verbal adjectives

A verbal adjective is a phrase that acts as an adjective by describing a noun. A verbal adjective, in specific, describes the noun by what the noun does. For example, take the sentence "The elephant sleeps." We can rewrite this as the phrase, "the sleeping elephant". Here, "standing" is a verbal adjective describing the elephant. Taking the sentence "The lion fell", the corresponding phrase would be "the fallen lion", where "fallen" is the verbal adjective.

Verbal Adjective - Past/Present Tense
A verbal adjective, followed by the noun which it describes, can be formed by moving the subject of a sentence to the end, and replacing the verb suffix of the verb with -அ

Verbal Adjective - Future Tense
A verbal adjective, followed by the noun which it describes, can be formed by moving the subject of a sentence ot the end. The future tense verb is replaced by its infintive, and the infinitive's final -அ is replaced by -உம்

(Note: remember that replacing the final -அ of an infinitive with -உம் gives the same word as the future tense for அது and அவை. This may be a source of confusion. Forgetting this fact might make correct sentences appear incorrect and vice versa.)

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The translation of the verbal adjectives into English can be done in a systematic way. That is to be expected, though, because translation is not formulaic and English is an irregular language.

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