1. Leaves needle-like or scale-like, not dichotomously veined, evergreen (rarely deciduous)...... 2
2. Seeds 2-many borne in a woody or fleshy cone (sometimes resembling a rather hard berry)...... 3
3. Foliage leaves needle-like, alternate or fascicled; cone scales imbricate PINACEAE
Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia, Working Draft of 1 January 1997 -- Gymnosperm Key. Alan S. Weakley. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Southern Conservation Science Department.