A dictionary containing a natural history requires too many hands, as well as too much time, ever to be hoped for. Locke.

NUMBERS.

0
0 adj. 1. indicating the absence of any or all units under consideration; -- representing the number zero as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- zero
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

1
1 adj. 1. used of a single unit or thing; not two or more; -- representing the number one as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- one, i, ane
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

1-dodecanol
1-dodecanol n. An insoluble solid alcohol (C12H25OH) with an unbranched paraffin chain, used to make detergents, such as sodium lauryl sulfate.
Syn. -- lauryl alcohol
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

1-hitter
1-hitter n. 1. a baseball game in which one team's pitchers allow the opposing team only one hit.
Syn. -- one-hitter
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

1st-class
1st-class n. 1. a class mail comprising letters, postcards, and other mail sealed against inspection, having a higher priority than second, third, or fourth-class mail; -- it is the highest class of mail not handled in a special manner, as is registered or priority mail.
Syn. -- first-class, first-class mail, 1st-class mail
[WordNet 1.5]

10
10 adj. 1. denoting a quantity consisting of one more than nine and one less than eleven; -- representing the number ten as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- ten, x
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

100
100 adj. 1. the Arabic numerals representing the number one hundred; denoting a quantity consisting of one more than ninety nine and one less than one hundred and one; ten times ten
Syn. -- hundred, a hundred, one hundred, c
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

1000
1000 adj. 1. denoting a quantity consisting of one more than nine hundred ninety nine and one less than one thousand and one; -- representing the number one thousand as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- thousand, a thousand, one thousand, m, k
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

1000th
1000th adj. 1. coming next after the nine hundred ninety-ninth in a series
Syn. -- thousandth
[WordNet 1.5]

10th
10th adj. 1. coming next after the ninth in a series
Syn. -- tenth
[WordNet 1.5]

100th
100th adj. 1. coming next after the ninety-ninth in a series
Syn. -- hundredth, centesimal
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

11
11 adj. 1. denoting a quantity consisting of one more than ten and one less than twelve; -- representing the number eleven as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- eleven, xi
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

11-plus
11-plus n. 1. an examination taken by 11 and 12 year old students to select suitable candidates for grammar school. [formerly in England]
Syn. -- eleven-plus
[WordNet 1.5]

11th
11th adj. 1. coming next after the tenth in a series
Syn. -- eleventh
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

12
12 adj. 1. denoting a quantity consisting of 12 items or units; -- representing the number twelve as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- twelve, xii, dozen
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

12th
12th adj. 1. coming next after the eleventh in a series
Syn. -- twelfth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

13
13 adj. 1. denoting a quantity consisting of one more than twelve and one less than fourteen; -- representing the number thirteen as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- thirteen, xiii
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

13th
13th adj. 1. coming next after the twelfth in a series
Syn. -- thirteenth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

14
14 adj. 1. denoting a quantity consisting of one more than thirteen and one less than fifteen; -- representing the number fourteen as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- fourteen, xiv
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

14th
14th adj. 1. coming next after the thirteenth in a series
Syn. -- fourteenth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

15
15 adj. 1. denoting a quantity consisting of one more than fourteen and one less than sixteen; -- representing the number fifteen as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- fifteen, xv
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

15th
15th adj. 1. Coming next after the fourteenth in a series
Syn. -- fifteenth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

16
16 adj. Denoting a quantity consisting of one more than fifteen and one less than seventeen; -- representing the number sixteen as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- sixteen, xvi
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

16th
16th adj. 1. coming next after the fifteenth in a series
Syn. -- sixteenth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

17
17 adj. 1. denoting a quantity consisting of one more than sixteen and one less than eighteen; -- representing the number seventeen as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- seventeen, xvii
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

17th
17th adj. 1. coming next after the sixteenth in a series
Syn. -- seventeenth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

18
18 adj. 1. one more than seventeen; denoting a quantity consisting of one more than seventeen and one less than nineteen; -- representing the number eighteen as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- eighteen, xviii
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

18th
18th adj. 1. coming next after the seventeenth in a series
Syn. -- eighteenth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

19
19 adj. 1. one more than eighteen; denoting a quantity consisting of one more than eighteen and one less than twenty; -- representing the number nineteen as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- nineteen, xix
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

19th
19th adj. 1. coming next after the eighteenth in a series
Syn. -- nineteenth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

1st
1st adj. 1. preceding all other objects or events in order, time, or importance; occurring before all other members of a series.
Syn. -- first
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

2
2 adj. Denoting a quantity consisting of one more than one; one plus one more; -- representing the number two as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- two, ii
[WordNet 1.5]

2-hitter
2-hitter n. 1. a game in which a pitcher allows the opposing team only 2 hits.
Syn. -- two-hitter
[WordNet 1.5]

20
20 adj. 1. one more than nineteen; denoting a quantity consisting of twenty items or units; -- representing the number twenty as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- twenty, xx, score
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

20th
20th adj. 1. coming next after the nineteenth in a series
Syn. -- twentieth
[WordNet 1.5]

21
21 adj. 1. one more than twenty; twenty plus one more; denoting a quantity consisting of twenty-one items or units; -- representing the number twenty-one as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- twenty-one, xxi
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

21st
21st adj. 1. coming next after the twentieth in a series
Syn. -- twenty-first
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

22
22 adj. 1. one more than twenty-one; denoting a quantity consisting of twenty-two items or units; -- representing the number twenty-two as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- twenty-two, xxii
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

22nd
22nd adj. 1. coming next after the twenty-first in a series
Syn. -- twenty-second
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

23
23 adj. 1. one more than twenty-two; denoting a quantity consisting of twenty-three items or units; -- representing the number twenty-three as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- twenty-three, xxiii
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

23rd
23rd adj. 1. coming next after the twenty-second in a series
Syn. -- twenty-third
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

24
24 adj. 1. one more than twenty-three; denoting a quantity consisting of twenty-four items or units; -- representing the number twenty-four as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- twenty-four, xxiv
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

24/7
24/7 adj. & adv. (tw&ebreve_;n"tēfôr-s&ebreve_;v"&eitalic_;n) [From 24 hours per day, 7 days per week.] Without interruption; non-stop; continuous; as, the computer manufacturer provides 24/7 technical help.
Syn. -- twenty-four-seven, 7/24
[PJC]

24th
24th adj. 1. coming next after the twenty-third in a series
Syn. -- twenty-fourth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

25
25 adj. 1. one more than twenty-four; denoting a quantity consisting of twenty-five items or units; -- representing the number twenty-five as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- twenty-five, xxv
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

25th
25th adj. 1. coming next after the twenty-fourth in a series
Syn. -- twenty-fifth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

26
26 adj. 1. denoting a quantity consisting of twenty-six items or units; -- representing the number twenty-six as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- twenty-six, xxvi
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

26th
26th adj. 1. coming next after the twenty-fifth in a series
Syn. -- twenty-sixth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

27
27 adj. 1. denoting a quantity consisting of twenty-seven items or units; -- representing the number twenty-seven as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- twenty-seven, xxvii
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

27th
27th adj. 1. coming next after the twenty-sixth in a series
Syn. -- twenty-seventh
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

28
28 adj. 1. denoting a quantity consisting of twenty-eight items or units; -- representing the number twenty-eight as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- twenty-eight, xxviii
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

28th
28th adj. 1. coming next after the twenty-seventh in a series
Syn. -- twenty-eighth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

29
29 adj. 1. denoting a quantity consisting of twenty-nine items or units; -- representing the number twenty-nine as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- twenty-nine, xxix
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

29th
29th adj. 1. coming next after the twenty-eighth in a series
Syn. -- twenty-ninth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

2nd
2d
2d 2nd adj. 1. coming next after the first in position in space or time or degree or magnitude
Syn. -- second, 2nd
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

3
3 adj. 1. one more than two; denoting a quantity consisting of three items or units; -- representing the number three as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- three, iii
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

30
30 adj. 1. one more than twenty-nine; three times ten; denoting a quantity consisting of thirty items or units; -- representing the number thirty as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- thirty, xxx
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

30th
30th adj. 1. coming next after the twenty-ninth in a series
Syn. -- thirtieth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

3rd
3rd adj. 1. coming next after the second in a series
Syn. -- third, tertiary
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

4
4 adj. 1. one more than three; denoting a quantity consisting of four items or units; -- representing the number four as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- four, iv
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

4-hitter
4-hitter n. 1. a game in which a pitcher allows the opposing team 4 hits.
Syn. -- four-hitter
[WordNet 1.5]

40
40 adj. 1. one more than thirty-nine; four times ten; denoting a quantity consisting of fourty items or units; -- representing the number fourty as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- forty, xl, twoscore
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

40th
40th adj. 1. coming next after the thirty-ninth in position
Syn. -- fortieth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

4th
4th adj. 1. coming next after the third in position
Syn. -- fourth, quaternary
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

4to
4to n. 1. the size of a book whose pages are made by folding a sheet of paper twice to form four leaves.
Syn. -- quarto
[WordNet 1.5]

5
5 adj. 1. one more than four; denoting a quantity consisting of five items or units; -- representing the number five as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- five, v
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

5-hitter
5-hitter n. 1. a game in which a pitcher allows the opposing team 5 hits.
Syn. -- five-hitter
[WordNet 1.5]

50
50 adj. 1. one more than fourty-nine; five times ten; denoting a quantity consisting of fifty items or units; -- representing the number fifty as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- fifty, l
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

500
500 adj. 1. one more than four hundred ninety-nine; five times one hundred; denoting a quantity consisting of five hundred items or units; -- representing the number five hundred as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- five hundred, d
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

50th
50th adj. 1. coming next after the fourty-ninth in a series
Syn. -- fiftieth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

5th
5th adj. 1. coming next after the fourth in a series
Syn. -- fifth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

6
6 adj. 1. one more than five; denoting a quantity consisting of six items or units; -- representing the number six as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- six, vi, half dozen, half a dozen
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

60
60 adj. 1. one more than fifty-nine; denoting a quantity consisting of sixty items or units; -- representing the number sixty as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- sixty, lx, threescore
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

60 minutes

n. 1.
Syn. -- hour, hr a period of time equal to 1/24th of a day.
[WordNet 1.5]

2.
a 1-hour television program broadcast once weekly on the CBS television network since the 1970's. Its format is that of a "news magazine" treating typically three topics during each show, plus occasional commentary. [Proper name]
Syn. -- Sixty Minutes
[PJC]

60th
60th adj. 1. coming next after the fifty-ninth in a series
Syn. -- sixtieth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

6th
6th adj. Coming next after the fifth in a series
Syn. -- sixth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

7
7 adj. One more than six; constituting or denoting a quantity consisting of seven items or units; -- representing the number seven as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- seven, vii
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

7/24
7/24 adj. & adv. Same as 24/7.
[PJC]

70
70 adj. 1. one more than sixty-nine; denoting a quantity consisting of seventy items or units; -- representing the number sevent as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- seventy, lxx
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

70th
70th adj. 1. coming next after the sixty-ninth in a series
Syn. -- seventieth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

7th
7th adj. 1. coming next after the sixth in a series
Syn. -- seventh
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

8
8 adj. 1. one more than seven; denoting a quantity consisting of eight items or units; -- representing the number eight as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- eight, viii
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

80
80 adj. 1. one more than seventy-nine and one less than eighty-one; denoting a quantity consisting of eighty items or units; -- representing the number eighty as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- eighty, lxxx, fourscore
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

80th
80th adj. 1. coming next after the seventy-ninth in a series
Syn. -- eightieth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

8th
8th adj. 1. coming next after the seventh in a series
Syn. -- eighth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

9
9 adj. 1. one more than eight and one less than ten; denoting a quantity consisting of nine items or units; -- representing the number nine as an Arabic numeral
Syn. -- nine, ix
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

9/11
9/11 (nīn" &euptack_;*l&ebreve_;v"&ebreve_;n) n. September 11, 2001 -- the day when two airplanes hijacked by Islamic terrorists were deliberately crashed into the "twin towers" (the two 110-storey skyscrapers of the World Trade Center) in New York City, causing those buildings to collapse and much other damage in the nearby area. Another plane was crashed into the Pentagon near Washington. In total, the attacks caused nearly 3,000 deaths. This was the worst incident of terrorism inside the United States to date. The abbreviated date 9/11 is now taken to refer to that specific day and the terrorist incidents that occured that day. It is used especially in the phrase “the events of 9/11”.
[PJC]

90
90 adj. 1. one more than eighty-nine and one less than ninety-one; denoting a quantity consisting of ninety items or units; -- representing the number ninety as Arabic numerals
Syn. -- ninety, xc
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

90th
90th adj. 1. coming next after the eighty-ninth in a series
Syn. -- ninetieth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

9th
9th adj. 1. coming next after the eighth and just before the tenth in position
Syn. -- ninth
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

3-D
3-D n. 1. a movie with images having three dimensional form or appearance.
Syn. -- three-D, 3D
[WordNet 1.5]

3-hitter
3-hitter n. 1. a game in which a pitcher allows the opposing team only 3 hits.
Syn. -- three-hitter
[WordNet 1.5]

8vo
8vo n. 1. the size of a book whose pages are made by folding a sheet of paper three times to form eight leaves.
Syn. -- octavo, eightvo
[WordNet 1.5]

A.

A
A (named ā in the English, and most commonly ä in other languages). The first letter of the English and of many other alphabets. The capital A of the alphabets of Middle and Western Europe, as also the small letter (a), besides the forms in Italic, black letter, etc., are all descended from the old Latin A, which was borrowed from the Greek Alpha, of the same form; and this was made from the first letter (&unr_;) of the Phœnician alphabet, the equivalent of the Hebrew Aleph, and itself from the Egyptian origin. The Aleph was a consonant letter, with a guttural breath sound that was not an element of Greek articulation; and the Greeks took it to represent their vowel Alpha with the ä sound, the Phœnician alphabet having no vowel symbols.
[1913 Webster]

This letter, in English, is used for several different vowel sounds. See Guide to pronunciation, §§ 43-74. The regular long a, as in fate, etc., is a comparatively modern sound, and has taken the place of what, till about the early part of the 17th century, was a sound of the quality of ä (as in far).
[1913 Webster]

2. (Mus.) The name of the sixth tone in the model major scale (that in C), or the first tone of the minor scale, which is named after it the scale in A minor. The second string of the violin is tuned to the A in the treble staff. -- A sharp (A♯) is the name of a musical tone intermediate between A and B. -- A flat (A♭) is the name of a tone intermediate between A and G.
[1913 Webster]

A per se (L. per se by itself), one preëminent; a nonesuch. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

O fair Creseide, the flower and A per se
Of Troy and Greece.
Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

A
A (&adot_; emph. ā). 1. [Shortened form of an. AS. ān one. See One.] An adjective, commonly called the indefinite article, and signifying one or any, but less emphatically. “At a birth”; “In a word”; “At a blow”. Shak. It is placed before nouns of the singular number denoting an individual object, or a quality individualized, before collective nouns, and also before plural nouns when the adjective few or the phrase great many or good many is interposed; as, a dog, a house, a man; a color; a sweetness; a hundred, a fleet, a regiment; a few persons, a great many days. It is used for an, for the sake of euphony, before words beginning with a consonant sound [for exception of certain words beginning with h, see An]; as, a table, a woman, a year, a unit, a eulogy, a ewe, a oneness, such a one, etc. Formally an was used both before vowels and consonants.
[1913 Webster]

2. [Originally the preposition a (an, on).] In each; to or for each; as, “twenty leagues a day”, “a hundred pounds a year”, “a dollar a yard”, etc.
[1913 Webster]

A
A (&adot_;), prep. [Abbreviated form of an (AS. on). See On.] 1. In; on; at; by. [Obs.]A God's name.” “Torn a pieces.” “Stand a tiptoe.” “A Sundays” Shak. “Wit that men have now a days.” Chaucer. “Set them a work.” Robynson (More's Utopia).
[1913 Webster]

2. In process of; in the act of; into; to; -- used with verbal substantives in -ing which begin with a consonant. This is a shortened form of the preposition an (which was used before the vowel sound); as in a hunting, a building, a begging. “Jacob, when he was a dying” Heb. xi. 21. “We'll a birding together.” “ It was a doing.” Shak. “He burst out a laughing.” Macaulay. The hyphen may be used to connect a with the verbal substantive (as, a-hunting, a-building) or the words may be written separately. This form of expression is now for the most part obsolete, the a being omitted and the verbal substantive treated as a participle.
[1913 Webster]

A
A. [From AS. of off, from. See Of.] Of. [Obs.] “The name of John a Gaunt.” “What time a day is it ?” Shak. “It's six a clock.” B. Jonson.
[1913 Webster]

A
A. A barbarous corruption of have, of he, and sometimes of it and of they. “So would I a done” “A brushes his hat.” Shak.
[1913 Webster]

A
A. An expletive, void of sense, to fill up the meter
[1913 Webster]

A merry heart goes all the day,
Your sad tires in a mile-a.
Shak.
[1913 Webster]

A-
A-. A, as a prefix to English words, is derived from various sources. (1) It frequently signifies on or in (from an, a forms of AS. on), denoting a state, as in afoot, on foot, abed, amiss, asleep, aground, aloft, away (AS. onweg), and analogically, ablaze, atremble, etc. (2) AS. of off, from, as in adown (AS. ofdūne off the dun or hill). (3) AS. ā- (Goth. us-, ur-, Ger. er-), usually giving an intensive force, and sometimes the sense of away, on, back, as in arise, abide, ago. (4) Old English y- or i- (corrupted from the AS. inseparable particle ge-, cognate with OHG. ga-, gi-, Goth. ga-), which, as a prefix, made no essential addition to the meaning, as in aware. (5) French à (L. ad to), as in abase, achieve. (6) L. a, ab, abs, from, as in avert. (7) Greek insep. prefix α without, or privative, not, as in abyss, atheist; akin to E. un-.
[1913 Webster]

Besides these, there are other sources from which the prefix a takes its origin.
[1913 Webster]

A 1
A 1 (ā wŭn). A registry mark given by underwriters (as at Lloyd's) to ships in first-class condition. Inferior grades are indicated by A 2 and A 3.
[1913 Webster]

A 1 is also applied colloquially to other things to imply superiority; prime; first-class; first-rate.
[1913 Webster]

a.u.
a.u. n. 1.(Astron.) the unit of length equal to the mean distance of the Earth from the sun, about 93 million miles (150 million kiometers); -- used almost exclusively in astronomy, or to describe astronomical distances.
Syn. -- astronomical unit, AU, A.U.
[WordNet 1.5]

AA
AA n. 1. acronym for Associate in Arts, a college degree granted for successful completion of a two-year course of study in arts or general topics.
Syn. -- Associate in Arts
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Alcoholics Anonymous. [Acronym.]
[WordNet 1.5]

Aam
Aam (&asuml_;m or äm), n. [D. aam, fr. LL. ama; cf. L. hama a water bucket, Gr. &unr_;] A Dutch and German measure of liquids, varying in different cities, being at Amsterdam about 41 wine gallons, at Antwerp 361/2, at Hamburg 381/4. [Written also Aum and Awm.]
[1913 Webster]

aardvark
aard"vark` (ärd"värk`), n. [D., earth-pig.] (Zool.) An edentate mammal, of the genus Orycteropus (Orycteropus afer), somewhat resembling a pig, common in some parts of Southern Africa. It is a nocturnal ungulate, burrows in the ground with its powerful claws, and feeds entirely on ants and termites, which it catches with its long, extensile, slimy tongue. It is the sole extant representative of the order Tubulidentata. [Spelled also Aard-vark.]
Syn. --ant bear, anteater, Orycteropus afer, oryctere, orycterope
[1913 Webster WordNet 1.5]

Aard-wolf
Aard"-wolf` (ärd"w&oobreve_;lf), n. [D, earth-wolf] (Zool.) A carnivorous, striped, quadruped mammal (Proteles cristata, formerly Proteles Lalandii), of South Africa, resembling the fox and hyena. It feeds chiefly on insects. See Proteles.
[1913 Webster WordNet 1.5]

Aaronical
Aaronic
{ Aa*ron"ic (&auptack_;*r&obreve_;n"&ibreve_;k), Aa*ron"ic*al (-&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), } a. Pertaining to Aaron, the first high priest of the Jews.
[1913 Webster]

Aaron's rod
Aar"on's rod` (âr"ŭnz r&obreve_;d`). [See Exodus vii. 9 and Numbers xvii. 8] 1. (Arch.) A rod with one serpent twined around it, thus differing from the caduceus of Mercury, which has two.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) A plant with a tall flowering stem; esp. the great mullein, or hag-taper, and the golden-rod.
[1913 Webster]

AAS
AAS n. 1. an associate degree conferred for successful studies in applied science.
[WordNet 1.5]

AAAS
AAAS n. 1. the American Association for the Advancement of Science, an organization with headquarters in Washington, D.C. Its goal is to advance the physical and social sciences, and it publishes a weekly journal Science, with original research articles as well as reviews and commentary. [Acronym.]
Syn. -- American Association for the Advancement of Science. [WordNet 1.5]

aas
aas n. 1. a loose sleeveless outer garment made from aba cloth; worn by Arabs. overgarment, outer garment
[WordNet 1.5]

Ab-
Ab- (ăb). [Latin prep., etymologically the same as E. of, off. See Of.] A prefix in many words of Latin origin. It signifies from, away , separating, or departure, as in abduct, abstract, abscond. See A-(6).
[1913 Webster]

Ab
Ab (ăb), n. [Of Syriac origin.] The fifth month of the Jewish year according to the ecclesiastical reckoning, the eleventh by the civil computation, coinciding nearly with August. W. Smith.
[1913 Webster]

Abaca
Ab"a*ca (ăb"&adot_;*k&adot_;), n. [The native name.] The Manila-hemp plant (Musa textilis); also, its fiber. See Manila hemp under Manila.
[1913 Webster]

Abacinate
A*bac"i*nate (&adot_;*băs"&ibreve_;*nāt), v. t. [LL. abacinatus, p. p. of abacinare; ab off + bacinus a basin.] To blind by a red-hot metal plate held before the eyes. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

Abacination
A*bac`i*na"tion (&adot_;*băs`&ibreve_;*nā"shŭn), n. The act of abacinating. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

Abaciscus
Ab`a*cis"cus (ăb`&adot_;*s&ibreve_;s"kŭs), n. [Gr. 'abaki`skos, dim of 'a`bax. See Abacus.] (Arch.) One of the tiles or squares of a tessellated pavement; an abaculus.
[1913 Webster]

Abacist
Ab"a*cist (ăb"&adot_;*s&ibreve_;st), n. [LL abacista, fr. abacus.] One who uses an abacus in casting accounts; a calculator.
[1913 Webster]

Aback
A*back" (&adot_;*băk"), adv. [Pref. a- + back; AS. on bæc at, on, or toward the back. See Back.] 1. Toward the back or rear; backward. “Therewith aback she started.” Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

2. Behind; in the rear. Knolles.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Naut.) Backward against the mast; -- said of the sails when pressed by the wind. Totten.
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To be taken aback. (a) To be driven backward against the mast; -- said of the sails, also of the ship when the sails are thus driven. (b) To be suddenly checked, baffled, or discomfited. Dickens.
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Aback
Ab"ack (ăb"&aitalic_;k), n. An abacus. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Abactinal
Ab*ac"ti*nal (ăb*ăk"t&ibreve_;*n&aitalic_;l), a. [L. ab + E. actinal.] (Zool.) Pertaining to the surface or end opposite to the mouth in a radiate animal; -- opposed to actinal. “The aboral or abactinal area.” L. Agassiz.
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Abaction
Ab*ac"tion (ăb*ăk"shŭn), n. Stealing cattle on a large scale. [Obs.]
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Abactor
Ab*ac"tor (-t&etilde_;r), n. [L., fr. abigere to drive away; ab + agere to drive.] (Law) One who steals and drives away cattle or beasts by herds or droves. [Obs.]
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Abaculus
A*bac"u*lus (&adot_;b*ăk"&uuptack_;*lŭs), n.; pl. Abaculi (-lī). [L., dim. of abacus.] (Arch.) A small tile of glass, marble, or other substance, of various colors, used in making ornamental patterns in mosaic pavements. Fairholt.
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Abacus
Ab"a*cus (ăb"&adot_;*kŭs), n.; E. pl. Abacuses ; L. pl. Abaci (-sī). [L. abacus, abax, Gr. 'a`bax] 1. A table or tray strewn with sand, anciently used for drawing, calculating, etc. [Obs.]
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2. A calculating table or frame; an instrument for performing arithmetical calculations by balls sliding on wires, or counters in grooves, the lowest line representing units, the second line, tens, etc. It is still employed in China.
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3. (Arch.) (a) The uppermost member or division of the capital of a column, immediately under the architrave. See Column. (b) A tablet, panel, or compartment in ornamented or mosaic work.
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4. A board, tray, or table, divided into perforated compartments, for holding cups, bottles, or the like; a kind of cupboard, buffet, or sideboard.
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Abacus harmonicus (Mus.), an ancient diagram showing the structure and disposition of the keys of an instrument. Crabb.
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Abada
Ab"a*da (ăb"&adot_;*d&adot_;), n. [Pg., the female rhinoceros.] The rhinoceros. [Obs.] Purchas.
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Abaddon
A*bad"don (&adot_;*băd"dŭn), n. [Heb. ābaddōn destruction, abyss, fr. ābad to be lost, to perish.] 1. The destroyer, or angel of the bottomless pit; -- the same as Apollyon and Asmodeus.
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2. Hell; the bottomless pit. [Poetic]
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In all her gates, Abaddon rues
Thy bold attempt.
Milton.
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Abaft
A*baft" (&adot_;*b&adot_;ft"), prep. [Pref. a- on + OE. baft, baften, biaften, AS. beæftan; be by + æftan behind. See After, Aft, By.] (Naut.) Behind; toward the stern from; as, abaft the wheelhouse.
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Abaft the beam. See under Beam.
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Abaft
A*baft", adv. (Naut.) Toward the stern; aft; as, to go abaft.
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Abaisance
A*bai"sance (&adot_;*bā"s&aitalic_;ns), n. [For obeisance; confused with F. abaisser, E. abase.] Obeisance. [Obs.] Jonson.
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Abaiser
A*bai"ser (&adot_;*bā"s&etilde_;r), n. Ivory black or animal charcoal. Weale.
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Abaist
A*baist" (&adot_;*bāst"), p. p. Abashed; confounded; discomfited. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Abalienate
Ab*al"ien*ate (ăb*āl"y&eitalic_;n*āt; 94, 106), v. t. [L. abalienatus, p. p. of abalienare; ab + alienus foreign, alien. See Alien.] 1. (Civil Law) To transfer the title of from one to another; to alienate.
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2. To estrange; to withdraw. [Obs.]
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3. To cause alienation of (mind). Sandys.
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Abalienation
Ab*al`ien*a"tion (-āl`y&eitalic_;n*ā"shŭn), n. [L. abalienatio: cf. F. abaliénation.] The act of abalienating; alienation; estrangement. [Obs.]
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Abalone
Ab`a*lo"ne (ăb`&adot_;*lō"n&euptack_;), n. (Zool.) A univalve mollusk of the genus Haliotis. The shell is lined with mother-of-pearl, and used for ornamental purposes; the sea-ear. Several large species are found on the coast of California, clinging closely to the rocks.
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abampere
abampere n. 1. 1 (Electricity) a unit of electrical current equal to 10 amperes.
Syn. -- abamp
[WordNet 1.5]

Aband
A*band" (&adot_;*bănd"), v. t. [Contracted from abandon.] 1. To abandon. [Obs.]
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Enforced the kingdom to aband. Spenser.
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2. To banish; to expel. [Obs.] Mir. for Mag.
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Abandon
A*ban"don (&adot_;*băn"dŭn), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abandoned (-dŭnd); p. pr. & vb. n. Abandoning.] [OF. abandoner, F. abandonner; a (L. ad) + bandon permission, authority, LL. bandum, bannum, public proclamation, interdiction, bannire to proclaim, summon: of Germanic origin; cf. Goth. bandwjan to show by signs, to designate OHG. ban proclamation. The word meant to proclaim, put under a ban, put under control; hence, as in OE., to compel, subject, or to leave in the control of another, and hence, to give up. See Ban.] 1. To cast or drive out; to banish; to expel; to reject. [Obs.]
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That he might . . . abandon them from him. Udall.
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Being all this time abandoned from your bed. Shak.
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2. To give up absolutely; to forsake entirely ; to renounce utterly; to relinquish all connection with or concern on; to desert, as a person to whom one owes allegiance or fidelity; to quit; to surrender.
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Hope was overthrown, yet could not be abandoned. I. Taylor.
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3. Reflexively: To give (one's self) up without attempt at self-control; to yield (one's self) unrestrainedly; -- often in a bad sense.
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He abandoned himself . . . to his favorite vice. Macaulay.
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4. (Mar. Law) To relinquish all claim to; -- used when an insured person gives up to underwriters all claim to the property covered by a policy, which may remain after loss or damage by a peril insured against.
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Syn. -- To give up; yield; forego; cede; surrender; resign; abdicate; quit; relinquish; renounce; desert; forsake; leave; retire; withdraw from. -- To Abandon, Desert, Forsake. These words agree in representing a person as giving up or leaving some object, but differ as to the mode of doing it. The distinctive sense of abandon is that of giving up a thing absolutely and finally; as, to abandon one's friends, places, opinions, good or evil habits, a hopeless enterprise, a shipwrecked vessel. Abandon is more widely applicable than forsake or desert. The Latin original of desert appears to have been originally applied to the case of deserters from military service. Hence, the verb, when used of persons in the active voice, has usually or always a bad sense, implying some breach of fidelity, honor, etc., the leaving of something which the person should rightfully stand by and support; as, to desert one's colors, to desert one's post, to desert one's principles or duty. When used in the passive, the sense is not necessarily bad; as, the fields were deserted, a deserted village, deserted halls. Forsake implies the breaking off of previous habit, association, personal connection, or that the thing left had been familiar or frequented; as, to forsake old friends, to forsake the paths of rectitude, the blood forsook his cheeks. It may be used either in a good or in a bad sense.
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Abandon
A*ban"don, n. [F. abandon. fr. abandonner. See Abandon, v.] Abandonment; relinquishment. [Obs.]
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Abandon
A`ban`don" (&adot_;`bäN`dôN"), n. [F. See Abandon.] A complete giving up to natural impulses; freedom from artificial constraint; careless freedom or ease.
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Abandoned
A*ban"doned (&adot_;*băn"dŭnd), a. 1. Forsaken, deserted. “Your abandoned streams.” Thomson.
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2. Self-abandoned, or given up to vice; extremely wicked, or sinning without restraint; irreclaimably wicked ; as, an abandoned villain.
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Syn. -- Profligate; dissolute; corrupt; vicious; depraved; reprobate; wicked; unprincipled; graceless; vile. -- Abandoned, Profligate, Reprobate. These adjectives agree in expressing the idea of great personal depravity. Profligate has reference to open and shameless immoralities, either in private life or political conduct; as, a profligate court, a profligate ministry. Abandoned is stronger, and has reference to the searing of conscience and hardening of heart produced by a man's giving himself wholly up to iniquity; as, a man of abandoned character. Reprobate describes the condition of one who has become insensible to reproof, and who is morally abandoned and lost beyond hope of recovery.
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God gave them over to a reprobate mind. Rom. i. 28.
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Abandonedly
A*ban"doned*ly, adv. Unrestrainedly.
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Abandonee
A*ban`don*ee" (&adot_;*băn`dŭn*ē"), n. (Law) One to whom anything is legally abandoned.
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Abandoner
A*ban"don*er (&adot_;*băn"dŭn*&etilde_;r), n. One who abandons. Beau. & Fl.
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Abandonment
A*ban"don*ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. [Cf. F. abandonnement.] 1. The act of abandoning, or the state of being abandoned; total desertion; relinquishment.
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The abandonment of the independence of Europe. Burke.
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2. (Mar. Law) The relinquishment by the insured to the underwriters of what may remain of the property insured after a loss or damage by a peril insured against.
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3. (Com. Law) (a) The relinquishment of a right, claim, or privilege, as to mill site, etc. (b) The voluntary leaving of a person to whom one is bound by a special relation, as a wife, husband, or child; desertion.
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4. Careless freedom or ease; abandon. [R.] Carlyle.
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Abandum
A*ban"dum (&adot_;*băn"dŭm), n. [LL. See Abandon.] (Law) Anything forfeited or confiscated.
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Abanet
Ab"a*net (ăb"&adot_;*n&ebreve_;t), n. See Abnet.
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Abanga
A*ban"ga (&adot_;*bă&nsmacr_;"g&adot_;), n. [Name given by the negroes in the island of St. Thomas.] A West Indian palm; also the fruit of this palm, the seeds of which are used as a remedy for diseases of the chest.
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Abannition
Abannation
{ Ab`an*na"tion (ăb`ăn*nā"shŭn), Ab`an*nition (ăb`ăn*n&ibreve_;sh"ŭn), } n. [LL. abannatio; ad + LL. bannire to banish.] (Old Law) Banishment. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Abarticulation
Ab`ar*tic`u*la"tion (ăb`är*t&ibreve_;k`&uuptack_;*lā"shŭn), n. [L. ab + E. articulation : cf. F. abarticulation. See Article.] (Anat.) Articulation, usually that kind of articulation which admits of free motion in the joint; diarthrosis. Coxe.
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Abase
A*base" (&adot_;*bās"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abased (&adot_;*bāst"); p. pr. & vb. n. Abasing.] [F. abaisser, LL. abassare, abbassare ; ad + bassare, fr. bassus low. See Base, a.]
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1. To lower or depress; to throw or cast down; as, to abase the eye. [Archaic] Bacon.
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Saying so, he abased his lance. Shelton.
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2. To cast down or reduce low or lower, as in rank, office, condition in life, or estimation of worthiness; to depress; to humble; to degrade.
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Whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased. Luke xiv. ll.
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Syn. -- To Abase, Debase, Degrade. These words agree in the idea of bringing down from a higher to a lower state. Abase has reference to a bringing down in condition or feelings; as, to abase the proud, to abase one's self before God. Debase has reference to the bringing down of a thing in purity, or making it base. It is, therefore, always used in a bad sense, as, to debase the coin of the kingdom, to debase the mind by vicious indulgence, to debase one's style by coarse or vulgar expressions. Degrade has reference to a bringing down from some higher grade or from some standard. Thus, a priest is degraded from the clerical office. When used in a moral sense, it denotes a bringing down in character and just estimation; as, degraded by intemperance, a degrading employment, etc. “Art is degraded when it is regarded only as a trade.”
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Abased
A*based" (&adot_;*bāst"), a. 1. Lowered; humbled.
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2. (Her.) [F. abaissé.] Borne lower than usual, as a fess; also, having the ends of the wings turned downward towards the point of the shield.
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Abasedly
A*bas"ed*ly (&adot_;*bās"&ebreve_;d*l&ybreve_;), adv. Abjectly; downcastly.
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Abasement
A*base"ment (&adot_;*bās"m&eitalic_;nt), n. [Cf. F. abaissement.] The act of abasing, humbling, or bringing low; the state of being abased or humbled; humiliation.
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Abaser
A*bas"er (&adot_;*bās"&etilde_;r), n. He who, or that which, abases.
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Abash
A*bash" (&adot_;*băsh"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abashed (&adot_;*băsht"); p. pr. & vb. n. Abashing.] [OE. abaissen, abaisshen, abashen, OF. esbahir, F. ébahir, to astonish, fr. L. ex + the interjection bah, expressing astonishment. In OE. somewhat confused with abase. Cf. Finish.] To destroy the self-possession of; to confuse or confound, as by exciting suddenly a consciousness of guilt, mistake, or inferiority; to put to shame; to disconcert; to discomfit.
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Abashed, the devil stood,
And felt how awful goodness is.
Milton.
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He was a man whom no check could abash. Macaulay.
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Syn. -- To confuse; confound; disconcert; shame. -- To Abash, Confuse, Confound. Abash is a stronger word than confuse, but not so strong as confound. We are abashed when struck either with sudden shame or with a humbling sense of inferiority; as, Peter was abashed by the look of his Master. So a modest youth is abashed in the presence of those who are greatly his superiors. We are confused when, from some unexpected or startling occurrence, we lose clearness of thought and self-possession. Thus, a witness is often confused by a severe cross-examination; a timid person is apt to be confused in entering a room full of strangers. We are confounded when our minds are overwhelmed, as it were, by something wholly unexpected, amazing, dreadful, etc., so that we have nothing to say. Thus, a criminal is usually confounded at the discovery of his guilt.
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Satan stood
Awhile as mute, confounded what to say.
Milton.
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Abashedly
A*bash"ed*ly (-&ebreve_;d*l&ybreve_;), adv. In an abashed manner.
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Abashment
A*bash"ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. [Cf. F. ébahissement.] The state of being abashed; confusion from shame.
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Abasia
A*ba"si*a (&adot_;*bā"zh&ibreve_;*&adot_;; -z&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n. [NL.; Gr. 'a- not + ba`sis a step.] (Med.) Inability to coordinate muscular actions properly in walking. AS [archaic] -- A*ba"sic (&adot_;*bā"s&ibreve_;k), a.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Abassis
Abassi
{ ‖A*bas"si (&adot_;*băs"s&ibreve_;), ‖A*bas"sis (&adot_;*băs"s&ibreve_;s), } n. [Ar. & Per. abāsī, belonging to Abas (a king of Persia).] A silver coin of Persia, worth about twenty cents.
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Abatable
A*bat"a*ble (&adot_;*bāt"&adot_;*b'l), a. Capable of being abated; as, an abatable writ or nuisance.
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Abate
A*bate" (&adot_;*bāt"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abated, p. pr. & vb. n. Abating.] [OF. abatre to beat down, F. abattre, LL. abatere; ab or ad + batere, battere (popular form for L. batuere to beat). Cf. Bate, Batter.] 1. To beat down; to overthrow. [Obs.]
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The King of Scots . . . sore abated the walls. Edw. Hall.
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2. To bring down or reduce from a higher to a lower state, number, or degree; to lessen; to diminish; to contract; to moderate; to cut short; as, to abate a demand; to abate pride, zeal, hope.
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His eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated. Deut. xxxiv. 7.
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3. To deduct; to omit; as, to abate something from a price.
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Nine thousand parishes, abating the odd hundreds. Fuller.
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4. To blunt. [Obs.]
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To abate the edge of envy. Bacon.
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5. To reduce in estimation; to deprive. [Obs.]
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She hath abated me of half my train. Shak.
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6. (Law) (a) To bring entirely down or put an end to; to do away with; as, to abate a nuisance, to abate a writ. (b) (Eng. Law) To diminish; to reduce. Legacies are liable to be abated entirely or in proportion, upon a deficiency of assets.
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To abate a tax, to remit it either wholly or in part.
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Abate
A*bate" (&adot_;*bāt"), v. i. [See Abate, v. t.] 1. To decrease, or become less in strength or violence; as, pain abates, a storm abates.
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The fury of Glengarry . . . rapidly abated. Macaulay.
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2. To be defeated, or come to naught; to fall through; to fail; as, a writ abates.
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To abate into a freehold, To abate in lands (Law), to enter into a freehold after the death of the last possessor, and before the heir takes possession. See Abatement, 4.
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Syn. -- To subside; decrease; intermit; decline; diminish; lessen. -- To Abate, Subside. These words, as here compared, imply a coming down from some previously raised or excited state. Abate expresses this in respect to degrees, and implies a diminution of force or of intensity; as, the storm abates, the cold abates, the force of the wind abates; or, the wind abates, a fever abates. Subside (to settle down) has reference to a previous state of agitation or commotion; as, the waves subside after a storm, the wind subsides into a calm. When the words are used figuratively, the same distinction should be observed. If we conceive of a thing as having different degrees of intensity or strength, the word to be used is abate. Thus we say, a man's anger abates, the ardor of one's love abates, “Winter's rage abates”. But if the image be that of a sinking down into quiet from preceding excitement or commotion, the word to be used is subside; as, the tumult of the people subsides, the public mind subsided into a calm. The same is the case with those emotions which are tumultuous in their nature; as, his passion subsides, his joy quickly subsided, his grief subsided into a pleasing melancholy. Yet if, in such cases, we were thinking of the degree of violence of the emotion, we might use abate; as, his joy will abate in the progress of time; and so in other instances.
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Abate
A*bate" (&adot_;*bāt"), n. Abatement. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Abatement
A*bate"ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. [OF. abatement, F. abattement.] 1. The act of abating, or the state of being abated; a lessening, diminution, or reduction; removal or putting an end to; as, the abatement of a nuisance is the suppression thereof.
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2. The amount abated; that which is taken away by way of reduction; deduction; decrease; a rebate or discount allowed.
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3. (Her.) A mark of dishonor on an escutcheon.
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4. (Law) The entry of a stranger, without right, into a freehold after the death of the last possessor, before the heir or devisee. Blackstone.
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Defense in abatement, Plea in abatement, (Law), plea to the effect that from some formal defect (e.g. misnomer, lack of jurisdiction) the proceedings should be abated.
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Abater
A*bat"er (-&etilde_;r), n. One who, or that which, abates.
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Abattis
Abatis
{ Ab"a*tis, Aba"t*tis, } (ăb"&adot_;*t&ibreve_;s; French &adot_;`b&adot_;`tē") n. [F. abatis, abattis, mass of things beaten or cut down, fr. abattre. See Abate.] (Fort.) A means of defense formed by felled trees, the ends of whose branches are sharpened and directed outwards, or against the enemy.
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Abatised
Ab"a*tised (ăb"&adot_;*t&ibreve_;st), a. Provided with an abatis.
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Abator
A*ba"tor (&adot_;*bāt"&etilde_;r), n. (Law) (a) One who abates a nuisance. (b) A person who, without right, enters into a freehold on the death of the last possessor, before the heir or devisee. Blackstone.
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Abattoir
A`bat`toir" (&adot_;`b&adot_;t`twär"), n.; pl. Abattoirs (-twärz"). [F., fr. abattre to beat down. See Abate.] A public slaughterhouse for cattle, sheep, etc.
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Abature
Ab"a*ture (&adot_;b"&adot_;*t&uuptack_;r; 135), n. [F. abatture, fr. abattre. See Abate.] Grass and sprigs beaten or trampled down by a stag passing through them. Crabb.
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Abatvoix
A`bat`voix" (&adot_;`b&adot_;`vwä"), n. [F. abattre to beat down + voix voice.] The sounding-board over a pulpit or rostrum.
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Abawed
Ab*awed" (ăb*&asuml_;d"), p. p. [Perh. p. p. of a verb fr. OF. abaubir to frighten, disconcert, fr. L. ad + balbus stammering.] Astonished; abashed. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Abaxile
Abaxial
{ Ab*ax"i*al (ăb*ăks"&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;l), Ab*ax"ile (ăb*ăks"&ibreve_;l), } a. [L. ab + axis axle.] (Bot.) Away from the axis or central line; eccentric. Balfour.
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Abay
A*bay" (&adot_;*bā"), n. [OF. abay barking.] Barking; baying of dogs upon their prey. See Bay. [Obs.]
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Abb
Abb (ăb), n. [AS. āweb, āb; pref. a- + web. See Web.] Among weavers, yarn for the warp. Hence, abb wool is wool for the abb.
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Abba
Ab"ba (ăb"b&adot_;), n. [Syriac abbā father. See Abbot.] Father; religious superior; -- in the Syriac, Coptic, and Ethiopic churches, a title given to the bishops, and by the bishops to the patriarch.
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Abbacy
Ab"ba*cy (ăb"b&adot_;*s&ybreve_;), n.; pl. Abbacies (-s&ibreve_;z). [L. abbatia, fr. abbas, abbatis, abbot. See Abbey.] The dignity, estate, or jurisdiction of an abbot.
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Abbatial
Ab*ba"tial (ăb*bā"sh&aitalic_;l), a. [LL. abbatialis : cf. F. abbatial.] Belonging to an abbey; as, abbatial rights.
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Abbatical
Ab*bat"ic*al (ăb*băt"&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), a. Abbatial. [Obs.]
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Abbe
Ab"bé` (&adot_;b"b&auptack_;`), n. [F. abbé. See Abbot.] The French word answering to the English abbot, the head of an abbey; but commonly a title of respect given in France to every one vested with the ecclesiastical habit or dress.
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&hand_; After the 16th century, the name was given, in social parlance, to candidates for some priory or abbey in the gift of the crown. Many of these aspirants became well known in literary and fashionable life. By further extension, the name came to be applied to unbeneficed secular ecclesiastics generally. Littré.
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Abbess
Ab"bess (ăb"b&ebreve_;s), n. [OF. abaesse, abeesse, F. abbesse, L. abbatissa, fem. of abbas, abbatis, abbot. See Abbot.] A female superior or governess of a nunnery, or convent of nuns, having the same authority over the nuns which the abbots have over the monks. See Abbey.
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Abbey
Ab"bey (ăb"b&ybreve_;), n.; pl. Abbeys (-b&ibreve_;z). [OF. abaïe, abbaïe, F. abbaye, L. abbatia, fr. abbas abbot. See Abbot.] 1. A monastery or society of persons of either sex, secluded from the world and devoted to religion and celibacy; also, the monastic building or buildings.
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&hand_; The men are called monks, and governed by an abbot; the women are called nuns, and governed by an abbess.
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2. The church of a monastery.
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In London, the Abbey means Westminster Abbey, and in Scotland, the precincts of the Abbey of Holyrood. The name is also retained for a private residence on the site of an abbey; as, Newstead Abbey, the residence of Lord Byron.
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Syn. -- Monastery; convent; nunnery; priory; cloister. See Cloister.
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Abbot
Ab"bot (ăb"bŭt), n. [AS. abbod, abbad, L. abbas, abbatis, Gr. 'abba^s, fr. Syriac abbā father. Cf. Abba, Abbé.] 1. The superior or head of an abbey.
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2. One of a class of bishops whose sees were formerly abbeys. Encyc. Brit.
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Abbot of the people. a title formerly given to one of the chief magistrates in Genoa. -- Abbot of Misrule (or Lord of Misrule), in mediæval times, the master of revels, as at Christmas; in Scotland called the Abbot of Unreason. Encyc. Brit.
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Abbotship
Ab"bot*ship (ăb"bŭt*sh&ibreve_;p), n. [Abbot + -ship.] The state or office of an abbot.
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Abbreviate
Ab*bre"vi*ate (ăb*brē"v&ibreve_;*āt), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abbreviated; p. pr. & vb. n. Abbreviating.] [L. abbreviatus, p. p. of abbreviare; ad + breviare to shorten, fr. brevis short. See Abridge.] 1. To make briefer; to shorten; to abridge; to reduce by contraction or omission, especially of words written or spoken.
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It is one thing to abbreviate by contracting, another by cutting off. Bacon.
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2. (Math.) To reduce to lower terms, as a fraction.
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Abbreviate
Ab*bre"vi*ate (ăb*brē"v&ibreve_;*&auptack_;t), a. [L. abbreviatus, p. p.] 1. Abbreviated; abridged; shortened. [R.] “The abbreviate form.” Earle.
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2. (Biol.) Having one part relatively shorter than another or than the ordinary type.
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Abbreviate
Ab*bre"vi*ate, n. An abridgment. [Obs.] Elyot.
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Abbreviated
Ab*bre"vi*a`ted (ăb*brē"v&ibreve_;*ā`t&ebreve_;d), a. Shortened; relatively short; abbreviate.
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Abbreviation
Ab*bre`vi*a"tion (&unr_;), n. [LL. abbreviatio: cf. F. abbréviation.] 1. The act of shortening, or reducing.
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2. The result of abbreviating; an abridgment. Tylor.
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3. The form to which a word or phrase is reduced by contraction and omission; a letter or letters, standing for a word or phrase of which they are a part; as, Gen. for Genesis; U.S.A. for United States of America.
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4. (Mus.) One dash, or more, through the stem of a note, dividing it respectively into quavers, semiquavers, or demi-semiquavers. Moore.
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Abbreviator
Ab*bre"vi*a`tor (&unr_;), n. [LL.: cf. F. abbréviateur.] 1. One who abbreviates or shortens.
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2. One of a college of seventy-two officers of the papal court whose duty is to make a short minute of a decision on a petition, or reply of the pope to a letter, and afterwards expand the minute into official form.
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Abbreviatory
Ab*bre"vi*a*to*ry (&unr_;), a. Serving or tending to abbreviate; shortening; abridging.
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Abbreviature
Ab*bre"vi*a*ture (&unr_;), n. 1. An abbreviation; an abbreviated state or form. [Obs.]
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2. An abridgment; a compendium or abstract.
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This is an excellent abbreviature of the whole duty of a Christian. Jer. Taylor.
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Abb wool
Abb" wool (ăb" w&oobreve_;l). See Abb.
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A B C
A B C" (ā bē sē"). 1. The first three letters of the alphabet, used for the whole alphabet.
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2. A primer for teaching the alphabet and first elements of reading. [Obs.]
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3. The simplest rudiments of any subject; as, the A B C of finance.
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A B C book, a primer. Shak.
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Abdal
Ab"dal (&unr_;), n. [Ar. badīl, pl. abdāl, a substitute, a good, religious man, saint, fr. badala to change, substitute.] A religious devotee or dervish in Persia.
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Abderian
Ab*de"ri*an (&unr_;), a. [From Abdera, a town in Thrace, of which place Democritus, the Laughing Philosopher, was a native.] Given to laughter; inclined to foolish or incessant merriment.
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Abderite
Ab*de"rite (&unr_;), n. [L. Abderita, Abderites, fr. Gr. 'Abdhri`ths.] An inhabitant of Abdera, in Thrace.
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The Abderite, Democritus, the Laughing Philosopher.
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Abdest
Ab"dest (&unr_;), n. [Per. ābdast; ab water + dast hand.] Purification by washing the hands before prayer; -- a Muslim rite. Heyse.
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Abdicable
Ab"di*ca*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being abdicated.
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Abdicant
Ab"di*cant (&unr_;), a. [L. abdicans, p. pr. of abdicare.] Abdicating; renouncing; -- followed by of.
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Monks abdicant of their orders. Whitlock.
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Abdicant
Ab"di*cant, n. One who abdicates. Smart.
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Abdicate
Ab"di*cate (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abdicated (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Abdicating.] [L. abdicatus, p. p. of abdicare; ab + dicare to proclaim, akin to dicere to say. See Diction.] 1. To surrender or relinquish, as sovereign power; to withdraw definitely from filling or exercising, as a high office, station, dignity; as, to abdicate the throne, the crown, the papacy.
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&hand_; The word abdicate was held to mean, in the case of James II., to abandon without a formal surrender.
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The cross-bearers abdicated their service. Gibbon.
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2. To renounce; to relinquish; -- said of authority, a trust, duty, right, etc.
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He abdicates all right to be his own governor. Burke.
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The understanding abdicates its functions. Froude.
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3. To reject; to cast off. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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4. (Civil Law) To disclaim and expel from the family, as a father his child; to disown; to disinherit.
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Syn. -- To give up; quit; vacate; relinquish; forsake; abandon; resign; renounce; desert. -- To Abdicate, Resign. Abdicate commonly expresses the act of a monarch in voluntary and formally yielding up sovereign authority; as, to abdicate the government. Resign is applied to the act of any person, high or low, who gives back an office or trust into the hands of him who conferred it. Thus, a minister resigns, a military officer resigns, a clerk resigns. The expression, “The king resigned his crown,” sometimes occurs in our later literature, implying that he held it from his people. -- There are other senses of resign which are not here brought into view.
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Abdicate
Ab"di*cate (&unr_;), v. i. To relinquish or renounce a throne, or other high office or dignity.
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Though a king may abdicate for his own person, he cannot abdicate for the monarchy. Burke.
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Abdication
Ab`di*ca"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. abdicatio: cf. F. abdication.] The act of abdicating; the renunciation of a high office, dignity, or trust, by its holder; commonly the voluntary renunciation of sovereign power; as, abdication of the throne, government, power, authority.
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Abdicative
Ab"di*ca*tive (&unr_;), a. [L. abdicativus.] Causing, or implying, abdication. [R.] Bailey.
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Abdicator
Ab"di*ca`tor (&unr_;), n. One who abdicates.
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Abditive
Ab"di*tive (&unr_;), a. [L. abditivus, fr. abdere to hide.] Having the quality of hiding. [R.] Bailey.
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Abditory
Ab"di*to*ry (&unr_;), n. [L. abditorium.] A place for hiding or preserving articles of value. Cowell.
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Abdomen
Ab*do"men (&unr_;), n. [L. abdomen (a word of uncertain etymol.): cf. F. abdomen.] 1. (Anat.) The belly, or that part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis. Also, the cavity of the belly, which is lined by the peritoneum, and contains the stomach, bowels, and other viscera. In man, often restricted to the part between the diaphragm and the commencement of the pelvis, the remainder being called the pelvic cavity.
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2. (Zool.) The posterior section of the body, behind the thorax, in insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda.
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Abdominal
Ab*dom"i*nal (&unr_;), a. [Cf. F. abdominal.] 1. Of or pertaining to the abdomen; ventral; as, the abdominal regions, muscles, cavity.
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2. (Zool.) Having abdominal fins; belonging to the Abdominales; as, abdominal fishes.
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Abdominal ring (Anat.), a fancied ringlike opening on each side of the abdomen, external and superior to the pubes; -- called also inguinal ring.
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Abdominal
Ab*dom"i*nal, n.; E. pl. Abdominals, L. pl. Abdominales. A fish of the group Abdominales.
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Abdominales
Ab*dom`i*na"les (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL., masc. pl.] (Zool.) A group including the greater part of fresh-water fishes, and many marine ones, having the ventral fins under the abdomen behind the pectorals.
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Abdominalia
Ab*dom`i*na"li*a (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL., neut. pl.] (Zool.) A group of cirripeds having abdominal appendages.
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abdominoscopy
ab*dom`i*nos"co*py (ăb*d&obreve_;m`&ibreve_;*n&obreve_;s"k&ouptack_;*p&ybreve_;), n. [L. abdomen + Gr. skopei^n to examine.] (Med.) Examination of the abdomen by means of a laparoscope to detect abdominal diseases.
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Abdominothoracic
Ab*dom`i*no*tho*rac"ic (&unr_;), a. Relating to the abdomen and the thorax, or chest.
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Abdominous
Ab*dom"i*nous (&unr_;), a. Having a protuberant belly; pot-bellied.
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Gorgonius sits, abdominous and wan,
Like a fat squab upon a Chinese fan.
Cowper.
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abdominousness
abdominousness n. 1. 1 distension of the stomach area due to overweight.
Syn. -- paunchiness
[WordNet 1.5]

Abduce
Ab*duce" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abduced (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Abducing.] [L. abducere to lead away; ab + ducere to lead. See Duke, and cf. Abduct.] To draw or conduct away; to withdraw; to draw to a different part. [Obs.]
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If we abduce the eye unto either corner, the object will not duplicate. Sir T. Browne.
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abducens
abducens n. 1. a small motor nerve supplying the lateral rectus muscle of the eye.
Syn. -- abducent, abducent nerve, nervus abducens, sixth cranial nerve
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abducent
abducent n. 1. 1 a small motor nerve supplying the lateral rectus muscle of the eye.
Syn. -- abducent nerve, abducens, nervus abducens, sixth cranial nerve
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abducent
abducent adj. 1. 1 (physiol) drawing away from the midline of the body or from an adjacent part; -- especially of muscles adducent
Syn. -- abducting
[WordNet 1.5]

Abduct
Ab*duct" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abducted (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Abducting.] [L. abductus, p. p. of abducere. See Abduce.] 1. To take away surreptitiously by force; to carry away (a human being) wrongfully and usually by violence; to kidnap.
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2. To draw away, as a limb or other part, from its ordinary position.
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abducting
abducting adj. 1. (Physiol.) drawing away from the midline of the body or from an adjacent part; -- used especially of muscles adducent
Syn. -- abducent
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Abduction
Ab*duc"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. abductio: cf. F. abduction.] 1. The act of abducing or abducting; a drawing apart; a carrying away. Roget.
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2. (Physiol.) The movement which separates a limb or other part from the axis, or middle line, of the body.
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3. (Law) The wrongful, and usually the forcible, carrying off of a human being; as, the abduction of a child, the abduction of an heiress.
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4. (Logic) A syllogism or form of argument in which the major is evident, but the minor is only probable.
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Abductor
Ab*duc"tor (&unr_;), n. [NL.] 1. One who abducts.
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2. (Anat.) A muscle which serves to draw a part out, or form the median line of the body; as, the abductor oculi, which draws the eye outward.
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Abeam
A*beam" (&unr_;), adv. [Pref. a- + beam.] (Naut.) On the beam, that is, on a line which forms a right angle with the ship's keel; opposite to the center of the ship's side.
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Abear
A*bear" (&unr_;), v. t. [AS. āberan; pref. ā- + beran to bear.] 1. To bear; to behave. [Obs.]
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So did the faery knight himself abear. Spenser.
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2. To put up with; to endure. [Prov.] Dickens.
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Abearance
A*bear"ance (&unr_;), n. Behavior. [Obs.] Blackstone.
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Abearing
A*bear"ing, n. Behavior. [Obs.] Sir. T. More.
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Abecedarian
A`be*ce*da"ri*an (&unr_;), n. [L. abecedarius. A word from the first four letters of the alphabet.] 1. One who is learning the alphabet; hence, a tyro.
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2. One engaged in teaching the alphabet. Wood.
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Abecedary
Abecedarian
{ A`be*ce*da"ri*an, A`be*ce"da*ry (&unr_;), } a. Pertaining to, or formed by, the letters of the alphabet; alphabetic; hence, rudimentary.
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Abecedarian psalms, hymns, etc., compositions in which (like the 119th psalm in Hebrew) distinct portions or verses commence with successive letters of the alphabet. Hook.
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Abecedary
A`be*ce"da*ry (&unr_;), n. A primer; the first principle or rudiment of anything. [R.] Fuller.
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Abed
A*bed" (&unr_;), adv. [Pref. a- in, on + bed.] 1. In bed, or on the bed.
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Not to be abed after midnight. Shak.
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2. To childbed (in the phrase “brought abed,” that is, delivered of a child). Shak.
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Abegge
A*beg"ge (&unr_;). Same as Aby. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Abele
A*bele" (&unr_;), n. [D. abeel (abeel-boom), OF. abel, aubel, fr. a dim. of L. albus white.] The white poplar (Populus alba).
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Six abeles i' the churchyard grow. Mrs. Browning.
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Abelonian
Abelite
Abelian
{ A*bel"i*an (&unr_;), A"bel*ite (&unr_;), A`bel*o"ni*an (&unr_;), } n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect in Africa (4th century), mentioned by St. Augustine, who states that they married, but lived in continence, after the manner, as they pretended, of Abel.
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Abelmoschus
Abelmoschus prop. n. 1. 1 A genus of tropical coarse herbs having large lobed leaves and often yellow flowers.
Syn. -- genus Abelmoschus
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Abelmosk
A"bel*mosk` (&unr_;), n. [NL. abelmoschus, fr. Ar. abu-l-misk father of musk, i. e., producing musk. See Musk. (or Ar. &hsdot_;abb-al-mosk, musk seed RHUD 1.3] (Bot.) An evergreen shrub (Abelmoschus moschatus -- formerly Hibiscus moschatus), of the East and West Indies and Northern Africa, whose musky seeds are used in perfumery and to flavor coffee; -- sometimes called musk mallow. The seeds produce ambrette-seed oil.
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Aber-de-vine
Ab`er-de-vine" (#), n. (Zool.) The European siskin (Carduelis spinus), a small green and yellow finch, related to the goldfinch.
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Aberr
Ab*err" (&unr_;), v. i. [L. aberrare. See Aberrate.] To wander; to stray. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Aberrancy
Aberrance
{ Ab*er"rance (&unr_;), Ab*er"ran*cy (&unr_;), } n. the state or condition of being aberrant; a wandering from the right way; deviation from truth, rectitude, etc.
Syn. -- aberrance, aberration, deviance
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Aberrancy of curvature (Geom.), the deviation of a curve from a circular form.
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aberrancy
aberrancy n. 1. an aberrant state or condition.
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Aberrant
Ab*er"rant (&unr_;), a. [L. aberrans, -rantis, p. pr. of aberrare. See Aberr.] 1. Wandering; straying from the right way.
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2. (Biol.) Deviating from the ordinary or natural type; exceptional; abnormal.
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The more aberrant any form is, the greater must have been the number of connecting forms which, on my theory, have been exterminated. Darwin.
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Aberrate
Ab"er*rate (&unr_;), v. i. [L. aberratus, p. pr. of aberrare; ab + errare to wander. See Err.] To go astray; to diverge. [R.]
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Their own defective and aberrating vision. De Quincey.
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Aberration
Ab`er*ra"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. aberratio: cf. F. aberration. See Aberrate.] 1. The act of wandering; deviation, especially from truth or moral rectitude, from the natural state, or from a type. “The aberration of youth.” Hall.Aberrations from theory.” Burke.
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2. A partial alienation of reason. “Occasional aberrations of intellect.” Lingard.
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Whims, which at first are the aberrations of a single brain, pass with heat into epidemic form. I. Taylor.
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3. (Astron.) A small periodical change of position in the stars and other heavenly bodies, due to the combined effect of the motion of light and the motion of the observer; called annual aberration, when the observer's motion is that of the earth in its orbit, and daily or diurnal aberration, when of the earth on its axis; amounting when greatest, in the former case, to 20.4'', and in the latter, to 0.3''. Planetary aberration is that due to the motion of light and the motion of the planet relative to the earth.
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4. (Opt.) The convergence to different foci, by a lens or mirror, of rays of light emanating from one and the same point, or the deviation of such rays from a single focus; called spherical aberration, when due to the spherical form of the lens or mirror, such form giving different foci for central and marginal rays; and chromatic aberration, when due to different refrangibilities of the colored rays of the spectrum, those of each color having a distinct focus.
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5. (Physiol.) The passage of blood or other fluid into parts not appropriate for it.
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6. (Law) The producing of an unintended effect by the glancing of an instrument, as when a shot intended for A glances and strikes B.
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Syn. -- Insanity; lunacy; madness; derangement; alienation; mania; dementia; hallucination; illusion; delusion. See Insanity.
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Aberrational
Ab`er*ra"tion*al (&unr_;), a. Characterized by aberration.
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Aberuncate
Ab`e*run"cate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. aberuncare, for aberruncare. See Averruncate.] To weed out. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Aberuncator
Ab`e*run"ca*tor (&unr_;), n. A weeding machine.
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Abet
A*bet" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abetted (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Abetting.] [OF. abeter; a (L. ad) + beter to bait (as a bear), fr. Icel. beita to set dogs on, to feed, originally, to cause to bite, fr. Icel. bīta to bite, hence to bait, to incite. See Bait, Bet.] 1. To instigate or encourage by aid or countenance; -- used in a bad sense of persons and acts; as, to abet an ill-doer; to abet one in his wicked courses; to abet vice; to abet an insurrection. “The whole tribe abets the villany.” South.
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Would not the fool abet the stealth,
Who rashly thus exposed his wealth?
Gay.
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2. To support, uphold, or aid; to maintain; -- in a good sense. [Obs.].

Our duty is urged, and our confidence abetted. Jer. Taylor.
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3. (Law) To contribute, as an assistant or instigator, to the commission of an offense.
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Syn. -- To incite; instigate; set on; egg on; foment; advocate; countenance; encourage; second; uphold; aid; assist; support; sustain; back; connive at.
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Abet
A*bet" (&unr_;), n. [OF. abet, fr. abeter.] Act of abetting; aid. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Abetment
A*bet"ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. The act of abetting; as, an abetment of treason, crime, etc.
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Abettal
A*bet"tal (&unr_;), n. Abetment. [R.]
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Abettor
Abetter
{ A*bet"ter, A*bet*tor } (&unr_;), n. One who abets; an instigator of an offense or an offender.
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&hand_; The form abettor is the legal term and also in general use.
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Syn. -- Abettor, Accessory, Accomplice. These words denote different degrees of complicity in some deed or crime. An abettor is one who incites or encourages to the act, without sharing in its performance. An accessory supposes a principal offender. One who is neither the chief actor in an offense, nor present at its performance, but accedes to or becomes involved in its guilt, either by some previous or subsequent act, as of instigating, encouraging, aiding, or concealing, etc., is an accessory. An accomplice is one who participates in the commission of an offense, whether as principal or accessory. Thus in treason, there are no abettors or accessories, but all are held to be principals or accomplices.
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Abevacuation
Ab`e*vac"u*a"tion (&unr_;), n. [Pref. ab- + evacuation.] (Med.) A partial evacuation. Mayne. AS
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Abeyance
A*bey"ance (&unr_;), n. [OF. abeance expectation, longing; a (L. ad) + baer, beer, to gape, to look with open mouth, to expect, F. bayer, LL. badare to gape.] 1. (Law) Expectancy; condition of being undetermined.
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&hand_; When there is no person in existence in whom an inheritance (or a dignity) can vest, it is said to be in abeyance, that is, in expectation; the law considering it as always potentially existing, and ready to vest whenever a proper owner appears. Blackstone.
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2. Suspension; temporary suppression.
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Keeping the sympathies of love and admiration in a dormant state, or state of abeyance. De Quincey.
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Abeyancy
A*bey"an*cy (&unr_;), n. Abeyance. [R.] Hawthorne.
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Abeyant
A*bey"ant (&unr_;), a. Being in a state of abeyance.
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Abgeordnetenhaus
Ab"ge*ord`ne*ten*haus` (?), n. [G.] See Legislature, Austria, Prussia.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Abhal
Ab"hal (&unr_;), n. The berries of a species of cypress in the East Indies.
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Abhominable
Ab*hom"i*na*ble (&unr_;), a. Abominable. [A false orthography anciently used; h was foisted into various words; hence abholish, for abolish, etc.]
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This is abhominable, which he [Don Armado] would call abominable. Shak. Love's Labor's Lost, v. 1.
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Abhominal
Ab*hom`i*nal (&unr_;), a. [L. ab away from + homo, hominis, man.] Inhuman. [Obs.] Fuller.
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Abhor
Ab*hor" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abhorred (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Abhorring.] [L. abhorrere; ab + horrere to bristle, shiver, shudder: cf. F. abhorrer. See Horrid.] 1. To shrink back with shuddering from; to regard with horror or detestation; to feel excessive repugnance toward; to detest to extremity; to loathe.
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Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good. Rom. xii. 9.
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2. To fill with horror or disgust. [Obs.]
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It doth abhor me now I speak the word. Shak.
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3. (Canon Law) To protest against; to reject solemnly. [Obs.]
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I utterly abhor, yea, from my soul
Refuse you for my judge.
Shak.
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Syn. -- To hate; detest; loathe; abominate. See Hate.
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Abhor
Ab*hor", v. i. To shrink back with horror, disgust, or dislike; to be contrary or averse; -- with from. [Obs.] “To abhor from those vices.” Udall.
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Which is utterly abhorring from the end of all law. Milton.
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Abhorrence
Ab*hor"rence (&unr_;), n. Extreme hatred or detestation; the feeling of utter dislike.
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Abhorrency
Ab*hor"ren*cy (&unr_;), n. Abhorrence. [Obs.] Locke.
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Abhorrent
Ab*hor"rent (&unr_;), a. [L. abhorens, -rentis, p. pr. of abhorrere.] 1. Abhorring; detesting; having or showing abhorrence; loathing; hence, strongly opposed to; as, abhorrent thoughts.
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The persons most abhorrent from blood and treason. Burke.
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The arts of pleasure in despotic courts
I spurn abhorrent.
Clover.
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2. Contrary or repugnant; discordant; inconsistent; -- followed by to. “Injudicious profanation, so abhorrent to our stricter principles.” Gibbon.
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3. Detestable. “Pride, abhorrent as it is.” I. Taylor.
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Abhorrently
Ab*hor"rent*ly, adv. With abhorrence.
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Abhorrer
Ab*hor"rer (&unr_;), n. One who abhors. Hume.
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Abhorrible
Ab*hor"ri*ble (&unr_;), a. Detestable. [R.]
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Abhorring
Ab*hor"ring (&unr_;), n. 1. Detestation. Milton.
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2. Object of abhorrence. Isa. lxvi. 24.
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Abib
A"bib (&unr_;), n. [Heb. abīb, lit. an ear of corn. The month was so called from barley being at that time in ear.] The first month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, corresponding nearly to our April. After the Babylonish captivity this month was called Nisan. Kitto.
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Abidance
A*bid"ance (&unr_;), n. The state of abiding; abode; continuance; compliance (with).
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The Christians had no longer abidance in the holy hill of Palestine. Fuller.
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A judicious abidance by rules. Helps.
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Abide
A*bide" (&unr_;), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abode (&unr_;), formerly Abid (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Abiding (&unr_;).] [AS. ābīdan; pref. ā- (cf. Goth. us-, G. er-, orig. meaning out) + bīdan to bide. See Bide.] 1. To wait; to pause; to delay. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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2. To stay; to continue in a place; to have one's abode; to dwell; to sojourn; -- with with before a person, and commonly with at or in before a place.
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Let the damsel abide with us a few days. Gen. xxiv. 55.
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3. To remain stable or fixed in some state or condition; to continue; to remain.
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Let every man abide in the same calling. 1 Cor. vii. 20.
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Followed by by: To abide by. (a) To stand to; to adhere; to maintain.
[1913 Webster] The poor fellow was obstinate enough to abide by what he said at first. Fielding.
[1913 Webster] (b) To acquiesce; to conform to; as, to abide by a decision or an award.

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Abide
A*bide", v. t. 1. To wait for; to be prepared for; to await; to watch for; as, I abide my time. “I will abide the coming of my lord.” Tennyson.
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[[Obs.], with a personal object.
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Bonds and afflictions abide me. Acts xx. 23.
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2. To endure; to sustain; to submit to.
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[Thou] shalt abide her judgment on it. Tennyson.
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3. To bear patiently; to tolerate; to put up with.
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She could not abide Master Shallow. Shak.
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4. [Confused with aby to pay for. See Aby.] To stand the consequences of; to answer for; to suffer for.
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Dearly I abide that boast so vain. Milton.
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Abider
A*bid"er (&unr_;), n. 1. One who abides, or continues. [Obs.] “Speedy goers and strong abiders.” Sidney.
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2. One who dwells; a resident. Speed.
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Abiding
A*bid"ing, a. Continuing; lasting.
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Abidingly
A*bid"ing*ly, adv. Permanently. Carlyle.
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Abidjan
Abidjan (administrative) prop. n. (Geography) The capital city of Cote d'Ivoire. Population (2000) = 106,786.
[PJC]

Abies
A"bi*es (&unr_;), n. [L., fir tree.] (Bot.) A genus of coniferous trees, properly called Fir, as the balsam fir and the silver fir. The spruces are sometimes also referred to this genus.
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Abietene
Ab"i*e*tene (&unr_;), n. [L. abies, abietis, a fir tree.] A volatile oil distilled from the resin or balsam of the nut pine (Pinus sabiniana) of California.
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Abietic
Ab`i*et"ic (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to the fir tree or its products; as, abietic acid, called also sylvic acid. Watts.
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Abietine
Abietin
{ Ab"i*e*tin, Ab"i*e*tine } (&unr_;), n. [See Abietene.] (Chem.) A resinous obtained from Strasburg turpentine or Canada balsam. It is without taste or smell, is insoluble in water, but soluble in alcohol (especially at the boiling point), in strong acetic acid, and in ether. Watts.
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Abietinic
Ab`i*e*tin"ic (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to abietin; as, abietinic acid.
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Abietite
Ab"i*e*tite (&unr_;), n. (Chem.) A substance resembling mannite, found in the needles of the common silver fir of Europe (Abies pectinata). Eng. Cyc.
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abigail
ab"i*gail (&unr_;), n. [The proper name used as an appellative.] A lady's waiting-maid. Pepys.
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Her abigail reported that Mrs. Gutheridge had a set of night curls for sleeping in. Leslie.
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Abiliment
A*bil"i*ment (&adot_;*b&ibreve_;l"&ibreve_;*m&eitalic_;nt), n. Habiliment. [Obs.]
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Ability
A*bil"i*ty (&adot_;*b&ibreve_;l"&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n.; pl. Abilities (&adot_;*b&ibreve_;l"&ibreve_;*t&ibreve_;z). [F. habileté, earlier spelling habilité (with silent h), L. habilitas aptitude, ability, fr. habilis apt. See Able.] The quality or state of being able; power to perform, whether physical, moral, intellectual, conventional, or legal; capacity; skill or competence in doing; sufficiency of strength, skill, resources, etc.; -- in the plural, faculty, talent.
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Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined to send relief unto the brethren. Acts xi. 29.
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Natural abilities are like natural plants, that need pruning by study. Bacon.
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The public men of England, with much of a peculiar kind of ability. Macaulay.
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Syn. -- Capacity; talent; cleverness; faculty; capability; efficiency; aptitude; aptness; address; dexterity; skill. Ability, Capacity. These words come into comparison when applied to the higher intellectual powers. Ability has reference to the active exercise of our faculties. It implies not only native vigor of mind, but that ease and promptitude of execution which arise from mental training. Thus, we speak of the ability with which a book is written, an argument maintained, a negotiation carried on, etc. It always something to be done, and the power of doing it. Capacity has reference to the receptive powers. In its higher exercises it supposes great quickness of apprehension and breadth of intellect, with an uncommon aptitude for acquiring and retaining knowledge. Hence it carries with it the idea of resources and undeveloped power. Thus we speak of the extraordinary capacity of such men as Lord Bacon, Blaise Pascal, and Edmund Burke. “Capacity,” says H. Taylor, “is requisite to devise, and ability to execute, a great enterprise.” The word abilities, in the plural, embraces both these qualities, and denotes high mental endowments.
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Abyme
Abime
A*bime" or A*byme" (#), n. [F. abîme. See Abysm.] A abyss. [Obs.]
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Abiogenesis
Ab`i*o*gen"e*sis (&unr_;), n. [Gr. 'a priv. + bi`os life + ge`nesis, origin, birth.] (Biol.) The supposed origination of living organisms from lifeless matter; such genesis as does not involve the action of living parents; spontaneous generation; -- called also abiogeny, and opposed to biogenesis.
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I shall call the . . . doctrine that living matter may be produced by not living matter, the hypothesis of abiogenesis. Huxley, 1870.
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Abiogenetic
Ab`i*o*ge*net"ic (&unr_;), a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to abiogenesis. Ab`i*o*ge*net"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Abiogenist
Ab`i*og"e*nist (&unr_;), n. (Biol.) One who believes that life can be produced independently of antecedent. Huxley.
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Abiogenous
Ab`i*og"e*nous (&unr_;), a. (Biol.) Produced by spontaneous generation.
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Abiogeny
Ab`i*og"e*ny (&unr_;), n. (Biol.) Same as Abiogenesis.
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Abiological
Ab`i*o*log"ic*al (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'a priv. + E. biological.] Pertaining to the study of inanimate things.
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Abirritant
Ab*ir"ri*tant (&unr_;), n. (Med.) A medicine that diminishes or alleviates irritation.
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Abirritant
Ab*ir"ri*tant (&unr_;), adj. (Med.) Diminishing or alleviating irritation Stedman.
[AS]

Abirritate
Ab*ir"ri*tate (&unr_;), v. t. [Pref. ab- + irritate.] (Med.) To diminish the sensibility to stimulation of.
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Abirritation
Ab*ir`ri*ta"tion (&unr_;), n. (Med.) A pathological condition opposite to that of irritation; debility; lack of strength; asthenia. AS
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Abirritative
Ab*ir"ri*ta*tive (&unr_;), a. (Med.) Characterized by abirritation or debility. AS
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Abit
A*bit" (&unr_;),3d sing. pres. of Abide. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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abject
ab"ject (ăb"j&ebreve_;kt), a. [L. abjectus, p. p. of abjicere to throw away; ab + jacere to throw. See Jet a shooting forth.] 1. Cast down; low-lying. [Obs.]
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From the safe shore their floating carcasses
And broken chariot wheels; so thick bestrown
Abject and lost lay these, covering the flood.
Milton.
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2. Degraded; servile; groveling; despicable; as, abject posture, fortune, thoughts. “Base and abject flatterers.” Addison. “An abject liar.” Macaulay.
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And banish hence these abject, lowly dreams. Shak.
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3. Sunk to a low condition; down in spirit or hope; miserable; -- of persons.
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4. Humiliating; degrading; wretched; -- of situations; as, abject poverty.
[PJC]

Syn. -- Mean; groveling; cringing; mean-spirited; slavish; ignoble; worthless; vile; beggarly; contemptible; degraded.
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Abject
Ab*ject" (ăb*j&ebreve_;kt"), v. t. [From Abject, a.] To cast off or down; hence, to abase; to degrade; to lower; to debase. [Obs.] Donne.
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Abject
Ab"ject (ăb"j&ebreve_;kt), n. A person in the lowest and most despicable condition; a castaway. [Obs.]
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Shall these abjects, these victims, these outcasts, know any thing of pleasure? I. Taylor.
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Abjectedness
Ab*ject"ed*ness (ăb*j&ebreve_;kt"&ebreve_;d*n&ebreve_;s), n. A very abject or low condition; abjectness. [R.] Boyle.
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Abjection
Ab*jec"tion (ăb*j&ebreve_;k"shŭn), n. [F. abjection, L. abjectio.] 1. The act of bringing down or humbling. “The abjection of the king and his realm.” Joye.
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2. The state of being rejected or cast out. [R.]
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An abjection from the beatific regions where God, and his angels and saints, dwell forever. Jer. Taylor.
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3. A low or downcast state; meanness of spirit; abasement; degradation.
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That this should be termed baseness, abjection of mind, or servility, is it credible? Hooker.
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Abjectly
Ab"ject*ly (ăb"j&ebreve_;kt*l&ybreve_;), adv. Meanly; servilely.
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Abjectness
Ab"ject*ness (ăb"j&ebreve_;kt*n&ebreve_;s), n. The state of being abject; abasement; meanness; servility. Grew.
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Abjudge
Ab*judge" (ăb*jŭj"), v. t. [Pref. ab- + judge, v. Cf. Abjudicate.] To take away by judicial decision. [R.]
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Abjudicate
Ab*ju"di*cate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. abjudicatus, p. p. of abjudicare; ab + judicare. See Judge, and cf. Abjudge.] To reject by judicial sentence; also, to abjudge. [Obs.] Ash.
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Abjudication
Ab*ju`di*ca"tion (&unr_;), n. Rejection by judicial sentence. [R.] Knowles.
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Abjugate
Ab"ju*gate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. abjugatus, p. p. of abjugare.] To unyoke. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Abjunctive
Ab*junc"tive (&unr_;), a. [L. abjunctus, p. p. of abjungere; ab + jungere to join.] Exceptional. [R.]
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It is this power which leads on from the accidental and abjunctive to the universal. I. Taylor.
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Abjuration
Ab`ju*ra"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. abjuratio: cf. F. abjuration.] 1. The act of abjuring or forswearing; a renunciation upon oath; as, abjuration of the realm, a sworn banishment, an oath taken to leave the country and never to return.
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2. A solemn recantation or renunciation; as, an abjuration of heresy.
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Oath of abjuration, an oath asserting the right of the present royal family to the crown of England, and expressly abjuring allegiance to the descendants of the Pretender. Brande & C.
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Abjuratory
Ab*ju"ra*to*ry (&unr_;), a. Containing abjuration.
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Abjure
Ab*jure" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abjured (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Abjuring (&unr_;).] [L. abjurare to deny upon oath; ab + jurare to swear, fr. jus, juris, right, law; cf. F. abjurer. See Jury.] 1. To renounce upon oath; to forswear; to disavow; as, to abjure allegiance to a prince. To abjure the realm, is to swear to abandon it forever.
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2. To renounce or reject with solemnity; to recant; to abandon forever; to reject; repudiate; as, to abjure errors. “Magic I here abjure.” Shak.
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Syn. -- See Renounce.
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Abjure
Ab*jure", v. i. To renounce on oath. Bp. Burnet.
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Abjurement
Ab*jure"ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. Renunciation. [R.]
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Abjurer
Ab*jur"er (&unr_;), n. One who abjures.
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Ablactate
Ab*lac"tate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. ablactatus, p. p. of ablactare; ab + lactare to suckle, fr. lac milk.] To wean. [R.] Bailey.
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Ablactation
Ab`lac*ta"tion (&unr_;). n. 1. The weaning of a child from the breast, or of young beasts from their dam. Blount.
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2. (Hort.) The process of grafting now called inarching, or grafting by approach.
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Ablaqueate
Ab*la"que*ate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. ablaqueatus, p. p. of. ablaqueare; fr. ab + laqueus a noose.] To lay bare, as the roots of a tree. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Ablaqueation
Ab*la`que*a"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. ablaqueatio.] The act or process of laying bare the roots of trees to expose them to the air and water. [Obs.] Evelyn.
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Ablastemic
Ab`las*tem"ic (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_; growth.] (Biol.) Non-germinal.
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Ablation
Ab*la"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. ablatio, fr. ablatus p. p. of auferre to carry away; ab + latus, p. p. of ferre carry: cf. F. ablation. See Tolerate.] 1. A carrying or taking away; removal. Jer. Taylor.
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2. (Med.) Extirpation. Dunglison. AS
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3. (Med.) Removing or destroying of a body tissue, especially by a surgical procedure. Dorland.
[AS]

4. (Geol.) Wearing away; superficial waste, as of glacial ice or snow. Tyndall.
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5. (Aerospace) Wearing away of the outer layers of a protective shield or surface by the heat and aerodynamic forces caused by flying through the atmosphere at hypersonic speed, as during reentry from space; as, ablation of the heat shield during reentry.
[PJC]

Ablatitious
Ab`la*ti"tious (&unr_;), a. Diminishing; as, an ablatitious force. Sir J. Herschel.
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Ablative
Ab"la*tive (&unr_;), a. [F. ablatif, ablative, L. ablativus fr. ablatus. See Ablation.] 1. Taking away or removing. [Obs.]
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Where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, ablative directions are found needful to unteach error, ere we can learn truth. Bp. Hall.
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2. (Gram.) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in Latin and some other languages, -- the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away.
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Ablative
Ab"la*tive, (Gram.) The ablative case.
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ablative absolute, a construction in Latin, in which a noun in the ablative case has a participle (either expressed or implied), agreeing with it in gender, number, and case, both words forming a clause by themselves and being unconnected, grammatically, with the rest of the sentence; as, Tarquinio regnante, Pythagoras venit, i. e., Tarquinius reigning, Pythagoras came.
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Ablaut
Ab"laut (&unr_;), n. [Ger., off-sound; ab off + laut sound.] (Philol.) The substitution of one root vowel for another, thus indicating a corresponding modification of use or meaning; vowel permutation; as, get, gat, got; sing, song; hang, hung. Earle.
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Ablaze
A*blaze" (&unr_;), adv. & a. [Pref. a- + blaze.] 1. On fire; in a blaze, gleaming. Milman.
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All ablaze with crimson and gold. Longfellow.
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2. In a state of glowing excitement or ardent desire.
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The young Cambridge democrats were all ablaze to assist Torrijos. Carlyle.
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Able
A"ble (&unr_;), a. [comp. Abler (&unr_;); superl. Ablest (&unr_;).] [OF. habile, L. habilis that may be easily held or managed, apt, skillful, fr. habere to have, hold. Cf. Habile and see Habit.] 1. Fit; adapted; suitable. [Obs.]
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A many man, to ben an abbot able. Chaucer.
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2. Having sufficient power, strength, force, skill, means, or resources of any kind to accomplish the object; possessed of qualifications rendering competent for some end; competent; qualified; capable; as, an able workman, soldier, seaman, a man able to work; a mind able to reason; a person able to be generous; able to endure pain; able to play on a piano.
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3. Specially: Having intellectual qualifications, or strong mental powers; showing ability or skill; talented; clever; powerful; as, the ablest man in the senate; an able speech.
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No man wrote abler state papers. Macaulay.
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4. (Law) Legally qualified; possessed of legal competence; as, able to inherit or devise property.
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Able for, is Scotticism. “Hardly able for such a march.” Robertson.
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Syn. -- Competent; qualified; fitted; efficient; effective; capable; skillful; clever; vigorous; powerful.
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Able
A"ble, v. t. [See Able, a.] [Obs.] 1. To make able; to enable; to strengthen. Chaucer.
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2. To vouch for. “I 'll able them.” Shak.
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-able
-a*ble (-&adot_;*b'l). [F. -able, L. -abilis.] An adjective suffix now usually in a passive sense; able to be; fit to be; expressing capacity or worthiness in a passive sense; as, movable, able to be moved; amendable, able to be amended; blamable, fit to be blamed; salable.
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The form -ible is used in the same sense.
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&hand_; It is difficult to say when we are not to use -able instead of -ible. “Yet a rule may be laid down as to when we are to use it. To all verbs, then, from the Anglo-Saxon, to all based on the uncorrupted infinitival stems of Latin verbs of the first conjugation, and to all substantives, whencesoever sprung, we annex -able only.” Fitzed. Hall.
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Able-bodied
A`ble-bod"ied (&unr_;), a. Having a sound, strong body; physically competent; robust.Able-bodied vagrant.” Froude. -- A`ble-bod"ied*ness, n..
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Ablegate
Ab"le*gate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. ablegatus, p. p. of ablegare; ab + legare to send with a commission. See Legate.] To send abroad. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Ablegate
Ab"le*gate (&unr_;), n. (R. C. Ch.) A representative of the pope charged with important commissions in foreign countries, one of his duties being to bring to a newly named cardinal his insignia of office.
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Ablegation
Ab`le*ga"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. ablegatio.] The act of sending abroad. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.
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Able-minded
A`ble-mind"ed (#), a. Having much intellectual power. -- A`ble-mind"ed*ness, n.
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Ableness
A"ble*ness (&unr_;), n. Ability of body or mind; force; vigor. [Obs. or R.]
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Ablepsy
Ab"lep*sy (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;; 'a priv. + &unr_; to see.] Blindness. [R.] Urquhart.
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Abler
A"bler (&unr_;), a., comp. of Able. -- A"blest (&unr_;), a., superl. of Able.
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Ablen
Ablet
Ab"let (&unr_;), Ab"len [F. ablet, ablette, a dim. fr. LL. abula, for albula, dim. of albus white. Cf. Abele.] (Zool.) A small fresh-water fish (Leuciscus alburnus); the bleak.
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Abligate
Ab"li*gate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. ab + ligatus, p. p. of ligare to tie.] To tie up so as to hinder from. [Obs.]
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Abligurition
Ab*lig`u*ri"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. abligurito, fr. abligurire to spend in luxurious indulgence; ab + ligurire to be lickerish, dainty, fr. lingere to lick.] Prodigal expense for food. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Ablins
A"blins (&unr_;), adv. [See Able.] Perhaps. [Scot.]
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Abloom
A*bloom" (&unr_;), adv. [Pref. a- + bloom.] In or into bloom; in a blooming state. Masson.
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Ablude
Ab*lude" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. abludere; ab + ludere to play.] To be unlike; to differ. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Abluent
Ab"lu*ent (&unr_;), a. [L. abluens, p. pr. of. abluere to wash away; ab + luere (lavere, lavare). See Lave.] Washing away; carrying off impurities; detergent. -- n. (Med.) A detergent. AS
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Ablush
A*blush" (&unr_;), adv. & a. [Pref. a- + blush.] Blushing; ruddy.
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Ablution
Ab*lu`tion (&unr_;), n. [L. ablutio, fr. abluere: cf. F. ablution. See Abluent.] 1. The act of washing or cleansing; specifically, the washing of the body, or some part of it, as a religious rite.
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2. The water used in cleansing. “Cast the ablutions in the main.” Pope.
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3. (R. C. Ch.) A small quantity of wine and water, which is used to wash the priest's thumb and index finger after the communion, and which then, as perhaps containing portions of the consecrated elements, is drunk by the priest.
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Ablutionary
Ab*lu"tion*a*ry (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to ablution.
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Abluvion
Ab*lu"vi*on (&unr_;), n. [LL. abluvio. See Abluent.] That which is washed off. [R.] Dwight.
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Ably
A"bly (&unr_;), adv. In an able manner; with great ability; as, ably done, planned, said.
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-ably
-a*bly (&unr_;). A suffix composed of -able and the adverbial suffix -ly; as, favorably.
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Abnegate
Ab"ne*gate (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abnegated; p. pr. & vb. n. Abnegating.] [L. abnegatus, p. p. of abnegare; ab + negare to deny. See Deny.] To deny and reject; to abjure. Sir E. Sandys. Farrar.
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Abnegation
Ab`ne*ga"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. abnegatio: cf. F. abnégation.] a denial; a renunciation.
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With abnegation of God, of his honor, and of religion, they may retain the friendship of the court. Knox.
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Abnegative
Ab"ne*ga*tive (&unr_;), a. [L. abnegativus.] Denying; renouncing; negative. [R.] Clarke.
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Abnegator
Ab"ne*ga`tor (&unr_;), n. [L.] One who abnegates, denies, or rejects anything. [R.]
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Abnet
Ab"net (&unr_;), n. [Heb.] The girdle of a Jewish priest or officer.
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Abnodate
Ab"no*date (&unr_;), v. t. [L. abnodatus, p. p. of abnodare; ab + nodus knot.] To clear (tress) from knots. [R.] Blount.
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Abnodation
Ab`no*da"tion (&unr_;), n. The act of cutting away the knots of trees. [R.] Crabb.
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Abnormal
Ab*nor"mal (&unr_;), a. [For earlier anormal, F. anormal, LL. anormalus for anomalus, Gr. &unr_;. Confused with L. abnormis. See Anomalous, Abnormous, Anormal.] Not conformed to rule or system; deviating from the type; anomalous; irregular. “That deviating from the type; anomalous; irregular. ” Froude.
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abnormalcy
abnormalcy n. 1. an abnormal condition.
Syn. -- abnormality
[WordNet 1.5]

Abnormality
Ab`nor*mal"i*ty (&unr_;), n.; pl. Abnormalities (&unr_;). 1. The state or quality of being abnormal; variation; irregularity. Darwin.
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2. Something abnormal.
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Abnormally
Ab*nor"mal*ly (&unr_;), adv. In an abnormal manner; irregularly. Darwin.
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Abnormity
Ab*nor"mi*ty (&unr_;), n.; pl. Abnormities (&unr_;). [LL. abnormitas. See Abnormous.] Departure from the ordinary type; irregularity; monstrosity. “An abnormity . . . like a calf born with two heads.” Mrs. Whitney.
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Abnormous
Ab*nor"mous (&unr_;), a. [L. abnormis; ab + norma rule. See Normal.] Abnormal; irregular. Hallam.
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A character of a more abnormous cast than his equally suspected coadjutor. State Trials.
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Aboard
A*board" (&unr_;), adv. [Pref. a- on, in + board.] 1. On board; into or within a ship or boat; hence, into or within a railway car.
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2. Alongside; as, close aboard.
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(Naut.): To fall aboard of, to strike a ship's side; to fall foul of. -- To haul the tacks aboard, to set the courses. -- To keep the land aboard, to hug the shore. -- To lay (a ship) aboard, to place one's own ship close alongside of (a ship) for fighting.
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Aboard
A*board", prep. 1. On board of; as, to go aboard a ship.
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2. Across; athwart. [Obs.]
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Nor iron bands aboard
The Pontic Sea by their huge navy cast.
Spenser.
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Abodance
A*bod"ance (&unr_;), n. [See Bode.] An omen; a portending. [Obs.]
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Abode
A*bode" (&unr_;), pret. of Abide.
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Abode
A*bode", n. [OE. abad, abood, fr. abiden to abide. See Abide. For the change of vowel, cf. abode, imp. of abide.] 1. Act of waiting; delay. [Obs.] Shak.
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And with her fled away without abode. Spenser.
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2. Stay or continuance in a place; sojourn.
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He waxeth at your abode here. Fielding.
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3. Place of continuance, or where one dwells; abiding place; residence; a dwelling; a habitation.
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Come, let me lead you to our poor abode. Wordsworth.
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Abode
A*bode", n. [See Bode, v. t.] An omen. [Obs.]
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High-thundering Juno's husband stirs my spirit with true abodes. Chapman.
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Abode
A*bode", v. t. To bode; to foreshow. [Obs.] Shak.
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Abode
A*bode", v. i. To be ominous. [Obs.] Dryden.
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Abodement
A*bode"ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. A foreboding; an omen. [Obs.]Abodements must not now affright us.” Shak.
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Aboding
A*bod"ing (&unr_;), n. A foreboding. [Obs.]
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Abolish
A*bol"ish (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abolished (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Abolishing.] [F. abolir, L. abolere, aboletum; ab + olere to grow. Cf. Finish.] 1. To do away with wholly; to annul; to make void; -- said of laws, customs, institutions, governments, etc.; as, to abolish slavery, to abolish folly.
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2. To put an end to, or destroy, as a physical objects; to wipe out. [Archaic]
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And with thy blood abolish so reproachful blot. Spenser.
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His quick instinctive hand
Caught at the hilt, as to abolish him.
Tennyson.
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Syn. -- To Abolish, Repeal, Abrogate, Revoke, Annul, Nullify, Cancel. These words have in common the idea of setting aside by some overruling act. Abolish applies particularly to things of a permanent nature, such as institutions, usages, customs, etc.; as, to abolish monopolies, serfdom, slavery. Repeal describes the act by which the legislature of a state sets aside a law which it had previously enacted. Abrogate was originally applied to the repeal of a law by the Roman people; and hence, when the power of making laws was usurped by the emperors, the term was applied to their act of setting aside the laws. Thus it came to express that act by which a sovereign or an executive government sets aside laws, ordinances, regulations, treaties, conventions, etc. Revoke denotes the act of recalling some previous grant which conferred, privilege, etc.; as, to revoke a decree, to revoke a power of attorney, a promise, etc. Thus, also, we speak of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Annul is used in a more general sense, denoting simply to make void; as, to annul a contract, to annul an agreement. Nullify is an old word revived in this country, and applied to the setting of things aside either by force or by total disregard; as, to nullify an act of Congress. Cancel is to strike out or annul, by a deliberate exercise of power, something which has operative force.
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Abolishable
A*bol"ish*a*ble (&unr_;), a. [Cf. F. abolissable.] Capable of being abolished.
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Abolisher
A*bol"ish*er (&unr_;), n. One who abolishes.
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Abolishment
A*bol"ish*ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. [Cf. F. abolissement.] The act of abolishing; abolition; destruction. Hooker.
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Abolition
Ab"o*li"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. abolitio, fr. abolere: cf. F. abolition. See Abolish.] The act of abolishing, or the state of being abolished; an annulling; abrogation; utter destruction; as, the abolition of slavery or the slave trade; the abolition of laws, decrees, ordinances, customs, taxes, debts, etc.
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&hand_; The application of this word to persons is now unusual or obsolete
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abolitionary
abolitionary adj. 1. relating to or favoring abolition, especially the abolition of slavery. WordNet 1.5]

2. of or pertaining to abolition
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Abolitionism
Ab`o*li"tion*ism (&unr_;), n. The principles or measures of abolitionists. Wilberforce.
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Abolitionist
Ab`o*li"tion*ist, n. A person who favors the abolition of any institution, especially negro slavery.
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Abolitionize
Ab`o*li`tion*ize (&unr_;), v. t. To imbue with the principles of abolitionism. [R.] Bartlett.
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Aboma
A*bo"ma (&unr_;), n. (Zool.) A large South American serpent (Boa aboma).
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Abomasus
Abomasum
{ ‖Ab`o*ma"sum (&unr_;), ‖Ab`o*ma"sus (&unr_;), } n. [NL., fr. L. ab + omasum (a Celtic word).] (Anat.) The fourth or digestive stomach of a ruminant, which leads from the third stomach omasum. See Ruminantia.
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Abominable
A*bom"i*na*ble (&unr_;), a. [F. abominable. L. abominalis. See Abominate.] 1. Worthy of, or causing, abhorrence, as a thing of evil omen; odious in the utmost degree; very hateful; detestable; loathsome; execrable.
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2. Excessive; large; -- used as an intensive. [Obs.]
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&hand_; Juliana Berners . . . informs us that in her time [15th c.], “abomynable syght of monkes” was elegant English for “a large company of friars.” G. P. Marsh.
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Abominableness
A*bom"i*na*ble*ness, n. The quality or state of being abominable; odiousness. Bentley.
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Abominably
A*bom"i*na*bly (&unr_;), adv. In an abominable manner; very odiously; detestably.
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Abominate
A*bom"i*nate (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abominated; p. pr. & vb. n. Abominating.] [L. abominatus, p. p. or abominari to deprecate as ominous, to abhor, to curse; ab + omen a foreboding. See Omen.] To turn from as ill-omened; to hate in the highest degree, as if with religious dread; loathe; as, to abominate all impiety.
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Syn. -- To hate; abhor; loathe; detest. See Hate.
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Abomination
A*bom`i*na"tion (&unr_;), n. [OE. abominacioun, -cion, F. abominatio. See Abominate.] 1. The feeling of extreme disgust and hatred; abhorrence; detestation; loathing; as, he holds tobacco in abomination.
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2. That which is abominable; anything hateful, wicked, or shamefully vile; an object or state that excites disgust and hatred; a hateful or shameful vice; pollution.
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Antony, most large in his abominations. Shak.
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3. A cause of pollution or wickedness.
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Syn. -- Detestation; loathing; abhorrence; disgust; aversion; loathsomeness; odiousness. Sir W. Scott.
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Aboon
A*boon" (&unr_;), prep. and adv. Above. [Scot. & Prov. Eng.]
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Aboon the pass of Bally-Brough. Sir W. Scott.
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The ceiling fair that rose aboon. J. R. Drake.
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Abor
Abor n. 1. a language spoken in Northeast India and adjacent regions of West Burma (Myanmar).
Syn. -- Miri, Mirish, Dafla
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Aboral
Ab*o"ral (&unr_;), a. [L. ab. + E. oral.] (Zool.) Situated opposite to, or away from, the mouth.
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Abord
A*bord" (&unr_;), n. [F.] Manner of approaching or accosting; address. Chesterfield.
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Abord
A*bord" (&unr_;), v. t. [F. aborder, à (L. ad) + bord rim, brim, or side of a vessel. See Border, Board.] To approach; to accost. [Obs.] Digby.
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Aboriginal
Ab`o*rig"i*nal (&unr_;), a. [See Aborigines.] 1. First; original; indigenous; primitive; native; as, the aboriginal tribes of America. “Mantled o'er with aboriginal turf.” Wordsworth.
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2. Of or pertaining to aborigines; as, a Hindu of aboriginal blood.
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Aboriginal
Ab`o*rig"i*nal, n. 1. An original inhabitant of any land; one of the aborigines.
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2. An animal or a plant native to the region.
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It may well be doubted whether this frog is an aboriginal of these islands. Darwin.
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Aboriginality
Ab`o*rig`i*nal"i*ty (&unr_;), n. The quality of being aboriginal. Westm. Rev.
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Aboriginally
Ab`o*rig"i*nal*ly (&unr_;), adv. Primarily.
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Aborigines
Ab`o*rig"i*nes (-r&ibreve_;j"&ibreve_;*nēz), n. pl. [L. Aborigines; ab + origo, especially the first inhabitants of Latium, those who originally (ab origine) inhabited Latium or Italy. See Origin.] 1. The earliest known inhabitants of a country; native races.
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2. The original fauna and flora of a geographical area
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Aborsement
A*borse"ment (&adot_;*bôrs"m&eitalic_;nt), n. Abortment; abortion. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Aborsive
A*bor"sive (&adot_;*bôr"s&ibreve_;v), a. Abortive. [Obs.] Fuller.
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Abort
A*bort" (&adot_;*bôrt"), v. i. [L. abortare, fr. abortus, p. p. of aboriri; ab + oriri to rise, to be born. See Orient.]
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1. To miscarry; to bring forth young prematurely.
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2. (Biol.) To become checked in normal development, so as either to remain rudimentary or shrink away wholly; to become sterile.
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3. to stop, cease, or fail prior to normal completion.
[PJC]

Abort
A*bort" (&adot_;*bôrt"), v. t. to cause (an action or process) to stop at an early stage, or before normal completion; as, to abort a rocket flight.
[PJC]

Abort
A*bort", n. [L. abortus, fr. aboriri.] 1. An untimely birth. [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.
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2. An aborted offspring. [Obs.] Holland.
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Aborted
A*bort"ed, a. 1. Brought forth prematurely.
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2. (Biol.) Rendered abortive or sterile; undeveloped; checked in normal development at a very early stage; as, spines are aborted branches.
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3. stopped prior to normal completion.
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The eyes of the cirripeds are more or less aborted in their mature state. Owen.
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Aborticide
A*bor"ti*cide (&adot_;*bôr"t&ibreve_;*sīd), n. [L. abortus + caedere to kill. See Abort.] (Med.) The act of destroying a fetus in the womb; feticide. [archaic] AS
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Abortifacient
A*bor`ti*fa"cient (&adot_;*bôr`t&ibreve_;*fā"sh&eitalic_;nt), a. [L. abortus (see Abort, v.) + faciens, p. pr. of facere to make.] Producing miscarriage. -- n. A drug or an agent that causes premature delivery.
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Abortion
A*bor"tion (&adot_;*bôr"shŭn), n. [L. abortio, fr. aboriri. See Abort.] 1. The act of giving premature birth; particularly, the expulsion of the human fetus prematurely, or before it is capable of sustaining life; miscarriage.
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2. The immature product of an untimely birth; a fetus which has been delivered prematurely due to spontaneous or voluntary abortion, and is dead.
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3. (Biol.) Arrest of development of any organ, so that it remains an imperfect formation or is absorbed.
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4. Any fruit or produce that does not come to maturity, or anything which in its progress, before it is matured or perfect; a complete failure; as, his attempt proved an abortion.
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5. the removal of a fetus from the womb prior to normal delivery in a manner such as to cause the death of the fetus; also called voluntary abortion, or when performed by a physician, therapeutic abortion.
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In the 1913 Webster there was the following note appended to sense 1:
&hand_; It is sometimes used for the offense of procuring a premature delivery, but strictly the early delivery is the abortion, “causing or procuring abortion” is the full name of the offense. Abbott.
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6. something considered to be a repulsive or monstrous variant of a normal object; a monstrosity.
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Abortional
A*bor"tion*al (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to abortion; miscarrying; abortive. Carlyle.
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Abortionist
A*bor"tion*ist, n. One who performs or procures abortion; among medical personnel, also called an abortion provider. The word abortionist has negative connotations from the time when the practise was illegal in the United States, and the latter term is preferred among those who do not consider the procedure as morally reprehensible.
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abortion provider
a*bor"tion pro*vid"er, n. same as abortionist.
[PJC]

Abortive
A*bor"tive (&unr_;), a. [L. abortivus, fr. aboriri. See Abort, v.] 1. Produced by abortion.as, an abortive child. [R.]
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2. Made from the skin of a still-born animal; as, abortive vellum. [Obs.]
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3. Rendering fruitless or ineffectual. [Obs.] “Plunged in that abortive gulf.” Milton.
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4. Coming to naught; failing in its effect; miscarrying; fruitless; unsuccessful; as, an abortive attempt. “An abortive enterprise.” Prescott.
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5. (Biol.) Imperfectly formed or developed; rudimentary; sterile; as, an abortive organ, stamen, ovule, etc. AS
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6. (Med.) (a) Causing abortion; as, abortive medicines. Parr. AS (b) Cutting short the period of an illness; as, abortive treatment of typhoid fever.
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Abortive
A*bor"tive, n. 1. That which is born or brought forth prematurely; an abortion. [Obs.] Shak.
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2. A fruitless effort or issue. [Obs.]
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3. (Med.) A medicine to which is attributed the property of causing abortion; -- also called an abortifacient. Dunglison.
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Abortively
A*bor"tive*ly, adv. In an abortive or untimely manner; immaturely; fruitlessly.
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Abortiveness
A*bor"tive*ness, n. The quality of being abortive.
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Abortment
A*bort"ment (&adot_;*bôrt"m&eitalic_;nt), n. Abortion. [Obs.]
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abortus
a*bort"us (&adot_;*bôrt"ŭs), n. a fetus which has been aborted; same as abortion{2}.
[PJC]

Abought
A*bought" (&unr_;), imp. & p. p. of Aby. [Obs.]
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Abound
A*bound" (&unr_;), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abounded; p. pr. & vb. n. Abounding.] [OE. abounden, F. abonder, fr. L. abundare to overflow, abound; ab + unda wave. Cf. Undulate.] 1. To be in great plenty; to be very prevalent; to be plentiful.
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The wild boar which abounds in some parts of the continent of Europe. Chambers.
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Where sin abounded grace did much more abound. Rom. v. 20.
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2. To be copiously supplied; -- followed by in or with.
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To abound in, to possess in such abundance as to be characterized by. -- To abound with, to be filled with; to possess in great numbers.
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Men abounding in natural courage. Macaulay.
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A faithful man shall abound with blessings. Prov. xxviii. 20.
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It abounds with cabinets of curiosities. Addison.
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abounding
abounding adj. 1. 1 same as abundant abounding confidence
Syn. -- galore(postnominal)
[WordNet 1.5]

About
A*bout" (&unr_;), prep. [OE. aboute, abouten, abuten; AS. ābutan, onbutan; on + butan, which is from be by + utan outward, from ut out. See But, Out.]
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1. Around; all round; on every side of. “Look about you.” Shak. “Bind them about thy neck.” Prov. iii. 3.
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2. In the immediate neighborhood of; in contiguity or proximity to; near, as to place; by or on (one's person). “Have you much money about you?” Bulwer.
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3. Over or upon different parts of; through or over in various directions; here and there in; to and fro in; throughout.
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Lampoons . . . were handed about the coffeehouses. Macaulay.
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Roving still about the world. Milton.
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4. Near; not far from; -- determining approximately time, size, quantity. “To-morrow, about this time.” Exod. ix. 18.About my stature.” Shak.
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He went out about the third hour. Matt. xx. 3.
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&hand_; This use passes into the adverbial sense.
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5. In concern with; engaged in; intent on.
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I must be about my Father's business. Luke ii. 49.
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6. Before a verbal noun or an infinitive: On the point or verge of; going; in act of.
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Paul was now aboutto open his mouth. Acts xviii. 14.
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7. Concerning; with regard to; on account of; touching. “To treat about thy ransom.” Milton.
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She must have her way about Sarah. Trollope.
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About
A*bout", adv. 1. On all sides; around.
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'Tis time to look about. Shak.
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2. In circuit; circularly; by a circuitous way; around the outside; as, a mile about, and a third of a mile across.
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3. Here and there; around; in one place and another.
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Wandering about from house to house. 1 Tim. v. 13.
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4. Nearly; approximately; with close correspondence, in quality, manner, degree, etc.; as, about as cold; about as high; -- also of quantity, number, time. “There fell . . . about three thousand men.” Exod. xxii. 28.
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5. To a reserved position; half round; in the opposite direction; on the opposite tack; as, to face about; to turn one's self about.
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To bring about, to cause to take place; to accomplish. -- To come about, to occur; to take place. See under Come. -- To go about, To set about, to undertake; to arrange; to prepare. “Shall we set about some revels?” Shak. -- Round about, in every direction around.
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About-sledge
A*bout"-sledge" (&unr_;), n. The largest hammer used by smiths. Weale.
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Above
A*bove" (&unr_;), prep. [OE. above, aboven, abuffe, AS. abufon; an (or on) on + be by + ufan upward; cf. Goth. uf under. √199. See Over.] 1. In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface; over; -- opposed to below or beneath.
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Fowl that may fly above the earth. Gen. i. 20.
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2. Figuratively, higher than; superior to in any respect; surpassing; beyond; higher in measure or degree than; as, things above comprehension; above mean actions; conduct above reproach. “Thy worth . . . is actions above my gifts.” Marlowe.
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I saw in the way a light from heaven above the brightness of the sun. Acts xxxvi. 13.
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3. Surpassing in number or quantity; more than; as, above a hundred. (Passing into the adverbial sense. See Above, adv., 4.)
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above all, before every other consideration; chiefly; in preference to other things.
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Over and above, prep. or adv., besides; in addition to.
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Above
A*bove" (&unr_;), adv. 1. In a higher place; overhead; into or from heaven; as, the clouds above.
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2. Earlier in order; higher in the same page; hence, in a foregoing page. “That was said above.” Dryden.
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3. Higher in rank or power; as, he appealed to the court above.
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4. More than; as, above five hundred were present.
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Above is often used elliptically as an adjective by omitting the word mentioned, quoted, or the like; as, the above observations, the above reference, the above articles. -- Above is also used substantively. “The waters that come down from above.” Josh. iii. 13.
[1913 Webster] It is also used as the first part of a compound in the sense of before, previously; as, above-cited, above-described, above-mentioned, above-named, abovesaid, abovespecified, above-written, above-given.

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Aboveboard
A*bove"board` (&unr_;), adv. Above the board or table. Hence: in open sight; without trick, concealment, or deception. “Fair and aboveboard.” Burke.
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&hand_; This expression is said by Johnson to have been borrowed from gamesters, who, when they change their cards, put their hands under the table.
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Above-cited
A*bove"-cit`ed (&unr_;), a. Cited before, in the preceding part of a book or writing.
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Abovedeck
A*bove"deck` (&unr_;), a. On deck; and hence, like aboveboard, without artifice. Smart.
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Above-named
Above-mentioned
A*bove"-men`tioned (&unr_;), A*bove"-named` (&unr_;), a. Mentioned or named before; aforesaid; mentioned or named earlier in the same text (in written documents).
[1913 Webster WordNet 1.5]

Abovesaid
A*bove"said` (&unr_;), a. Mentioned or recited before.
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Abox
A*box" (&unr_;), adv. & a. (Naut.) Braced aback.
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Abra
A"bra (?), n. [Sp., a bay, valley, fissure.] A narrow pass or defile; a break in a mesa; the mouth of a cañon. [Southwestern U. S.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Abracadabra
Ab`ra*ca*dab"ra (&unr_;), n. [L. Of unknown origin.] A mystical word or collocation of letters written as in the figure. Worn on an amulet it was supposed to ward off fever. At present the word is used chiefly in jest to denote something without meaning; jargon.
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Abradant
Ab*ra"dant (&unr_;), n. A material used for grinding, as emery, sand, powdered glass, etc.
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Abrade
Ab*rade" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abraded; p. pr. & vb. n. Abrading.] [L. abradere, abrasum, to scrape off; ab + radere to scrape. See Rase, Raze.] To rub or wear off; to waste or wear away by friction; as, to abrade rocks. Lyell.
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Abrade
A*brade" (&unr_;), v. t. Same as Abraid. [Obs.]
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Abrahamic
A`bra*ham"ic (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to Abraham, the patriarch; as, the Abrachamic covenant.
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ical
Abrahamitic
A`bra*ham*it"ic, *ic*al (&unr_;), a. Relating to the patriarch Abraham.
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Abram-man
Abraham-man
A"bra*ham-man` (&unr_;) or A"bram-man` (&unr_;), n. [Possibly in allusion to the parable of the beggar Lazarus in Luke xvi. Murray (New Eng. Dict. ).] One of a set of vagabonds who formerly roamed through England, feigning lunacy for the sake of obtaining alms. Nares.
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To sham Abraham, to feign sickness. Goldsmith.
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Abraid
A*braid" (&unr_;), v. t. & i. [OE. abraiden, to awake, draw (a sword), AS. ābredgan to shake, draw; pref. ā- (cf. Goth. us-, Ger. er-, orig. meaning out) + bregdan to shake, throw. See Braid.] To awake; to arouse; to stir or start up; also, to shout out. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Abramis
Abramis n. 1. 1 a genus of European fishes.
Syn. -- genus Abramis
[WordNet 1.5]

Abranchial
A*bran"chi*al (&unr_;), a. (Zool.) Abranchiate.
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Abranchiata
A*bran`chi*a"ta (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_;, pl., the gills of fishes.] (Zool.) A group of annelids, so called because the species composing it have no special organs of respiration.
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Abranchiate
A*bran"chi*ate (&unr_;), a. (Zool.) Without gills.
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abranchious
abranchious adj. 1. having no gills; -- same as abranchiate. branchiate
Syn. -- abranchiate, abranchial, gill-less
[WordNet 1.5]

Abrase
Ab*rase" (&unr_;), a. [L. abrasus, p. p. of abradere. See Abrade.] Rubbed smooth. [Obs.] “An abrase table.” B. Jonson.
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Abrasion
Ab*ra"sion (&unr_;), n. [L. abrasio, fr. abradere. See Abrade.] 1. The act of abrading, wearing, or rubbing off; the wearing away by friction; as, the abrasion of coins.
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2. The substance rubbed off. Berkeley.
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3. (Med.) (a) A superficial excoriation of skin or mucous membranes. AS (b) Erosion of the tooth substance AS
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Abrasive
Ab*ra"sive (&unr_;), a. Producing abrasion. Ure.
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Abraum salts
Abraum
A*braum" or A*braum" salts (&unr_;), n. [Ger., fr. abräumen to remove.] A red ocher used to darken mahogany and for making chloride of potassium.
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Abraxas
A*brax"as (&unr_;), n. [A name adopted by the Egyptian Gnostic Basilides, containing the Greek letters α, β, ρ, α, ξ, α, σ, which, as numerals, amounted to 365. It was used to signify the supreme deity as ruler of the 365 heavens of his system.] A mystical word used as a charm and engraved on gems among the ancients; also, a gem stone thus engraved.
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Abray
A*bray" (&unr_;), v. [A false form from the preterit abraid, abrayde.] See Abraid. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Abreaction
Ab`re*ac"tion (?), n. [Pref. ab- + reaction, after G. Abreagirung.] (Psychotherapy) the purging of emotional tensions. See Catharsis, below.
Syn. -- catharsis, katharsis
[Webster 1913 Suppl. WordNet 1.5]

Abreast
A*breast" (&unr_;), adv. [Pref. a- + breast.] 1. Side by side, with breasts in a line; as, “Two men could hardly walk abreast.” Macaulay.
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2. (Naut.) Side by side; also, opposite; over against; on a line with the vessel's beam; -- with of.
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3. Up to a certain level or line; equally advanced; as, to keep abreast of [or with] the present state of science.
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4. At the same time; simultaneously. [Obs.]
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Abreast therewith began a convocation. Fuller.
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Abregge
A*breg"ge (&unr_;), v. t. See Abridge. [Obs.]
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Abrenounce
Ab`re*nounce" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. abrenuntiare; ab + renuntiare. See Renounce.] To renounce. [Obs.] “They abrenounce and cast them off.” Latimer.
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Abrenunciation
Ab`re*nun`ci*a"tion (&unr_;), n. [LL. abrenuntiatio. See Abrenounce.] Absolute renunciation or repudiation. [Obs.]
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An abrenunciation of that truth which he so long had professed, and still believed. Fuller.
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Abreption
Ab*rep"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. abreptus, p. p. of abripere to snatch away; ab + rapere to snatch.] A snatching away. [Obs.]
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Abreuvoir
A`breu`voir" (&unr_;), n. [F., a watering place.] (Masonry) The joint or interstice between stones, to be filled with mortar. Gwilt.
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Abricock
A"bri*cock (&unr_;), n. See Apricot. [Obs.]
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Abridge
A*bridge" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abridged (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Abridging.] [OE. abregen, OF. abregier, F. abréger, fr. L. abbreviare; ad + brevis short. See Brief and cf. Abbreviate.] 1. To make shorter; to shorten in duration; to lessen; to diminish; to curtail; as, to abridge labor; to abridge power or rights. “The bridegroom . . . abridged his visit.” Smollett.
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She retired herself to Sebaste, and abridged her train from state to necessity. Fuller.
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2. To shorten or contract by using fewer words, yet retaining the sense; to epitomize; to condense; as, to abridge a history or dictionary.
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3. To deprive; to cut off; -- followed by of, and formerly by from; as, to abridge one of his rights.
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abridged
abridged adj. 1. 1 shortened by condensing or rewriting; -- said of texts: an abridged version [Narrower terms: half-length] unabridged, full-length
Syn. -- condensed
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

abridgement
abridgement n. 1. a shortened version .
Syn. -- condensation, abridgment
[WordNet 1.5]

Abridger
A*bridg"er (&unr_;), n. One who abridges.
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Abridgment
A*bridg"ment (-br&ibreve_;j"m&eitalic_;nt), n. [OE. abregement. See Abridge.] 1. The act of abridging, or the state of being abridged; diminution; lessening; reduction or deprivation; as, an abridgment of pleasures or of expenses.
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2. An epitome or compend, as of a book; a shortened or abridged form, esp. of a written work; an abbreviation.
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Ancient coins as abridgments of history. Addison.
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3. That which abridges or cuts short; hence, an entertainment that makes the time pass quickly. [Obs.]
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What abridgment have you for this evening? What mask? What music? Shak.
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4. a diminution or curtailment, as of legal rights.
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Syn. -- Abridgment, Compendium, Epitome, Abstract, Synopsis. An abridgment is made by omitting the less important parts of some larger work; as, an abridgment of a dictionary. A compendium is a brief exhibition of a subject, or science, for common use; as, a compendium of American literature. An epitome corresponds to a compendium, and gives briefly the most material points of a subject; as, an epitome of history. An abstract is a brief statement of a thing in its main points. A synopsis is a bird's-eye view of a subject, or work, in its several parts.
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Abroach
A*broach" (&unr_;), v. t. [OE. abrochen, OF. abrochier. See Broach.] To set abroach; to let out, as liquor; to broach; to tap. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Abroach
A*broach", adv. [Pref. a- + broach.] 1. Broached; in a condition for letting out or yielding liquor, as a cask which is tapped.
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Hogsheads of ale were set abroach. Sir W. Scott.
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2. Hence: In a state to be diffused or propagated; afoot; astir. “Mischiefs that I set abroach.” Shak.
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Abroad
A*broad" (&unr_;), adv. [Pref. a- + broad.] 1. At large; widely; broadly; over a wide space; as, a tree spreads its branches abroad.
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The fox roams far abroad. Prior.
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2. Without a certain confine; outside the house; away from one's abode; as, to walk abroad.
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I went to St. James', where another was preaching in the court abroad. Evelyn.
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3. Beyond the bounds of a country; in foreign countries; as, we have broils at home and enemies abroad. “Another prince . . . was living abroad.” Macaulay.
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4. Before the public at large; throughout society or the world; here and there; widely.
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He went out, and began to publish it much, and to blaze abroad the matter. Mark i. 45.
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To be abroad. (a) To be wide of the mark; to be at fault; as, you are all abroad in your guess. (b) To be at a loss or nonplused.
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abrocome
abrocome n. 1. 1 ratlike rodent of the Andes with soft fur and large ears.
Syn. -- chinchilla rat, rat chinchilla
[WordNet 1.5]

Abrogable
Ab"ro*ga*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being abrogated.
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Abrogate
Ab"ro*gate (&unr_;), a. [L. abrogatus, p. p.] Abrogated; abolished. [Obs.] Latimer.
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Abrogate
Ab"ro*gate (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abrogated; p. pr. & vb. n. Abrogating.] [L. abrogatus, p. p. of abrogare; ab + rogare to ask, require, propose. See Rogation.] 1. To annul by an authoritative act; to abolish by the authority of the maker or his successor; to repeal; -- applied to the repeal of laws, decrees, ordinances, the abolition of customs, etc.
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Let us see whether the New Testament abrogates what we so frequently see in the Old. South.
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Whose laws, like those of the Medes and Persian, they can not alter or abrogate. Burke.
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2. To put an end to; to do away with. Shak.
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Syn. -- To abolish; annul; do away; set aside; revoke; repeal; cancel; annihilate. See Abolish.
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Abrogation
Ab`ro*ga"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. abrogatio, fr. abrogare: cf. F. abrogation.] The act of abrogating; repeal by authority. Hume.
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Abrogative
Ab"ro*ga*tive (&unr_;), a. Tending or designed to abrogate; as, an abrogative law.
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Abrogator
Ab"ro*ga`tor (&unr_;), n. One who repeals by authority.
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Abrood
A*brood" (&unr_;), adv. [Pref. a- + brood.] In the act of brooding. [Obs.] Abp. Sancroft.
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Abrook
A*brook" (&unr_;), v. t. [Pref. a- + brook, v.] To brook; to endure. [Obs.] Shak.
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Abrupt
Ab*rupt" (&unr_;), a. [L. abruptus, p. p. of abrumpere to break off; ab + rumpere to break. See Rupture.] 1. Broken off; very steep, or craggy, as rocks, precipices, banks; precipitous; steep; as, abrupt places. “Tumbling through ricks abrupt,” Thomson.
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2. Without notice to prepare the mind for the event; sudden; hasty; unceremonious. “The cause of your abrupt departure.” Shak.
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3. Having sudden transitions from one subject to another; unconnected.
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The abrupt style, which hath many breaches. B. Jonson.
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4. (Bot.) Suddenly terminating, as if cut off. Gray.
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Syn. -- Sudden; unexpected; hasty; rough; curt; unceremonious; rugged; blunt; disconnected; broken.
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Abrupt
Ab*rupt" (&unr_;), n. [L. abruptum.] An abrupt place. [Poetic] “Over the vast abrupt.” Milton.
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Abrupt
Ab*rupt", v. t. To tear off or asunder. [Obs.] “Till death abrupts them.” Sir T. Browne.
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Abruption
Ab*rup"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. abruptio, fr. abrumpere: cf. F. abruption.] A sudden breaking off; a violent separation of bodies. Woodward.
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Abruptly
Ab*rupt"ly, adv. 1. In an abrupt manner; without giving notice, or without the usual forms; suddenly.
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2. Precipitously.
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abruptly-pinnate
Abruptly pinnate
Abruptly pinnate, abruptly-pinnate adj. 1. (Bot.) pinnate with a pair of leaflets at the apex, i.e. without an odd leaflet, or other appendage, at the end; -- said of a leaf shape
Syn. -- even-pinnate, paripinnate
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Abruptness
Ab*rupt"ness, n. 1. The state of being abrupt or broken; craggedness; ruggedness; steepness.
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2. Suddenness; unceremonious haste or vehemence; as, abruptness of style or manner.
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Abruzzi
Abruzzi n. 1. 1 an administrative region of Italy.
Syn. -- Abruzzi e Molise
[WordNet 1.5]

abs
abs (ăbz), n. pl. (Anat.) The abductor muscles of the stomach; -- a contraction used by body-building and health enthusiasts. Used similarly to pecs and delts.
[PJC]

Abscess
Ab"scess (ăb"s&ebreve_;s), n.; pl. Abscesses (ăb"s&ebreve_;s*&ebreve_;z). [L. abscessus a going away, gathering of humors, abscess, fr. abscessus, p. p. of absedere to go away; ab, abs + cedere to go off, retire. See Cede.] (Med.) A collection of pus or purulent matter in any tissue or organ of the body caused by infection.
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Cold abscess, (a) an abscess of slow formation, unattended with the pain and heat characteristic of ordinary abscesses, and lasting for years without exhibiting any tendency towards healing; a chronic abscess. AS (b) an abscess produced by tubercle bacilli, called also tuberculous abscess. AS
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Abscession
Ab*sces"sion (&unr_;), n. [L. abscessio a separation; fr. absedere. See Abscess.] A separating; removal; also, an abscess. [Obs.] Gauden. Barrough.
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Abscind
Ab*scind" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. absindere; ab + scindere to rend, cut. See Schism.] To cut off. [R.] “Two syllables . . . abscinded from the rest.” Johnson.
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Abscision
Ab*sci"sion (&unr_;), n. [L. abscisio.] See Abscission.
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Absciss
Ab"sciss (&unr_;), n.; pl. Abscisses (&unr_;). See Abscissa.
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Abscissa
Ab*scis"sa (&unr_;), n.; E. pl. Abscissas, L. pl. Abscissæ. [L., fem. of abscissus, p. p. of absindere to cut of. See Abscind.] (Geom.) One of the elements of reference by which a point, as of a curve, is referred to a system of fixed rectilineal coördinate axes. When referred to two intersecting axes, one of them called the axis of abscissas, or of X, and the other the axis of ordinates, or of Y, the abscissa of the point is the distance cut off from the axis of X by a line drawn through it and parallel to the axis of Y. When a point in space is referred to three axes having a common intersection, the abscissa may be the distance measured parallel to either of them, from the point to the plane of the other two axes. Abscissas and ordinates taken together are called coördinates. -- OX or PY is the abscissa of the point P of the curve, OY or PX its ordinate, the intersecting lines OX and OY being the axes of abscissas and ordinates respectively, and the point O their origin.
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Abscission
Ab*scis"sion (&unr_;), n. [L. abscissio. See Abscind.] 1. The act or process of cutting off. “Not to be cured without the abscission of a member.” Jer. Taylor.
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2. The state of being cut off. Sir T. Browne.
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3. (Rhet.) A figure of speech employed when a speaker having begun to say a thing stops abruptly: thus, “He is a man of so much honor and candor, and of such generosity -- but I need say no more.”
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Abscond
Ab*scond" (&unr_;), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Absconded; p. pr. & vb. n. Absconding.] [L. abscondere to hide; ab, abs + condere to lay up; con + dăre (only in comp.) to put. Cf. Do.] 1. To hide, withdraw, or be concealed.
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The marmot absconds all winter. Ray.
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2. To depart clandestinely; to steal off and secrete one's self; -- used especially of persons who withdraw to avoid a legal process; as, an absconding debtor.
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That very homesickness which, in regular armies, drives so many recruits to abscond. Macaulay.
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Abscond
Ab*scond", v. t. To hide; to conceal. [Obs.] Bentley.
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Abscondence
Ab*scond"ence (&unr_;), n. Fugitive concealment; secret retirement; hiding. [R.] Phillips.
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Absconder
Ab*scond"er (&unr_;), n. One who absconds.
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abscondment
ab*scond"ment n. 1. 1 the act of running away sectretly (as to avoid arrest).
Syn. -- decampment
[WordNet 1.5]

Absence
Ab"sence (&unr_;), n. [F., fr. L. absentia. See Absent.] 1. A state of being absent or withdrawn from a place or from companionship; -- opposed to presence.
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Not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence. Phil. ii. 12.
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2. Want; destitution; withdrawal. “In the absence of conventional law.” Kent.
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3. Inattention to things present; abstraction (of mind); as, absence of mind. “Reflecting on the little absences and distractions of mankind.” Addison.
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To conquer that abstraction which is called absence. Landor.
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Absent
Ab"sent (&unr_;), a. [F., fr. absens, absentis, p. pr. of abesse to be away from; ab + esse to be. Cf. Sooth.] 1. Being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present. “Expecting absent friends.” Shak.
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2. Not existing; lacking; as, the part was rudimental or absent.
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3. Inattentive to what is passing; absent-minded; preoccupied; as, an absent air.
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What is commonly called an absent man is commonly either a very weak or a very affected man. Chesterfield.
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Syn. -- Absent, Abstracted. These words both imply a lack of attention to surrounding objects. We speak of a man as absent when his thoughts wander unconsciously from present scenes or topics of discourse; we speak of him as abstracted when his mind (usually for a brief period) is drawn off from present things by some weighty matter for reflection. Absence of mind is usually the result of loose habits of thought; abstraction commonly arises either from engrossing interests and cares, or from unfortunate habits of association.
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Absent
Ab*sent" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absented; p. pr. & vb. n. Absenting.] [Cf. F. absenter.] 1. To take or withdraw (one's self) to such a distance as to prevent intercourse; -- used with the reflexive pronoun.
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If after due summons any member absents himself, he is to be fined. Addison.
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2. To withhold from being present. [Obs.] “Go; for thy stay, not free, absents thee more.” Milton.
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Absentaneous
Ab`sen*ta"ne*ous (&unr_;), a. [LL. absentaneus. See absent] Pertaining to absence. [Obs.]
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Absentation
Ab`sen*ta"tion (&unr_;), n. The act of absenting one's self. Sir W. Hamilton.
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Absentee
Ab`sen*tee" (&unr_;), n. One who absents himself from his country, office, post, or duty; especially, a landholder who lives in another country or district than that where his estate is situated; as, an Irish absentee. Macaulay.
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Absenteeism
Ab`sen*tee"ism (&unr_;), n. The state or practice of an absentee; esp. the practice of absenting one's self from the country or district where one's estate is situated.
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Absenter
Ab*sent"er (&unr_;), n. One who absents one's self.
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Absently
Ab"sent*ly (&unr_;), adv. In an absent or abstracted manner.
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Absentment
Ab*sent"ment (ăb*s&ebreve_;nt"m&eitalic_;nt), n. The state of being absent; withdrawal. [R.] Barrow.
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Absent-minded
Ab`sent-mind"ed (&unr_;), a. Absent in mind; abstracted; preoccupied. -- Ab`sent-mind"ed*ness, n. -- Ab`sent-mind"ed*ly, adv.
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Absentness
Ab"sent*ness (&unr_;), n. The quality of being absent-minded. H. Miller.
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Absey-book
Ab"sey-book` (&unr_;), n. An A-B-C book; a primer. [Obs.] Shak.
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absiemens
absiemens n. (Physics) A unit of conductance equal to 109 mhos; -- the inverse of the abohm.
Syn. -- abmho
[WordNet 1.5]

Absinthe
Absinth
{ Ab"sinth`, Ab"sinthe` } (ăb"s&ibreve_;nth`), n. [F. absinthe. See Absinthium.] 1. The plant absinthium or common wormwood.
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2. A strong spirituous liqueur made from wormwood and brandy or alcohol.
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Absinthe makes the tart grow fonder. Ernest Dowson
[PJC]

An article on absinthe was prepared by Matthew Baggott (bagg@ellis.uchicago.edu) for distribution on the newsgroup alt.drugs.
[PJC]

Absinthate
Ab"sin"thate (ăb*s&ibreve_;n"th&auptack_;t), n. (Chem.) A combination of absinthic acid with a base or positive radical.
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Absinthial
Ab*sin"thi*al (ăb*s&ibreve_;n"th&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;l), a. Of or pertaining to wormwood; absinthian.
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Absinthian
Ab*sin"thi*an (&unr_;), n. Of the nature of wormwood.Absinthian bitterness.” T. Randolph.
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Absinthiate
Ab"sin"thi*ate (&unr_;), v. t. [From L. absinthium: cf. L. absinthiatus, a.] To impregnate with wormwood.
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Absinthiated
Ab*sin"thi*a`ted (&unr_;), a. Impregnated with wormwood; as, absinthiated wine.
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Absinthic
Ab*sin"thic (&unr_;), a. (Chem.) Relating to the common wormwood or to an acid obtained from it.
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Absinthin
Ab*sin"thin (&unr_;), n. (Chem.) The bitter principle of wormwood (Artemisia absinthium). Watts.
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Absinthism
Ab"sin*thism (&unr_;), n. The condition of being poisoned by the excessive use of absinth.
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Absinthium
Ab*sin"thi*um (&unr_;), n. [L., from Gr. &unr_;.] (Bot.) The common wormwood (Artemisia absinthium), an intensely bitter plant, used as a tonic and for making the oil of wormwood.
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Absis
Ab"sis (&unr_;), n. See Apsis.
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Absist
Ab*sist" (&unr_;), v. i. [L. absistere, p. pr. absistens; ab + sistere to stand, causal of stare.] To stand apart from; top leave off; to desist. [Obs.] Raleigh.
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Absistence
Ab*sist"ence (&unr_;), n. A standing aloof. [Obs.]
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Absolute
Ab"so*lute (&unr_;), a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. F. absolu. See Absolve.] 1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command; absolute power; an absolute monarch.
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2. Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as, absolute perfection; absolute beauty.
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So absolute she seems,
And in herself complete.
Milton.
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3. Viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; -- opposed to relative and comparative; as, absolute motion; absolute time or space.
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Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man in a state of nature as contradistinguished from relative rights and duties, or such as pertain to him in his social relations.
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4. Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
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&hand_; In this sense God is called the Absolute by the Theist. The term is also applied by the Pantheist to the universe, or the total of all existence, as only capable of relations in its parts to each other and to the whole, and as dependent for its existence and its phenomena on its mutually depending forces and their laws.
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5. Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone; unconditioned; non-relative.
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&hand_; It is in dispute among philosopher whether the term, in this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus defined, can be known, as a reality, by the human intellect.
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To Cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word and thing, the recent philosophy of the absolute. Sir W. Hamilton.
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6. Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful. [R.]
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I am absolute 't was very Cloten. Shak.
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7. Authoritative; peremptory. [R.]
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The peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head,
With absolute forefinger, brown and ringed.
Mrs. Browning.
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8. (Chem.) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
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9. (Gram.) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. See Ablative absolute, under Ablative.
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Absolute curvature (Geom.), that curvature of a curve of double curvature, which is measured in the osculating plane of the curve. -- Absolute equation (Astron.), the sum of the optic and eccentric equations. -- Absolute space (Physics), space considered without relation to material limits or objects. -- Absolute terms. (Alg.), such as are known, or which do not contain the unknown quantity. Davies & Peck. -- Absolute temperature (Physics), the temperature as measured on a scale determined by certain general thermo-dynamic principles, and reckoned from the absolute zero. -- Absolute zero (Physics), the be ginning, or zero point, in the scale of absolute temperature. It is equivalent to -273° centigrade or -459.4° Fahrenheit.
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Syn. -- Positive; peremptory; certain; unconditional; unlimited; unrestricted; unqualified; arbitrary; despotic; autocratic.
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Absolute
Ab"so*lute (&unr_;), n. (Geom.) In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity.
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Absolutely
Ab"so*lute*ly, adv. In an absolute, independent, or unconditional manner; wholly; positively.
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Absoluteness
Ab"so*lute*ness, n. The quality of being absolute; independence of everything extraneous; unlimitedness; absolute power; independent reality; positiveness.
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Absolution
Ab`so*lu"tion (&unr_;), n. [F. absolution, L. absolutio, fr. absolvere to absolve. See Absolve.] 1. An absolving, or setting free from guilt, sin, or penalty; forgiveness of an offense. “Government . . . granting absolution to the nation.” Froude.
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2. (Civil Law) An acquittal, or sentence of a judge declaring and accused person innocent. [Obs.]
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3. (R. C. Ch.) The exercise of priestly jurisdiction in the sacrament of penance, by which Catholics believe the sins of the truly penitent are forgiven.
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&hand_; In the English and other Protestant churches, this act regarded as simply declaratory, not as imparting forgiveness.
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4. (Eccl.) An absolving from ecclesiastical penalties, -- for example, excommunication. P. Cyc.
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5. The form of words by which a penitent is absolved. Shipley.
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6. Delivery, in speech. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Absolution day (R. C. Ch.), Tuesday before Easter.
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Absolutism
Ab"so*lu`tism (&unr_;), n. 1. The state of being absolute; the system or doctrine of the absolute; the principles or practice of absolute or arbitrary government; despotism.
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The element of absolutism and prelacy was controlling. Palfrey.
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2. (Theol.) Doctrine of absolute decrees. Ash.
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Absolutist
Ab"so*lu`tist (&unr_;), n. 1. One who is in favor of an absolute or autocratic government.
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2. (Metaph.) One who believes that it is possible to realize a cognition or concept of the absolute. Sir. W. Hamilton.
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Absolutist
Ab"so*lu`tist, a. Of or pertaining to absolutism; arbitrary; despotic; as, absolutist principles.
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Absolutistic
Ab`so*lu*tis"tic (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to absolutism; absolutist.
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Absolutory
Ab*sol"u*to*ry (&unr_;), a. [L. absolutorius, fr. absolvere to absolve.] Serving to absolve; absolving. “An absolutory sentence.” Ayliffe.
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Absolvable
Ab*solv"a*ble (&unr_;), a. That may be absolved.
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Absolvatory
Ab*solv"a*to*ry (&unr_;), a. Conferring absolution; absolutory.
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Absolve
Ab*solve" (#; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absolved (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Absolving.] [L. absolvere to set free, to absolve; ab + solvere to loose. See Assoil, Solve.] 1. To set free, or release, as from some obligation, debt, or responsibility, or from the consequences of guilt or such ties as it would be sin or guilt to violate; to pronounce free; as, to absolve a subject from his allegiance; to absolve an offender, which amounts to an acquittal and remission of his punishment.
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Halifax was absolved by a majority of fourteen. Macaulay.
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2. To free from a penalty; to pardon; to remit (a sin); -- said of the sin or guilt.
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In his name I absolve your perjury. Gibbon.
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3. To finish; to accomplish. [Obs.]
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The work begun, how soon absolved. Milton.
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4. To resolve or explain. [Obs.] “We shall not absolve the doubt.” Sir T. Browne.
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Syn. -- To Absolve, Exonerate, Acquit. We speak of a man as absolved from something that binds his conscience, or involves the charge of wrongdoing; as, to absolve from allegiance or from the obligation of an oath, or a promise. We speak of a person as exonerated, when he is released from some burden which had rested upon him; as, to exonerate from suspicion, to exonerate from blame or odium. It implies a purely moral acquittal. We speak of a person as acquitted, when a decision has been made in his favor with reference to a specific charge, either by a jury or by disinterested persons; as, he was acquitted of all participation in the crime.
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Absolvent
Ab*solv"ent (&unr_;), a. [L. absolvens, p. pr. of absolvere.] Absolving. [R.] Carlyle.
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Absolvent
Ab*solv"ent, n. An absolver. [R.] Hobbes.
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Absolver
Ab*solv"er (&unr_;), n. One who absolves. Macaulay.
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Absonant
Ab"so*nant (&unr_;), a. [L. ab + sonans, p. pr. of sonare to sound.] Discordant; contrary; -- opposed to consonant.Absonant to nature.” Quarles.
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Absonous
Ab"so*nous (&unr_;), a. [L. absonus; ab + sonus sound.] Discordant; inharmonious; incongruous. [Obs.]Absonous to our reason.” Glanvill.
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Absorb
Ab*sorb" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absorbed (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Absorbing.] [L. absorbere; ab + sorbere to suck in, akin to Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. absorber.] 1. To swallow up; to engulf; to overwhelm; to cause to disappear as if by swallowing up; to use up; to include. “Dark oblivion soon absorbs them all.” Cowper.
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The large cities absorb the wealth and fashion. W. Irving.
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2. To suck up; to drink in; to imbibe; as a sponge or as the lacteals of the body. Bacon.
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3. To engross or engage wholly; to occupy fully; as, absorbed in study or the pursuit of wealth.
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4. To take up by cohesive, chemical, or any molecular action, as when charcoal absorbs gases. So heat, light, and electricity are absorbed or taken up in the substances into which they pass. Nichol.
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Syn. -- To Absorb, Engross, Swallow up, Engulf. These words agree in one general idea, that of completely taking up. They are chiefly used in a figurative sense and may be distinguished by a reference to their etymology. We speak of a person as absorbed (lit., drawn in, swallowed up) in study or some other employment of the highest interest. We speak of a person as ebgrossed (lit., seized upon in the gross, or wholly) by something which occupies his whole time and thoughts, as the acquisition of wealth, or the attainment of honor. We speak of a person (under a stronger image) as swallowed up and lost in that which completely occupies his thoughts and feelings, as in grief at the death of a friend, or in the multiplied cares of life. We speak of a person as engulfed in that which (like a gulf) takes in all his hopes and interests; as, engulfed in misery, ruin, etc.
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That grave question which had begun to absorb the Christian mind -- the marriage of the clergy. Milman.
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Too long hath love engrossed Britannia's stage,
And sunk to softness all our tragic rage.
Tickell.
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Should not the sad occasion swallow up
My other cares?
Addison.
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And in destruction's river
Engulf and swallow those.
Sir P. Sidney.
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Absorbability
Ab*sorb`a*bil"i*ty (&unr_;), n. The state or quality of being absorbable. Graham (Chemistry).
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Absorbable
Ab*sorb"a*ble, a. [Cf. F. absorbable.] Capable of being absorbed or swallowed up. Kerr.
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absorbed
absorbed adj. 1. 1 wholly absorbed as in thought that engrossed look -- that absorbed and rapt delight
Syn. -- engrossed, intent, rapt, wrapped
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2. not allowed to pass through; -- said of radiant waves such as light the absorbed light intensity
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3. taken in through the pores of a surface the absorbed water expanded the sponge
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Absorbedly
Ab*sorb"ed*ly, adv. In a manner as if wholly engrossed or engaged.
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absorbefacient
absorbefacient adj. 1. 1 inducing or promoting absorption
Syn. -- sorbefacient
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Absorbency
Ab*sorb"en*cy (&unr_;), n. Absorptiveness.
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absorbent
ab*sorb"ent (ăb*sôrb"&eitalic_;nt), a. [L. absorbens, p. pr. of absorbere.] Absorbing; swallowing; absorptive.
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Absorbent ground (Paint.), a ground prepared for a picture, chiefly with distemper, or water colors, by which the oil is absorbed, and a brilliancy is imparted to the colors.
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Absorbent
Ab*sorb"ent, n. 1. Anything which absorbs. AS
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The ocean, itself a bad absorbent of heat. Darwin.
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2. (Med.) Any substance which absorbs and neutralizes acid fluid in the stomach and bowels, as magnesia, chalk, etc.; also a substance e. g., iodine which acts on the absorbent vessels so as to reduce enlarged and indurated parts. AS
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3. pl. (Physiol.) The vessels by which the processes of absorption are carried on, as the lymphatics in animals, the extremities of the roots in plants. AS
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Absorber
Ab*sorb"er (&unr_;), n. One who, or that which, absorbs.
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Absorbing
Ab*sorb"ing, a. Swallowing, engrossing; as, an absorbing pursuit. -- Ab*sorb"ing, adv.
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Absorbition
Ab`sor*bi"tion (&unr_;), n. Absorption. [Obs.]
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Absorpt
Ab*sorpt` (&unr_;), a. [L. absorptus, p. p.] Absorbed. [Arcahic.]Absorpt in care.” Pope.
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Absorption
Ab*sorp"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. absorptio, fr. absorbere. See Absorb.] 1. The act or process of absorbing or sucking in anything, or of being absorbed and made to disappear; as, the absorption of bodies in a whirlpool, the absorption of a smaller tribe into a larger.
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2. (Chem. & Physics) An imbibing or reception by molecular or chemical action; as, the absorption of light, heat, electricity, etc.
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3. (Physiol.) In living organisms, the process by which the materials of growth and nutrition are absorbed and conveyed to the tissues and organs.
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4. Entire engrossment or occupation of the mind; as, absorption in some employment.
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Absorptive
Ab*sorp"tive (&unr_;), a. Having power, capacity, or tendency to absorb or imbibe. E. Darwin.
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Absorptiveness
Ab*sorp"tive*ness, n. The quality of being absorptive; absorptive power.
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Absorptivity
Ab`sorp*tiv"i*ty (&unr_;), n. Absorptiveness.
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Absquatulate
Ab*squat"u*late (&unr_;), v. i. To take one's self off; to decamp. [A jocular word. U. S.]
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Absque hoc
Abs"que hoc (&unr_;). [L., without this.] (Law) The technical words of denial used in traversing what has been alleged, and is repeated.
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Abstain
Ab*stain" (&unr_;), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abstained (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Abstaining.] [OE. absteynen, abstenen, OF. astenir, abstenir, F. abstenir, fr. L. abstinere, abstentum, v. t. & v. i., to keep from; ab, abs + tenere to hold. See Tenable.] To hold one's self aloof; to forbear or refrain voluntarily, and especially from an indulgence of the passions or appetites; -- with from.
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Not a few abstained from voting. Macaulay.
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Who abstains from meat that is not gaunt? Shak.
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Syn. -- To refrain; forbear; withhold; deny one's self; give up; relinquish.
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Abstain
Ab*stain", v. t. To hinder; to withhold.
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Whether he abstain men from marrying. Milton.
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Abstainer
Ab*stain"er (&unr_;), n. One who abstains; esp., one who abstains from the use of intoxicating liquors.
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Abstemious
Ab*ste"mi*ous (&unr_;), a. [L. abstemius; ab, abs + root of temetum intoxicating drink.] 1. Abstaining from wine. [Orig. Latin sense.]
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Under his special eye
Abstemious I grew up and thrived amain.
Milton.
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2. Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the indulgence of the appetite or passions.
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Instances of longevity are chiefly among the abstemious. Arbuthnot.
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3. Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation; as, an abstemious diet. Gibbon.
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4. Marked by, or spent in, abstinence; as, an abstemious life. “One abstemious day.” Pope.
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5. Promotive of abstemiousness. [R.]
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Such is the virtue of the abstemious well. Dryden.
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Abstemiousness
Ab*ste"mi*ous*ness, n. The quality of being abstemious, temperate, or sparing in the use of food and strong drinks. It expresses a greater degree of abstinence than temperance.
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Abstention
Ab*sten"tion (&unr_;), a. [F. See Abstain.] The act of abstaining; a holding aloof. Jer. Taylor.
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Abstentious
Ab*sten"tious (&unr_;), a. Characterized by abstinence; self-restraining. Farrar.
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Absterge
Ab*sterge (&unr_;), v. t. [L. abstergere, abstersum; ab, abs + tergere to wipe. Cf. F absterger.] To make clean by wiping; to wipe away; to cleanse; hence, to purge. [R.] Quincy.
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Abstergent
Ab*ster"gent (&unr_;), a. [L. abstergens, p. pr. of abstergere.] Serving to cleanse, detergent.
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Abstergent
Ab*ster"gent, n. A substance used in cleansing; a detergent; as, soap is an abstergent.
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Absterse
Ab*sterse" (&unr_;), v. t. To absterge; to cleanse; to purge away. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Abstersion
Ab*ster"sion (&unr_;), n. [F. abstersion. See Absterge.] Act of wiping clean; a cleansing; a purging.
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The task of ablution and abstersion being performed. Sir W. Scott.
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Abstersive
Ab*ster"sive (&unr_;), a. [Cf. F. abstersif. See Absterge.] Cleansing; purging. Bacon.
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Abstersive
Ab*ster"sive, n. Something cleansing.
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The strong abstersive of some heroic magistrate. Milton.
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Abstersiveness
Ab*ster"sive*ness, n. The quality of being abstersive. Fuller.
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Abstinence
Ab"sti*nence (&unr_;), n. [F. abstinence, L. abstinentia, fr. abstinere. See Abstain.] 1. The act or practice of abstaining; voluntary forbearance of any action, especially the refraining from an indulgence of appetite, or from customary gratifications of animal or sensual propensities. Specifically, the practice of abstaining from intoxicating beverages, -- called also total abstinence.
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The abstinence from a present pleasure that offers itself is a pain, nay, oftentimes, a very great one. Locke.
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2. The practice of self-denial by depriving one's self of certain kinds of food or drink, especially of meat.
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Penance, fasts, and abstinence,
To punish bodies for the soul's offense.
Dryden.
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Abstinency
Ab"sti*nen*cy (&unr_;), n. Abstinence. [R.]
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Abstinent
Ab"sti*nent (&unr_;), a. [F. abstinent, L. abstinens, p. pr. of abstinere. See Abstain.] Refraining from indulgence, especially from the indulgence of appetite; abstemious; continent; temperate. Beau. & Fl.
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Abstinent
Ab"sti*nent, n. 1. One who abstains.
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2. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect who appeared in France and Spain in the 3d century.
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Abstinently
Ab"sti*nent*ly, adv. With abstinence.
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Abstorted
Ab*stort"ed (&unr_;), a. [As if fr. abstort, fr. L. ab, abs + tortus, p. p. of torquere to twist.] Wrested away. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Abstract
Ab"stract` (#; 277), a. [L. abstractus, p. p. of abstrahere to draw from, separate; ab, abs + trahere to draw. See Trace.] 1. Withdraw; separate. [Obs.]
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The more abstract . . . we are from the body. Norris.
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2. Considered apart from any application to a particular object; separated from matter; existing in the mind only; as, abstract truth, abstract numbers. Hence: ideal; abstruse; difficult.
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3. (Logic) (a) Expressing a particular property of an object viewed apart from the other properties which constitute it; -- opposed to concrete; as, honesty is an abstract word. J. S. Mill. (b) Resulting from the mental faculty of abstraction; general as opposed to particular; as, “reptile” is an abstract or general name. Locke.
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A concrete name is a name which stands for a thing; an abstract name which stands for an attribute of a thing. A practice has grown up in more modern times, which, if not introduced by Locke, has gained currency from his example, of applying the expression “abstract name” to all names which are the result of abstraction and generalization, and consequently to all general names, instead of confining it to the names of attributes. J. S. Mill.
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4. Abstracted; absent in mind.Abstract, as in a trance.” Milton.
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An abstract idea (Metaph.), an idea separated from a complex object, or from other ideas which naturally accompany it; as the solidity of marble when contemplated apart from its color or figure. -- Abstract terms, those which express abstract ideas, as beauty, whiteness, roundness, without regarding any object in which they exist; or abstract terms are the names of orders, genera or species of things, in which there is a combination of similar qualities. -- Abstract numbers (Math.), numbers used without application to things, as 6, 8, 10; but when applied to any thing, as 6 feet, 10 men, they become concrete. -- Abstract mathematics or Pure mathematics. See Mathematics.
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Abstract
Ab*stract" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abstracted; p. pr. & vb. n. Abstracting.] [See Abstract, a.]
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1. To withdraw; to separate; to take away.
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He was incapable of forming any opinion or resolution abstracted from his own prejudices. Sir W. Scott.
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2. To draw off in respect to interest or attention; as, his was wholly abstracted by other objects.
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The young stranger had been abstracted and silent. Blackw. Mag.
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3. To separate, as ideas, by the operation of the mind; to consider by itself; to contemplate separately, as a quality or attribute. Whately.
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4. To epitomize; to abridge. Franklin.
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5. To take secretly or dishonestly; to purloin; as, to abstract goods from a parcel, or money from a till.
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Von Rosen had quietly abstracted the bearing-reins from the harness. W. Black.
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6. (Chem.) To separate, as the more volatile or soluble parts of a substance, by distillation or other chemical processes. In this sense extract is now more generally used.
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Abstract
Ab*stract", v. t. To perform the process of abstraction. [R.]
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I own myself able to abstract in one sense. Berkeley.
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Abstract
Ab"stract` (&unr_;), n. [See Abstract, a.] 1. That which comprises or concentrates in itself the essential qualities of a larger thing or of several things. Specifically: A summary or an epitome, as of a treatise or book, or of a statement; a brief.
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An abstract of every treatise he had read. Watts.
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Man, the abstract
Of all perfection, which the workmanship
Of Heaven hath modeled.
Ford.
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2. A state of separation from other things; as, to consider a subject in the abstract, or apart from other associated things.
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3. An abstract term.
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The concretes “father” and “son” have, or might have, the abstracts “paternity” and “filiety.” J. S. Mill.
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4. (Med.) A powdered solid extract of a vegetable substance mixed with lactose in such proportion that one part of the abstract represents two parts of the original substance.
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Abstract of title (Law), a document which provides a summary of the history of ownership of a parcel of real estate, including the conveyances and mortgages; also called brief of title.
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Syn. -- Abridgment; compendium; epitome; synopsis. See Abridgment.
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Abstracted
Ab*stract"ed (&unr_;), a. 1. Separated or disconnected; withdrawn; removed; apart.
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The evil abstracted stood from his own evil. Milton.
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2. Separated from matter; abstract; ideal. [Obs.]
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3. Abstract; abstruse; difficult. [Obs.] Johnson.
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4. Inattentive to surrounding objects; absent in mind. “An abstracted scholar.” Johnson.
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Abstractedly
Ab*stract"ed*ly, adv. In an abstracted manner; separately; with absence of mind.
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Abstractedness
Ab*stract"ed*ness, n. The state of being abstracted; abstract character.
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Abstracter
Ab*stract"er (&unr_;), n. One who abstracts, or makes an abstract.
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Abstraction
Ab*strac"tion (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. abstraction. See Abstract, a.] 1. The act of abstracting, separating, or withdrawing, or the state of being withdrawn; withdrawal.
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A wrongful abstraction of wealth from certain members of the community. J. S. Mill.
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2. (Metaph.) The act process of leaving out of consideration one or more properties of a complex object so as to attend to others; analysis. Thus, when the mind considers the form of a tree by itself, or the color of the leaves as separate from their size or figure, the act is called abstraction. So, also, when it considers whiteness, softness, virtue, existence, as separate from any particular objects.
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&hand_; Abstraction is necessary to classification, by which things are arranged in genera and species. We separate in idea the qualities of certain objects, which are of the same kind, from others which are different, in each, and arrange the objects having the same properties in a class, or collected body.
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Abstraction is no positive act: it is simply the negative of attention. Sir W. Hamilton.
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3. An idea or notion of an abstract, or theoretical nature; as, to fight for mere abstractions.
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4. A separation from worldly objects; a recluse life; as, a hermit's abstraction.
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5. Absence or absorption of mind; inattention to present objects.
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6. The taking surreptitiously for one's own use part of the property of another; purloining. [Modern]
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7. (Chem.) A separation of volatile parts by the act of distillation. Nicholson.
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Abstractional
Ab*strac"tion*al (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to abstraction.
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Abstractionist
Ab*strac"tion*ist, n. An idealist. Emerson.
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Abstractitious
Ab`strac*ti"tious (&unr_;), a. Obtained from plants by distillation. [Obs.] Crabb.
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Abstractive
Ab*strac"tive (&unr_;), a. [Cf. F. abstractif.] Having the power of abstracting; of an abstracting nature. “The abstractive faculty.” I. Taylor.
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Abstractively
Ab*strac"tive*ly, adv. In a abstract manner; separately; in or by itself. Feltham.
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Abstractiveness
Ab*strac"tive*ness, n. The quality of being abstractive; abstractive property.
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Abstractly
Ab"stract`ly (#; 277), adv. In an abstract state or manner; separately; absolutely; by itself; as, matter abstractly considered.
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Abstractness
Ab"stract`ness, n. The quality of being abstract. “The abstractness of the ideas.” Locke.
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Abstringe
Ab*stringe" (&unr_;), v. t. [L ab + stringere, strictum, to press together.] To unbind. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Abstrude
Ab*strude" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. abstrudere. See Abstruse.] To thrust away. [Obs.] Johnson.
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Abstruse
Ab*struse" (&unr_;), a. [L. abstrusus, p. p. of abstrudere to thrust away, conceal; ab, abs + trudere to thrust; cf. F. abstrus. See Threat.] 1. Concealed or hidden out of the way. [Obs.]
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The eternal eye whose sight discerns
Abstrusest thoughts.
Milton.
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2. Remote from apprehension; difficult to be comprehended or understood; recondite; as, abstruse learning.
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Profound and abstruse topics. Milman.
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Abstrusely
Ab*struse"ly, adv. In an abstruse manner.
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Abstruseness
Ab*struse"ness, n. The quality of being abstruse; difficulty of apprehension. Boyle.
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Abstrusion
Ab*stru"sion (&unr_;), n. [L. abstrusio. See Abstruse.] The act of thrusting away. [R.] Ogilvie.
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Abstrusity
Ab*stru"si*ty (ăb*str&usuml_;"s&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n. Abstruseness; that which is abstruse. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Absume
Ab*sume" (ăb*sūm"), v. t. [L. absumere, absumptum; ab + sumere to take.] To consume gradually; to waste away. [Obs.] Boyle.
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Absumption
Ab*sump"tion (ăb*sŭmp"shŭn; 215), n. [L. absumptio. See Absume.] Act of wasting away; a consuming; extinction. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Absurd
Ab*surd" (ăb*sûrd"), a. [L. absurdus harsh-sounding; ab + (prob) a derivative fr. a root svar to sound; not connected with surd: cf. F. absurde. See Syringe.] Contrary to reason or propriety; obviously and flatly opposed to manifest truth; inconsistent with the plain dictates of common sense; logically contradictory; nonsensical; ridiculous; as, an absurd person, an absurd opinion; an absurd dream.
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This proffer is absurd and reasonless. Shak.
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'This phrase absurd to call a villain great. Pope. p. 9
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Syn. -- Foolish; irrational; ridiculous; preposterous; inconsistent; incongruous. -- Absurd, Irrational, Foolish, Preposterous. Of these terms, irrational is the weakest, denoting that which is plainly inconsistent with the dictates of sound reason; as, an irrational course of life. Foolish rises higher, and implies either a perversion of that faculty, or an absolute weakness or fatuity of mind; as, foolish enterprises. Absurd rises still higher, denoting that which is plainly opposed to received notions of propriety and truth; as, an absurd man, project, opinion, story, argument, etc. Preposterous rises still higher, and supposes an absolute inversion in the order of things; or, in plain terms, a “putting of the cart before the horse;” as, a preposterous suggestion, preposterous conduct, a preposterous regulation or law.
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Absurd
Ab*surd" (ăb*sûrd"), n. An absurdity. [Obs.] Pope.
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Absurdity
Ab*surd"i*ty (-&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n.; pl. Absurdities (-t&ibreve_;z). [L. absurditas: cf. F. absurdite.] 1. The quality of being absurd or inconsistent with obvious truth, reason, or sound judgment. “The absurdity of the actual idea of an infinite number.” Locke.
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2. That which is absurd; an absurd action; a logical contradiction.
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His travels were full of absurdities. Johnson.
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Absurdly
Ab*surd"ly, adv. In an absurd manner.
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Absurdness
Ab*surd"ness, n. Absurdity. [R.]
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Abu Dhabi
Abu Dhabi prop. n. (Geography) The capital city of United Arab Emirates. Population (2000) = 363,432.
[PJC]

Abudefduf
Abudefduf prop. n. a genus comprising the damsel fishes.
Syn. -- genus Abudefduf.
[WordNet 1.5]

Abuja
Abuja prop. n. (Geography) The capital city of Nigeria. Population (2000) = 339,000.
[PJC]

abulia
abulia n. An abnormally intense inability to make decisions; severe irresolution.
Syn. -- indecision, indecisiveness, irresolution
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abulic
abulic adj. showing abnormal inability to act or make decisions
Syn. -- aboulic
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Abuna
A*bu"na (&adot_;*b&oomacr_;"n&adot_;), n. [Eth. and Ar., our father.] The Patriarch, or head of the Abyssinian Church.
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Abundance
A*bun"dance (&adot_;*bŭn"d&aitalic_;ns), n. [OE. (h)abundaunce, abundance, F. abondance, L. abundantia, fr. abundare. See Abound.] An overflowing fullness; ample sufficiency; great plenty; profusion; copious supply; superfluity; wealth: -- strictly applicable to quantity only, but sometimes used of number.
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It is lamentable to remember what abundance of noble blood hath been shed with small benefit to the Christian state. Raleigh.
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Syn. -- Exuberance; plenteousness; plenty; copiousness; overflow; riches; affluence; wealth. -- Abundance, Plenty, Exuberance. These words rise upon each other in expressing the idea of fullness. Plenty denotes a sufficiency to supply every want; as, plenty of food, plenty of money, etc. Abundance express more, and gives the idea of superfluity or excess; as, abundance of riches, an abundance of wit and humor; often, however, it only denotes plenty in a high degree. Exuberance rises still higher, and implies a bursting forth on every side, producing great superfluity or redundance; as, an exuberance of mirth, an exuberance of animal spirits, etc.
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Abundant
A*bun"dant (&unr_;), a. [OE. (h)abundant, aboundant, F. abondant, fr. L. abudans, p. pr. of abundare. See Abound.] Fully sufficient; plentiful; in copious supply; -- followed by in, rarely by with.Abundant in goodness and truth.” Exod. xxxiv. 6.
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Abundant number (Math.), a number, the sum of whose aliquot parts exceeds the number itself. Thus, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, the aliquot parts of 12, make the number 16. This is opposed to a deficient number, as 14, whose aliquot parts are 1, 2, 7, the sum of which is 10; and to a perfect number, which is equal to the sum of its aliquot parts, as 6, whose aliquot parts are 1, 2., 3.
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Syn. -- Ample; plentiful; copious; plenteous; exuberant; overflowing; rich; teeming; profuse; bountiful; liberal. See Ample.
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Abundantly
A*bun"dant*ly, adv. In a sufficient degree; fully; amply; plentifully; in large measure.
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Aburst
A*burst" (&unr_;), adv. [Pref. a- + burst.] In a bursting condition.
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Abusable
A*bus"a*ble (&unr_;), a. That may be abused.
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Abusage
A*bus"age (&unr_;), n. Abuse. [Obs.] Whately (1634).
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Abuse
A*buse" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abused (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Abusing.] [F. abuser; L. abusus, p. p. of abuti to abuse, misuse; ab + uti to use. See Use.] 1. To put to a wrong use; to misapply; to misuse; to put to a bad use; to use for a wrong purpose or end; to pervert; as, to abuse inherited gold; to make an excessive use of; as, to abuse one's authority.
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This principle (if one may so abuse the word) shoots rapidly into popularity. Froude.
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2. To use ill; to maltreat; to act injuriously to; to punish or to tax excessively; to hurt; as, to abuse prisoners, to abuse one's powers, one's patience.
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3. To revile; to reproach coarsely; to disparage.
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The . . . tellers of news abused the general. Macaulay.
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4. To dishonor. “Shall flight abuse your name?” Shak.
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5. To violate; to ravish. Spenser.
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6. To deceive; to impose on. [Obs.]
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Their eyes red and staring, cozened with a moist cloud, and abused by a double object. Jer. Taylor.
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Syn. -- To maltreat; injure; revile; reproach; vilify; vituperate; asperse; traduce; malign.
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Abuse
A*buse" (&unr_;), n. [F. abus, L. abusus, fr. abuti. See Abuse, v. t.] 1. Improper treatment or use; application to a wrong or bad purpose; misuse; as, an abuse of our natural powers; an abuse of civil rights, or of privileges or advantages; an abuse of language.
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Liberty may be endangered by the abuses of liberty, as well as by the abuses of power. Madison.
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2. Physical ill treatment; injury. “Rejoice . . . at the abuse of Falstaff.” Shak.
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3. A corrupt practice or custom; offense; crime; fault; as, the abuses in the civil service.
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Abuse after disappeared without a struggle.. Macaulay.
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4. Vituperative words; coarse, insulting speech; abusive language; virulent condemnation; reviling.
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The two parties, after exchanging a good deal of abuse, came to blows. Macaulay.
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5. Violation; rape; as, abuse of a female child. [Obs.]
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Or is it some abuse, and no such thing? Shak.
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Abuse of distress (Law), a wrongful using of an animal or chattel distrained, by the distrainer.
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Syn. -- Invective; contumely; reproach; scurrility; insult; opprobrium. -- Abuse, Invective. Abuse is generally prompted by anger, and vented in harsh and unseemly words. It is more personal and coarse than invective. Abuse generally takes place in private quarrels; invective in writing or public discussions. Invective may be conveyed in refined language and dictated by indignation against what is blameworthy. C. J. Smith.
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Abuseful
A*buse"ful (&unr_;), a. Full of abuse; abusive. [R.]Abuseful names.” Bp. Barlow.
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Abuser
A*bus"er (&unr_;), n. One who abuses [in the various senses of the verb].
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Abusion
A*bu"sion (&unr_;), n. [OE. abusion, abusioun, OF. abusion, fr. L. abusio misuse of words, f. abuti. See Abuse, v. t.] Evil or corrupt usage; abuse; wrong; reproach; deception; cheat. Chaucer.
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Abusive
A*bu"sive (&unr_;), a. [Cf. F. abusif, fr. L. abusivus.] 1. Wrongly used; perverted; misapplied.
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I am . . . necessitated to use the word Parliament improperly, according to the abusive acceptation thereof. Fuller.
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2. Given to misusing; also, full of abuses. [Archaic] “The abusive prerogatives of his see.” Hallam.
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3. Practicing abuse; prone to ill treat by coarse, insulting words or by other ill usage; as, an abusive author; an abusive fellow.
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4. Containing abuse, or serving as the instrument of abuse; vituperative; reproachful; scurrilous. “An abusive lampoon.” Johnson.
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5. Tending to deceive; fraudulent; cheating. [Obs.] “An abusive treaty.” Bacon.
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Syn. -- Reproachful; scurrilous; opprobrious; insolent; insulting; injurious; offensive; reviling.
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Abusively
A*bu"sive*ly, adv. In an abusive manner; rudely; with abusive language.
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Abusiveness
A*bu"sive*ness, n. The quality of being abusive; rudeness of language, or violence to the person.
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Pick out mirth, like stones out of thy ground,
Profaneness, filthiness, abusiveness.
Herbert.
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Abut
A*but" (&unr_;), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abutted; p. pr. & vb. n. Abutting.] [OF. abouter, aboter; cf. F. aboutir, and also abuter; a (L. ad) + OF. boter, buter, to push: cf. F. bout end, and but end, purpose.] To project; to terminate or border; to be contiguous; to meet; -- with on, upon, or against; as, his land abuts on the road.
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Abutilon
A*bu"ti*lon (&unr_;), n. [Ar. aubūtīlūn.] (Bot.) A genus of malvaceous plants of many species, found in the torrid and temperate zones of both continents; -- called also Indian mallow.
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Abutment
A*but"ment (&adot_;*bŭt"m&eitalic_;nt), n. 1. State of abutting.
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2. That on or against which a body abuts or presses; as (a) (Arch.) The solid part of a pier or wall, etc., which receives the thrust or lateral pressure of an arch, vault, or strut. Gwilt. (b) (Mech.) A fixed point or surface from which resistance or reaction is obtained, as the cylinder head of a steam engine, the fulcrum of a lever, etc. (c) In breech-loading firearms, the block behind the barrel which receives the pressure due to recoil.
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Abuttal
A*but"tal (&unr_;), n. The butting or boundary of land, particularly at the end; a headland. Spelman.
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Abutter
A*but"ter (&unr_;), n. One who, or that which, abuts. Specifically, the owner of a contiguous estate; as, the abutters on a street or a river.
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Abuzz
A*buzz" (&unr_;), a. [Pref. a- + buzz.] In a buzz; buzzing. [Colloq.] Dickens.
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Abyssinia
Abyssinia n. 1. same as Ethiopia.
Syn. -- Ethiopia, Yaltopya
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aby
aby v. 1. atone for, make amends for
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Abye
Aby
{ A*by", A*bye" } (&unr_;), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Abought (&unr_;).] [AS. ābycgan to pay for; pref. ā- (cf. Goth. us-, Ger. er-, orig. meaning out) + bycgan to buy. See Buy, and cf. Abide.] 1. To pay for; to suffer for; to atone for; to make amends for; to give satisfaction. [Obs.]
Syn. -- expiate
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Lest to thy peril thou aby it dear. Shak.
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2. To endure; to abide. [Obs.]
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But nought that wanteth rest can long aby. Spenser.
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Abysm
A*bysm" (&unr_;), n. [OF. abisme; F. abime, LL. abyssimus, a superl. of L. abyssus; Gr. &unr_;. See Abyss.] An abyss; a gulf. “The abysm of hell.” Shak.
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Abysmal
A*bys"mal (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to, or resembling, an abyss; bottomless; unending; profound.
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Geology gives one the same abysmal extent of time that astronomy does of space. Carlyle.
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Abysmally
A*bys"mal*ly, adv. To a fathomless depth; profoundly.Abysmally ignorant.” G. Eliot.
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Abyss
A*byss" (&unr_;), n. [L. abyssus a bottomless gulf, fr. Gr. &unr_; bottomless; 'a priv. + &unr_; depth, bottom.] 1. A bottomless or unfathomed depth, gulf, or chasm; hence, any deep, immeasurable, and, specifically, hell, or the bottomless pit.
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Ye powers and spirits of this nethermost abyss. Milton.
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The throne is darkness, in the abyss of light. Dryden.
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2. Infinite time; a vast intellectual or moral depth.
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The abysses of metaphysical theology. Macaulay.
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In unfathomable abysses of disgrace. Burke.
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3. (Her.) The center of an escutcheon.
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&hand_; This word, in its leading uses, is associated with the cosmological notions of the Hebrews, having reference to a supposed illimitable mass of waters from which our earth sprung, and beneath whose profound depths the wicked were punished. Encyc. Brit.
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Abyssal
A*byss"al (&unr_;), a. [Cf. Abysmal.] Belonging to, or resembling, an abyss; unfathomable.
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Abyssal zone (Phys. Geog.), one of the belts or zones into which Sir E. Forbes divides the bottom of the sea in describing its plants, animals, etc. It is the one furthest from the shore, embracing all beyond one hundred fathoms deep. Hence, abyssal animals, plants, etc.
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Abyssinian
Ab`ys*sin"i*an (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to Abyssinia.
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Abyssinian gold, an alloy of 90.74 parts of copper and 8.33 parts of zink. Ure.
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Abyssinian
Ab`ys*sin"i*an, n. 1. A native of Abyssinia.
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2. A member of the Abyssinian Church.
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Ac
Ac n. 1. the chemical symbol for actinum, a radioactive element.
Syn. -- actinium
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AC
AC n. [Acronym from alternating current.] an electric current that reverses direction sinusoidally. Alternative to direct curent, DC. [acron.]
Syn. -- alternating current
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Acacia
A*ca"ci*a (&unr_;), n. (Antiq.) A roll or bag, filled with dust, borne by Byzantine emperors, as a memento of mortality. It is represented on medals.
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acacia
a*ca"cia (&adot_;*kā"sh&adot_; or &adot_;*kā"sh&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n.; pl. E. acacias (&adot_;*kā"sh&adot_;z), L. acaciae (&adot_;*kā"sh&ibreve_;*ē). [L. from Gr. 'akaki`a; orig. the name of a thorny tree found in Egypt; prob. fr. the root ak to be sharp. See Acute.] 1. [capitalized] A genus of leguminous trees and shrubs. Nearly 300 species are Australian or Polynesian, and have terete or vertically compressed leaf stalks, instead of the bipinnate leaves of the much fewer species of America, Africa, etc. Very few are found in temperate climates.
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2. (Med.) The inspissated juice of several species of acacia; -- called also gum acacia, and gum arabic. AS
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Acacine
Acacin
Ac"a*cin, Ac"a*cine (&unr_;), n. Gum arabic.
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Academe
Ac`a*deme" (&unr_;), n. [L. academia. See Academy.] An academy. [Poetic] Shak.
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Academial
Ac`a*de"mi*al (&unr_;), a. Academic. [R.]
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Academian
Ac`a*de"mi*an (&unr_;), n. A member of an academy, university, or college.
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Academical
Academic
{ Ac`a*dem"ic (&unr_;), Ac`a*dem"ic*al (&unr_;), } a. [L. academicus: cf. F. académigue. See Academy.] 1. Belonging to the school or philosophy of Plato; as, the Academic sect or philosophy.
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2. Belonging to an academy or other higher institution of learning; scholarly; literary or classical, in distinction from scientific.Academic courses.” Warburton.Academical study.” Berkeley.
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Academic
Ac`a*dem"ic, n. 1. One holding the philosophy of Socrates and Plato; a Platonist. Hume.
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2. A member of an academy, college, or university; an academician.
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Academically
Ac`a*dem`ic*al*ly, adv. In an academical manner.
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Academicals
Ac`a*dem"ic*als (&unr_;), n. pl. The articles of dress prescribed and worn at some colleges and universities.
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Academician
Ac`a*de*mi"cian (#; 277), n. [F. académicien. See Academy.] 1. A member of an academy, or society for promoting science, art, or literature, as of the French Academy, or the Royal Academy of arts.
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2. A collegian. [R.] Chesterfield.
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academicianship
academicianship n. 1. the position or state of being a member of an honorary academy.
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Academicism
Ac`a*dem"i*cism (&unr_;), n. 1. A tenet of the Academic philosophy.
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2. A mannerism or mode peculiar to an academy.
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Academism
A*cad"e*mism (&unr_;), n. The doctrines of the Academic philosophy. [Obs.] Baxter.
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Academist
A*cad"e*mist (&unr_;), n. [F. academiste.] 1. An Academic philosopher.
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2. An academician. [Obs.] Ray.
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Academy
A*cad"e*my (&unr_;), n.; pl. Academies (&unr_;). [F. académie, L. academia. Cf. Academe.] 1. A garden or grove near Athens (so named from the hero Academus), where Plato and his followers held their philosophical conferences; hence, the school of philosophy of which Plato was head.
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2. An institution for the study of higher learning; a college or a university. Popularly, a school, or seminary of learning, holding a rank between a college and a common school.
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3. A place of training; a school.Academies of fanaticism.” Hume.
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4. A society of learned men united for the advancement of the arts and sciences, and literature, or some particular art or science; as, the French Academy; the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; academies of literature and philology.
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5. A school or place of training in which some special art is taught; as, the military academy at West Point; a riding academy; the Academy of Music.
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Academy figure (Paint.), a drawing usually half life-size, in crayon or pencil, after a nude model.
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Acadia
Acadia n. 1. the French-speaking part of the Canadian Maritime Provinces.
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Acadian
A*ca"di*an (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to Acadia, or Nova Scotia.Acadian farmers.” Longfellow. -- n. A native of Acadie.
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Acadian epoch (Geol.), an epoch at the beginning of the American paleozoic time, and including the oldest American rocks known to be fossiliferous. See Geology. -- Acadian owl (Zool.), a small North American owl (Nyctule Acadica); the saw-whet.
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Acajou
Ac"a*jou (&unr_;), n. [F. See Cashew.] (Bot.) (a) The cashew tree; also, its fruit. See Cashew. (b) The mahogany tree; also, its timber.
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Acalephan
Acaleph
{ Ac"a*leph (&unr_;), Ac`a*le"phan (&unr_;) } n.; pl. Acalephs (&unr_;), Acalephans (&unr_;). [See Acalephæ.] (Zool.) One of the Acalephæ.
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Acalephae
Ac`a*le"phæ (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. &unr_;, a nettle.] A group of Cœlenterata, including the Medusæ or jellyfishes, and hydroids; -- so called from the stinging power they possess. Sometimes called sea nettles.
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Acalephoid
Ac`ale"phoid (&unr_;), a. [Acaleph + -oid.] (Zool.) Belonging to or resembling the Acalephæ or jellyfishes.
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Acalysinous
Acalycine
A*cal"y*cine (&unr_;), Ac`a*lys`i*nous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_; calyx.] (Bot.) Without a calyx, or outer floral envelope.
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Acanth
A*canth" (&unr_;), n. Same as Acanthus.
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Acantha
A*can"tha (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; thorn, fr. &unr_; point. See Acute.] 1. (Bot.) A prickle.
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2. (Zool.) A spine or prickly fin.
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3. (Anat.) The vertebral column; the spinous process of a vertebra. Dunglison.
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Acanthaceous
Ac"an*tha"ceous (&unr_;), a. 1. Armed with prickles, as a plant.
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2. (Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants of which the acanthus is the type.
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Acanthine
A*can"thine (&unr_;), a. [L. acanthinus, Gr. &unr_;, thorny, fr. &unr_;. See Acanthus.] Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the plant acanthus.
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Acanthocarpous
A*can`tho*car"pous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_; thorn + &unr_; fruit.] (Bot.) Having the fruit covered with spines.
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Acanthocephala
A*can`tho*ceph"a*la (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; a spine, thorn + &unr_; head.] (Zool.) A group of intestinal worms, having the proboscis armed with recurved spines.
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Acanthocephalous
A*can`tho*ceph"a*lous (&unr_;), a. (Zool.) Having a spiny head, as one of the Acanthocephala.
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acanthous
acanthoid
acanthoid acanthous adj. 1. 1 shaped like a spine or thorn
Syn. -- spinous
[WordNet 1.5]

Acanthophis
Acanthophis n. 1. a genus of Australian elapid snakes.
Syn. -- genus Acanthophis.
[WordNet 1.5]

Acanthophorous
Ac`an*thoph"o*rous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; spine + fe`rein to bear.] Spine-bearing. Gray.
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Acanthopodious
A*can`tho*po"di*ous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_; thorn + &unr_;, &unr_;, foot.] (Bot.) Having spinous petioles.
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Acanthopteri
Ac`an*thop"ter*i (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; thorn + &unr_; wing, fin.] (Zool.) A group of teleostean fishes having spiny fins. See Acanthopterygii.
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Acanthopterous
Ac`an*thop"ter*ous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_; spine + &unr_; wing.] 1. (Zool.) Spiny-winged.
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2. (Zool.) Acanthopterygious.
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Acanthopterygian
Ac`an*thop`ter*yg"i*an (&unr_;), a. (Zool.) Belonging to the order of fishes having spinose fins, as the perch. -- n. A spiny-finned fish.
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Acanthopterygii
Ac`an*thop`ter*yg"i*i (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; thorn + &unr_; fin, dim. fr. &unr_; wing.] (Zool.) An order of fishes having some of the rays of the dorsal, ventral, and anal fins unarticulated and spinelike, as the perch.
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Acanthopterygious
Ac`an*thop`ter*yg"i*ous (&unr_;), a. (Zool.) Having fins in which the rays are hard and spinelike; spiny-finned.
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Acanthuridae
Acanthuridae n. 1. 1 a family of fishes consisting of the surgeonfishes. fish family
Syn. -- family Acanthuridae
[WordNet 1.5]

Acanthurus
Acanthurus n. 1. type genus of the family Acanthuridae; doctorfishes.
Syn. -- genus Acanthurus
[WordNet 1.5]

Acanthus
A*can"thus (&unr_;), n.; pl. E. Acanthuses (&unr_;), L. Acanthi (&unr_;). [L., from Gr. &unr_;. Cf. Acantha.]
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1. (Bot.) A genus of herbaceous prickly plants, found in the south of Europe, Asia Minor, and India; bear's-breech.
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2. (Arch.) An ornament resembling the foliage or leaves of the acanthus (Acanthus spinosus); -- used in the capitals of the Corinthian and Composite orders.
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A cappella
A cap*pel"la (&unr_;). [It. See Chapel.] (Mus.) (a) In church or chapel style; -- said of compositions sung in the old church style, without instrumental accompaniment; as, a mass a capella, i. e., a mass purely vocal. (b) A time indication, equivalent to alla breve.
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Acapsular
A*cap"su*lar (&unr_;), a. [Pref. a- not + capsular.] (Bot.) Having no capsule.
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Acardiac
A*car"di*ac (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_;; 'a priv. + &unr_; heart.] Without a heart; as, an acardiac fetus.
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acarid
acarid n. 1. very small free-living arachnid that is parasitic on animals or plants; related to ticks.
[WordNet 1.5]

Acaridae
Acaridae n. 1. the family of arachnids of the order Acarina consisting of mites.
Syn. -- family Acaridae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Acaridan
A*car"i*dan (&unr_;), n. [See Acarus.] (Zool.) One of a group of arachnids, including the mites and ticks.
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Acarina
Ac`a*ri"na (&unr_;), prop. n. pl. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; a mite.] (Zool.) The order of Arachnida which includes the mites and ticks. Many species are parasitic, and cause diseases like the itch and mange.
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acarine
ac"a*rine (ăk"&adot_;*r&ibreve_;n), a. (Med.) Of or caused by acari (acarids, or mites); as, acarine diseases.
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acarine
ac"a*rine (ăk"&adot_;*rēn), n. (Med.) A member of the order Acarina.
[PJC]

Acaroid
Ac"a*roid (&unr_;), a. [NL., acarus a mite + -oid.] (Zool.) Shaped like or resembling a mite.
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acarpelous
Acarpellous
Ac`ar*pel"lous, ac`ar*pel"ous (&unr_;), a. [Pref. a- not + carpel.] (Bot.) Having no carpels. Opposite of carpellate.
Syn. -- acarpe
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Acarpous
A*car"pous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_;; 'a priv. + karpo`s fruit.] (Bot.) Not producing fruit; unfruitful.
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Acarus
Ac"a*rus (&unr_;), n.; pl. Acari (&unr_;). [NL., from Gr. &unr_; the cheese mite, tick.] (Zool.) A genus including many species of small mites.
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Acatalectic
A*cat`a*lec"tic (&unr_;), a. [L. acatalecticus, Gr. &unr_;, not defective at the end; 'a priv. + &unr_; to cease.] (Pros.) Not defective; complete; as, an acatalectic verse. -- n. A verse which has the complete number of feet and syllables.
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Acatalepsy
A*cat"a*lep`sy (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;; 'a priv. + &unr_; to seize, comprehend.] Incomprehensibility of things; the doctrine held by the ancient Skeptic philosophers, that human knowledge never amounts to certainty, but only to probability.
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Acataleptic
A*cat`a*lep"tic (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_;.] Incapable of being comprehended; incomprehensible.
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Acater
A*ca"ter (&unr_;), n. See Caterer. [Obs.]
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Acates
A*cates" (&unr_;), n. pl. See Cates. [Obs.]
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Acaudate
A*cau"date (&unr_;), a. [Pref. a- not + caudate.] Tailless.
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Acaulescent
Ac`au*les"cent (&unr_;), a. [Pref. a- not + caulescent.] (Bot.) Having no stem or caulis, or only a very short one concealed in the ground. Gray.
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Acauline
A*cau"line (&unr_;), a. [Pref. a- not + cauline.] (Bot.) Same as Acaulescent.
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Acaulous
Acaulose
{ A*cau"lose (&unr_;), A*cau"lous (&unr_;), } a. [Gr. &unr_;; 'a priv. + &unr_; stalk or L. caulis stalk. See Cole.] (Bot.) Same as Acaulescent.
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Accadian
Ac*ca"di*an (&unr_;), a. [From the city Accad. See Gen. x. 10.] Pertaining to a race supposed to have lived in Babylonia before the Assyrian conquest.
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-- Ac*ca"di*an, n., Ac"cad (&unr_;), n. Sayce.
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Accede
Ac*cede" (&unr_;), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Acceded; p. pr. & vb. n. Acceding.] [L. accedere to approach, accede; ad + cedere to move, yield: cf. F. accédere. See Cede.]
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1. To approach; to come forward; -- opposed to recede. [Obs.] T. Gale.
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2. To enter upon an office or dignity; to attain.
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Edward IV., who had acceded to the throne in the year 1461. T. Warton.
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If Frederick had acceded to the supreme power. Morley.
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3. To become a party by associating one's self with others; to give one's adhesion. Hence, to agree or assent to a proposal or a view; as, he acceded to my request.
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The treaty of Hanover in 1725 . . . to which the Dutch afterwards acceded. Chesterfield.
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Syn. -- To agree; assent; consent; comply; acquiesce; concur.
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Accedence
Ac*ced"ence (&unr_;), n. The act of acceding.
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Acceder
Ac*ced"er (&unr_;), n. One who accedes.
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Accelerando
Ac*cel`er*an"do (&unr_;), a. [It.] (Mus.) Gradually accelerating the movement.
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Accelerate
Ac*cel"er*ate (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accelerated (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Accelerating.] [L. acceleratus, p. p. of accelerare; ad + celerare to hasten; celer quick. See Celerity.] 1. To cause to move faster; to quicken the motion of; to add to the speed of; -- opposed to retard.
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2. To quicken the natural or ordinary progression or process of; as, to accelerate the growth of a plant, the increase of wealth, etc.
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3. To hasten, as the occurence of an event; as, to accelerate our departure.
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Accelerated motion (Mech.), motion with a continually increasing velocity. -- Accelerating force, the force which causes accelerated motion. Nichol.
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Syn. -- To hasten; expedite; quicken; dispatch; forward; advance; further.
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accelerated
accelerated adj. 1. 1 caused to move faster
Syn. -- speeded up
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2. 1 caused to be completed in a shorter than normal time period; speeded up, as of an academic course; He took an accelerated curriculum, and graduated in three years. Opposite of delayed.
Syn. -- expedited
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Acceleration
Ac*cel`er*a"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. acceleratio: cf. F. accélération.] The act of accelerating, or the state of being accelerated; increase of motion or action; as, a falling body moves toward the earth with an acceleration of velocity; -- opposed to retardation.
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A period of social improvement, or of intellectual advancement, contains within itself a principle of acceleration. I. Taylor.
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(Astr. & Physics.) Acceleration of the moon, the increase of the moon's mean motion in its orbit, in consequence of which its period of revolution is now shorter than in ancient times. -- Acceleration and retardation of the tides. See Priming of the tides, under Priming. -- Diurnal acceleration of the fixed stars, the amount by which their apparent diurnal motion exceeds that of the sun, in consequence of which they daily come to the meridian of any place about three minutes fifty-six seconds of solar time earlier than on the day preceding. -- Acceleration of the planets, the increasing velocity of their motion, in proceeding from the apogee to the perigee of their orbits.
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Accelerative
Ac*cel"er*a*tive (&unr_;), a. Relating to acceleration; adding to velocity; quickening. Reid.
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Accelerator
Ac*cel"er*a`tor (&unr_;), n. One who, or that which, accelerates. Also as an adj.; as, accelerator nerves.
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Acceleratory
Ac*cel"er*a*to*ry (&unr_;), a. Accelerative.
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Accelerograph
Ac*cel"er*o*graph (&unr_;), n. [Accelerate + -graph.] (Mil.) An apparatus for studying the combustion of powder in guns, etc.
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Accelerometer
Ac*cel`er*om"e*ter (&unr_;), n. [Accelerate + -meter.] An apparatus for measuring the velocity imparted by gunpowder.
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Accend
Ac*cend" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. accendere, accensum, to kindle; ad + cand&ebreve_;re to kindle (only in compounds); rel. to candēre to be white, to gleam. See Candle.] To set on fire; to kindle. [Obs.] Fotherby.
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Accendibility
Ac*cend`i*bil"i*ty (&unr_;), n. Capacity of being kindled, or of becoming inflamed; inflammability.
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Accendible
Ac*cend"i*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being inflamed or kindled; combustible; inflammable. Ure.
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Accension
Ac*cen"sion (&unr_;), n. The act of kindling or the state of being kindled; ignition. Locke.
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Accensor
Ac*cen"sor (&unr_;), n. [LL., from p. p. accensus. See Accend.] (R. C. Ch.) One of the functionaries who light and trim the tapers.
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Accent
Ac"cent` (&unr_;), n. [F. accent, L. accentus; ad + cantus a singing, canere to sing. See Cant.] 1. A superior force of voice or of articulative effort upon some particular syllable of a word or a phrase, distinguishing it from the others.
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&hand_; Many English words have two accents, the primary and the secondary; the primary being uttered with a greater stress of voice than the secondary; as in as′pira&bprime_;tion, where the chief stress is on the third syllable, and a slighter stress on the first. Some words, as an′tiap′o-plec&bprime_;tic, in-com′pre-hen′si-bil&bprime_;i-ty, have two secondary accents. See Guide to Pron., §§ 30-46.
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2. A mark or character used in writing, and serving to regulate the pronunciation; esp.: (a) a mark to indicate the nature and place of the spoken accent; (b) a mark to indicate the quality of sound of the vowel marked; as, the French accents.
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&hand_; In the ancient Greek the acute accent (′) meant a raised tone or pitch, the grave (`), the level tone or simply the negation of accent, the circumflex ( ~ or ^) a tone raised and then depressed. In works on elocution, the first is often used to denote the rising inflection of the voice; the second, the falling inflection; and the third (^), the compound or waving inflection. In dictionaries, spelling books, and the like, the acute accent is used to designate the syllable which receives the chief stress of voice.
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3. Modulation of the voice in speaking; manner of speaking or pronouncing; peculiar or characteristic modification of the voice; tone; as, a foreign accent; a French or a German accent. “Beguiled you in a plain accent.” Shak. “A perfect accent.” Thackeray.
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The tender accent of a woman's cry. Prior.
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4. A word; a significant tone; (pl.) expressions in general; speech.
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Winds! on your wings to Heaven her accents bear,
Such words as Heaven alone is fit to hear.
Dryden.
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5. (Pros.) Stress laid on certain syllables of a verse.
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6. (Mus.) (a) A regularly recurring stress upon the tone to mark the beginning, and, more feebly, the third part of the measure. (b) A special emphasis of a tone, even in the weaker part of the measure. (c) The rhythmical accent, which marks phrases and sections of a period. (d) The expressive emphasis and shading of a passage. J. S. Dwight.
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7. (Math.) (a) A mark placed at the right hand of a letter, and a little above it, to distinguish magnitudes of a similar kind expressed by the same letter, but differing in value, as y′, y″. (b) (Trigon.) A mark at the right hand of a number, indicating minutes of a degree, seconds, etc.; as, 12′27″, i. e., twelve minutes twenty seven seconds. (c) (Engin.) A mark used to denote feet and inches; as, 6′ 10″ is six feet ten inches.
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Accent
Ac*cent" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accented; p. pr. & vb. n. Accenting.] [OF. accenter, F. accentuer.]
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1. To express the accent of (either by the voice or by a mark); to utter or to mark with accent.
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2. To mark emphatically; to emphasize.
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Accentless
Ac"cent`less (&unr_;), a. Without accent.
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accented
accented adj. 1. (Phonology) having the main stress of a word; -- used of syllables
Syn. -- tonic (vs. atonic)
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2. 1 being pronounced with sterss; -- used of syllables
Syn. -- heavy, strong
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accenting
accenting n. 1. the act of giving special importance or significance to something.
Syn. -- emphasizing
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Accentor
Ac*cen"tor (&unr_;), n. [L. ad. + cantor singer, canere to sing.] 1. (Mus.) One who sings the leading part; the director or leader. [Obs.]
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2. (Zool.) A genus of European birds (so named from their sweet notes), including the hedge warbler. In America sometimes applied to the water thrushes.
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Accentuable
Ac*cen"tu*a*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being accented.
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Accentual
Ac*cen"tu*al (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to accent; characterized or formed by accent.
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Accentuality
Ac*cen`tu*al"i*ty (&unr_;), n. The quality of being accentual.
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Accentually
Ac*cen"tu*al*ly (&unr_;), adv. In an accentual manner; in accordance with accent.
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Accentuate
Ac*cen"tu*ate (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accentuated (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Accentuating.] [LL. accentuatus, p. p. of accentuare, fr. L. accentus: cf. F. accentuer.] 1. To pronounce with an accent or with accents.
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2. To bring out distinctly; to make prominent; to emphasize.
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In Bosnia, the struggle between East and West was even more accentuated. London Times.
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3. To mark with the written accent.
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Accentuation
Ac*cen`tu*a"tion (&unr_;), n. [LL. accentuatio: cf. F. accentuation.] Act of accentuating; applications of accent. Specifically (Eccles. Mus.), pitch or modulation of the voice in reciting portions of the liturgy.
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Accept
Ac*cept" (ăk*s&ebreve_;pt"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accepted; p. pr. & vb. n. Accepting.] [F. accepter, L. acceptare, freq. of accipere; ad + capere to take; akin to E. heave.]
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1. To receive with a consenting mind (something offered); as, to accept a gift; -- often followed by of.
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If you accept them, then their worth is great. Shak.
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To accept of ransom for my son. Milton.
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She accepted of a treat. Addison.
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2. To receive with favor; to approve.
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The Lord accept thy burnt sacrifice. Ps. xx. 3.
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Peradventure he will accept of me. Gen. xxxii. 20.
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3. To receive or admit and agree to; to assent to; as, I accept your proposal, amendment, or excuse.
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4. To take by the mind; to understand; as, How are these words to be accepted?
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5. (Com.) To receive as obligatory and promise to pay; as, to accept a bill of exchange. Bouvier.
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6. In a deliberate body, to receive in acquittance of a duty imposed; as, to accept the report of a committee. [This makes it the property of the body, and the question is then on its adoption.]
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To accept a bill (Law), to agree (on the part of the drawee) to pay it when due. -- To accept service (Law), to agree that a writ or process shall be considered as regularly served, when it has not been. -- To accept the person (Eccl.), to show favoritism. “God accepteth no man's person.” Gal. ii. 6.
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Syn. -- To receive; take; admit. See Receive.
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Accept
Ac*cept", a. Accepted. [Obs.] Shak.
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Acceptability
Ac*cept`a*bil"i*ty (&unr_;), n. [LL. acceptabilitas.] The quality of being acceptable; acceptableness.Acceptability of repentance.” Jer. Taylor.
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Acceptable
Ac*cept"a*ble (-s&ebreve_;pt"&adot_;*b'l; 277), a. [F. acceptable, L. acceptabilis, fr. acceptare.] Capable, worthy, or sure of being accepted or received with pleasure; pleasing to a receiver; gratifying; agreeable; welcome; as, an acceptable present, one acceptable to us.
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Acceptableness
Ac*cept"a*ble*ness (ăk*s&ebreve_;pt"&adot_;*b'l*n&ebreve_;s), n. The quality of being acceptable, or suitable to be favorably received; acceptability.
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Acceptably
Ac*cept"a*bly, adv. In an acceptable manner; in a manner to please or give satisfaction.
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Acceptance
Ac*cept"ance (&unr_;), n. 1. The act of accepting; a receiving what is offered, with approbation, satisfaction, or acquiescence; esp., favorable reception; approval; as, the acceptance of a gift, office, doctrine, etc.
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They shall come up with acceptance on mine altar. Isa. lx. 7.
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2. State of being accepted; acceptableness. “Makes it assured of acceptance.” Shak.
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3. (Com.) (a) An assent and engagement by the person on whom a bill of exchange is drawn, to pay it when due according to the terms of the acceptance. (b) The bill itself when accepted.
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4. An agreeing to terms or proposals by which a bargain is concluded and the parties are bound; the reception or taking of a thing bought as that for which it was bought, or as that agreed to be delivered, or the taking possession as owner.
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5. (Law) An agreeing to the action of another, by some act which binds the person in law.
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&hand_; What acts shall amount to such an acceptance is often a question of great nicety and difficulty. Mozley & W.
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&hand_; In modern law, proposal and acceptance are the constituent elements into which all contracts are resolved.
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acceptance of a bill of exchange, acceptance of a check, acceptance of a draft, or acceptance of an order, is an engagement to pay it according to the terms. This engagement is usually made by writing the word “accepted” across the face of the bill. Acceptance of goods, under the statute of frauds, is an intelligent acceptance by a party knowing the nature of the transaction.
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6. Meaning; acceptation. [Obs.]
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Acceptance of persons, partiality, favoritism. See under Accept.
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Acceptancy
Ac*cept"an*cy (&unr_;), n. Acceptance. [R.]
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Here's a proof of gift,
But here's no proof, sir, of acceptancy.
Mrs. Browning.
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Acceptant
Ac*cept"ant (&unr_;), a. Accepting; receiving.
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Acceptant
Ac*cept"ant, n. An accepter. Chapman.
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Acceptation
Ac`cep*ta"tion (&unr_;), n. 1. Acceptance; reception; favorable reception or regard; state of being acceptable. [Obs.]
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This is saying worthy of all acceptation. 1 Tim. i. 15.
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Some things . . . are notwithstanding of so great dignity and acceptation with God. Hooker.
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2. The meaning in which a word or expression is understood, or generally received; as, term is to be used according to its usual acceptation.
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My words, in common acceptation,
Could never give this provocation.
Gay.
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Acceptedly
Ac*cept"ed*ly (&unr_;), adv. In a accepted manner; admittedly.
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Accepter
Ac*cept"er (&unr_;), n. 1. A person who accepts; a taker.
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2. A respecter; a viewer with partiality. [Obs.]
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God is no accepter of persons. Chillingworth.
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3. (Law) An acceptor.
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Acceptilation
Ac*cep`ti*la"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. acceptilatio entry of a debt collected, acquittance, fr. p. p. of accipere (cf. Accept) + latio a carrying, fr. latus, p. p. of ferre to carry: cf. F. acceptilation.] (Civil Law) Gratuitous discharge; a release from debt or obligation without payment; free remission.
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Acception
Ac*cep"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. acceptio a receiving, accepting: cf. F. acception.] Acceptation; the received meaning. [Obs.]
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Here the word “baron” is not to be taken in that restrictive sense to which the modern acception hath confined it. Fuller.
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Acception of persons or faces (Eccl.), favoritism; partiality. [Obs.] Wyclif.
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Acceptive
Ac*cept"ive (&unr_;), a. 1. Fit for acceptance.
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2. Ready to accept. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Acceptor
Ac*cept"or (#; 277), n. [L.] One who accepts; specifically (Law & Com.), one who accepts an order or a bill of exchange; a drawee after he has accepted.
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Access
Ac*cess" (#; 277), n. [F. accès, L. accessus, fr. accedere. See Accede.] 1. A coming to, or near approach; admittance; admission; accessibility; as, to gain access to a prince.
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I did repel his letters, and denied
His access to me.
Shak.
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2. The means, place, or way by which a thing may be approached; passage way; as, the access is by a neck of land. “All access was thronged.” Milton.
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3. Admission to sexual intercourse.
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During coverture, access of the husband shall be presumed, unless the contrary be shown. Blackstone.
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4. Increase by something added; addition; as, an access of territory. [In this sense accession is more generally used.]
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I, from the influence of thy looks, receive
Access in every virtue.
Milton.
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5. An onset, attack, or fit of disease.
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The first access looked like an apoplexy. Burnet.
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6. A paroxysm; a fit of passion; an outburst; as, an access of fury. [A Gallicism]
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Accessarily
Ac*ces"sa*ri*ly (&unr_;), adv. In the manner of an accessary.
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Accessariness
Ac*ces"sa*ri*ness, n. The state of being accessary.
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Accessary
Ac*ces"sa*ry (#; 277), a. Accompanying, as a subordinate; additional; accessory; esp., uniting in, or contributing to, a crime, but not as chief actor. See Accessory.
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To both their deaths thou shalt be accessary. Shak.
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Amongst many secondary and accessary causes that support monarchy, these are not of least reckoning. Milton.
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Accessary
Ac*ces"sa*ry (277), n.; pl. Accessaries (&unr_;). [Cf. Accessory and LL. accessarius.] (Law) One who, not being present, contributes as an assistant or instigator to the commission of an offense.
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Accessary before the fact (Law), one who commands or counsels an offense, not being present at its commission. -- Accessary after the fact, one who, after an offense, assists or shelters the offender, not being present at the commission of the offense.
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&hand_; This word, as used in law, is spelt accessory by Blackstone and many others; but in this sense is spelt accessary by Bouvier, Burrill, Burns, Whishaw, Dane, and the Penny Cyclopedia; while in other senses it is spelt accessory. In recent text-books on criminal law the distinction is not preserved, the spelling being either accessary or accessory.
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Accessibility
Ac*cess`i*bil"i*ty (&unr_;), n. [L. accessibilitas: cf. F. accessibilité.] The quality of being accessible, or of admitting approach; receptibility. Langhorne.
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Accessible
Ac*cess"i*ble (&unr_;), a. [L. accessibilis, fr. accedere: cf. F. accessible. See Accede.] 1. Easy of access or approach; approachable; as, an accessible town or mountain, an accessible person.
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2. Open to the influence of; -- with to. “Minds accessible to reason.” Macaulay.
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3. Obtainable; to be got at.
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The best information . . . at present accessible. Macaulay.
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Accessibly
Ac*cess"i*bly (&unr_;), adv. In an accessible manner.
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Accession
Ac*ces"sion (&unr_;), n. [L. accessio, fr. accedere: cf. F. accession. See Accede.] 1. A coming to; the act of acceding and becoming joined; as, a king's accession to a confederacy.
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2. Increase by something added; that which is added; augmentation from without; as, an accession of wealth or territory.
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The only accession which the Roman empire received was the province of Britain. Gibbon.
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3. (Law) (a) A mode of acquiring property, by which the owner of a corporeal substance which receives an addition by growth, or by labor, has a right to the part or thing added, or the improvement (provided the thing is not changed into a different species). Thus, the owner of a cow becomes the owner of her calf. (b) The act by which one power becomes party to engagements already in force between other powers. Kent.
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4. The act of coming to or reaching a throne, an office, or dignity; as, the accession of the house of Stuart; -- applied especially to the epoch of a new dynasty.
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5. (Med.) The invasion, approach, or commencement of a disease; a fit or paroxysm. AS
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Syn. -- Increase; addition; augmentation; enlargement.
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Accessional
Ac*ces"sion*al (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to accession; additional. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Accessive
Ac*ces"sive (&unr_;), a. Additional.
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Accessorial
Ac`ces*so"ri*al (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to an accessory; as, accessorial agency, accessorial guilt.
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Accessorily
Ac*ces"so*ri*ly (&unr_;), adv. In the manner of an accessory; auxiliary.
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Accessoriness
Ac*ces"so*ri*ness, n. The state of being accessory, or connected subordinately.
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Accessory
Ac*ces"so*ry (#; 277), a. [L. accessorius. See Access, and cf. Accessary.] Accompanying as a subordinate; aiding in a secondary way; additional; connected as an incident or subordinate to a principal; contributing or contributory; said of persons and things, and, when of persons, usually in a bad sense; as, he was accessory to the riot; accessory sounds in music.
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&hand_; Ash accents the antepenult; and this is not only more regular, but preferable, on account of easiness of pronunciation. Most orhoëpists place the accent on the first syllable.
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Syn. -- Accompanying; contributory; auxiliary; subsidiary; subservient; additional; acceding.
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Accessory
Ac*ces"so*ry, n.; pl. Accessories (&unr_;). 1. That which belongs to something else deemed the principal; something additional and subordinate. “The aspect and accessories of a den of banditti.” Carlyle.
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2. (Law) Same as Accessary, n.
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3. (Fine Arts) Anything that enters into a work of art without being indispensably necessary, as mere ornamental parts. Elmes.
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Syn. -- Abettor; accomplice; ally; coadjutor. See Abettor.
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Acciaccatura
Ac*ciac`ca*tu"ra (&unr_;), n. [It., from acciaccare to crush.] (Mus.) A short grace note, one semitone below the note to which it is prefixed; -- used especially in organ music. Now used as equivalent to the short appoggiatura.
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Accidence
Ac"ci*dence (&unr_;), n. [A corruption of Eng. accidents, pl. of accident. See Accident, 2.] 1. The accidents, of inflections of words; the rudiments of grammar. Milton.
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2. The rudiments of any subject. Lowell.
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Accident
Ac"ci*dent (&unr_;), n. [F. accident, fr. L. accidens, -dentis, p. pr. of accidere to happen; ad + cadere to fall. See Cadence, Case.] 1. Literally, a befalling; an event that takes place without one's foresight or expectation; an undesigned, sudden, and unexpected event; chance; contingency; often, an undesigned and unforeseen occurrence of an afflictive or unfortunate character; a casualty; a mishap; as, to die by an accident.
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Of moving accidents by flood and field. Shak.
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Thou cam'st not to thy place by accident:
It is the very place God meant for thee.
Trench.
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2. (Gram.) A property attached to a word, but not essential to it, as gender, number, case.
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3. (Her.) A point or mark which may be retained or omitted in a coat of arms.
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4. (Log.) (a) A property or quality of a thing which is not essential to it, as whiteness in paper; an attribute. (b) A quality or attribute in distinction from the substance, as sweetness, softness.
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5. Any accidental property, fact, or relation; an accidental or nonessential; as, beauty is an accident.
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This accident, as I call it, of Athens being situated some miles from the sea. J. P. Mahaffy.
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6. Unusual appearance or effect. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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&hand_; Accident, in Law, is equivalent to casus, or such unforeseen, extraordinary, extraneous interference as is out of the range of ordinary calculation.
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Accidental
Ac`ci*den"tal (&unr_;), a. [Cf. F. accidentel, earlier accidental.] 1. Happening by chance, or unexpectedly; taking place not according to the usual course of things; casual; fortuitous; as, an accidental visit.
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2. Nonessential; not necessary belonging; incidental; as, are accidental to a play.
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Accidental chords (Mus.), those which contain one or more tones foreign to their proper harmony. -- Accidental colors (Opt.), colors depending on the hypersensibility of the retina of the eye for complementary colors. They are purely subjective sensations of color which often result from the contemplation of actually colored bodies. -- Accidental point (Persp.), the point in which a right line, drawn from the eye, parallel to a given right line, cuts the perspective plane; so called to distinguish it from the principal point, or point of view, where a line drawn from the eye perpendicular to the perspective plane meets this plane. -- Accidental lights (Paint.), secondary lights; effects of light other than ordinary daylight, such as the rays of the sun darting through a cloud, or between the leaves of trees; the effect of moonlight, candlelight, or burning bodies. Fairholt.
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Syn. -- Casual; fortuitous; contingent; occasional; adventitious. -- Accidental, Incidental, Casual, Fortuitous, Contingent. We speak of a thing as accidental when it falls out as by chance, and not in the regular course of things; as, an accidental meeting, an accidental advantage, etc. We call a thing incidental when it falls, as it were, into some regular course of things, but is secondary, and forms no essential part thereof; as, an incremental remark, an incidental evil, an incidental benefit. We speak of a thing as casual, when it falls out or happens, as it were, by mere chance, without being prearranged or premeditated; as, a casual remark or encounter; a casual observer. An idea of the unimportant is attached to what is casual. Fortuitous is applied to what occurs without any known cause, and in opposition to what has been foreseen; as, a fortuitous concourse of atoms. We call a thing contingent when it is such that, considered in itself, it may or may not happen, but is dependent for its existence on something else; as, the time of my coming will be contingent on intelligence yet to be received.
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Accidental
Ac`ci*den"tal (&unr_;), n. 1. A property which is not essential; a nonessential; anything happening accidentally.
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He conceived it just that accidentals . . . should sink with the substance of the accusation. Fuller.
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2. pl. (Paint.) Those fortuitous effects produced by luminous rays falling on certain objects so that some parts stand forth in abnormal brightness and other parts are cast into a deep shadow.
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3. (Mus.) A sharp, flat, or natural, occurring not at the commencement of a piece of music as the signature, but before a particular note.
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Accidentalism
Ac`ci*den"tal*ism (&unr_;), n. Accidental character or effect. Ruskin.
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Accidentality
Ac`ci*den*tal"i*ty (&unr_;), n. The quality of being accidental; accidentalness. [R.] Coleridge.
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Accidentally
Ac`ci*den"tal*ly (&unr_;), adv. In an accidental manner; unexpectedly; by chance; unintentionally; casually; fortuitously; not essentially.
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Accidentalness
Ac`ci*den"tal*ness, n. The quality of being accidental; casualness.
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Accidie
Ac"ci*die (&unr_;), n. [OF. accide, accidie, LL. accidia, acedia, fr. Gr. &unr_;; 'a priv. + &unr_; care.] Sloth; torpor. [Obs.] “The sin of accidie.” Chaucer.
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Accipenser
Ac`ci*pen"ser (&unr_;), n. See Acipenser.
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Accipient
Ac*cip"i*ent (&unr_;), n. [L. accipiens, p. pr. of accipere. See Accept.] A receiver. [R.] Bailey
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Accipiter
Ac*cip"i*ter (&unr_;), n.; pl. E. Accipiters (&unr_;). L. Accipitres (&unr_;). [L., hawk.] 1. (Zool.) A genus of rapacious birds; one of the Accipitres or Raptores.
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2. (Surg.) A bandage applied over the nose, resembling the claw of a hawk.
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Accipitral
Ac*cip"i*tral (&unr_;), n. Pertaining to, or of the nature of, a falcon or hawk; hawklike. Lowell.
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Accipitres
Ac*cip"i*tres (&unr_;), n. pl. [L., hawks.] (Zool.) The order that includes rapacious birds. They have a hooked bill, and sharp, strongly curved talons. There are three families, represented by the vultures, the falcons or hawks, and the owls.
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Accipitridae
Accipitridae n. 1. 1 a family of birds consisting of the hawks; -- this family includes the Old World vultures; kites; harriers; and eagles.
Syn. -- family Accipitridae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Accipitriformes
Accipitriformes n. 1. 1 in some classifications an alternative name for the Falconiformes.
Syn. -- order Accipitriformes.
[WordNet 1.5]

Accipitrine
Ac*cip"i*trine (#; 277), a. [Cf. F. accipitrin.] (Zool.) Like or belonging to the Accipitres; raptorial; hawklike.
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Accismus
Ac*cis"mus (&unr_;), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;.] (Rhet.) Affected refusal; coyness.
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Accite
Ac*cite" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. accitus, p. p. of accire, accere, to call for; ad + ciere to move, call. See Cite.] To cite; to summon. [Obs.]
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Our heralds now accited all that were
Endamaged by the Elians.
Chapman.
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Acclaim
Ac*claim" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. acclamare; ad + clamare to cry out. See Claim, Clamor.] [R.] 1. To applaud. “A glad acclaiming train.” Thomson.
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2. To declare by acclamations.
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While the shouting crowd
Acclaims thee king of traitors.
Smollett.
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3. To shout; as, to acclaim my joy.
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Acclaim
Ac*claim", v. i. To shout applause.
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Acclaim
Ac*claim", n. Acclamation. [Poetic] Milton.
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Acclaimer
Ac*claim"er (&unr_;), n. One who acclaims.
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Acclamation
Ac`cla*ma"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. acclamatio: cf. F. acclamation.] 1. A shout of approbation, favor, or assent; eager expression of approval; loud applause.
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On such a day, a holiday having been voted by acclamation, an ordinary walk would not satisfy the children. Southey.
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2. (Antiq.) A representation, in sculpture or on medals, of people expressing joy.
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3. In parliamentary usage, the act or method of voting orally and by groups rather than by ballot, esp. in elections; specif. (R. C. Ch.), the election of a pope or other ecclesiastic by unanimous consent of the electors, without a ballot.
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Acclamation medals are those on which laudatory acclamations are recorded. Elmes.
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Acclamatory
Ac*clam"a*to*ry (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to, or expressing approval by, acclamation.
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Acclimatable
Ac*cli"ma*ta*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being acclimated.
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Acclimatation
Ac*cli`ma*ta"tion (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. acclimation. See Acclimate.] Acclimatization.
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Acclimate
Ac*cli"mate (#; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acclimated (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Acclimating.] [F. acclimater; à (l. ad) + climat climate. See Climate.] To habituate to a climate not native; to acclimatize. J. H. Newman.
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Acclimatement
Ac*cli"mate*ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. Acclimation. [R.]
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Acclimation
Ac`cli*ma"tion (&unr_;), n. The process of becoming, or the state of being, acclimated, or habituated to a new climate; acclimatization.
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Acclimatizable
Ac*cli"ma*ti`za*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being acclimatized.
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Acclimatization
Ac*cli"ma*ti*za"tion (ăk`klī"m&adot_;*t&ibreve_;*zā"shŭn), n. The act of acclimatizing; the process of inuring to a new climate, or the state of being so inured. Darwin.
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Acclimatize
Ac*cli"ma*tize (ăk`klī"m&adot_;*tīz), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acclimatized (ăk`klī"m&adot_;*tīzd); p. pr. & vb. n. Acclimatizing (ăk`klī"m&adot_;*tī`z&ibreve_;ng).] To inure or habituate to a climate different from that which is natural; to adapt to the peculiarities of a foreign or strange climate; said of man, the inferior animals, or plants.
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Acclimature
Ac*cli"ma*ture (ăk`klī"m&adot_;*t&uuptack_;r; 135), n. The act of acclimating, or the state of being acclimated. [R.] Caldwell.
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Acclive
Ac*clive" (&unr_;), a. Acclivous. [Obs.]
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Acclivitous
Ac*cliv"i*tous (&unr_;), a. Acclivous. I. Taylor.
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Acclivity
Ac*cliv"i*ty, n.; pl. Acclivities (&unr_;). [L. acclivitas, fr. acclivis, acclivus, ascending; ad + clivus a hill, slope, fr. root kli to lean. See Lean.] A slope or inclination of the earth, as the side of a hill, considered as ascending, in opposition to declivity, or descending; an upward slope; ascent.
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Acclivous
Ac*cli"vous (#; 277), a. [L. acclivis and acclivus.] Sloping upward; rising as a hillside; -- opposed to declivous.
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Accloy
Ac*cloy" (ăk*kloi"), v. t. [OF. encloyer, encloer, F. enclouer, to drive in a nail, fr. L. in + clavus nail.] To fill to satiety; to stuff full; to clog; to overload; to burden. See Cloy. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Accoast
Ac*coast" (ăk*kōst"), v. t. & i. [See Accost, Coast.] To lie or sail along the coast or side of; to accost. [Obs.]
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Whether high towering or accoasting low. Spenser.
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Accoil
Ac*coil" (ăk*koil"), v. t. [OE. acoillir to receive, F. accueillir; L. ad + colligere to collect. See Coil.] 1. To gather together; to collect. [Obs.] Spenser.
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2. (Naut.) To coil together. Ham. Nav. Encyc.
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Accolade
Ac`co*lade" (ăk`k&ouptack_;*lād" or ăk`k&ouptack_;*l&adot_;d"; 277), n. [F. accolade, It. accolata, fr. accollare to embrace; L. ad + collum neck.] 1. A ceremony formerly used in conferring knighthood, consisting of an embrace, and a slight blow on the shoulders with the flat blade of a sword.
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2. (Mus.) A brace used to join two or more staves.
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Accombination
Ac*com*bi*na"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. ad + E. combination.] A combining together. [R.]
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Accommodable
Ac*com"mo*da*ble (&unr_;), a. [Cf. F. accommodable.] That may be accommodated, fitted, or made to agree. [R.] I. Watts.
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Accommodableness
Ac*com"mo*dable*ness, n. The quality or condition of being accommodable. [R.] Todd.
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Accommodate
Ac*com"mo*date (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accommodated (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Accommodating (&unr_;).] [L. accommodatus, p. p. of accommodare; ad + commodare to make fit, help; con- + modus measure, proportion. See Mode.] 1. To render fit, suitable, or correspondent; to adapt; to conform; as, to accommodate ourselves to circumstances. “They accommodate their counsels to his inclination.” Addison.
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2. To bring into agreement or harmony; to reconcile; to compose; to adjust; to settle; as, to accommodate differences, a dispute, etc.
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3. To furnish with something desired, needed, or convenient; to favor; to oblige; as, to accommodate a friend with a loan or with lodgings.
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4. To show the correspondence of; to apply or make suit by analogy; to adapt or fit, as teachings to accidental circumstances, statements to facts, etc.; as, to accommodate prophecy to events.
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Syn. -- To suit; adapt; conform; adjust; arrange.
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Accommodate
Ac*com"mo*date, v. i. To adapt one's self; to be conformable or adapted. [R.] Boyle.
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Accommodate
Ac*com"mo*date (&unr_;), a. [L. accommodatus, p. p. of accommodare.] Suitable; fit; adapted; as, means accommodate to end. [Archaic] Tillotson.
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Accommodately
Ac*com"mo*date*ly, adv. Suitably; fitly. [R.]
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Accommodateness
Ac*com"mo*date*ness, n. Fitness. [R.]
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Accommodating
Ac*com"mo*da`ting (&unr_;), a. Affording, or disposed to afford, accommodation; obliging; as an accommodating man, spirit, arrangement.
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Accommodation
Ac*com`mo*da"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. accommodatio, fr. accommodare: cf. F. accommodation.]
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1. The act of fitting or adapting, or the state of being fitted or adapted; adaptation; adjustment; -- followed by to. “The organization of the body with accommodation to its functions.” Sir M. Hale.
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2. Willingness to accommodate; obligingness.
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3. Whatever supplies a want or affords ease, refreshment, or convenience; anything furnished which is desired or needful; -- often in the plural; as, the accommodations -- that is, lodgings and food -- at an inn. Sir W. Scott.
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4. An adjustment of differences; state of agreement; reconciliation; settlement. “To come to terms of accommodation.” Macaulay.
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5. The application of a writer's language, on the ground of analogy, to something not originally referred to or intended.
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Many of those quotations from the Old Testament were probably intended as nothing more than accommodations. Paley.
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6. (Com.) (a) A loan of money. (b) An accommodation bill or note.
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Accommodation bill, or note (Com.), a bill of exchange which a person accepts, or a note which a person makes and delivers to another, not upon a consideration received, but for the purpose of raising money on credit. -- Accommodation coach, or train, one running at moderate speed and stopping at all or nearly all stations. -- Accommodation ladder (Naut.), a light ladder hung over the side of a ship at the gangway, useful in ascending from, or descending to, small boats.
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Accommodator
Ac*com"mo*da`tor (&unr_;), n. He who, or that which, accommodates. Warburton.
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Accompanable
Ac*com"pa*na*ble (&unr_;), a. Sociable. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.
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accompanied
accompanied adj. 1. having companions or an escort
Syn. -- accompanied (vs. un), attended
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Accompanier
Ac*com"pa*ni*er (&unr_;), n. He who, or that which, accompanies. Lamb.
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Accompaniment
Ac*com"pa*ni*ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. [F. accompagnement.] That which accompanies; something that attends as a circumstance, or which is added to give greater completeness to the principal thing, or by way of ornament, or for the sake of symmetry. Specifically: (Mus.) A part performed by instruments, accompanying another part or parts performed by voices; the subordinate part, or parts, accompanying the voice or a principal instrument; also, the harmony of a figured bass. P. Cyc.
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Accompanist
Ac*com"pa*nist (&unr_;), n. The performer in music who takes the accompanying part. Busby.
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Accompany
Ac*com"pa*ny (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accompanied (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Accompanying (&unr_;)] [OF. aacompaignier, F. accompagner, to associate with, fr. OF. compaign, compain, companion. See Company.] 1. To go with or attend as a companion or associate; to keep company with; to go along with; -- followed by with or by; as, he accompanied his speech with a bow.
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The Persian dames, . . .
In sumptuous cars, accompanied his march.
Glover.
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They are never alone that are accompanied with noble thoughts. Sir P. Sidney.
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He was accompanied by two carts filled with wounded rebels. Macaulay.
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2. To cohabit with. [Obs.] Sir T. Herbert.
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Syn. -- To attend; escort; go with. -- To Accompany, Attend, Escort. We accompany those with whom we go as companions. The word imports an equality of station. We attend those whom we wait upon or follow. The word conveys an idea of subordination. We escort those whom we attend with a view to guard and protect. A gentleman accompanies a friend to some public place; he attends or escorts a lady.
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Accompany
Ac*com"pa*ny, v. i. 1. To associate in a company; to keep company. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Men say that they will drive away one another, . . . and not accompany together. Holland.
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2. To cohabit (with). [Obs.] Milton.
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3. (Mus.) To perform an accompanying part or parts in a composition.
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accompanyist
accompanyist n. 1. a person who provides musical accompaniment (usually on a piano).
Syn. -- accompanist
[WordNet 1.5]

Accompletive
Ac*com"ple*tive (&unr_;), a. [L. ad + complere, completum, to fill up.] Tending to accomplish. [R.]
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Accomplice
Ac*com"plice (&unr_;), n. [Ac- (perh. for the article a or for L. ad) + E. complice. See Complice.]
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1. A cooperator. [R.]
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Success unto our valiant general,
And happiness to his accomplices!
Shak.
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2. (Law) An associate in the commission of a crime; a participator in an offense, whether a principal or an accessory. “And thou, the cursed accomplice of his treason.” Johnson. It is followed by with or of before a person and by in (or sometimes of) before the crime; as, A was an accomplice with B in the murder of C. Dryden uses it with to before a thing. “Suspected for accomplice to the fire.” Dryden.
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Syn. -- Abettor; accessory; assistant; associate; confederate; coadjutor; ally; promoter. See Abettor.
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Accompliceship
Ac*com"plice*ship (&unr_;), n. The state of being an accomplice. [R.] Sir H. Taylor.
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Accomplicity
Ac`com*plic"i*ty (&unr_;), n. The act or state of being an accomplice. [R.]
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Accomplish
Ac*com"plish (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accomplished (&unr_;), p. pr. & vb. n. Accomplishing.] [OE. acomplissen, OF. accomplir, F. accomplir; L. ad + complere to fill up, complete. See Complete, Finish.] 1. To complete, as time or distance.
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That He would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem. Dan. ix. 2.
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He had accomplished half a league or more. Prescott.
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2. To bring to an issue of full success; to effect; to perform; to execute fully; to fulfill; as, to accomplish a design, an object, a promise.
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This that is written must yet be accomplished in me. Luke xxii. 37.
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3. To equip or furnish thoroughly; hence, to complete in acquirements; to render accomplished; to polish.
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The armorers accomplishing the knights. Shak.
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It [the moon] is fully accomplished for all those ends to which Providence did appoint it. Wilkins.
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These qualities . . . go to accomplish a perfect woman. Cowden Clarke.
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4. To gain; to obtain. [Obs.] Shak.
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Syn. -- To do; perform; fulfill; realize; effect; effectuate; complete; consummate; execute; achieve; perfect; equip; furnish. -- To Accomplish, Effect, Execute, Achieve, Perform. These words agree in the general idea of carrying out to some end proposed. To accomplish (to fill up to the measure of the intention) generally implies perseverance and skill; as, to accomplish a plan proposed by one's self, an object, a design, an undertaking. “Thou shalt accomplish my desire.” 1 Kings v. 9.
[1913 Webster] He . . . expressed his desire to see a union accomplished between England and Scotland. Macaulay.
[1913 Webster] To effect (to work out) is much like accomplish. It usually implies some degree of difficulty contended with; as, he effected or accomplished what he intended, his purpose, but little. “What he decreed, he effected.” Milton.
[1913 Webster] To work in close design by fraud or guile
What force effected not.
Milton.
[1913 Webster] To execute (to follow out to the end, to carry out, or into effect) implies a set mode of operation; as, to execute the laws or the orders of another; to execute a work, a purpose, design, plan, project. To perform is much like to do, though less generally applied. It conveys a notion of protracted and methodical effort; as, to perform a mission, a part, a task, a work. “Thou canst best perform that office.” Milton.
[1913 Webster] The Saints, like stars, around his seat
Perform their courses still.
Keble.
[1913 Webster] To achieve (to come to the end or arrive at one's purpose) usually implies some enterprise or undertaking of importance, difficulty, and excellence.

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Accomplishable
Ac*com"plish*a*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being accomplished; practicable. Carlyle.
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Accomplished
Ac*com"plished (&unr_;), a. 1. Completed; effected; established; as, an accomplished fact.
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2. Complete in acquirements as the result usually of training; -- commonly in a good sense; as, an accomplished scholar, an accomplished villain.
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They . . . show themselves accomplished bees. Holland.
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Daughter of God and man, accomplished Eve. Milton.
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Accomplisher
Ac*com"plish*er (&unr_;), n. One who accomplishes.
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Accomplishment
Ac*com"plish*ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. [F. accomplissement, fr. accomplir.] 1. The act of accomplishing; entire performance; completion; fulfillment; as, the accomplishment of an enterprise, of a prophecy, etc.
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2. That which completes, perfects, or equips thoroughly; acquirement; attainment; that which constitutes excellence of mind, or elegance of manners, acquired by education or training. “My new accomplishment of dancing.” Churchill.Accomplishments befitting a station.” Thackeray.
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Accomplishments have taken virtue's place,
And wisdom falls before exterior grace.
Cowper.
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Accompt
Ac*compt" (#; formerly #), n. See Account.
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&hand_; Accompt, accomptant, etc., are archaic forms.
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Accomptable
Ac*compt"a*ble (&unr_;), a. See Accountable.
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Accomptant
Ac*compt"ant (&unr_;), n. See Accountant.
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Accord
Ac*cord" (&unr_;), n. [OE. acord, accord, OF. acort, acorde, F. accord, fr. OF. acorder, F. accorder. See Accord, v. t.] 1. Agreement or concurrence of opinion, will, or action; harmony of mind; consent; assent.
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A mediator of an accord and peace between them. Bacon.
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These all continued with one accord in prayer. Acts i. 14.
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2. Harmony of sounds; agreement in pitch and tone; concord; as, the accord of tones.
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Those sweet accords are even the angels' lays. Sir J. Davies.
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3. Agreement, harmony, or just correspondence of things; as, the accord of light and shade in painting.
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4. Voluntary or spontaneous motion or impulse to act; -- preceded by own; as, of one's own accord.
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That which groweth of its own accord of thy harvest thou shalt not reap. Lev. xxv. 5.
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Of his own accord he went unto you. 2 Cor. vii. 17.
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5. (Law) An agreement between parties in controversy, by which satisfaction for an injury is stipulated, and which, when executed, bars a suit. Blackstone.
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With one accord, with unanimity.
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They rushed with one accord into the theater. Acts xix. 29.
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Accord
Ac*cord", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accorded; p. pr. & vb. n. According.] [OE. acorden, accorden, OF. acorder, F. accorder, fr. LL. accordare; L. ad + cor, cordis, heart. Cf. Concord, Discord, and see Heart.] 1. To make to agree or correspond; to suit one thing to another; to adjust; -- followed by to. [R.]
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Her hands accorded the lute's music to the voice. Sidney.
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2. To bring to an agreement, as persons; to reconcile; to settle, adjust, harmonize, or compose, as things; as, to accord suits or controversies.
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When they were accorded from the fray. Spenser.
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All which particulars, being confessedly knotty and difficult can never be accorded but by a competent stock of critical learning. South.
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3. To grant as suitable or proper; to concede; to award; as, to accord to one due praise.According his desire.” Spenser.
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Accord
Ac*cord", v. i. 1. To agree; to correspond; to be in harmony; -- followed by with, formerly also by to; as, his disposition accords with his looks.
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My heart accordeth with my tongue. Shak.
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Thy actions to thy words accord. Milton.
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2. To agree in pitch and tone.
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Accordable
Ac*cord"a*ble (&unr_;), a. [OF. acordable, F. accordable.] 1. Agreeing. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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2. Reconcilable; in accordance.
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Accordance
Ac*cord"ance (&unr_;), n. [OF. acordance.] Agreement; harmony; conformity. “In strict accordance with the law.” Macaulay.
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Syn. -- Harmony; unison; coincidence.
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Accordancy
Ac*cord"an*cy (&unr_;), n. Accordance. [R.] Paley.
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Accordant
Ac*cord"ant (&unr_;), a. [OF. acordant, F. accordant.] Agreeing; consonant; harmonious; corresponding; conformable; -- followed by with or to.
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Strictly accordant with true morality. Darwin.
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And now his voice accordant to the string. Coldsmith.
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Accordantly
Ac*cord"ant*ly, adv. In accordance or agreement; agreeably; conformably; -- followed by with or to.
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Accorder
Ac*cord"er (&unr_;), n. One who accords, assents, or concedes. [R.]
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According
Ac*cord"ing, p. a. Agreeing; in agreement or harmony; harmonious. “This according voice of national wisdom.” Burke. “Mind and soul according well.” Tennyson.
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According to him, every person was to be bought. Macaulay.
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Our zeal should be according to knowledge. Sprat.
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&hand_; According to has been called a prepositional phrase, but strictly speaking, according is a participle in the sense of agreeing, acceding, and to alone is the preposition.
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According as, precisely as; the same as; corresponding to the way in which. According as is an adverbial phrase, of which the propriety has been doubted; but good usage sanctions it. See According, adv.
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Is all things well,
According as I gave directions?
Shak.
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The land which the Lord will give you according as he hath promised. Ex. xii. 25.
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According
Ac*cord"ing (&unr_;), adv. Accordingly; correspondingly. [Obs.] Shak.
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Accordingly
Ac*cord"ing*ly, adv. 1. Agreeably; correspondingly; suitably; in a manner conformable.
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Behold, and so proceed accordingly. Shak.
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2. In natural sequence; consequently; so.
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Syn. -- Consequently; therefore; wherefore; hence; so. -- Accordingly, Consequently, indicate a connection between two things, the latter of which is done on account of the former. Accordingly marks the connection as one of simple accordance or congruity, leading naturally to the result which followed; as, he was absent when I called, and I accordingly left my card; our preparations were all finished, and we accordingly set sail. Consequently all finished, and we accordingly set sail. Consequently marks a closer connection, that of logical or causal sequence; as, the papers were not ready, and consequently could not be signed.
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Accordion
Ac*cor"di*on (&unr_;), n. [See Accord.] (Mus.) A small, portable, keyed wind instrument, whose tones are generated by play of the wind upon free metallic reeds.
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Accordionist
Ac*cor"di*on*ist, n. A player on the accordion.
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Accordment
Ac*cord"ment (ăk*kôrd"m&eitalic_;nt), n. [OF. acordement. See Accord, v.] Agreement; reconcilement. [Obs.] Gower.
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Accorporate
Ac*cor"po*rate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. accorporare; ad + corpus, corporis, body.] To unite; to attach; to incorporate. [Obs.] Milton.
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Accost
Ac*cost" (#; 115), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accosted; p. pr. & vb. n. Accosting.] [F. accoster, LL. accostare to bring side by side; L. ad + costa rib, side. See Coast, and cf. Accoast.] 1. To join side to side; to border; hence, to sail along the coast or side of. [Obs.] “So much [of Lapland] as accosts the sea.” Fuller.
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2. To approach; to make up to. [Archaic] Shak.
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3. To speak to first; to address; to greet. “Him, Satan thus accosts.” Milton.
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Accost
Ac*cost", v. i. To adjoin; to lie alongside. [Obs.] “The shores which to the sea accost.” Spenser.
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Accost
Ac*cost", n. Address; greeting. [R.] J. Morley.
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Accostable
Ac*cost"a*ble (&unr_;), a. [Cf. F. accostable.] Approachable; affable. [R.] Hawthorne.
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Accosted
Ac*cost"ed, a. (Her.) Supported on both sides by other charges; also, side by side.
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Accouchement
Ac*couche"ment (#; 277), n. [F., fr. accoucher to be delivered of a child, to aid in delivery, OF. acouchier orig. to lay down, put to bed, go to bed; L. ad + collocare to lay, put, place. See Collate.] Delivery in childbed
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Accoucheur
Ac*cou*cheur" (&unr_;), n. [F., fr. accoucher. See Accouchement.] A man who assists women in childbirth; a man midwife; an obstetrician.
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Accoucheuse
Ac*cou*cheuse" (&unr_;), n. [F.., fem. of accoucher.] A midwife. [Recent] Dunglison.
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Account
Ac*count" (&unr_;), n. [OE. acount, account, accompt, OF. acont, fr. aconter. See Account, v. t., Count, n., 1.] 1. A reckoning; computation; calculation; enumeration; a record of some reckoning; as, the Julian account of time.
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A beggarly account of empty boxes. Shak.
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2. A registry of pecuniary transactions; a written or printed statement of business dealings or debts and credits, and also of other things subjected to a reckoning or review; as, to keep one's account at the bank.
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3. A statement in general of reasons, causes, grounds, etc., explanatory of some event; as, no satisfactory account has been given of these phenomena. Hence, the word is often used simply for reason, ground, consideration, motive, etc.; as, on no account, on every account, on all accounts.
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4. A statement of facts or occurrences; recital of transactions; a relation or narrative; a report; a description; as, an account of a battle. “A laudable account of the city of London.” Howell.
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5. A statement and explanation or vindication of one's conduct with reference to judgment thereon.
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Give an account of thy stewardship. Luke xvi. 2.
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6. An estimate or estimation; valuation; judgment. “To stand high in your account.” Shak.
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7. Importance; worth; value; advantage; profit. “Men of account.” Pope. “To turn to account.” Shak.
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Account current, a running or continued account between two or more parties, or a statement of the particulars of such an account. -- In account with, in a relation requiring an account to be kept. -- On account of, for the sake of; by reason of; because of. -- On one's own account, for one's own interest or behalf. -- To make account, to have an opinion or expectation; to reckon. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster] This other part . . . makes account to find no slender arguments for this assertion out of those very scriptures which are commonly urged against it. Milton.
[1913 Webster] -- To make account of, to hold in estimation; to esteem; as, he makes small account of beauty. -- To take account of, or to take into account, to take into consideration; to notice.Of their doings, God takes no account.” Milton. -- A writ of account (Law), a writ which the plaintiff brings demanding that the defendant shall render his just account, or show good cause to the contrary; -- called also an action of account. Cowell.

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Syn. -- Narrative; narration; relation; recital; description; explanation; rehearsal. -- Account, Narrative, Narration, Recital. These words are applied to different modes of rehearsing a series of events. Account turns attention not so much to the speaker as to the fact related, and more properly applies to the report of some single event, or a group of incidents taken as whole; as, an account of a battle, of a shipwreck, etc. A narrative is a continuous story of connected incidents, such as one friend might tell to another; as, a narrative of the events of a siege, a narrative of one's life, etc. Narration is usually the same as narrative, but is sometimes used to describe the mode of relating events; as, his powers of narration are uncommonly great. Recital denotes a series of events drawn out into minute particulars, usually expressing something which peculiarly interests the feelings of the speaker; as, the recital of one's wrongs, disappointments, sufferings, etc.
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Account
Ac*count" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accounted; p. pr. & vb. n. Accounting.] [OE. acounten, accompten, OF. aconter, à (L. ad) + conter to count. F. conter to tell, compter to count, L. computare. See Count, v. t.]
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1. To reckon; to compute; to count. [Obs.]
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The motion of . . . the sun whereby years are accounted. Sir T. Browne.
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2. To place to one's account; to put to the credit of; to assign; -- with to. [R.] Clarendon.
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3. To value, estimate, or hold in opinion; to judge or consider; to deem.
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Accounting that God was able to raise him up. Heb. xi. 19.
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4. To recount; to relate. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Account
Ac*count", v. i. 1. To render or receive an account or relation of particulars; as, an officer must account with or to the treasurer for money received.
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2. To render an account; to answer in judgment; -- with for; as, we must account for the use of our opportunities.
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3. To give a satisfactory reason; to tell the cause of; to explain; -- with for; as, idleness accounts for poverty.
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To account of, to esteem; to prize; to value. Now used only in the passive. “I account of her beauty.” Shak.
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Newer was preaching more accounted of than in the sixteenth century. Canon Robinson.
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Accountability
Ac*count`a*bil"i*ty (&unr_;), n. The state of being accountable; liability to be called on to render an account; the obligation to bear the consequences for failure to perform as expected; accountableness. “The awful idea of accountability.” R. Hall.
Syn. -- answerability, answerableness
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Accountable
Ac*count"a*ble (&unr_;), a. 1. Liable to be called on to render an account; answerable; as, every man is accountable to God for his conduct.
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2. Capable of being accounted for; explicable. [R.]
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True religion . . . intelligible, rational, and accountable, -- not a burden but a privilege. B. Whichcote.
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Syn. -- Amenable; responsible; liable; answerable.
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Accountable ness
Ac*count"a*ble ness, n. The quality or state of being accountable; accountability.
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Accountably
Ac*count"a*bly, adv. In an accountable manner.
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Accountancy
Ac*count"an*cy (&unr_;), n. The art or employment of an accountant.
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Accountant
Ac*count"ant (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. accomptant, OF. acontant, p. pr.] 1. One who renders account; one accountable.
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2. A reckoner.
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3. One who is skilled in, keeps, or adjusts, accounts; an officer in a public office, who has charge of the accounts.
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Accountatn general, the head or superintending accountant in certain public offices. Also, formerly, an officer in the English court of chancery who received the moneys paid into the court, and deposited them in the Bank of England.
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Accountant
Ac*count"ant, a. Accountable. [Obs.] Shak.
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Accountantship
Ac*count"ant*ship (&unr_;), n. [Accountant + -ship.] The office or employment of an accountant.
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Account book
Ac*count" book` (&unr_;). A book in which accounts are kept. Swift.
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Accouple
Ac*cou"ple (&unr_;), v. t. [OF. acopler, F. accoupler. See Couple.] To join; to couple. [R.]
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The Englishmen accoupled themselves with the Frenchmen. Hall.
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Accouplement
Ac*cou"ple*ment (-kŭp"'l*m&eitalic_;nt), n. [Cf. F. accouplement.] 1. The act of coupling, or the state of being coupled; union. [R.] Caxton.
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2. That which couples, as a tie or brace. [R.]
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Accourage
Ac*cour"age (&unr_;), v. t. [OF. acoragier; à (L. ad) + corage. See Courage.] To encourage. [Obs.]
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Accourt
Ac*court" (&unr_;), v. t. [Ac-, for L. ad. See Court.] To treat courteously; to court. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Accoutre
Accouter
{ Ac*cou"ter, Ac*cou"tre } (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accoutered or Accoutred (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Accoutering or Accoutring.] [F. accouter, OF. accoutrer, accoustrer; à (L. ad) + perh. LL. custor, for custos guardian, sacristan (cf. Custody), or perh. akin to E. guilt.] To furnish with dress, or equipments, esp. those for military service; to equip; to attire; to array.
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Both accoutered like young men. Shak.
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For this, in rags accoutered are they seen. Dryden.
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Accoutered with his burden and his staff. Wordsworth.
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accoutred
accoutered
accoutered, accoutred adj. 1. provided with necessary articles of equipment for a specialized purpose especially military; as, troops accoutered for battle
[WordNet 1.5]

accoutrement
accoutrement n. 1. an item of clothing that is worn or carried, but not part of one's main clothing.
Syn. -- accessory, accouterment
[WordNet 1.5]

Accoutrements
Accouterments
{ Ac*cou"ter*ments, Ac*cou"tre*ments } (&unr_;), n. pl. [F. accoutrement, earlier also accoustrement, earlier also accoustrement. See Accouter.] Dress; trappings; equipment; specifically, the devices and equipments worn by soldiers.
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How gay with all the accouterments of war!
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Accoy
Ac*coy" (&unr_;), v. t. [OF. acoyer; ac-, for L. ad. See Coy.] 1. To render quiet; to soothe. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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2. To subdue; to tame; to daunt. [Obs.]
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Then is your careless courage accoyed. Spenser.
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Accra
Accra prop. n. (Geography) The capital city of Ghana. Population (2000) = nk.
[PJC]

Accredit
Ac*cred"it (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accredited; p. pr. & vb. n. Accrediting.] [F. accréditer; à (L. ad) + crédit credit. See Credit.] 1. To put or bring into credit; to invest with credit or authority; to sanction.
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His censure will . . . accredit his praises. Cowper.
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These reasons . . . which accredit and fortify mine opinion. Shelton.
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2. To send with letters credential, as an ambassador, envoy, or diplomatic agent; to authorize, as a messenger or delegate.
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Beton . . . was accredited to the Court of France. Froude.
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3. To believe; to credit; to put trust in.
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The version of early Roman history which was accredited in the fifth century. Sir G. C. Lewis.
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He accredited and repeated stories of apparitions and witchcraft. Southey.
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4. To credit; to vouch for or consider (some one) as doing something, or (something) as belonging to some one.
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To accredit (one) with (something), to attribute something to him; as, Mr. Clay was accredited with these views; they accredit him with a wise saying.
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Accreditation
Ac*cred`i*ta"tion (&unr_;), n. The act of accrediting; as, letters of accreditation.
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Accrementitial
Ac`cre*men*ti"tial (&unr_;), a. (Physiol.) Pertaining to accremention.
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accrementition
ac`cre*men*ti"tion (&unr_;), n. [See accresce, Increment.] (Physiol.) The process of generation by development of blastema, or fission of cells, in which the new formation is in all respects like the individual from which it proceeds.
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accresce
ac*cresce" (ăk*kr&ebreve_;s"), v. i. [L. accrescere. See Accrue.] 1. To accrue. [R.]
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2. To increase; to grow. [Obs.] Gillespie.
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accrescence
ac*cres"cence (ăk*kr&ebreve_;s"s&eitalic_;ns), n. [LL. accrescentia.] Continuous growth; an accretion. [R.]
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The silent accrescence of belief from the unwatched depositions of a general, never contradicted hearsy. Coleridge.
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accrescent
ac*cres"cent (ăk*kr&ebreve_;s"s&eitalic_;nt), a. [L. accrescens, -entis, p. pr. of accrescere; ad + crescere to grow. See Crescent.]
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1. Growing; increasing. Shuckford.
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2. (Bot.) Growing larger after flowering. Gray.
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accrete
ac*crete" (ăk*krēt"), v. i. [From L. accretus, p. p. of accrescere to increase.] 1. To grow together.
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2. To adhere; to grow (to); to be added; -- with to.
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accrete
ac*crete", v. t. To make adhere; to add. Earle.
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accrete
ac*crete", a. 1. Characterized by accretion; made up; as, accrete matter.
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2. (Bot.) Grown together. Gray.
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accretion
ac*cre"tion (ăk*krē"shŭn), n. [L. accretio, fr. accrescere to increase. Cf. Crescent, Increase, Accrue.]
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1. The act of increasing by natural growth; esp. the increase of organic bodies by the internal accession of parts; organic growth. Arbuthnot.
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2. The act of increasing, or the matter added, by an accession of parts externally; an extraneous addition; as, an accretion of earth.
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A mineral . . . augments not by growth, but by accretion. Owen.
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To strip off all the subordinate parts of his narrative as a later accretion. Sir G. C. Lewis.
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3. Concretion; coherence of separate particles; as, the accretion of particles so as to form a solid mass.
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4. A growing together of parts naturally separate, as of the fingers or toes. Dana.
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5. (Law) (a) The adhering of property to something else, by which the owner of one thing becomes possessed of a right to another; generally, gain of land by the washing up of sand or soil from the sea or a river, or by a gradual recession of the water from the usual watermark. (b) Gain to an heir or legatee, by failure of a coheir to the same succession, or a co-legatee of the same thing, to take his share. Wharton. Kent.
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accretionary
accretionary adj. Marked or produced by accretion.
[WordNet 1.5]

accretive
ac*cre"tive (&unr_;), a. Relating to accretion; increasing, or adding to, by growth. Glanvill.
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accriminate
ac*crim"i*nate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. ac- (for ad to) + criminari.] To accuse of a crime. [Obs.] -- Ac*crim`i*na"tion (&unr_;), n. [Obs.]
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accroach
ac*croach" (ăk*krōch"), v. t. [OE. acrochen, accrochen, to obtain, OF. acrochier, F. accrocher; à (L. ad) + croc hook (E. crook).] 1. To hook, or draw to one's self as with a hook. [Obs.]
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2. To usurp, as jurisdiction or royal prerogatives.
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They had attempted to accroach to themselves royal power. Stubbs.
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Accroachment
Ac*croach"ment (ăk*krōch"m&eitalic_;nt), n. [Cf. F. accrochement.] An encroachment; usurpation. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Accrual
Ac*cru"al (ăk*kr&usuml_;"&aitalic_;l), n. Accrument. [R.]
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Accrue
Ac*crue" (ăk*kr&usuml_;"), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Accrued (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Accruing.] [See Accrue, n., and cf. Accresce, Accrete.] 1. To increase; to augment.
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And though power failed, her courage did accrue. Spenser.
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2. To come to by way of increase; to arise or spring as a growth or result; to be added as increase, profit, or damage, especially as the produce of money lent. “Interest accrues to principal.” Abbott.
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The great and essential advantages accruing to society from the freedom of the press. Junius.
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Accrue
Ac*crue", n. [F. accrû, OF. acreü, p. p. of accroitre, OF. acroistre to increase; L. ad + crescere to increase. Cf. Accretion, Crew. See Crescent.] Something that accrues; advantage accruing. [Obs.]
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Accruer
Ac*cru"er (ăk*kr&usuml_;"&etilde_;r), n. (Law) The act of accruing; accretion; as, title by accruer.
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Accrument
Ac*cru"ment (ăk*kr&usuml_;"m&eitalic_;nt), n. The process of accruing, or that which has accrued; increase. Jer. Taylor.
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Accubation
Ac`cu*ba"tion (ăk*k&uuptack_;*bā"shŭn), n. [L. accubatio, for accubitio, fr. accubare to recline; ad + cubare to lie down. See Accumb.] The act or posture of reclining on a couch, as practiced by the ancients at meals.
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acculturative
acculturative adj. 1. of or pertaining to acculturation (definition 3).
Syn. -- acculturational
[WordNet 1.5]

Accumb
Ac*cumb" (ăk*kŭmb"), v. i. [L. accumbere; ad + cumbere (only in compounds) to lie down.] To recline, as at table. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Accumbency
Ac*cum"ben*cy (ăk*kŭm"b&eitalic_;n*s&ybreve_;), n. The state of being accumbent or reclining. [R.]
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Accumbent
Ac*cum"bent (-b&eitalic_;nt), a. 1. Leaning or reclining, as the ancients did at their meals.
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The Roman . . . accumbent posture in eating. Arbuthnot.
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2. (Bot.) Lying against anything, as one part of a leaf against another leaf. Gray.
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Accumbent cotyledons have their edges placed against the caulicle. Eaton.
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Accumbent
Ac*cum"bent, n. One who reclines at table.
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Accumber
Ac*cum"ber (-b&etilde_;r), v. t. To encumber. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Accumulate
Ac*cu"mu*late (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accumulated (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Accumulating.] [L. accumulatus, p. p. of accumulare; ad + cumulare to heap. See Cumulate.] To heap up in a mass; to pile up; to collect or bring together; to amass; as, to accumulate a sum of money.
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Syn. -- To collect; pile up; store; amass; gather; aggregate; heap together; hoard.
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Accumulate
Ac*cu"mu*late (ăk*kū"m&uuptack_;*lāt), v. i. To grow or increase in quantity or number; to increase greatly.
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Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey,
Where wealth accumulates, and men decay.
Goldsmith.
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Accumulate
Ac*cu"mu*late (-l&auptack_;t), a. [L. accumulatus, p. p. of accumulare.] Collected; accumulated. Bacon.
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accumulated
accumulated adj. 1. 1 brought together into a group or crowd the accumulated letters in my office
Syn. -- assembled, collected, congregate, massed
[WordNet 1.5]

Accumulation
Ac*cu`mu*la"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. accumulatio; cf. F. accumulation.] 1. The act of accumulating, the state of being accumulated, or that which is accumulated; as, an accumulation of earth, of sand, of evils, of wealth, of honors.
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2. (Law) The concurrence of several titles to the same proof.
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Accumulation of energy or power, the storing of energy by means of weights lifted or masses put in motion; electricity stored. -- An accumulation of degrees (Eng. Univ.), the taking of several together, or at smaller intervals than usual or than is allowed by the rules.
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Accumulative
Ac*cu"mu*la*tive (&unr_;), a. Characterized by accumulation; serving to collect or amass; cumulative; additional. -- Ac*cu"mu*la*tive*ly, adv. -- Ac*cu"mu*la*tive*ness, n.
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Accumulator
Ac*cu"mu*la`tor (&unr_;), n. [L.] 1. One who, or that which, accumulates, collects, or amasses.
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2. (Mech.) An apparatus by means of which energy or power can be stored, such as the cylinder or tank for storing water for hydraulic elevators, the secondary or storage battery used for accumulating the energy of electrical charges, etc.
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3. A system of elastic springs for relieving the strain upon a rope, as in deep-sea dredging.
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Accuracy
Ac"cu*ra*cy (#; 277), n. [See Accurate.] The state of being accurate; freedom from mistakes, this exemption arising from carefulness; exact conformity to truth, or to a rule or model; precision; exactness; nicety; correctness; as, the value of testimony depends on its accuracy.
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The professed end [of logic] is to teach men to think, to judge, and to reason, with precision and accuracy. Reid.
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The accuracy with which the piston fits the sides. Lardner.
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Accurate
Ac"cu*rate (&unr_;), a. [L. accuratus, p. p. and a., fr. accurare to take care of; ad + curare to take care, cura care. See Cure.] 1. In exact or careful conformity to truth, or to some standard of requirement, the result of care or pains; free from failure, error, or defect; exact; as, an accurate calculator; an accurate measure; accurate expression, knowledge, etc.
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2. Precisely fixed; executed with care; careful. [Obs.]
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Those conceive the celestial bodies have more accurate influences upon these things below. Bacon.
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Syn. -- Correct; exact; just; nice; particular. -- Accurate, Correct, Exact, Precise. We speak of a thing as correct with reference to some rule or standard of comparison; as, a correct account, a correct likeness, a man of correct deportment. We speak of a thing as accurate with reference to the care bestowed upon its execution, and the increased correctness to be expected therefrom; as, an accurate statement, an accurate detail of particulars. We speak of a thing as exact with reference to that perfected state of a thing in which there is no defect and no redundance; as, an exact coincidence, the exact truth, an exact likeness. We speak of a thing as precise when we think of it as strictly conformed to some rule or model, as if cut down thereto; as a precise conformity instructions; precisely right; he was very precise in giving his directions.
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Accurately
Ac"cu*rate*ly, adv. In an accurate manner; exactly; precisely; without error or defect.
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Accurateness
Ac"cu*rate*ness, n. The state or quality of being accurate; accuracy; exactness; nicety; precision.
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Accurse
Ac*curse" (&unr_;), v. t. [OE. acursien, acorsien; pref. a + cursien to curse. See Curse.] To devote to destruction; to imprecate misery or evil upon; to curse; to execrate; to anathematize.
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And the city shall be accursed. Josh. vi. 17.
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Thro' you, my life will be accurst. Tennyson.
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Accurst
Accursed
{ Ac*cursed" (&unr_;), Ac*curst" (&unr_;), } p. p. & a. Doomed to destruction or misery; cursed; hence, bad enough to be under the curse; execrable; detestable; exceedingly hateful; -- as, an accursed deed. Shak. -- Ac*curs"ed*ly, adv. -- Ac*curs"ed*ness, n.
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Accusable
Ac*cus"a*ble (&unr_;), a. [L. accusabilis: cf. F. accusable.] Liable to be accused or censured; chargeable with a crime or fault; blamable; -- with of.
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Accusal
Ac*cus"al (&unr_;), n. Accusation. [R.] Byron.
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Accusant
Ac*cus"ant (&unr_;), n. [L. accusans, p. pr. of accusare: cf. F. accusant.] An accuser. Bp. Hall.
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Accusation
Ac`cu*sa"tion (&unr_;), n. [OF. acusation, F. accusation, L. accusatio, fr. accusare. See Accuse.]
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1. The act of accusing or charging with a crime or with a lighter offense.
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We come not by the way of accusation
To taint that honor every good tongue blesses.
Shak.
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2. That of which one is accused; the charge of an offense or crime, or the declaration containing the charge.
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[They] set up over his head his accusation. Matt. xxvii. 37.
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Syn. -- Impeachment; crimination; censure; charge.
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Accusatival
Ac*cu`sa*ti"val (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to the accusative case.
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Accusative
Ac*cu"sa*tive (&unr_;), a. [F. accusatif, L. accusativus (in sense 2), fr. accusare. See Accuse.]
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1. Producing accusations; accusatory. “This hath been a very accusative age.” Sir E. Dering.
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2. (Gram.) Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate object on which the action or influence of a transitive verb terminates, or the immediate object of motion or tendency to, expressed by a preposition. It corresponds to the objective case in English.
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Accusative
Ac*cu"sa*tive, n. (Gram.) The accusative case.
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Accusatively
Ac*cu"sa*tive*ly, adv. 1. In an accusative manner.
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2. In relation to the accusative case in grammar.
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Accusatorial
Ac*cu`sa*to"ri*al (&unr_;), a. Accusatory.
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Accusatorially
Ac*cu`sa*to"ri*al*ly, adv. By way accusation.
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Accusatory
Ac*cu"sa*to*ry (&unr_;), a. [L. accusatorius, fr. accusare.] Pertaining to, or containing, an accusation; as, an accusatory libel. Grote.
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Accuse
Ac*cuse" (&unr_;), n. Accusation. [Obs.] Shak.
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Accuse
Ac*cuse", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accused (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Accusing.] [OF. acuser, F. accuser, L. accusare, to call to account, accuse; ad + causa cause, lawsuit. Cf. Cause.] 1. To charge with, or declare to have committed, a crime or offense; (Law) to charge with an offense, judicially or by a public process; -- with of; as, to accuse one of a high crime or misdemeanor.
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Neither can they prove the things whereof they now accuse me. Acts xxiv. 13.
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We are accused of having persuaded Austria and Sardinia to lay down their arms. Macaulay.
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2. To charge with a fault; to blame; to censure.
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Their thoughts the meanwhile accusing or else excusing one another. Rom. ii. 15.
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3. To betray; to show. [R.] Sir P. Sidney.
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Syn. -- To charge; blame; censure; reproach; criminate; indict; impeach; arraign. -- To Accuse, Charge, Impeach, Arraign. These words agree in bringing home to a person the imputation of wrongdoing. To accuse is a somewhat formal act, and is applied usually (though not exclusively) to crimes; as, to accuse of treason. Charge is the most generic. It may refer to a crime, a dereliction of duty, a fault, etc.; more commonly it refers to moral delinquencies; as, to charge with dishonesty or falsehood. To arraign is to bring (a person) before a tribunal for trial; as, to arraign one before a court or at the bar public opinion. To impeach is officially to charge with misbehavior in office; as, to impeach a minister of high crimes. Both impeach and arraign convey the idea of peculiar dignity or impressiveness.
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Accused
Ac*cused" (&unr_;), a. Charged with offense; as, an accused person.
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Commonly used substantively; as, the accused, one charged with an offense; the defendant in a criminal case.
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Accusement
Ac*cuse"ment (-kūz"m&eitalic_;nt), n. [OF. acusement. See Accuse.] Accusation. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Accuser
Ac*cus"er (&unr_;), n. [OE. acuser, accusour; cf. OF. acuseor, fr. L. accusator, fr. accusare.] One who accuses; one who brings a charge of crime or fault.
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accusing
accusing adj. 1. serving to accuse; expressing accusation
Syn. -- accusatorial, accusatory
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Accusingly
Ac*cus"ing*ly, adv. In an accusing manner.
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Accustom
Ac*cus"tom (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accustomed (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Accustoming.] [OF. acostumer, acustumer, F. accoutumer; à (L. ad) + OF. costume, F. coutume, custom. See Custom.] To make familiar by use; to habituate, familiarize, or inure; -- with to.
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I shall always fear that he who accustoms himself to fraud in little things, wants only opportunity to practice it in greater. Adventurer.
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Syn. -- To habituate; inure; exercise; train.
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Accustom
Ac*cus"tom, v. i. 1. To be wont. [Obs.] Carew.
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2. To cohabit. [Obs.]
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We with the best men accustom openly; you with the basest commit private adulteries. Milton.
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Accustom
Ac*cus"tom, n. Custom. [Obs.] Milton.
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Accustomable
Ac*cus"tom*a*ble (&unr_;), a. Habitual; customary; wonted.Accustomable goodness.” Latimer.
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Accustomably
Ac*cus"tom*a*bly, adv. According to custom; ordinarily; customarily. Latimer.
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Accustomance
Ac*cus"tom*ance (&unr_;), n. [OF. accoustumance, F. accoutumance.] Custom; habitual use. [Obs.] Boyle.
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Accustomarily
Ac*cus"tom*a*ri*ly (&unr_;), adv. Customarily. [Obs.]
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Accustomary
Ac*cus"tom*a*ry (&unr_;), a. Usual; customary. [Archaic] Featley.
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Accustomed
Ac*cus"tomed (&unr_;), a. 1. Familiar through use; usual; customary. “An accustomed action.” Shak.
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2. Frequented by customers. [Obs.] “A well accustomed shop.” Smollett.
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Accustomedness
Ac*cus"tomed*ness, n. Habituation.
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Accustomedness to sin hardens the heart. Bp. Pearce.
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Ace
Ace (ās), n.; pl. Aces (ā"s&ebreve_;z). [OE. as, F. as, fr. L. as, assis, unity, copper coin, the unit of coinage. Cf. As.]
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1. A unit; a single point or spot on a card or die; the card or die so marked; as, the ace of diamonds.
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2. Hence: A very small quantity or degree; a particle; an atom; a jot.
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I 'll not wag an ace further. Dryden.
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3. (Sport) A single point won by a stroke, as in handball, rackets, etc.; in tennis, frequently, a point won by a service stroke.
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To bate an ace, to make the least abatement. [Obs.] -- Within an ace of, very near; on the point of. W. Irving.
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ace
ace adj. 1. of the highest quality an ace reporter
Syn. -- A-one, first-class, first-rate, super, tip-top, topnotch(predicate)
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ace
ace v. to get a grade of "A"; as, to ace an exam. [Colloq.]
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acedia
acedia n. 1. apathy and inactivity in the practice of virtue (personified as one of the deadly sins).
Syn. -- sloth, laziness
[WordNet 1.5]

Aceldama
A*cel"da*ma (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. Syr. ōkēl damō the field of blood.] The potter's field, said to have lain south of Jerusalem, purchased with the bribe which Judas took for betraying his Master, and therefore called the field of blood. Fig.: A field of bloodshed.
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The system of warfare . . . which had already converted immense tracts into one universal aceldama. De Quincey.
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acellular
acellular adj. 1. 1 not containing cells cellular
Syn. -- cell-free
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2. not made up of or divided into cells cellular
Syn. -- noncellular
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3. occurring outside of cells or without the participation of cells. Opposite of cellular.
[PJC]

Acentric
A*cen"tric (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_; a point, a center.] Not centered; without a center.
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Acephal
Ac"e*phal (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;; 'a priv. + &unr_; head: cf. F. acéphale, LL. acephalus.] (Zool.) One of the Acephala.
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Acephala
A*ceph"a*la (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, adj. neut. pl., headless. See Acephal.] (Zool.) That division of the Mollusca which includes the bivalve shells, like the clams and oysters; -- so called because they have no evident head. Formerly the group included the Tunicata, Brachiopoda, and sometimes the Bryozoa. See Mollusca.
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Acephalan
A*ceph"a*lan (&unr_;), n. Same as Acephal.
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Acephalan
A*ceph"a*lan, a. (Zool.) Belonging to the Acephala.
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Acephali
A*ceph"a*li (&unr_;), n. pl. [LL., pl. of acephalus. See Acephal.] 1. A fabulous people reported by ancient writers to have heads.
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2. (Eccl. Hist.) (a) A Christian sect without a leader. (b) Bishops and certain clergymen not under regular diocesan control.
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3. A class of levelers in the time of K. Henry I.
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Acephalist
A*ceph"a*list (&unr_;), n. One who acknowledges no head or superior. Dr. Gauden.
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Acephalocyst
A*ceph"a*lo*cyst (&unr_;), n. [Gr. 'ake`falos without a head + ky`stis bladder.] (Zool.) A larval entozoön in the form of a subglobular or oval vesicle, or hydatid, filled with fluid, sometimes found in the tissues of man and the lower animals; -- so called from the absence of a head or visible organs on the vesicle. These cysts are the immature stages of certain tapeworms. Also applied to similar cysts of different origin.
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Acephalocystic
A*ceph`a*lo*cys"tic (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to, or resembling, the acephalocysts.
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Acephalous
A*ceph"a*lous (&unr_;), a. [See Acephal.]
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1. Headless.
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2. (Zool.) Without a distinct head; -- a term applied to bivalve mollusks.
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3. (Bot.) Having the style spring from the base, instead of from the apex, as is the case in certain ovaries.
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4. Without a leader or chief.
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5. Wanting the beginning.
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A false or acephalous structure of sentence. De Quincey.
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6. (Pros.) Deficient at the beginning, as a line of poetry. Brande.
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Acequia
A*ce"qui*a (ä*sā"k&euptack_;*&adot_;; Sp. ä*thā"k&euptack_;*ä), n. [Sp.] A canal or trench for irrigating land. [Sp. Amer.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Acer
Acer n. 1. 1 type genus of the Aceraceae; trees or shrubs having winged fruit.
Syn. -- genus Acer
[WordNet 1.5]

Aceraceae
Aceraceae n. 1. 1 the family of trees including the maples.
Syn. -- family Aceraceae, maple family
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Acerate
Ac"er*ate (&unr_;), n. [See Aceric.] (Chem.) A combination of aceric acid with a salifiable base.
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Acerate
Ac"er*ate, a. Acerose; needle-shaped.
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Acerb
A*cerb" (&unr_;), a. [L. acerbus, fr. acer sharp: cf. F. acerbe. See Acrid.] Sour, bitter, and harsh to the taste, as unripe fruit; sharp and harsh.
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Acerbate
A*cerb"ate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. acerbatus, p. p. of acerbare, fr. acerbus.] To sour; to imbitter; to irritate.
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Acerbic
A*cerb"ic (&unr_;), a. Sour or severe.
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Acerbitude
A*cerb"i*tude (&unr_;), n. [L. acerbitudo, fr. acerbus.] Sourness and harshness. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Acerbity
A*cerb"i*ty (&unr_;), n. [F. acerbité, L. acerbitas, fr. acerbus. See Acerb.] 1. Sourness of taste, with bitterness and astringency, like that of unripe fruit.
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2. Harshness, bitterness, or severity; as, acerbity of temper, of language, of pain. Barrow.
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Aceric
A*cer"ic (&unr_;), a. [L. acer maple.] Pertaining to, or obtained from, the maple; as, aceric acid. Ure.
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Acerose
Ac"er*ose` (&unr_;), a. [(a) L. acerosus chaffy, fr. acus, gen. aceris, chaff; (b) as if fr. L. acus needle: cf. F. acéreux.] (Bot.) (a) Having the nature of chaff; chaffy. (b) Needle-shaped, having a sharp, rigid point, as the leaf of the pine.
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Acerous
Ac"er*ous (&unr_;), a. Same as Acerose.
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Acerous
Ac"er*ous, a. [Gr. α priv. + ke`ras a horn.] (Zool.) (a) Destitute of tentacles, as certain mollusks. (b) Without antennæ, as some insects.
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Acerval
A*cer"val (&unr_;), a. [L. acervalis, fr. acervus heap.] Pertaining to a heap. [Obs.]
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Acervate
A*cer"vate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. acervatus, p. p. of acervare to heap up, fr. acervus heap.] To heap up. [Obs.]
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Acervate
A*cer"vate (&unr_;), a. Heaped, or growing in heaps, or closely compacted clusters.
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Acervation
Ac`er*va"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. acervatio.] A heaping up; accumulation. [R.] Johnson.
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Acervative
A*cer"va*tive (&unr_;), a. Heaped up; tending to heap up.
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Acervose
A*cer"vose (&unr_;), a. Full of heaps. [R.] Bailey.
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Acervuline
A*cer"vu*line (&unr_;), a. Resembling little heaps.
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Acescency
Acescence
{ A*ces"cence (&unr_;), A*ces"cen*cy (&unr_;), } n. [Cf. F. acescence. See Acescent.] The quality of being acescent; the process of acetous fermentation; a moderate degree of sourness. Johnson.
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Acescent
A*ces"cent (&unr_;), a. [L. acescens, -entis, p. pr. of acescere to turn sour; inchoative of acere to be sour: cf. F. acescent. See Acid.] Turning sour; readily becoming tart or acid; slightly sour. Faraday.
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Acescent
A*ces"cent, n. A substance liable to become sour.
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Acetable
Ac"e*ta*ble (&unr_;), n. An acetabulum; or about one eighth of a pint. [Obs.] Holland.
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Acetabular
Ac`e*tab"u*lar (&unr_;), a. Cup-shaped; saucer-shaped; acetabuliform.
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Acetabulifera
Ac`e*tab`u*lif"e*ra (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL. See Acetabuliferous.] (Zool.) The division of Cephalopoda in which the arms are furnished with cup-shaped suckers, as the cuttlefishes, squids, and octopus; the Dibranchiata. See Cephalopoda.
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Acetabuliferous
Ac`e*tab`u*lif"er*ous (&unr_;), a. [L. acetablum a little cup + -ferous.] Furnished with fleshy cups for adhering to bodies, as cuttlefish, etc.
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Acetabuliform
Ac`e*tab"u*li*form (&unr_;), a. [L. acetabulum + -form.] (Bot.) Shaped like a shallow cup; saucer-shaped; as, an acetabuliform calyx. Gray.
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Acetabulum
Ac`e*tab"u*lum (&unr_;), n. [L., a little saucer for vinegar, fr. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.]
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1. (Rom. Antiq.) A vinegar cup; socket of the hip bone; a measure of about one eighth of a pint, etc.
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2. (Anat.) (a) The bony cup which receives the head of the thigh bone. (b) The cavity in which the leg of an insect is inserted at its articulation with the body. (c) A sucker of the sepia or cuttlefish and related animals. (d) The large posterior sucker of the leeches. (e) One of the lobes of the placenta in ruminating animals.
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Acetal
Ac"e*tal (&unr_;), n. [Acetic + alcohol.] (Chem.) A limpid, colorless, inflammable liquid from the slow oxidation of alcohol under the influence of platinum black.
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Acetaldehyde
Ac`et*al"de*hyde (&unr_;), n. Acetic aldehyde. See Aldehyde.
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Acetamide
Ac`et*am"ide (&unr_;), n. [Acetyl + amide.] (Chem.) A white crystalline solid, from ammonia by replacement of an equivalent of hydrogen by acetyl.
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acetaminophen
acetaminophen n. 1. a white crystalline compound (HO.C6H4.NH.CO.CH3) used as an analgesic and also as an antipyretic. It has molecular weight 151.16. It is the active ingredient in the commercial analgesics Tylenol and Datril.
Syn. -- p-hydroxyacetanilide, p-acetamidophenol, N-acetyl-p-aminophenol, paracetamol, N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetamide It is sold under many trade names, and has been one of the most popular analgesics in the late 20th century. It is used in place of aspirin by people in whom aspirin causes undesirable side effects, such as stomach irritation or stomach bleeding.
[PJC]

acetanilide
ac`et*an"i*lide (ăs`&ebreve_;t*ăn"&ibreve_;*l&ibreve_;d), n. [Acetyl + anilide.] (Med., Chem.) An amide formed from aniline and an acetyl group (C6H5.NH.CO.CH3); it is a white crystalline compound used as an analgesic and also as an antipyretic. It has molecular weight 135.16. [Written also acetanilid] AS
Syn. -- phenylacetamide, N-phenylacetamide, antifebrin, antifebrine, acetylaminobenzene, acetylaniline
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5 + AS]

Acetarious
Ac`e*ta"ri*ous (&unr_;), a. [L. acetaria, n. pl., salad, fr. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.] Used in salads; as, acetarious plants.
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Acetary
Ac"e*ta*ry (ăs"&euptack_;*t&auptack_;*r&ybreve_;), n. [L. acetaria salad plants.] An acid pulp in certain fruits, as the pear. Grew.
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Acetate
Ac"e*tate (&unr_;), n. [L. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.] (Chem.) A salt formed by the union of acetic acid with a base or positive radical; as, acetate of lead, acetate of potash.
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Acetated
Ac"e*ta`ted (&unr_;), a. Combined with acetic acid.
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Acetic
A*ce"tic (#; 277), a. [L. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.] (Chem.) (a) Of a pertaining to vinegar; producing vinegar; producing vinegar; as, acetic fermentation. (b) Pertaining to, containing, or derived from, acetyl, as acetic ether, acetic acid. The latter is the acid to which the sour taste of vinegar is due.
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Acetification
A*cet`i*fi*ca"tion (&unr_;), n. The act of making acetous or sour; the process of converting, or of becoming converted, into vinegar.
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Acetifier
A*cet"i*fi`er (&unr_;), n. An apparatus for hastening acetification. Knight.
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Acetify
A*cet"i*fy (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acetified (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Acetifying (&unr_;).] [L. acetum vinegar + -fly.] To convert into acid or vinegar.
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Acetify
A*cet"i*fy, v. i. To turn acid. Encyc. Dom. Econ.
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Acetimeter
Ac`e*tim"e*ter (&unr_;), n. [L. acetum vinegar + -meter: cf. F. acétimètre.] An instrument for estimating the amount of acetic acid in vinegar or in any liquid containing acetic acid.
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Acetimetry
Ac`e*tim"e*try (&unr_;), n. The act or method of ascertaining the strength of vinegar, or the proportion of acetic acid contained in it. Ure.
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Acetin
Ac"e*tin (&unr_;), n. (Chem.) A combination of acetic acid with glycerin. Brande & C.
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Acetize
Ac"e*tize (&unr_;), v. i. To acetify. [R.]
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acetol
ac"e*tol (?), n. [Acetic + -ol as in alcohol.] (Chem.) 1. Methyl ketol; also, any of various homologues of the same.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

1. [cap.] a trade name used at different times to represent different substances, as hydroxyacetone, acetylsalicylic acid, acetal, diethyl aldehyde, or cellulose acetate. MI11
[PJC]

Acetometer
Ac`e*tom"e*ter (&unr_;), n. Same as Acetimeter. Brande & C.
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Acetonaemia
Acetonemia
Ac`e*to*næ"mi*a, Ac`e*to*ne"mi*a (&unr_;), n. [NL. See Acetone; Hæma-.] (Med.) A morbid condition characterized by the presence of ketone bodies (including acetone, acetoacetic acid and beta-hydroxybutyric acid) in the blood, as in diabetes.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. + AS]

acetone
ac"e*tone (ăs"&euptack_;*tōn), n. [See Acetic.] (Chem.) A volatile liquid (CH3.CO.CH3); pyroacetic spirit; methyl ketone; -- obtained by fermentation, the distillation of certain acetates, or by the destructive distillation of citric acid, starch, sugar, or gum, with quicklime. It is commonly used as a solvent.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

&hand_; The term was once also applied to a number of bodies of similar constitution, more frequently called ketones. See Ketone.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Acetonic
Ac`e*ton"ic (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to acetone; as, acetonic bodies.
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acetonuria
ac`e*to*nu"ri*a (ăs`&euptack_;*t&ouptack_;*nū"r&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n. [NL. See acetone; Urine.] (Med.) Excess of ketone bodies (including acetone, acetoacetic acid and beta-hydroxybutyric acid) in the urine, as in starvation or diabetes
Syn. --ketonuria
[AS]

acetophenetidin
acetophenetidin n. (Med.) A white crystalline compound used as an analgesic and also as an antipyretic.
Syn. -- acetphenetidin, phenacetin
[WordNet 1.5]

Acetophenone
Ac`e*to*phe"none (-fē"nōn), n. [Acetic + phenyl + one.] (Chem.) A crystalline ketone, CH3.CO.C6H5, which may be obtained by the dry distillation of a mixture of the calcium salts of acetic and benzoic acids. It is used as a hypnotic under the name of hypnone.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Acetose
Ac"e*tose` (ăs"&euptack_;*tōs`), a. Sour like vinegar; acetous.
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Acetosity
Ac`e*tos"i*ty (&unr_;), n. [LL. acetositas. See Acetous.] The quality of being acetous; sourness.
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Acetous
A*ce"tous (#; 277), a. [L. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.] 1. Having a sour taste; sour; acid. “An acetous spirit.” Boyle. “A liquid of an acetous kind.” Bp. Lowth.
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2. Causing, or connected with, acetification; as, acetous fermentation.
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Acetous acid, a name formerly given to vinegar, which is a dilute solution of acetic acid.
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acetphenetidin
acetphenetidin n. 1. a white crystalline compound used as an analgesic and also as an antipyretic.
Syn. -- acetophenetidin, phenacetin
[WordNet 1.5]

Acetyl
Ac"e*tyl (&unr_;), n. [L. acetum vinegar + Gr. &unr_; substance. See -yl.] (Chem.) A complex, hypothetical radical, composed of two parts of carbon to three of hydrogen and one of oxygen. Its hydroxide is acetic acid.
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acetylate
acetylate v. i. 1. (Chem.) receive substitution of an acetyl group; of chemical compounds
Syn. -- acetylize
[WordNet 1.5]

acetylate
acetylate v. t. (Chem.) 1 introduce an acetyl group into a chemical compound
Syn. -- acetylize
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acetylcholine
acetylcholine n. 1. a neurotransmitter released by the transmitting dendron at autononmous synapses and at neuromuscular junctions. It is a quaternary amine with an obligatory negative counterion. The nominal formula for the hydroxide form is C7H17NO3. Structural formula (CH3)3N(+)CH2CH2.O.CO.CH3.OH(-). Acetylcholine is the first recognized and best-studied of the neurotransmitters. At receptors it is recycled into choline by the action of acetylcholinesterase. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors therefore function as nerve poisons. For biochemical studies it is prepared typically in the chloride or bromide forms.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

acetylcholinesterase
acetylcholinesterase n. 1. an enzyme which exists in nerve cells and hydrolyses acetylcholine into choline and acetic acid. It is essential for neurotransmission at autonomous synapses and neuromuscular junctions, and its inhibition by acetylcholinesterase inhibitors can paralyze or kill an animal.
Syn. -- ACE
[PJC]

Acetylene
A*cet"y*lene (&unr_;), n. (Chem.) A gaseous compound of carbon and hydrogen, in the proportion of two atoms of the former to two of the latter. It is a colorless gas, with a peculiar, unpleasant odor, and is produced for use as an illuminating gas in a number of ways, but chiefly by the action of water on calcium carbide. Its light is very brilliant. Watts.
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Ache
Ach
{ Ach, Ache } (&unr_;), n. [F. ache, L. apium parsley.] A name given to several species of plants; as, smallage, wild celery, parsley. [Obs.] Holland.
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Achaian
Achaean
{ A*chæ"an (&unr_;), A*cha"ian (&unr_;) } a. [L. Achaeus, Achaius; Gr. &unr_;.] Of or pertaining to Achaia in Greece; also, Grecian. -- n. A native of Achaia; a Greek.
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Acharnement
A*char"ne*ment (&unr_;), n. [F.] Savage fierceness; ferocity.
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Achate
Ach"ate (&unr_;), n. An agate. [Obs.] Evelyn.
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Achate
A*chate" (&unr_;), n. [F. achat purchase. See Cates.]
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1. Purchase; bargaining. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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2. pl. Provisions. Same as Cates. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Achatina
Ach`a*ti"na (&unr_;), n. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; agate.] (Zool.) A genus of land snails, often large, common in the warm parts of America and Africa.
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Achatour
A*cha*tour" (&unr_;), n. [See Cater.] Purveyor; acater. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Ache
Ache (&unr_;), n. [OE. ache, AS. æce, ece, fr. acan to ache. See Ache, v. i.] Continued pain, as distinguished from sudden twinges, or spasmodic pain. “Such an ache in my bones.” Shak.
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&hand_; Often used in composition, as, a headache, an earache, a toothache.
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Ache
Ache (&unr_;), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Ached (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Aching (&unr_;).] [OE. aken, AS. acan, both strong verbs, AS. acan, imp. ōc, p. p. acen, to ache; perh. orig. to drive, and akin to agent.] To suffer pain; to have, or be in, pain, or in continued pain; to be distressed. “My old bones ache.” Shak.
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The sins that in your conscience ache. Keble.
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Achean
A*che"an (&unr_;), a & n. See Achæan, Achaian.
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Achenium
Achene
{ A*chene" (&unr_;), A*che"ni*um (&unr_;) } n. [Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_; to gape.] (Bot.) A small, dry, indehiscent fruit, containing a single seed, as in the buttercup; -- called a naked seed by the earlier botanists. [Written also akene and achænium.]
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Achenial
A*che"ni*al (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to an achene.
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Acheron
Ach"e*ron (&unr_;), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;.] (Myth.) A river in the Nether World or infernal regions; also, the infernal regions themselves. By some of the English poets it was supposed to be a flaming lake or gulf. Shak.
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Acherontia
Acherontia n. 1. 1 death's-head moth.
Syn. -- genus Acherontia
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Acherontic
Ach`e*ron"tic (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to Acheron; infernal; hence, dismal, gloomy; moribund.
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Acheta
Acheta n. 1. a genus of Orthopteran insects consisting of common house and field crickets.
Syn. -- genus Acheta
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A cheval
A` che*val" (?). [F., lit., on horseback.] Astride; with a part on each side; -- used specif. in designating the position of an army with the wings separated by some line of demarcation, as a river or road.
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A position à cheval on a river is not one which a general willingly assumes. Swinton.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

achievability
achievability n. 1. 1 the possibility of being achieved or accomplished; -- a property which may be possessed by a contemplated act.
Syn. -- attainability, attainableness
[WordNet 1.5]

Achievable
A*chiev"a*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being achieved. Barrow.
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Achievance
A*chiev"ance (&unr_;), n. [Cf. OF. achevance.] Achievement. [Obs.] Sir T. Elyot.
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Achieve
A*chieve" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Achieved (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Achieving (&unr_;).] [OE. acheven, OF. achever, achiever, F. achever, to finish; à (L. ad) + OF. chief, F. chef, end, head, fr. L. caput head. See Chief.] 1. To carry on to a final close; to bring out into a perfected state; to accomplish; to perform; -- as, to achieve a feat, an exploit, an enterprise.
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Supposing faculties and powers to be the same, far more may be achieved in any line by the aid of a capital, invigorating motive than without it. I. Taylor.
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2. To obtain, or gain, as the result of exertion; to succeed in gaining; to win.
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Some are born great, some achieve greatness. Shak.
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Thou hast achieved our liberty. Milton.
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[[Obs]., with a material thing as the aim.]
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Show all the spoils by valiant kings achieved. Prior.
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He hath achieved a maid
That paragons description.
Shak.
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3. To finish; to kill. [Obs.] Shak.
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Syn. -- To accomplish; effect; fulfill; complete; execute; perform; realize; obtain. See Accomplish.
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Achievement
A*chieve"ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. [Cf. F. achèvement, E. Hatchment.] 1. The act of achieving or performing; an obtaining by exertion; successful performance; accomplishment; as, the achievement of his object.
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2. A great or heroic deed; something accomplished by valor, boldness, or praiseworthy exertion; a feat.
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[The exploits] of the ancient saints . . . do far surpass the most famous achievements of pagan heroes. Barrow.
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The highest achievements of the human intellect. Macaulay.
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3. (Her.) An escutcheon or ensign armorial; now generally applied to the funeral shield commonly called hatchment. Cussans.
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Achiever
A*chiev"er (&unr_;), n. One who achieves; a winner.
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Achillean
Ach`il*le"an (&unr_;), a. Resembling Achilles, the hero of the Iliad; invincible.
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Achilles
Achilles n. 1. a mythical Greek hero of the Iliad; a foremost Greek warrior at the seige of Troy.
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Achilles' tendon
A*chil"les' ten"don (&unr_;), n. [L. Achillis tendo.] (Anat.) The strong tendon formed of the united tendons of the large muscles in the calf of the leg, an inserted into the bone of the heel; -- so called from the mythological account of Achilles being held by the heel when dipped in the River Styx.
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Achilous
A*chi"lous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_; lip.] (Bot.) Without a lip.
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achimenes
achimenes n. 1. 1 any plant of the genus Achimenes having gloxinialike flowers.
Syn. -- hot water plant
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Aching
Ach"ing (&unr_;), a. That aches; continuously painful. See Ache. -- Ach"ing*ly, adv.
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The aching heart, the aching head. Longfellow.
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Achiote
A`chi*o"te (&unr_;), n. [Sp. achiote, fr. Indian achiotl.] Seeds of the annotto tree; also, the coloring matter, annotto.
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Achlamydate
A*chlam"y*date (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_;. &unr_;. a short cloak.] (Zool.) Not possessing a mantle; -- said of certain gastropods.
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Achlamydeous
Ach`la*myd"e*ous (&unr_;), a. (Bot.) Naked; having no floral envelope, neither calyx nor corolla.
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Acholia
A*cho"li*a (&adot_;*kō"l&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n. [NL., from Gr. 'acholi`a; 'a priv. + cholh` bile.] (Med.) Deficiency or lack of bile. AS
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Acholous
Ach"o*lous (&unr_;), a. (Med.) Lacking bile. AS
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achondrite
achondrite n. A stony meteor lacking chondrules.
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achondritic
achondritic adj. 1. of or pertaining to achondrite.
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2. chondritic
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achondroplasia
achondroplasia n. (Med.) A skeletal disorder beginning before birth; cartilage is converted to bone resulting in dwarfism.
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achondroplastic
achondroplastic adj. (Med.) of or pertaining to achondroplasia.
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Achras
Achras prop. n. A genus of tropical trees having papery leaves and large fruit.
Syn. -- genus Achras
[WordNet 1.5]

Achromatic
Ach`ro*mat"ic (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'achrw`matos colorless; 'a priv. + chrw^ma, chrw`matos, color: cf. F. achromatique.] 1. (Opt.) Free from color; transmitting light without decomposing it into its primary colors.
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2. (Biol.) Uncolored; not absorbing color from a fluid; -- said of tissue.
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Achromatic lens (Opt.), a lens composed usually of two separate lenses, a convex and concave, of substances having different refractive and dispersive powers, as crown and flint glass, with the curvatures so adjusted that the chromatic aberration produced by the one is corrected by other, and light emerges from the compound lens undecomposed. -- Achromatic prism. See Prism. -- Achromatic telescope, or microscope, one in which the chromatic aberration is corrected, usually by means of a compound or achromatic object glass, and which gives images free from extraneous color.
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Achromatically
Ach`ro*mat"ic*al*ly (&unr_;), adv. In an achromatic manner.
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Achromaticity
Ach`ro*ma*tic"i*ty (&unr_;), n. Achromatism.
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Achromatin
A*chro"ma*tin (&unr_;), n. (Biol.) Tissue which is not stained by fluid dyes. W. Flemming.
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achromatinic
achromatinic adj. 1. not readily colored by stains; -- of substance of a cell nucleus chromatinic
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achromatise
achromatise v. 1. remove color from.
Syn. -- achromatize, make achromatic
[WordNet 1.5]

Achromatism
A*chro"ma*tism (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. achromatisme.] The state or quality of being achromatic; as, the achromatism of a lens; achromaticity. Nichol.
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Achromatization
A*chro`ma*ti*za"tion (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. achromatisation.] The act or process of achromatizing.
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Achromatize
A*chro"ma*tize (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Achromatized (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Achromatizing (&unr_;).] [Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_; color.] To deprive of color; to make achromatic. [Also spelled achromatise.]
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Achromatous
A*chro"ma*tous (?), a. [See Ahromatic.] Lacking, or deficient in, color; as, achromatous blood.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Achromatopsy
A*chro"ma*top"sy (&unr_;), n. [Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_; color + &unr_; sight.] Color blindness; inability to distinguish colors; Daltonism.
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Achromic
A*chro"mic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; colorless; &unr_; priv. + &unr_; color.] Free from color; colorless; as, in (Physiol. Chem.), the achromic point of a starch solution acted upon by an amylolytic enzyme is the point at which it fails to give any color with iodine.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Achronic
A*chron"ic (&unr_;), a. See Acronyc.
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Achroodextrin
Ach`ro*ö*dex"trin (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; colorless + E. dextrin.] (Physiol. Chem.) Dextrin not colorable by iodine. See Dextrin.
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Achroous
Ach"ro*ous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_;; 'a priv. + &unr_; color.] Colorless; achromatic.
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Achylous
A*chy"lous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_; without juice.] (Physiol.) Without chyle.
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Achymous
A*chy"mous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_; without juice.] (Physiol.) Without chyme.
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Acicula
A*cic"u*la (&unr_;), n.; pl. Aciculæ (&unr_;). [L., a small needle, dimin. of acus needle.] (Nat. Hist.) One of the needlelike or bristlelike spines or prickles of some animals and plants; also, a needlelike crystal.
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Acicular
A*cic"u*lar (&unr_;), a. Needle-shaped; slender like a needle or bristle, as some leaves or crystals; also, having sharp points like needles.
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A*cic"u*lar*ly, adv..
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Aciculated
Aciculate
{ A*cic"u*late (&unr_;), A*cic"u*la"ted (&unr_;) } a. (Nat. Hist.) (a) Furnished with aciculæ. (b) Acicular. (c) Marked with fine irregular streaks as if scratched by a needle. Lindley.
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Aciculiform
A*cic"u*li*form (&unr_;), a. [L. acicula needle + -form.] Needle-shaped; acicular.
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Aciculite
A*cic"u*lite (&unr_;), n. (Min.) Needle ore. Brande & C.
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Acid
Ac"id (&unr_;), a. [L. acidus sour, fr. the root ak to be sharp: cf. F. acide. Cf. Acute.] 1. Sour, sharp, or biting to the taste; tart; having the taste of vinegar: as, acid fruits or liquors. Also fig.: Sour-tempered.
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He was stern and his face as acid as ever. A. Trollope.
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2. Of or pertaining to an acid; as, acid reaction.
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Acid
Ac"id, n. 1. A sour substance.
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2. (Chem.) One of a class of compounds, generally but not always distinguished by their sour taste, solubility in water, and reddening of vegetable blue or violet colors. They are also characterized by the power of destroying the distinctive properties of alkalies or bases, combining with them to form salts, at the same time losing their own peculiar properties. They all contain hydrogen, united with a more negative element or radical, either alone, or more generally with oxygen, and take their names from this negative element or radical. Those which contain no oxygen are sometimes called hydracids in distinction from the others which are called oxygen acids or oxacids.
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&hand_; In certain cases, sulphur, selenium, or tellurium may take the place of oxygen, and the corresponding compounds are called respectively sulphur acids or sulphacids, selenium acids, or tellurium acids. When the hydrogen of an acid is replaced by a positive element or radical, a salt is formed, and hence acids are sometimes named as salts of hydrogen; as hydrogen nitrate for nitric acid, hydrogen sulphate for sulphuric acid, etc. In the old chemistry the name acid was applied to the oxides of the negative or nonmetallic elements, now sometimes called anhydrides.
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acid-forming
acid-forming adj. 1. yielding an acid in aqueous solution
[WordNet 1.5]

Acidic
A*cid"ic (&unr_;), a. (Min.) 1. Containing a high percentage of silica; -- opposed to basic.
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2. of or relating to acid; having the character of an acid, as an acidic solution.
[PJC]

Acidiferous
Ac`id*if"er*ous (&unr_;), a. [L. acidus sour + -ferous.] Containing or yielding an acid.
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Acidifiable
A*cid"i*fi`a*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being acidified, or converted into an acid.
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Acidific
Ac`id*if"ic (&unr_;), a. Producing acidity; converting into an acid. Dana.
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Acidification
A*cid`i*fi*ca"tion (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. acidification.] The act or process of acidifying, or changing into an acid.
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Acidifier
A*cid"i*fi`er (&unr_;), n. (Chem.) A simple or compound principle, whose presence is necessary to produce acidity, as oxygen, chlorine, bromine, iodine, etc.
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Acidify
A*cid"i*fy (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acidified (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Acidifying (&unr_;).] [L. acidus sour, acid + -fy: cf. F. acidifier.] 1. To make acid; to convert into an acid; as, to acidify sugar.
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2. To sour; to imbitter.
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His thin existence all acidified into rage. Carlyle.
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Acidimeter
Ac`id*im"e*ter (&unr_;), n. [L. acidus acid + -meter.] (Chem.) An instrument for ascertaining the strength of acids. Ure.
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Acidimetry
Ac`id*im"e*try (&unr_;), n. [L. acidus acid + -metry.] (Chem.) The measurement of the strength of acids, especially by a chemical process based on the law of chemical combinations, or the fact that, to produce a complete reaction, a certain definite weight of reagent is required. -- Ac`id*i*met"ric*al (&unr_;), a.
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Acidity
A*cid"i*ty (&unr_;), n. [L. acidites, fr. acidus: cf. F. acidité. See Acid.] The quality of being sour; sourness; tartness; sharpness to the taste; as, the acidity of lemon juice.
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acid-loving
acid-loving adj. 1. thriving in a relatively acid environment; -- especially of plants requiring a pH well below 7 alkaline-loving
[WordNet 1.5]

Acidly
Ac"id*ly (&unr_;), adv. Sourly; tartly.
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Acidness
Ac"id*ness (&unr_;), n. Acidity; sourness.
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acidophilous
acidophilic
acidophilic acidophilous adj. 1. 1 growing well in an acid medium; said of some bacteria
Syn. -- aciduric
[WordNet 1.5]

acidosis
acidosis n. 1. abnormally high acidity of the blood and other body fluids.
[WordNet 1.5]

acidotic
acidotic adj. 1. of or pertaining to acidosis; suffering from acidosis.
[WordNet 1.5]

Acid process
Ac"id proc"ess. (Iron Metal.) That variety of either the Bessemer or the open-hearth process in which the converter or hearth is lined with acid, that is, highly siliceous, material. Opposed to basic process.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Acidulate
A*cid"u*late (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acidulated (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Acidulating (&unr_;).] [Cf. F. aciduler. See Acidulous.] To make sour or acid in a moderate degree; to sour somewhat. Arbuthnot.
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acidulated
acidulated adj. 1. made slightly acidic
[WordNet 1.5]

Acidulent
A*cid"u*lent (&unr_;), a. Having an acid quality; sour; acidulous. “With anxious, acidulent face.” Carlyle.
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Acidulous
A*cid"u*lous (&unr_;), a. [L. acidulus, dim. of acidus. See Acid.] Slightly sour; sub-acid; sourish; as, an acidulous tincture. E. Burke.
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Acidulous mineral waters, such as contain carbonic anhydride.
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acid-wash
acid-wash v. 1. to wash (blue jeans) in acid, so as to cause the color to fade.
[WordNet 1.5]

Acierage
Ac`i*er*age (&unr_;), n. [F. aciérage, fr. acier steel.] The process of coating the surface of a metal plate (as a stereotype plate) with steellike iron by means of voltaic electricity; steeling.
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Aciform
Ac"i*form (&unr_;), a. [L. acus needle + -form.] Shaped like a needle.
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Acinaceous
Ac"i*na"ceous (&unr_;), a. [L. acinus a grape, grapestone.] (Bot.) Containing seeds or stones of grapes, or grains like them.
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Acinaces
A*cin"a*ces (&unr_;), n. [L., from Gr. &unr_;.] (Anc. Hist.) A short sword or saber.
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Acinaciform
Ac`i*nac"i*form (ăs`&ibreve_;*năs"&ibreve_;*fôrm), a. [L. acinaces a short sword + -form: cf. F. acinaciforme.] (Bot.) Scimeter-shaped; as, an acinaciform leaf.
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Acinesia
Ac`i*ne"si*a (ăs`&ibreve_;*nē"s&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n. (Med.) Same as Akinesia. AS
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Acinetae
Ac`i*ne"tæ (ăs`&ibreve_;*nē"tē), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. 'akinhtos immovable.] (Zool.) A group of suctorial Infusoria, which in the adult stage are stationary. See Suctoria.
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Acinetiform
Ac`i*net"i*form (&unr_;), a. [Acinetæ + -form.] (Zool.) Resembling the Acinetæ.
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Aciniform
A*cin"i*form (&unr_;), a. [L. acinus a grape, grapestone + -form: cf. F. acinoforme.] 1. Having the form of a cluster of grapes; clustered like grapes.
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2. Full of small kernels like a grape.
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Acinous
Acinose
{ Ac"i*nose` (&unr_;), Ac"i*nous (&unr_;) } a. [L. acinosus, fr. acinus grapestone.] Consisting of acini, or minute granular concretions; as, acinose or acinous glands. Kirwan.
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Acinus
Ac"i*nus (ăs"&ibreve_;*nŭs), n.; pl. Acini (&unr_;). [L., grape, grapestone.] 1. (Bot.) (a) One of the small grains or drupelets which make up some kinds of fruit, as the blackberry, raspberry, etc. (b) A grapestone.
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2. (Anat.) One of the granular masses which constitute a racemose or compound gland, as the pancreas; also, one of the saccular recesses in the lobules of a racemose gland. Quain.
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Acipenser
Ac`i*pen"ser (&unr_;), prop. n. [L., the name of a fish.] (Zool.) A genus of ganoid fishes, including the sturgeons, having the body armed with bony scales, and the mouth on the under side of the head. See Sturgeon.
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Acipenseridae
Acipenseridae prop. n. The natural family of fish including the sturgeons.
Syn. -- family Acipenseridae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Aciurgy
Ac"i*ur`gy (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; a point + 'e`rgon work.] Operative surgery.
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ack-ack
ack-ack n. [from AA, meaning antiaircraft pronounced ack-ack by British signalmen.] (Mil.) Artillery designed to shoot upward at airplanes; antiaircraft artillery.
Syn. -- antiaircraft, antiaircraft gun, flak, pompom, pom-pom, ack-ack gun
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

ackee
ackee n. 1. 1 red pear-shaped tropical fruit with poisonous seeds; its flesh is poisonous when unripe or overripe.
Syn. -- akee
[WordNet 1.5]

Acknow
Ac*know" (ăk*nō"), v. t. [Pref. a- + know; AS. oncnāwan.] 1. To recognize. [Obs.] “You will not be acknown, sir.” B. Jonson.
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2. To acknowledge; to confess. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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To be acknown (often with of or on), to acknowledge; to confess. [Obs.]
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We say of a stubborn body that standeth still in the denying of his fault, This man will not acknowledge his fault, or, He will not be acknown of his fault. Sir T. More.
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acknowledge
ac*knowl"edge (ăk*n&obreve_;l"&ebreve_;j), v. t. [imp. & p. p. acknowledged (ăk*n&obreve_;l"&ebreve_;jd); p. pr. & vb. n. acknowledging (ăk*n&obreve_;l"&ebreve_;j*&ibreve_;ng).] [Prob. fr. pref. a- + the verb knowledge. See Knowledge, and cf. Acknow.] 1. To own or admit the knowledge of; to recognize as a fact or truth; to declare one's belief in; as, to acknowledge the being of a God.
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I acknowledge my transgressions. Ps. li. 3.
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For ends generally acknowledged to be good. Macaulay.
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2. To own or recognize in a particular character or relationship; to admit the claims or authority of; to give recognition to.
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In all thy ways acknowledge Him. Prov. iii. 6.
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By my soul, I'll ne'er acknowledge thee. Shak.
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3. To own with gratitude or as a benefit or an obligation; as, to acknowledge a favor, the receipt of a letter.
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They his gifts acknowledged none. Milton.
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4. To own as genuine; to assent to, as a legal instrument, to give it validity; to avow or admit in legal form; as, to acknowledge a deed.
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Syn. -- To avow; proclaim; recognize; own; admit; allow; concede; confess. -- Acknowledge, Recognize. Acknowledge is opposed to keep back, or conceal, and supposes that something had been previously known to us (though perhaps not to others) which we now feel bound to lay open or make public. Thus, a man acknowledges a secret marriage; one who has done wrong acknowledges his fault; and author acknowledges his obligation to those who have aided him; we acknowledge our ignorance. Recognize supposes that we have either forgotten or not had the evidence of a thing distinctly before our minds, but that now we know it (as it were) anew, or receive and admit in on the ground of the evidence it brings. Thus, we recognize a friend after a long absence. We recognize facts, principles, truths, etc., when their evidence is brought up fresh to the mind; as, bad men usually recognize the providence of God in seasons of danger. A foreign minister, consul, or agent, of any kind, is recognized on the ground of his producing satisfactory credentials. See also Confess.
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acknowledgeable
ac*knowl"edge*a*ble adj. Capable of being acknowledged.
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acknowledged
ac*knowl"edged (ăk*n&obreve_;l"&ebreve_;jd) adj. Generally accepted or recognized as correct or reasonable. Opposite of unacknowledged. [Narrower terms: given, granted; unquestionable (vs. questionable)] Also See: known.
Syn. -- accepted, recognized
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Acknowledgedly
Ac*knowl"edged*ly (ăk*n&obreve_;l"&ebreve_;jd*l&ybreve_;), adv. Confessedly.
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Acknowledger
Ac*knowl"edg*er (&unr_;), n. One who acknowledges.
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Acknowledgement
Acknowledgment
Ac*knowl"edg*ment, Ac*knowl"edge*ment (ăk*n&obreve_;l"&ebreve_;j*m&eitalic_;nt), n. 1. The act of acknowledging; admission; avowal; owning; confession. “An acknowledgment of fault.” Froude.
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2. The act of owning or recognizing in a particular character or relationship; recognition as regards the existence, authority, truth, or genuineness; a statement acknowledging something or someone.
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Immediately upon the acknowledgment of the Christian faith, the eunuch was baptized by Philip. Hooker.
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3. The owning of a benefit received; courteous recognition; the state or quality of being recognized or acknowledged; an expression of thanks. Shak.
Syn. -- recognition
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4. Something given or done in return for a favor, message, etc. Smollett.
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5. A declaration or avowal of one's own act, to give it legal validity; as, the acknowledgment of a deed before a proper officer. Also, the certificate of the officer attesting such declaration.
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Acknowledgment money, in some parts of England, a sum paid by copyhold tenants, on the death of their landlords, as an acknowledgment of their new lords. Cowell.
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Syn. -- Confession; concession; recognition; admission; avowal; recognizance.
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Aclinic
A*clin"ic (&adot_;*kl&ibreve_;n"&ibreve_;k), a. [Gr. 'a priv. + kli`nein to incline.] (Physics.) Without inclination or dipping; -- said of the imaginary line near the earth's equator on which the magnetic needle balances itself horizontally, having no dip. The aclinic line is also termed the magnetic equator. Prof. August.
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acme
ac"me (ăk"m&euptack_;), n. [Gr. 'akmh` point, top.] 1. The top or highest point; the culmination.
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The very acme and pitch of life for epic poetry. Pope.
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The moment when a certain power reaches the acme of its supremacy. I. Taylor.
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2. (Med.) The crisis or height of a disease. AS
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3. Mature age; full bloom of life. B. Jonson.
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acne
ac"ne (ăk"n&euptack_;), n. [NL., prob. a corruption of Gr. 'akmh`.] (Med.) Inflammation of the sebaceous glands that are associated with hair follicles, leading to visible comedones and pimples, especially on the face, back, and chest.
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Acnodal
Ac*no"dal (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to acnodes.
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Acnode
Ac"node (&unr_;), n. [L. acus needle + E. node.] (Geom.) An isolated point not upon a curve, but whose coördinates satisfy the equation of the curve so that it is considered as belonging to the curve.
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Acocanthera
Acocanthera n. same as Akocanthera.
Syn. -- Akocanthera, genus Acocanthera, genus Acokanthera.
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Acock
A*cock" (&unr_;), adv. [Pref. a- + cock.] In a cocked or turned up fashion.
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Acockbill
A*cock"bill` (&unr_;), adv. [Prefix a- + cock + bill: with bills cocked up.] (Naut.) (a) Hanging at the cathead, ready to let go, as an anchor. (b) Topped up; having one yardarm higher than the other.
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Acokanthera
Acokanthera n. 1. small genus of trees and shrubs containing strongly toxic cardiac glycosides; distributed from Arabia to Africa.
Syn. -- Acocanthera, genus Acocanthera, genus Acokanthera
[WordNet 1.5]

Acold
A*cold" (&unr_;), a. [Prob. p. p. of OE. acolen to grow cold or cool, AS. ācōlian to grow cold; pref. a- (cf. Goth. er-, orig. meaning out) + cōlian to cool. See Cool.] Cold. [Obs.] “Poor Tom's acold.” Shak.
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Acologic
Ac`o*log"ic (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to acology.
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Acology
A*col"o*gy (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; remedy + -logy.] Materia medica; the science of remedies.
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Acolothist
A*col"o*thist (&unr_;), n. See Acolythist.
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Acolyctine
Ac`o*lyc"tine (&unr_;), n. [From the name of the plant.] (Chem.) An organic base, in the form of a white powder, obtained from Aconitum lycoctonum. Eng. Cyc.
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Acolyte
Ac`o*lyte (&unr_;), n. [LL. acolythus, acoluthus, Gr. &unr_; following, attending: cf. F. acolyte.]
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1. (Eccl.) One who has received the highest of the four minor orders in the Catholic church, being ordained to carry the wine and water and the lights at the Mass.
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2. One who attends; an assistant. “With such chiefs, and with James and John as acolytes.” Motley.
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Acolyth
Ac"o*lyth (&unr_;), n. Same as Acolyte.
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Acolythist
A*col"y*thist (&unr_;), n. An acolyte. [Obs.]
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Acondylous
Aconddylose
{ A*cond"dy*lose` (&unr_;), A*con"dy*lous (&unr_;), } a. [Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_; joint.] (Nat. Hist.) Being without joints; jointless.
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Aconital
Ac`o*ni"tal (&unr_;), a. Of the nature of aconite.
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Aconite
Ac"o*nite (&unr_;), n. [L. aconitum, Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. aconit.] 1. (Bot.) The herb wolfsbane, or monkshood; -- applied to any plant of the genus Aconitum (tribe Hellebore), all the species of which are poisonous.
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2. An extract or tincture obtained from Aconitum napellus, used as a poison and medicinally.
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Winter aconite, a plant (Eranthis hyemalis) allied to the aconites.
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Aconitia
Ac`o*ni"ti*a (&unr_;), n. (Chem.) Same as Aconitine.
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Aconitic
Ac`o*nit"ic (&unr_;), a. 1. Of or pertaining to aconite.
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2. (Chem.) Pert. to or designating a crystalline tribasic acid, C6H6O6, obtained from aconite and other plants. It is a carboxyl derivative of itaconic acid. Both the natural forma from plants and the form prepared chemically have the trans-configuration. It is used in the manufacture of itaconic acid (propylene dicarboxylic acid). MI11
Syn. -- 1-propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid, equisetic acid, citridic acid, achilleic acid [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Aconitine
A*con"i*tine (&unr_;), n. (Chem.) An intensely poisonous alkaloid, extracted from aconite.
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Aconitum
Ac`o*ni"tum (&unr_;), n. [L. See Aconite.] The poisonous herb aconite; also, an extract from it.
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Strong
As aconitum or rash gunpowder.
Shak.
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Acontia
A*con"ti*a (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; a little dart.] (Zool.) Threadlike defensive organs, composed largely of nettling cells (cnidæ), thrown out of the mouth or special pores of certain Actiniæ when irritated.
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Acontias
A*con"ti*as (&unr_;), n. [NL., from Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_;, dim. &unr_; dart.] (Zool.) Anciently, a snake, called dart snake; now, one of a genus of reptiles closely allied to the lizards.
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acopic
a*cop"ic (&adot_;*k&obreve_;p"&ibreve_;k), a. [Gr. 'a priv. + ko`pos striking. weariness, ko`ptein to strike.] (Med.) Relieving weariness; restorative. AS
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Acorn
A"corn (&unr_;), n. [AS. æcern, fr. æcer field, acre; akin to D. aker acorn, Ger. ecker, Icel. akarn, Dan. agern, Goth. akran fruit, akrs field; -- orig. fruit of the field. See Acre.] 1. The fruit of the oak, being an oval nut growing in a woody cup or cupule.
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2. (Naut.) A cone-shaped piece of wood on the point of the spindle above the vane, on the mast-head.
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3. (Zool.) See Acorn-shell.
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Acorn cup
A"corn cup (&unr_;). The involucre or cup in which the acorn is fixed.
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Acorned
A"corned (&unr_;), a. 1. Furnished or loaded with acorns.
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2. Fed or filled with acorns. [R.] Shak.
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Acorn-shell
A"corn-shell` (&unr_;), n. (Zool.) One of the sessile cirripeds; a barnacle of the genus Balanus. See Barnacle.
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Acosmism
A*cos"mism (&unr_;), n. [Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_; world.] A denial of the existence of the universe as distinct from God.
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Acosmist
A*cos"mist (&unr_;), n. [See Acosmism.] One who denies the existence of the universe, or of a universe as distinct from God. G. H. Lewes.
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Acotyledon
A*cot`y*le"don (#; 277), n. [Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_; anything cup-shaped. See Cotyledon.] (Bot.) A plant which has no cotyledons, as the dodder and all flowerless plants.
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Acotyledonous
A*cot`y*led"on*ous (#; 277), a. Having no seed lobes, as the dodder; also applied to plants which have no true seeds, as ferns, mosses, etc.
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Acouchy
A*cou"chy (&unr_;), n. [F. acouchi, from the native name Guiana.] (Zool.) A small species of agouti (Dasyprocta acouchy).
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Acoumeter
A*cou"me*ter (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; to hear + -meter.] (Physics.) An instrument for measuring the acuteness of the sense of hearing. Itard.
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Acoumetry
A*cou"me*try (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; to hear + -metry.] The measuring of the power or extent of hearing.
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Acoustic
A*cous"tic (#; 277), a. [F. acoustique, Gr. &unr_; relating to hearing, fr. &unr_; to hear.] Pertaining to the sense of hearing, the organs of hearing, or the science of sounds; auditory.
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Acoustic duct, the auditory duct, or external passage of the ear. -- Acoustic telegraph, a telegraph making audible signals; a telephone. -- Acoustic vessels, brazen tubes or vessels, shaped like a bell, used in ancient theaters to propel the voices of the actors, so as to render them audible to a great distance.
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Acoustic
A*cous"tic, n. A medicine or agent to assist hearing.
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Acoustical
A*cous"tic*al (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to acoustics.
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Acoustically
A*cous"tic*al*ly (&unr_;), adv. In relation to sound or to hearing. Tyndall.
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Acoustician
Ac`ous*ti"cian (&unr_;), n. One versed in acoustics. Tyndall.
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Acoustics
A*cous"tics (#; 277), n. [Names of sciences in -ics, as, acoustics, mathematics, etc., are usually treated as singular. See -ics.] (Physics.) The science of sounds, teaching their nature, phenomena, and laws.
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Acoustics, then, or the science of sound, is a very considerable branch of physics. Sir J. Herschel.
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&hand_; The science is, by some writers, divided, into diacoustics, which explains the properties of sounds coming directly from the ear; and catacoustica, which treats of reflected sounds or echoes.
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Acquaint
Ac*quaint" (&unr_;), a. [OF. acoint. See Acquaint, v. t.] Acquainted. [Obs.]
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Acquaint
Ac*quaint", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acquainted; p. pr. & vb. n. Acquainting.] [OE. aqueinten, acointen, OF. acointier, LL. adcognitare, fr. L. ad + cognitus, p. p. of cognoscere to know; con- + noscere to know. See Quaint, Know.] 1. To furnish or give experimental knowledge of; to make (one) to know; to make familiar; -- followed by with.
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Before a man can speak on any subject, it is necessary to be acquainted with it. Locke.
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A man of sorrows and acquainted with grief. Isa. liii. 3.
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2. To communicate notice to; to inform; to make cognizant; -- followed by with (formerly, also, by of), or by that, introducing the intelligence; as, to acquaint a friend with the particulars of an act.
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Acquaint her here of my son Paris' love. Shak.
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I must acquaint you that I have received
New dated letters from Northumberland.
Shak.
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3. To familiarize; to accustom. [Obs.] Evelyn.
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To be acquainted with, to be possessed of personal knowledge of; to be cognizant of; to be more or less familiar with; to be on terms of social intercourse with.
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Syn. -- To inform; apprise; communicate; advise.
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Acquaintable
Ac*quaint"a*ble (&unr_;), a. [Cf. OF. acointable]. Easy to be acquainted with; affable. [Obs.] Rom. of R.
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Acquaintance
Ac*quaint"ance (&unr_;), n. [OE. aqueintance, OF. acointance, fr. acointier. See Acquaint.] 1. A state of being acquainted, or of having intimate, or more than slight or superficial, knowledge; personal knowledge gained by intercourse short of that of friendship or intimacy; as, I know the man; but have no acquaintance with him.
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Contract no friendship, or even acquaintance, with a guileful man. Sir W. Jones.
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2. A person or persons with whom one is acquainted.
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Montgomery was an old acquaintance of Ferguson. Macaulay.
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&hand_; In this sense the collective term acquaintance was formerly both singular and plural, but it is now commonly singular, and has the regular plural acquaintances.
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To be of acquaintance, to be intimate. -- To take acquaintance of or with, to make the acquaintance of. [Obs.]
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Syn. -- Familiarity; intimacy; fellowship; knowledge. -- Acquaintance, Familiarity, Intimacy. These words mark different degrees of closeness in social intercourse. Acquaintance arises from occasional intercourse; as, our acquaintance has been a brief one. We can speak of a slight or an intimate acquaintance. Familiarity is the result of continued acquaintance. It springs from persons being frequently together, so as to wear off all restraint and reserve; as, the familiarity of old companions. Intimacy is the result of close connection, and the freest interchange of thought; as, the intimacy of established friendship.
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Our admiration of a famous man lessens upon our nearer acquaintance with him. Addison.
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We contract at last such a familiarity with them as makes it difficult and irksome for us to call off our minds. Atterbury.
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It is in our power to confine our friendships and intimacies to men of virtue. Rogers.
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Acquaintanceship
Ac*quaint"ance*ship, n. A state of being acquainted; acquaintance. Southey.
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Acquaintant
Ac*quaint"ant (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. acointant, p. pr.] An acquaintance. [R.] Swift.
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Acquainted
Ac*quaint"ed, a. Personally known; familiar. See To be acquainted with, under Acquaint, v. t.
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Acquaintedness
Ac*quaint"ed*ness, n. State of being acquainted; degree of acquaintance. [R.] Boyle.
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Acquest
Ac*quest" (#), n. [OF. aquest, F. acquêt, fr. LL. acquestum, acquisītum, for L. acquisītum, p. p. (used substantively) of acquirere to acquire. See Acquire.]
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1. Acquisition; the thing gained. [R.] Bacon.
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2. (Law) Property acquired by purchase, gift, or otherwise than by inheritance. Bouvier.
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Acquiesce
Ac`qui*esce" (&unr_;), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Acquiesced (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Acquiescing (&unr_;)] [L. acquiescere; ad + quiescere to be quiet, fr. quies rest: cf. F. acquiescer. See Quiet.] 1. To rest satisfied, or apparently satisfied, or to rest without opposition and discontent (usually implying previous opposition or discontent); to accept or consent by silence or by omitting to object; -- followed by in, formerly also by with and to.
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They were compelled to acquiesce in a government which they did not regard as just. De Quincey.
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2. To concur upon conviction; as, to acquiesce in an opinion; to assent to; usually, to concur, not heartily but so far as to forbear opposition.
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Syn. -- To submit; comply; yield; assent; agree; consent; accede; concur; conform; accept tacitly.
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Acquiescence
Ac`qui*es"cence (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. acquiescence.]
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1. A silent or passive assent or submission, or a submission with apparent content; -- distinguished from avowed consent on the one hand, and on the other, from opposition or open discontent; quiet satisfaction.
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2. (Crim. Law) (a) Submission to an injury by the party injured. (b) Tacit concurrence in the action of another. Wharton.
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Acquiescency
Ac`qui*es"cen*cy (&unr_;), n. The quality of being acquiescent; acquiescence.
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Acquiescent
Ac`qui*es"cent (&unr_;), a. [L. acquiescens, -centis; p. pr.] Resting satisfied or submissive; disposed tacitly to submit; assentive; as, an acquiescent policy.
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Acquiescently
Ac`qui*es"cent*ly, adv. In an acquiescent manner.
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Acquiet
Ac*qui"et (&unr_;), v. t. [LL. acquietare; L. ad + quies rest. See Quiet and cf. Acquit.] To quiet. [Obs.]
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Acquiet his mind from stirring you against your own peace. Sir A. Sherley.
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Acquirability
Ac*quir"a*bil"i*ty (&unr_;), n. The quality of being acquirable; attainableness. [R.] Paley.
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Acquirable
Ac*quir"a*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being acquired.
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Acquire
Ac*quire" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acquired (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Acquiring (&unr_;).] [L. acquirere, acquisitum; ad + quarere to seek for. In OE. was a verb aqueren, fr. the same, through OF. aquerre. See Quest..] To gain, usually by one's own exertions; to get as one's own; as, to acquire a title, riches, knowledge, skill, good or bad habits.
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No virtue is acquired in an instant, but step by step. Barrow.
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Descent is the title whereby a man, on the death of his ancestor, acquires his estate, by right of representation, as his heir at law. Blackstone.
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Syn. -- To obtain; gain; attain; procure; win; earn; secure. See Obtain.
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acquired
acquired adj. 1. 1 (Biol.) gotten through environmental forces. Contrasted with inherited. acquired characteristics cannot be passed on noninheritable (vs. inheritable), nonheritable
Syn. -- nurtural
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Acquirement
Ac*quire"ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. The act of acquiring, or that which is acquired; attainment. “Rules for the acquirement of a taste.” Addison.
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His acquirements by industry were . . . enriched and enlarged by many excellent endowments of nature. Hayward.
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Syn. -- Acquisition, Acquirement. Acquirement is used in opposition to a natural gift or talent; as, eloquence, and skill in music and painting, are acquirements; genius is the gift or endowment of nature. It denotes especially personal attainments, in opposition to material or external things gained, which are more usually called acquisitions; but this distinction is not always observed.
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Acquirer
Ac*quir"er (&unr_;), n. A person who acquires.
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Acquiry
Ac*quir"y (&unr_;), n. Acquirement. [Obs.] Barrow.
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Acquisite
Ac"qui*site (&unr_;), a. [L. acquisitus, p. p. of acquirere. See Acquire.] Acquired. [Obs.] Burton.
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Acquisition
Ac`qui*si"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. acquisitio, fr. acquirere: cf. F. acquisition. See Acquire.] 1. The act or process of acquiring.
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The acquisition or loss of a province. Macaulay.
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2. Specifically: (Business, Finance) The purchase of one commercial enterprise by another, whether for cash, or in a trade of stock of the purchasing company for that of the purchased company.
Syn. -- buyout, takeover.
[PJC]

3. The thing acquired or gained; an acquirement; a gain; as, learning is an acquisition.
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Syn. -- See Acquirement.
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Acquisitive
Ac*quis"i*tive (&unr_;), a. 1. Acquired. [Obs.]
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He died not in his acquisitive, but in his native soil. Wotton.
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2. Able or disposed to make acquisitions; acquiring; as, an acquisitive person or disposition.
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Acquisitively
Ac*quis"i*tive*ly, adv. In the way of acquisition.
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Acquisitiveness
Ac*quis"i*tive*ness, n. 1. The quality of being acquisitive; propensity to acquire property; desire of possession.
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2. (Phren.) The faculty to which the phrenologists attribute the desire of acquiring and possessing. Combe.
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Acquisitor
Ac*quis"i*tor (&unr_;), n. One who acquires.
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Acquist
Ac*quist" (&unr_;), n. [Cf. Acquest.] Acquisition; gain. Milton.
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Acquit
Ac*quit" (&unr_;), p. p. Acquitted; set free; rid of. [Archaic] Shak.
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Acquit
Ac*quit", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acquitted; p. pr. & vb. n. Acquitting.] [OE. aquiten, OF. aquiter, F. acquitter; &unr_; (L. ad) + OF. quiter, F. quitter, to quit. See Quit, and cf. Acquiet.] 1. To discharge, as a claim or debt; to clear off; to pay off; to requite.
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A responsibility that can never be absolutely acquitted. I. Taylor.
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2. To pay for; to atone for. [Obs.] Shak.
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3. To set free, release or discharge from an obligation, duty, liability, burden, or from an accusation or charge; -- now followed by of before the charge, formerly by from; as, the jury acquitted the prisoner; we acquit a man of evil intentions.
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4. Reflexively: (a) To clear one's self. Shak. (b) To bear or conduct one's self; to perform one's part; as, the soldier acquitted himself well in battle; the orator acquitted himself very poorly.
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Syn. -- To absolve; clear; exonerate; exonerate; exculpate; release; discharge. See Absolve.
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Acquitment
Ac*quit"ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. [Cf. OF. aquitement.] Acquittal. [Obs.] Milton.
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Acquittal
Ac*quit"tal (&unr_;), n. 1. The act of acquitting; discharge from debt or obligation; acquittance.
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2. (Law) A setting free, or deliverance from the charge of an offense, by verdict of a jury or sentence of a court. Bouvier.
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Acquittance
Ac*quit"tance (&unr_;), n. [OF. aquitance, fr. aquiter. See Acquit.] 1. The clearing off of debt or obligation; a release or discharge from debt or other liability.
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2. A writing which is evidence of a discharge; a receipt in full, which bars a further demand.
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You can produce acquittances
For such a sum, from special officers.
Shak.
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Acquittance
Ac*quit"tance, v. t. To acquit. [Obs.] Shak.
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Acquitter
Ac*quit"ter (&unr_;), n. One who acquits or releases.
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Acrania
A*cra"ni*a (&unr_;), n. [NL., from Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_; skull.] 1. (Physiol.) Partial or total absence of the skull.
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2. pl. (Zool.) The lowest group of Vertebrata, including the amphioxus, in which no skull exists.
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Acranial
A*cra"ni*al (&unr_;), a. Wanting a skull.
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Acraze
Acrase
{ A*crase", A*craze" } (&unr_;), v. t. [Pref. a- + crase; or cf. F. écraser to crush. See Crase, Craze.]
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1. To craze. [Obs.] Grafton.
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2. To impair; to destroy. [Obs.] Hacket.
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Acrasy
Acrasia
{ ‖A*cra"si*a (&unr_;), Ac"ra*sy (&unr_;) } n. [Gr. akrasia.] Excess; intemperance. [Obs. except in Med.] Farindon.
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Acraspeda
A*cras"pe*da (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_; border.] (Zool.) A group of acalephs, including most of the larger jellyfishes; the Discophora.
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Acre
A"cre (&unr_;), n. [OE. aker, AS. æcer; akin to OS. accar, OHG. achar, Ger. acker, Icel. akr, Sw. åker, Dan. ager, Goth. akrs, L. ager, Gr. &unr_;, Skr. ajra. √2, 206.] 1. Any field of arable or pasture land. [Obs.]
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2. A piece of land, containing 160 square rods, or 4,840 square yards, or 43,560 square feet. This is the English statute acre. That of the United States is the same. The Scotch acre was about 1.26 of the English, and the Irish 1.62 of the English.
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&hand_; The acre was limited to its present definite quantity by statutes of Edward I., Edward III., and Henry VIII.
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Broad acres, many acres, much landed estate. [Rhetorical] -- God's acre, God's field; the churchyard.
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I like that ancient Saxon phrase, which calls
The burial ground, God's acre.
Longfellow.
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Acreable
A"cre*a*ble (&unr_;), a. Of an acre; per acre; as, the acreable produce.
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Acreage
A"cre*age (&unr_;), n. Acres collectively; as, the acreage of a farm or a country.
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Acred
A"cred (&unr_;), a. Possessing acres or landed property; -- used in composition; as, large-acred men.
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Acrid
Ac"rid (&unr_;), a. [L. acer sharp; prob. assimilated in form to acid. See Eager.] 1. Sharp and harsh, or bitter and not, to the taste; pungent; as, acrid salts.
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2. Causing heat and irritation; corrosive; as, acrid secretions.
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3. Caustic; bitter; bitterly irritating; as, acrid temper, mind, writing.
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Acrid poison, a poison which irritates, corrodes, or burns the parts to which it is applied.
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Acridness
Acridity
{ A*crid"i*ty (&unr_;), Ac"rid*ness (&unr_;) } n. The quality of being acrid or pungent; irritant bitterness; extreme bitterness; acrimony; as, the acridity of a plant, of a speech.
Syn. -- acridness
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2. having an acrid smell.
Syn. -- pungency
[WordNet 1.5]

Acridly
Ac"rid*ly (&unr_;), adv. In an acid manner.
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Acridotheres
Acridotheres n. 1. 1 a genus of birds comprising the mynas.
Syn. -- genus Acridotheres.
[WordNet 1.5]

Acrilan
Acrilan n. 1. a strong soft crease-resistant fabric.
[WordNet 1.5]

Acrimonious
Ac"ri*mo"ni*ous (&unr_;), a. [Cf. LL. acrimonious, F. acrimonieux.] 1. Acrid; corrosive; as, acrimonious gall. [Archaic] Harvey.
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2. Caustic; bitter-tempered' sarcastic; as, acrimonious dispute, language, temper.
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Acrimoniously
Ac`ri*mo"ni*ous*ly, adv. In an acrimonious manner.
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Acrimoniousness
Ac`ri*mo"ni*ous*ness, n. The quality of being acrimonious; asperity; acrimony.
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Acrimony
Ac"ri*mo*ny (&unr_;), n.; pl. Acrimonies (&unr_;). [L. acrimonia, fr. acer, sharp: cf. F. acrimonie.] 1. A quality of bodies which corrodes or destroys others; also, a harsh or biting sharpness; as, the acrimony of the juices of certain plants. [Archaic] Bacon.
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2. Sharpness or severity, as of language or temper; irritating bitterness of disposition or manners.
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John the Baptist set himself with much acrimony and indignation to baffle this senseless arrogant conceit of theirs. South.
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Syn. -- Acrimony, Asperity, Harshness, Tartness. These words express different degrees of angry feeling or language. Asperity and harshness arise from angry feelings, connected with a disregard for the feelings of others. Harshness usually denotes needless severity or an undue measure of severity. Acrimony is a biting sharpness produced by an imbittered spirit. Tartness denotes slight asperity and implies some degree of intellectual readiness. Tartness of reply; harshness of accusation; acrimony of invective.
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In his official letters he expressed, with great acrimony, his contempt for the king's character. Macaulay.
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It is no very cynical asperity not to confess obligations where no benefit has been received. Johnson.
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A just reverence of mankind prevents the growth of harshness and brutality. Shaftesbury.
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acrisy
acrisia
{ ‖a*cris"i*a (&adot_;*kr&ibreve_;s"&ibreve_;*&adot_;), ac"ri*sy (ăk"r&ibreve_;*s&ybreve_;), } n. [LL. acrisia, Gr. 'akrisi`a; 'a priv. + kri`nein to separate, to decide.] 1. Inability to judge.
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2. (Med.) Undecided character of a disease. [Obs.]
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Acrita
Ac"ri*ta (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; indiscernible; 'a priv. + &unr_; to distinguish.] (Zool.) The lowest groups of animals, in which no nervous system has been observed.
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Acritan
Ac"ri*tan (&unr_;), a. (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Acrita. -- n. An individual of the Acrita.
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Acrite
Ac"rite (&unr_;), a. (Zool.) Acritan. Owen.
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Acritical
A*crit"ic*al (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_; critical.] (Med.) Having no crisis; giving no indications of a crisis; as, acritical symptoms, an acritical abscess. [R.] AS
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Acritochromacy
Ac`ri*to*chro"ma*cy (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; undistinguishable; 'a priv. + &unr_; to separate, distinguish + &unr_; color.] Color blindness; achromatopsy.
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Acritude
Ac"ri*tude (&unr_;), n. [L. acritudo, from acer sharp.] Acridity; pungency joined with heat. [Obs.]
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Acrity
Ac"ri*ty (&unr_;), n. [L. acritas, fr. acer sharp: cf. F. âcreté.] Sharpness; keenness. [Obs.]
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Acroamatical
Acroamatic
{ Ac`ro*a*mat"ic (&unr_;), Ac`ro*a*mat"ic*al (&unr_;), } a. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to hear.] Communicated orally; oral; -- applied to the esoteric teachings of Aristotle, those intended for his genuine disciples, in distinction from his exoteric doctrines, which were adapted to outsiders or the public generally. Hence: Abstruse; profound.
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Acroatic
Ac`ro*at"ic (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to hear.] Same as Acroamatic.
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Acrobat
Ac"ro*bat (&unr_;), n. [F. acrobate, fr. Gr. &unr_; walking on tiptoe, climbing aloft; &unr_; high + &unr_; to go.] One who practices rope dancing, high vaulting, or other daring gymnastic feats.
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Acrobates
Acrobates n. 1. 1 a genus of mammals.
Syn. -- genus Acrobates.
[WordNet 1.5]

Acrobatic
Ac`ro*bat"ic (&unr_;), a. [Cf. F. acrobatique.] Pertaining to an acrobat.
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-- Ac`ro*bat"ic*al*ly, adv.
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Acrobatism
Ac"ro*bat*ism (&unr_;), n. Feats of the acrobat; daring gymnastic feats; high vaulting.
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Acrocarpous
Ac`ro*car"pous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_; extreme, highest + &unr_; fruit.] (Bot.) (a) Having a terminal fructification; having the fruit at the end of the stalk. (b) Having the fruit stalks at the end of a leafy stem, as in certain mosses.
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acrocentric
acrocentric adj. 1. having a subterminal centromere an acrocentric chromosome
[WordNet 1.5]

Acrocephalic
Ac`ro*ce*phal"ic (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_; highest + &unr_;. See Cephalic.] Characterized by a high skull.
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Acrocephalus
Acrocephalus n. 1. 1 a genus of birds.
Syn. -- genus Acrocephalus.
[WordNet 1.5]

Acrocephaly
Ac`ro*ceph"a*ly (&unr_;), n. Loftiness of skull.
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Acroceraunian
Ac`ro*ce*rau"ni*an (&unr_;), a. [L. acroceraunius, fr. Gr. &unr_; high, n. pl. &unr_; heights + &unr_; thunderbolt.] Of or pertaining to the high mountain range of “thunder-smitten” peaks (now Kimara), between Epirus and Macedonia. Shelley.
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Acroclinium
Acroclinium n. 1. 1 a genus of herbs and shrubs of Australia and Southern Africa, with an everlasting flower; most species are usually placed in genus Helipterum.
Syn. -- genus Acroclinium
[WordNet 1.5]

Acrocomia
Acrocomia n. 1. 1 a genus of Central and South American feather palms.
Syn. -- genus Acrocomia
[WordNet 1.5]

Acrodactylum
Ac`ro*dac"tyl*um (&unr_;), n. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; topmost + &unr_; finger.] (Zool.) The upper surface of the toes, individually.
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Acrodont
Ac"ro*dont (&unr_;), n. [Gr. 'a`kros summit + 'odoy`s, 'odo`ntos, a tooth.] (Zool.) One of a group of lizards having the teeth immovably united to the top of the alveolar ridge. -- a. Of or pertaining to the acrodonts.
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Acrogen
Ac"ro*gen (&unr_;), n. [Gr. 'a`kros extreme, high + -gen.] (Bot.) A plant of the highest class of cryptogams, including the ferns, etc. See Cryptogamia.
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The Age of Acrogens (Geol.), the age of coal plants, or the carboniferous era.
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acrogenic
acrogenic adj. 1. 1 pertaining to acrogens, flowerless plants (ferns or mosses) in which growth occurs only at the tip of the main stem.
Syn. -- acrogenous
[WordNet 1.5]

Acrogenous
Ac*rog"e*nous (&unr_;), a. (Bot.) Increasing by growth from the extremity; as, an acrogenous plant.
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Acrolein
A*cro"le*in (&unr_;), n. [L. acer sharp + olēre to smell.] (Chem.) A limpid, colorless, highly volatile liquid, obtained by the dehydration of glycerin, or the destructive distillation of neutral fats containing glycerin. Its vapors are intensely irritating. Watts.
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Acrolith
Ac"ro*lith (&unr_;), n. [L. acrolthus, Gr. 'akroli`qos with the ends made of stone; 'a`kros extreme + li`qos stone.] (Arch. & Sculp.) A statue whose extremities are of stone, the trunk being generally of wood. Elmes.
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Acrolithic
Acrolithan
{ A*crol"i*than (&unr_;), Ac`ro*lith"ic (&unr_;), } a. Pertaining to, or like, an acrolith.
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Acromegaly
Ac`ro*meg"a*ly (ăk`r&ouptack_;*m&ebreve_;g"&adot_;*l&ybreve_;), n. [NL. acromegalia, fr. Gr. 'a`kron point, peak + me`gas, mega`loy, big.] (Med.) Chronic enlargement of many bones of the skeleton, especially bones of hands, feet and face; the condition is due to excessive secretion of growth hormone.
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Acromial
A*cro"mi*al (&unr_;), a. [Cf. F. acromial.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the acromion. Dunglison.
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Acromion
A*cro"mi*on (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;; 'a`kros extreme + &unr_; shoulder: cf. F. acromion.] (Anat.) The outer extremity of the shoulder blade.
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Acromonogrammatic
Ac`ro*mon`o*gram*mat"ic (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'a`kros extreme + &unr_; alone + &unr_; a letter.] Having each verse begin with the same letter as that with which the preceding verse ends.
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Acronychal
Acronyc
{ A*cron"yc (&unr_;), A*cron"ych*al (&unr_;), } a. [Gr. 'akro`nychos at nightfall; 'a`kros + ny`x night.] (Astron.) Rising at sunset and setting at sunrise, as a star; -- opposed to cosmical.
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&hand_; The word is sometimes incorrectly written acronical, achronychal, acronichal, and acronical.
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Acronycally
A*cron"yc*al*ly, adv. In an acronycal manner as rising at the setting of the sun, and vice versa.
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Acronyctous
Ac"ro*nyc"tous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'akro`nyktos; 'a`kros + ny`x, nykto`s, night.] (Astron.) Acronycal.
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Acrook
A*crook" (&unr_;), adv. Crookedly. [R.] Udall.
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Acropetal
A*crop"e*tal (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'a`kros summit + L. petere to seek.] (Bot.) Developing from below towards the apex, or from the circumference towards the center; centripetal; -- said of certain inflorescence.
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Acrophony
A*croph"o*ny (&unr_;), n. [Gr. 'a`kros extreme + &unr_; sound.] The use of a picture symbol of an object to represent phonetically the initial sound of the name of the object.
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Acropodium
Ac`ro*po"di*um (&unr_;), n. [Gr. 'a`kros topmost + poy`s, podo`s, foot.] (Zool.) The entire upper surface of the foot.
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Acropolis
A*crop"o*lis (&unr_;), n. [Gr. 'akro`polis; 'a`kros extreme + po`lis city.] The upper part, or the citadel, of a Grecian city; especially, the citadel of Athens.
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Acropolitan
Ac"ro*pol"i*tan (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to an acropolis.
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Acrospire
Ac"ro*spire (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; + &unr_; anything twisted.] (Bot.) The sprout at the end of a seed when it begins to germinate; the plumule in germination; -- so called from its spiral form.
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Acrospire
Ac"ro*spire, v. i. To put forth the first sprout.
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Acrospore
Ac"ro*spore (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; + &unr_; fruit.] (Bot.) A spore borne at the extremity of the cells of fructification in fungi.
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Acrosporous
Ac"ro*spor"ous (&unr_;), a. Having acrospores.
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Across
A*cross" (#; 115), prep. [Pref. a- + cross: cf. F. en croix. See Cross, n.] From side to side; athwart; crosswise, or in a direction opposed to the length; quite over; as, a bridge laid across a river. Dryden.
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To come across, to come upon or meet incidentally. Freeman. -- To go across the country, to go by a direct course across a region without following the roads.
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Across
A*cross", adv. 1. From side to side; crosswise; as, with arms folded across. Shak.
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2. Obliquely; athwart; amiss; awry. [Obs.]
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The squint-eyed Pharisees look across at all the actions of Christ. Bp. Hall.
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across-the-board
across-the-board adj. 1. broad in scope or content limited, exclusive
Syn. -- all-embracing, all-inclusive, blanket(prenominal), broad, complete, global, panoptic, wide
[WordNet 1.5]

Acrostic
A*cros"tic (&unr_;) (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;; &unr_; extreme + &unr_; order, line, verse.] 1. A composition, usually in verse, in which the first or the last letters of the lines, or certain other letters, taken in order, form a name, word, phrase, or motto.
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2. A Hebrew poem in which the lines or stanzas begin with the letters of the alphabet in regular order (as Psalm cxix.). See Abecedarian.
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Double acrostic, a species of enigma, in which words are to be guessed whose initial and final letters form other words.
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Acrostical
Acrostic
{ A*cros"tic (&unr_;), A*cros"tic*al (&unr_;), } n. Pertaining to, or characterized by, acrostics.
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Acrostically
A*cros"tic*al*ly, adv. After the manner of an acrostic.
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Acrotarsium
Ac`ro*tar"si*um (&unr_;), n. [NL., from Gr. &unr_; topmost + &unr_; tarsus.] (Zool.) The instep or front of the tarsus.
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Acroteleutic
Ac`ro*te*leu"tic (ăk`r&ouptack_;*t&euptack_;*lū"t&ibreve_;k), n. [Gr. 'a`kros extreme + teley`th end.] (Eccles.) The end of a verse or psalm, or something added thereto, to be sung by the people, by way of a response.
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Acroter
Ac"ro*ter (ăk`r&ouptack_;*t&etilde_;r or &adot_;*krō*t&etilde_;r), n. [F. acrotère. See Acroterium.] (Arch.) Same as Acroterium.
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Acroterial
Ac`ro*te"ri*al (ăk`r&ouptack_;*tē"r&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;l), a. Pertaining to an acroterium; as, acroterial ornaments. P. Cyc.
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Acroterium
Ac`ro*te`ri*um (-ŭm), n.; pl. Acroteria (&unr_;). [L., fr. Gr. 'akrwth`rion summit, fr. 'a`kros topmost.] (Arch.) (a) One of the small pedestals, for statues or other ornaments, placed on the apex and at the basal angles of a pediment. Acroteria are also sometimes placed upon the gables in Gothic architecture. J. H. Parker. (b) One of the pedestals, for vases or statues, forming a part roof balustrade.
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acrotic
a*crot"ic (&adot_;*kr&obreve_;t"&ibreve_;k), a. [Gr. 'akro`ths an extreme, fr. 'a`kros.] 1. (Med.) Pertaining to or affecting the surface of the body. AS
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2. (Med.) Pertaining to acrotism. Dorland.
[AS]

acrotism
ac"ro*tism (ăk"r&ouptack_;*t&ibreve_;z'm), n. [Gr. 'a priv. + kro`tos a rattling, beating.] (Med.) Lack or defect of pulsation. AS
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Acrotomous
A*crot"o*mous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'akro`tomos cut off sharp; 'a`kros extreme + te`mnein to cut.] (Min.) Having a cleavage parallel with the base.
[1913 Webster]

acrylic
a*cryl"ic (&adot_;*kr&ibreve_;l"&ibreve_;k), a. 1. (Chem.) Of or containing acryl, the hypothetical radical (R.CH:CH.CO-) of which acrolein (H2C:CH.CHO) is the hydride; as, acrylic acid. The characteristic residue in an acrylic compound is the carbonyl group attached directly to an ethylenic carbon.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

2. Of or pertaining to a derivative of acrylic acid, or an object consisting mostly of an acrylic resin; as, an acrylic window.
[PJC]

Acrylic
A*cryl"ic (&unr_;), a. 1. A paint in which the pigment is suspended in a solution of an acrylic resin, which dries to a hard film on exposure to air.
[PJC]

2. A painting made using an acrylic paint; as, he donated several of his acrylics to the museum.
[PJC]

3. Same as acrylic resin.
[PJC]

4. Same as acrylic fiber.
[PJC]

Acrylic resin
A*cryl"ic re"sin (&unr_;), n. 1. (Chem.) a thermoplastic made by polymerization of acrylic acid or methacrylic acid or some derivative of these (such as the esters or amides). It can be formed into a clear hard plastic, and is the basis for the commercial plastics called Lucite and Plexiglass.
[PJC]

acrylonitrile
acrylonitrile n. 1. a colorless liquid compound (H2C:CH.CN); used as raw material for acrylic fibers, and as a solvent.
Syn. -- vinyl cyanide, cyanoethylene, 2-propenenitrile
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Act
Act (ăkt), n. [L. actus, fr. agere to drive, do: cf. F. acte. See Agent.] 1. That which is done or doing; the exercise of power, or the effect, of which power exerted is the cause; a performance; a deed.
[1913 Webster]

That best portion of a good man's life,
His little, nameless, unremembered acts
Of kindness and of love.
Wordsworth.
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Hence, in specific uses: (a) The result of public deliberation; the decision or determination of a legislative body, council, court of justice, etc.; a decree, edit, law, judgment, resolve, award; as, an act of Parliament, or of Congress. (b) A formal solemn writing, expressing that something has been done. Abbott. (c) A performance of part of a play; one of the principal divisions of a play or dramatic work in which a certain definite part of the action is completed. (d) A thesis maintained in public, in some English universities, by a candidate for a degree, or to show the proficiency of a student.
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2. A state of reality or real existence as opposed to a possibility or possible existence. [Obs.]
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The seeds of plants are not at first in act, but in possibility, what they afterward grow to be. Hooker.
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3. Process of doing; action. In act, in the very doing; on the point of (doing).In act to shoot.” Dryden.
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This woman was taken . . . in the very act. John viii. 4.
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Act of attainder. (Law) See Attainder. -- Act of bankruptcy (Law), an act of a debtor which renders him liable to be adjudged a bankrupt. -- Act of faith. (Ch. Hist.) See Auto-da-Fé. -- Act of God (Law), an inevitable accident; such extraordinary interruption of the usual course of events as is not to be looked for in advance, and against which ordinary prudence could not guard. -- Act of grace, an expression often used to designate an act declaring pardon or amnesty to numerous offenders, as at the beginning of a new reign. -- Act of indemnity, a statute passed for the protection of those who have committed some illegal act subjecting them to penalties. Abbott. -- Act in pais, a thing done out of court (anciently, in the country), and not a matter of record.
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Syn. -- See Action.
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Act
Act, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acted; p. pr. & vb. n. Acting.] [L. actus, p. p. of agere to drive, lead, do; but influenced by E. act, n.] 1. To move to action; to actuate; to animate. [Obs.]
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Self-love, the spring of motion, acts the soul. Pope.
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2. To perform; to execute; to do. [Archaic]
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That we act our temporal affairs with a desire no greater than our necessity. Jer. Taylor.
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Industry doth beget by producing good habits, and facility of acting things expedient for us to do. Barrow.
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Uplifted hands that at convenient times
Could act extortion and the worst of crimes.
Cowper.
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3. To perform, as an actor; to represent dramatically on the stage.
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4. To assume the office or character of; to play; to personate; as, to act the hero.
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5. To feign or counterfeit; to simulate.
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With acted fear the villain thus pursued. Dryden.
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To act a part, to sustain the part of one of the characters in a play; hence, to simulate; to dissemble. -- To act the part of, to take the character of; to fulfill the duties of.
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Act
Act, v. i. 1. To exert power; to produce an effect; as, the stomach acts upon food.
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2. To perform actions; to fulfill functions; to put forth energy; to move, as opposed to remaining at rest; to carry into effect a determination of the will.
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He hangs between, in doubt to act or rest. Pope.
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3. To behave or conduct, as in morals, private duties, or public offices; to bear or deport one's self; as, we know not why he has acted so.
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4. To perform on the stage; to represent a character.
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To show the world how Garrick did not act. Cowper.
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To act as or To act for, to do the work of; to serve as. -- To act on, to regulate one's conduct according to. -- To act up to, to equal in action; to fulfill in practice; as, he has acted up to his engagement or his advantages.
[1913 Webster]

Actable
Act"a*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being acted. Tennyson.
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Actaea
Actaea n. 1. 1 baneberry.
Syn. -- genus Actaea
[WordNet 1.5]

ACTH
ACTH n. 1. a growth hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland; stimulates the adrenal cortex.
Syn. -- adrenocorticotropic hormone, adrenocorticotrophic hormone, adrenocorticotropin, adrenocorticotrophin, corticotropin, corticotrophin
[WordNet 1.5]

Actias
Actias n. 1. 1 luna moths.
Syn. -- genus Actias
[WordNet 1.5]

Actinal
Ac"ti*nal (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray.] (Zool.) Pertaining to the part of a radiate animal which contains the mouth. L. Agassiz.
[1913 Webster]

Actinaria
Ac`ti*na"ri*a (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray.] (Zool.) An order of Anthozoa, including those which have simple tentacles and do not form stony corals. Sometimes, in a wider sense, applied to all the Anthozoa, expert the Alcyonaria, whether forming corals or not.
[1913 Webster]

Acting
Act"ing (&unr_;), a. 1. Operating in any way.
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2. Doing duty for another; officiating; as, an acting superintendent.
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Actinia
Ac*tin"i*a (&unr_;), n.; pl. L. Actiniæ (&unr_;), E. Actinias (&unr_;). [Latinized fr. Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray.] (Zool.) (a) An animal of the class Anthozoa, and family Actinidæ. From a resemblance to flowers in form and color, they are often called animal flowers and sea anemones. [See Polyp.]. (b) A genus in the family Actinidæ.
[1913 Webster]

actinian
actinian n. 1. any sea anemone or related animal.
Syn. -- actinia, actiniarian
[WordNet 1.5]

Actiniaria
Actiniaria n. 1. 1 the order comprising sea anemones.
Syn. -- order Actiniaria, Actinaria, order Actinaria
[WordNet 1.5]

actiniarian
actiniarian n. 1. any sea anemone or related animal.
Syn. -- actinia, actinian
[WordNet 1.5]

Actinic
Ac*tin"ic (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to actinism; as, actinic rays.
[1913 Webster]

Actinidia
Actinidia n. 1. 1 a small Asiatic woody vine bearing many-seeded fruit.
Syn. -- genus Actinidia.
[WordNet 1.5]

Actinidiaceae
Actinidiaceae n. 1. 1 tropical trees or shrubs or woody vines.
Syn. -- family Actinidiaceae
[WordNet 1.5]

Actiniform
Ac*tin"i*form (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray + -form.] Having a radiated form, like a sea anemone.
[1913 Webster]

Actiniopteris
Actiniopteris n. 1. 1 a genus of terrestrial ferns of tropical Asia and Africa.
Syn. -- genus Actiniopteris.
[WordNet 1.5]

Actinism
Ac"tin*ism (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_; ray.] The property of radiant energy (found chiefly in solar or electric light) by which chemical changes are produced, as in photography.
[1913 Webster]

Actinium
Ac*tin"i*um (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray.] (Chem.) A supposed metal, said by Phipson to be contained in commercial zinc; -- so called because certain of its compounds are darkened by exposure to light.
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Actino-chemistry
Ac`ti*no-chem"is*try (&unr_;), n. Chemistry in its relations to actinism. Draper.
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Actinogram
Ac*tin"o*gram (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray + -gram.] A record made by the actinograph.
[Obsolescent] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Actinograph
Ac*tin"o*graph (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray + -graph.] An instrument for measuring and recording the variations in the actinic or chemical force of rays of light. Nichol.
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Actinoid
Ac"tin*oid (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray + -oid.] Having the form of rays; radiated, as an actinia.
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Actinolite
Ac*tin"o*lite (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray + -lite.] (Min.) A bright green variety of amphibole occurring usually in fibrous or columnar masses.
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Actinolitic
Ac`tin*o*lit"ic (&unr_;), a. (Min.) Of the nature of, or containing, actinolite.
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Actinology
Ac`ti*nol"o*gy (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray + -logy.] The science which treats of rays of light, especially of the actinic or chemical rays.
[1913 Webster]

Actinomere
Ac*tin"o*mere (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray + &unr_; part.] (Zool.) One of the radial segments composing the body of one of the Cœlenterata.
[1913 Webster]

Actinometer
Ac`ti*nom"e*ter (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray + -meter] (a) An instrument for measuring the direct heating power of the sun's rays. (b) An instrument for measuring the actinic effect of rays of light.
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Actinometric
Ac`ti*no*met"ric (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to the measurement of the intensity of the solar rays, either (a) heating, or (b) actinic.
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Actinometry
Ac`ti*nom"e*try (&unr_;), n. 1. The measurement of the force of solar radiation. Maury.
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2. The measurement of the chemical or actinic energy of light. Abney.
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Actinomycetales
Actinomycetales n. 1. 1 filamentous or rod-shaped bacteria.
Syn. -- order Actinomycetales
[WordNet 1.5]

actinomycetes
actinomycetes n. 1. branched gram-positive bacteria, often found in soil, some of which are pathogenic for humans and animals. some species have been found to produce metabolites which are useful in medicine. Many species of these bacteria have been isolated and extensively screened by pharmaceutical companies and university research groups for production of useful therapeutic agents. Among the agent produced by actinomycetes are tetracyclines, streptomycin, avermectin, and thienamycin
[WordNet 1.5]

actinomycetous
actinomycetous adj. 1. of or pertaining to actinomycetes.
Syn. -- actinomycetal
[WordNet 1.5]

actinomycin
actinomycin n. [From actinomyces, the genus of the organism in which they were first found.] 1. any of various red antibiotics isolated from soil bacteria with a three-ring heterocyclic nucleus with an attached peptide chain. Actinomycin D is the most well-known and has been used to treat certain tumors. They act by binding to DNA and inhibiting the transcription of RNA. Their binding to DNA has been much studied.
Syn. -- actinomycin actinomycin C actinomycin F1 actinomycin D
[WordNet 1.5]

actinomycin D
actinomycin D n. [From actinomyces, the genus of the organism in which they were first found.] The most well-known of the actinomycins (C62H86N12O16), a class of antibiotics which act by binding to DNA and inhibiting synthesis of RNA; they act agains gram-positive bacteria and many eukaryotic organisma. Actinomycin D has been used in human medicine to treat certain tumors.
Syn. -- dactinomycin, actinomycin IV, Cosmegen[trade name], actinomycin C1, actinomycin I1
[PJC]

Actinomycosis
Ac`ti*no*my*co"sis (ăk`t&ibreve_;*n&ouptack_;*mī*kō"s&ibreve_;s), n. [NL.] (Med.) A chronic infectious disease of cattle and man due to infection with actinomycetes, especially by Actinomyces bovis in cattle and by Actinomyces israeli or Arachnia propionica in man. It is characterized by hard swellings usually in the mouth and jaw. In man the disease may also affect the abdomen or thorax. In cattle it is called also lumpy jaw or big jaw.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. + AS]

Actinomycotic
Ac`ti*no*my*cot"ic adj. (Med.) Of or pertaining to actinomycosis.
[WordNet 1.5]

Actinomyxidia
Actinomyxidia n. 1. an order comprising parasites of worms.
Syn. -- order Actinomyxidia.
[WordNet 1.5]

actinomyxidian
actinomyxidian n. 1. a type of parasite of worms.
[WordNet 1.5]

Actinophone
Ac*tin"o*phone (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray + &unr_; voice.] (Physics) An apparatus for the production of sound by the action of the actinic, or ultraviolet, rays.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Actinophonic
Ac*tin`o*phon"ic (?), a. (Physics) Pertaining to, or causing the production of, sound by means of the actinic, or ultraviolet, rays; as, actinophonic phenomena.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Actinophorous
Ac`ti*noph"o*rous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray + fe`rein to bear.] Having straight projecting spines.
[1913 Webster]

actinopod
actinopod n. 1. protozoa having stiff rodlike radiating pseudopods.
[WordNet 1.5]

Actinopoda
Actinopoda n. 1. 1 heliozoans; radiolarians.
Syn. -- subclass Actinopoda
[WordNet 1.5]

Actinosome
Ac*tin"o*some (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; ray + &unr_; body.] (Zool.) The entire body of a cœlenterate.
[1913 Webster]

Actinost
Ac"tin*ost (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray + &unr_; bone.] (Anat.) One of the bones at the base of a paired fin of a fish.
[1913 Webster]

Actinostome
Ac*tin"o*stome (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, a ray + &unr_; mouth.] (Zool.) The mouth or anterior opening of a cœlenterate animal.
[1913 Webster]

Actinotrocha
Ac`ti*not"ro*cha (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL.; Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, a ray + &unr_; a ring.] (Zool.) A peculiar larval form of Phoronis, a genus of marine worms, having a circle of ciliated tentacles.
[1913 Webster]

Actinozoa
Ac"ti*no*zo"a (&unr_;), n. pl. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, ray + zw^,on animal.] (Zool.) A group of Cœlenterata, comprising the Anthozoa and Ctenophora. The sea anemone, or actinia, is a familiar example.
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Actinozoal
Ac`ti*no*zo"al (&unr_;), a. (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the Actinozoa.
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Actinozoon
Ac"ti*no*zo"ön (&unr_;), n. (Zool.) One of the Actinozoa.
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Actinula
Ac*tin"u*la (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, a ray.] (Zool.) A kind of embryo of certain hydroids (Tubularia), having a stellate form.
[1913 Webster]

Action
Ac"tion (&unr_;), n. [OF. action, L. actio, fr. agere to do. See Act.] 1. A process or condition of acting or moving, as opposed to rest; the doing of something; exertion of power or force, as when one body acts on another; the effect of power exerted on one body by another; agency; activity; operation; as, the action of heat; a man of action.
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One wise in council, one in action brave. Pope.
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2. An act; a thing done; a deed; an enterprise. (pl.): Habitual deeds; hence, conduct; behavior; demeanor.
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The Lord is a Good of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed. 1 Sam. ii. 3.
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3. The event or connected series of events, either real or imaginary, forming the subject of a play, poem, or other composition; the unfolding of the drama of events.
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4. Movement; as, the horse has a spirited action.
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5. (Mech.) Effective motion; also, mechanism; as, the breech action of a gun.
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6. (Physiol.) Any one of the active processes going on in an organism; the performance of a function; as, the action of the heart, the muscles, or the gastric juice.
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7. (Orat.) Gesticulation; the external deportment of the speaker, or the suiting of his attitude, voice, gestures, and countenance, to the subject, or to the feelings.
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8. (Paint. & Sculp.) The attitude or position of the several parts of the body as expressive of the sentiment or passion depicted.
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9. (Law) (a) A suit or process, by which a demand is made of a right in a court of justice; in a broad sense, a judicial proceeding for the enforcement or protection of a right, the redress or prevention of a wrong, or the punishment of a public offense. (b) A right of action; as, the law gives an action for every claim.
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10. (Com.) A share in the capital stock of a joint-stock company, or in the public funds; hence, in the plural, equivalent to stocks. [A Gallicism] [Obs.]
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The Euripus of funds and actions. Burke.
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11. An engagement between troops in war, whether on land or water; a battle; a fight; as, a general action, a partial action.
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12. (Music) The mechanical contrivance by means of which the impulse of the player's finger is transmitted to the strings of a pianoforte or to the valve of an organ pipe. Grove.
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Chose in action. (Law) See Chose. -- Quantity of action (Physics), the product of the mass of a body by the space it runs through, and its velocity.
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Syn. -- Action, Act. In many cases action and act are synonymous; but some distinction is observable. Action involves the mode or process of acting, and is usually viewed as occupying some time in doing. Act has more reference to the effect, or the operation as complete. To poke the fire is an act, to reconcile friends who have quarreled is a praiseworthy action. C. J. Smith.
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Actionable
Ac"tion*a*ble (&unr_;), a. [Cf. LL. actionabilis. See Action.] That may be the subject of an action or suit at law; as, to call a man a thief is actionable.
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Actionably
Ac"tion*a*bly, adv. In an actionable manner.
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Actionist
Actionary
{ Ac"tion*a*ry (&unr_;), Ac"tion*ist (&unr_;), } n. [Cf. F. actionnaire.] (Com.) A shareholder in joint-stock company. [Obs.]
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Actionless
Ac"tion*less, a. Void of action.
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Actium
Actium n. 1. naval battle where Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian's fleet under Agrippa in 31 BC.
[WordNet 1.5]

Activate
Ac"ti*vate (&unr_;), v. t. To make active. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

activated
activated adj. 1. (Sewage treatment) treated with aeration and bacteria to aid decomposition; -- of sewage
[WordNet 1.5]

3. (Physics) made reactive or more reactive; -- of e.g. a molecule
Syn. -- activated, excited
[WordNet 1.5]

4. rendered active; -- as e.g. radioactive or luminescent or photosensitive or conductive
Syn. -- activated
[WordNet 1.5]

5. (Military) set up and placed on active assignment a newly activated unit
Syn. -- activated
[WordNet 1.5]

activating
activating adj. prenom. 1. causing motion or action or change
Syn. -- actuating(prenominal)
[WordNet 1.5]

activating
activating n. 1. same as activation{1}.
Syn. -- energizing, activation
[WordNet 1.5]

activation
activation n. 1. the process of making active.
Syn. -- energizing, activating
[WordNet 1.5 2. making active and effective (as a bomb).
[1913 Webster]

certain devices, as bombs or artillery shells, are designed to be unable to operate until a specific action (activation or arming) is taken to make them operable.
[WordNet 1.5]

activator
activator n. 1. any agency bringing about activation; (Biol.) a molecule that increases the activity of an enzyme or a protein that increases the production of a gene product in DNA transcription.
[WordNet 1.5]

Active
Ac"tive (&unr_;), a. [F. actif, L. activus, fr. agere to act.] 1. Having the power or quality of acting; causing change; communicating action or motion; acting; -- opposed to passive, that receives; as, certain active principles; the powers of the mind.
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2. Quick in physical movement; of an agile and vigorous body; nimble; as, an active child or animal.
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Active and nervous was his gait. Wordsworth.
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3. In action; actually proceeding; working; in force; -- opposed to quiescent, dormant, or extinct; as, active laws; active hostilities; an active volcano.
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4. Given to action; constantly engaged in action; energetic; diligent; busy; -- opposed to dull, sluggish, indolent, or inert; as, an active man of business; active mind; active zeal.
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5. Requiring or implying action or exertion; -- opposed to sedentary or to tranquil; as, active employment or service; active scenes.
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6. Given to action rather than contemplation; practical; operative; -- opposed to speculative or theoretical; as, an active rather than a speculative statesman.
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7. Brisk; lively; as, an active demand for corn.
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8. Implying or producing rapid action; as, an active disease; an active remedy.
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9. (Gram.) (a) Applied to a form of the verb; -- opposed to passive. See Active voice, under Voice. (b) Applied to verbs which assert that the subject acts upon or affects something else; transitive. (c) Applied to all verbs that express action as distinct from mere existence or state.
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Active capital, Active wealth, money, or property that may readily be converted into money.
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Syn. -- Agile; alert; brisk; vigorous; nimble; lively; quick; sprightly; prompt; energetic.
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Actively
Ac"tive*ly, adv. 1. In an active manner; nimbly; briskly; energetically; also, by one's own action; voluntarily, not passively.
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2. (Gram.) In an active signification; as, a word used actively.
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Activeness
Ac"tive*ness, n. The quality of being active; nimbleness; quickness of motion; activity.
[1913 Webster]

activism
activism n. 1. a policy of taking direct and militant action to achieve a political or social goal.
[WordNet 1.5]

activist
activist n. 1. one who is aggressively active on behalf of a cause.
Syn. -- militant
[WordNet 1.5]

activistic
activist
activist activistic adj. 1. 1 advocating a cause or engaged in activism
[WordNet 1.5]

Activity
Ac*tiv"i*ty (&unr_;), n.; pl. Activities (&unr_;). [Cf. F. activité, LL. activitas.] The state or quality of being active; nimbleness; agility; vigorous action or operation; energy; active force; as, an increasing variety of human activities. “The activity of toil.” Palfrey.
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Syn. -- Liveliness; briskness; quickness.
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Actless
Act"less (&unr_;), a. Without action or spirit. [R.]
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Acton
Ac"ton (&unr_;), n. [OF. aketon, auqueton, F. hoqueton, a quilted jacket, fr. Sp. alcoton, algodon, cotton. Cf. Cotton.] A stuffed jacket worn under the mail, or (later) a jacket plated with mail. [Spelled also hacqueton.] [Obs.] Halliwell. Sir W. Scott.
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Actor
Ac"tor (&unr_;), n. [L. actor, fr. agere to act.] 1. One who acts, or takes part in any affair; a doer.
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2. A theatrical performer; a stageplayer.
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After a well graced actor leaves the stage. Shak.
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3. (Law) (a) An advocate or proctor in civil courts or causes. Jacobs. (b) One who institutes a suit; plaintiff or complainant.
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Actress
Ac`tress (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. actrice.] 1. A female actor or doer. [Obs.] Cockeram.
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2. A female stageplayer; a woman who acts a part.
[1913 Webster]

Acts
Acts n. 1. 1 one of the books of the Christian New Testament describing the activities of Christ's apostles after his death.
Syn. -- Acts of the Apostles
[WordNet 1.5]

Actual
Ac"tu*al (#; 135), a. [OE. actuel, F. actuel, L. actualis, fr. agere to do, act.] 1. Involving or comprising action; active. [Obs.]
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Her walking and other actual performances. Shak.
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Let your holy and pious intention be actual; that is . . . by a special prayer or action, . . . given to God. Jer. Taylor.
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2. Existing in act or reality; really acted or acting; in fact; real; -- opposed to potential, possible, virtual, speculative, conceivable, theoretical, or nominal; as, the actual cost of goods; the actual case under discussion.
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3. In action at the time being; now exiting; present; as the actual situation of the country.
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Actual cautery. See under Cautery. -- Actual sin (Theol.), that kind of sin which is done by ourselves in contradistinction to “original sin.”
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Syn. -- Real; genuine; positive; certain. See Real.
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Actual
Ac"tu*al (&unr_;), n. (Finance) Something actually received; real, as distinct from estimated, receipts. [Cant]
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The accounts of revenues supplied . . . were not real receipts: not, in financial language, “actuals,” but only Egyptian budget estimates. Fortnightly Review.
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Actualist
Ac"tu*al*ist, n. One who deals with or considers actually existing facts and conditions, rather than fancies or theories; a realist; -- opposed to idealist. J. Grote.
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Actuality
Ac`tu*al"i*ty (&unr_;), n.; pl. Actualities (&unr_;). The state of being actual; reality; as, the actuality of God's nature. South.
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Actualization
Actualisation
Ac`tu*al*i*sa"tion, Ac`tu*al*i*za"tion (&unr_;), n. A making actual or really existent; giving the appearance of reality. [R.] Emerson.
Syn. -- realization, realisation.
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

Actualize
Ac"tu*al*ize (&unr_;), v. t. To make actual; to realize in action. [R.] Coleridge.
[1913 Webster]

actualized
actualized adj. changed from potential to actual; as, saw his worst fears actualized.
Syn. -- realized
[WordNet 1.5]

Actually
Ac"tu*al*ly, adv. 1. Actively. [Obs.] “Neither actually . . . nor passively.” Fuller.
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2. In act or in fact; really; in truth; positively.
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Actualness
Ac"tu*al*ness, n. Quality of being actual; actuality.
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Actuarial
Ac`tu*a"ri*al (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to actuaries; as, the actuarial value of an annuity.
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Actuary
Ac"tu*a*ry (&unr_;), n.; pl. Actuaries (&unr_;). [L. actuarius copyist, clerk, fr. actus, p. p. of agere to do, act.] 1. (Law) A registrar or clerk; -- used originally in courts of civil law jurisdiction, but in Europe used for a clerk or registrar generally.
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2. The computing official of an insurance company; one whose profession it is to calculate for insurance companies the risks and premiums for life, fire, and other insurances.
[1913 Webster]

Actuate
Ac"tu*ate (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Actuated (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Actuating (&unr_;).] [LL. actuatus, p. p. of actuare, fr. L. actus act.] 1. To put into action or motion; to move or incite to action; to influence actively; to move as motives do; -- more commonly used of persons.
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Wings, which others were contriving to actuate by the perpetual motion. Johnson.
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Men of the greatest abilities are most fired with ambition; and, on the contrary, mean and narrow minds are the least actuated by it. Addison.
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2. To carry out in practice; to perform. [Obs.] “To actuate what you command.” Jer. Taylor.
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Syn. -- To move; impel; incite; rouse; instigate; animate.
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Actuate
Ac"tu*ate (&unr_;), a. [LL. actuatus, p. p. of actuare.] Put in action; actuated. [Obs.] South.
[1913 Webster]

actuated
actuated adj. 1. moved to action motivated (vs. unmotivated)
[WordNet 1.5]

actuating
actuating adj. prenom. 1. causing motion or action or change
Syn. -- activating(prenominal)
[WordNet 1.5]

Actuation
Ac`tu*a"tion (&unr_;), n. [Cf. LL. actuatio.] A bringing into action; movement. Bp. Pearson.
[1913 Webster]

Actuator
Ac"tu*a`tor (&unr_;), n. One who actuates, or puts into action. [R.] Melville.
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Actuose
Ac"tu*ose` (&unr_;), a. [L. actuosus.] Very active. [Obs.]
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Actuosity
Ac`tu*os"i*ty (&unr_;), n. Abundant activity. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.
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Acture
Ac"ture (&unr_;), n. Action. [Obs.] Shak.
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Acturience
Ac*tu"ri*ence (&unr_;), n. [A desid. of L. agere, actum, to act.] Tendency or impulse to act. [R.]
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Acturience, or desire of action, in one form or another, whether as restlessness, ennui, dissatisfaction, or the imagination of something desirable. J. Grote.
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Acuate
Ac"u*ate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. acus needle.] To sharpen; to make pungent; to quicken. [Obs.] “[To] acuate the blood.” Harvey.
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Acuate
Ac"u*ate (&unr_;), a. Sharpened; sharp-pointed.
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Acuation
Ac`u*a"tion (&unr_;), n. Act of sharpening. [R.]
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Acuition
Ac`u*i"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. acutus, as if acuitus, p. p. of acuere to sharpen.] The act of sharpening. [Obs.]
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Acuity
A*cu"i*ty (&unr_;), n. [LL. acuitas: cf. F. acuité.] Sharpness or acuteness, as of a needle, wit, etc.
[1913 Webster]

Aculea
A*cu"le*a (&unr_;), n. [L. aculeus, dim. of acus needle.] A small spiny outgrowth on the wings of certain insects.
[WordNet 1.5]

Aculeate
A*cu"le*ate (&unr_;), a. [L. aculeatus, fr. aculeus, dim. of acus needle.] 1. (Zool.) Having a sting; covered with prickles; sharp like a prickle.
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2. (Bot.) Having prickles, or sharp points; beset with prickles.
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3. Severe or stinging; incisive. [R.] Bacon.
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Aculeated
A*cu"le*a`ted (&unr_;), a. Having a sharp point; armed with prickles; prickly; aculeate.
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Aculeiform
A*cu"le*i*form (&unr_;), a. Like a prickle.
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Aculeolate
A*cu"le*o*late (&unr_;), a. [L. aculeolus little needle.] (Bot.) Having small prickles or sharp points. Gray.
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Aculeous
A*cu"le*ous (&unr_;), a. Aculeate. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Aculeus
A*cu"le*us (&unr_;), n.; pl. Aculei (&unr_;). [L., dim. of acus needle.] 1. (Bot.) A prickle growing on the bark, as in some brambles and roses. Lindley.
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2. (Zool.) A sting.
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Acumen
A*cu"men (&unr_;), n. [L. acumen, fr. acuere to sharpen. Cf. Acute.] Quickness of perception or discernment; penetration of mind; the faculty of nice discrimination. Selden.
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Syn. -- Sharpness; sagacity; keenness; shrewdness; acuteness.
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Acuminate
A*cu"mi*nate (&unr_;), a. [L. acuminatus, p. p. of acuminare to sharpen, fr. acumen. See Acumen.] Tapering to a point; pointed; as, acuminate leaves, teeth, etc.
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Acuminate
A*cu"mi*nate (&unr_;), v. t. To render sharp or keen. [R.] “To acuminate even despair.” Cowper.
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Acuminate
A*cu"mi*nate, v. i. To end in, or come to, a sharp point.Acuminating in a cone of prelacy.” Milton.
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Acumination
A*cu`mi*na"tion (&unr_;), n. A sharpening; termination in a sharp point; a tapering point. Bp. Pearson.
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Acuminose
A*cu"mi*nose` (&unr_;), a. Terminating in a flat, narrow end. Lindley.
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Acuminous
A*cu"mi*nous (&unr_;), a. Characterized by acumen; keen. Highmore.
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Acupressure
Ac`u*pres"sure (&unr_;), n. [L. acus needle + premere, pressum, to press.] (Surg.) A mode of arresting hemorrhage resulting from wounds or surgical operations, by passing under the divided vessel a needle, the ends of which are left exposed externally on the cutaneous surface. Simpson.
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Acupuncturation
Ac`u*punc`tu*ra"tion (&unr_;), n. See Acupuncture.
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Acupuncture
Ac`u*punc"ture (ăk`&uuptack_;*pŭ&nsmacr_;k"t&uuptack_;r or ăk"&uuptack_;*pŭ&nsmacr_;k`ch&uuptack_;r), n. [L. acus needle + punctura a pricking, fr. pungere to prick: cf. F. acuponcture.] Pricking with a needle; a needle prick. Specifically (Med.): The insertion of needles into the living tissues for remedial purposes, such as to relieve pain. It was first recorded as being practised in China, and the technique is believed to be over 2,000 years old. AS
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Acupuncture
(An NIH Consensus Statement prepared by a nonadvocate, non-Federal panel of experts)

November 3-5, 1997
Vol. 15, No. 5

Acupuncture as a therapeutic intervention is widely practiced in the United States. While there have been many studies of its potential usefulness, many of these studies provide equivocal results because of design, sample size, and other factors. The issue is further complicated by inherent difficulties in the use of appropriate controls, such as placebos and sham acupuncture groups. However, promising results have emerged, for example, showing efficacy of acupuncture in adult post-operative and chemotherapy nausea and vomiting and in post-operative dental pain. There are other situations such as addiction, stroke rehabilitation, headache, menstrual cramps, tennis elbow, fibromyalgia, myofacial pain, osteoarthritis, low back pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and asthma where acupuncture may be useful as an adjunct treatment or an acceptable alternative or be included in a comprehensive management program. Further research is likely to uncover additional areas where acupuncture interventions will be useful.

taken from: http://odp.od.nih.gov/consensus/cons/107/107_intro.htm
[PJC]

Acupuncture
Ac`u*punc"ture (&unr_;), v. t. To treat with acupuncture.
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Acustumaunce
A*cus"tum*aunce (&unr_;), n. See Accustomance. [Obs.]
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Acutangular
A*cut"an`gu*lar (&unr_;), a. Acute-angled.
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Acute
A*cute" (&unr_;), a. [L. acutus, p. p. of acuere to sharpen, fr. a root ak to be sharp. Cf. Ague, Cute, Edge.] 1. Sharp at the end; ending in a sharp point; pointed; -- opposed to blunt or obtuse; as, an acute angle; an acute leaf.
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2. Having nice discernment; perceiving or using minute distinctions; penetrating; clever; shrewd; -- opposed to dull or stupid; as, an acute observer; acute remarks, or reasoning.
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3. Having nice or quick sensibility; susceptible to slight impressions; acting keenly on the senses; sharp; keen; intense; as, a man of acute eyesight, hearing, or feeling; acute pain or pleasure.
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4. High, or shrill, in respect to some other sound; -- opposed to grave or low; as, an acute tone or accent.
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5. (Med.) Attended with symptoms of some degree of severity, and coming speedily to a crisis; -- opposed to chronic; as, an acute disease. AS
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Acute angle (Geom.), an angle less than a right angle.
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Syn. -- Subtile; ingenious; sharp; keen; penetrating; sagacious; sharp-witted; shrewd; discerning; discriminating. See Subtile.
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Acute
A*cute", v. t. To give an acute sound to; as, he acutes his rising inflection too much. [R.] Walker.
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Acute-angled
A*cute"-an`gled (-ă&nsmacr_;"g'ld), a. Having acute angles; as, an acute-angled triangle, a triangle with every one of its angles less than a right angle.
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Acutely
A*cute"ly, adv. In an acute manner; sharply; keenly; with nice discrimination.
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Acuteness
A*cute"ness, n. 1. The quality of being acute or pointed; sharpness; as, the acuteness of an angle. AS
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2. The faculty of nice discernment or perception; acumen; keenness; sharpness; sensitiveness; -- applied to the senses, or the understanding. By acuteness of feeling, we perceive small objects or slight impressions: by acuteness of intellect, we discern fine distinctions.
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Perhaps, also, he felt his professional acuteness interested in bringing it to a successful close. Sir W. Scott.
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3. Shrillness; high pitch; -- said of sounds.
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4. (Med.) Violence of a disease, which brings it speedily to a crisis. AS
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Syn. -- Penetration; sagacity; keenness; ingenuity; shrewdness; subtlety; sharp-wittedness.
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Acutifoliate
A*cu`ti*fo"li*ate (&unr_;), a. [L. acutus sharp + folium leaf.] (Bot.) Having sharp-pointed leaves.
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Acutilobate
A*cu`ti*lo"bate (&unr_;), a. [L. acutus sharp + E. lobe.] (Bot.) Having acute lobes, as some leaves.
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Acutorsion
Ac`u*tor"sion (?), n. [L. acus needle + torsion.] (Med.) The twisting of an artery with a needle to arrest hemorrhage. [Not in Stedman -- an obsolete procedure?][archaic] AS
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Acyclic
A*cyc"lic (?), a. [Pref. a- not + cyclic.] Not cyclic; not disposed in cycles or whorls; as: (a) (Bot.) Of a flower, having its parts inserted spirally on the receptacle. (b) (Org. Chem.) Having an open-chain structure; aliphatic.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Acyl
Ac"yl (?), n. [Acid + -yl.] (Org. Chem.) An acid radical, as acetyl, malonyl, or benzoyl. An acyl radical can be depicted as R-CO-, where -CO- is the carbonyl group, and R is the group that characterizes the acyl moiety.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Ad-
Ad- (&unr_;). [A Latin preposition, signifying to. See At.] As a prefix ad- assumes the forms ac-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, ar-, as-, at-, assimilating the d with the first letter of the word to which ad- is prefixed. It remains unchanged before vowels, and before d, h, j, m, v. Examples: adduce, adhere, adjacent, admit, advent, accord, affect, aggregate, allude, annex, appear, etc. It becomes ac- before qu, as in acquiesce.
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Adact
Ad*act" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. adactus, p. p. of adigere.] To compel; to drive. [Obs.] Fotherby.
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Adactylous
Adactyl
{ A*dac"tyl (&unr_;), A*dac"tyl*ous (&unr_;), } a. [Gr. 'a priv. + &unr_; finger.] (Zool.) (a) Without fingers or without toes. (b) Without claws on the feet (of crustaceous animals).
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Adad
Adad n. 1. the Babylonian god of storms and wind.
[WordNet 1.5]

Adage
Ad"age (&unr_;), n. [F. adage, fr. L. adagium; ad + the root of L. aio I say.] An old saying, which has obtained credit by long use; a proverb.
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Letting “I dare not” wait upon “I would,”
Like the poor cat i' the adage.
Shak.
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Syn. -- Axiom; maxim; aphorism; proverb; saying; saw; apothegm. See Axiom.
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Adagial
A*da"gi*al (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to an adage; proverbial.Adagial verse.” Barrow.
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Adagio
A*da"gio (&unr_;), a. & adv. [It. adagio; ad (L. ad) at + agio convenience, leisure, ease. See Agio.] (Mus.) Slow; slowly, leisurely, and gracefully. When repeated, adagio, adagio, it directs the movement to be very slow.
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Adagio
A*da"gio, n. A piece of music in adagio time; a slow movement; as, an adagio of Haydn.
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Adam
Ad"am (&unr_;), n. 1. The name given in the Bible to the first man, the progenitor of the human race.
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2. (As a symbol) “Original sin;” human frailty.
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And whipped the offending Adam out of him. Shak.
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Adam's ale, water. [Coll.] -- Adam's apple. 1. (Bot.) (a) A species of banana (Musa paradisiaca). It attains a height of twenty feet or more. Paxton. (b) A species of lime (Citris limetta). 2. The projection formed by the thyroid cartilage in the neck. It is particularly prominent in males, and is so called from a notion that it was caused by the forbidden fruit (an apple) sticking in the throat of our first parent. -- Adam's flannel (Bot.), the mullein (Verbascum thapsus). -- Adam's needle (Bot.), the popular name of a genus (Yucca) of liliaceous plants.
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adamance
adamance n. 1. same as adamancy.
Syn. -- obstinacy, obduracy, unyieldingness, adamancy
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

adamancy
adamancy n. 1. obstinacy.
Syn. -- obstinacy, obduracy, unyieldingness, adamance
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

adam-and-eve
adam-and-eve n. 1. North American orchid (Aplectrum hyemale) bearing a single leaf and yellowish-brown flowers.
Syn. -- puttyroot.
[WordNet 1.5]

Adamant
Ad"a*mant (ăd"&adot_;*mănt), n. [OE. adamaunt, adamant, diamond, magnet, OF. adamant, L. adamas, adamantis, the hardest metal, fr. Gr. 'ada`mas, -antos; 'a priv. + dama^,n to tame, subdue. In OE., from confusion with L. adamare to love, be attached to, the word meant also magnet, as in OF. and LL. See Diamond, Tame.] 1. A stone imagined by some to be of impenetrable hardness; a name given to the diamond and other substances of extreme hardness; but in modern mineralogy it has no technical signification. It is now a rhetorical or poetical name for the embodiment of impenetrable hardness.
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Opposed the rocky orb
Of tenfold adamant, his ample shield.
Milton.
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2. Lodestone; magnet. [Obs.] “A great adamant of acquaintance.” Bacon.
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As true to thee as steel to adamant. Greene.
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Adamantean
Ad`a*man*te"an (&unr_;), a. [L. adamantēus.] Of adamant; hard as adamant. Milton.
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Adamantine
Ad`a*man"tine (&unr_;), a. [L. adamantinus, Gr. &unr_;.] 1. Made of adamant, or having the qualities of adamant; incapable of being broken, dissolved, or penetrated; as, adamantine bonds or chains.
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2. (Min.) Like the diamond in hardness or luster.
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Adambulacral
Ad`am*bu*la"cral (&unr_;), a. [L. ad + E. ambulacral.] (Zool.) Next to the ambulacra; as, the adambulacral ossicles of the starfish.
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Adamical
Adamic
{ A*dam"ic (&unr_;), A*dam"ic*al (&unr_;), } a. Of or pertaining to Adam, or resembling him.
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Adamic earth, a name given to common red clay, from a notion that Adam means red earth.
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Adamite
Ad"am*ite (&unr_;), n. [From Adam.] 1. A descendant of Adam; a human being.
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2. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of visionaries, who, professing to imitate the state of Adam, discarded the use of dress in their assemblies.
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Adam's apple
Ad"am's ap"ple (&unr_;). See under Adam.
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Adance
A*dance" (&unr_;), adv. Dancing. Lowell.
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Adangle
A*dan"gle (&unr_;), adv. Dangling. Browning.
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Adansonia
Ad`an*so"ni*a (&unr_;), n. [From Adanson, a French botanist.] (Bot.) A genus of great trees related to the Bombax. There are two species, Adansonia digitata, the baobab or monkey-bread of Africa and India, and Adansonia Gregorii, the sour gourd or cream-of-tartar tree of Australia. Both have a trunk of moderate height, but of enormous diameter, and a wide-spreading head. The fruit is oblong, and filled with pleasantly acid pulp. The wood is very soft, and the bark is used by the natives for making ropes and cloth. D. C. Eaton.
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Adapa
Adapa [Babylonian.] n. 1. a demigod or first man: "seed of mankind"; sometimes identified with Adam.
[WordNet 1.5]

Adapid
Adapid n. 1. 1 extinct small mostly diurnal lower primates that fed on leaves and fruit; abundant in North America and Europe 30 to 50 million years ago; their descendents probably include the lemurs and lorises; some authorities consider them ancestral to anthropoids but others consider them only cousins.
Syn. -- Adapid group
[WordNet 1.5]

Adapt
A*dapt" (&unr_;), a. Fitted; suited. [Obs.] Swift.
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Adapt
A*dapt", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adapted; p. pr. & vb. n. Adapting.] [L. adaptare; ad + aptare to fit; cf. F. adapter. See Apt, Adept.] To make suitable; to fit, or suit; to adjust; to alter so as to fit for a new use; -- sometimes followed by to or for.
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For nature, always in the right,
To your decays adapts my sight.
Swift.
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Appeals adapted to his [man's] whole nature. Angus.
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Streets ill adapted for the residence of wealthy persons. Macaulay.
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Adaptableness
Adaptability
{ A*dapt`a*bil"i*ty (&unr_;), A*dapt"a*ble*ness (&unr_;), } n. The quality of being adaptable; suitableness. “General adaptability for every purpose.” Farrar.
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Adaptable
A*dapt"a*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being adapted.
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Adaptation
Ad`ap*ta"tion (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. adaptation, LL. adaptatio.] 1. The act or process of adapting, or fitting; or the state of being adapted or fitted; fitness.Adaptation of the means to the end.” Erskine.
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2. The result of adapting; an adapted form.
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Adaptative
A*dapt"a*tive (&unr_;), a. Adaptive. Stubbs.
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adaptational
adaptational adj. 1. 1 having a capacity for adaptation. Opposed to maladaptive.
Syn. -- adaptive, adaptative
[WordNet 1.5]

Adaptedness
A*dapt"ed*ness (&unr_;), n. The state or quality of being adapted; suitableness; special fitness.
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Adapter
A*dapt"er (&unr_;), n. 1. One who adapts.
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2. (Chem.) A connecting tube; an adopter.
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Adaption
A*dap"tion (&unr_;), n. Adaptation. Cheyne.
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Adaptive
A*dapt"ive (&unr_;), a. Suited, given, or tending, to adaptation; characterized by adaptation; capable of adapting. Coleridge. -- A*dapt"ive*ly, adv.
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Adaptiveness
A*dapt"ive*ness, n. The quality of being adaptive; capacity to adapt.
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adaptive optics
adaptive optics n. (Astron.) an optical system used in some telescopes since the 1980's which rapidly changes the shape of the primary reflecting mirror to adjust for distortions of light which are caused by atmospheric turbulence. By reducing the distortions caused by the atmosphere, telescopes fitted with such optics can achieve a higher resolving power than normal telescopes with static mirrors.
[PJC]

adaptive radiation
adaptive radiation n. 1. (Palaeontology) the evolutionary generation of multiple specialized life forms from one ancestral form, evidenced in the fossil record. The inverse of extinction.
[PJC]

Adaptly
A*dapt"ly, adv. In a suitable manner. [R.] Prior.
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Adaptness
A*dapt"ness, n. Adaptedness. [R.]
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Adaptorial
Ad`ap*to"ri*al (&unr_;), a. Adaptive. [R.]
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Adar
A"dar (&unr_;), n. [Heb. adär.] The twelfth month of the Hebrew ecclesiastical year, and the sixth of the civil. It corresponded nearly with March.
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Adarce
A*dar"ce (&unr_;), n. [L. adarce, adarca, Gr. &unr_;.] A saltish concretion on reeds and grass in marshy grounds in Galatia. It is soft and porous, and was formerly used for cleansing the skin from freckles and tetters, and also in leprosy. Dana.
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Adatis
Ad"a*tis (&unr_;), n. A fine cotton cloth of India.
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Adaunt
A*daunt" (&unr_;), v. t. [OE. adaunten to overpower, OF. adonter; à (L. ad) + donter, F. dompter. See Daunt.] To daunt; to subdue; to mitigate. [Obs.] Skelton.
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Adaw
A*daw" (&unr_;), v. t. [Cf. OE. adawe of dawe, AS. of dagum from days, i. e., from life, out of life.] To subdue; to daunt. [Obs.]
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The sight whereof did greatly him adaw. Spenser.
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Adaw
A*daw", v. t. & i. [OE. adawen to wake; pref. a- (cf. Goth. us-, Ger. er-) + dawen, dagon, to dawn. See Daw.] To awaken; to arouse. [Obs.]
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A man that waketh of his sleep
He may not suddenly well taken keep
Upon a thing, ne seen it parfitly
Till that he be adawed verily.
Chaucer.
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Adays
A*days" (&unr_;), adv. [Pref. a- (for on) + day; the final s was orig. a genitive ending, afterwards forming adverbs.] By day, or every day; in the daytime. [Obs.] Fielding.
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Ad captandum
Ad cap*tan"dum (&unr_;). [L., for catching.] A phrase used adjectively sometimes of meretricious attempts to catch or win popular favor.
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Add
Add (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Added; p. pr. & vb. n. Adding.] [L. addere; ad + dare to give, put. Cf. Date, Do.] 1. To give by way of increased possession (to any one); to bestow (on).
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The Lord shall add to me another son. Gen. xxx. 24.
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2. To join or unite, as one thing to another, or as several particulars, so as to increase the number, augment the quantity, enlarge the magnitude, or so as to form into one aggregate. Hence: To sum up; to put together mentally; as, to add numbers; to add up a column.
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Back to thy punishment,
False fugitive, and to thy speed add wings.
Milton.
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As easily as he can add together the ideas of two days or two years. Locke.
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3. To append, as a statement; to say further.
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He added that he would willingly consent to the entire abolition of the tax. Macaulay.
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Syn. -- To Add, Join, Annex, Unite, Coalesce. We add by bringing things together so as to form a whole. We join by putting one thing to another in close or continuos connection. We annex by attaching some adjunct to a larger body. We unite by bringing things together so that their parts adhere or intermingle. Things coalesce by coming together or mingling so as to form one organization. To add quantities; to join houses; to annex territory; to unite kingdoms; to make parties coalesce.
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Add
Add (&unr_;), v. i. 1. To make an addition. To add to, to augment; to increase; as, it adds to our anxiety. “I will add to your yoke.” 1 Kings xii. 14.
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2. To perform the arithmetical operation of addition; as, he adds rapidly.
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Addable
Add"a*ble (&unr_;), a. [Add, v. + -able.] Addible.
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Addax
Ad"dax (&unr_;), n. [Native name.] (Zool.) One of the largest African antelopes (Hippotragusnasomaculatus or Oryx nasomaculatus).
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&hand_; It is now believed to be the Strepsiceros (twisted horn) of the ancients. By some it is thought to be the pygarg of the Bible.
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added
added adj. 1. being in addition [to something else] [Narrower terms: accessorial ] additional, further(prenominal), more(prenominal) --- (used with mass nouns: "takes on added significance"; "asked for additional help"; "we have further information"; "there will be further delays"; "kids have more fun than anybody") [Narrower terms: another(prenominal), other(prenominal), else(postnominal), extra, intercalary] [Narrower terms: superimposed ] [Narrower terms: supplementary, supplemental ] [Narrower terms: value-added ] subtracted
[WordNet 1.5]

Addeem
Ad*deem" (&unr_;), v. t. [Pref. a- + deem.] To award; to adjudge. [Obs.] “Unto him they did addeem the prise.” Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

addend
addend n. 1. a number that is added to another number.
[WordNet 1.5]

Addendum
Ad*den"dum (&unr_;), n.; pl. Addenda (&unr_;). [L., fr. addere to add.] A thing to be added; an appendix or addition.
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Addendum circle (Mech.), the circle which may be described around a circular spur wheel or gear wheel, touching the crests or tips of the teeth. Rankine.
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Adder
Add"er (&unr_;), n. [See Add.] One who, or that which, adds; esp., a machine for adding numbers.
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Adder
Ad"der, n. [OE. addere, naddere, eddre, AS. nædre, adder, snake; akin to OS. nadra, OHG. natra, natara, Ger. natter, Goth. nadrs, Icel. naðr, masc., naðra, fem.: cf. W. neidr, Gorn. naddyr, Ir. nathair, L. natrix, water snake. An adder is for a nadder.] 1. A serpent. [Obs.] “The eddre seide to the woman.” Wyclif. Gen. iii. 4. )
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2. (Zool.) (a) A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera. The common European adder is the Vipera berus or Pelias berus. The puff adders of Africa are species of Clotho. (b) In America, the term is commonly applied to several harmless snakes, as the milk adder, puffing adder, etc. (c) Same as Sea Adder.
[1913 Webster]

&hand_; In the sculptures the appellation is given to several venomous serpents, -- sometimes to the horned viper (Cerastles).
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Adder fly/
Ad"der fly/ (&unr_;). A dragon fly.
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Adder's-tongue
Ad"der's-tongue` (&unr_;), n. (Bot.) (a) A genus of ferns (Ophioglossum), whose seeds are produced on a spike resembling a serpent's tongue. (b) The yellow dogtooth violet. Gray.
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Adderwort
Ad"der*wort` (&unr_;), n. (Bot.) The common bistort or snakeweed (Polygonum bistorta).
[1913 Webster]

Addibility
Add`i*bil"i*ty (&unr_;), n. The quantity of being addible; capability of addition. Locke.
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Addible
Add"i*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being added.Addible numbers.” Locke.
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Addice
Ad"dice (&unr_;), n. See Adze. [Obs.] Moxon.
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Addict
Ad*dict" (&unr_;), p. p. Addicted; devoted. [Obs.]
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Addict
Ad*dict", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Addicted; p. pr. & vb. n. Addicting.] [L. addictus, p. p. of addicere to adjudge, devote; ad + dicere to say. See Diction.] 1. To apply habitually; to devote; to habituate; -- with to. “They addict themselves to the civil law.” Evelyn.
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He is addicted to his study. Beau. & Fl.
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That part of mankind that addict their minds to speculations. Adventurer.
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His genius addicted him to the study of antiquity. Fuller.
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A man gross . . . and addicted to low company. Macaulay.
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2. To adapt; to make suitable; to fit. [Obs.]
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The land about is exceedingly addicted to wood, but the coldness of the place hinders the growth. Evelyn.
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Syn. -- Addict, Devote, Consecrate, Dedicate. Addict was formerly used in a good sense; as, addicted to letters; but is now mostly employed in a bad sense or an indifferent one; as, addicted to vice; addicted to sensual indulgence. “Addicted to staying at home.” J. S. Mill. Devote is always taken in a good sense, expressing habitual earnestness in the pursuit of some favorite object; as, devoted to science. Consecrate and dedicate express devotion of a higher kind, involving religious sentiment; as, consecrated to the service of the church; dedicated to God.
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Addictedness
Ad*dict"ed*ness, n. The quality or state of being addicted; attachment.
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Addiction
Ad*dic"tion (&unr_;), n. [Cf. L. addictio an adjudging.] The state of being addicted; devotion; inclination. “His addiction was to courses vain.” Shak.
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Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa prop. n. (Geography) The capital city of Ethiopia. Population (2000) = 2,200,186.
[PJC]

Addison's disease
Ad"di*son's dis*ease" (&unr_;). [Named from Thomas Addison, M. D., of London, who first described it.] (Med.) A morbid condition causing a peculiar brownish discoloration of the skin, hypotension, and loss of weight; it is due to insufficient secretion of adrenocortical hormones. Untreated disease is usually fatal. Called also chronic adrenocortical insufficiency
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Additament
Ad*dit"a*ment (ăd*d&ibreve_;t"&adot_;*m&eitalic_;nt), n. [L. additamentum, fr. additus, p. p. of addere to add.] An addition, or a thing added. Fuller.
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My persuasion that the latter verses of the chapter were an additament of a later age. Coleridge.
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Addition
Ad*di"tion (&unr_;), n. [F. addition, L. additio, fr. addere to add.] 1. The act of adding two or more things together; -- opposed to subtraction or diminution. “This endless addition or addibility of numbers.” Locke.
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2. Anything added; increase; augmentation; as, a piazza is an addition to a building.
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3. (Math.) That part of arithmetic which treats of adding numbers.
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4. (Mus.) A dot at the right side of a note as an indication that its sound is to be lengthened one half. [R.]
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5. (Law) A title annexed to a man's name, to identify him more precisely; as, John Doe, Esq.; Richard Roe, Gent.; Robert Dale, Mason; Thomas Way, of New York; a mark of distinction; a title.
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6. (Her.) Something added to a coat of arms, as a mark of honor; -- opposed to abatement.
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Vector addition (Geom.), that kind of addition of two lines, or vectors, AB and BC, by which their sum is regarded as the line, or vector, AC.
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Syn. -- Increase; accession; augmentation; appendage; adjunct.
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Additional
Ad*di"tion*al (&unr_;), a. Added; supplemental; in the way of an addition.
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Additional
Ad*di"tion*al, n. Something added. [R.] Bacon.
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Additionally
Ad*di"tion*al*ly, adv. By way of addition.
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Additionary
Ad*di"tion*a*ry (&unr_;), a. Additional. [R.] Herbert.
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Addititious
Ad`di*ti"tious (&unr_;), a. [L. addititius, fr. addere.] Additive. [R.] Sir J. Herschel.
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Additive
Ad"di*tive (&unr_;), a. [L. additivus.] (Math.) Proper to be added; positive; -- opposed to subtractive.
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Additory
Ad"di*to*ry (&unr_;), a. Tending to add; making some addition. [R.] Arbuthnot.
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Addle
Ad"dle (&unr_;), n. [OE. adel, AS. adela, mud.]
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1. Liquid filth; mire. [Obs.]
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2. Lees; dregs. [Prov. Eng.] Wright.
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Addle
Ad"dle, a. Having lost the power of development, and become rotten, as eggs; putrid. Hence: Unfruitful or confused, as brains; muddled. Dryden.
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Addle
Ad"dle, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Addled (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Addling (&unr_;).] To make addle; to grow addle; to muddle; as, he addled his brain. “Their eggs were addled.” Cowper.
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Addle
Ad"dle, v. t. & i. [OE. adlen, adilen, to gain, acquire; prob. fr. Icel. öðlask to acquire property, akin to oðal property. Cf. Allodial.] 1. To earn by labor. [Prov. Eng.] Forby.
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2. To thrive or grow; to ripen. [Prov. Eng.]
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Kill ivy, else tree will addle no more. Tusser.
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Addle-pate
Addle-head
Addle-brain
{ Ad"dle-brain` (&unr_;), Ad"dle-head` (&unr_;), Ad"dle-pate (&unr_;), } n. A foolish or dull-witted fellow. [Colloq.]
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Addle-pated
Addle-headed
Addle-brained
{ Ad"dle-brained` (&unr_;), Ad"dle-head`ed (&unr_;), Ad"dle-pa`ted (&unr_;), } a. Dull-witted; stupid. “The addle-brained Oberstein.” Motley.
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Dull and addle-pated. Dryden.
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Addle-patedness
Ad"dle-pa`ted*ness (&unr_;), n. Stupidity.
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Addlings
Ad"dlings (&unr_;), n. pl. [See Addle, to earn.] Earnings. [Prov. Eng.] Wright.
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Addoom
Ad*doom" (&unr_;), v. t. [Pref. a- + doom.] To adjudge. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Addorsed
Ad*dorsed" (&unr_;), a. [L. ad + dorsum, back: cf. F. adossé.] (Her.) Set or turned back to back.
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Address
Ad*dress" (ăd*dr&ebreve_;s"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Addressed (-dr&ebreve_;st"); p. pr. & vb. n. Addressing.] [OE. adressen to raise erect, adorn, OF. adrecier, to straighten, address, F. adresser, fr. à (L. ad) + OF. drecier, F. dresser, to straighten, arrange. See Dress, v.] 1. To aim; to direct. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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And this good knight his way with me addrest. Spenser.
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2. To prepare or make ready. [Obs.]
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His foe was soon addressed. Spenser.
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Turnus addressed his men to single fight. Dryden.
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The five foolish virgins addressed themselves at the noise of the bridegroom's coming. Jer. Taylor.
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3. Reflexively: To prepare one's self; to apply one's skill or energies (to some object); to betake.
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These men addressed themselves to the task. Macaulay.
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4. To clothe or array; to dress. [Archaic]
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Tecla . . . addressed herself in man's apparel. Jewel.
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5. To direct, as words (to any one or any thing); to make, as a speech, petition, etc. (to any one, an audience).
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The young hero had addressed his players to him for his assistance. Dryden.
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6. To direct speech to; to make a communication to, whether spoken or written; to apply to by words, as by a speech, petition, etc., to speak to; to accost.
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Are not your orders to address the senate? Addison.
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The representatives of the nation addressed the king. Swift.
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7. To direct in writing, as a letter; to superscribe, or to direct and transmit; as, he addressed a letter.
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8. To make suit to as a lover; to court; to woo.
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9. (Com.) To consign or intrust to the care of another, as agent or factor; as, the ship was addressed to a merchant in Baltimore.
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To address one's self to. (a) To prepare one's self for; to apply one's self to. (b) To direct one's speech or discourse to. -- To address the ball (Golf), to take aim at the ball, adjusting the grip on the club, the attitude of the body, etc., to a convenient position.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. 1913 Webster]

Address
Ad*dress" (ăd*dr&ebreve_;s"), v. i. 1. To prepare one's self. [Obs.] “Let us address to tend on Hector's heels.” Shak.
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2. To direct speech. [Obs.]
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Young Turnus to the beauteous maid addrest. Dryden.
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&hand_; The intransitive uses come from the dropping out of the reflexive pronoun.
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Address
Ad*dress, n. [Cf. F. adresse. See Address, v. t.]
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1. Act of preparing one's self. [Obs.] Jer Taylor.
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2. Act of addressing one's self to a person; verbal application.
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3. A formal communication, either written or spoken; a discourse; a speech; a formal application to any one; a petition; a formal statement on some subject or special occasion; as, an address of thanks, an address to the voters.
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4. Direction or superscription of a letter, or the name, title, and place of residence of the person addressed.
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5. Manner of speaking to another; delivery; as, a man of pleasing or insinuating address.
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6. Attention in the way one's addresses to a lady. Addison.
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7. Skill; skillful management; dexterity; adroitness.
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Syn. -- Speech; discourse; harangue; oration; petition; lecture; readiness; ingenuity; tact; adroitness.
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addressed
addressed adj. 1. marked with a destination; -- of mail [Narrower terms: self-addressed ] unaddressed
[WordNet 1.5]

Addressee
Ad`dress*ee" (&unr_;), n. One to whom anything is addressed.
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Addression
Ad*dres"sion (&unr_;), n. The act of addressing or directing one's course. [Rare & Obs.] Chapman.
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Addressograph
Addressograph n. 1. a printer that automatically prints addresses on letters for mailing.
Syn. -- addressing machine
[WordNet 1.5]

Adduce
Ad*duce" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adduced (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Adducing (&unr_;).] [L. adducere, adductum, to lead or bring to; ad + ducere to lead. See Duke, and cf. Adduct.] To bring forward or offer, as an argument, passage, or consideration which bears on a statement or case; to cite; to allege.
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Reasons . . . were adduced on both sides. Macaulay.
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Enough could not be adduced to satisfy the purpose of illustration. De Quincey.
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Syn. -- To present; allege; advance; cite; quote; assign; urge; name; mention.
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Adducent
Ad*du"cent (&unr_;), a. [L. addunces, p. pr. of adducere.] (Physiol.) Bringing together or towards a given point; -- a word applied to those muscles of the body which pull one part towards another. Opposed to abducent.
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Adducer
Ad*du"cer (&unr_;), n. One who adduces.
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Adducible
Ad*du"ci*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being adduced.
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Proofs innumerable, and in every imaginable manner diversified, are adducible. I. Taylor.
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Adduct
Ad*duct" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. adductus, p. p. of adducere. See Adduce.] (Physiol.) To draw towards a common center or a middle line. Huxley.
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Adduction
Ad*duc"tion (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. adduction. See Adduce.] 1. The act of adducing or bringing forward.
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An adduction of facts gathered from various quarters. I. Taylor.
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2. (Physiol.) The action by which the parts of the body are drawn towards its axis]; -- opposed to abduction. Dunglison.
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Adductive
Ad*duc"tive (&unr_;), a. Adducing, or bringing towards or to something.
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Adductor
Ad*duc"tor (&unr_;), n. [L., fr. adducere.] (Anat.) A muscle which draws a limb or part of the body toward the middle line of the body, or closes extended parts of the body; -- opposed to abductor; as, the adductor of the eye, which turns the eye toward the nose.
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In the bivalve shells, the muscles which close the values of the shell are called adductor muscles. Verrill.
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Addulce
Ad*dulce" (&unr_;), v. t. [Like F. adoucir; fr. L. ad. + dulcis sweet.] To sweeten; to soothe. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Adeem
A*deem" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. adimere. See Ademption.] (Law) To revoke, as a legacy, grant, etc., or to satisfy it by some other gift.
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Adelantadillo
A`de*lan`ta*dil"lo (&unr_;), n. [Sp.] A Spanish red wine made of the first ripe grapes.
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Adelantado
A`de*lan*ta"do (&unr_;), n. [Sp., prop. p. of adelantar to advance, to promote.] A governor of a province; a commander. Prescott.
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Adelaster
Ad*e*las"ter (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; not manifest + &unr_; a star.] (Bot.) A provisional name for a plant which has not had its flowers botanically examined, and therefore has not been referred to its proper genus.
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Adeling
Ad"el*ing (&unr_;), n. Same as Atheling.
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Adelocodonic
A*del`o*co*don"ic (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_; invisible + &unr_; a bell.] (Zool.) Applied to sexual zooids of hydroids, that have a saclike form and do not become free; -- opposed to phanerocodonic.
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Adelopod
A*del"o*pod (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; invisible + &unr_;, &unr_;, foot.] (Zool.) An animal having feet that are not apparent.
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Adelphia
A*del"phi*a (&unr_;), n. [Gr. 'adelfo`s brother.] (Bot.) A “brotherhood,” or collection of stamens in a bundle; -- used in composition, as in the class names, Monadelphia, Diadelphia, etc.
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Adelphous
A*del"phous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'adelfo`s brother.] (Bot.) Having coalescent or clustered filaments; -- said of stamens; as, adelphous stamens. Usually in composition; as, monadelphous. Gray.
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Adempt
A*dempt" (&adot_;*d&ebreve_;mt"; 215), p. p. [L. ademptus, p. p. of adimere to take away.] Taken away. [Obs.]

Without any sinister suspicion of anything being added or adempt. Latimer.
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Ademption
A*demp"tion (&adot_;*d&ebreve_;mp"shŭn), n. [L. ademptio, fr. adimere, ademptum, to take away; ad + emere to buy, orig. to take.] (Law) The revocation or taking away of a grant, donation, legacy, or the like. Bouvier.
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Adeno-
Aden-
Aden- or Adeno-. [Gr. 'adh`n, 'ade`nos, gland.] Combining forms of the Greek word for gland; -- used in words relating to the structure, diseases, etc., of the glands.
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adenalgy
adenalgia
{ ‖ad`e*nal"gi*a (ăd`&euptack_;*năl"j&ibreve_;*&adot_;), ad"e*nal`gy (ăd"&euptack_;*năl`j&ybreve_;), } n. [Gr. 'adh`n gland + 'a`lgos pain.] (Med.) Pain in a gland. Called also adenodynia
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adeniform
a*den"i*form (&adot_;*d&ebreve_;n"&ibreve_;*fôrm), a. [Aden- + -form.] Shaped like a gland; adenoid. Dunglison.
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adenitis
ad`e*ni"tis (ăd`&euptack_;*nī"t&ibreve_;s), n. [Aden- + -itis.] (Med.) Glandular inflammation. Dunglison. AS
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Adenitis
Ad`e*ni"tis (&unr_;), n. [Aden- + -itis.] (Med.) Glandular inflammation. Dunglison.
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Adenographic
Ad`e*no*graph"ic (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to adenography.
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Adenography
Ad`e*nog"ra*phy (&unr_;), n. [Adeno- + -graphy.] That part of anatomy which describes the glands.
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Adenoid
Ad"e*noid (?), n. 1. (Med.) Lymphoid tissue in the roof of the nasopharynx; -- often in the pl. Stedman 25.
[AS]

2. (Med.) A swelling produced by overgrowth of adenoid{1} tissue; -- usually in pl. AS
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Adenoid
Ad"e*noid (?), adj. 1. (Med.) Of or relating to a gland.
[AS]

2. (Med.) Pertaining to adenoids{2}. Merriam Webster Medical Dictionary.
[AS]

Adenoidal
Adenoid
{ Ad"e*noid (&unr_;), Ad`e*noid"al (&unr_;) } a. Glandlike; glandular.
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Adenological
Ad`e*no*log"ic*al (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to adenology.
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Adenology
Ad`e*nol"o*gy (&unr_;), n. [Adeno- + -logy.] The part of physiology that treats of the glands.
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adenoma
ad`e*no"ma (ăd`&euptack_;*nō"m&adot_;), n.; L. pl. -mata (#). [NL.; adeno- + -oma.] (Med.) A benign tumor of epithelial tissue with a glandlike structure. -- Ad`e*nom"a*tous (&unr_;), a.AS
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

adenopathy
ad"e*nop"a*thy (ăd`&euptack_;*n&obreve_;p"&adot_;*th&ybreve_;), n. [Adeno- + Gr. pa`qos suffering, paqei^n to suffer.] (Med.) Pathological enlargement of a lymph node.
[AS]

Adenophorous
Ad`e*noph"o*rous (&unr_;), a. [Adeno- + Gr. foro`s bearing.] (Bot.) Producing glands.
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Adenophyllous
Ad`e*noph"yl*lous (&unr_;), a. [Adeno- + Gr. fy`llon leaf.] (Bot.) Having glands on the leaves.
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Adenosclerosis
Ad"e*no*scle*ro"sis (ăd`&euptack_;*n&ouptack_;*skl&euptack_;*rō"s&ibreve_;s), n. [NL.; adeno- + sclerosis.] (Med.) The hardening of a gland. AS
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Adenose
Ad"e*nose` (?; 277), a. Like a gland; full of glands; glandulous; adenous.
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Adenotomic
Ad`e*no*tom"ic (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to adenotomy.
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Adenotomy
Ad`e*not"o*my (&unr_;), n. [Adeno- + Gr. &unr_; a cutting, &unr_; to cut.] (Anat.) Dissection of, or incision into, a gland or glands.
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Adenous
Ad"e*nous (&unr_;), a. Same as Adenose.
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Aden ulcer
A"den ul"cer (ä"d&eitalic_;n ŭl"s&etilde_;r or ā"d&eitalic_;n ŭl"s&etilde_;r). [So named after Aden, a seaport in Southern Arabia, where it occurs.] (Med.) One of the numerous names of the lesion of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis. Called also Aleppo boil, Aleppo button, Aleppo evil, Bagdad boil, Biskra boil, Cochin China ulcer, Delhi boil, Jerico boil, Oriental boil, Oriental sore, Persian ulcer, tropical ulcer, etc.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. + AS]

Adeps
Ad"eps (&unr_;), n. [L.] Animal fat; lard.
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Adept
A*dept" (&unr_;), n. [L. adeptus obtained (sc. artem), &unr_;he who has obtained an art, p. p. of adipsci to arrive &unr_;at, to obtain; ad + apisci to pursue. See Apt, and cf. Adapt.] One fully skilled or well versed in anything; a proficient; as, adepts in philosophy.
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Adept
A*dept", a. Well skilled; completely versed; thoroughly proficient.
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Beaus adept in everything profound. Cowper.
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Adeption
A*dep"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adeptio. See Adept, a.] An obtaining; attainment. [Obs.]
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In the wit and policy of the capitain consisteth the chief adeption of the victory. Grafton.
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Adeptist
A*dept"ist, n. A skilled alchemist. [Obs.]
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Adeptness
A*dept"ness, n. The quality of being adept; skill.
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Adequacy
Ad"e*qua*cy (&unr_;), n. [See Adequate.] The state or quality of being adequate, proportionate, or sufficient; a sufficiency for a particular purpose; as, the adequacy of supply to the expenditure.
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Adequate
Ad"e*quate (&unr_;), a. [L. adaequatus, p. p. of adaequare to make equal to; ad + aequare to make equal, aequus equal. See Equal.] Equal to some requirement; proportionate, or correspondent; fully sufficient; as, powers adequate to a great work; an adequate definition.
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Ireland had no adequate champion. De Quincey.
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Syn. -- Proportionate; commensurate; sufficient; suitable; competent; capable.
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Adequate
Ad"e*quate (&unr_;), v. t. [See Adequate, a.] 1. To equalize; to make adequate. [R.] Fotherby.
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2. To equal. [Obs.]
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It [is] an impossibility for any creature to adequate God in his eternity. Shelford.
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Adequately
Ad"e*quate*ly (&unr_;), adv. In an adequate manner.
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Adequateness
Ad"e*quate*ness, n. The quality of being adequate; suitableness; sufficiency; adequacy.
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Adequation
Ad`e*qua"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adaequatio.] The act of equalizing; act or result of making adequate; an equivalent. [Obs.] Bp. Barlow.
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Adesmy
A*des"my (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; unfettered; 'a priv. + &unr_; a fetter.] (Bot.) The division or defective coherence of an organ that is usually entire.
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Adessenarian
Ad*es`se*na"ri*an (&unr_;), n. [Formed fr. L. adesse to be present; ad + esse to be.] (Eccl. Hist.) One who held the real presence of Christ's body in the eucharist, but not by transubstantiation.
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Adfected
Ad*fect"ed (&unr_;), a. [L. adfectus or affectus. See Affect, v.] (Alg.) See Affected, 5.
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Adfiliated
Ad*fil"i*a`ted (&unr_;), a. See Affiliated. [Obs.]
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Adfiliation
Ad*fil`i*a"tion (&unr_;), n. See Affiliation. [Obs.]
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Adfluxion
Ad*flux"ion (&unr_;), n. See Affluxion.
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Adhamant
Ad*ha"mant (&unr_;), a. [From L. adhamare to catch; ad + hamus hook.] Clinging, as by hooks.
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Adhere
Ad*here" (&unr_;), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Adhered (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Adhering (&unr_;).] [L. adhaerere, adhaesum; ad + haerere to stick: cf. F. adhérer. See Aghast.] 1. To stick fast or cleave, as a glutinous substance does; to become joined or united; as, wax to the finger; the lungs sometimes adhere to the pleura.
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2. To hold, be attached, or devoted; to remain fixed, either by personal union or conformity of faith, principle, or opinion; as, men adhere to a party, a cause, a leader, a church.
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3. To be consistent or coherent; to be in accordance; to agree. “Nor time nor place did then adhere.” “Every thing adheres together.” Shak.
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Syn. -- To attach; stick; cleave; cling; hold
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Adherence
Ad*her"ence (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. adhérence, LL. adhaerentia.] 1. The quality or state of adhering.
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2. The state of being fixed in attachment; fidelity; steady attachment; adhesion; as, adherence to a party or to opinions.
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Syn. -- Adherence, Adhesion. These words, which were once freely interchanged, are now almost entirely separated. Adherence is no longer used to denote physical union, but is applied, to mental states or habits; as, a strict adherence to one's duty; close adherence to the argument, etc. Adhesion is now confined chiefly to the physical sense, except in the phrase “To give in one's adhesion to a cause or a party.”
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Adherency
Ad*her"en*cy (&unr_;), n. 1. The state or quality of being adherent; adherence. [R.]
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2. That which adheres. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.
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Adherent
Ad*her"ent (&unr_;), a. [L. adhaerens, -entis, p. pr.: cf. F. adhérent.] 1. Sticking; clinging; adhering. Pope.
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2. Attached as an attribute or circumstance.
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3. (Bot.) Congenitally united with an organ of another kind, as calyx with ovary, or stamens with petals.
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Adherent
Ad*her"ent, n. 1. One who adheres; one who adheres; one who follows a leader, party, or profession; a follower, or partisan; a believer in a particular faith or church.
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2. That which adheres; an appendage. [R.] Milton.
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Syn. -- Follower; partisan; upholder; disciple; supporter; dependent; ally; backer.
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Adherently
Ad*her"ent*ly, adv. In an adherent manner.
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Adherer
Ad*her"er (&unr_;), n. One who adheres; an adherent.
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Adhesion
Ad*he"sion (&unr_;), n. [L. adhaesio, fr. adhaerere: cf. F. adhésion.] 1. The action of sticking; the state of being attached; intimate union; as, the adhesion of glue, or of parts united by growth, cement, or the like.
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2. Adherence; steady or firm attachment; fidelity; as, adhesion to error, adhesion to a policy.
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His adhesion to the Tories was bounded by his approbation of their foreign policy. De Quincey.
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3. Agreement to adhere; concurrence; assent.
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To that treaty Spain and England gave in their adhesion. Macaulay.
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4. (Physics) The molecular attraction exerted between bodies in contact. See Cohesion.
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5. (Med.) The process of uniting surfaces by the formation of new fibrous bands resulting from an inflammatory process.
[AS]

6. (Med.) One of the fibrous bands resulting from adhesion{5}.
[AS]

7. (Bot.) The union of parts which are separate in other plants, or in younger states of the same plant.
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Syn. -- Adherence; union. See Adherence.
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Adhesive
Ad*he"sive (&unr_;), a. [Cf. F. adhésif.] 1. Sticky; tenacious, as glutinous substances.
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2. Apt or tending to adhere; clinging. Thomson.
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Adhesive attraction. (Physics) See Attraction. -- Adhesive inflammation (Surg.), that kind of inflammation which terminates in the reunion of divided parts without suppuration. -- Adhesive plaster, a sticking; a plaster containing resin, wax, litharge, and olive oil.
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Adhesively
Ad*he"sive*ly, adv. In an adhesive manner.
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Adhesiveness
Ad*he"sive*ness, n. 1. The quality of sticking or adhering; stickiness; tenacity of union.
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2. (Phren.) Propensity to form and maintain attachments to persons, and to promote social intercourse.
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Adhibit
Ad*hib"it (&unr_;), v. t. [L. adhibitus, p. p. of adhibere to hold to; ad + habere to have.] 1. To admit, as a person or thing; to take in. Muirhead.
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2. To use or apply; to administer. Camden.
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3. To attach; to affix. Alison.
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Adhibition
Ad`hi*bi"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adhibitio.] The act of adhibiting; application; use. Whitaker.
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Ad hominem
Ad hom"i*nem (&unr_;). [L., to the man.] A phrase applied to an appeal or argument addressed to the principles, interests, or passions of a man.
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Adhort
Ad*hort" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. adhortari. See Adhortation.] To exhort; to advise. [Obs.] Feltham.
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Adhortation
Ad`hor*ta"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adhortatio, fr. adhortari to advise; ad + hortari to exhort.] Advice; exhortation. [Obs.] Peacham.
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Adhortatory
Ad*hor"ta*to*ry (&unr_;), a. Containing counsel or warning; hortatory; advisory. [Obs.] Potter.
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Adiabatic
Ad`i*a*bat"ic (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'adia`batos not passable; 'a priv. + dia` through + bai`nein to go.] (Physics) Not giving out or receiving heat. -- Ad`i*a*bat`ic*al*ly, adv.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

&hand_;The adiabatic expansion of carbon dioxide from a compressed container causes the temperature of the gas to decrease rapidly below its freezing point, resulting in the familiar carbon dioxide “snow” emitted by carbon dioxide fire extinguishers.
[PJC.]

Adiabatic line or curve, a curve exhibiting the variations of pressure and volume of a fluid when it expands without either receiving or giving out heat. Rankine.
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Adiactinic
Ad`i*ac*tin"ic (&unr_;), a. [Pref. a- not + diactinic.] (Chem.) Not transmitting the actinic rays.
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Adiantum
Ad`i*an"tum (&unr_;), n. [L., fr. Gr. 'adi`anton, maidenhair; 'a priv. + diai`nein to wet.] (Bot.) A genus of ferns, the leaves of which shed water; maidenhair. Also, the black maidenhair, a species of spleenwort.
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Adiaphorism
Ad`i*aph"o*rism (ăd`&ibreve_;*ăf"&ouptack_;*r&ibreve_;z'm), n. Religious indifference.
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Adiaphorist
Ad`i*aph"o*rist (ăd`&ibreve_;*ăf"&ouptack_;*r&ibreve_;st), n. [See Adiaphorous.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of the German Protestants who, with Melanchthon, held some opinions and ceremonies to be indifferent or nonessential, which Luther condemned as sinful or heretical. Murdock.
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Adiaphoristic
Ad`i*aph`o*ris"tic (ăd`&ibreve_;*ăf`&ouptack_;*r&ibreve_;s"t&ibreve_;k), a. Pertaining to matters indifferent in faith and practice. Shipley.
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Adiaphorite
Ad`i*aph"o*rite (ăd`&ibreve_;*ăf"&ouptack_;*rīt), n. Same as Adiaphorist.
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Adiaphorous
Ad`i*aph"o*rous (ăd`&ibreve_;*ăf"&ouptack_;*rŭs), a. [Gr. 'adia`foros; 'a priv. + dia`foros different; dia` through + fe`rein to bear.] 1. Indifferent or neutral. Jer. Taylor. AS
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2. (Med.) Incapable of doing either harm or good as a medicine. Dunglison.
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Adiaphory
Ad`i*aph"o*ry, n. [Gr. 'adiafori`a.] Indifference. [Obs.]
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Adiathermic
Ad`i*a*ther"mic (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'a priv. + dia` through + &unr_;heat.] Not pervious to heat.
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Adieu
A*dieu" (&unr_;), interj. & adv. [OE. also adew, adewe, adue, F. &unr_; dieu, fr. L. ad to + deus God.] Good-by; farewell; an expression of kind wishes at parting.
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Adieu
A*dieu", n.; pl. Adieus (&unr_;). A farewell; commendation to the care of God at parting. Shak.
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Adight
A*dight" (&unr_;), v. t. [p. p. Adight.] [Pref. a- (intensive) + OE. dihten. See Dight.] To set in order; to array; to attire; to deck, to dress. [Obs.]
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Ad infinitum
Ad in`fi*ni"tum (&unr_;). [L., to infinity.] Without limit; endlessly.
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Ad interim
Ad in"ter*im (&unr_;) [L.] Meanwhile; temporary.
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Adios
A`dios" (ä`dy&ouptack_;s"), interj. [Sp., fr. L. ad to + deus god. Cf. Adieu.] Adieu; farewell; good-by; -- chiefly used among Spanish-speaking people; as, adios amigos (good-bye friends).
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

&hand_; This word is often pronounced &adot_;*dē"&ouptack_;s, but the Spanish accent, though weak, is on the final syllable.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Adipescent
Ad`i*pes"cent (&unr_;), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat + -escent.] Becoming fatty.
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Adipic
A*dip"ic (&adot_;*d&ibreve_;p"&ibreve_;k), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, fatty or oily substances; -- applied to certain acids obtained from fats by the action of nitric acid.
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adipic acid
adipic acid an aliphatic dicarboxylic acid (HO.CO.(CH2)4.CO.OH), containing six carbon atoms in a linear chain. It is found in beet juice. It is used in the manufacture of synthetic plastics such as Nylon, as well as other products.
[PJC]

Adipocerate
Ad`i*poc"er*ate (&unr_;), v. t. To convert into adipocere.
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Adipoceration
Ad`i*poc`er*a"tion (&unr_;), n. The act or process of changing into adipocere.
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Adipocere
Ad"i*po*cere` (&unr_;), n. [L. adeps, adipis, fat + cera wax: cf. F. adipocere.] A soft, unctuous, or waxy substance, of a light brown color, into which the fat and muscle tissue of dead bodies sometimes are converted, by long immersion in water or by burial in moist places. It is a result of fatty degeneration.
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Adipoceriform
Ad`i*po*cer"i*form (&unr_;), a. [Adipocere + -form.] Having the form or appearance of adipocere; as, an adipoceriform tumor.
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Adipocerous
Ad`i*poc"er*ous (&unr_;), a. Like adipocere.
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adipogenous
ad`i*pog"e*nous (ăd`&ibreve_;*p&obreve_;j"&euptack_;*nŭs), a. [See Adipose; -genous.] (Med.) Producing fat. AS
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

adipolysis
ad`i*pol"y*sis (ăd`&ibreve_;*p&obreve_;l"&ibreve_;*s&ibreve_;s), n. [NL.; L. adeps, adipis, fat + Gr. ly`sis a loosing.] (Physiol.) The digestion of fats.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Adipolytic
Ad`i*po*lyt"ic (?), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat + Gr. &unr_; to loose.] (Chem.) Hydrolyzing fats; converting neutral fats into glycerin and free fatty acids, esp. by the action of an enzyme; as, adipolytic action. Contrast saponify, to hydrolyze fat by the action of an alkali.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

adipoma
ad`i*po"ma (ăd`&ibreve_;*pō"m&adot_;), n.; L. pl. adipomata (ăd`&ibreve_;*pō"m&adot_;*t&adot_;). [NL. See adipose; -oma.] (Med.) An obsolete term for lipoma. -- Ad`i*pom"a*tous (ăd`&ibreve_;*p&obreve_;m"&adot_;*tŭs or ăd`&ibreve_;*pō"m&adot_;*tŭs), a.
[AS]

Adipose
Ad"i*pose` (?), n. (Physiol.) The fat present in the cells of adipose tissue, composed mainly of varying mixtures of tripalmitin, tristearin, and triolein. It solidifies after death.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Adipose
Ad"i*pose` (?; 277), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat, grease.] Of or pertaining to animal fat; fatty.
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Adipose fin (Zool.), a soft boneless fin. -- Adipose tissue (Anat.), that form of animal tissue which forms or contains fat.
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Adiposity
Adiposeness
{ Ad"i*pose`ness (&unr_;), Ad`i*pos"i*ty (&unr_;), } n. The state of being fat; fatness.
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Adipous
Ad"i*pous (&unr_;), a. Fatty; adipose. [R.]
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Adipsia
Adipsy
A*dip"si*a, A*dip"sy (ăd"&ibreve_;p*s&ybreve_;), n. [Gr. 'a`dipsos not thirsty; 'a priv. + di`psa thirst.] (Med.) Absence of thirst.
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Adipsous
A*dip"sous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. 'a`dipsos; 'a priv. + di`psa, thirst.] Quenching thirst, as certain fruits.
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adit
ad"it (ăd"&ibreve_;t), n. [L. aditus, fr. adire, aditum, to go to; ad + ire to go.] 1. An entrance or passage. Specifically: The nearly horizontal opening by which a mine is entered, or by which water and ores are carried away; -- called also drift and tunnel.
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2. Admission; approach; access. [R.]
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Yourself and yours shall have
Free adit.
Tennyson.
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Aditya
Aditya n. 1. (Hinduism) one of 7 to 12 sons of Aditi; gods of celestial light.
[WordNet 1.5]

Adjacency
Adjacence
{ Ad"ja"cence (&unr_;), Ad*ja"cen*cy (&unr_;), } [Cf. LL. adjacentia.] 1. The state or attribute of being adjacent or contiguous; contiguity; the attribute of being so near as to be touching; as, the adjacency of lands or buildings.
Syn. -- contiguousness
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2. That which is adjacent. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Adjacent
Ad*ja"cent (&unr_;), a. [L. adjacens, -centis, p. pr. of adjacere to lie near; ad + jacēre to lie: cf. F. adjacent.] Lying near, close, or contiguous; neighboring; bordering on; as, a field adjacent to the highway. “The adjacent forest.” B. Jonson.
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Adjacent or contiguous angle. (Geom.) See Angle.
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Syn. -- Adjoining; contiguous; near. -- Adjacent, Adjoining, Contiguous. Things are adjacent when they lie close each other, not necessary in actual contact; as, adjacent fields, adjacent villages, etc. I find that all Europe with her adjacent isles is peopled with Christians. Howell.
[1913 Webster] Things are adjoining when they meet at some line or point of junction; as, adjoining farms, an adjoining highway. What is spoken of as contiguous should touch with some extent of one side or the whole of it; as, a row of contiguous buildings; a wood contiguous to a plain.

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Adjacent
Ad*ja"cent, n. That which is adjacent. [R.] Locke.
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Adjacently
Ad*ja"cent*ly, adv. So as to be adjacent.
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Adject
Ad*ject" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. adjectus, p. p. of adjicere to throw to, to add to; ad + jac&ebreve_;re to throw. See Jet a shooting forth.] To add or annex; to join. Leland.
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Adjection
Ad*jec"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adjectio, fr. adjicere: cf. F. adjection. See Adject.] The act or mode of adding; also, the thing added. [R.] B. Jonson.
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Adjectional
Ad*jec"tion*al (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to adjection; that is, or may be, annexed. [R.] Earle.
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Adjectitious
Ad`jec*ti"tious (&unr_;), [L. adjectitius.] Added; additional. Parkhurst.
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Adjectival
Ad`jec*ti"val (&unr_;), a. Of or relating to the relating to the adjective; of the nature of an adjective; adjective. W. Taylor (1797)
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Adjectivally
Ad`jec*ti"val*ly, adv. As, or in the manner of, an adjective; adjectively.
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Adjective
Ad"jec*tive (ăd"j&ebreve_;k*t&ibreve_;v), a. [See Adjective, n.]
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1. Added to a substantive as an attribute; of the nature of an adjunct; as, an adjective word or sentence.
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2. Not standing by itself; dependent.
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Adjective color, a color which requires to be fixed by some mordant or base to give it permanency.
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3. Relating to procedure. “The whole English law, substantive and adjective.” Macaulay.
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Adjective
Ad"jec*tive, n. [L. adjectivum (sc. nomen), neut. of adjectivus that is added, fr. adjicere: cf. F. adjectif. See Adject.] 1. (Gram.) A word used with a noun, or substantive, to express a quality of the thing named, or something attributed to it, or to limit or define it, or to specify or describe a thing, as distinct from something else. Thus, in phrase, “a wise ruler,” wise is the adjective, expressing a property of ruler.
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2. A dependent; an accessory. Fuller.
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Adjective
Ad"jec*tive, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjectived (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Adjectiving (&unr_;).] To make an adjective of; to form or change into an adjective. [R.]
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Language has as much occasion to adjective the distinct signification of the verb, and to adjective also the mood, as it has to adjective time. It has . . . adjectived all three. Tooke.
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Adjectively
Ad"jec*tive*ly, adv. In the manner of an adjective; as, a word used adjectively.
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Adjoin
Ad*join" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjoined (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Adjoining.] [OE. ajoinen, OF. ajoindre, F. adjoindre, fr. L. adjungere; ad + jungere to join. See Join, and cf. Adjunct.] To join or unite to; to lie contiguous to; to be in contact with; to attach; to append.
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Corrections . . . should be, as remarks, adjoined by way of note. Watts.
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Adjoin
Ad*join" (ăd*join"), v. i. 1. To lie or be next, or in contact; to be contiguous; as, the houses adjoin.
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When one man's land adjoins to another's. Blackstone.
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&hand_; The construction with to, on, or with is obsolete or obsolescent.
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2. To join one's self. [Obs.]
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She lightly unto him adjoined side to side. Spenser.
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Adjoinant
Ad*join"ant (&unr_;), a. Contiguous. [Obs.] Carew.
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Adjoining
Ad*join"ing, a. Joining to; contiguous; adjacent; as, an adjoining room. “The adjoining fane.” Dryden.
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Upon the hills adjoining to the city. Shak.
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Syn. -- Adjacent; contiguous; near; neighboring; abutting; bordering. See Adjacent.
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Adjoint
Ad"joint (&unr_;), n. An adjunct; a helper. [Obs.]
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Adjourn
Ad*journ (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjourned (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Adjourning (&unr_;).] [OE. ajornen, OF. ajoiner, ajurner, F. ajourner; OF. a (L. ad) + jor, jur, jorn, F. jour, day, fr. L. diurnus belonging to the day, fr. dies day. Cf. Journal, Journey.] To put off or defer to another day, or indefinitely; to postpone; to close or suspend for the day; -- commonly said of the meeting, or the action, of convened body; as, to adjourn the meeting; to adjourn a debate.
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It is a common practice to adjourn the reformation of their lives to a further time. Barrow.
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'Tis a needful fitness
That we adjourn this court till further day.
Shak.
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Syn. -- To delay; defer; postpone; put off; suspend. -- To Adjourn, Prorogue, Dissolve. These words are used in respect to public bodies when they lay aside business and separate. Adjourn, both in Great Britain and this country, is applied to all cases in which such bodies separate for a brief period, with a view to meet again. Prorogue is applied in Great Britain to that act of the executive government, as the sovereign, which brings a session of Parliament to a close. The word is not used in this country, but a legislative body is said, in such a case, to adjourn sine die. To dissolve is to annul the corporate existence of a body. In order to exist again the body must be reconstituted.
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Adjourn
Ad*journ", v. i. To suspend business for a time, as from one day to another, or for a longer period, or indefinitely; usually, to suspend public business, as of legislatures and courts, or other convened bodies; as, congress adjourned at four o'clock; the court adjourned without day.
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Adjournal
Ad*journ"al (&unr_;), n. Adjournment; postponement. [R.] “An adjournal of the Diet.” Sir W. Scott.
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Adjournment
Ad*journ"ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. [Cf. f. adjournement, OF. ajornement. See Adjourn.] 1. The act of adjourning; the putting off till another day or time specified, or without day.
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2. The time or interval during which a public body adjourns its sittings or postpones business.
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Adjudge
Ad*judge" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjudged (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Adjudging (&unr_;).] [OE. ajugen, OF. ajugier, fr. L. adjudicare; ad + judicare to judge. See Judge, and cf. Adjudicate.] 1. To award judicially in the case of a controverted question; as, the prize was adjudged to the victor.
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2. To determine in the exercise of judicial power; to decide or award judicially; to adjudicate; as, the case was adjudged in the November term.
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3. To sentence; to condemn.
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Without reprieve, adjudged to death
For want of well pronouncing Shibboleth.
Milton.
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4. To regard or hold; to judge; to deem.
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He adjudged him unworthy of his friendship. Knolles.
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Syn. -- To decree; award; determine; adjudicate; ordain; assign.
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Adjudger
Ad*judg"er (&unr_;), n. One who adjudges.
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Adjudgment
Ad*judg"ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. The act of adjudging; judicial decision; adjudication. Sir W. Temple.
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Adjudicate
Ad*ju"di*cate (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjudicated (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Adjudicating (&unr_;)] [L. adjudicatus, p. p. of adjudicare. See Adjudge.] To adjudge; to try and determine, as a court; to settle by judicial decree.
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Adjudicate
Ad*ju"di*cate, v. i. To come to a judicial decision; as, the court adjudicated upon the case.
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Adjudication
Ad*ju`di*ca"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adjudicatio: cf. F. adjudication.] 1. The act of adjudicating; the act or process of trying and determining judicially.
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2. A deliberate determination by the judicial power; a judicial decision or sentence. “An adjudication in favor of natural rights.” Burke.
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3. (Bankruptcy practice) The decision upon the question whether the debtor is a bankrupt. Abbott.
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4. (Scots Law) A process by which land is attached security or in satisfaction of a debt.
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Adjudicative
Ad*ju"di*ca*tive (&unr_;), a. Adjudicating.
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Adjudicator
Ad*ju"di*ca`tor (&unr_;), n. One who adjudicates.
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Adjudicature
Ad*ju"di*ca*ture (&unr_;), n. Adjudication.
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Adjugate
Ad"ju*gate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. adjugatus, p. p. of adjugare; ad + jugum a yoke.] To yoke to. [Obs.]
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Adjument
Ad"ju*ment (ăd"j&uuptack_;*m&eitalic_;nt), n. [L. adjumentum, for adjuvamentum, fr. adjuvare to help; ad + juvare to help.] Help; support; also, a helper. [Obs.] Waterhouse.
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Adjunct
Ad"junct` (&unr_;), a. [L. adjunctus, p. p. of adjungere. See Adjoin.] Conjoined; attending; consequent.
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Though that my death were adjunct to my act. Shak.
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Adjunct notes (Mus.), short notes between those essential to the harmony; auxiliary notes; passing notes.
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Adjunct
Ad"junct`, n. 1. Something joined or added to another thing, but not essentially a part of it.
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Learning is but an adjunct to our self. Shak.
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2. A person joined to another in some duty or service; a colleague; an associate. Wotton.
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3. (Gram.) A word or words added to quality or amplify the force of other words; as, the History of the American Revolution, where the words in italics are the adjunct or adjuncts of “History.”
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4. (Metaph.) A quality or property of the body or the mind, whether natural or acquired; as, color, in the body, judgment in the mind.
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5. (Mus.) A key or scale closely related to another as principal; a relative or attendant key. [R.] See Attendant keys, under Attendant, a.
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Adjunction
Ad*junc"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adjunctio, fr. adjungere: cf. F. adjonction, and see Adjunct.] The act of joining; the thing joined or added.
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Adjunctive
Ad*junc"tive (&unr_;), a. [L. adjunctivus, fr. adjungere. See Adjunct.] Joining; having the quality of joining; forming an adjunct.
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Adjunctive
Ad*junc"tive, n. One who, or that which, is joined.
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Adjunctively
Ad*junc"tive*ly, adv. In an adjunctive manner.
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Adjunctly
Ad*junct"ly (&unr_;), adv. By way of addition or adjunct; in connection with.
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Adjuration
Ad`ju*ra"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adjuratio, fr. adjurare: cf. F. adjuration. See Adjure.] 1. The act of adjuring; a solemn charging on oath, or under the penalty of a curse; an earnest appeal.
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What an accusation could not effect, an adjuration shall. Bp. Hall.
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2. The form of oath or appeal.
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Persons who . . . made use of prayer and adjurations. Addison.
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Adjuratory
Ad*ju"ra*to*ry (&unr_;), a. [L. adjuratorius.] Containing an adjuration.
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Adjure
Ad*jure" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjured (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Adjuring (&unr_;)]. [L. adjurare, adjurdium, to swear to; later, to adjure: cf. F. adjurer. See Jury.] To charge, bind, or command, solemnly, as if under oath, or under the penalty of a curse; to appeal to in the most solemn or impressive manner; to entreat earnestly.
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Joshua adjured them at that time, saying, Cursed be the man before the Lord, that riseth up and buildeth this city Jericho. Josh. vi. 26.
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The high priest . . . said . . . I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ. Matt. xxvi. 63.
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The commissioners adjured them not to let pass so favorable an opportunity of securing their liberties. Marshall.
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Adjurer
Ad*jur"er (&unr_;), n. One who adjures.
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Adjust
Ad*just" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjusted; p. pr. & vb. n. Adjusting.] [OF. ajuster, ajoster (whence F. ajouter to add), LL. adjuxtare to fit; fr. L. ad + juxta near; confused later with L. ad and justus just, right, whence F. ajuster to adjust. See Just, v. t. and cf. Adjute.] 1. To make exact; to fit; to make correspondent or conformable; to bring into proper relations; as, to adjust a garment to the body, or things to a standard.
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2. To put in order; to regulate, or reduce to system.
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Adjusting the orthography. Johnson.
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3. To settle or bring to a satisfactory state, so that parties are agreed in the result; as, to adjust accounts; the differences are adjusted.
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4. To bring to a true relative position, as the parts of an instrument; to regulate for use; as, to adjust a telescope or microscope.
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Syn. -- To adapt; suit; arrange; regulate; accommodate; set right; rectify; settle.
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Adjustable
Ad*just"a*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being adjusted.
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Adjustage
Ad*just"age (&unr_;), n. [Cf. Ajutage.] Adjustment. [R.]
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adjusted
adjusted adj. 1. 1 accommodated to certain requirements
Syn. -- regulated
[WordNet 1.5]

2. 1 having become accustomed [to surroundings, a situation. etc.] [Narrower terms: oriented (vs. unoriented), orientated ]
Syn. -- familiarized
[WordNet 1.5]

3. 1 (Music) so tuned as to allow modulation into other keys [Narrower terms: tempered (vs. untempered)]
Syn. -- tuned
[WordNet 1.5]

4. adjusted to produce a clear image; -- of an optical system (e.g. eye or opera glasses) [Narrower terms: focused (vs. unfocused), focussed ] WordNet 1.5]

Adjuster
Ad*just"er (&unr_;), n. 1. One who, or that which, adjusts.
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2. an insurance agent who examines claims against personal or property damage insurance policies and makes estimates and recommendations regarding the amount which should be paid to the policyholder.
[PJC]

Adjusting surface
Adjusting plane
{ Adjusting plane, Adjusting surface. } (Aëronautics) A small plane or surface, usually capable of adjustment but not of manipulation, for preserving lateral balance in an aëroplane or flying machine.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Adjustive
Ad*just"ive (&unr_;), a. Tending to adjust. [R.]
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Adjustment
Ad*just"ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. [Cf. F. ajustement. See Adjust.] 1. The act of adjusting, or condition of being adjusted; act of bringing into proper relations; regulation.
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Success depends on the nicest and minutest adjustment of the parts concerned. Paley.
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2. (Law) Settlement of claims; an equitable arrangement of conflicting claims, as in set-off, contribution, exoneration, subrogation, and marshaling. Bispham.
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3. The operation of bringing all the parts of an instrument, as a microscope or telescope, into their proper relative position for use; the condition of being thus adjusted; as, to get a good adjustment; to be in or out of adjustment.
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Syn. -- Suiting; fitting; arrangement; regulation; settlement; adaptation; disposition.
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Adjutage
Ad"ju*tage (ăd"j&uuptack_;*t&auptack_;j), n. Same as Ajutage.
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Adjutancy
Ad"ju*tan*cy (-t&aitalic_;n*s&ybreve_;), n. [See Adjutant.] 1. The office of an adjutant.
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2. Skillful arrangement in aid; assistance.
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It was, no doubt, disposed with all the adjutancy of definition and division. Burke.
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Adjutant
Ad"ju*tant (&unr_;), n. [L. adjutans, p. pr. of adjutare to help. See Aid.] 1. A helper; an assistant.
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2. (Mil.) A regimental staff officer, who assists the colonel, or commanding officer of a garrison or regiment, in the details of regimental and garrison duty.
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Adjutant general (a) (Mil.), the principal staff officer of an army, through whom the commanding general receives communications and issues military orders. In the U. S. army he is brigadier general. (b) (Among the Jesuits), one of a select number of fathers, who resided with the general of the order, each of whom had a province or country assigned to his care.
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3. (Zool.) A species of very large stork (Ciconia argala), a native of India; -- called also the gigantic crane, and by the native name argala. It is noted for its serpent-destroying habits.
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Adjutator
Ad"ju*ta`tor (&unr_;), n. (Eng. Hist.) A corruption of Agitator.
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Adjute
Ad*jute" (&unr_;), v. t. [F. ajouter; confused with L. adjutare.] To add. [Obs.]
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Adjutor
Ad*ju"tor (&unr_;), n. [L., fr. adjuvare. See Aid.] A helper or assistant. [Archaic] Drayton.
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Adjutory
Ad*ju"to*ry (&unr_;), a. [L. adjutorius.] Serving to help or assist; helping. [Obs.]
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Adjutrix
Ad*ju"trix (&unr_;), n. [L. See Adjutor.] A female helper or assistant. [R.]
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Adjuvant
Ad"ju*vant (&unr_;), a. [L. adjuvans, p. pr. of adjuvare to aid: cf. F. adjuvant. See Aid.] Helping; helpful; assisting. [R.]Adjuvant causes.” Howell.
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Adjuvant
Ad"ju*vant (ăd"j&uuptack_;*v&aitalic_;nt), n. [L. adjuvamentum, fr. adjuvare to help; ad + juvare to help.] 1. An assistant. [R.] Yelverton. AS
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2. (Med.) An ingredient in a prescription drug, which aids or modifies the action of the principal ingredient. AS
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3. (Med., Immunology) A substance that non-specifically enhances immune response to an antigen, such as by enhancing the production of antibodies. AS
[AS]

Adlegation
Ad`le*ga"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adlegatio, allegatio, a sending away; fr. adlegare, allegare, to send away with a commission; ad in addition + legare to send as ambassador. Cf. Allegation.] A right formerly claimed by the states of the German Empire of joining their own ministers with those of the emperor in public treaties and negotiations to the common interest of the empire. Encyc. Brit.
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Ad libitum
Ad lib"i*tum (&unr_;). At one's pleasure; as one wishes.
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Adlocution
Ad`lo*cu"tion (&unr_;), n. See Allocution. [Obs.]
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Admarginate
Ad*mar"gin*ate (&unr_;), v. t. [Pref. ad- + margin.] To write in the margin. [R.] Coleridge.
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Admaxillary
Ad*max"il*la*ry (&unr_;), a. [Pref. ad- + maxillary.] (Anat.) Near to the maxilla or jawbone.
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Admeasure
Ad*meas"ure (?; 135), v. t. [Cf. OF. amesurer, LL. admensurare. See Measure.] 1. To measure.
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2. (Law) To determine the proper share of, or the proper apportionment; as, to admeasure dower; to admeasure common of pasture. Blackstone.
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2. The measure of a thing; dimensions; size.
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3. (Law) Formerly, the adjustment of proportion, or ascertainment of shares, as of dower or pasture held in common. This was by writ of admeasurement, directed to the sheriff.
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Admeasurer
Ad*meas"ur*er (&unr_;), n. One who admeasures.
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Admensuration
Ad*men`su*ra"tion (&unr_;), n. [LL. admensuratio; L. ad + mensurare to measure. See Mensuration.] Same as Admeasurement.
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Adminicle
Ad*min"i*cle (&unr_;), n. [L. adminculum support, orig., that on which the hand rests; ad + manus hand + dim. ending -culym.] 1. Help or support; an auxiliary. Grote.
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2. (Law) Corroborative or explanatory proof.
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In Scots law, any writing tending to establish the existence or terms of a lost deed. Bell.
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Adminicular
Ad`mi*nic"u*lar (&unr_;), a. Supplying help; auxiliary; corroborative; explanatory; as, adminicular evidence. H. Spencer.
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Adminiculary
Ad`mi*nic"u*la*ry (&unr_;), a. Adminicular.
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Administer
Ad*min"is*ter (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Administered (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Administering.] [OE. aministren, OF. aministrer, F. administer, fr. L. administrare; ad + ministrare to serve. See Minister.] 1. To manage or conduct, as public affairs; to direct or superintend the execution, application, or conduct of; as, to administer the government or the state.
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For forms of government let fools contest:
Whate'er is best administered is best.
Pope.
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2. To dispense; to serve out; to supply; execute; as, to administer relief, to administer the sacrament.
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[Let zephyrs] administer their tepid, genial airs. Philips.
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Justice was administered with an exactness and purity not before known. Macaulay.
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3. To apply, as medicine or a remedy; to give, as a dose or something beneficial or suitable. Extended to a blow, a reproof, etc.
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A noxious drug had been administered to him. Macaulay.
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4. To tender, as an oath.
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Swear . . . to keep the oath that we administer. Shak.
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5. (Law) To settle, as the estate of one who dies without a will, or whose will fails of an executor.
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Syn. -- To manage; conduct; minister; supply; dispense; give out; distribute; furnish.
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Administer
Ad*min"is*ter, v. i. 1. To contribute; to bring aid or supplies; to conduce; to minister.
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A fountain . . . administers to the pleasure as well as the plenty of the place. Spectator.
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2. (Law) To perform the office of administrator; to act officially; as, A administers upon the estate of B.
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Administer
Ad*min"is*ter, n. Administrator. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Administerial
Ad*min`is*te"ri*al (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to administration, or to the executive part of government.
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Administrable
Ad*min"is*tra*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being administered; as, an administrable law.
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Administrant
Ad*min"is*trant (&unr_;), a. [F., p. pr. of administrer. See Administer.] Executive; acting; managing affairs. -- n. One who administers.
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Administrate
Ad*min"is*trate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. administratus, p. p. of administrare.] To administer. [R.] Milman.
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Administration
Ad*min`is*tra"tion (?; 277), n. [OE. administracioun, L. administratio: cf. F. administration.] 1. The act of administering; government of public affairs; the service rendered, or duties assumed, in conducting affairs; the conducting of any office or employment; direction; management.
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His financial administration was of a piece with his military administration. Macaulay.
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2. The executive part of government; the persons collectively who are intrusted with the execution of laws and the superintendence of public affairs; the chief magistrate and his cabinet or council; or the council, or ministry, alone, as in Great Britain.
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A mild and popular administration. Macaulay.
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The administration has been opposed in parliament. Johnson.
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3. The act of administering, or tendering something to another; dispensation; as, the administration of a medicine, of an oath, of justice, or of the sacrament.
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4. (Law) (a) The management and disposal, under legal authority, of the estate of an intestate, or of a testator having no competent executor. (b) The management of an estate of a deceased person by an executor, the strictly corresponding term execution not being in use.
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Administration with the will annexed, administration granted where the testator has appointed no executor, or where his appointment of an executor for any cause has failed, as by death, incompetency, refusal to act, etc.
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Syn. -- Conduct; management; direction; regulation; execution; dispensation; distribution.
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Administrative
Ad*min"is*tra`tive (ăd*m&ibreve_;n"&ibreve_;s*trā`t&ibreve_;v), a. [L. administrativus: cf. F. administratif.] Pertaining to administration; administering; executive; as, an administrative body, ability, or energy. -- Ad*min"is*tra`tive*ly, adv.
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Administrator
Ad*min`is*tra"tor (&unr_;), n. [L.] 1. One who administers affairs; one who directs, manages, executes, or dispenses, whether in civil, judicial, political, or ecclesiastical affairs; a manager.
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2. (Law) A man who manages or settles the estate of an intestate, or of a testator when there is no competent executor; one to whom the right of administration has been committed by competent authority.
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Administratorship
Ad*min`is*tra"tor*ship, n. The position or office of an administrator.
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Administratrix
Ad*min`is*tra"trix (&unr_;), n. [NL.] A woman who administers; esp., one who administers the estate of an intestate, or to whom letters of administration have been granted; a female administrator.
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Admirability
Ad`mi*ra*bil"i*ty (&unr_;), n. [L. admirabilitac.] Admirableness. [R.] Johnson.
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Admirable
Ad"mi*ra*ble (&unr_;), a. [L. admirabilis: cf. F. admirable.] 1. Fitted to excite wonder; wonderful; marvelous. [Obs.]
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In man there is nothing admirable but his ignorance and weakness. Jer. Taylor.
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2. Having qualities to excite wonder united with approbation; deserving the highest praise; most excellent; -- used of persons or things. “An admirable machine.” “Admirable fortitude.” Macaulay.
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Syn. -- Wonderful; marvelous; surprising; excellent; delightful; praiseworthy.
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Admirableness
Ad"mi*ra*ble*ness, n. The quality of being admirable; wonderful excellence.
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Admirably
Ad"mi*ra*bly, adv. In an admirable manner.
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Admiral
Ad"mi*ral (&unr_;), n. [OE. amiral, admiral, OF. amiral, ultimately fr. Ar. amīr-al-bahr commander of the sea; Ar. amīr is commander, al is the Ar. article, and amīr-al, heard in different titles, was taken as one word. Early forms of the word show confusion with L. admirabilis admirable, fr. admirari to admire. It is said to have been introduced into Europe by the Genoese or Venetians, in the 12th or 13th century. Cf. Ameer, Emir.] 1. A naval officer of the highest rank; a naval officer of high rank, of which there are different grades. The chief gradations in rank are admiral, vice admiral, and rear admiral. The admiral is the commander in chief of a fleet or of fleets.
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2. The ship which carries the admiral; also, the most considerable ship of a fleet.
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Like some mighty admiral, dark and terrible, bearing down upon his antagonist with all his canvas straining to the wind, and all his thunders roaring from his broadsides. E. Everett.
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3. (Zool.) A handsome butterfly (Pyrameis Atalanta) of Europe and America. The larva feeds on nettles.
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Admiral shell (Zool.), the popular name of an ornamental cone shell (Conus admiralis).
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Lord High Admiral, a great officer of state, who (when this rare dignity is conferred) is at the head of the naval administration of Great Britain.
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Admiralship
Ad"mi*ral*ship, n. The office or position oaf an admiral; also, the naval skill of an admiral.
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Admiralty
Ad"mi*ral*ty (&unr_;), n.; pl. Admiralties (&unr_;). [F. amirauté, for an older amiralté, office of admiral, fr. LL. admiralitas. See Admiral.] 1. The office or jurisdiction of an admiral. Prescott.
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2. The department or officers having authority over naval affairs generally.
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3. The court which has jurisdiction of maritime questions and offenses.
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&hand_; In England, admiralty jurisdiction was formerly vested in the High Court of Admiralty, which was held before the Lord High Admiral, or his deputy, styled the Judge of the Admiralty; but admiralty jurisdiction is now vested in the probate, divorce, and admiralty division of the High Justice. In America, there are no admiralty courts distinct from others, but admiralty jurisdiction is vested in the district courts of the United States, subject to revision by the circuit courts and the Supreme Court of the United States. Admiralty jurisprudence has cognizance of maritime contracts and torts, collisions at sea, cases of prize in war, etc., and in America, admiralty jurisdiction is extended to such matters, arising out of the navigation of any of the public waters, as the Great Lakes and rivers.
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4. The system of jurisprudence of admiralty courts.
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5. The building in which the lords of the admiralty, in England, transact business.
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Admirance
Ad*mir"ance (&unr_;), n. [Cf. OF. admirance.] Admiration. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Admiration
Ad`mi*ra"tion (&unr_;), n. [F., fr. L. admiratio. See Admire.] 1. Wonder; astonishment. [Obs.]
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Season your admiration for a while. Shak.
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2. Wonder mingled with approbation or delight; an emotion excited by a person or thing possessed of wonderful or high excellence; as, admiration of a beautiful woman, of a landscape, of virtue.
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3. Cause of admiration; something to excite wonder, or pleased surprise; a prodigy.
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Now, good Lafeu, bring in the admiration. Shak.
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Note of admiration, the mark (!), called also exclamation point.
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Syn. -- Wonder; approval; appreciation; adoration; reverence; worship.
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Admirative
Ad*mir"a*tive (&unr_;), a. Relating to or expressing admiration or wonder. [R.] Earle.
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Admire
Ad*mire" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Admired (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Admiring (&unr_;).] [F. admirer, fr. L. admirari; ad + mirari to wonder, for smirari, akin to Gr. &unr_; to smile, Skr. smi, and E. smile.] 1. To regard with wonder or astonishment; to view with surprise; to marvel at. [Archaic]
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Examples rather to be admired than imitated. Fuller.
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2. To regard with wonder and delight; to look upon with an elevated feeling of pleasure, as something which calls out approbation, esteem, love, or reverence; to estimate or prize highly; as, to admire a person of high moral worth, to admire a landscape.
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Admired as heroes and as gods obeyed. Pope.
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&hand_; Admire followed by the infinitive is obsolete or colloquial; as, I admire to see a man consistent in his conduct.
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Syn. -- To esteem; approve; delight in.
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Admire
Ad*mire", v. i. To wonder; to marvel; to be affected with surprise; -- sometimes with at.
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To wonder at Pharaoh, and even admire at myself. Fuller.
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Admired
Ad*mired" (&unr_;), a. 1. Regarded with wonder and delight; highly prized; as, an admired poem.
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2. Wonderful; also, admirable. [Obs.]Admired disorder.” “ Admired Miranda.” Shak.
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Admirer
Ad*mir"er (&unr_;), n. One who admires; one who esteems or loves greatly. Cowper.
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Admiring
Ad*mir"ing, a. Expressing admiration; as, an admiring glance. -- Ad*mir"ing*ly, adv. Shak.
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Admissibility
Ad*mis`si*bil"i*ty (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. admissibilité.] The quality of being admissible; admissibleness; as, the admissibility of evidence.
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Admissible
Ad*mis"si*ble (&unr_;), a. [F. admissible, LL. admissibilis. See Admit.] Entitled to be admitted, or worthy of being admitted; that may be allowed or conceded; allowable; as, the supposition is hardly admissible. -- Ad*mis"si*ble*ness, n. -- Ad*mis"si*bly, adv.
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Admission
Ad*mis"sion (&unr_;), n. [L. admissio: cf. F. admission. See Admit.] 1. The act or practice of admitting.
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2. Power or permission to enter; admittance; entrance; access; power to approach.
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What numbers groan for sad admission there! Young.
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3. The granting of an argument or position not fully proved; the act of acknowledging something &unr_;serted; acknowledgment; concession.
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The too easy admission of doctrines. Macaulay.
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4. (Law) Acquiescence or concurrence in a statement made by another, and distinguishable from a confession in that an admission presupposes prior inquiry by another, but a confession may be made without such inquiry.
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5. A fact, point, or statement admitted; as, admission made out of court are received in evidence.
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6. (Eng. Eccl. Law) Declaration of the bishop that he approves of the presentee as a fit person to serve the cure of the church to which he is presented. Shipley.
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Syn. -- Admittance; concession; acknowledgment; concurrence; allowance. See Admittance.
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Admissive
Ad*mis"sive (&unr_;), a. Implying an admission; tending to admit. [R.] Lamb.
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Admissory
Ad*mis"so*ry (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to admission.
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Admit
Ad*mit" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Admitted; p. pr. & vb. n. Admitting.] [OE. amitten, L. admittere, admissum; ad + mittere to send: cf. F. admettre, OF. admettre, OF. ametre. See Missile.] 1. To suffer to enter; to grant entrance, whether into a place, or into the mind, or consideration; to receive; to take; as, they were into his house; to admit a serious thought into the mind; to admit evidence in the trial of a cause.
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2. To give a right of entrance; as, a ticket admits one into a playhouse.
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3. To allow (one) to enter on an office or to enjoy a privilege; to recognize as qualified for a franchise; as, to admit an attorney to practice law; the prisoner was admitted to bail.
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4. To concede as true; to acknowledge or assent to, as an allegation which it is impossible to deny; to own or confess; as, the argument or fact is admitted; he admitted his guilt.
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5. To be capable of; to permit; as, the words do not admit such a construction. In this sense, of may be used after the verb, or may be omitted.
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Both Houses declared that they could admit of no treaty with the king. Hume.
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Admittable
Ad*mit"ta*ble (&unr_;), a. Admissible. Sir T. Browne.
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Admittance
Ad*mit"tance (&unr_;), n. 1. The act of admitting.
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2. Permission to enter; the power or right of entrance; also, actual entrance; reception.
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To gain admittance into the house. South.
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He desires admittance to the king. Dryden.
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To give admittance to a thought of fear. Shak.
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3. Concession; admission; allowance; as, the admittance of an argument. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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4. Admissibility. [Obs.] Shak.
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5. (Eng. Law) The act of giving possession of a copyhold estate. Bouvier.
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Syn. -- Admission; access; entrance; initiation. -- Admittance, Admission. These words are, to some extent, in a state of transition and change. Admittance is now chiefly confined to its primary sense of access into some locality or building. Thus we see on the doors of factories, shops, etc. “No admittance.” Its secondary or moral sense, as “admittance to the church,” is almost entirely laid aside. Admission has taken to itself the secondary or figurative senses; as, admission to the rights of citizenship; admission to the church; the admissions made by one of the parties in a dispute. And even when used in its primary sense, it is not identical with admittance. Thus, we speak of admission into a country, territory, and other larger localities, etc., where admittance could not be used. So, when we speak of admission to a concert or other public assembly, the meaning is not perhaps exactly that of admittance, viz., access within the walls of the building, but rather a reception into the audience, or access to the performances. But the lines of distinction on this subject are one definitely drawn.
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Admittance
Ad*mit"tance, n. (Elec.) The reciprocal of impedance.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Admittatur
Ad`mit*ta"tur (&unr_;), n. [L., let him be admitted.] The certificate of admission given in some American colleges.
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Admittedly
Admitted
Ad*mit"ted (&unr_;), a. Received as true or valid; acknowledged. -- Ad*mit"ted*ly adv. Confessedly.
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Admitter
Ad*mit"ter (&unr_;), n. One who admits.
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Admix
Ad*mix" (&unr_;), v. t. [Pref. ad- + mix: cf. L. admixtus, p. p. of admiscere. See Mix.] To mingle with something else; to mix. [R.]
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Admixtion
Ad*mix"tion (?; 106), n. [L. admixtio.] A mingling of different things; admixture. Glanvill.
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Admixture
Ad*mix"ture (?; 135), n. [L. admiscere, admixtum, to admix; ad + miscere to mix. See Mix.]
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1. The act of mixing; mixture.
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2. The compound formed by mixing different substances together.
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3. That which is mixed with anything.
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Admonish
Ad*mon"ish (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Admonished (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Admonishing.] [OE. amonesten, OF. amonester, F. admonester, fr. a supposed LL. admonesstrare, fr. L. admonere to remind, warn; ad + monere to warn. See Monition.] 1. To warn or notify of a fault; to reprove gently or kindly, but seriously; to exhort.Admonish him as a brother.” 2 Thess. iii. 15.
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2. To counsel against wrong practices; to cation or advise; to warn against danger or an offense; -- followed by of, against, or a subordinate clause.
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Admonishing one another in psalms and hymns. Col. iii. 16.
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I warned thee, I admonished thee, foretold
The danger, and the lurking enemy.
Milton.
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3. To instruct or direct; to inform; to notify.
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Moses was admonished of God, when he was about to make the tabernacle. Heb. viii. 5.
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Admonisher
Ad*mon"ish*er (&unr_;), n. One who admonishes.
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admonishing
admonishing adj. 1. expressing adverse criticism as a corrective
Syn. -- admonitory, reproachful, reproving
[WordNet 1.5]

Admonishment
Ad*mon"ish*ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. [Cf. OF. amonestement, admonestement.] Admonition. [R.] Shak.
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Admonition
Ad`mo*ni"tion (&unr_;), n. [OE. amonicioun, OF. amonition, F. admonition, fr. L. admonitio, fr. admonere. See Admonish.] Gentle or friendly reproof; counseling against a fault or error; expression of authoritative advice; friendly caution or warning.
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Syn. -- Admonition, Reprehension, Reproof. Admonition is prospective, and relates to moral delinquencies; its object is to prevent further transgression. Reprehension and reproof are retrospective, the former being milder than the latter. A person of any age or station may be liable to reprehension in case of wrong conduct; but reproof is the act of a superior. It is authoritative fault-finding or censure addressed to children or to inferiors.
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Admonitioner
Ad`mo*ni"tion*er (&unr_;), n. Admonisher. [Obs.]
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Admonitive
Ad*mon"i*tive (&unr_;), a. Admonitory. [R.] Barrow. -- Ad*mon"i*tive*ly, adv.
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Admonitor
Ad*mon"i*tor (&unr_;), n. [L.] Admonisher; monitor.
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Conscience is at most times a very faithful and prudent admonitor. Shenstone.
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Admonitorial
Ad*mon`i*to"ri*al (&unr_;), a. Admonitory. [R.] “An admonitorial tone.” Dickens.
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Admonitory
Ad*mon"i*to*ry (&unr_;), a. [LL. admonitorius.] That conveys admonition; warning or reproving; as, an admonitory glance. -- Ad*mon"i*to*ri*ly, (&unr_;), adv.
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Admonitrix
Ad*mon"i*trix (&unr_;), n. [L.] A female admonitor.
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Admortization
Ad*mor`ti*za"tion (&unr_;), n. [LL. admortizatio. Cf. Amortization.] (Law) The reducing or lands or tenements to mortmain. See Mortmain.
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Admove
Ad*move" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. admovere. See Move.] To move or conduct to or toward. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Adnascent
Ad*nas"cent (&unr_;), a. [L. adnascens, p. pr. of adnasci to be born, grow.] Growing to or on something else. “An adnascent plant.” Evelyn.
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Adnate
Ad"nate (&unr_;), a. [L. adnatus, p. p. of adnasci. See Adnascent, and cf. Agnate.] 1. (Physiol.) Grown to congenitally.
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2. (Bot.) Growing together; -- said only of organic cohesion of unlike parts.
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An anther is adnate when fixed by its whole length to the filament. Gray.
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3. (Zool.) Growing with one side adherent to a stem; -- a term applied to the lateral zooids of corals and other compound animals.
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Adnation
Ad*na"tion (&unr_;), n. (Bot.) The adhesion or cohesion of different floral verticils or sets of organs.
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Adnominal
Ad*nom"i*nal (&unr_;), a. [L. ad + nomen noun.] (Gram.) Pertaining to an adnoun; adjectival; attached to a noun. Gibbs. -- Ad*nom"i*nal*ly, adv.
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Adnoun
Ad"noun` (&unr_;), n. [Pref. ad- + noun.] (Gram.) An adjective, or attribute. [R.] Coleridge.
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Adnubilated
Ad*nu"bi*la`ted (&unr_;), a. [L. adnubilatus, p. p. of adnubilare.] Clouded; obscured. [R.]
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Ado
A*do" (&adot_;*d&oomacr_;"), (1) v. inf., (2) n. [OE. at do, northern form for to do. Cf. Affair.] 1. To do; in doing; as, there is nothing ado. “What is here ado?” J. Newton.
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2. Doing; trouble; difficulty; troublesome business; fuss; bustle; as, to make a great ado about trifles.
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With much ado, he partly kept awake. Dryden.
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Let's follow to see the end of this ado. Shak.
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Adobe
A*do"be (&adot_;*dō"b&auptack_;), n. [Sp.] 1. An unburnt brick dried in the sun; also used as an adjective, as, an adobe house, in Texas or New Mexico.
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2. Earth from which unburnt bricks are made. [Western U. S.]
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3. (Geol.) Alluvial and playa clays of desert and arid regions, differing from ordinary clays of humid regions in containing carbonates and other soluble minerals.
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adobe-lily
adobe-lily n. 1. a California herb (Fritillaria pluriflora) with pinkish purple flowers.
Syn. -- adobe lily, pink fritillary, Fritillaria pluriflora
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

adobo
adobo n. 1. a Philippine dish of marinated vegetables and meat or fish; served with rice.
[WordNet 1.5]

Adolescence
Ad`o*les"cence (&unr_;), n. [Fr., fr. L. adolescentia.] The state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; youth, or the period of life between puberty and maturity, generally considered to be, in the male sex, from fourteen to twenty-one. Sometimes used with reference to the lower animals.
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Adolescency
Ad`o*les"cen*cy (&unr_;), n. The quality of being adolescent; youthfulness.
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Adolescent
Ad`o*les"cent (ăd`&ouptack_;*l&ebreve_;s"s&eitalic_;nt), a. [L. adolescens, p. pr. of adolescere to grow up to; ad + the inchoative olescere to grow: cf. F. adolescent. See Adult.] Growing; advancing from childhood to maturity.
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Schools, unless discipline were doubly strong,
Detain their adolescent charge too long.
Cowper.
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Adolescent
Ad`o*les"cent, n. A youth.
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Adonai
Ad`o*na"i (?), n. [Heb. adōnāi, lit., my lord.] A Hebrew name for God, usually translated in the Old Testament by the word “Lord”.
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&hand_; The later Jews used its vowel points to fill out the tetragrammaton Yhvh, or Ihvh, “the incommunicable name,” and in reading substituted “Adonai”.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Adonean
Ad`o*ne"an (-nē"&aitalic_;n), a. [L. Adonēus.] Pertaining to Adonis; Adonic. “Fair Adonean Venus.” Faber.
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Adonic
A*don"ic (&unr_;), a. [F. adonique: cf. L. Adonius.] Relating to Adonis, famed for his beauty. -- n. An Adonic verse.
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Adonic verse, a verse consisting of a dactyl and spondee (-- ˘ ˘ | -- --).
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Adonis
A*do"nis (&adot_;*dō"n&ibreve_;s), n. [L., gr. Gr. 'A`dwnis.] 1. (Gr. Myth.) A youth beloved by Venus for his beauty. He was killed in the chase by a wild boar.
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2. A preëminently beautiful young man; a dandy.
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3. (Bot.) A genus of plants of the family Ranunculaceæ, containing the pheasant's eye (Adonis autumnalis); -- named from Adonis, whose blood was fabled to have stained the flower.
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Adonist
A*do"nist (&adot_;*dō"n&ibreve_;st), n. [Heb. ădōnāi my Lords.] One who maintains that points of the Hebrew word translated “Jehovah” are really the vowel points of the word “Adonai.” See Jehovist.
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Adonize
Ad"o*nize (ăd"&ouptack_;*nīz), v. t. [Cf. F. adoniser, fr. Adonis.] To beautify; to dandify.
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I employed three good hours at least in adjusting and adonozing myself. Smollett.
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Adoors
Adoor
{ A*door (&unr_;), A*doors (&unr_;), } At the door; of the door; as, out adoors. Shak.
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I took him in adoors. Vicar's Virgil (1630).
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Adopt
A*dopt" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adopted; p. pr. & vb. n. Adopting.] [L. adoptare; ad + optare to choose, desire: cf. F. adopter. See Option.] 1. To take by choice into relationship, as, child, heir, friend, citizen, etc.; esp. to take voluntarily (a child of other parents) to be in the place of, or as, one's own child.
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2. To take or receive as one's own what is not so naturally; to select and take or approve; as, to adopt the view or policy of another; these resolutions were adopted.
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Adoptable
A*dopt"a*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being adopted.
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Adopted
A*dopt"ed (&unr_;), a. Taken by adoption; taken up as one's own; as, an adopted son, citizen, country, word. -- A*dopt"ed*ly, adv.
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Adopter
A*dopt"er (&unr_;), n. 1. One who adopts.
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2. (Chem.) A receiver, with two necks, opposite to each other, one of which admits the neck of a retort, and the other is joined to another receiver. It is used in distillations, to give more space to elastic vapors, to increase the length of the neck of a retort, or to unite two vessels whose openings have different diameters. [Written also adapter.]
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Adoption
A*dop"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adoptio, allied to adoptare to adopt: cf. F. adoption.] 1. The act of adopting, or state of being adopted; voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be the same as one's own child.
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2. Admission to a more intimate relation; reception; as, the adoption of persons into hospitals or monasteries, or of one society into another.
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3. The choosing and making that to be one's own which originally was not so; acceptance; as, the adoption of opinions. Jer. Taylor.
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Adoptionist
A*dop"tion*ist, n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect which maintained that Christ was the Son of God not by nature but by adoption.
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Adoptious
A*dop"tious (&unr_;), a. Adopted. [Obs.]
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Adoptive
A*dopt"ive (&unr_;), a. [L. adoptivus: cf. F. adoptif.] Pertaining to adoption; made or acquired by adoption; fitted to adopt; as, an adoptive father, an child; an adoptive language. -- A*dopt"ive*ly, adv.
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Adorability
A*dor`a*bil"i*ty (&unr_;), n. Adorableness.
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Adorable
A*dor"a*ble (&unr_;), a. [L. adorabilis, fr. adorare: cf. F. adorable.] 1. Deserving to be adored; worthy of divine honors.
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The adorable Author of Christianity. Cheyne.
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2. Worthy of the utmost love or respect.
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Adorableness
A*dor"a*ble*ness, n. The quality of being adorable, or worthy of adoration. Johnson.
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Adorably
A*dor"a*bly, adv. In an adorable manner.
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Adoration
Ad`o*ra"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adoratio, fr. adorare: cf. F. adoration.] 1. The act of playing honor to a divine being; the worship paid to God; the act of addressing as a god.
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The more immediate objects of popular adoration amongst the heathens were deified human beings. Farmer.
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2. Homage paid to one in high esteem; profound veneration; intense regard and love; fervent devotion.
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3. A method of electing a pope by the expression of homage from two thirds of the conclave.
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[Pole] might have been chosen on the spot by adoration. Froude.
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adore
a*dore" (&adot_;*dōr"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. adored (&adot_;*dōrd"); p. pr. & vb. n. adoring (&adot_;*dōr"&ibreve_;ng).] [OE. aouren, anouren, adoren, OF. aorer, adorer, F. adorer, fr. L. adorare; ad + orare to speak, pray, os, oris, mouth. In OE. confused with honor, the French prefix a- being confused with OE. a, an, on. See Oral.] 1. To worship with profound reverence; to pay divine honors to; to honor as a deity or as divine.
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Bishops and priests, . . . bearing the host, which he [James II.] publicly adored. Smollett.
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2. To love in the highest degree; to regard with the utmost esteem and affection; to idolize.
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The great mass of the population abhorred Popery and adored Monmouth. Macaulay.
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Adore
A*dore", v. t. To adorn. [Obs.]
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Congealed little drops which do the morn adore. Spenser.
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Adorement
A*dore"ment (&adot_;*dōr"m&eitalic_;nt), n. The act of adoring; adoration. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Adorer
A*dor"er (&adot_;*dōr"&etilde_;r), n. One who adores; a worshiper; one who admires or loves greatly; an ardent admirer. “An adorer of truth.” Clarendon.
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I profess myself her adorer, not her friend. Shak.
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adoring
adoring adj. 1. 1 feeling or showing profound respect or veneration. Opposite of irreverent.
Syn. -- worshipful, reverent
[WordNet 1.5]

2. 1 feeling or showing a deep love and devotion to. her adoring parents
Syn. -- doting, fond, lovesome
[WordNet 1.5]

Adoringly
A*dor"ing*ly, adv. With adoration.
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Adorn
A*dorn" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adorned (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Adorning.] [OE. aournen, anournen, adornen, OF. aorner, fr. L. aaornare; ad + ornare to furnish, embellish. See Adore, Ornate.] To deck or dress with ornaments; to embellish; to set off to advantage; to render pleasing or attractive.
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As a bride adorneth herself with her jewels. Isa. lxi. 10.
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At church, with meek and unaffected grace,
His looks adorned the venerable place.
Goldsmith.
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Syn. -- To deck; decorate; embellish; ornament; beautify; grace; dignify; exalt; honor. -- To Adorn, Ornament, Decorate, Embellish. We decorate and ornament by putting on some adjunct which is attractive or beautiful, and which serves to heighten the general effect. Thus, a lady's head-dress may be ornament or decorated with flowers or jewelry; a hall may be decorated or ornament with carving or gilding, with wreaths of flowers, or with hangings. Ornament is used in a wider sense than decorate. To embellish is to beautify or ornament richly, not so much by mere additions or details as by modifying the thing itself as a whole. It sometimes means gaudy and artificial decoration. We embellish a book with rich engravings; a style is embellished with rich and beautiful imagery; a shopkeeper embellishes his front window to attract attention. Adorn is sometimes identical with decorate, as when we say, a lady was adorned with jewels. In other cases, it seems to imply something more. Thus, we speak of a gallery of paintings as adorned with the works of some of the great masters, or adorned with noble statuary and columns. Here decorated and ornamented would hardly be appropriate. There is a value in these works of genius beyond mere show and ornament. Adorn may be used of what is purely moral; as, a character adorned with every Christian grace. Here neither decorate, nor ornament, nor embellish is proper.
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Adorn
A*dorn", n. Adornment. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Adorn
A*dorn", a. Adorned; decorated. [Obs.] Milton.
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Adornation
Ad`or*na"tion (&unr_;), n. Adornment. [Obs.]
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Adorner
A*dorn"er (&unr_;), n. He who, or that which, adorns; a beautifier.
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Adorningly
A*dorn"ing*ly, adv. By adorning; decoratively.
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Adornment
A*dorn"ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. [Cf. OF. adornement. See Adorn.] An adorning; an ornament; a decoration.
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Adosculation
Ad*os"cu*la"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adosculari, adosculatum, to kiss. See Osculate.] (Biol.) Impregnation by external contact, without intromission.
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Adown
A*down" (&unr_;), adv. [OE. adun, adoun, adune. AS. of dūne off the hill. See Down.] From a higher to a lower situation; downward; down, to or on the ground. [Archaic] “Thrice did she sink adown.” Spenser.
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Adown
A*down", prep. Down. [Archaic & Poetic]
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Her hair adown her shoulders loosely lay displayed. Prior.
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Adpress
Ad*press" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. adpressus, p. p. of adprimere.] See Appressed. -- Ad*pressed", (&unr_;), a.
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Adrad
A*drad" (&unr_;), p. a. [P. p. of adread.] Put in dread; afraid. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Adragant
Ad"ra*gant (&unr_;), n. [F., a corruption of tragacanth.] Gum tragacanth. Brande & C.
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Adread
A*dread" (&unr_;), v. t. & i. [AS. andrædan, ondræ; pref. a- (for and against) + dræden to dread. See Dread.] To dread. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.
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Adreamed
A*dreamed" (&unr_;), p. p. Visited by a dream; -- used in the phrase, To be adreamed, to dream. [Obs.]
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Adrenal
Ad*re"nal (&unr_;), a. [Pref. ad- + renal.] (Anat.) Suprarenal.
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adrenaline
adrenaline n. 1. .
Syn. -- epinephrine, adrenalin
[WordNet 1.5]

Adrenalin
Adrenaline
Ad*re"nal*ine (?), n. Also Ad*re"nal*in (&unr_;). (Physiol. Chem.) a hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla that acts as a powerful stimulant in reponse to fear or stress; it stimulates autonomic nerve action. It can be obtained as a crystalline substance, C9H13NO3. It is used in medicine as a vasoconstrictor (hemostatic) and cardiac stimulant, also to reduce allergic reactions and to stimulate the heart in cases of cardiac arrest. MI11
Syn. -- epinephrine; 3,4-dihydroxy-1-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)-ethyl]benzene. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

adrenergic
adrenergic adj. 1. producing or activated by epinephrine or adrenaline an adrenergic nerve fiber
[WordNet 1.5]

adrenocortical
adrenocortical adj. 1. of or pertaining to the adrenal cortex.
[WordNet 1.5]

adrenocorticotropic
adrenocorticotrophic
adrenocorticotrophic adrenocorticotropic adj. 1. stimulating or acting on the adrenal cortex
[WordNet 1.5]

adrenocorticotropin
adrenocorticotropin n. 1. a growth hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland; it stimulates the adrenal cortex.
Syn. -- adrenocorticotropic hormone, adrenocorticotrophic hormone, adrenocorticotrophin, corticotropin, corticotrophin, ACTH
[WordNet 1.5]

adrenosterone
adrenosterone n. 1. a steroid having androgenic activity; obtained from the cortex of the adrenal gland.
[WordNet 1.5]

Adrian
A"dri*an (&unr_;), a. [L. Hadrianus.] Pertaining to the Adriatic Sea; as, Adrian billows.
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Adrianople
Adrianople n. 1. a city in Northwest Turkey; a Thracian town that was rebuilt and renamed by the Roman emperor Hadrian.
Syn. -- Edirne, Adrianopolis
[WordNet 1.5]

Adrianopolis
Adrianopolis n. 1. a city in Northwest Turkey; a Thracian town that was rebuilt and renamed by the Roman emperor Hadrian.
Syn. -- Edirne, Adrianople
[WordNet 1.5]

Adriatic
A`dri*at"ic (&unr_;), a. [L. Adriaticus, Hadriaticus, fr. Adria or Hadria, a town of the Veneti.] Of or pertaining to a sea so named, the northwestern part of which is known as the Gulf of Venice.
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Adrift
A*drift" (&unr_;), adv. & a. [Pref. a- (for on) + drift.] Floating at random; in a drifting condition; at the mercy of wind and waves. Also fig.
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So on the sea shall be set adrift. Dryden.
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Were from their daily labor turned adrift. Wordsworth.
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Adrip
A*drip" (&unr_;), adv. & a. [Pref. a- in + drip.] In a dripping state; as, leaves all adrip. D. G. Mitchell.
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Adrogate
Ad"ro*gate (&unr_;), v. t. [See Arrogate.] (Rom. Law) To adopt (a person who is his own master).
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Adrogation
Ad`ro*ga"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adrogatio, arrogatio, fr. adrogare. See Arrogate.] (Rom. Law) A kind of adoption in ancient Rome. See Arrogation.
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Adroit
A*droit" (&unr_;), a. [F. adroit; à (L. ad) = droit straight, right, fr. L. directus, p. p. of dirigere. See Direct.] Dexterous in the use of the hands or in the exercise of the mental faculties; exhibiting skill and readiness in avoiding danger or escaping difficulty; ready in invention or execution; -- applied to persons and to acts; as, an adroit mechanic, an adroit reply.Adroit in the application of the telescope and quadrant.” Horsley. “He was adroit in intrigue.” Macaulay.
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Syn. -- Dexterous; skillful; expert; ready; clever; deft; ingenious; cunning; ready-witted.
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Adroitly
A*droit"ly, adv. In an adroit manner.
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Adroitness
A*droit"ness, n. The quality of being adroit; skill and readiness; dexterity.
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Adroitness was as requisite as courage. Motley.
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Syn. -- See Skill.
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Adry
A*dry" (&unr_;), a. [Pref. a- (for on) + dry.] In a dry or thirsty condition. “A man that is adry.” Burton.
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Adscititious
Ad`sci*ti"tious (&unr_;), a. [L. adscitus, p. p. of adsciscere, asciscere, to take knowingly; ad + sciscere to seek to know, approve, scire to know.] Supplemental; additional; adventitious; ascititious.Adscititious evidence.” Bowring. -- Ad`sci*ti"tious*ly, adv.
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Adscript
Ad"script (&unr_;), a. [L. adscriptus, p. p. of adscribere to enroll. See Ascribe.] Held to service as attached to the soil; -- said of feudal serfs.
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Adscript
Ad"script (&unr_;), n. One held to service as attached to the glebe or estate; a feudal serf. Bancroft.
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Adscriptive
Ad*scrip"tive (&unr_;), a. [L. adscriptivus. See Adscript.] Attached or annexed to the glebe or estate and transferable with it. Brougham.
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Adsignification
Ad*sig`ni*fi*ca"tion (&unr_;), n. Additional signification. [R.] Tooke.
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Adsignify
Ad*sig"ni*fy (&unr_;), v. t. [L. adsignificare to show.] To denote additionally. [R.] Tooke.
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adsorb
ad*sorb" v. t. to attract and bind (molecules of a substance in a fluid) so as to form a thin layer on the surface, by non-electrostatic forces; to bind by adsorption. Distinguished from absorb, in which the foreign substance penetrates the body of the absorbing material.
Syn. -- surface assimilation
[WordNet 1.5]

adsorption
adsorption n. 1. 1 the process by which molecules of a substance form a thin film on the surface of a solid. Distinguished from absorption, in which the foreign substance penetrates the body of the absorbing material.
Syn. -- surface assimilation
[WordNet 1.5]

adsorptive
adsorptive adj. 1. having capacity or tendency to adsorb or cause to accumulate on a surface; displaying adsorption. [Narrower terms: chemisorptive, chemosorptive ] nonadsorbent
Syn. -- adsorbent, surface-assimilative
[WordNet 1.5]

Adstrict
Ad*strict" (&unr_;), v. t. -- Ad*stric"tion, (&unr_;) n. See Astrict, and Astriction.
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Adstrictory
Ad*stric"to*ry (&unr_;), a. See Astrictory.
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Adstringent
Ad*strin"gent (&unr_;), a. See Astringent.
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Adsuki bean
Ad*su"ki bean (ăd*s&oomacr_;"k&ibreve_;; ăd*z&oomacr_;"k&ibreve_;). [Jap. adzuki.] A cultivated variety of the Asiatic gram, now introduced into the United States.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Adularia
Ad`u*la"ri*a (&unr_;), n. [From Adula, a mountain peak in Switzerland, where fine specimens are found.] (Min.) A transparent or translucent variety of common feldspar, or orthoclase, which often shows pearly opalescent reflections; -- called by lapidaries moonstone.
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Adulate
Ad"u*late (&unr_;), v. t. [L. adulatus, p. p. of adulari.] To flatter in a servile way. Byron.
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Adulation
Ad`u*la"tion (&unr_;), n. [F. adulation, fr. L. adulatio, fr. adulari, adulatum, to flatter.] Servile flattery; praise in excess, or beyond what is merited.
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Think'st thou the fiery fever will go out
With titles blown from adulation?
Shak.
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Syn. -- Sycophancy; cringing; fawning; obsequiousness; blandishment. -- Adulation, Flattery, Compliment. Men deal in compliments from a desire to please; they use flattery either from undue admiration, or a wish to gratify vanity; they practice adulation from sordid motives, and with a mingled spirit of falsehood and hypocrisy. Compliment may be a sincere expression of due respect and esteem, or it may be unmeaning; flattery is apt to become gross; adulation is always servile, and usually fulsome.
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Adulator
Ad"u*la`tor (&unr_;), n. [L., fr. adulari: cf. F. adulateur.] A servile or hypocritical flatterer. Carlyle.
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Adulatory
Ad"u*la*to*ry (&unr_;), a. [L. adulatorius, fr. adulari: cf. OF. adulatoire.] Containing excessive praise or compliment; servilely praising; flattering; as, an adulatory address.
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A mere rant of adulatory freedom. Burke.
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Adulatress
Ad"u*la`tress (&unr_;), n. A woman who flatters with servility.
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Adult
A*dult" (&unr_;), a. [L. adultus, p. p. of adolescere, akin to alere to nourish: cf. F. adulte. See Adolescent, Old.] Having arrived at maturity, or to full size and strength; matured; as, an adult person or plant; an adult ape; an adult age.
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Adult
A*dult", n. A person, animal, or plant grown to full size and strength; one who has reached maturity.
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&hand_; In the common law, the term is applied to a person who has attained full age or legal majority; in the civil law, to males after the age of fourteen, and to females after twelve.
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Adulter
A*dul"ter (&unr_;), v. i. [L. adulterare.] To commit adultery; to pollute. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Adulterant
A*dul"ter*ant (&unr_;), n. [L. adulterans, p. pr. of adulterare.] That which is used to adulterate anything. -- a. Adulterating; as, adulterant agents and processes.
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Adulterate
A*dul"ter*ate (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adulterated (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Adulterating (&unr_;).] [L. adulteratus, p. p. of adulterare, fr. adulter adulterer, prob. fr. ad + alter other, properly one who approaches another on account of unlawful love. Cf. Advoutry.]
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1. To defile by adultery. [Obs.] Milton.
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2. To corrupt, debase, or make impure by an admixture of a foreign or a baser substance; as, to adulterate food, drink, drugs, coin, etc.
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The present war has . . . adulterated our tongue with strange words. Spectator.
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Syn. -- To corrupt; defile; debase; contaminate; vitiate; sophisticate.
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Adulterate
A*dul"ter*ate, v. i. To commit adultery. [Obs.]
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Adulterate
A*dul"ter*ate (&unr_;), a. 1. Tainted with adultery.
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2. Debased by the admixture of a foreign substance; adulterated; spurious.
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-- A*dul"ter*ate*ly, adv. -- A*dul"ter*ate*ness, n.
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adulterated
adulterated adj. 1. having been made impure by addition of inferior ingredients; -- said of substances or foods used ususally of articles of commerce, dulted with less costly materials so as to enhance profit; -- usually imlying that the dilution is surreptitious and unethical
Syn. -- adulterate, debased
[WordNet 1.5]

adulterating
adulterating adj. 1. making impure or corrupt by virtue of extraneous origin; -- of impurities. the adulterating effect of extraneous materials purifying
Syn. -- adulterant
[WordNet 1.5]

2. making impure or corrupt by adding extraneous materials; -- of people.
Syn. -- adulterant.
[PJC]

Adulteration
A*dul`ter*a"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adulteratio.] 1. The act of adulterating; corruption, or debasement (esp. of food or drink) by foreign mixture.
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The shameless adulteration of the coin. Prescott.
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2. An adulterated state or product.
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Adulterator
A*dul"ter*a`tor (&unr_;), n. [L.] One who adulterates or corrupts. [R.] Cudworth.
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Adulterer
A*dul"ter*er (&unr_;), n. [Formed fr. the verb adulter, with the E. ending -er. See Advoutrer.] 1. A man who commits adultery; a married man who has sexual intercourse with a woman not his wife.
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2. (Script.) A man who violates his religious covenant. Jer. ix. 2.
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Adulteress
A*dul"ter*ess (&unr_;), n. [Fem. from L. adulter. Cf. Advoutress.] 1. A woman who commits adultery.
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2. (Script.) A woman who violates her religious engagements. James iv. 4.
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Adulterine
A*dul"ter*ine (&unr_;), a. [L. adulterinus, fr. adulter.] Proceeding from adulterous intercourse. Hence: Spurious; without the support of law; illegal.
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When any particular class of artificers or traders thought proper to act as a corporation without a charter, such were called adulterine guilds. Adam Smith.
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Adulterine
A*dul"ter*ine, n. An illegitimate child. [R.]
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Adulterize
A*dul"ter*ize (&unr_;), v. i. To commit adultery. Milton.
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Adulterous
A*dul"ter*ous (&unr_;), a. 1. Guilty of, or given to, adultery; pertaining to adultery; illicit. Dryden.
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2. Characterized by adulteration; spurious. “An adulterous mixture.” [Obs.] Smollett.
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Adulterously
A*dul"ter*ous*ly, adv. In an adulterous manner.
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Adultery
A*dul"ter*y (&unr_;), n.; pl. Adulteries (&unr_;). [L. adulterium. See Advoutry.] 1. The unfaithfulness of a married person to the marriage bed; sexual intercourse by a married man with another than his wife, or voluntary sexual intercourse by a married woman with another than her husband.
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&hand_; It is adultery on the part of the married wrongdoer. The word has also been used to characterize the act of an unmarried participator, the other being married. In the United States the definition varies with the local statutes. Unlawful intercourse between two married persons is sometimes called double adultery; between a married and an unmarried person, single adultery.
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2. Adulteration; corruption. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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3. (Script.) (a) Lewdness or unchastity of thought as well as act, as forbidden by the seventh commandment. (b) Faithlessness in religion. Jer. iii. 9.
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4. (Old Law) The fine and penalty imposed for the offense of adultery.
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5. (Eccl.) The intrusion of a person into a bishopric during the life of the bishop.
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6. Injury; degradation; ruin. [Obs.]
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You might wrest the caduceus out of my hand to the adultery and spoil of nature. B. Jonson.
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Adultness
A*dult"ness (&unr_;), n. The state of being adult.
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Adumbrant
Ad*um"brant (&unr_;), a. [L. adumbrans, p. pr. of adumbrare.] Giving a faint shadow, or slight resemblance; shadowing forth.
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Adumbrate
Ad*um"brate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. adumbratus, p. p. of adumbrare; ad + umbrare to shade; umbra shadow.]
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1. To give a faint shadow or slight representation of; to outline; to shadow forth.
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Both in the vastness and the richness of the visible universe the invisible God is adumbrated. L. Taylor.
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2. To overshadow; to shade.
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Adumbration
Ad`um*bra"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adumbratio.] 1. The act of adumbrating, or shadowing forth.
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2. A faint sketch; an outline; an imperfect portrayal or representation of a thing.
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Elegant adumbrations of sacred truth. Bp. Horsley.
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3. (Her.) The shadow or outlines of a figure.
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Adumbrative
Ad*um"bra*tive (&unr_;), a. Faintly representing; typical. Carlyle.
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Adunation
Ad`u*na"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. adunatio; ad + unus one.] A uniting; union. Jer. Taylor.
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Adunque
Adunc
{ A*dunc", A*dunque" } (&unr_;), a. (Zool.) Hooked; as, a parrot has an adunc bill.
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Aduncity
A*dun"ci*ty (&unr_;), n. [L. aduncitas. See Aduncous.] Curvature inwards; hookedness.
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The aduncity of the beaks of hawks. Pope.
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Aduncous
A*dun"cous (&unr_;), a. [L. aduncus; ad + uncus hooked, hook.] Curved inwards; hooked.
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Adure
A*dure" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. adurere; ad + urere to burn.] To burn up. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Adurol
Ad"u*rol (?), n. (Photog.) Either of two compounds, a chlorine derivative and bromine derivative, of hydroquinone, used as developers.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

adust
a*dust" (ă*dŭst"), a. [L. adustus, p. p. of adurere: cf. F. aduste.] 1. Inflamed or scorched; dried or darkened by heat. “The Libyan air adust.” Milton. AS
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2. Sunburnt. [archaic] AS
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A tall, thin man, of an adust complexion. Sir W. Scott.
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3. (Med.) Looking or acting depressed; atrabilious; gloomy. [archaic] AS
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Adusted
A*dust"ed, a. Burnt; adust. [Obs.] Howell.
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Adustible
A*dust"i*ble (&unr_;), a. That may be burnt. [Obs.]
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Adustion
A*dus"tion (?; 106), n. [L. adustio, fr. adurere, adustum: cf. F. adustion.] 1. The act of burning, or heating to dryness; the state of being thus heated or dried. [Obs.] Harvey.
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2. (Surg.) Cauterization. Buchanan.
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Ad valorem
Ad va*lo"rem (&unr_;). [L., according to the value.] (Com.) A term used to denote a duty or charge laid upon goods, at a certain rate per cent upon their value, as stated in their invoice, -- in opposition to a specific sum upon a given quantity or number; as, an ad valorem duty of twenty per cent.
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Advance
Ad*vance" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advanced (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Advancing (&unr_;)(#).] [OE. avancen, avauncen, F. avancer, fr. a supposed LL. abantiare; ab + ante (F. avant) before. The spelling with d was a mistake, a- being supposed to be fr. L. ad. See Avaunt.] 1. To bring forward; to move towards the van or front; to make to go on.
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2. To raise; to elevate. [Archaic]
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They . . . advanced their eyelids. Shak.
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3. To raise to a higher rank; to promote.
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Ahasueres . . . advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes. Esther iii. 1.
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4. To accelerate the growth or progress; to further; to forward; to help on; to aid; to heighten; as, to advance the ripening of fruit; to advance one's interests.
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5. To bring to view or notice; to offer or propose; to show; as, to advance an argument.
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Some ne'er advance a judgment of their own. Pope.
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6. To make earlier, as an event or date; to hasten.
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7. To furnish, as money or other value, before it becomes due, or in aid of an enterprise; to supply beforehand; as, a merchant advances money on a contract or on goods consigned to him.
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8. To raise to a higher point; to enhance; to raise in rate; as, to advance the price of goods.
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9. To extol; to laud. [Obs.]
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Greatly advancing his gay chivalry. Spenser.
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Syn. -- To raise; elevate; exalt; aggrandize; improve; heighten; accelerate; allege; adduce; assign.
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Advance
Ad*vance", v. i. 1. To move or go forward; to proceed; as, he advanced to greet me.
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2. To increase or make progress in any respect; as, to advance in knowledge, in stature, in years, in price.
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3. To rise in rank, office, or consequence; to be preferred or promoted.
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Advanced to a level with ancient peers. Prescott.
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Advance
Ad*vance", n. [Cf. F. avance, fr. avancer. See Advance, v.] 1. The act of advancing or moving forward or upward; progress.
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2. Improvement or progression, physically, mentally, morally, or socially; as, an advance in health, knowledge, or religion; an advance in rank or office.
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3. An addition to the price; rise in price or value; as, an advance on the prime cost of goods.
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4. The first step towards the attainment of a result; approach made to gain favor, to form an acquaintance, to adjust a difference, etc.; an overture; a tender; an offer; -- usually in the plural.
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[He] made the like advances to the dissenters. Swift.
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5. A furnishing of something before an equivalent is received (as money or goods), towards a capital or stock, or on loan; payment beforehand; the money or goods thus furnished; money or value supplied beforehand.
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I shall, with pleasure, make the necessary advances. Jay.
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The account was made up with intent to show what advances had been made. Kent.
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In advance (a) In front; before. (b) Beforehand; before an equivalent is received. (c) In the state of having advanced money on account; as, A is in advance to B a thousand dollars or pounds.
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Advance
Ad*vance" (&unr_;), a. Before in place, or beforehand in time; -- used for advanced; as, an advance guard, or that before the main guard or body of an army; advance payment, or that made before it is due; advance proofs, advance sheets, pages of a forthcoming volume, received in advance of the time of publication.
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Advanced
Ad*vanced" (&unr_;), a. 1. In the van or front.
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2. In the front or before others, as regards progress or ideas; as, advanced opinions, advanced thinkers.
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3. Far on in life or time.
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A gentleman advanced in years, with a hard experience written in his wrinkles. Hawthorne.
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Advanced guard, a detachment of troops which precedes the march of the main body.
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Advancement
Ad*vance"ment (ăd*v&adot_;ns"m&eitalic_;nt), n. [OE. avancement, F. avancement. See Advance, v. t.] 1. The act of advancing, or the state of being advanced; progression; improvement; furtherance; promotion to a higher place or dignity; as, the advancement of learning.
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In heaven . . . every one (so well they love each other) rejoiceth and hath his part in each other's advancement. Sir T. More.
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True religion . . . proposes for its end the joint advancement of the virtue and happiness of the people. Horsley.
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2. An advance of money or value; payment in advance. See Advance, 5.
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3. (Law) Property given, usually by a parent to a child, in advance of a future distribution.
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4. Settlement on a wife, or jointure. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Advancer
Ad*van"cer (&unr_;), n. 1. One who advances; a promoter.
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2. A second branch of a buck's antler. Howell.
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Advancing edge
Ad*van"cing edge. (Aëronautics) The front edge (in direction of motion) of a supporting surface; -- contr. with following edge, which is the rear edge.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Advancing surface
Ad*van"cing sur"face. (Aëronautics) The first of two or more surfaces arranged in tandem; -- contr. with following surface, which is the rear surface.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Advancive
Ad*van"cive (&unr_;), a. Tending to advance. [R.]
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Advantage
Ad*van"tage (?; 61, 48), n. [OE. avantage, avauntage, F. avantage, fr. avant before. See Advance, and cf. Vantage.] 1. Any condition, circumstance, opportunity, or means, particularly favorable to success, or to any desired end; benefit; as, the enemy had the advantage of a more elevated position.
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Give me advantage of some brief discourse. Shak.
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The advantages of a close alliance. Macaulay.
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2. Superiority; mastery; -- with of or over.
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Lest Satan should get an advantage of us. 2 Cor. ii. 11.
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3. Superiority of state, or that which gives it; benefit; gain; profit; as, the advantage of a good constitution.
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4. Interest of money; increase; overplus (as the thirteenth in the baker's dozen). [Obs.]
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And with advantage means to pay thy love. Shak.
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5. (Tennis) The first point scored after deuce.
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Advantage ground, vantage ground. [R.] Clarendon. -- To have the advantage of (any one), to have a personal knowledge of one who does not have a reciprocal knowledge. “You have the advantage of me; I don't remember ever to have had the honor.” Sheridan. -- To take advantage of, to profit by; (often used in a bad sense) to overreach, to outwit.
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Syn. -- Advantage, Advantageous, Benefit, Beneficial. We speak of a thing as a benefit, or as beneficial, when it is simply productive of good; as, the benefits of early discipline; the beneficial effects of adversity. We speak of a thing as an advantage, or as advantageous, when it affords us the means of getting forward, and places us on a “vantage ground” for further effort. Hence, there is a difference between the benefits and the advantages of early education; between a beneficial and an advantageous investment of money.
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Advantage
Ad*van"tage, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advantaged (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Advantaging (&unr_;).] [F. avantager, fr. avantage. See Advance.] To give an advantage to; to further; to promote; to benefit; to profit.
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The truth is, the archbishop's own stiffness and averseness to comply with the court designs, advantaged his adversaries against him. Fuller.
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What is a man advantaged, if he gain the whole world, and lose himself, or be cast away? Luke ix. 25.
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To advantage one's self of, to avail one's self of. [Obs.]
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Advantageable
Ad*van"tage*a*ble (&unr_;), a. Advantageous. [Obs.]
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Advantageous
Ad`van*ta"geous (&unr_;), a. [F. avantageux, fr. avantage.] Being of advantage; conferring advantage; gainful; profitable; useful; beneficial; as, an advantageous position; trade is advantageous to a nation.
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Advabtageous comparison with any other country. Prescott.
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You see . . . of what use a good reputation is, and how swift and advantageous a harbinger it is, wherever one goes. Chesterfield.
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Advantageously
Ad`van*ta"geous*ly, adv. Profitably; with advantage.
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Advantageousness
Ad`van*ta"geous*ness, n. Profitableness.
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Advene
Ad*vene" (&unr_;), v. i. [L. advenire; ad + venire to come: cf. F. avenir, advenir. See Come.] To accede, or come (to); to be added to something or become a part of it, though not essential. [R.]
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Where no act of the will advenes as a coefficient. Coleridge.
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Advenient
Ad*ven"ient (&unr_;), a. [L. adviens, p. pr.] Coming from outward causes; superadded. [Obs.]
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Advent
Ad`vent (&unr_;), n. [L. adventus, fr. advenire, adventum: cf. F. avent. See Advene.] 1. (Eccl.) The period including the four Sundays before Christmas.
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Advent Sunday (Eccl.), the first Sunday in the season of Advent, being always the nearest Sunday to the feast of St. Andrew (Now. 30). Shipley.
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2. The first or the expected second coming of Christ.
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3. Coming; any important arrival; approach.
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Death's dreadful advent. Young.
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Expecting still his advent home. Tennyson.
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Adventism
Adventism n. 1. 1 any Christian religion that believes the second coming of Christ is imminent.
Syn. -- Second Adventism
[WordNet 1.5]

Adventist
Ad"vent*ist (&unr_;), n. One of a religious body, embracing several branches, who look for the proximate personal coming of Christ; -- called also Second Adventists. Schaff-Herzog Encyc.
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adventitia
adventitia n. 1. the membranous outer covering of an organ or blood vessel.
[WordNet 1.5]

adventitial
adventitial adj. 1. of or pertaining to adventitia.
[WordNet 1.5]

adventitious
ad`ven*ti"tious (ăd`v&ebreve_;n*t&ibreve_;sh"ŭs), a. [L. adventitius.] 1. Added extrinsically; not essentially inherent.
Syn. -- accidental; casual; incidental; additional; supervenient; foreign.
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To things of great dimensions, if we annex an adventitious idea of terror, they become without comparison greater. Burke.
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2. (Nat. Hist.) Out of the proper or usual place; as, adventitious buds or roots.
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3. (Bot.) Accidentally or sparingly spontaneous in a country or district; not fully naturalized; adventive; -- applied to foreign plants.
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4. (Med.) Acquired, as diseases; not hereditary. AS
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5. (Med.) Occurring in an unusual place or arising from an external source. Stedman 25
[PC]

-- Ad`ven*ti"tious*ly, adv. -- Ad`ven*ti"tious*ness, n.
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Adventive
Ad*ven"tive (&unr_;), a. 1. Accidental.
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2. (Bot.) Adventitious. Gray.
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Adventive
Ad*ven"tive, n. A thing or person coming from without; an immigrant. [R.] Bacon.
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Adventual
Ad*ven"tu*al (?; 135), a. Relating to the season of advent. Sanderson.
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Adventure
Ad*ven"ture (?; 135), n. [OE. aventure, aunter, anter, F. aventure, fr. LL. adventura, fr. L. advenire, adventum, to arrive, which in the Romance languages took the sense of “to happen, befall.” See Advene.]
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1. That which happens without design; chance; hazard; hap; hence, chance of danger or loss.
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Nay, a far less good to man it will be found, if she must, at all adventures, be fastened upon him individually. Milton.
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2. Risk; danger; peril. [Obs.]
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He was in great adventure of his life. Berners.
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3. The encountering of risks; hazardous and striking enterprise; a bold undertaking, in which hazards are to be encountered, and the issue is staked upon unforeseen events; a daring feat.
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He loved excitement and adventure. Macaulay.
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4. A remarkable occurrence; a striking event; a stirring incident; as, the adventures of one's life. Bacon.
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5. A mercantile or speculative enterprise of hazard; a venture; a shipment by a merchant on his own account.
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A bill of adventure (Com.), a writing setting forth that the goods shipped are at the owner's risk.
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Syn. -- Undertaking; enterprise; venture; event.
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Adventure
Ad*ven"ture, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adventured (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Adventuring (&unr_;).] [OE. aventuren, auntren, F. aventurer, fr. aventure. See Adventure, n.] 1. To risk, or hazard; jeopard; to venture.
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He would not adventure himself into the theater. Acts xix. 31.
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2. To venture upon; to run the risk of; to dare.
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Yet they adventured to go back. Bunyan,
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Discriminations might be adventured. J. Taylor.
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Adventure
Ad*ven"ture, v. i. To try the chance; to take the risk.
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I would adventure for such merchandise. Shak.
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Adventureful
Ad*ven"ture*ful (&unr_;), a. Given to adventure.
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Adventurer
Ad*ven"tur*er (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. aventurier.]
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1. One who adventures; as, the merchant adventurers; one who seeks his fortune in new and hazardous or perilous enterprises.
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2. A social pretender on the lookout for advancement.
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Adventuresome
Ad*ven"ture*some (&unr_;), a. Full of risk; adventurous; venturesome. -- Ad*ven"ture*some*ness, n.
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Adventuress
Ad*ven"tur*ess (&unr_;), n. A female adventurer; a woman who tries to gain position by equivocal means.
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adventurism
adventurism n. 1. recklessness in politics or foreign affairs.
[WordNet 1.5]

adventuristic
adventuristic adj. 1. of or pertaining to adventurism.
[WordNet 1.5]

Adventurous
Ad*ven"tur*ous (&unr_;), a. [OE. aventurous, aunterous, OF. aventuros, F. aventureux, fr. aventure. See Adventure, n.] 1. Inclined to adventure; willing to incur hazard; prone to embark in hazardous enterprise; rashly daring; -- applied to persons.
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Bold deed thou hast presumed, adventurous Eve. Milton.
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2. Full of hazard; attended with risk; exposing to danger; requiring courage; rash; -- applied to acts; as, an adventurous undertaking, deed, song.
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Syn. -- Rash; foolhardy; presumptuous; enterprising; daring; hazardous; venturesome. See Rash.
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Adventurously
Ad*ven"tur*ous*ly, adv. In an adventurous manner; venturesomely; boldly; daringly.
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Adventurousness
Ad*ven"tur*ous*ness, n. The quality or state of being adventurous; daring; venturesomeness.
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Adverb
Ad"verb (&unr_;), n. [L. adverbium; ad + verbum word, verb: cf. F. adverbe.] (Gram.) A word used to modify the sense of a verb, participle, adjective, or other adverb, and usually placed near it; as, he writes well; paper extremely white.
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Adverbial
Ad*ver"bi*al (&unr_;), a. [L. adverbialis: cf. F. adverbial.] Of or pertaining to an adverb; of the nature of an adverb; as, an adverbial phrase or form.
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Adverbiality
Ad*ver`bi*al"i*ty (&unr_;), n. The quality of being adverbial. Earle.
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Adverbialize
Ad*ver"bi*al*ize (&unr_;), v. t. To give the force or form of an adverb to.
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Adverbially
Ad*ver"bi*al*ly, adv. In the manner of an adverb.
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Adversaria
Ad`ver*sa"ri*a (&unr_;), n. pl. [L. adversaria (sc. scripta), neut. pl. of adversarius.] A miscellaneous collection of notes, remarks, or selections; a commonplace book; also, commentaries or notes.
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These parchments are supposed to have been St. Paul's adversaria. Bp. Bull.
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Adversarious
Ad`ver*sa"ri*ous (&unr_;), a. Hostile. [R.] Southey.
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Adversary
Ad`ver*sa*ry (&unr_;), n.; pl. Adversaries (&unr_;). [OE. adversarie, direct fr. the Latin, and adversaire, fr. OF. adversier, aversier, fr. L. adversarius (a.) turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One who is turned against another or others with a design to oppose or resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an antagonist; an enemy; a foe.
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His ancient knot of dangerous adversaries. Shak.
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Agree with thine adversary quickly. Matt. v. 25.
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It may be thought that to vindicate the permanency of truth is to dispute without an adversary. Beattie.
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The Adversary, The Satan, or the Devil.
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Syn. -- Adversary, Enemy, Opponent, Antagonist. Enemy is the only one of these words which necessarily implies a state of personal hostility. Men may be adversaries, antagonists, or opponents to each other in certain respects, and yet have no feelings of general animosity. An adversary may be simply one who is placed for a time in a hostile position, as in a lawsuit, an argument, in chess playing, or at fence. An opponent is one who is ranged against another (perhaps passively) on the opposing side; as a political opponent, an opponent in debate. An antagonist is one who struggles against another with active effort, either in a literal fight or in verbal debate.
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Adversary
Ad"ver*sa*ry (&unr_;), a. 1. Opposed; opposite; adverse; antagonistic. [Archaic] Bp. King.
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2. (Law) Having an opposing party; not unopposed; as, an adversary suit.
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Adversative
Ad*ver"sa*tive (&unr_;), a. [L. adversativus, fr. adversari.] Expressing contrariety, opposition, or antithesis; as, an adversative conjunction (but, however, yet, etc. ); an adversative force. -- Ad*ver"sa*tive*ly, adv.
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Adversative
Ad*ver"sa*tive, n. An adversative word. Harris.
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Adverse
Ad"verse (&unr_;), a. [OE. advers, OF. avers, advers, fr. L. adversus, p. p. advertere to turn to. See Advert.]
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1. Acting against, or in a contrary direction; opposed; contrary; opposite; conflicting; as, adverse winds; an adverse party; a spirit adverse to distinctions of caste.
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2. Opposite. “Calpe's adverse height.” Byron.
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3. In hostile opposition to; unfavorable; unpropitious; contrary to one's wishes; unfortunate; calamitous; afflictive; hurtful; as, adverse fates, adverse circumstances, things adverse.
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Happy were it for us all if we bore prosperity as well and wisely as we endure an adverse fortune. Southey.
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Adverse possession (Law), a possession of real property avowedly contrary to some claim of title in another person. Abbott.
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Syn. -- Averse; reluctant; unwilling. See Averse.
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Adverse
Ad*verse" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. adversari: cf. OF. averser.] To oppose; to resist. [Obs.] Gower.
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Adversely
Ad"verse*ly (277), adv. In an adverse manner; inimically; unfortunately; contrariwise.
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Adverseness
Ad"verse*ness, n. The quality or state of being adverse; opposition.
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Adversifolious
Adversifoliate
{ Ad*ver`si*fo"li*ate (&unr_;), Ad*ver`si*fo"li*ous (&unr_;) } a. [L. adversus opposite + folium leaf.] (Bot.) Having opposite leaves, as plants which have the leaves so arranged on the stem.
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Adversion
Ad*ver"sion (&unr_;), n. [L. adversio] A turning towards; attention. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.
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Adversity
Ad*ver"si*ty (&unr_;), n.; pl. Adversities (&unr_;). [OE. adversite, F. adversité, fr. L. adversitas.] 1. Opposition; contrariety. [Obs.] Wyclif.
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Adversity is not without comforts and hopes. Bacon.
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Syn. -- Affliction; distress; misery; disaster; trouble; suffering; trial.
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Advert
Ad*vert" (&unr_;), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Adverted; p. pr. & vb. n. Adverting.] [L. advertere, v. t., to turn to; ad + vertere to turn: cf. F. avertir. See Advertise.] To turn the mind or attention; to refer; to take heed or notice; -- with to; as, he adverted to what was said.
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I may again advert to the distinction. Owen.
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Syn.- To refer; allude; regard. See Refer.
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Advertency
Advertence
{ Ad*vert"ence (&unr_;), Ad*vert"en*cy (&unr_;), } [OF. advertence, avertence, LL. advertentia, fr. L. advertens. See Advertent.] The act of adverting, of the quality of being advertent; attention; notice; regard; heedfulness.
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To this difference it is right that advertence should be had in regulating taxation. J. S. Mill.
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Advertent
Ad*vert"ent (&unr_;), a. [L. advertens, -entis, p. pr. of advertere. See Advert.] Attentive; heedful; regardful. Sir M. Hale. -- Ad*vert"ent*ly, adv.
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Advertise
Ad`ver*tise" (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advertised (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Advertising (&unr_;).] [F. avertir, formerly also spelt advertir, to warn, give notice to, L. advertere to turn to. The ending was probably influenced by the noun advertisement. See Advert.] To give notice to; to inform or apprise; to notify; to make known; hence, to warn; -- often followed by of before the subject of information; as, to advertise a man of his loss. [Archaic]
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I will advertise thee what this people shall do. Num. xxiv. 14.
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4. To give public notice of; to announce publicly, esp. by a printed notice; as, to advertise goods for sale, a lost article, the sailing day of a vessel, a political meeting.
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Syn. -- To apprise; inform; make known; notify; announce; proclaim; promulgate; publish.
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advertised
advertised adj. 1. called to public attention. these advertised products
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Advertisement
Ad*ver"tise*ment (ăd*v&etilde_;r"t&ibreve_;z*m&eitalic_;nt or ăd`v&etilde_;r*tīz"m&eitalic_;nt; 277), n. [F. avertisement, formerly also spelled advertissement, a warning, giving notice, fr. avertir.] 1. The act of informing or notifying; notification. [Archaic]
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An advertisement of danger. Bp. Burnet.
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2. Admonition; advice; warning. [Obs.]
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Therefore give me no counsel:
My griefs cry louder than advertisement.
Shak.
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3. A public notice, especially a paid notice in some public print; anything that advertises; as, a newspaper containing many advertisements.
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Advertiser
Ad`ver*tis"er (&unr_;), n. One who, or that which, advertises.
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advertising
advertising n. 1. a communication publicly promoting some product or service.
Syn. -- ad, advertisement, advert
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2. 1 the business of advertising; the activity engaged in by professional publicists for pay.
Syn. -- advertizing, publicizing, the advertising profession, the advertising industry
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advertize
advertize v. same as advertise.
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Advice
Ad*vice" (&unr_;), n. [OE. avis, F. avis; &unr_; + OF. vis, fr. L. visum seemed, seen; really p. p. of videre to see, so that vis meant that which has seemed best. See Vision, and cf. Avise, Advise.] 1. An opinion recommended or offered, as worthy to be followed; counsel.
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We may give advice, but we can not give conduct. Franklin.
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2. Deliberate consideration; knowledge. [Obs.]
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How shall I dote on her with more advice,
That thus without advice begin to love her?
Shak.
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3. Information or notice given; intelligence; as, late advices from France; -- commonly in the plural.
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&hand_; In commercial language, advice usually means information communicated by letter; -- used chiefly in reference to drafts or bills of exchange; as, a letter of advice. McElrath.
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4. (Crim. Law) Counseling to perform a specific illegal act. Wharton.
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Advice boat, a vessel employed to carry dispatches or to reconnoiter; a dispatch boat. -- To take advice. (a) To accept advice. (b) To consult with another or others.
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Syn. -- Counsel; suggestion; recommendation; admonition; exhortation; information; notice.
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Advil
Advil n. [Trade name.] 1. a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine used to relieve the pain of arthritis and as an analgesic and antipyretic; Advil and Motrin and Nuprin are trademarks of brands of ibuprofen tablets.
Syn. -- ibuprofen, isobutylphenyl propionic acid, Motrin, Nuprin
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Advisability
Ad*vis`a*bil"i*ty (&unr_;), n. The quality of being advisable; advisableness.
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Advisable
Ad*vis"a*ble (&unr_;), a. 1. Proper to be advised or to be done; expedient; prudent.
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Some judge it advisable for a man to account with his heart every day. South.
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2. Ready to receive advice. [R.] South.
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Syn. -- Expedient; proper; desirable; befitting.
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Advisable-ness
Ad*vis"a*ble-ness, n. The quality of being advisable or expedient; expediency; advisability.
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Advisably
Ad*vis"a*bly, adv. With advice; wisely.
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Advise
Ad*vise" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advised (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Advising (&unr_;).] [OE. avisen to perceive, consider, inform, F. aviser, fr. LL. advisare. advisare; ad + visare, fr. L. videre, visum, to see. See Advice, and cf. Avise.] 1. To give advice to; to offer an opinion, as worthy or expedient to be followed; to counsel; to warn. “I shall no more advise thee.” Milton.
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2. To give information or notice to; to inform; -- with of before the thing communicated; as, we were advised of the risk.
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To advise one's self, to bethink one's self; to take counsel with one's self; to reflect; to consider. [Obs.]
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Bid thy master well advise himself. Shak.
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Syn. -- To counsel; admonish; apprise; acquaint.
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Advise
Ad*vise", v. t. 1. To consider; to deliberate. [Obs.]
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Advise if this be worth attempting. Milton.
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2. To take counsel; to consult; -- followed by with; as, to advise with friends.
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advised
ad*vised" adj. 1. 1 Carefully thought out; likely to be the best course; -- said of actions. Often used in combination; as, ill-advised, well-advised. Also See: wise unadvised, ill-advised
Syn. -- considered, well-advised
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2. Having received information; as, be kept advised. uninformed
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Advisedly
Ad*vis"ed*ly (&unr_;), adv. 1. Circumspectly; deliberately; leisurely. [Obs.] Shak.
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2. With deliberate purpose; purposely; by design.Advisedly undertaken.” Suckling.
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Advisedness
Ad*vis"ed*ness n. Deliberate consideration; prudent procedure; caution.
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Advisement
Ad*vise"ment (ăd*vīz"m&eitalic_;nt), n. [OE. avisement, F. avisement, fr. aviser. See Advise, and cf. Avisement.]
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1. Counsel; advice; information. [Archaic]
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And mused awhile, waking advisement takes of what had passed in sleep. Daniel.
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2. Consideration; deliberation; consultation.
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Tempering the passion with advisement slow. Spenser.
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Adviser
Ad*vis"er (&unr_;), n. One who advises.
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Advisership
Ad*vis"er*ship, n. The office of an adviser. [R.]
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Adviso
Ad*vi"so (&unr_;), n. [Cf. Sp. aviso. See Advice.] Advice; counsel; suggestion; also, a dispatch or advice boat. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Advisory
Ad*vi"so*ry (&unr_;), a. Having power to advise; containing advice; as, an advisory council; their opinion is merely advisory.
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The General Association has a general advisory superintendence over all the ministers and churches. Trumbull.
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advize
advize v. 1. give bad advice to
Syn. -- misadvise, mismisguide, advize
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Advocacy
Ad"vo*ca*cy (&unr_;), n. [OF. advocatie, LL. advocatia. See Advocate.] The act of pleading for or supporting; work of advocating; intercession.
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Advocate
Ad"vo*cate (&unr_;), n. [OE. avocat, avocet, OF. avocat, fr. L. advocatus, one summoned or called to another; properly the p. p. of advocare to call to, call to one's aid; ad + vocare to call. See Advowee, Avowee, Vocal.] 1. One who pleads the cause of another. Specifically: One who pleads the cause of another before a tribunal or judicial court; a counselor.
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&hand_; In the English and American Law, advocate is the same as “counsel,” “counselor,” or “barrister.” In the civil and ecclesiastical courts, the term signifies the same as “counsel” at the common law.
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2. One who defends, vindicates, or espouses any cause by argument; a pleader; as, an advocate of free trade, an advocate of truth.
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3. Christ, considered as an intercessor.
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We have an Advocate with the Father. 1 John ii. 1.
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Faculty of advocates (Scot.), the Scottish bar in Edinburgh. -- Lord advocate (Scot.), the public prosecutor of crimes, and principal crown lawyer. -- Judge advocate. See under Judge.
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Advocate
Ad"vo*cate (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advocated (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Advocating (&unr_;).] [See Advocate, n., Advoke, Avow.] To plead in favor of; to defend by argument, before a tribunal or the public; to support, vindicate, or recommend publicly.
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To advocate the cause of thy client. Bp. Sanderson (1624).
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This is the only thing distinct and sensible, that has been advocated. Burke.
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Eminent orators were engaged to advocate his cause. Mitford.
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Advocate
Ad"vo*cate, v. i. To act as advocate. [Obs.] Fuller.
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Advocateship
Ad"vo*cate*ship, n. Office or duty of an advocate.
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Advocation
Ad`vo*ca"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. advocatio: cf. OF. avocation. See Advowson.] 1. The act of advocating or pleading; plea; advocacy. [Archaic]
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The holy Jesus . . . sits in heaven in a perpetual advocation for us. Jer. Taylor.
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2. Advowson. [Obs.]
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The donations or advocations of church livings. Sanderson.
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3. (Scots Law) The process of removing a cause from an inferior court to the supreme court. Bell.
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Advocatory
Ad"vo*ca*to*ry (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to an advocate. [R.]
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Advoke
Ad*voke" (&unr_;), v. t. [L. advocare. See Advocate.] To summon; to call. [Obs.]
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Queen Katharine had privately prevailed with the pope to advoke the cause to Rome. Fuller.
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Advolution
Ad`vo*lu"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. advolvere, advolutum, to roll to.] A rolling toward something. [R.]
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Advoutrer
Ad*vou"trer (&unr_;), n. [OF. avoutre, avoltre, fr. L. adulter. Cf. Adulterer.] An adulterer. [Obs.]
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Advoutress
Ad*vou"tress (&unr_;), n. An adulteress. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Advowtry
Advoutry
{ Ad*vou"try, Ad*vow"try } (&unr_;), n. [OE. avoutrie, avouterie, advoutrie, OF. avoutrie, avulterie, fr. L. adulterium. Cf. Adultery.] Adultery. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Advowee
Ad*vow*ee" (&unr_;), n. [OE. avowe, F. avoué, fr. L. advocatus. See Advocate, Avowee, Avoyer.] One who has an advowson. Cowell.
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Advowson
Ad*vow"son (?; 277), n. [OE. avoweisoun, OF. avoëson, fr. L. advocatio. Cf. Advocation.] (Eng. Law) The right of presenting to a vacant benefice or living in the church. [Originally, the relation of a patron (advocatus) or protector of a benefice, and thus privileged to nominate or present to it.]
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&hand_; The benefices of the Church of England are in every case subjects of presentation. They are nearly 12,000 in number; the advowson of more than half of them belongs to private persons, and of the remainder to the crown, bishops, deans and chapters, universities, and colleges. Amer. Cyc.
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Advoyer
Ad*voy"er (&unr_;), n. See Avoyer. [Obs.]
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Adward
Ad*ward" (&unr_;), n. Award. [Obs.] Spenser.
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adynamia
ad`y*na"mi*a (ăd`&ibreve_;*nā"m&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n. [NL. adynamia, fr. Gr. 'adynami`a lack of strength; 'a priv + dy`namis power, strength.] (Med.) Considerable debility of the vital powers; asthenia. Dunglison.
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2. Specifically: (Med) Absence of motor power or force.
[AS]

adynamic
ad`y*nam"ic (ăd`&ibreve_;*năm"&ibreve_;k), a. [Cf. F. adynamique. See Adynamy.] 1. (Med.) Pertaining to, or characterized by adynamia; weak.
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2. (Physics) Characterized by the absence of power or force.
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Adynamic fevers, malignant or putrid fevers attended with great muscular debility.
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Adynamy
A*dyn"a*my (&unr_;), n. Adynamia. [R.] Morin.
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Adytum
Ad"y*tum (&unr_;), n. Adyta (#). [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;, n., fr. &unr_;, a., not to be entered; 'a priv. + &unr_; to enter.] The innermost sanctuary or shrine in ancient temples, whence oracles were given. Hence: A private chamber; a sanctum.
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Adze
Adz
{ Adz, Adze } (&unr_;), n. [OE. adese, adis, adse, AS. adesa, adese, ax, hatchet.] A carpenter's or cooper's tool, formed with a thin arching blade set at right angles to the handle. It is used for chipping or slicing away the surface of wood.
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Adz
Adz, v. t. To cut with an adz. [R.] Carlyle.
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Ae
AE
Æ or Ae. A diphthong in the Latin language; used also by the Saxon writers. It corresponds to the Gr. ai. The Anglo-Saxon short æ was generally replaced by a, the long &aemacr_; by e or ee. In derivatives from Latin words with ae, it is mostly superseded by e. For most words found with this initial combination, the reader will therefore search under the letter E.
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AEcidium
Æ*cid"i*um (&unr_;), n.; pl. Æcidia (&unr_;). [NL., dim. of Gr. &unr_; injury.] (Bot.) A form of fruit in the cycle of development of the Rusts or Brands, an order of fungi, formerly considered independent plants.
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AEdile
Æ"dile (&unr_;), n. [L. aedilis, fr. aedes temple, public building. Cf. Edify.] A magistrate in ancient Rome, who had the superintendence of public buildings, highways, shows, etc.; hence, a municipal officer.
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AEdileship
Æ"dile*ship, n. The office of an ædile. T. Arnold.
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AEgean
Æ*ge"an (&unr_;), a. [L. Aegeus; Gr. &unr_;.] Of or pertaining to the sea, or arm of the Mediterranean sea, east of Greece. See Archipelago.
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AEgicrania
Æ`gi*cra"ni*a (&unr_;), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, goat + &unr_;, n. pl., heads.] (Arch.) Sculptured ornaments, used in classical architecture, representing rams' heads or skulls.
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aegilops
aeg"i*lops (&ebreve_;j"&ibreve_;*l&obreve_;ps or &ebreve_;"j&ibreve_;*l&obreve_;ps), n. [L. aegilopis, Gr. a'igi`lwps, fr. a'i`x, gen. a'igo`s, goat + 'w`ps eye.] 1. (Med.) An ulcer or fistula in the inner corner of the eye. [Written also egilops] AS
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2. (Bot.) (a) The great wild-oat grass or other cornfield weed. Crabb. (b) [capitalized] A genus of plants, called also hardgrass. [Written also egilops]
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aegis
ae"gis (ē"j&ibreve_;s), n. [L. aegis, fr. Gr. a'igi`s a goat skin, a shield, a'i`x goat, or fr. 'ai`:ssw to rush.] A shield or protective armor; -- applied in mythology to the shield of Jupiter which he gave to Minerva. Also fig.: A shield; a protection.
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AEgophony
Æ*goph"o*ny (&unr_;), n. Same as Egophony.
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AEgrotat
Æ*gro"tat (&unr_;), n. [L., he is sick.] (Camb. Univ.) A medical certificate that a student is ill.
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Aegyptopithecus
Aegyptopithecus n. 1. an extinct primate of about 38 million years ago; -- fossils were found in Egypt.
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AEneid
Æ*ne"id (&unr_;), n. [L. Aeneis, Aeneidis, or -dos: cf. F. Énéide.] The great epic poem of Virgil, of which the hero is Æneas.
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Aeneous
A*ë"ne*ous (&unr_;), a. [L. aëneus.] (Zool.) Colored like bronze.
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Aengus
Aengus n. 1. the Irish god of love and beauty; patron deity of young men and women.
Syn. -- Angus Og, Oengus, Angus
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AEolian
Æ*o"li*an (&unr_;), a. [L. Aeolius, Gr. &unr_;.] 1. Of or pertaining to Æolia or Æolis, in Asia Minor, colonized by the Greeks, or to its inhabitants; æolic; as, the Æolian dialect.
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2. Pertaining to Æolus, the mythic god of the winds; aërial.
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Viewless forms the æolian organ play. Campbell.
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3. Relating to or caused by wind; as, aeolian erosion.
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Æolian attachment, a contrivance often attached to a pianoforte, which prolongs the vibrations, increases the volume of sound, etc., by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- Æolian harp, Æolian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or in which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the notes; -- usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- Æolian mode (Mus.), one of the ancient Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.
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Aeolian
Aeolian n. 1. 1 a member of one of the four divisions of the prehistoric Greeks.
Syn. -- Eolian
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aeolic
ae*ol"ic (&euptack_;*&obreve_;l"&ibreve_;k), a. [L. Aeolicus; Gr. A'ioliko`s, name of the god of the winds.] 1. Æolian, 1; as, the Æolic dialect; the Æolic mode.
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2. (Phys. Geog.) Pertaining to, caused by, or designating, the action of the wind in modifying the earth's surface; as, æolic erosion; æolic sand. Same as aeolian{3}. [Written also eolic.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aeolic
Aeolic n. 1. 1 the dialect of Ancient Greek spoken in Thessaly and Boeotia and Aeolis.
Syn. -- Eolic
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AEolipyle
AEolipile
{ Æ*ol"i*pile, Æ*ol"i*pyle } (&unr_;), n. [L. aeolipilae; Aeolus god of the winds + pila a ball, or Gr. &unr_; gate (i. e., doorway of Æolus); cf. F. éolipyle.] An apparatus consisting chiefly of a closed vessel (as a globe or cylinder) with one or more projecting bent tubes, through which steam is made to pass from the vessel, causing it to revolve. [Written also eolipile.]
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&hand_; Such an apparatus was first described by Hero of Alexandria about 200 years b. c. It has often been called the first steam engine.
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AEolotropic
aeolotropic
aeolotropic, Æ`o*lo*trop"ic (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_; changeful + &unr_; a turning, &unr_; to turn.] (Physics) Exhibiting differences of quality or property in different directions; having properties with different values along different axes; not isotropic. In specialized contexts, synonymous with anisotropic. [Also spelled eolotropic.] Sir W. Thomson.
Syn. --
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AEolotropy
Æ`o*lot"ro*py (&unr_;), n. (Physics) Difference of quality or property in different directions.
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AEolus
Aeolus
Aeolus, Æ"o*lus (&unr_;), prop. n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;.] (Gr. & Rom. Myth.) The god of the winds, in ancient mythology.
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aeon
aeon, Æ"on (&unr_;), n. 1. A period of immeasurable duration. See Eon.
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2. (Gnosticism) a divine power or nature emanating from the Supreme Being and playing various roles in the operation of the universe.
Syn. -- eon
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3. the longest division of geological time; two or more eras.
Syn. -- eon
[WordNet 1.5]

aeonian
aeonian, Æ*o"ni*an (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_;.] Eternal; everlasting; lasting for an indefinitely long time; immortal; not subject to death. Opposite of mortal.Æonian hills.” Tennyson.
Syn. -- eonian
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

2. of or pertaining to an eon.
[WordNet 1.5]

Aepyceros
Aepyceros n. 1. 1 African antelopes: impalas.
Syn. -- genus Aepyceros
[WordNet 1.5]

Aepyornidae
Aepyornidae n. 1. 1 coextensive with the order Aepyorniformes.
Syn. -- family Aepyornidae
[WordNet 1.5]

Aepyorniformes
Aepyorniformes n. 1. 1 huge extinct flightless birds: elephant birds.
Syn. -- order Aepyorniformes
[WordNet 1.5]

aepyornis
aepyornis, ‖Æ`py*or"nis (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; high + &unr_; bird.] A gigantic (to 9 ft.) extinct flightless bird, of which fossils were found in Madagascar.
Syn. -- elephant bird
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

Aerate
A"ër*ate (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aërated (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Aërating (&unr_;).] [Cf. F. aérer. See Air, v. t.] 1. To combine or charge with gas; usually with carbonic acid gas, formerly called fixed air.
[1913 Webster]

His sparkling sallies bubbled up as from aërated natural fountains. Carlyle.
[1913 Webster]

2. To supply or impregnate with common air; as, to aërate soil; to aërate water.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Physiol.) To expose to the chemical action of air; to oxygenate (the blood) by respiration; to arterialize.
[1913 Webster]

4. cause a change by passing air through (of sewage)
Syn. -- activate
[WordNet 1.5]

Aërated bread, bread raised by charging dough with carbonic acid gas, instead of generating the gas in the dough by fermentation.
[1913 Webster]

aerated
aerated adj. 1. treated by having air passed or bubbled through it for purification; -- of a liquid
[WordNet 1.5]

2. (Physiol.) supplied with oxygen by respiration; -- used of tissues or especially blood
Syn. -- oxygenated
[WordNet 1.5]

3. 1 supplied with carbon dioxide
Syn. -- charged
[WordNet 1.5]

Aeration
aeration
aer*a"tion, A`ër*a"tion (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. aération.] 1. Exposure to the free action of the air; airing; as, aëration of soil, of spawn, etc.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Physiol.) A change produced in the blood by exposure to the air in respiration; oxygenation of the blood in respiration; arterialization.
[1913 Webster]

3. The act or preparation of charging a liquid with carbon dioxide gas to make it effervescent.
[1913 Webster]

4. the act of charging a liquid with air or oxygen for the purpose of purification.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Aerator
aerator
aerator, A"ër*a`tor (?), n. 1. That which supplies with air or gas; specif.: (a) An apparatus used for charging mineral waters with gas and in making soda water. (b) A fumigator used to bleach grain, destroying fungi and insects.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. an apparatus for exposing something to the air (as sewage).
[WordNet 1.5]

Aerenchyma
Aerenchym
{ A"ër*en`chym (?), ‖A`ër*en"chy*ma (?) }, n. [NL. aërenchyma. See Aëro-; Enchyma.] (Bot.) A secondary respiratory tissue or modified periderm, found in many aquatic plants and distinguished by the large intercellular spaces.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aerial
aerial
aerial, A*ë"ri*al (&unr_;), a. [L. aërius. See Air.] 1. Of or pertaining to the air, or atmosphere; inhabiting or frequenting the air; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air; as, aërial regions or currents; the aërial maneuvers of a fighter plane.Aërial spirits.” Milton.Aërial voyages.” Darwin.
[1913 Webster]

2. Consisting of air; resembling, or partaking of the nature of air. Hence: Unsubstantial; unreal.
[1913 Webster]

3. Rising aloft in air; high; lofty; as, aërial spires.
[1913 Webster]

4. Growing, forming, living, or existing in the air, as opposed to growing or existing in earth or water, or underground; as, aërial rootlets, aërial plants; the aerial roots of a philodendron. Gray.
[1913 Webster]

5. Light as air; ethereal.
[1913 Webster]

6. operating or operated overhead especially on elevated cables. aerial conveyers for transporting raw materials
[WordNet 1.5]

7. operating or moving in the air. an aerial cable car; aerial combat
[WordNet 1.5]

Aerial acid, carbonic acid. [Obs.] Ure. -- Aerial perspective. See Perspective.
[1913 Webster]

aerial
aerial n. 1. (Football) a pass to a receiver downfield from the passer.
Syn. -- forward pass
[WordNet 1.5]

2. a metallic wire, rod, or combination of rods connected to an electronic device, designed to send or receive radio or television signals.
Syn. -- antenna
[WordNet 1.5]

aerialist
aer"i*al*ist n. 1. an athlete who performs acts high above the ground on a trapeze or high wire, requiring skill and agility and coordination.
Syn. -- trapeze artist
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

2. a burglar who gains entrance to buildings from the rooftop, sometimes leaping from building to building in the process. A type of second-story man. [Slang]
[PJC]

Aerial railway
A*ë`ri*al rail"way`. (a) A stretched wire or rope elevated above the ground and forming a way along which a trolley may travel, for conveying a load suspended from the trolley. (b) An elevated cableway.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aerial sickness
A*ë"ri*al sick"ness. A sickness felt by aëronauts due to high speed of flights and rapidity in changing altitudes, combining some symptoms of mountain sickness and some of seasickness. The nauseous symptoms similar to seasickness experienced by passengers in pressurized aircraft is called air sickness.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Aëriality
A*ë`ri*al"i*ty (&unr_;), n. The state of being aërial; unsubstantiality. [R.] De Quincey.
[1913 Webster]

Aërially
A*ë"ri*al*ly (&unr_;), adv. Like, or from, the air; in an aërial manner. “A murmur heard aërially.” Tennyson.
[1913 Webster]

aerides
aerides n. 1. any orchid of the genus Aerides.
[WordNet 1.5]

Aerie
Ae"rie (?; 277), n. [OE. aire, eire, air, nest, also origin, descent, OF. aire, LL. area, aera, nest of a bird of prey, perh. fr. L. area an open space (for birds of prey like to build their nests on flat and open spaces on the top of high rocks). Cf. Area.] The nest of a bird of prey, as of an eagle or hawk; also a brood of such birds; eyrie. Shak. Also fig.: A human residence or resting place perched like an eagle's nest.
[1913 Webster]

Aëriferous
A`ër*if"er*ous (&unr_;), a. [L. aër air + -ferous: cf. F. aérifère.] Conveying or containing air; air-bearing; as, the windpipe is an aëriferous tube.
[1913 Webster]

Aërification
A`ër*i*fi*ca"tion (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. aérification. See A&unr_;rify.] 1. The act of combining air with another substance, or the state of being filled with air.
[1913 Webster]

2. The act of becoming aërified, or of changing from a solid or liquid form into an aëriform state; the state of being aëriform.
[1913 Webster]

Aëriform
A"ër*i*form (?; 277), a. [L. aër air + -form: cf. F. aériforme.] Having the form or nature of air, or of an elastic fluid; gaseous. Hence fig.: Unreal.
[1913 Webster]

Aërify
A"ër*i*fy (&unr_;), v. t. [L. aër air + -fly.] 1. To infuse air into; to combine air with.
[1913 Webster]

2. To change into an aëriform state.
[1913 Webster]

Aëro
A"ër*o (?), n. An aëroplane, airship, or the like. [Colloq. in 1900, now obsolescent.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Aero
Aer"*o (?), adj. of or pertaining to aeronautics or aircraft.
[PJC]

Aëro-
A"ër*o-. [Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, air.] The combining form of the Greek word meaning air.
[1913 Webster]

Aerobe
Aer"*obe (?), n. [See aerobies.] an organism such as a microorganism that requires oxygen for life or growth.
[PJC]

Aërobic
A`ër*o"bic (?), a. (Biol.) Growing or thriving only in the presence of oxygen; also, pertaining to, or induced by, aërobies; as, aërobic fermentation. -- A`ër*o"bic*al*ly (#), adv.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aerobics
Aer*o"bics (&unr_;), n. pl., but sing. or pl. in usage 1. physical exercises performed in a sustained and strenuous fashion designed to cause a temporary increase in respiration rate and heart rate, such a running, swimming, walking, or calisthenics. Calisthenic sessions in groups, performed by following a leader in moving to a rhythmic musical accompaniment, are a popular form of aerobics.
[PJC.]

2. a system of physical conditioning relying largely on aerobics exercises.
[PJC.]

Aërobies
A"ër*o*bies (&unr_;), n. pl. [Aëro- + Gr. bi`os life.] (Biol.) Microörganisms which live in contact with the air and need oxygen for their growth; as the microbacteria which form on the surface of putrefactive fluids; aerobes. [obsolescent]
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Aërobiotic
A`ër*o*bi*ot"ic (?; 101), a. (Biol.) Related to, or of the nature of, aërobies; as, aërobiotic plants, which live only when supplied with free oxygen.
[1913 Webster]

Aëroboat
A"ër*o*boat` (?), n. [Aëro- + boat.] A form of hydro-aëroplane; a flying boat.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aërobus
A"ër*o*bus` (?), n. [Aëro- + bus.] An aëroplane or airship designed to carry passengers. Now called a passenger plane or commercial airliner. [obsolescent]
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Aëroclub
A"ër*o*club` (?), n. [Aëro- + club.] A club or association of persons interested in aëronautics.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aërocurve
A"ër*o*curve` (?), n. [Aëro- + curve.] (Aëronautics) A modification of the aëroplane, having curved surfaces, the advantages of which were first demonstrated by Lilienthal.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aërocyst
A"ër*o*cyst (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + cyst.] (Bot.) One of the air cells of algals.
[1913 Webster]

Aërodonetics
A`ë*ro*do*net"ics (?), n. [Aëro- + Gr. &unr_; shaken, &unr_; to shake.] (Aëronautics) The science of gliding and soaring flight.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aërodrome
A"ë*ro*drome` (?), n. [Aëro- + Gr. &unr_; a running.] (Aëronautics) (a) A shed for housing an airship or aëroplane. (b) A ground or field, esp. one equipped with housing and other facilities, used for flying purposes. -- A`ër*o*drom"ic (#), a.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aërodynamic
Aerodynamic
Aer`o*dy*nam"ic, A`ër*o*dy*nam"ic (&unr_;), a. 1. Pertaining to the force of air in motion.
[1913 Webster]

2. having a shape designed to minimize wind resistance (aerodynamic drag) when moving through the air or other gas; -- used especially of vehicles; as, the aerodynamic styling of an automobile.
[PJC]

aerodynamic drag
aer`o*dy*nam"ic drag (&unr_;), n. 1. the resistance caused by a gas to the motion of a solid body moving through it. Studied in aerodynamics.
[PJC]

Aerodynamics
aerodynamics
aer`o*dy*nam"ics A`ër*o*dy*nam"ics (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + dynamics: cf. F. aérodynamique.] The science which treats of the air and other gaseous bodies under the action of force, and of their mechanical effects.
[1913 Webster]

Aerodyne
Aer"o*dyne` (?), n. [Aëro- + Gr. &unr_; .] (Aëronautics) a heavier-than-air aircraft; same as aeroplane. Contrasted with aerostat.
[PJC]

Aerofoil
A"ër*o*foil` (?), n. [Aëro- + foil.] A plane or arched surface for sustaining bodies by its movement through the air; a spread wing, as of a bird.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aerognosy
A`ër*og"no*sy (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + Gr. &unr_; knowing, knowledge: cf. F. aérognosie.] The science which treats of the properties of the air, and of the part it plays in nature. Craig.
[1913 Webster]

Aerographer
A`ër*og"ra*pher (&unr_;), n. One versed in aëography: an aërologist.
[1913 Webster]

Aerographical
Aerographic
{ A`ër*o*graph"ic (&unr_;), A`ër*o*graph"ic*al (&unr_;), } a. Pertaining to aërography; aërological.
[1913 Webster]

Aerography
A`ër*og"ra*phy (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + -graphy: cf. F. aérographie.] A description of the air or atmosphere; aërology.
[1913 Webster]

Aerogun
A"ër*o*gun` (?), n. [Aëro- + gun.] A cannon capable of being trained at very high angles for use against aircraft. Now usually referred to an anitaircraft cannon.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Aerohydrodynamic
A`ër*o*hy`dro*dy*nam"ic (&unr_;), a. [Aëro- + hydrodynamic.] Acting by the force of air and water; as, an aërohydrodynamic wheel.
[1913 Webster]

Aerolite
A"ër*o*lite (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + -lite: cf. F. aérolithe.] (Meteor.) A stone, or metallic mass, which has fallen to the earth from distant space; a meteorite; a meteoric stone.
[1913 Webster]

&hand_; Some writers limit the word to stony meteorites.
[1913 Webster]

Aerolith
A"ër*o*lith (&unr_;), n. Same as Aërolite.
[1913 Webster]

Aerolithology
A`ër*o*li*thol"o*gy (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + lithology.] The science of aërolites.
[1913 Webster]

Aerolitic
A`ër*o*lit"ic (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to aërolites; meteoric; as, aërolitic iron. Booth.
[1913 Webster]

Aerological
Aerologic
{ A`ër*o*log"ic (&unr_;), A`ër*o*log"ic*al (&unr_;), } a. Of or pertaining to aërology.
[1913 Webster]

Aerologist
A`ër*ol"o*gist (&unr_;), n. One versed in aërology.
[1913 Webster]

Aerology
A`ër*ol"o*gy (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + -logy: cf. F. aérologie.] That department of physics which treats of the atmosphere.
[1913 Webster]

Aeromancy
A"ër*o*man`cy (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + -mancy: cf. F. aéromancie.] Divination from the state of the air or from atmospheric substances; also, forecasting changes in the weather.
[1913 Webster]

Aeromechanic
A`ër*o*me*chan"ic (?), n. A mechanic or mechanician expert in the art and practice of aëronautics.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aeromechanical
Aeromechanic
{ A`ër*o*me*chan"ic (?), A`ër*o*me*chan"ical (?) }, a. Of or pert. to aëromechanics.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aeromechanics
A`ër*o*me*chan"ics (?), n. The science of equilibrium and motion of air or an aëriform fluid, including aërodynamics and aërostatics.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aerometer
A`ër*om"e*ter (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + -meter: cf. F. éromètre.] An instrument for ascertaining the weight or density of air and gases.
[1913 Webster]

Aerometric
A`ër*o*met"ric (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to aërometry; as, aërometric investigations.
[1913 Webster]

Aerometry
A`ër*om"e*try (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + -metry: cf. F. érométrie.] The science of measuring the air, including the doctrine of its pressure, elasticity, rarefaction, and condensation; pneumatics.
[1913 Webster]

Aeronaut
A"ër*o*naut (?; 277), n. [F. aéronaute, fr. Gr. &unr_; air + &unr_; sailor. See Nautical.] An aërial navigator; a balloonist.
[1913 Webster]

Aeronat
A"ër*o*nat` (?), n. [F. aéronat. See Aëro-; Natation.] A dirigible balloon. [obsolescent]
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Aeronef
A"ër*o*nef` (?), n. [F. aéronef.] A power-driven, heavier-than-air flying machine. Now called airplane. [obsolescent]
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Aeronautical
Aeronautic
{ A`ër*o*naut"ic (&unr_;), A`ër*o*naut"ic*al (&unr_;), } a. [Cf. F. aéronauitique.] Pertaining to aëronautics, or aërial sailing.
[1913 Webster]

Aeronautics
A`ër*o*naut"ics (&unr_;), n. The science or art of ascending and sailing in the air, as by means of a balloon; aërial navigation; ballooning.
[1913 Webster]

aerophoby
Aerophobia
{ ‖a`ër*o*pho"bi*a (ā`&etilde_;r*&obreve_;"fō"b&ibreve_;*&adot_;), A`ër*oph"o*by (ā`&etilde_;r*&obreve_;f"&ouptack_;*b&ybreve_;), } n. [Aero- + Gr. fo`bos fear: cf. F. aérophobie.] (Med.) Dread of a current of air or of fresh air.
[1913 Webster + AS]

Aerophone
A"ër*o*phone` (?), n. [Aëro- + Gr. &unr_; voice.] (a) A form of combined speaking and ear trumpet. (b) An instrument, proposed by Edison, for greatly intensifying speech. It consists of a phonograph diaphragm so arranged that its action opens and closes valves, producing synchronous air blasts sufficient to operate a larger diaphragm with greater amplitude of vibration.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aerophyte
A"ër*o*phyte (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + Gr. fyto`n plant, fy`ein to grow: cf. F. aérophyte.] (Bot.) A plant growing entirely in the air, and receiving its nourishment from it; an air plant or epiphyte.
[1913 Webster]

aeroplane
aeroplane
aer"*o*plane` a"ër*o*plane` (?), n. [aëro- + plane.] (Aëronautics) 1. A light rigid plane used in aërial navigation to oppose sudden upward or downward movement in the air, as in gliding machines; specif., such a plane slightly inclined and driven forward as a lifting device in some flying machines. Also called airfoil.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. Hence: A heavier-than-air flying machine using such a device to provide lift; an airplane. In a modern aeroplane, the airfoils are called the wings, and most of the lift is derived from these surfaces. In contrast to helicopters, the wings are fixed to the passenger compartment (airframe) and do not move relative to the frame; thus such a machine is called a fixed-wing aircraft. These machines are called monoplanes, biplanes, triplanes, or quadruplanes, according to the number of main supporting planes (wings) used in their construction. After 1940 few planes with more than one airfoil were constructed, and these are used by hobbyists or for special purposes. Being heavier than air they depend for their levitation on motion imparted by the thrust from either propellers driven by an engine, or, in a jet plane, by the reaction from a high-velocity stream of gases expelled rearward from a jet engine. They start from the ground by a run on small wheels or runners, and are guided by a steering apparatus consisting of horizontal and vertical movable planes, which usually form part of the wings or tail. There are many varieties of form and construction, which in some cases are known by the names of their inventors. In U.S., an aeroplane is usually called an airplane or plane.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Aeroplanist
A"ër*o*plan`ist (?), n. One who flies in an aëroplane.
Syn. -- aviator, aviatrix, airman. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aeroscope
A"ër*o*scope (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + Gr. &unr_; to look out.] (Biol.) An apparatus designed for collecting spores, germs, bacteria, etc., suspended in the air.
[1913 Webster]

Aeroscopy
A`ër*os"co*py (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + Gr. &unr_; a looking out; &unr_; to spy out.] The observation of the state and variations of the atmosphere.
[1913 Webster]

AErose
Æ*rose" (&unr_;), a. [L. aerosus, fr. aes, aeris, brass, copper.] Of the nature of, or like, copper; brassy. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

Aerosiderite
A`ër*o*sid"er*ite (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + siderite.] (Meteor.) A mass of meteoric iron.
[1913 Webster]

aerospace
aerospace n. 1. the atmosphere and outer space considered together or as a whole.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. the sector of industry that designs and builds aircraft, rockets, missiles, and devices or vehicles intended to operate in outer space.
[WordNet 1.5]

aerospace
aerospace a. of or pertaining to aerospace in either sense.
[PJC]

Aerosphere
A"ër*o*sphere (&unr_;), n. [Aëro- + sphere: cf. F. aérosphère.] The atmosphere. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

Aerostat
A"ër*o*stat (&unr_;), n. [F. aérostat, fr. Gr. &unr_; air + &unr_; placed. See Statics.] 1. (Aëronautics) A balloon, especially a passive balloon; a balloon without motive power. Contrasted with aerodyne.
[1913 Webster +Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. A balloonist; an aëronaut.
[1913 Webster]

Aerostatical
Aerostatic
{A`ër*o*stat"ic (&unr_;), A`ër*o*stat"ic*al (&unr_;), } a. [Aëro- + Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. aérostatique. See Statical, Statics.] 1. Of or pertaining to aërostatics; pneumatic.
[1913 Webster]

2. Aëronautic; as, an aërostatic voyage.
[1913 Webster]

Aerostatics
A`ër*o*stat"ics (&unr_;), n. The science that treats of the equilibrium of elastic fluids, or that of bodies sustained in them. Hence it includes aëronautics.
[1913 Webster]

Aerostation
A`ër*os*ta"tion (&unr_;), n. [Cf. F. aérostation the art of using aërostats.] 1. That part of aëronautics that deals with passive balloons; the art of raising and guiding balloons in the air.
[1913 Webster +Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. The science of weighing air; aërostatics. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Aerotaxis
A"ër*o*tax`is (?), n. [NL. See Aëro-; Taxis.] (Bacteriology) The positive or negative stimulus exerted by oxygen on aërobic and anaërobic bacteria. -- A`ër*o*tac"tic (#), a.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aerotherapeutics
A`ër*o*ther`a*peu"tics (ā`&etilde_;r*&ouptack_;*th&etilde_;r`&adot_;*pū"t&ibreve_;ks), n. [Aero- + therapeutics.] (Med.) Treatment of disease by the use of air or other gases. AS
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aeroyacht
A"ër*o*yacht` (?), n. [Aëro- + yacht.] A form of hydro-aëroplane; a flying boat.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Aertex
Aertex n. 1. a trademark for a loosely woven cotton fabric that is used to make shirts and underwear.
[WordNet 1.5]

AEruginous
Æ*ru"gi*nous (&unr_;), a. [L. aeruginosus, fr. aerugo rust of copper, fr. aes copper: cf. F. érugineux.] Of the nature or color of verdigris, or the rust of copper.
[1913 Webster]

AErugo
Æ*ru"go (&unr_;), n. [L. aes brass, copper.] The rust of any metal, esp. of brass or copper; verdigris.
[1913 Webster]

Aery
Ae"ry (&unr_;), n. An aerie.
[1913 Webster]

Aery
A"ër*y (&unr_;), a. [See Air.] Aërial; ethereal; incorporeal; visionary. [Poetic] M. Arnold.
[1913 Webster]

AEsculapian
Æs`cu*la"pi*an (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to Æsculapius or to the healing art; medical; medicinal.
[1913 Webster]

AEsculapius
Æs`cu*la"pi*us (&unr_;), n. [L. Aesculapius, Gr. &unr_;.] (Myth.) The god of medicine. Hence, a physician.
[1913 Webster]

AEsculin
Æs"cu*lin (&unr_;), n. Same as Esculin.
[1913 Webster]

AEsir
Æ"sir (?), n. pl. [Icel., pl. of āss god.] In the old Norse mythology, the gods Odin, Thor, Loki, Balder, Frigg, and the others. Their home was called Asgard.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

AEsopian
Esopian
Æ*so"pi*an, E*so"pi*an (&unr_;), a. [L. Aesopius, from Gr. &unr_;, fr. the famous Greek fabulist Æsop (&unr_;).] Of or pertaining to Æsop, or in his manner.
[1913 Webster]

Esopic
AEsopic
Æ*sop"ic, E*sop"ic (&unr_;), a. [L. Aesopicus, Gr. &unr_;.] Same as Æsopian.
[1913 Webster]

AEsthesia
Æs*the"si*a (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; sensation, fr. &unr_; to perceive.] (Physiol.) Perception by the senses; feeling; -- the opposite of anæsthesia.
[1913 Webster]

Esthesiometer
AEsthesiometer
Æs*the`si*om"e*ter, Es*the`si*om"e*ter (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; (see Æsthesia) + -meter.] An instrument to measure the degree of sensation, by determining at how short a distance two impressions upon the skin can be distinguished, and thus to determine whether the condition of tactile sensibility is normal or altered.
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AEsthesis
Æs*the""sis (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_;.] Sensuous perception. [R.] Ruskin.
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AEsthesodic
Æs`the*sod"ic (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_; sensation + &unr_; a way; cf. F. esthésodique.] (Physiol.) Conveying sensory or afferent impulses; -- said of nerves.
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AEsthete
Æs"thete (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; one who perceives.] One who makes much or overmuch of æsthetics. [Recent]
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AEsthetical
AEsthetic
{Æs*thet"ic (&unr_;), Æs*thet"ic*al (&unr_;), } a. Of or Pertaining to æsthetics; versed in æsthetics; as, æsthetic studies, emotions, ideas, persons, etc.
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-- Æs*thet"ic*al*ly, adv.
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AEsthetican
Æs`the*ti"can (&unr_;), n. One versed in æsthetics.
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AEstheticism
Æs*thet"i*cism (&unr_;), n. The doctrine of æsthetics; æsthetic principles; devotion to the beautiful in nature and art. Lowell.
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Esthetics
AEsthetics
Æs*thet"ics, Es*thet"ics (&unr_;; 277), n. [Gr. &unr_; perceptive, esp. by feeling, fr. &unr_; to perceive, feel: cf. G. ästhetik, F. esthétique.] The theory or philosophy of taste; the science of the beautiful in nature and art; esp. that which treats of the expression and embodiment of beauty by art.
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AEstho-physiology
Æs`tho-phys`i*ol"o*gy (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; to perceive + E. physiology.] The science of sensation in relation to nervous action. H. Spenser.
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AEstival
Æs"ti*val (&unr_;), a. [L. aestivalis, aestivus, fr. aestas summer.] Of or belonging to the summer; as, æstival diseases. [Spelt also estival.]
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AEstivate
Æs"ti*vate (&unr_;), v. i. [L. aestivare, aestivatum.] 1. To spend the summer.
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2. (Zool.) To pass the summer in a state of torpor.
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[Spelt also estivate.]
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AEstivation
Æs`ti*va"tion (&unr_;), n. 1. (Zool.) The state of torpidity induced by the heat and dryness of summer, as in certain snails; -- opposed to hibernation.
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2. (Bot.) The arrangement of the petals in a flower bud, as to folding, overlapping, etc.; prefloration. Gray.
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[Spelt also estivation.]
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AEstuary
Æs"tu*a*ry (?; 135), n. & a. See Estuary.
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AEstuous
Æs"tu*ous (&unr_;), a. [L. aestuosus, fr. aestus fire, glow.] Glowing; agitated, as with heat.
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Aetheogamous
A*ë`the*og"a*mous (&unr_;), a. [Gr. &unr_; unusual ('a priv. + &unr_; custom) + &unr_; marriage.] (Bot.) Propagated in an unusual way; cryptogamous.
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AEther
Æ"ther (&unr_;), n. See Ether.
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AEthiops mineral
Æ"thi*ops min"er*al (&unr_;). (Chem.) Same as Ethiops mineral. [Obs.]
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AEthogen
Æth"o*gen (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; fire, light + -gen.] (Chem.) A compound of nitrogen and boro&unr_;, which, when heated before the blowpipe, gives a brilliant phosphorescent; boric nitride.
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Aethrioscope
Æ"thri*o*scope (&unr_;), n. [Gr. &unr_; clear + &unr_; to observe.] An instrument consisting in part of a differential thermometer. It is used for measuring changes of temperature produced by different conditions of the sky, as when clear or clouded.
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Aetiological
Ae`ti*o*log"ic*al (&unr_;), a. Pertaining to ætiology; pertaining to the cause; assigning a cause. -- Æ`ti*o*log"ic*al*ly, adv.
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aetiology
etiology
ae`ti*ol"o*gy (ē`t&ibreve_;*&obreve_;l"&ouptack_;*j&ybreve_;), n. [L. aetologia, Gr. a'itiologi`a; a'iti`a cause + lo`gos description: cf. F. étiologie.] 1. The science, doctrine, or demonstration of causes; esp., the investigation of the causes of any disease; the science of the origin and development of things; etiology. AS
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2. The assignment of a cause.
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3. (Med.) The cause or origin of a disease. Now more commonly written etiology.
[PJC + AS]

Aetites
A`ë*ti"tes (&unr_;), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_; (sc. &unr_;) stone, fr. &unr_; eagle.] See Eaglestone.
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Afar
A*far" (&unr_;), adv. [Pref. a- (for on or of) + far.] At, to, or from a great distance; far away; -- often used with from preceding, or off following; as, he was seen from afar; I saw him afar off.
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The steep where Fame's proud temple shines afar. Beattie.
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Afeard
A*feard" (&adot_;*fērd"), p. a. [OE. afered, AS. āf&aemacr_;red, p. p. of āf&aemacr_;ran to frighten; ā- (cf. Goth. us-, Ger. er-, orig. meaning out) + f&aemacr_;ran to frighten. See Fear.] Afraid. [Obs.]
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Be not afeard; the isle is full of noises. Shak.
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Afer
A"fer (&unr_;), n. [L.] The southwest wind. Milton.
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Affability
Af`fa*bil"i*ty (&unr_;), n. [L. affabilitas: cf. F. affabilité.] The quality of being affable; readiness to converse; courteousness in receiving others and in conversation; complaisant behavior.
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Affability is of a wonderful efficacy or power in procuring love. Elyot
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Affable
Af"fa*ble (&unr_;), a. [F. affable, L. affabilis, fr. affari to speak to; ad + fari to speak. See Fable.] 1. Easy to be spoken to or addressed; receiving others kindly and conversing with them in a free and friendly manner; courteous; sociable.
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An affable and courteous gentleman. Shak.
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His manners polite and affable. Macaulay.
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2. Gracious; mild; benign.
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A serene and affable countenance. Tatler.
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Syn. -- Courteous; civil; complaisant; accessible; mild; benign; condescending.
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Affableness
Af"fa*ble*ness, n. Affability.
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Affably
Af"fa*bly, adv. In an affable manner; courteously.
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Affabrous
Af"fa*brous (ăf*f&adot_;"brŭs), a. [L. affaber workmanlike; ad + faber.] Executed in a workmanlike manner; ingeniously made. [R.] Bailey.
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Affair
Af*fair" (ăf*fâr"), n. [OE. afere, affere, OF. afaire, F. affaire, fr. a faire to do; L.. ad + facere to do. See Fact, and cf. Ado.] 1. That which is done or is to be done; matter; concern; as, a difficult affair to manage; business of any kind, commercial, professional, or public; -- often in the plural. “At the head of affairs.” Junius. “A talent for affairs.” Prescott.
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2. Any proceeding or action which it is wished to refer to or characterize vaguely; as, an affair of honor, i. e., a duel; an affair of love, i. e., an intrigue.
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3. (Mil.) An action or engagement not of sufficient magnitude to be called a battle.
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4. Action; endeavor. [Obs.]
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And with his best affair
Obeyed the pleasure of the Sun.
Chapman.
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5. A material object (vaguely designated).
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A certain affair of fine red cloth much worn and faded. Hawthorne.
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Affamish
Af*fam"ish (ăf*făm"&ibreve_;sh), v. t. & i. [F. affamer, fr. L. ad + fames hunger. See Famish.] To afflict with, or perish from, hunger. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Affamishment
Af*fam"ish*ment (-m&eitalic_;nt), n. Starvation. Bp. Hall.
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Affatuate
Af*fat"u*ate (&unr_;), v. t. [L. ad + fatuus foolish.] To infatuate. [Obs.] Milton.
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Affear
Af*fear" (&unr_;), v. t. [OE. aferen, AS. āf&unr_;ran. See Afeard.] To frighten. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Affect
Af*fect" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affected; p. pr. & vb. n. Affecting.] [L. affectus, p. p. of afficere to affect by active agency; ad + facere to make: cf. F. affectere, L. affectare, freq. of afficere. See Fact.] 1. To act upon; to produce an effect or change upon.
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As might affect the earth with cold heat. Milton.
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The climate affected their health and spirits. Macaulay.
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2. To influence or move, as the feelings or passions; to touch.
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A consideration of the rationale of our passions seems to me very necessary for all who would affect them upon solid and pure principles.
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3. To love; to regard with affection. [Obs.]
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As for Queen Katharine, he rather respected than affected, rather honored than loved, her. Fuller.
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4. To show a fondness for; to like to use or practice; to choose; hence, to frequent habitually.
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For he does neither affect company, nor is he fit for it, indeed. Shak.
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Do not affect the society of your inferiors in rank, nor court that of the great. Hazlitt.
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5. To dispose or incline.
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Men whom they thought best affected to religion and their country's liberty. Milton.
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6. To aim at; to aspire; to covet. [Obs.]
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This proud man affects imperial &unr_;way. Dryden.
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7. To tend to by affinity or disposition.
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The drops of every fluid affect a round figure. Newton.
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8. To make a show of; to put on a pretense of; to feign; to assume; as, to affect ignorance.
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Careless she is with artful care,
Affecting to seem unaffected.
Congreve.
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Thou dost affect my manners. Shak.
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9. To assign; to appoint. [R.]
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One of the domestics was affected to his special service. Thackeray.
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Syn. -- To influence; operate; act on; concern; move; melt; soften; subdue; overcome; pretend; assume.
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Affect
Af*fect" (ăf*f&ebreve_;kt"), n. [L. affectus.] 1. Affection; inclination; passion; feeling; disposition. [Obs.] Shak.
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2. (Psychotherapy) The emotional complex associated with an idea or mental state. In hysteria, the affect is sometimes entirely dissociated, sometimes transferred to another than the original idea.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Affectation
Af`fec*ta"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. affectatio: cf. F. affectation.] 1. An attempt to assume or exhibit what is not natural or real; false display; artificial show. “An affectation of contempt.” Macaulay.
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Affectation is an awkward and forced imitation of what should be genuine and easy, wanting the beauty that accompanies what is natural what is natural. Locke.
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2. A striving after. [Obs.] Bp. Pearson.
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3. Fondness; affection. [Obs.] Hooker.
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Affectationist
Af`fec*ta"tion*ist, n. One who exhibits affectation. [R.] Fitzed. Hall.
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Affected
Af*fect"ed (ăf*f&ebreve_;kt"&ebreve_;d), p. p. & a. 1. Regarded with affection; beloved. [Obs.]
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His affected Hercules. Chapman.
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2. Inclined; disposed; attached.
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How stand you affected to his wish? Shak.
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3. Given to false show; assuming or pretending to possess what is not natural or real.
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He is . . . too spruce, too affected, too odd. Shak.
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4. Assumed artificially; not natural.
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Affected coldness and indifference. Addison.
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5. (Alg.) Made up of terms involving different powers of the unknown quantity; adfected; as, an affected equation.
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Affectedly
Af*fect"ed*ly, adv. 1. In an affected manner; hypocritically; with more show than reality.
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2. Lovingly; with tender care. [Obs.] Shak.
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Affectedness
Af*fect"ed*ness, n. Affectation.
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Affecter
Af*fect"er (&unr_;), n. One who affects, assumes, pretends, or strives after.Affecters of wit.” Abp. Secker.
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Affectibility
Af*fect`i*bil"i*ty (&unr_;), n. The quality or state of being affectible. [R.]
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Affectible
Af*fect"i*ble (&unr_;), a. That may be affected. [R.]
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Lay aside the absolute, and, by union with the creaturely, become affectible. Coleridge.
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Affecting
Af*fect"ing, a. 1. Moving the emotions; fitted to excite the emotions; pathetic; touching; as, an affecting address; an affecting sight.
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The most affecting music is generally the most simple.
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2. Affected; given to false show. [Obs.]
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A drawling; affecting rouge. Shak.
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Affectingly
Af*fect"ing*ly (&unr_;), adv. In an affecting manner; is a manner to excite emotions.
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affection
af*fec"tion (ăf*f&ebreve_;k"shŭn), n. [F. affection, L. affectio, fr. afficere. See Affect.] 1. The act of affecting or acting upon; the state of being affected.
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2. (Philosophy) An attribute, especially a contingent or alterable quality or property; a condition; a bodily state; as, figure, weight, etc. , are affections of bodies. “The affections of quantity.” Boyle.
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And, truly, waking dreams were, more or less,
An old and strange affection of the house.
Tennyson.
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3. Bent of mind; a feeling or natural impulse or natural impulse acting upon and swaying the mind; any emotion; as, the benevolent affections, esteem, gratitude, etc.; the malevolent affections, hatred, envy, etc.; inclination; disposition; propensity; tendency.
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Affection is applicable to an unpleasant as well as a pleasant state of the mind, when impressed by any object or quality. Cogan.
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4. A settled good will; kind feeling; love; zealous or tender attachment; -- often in the pl. Formerly followed by to, but now more generally by for or towards; as, filial, social, or conjugal affections; to have an affection for or towards children.
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All his affections are set on his own country. Macaulay.
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5. Prejudice; bias. [Obs.] Bp. Aylmer.
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6. (Med.) Disease; morbid symptom; malady; as, a pulmonary affection. Dunglison. AS
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7. The lively representation of any emotion. Wotton.
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8. Affectation. [Obs.] “Spruce affection.” Shak.
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9. Passion; violent emotion. [Obs.]
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Most wretched man,
That to affections does the bridle lend.
Spenser.
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Syn. -- Attachment; passion; tenderness; fondness; kindness; love; liking; good will. See Attachment; Disease.
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Affectional
Af*fec"tion*al (&unr_;), a. Of or pertaining to the affections; as, affectional impulses; an affectional nature.
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Affectionate
Af*fec"tion*ate (&unr_;), a. [Cf. F. affectionné.] 1. Having affection or warm regard; loving; fond; as, an affectionate brother.
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2. Kindly inclined; zealous. [Obs.] Johson.
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Man, in his love God, and desire to please him, can never be too affectionate. Sprat.
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3. Proceeding from affection; indicating love; tender; as, the affectionate care of a parent; affectionate countenance, message, language.
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4. Strongly inclined; -- with to. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Syn. -- Tender; attached; loving; devoted; warm; fond; earnest; ardent.
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Affectionated
Af*fec"tion*a`ted, a. Disposed; inclined. [Obs.]
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Affectionated to the people. Holinshed.
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Affectionately
Af*fec"tion*ate*ly, adv. With affection; lovingly; fondly; tenderly; kindly.
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Affectionateness
Af*fec"tion*ate*ness, n. The quality of being affectionate; fondness; affection.
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Affectioned
Af*fec"tioned (&unr_;), a. 1. Disposed. [Archaic]
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Be kindly affectioned one to another. Rom. xii. 10.
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2. Affected; conceited. [Obs.] Shak.
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Affective
Af*fec"tive (&unr_;), a. [Cf. F. affectif.] 1. Tending to affect; affecting. [Obs.] Burnet.
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2. Pertaining to or exciting emotion; affectional; emotional. Rogers.
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Affectively
Af*fec"tive*ly, adv. In an affective manner; impressively; emotionally.
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Affectuous
Af*fec"tu*ous (?; 135), a. [L. affectuous: cf. F. affectueux. See Affect.] Full of passion or emotion; earnest. [Obs.] -- Af*fec"tu*ous*ly, adv. [Obs.] Fabyan.
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Affeer
Af*feer" (&unr_;), v. t. [OF. aforer, afeurer, to tax, appraise, assess, fr. L. ad + forum market, court of justice, in LL. also meaning price.] 1. To confirm; to assure. [Obs.] “The title is affeered.” Shak.
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2. (Old Law) To assess or reduce, as an arbitrary penalty or amercement, to a certain and reasonable sum.
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Amercements . . . were affeered by the judges. Blackstone.
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Affeeror
Affeerer
{ Af*feer"er (&unr_;), Af*feer"or (&unr_;), } n. [OF. aforeur, LL. afforator.] (Old Law) One who affeers. Cowell.
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Affeerment
Af*feer"ment (&unr_;), n. [Cf. OF. aforement.] (Old Law) The act of affeering. Blackstone.
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Afferent
Af"fer*ent (&unr_;), a. [L. afferens, p. pr. of afferre; ad + ferre to bear.] (Physiol.) Bearing or conducting inwards to a part or organ; -- opposed to efferent; as, afferent vessels; afferent nerves, which convey sensations from the external organs to the brain.
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Affettuoso
Af*fet`tu*o"so (&unr_;), adv. [It.] (Mus.) With feeling.
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Affiance
Af*fi"ance (ăf*fī"&aitalic_;ns), n. [OE. afiaunce trust, confidence, OF. afiance, fr. afier to trust, fr. LL. affidare to trust; ad + fidare to trust, fr. L. fides faith. See Faith, and cf. Affidavit, Affy, Confidence.] 1. Plighted faith; marriage contract or promise. [archaic]
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2. Trust; reliance; faith; confidence. [archaic]
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Such feelings promptly yielded to his habitual affiance in the divine love. Sir J. Stephen.
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Lancelot, my Lancelot, thou in whom I have
Most joy and most affiance.
Tennyson.
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affiance
af*fi"ance, v. t. [imp. & p. p. affianced (ăf*fī"&aitalic_;nst); p. pr. & vb. n. affiancing (ăf*fī"&aitalic_;n*s&ibreve_;ng).] [Cf. OF. afiancier, fr. afiance.] 1. To betroth; to pledge one's faith to for marriage, or solemnly promise (one's self or another) in marriage.
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To me, sad maid, he was affianced. Spenser.
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2. To assure by promise. [Obs.] Pope.
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Affiancer
Af*fi"an*cer (ăf*fī"&aitalic_;n*s&etilde_;r), n. One who makes a contract of marriage between two persons.
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Affiant
Af*fi"ant (&unr_;), n. [From p. pr. of OF. afier, LL. affidare. See Affidavit.] (Law) One who makes an affidavit. [U. S.] Burrill.
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Syn. -- Deponent. See Deponent.
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Affiche
Af`fiche" (?), n. [F., fr. afficher to affix.] A written or printed notice to be posted, as on a wall; a poster; a placard.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Affidavit
Af`fi*da"vit (&unr_;), n. [LL. affidavit he has made oath, perfect tense of affidare. See Affiance, Affy.] (Law) A sworn statement in writing; a declaration in writing, signed and made upon oath before an authorized magistrate. Bouvier. Burrill.
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&hand_; It is always made ex parte, and without cross-examination, and in this differs from a deposition. It is also applied to written statements made on affirmation.
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Syn. -- Deposition. See Deposition.
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Affile
Af*file" (&unr_;), v. t. [OF. afiler, F. affiler, to sharpen; a (L. ad) + fil thread, edge.] To polish. [Obs.]
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Affiliable
Af*fil"i*a*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being affiliated to or on, or connected with in origin.
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Affiliate
Af*fil"i*ate (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affiliated (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Affiliating (&unr_;).] [LL. adfiliare, affiliare, to adopt as son; ad + filius son: cf. F. affilier.] 1. To adopt; to receive into a family as a son; hence, to bring or receive into close connection; to ally.
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Is the soul affiliated to God, or is it estranged and in rebellion? I. Taylor.
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2. To fix the paternity of; -- said of an illegitimate child; as, to affiliate the child to (or on or upon) one man rather than another.
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3. To connect in the way of descent; to trace origin to.
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How do these facts tend to affiliate the faculty of hearing upon the aboriginal vegetative processes? H. Spencer.
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4. To attach (to) or unite (with); to receive into a society as a member, and initiate into its mysteries, plans, etc.; -- followed by to or with.
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Affiliated societies, societies connected with a central society, or with each other.
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Affiliate
Af*fil"i*ate, v. i. To connect or associate one's self; -- followed by with; as, they affiliate with no party.
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affiliated
affiliated adj. 1. 1 being joined in close association affiliated clubs
Syn. -- attached, connected
[WordNet 1.5]

Affiliation
Af*fil`i*a"tion (&unr_;), n. [F. affiliation, LL. affiliatio.] 1. Adoption; association or reception as a member in or of the same family or society.
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2. (Law) The establishment or ascertaining of parentage; the assignment of a child, as a bastard, to its father; filiation.
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3. Connection in the way of descent. H. Spencer.
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Affinal
Af*fi"nal (&unr_;), a. [L. affinis.] Related by marriage; from the same source.
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Affine
Af*fine" (&unr_;), v. t. [F. affiner to refine; &unr_; (L. ad) + fin fine. See Fine.] To refine. [Obs.] Holland.
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Affined
Af*fined" (&unr_;), a. [OF. afiné related, p. p., fr. LL. affinare to join, fr. L. affinis neighboring, related to; ad + finis boundary, limit.] Joined in affinity or by any tie. [Obs.] “All affined and kin.” Shak.
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Affinitative
Af*fin"i*ta*tive (&unr_;), a. Of the nature of affinity. -- Af*fin"i*ta*tive*ly, adv.
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Affinitive
Af*fin"i*tive, a. Closely connected, as by affinity.
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Affinity
Af*fin"i*ty (&unr_;), n.; pl. Affinities (&unr_;). [OF. afinité, F. affinité, L. affinites, fr. affinis. See Affined.]
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1. Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his wife's blood relations, or between a wife and her husband's blood relations); -- in contradistinction to consanguinity, or relationship by blood; -- followed by with, to, or between.
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Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh. 1 Kings iii. 1.
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2. Kinship generally; close agreement; relation; conformity; resemblance; connection; as, the affinity of sounds, of colors, or of languages.
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There is a close affinity between imposture and credulity. Sir G. C. Lewis.
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2. Companionship; acquaintance. [Obs.]
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About forty years past, I began a happy affinity with William Cranmer. Burton.
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4. (Chem.) That attraction which takes place, at an insensible distance, between the heterogeneous particles of bodies, and unites them to form chemical compounds; chemism; chemical or elective affinity or attraction.
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5. (Nat. Hist.) A relation between species or higher groups dependent on resemblance in the whole plan of structure, and indicating community of origin.
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6. (Spiritualism) A superior spiritual relationship or attraction held to exist sometimes between persons, esp. persons of the opposite sex; also, the man or woman who exerts such psychical or spiritual attraction.
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Affirm
Af*firm" (ăf*f&etilde_;rm"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affirmed (-f&etilde_;rmd"); p. pr. & vb. n. Affirming.] [OE. affermen, OF. afermer, F. affirmer, affermir, fr. L. affirmare; ad + firmare to make firm, firmus firm. See Firm.] 1. To make firm; to confirm, or ratify; esp. (Law), to assert or confirm, as a judgment, decree, or order, brought before an appellate court for review.
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2. To assert positively; to tell with confidence; to aver; to maintain as true; -- opposed to deny.
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Jesus, . . . whom Paul affirmed to be alive. Acts xxv. 19.
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3. (Law) To declare, as a fact, solemnly, under judicial sanction. See Affirmation, 4.
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Syn. -- To assert; aver; declare; asseverate; assure; pronounce; protest; avouch; confirm; establish; ratify. -- To Affirm, Asseverate, Aver, Protest. We affirm when we declare a thing as a fact or a proposition. We asseverate it in a peculiarly earnest manner, or with increased positiveness as what can not be disputed. We aver it, or formally declare it to be true, when we have positive knowledge of it. We protest in a more public manner and with the energy of perfect sincerity. People asseverate in order to produce a conviction of their veracity; they aver when they are peculiarly desirous to be believed; they protest when they wish to free themselves from imputations, or to produce a conviction of their innocence.
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Affirm
Af*firm", v. i. 1. To declare or assert positively.
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Not that I so affirm, though so it seem
To thee, who hast thy dwelling here on earth.
Milton.
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2. (Law) To make a solemn declaration, before an authorized magistrate or tribunal, under the penalties of perjury; to testify by affirmation.
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Affirmable
Af*firm"a*ble (&unr_;), a. Capable of being affirmed, asserted, or declared; -- followed by of; as, an attribute affirmable of every just man.
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Affirmance
Af*firm"ance (&unr_;), n. [Cf. OF. afermance.] 1. Confirmation; ratification; confirmation of a voidable act.
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This statute . . . in affirmance of the common law. Bacon.
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2. A strong declaration; affirmation. Cowper.
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Affirmant
Af*firm"ant (ăf*f&etilde_;rm"&aitalic_;nt), n. [L. affirmans, -antis, p. pr. See Affirm.] 1. One who affirms or asserts.
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2. (Law) One who affirms, instead of taking an oath.
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Affirmation
Af`fir*ma"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. affirmatio: cf. F. affirmation.] 1. Confirmation of anything established; ratification; as, the affirmation of a law. Hooker.
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2. The act of affirming or asserting as true; assertion; -- opposed to negation or denial.
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3. That which is asserted; an assertion; a positive statement; an averment; as, an affirmation, by the vender, of title to property sold, or of its quality.
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4. (Law) A solemn declaration made under the penalties of perjury, by persons who conscientiously decline taking an oath, which declaration is in law equivalent to an oath. Bouvier.
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Affirmative
Af*firm"a*tive (&unr_;), a. [L. affirmativus: cf. F. affirmatif.] 1. Confirmative; ratifying; as, an act affirmative of common law.
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2. That affirms; asserting that the fact is so; declaratory of what exists; answering “yes” to a question; -- opposed to negative; as, an affirmative answer; an affirmative vote.
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3. Positive; dogmatic. [Obs.] J. Taylor.
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Lysicles was a little by the affirmative air of Crito. Berkeley.
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4. (logic) Expressing the agreement of the two terms of a proposition.
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5. (Alg.) Positive; -- a term applied to quantities which are to be added, and opposed to negative, or such as are to be subtracted.
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Affirmative
Af*firm"a*tive, n. 1. That which affirms as opposed to that which denies; an affirmative proposition; that side of question which affirms or maintains the proposition stated; -- opposed to negative; as, there were forty votes in the affirmative, and ten in the negative.
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Whether there are such beings or not, 't is sufficient for my purpose that many have believed the affirmative. Dryden.
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2. A word or phrase expressing affirmation or assent; as, yes, that is so, etc.
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affirmative action
affirmative action n. 1. a policy of making active efforts to improve the employment or educational opportunities available to members of minority groups or women; -- achieved by employers or schools by using various techniques, but excluding the use of simple quotas or outright discrimination against white males. affirmative action is required by law for certain employers in the United States.
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Affirmatively
Af*firm"a*tive*ly, adv. In an affirmative manner; on the affirmative side of a question; in the affirmative; -- opposed to negatively.
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Affirmatory
Af*firm"a*to*ry (&unr_;), a. Giving affirmation; assertive; affirmative. Massey.
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Affirmer
Af*firm"er (&unr_;), n. One who affirms.
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Affix
Af*fix" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affixed (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Affixing.] [LL. affixare, L. affixus, p. p. of affigere to fasten to; ad + figere to fasten: cf. OE. affichen, F. afficher, ultimately fr. L. affigere. See Fix.] 1. To subjoin, annex, or add at the close or end; to append to; to fix to any part of; as, to affix a syllable to a word; to affix a seal to an instrument; to affix one's name to a writing.
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2. To fix or fasten in any way; to attach physically.
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Should they [caterpillars] affix them to the leaves of a plant improper for their food. Ray.
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3. To attach, unite, or connect with; as, names affixed to ideas, or ideas affixed to things; to affix a stigma to a person; to affix ridicule or blame to any one.
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4. To fix or fasten figuratively; -- with on or upon; as, eyes affixed upon the ground. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Syn. -- To attach; subjoin; connect; annex; unite.
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Affix
Af"fix (&unr_;), n.; pl. Affixes (#). [L. affixus, p. p. of affigere: cf. F. affixe.] That which is affixed; an appendage; esp. one or more letters or syllables added at the end of a word; a suffix; a postfix.
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affixal
affixal adj. 1. 1 of or pertaining to an affix.
Syn. -- affixial
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affixed
affixed adj. 1. attached physically. Opposite of unaffixed. Various more specific adjectives meaning affixed are: appendant , basifixed, fastened, secured, glued, pasted, stuck to(predicate) , pegged-down , pinned, stapled , taped to(predicate), mounted .
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affixial
affixial adj. 1. of or pertaining to an affix.
Syn. -- affixal
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Affixion
Af*fix"ion (&unr_;), n. [L. affixio, fr. affigere.] Affixture. [Obs.] T. Adams.
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Affixture
Af*fix"ture (?; 135), n. The act of affixing, or the state of being affixed; attachment.
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Afflation
Af*fla"tion (&unr_;), n. [L. afflatus, p. p. of afflare to blow or breathe on; ad + flare to blow.] A blowing or breathing on; inspiration.
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Afflatus
Af*fla"tus (&unr_;), n. [L., fr. afflare. See Afflation.] 1. A breath or blast of wind.
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2. A divine impartation of knowledge; supernatural impulse; inspiration.
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A poet writing against his genius will be like a prophet without his afflatus. Spence.
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Afflict
Af*flict" (&unr_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Afflicted; p. pr. & vb. n. Afflicting.] [L. afflictus, p. p. of affigere to cast down, deject; ad + fligere to strike: cf. OF. aflit, afflict, p. p. Cf. Flagellate.] 1. To strike or cast down; to overthrow. [Obs.] “Reassembling our afflicted powers.” Milton.
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2. To inflict some great injury or hurt upon, causing continued pain or mental distress; to trouble grievously; to torment.
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They did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. Exod. i. 11.
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That which was the worst now least afflicts me. Milton.
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3. To make low or humble. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Men are apt to prefer a prosperous error before an afflicted truth. Jer. Taylor.
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Syn. -- To trouble; grieve; pain; distress; harass; torment; wound; hurt.
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Afflict
Af*flict", p. p. & a. [L. afflictus, p. p.] Afflicted. [Obs.] Becon.
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Afflictedness
Af*flict"ed*ness, n. The state of being afflicted; affliction. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
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Afflicter
Af*flict"er (&unr_;), n. One who afflicts.
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Afflicting
Af*flict"ing, a. Grievously painful; distressing; afflictive; as, an afflicting event. -- Af*flict"ing*ly, adv.
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Affliction
Af*flic"tion (&unr_;), n. [F. affliction, L. afflictio, fr. affligere.] 1. The cause of continued pain of body or mind, as sickness, losses, etc.; an instance of grievous distress; a pain or grief.
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To repay that money will be a biting affliction. Shak.
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2. The state of being afflicted; a state of pain, distress, or grief.
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Some virtues are seen only in affliction. Addison.
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Syn. -- Calamity; sorrow; distress; grief; pain; adversity; misery; wretchedness; misfortune; trouble; hardship. -- Affliction, Sorrow, Grief, Distress. Affliction and sorrow are terms of wide and general application; grief and distress have reference to particular cases. Affliction is the stronger term. The suffering lies deeper in the soul, and usually arises from some powerful cause, such as the loss of what is most dear -- friends, health, etc. We do not speak of mere sickness or pain as “an affliction,” though one who suffers from either is said to be afflicted; but deprivations of every kind, such as deafness, blindness, loss of limbs, etc., are called afflictions, showing that term applies particularly to prolonged sources of suffering. Sorrow and grief are much alike in meaning, but grief is the stronger term of the two, usually denoting poignant mental suffering for some definite cause, as, grief for the death of a dear friend; sorrow is more reflective, and is tinged with regret, as, the misconduct of a child is looked upon with sorrow. Grief is often violent and demonstrative; sorrow deep and brooding. Distress implies extreme suffering, either bodily or mental. In its higher stages, it denotes pain of a restless, agitating kind, and almost always supposes some struggle of mind or body. Affliction is allayed, grief subsides, sorrow is soothed, distress is mitigated.
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Afflictionless
Af*flic"tion*less (&unr_;), a. Free from affliction.
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Afflictive
Af*flic"tive (&unr_;), a. [Cf. F. afflictif.] Giving pain; causing continued or repeated pain or grief; distressing. “Jove's afflictive hand.” Pope.
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Spreads slow disease, and darts afflictive pain. Prior.
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Afflictively
Af*flic"tive*ly, adv. In an afflictive manner.
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Affluence
Af"flu*ence (&unr_;), n. [F. affluence, L. affluentia, fr. affluens, p. pr. of affluere to flow to; ad + fluere to flow. See Flux.] 1. A flowing to or towards; a concourse; an influx.
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The affluence of young nobles from hence into Spain. Wotton.
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There is an unusual affluence of strangers this year. Carlyle.
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2. An abundant supply, as of thought, words, feelings, etc.; profusion; also, abundance of property; wealth.
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And old age of elegance, affluence, and ease. Coldsmith.
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Syn. -- Abundance; riches; profusion; exuberance; plenty; wealth; opulence.
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Affluency