passive voice / படு

passive voice

The sentences we have discussed so far, with perhaps the exception of the type of sentences made only with the dative case, are active sentences. They are called active because the subject clearly performs the action of the verb. (E.g. "It runs", "They saw the movie") Passive voice refers to the use of passive verbs. Passive verbs show action happening to the direct object. However, sentences with passive verbs do not have a subject, or the subject is indirectly expressed. (E.g. "The movie was seen", "They movie was seen by them")

Passive Voice
A sentence is put into passive voice by
    படு4
  • removing the case suffix -ஐ from the direct object
  • adding the case suffix -ஆல் to the subject, if it is expressed indirectly

Note that the படு4 of the passive verb is conjugated (i.e. gets its verb ending) according to the direct object.

Ex:
படு

The verb படு4 is used on its own to express emotions. The related word படுத்து3 is used to express the creation of the same emotions.

Emotions Expressed with படு4 / படுத்து3
Emotion Meaning
மகிழ்ச்சி happiness
பெருமை pride
வெட்கம் shyness
சிரமம் hardship
அவசரம் haste, urgency
ஐயம் doubt
பொறாமை jealousy
கோபம் anger
அச்சம் fear