October 1941

1 October 1941 W. AVERELL HARRIMAN, AMERICAN REPRESENTATIVE TO THE CONFERENCE OF UNITED STATES, GREAT BRITAIN, AND THE U.S.S.R. British-American Mission decided to grant Russian requests for matériel. ("The Soviet Government is supplying Great Britain and the United States with large quantities of raw materials which are urgently needed by those countries. . . . it is the determination of the three Governments to establish, after the final destruction of Nazi tyranny, a peace which will give all countries an opportunity to live in security on their own territory without knowing either fear or want." Bulletin, Vol. V, No. 124, p. 365.) See doc.
2 October 1941 Secretary Knox spoke in behalf of freedom of the seas. ("There can be provided no rule of law in the world, unless the great highways of the nations, the lanes of the seven seas, are controlled by powers which are peace-minded, justice-loving, and lacking in any, desire for, selfish aggrandizement. In the pursuit of these objectives there must be a disinterested purpose to keep the highways of the sea free from bandits. And in the pursuit of such an ideal we must not lose sight of, nor neglect, a proper and legitimate devotion to American security. "Our safety and our prosperity in the world of the future lies in a stern insistence upon the principle of the freedom of the seas, the assurance of equal opportunity for world trade; and the pro­viso that sea power shall not be made the instrument of selfish aggression. . . . This freedom of the seas, which means free commercial intercourse between nations in times of peace and the ability, of the scattered democracies of the world to aid -each other in time of war, is absolutely essential to the survival of democracy in a world where, for years to come, autocracy may challenge its existence." Times, Oct. 2, 1941, p. 4.)
2 October 1941 HITLER'S ORDER OF THE DAY TO THE GERMAN TROOPS ON THE EASTERN FRONT "With bated breath, the blessing of the entire German homeland accompanies you during the hard days ahead." See doc.
2 October 1941 MEMORANDUM REGARDING A CONVERSATION BETWEEN THE SECRETARY OF STATE AND THE JAPANESE AMBASSADOR (NOMURA) "The Secretary handed the Ambassador a strictly confidential statement containing the views of this Government with respect to the Japanese Government's proposals. "See doc.
2 October 1941 TEXT OF THE DOCUMENT HANDED BY SECRETARY OF STATE HULL TO THE JAPANESE AMBASSADOR The United States asked clarification of Japan's intentions on troop withdrawal from China and French Indochina and steps Japan proposed to take to meet the difficulties arising out of the European war. ("It is believed that a clearcut manifestation of Japan's intention . . . would be most helpful in making known-in particular to those who might be inclined to be critical-Japan's peaceful intentions and Japan's desire to follow courses calculated to establish a sound basis for future stability and progress in the Pacific area." Bulletin, Vol. V, No. 130, p. 539. Cf. Peace, p. 760. Cf. Sept. 6, supra.) See doc.
2 October 1941 ORAL STATEMENT HANDED BY THE SECRETARY OF STATE TO THE JAPANESE AMBASSADOR (NOMURA) "Reference is made to the proposals of the Japanese Government communicated on September 6, 1941, by the Japanese Ambassador to the Secretary of State, and to statements relating thereto subsequently communicated to this Government by the Japanese Government." See doc.
3 October 1941 MEMORANDUM OF A CONVERSATION BY SECRETARY OF STATE, CORDELL HULL, WITH THE MINISTER OF FINLAND, MR. HJALMAR J. PROCOPÉ Secretary of State Hull asked Finland whether she would be content with territory regained or whether she would fight on to aid Germany against Russia and the Allies. ("That question, which is of the greatest importance to my country without contemplating the slightest injustice to Finland and her best interests, relates to the future safety of the United States and of all peaceful countries in the world; . . . my country is expending and is ready to expend 15 or 25 or 40 or 75 billions of dollars to aid in resisting and suppressing Hitler and Hitlerism; . . ." Bulletin, Vol. V, No. 124, p. 363. Cf. Sept. 22, supra.) See doc.
3 October 1941 REICHSFÜHRER ADOLF HITLER'S BROADCAST TO THE GERMAN PEOPLE Berlin. " For the last forty-eight hours an operation of gigantic proportions is again in progress, which will help to smash the enemy in the East. I am talking to you on behalf of millions who are at this moment fighting and want to ask the German people at home to take upon themselves, in addition to other sacrifices, that of Winter Help this year. " See doc.
3 October 1941 FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT'S BROADCAST ON "THE COMMUNITY MOBILIZATION OF HUMAN NEEDS" Washington, D. C. " Once more I point out to you that the Federal Government cannot and ought not to try to cover the whole field of social service. Private agencies in every locality are essential not only for the good of the sick and the children and the mothers and the poor but they are of the utmost importance in instilling charity or greater love of our fellow beings in the hearts of all of us as individuals. " See doc.
4 October 1941 Lend-lease agreements concluded with Brazil, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Paraguay. (Bulletin, Vol. V, No. 122, p. 313.)
6 October 1941 The United States requisitioned eighteen planes bought by Peru. (". . . in the interests of national defense." Bulletin, Vol. V, No. 122, p. 314. Cf. Aug. 15, supra.)
7 October 1941 Finland refused to stop war with Russia. ("Finland wages her defensive war free from all political obligations, but grateful that she need not fight alone this time. . . .

"Finland cannot understand how Great Britain, with whom Finland wished and wishes to retain peaceful relations, could regard herself, merely because Finland on this occasion is not alone in fighting the Soviet Union, as forced to treat her as an open enemy." Times, Oct. 8, 1941, p. 4.)
7 October 1941 FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT'S LETTER TO THE AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR CONVENTION Seattle. "The threat of Hitlerism is directed not only at labor, even though labor is among the very first that will suffer therefrom. It is aimed at all of us-every man, woman and child who believes in freedom. It menaces everything that we cherish as Americans and free men." See doc.
8 October 1941 LETTER FROM PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT TO PREMIER JOSEPH STALIN "I am confident that ways will be found to provide the material and supplies necessary to fight Hitler on all fronts, including your own. " See doc.
9 October 1941 FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT'S MESSAGE TO CONGRESS URGING THE ARMING OF AMERICAN FLAG SHIPS ENGAGED IN FOREIGN COMMERCE President Roosevelt asked arming of American-flag ships engaged in foreign commerce. " I recommend the repeal of section 6 of the act of November 4, 1939, which prohibits the arming of American-flag ships engaged in foreign commerce." Bulletin, Vol. V, No. 120, pp. 257 ff. Cf. Peace, pp. 762-765. Cf. Sept. 11, Oct. 1, Supra.) See doc.
13 October 1941 Secretary of State Hull spoke on behalf of arming American-flag ships engaged in foreign trade. ("It is our right to arm our vessels for purposes of defense." Bulletin, Vol. V, No. 121, pp. 292 f.)
16 October 1941 Manchukuo-Outer Mongolian border talks concluded at Harbin. (Assisted by Russian and Japanese advisers. Times, Nov. 3, 1941, p. 6.)
17 October 1941 U. S. S. Kearney was attacked. (Bulletin, Vol. V, No. 123, p. 341.)
18 October 1941 General Hideki Tojo became Prime Minister of Japan. (Prince Konoye's Government resigned. Oct. 16. Japan,  Vol. II, p. 689 n. "The Secretary's [Hull's] memorandum of October 2 [supra] which had been handed to the Japanese Ambassador in Washington had been a great disappointment to the Konoye Cabinet and the impression had been created inside the Cabinet that the road had been blocked to any hopes that the present conversations could be successfully concluded. Prince Konoye about a week ago had decided to resign in view of the internal situation in Japan. . . . No Japanese civilian statesman will undertake the task in which Prince Konoye has failed and consequently the succeeding Cabinet must be headed by an Army officer and will he composed primarily of military men." Ibid., p. 690. See also, Ibid., p. 691.)
19 October 1941 Afghanistan consented to ejection of Axis nationals. (British-Russian request. Times, October 20, 1941, p. 4. Cf. Aug. 16, supra.)
21 October 1941 STATEMENT BY THE SECRETARY OF STATE BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS, UNITED STATES SENATE "The progress of events, and particularly of military and naval of operations beyond and on the seas, makes it advisable and urgent that the Congress grant full authority to take certain measures which are plainly essential for the defense of the United States." See doc.
22 October 1941 Rumania denounced Vienna pact with Hungary. (To recover ceded portion of Transylvania. Times, Oct. 23, 1941, p. 1. Cf. Aug. 30, 1940, supra.)
25 October 1941 Assistant Secretary Berle spoke on the Nazi plan for a Church of Germany. ("It is said that this sort of thing may go on in Europe, but that it cannot affect America. But it so happens that we have long known that the Nazi group in Germany planned to conquer the entire world. It is not easy for Ameri­cans to realize that any group of people could seriously undertake world conquest, or that by any possibility they could carry it out.

"Yet, the fact is that they have planned it; and it is known to everyone who has had any contact with German affairs. "The fact also is that they probably can carry it out unless there is resolute determination on the part of the remaining free nations to stop that conquest:" Bulletin, Vol. V, No. 123, p. 349.)
25 October 1941 FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT ON THE EXECUTION OF HOSTAGES BY THE NAZIS "The practice of executing scores of innocent hostages in reprisal for isolated attacks on Germans in countries temporarily under the Nazi heel revolts a world already inured to suffering and brutality. " See doc.
27 October 1941 President Roosevelt spoke of Nazi designs on South America and all religions. ("This map makes clear the Nazi design not only against South America but against the United States itself. . . . All of us Americans, of all opinions, are faced with the choice between the kind of world we want to live in and the kind of world which Hitler and his hordes would impose upon us." Bulletin, Vol. V, No. 123, p. 342. Peace, pp. 769 f.)
27 October 1941 ADDRESS DELIVERED BY PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT AT WASHINGTON "The forward march of Hitlerism can be stopped-and it will be stopped." See doc.
27 October 1941 FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT'S "NAVY DAY ADDRESS" ON THE ATTACK ON THE DESTROYER KEARNEY "We have wished to avoid shooting. But the shooting has started. And history has recorded who fired the first shot. In the long run, however, all that will matter is who fired the last shot." See doc.
30 October 1941 PARAPHRASE OF A LETTER FROM PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT TO PREMIER JOSEPH STALIN President Roosevelt offered Russia $1,000,000,000 credit without interest payments, the return to begin five years after the war's end and to be completed in a ten-year period. ("In an effort to obviate any financial difficulties immediate arrangements are to be made so that supplies up to one billion dollars in value may be effected under the Lend-Lease Act." Bulletin, Vol. V, No. 124, p. 365.) See doc.