Adjectives / Adverbs

Adjective / Adverb Relationships

Some nouns can take one ending to become an adjective or another ending to become an adverb. Not all nouns can form an adverb and an adjective. Some form neither of the two. The rules aren't precise here.

Like in English, adjectives precede the nouns which they describe, regardless of what place in the sentence word order the word falls.

ending for adjectives
Adjectives formed from a noun usually end in -ஆன.

ending for adverbs
Adverbs formed from a noun usually end in -ஆக.

Adjective Adverb Noun
அழகான beautiful அழகாக beautifully அழகு beauty
மெலிதான soft மெலிதாக softly மெலிது softness
நீலமான blue நீலமாக blue-ly நீலம் blueness
பச்சையான green பச்சையாக green-ly பச்சை green-ness
உப்பான salty உப்பாக saltily உப்பு salt, saltiness

simple sentences revisited / இரு

Why would there be a need to make words like "green-ly" and "blueness"? Well, to start with, நீலம் is the word for blue. In Thamil, colors are nouns, not adjectives.

In simple sentences in which something is being described by an adjective, adverbs are used instead of the adjectives. To make these sentences:

  1. Convert the adjective into an adverb.
  2. Then use the verb இரு as the word for "is". (Don't forget to put it into the correct tense and to add the correct verb suffix!)
  3. Remember to put the words in the correct order.

That's it! (Phew!)

Examples