Iran-Contra Time Line
July 17 Somoza ousted by Sandinista National Liberation Front
Nov 04 Hostages taken at US embassy in Iran
Nov 14 US imposes embargo on arms shipments to Iran
Apr 07 US cut ties with Iran
Apr 17 US banned imports from Iran
Apr 15 Failed US rescue mission
May 31 Aid bill passed for Nicaragua
Sep 22 Iran-Iraq war begins
Jan 20 Reagan Inauguration
Jan 20 US embassy hostages Freed
February 1981 Reagan suspend aid to Nicaragua
August 1981 North joins NCS
December 1981 Reagan signs Contra Aid - Reagan signs National Intelligence
June 08 Project Democracy - North describe this as funding for covert operation.
July 1982 US becomes aware of Iran's support for international terrorism
Dec 21 First Boland Amendment - Bars CIA and Defense Department from
spending money towards overthrow of Sandinistas
Spring 1983 Operation Staunch - State Department effort to discourage other
countries from selling arms to Iran.
Apr 27 Reagan addresses congress on Central America. Defends aid to Contras
September 1983 First Presidential Finding on Contras signed
Oct 17 McFarlane appointed National Security Advisor
Oct 23 Beirut - US servicemen killed in attack by pro-Iranian Lebanese
Nov 3 Meeting between Rodriguez, Gregg and Vice President Bush
Nov 18 Project America approved
December 1983 Congress imposes cap of $24 million on Contra aid
Dec 8 Second Boland Amendment approved
Dec 12 Bombings in Kuwait - seventeen terrorists convicted
Jan 13 McFarlane wants reversal of US policy towards Iran and suggests
Jan 20 Operation Staunch - Shultz declares Iran sponsor of international
Jan 23 More controls on exports to Iran
Feb 10 Reiger kidnapped in Lebanon
Mar 7 Levin kidnapped in Lebanon
Mar 16 CIA Station Chief in Beirut kidnapped - William Buckley
Mar 27 Contra Aid solicited from Israel
April 1984 Contra Aid solicited from Saudi Arabia
Apr 6 Wall Street Journal reports CIA Mining harbor in Nicaragua
May 1984 Saudi Arabia agrees to contribute $1 million per month to Contras
May 8 Weir kidnapped in Lebanon
May 28 Stinger missiles sent to Saudi Arabia
June 25 Contra Aid rejected by congress
Summer 1984 Iran seeks TOW Missiles. North recruits Secord at Casey's suggestion
July 1984 Secord and North set up private arms sales to Contras
July 6 Saudi Arabia send first $1 million in Contra Aid
Sep 2 Contra loose their only helicopter in northern front. North wants to
replace it. McFarlane thinks this is illegal
Sep 15 CIA transfers surplus aircraft to Contras
Sep 27 State Department announces new restriction on shipments to Iran.
Oct 12 Third Boland Amendment
Oct 12 "Contra Manual" developed by CIA is made public
Nov 07 North send McFarlane intelligence memo supporting Contras
Nov 08 Contra Aid ban - intelligence fund bans money for Contras. White House
decided ban did not include NSC
Nov 19 Shackley and Ghorbanifar discuss US paying ransom for hostages and
trade US TOWs missiles for captured Soviet weapons.
December 1984 First of North's weapons shipments leave Portugal for Honduras
Dec 03 Peter Kilburn kidnapped in Lebanon
Dec 4-12 Kuwait airliner hijacked. Flown to Tehran. Two Americans killed. Iran
refuses to extradite kidnappers.
Dec 11 CIA tells Poindexter there are no intelligence assets in Iran
Jan 08 Rev. Lawrence Jenco kidnapped in Lebanon
Jan 18 Finding sign by RWR requiring additional interagency evaluation of
all covert activities.
Jan 22 Rodriguez - Bush meet. Rodriguez wants to work with El Salvador
February - May Secord makes first of four private arms sales to Contras
Feb 11-12 Saudi King Fahd visits RWR. Agrees to pay 2 million per month in Contra
Feb 13 Jeremy Levine escapes from kidnappers
Mar 11 Terry Anderson kidnapped in Beirut
Mar 16 North proposes RWR solicit private funding for Contras if congress won't
Apr 04 RWR proposes cease-fire between Sandinistas and Contras
Apr 11 North tells McFarlane Contras are running out of money.
Apr 23 House rejects Contra funding
May 01 President imposes economic sanctions on Nicaragua
May 28 David Jacobsen kidnapped in Beirut
June 1985 Coors tells Casey he wants to help Contras. Casey sends Coors to North.
June 3 William Buckley dies while being held by kidnappers
June 7 Shackley Report. Iran wants dialogue with US and quid pro quo on
issues other than money
June 9 Thomas Sutherland kidnapped in Beirut
- North asks McFarlane for permission for private ransom for two hostages.
- H. Ross Perot is private sources
June 12 House reverses previous vote and passes Contra Aid
June 14 TWA hijacking to Beirut. McFarlane suggests using Israelis to open
channel to Iran.
June 19 Iran send message that it wants to help in TWA hijacking.
- TWA hostages released.
- Iranian parliament leader Rafsanjani is credited with success of hostage release.
- RWR make speech after hostage release that US gives no reward to terrorist.
June -July Taiwan gives aid to Contras
June 1985 Southern front begins from airfield in Costa Rica.
July 3 David Kimche, director general of Israelis foreign ministry tells
McFarlane, Israel has opened dialogue with Iran.
July 8 President's speech before American Bar Association...claims Iran part
of "Confederation of terrorist states...America will never make concessions to
July 11 Hostage - Arms swap proposed by Israeli arms dealer Schimmer
Mid July 1985 McFarlane visits RWR in hospital and briefs him on arms for hostage
Aug 2 McFarlane meets with Kimche. Iran wants 100 TOW misses for release of
all hostages in Beirut. There are conflicting reports concerning RWR's approval of plan.
Aug 6 Shultz opposes plan for Israel to transfer 100 TOW missiles to Iran.
Aug 8 National Security Planning Group meeting on Kimche plan to swap 100
TOW missiles for hostages. Shultz and Weinberger against plan. Not clear who else opposes plan
or if RWR approves.
Aug 15 Contra aid resumes again.
Aug 30 Israel transfers 100 TOW missiles to Iran.
Early September 1985 North goes to Lebanon to take control of hostage release.
Sep 4 On anniversary of Iranian revolution, the president and prime minister
attack Soviet Union. No mention of USA.
Sep 10-12 Kimche tell McFarlane to expect hostage release and for him to pick one.
McFarlane chooses Buckley. Buckley died earlier. McFarlane chooses Wier who is released
Sep 14 An additional 408 TOWs transferred to Iran. Iran pays Ghorbanifar for
Sep 20 North writes Rodriguez that two planes are being sent to Contras
October Taiwan contribute to Contras
Oct 7 Cruise Ship Hijacked -Achille Lauro. American Leon Klinghoffer killed.
Early November Israel inquires if it could buy more TOWs to replace those sold to Iran.
Nov 14 Terry Waite reported that kidnappers are under pressure and they may kill
hostages. Also reports Buckley dead.
Nov 19 North request Secord's help in transferring missiles from Israel to Iran.
Nov 22-25 Two separate shipment of Hawk missiles are flown to Iran. Both are
rejected and to be returned. Money is returned to Iran.
Dec 4 Poindexter named to succeed McFarlane.
Dec 4 Congress allows intelligence aid to Contras
Dec 5 RWR signs intelligence Finding on arms for hostage. Finding is
retroactive. Ponidexter replaces McFarlane as National Security Advisor.
Dec 5 North outlines plan to sell 3300 TOW missiles and fifty improved
Hawk missiles to Iran for all US hostages and one French hostage.
Dec 7 RWR meets with national security advisors on Iran. Shultz and
Weinberger are against plan. Casey favors the plan
Dec 9 North writes McFarlane and Poindexter that there is fifth option
using Secord to deliver arms. A Finding would be necessary.
Jan 2 Nir through North proposes new arms sale of 4,000 TOWs for release of
all hostage and exchange of Hizballah prisoners held by Southern Lebanon Army. Arms would
come from Israel stocks to be replaced later by US.
Jan 6 RWR signs draft Finding along Nir's proposal not realizing that this was a
Jan 9 Finding signed by RWR authorizing CIA intelligence to Contras'
Jan 11 Ghorbanifar takes polygraph and does not pass.
Jan 12 Koch meets Avarham Ben Yousef of the Israeli Ministry of Defense
and set $4,500 as price per TOW to be sold to Iran.
Jan 16 CIA warns again not to trust Ghorbanifar
Jan 17 Finding signed on sale of arms to Iran. RWR agrees to direct arms
sale. Weinberger directs Major General Colin Powel to arrange the sale.
Jan 21 North requests Swiss bank account. Late January the idea of
diversion of profits from Iran arms sale to Contra came about. Several sources are given credit for
coming up with the idea.
Jan 24 North's plan for hostage release. Called "Operation Recovery." The
Jan 25 CIA rejects giving intelligence to Iran.
- US release intelligence on Iraq to Iran to be given to Ghorbanifar
- Funds would be transferred to Swiss accounts to purchase 1000 TOW missiles
- $6 millions would wind up in CIA accounts.
- Upon delivery of missiles all US hostages and 50 Hizballah prisoners would be
- After release of hostages 3000 more TOWs would be sold to Iran and 508 to
Israel to replace earlier shipments.
- Hawk missiles would be returned to Israel.
- Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini would step down by February 11, 1986
Jan 26 Limited intelligence is passed to Iran
February Poindexter approves transfer of funds by North to Contras
Feb 05 North goes to London and meets with Ghorbanifar, Nir and Iranian
Feb 10 - April 11 Financing of the deal:
Feb 13 North reports deal is under way
- Ghorbanifar gives post dated check to Khashoggi for $12 million
- Khashoggi deposits $10 million in Lake Resources account
- Lake Resources transfers $3.7 million to CIA Feb 10-11
- CIA confirms deposit
- CIA tells defense department to release 1,000 TOWs Feb 13
- Southern Air Transport flies TOWs to Israel Feb 14
- Iran makes payment $7.85 million which passes through several
accounts, March 3
- Lake Resources paid Khashoggi $12 million
- Seventeen Hawk missiles returned to Israel Feb 18
Feb 17 First shipment of 500 TOWs flown from Israel to Iran and Hawks
Feb 18 North request false passports for meeting with Iran in Germany
Feb 20 Iran does not show at meeting
Feb 24-26 Frankfurt meeting between North, Secord, Nir, Hakim and Ghorbanifar
and an official of prime minister's office. Agreement was reaches to send 1000 TOWs and one or
two hostages would be released
Feb 25 RWR requests Contra Aid from Congress
Feb 27 Second shipment of TOWs to Iran. Promise of hostage release.
Secord withdraws $222,000 from Lake Resources account. Money to purchase weapons for
Contras. NEPL holds press conference to announce multimillion dollar fund for CAFP.
Mar 5 Congress is notified of transfer of TOWs to CIA
Apr 3-4 North and CIA official meet with Ghorbanifar
Apr 4 North writes memo on diverting fund from Iran to Contras
Apr 11 First Enterprise mission to resupply Contra take place
Apr 14 US Hostage Peter Kilburn killed and two British hostages (Leigh Douglas
and Philip Padfield) are killed. Reportedly because US bombed Libya.
Apr 15 Ellen St. John Garwood transferred $2 million to National Endowment for
the Preservation of Liberty.
Apr 16 Poindexter told North no more arms without hostages being released.
Apr 21 North tells McFarlane Iran wants more concessions. McFarlane will not let
Hawk spare parts go until Hostages are released
Apr 22 US Customs Service break up ring in NY to sell arms to Iran. Ghorbanifar
is arrested in Switzerland because he invested in scheme
May Perot ransom attempt fails. $200,000 placed in Swiss account for North's
children if he should die.
May 1 Rodriguez and Bush meet.
May 8 North informs Poindexter of Israel's offer for Contra aid.
May 14 - August Financing the arms deal:
May 15 RWR approves McFarlane's trip to Tehran.
- Ghorbanifar gives Khashoggi post-dated check for $18 million on May 14 to
guarantee Iran payment.
- Khashoggi deposits $15 million in Lake Resources account.
- Lake Resources transfers $6.5 million to CIA account May 15
- CIA verifies funds then Defense Department transfers Hawk spare parts and
508 TOWs to CIA May 16 and 19
- Southern Air flies arms to Israel May 25 and August 3
- Iran makes payments in July and August totaling $8 million
- Khashoggi can expose $3 million July 24 and $5 million in August.
- By August Khashoggi has been paid $8 million from Lake Resources accounts.
May 25 McFarlane arrives in Teheran
May 28 McFarlane breaks off negotiations and leaves Teheran without hostage
release. He delivered one pallet of spare parts for Hawk missiles.
June 8 Miami Herald runs front page article "Despite Ban, US Helping
Contras." Names North
June 12 CIA pays Defense Department $5.6 million for TOWs. Paid in several
checks below limit to notify congress.
June 25 House approves $100 millions for Contras
June 30 Iran discovers they have been over charged for Hawk missile parts and
some part are not good.
July 26 Father Jenco released. Arranged by Ghorbanifar and Israelis
July 29 North memo to Ponidexter predicts hostages will be killed if Hawk parts
Aug 8 240 Hawk missile parts shipped to Iran. Sultan of Brunei is solicited
for $10 million for Contras. Money transferred to wrong Swiss Account
Sep 9 American, Frank Reed taken hostage in Lebanon
Sep 12 American, Joseph Cicippio taken hostage in Lebanon
Sep 25 Costa Rican official announce discovery of secret airstrip
Oct 5 Hasenfus flight shot down over Nicaragua
Oct 8 Administration begin denials of any US participation in flight.
Oct 13 - Nov 4 Casey tells North that"...this whole thing was coming unravelled
and that things ought to be 'cleaned up.'" North begins shredding documents
Oct 21 Edward Austin Tracy is kidnapped in Beirut by pro-Iranians.
Oct 28 500 TOWs delivered to Iran from Israel's stock and will be replaced with
updated TWOs later
Nov 2 David Jacobsen released
Nov 3 Lebanese newspaper, Al-Shiraa, reports US sold arms to Iran
November North and Casey discuss who will be fall guy.
Nov 6 RWR states that there is "no foundation" for arms sale claims
Nov 13 RWR address to nation: "We did not-repeat-did not trade weapons or
anything else for hostages nor will we."
Nov 19 At news conference: US involved only after Jan 17 Finding. Only 1000
TOWs were shipped and everything else would fit in one cargo plane. RWR denies Israel
involved in shipment of arms. White House issues correction that there was third
Nov 20 Shultz informs RWR of misstatement at press conference
- RWR authorizes Meese to begin inquiry in to arms sales
- North and Fawn Hall shred documents
- Casey and Poindexter before Intelligence Committees said US had disapproved
Israel sale of arms and was unaware until day before that there had been sale.
- Poindexter destroys December 5, 1985 retroactive Finding.
Nov 23 Meese interviews North (North conceals existence of "Enterprise". North
shreds additional documents that night until 4:15 AM.
- Diversion memo drafted April 4, 1986 discovered. Memo includes plan
to divert $12 million from Iran arms sales to Contras. North is later fired as a result
of this memo.
- Casey and Poindexter have lunch for 2.5 hour
- Meese meets Casey at Casey's house (6pm). Does not ask about diversion
Nov 25 1) Meese press conference reveals diversion of funds from Iran arms sales
2) North's office secured by National Security Council security officers.
3) Fawn Hall smuggles documents out of North's office.
Nov 26 RWR appoints Tower Commission to evaluate National Security Council
and examine Iran-Contra Affair. Members: John Tower, Brent Scowcroft and Edmund Muskie
Dec 1 Senate select committee begins preliminary inquiry.
December North and Poindexeter pled fifth amendment before congress
Dec 6 LA Times story of Abram's trip to London to solicit aid from
Dec 13 Meeting of Second Channel in Frankfort. This is first meeting with State Department present. Shultz learns of nine-point plan.
Dec 14 Shultz reports to RWR the nine-point plan. RWR is "Stunned and Furious"
Dec 16-17 Senate, followed the next day by the House of Representatives name
Inouye and Hamilton to chair investigation into Iran-Contra Affair.
Dec 19 Independent council, Lawrence Walsh, appointed
- Frank Carlucci sworn in RWR National Security Council advisor
- Replaced John Poindexter and Col. O. North.
- RWR budget presented to congress.
- RWR requested aid for Contras
Jan 05 Senate Intelligence Committee voted not to release report on Iran
Jan 06 Senate Select Committee created. Contra HQ burglarized and
financial records stolen.
Jan 07 House Select Committee created
Jan 08 Senate Intelligence Committee report is leaked by Senator Leahy.
Jan 09 White released documents supporting argument RWR sold arms to
Iran for hostages
Jan 11 Senate Intelligence Committee report RWR's personal fund raising
for Contras. Saudi Arabia gave money. Israel mad for being accused of giving money.
Jan 12 RWR offers official apology to Israel for blaming in Iran arms
Jan 14 Frank Carlucci signs directive against NSC in future covert
activities like Iran arms. Efforts to obtain private funding not included special grand jury is
assigned to independent counsel Lawrence Walsh for Iran arms investigation
Jan 19 RWR distancing from Iran arms investigation
Jan 20 Terry Waite taken hostage in Beirut. Tie made between drugs and
Contra money with help of DEA & CIA
Jan 21 State Department finds documents outlining arms-for-hostage plan.
Shultz believe Col. North and CIA did it.
Jan 23 Special Prosecutor asked congress not to grant immunity to North
Jan 24 Lebanon: Kidnapping of Alan Steen, Robert Polhill, Jesse Turner &
Jan 27 State of the Union Address: "The goals were worthy... But we did
not achieve what we wished, and serious mistakes were made in trying to do so."
- Cayman Island bank account Contras use to withdraw funds from Iran arms sale is
- Senate Select Committee on Intelligence issues report: White House did not act in timely
- RWR & Congress argue over RWR's personal notes on Iran arms deal.
- Adnan Khashogg to take legal action for money in arms deal. He believes money went to
- North and Secord named in suit.
- Casey resigns - health ailing.
- RWR reverses access to personal notes on Contra aid.
- Robert McFarlane attempts suicide, former national security advisor.
- Tied to Iran arms scandle.
- Robert Gates, acting CIA director opening investigation into aid to Contras
Feb 11 Rafsanjani claims he received RWR phone # - arms deal.
Feb 12 North accused of raising private funds for Contras.
Feb 14 Tower Commission find computer files indicating coverup by North,
Poindexter & McFarlane.
Feb 15 NY Times gives code name "Project Democracy" to Contra arms deal.
Feb 16 Contra leader Adolfo Calero resigns from United Nicaraguan
Opposition (UNO). Hakim, Secord, & North hold joint Swiss bank account. Hakim & Secord buy
freighter Erria in arms deal.
Feb 17 Gates hearing begin - CIA director.
Feb 18 Carl "Spitz" Channell & North under investigation for money
raising for Toys Project, Contra aid.
Feb 22 Fawn Hall, North's secretary, reported she helped him destroy
documents Nov. 21
- RWR says he doesn't remember authorizing Iran arms deal.
- Tower Committee investigating International Business Communications (IBC) RWR former
aid is IBC consultant, David Fischer
- Tower Commission Report on Iran-Contra critical of Reagan.
- Also criticized Donald T. Regan, former White House chief of staff.
- RWR thanks members and promises reforms
Mar 03 Poindexter take demotion rather than resign.
Mar 05 Neil Reagan (RWR brother) states RWR ordered Iran arms sale.
- RWR in television address takes "full responsibility" for Iran-Contra without admitting the
plan was basically wrong.
- William Webster nominated CIA director.
Mar 06 Contras admit they got money from North's secret account.
Mar 09 Arturo Cruz resigns as Contra leader.
Mar 11 RWR phoney laryngitis used to avoid questions from press.
Mar 16 ABC News confirm Barbara Walters passed information from Iran arms
dealer Manucher Ghorbanifar to RWR
Mar 28 Los Angeles Times claims Casey oversaw North in Iran arms dealing.
- Compromise between Congressional Committees and special prosecutor
investigating Iran arms on limited immunity North & Ponidexter.
- Deaver indited on perjury.
Apr 21 Senate Select Committee grants Poindexter immunity to force his
- White House Council looking over RWR diaries to release part to public.
- Webster in confirmation hearings warned about North.
Apr 27 Independent Council Walsh's law firm represented Southern Air Transport.
SAT is under investigation by Walsh (Iran-Contra)
Apr 28 Walsh wants Congress to stop granting immunity.
- Channell admits to fraud in fund raising for Contras and names North in scheme.
- Murder of American engineer Ben Linder by Contras
May 02 NY Times reports North convinced China and Poland to sell to Contras at
same time they gave to Sandinistas.
Joint hearings of Congressional Select Committees begin.
- Secord states he believe administration knew of & approved Contra aid.
- Said he was recruited by North.
- Secord gives list of Financial breakdown.
- He feels operatives were "betrayed and abandoned" by administration.
- Secord claims funds were also used by DEA in scheme to free hostage in Lebanon.
- Describes meeting with Casey.
- Casey died today from brain tumor.
- Secord notes Poindexter said RWR praised operation.
- Secord overheard call from RWR to North. Bush called North same day.
- Secord described dealing with Ghorbanifar.
- Secord claimed McFarlane falsified sequence of events to cover for president.
- Channell pleas guilty to conspiracy charges by special prosecutor and names North.
- Channell's National Endowment for the preservation of Liberty roll in scheme.
- Richard Miller pleas guilty to tax fraud and names North as co-conspirator.
- Miller's firm (PR) International Business Communication (IBC).
- Miller played major roll in hostage release according to FBI.
May 08 Secord suggests that fund in Swiss Account go to Casey Contra fund.
Secord denies discussion with Poindexter, Casey, McFarlane about diversion of funds.
- Secord said congress deceived.
- Donnell Howard and John Norris indited in Oklahoma for plotting to kill Ortega.
May 11 McFarlane claims North said plan approved
- Inouye announced finding money from Sultan of Brunei to Contras .
- Transferred to wrong account.
- RWR aides account of meeting with Prince Bandar & King Fahd prior to increase of funding
- Aides recall RWR calling Honduran President Suazo for release of shipment of Contra aid.
- US release Iranian assets frozen during hostage crisis.
- North took Iranian officials involved in arms-for-hostage on tour of White House.
- Administration announce plan to sell jet fighters to Honduras.
May 14 Johnathan Miller resigns (RWR deputy assistant administrator) as result of
- McFarlane did not notify Congress about use of drug agents in ransom of US hostages. He
uses Israel as excuse.
- McFarlane restates he regularly informed RWR on Contras.
- RWR admits discussing Contra aid with Fahd during 1985 visit.
- US-Honduras hold joint military exercises.
- RWR news conference:
- Not able to remember personal role in Iran arms deal.
- Denys discussing while admitting it is possible.
- RWR prefers rescue to ransom of hostages.
- RWR remember his earlier confusion over date and approvals.
- McFarlane testified RWR approved Perot's arms for hostages proposal.
- Fawn Hall testified before grand jury about her role in destroying documents as North's
- Owens testifies about activities with North and Miller.
- Baker admitted documents exist pertaining to RWR authorizing ransom
- Claims Boland Amendment was not circumvented.
- Owens testified that he discussed illegality of arms for hostage with North.
- North said he would be fall guy.
- Owens thought Casey in charge.
May 21 Testimony today by Coors, Garwood, O'Boyle. Coors describes Casey
directing him to North as Contra channel.
- Contra leader Calero and General Siinglaub testify today.
- Secord appeals to Supreme court of Switzerland to keep private information in his accounts.
May 28 Tambs testifies. North told him to open southern front.
- Rodriguez testified he did not inform Bush.
- Dutton testified North told him RWR knew of Contra plan
May 29 Fernandez testifies.
Jun 02 Abrams testimony - admit former testimony a mistake (did not
inform congress he solicited money from Sultan of Brunei.)
Jun 04 House - Senate committee grants North limited immunity.
- Hakim testifies - opened secret life insurance account for North's
- North challenging special prosecutor as to his legality.
Jun 07 Hall questioned about documents she help destroy.
Jun 15 Federal judge sign limited immunity for North.
- Aides to Secord testified to shredding documents long after scandal broke.
- RWR denies seeing North memo.
Jun 23 Robinette testifying Secord paid him for installing security system in
- North refuse to testify in private to congress.
- Poindexter testifying in secret to congress. Not implicating RWR.
Jun 25 Testimony by Cooper.
- Agreement reached with North on his testimony.
- Sporkin testimony today.
- North received formal immunity from Iran Contra committee.
- North turns over documents today.
Jul 08 North claims Meese took part in meetings.
- North claims he had approval from superiors in all matters.
Jul 09 North accepts role as scapegoat.
Jul 10 North claims Presidential finding 1985 was arm-for-hostage.
CONCLUSION OF NORTH TESTIMONY
Jul 21 Ponidexter final day of testimony.
- Ponidexter testifies.
- Claims to have destroyed document signed by RWR Sept. 1985 on arms deal.
- RWR denies document.
- Ponidexter denies telling RWR of fund transferred to Contras.
Jul 22 Shultz testifies today. First day of US-Kuwait protection
Jul 28 Meese testifies.
Jul 29 Report of human rights abuse by Contras.
Jul 30 Regan (Don) testifies.
Jul 31 Weinberger testifies.
Aug 02 Weinberger concludes testimony
Aug 03 FINAL DAY OF IRAN CONTRA HEARINGS
Aug 05 RWR praise congress for new Contra aid.
Aug 07 RWR signed agreement with congress - no covert operations without
RWR address to nation:
"Our original initiative got all tangled up in the sale of arms, and the sale of arms got tangled
up with the hostages...I let my preoccupation with the hostages intrude into areas where it didn't
Joint hearings held May 05 to Aug 15, 1987
Aug 31 Justice department filing challenge to constitutionality of special prosecutor
- Federal Appeals Court rejected North claim special prosecutor illegal.
- Swiss court to allow Walsh investigator to examine Swiss bank records.
- NY Times claims South Africa connected to Iran Contra through Casey visit.
Sep 30 GAO report states S/LPD conducted "white propaganda operations" in
effort to influence public opinion.
Nov 18 Congressional committees' report on Iran-Contra affair places blame on
RWR for wrong doing of his aides.
Dec 16 Michael K. Deaver convicted on perjury counts resulting from lobbying
activities. He was RWR's deputy chief of staff until May 1985.
Dec 22 Contra aid appropriation passed and signed for nonlethal aid.
Mar 11 McFarlane pleads guilty to four counts of withholding information from
congress on Contras.
Mar 16 Poindexter, North, Secord and Hakim indicted on twenty-three counts.
Some charges later dropped because administration refused to release documents.
Feb 21 North trial begins. Trial reveals numerous "quid pro quo" arrangements
with numerous governments.
Mar 3 McFarlane receives two years probation, $20,000 fine and 200 hours
May 4 North found guilty on three counts and not guilty on nine counts.
July 5 North sentenced to 1200 hours community service and $150,000 fine.
Nov 8 Secord plea bargains to one count and sentenced to two years' probation.
Nov 21 Hakim pleads guilty to one count and sentenced to two years' probation
and fine of $5,000.
Nov 24 Fernandez case dismissed
Mar 5 Poindexter trail begins
- Poindexter convicted on all five counts.
- First Reagan official to receive jail sentence of six months.
Sep 18 Clines found guilty and only person in RWR administration to serve time.
He is sentenced to 16 months and $40,000 fine.
May 28 Supreme Courts declines to review North's case.
July 9 Fiers pleads guilty to two misdemeanor counts
Sep 6 George indicted on ten counts.
Sep 16 Gesell dismisses North's case.
Oct 7 Abrams pleads guilty to misdemeanor charges and receives two years and
200 hours community service.
Oct 21 North begins book tour for "Under Fire: An American Story"
Nov 15 Poindexter conviction reversed
Nov 26 Clarridge indicted on seven counts
Jan 31 Fiers sentenced to one year probation and one hundred hours community
June 16 Weinberger indicted on five counts
July 13 George trial begins. Trial ends in mistrial.
Oct 19 Retrial of George begins.
- Weinberger re-indicted.
- New charge reflect that Bush knew of operations.
- He is forced to deal with these charges during last days of 1992 campaign.
Nov 3 Clinton defeats Bush.
Dec 7 Poindexter conviction overturned.
Dec 9 George retrial ends in conviction on two felony counts of lying to
congress. First CIA official convicted while in office.
Dec 11 Re-indictment charges against Weinberger are dismissed.
- President Bush issues pre-trial pardon of Weinberger.
- He also pardons Clarridge, George, McFarlane, Abrams and Fiers
Americans Held Hostage in Lebanon
- President, American University of Beirut
- Kidnapped July 19, 1982
- Released July 20, 1983
- Department head, American University of Beirut
- Kidnapped February 10, 1984
- Released April 15, 1984
- Bureau chief, Cable News Network
- Kidnapped March 7, 1984
- Released February 14, 1985
Benjamin F. Weir
- Station chief, Central Intelligence Agency
- Kidnapped March 16, 1984
- Died June 3, 1985
- Presbyterian minister
- Kidnapped May 8, 1984
- Released September 15, 1985
Lawrence M. Jenco
- Librarian, American University of Beirut
- Kidnapped December 3, 1984
- Killed April 14, 1986
Terry A. Anderson
- Director, Catholic Relief Services
- Kidnapped January 8, 1985
- Released July 26, 1986
David P. Jacobsen
- Chief Middle East correspondent, Associated Press
- Kidnapped May 16, 1985
- Released December 4, 1991
- Director, American University of Beirut Hospital
- Kidnapped May 28, 1985
- Released November 2, 1986
Frank H. Reed
- Acting dean of Agriculture, American University of Beirut
- Kidnapped June 9, 1985
- Released ovember 18, 1991
Joseph J. Cicippio
- Director, Labanese International School
- Kidnapped September 9, 1986
- Released April 30, 1990
Edward A. Tracy
- Acting controller, American University of Beirut
- Kidnapped September 12, 1986
- Released December 2, 1991
- Kidnapped October 21, 1986
- Released August 11, 1991
Jesse J. Turner
- Professor, Beirut University College
- Kidnapped January 24, 1987
- Released December 3, 1991
- Assistant professor, Beirut University College
- Kidnapped January 24, 1987
- ReleasedOctober 22, 1991
- Professor, Beirut University College
- Kidnapped January 24, 1987
- Released April 22, 1990
- Kidnapped June 17, 1987
- Escaped August 18, 1987