Search plant names:
Links for Teachers
Site Map

Home > Resources > North Carolina Trees > Fraser Magnolia

Fraser Magnolia

(Magnolia fraseri Walt.)

  Fraser magnolia also is known as mountain magnolia. It is a small tree (30 to 40 feet high) with a straight, leaning or divided trunk that is 1 to 1 1/2 feet in diameter. The tree has wide-spreading and rather brittle branches. Fraser magnolia is found in rich coves and on cool slopes of the southern Appalachian mountains from elevations of 2,000 to 4,000 feet.

The bark usually is smooth and grayish brown. The terminal winter buds are smooth, purple and 11/2 to 2 inches long.

The 10 to 12-inch oblong leaves are distinctive; the lower end narrows and is "auriculate" (having lobes like ears) at the base. The pale, yellow flowers are 10 to 12 inches in diameter. They are "perfect," which means they have stamens and pistils in the same flower.

At maturity, the fruit is red and shaped like a cucumber. Itis4to5 inches long and bears many scarlet seeds, each in a carpel, or cell, on which is a long, stiff point.

The wood is light, weak and easily worked. It occasionally is used for lumber or pulpwood, but only in places where practically all species are being cut. The tree occasionally is planted for ornamental purposes, but it is said to be less hardy than the other magnolias.
Plant Information Center
About PIC  |  Project Staff   |  Advisory Panel Research Activities |  
Partners  Permissions 
  Funding provided in part by
Institute of Museum and Library Services

Plant Information Center is produced
in conjunction with Botnet