Dative Case

The dative case is added to nouns to mean "to", "for", or "for the sake of".

dative case
  • If the word ends in -இ, -ஈ, -ஐ, or -ஆய், add -க்கு
  • All other words add the suffix -உக்கு.

Again, remember that suffix rules for Thamil cases, as well as our basic set of suffix rules, should be used in conjunction with the dative case suffix, if they are applicable. In general, non-case-suffixes (-ஆ, -உம், etc.) only follow the basic set of suffix addition rules. Case suffixes (-ஐ, -க்கு/-உக்கு, etc.) are added by first using case suffix rules, if they apply, before using the basic suffix rules.

irregulars

Only a handful of words, which are all pronouns, add the dative case slightly differently.

word dative case
நான் எனக்கு
நீ உனக்கு
அது அதற்கு
நாம் நமக்கு

examples