 or imprisoned not 
more than five years, or both.

(c) For the purpose of this section, the term 'person' shall be 
construed to include an individual, partnership, association, 
corporation, or other business enterprise.

"Approved, June 28, 1940." (R. 4109-4110)



Page 250

related. [1]

When the contract was about to be placed in Washington, Wyman went to 
Washington and lived in the same hotel and same hotel room with one of 
the prospective contractors, Mr. Connolly of the Rohl-Connolly company 
and he was later joined by Mr. Grafe of the Callahan Company (R. 2197, 
2294-95, 3398-99, 3542).  There was no dealing at this time at arms' 
length by Wyman, the government agent, and his friends. These 
contractors who appeared to be already predetermined were to get this 
cost-plus-a-fixed-fee contract.  At that time the contract was estimated 
to be worth a million dollars but which later was extended to an 
approximate gross business of a hundred and thirty million dollars.

The alien status of Rohl put the parties in a difficult situation. [2]  
Rohl was then eliminated as president of the Rohl-Connolly Company by a 
paper change without change of substance or interest (R. 2160-61).  
Later action was taken by the Acting Chief of Engineers to write a 
letter to the Department of Justice, Immigration Bureau, on Wyman's 
urging General Kingman, requesting that Rohl's application for 
citizenship be expedited.  Then following efforts with government 
agencies, stimulated by Wyman, concluded by a hearing before Federal 
Judge O'Connor in Los Angeles, resulting in Rohl's acquiring 
citizenship. The complete story of Rohl's alien status and the efforts 
to get

Footnotes:

[1] See p 262 of this report.
[2] Colonel Hunt reported:  "His own testimony and that of other 
witnesses in this respect indicates that Colonel Wyman maintained a 
totally unnecessary, and in the circumstances, an undesirable social 
familiarity with the active head of an organization whose prime business 
it was to profit from work under his supervision.  If there is 
reasonable doubt that this relationship was with a man whose non-
citizenship at the commencement of the contract was know to him, there 
is no doubt whatever that it was with a man who at the time of this 
relationship in Hawaii, had been proven to Colonel Wyman to have 
concealed the fact of his alien status.  The least that can be said of 
that relationship is that it displayed a callousness on Colonel Wyman's 
part, not only toward the character of his associate, but toward the 
possible consequence of its public display."



Page 251

him naturalized appears elsewhere.

On 22 January 1941 Wyman wrote a vigorous letter to assist this 
citizenship matter, indicating that Rohl was absolutely essential to the 
successful operation of the contract by Hawaiian Constructors. (R. 3529-
3531, 4187-4188)  With Wyman's help Rohl was naturalized and proceeded 
to Hawaii, so that he could participate actively in the contract.

Wyman, during his tour in the Hawaiian Islands is shown by this record 
to have been continuing his acquired habits of drinking. [1]  Wyman and 
Rohl lived in adjoining rooms in the Pleasanton Hotel, which had been 
taken over by the contractors at government expense (r. 1297-98, 3644-
46). They negotiated a charter of Rohl's yacht, the VEGA, which was in 
the name of Mrs. Rohl.  (R. 2203)  It came to the Islands with a cargo 
of liquor in a government convoy, which was delivered to Rohl.  (R. 
2266-67, 3403).  The vessel was never used for its intended purpose as a 
survey ship (R. 1311).

The record shows that there were many delays, confusions, inefficiency 
in administration, and lack of correct administrative relationship 
between the contractors and the government agent.  The District Engineer 
failed to secure results in the prompt construction of the defense 
projects under this contract. [2]  Grave administrative inefficiencies 
had arisen in the District Engineer's office (R. 2118, 3570-3571).

The drinking [3] by Rohl during duty hours in the day as

Footnotes:

[1] R. 748, 777, 1173-1174, 1283-1285, 2114, 2408-2409.
[2] R. 512, 513, 1261-62, 1331, 1334, 1334, 1342, 2063, 2336, 2503-05, 
2530, 3018, 3431-32, 3439-43, 3699, 3703, 3770-71, 3838-39, 3886, 3902, 
3905.
[3] Major Maurlott, in the G-2 Department of the Hawaiian Department and 
G-2 at the time he testified said:-
"Major Clausen: Major Maurlott, I show you a memorandum entitled 
"Memorandum for the files" dated July 22, 1942, to the



Page 252

well as night after December 7 was so frequent, excessive, and such a 
detriment to the business of both the government and the contractors 
that, upon the request of Wyman's successor, General Lyman, Rohl was 
requested to leave the Islands and cease further connection with the 
Hawaiian Constructors (R. 2534-35, 2544).  This request was concurred in 
by Rohl's two associates on the executive committee of which Rohl was 
chairman (R. 2546).

3. ROHL'S ASSOCIATIONS.  There is testimony in the record of substantial 
character that the impression that Rohl made a large sum of money on his 
first large contract, the Los Angeles breakwater, was not well founded, 
yet his expenditures have been habitually for many years those of a 
wealthy man (R. 2445, 2449).  Rohl made at least one visit to Germany 
(R. 3996).

There is some evidence in the record to show the following about one, 
Werner Plack and his associations with Rohl. Plack was an employee of 
the German Consulate in Los Angeles, working under Doctor Gyssling, the 
German Consul.  (R. 2387, 2429, 2442) Rohl and Plack appeared publicly 
together in prominent night spots in Los Angeles and were apparently on 
intimate and friendly terms, as identified by a number of witnesses (R. 
1167-1168, 2387-2388, 2390).  In 1940 Plack left the United

Footnotes:

(continued from preceding page) effect that Hans Wilhelm Rohl was such a 
drunkard that he was even incompetent to be a subversive influence.  Did 
you make this?

"Major Maurlott: Yes, I wrote that."  (R. 3925)

COPY OF MEMORANDUM) 7/22/42.

"Memo for files:

"Decision made to bring this case to a close without the formality of a 
C1-R1 report.  Subject is claimed by Colonel Mollison to be a confirmed 
drunkard, and, inferentially, to be incompetent as a subversive 
influence for that reason.  Irresponsibility rather than subversion 
appears to characterize the irregularities in his activities, as brought 
to the attention of this office.

"Case closed.

"/a/ T. M. Maurlott
"Capt. M.I."



Page 253

States under suspicion of being a German agent.  The FBI made an 
exhaustive examination of his baggage before permitting him to depart 
with Fritz Weidemann, the Consul General at San Francisco, who left for 
Germany via Japan, taking Plack with him (R. 2519-2520).  Weidemann 
stayed in the Far East as Chief of the Far Eastern Espionage and 
Sabotage Unit for Germany, while Werner Plack went on the Berlin and was 
placed by the German government in a position of high responsibility in 
the German Foreign Office (R. 2389).  Flannery, Columbia Radio news 
commentator, who was then the Columbia correspondent in Berlin, and 
author of the book "Assignment to Berlin", testified in this record that 
he was personally well acquainted with Plack in Germany, having dealt 
with him repeatedly in the German Foreign Office from the period of 
early January 1941 to 29 September 1941 because Plack censored 
Flannery's writings.  While dealing with Werner Plack he found that he 
was high in the Nazi councils in connection with radio and other 
propaganda to the United States, in which he was regarded by the German 
government as a specialist.  Flannery said he did brilliant work, in 
that he put on the broadcasts of Wodehouse, who was popular in the 
United States as a writer, the broadcast of Count von Luckner, who was 
likewise popular, and had arranged for other similar personalities to 
improve the quality of German broadcasts so that Nazi propaganda would 
be listened to (R. 2521).  Evidently the entertainment that Werner Plack 
offered to friends in the Los Angeles areas while posing as a wine 
salesman, during which period he associated with Rohl, was for 
propaganda purposes for the  Nazis.  (R. 2552)

Rohl flatly denied under oath before this board that he



Page 254

even knew Werner Plack (R. 2252-2253).  The following witnesses in this 
record testified as to his open association with Werner Plack in Los 
Angeles over a considerable period:  Willard Bruce Pine (R. 2387-88, 
2390), R.E. Combs (R. 2429,2442), and Fulton Lewis, Jr., (R. 1167-1168).

The conditions surrounding Rohl, his long record of contact with pro-
Nazi and German organization and associations, his repeated violations 
of the Federal laws as to his entry into this country, his long neglect 
to become a citizen, his open association with the German agent Plack, 
were widely known (R. 2430-2434).  It was Wyman who was responsible for 
bringing this man and his organization into Hawaii for work on defense 
contracts.  (R. 2430-2434).

Rohl's testimony before this board contained conflicting statements 
either with thoroughly proven facts and documents or with his own 
previous testimony.  The records were open for investigation and have 
been for years (r. 2430).  Rohl swore falsely on his income tax 
statements that he was a United States citizen.  (R. 2380, 2441).  He 
made a false statement when he was placed on his own ship's manifest at 
Honolulu as an American citizen born in Iola, Kansas (R. 2380-2441).

Wyman as a commissioned officer of the United States Army openly and 
indiscreetly associated with Rohl and this association continued over a 
period of several years.

4. SUBSEQUENT RELATIONS - WYMAN AND ROHL.  Wyman had gone to the Pacific 
islands to become District Engineer at Hawaii in July 1904 (R. 3371). A 
great defense contract program in Hawaii was being initiated.  Wyman had 
only one consideration in placing these contracts:  to get his friend 
Rohl as the con-



Page

-tractor.  To do that he exerted great efforts not only to have the 
contract placed with the group of affiliated companies of which Rohl's 
company was one but he also exerted himself to the utmost to permit Rohl 
in person to participate in the contract openly by getting him his 
citizenship.  His written communications, his telephone calls and the 
pressure he brought to bear in Washington testify to his urgent desire 
for the accomplishment of this object.  His first excuse was that these 
were *only* competent contractors, and secondly that only Rohl was the 
essential men who could get results, because the representatives of the 
contractors on the ground, both the Hawaiian contractors and the 
mainland contractors, were not expediting the work  (R. 768,3481,3527).

The record shows that Rohl did go to Hawaii, and that his contribution 
consisted primarily in adding to the disorganization, confusion and 
delays which were already inherent in utilizing the loose association of 
miscellaneous contractors from the mainland and the Hawaiian Islands 
under the co-adventurer's agreements which terminated in the formation 
of the Hawaiian Constructors (R. 2179-81).  This loose confederation of 
contractors, dominated by Rohl, who became the chairman of the executive 
committee of the group, was poorly organized and was the attempt to 
conduct an enormous operation through committee management, which was 
fallacious in principle and unsatisfactory in action (R. 1182-84, 2527-
28, 2544, 3771-72)

Here Rohl resumed his drunken conduct.  The record is *replete with 
testimony of his drinking. [1]  General Emmon's  demand*

Footnotes:

[1] R. 767, 1433-34, 2114, 2526, 2544, 2555, 2574, 2575, 3288, 3296, 
3299, 3648, 3925.



Page 256

for the relief of Colonel Wyman, and General Lyman's demand for Wyman's 
relief got results from the Chief of Engineers.  (R. 1302, 1307-08).  It 
also resulted in the sending of Rohl back to the mainland at the request 
of Colonel Lyman. (R. 2555).

5. DELAYS IN CONSTRUCTION. It is difficult at this late date, within the 
limited time that this board has had, to make a thorough examination 
into all of the ramifications of delays in construction due to Wyman's 
administration as District Engineer.  Suffice it to say, the testimony 
shows [1] that the organization of Colonel Wyman was bad in its 
administration, that it was mismanaged, that the engineering work was 
slow, defective and erratic, and the instructions to the contractors 
were repeatedly changed, resulting in delays at a time when it required 
the best type of supervisory organization to meet the difficulties of 
priorities, the machinery and the personnel.  Wyman's conduct in 
discarding responsible contractors, such as the McKee Company, and 
others, of whom there were several available in the Hawaiian Islands, 
and on the mainland, and insisting on limiting the contracts to his 
friends and intimate associates, can bear but one meaning, namely, that 
he was not conducting himself as an impartial agent of the United States 
Government of as a representative and officer of the Corps of  
Engineers. [2]

Typical delays resulting from this association, aside from the greatly 
increased expense to the government, were as follows:

Footnotes:

[1] R. 2092-2129 and reports of Colonel Luther B. Row, Inspector 
General, Hawaiian Department: R. 2094-99 and reports of Colonel Hunt, 
Inspector General's Office, Washington, D.C., who made a special 
investigation: R. 747-752.  Also R. 2458, 2465, 2478, 2486-87, 2494, 
2502, 2530, 3602, 3625-3626, 3635, 3670, 3671.
[2] R. 762-63, 764, 2403, 2416-2420, 3627-3629, 3722, 3725, 3751, 3754.



Page 257

(a) Only about 25 out of every 90 employees brought to Hawaii by the 
Hawaiian Constructors, were good or experienced workers (R. 3670-3671);  
(b) "a great deal of waste and unnecessary expenditure of time and 
funds" (R. 2123); (c) frequent changes in supervisory personnel (R. 
3590);  (d) very slow in getting organized, finally taking four to six 
weeks to get started after the Under Secretary of War approved the 
contract negotiated 20 December 1940 (r. 3602); (e) inefficiency, poor 
organization, and lax planning (R. 3625-3626); (f) the fact that Rohl, 
their key man, was frequently drunk during working hours and "not 
particularly inclined to push the work"  (R. 3635); (g) a strike by 
workers against supervision by Japanese employees (R. 2490); (h) 
bickering and appealing of disputes with the contracting officer, the 
aloofness of Colonel Wyman from the personnel; (R. 2498-2502); (I) 
failure to use material as soon as is arrived (R. 2511); (j) lack of 
promptness in handling the payroll (R. 2511); and, (k) poor morale of 
employees (R. 2530).

6. DIRECTIVE OF NOVEMBER 24, 1941.  General Robbins sent a directive on 
the above date to the District Engineer, Colonel Wyman, laying down one 
of the most fundamental of all directives of an Engineer office, that 
is, the relationship between the Corps of Engineers and the contractors.  
This document was clear and precise that the contractor's responsibility 
must not be undertaken by the Corps of Engineers.

This directive was honored only in the breach by Colonel Wyman.  His 
organization increasingly assumed, through its inspectors and others, 
duties of management which were those of the contractor.  It even 
undertook to pay the employees and to



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feed many of them, which were the duties of the contractor (R. 2465-
2466, 2551).

In other words, Wyman intervened to the extent of relieving contractors 
of some of their duties thereby adding to the confusion of his office 
and to an already difficult situation, which resulted in further delays, 
changes and gross waste.  These things occurred both before and after 
Pearl Harbor.

The testimony show that in taking over the paying of employees from the 
contractor after Pearl Harbor, in continuing this same policy, that 
weeks would go by without paying the employees, resulting in a poor 
state of mind and low morale.  This condition was aggravated by the fact 
that the food was bad or sufficient, except where the Army had charge of 
the messes (R. 2095, 2465-2466, 2529-2530, 2536-2538, 2554).

All of these things lead us to the belief that instead of having a 
professional Army organization on behalf of the Corps of Engineers that 
would exert its professional skill in engineering and administration to 
see that the contractors did their duty promptly, the entire 
organization of Wyman was disorganized, the relationship with the 
contractors were confused and improper, and that a large number of 
delays occurred.  (R. 1268, 3425).

This cost-plus-a-fixed-fee arrangement resulted in a profit to the 
Hawaiian constructors of about $1,060,000 (R. 3732-33).

Rohl's presence in the Islands, according to the testimony of all the 
impartial witnesses, was a detriment in several ways:  In the first 
place, he rendered little assistance in getting the job done on behalf 
of the contractors, and his own associates on the executive committee on 
the contractors



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welcomed his being sent back to the mainland by General Lyman (R. 2525-
28, 2533, 2564).  His periodic drunken condition interfered with his 
making decisions or full attending to business.  (R. 2544, 2555).  
Wyman's contention that Rohl could aid the contract finds no substance 
in fact in this record, but there are many witnesses to the contrary. 
[1] Rohl's presence on the Island brought Wyman back into his old 
association.  The record also shows that large extra profits were made 
by the contractors in unloading worthless machinery upon the government. 
[2]  In these transactions we find little evidence of concern by Colonel 
Wyman for the interests of the United States.  (R. 778, 1343, 2477, 
2576).

7. THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS.  This board feels 
impelled to direct attention to the lack of supervision and the 
correction of these conditions which were impeding some of the most 
important projects for the defense of the United States.  There is no 
showing that General Hannum, the Division Engineer, conducted any 
investigation or had any organization to do so, to see that Colonel 
Wyman, while under his jurisdiction, was doing his work and conducting 
himself honorably and correctly as an Army officer and as a citizen 
charged with government responsibilities. 

We find substantially no supervision, a weak control and a lack of 
inspection, which would have revealed at an early date the conditions 
and should have resulted in their remedy.

Footnotes:

[1] R. 767, 2476, 2526-2527, 2544, 2574-2575, 3635.
[2] R. 751, 757-759, 2140-2143, 2147, 2153, 2154.



Page 260

Colonel Wyman was given an unrestricted and free hand without adequate 
control, inspection or check.  These conclusions are supported in the 
findings of Colonel Hunt in his elaborate report on behalf of the 
Inspector General's Department.  This came about due to the complaints 
from civilians directed to Congress and the action of Congressmen in 
calling this to the attention of the War Department.  The Secretary of 
War in a letter in February or March of 1941 to the Hawaiian Department 
directed inspections of construction activities.  Under the direction of 
Colonel Row there was a continuous series of investigations made 
throughout 1941 as to Colonel Wyman's conduct and the actions of the 
contractors.  (R. 2100-2101).

It is pertinent to observe that there were several investigations of the 
activities of Colonel Wyman, including one by Colonel Hunt and two by 
Colonel Row.  Each of these severely criticized him.  Letters were 
written by Colonel Lyman to the Chief of Engineers asking for Wyman's 
relief from duty and a letter was received by G-2 from the American 
legation in Canada as a result of a complaint by the Canadians at to 
Wyman's conduct.  Yet in no one instance do we find evidence of 
disciplinary action in his case on the part of the Chief of Engineers or 
the War Department.

We find as a fact that there were delays in the Hawaiian Department 
construction as follows:

(a) Delays due to red tape in approval of plans and specification and 
choice of location for underground gasoline storage and radar stations 
(R. 3429-32, 3429-43, 3449-3454, 3459-60).

(b) Delays due to lack of adequate priorities (R. 3426-8, 3439-43, 3459-
3460, 3566-67).

(c) Delays due to lack of experienced clerical personnel



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(R. 3415-17).

(d) Delays due to shortage of materials and transportation facilities 
(R. 3417)

(e) Delays due to necessary importing of labor from the United States 
(R. 3500)

(f) Delays due to changes in plans (R. 3515-17)

(g) Delays due to the inaccessibility of General Short, when Colonel 
Wyman found it necessary to consult him, and had to consult the Chief of 
Staff and Colonel Lyman (with whom he "clashed")(R. 3425),

(h) Other unavoidable delays, which always occur on any job of such 
magnitude (R. 3425).

(I) Delays due to poor organization and administration of the office of 
the District Engineer, and 

(j) Delays due to poor supervision by the contractors, headed by Rohl.

General Short states as follows:

(a) The plan for radar stations at high altitudes necessarily resulted 
in delays, as cable had to be procured to draw material up Mt. Kaala (R. 
297-298).

(b) "The priority proposition was very complicated"; priorities could 
not be readily obtained in Hawaii (R. 328), and 

(c) Local suppliers ran out of material and could not replace their 
stock (R. 328).

The contractors state as follows:

*Rohl* testified that the delays were due to lack of material and men, 
beyond the control of the Hawaiian Constructors (R. 2280).

*Robert McKee* testified many delays occurred, due to



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inefficiency of Hawaiian Constructors.  (R. 2407-2409).


*Woolley*

Page maintained by Larry W. Jewell, lwjewell@omni.cc.purdue.edu. Created: 12/12/96 Updated: 12/12/96