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Subject: Thuppul PiLLai- 14- Swamy Desikan on help [upakAram] rendered by Divya Dampathi 
From: "Madhavakkannan V"

Date: Mon, 06 Oct 2003 04:30:14 +0000

SrI: SrImathE Nigamantha Mahadesikaya namah: SrImAn venkatanAthAryaH
kavitArkika kesarI | vedAntAcArya-varyo me sannidhattAm sadA hRdi ||

May the glorious Venkatanatha, the greatest of teachers of Vedanta, and
the lion among poets and debaters, reside forever in my heart.

Dearest Srivaishnavas,

During one of the upanyasams delivered by asmadhAchAryan, Swami mentioned
beautifully about the upakAram [help] rendered by the Divya Dampathi on
us- as explained by Swamy Desikan in his upakAra sangraham.

Swami Desikan has brilliantly summarized all of the upakArams in the first
Tamizh Paasuram of UpakAra Sangraham. His Holiness anchored his first
focus theme on the individual subsections of this verse thathave very rich

anthamilA pErinbham arundha yERkkum
adiyOmai ARIVUDANE yenRum kaatthu
munthai vinai nirai vazhiyil ozhuhAthemmai
Tanthaiyena ninRa tanit ThirumAL ThALil
Talai vaitthOm SatakOpan aruLinAlE

This work of Swami Sri Desikan is understood as the VyAkhyAnam for the Sri
Sookthi of NammAzhwAr revered as THIRUVIRUTTHAM and particularly its first
paasuram (poy ninRa Jn~Amum --ViNNaPPamE ).

The revered AchAryA of Poundrikapuram Aasramam selected this paasuram of
Swami Desikan and dwelt on the selected words in this paasuram and linked
it to other powerful words from the other paasurams of NammAzhwAr's
ThiruvAimozhi{TVM }, (e-g)., " annAL nee tantha AAKKAYIN vazhi
uzhalvEn " ( TVM: 3.2.1).

asmadhAchArya pointed out that the Divya Dampathis help us in every way.
Mainly, there are 54 incomparable upkArams that are performed by them for
us, SamsAris, with the view to join us to parama Padham in the spirit of
NammAzhwAr's TVM Vaakhyam:

" Vaikuntham puhuvathu maNNavar VidhiyE " .

He reminded us of Sage MaarkanDEyA's Vaakhyam in this context : lOkAnAm
MaathA PithA cha MADHAVA:

The reference here was to " Tanthai yena ninRa Tanit ThirumAL ',
section of the above verse to the sarva vidha Bhandhu , SarvEswaran,
Sriya: Pathi Sriman Narayanan .

Before He joins us to Sri His Vaikuntam for nithya kaimkaryam, The Lord
performs many upakArAms that is hard for us even to keep track off
(NaaraNan maayayai aRibhavar yArO --TVM: 1.3.3, AtthA nee seythana naan
aRiyEnE! ).

His upakArams are giving us aakkai (sarIram ) to house the Jivan ; He
bleesed the Jivan to be eternal ( nithyan ) in svarUpam and blesses the
Jivan with Dharma BhUtha JnAnam and makes it the Jivan's nithya guNam and
protects thus the Jivan's svarUpam and SvabhAvam .  This is the connection
to the paasura pasage , " adiyOmai yenRum aRivudanE kaatthu " in
the UpakAra sangraham .

Srimath Andavan went on to explain the other key passages in that
important paasuram of Swami Desikan .The meanings are :

anthamilAp pErinbham arundha yErkkum adiyOmai = for us , who are fit to
enjoy the limitless bliss of the great Moksha anubhavam

arivudanE yenRum kaatthu , munthai vinai nirai vazhiyil ozhuhAthu emmai
munnilayAm Desikar tamm munnE sErtthu = blessing and protecting us with
the eteranl dharma bhUtha Jn~Anam and also protecting us from drowning in
the timeless flow of the river of karmAs and getting us to the safety of
the bank by uniting us with SadAchAryAs for--

manthiramum manthiratthin vazhiyum kaatti vazhippaditthi = (by uniting us
with the sadaachAryAs )for upadesam of Your redeeming sacred manthram ,
the AshtAksharam and for learning about the inner meanings of that
manthram (viz)., the middle section of the manthram (nama: sabdham )
denoting Prapatthi and the end luptha chathurthi vibhakthi standing in for
Bhagaavdh Kaimkaryam . The greatness of this acquisition of knowledge
through upadesam has been celebrated may times by AzhwArs and AchAryAs :

iha sangrahatha: SrimAn GopthA sEshi samAdhika dharidhra:
SaraNam sarva sarIri prApya; sEvyasccha saadhubhirbhAvya :

-- Srimath Rahasya Thraya Saaram , Moola manthrAdhikAram (Meaning ):
Briefly , the Moola manthram recognizes our Lord as Sriya: Pathi (Srimaan
)through akAra sabdham and rakshakan ( protector with many upakArams ) ,
in luptha chathurthi as sEshi , and as one who has no equal or superior,
in namas sabdham as upAyam ( prapatthi ) , in NaarAyaNa sabdham as
sarvAntharyAmi and in the final chathurthi as the One to be worshipped by
Saadhu Janams as PrApyan and Sevyan .

Srimath Andavan referred to the paasura vAkhyam , otthAr mikkAr illAdha
maamaayaa! !  There is no one equal to You or greater than You ( samAdhika
Dharidhra : in the above Rahasya Thraya SlOkam ).

The VedAntha Jn~Anam imparted to us by SadaachAryAs (Mantharitthin
vazhiyum kaati ) is another of these MahOpakArams of the Lord since it
leads to the ultimate bliss of ascent by archirAdhi maargam ( vaanERRi
adimaik koLLa) and nithya kaimkaryam. That is the nall Vaazhvu referred to
by Thirumangai in his ThirunedumthANDakam (TNT ) paasuram passage :

anthaNar maattu anti vaittha MANTHIRATTHAI MANTHIRATTHAAL
maravaathu YENrUM VAAZHUTHIYeL VaZHALaM --TNT pasuram :4

(Meaning ): Oh my foolish mind ! If you enjoy the Thirumanthiram , the
saaram of the Vedantham , which is the wealth of the Brahmins, and if you
reflect upon the meanings of that sacred manthiram, you will surely attain
sadhgathi ( nall Vaazhvu ).

Srimath Andavan continued with the explanation of the fourth paadham of
the UpakAra Sangraha SlOkam :

Tanthai ena ninRa tanit ThirumAl ThALil thalai vaitthOm SatakOpan aruLAlE

The Lord stood as the Forever-caring Father , who performs great upakArams
( tanthai ena ninRavan ). He is a matchless EmperumAn with the mahimai of
PaadhAravindham that has no comparison in its redemptive and anugraha
qualities ( Tanit ThirumAl ThALil ) .

Next Srimath Andavan explained as to what happened at these sacred feet of
the Lord as a result of the grace of NammAzhwar our Prapanna SanthAna Jana
kUtasthar. The paasura Vaakhyam is : Tanit ThirumAl ThALiltalai VaitthOm
SatakOpan aruLAlE . Through the Parama KrupA of NammAzhwAr , we got to Sri
Vaikuntam and laid our feet at the sacred feet of Sriman NaarAyaNA as the
ultimate step in Moksha Siddhi rsultign from SadAchArya Sambhandham and
BhagavAn's paramOpakArams .

NammAzhwAr is the One , who showed us the way through his Prabhandhams. He
used the purvOpakArams done by the Lord to anticipate the future upakArams
to come and showed us the way . He was blessed with Bhakthi and Jn~Anam
from the Lord of Nithya Sooris .  His enjoyment of the Lord blossomed as
the Four divya prabhandhams . Thiruviruttham was the first of the Four
prabhandhams .Here , he describes his varalARukaL (Virutthams ) and thus
this prabhandham came to be known as Thiruviruttham . In the very first
paasuram ( Poy ninRa Jn~Amum-- ViNNappamE ), NammAzhwAr reflects on the
purvOpakArams (or the upakArams done earlier through conferral of aathma
Jn~Anam , Dharma BhUtha Jn~Anam )and sets that up as Infrastructure for
the ensuing paasurams and prabhandhams containing his requests for other
upakArams that culminate in Moksha Siddhi at the end of ThiruvAimozhi.

In this Thiruviruttha Paasuram , NammAzhwaar addresses the Lord as ImayOr
talaivA ( sarva Seshi ) and himself as adiyEn ( sesah bhUthan ).

The sEsha-sEshi Sambhandham , Artha panchakam are covered here .

The connection of Artha panchakam with brahma SvarUpam is known as
Shadatha nirUpaNam .  That was what NammAzhwAr instructed .Swami Desikan
wished to show us the paramount of this central message and created
UpakAra Sangraham .

Srimath Andavan of PoundarIkapuram Aasramam selected this verse deftly as
the first theme in his upanyAsam . We are indeed blessed.  [The above
translation of His Holiness upanyasam was done by Sri Satakopan Swamy,
USA- about four years ago- Thanks to him for granting permission to send
in this series for our enjoyment]

Swamy Desikan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam
Namo narayana
kavi-tArkika-simhAya kalyANa-guNa-SAline |
Srimate venkateSAya vedAntagurave namaH ||

Salutations to Sri Venkatesa, in whom all perfections reside, who is the teacher of 
Vedanta and the lion among poets and debaters



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