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Excavating Occaneechi Town

Archaeology of an Eighteenth-Century Indian Village in North Carolina

Edited by R. P. Stephen Davis Jr., Patrick C. Livingood, H. Trawick Ward, and Vincas P. Steponaitis

Copyright © 1998 by the University of North Carolina Press. All rights reserved. ISBN 0-8078-6503-6 (cd-rom & booklet).


README.TXT from the CD-ROM


Section 6: Notes to Educators

6. Notes to Educators
6.1 The Electronic Dig
6.2 Excavating Modes
6.3 Enforcing the Restricted Mode for the Electronic Dig
6.3.1 Modifying the Command Line in Windows 3.1
6.3.2 Modifying the Command Line in Windows 95

6. Notes to Educators

It is hoped that this CD-ROM will be used by educators from middle school to the college level to teach students about archaeology and the Native American history of North Carolina. An entire chapter of this CD-ROM, the Electronic Dig, has been designed with this purpose in mind. Below is a description of the Electronic Dig and how it might fit into a teaching plan. A comprehensive guide to using the Electronic Dig, called the "Electronic Dig Tutorial," is available from the Electronic Dig screen.

6.1 The Electronic Dig

The Electronic Dig chapter has two components. The first component is a pair of tutorials: the Archaeology Primer and the Electronic Dig Tutorial. The Archaeology Primer allows students to become acquainted with basic archaeological field methods and the kinds of archaeological remains found at Native Americans village sites in Piedmont North Carolina. It contains text written for students with a middle school level of comprehension, photographs of archaeologists working at Occaneechi Town and other North Carolina archaeological sites, and video clips of basic field methods employed by archaeologists. The Electronic Dig Tutorial offers easy instructions for students on how to use the Electronic Dig to re-excavate Occaneechi Town.

The Electronic Dig allows students to plan and undertake their own excavations at Occaneechi Town, using the computer. The students start with a blank grid which covers the site of Occaneechi Town. Then they can select units to excavate. When the students give the command to excavate, the software uncovers the units and provides students with photographs, descriptions, and lists of artifacts that were actually found when that unit was first excavated. Once an excavation unit, or square, has been revealed on the computer screen, the student can then excavate any archaeological feature located within it by simply clicking on it with the mouse. Students can print a map of their excavation and they can save in a file an inventory of all artifacts found during their electronic excavation.

6.2 Excavating Modes

There are two budget modes—unlimited and limited—for running the Electronic Dig. The choice of which mode to use depends on the grade level of the students and the sophistication of the course-work. The unlimited budget mode allows the students to choose as many excavation units as they wish. This mode is recommended for situations where students are simply being encouraged to acquaint themselves with archaeology and it allows them to explore the site without restrictions. Conversely, the limited budget mode imposes limits on what can be excavated by requiring the students to work within the constraints of a budget. You must choose both an hourly wage and an overall project budget. In this mode, it is important to plan the excavation carefully since it normally will not be possible to excavate the entire site. This mode is recommended only for serious archaeological students and provides a context for learning about archaeological sampling and inference.

6.3 Enforcing the Restricted Mode for the Electronic Dig

The Electronic Dig is accessible at any time from the report software as one of the major chapters of Excavating Occaneechi Town. The reader can easily switch back and forth between the Electronic Dig and the other chapters. However, in a classroom or student exercise environment it might be desirable to restrict access to only the Electronic Dig. This will guarantee that the students complete the exercise before they see the map and interpretations of the entire excavated site.

This restricted mode for the Electronic Dig can be invoked from the command line in Windows. The syntax for the command line requires that you launch the Excavating Occaneechi Town software with an additional switch at the end of the command line. Adding /ed permits access to only the Electronic Dig with an unlimited budget. To further limit the student to a specified budget, add /ed,x,y where x is a dollar amount for a budget and y is an hourly rate.

An icon for the Restricted Electronic Dig is already provided in the Excavating Occaneechi Town group. By default, it permits an unlimited budget. You can further modify the command line in the following ways.

6.3.1 Modifying the Command Line in Windows 3.1

Switch to Program Manager and click once on the icon you wish to change. In this case, highlight the Restricted Electronic Dig icon in the Excavating Occaneechi Town window. Then choose File | Properties from the menu bar. Next, look to the box labeled Command Line. After the command to launch Excavating Occaneechi Town, which might typically look like c:\ahomult\tb50run.exe c:\ahomult\ahomult.exe, place a space and the command /ed. Finally, click on the OK button with the mouse.

6.3.2 Modifying the Command Line in Windows 95

From the Start button choose Settings | Taskbar. Then press on the tab labeled Start Menu Programs and press the button labeled Advanced. The Exploring - Start Menu window will appear. Click on the plus button just to the left of the Programs folder (in the left pane of the window) to force all your program groups to appear. Then click once on the Excavating Occaneechi Town group. The program icons for Excavating Occaneechi Town should now be visible in the right pane of the window. Click once on the icon called Restricted Electronic Dig and then choose File | Properties from the menu bar. Next, click on the tab labeled Shortcut. You can now edit the command line which appears in the text box labeled Target. So what might appear as c:\ahomult\tb50run.exe c:\ahomult\ahomult.exe can be edited to include the /ed switch as discussed above (6.3). When you have changed the line, press the OK button to exit from the first window called Restricted Electronic Dig Properties, select File | Close to exit from the Windows Explorer window, and press the OK button to exit from the Taskbar Properties window.


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From Excavating Occaneechi Town, a CD-ROM for Windows / ISBN 0-8078-6503-6 / $45.00 / Published for the Research Laboratories of Archaeology by the University of North Carolina Press

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