C.

C
C. (sē) 1. C is the third letter of the English alphabet. It is from the Latin letter C, which in old Latin represented the sounds of k, and g (in go); its original value being the latter. In Anglo-Saxon words, or Old English before the Norman Conquest, it always has the sound of k. The Latin C was the same letter as the Greek Γ, γ, and came from the Greek alphabet. The Greeks got it from the Phœnicians. The English name of C is from the Latin name ce, and was derived, probably, through the French. Etymologically C is related to g, h, k, q, s (and other sibilant sounds). Examples of these relations are in L. acutus, E. acute, ague; E. acrid, eager, vinegar; L. cornu, E. horn; E. cat, kitten; E. coy, quiet; L. circare, OF. cerchier, E. search.
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See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 221-228.
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2. (Mus.) (a) The keynote of the normal or “natural” scale, which has neither flats nor sharps in its signature; also, the third note of the relative minor scale of the same. (b) C after the clef is the mark of common time, in which each measure is a semibreve (four fourths or crotchets); for alla breve time it is written &unr_;. (c) The “C clef,” a modification of the letter C, placed on any line of the staff, shows that line to be middle C.
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3. As a numeral, C stands for Latin centum or 100, CC for 200, etc.
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C spring, a spring in the form of the letter C.
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Ca
Ca n. the chemical symbol for calcium, the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust, having an atomic number of 20.
Syn. -- calcium.
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Caaba
Ca*a"ba (k&adot_;*ā"b&adot_;), n. [Ar. ka'bah, lit., a square building, fr. ka'b cube.] The small and nearly cubical stone building, toward which all Muslims must pray. [Written also kaaba.]
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&hand_; The Caaba is situated in Mecca, a city of Arabia, and contains a famous black stone said to have been brought from heaven. Before the time of Mohammed, the Caaba was an idolatrous temple, but it has since been the chief sanctuary and object of pilgrimage of the Muslim world.
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Caas
Caas (käs), n. sing. & pl. Case. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Caatinga
Caa*tin"ga (?), n. [Tupi caa-tinga white forest.] (Phytogeography) A forest composed of stunted trees and thorny bushes, found in areas of small rainfall in Brazil.
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Cab
Cab (kăb), n. [Abbrev. fr. cabriolet.] 1. A kind of close carriage with two or four wheels, usually a public vehicle. “A cab came clattering up.” Thackeray.
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&hand_; A cab may have two seats at right angles to the driver's seat, and a door behind; or one seat parallel to the driver's, with the entrance from the side or front.
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Hansom cab. See Hansom.
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2. The covered part of a locomotive, in which the engineer has his station. Knight.
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Cab
Cab (kăb), n. [Heb. qab, fr. qābab to hollow.] A Hebrew dry measure, containing a little over two (2.37) pints. W. H. Ward. 2 Kings vi. 25.
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Cabal
Ca*bal" (k&adot_;*băl"), n. [F. cabale cabal, cabala, LL. cabala cabala, fr. Heb. qabbālēh reception, tradition, mysterious doctrine, fr. qābal to take or receive, in Piël qibbel to adopt (a doctrine).] 1. Tradition; occult doctrine. See Cabala. [Obs.] Hakewill.
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2. A secret. [Obs.] “The measuring of the temple, a cabal found out but lately.” B. Jonson.
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3. A number of persons united in some close design, usually to promote their private views and interests in church or state by intrigue; a secret association composed of a few designing persons; a junto.
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It so happend, by a whimsical coincidence, that in 1671 the cabinet consisted of five persons, the initial letters of whose names made up the word cabal; Clifford, Arlington, Buckingham, Ashley, and Lauderdale. Macaulay.
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4. The secret artifices or machinations of a few persons united in a close design; intrigue.
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By cursed cabals of women. Dryden.

Syn. -- Junto; intrigue; plot; combination; conspiracy. -- Cabal, Combination, Faction. An association for some purpose considered to be bad is the idea common to these terms. A combination is an organized union of individuals for mutual support, in urging their demands or resisting the claims of others, and may be good or bad according to circumstances; as, a combiniation of workmen or of employers to effect or to prevent a change in prices. A cabal is a secret association of a few individuals who seek by cunning practices to obtain office and power. A faction is a larger body than a cabal, employed for selfish purposes in agitating the community and working up an excitement with a view to change the existing order of things. “Selfishness, insubordination, and laxity of morals give rise to combinations, which belong particularly to the lower orders of society. Restless, jealous, ambitious, and little minds are ever forming cabals. Factions belong especially to free governments, and are raised by busy and turbulent spirits for selfish purposes”. Crabb.
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Cabal
Ca*bal", v. i. [imp. & p. p. Caballed (-băld"); p. pr. & vb. n. Caballing]. [Cf. F. cabaler.] To unite in a small party to promote private views and interests by intrigue; to intrigue; to plot.
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Caballing still against it with the great. Dryden.
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Cabala
Cab"a*la (kăb"&adot_;*l&adot_;), n. [LL. See Cabal, n.] 1. A kind of occult theosophy or traditional interpretation of the Scriptures among Jewish rabbis and certain mediæval Christians, which treats of the nature of god and the mystery of human existence. It assumes that every letter, word, number, and accent of Scripture contains a hidden sense; and it teaches the methods of interpretation for ascertaining these occult meanings. The cabalists pretend even to foretell events by this means.
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2. Secret science in general; mystic art; mystery.
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Cabalism
Cab"a*lism (kăb"&adot_;*l&ibreve_;z'm), n. [Cf. F. cabalisme.]
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1. The secret science of the cabalists.
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2. A superstitious devotion to the mysteries of the religion which one professes. [R] Emerson.
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Cabalist
Cab"a*list (-l&ibreve_;st), n. [Cf. F. cabaliste.] One versed in the cabala, or the mysteries of Jewish traditions. “Studious cabalists.” Swift.
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Cabalistical
Cabalistic
{ Cab`a*lis"tic (kăb`&adot_;*l&ibreve_;s"t&ibreve_;k), Cab`a*lis"tic*al (-t&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l) } a. Of or pertaining to the cabala; containing or conveying an occult meaning; mystic.
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The Heptarchus is a cabalistic exposition of the first chapter of Genesis. Hallam.
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Cabalistically
Cab`a*lis"tic*al*ly, adv. In a cabalistic manner.
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Cabalize
Cab"a*lize (?), v. i. [Cf. F. cabaliser.] To use cabalistic language. [R] Dr. H. More.
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Caballer
Ca*bal"ler (k&adot_;*băl"l&etilde_;r), n. One who cabals.
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A close caballer and tongue-valiant lord. Dryden.
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Caballeria
Ca`bal*le*ri"a (?), n. [Sp. See Caballero.] An ancient Spanish land tenure similar to the English knight's fee; hence, in Spain and countries settled by the Spanish, a land measure of varying size. In Cuba it is about 33 acres; in Puerto Rico, about 194 acres; in the Southwestern United States, about 108 acres.
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caballero
ca`bal*le"ro (?), n. [Sp. Cf. Cavalier.] A knight or cavalier; hence, a gentleman.
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caballine
cab"al*line (kăb"&aitalic_;l*līn), a. [L.caballinus, fr. caballus a nag. Cf. Cavalier.] Of or pertaining to a horse. -- n. Caballine aloes.
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caballine aloes, an inferior and impure kind of aloes formerly used in veterinary practice; -- called also horse aloes. -- Caballine spring, the fountain of Hippocrene, on Mount Helicon; -- fabled to have been formed by a stroke from the foot of the winged horse Pegasus.
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Caballo
Ca*bal"lo (k&adot_;*väl"y&ouptack_;; 220), n. [Written also cavallo.] [Sp., fr. L. caballus a nag. See Cavalcade.] A horse. [Sp. Amer.]
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Cabaret
Cab"a*ret (kăb"&adot_;*r&ebreve_;t; 277), n. [F.] 1. A tavern; a house where liquors are retailed. [Obs. as an English word.]
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2. A type of restaurant where liquor and dinner is served, and entertainment is provided, as by musicians, dancers, or comedians, and usually providing space for dancing by the patrons; -- similar to a nightclub. In some cases, the performers dance or sing on the floor between the tables, after the practice of a certain class of French taverns. The term cabaret is often used in the names of such an establishment.
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3. The type of entertainment provided in a cabaret{2}.
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Cabas
Ca*bas" (k&adot_;*bä"), n. [F.] A flat basket or frail for figs, etc.; hence, a lady's flat workbasket, reticule, or hand bag; -- often written caba. C. Bronté.
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Cabassou
Ca*bas"sou (k&adot_;*băs"s&oomacr_;), n. (Zoöl.) A species of armadillo of the genus Xenurus (Xenurus unicinctus and Xenurus hispidus); the tatouay. [Written also kabassou.]
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Cabbage
Cab"bage (kăb"b&auptack_;j), n. [OE. cabage, fr. F. cabus headed (of cabbages), chou cabus headed cabbage, cabbage head; cf. It. capuccio a little head, cappuccio cowl, hood, cabbage, fr. capo head, L. caput, or fr. It. cappa cape. See Chief, Cape.] (Bot.) 1. An esculent vegetable of many varieties, derived from the wild Brassica oleracea of Europe. The common cabbage has a compact head of leaves. The cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, etc., are sometimes classed as cabbages.
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2. The terminal bud of certain palm trees, used, like, cabbage, for food. See Cabbage tree, below.
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3. The cabbage palmetto. See below.
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Cabbage aphis (Zoöl.), a green plant-louse (Aphis brassicæ) which lives upon the leaves of the cabbage. -- Cabbage beetle (Zoöl.), a small, striped flea-beetle (Phyllotreta vittata) which lives, in the larval state, on the roots, and when adult, on the leaves, of cabbage and other cruciferous plants. -- Cabbage fly (Zoöl.), a small two-winged fly (Anthomyia brassicæ), which feeds, in the larval or maggot state, on the roots of the cabbage, often doing much damage to the crop. -- Cabbage head, the compact head formed by the leaves of a cabbage; -- contemptuously or humorously, and colloquially, a very stupid and silly person; a numskull. -- Cabbage palmetto, a species of palm tree (Sabal Palmetto) found along the coast from North Carolina to Florida. -- Cabbage rose (Bot.), a species of rose (Rosa centifolia) having large and heavy blossoms. -- Cabbage tree, Cabbage palm, a name given to palms having a terminal bud called a cabbage, as the Sabal Palmetto of the United States, and the Euterpe oleracea and Oreodoxa oleracea of the West Indies. -- Sea cabbage.(Bot.) (a) Sea kale (b). The original Plant (Brassica oleracea), from which the cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, etc., have been derived by cultivation. -- Thousand-headed cabbage. See Brussels sprouts.
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Cabbage
Cab"bage, v. i. To form a head like that the cabbage; as, to make lettuce cabbage. Johnson.
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Cabbage
Cab"bage, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Cabbaged (-b&auptack_;jd); p. pr. & vb. n. Cabbaging (-b&auptack_;*j&ibreve_;ng).] [F.cabasser, fr. OF. cabas theft; cf. F. cabas basket, and OF. cabuser to cheat.] To purloin or embezzle, as the pieces of cloth remaining after cutting out a garment; to pilfer.
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Your tailor . . . cabbages whole yards of cloth. Arbuthnot.
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Cabbage
Cab"bage, n. Cloth or clippings cabbaged or purloined by one who cuts out garments.
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cabbage butterfly
cab"bage butterfly (Zoöl.), a white butterfly (Pieris rapæ of both Europe and America, and the allied Pieris oleracea, a native American species) which, in the larval state, devours the leaves of the cabbage and the turnip. See also Cabbage worm, below.
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cabbageworm
cabbage worm
cab"bage worm`, cab"bage*worm` n. (Zoöl.), the larva of several species of moths and butterflies, which attacks cabbages. The most common is the toxic green larva of a white butterfly, the cabbage butterfly, (Pieris rapæ). The cabbage cutworms, which eat off the stalks of young plants during the night, are the larvæ of several species of moths, of the genus Agrotis. See Cutworm. larva of a cabbage butterfly.
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Cabbler
Cab"bler (kăb"bl&etilde_;r), n. One who works at cabbling.
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Cabbling
Cab"bling (-bl&ibreve_;ng), n. (Metal.) The process of breaking up the flat masses into which wrought iron is first hammered, in order that the pieces may be reheated and wrought into bar iron.
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Cabesse
Cabeca
{ ‖Ca*be"ça (k&adot_;*b&auptack_;"s&adot_;), ‖Ca*besse" (k&adot_;*b&ebreve_;s"), } n. [Pg. cabeça, F. cabesse.] The finest kind of silk received from India.
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Caber
Ca"ber (kā"b&etilde_;r), n. [Gael. cabar.] A pole or beam, esp. one used in Gaelic games for tossing as a trial of strength.
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Cabezon
Cab`e*zon" (kăb`&auptack_;*z&obreve_;n" or kä*b&auptack_;*th&ouptack_;n"), n. [Sp., properly, big head. Cf. Cavesson.] (Zoöl.) A California fish (Hemilepidotus spinosus), allied to the sculpin.
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Cabiai
Cab"i*ai (kăb"&ibreve_;*ī), n. [Native South American name.] (Zoöl.) The capybara. See Capybara.
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Cabin
Cab"in (kăb"&ibreve_;n), n. [OF. caban, fr. W. caban booth, cabin, dim. of cab cot, tent; or fr. F. cabane, cabine, LL. cabanna, perh. from the Celtic.] 1. A cottage or small house; a hut. Swift.
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A hunting cabin in the west. E. Everett.
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2. A small room; an inclosed place.
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So long in secret cabin there he held
Her captive.
Spenser.
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3. A room in ship for officers or passengers.
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Cabin boy, a boy whose duty is to wait on the officers and passengers in the cabin of a ship.
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Cabin
Cab"in v. i. [imp. & p. p. Cabined (-&ibreve_;nd); p. pr. & vb. n. Cabining.] To live in, or as in, a cabin; to lodge.
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I'll make you . . . cabin in a cave. Shak.
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Cabin
Cab"in, v. t. To confine in, or as in, a cabin.
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I am cabined, cribbed, confined, bound in
To saucy doubts and fears.
Shak.
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Cabinet
Cab"i*net (kăb"&ibreve_;*n&ebreve_;t), n. [F., dim. of cabine or cabane. See Cabin, n.] 1. A hut; a cottage; a small house. [Obs.]
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Hearken a while from thy green cabinet,
The rural song of careful Colinet.
Spenser.
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2. A small room, or retired apartment; a closet.
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3. A private room in which consultations are held.
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Philip passed some hours every day in his father's cabinet. Prescott.
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4. The advisory council of the chief executive officer of a nation; a cabinet council.
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&hand_; In England, the cabinet or cabinet council consists of those privy councilors who actually transact the immediate business of the government. Mozley & W. -- In the United States, the cabinet is composed of the heads of the executive departments of the government, namely, the Secretary of State, of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, of the Interior, and of Agiculture, the Postmaster-general, and the Attorney-general.
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5. (a) A set of drawers or a cupboard intended to contain articles of value. Hence: (b) A decorative piece of furniture, whether open like an étagère or closed with doors. See étagère.
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6. Any building or room set apart for the safe keeping and exhibition of works of art, etc.; also, the collection itself.
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Cabinet council. (a) Same as Cabinet, n., 4 (of which body it was formerly the full title). (b) A meeting of the cabinet. -- Cabinet councilor, a member of a cabinet council. -- Cabinet photograph, a photograph of a size smaller than an imperial, though larger than a carte de visite. -- Cabinet picture, a small and generally highly finished picture, suitable for a small room and for close inspection.
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Cabinet
Cab"i*net, a. Suitable for a cabinet; small.
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He [Varnhagen von Ense] is a walking cabinet edition of Goethe. For. Quar. Rev.
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Cabinet
Cab"i*net, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Cabineted; p. pr. & vb. n. Cabineting.] To inclose [R.] Hewyt.
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Cabinetmaker
Cab"i*net*mak`er (-māk`&etilde_;r), n. One whose occupation is to make cabinets or other choice articles of household furniture, as tables, bedsteads, bureaus, etc.
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Cabinetmaking
Cab"i*net*mak`ing, n. The art or occupation of making the finer articles of household furniture.
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Cabinetwork
Cab"i*net*work` (-wûrk`), n. The art or occupation of working upon wooden furniture requiring nice workmanship; also, such furniture.
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Cabirean
Cab`i*re"an (kăb`&ibreve_;*rē"&aitalic_;n), n. One of the Cabiri.
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Cabiri
Ca*bi"ri (k&adot_;*bī"rī), prop. n. pl. [ NL., fr. Gr. Ka`beiroi.] (Myth.) Certain deities originally worshiped with mystical rites by the Pelasgians in Lemnos and Samothrace and afterwards throughout Greece; -- also called sons of Hephæstus (or Vulcan), as being masters of the art of working metals. [Written also Cabeiri.] Liddell & Scott.
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Cabirian
Ca*bir"i*an (k&adot_;*b&ibreve_;r"&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;n), a. Same as Cabiric.
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Cabiric
Ca*bir"ic (k&adot_;*b&ibreve_;r"&ibreve_;k), a. [Cf. F. Cabirique] Of or pertaining to the Cabiri, or to their mystical worship. [Written also Cabiritic.]
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Cable
Ca"ble (kā"b'l), n. [F. câble, LL. capulum, caplum, a rope, fr. L. capere to take; cf. D., Dan., & G. kabel, from the French. See Capable.] 1. A large, strong rope or chain, of considerable length, used to retain a vessel at anchor, and for other purposes. It is made of hemp, of steel wire, or of iron links.
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2. A rope of steel wire, or copper wire, usually covered with some protecting or insulating substance; as, the cable of a suspension bridge; a telegraphic cable.
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3. (Arch) A molding, shaft of a column, or any other member of convex, rounded section, made to resemble the spiral twist of a rope; -- called also cable molding.
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Bower cable, the cable belonging to the bower anchor. -- Cable road, a railway on which the cars are moved by a continuously running endless rope operated by a stationary motor. -- Cable's length, the length of a ship's cable. Cables in the merchant service vary in length from 100 to 140 fathoms or more; but as a maritime measure, a cable's length is either 120 fathoms (720 feet), or about 100 fathoms (600 feet, an approximation to one tenth of a nautical mile). -- Cable tier. (a) That part of a vessel where the cables are stowed. (b) A coil of a cable. -- Sheet cable, the cable belonging to the sheet anchor. -- Stream cable, a hawser or rope, smaller than the bower cables, to moor a ship in a place sheltered from wind and heavy seas. -- Submarine cable. See Telegraph. -- To pay out the cable, To veer out the cable, to slacken it, that it may run out of the ship; to let more cable run out of the hawse hole. -- To serve the cable, to bind it round with ropes, canvas, etc., to prevent its being, worn or galled in the hawse, et. -- To slip the cable, to let go the end on board and let it all run out and go overboard, as when there is not time to weigh anchor. Hence, in sailor's use, to die.
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Cable
Ca"ble (kā"b'l), v. t. 1. To fasten with a cable.
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2. (Arch.) To ornament with cabling. See Cabling.
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Cable
Ca"ble, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Cabled (-b'ld); p. pr. & vb. n. Cabling (-bl&ibreve_;ng).] To telegraph by a submarine cable [Recent]
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Cabled
Ca"bled (-b'ld), a. 1. Fastened with, or attached to, a cable or rope. “The cabled stone.” Dyer.
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2. (Arch.) Adorned with cabling.
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Cablegram
Ca"ble*gram` (kā"b'l*grăm`), n. [Cable, n. + Gr. gra`mma a writing, a letter.] A message sent by a submarine telegraphic cable. [A recent hybrid, sometimes found in the newspapers.]
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Cablelaid
Ca"ble*laid` (-lād`), a. 1. (Naut.) Composed of three three-stranded ropes, or hawsers, twisted together to form a cable.
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2. Twisted after the manner of a cable; as, a cable-laid gold chain. Simmonds.
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Cablet
Ca"blet (?), n. [Dim. of cable; cf. F. câblot.] A little cable less than ten inches in circumference.
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Cabling
Ca"bling (?), n. (Arch.) The decoration of a fluted shaft of a column or of a pilaster with reeds, or rounded moldings, which seem to be laid in the hollows of the fluting. These are limited in length to about one third of the height of the shaft.
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Cabman
Cab"man (?), n.; pl. Cabmen (&unr_;). The driver of a cab.
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Cabob
Ca*bob" (?), n. [Hindi kabāb] [Now more commonly spelled kabob.] 1. A small piece of mutton or other meat roasted on a skewer; -- so called in Turkey and Persia. [Also spelled kebab, kebob, or kabab.]
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2. A leg of mutton roasted, stuffed with white herrings and sweet herbs. Wright.
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shish cabob See shish kebob.
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Cabob
Ca*bob", v. t. [Now more commonly spelled kabob.] To roast, as a cabob. Sir. T. Herbert.
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Caboched
Ca*boched" (?), a. [F. caboche head. Cf. 1st Cabbage.] (Her.) Showing the full face, but nothing of the neck; -- said of the head of a beast in armorial bearing. [Written also caboshed.]
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cabochon
ca`bo`chon" (kă`bŭ*shän"; Fr. k&adot_;`b&ouptack_;`shôN"), n. [F.] (Jewelry) A stone of convex form, highly polished, but not faceted; also, the style of cutting itself. Such stones are said to be cut en cabochon.
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cabochon
ca`bo`chon" (kă`bŭ*shän"; Fr. k&adot_;`b&ouptack_;`shôN"), a. [see cabochon, n..] (Jewelry) Of, pertaining to, containing, or in the style of, a cabochon.
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Cabombaceae
Cabombaceae prop. n. A subfamily of plants, in some classifications considered as an independent family of water lilies; it comprises the genera Cabomba and Brasenia.
Syn. -- subfamily Cabombaceae, water-shield family.
[WordNet 1.5]

caboodle
ca*boo"dle (k&adot_;*b&oomacr_;"d'l), n. The whole collection; the entire quantity or number; -- usually in the phrase the whole caboodle or the whole kit and caboodle. [Slang, U.S.] Bartlett.
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Caboose
Ca*boose" (k&adot_;*b&oomacr_;s"), n. [Cf. D. kabuis, kombuis, Dan. kabys, Sw. kabysa, G. kabuse a little room or hut. The First part of the word seems to be allied to W. cab cabin, booth. Cf. Cabin.] [Written also camboose.] 1. (Naut.) A house on deck, where the cooking is done; -- commonly called the galley.
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2. (Railroad) A car used on freight or construction trains as travelling quarters for brakemen, workmen, etc.; a tool car. It usually is the last car of the train. [U. S.]
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Cabotage
Cab"o*tage (?), n. [F. cabotage, fr. caboter to sail along the coast; cf. Sp. cabo cape.] (Naut.) Navigation along the coast; the details of coast pilotage.
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Cabree
Ca*brée" (k&adot_;*br&auptack_;"), n. [French Canadian.] (Zoöl.) The pronghorn antelope. [Also written cabrit, cabret.]
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Cabrerite
Ca*brer"ite (?), n. (Min.) An apple-green mineral, a hydrous arseniate of nickel, cobalt, and magnesia; -- so named from the Sierra Cabrera, Spain.
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Cabrilla
Ca*bril"la (?), n. [Sp., prawn.] (Zool) A name applied to various species of edible fishes of the genus Serranus, and related genera, inhabiting the Meditarranean, the coast of California, etc. In California, some of them are also called rock bass and kelp salmon.
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Cabriole
Cab"ri*ole (?), n. [F. See Cabriolet, and cf. Capriole.] (Man.) A curvet; a leap. See Capriole.
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The cabrioles which his charger exhibited. Sir W. Scott.
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Cabriolet
Cab`ri*o*let" (?), n. [F., dim. of cabriole a leap, caper, from It. capriola, fr. dim. of L. caper he-goat, capra she-goat. This carriage is so called from its skipping lightness. Cf. Cab, Caper a leap.] A one-horse carriage with two seats and a calash top.
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Cabrit
Ca*brit" (?), n. Same as Cabrée.
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Caburn
Cab"urn (?), n. [Cf. Cable, n.] (Naut.) A small line made of spun yarn, to bind or worm cables, seize tackles, etc.

ca-ca
ca-ca n. n. [see cack.] Feces; excrement; -- used in talking with very young children. [baby talk]
[PJC]

ca-ca
ca-ca v. [see cack.] to have a bowel movement. [baby talk]
Syn. -- defecate, shit, take a shit, take a crap, crap, make.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cachaemia
{‖Ca*cæ"mi*a (k&adot_;*sē"m&ibreve_;*&adot_;), ‖Ca*chæ"mi*a (k&adot_;*k&euptack_;"m&ibreve_;*&adot_;),} n. [NL., fr. Gr. kako`s bad+ a"i^ma blood.] (Med.) A degenerated or poisoned condition of the blood.
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cacaine
ca*ca"ine (?), n. (Chem.) The essential principle of cacao; -- now called theobromine.
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Cacajao
Ca*ca*jão" (?), n. [Pg.] (Zool) A South American short-tailed monkey (Pithecia melanocephala syn. Brachyurus melanocephala). [Written also cacajo.]
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cacao
ca*ca"o (?), n. [Sp., fr. Mex. kakahuatl. Cf. Cocoa, Chocolate] (Bot.) A small evergreen tree (Theobroma Cacao) of South America and the West Indies. Its fruit contains an edible pulp, inclosing seeds about the size of an almond, from which cocoa, chocolate, and broma are prepared.
[1913 Webster]

Cachemia
Cachaemia
Ca*chæ"mi*a, ‖Ca*che"mi*a (&unr_;), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; bad + &unr_; blood.] (Med.) A degenerated or poisoned condition of the blood. -- Ca*chæ"mic, Ca*che"mic (#), a.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

cachalot
cach"a*lot (?), n. [F. cachalot.] (Zoöl.) The sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus). It has in the top of its head a large cavity, containing an oily fluid, which, after death, concretes into a whitish crystalline substance called spermaceti. See Sperm whale.
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cache
cache (kăsh), n. [F., a hiding place, fr. cacher to conceal, to hide.] 1. A hole in the ground, or other hiding place, for concealing and preserving provisions which it is inconvenient to carry. Kane.
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2. That which is hidden in a cache{2}; a hoard; a stockpile.
[PJC]

3. (Computers) A form of memory in a computer which has a faster access time than most of main memory, and is usually used to store the most frequently accessed data in main memory during execution of a program.
[PJC]

cache
cache (kăsh), v. t. To store in a cache{1}.
[PJC]

Cachectical
Cachectic
{ Ca*chec"tic (?), Ca*chec"tic*al (?), } a. [L. cachecticus, Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;: cf. F. cachectique.] Having, or pertaining to, cachexia; as, cachectic remedies; cachectical blood. Arbuthnot.
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Cachepot
Cache`pot" (k&adot_;sh`p&ouptack_;"), n. [F., fr. cacher to hide + pot a pot.] An ornamental casing for a flowerpot, of porcelain, metal, paper, etc.
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Cachet
Cach"et (?), n. [F. fr. cacher to hide.] A seal, as of a letter.
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Lettre de cachet [F.], a sealed letter, especially a letter or missive emanating from the sovereign; -- much used in France before the Revolution as an arbitrary order of imprisonment.
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Cachexy
Cachexia
{ ‖Ca*chex"i*a (?), Ca*chex"y (?) }, n. [L. cachexia, Gr. kachexi`a; kako`s bad + "e`xis condition.] A condition of ill health and impairment of nutrition due to impoverishment of the blood, esp. when caused by a specific morbid process (as cancer or tubercle).
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Cachinnation
Cach`in*na"tion (kăk`&ibreve_;n*nā"shŭn), n. [L. cachinnatio, fr. cachinnare to laugh aloud, cf. Gr. kacha`zein.] Loud or immoderate laughter; -- often a symptom of hysterical or maniacal affections.
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Hideous grimaces . . . attended this unusual cachinnation. Sir W. Scott.
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Cachinnatory
Ca*chin"na*to*ry (?), a. Consisting of, or accompanied by, immoderate laughter.
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Cachinnatory buzzes of approval. Carlyle.
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Cachiri
Ca*chi"ri (?), n. A fermented liquor made in Cayenne from the grated root of the manioc, and resembling perry. Dunglison.
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Cacholong
Cach"o*long (?), n. [F. cacholong, said to be from Cach, the name of a river in Bucharia + cholon, a Calmuck word for stone; or fr. a Calmuck word meaning “beautiful stone”] (Min.) An opaque or milk-white chalcedony, a variety of quartz; also, a similar variety of opal.
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Cachou
Ca`chou" (?), n. [F. See Cashoo.] A silvered aromatic pill, used to correct the odor of the breath.
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Cachucha
Ca*chu"cha (?), n. [Sp.] An Andalusian dance in three-four time, resembling the bolero. [Sometimes in English spelled cachuca (&unr_;).]
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The orchestra plays the cachucha. Longfellow.
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Cachunde
Ca*chun"de (?), n. [Sp.] (Med.) A pastil or troche, composed of various aromatic and other ingredients, highly celebrated in India as an antidote, and as a stomachic and antispasmodic.
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Cacique
Ca*cique" (?), n. [Sp.] See Cazique.
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Cack
Cack (kăk), v. i. [OE. cakken, fr. L. cacare; akin to Gr. kakka^n, and to OIr. cacc dung; cf. AS. cac.] To ease the body by stool; to go to stool. Pope.
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Cackerel
Cack"er*el (?), n. [OF. caquerel cagarel (Cotgr.), from the root of E. cack.] (Zoöl.) The mendole; a small worthless Mediterranean fish considered poisonous by the ancients. See Mendole.
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Cackle
Cac"kle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Cackled (-k'ld); p. pr. & vb. n. Cackling (?).] [OE. cakelen; cf. LG. kakeln, D. kakelen, G. gackeln, gackern; all of imitative origin. Cf. Gagle, Cake to cackle.] 1. To make a sharp, broken noise or cry, as a hen or goose does.
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When every goose is cackling. Shak.
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2. To laugh with a broken noise, like the cackling of a hen or a goose; to giggle. Arbuthnot.
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3. To talk in a silly manner; to prattle. Johnson.
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Cackle
Cac"kle (?), n. 1. The sharp broken noise made by a goose or by a hen that has laid an egg.
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By her cackle saved the state. Dryden.
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2. Idle talk; silly prattle.
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There is a buzz and cackle all around regarding the sermon. Thackeray.
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Cackler
Cac"kler (?), n. 1. A fowl that cackles.
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2. One who prattles, or tells tales; a tattler.
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Cackling
Cac"kling, n. The broken noise of a goose or a hen.
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Cacochymy
Cacochymia
{ ‖Cac`o*chym"i*a (?), Cac"o*chym`y (?), } n. [NL. cacochymia, fr. Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;; kako`s bad + &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_; juice: cf. F. cacochymie.] (Med.) A vitiated state of the humors, or fluids, of the body, esp. of the blood. -- Cac`o*chym"ic (#), Cac`o*chym"ic*al (#), a.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cacochymical
Cacochymic
{ Cac`o*chym"ic (?), Cac`o*chym"ic*al (?), } a. Having the fluids of the body vitiated, especially the blood. Wiseman.
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Cacodemon
Cac`o*de"mon (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;; kako`s bad + &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_; demon: cf. F. cacodémon.] 1. An evil spirit; a devil or demon. Shak.
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2. (Med.) The nightmare. Dunaglison.
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Cacodoxical
Cac`o*dox"ic*al (?), a. Heretical.
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Cacodoxy
Cacodoxy
Cac"o*dox`y (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_; perverted opinion; kako`s bad + &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_; opinion.] Erroneous doctrine; heresy; heterodoxy. [R.]
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Heterodoxy, or what Luther calls cacodoxy. R. Turnbull.
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Cacodyl
Cac"o*dyl (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_; ill-smelling (kako`s bad + &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_; to smell) + -yl.] (Chem.) Alkarsin; a colorless, poisonous, arsenical liquid, As2(CH3)4, spontaneously inflammable and possessing an intensely disagreeable odor. It is the type of a series of compounds analogous to the nitrogen compounds called hydrazines. [Written also cacodyle, and kakodyl.]
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Cacodylic
Cac`o*dyl"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, cacodyl.
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Cacodylic acid, a white, crystalline, deliquescent substance, (CH3)2AsO.OH, obtained by the oxidation of cacodyl, and having the properties of an exceedingly stable acid; -- also called alkargen.
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Cacoethes
Cac`o*ë"thes (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_; of ill habits, &unr_;&unr_; &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_; an ill habit; kako`s bad + &unr_; habit] 1. A bad custom or habit; an insatiable desire; as, cacoëthes scribendi, “The itch for writing”. Addison.
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2. (Med.) A bad quality or disposition in a disease; an incurable ulcer.
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Cacogastric
Cac`o*gas"tric (?), a. [Gr. kako`s bad + &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_; stomach.] Troubled with bad digestion. [R.] Carlyle.
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cacogenics
cacogenics n. the study of the operation of factors causing degeneration in the type of offspring produced.
Syn. -- dysgenics.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cacographic
Cac`o*graph`ic (?), a. Pertaining to, or characterized by, cacography; badly written or spelled.
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Cacography
Ca*cog`ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. kako`s bad + -graphy; cf. F. cacographie.] Incorrect or bad writing or spelling. Walpole.
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Cacolet
Ca`co*let" (?), n. [F.] A chair, litter, or other contrivance fitted to the back or pack saddle of a mule for carrying travelers in mountainous districts, or for the transportation of the sick and wounded of an army.
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Cacology
Ca*col"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. kako`s bad + -logy: cf. F. cacologie.] Bad speaking; bad choice or use of words. Buchanan.
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Cacomixl
Cacomixtle
Cacomixle
{ ‖Ca`co*mix"le (?), Ca`co*mix"tle (?), Ca"co*mix`l (?) }, n. [Mexican name.] A North American carnivore (Bassaris astuta), about the size of a cat, related to the raccoons. It inhabits Mexico, Texas, and California.
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Cacoon
Ca*coon" (?), n. One of the seeds or large beans of a tropical vine (Entada scandens) used for making purses, scent bottles, etc.
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Cacophonious
Cacophonous
Cacophonical
Cacophonic
{ Cac`o*phon"ic (?), Cac`o*phon"ic*al (?), Ca*coph"o*nous (?), Cac`o*pho"ni*ous (?) }, a. Harsh-sounding.
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Cacophony
Ca*coph"o*ny (?), n.; pl. Cacophonies (#). [Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;; kako`s bad + &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_; sound: cf. F. Cacophonie.] 1. (Rhet.) An uncouth or disagreable sound of words, owing to the concurrence of harsh letters or syllables.Cacophonies of all kinds.” Pope.
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2. (Mus.) A combination of discordant sounds.
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3. (Med.) An unhealthy state of the voice.
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Cacostomia
Cac`o*sto"mi*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. kako`s bad + &unr_; mouth.] (Med.) Diseased or gangrenous condition of the mouth.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cacotechny
Cac"o*tech`ny (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;; kako`s bad + &unr_; art.] A corruption or corrupt state of art. [R.]
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Cacoxenite
Cacoxene
{ Ca*cox"ene (?), Ca*cox"e*nite (?) }, n. [Gr. kako`s bad + &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_; guest.] (Min.) A hydrous phosphate of iron occurring in yellow radiated tufts. The phosphorus seriously injures it as an iron ore.
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Cactaceous
Cac*ta"ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Belonging to, or like, the family of plants of which the prickly pear is a common example.
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Cactus
Cac"tus (?), n. ; pl. E. Cactuses (#), Cacti (-tī). [L., a kind of cactus, Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;.] (Bot.) Any plant of the order Cactacæ, as the prickly pear and the night-blooming cereus. See Cereus. They usually have leafless stems and branches, often beset with clustered thorns, and are mostly natives of the warmer parts of America.
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Cactus wren (Zoöl.), an American wren of the genus Campylorhynchus, of several species.
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Cacuminal
Ca*cu"mi*nal (?), a. [L. cacumen, cacuminis, the top, point.] (Philol.) Pertaining to the top of the palate; cerebral; -- applied to certain consonants; as, cacuminal (or cerebral) letters.
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Cacuminate
Ca*cu"mi*nate (?), v. i. [L. cacuminatus, p. p. of cacuminare to point, fr. cacumen point.] To make sharp or pointed. [Obs.]
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Cad
Cad (?), n. [Abbrev. fr. cadet.] 1. A person who stands at the door of an omnibus to open and shut it, and to receive fares; an idle hanger-on about innyards. [Eng.] Dickens.
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2. A lowbred, presuming person; a mean, vulgar fellow. [Cant] Thackeray.
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cadaster
cadaster n. same as cadastre.
Syn. -- cadastre.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cadastral
Ca*das"tral (?), a. [F.] Of or pertaining to landed property.
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Cadastral survey, or Cadastral map, a survey, map, or plan on a large scale (Usually 1/2500 of the linear measure of the ground, or twenty-five inches to the mile or about an inch to the acre) so as to represent the relative positions and dimensions of objects and estates exactly; -- distinguished from a topographical map, which exaggerates the dimensions of houses and the breadth of roads and streams, for the sake of distinctness. Brande & C.
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Cadaster
Cadastre
{ ‖Ca*das"tre, Ca*das"ter } (?), n. [F. cadastre.] (Law.) An official statement of the quantity and value of real estate for the purpose of apportioning the taxes payable on such property; a public register showing the details of ownership and value of land.
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Cadaver
Ca*da"ver (k&adot_;*dă"v&etilde_;r; k&adot_;*dā"v&etilde_;r), n. [L., fr cadere to fall.] A dead human body; a corpse.
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Cadaveric
Ca*dav"er*ic (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a corpse, or the changes produced by death; cadaverous; as, cadaveric rigidity. Dunglison.
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Cadaveric alkaloid, an alkaloid generated by the processes of decomposition in dead animal bodies, and thought by some to be the cause of the poisonous effects produced by the bodies. See Ptomaine.
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Cadaverin
Cadaverine
{ Ca*dav"er*ine (?), n. Also Ca*dav"er*in }. [From Cadaver and amine.] (Chem.) A sirupy, nontoxic ptomaine, H2N.(CH2)5.NH2 (chemically pentamethylene diamine), formed in putrefaction of flesh, etc.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Cadaverous
Ca*dav"er*ous (?), a. [L. cadaverosus.] 1. Having the appearance or color of a dead human body; pale; ghastly; as, a cadaverous look.
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2. Of or pertaining to, or having the qualities of, a dead body. “The scent cadaverous.”

-- Ca*dav"er*ous*ly, adv. -- Ca*dav"er*ous*ness, n.
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Cadbait
Cad"bait` (?), n. [Prov. E. codbait, cadbote fly.] (Zoöl.) See Caddice.

Caddis
Caddice
{ Cad"dice, Cad"dis } (?), n. [Prov. E. caddy, cadew; cf. G. köder bait.] (Zool.) The larva of a caddice fly. These larvæ generally live in cylindrical cases, open at each end, and covered externally with pieces of broken shells, gravel, bits of wood, etc. They are a favorite bait with anglers. Called also caddice worm, or caddis worm.
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Caddice fly
Caddice fly (Zool.), a small mothlike species of trichopterous insect, whose larva is the caddice; it has two pairs of hairy membranous wings and aquatic larvae.
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

Caddie
Cad"die (?), n. [Written also caddy, cadie, cady, and cawdy.] [See Cadet.] 1. A cadet. [Obs. Scot.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. A lad; young fellow. [Scot.] Burns.
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3. One who does errands or other odd jobs. [Scot.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

4. An attendant who carries a golf player's clubs, tees his ball, etc.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Caddis
Cad"dis, n. [OE. caddas, Scot. caddis lint, caddes a kind of woolen cloth, cf. Gael. cada, cadadh, a kind of cloth, cotton, fustian, W. cadas, F. cadis.] A kind of worsted lace or ribbon.Caddises, cambrics, lawns.” Shak.
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caddisfly
caddis fly
caddis fly, caddisfly n. same as caddice fly.
Syn. -- caddice fly, caddicefly.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caddish
Cad"dish (?), a. Like a cad; lowbred and presuming.
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Caddow
Cad"dow (?), n. [OE. cadawe, prob. fr. ca chough + daw jackdaw; cf. Gael. cadhag, cathag. Cf. Chough, Daw, n.] (Zool.) A jackdaw. [Prov. Eng.]
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Caddy
Cad"dy (?), n.; pl. Caddies (#). [Earlier spelt catty, fr. Malay katī a weight of 11/3 pounds. Cf. Catty.] 1. A small box, can, or chest to keep tea in, also called tea caddy.
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2. a container to hold objects when not in use.
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3. (Computers) a container to hold a compact disk, used in some types of compact disk devices, which is inserted into the CD player during playing, or in the case of recordable CD-ROMS, during recording. It is approximately square and thin, slightly larger than the compact disk. However, many CD players have a drawer for the compact disk, requiring no caddy.
[PJC]

Cade
Cade (?), a. [Cf. OE. cad, kod, lamb, also Cosset, Coddle.] Bred by hand; domesticated; petted.
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He brought his cade lamb with him. Sheldon.
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Cade
Cade, v. t. To bring up or nourish by hand, or with tenderness; to coddle; to tame. [Obs.] Johnson.
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Cade
Cade, n. [L. cadus jar, Gr. &unr_;.] A barrel or cask, as of fish. “A cade of herrings.” Shak.
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A cade of herrings is 500, of sprats 1,000. Jacob, Law Dict.
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Cade
Cade, n. [F. & Pr.; LL. cada.] A species of juniper (Juniperus Oxycedrus) of Mediterranean countries.
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Oil of cade, a thick, black, tarry liquid, obtained by destructive distillation of the inner wood of the cade. It is used as a local application in skin diseases.
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Cadence
Ca"dence (?), n. [OE. cadence, cadens, LL. cadentia a falling, fr. L. cadere to fall; cf. F. cadence, It. cadenza. See Chance.]
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1. The act or state of declining or sinking. [Obs.]
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Now was the sun in western cadence low. Milton.
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2. A fall of the voice in reading or speaking, especially at the end of a sentence.
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3. A rhythmical modulation of the voice or of any sound; as, music of bells in cadence sweet.
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Blustering winds, which all night long
Had roused the sea, now with hoarse cadence lull
Seafaring men o'erwatched.
Milton.
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The accents . . . were in passion's tenderest cadence. Sir W. Scott.
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4. Rhythmical flow of language, in prose or verse.
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Golden cadence of poesy. Shak.
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If in any composition much attention was paid to the flow of the rhythm, it was said (at least in the 14th and 15th centuries) to be “prosed in faire cadence.” Dr. Guest.
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5. (Her.) See Cadency.
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6. (Man.) Harmony and proportion in motions, as of a well-managed horse.
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7. (Mil.) A uniform time and place in marching.
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8. (Mus.) (a) The close or fall of a strain; the point of rest, commonly reached by the immediate succession of the tonic to the dominant chord. (b) A cadenza, or closing embellishment; a pause before the end of a strain, which the performer may fill with a flight of fancy.
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Imperfect cadence. (Mus.) See under Imperfect.
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Cadence
Ca"dence, v. t. To regulate by musical measure.
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These parting numbers, cadenced by my grief. Philips.
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Cadency
Ca"den*cy (?), n. Descent of related families; distinction between the members of a family according to their ages.
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Marks of cadency (Her.), bearings indicating the position of the bearer as older or younger son, or as a descendant of an older or younger son. See Difference (Her.).
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Cadene
Ca*dene" (?), n. [Cf. F. cadène.] A species of inferior carpet imported from the Levant. McElrath.
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Cadent
Ca"dent (?), a. [L. cadens, -entis, p. pr. of cadere to fall.] Falling. [R.]Cadent tears.” Shak.
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Cadenza
Ca*den"za (?), n. [It.] (Mus.) A parenthetic flourish or flight of ornament in the course of a piece, commonly just before the final cadence.
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Cader
Ca"der (?), n. See Cadre.
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Cadet
Ca*det" (?), n. [F. cadet a younger or the youngest son or brother, dim. fr. L. caput head; i. e., a smaller head of the family, after the first or eldest. See Chief, and cf. Cad.]
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1. The younger of two brothers; a younger brother or son; the youngest son.
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The cadet of an ancient and noble family. Wood.
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2. (Mil.) (a) A gentleman who carries arms in a regiment, as a volunteer, with a view of acquiring military skill and obtaining a commission. (b) A young man in training for military or naval service; esp. a pupil in a military or naval school, as at West Point, Annapolis, or Woolwich.
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&hand_; All the undergraduates at Annapolis are Naval cadets. The distinction between Cadet midshipmen and Cadet engineers was abolished by Act of Congress in 1882.
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3. In New Zealand, a young gentleman learning sheep farming at a station; also, any young man attached to a sheep station.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

4. A young man who makes a business of ruining girls to put them in brothels. [Slang, U. S.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cadetship
Ca*det"ship (?), n. The position, rank, or commission of a cadet; as, to get a cadetship.

Cadeworm
Cadew
{ Ca*dew" (?), Cade"worm` (?), } n. A caddice. See Caddice.
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Cadge
Cadge (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Cadged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Cadging.] [Cf. Scot. cache, caich, cadge, to toss, drive, OE. cachen to drive, catch, caggen to bind, or perh. E. cage. Cf. Cadger.]
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1. To carry, as a burden. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Halliwell.
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2. To hawk or peddle, as fish, poultry, etc. [Prov.]
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3. To intrude or live on another meanly; to beg. [Prov. or Slang, Eng.] Wright.
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Cadge
Cadge, n. [Cf. 2d Cadger.] (Hawking) A circular frame on which cadgers carry hawks for sale.
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Cadger
Cadg"er (?), n. [From Cadge, v. t., cf. Codger.]
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1. A packman or itinerant huckster.
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2. One who gets his living by trickery or begging. [Prov. or Slang] “The gentleman cadger.” Dickens.
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Cadger
Cadg"er, n. [OF. cagier one who catches hawks. Cf. Cage.] (Hawking) One who carries hawks on a cadge.
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Cadgy
Cadg"y (?), a. Cheerful or mirthful, as after good eating or drinking; also, wanton. [Scot. & Prov. Eng.]
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Cadi
Ca"di (?), n. [Turk. See Alcalde.] An inferior magistrate or judge among the Muslims, usually the judge of a town or village.
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Caddie
Cadie
{ Cad"ie, Cad"die (?), } n. A Scotch errand boy, porter, or messenger. [Written also cady.]
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Every Scotchman, from the peer to the cadie. Macaulay.
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Cadilesker
Ca`di*les"ker (?), n. [Ar. qā&dsdot_;ī judge + al'sker the army, Per. leshker.] A chief judge in the Turkish empire, so named originally because his jurisdiction extended to the cases of soldiers, who are now tried only by their own officers.
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Cadillac
Ca*dil"lac (?), n. [Prob. from Cadillac, a French town.] A large pear, shaped like a flattened top, used chiefly for cooking. Johnson.

2. [From Cadillac, the high-end expensive line of automobiles made by General Motors, often thought of as the best American-made automobile.] The best; -- metaphorical, from the automobile. Often used in the phrase “the Cadillac of . . . ”
[PJC]

Cadis
Cad"is (?), n. [F.] A kind of coarse serge.
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Cadmean
Cad*me"an (kăd*mē"&aitalic_;n), a. [L. Cadmeus, Gr. Kadmei^os, from Ka`dmos (L. Cadmus), which name perhaps means lit. a man from the East; cf. Heb. qedem east.] Of or pertaining to Cadmus, a fabulous prince of Thebes, who was said to have introduced into Greece the sixteen simple letters of the alphabet -- α, β, γ, δ, ε, ι, κ, λ, μ, ν, ο, π, ρ, σ, τ, υ. These are called Cadmean letters.
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Cadmean victory, a victory that damages the victors as much as the vanquished; probably referring to the battle in which the soldiers who sprang from the dragon's teeth sown by Cadmus slew each other. Similar to a Pyhrric victory.
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Cadmia
Cad"mi*a (?), n. [L. cadmia calamine, Gr. &unr_;. Cf. Calamine.] (Min.) An oxide of zinc which collects on the sides of furnaces where zinc is sublimed. Formerly applied to the mineral calamine.
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Cadmian
Cad"mi*an (?), a. [R.] See Cadmean.
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Cadmic
Cad"mic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, cadmium; as, cadmic sulphide.
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Cadmium
Cad"mi*um (?), n. [NL. See Cadmia.] (Chem.) A comparatively rare element related to zinc, and occurring in some zinc ores. It is a white metal, both ductile and malleable. Symbol Cd. Atomic weight 111.8. It was discovered by Stromeyer in 1817, who named it from its association with zinc or zinc ore.
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Cadmium yellow, a compound of cadmium and sulphur, of an intense yellow color, used as a pigment.
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Cadrans
Cad"rans (?), n. [Cf. F. cadran. Cf. Quadrant.] An instrument with a graduated disk by means of which the angles of gems are measured in the process of cutting and polishing.
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Cadre
Ca"dre (?), n. [F. cadre, It. quadro square, from L. quadrum, fr. quatuor four.] (Mil.) The framework or skeleton upon which a regiment is to be formed; the officers of a regiment forming the staff. [Written also cader.]
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Caducary
Ca*du"ca*ry (?), a. [See Caducous.] (Law) Relating to escheat, forfeiture, or confiscation.
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Caducean
Ca*du"ce*an (?), a. Of or belonging to Mercury's caduceus, or wand.
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Caduceus
Ca*du"ce*us (?), n. [L. caduceum, caduceus; akin to Gr. &unr_; a herald's wand, fr. &unr_; herald.] (Myth.) The official staff or wand of Hermes or Mercury, the messenger of the gods. It was originally said to be a herald's staff of olive wood, but was afterwards fabled to have two serpents coiled about it, and two wings at the top.
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Caducibranchiate
Ca*du`ci*bran"chi*ate (?), a. [L. caducus falling (fr. cadere to fall) + E. branchiate.] (Zool.) With temporary gills: -- applied to those Amphibia in which the gills do not remain in adult life.
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Caducity
Ca*du"ci*ty (?), n. [LL. caducitas: cf. F. caducité. See Caducous.] Tendency to fall; the feebleness of old age; senility. [R.]
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[A] jumble of youth and caducity. Chesterfield.
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Caducous
Ca*du"cous (?), [L. caducus falling, inclined to fall, fr. cadere to fall. See Cadence.] (Bot. & Zool.) Dropping off or disappearing early, as the calyx of a poppy, or the gills of a tadpole.
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Caduke
Ca*duke" (?), a. [Cf. F. caduc. See Caducous.] Perishable; frail; transitory. [Obs.] Hickes.
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The caduke pleasures of his world. Bp. Fisher.
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Cady
Cad"y (?), n. See Cadie.
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Caeca
Cæ"ca (?), n. pl. See Cæcum.
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Caecal
Cæ"cal (?), a. (Anat.)
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1. Of or pertaining to the cæcum, or blind gut.
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2. Having the form of a cæcum, or bag with one opening; baglike; as, the cæcal extremity of a duct.
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Caecias
Cæ"ci*as (?), n. [L. caecias, Gr. &unr_;.] A wind from the northeast. Milton.
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Caecilian
Cæ*cil"i*an (?; 106), n. [L. caecus blind. So named from the supposed blindness of the species, the eyes being very minute.] (Zool.) A limbless amphibian belonging to the order Cæciliæ or Ophimorpha. See Ophiomorpha. [Written also cœcilian.]
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caecum
cae"cum (?), n.; pl. Cæcums, L. Cæca (#). [L. caecus blind, invisible, concealed.] (Anat.) (a) A cavity open at one end, as the blind end of a canal or duct. (b) The blind part of the large intestine beyond the entrance of the small intestine; -- called also the blind gut. [Also spelled cecum.]
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&hand_; The cæcum is comparatively small in man, and ends in a slender portion, the vermiform appendix; but in herbivorous mammals it is often as large as the rest of the large intestine. In fishes there are often numerous intestinal cæca.
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Caelatura
Cæ`la*tu"ra (?), n. [L., fr. caelare to engrave in relief.] Art of producing metal decorative work other than statuary, as reliefs, intaglios, engraving, chasing, etc.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Caenozoic
Cæ`no*zo"ic (?), a. (Geol.) See Cenozoic.
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Caen stone
Ca"en stone" (?), A cream-colored limestone for building, found near Caen, France.
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caesar
cæ"sar (sē"z&etilde_;r), n. [L.] A Roman emperor, as being the successor of Augustus Cæsar. Hence, a kaiser, or emperor of Germany, or any emperor or powerful ruler. See Kaiser, Kesar, Tsar.
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Marlborough anticipated the day when he would be servilely flattered and courted by Cæsar on one side and by Louis the Great on the other. Macaulay.
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Cæsarian
Cæsarean
{ Cæ*sa"re*an, Cæ*sa"ri*an (s&euptack_;*zā"r&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;n), } a. [L. Caesareus, Caesarianus.] Of or pertaining to Cæsar or the Cæsars; imperial.
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caesarean
caesarean n. same as caesarean section.
[WordNet 1.5]

caesarean section
caesarean section n. (Surg.), the operation of taking a child from the womb by cutting through the walls of the abdomen and uterus; -- so called because Julius Cæsar is reported to have been brought into the world by such an operation; -- called also caesarean.
Syn. -- cesarean section, cesarian section, caesarean section, caesarian section, C-section, cesarean, cesarian.
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Caesarism
Cæ"sar*ism (sē"z&etilde_;r*&ibreve_;z'm), n. [Cf. F. Césarisme.] A system of government in which unrestricted power is exercised by a single person, to whom, as Cæsar or emperor, it has been committed by the popular will; imperialism; also, advocacy or support of such a system of government.
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&hand_; This word came into prominence in the time of Napoleon III., as an expression of the claims and political views of that emperor, and of the politicians of his court.
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Caesaropapism
Caesaropapism n. The doctrine that the state is supreme over the church in ecclesiastical matters.
Syn. -- Erastianism, Byzantinism.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caesious
Cæ"si*ous (sē"z&euptack_;*ŭs), a. [L. caesius bluish gray.] (Nat. Hist.) Of the color of lavender; pale blue with a slight mixture of gray. Lindley.
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Caesium
caesium
caesium, Cæ"si*um (sē"z&euptack_;*ŭm), n. [NL., from L. caesius bluish gray.] (Chem.) A rare alkaline metal found in mineral water; -- so called from the two characteristic blue lines in its spectrum. It was the first element discovered by spectrum analysis, and is the most strongly basic and electro-positive substance known. Symbol Cs. Atomic number 55. Atomic weight 132.6.
Syn. -- cesium, Cs
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Caespitose
Cæs"pi*tose` (?), a. Same as Cespitose.
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caesura
cae*su"ra (?), n.; pl. E. caesuras (&unr_;), L. Cæsuræ (&unr_;) [L. caesura a cutting off, a division, stop, fr. caedere, caesum, to cut off. See Concise.] A metrical break in a verse, occurring in the middle of a foot and commonly near the middle of the verse; a sense pause in the middle of a foot. Also, a long syllable on which the cæsural accent rests, or which is used as a foot.
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&hand_; In the following line the cæsura is between study and of.
[1913 Webster] The prop | er stud | y ‖ of | mankind | is man.

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2. a pause or interruption (as in a conversation); as, after an ominous caesura the preacher continued.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caesural
Cæ*su"ral (?), a. Of or pertaining to a cæsura.
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Cæsural pause, a pause made at a cæsura.
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Cafe
Ca`fé" (kă*fā" or F. k&adot_;`f&auptack_;"), n. [F. See Coffee.] A coffeehouse; a restaurant, especially a small restaurant where drinks and snacks are sold; also, a room in a hotel or restaurant where coffee and liquors are served.
Syn. -- coffeehouse, coffee shop, coffee bar.
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cafe latte
ca`fé" lat"te (k&adot_;`fā"l&adot_;*tā"), n. A type of espresso coffee topped with foamy steamed milk, and usually served in a tall glass or mug; also called latte.
[PJC]

Cafeneh
Cafenet
{ Caf"e*net (?), Caf"e*neh (?), } n. [Turk. qahveh khāneh coffeehouse.] A humble inn or house of rest for travelers, where coffee is sold. [Turkey]
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Cafeteria
Caf`e*te"ri*a (?), n. [Cf. F. cafetière.] 1. A restaurant or café at which the patrons serve themselves with food kept at a counter, typically paying a cashier at the end of the counter and taking the food to tables to eat. [U. S.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl. + WordNet 1.5]

2. a room within a building functioning in the same manner as a cafeteria{1}. In certain organizations, as schools, the food may be provided gratis.
[PJC]

Cafetorium
Caf`e*to"ri*um (?), n. [from cafeteria and auditorium.] a large room within a building, especially a school, which functions as both a cafeteria and an auditorium.
[PJC]

caff
caff (?), n. [from cafe.] a cafe. [British slang]
[PJC]

Caffeic
Caf*fe"ic (?), a. [See Coffee.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, coffee.
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Caffeic acid, an acid obtained from coffee tannin, as a yellow crystalline substance, C9H8O4.
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Caffeine
caffein
caf*fe"in, Caf*fe"ine (?), n. [Cf. F. caféine. See Coffee.] (Chem.) A white, bitter, crystallizable substance, found in coffee and tea. It is identical with the alkaloid theine from tea leaves, and with guaranine from guarana. It is responsible for most of the stimulating effect of coffee or tea.
[1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

Caffetannic
Caf`fe*tan"nic (?), a. [Caffeic + tannic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, the tannin of coffee.
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Caffetannic acid, a variety of tannin obtained from coffee berries, regarded as a glucoside.
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Caffila
Caf"fi*la (?), n. [Ar.] See Cafila.
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Caffre
Caf"fre (?), n. See Kaffir.
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Cafileh
Cafila
{ ‖Ca"fi*la (?), ‖Ca"fi*leh (?), } n. [Ar.] A caravan of travelers; a military supply train or government caravan; a string of pack horses.
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Caftan
Caf"tan (?), n. [Turk. qaftān: cf. F. cafetan.] A garment worn throughout the Levant, consisting of a long gown with sleeves reaching below the hands. It is generally fastened by a belt or sash.
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Caftan
Caf"tan (?), v. t. To clothe with a caftan. [R.]
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The turbaned and caftaned damsel. Sir W. Scott.
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Cag
Cag (?), n. See Keg. [Obs.]
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Cage
Cage (?), n. [F. cage, fr. L. cavea cavity, cage, fr. cavus hollow. Cf. Cave, n., Cajole, Gabion.]
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1. A box or inclosure, wholly or partly of openwork, in wood or metal, used for confining birds or other animals.
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In his cage, like parrot fine and gay. Cowper.
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2. A place of confinement for malefactors Shak.
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Stone walls do not a prison make,
Nor iron bars a cage.
Lovelace.
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3. (Carp.) An outer framework of timber, inclosing something within it; as, the cage of a staircase. Gwilt.
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4. (Mach.) (a) A skeleton frame to limit the motion of a loose piece, as a ball valve. (b) A wirework strainer, used in connection with pumps and pipes.
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5. The box, bucket, or inclosed platform of a lift or elevator; a cagelike structure moving in a shaft.
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6. (Mining) The drum on which the rope is wound in a hoisting whim.
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7. (Baseball) The catcher's wire mask.
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Cage
Cage (kāj), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Caged (kājd); p. pr. & vb. n. Caging.] To confine in, or as in, a cage; to shut up or confine.Caged and starved to death.” Cowper.
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Caged
Caged (kājd), a. Confined in, or as in, a cage; like a cage or prison. “The caged cloister.” Shak.
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Cageling
Cage"ling (kāj"l&ibreve_;ng), n. [Cage + -ling] A bird confined in a cage; esp. a young bird. [Poetic] Tennyson.
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Cagit
Ca"git (kā"j&ibreve_;t), n. (Zool) A kind of parrot, of a beautiful green color, found in the Philippine Islands.
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Cagmag
Cag"mag (kăg"măg), n. A tough old goose; hence, coarse, bad food of any kind. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
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Cagot
Ca`got" (k&adot_;`g&ouptack_;"), n. [F.] One of a race inhabiting the valleys of the Pyrenees, who until 1793 were political and social outcasts (Christian Pariahs). They are supposed to be a remnant of the Visigoths.
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Cahenslyism
Ca*hens"ly*ism (?), n. (R. C. Ch.) A plan proposed to the Pope in 1891 by P. P. Cahensly, a member of the German parliament, to divide the foreign-born population of the United States, for ecclesiastical purposes, according to European nationalities, and to appoint bishops and priests of like race and speaking the same language as the majority of the members of a diocese or congregation. This plan was successfully opposed by the American party in the Church.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cahier
Ca`hier" (k&adot_;`y&auptack_;" or k&adot_;`hēr), n. [F., fr. OF. cayer, fr. LL. quaternum. See Quire of paper. The sheets of manuscript were folded into parts.] 1. A number of sheets of paper put loosely together; esp. one of the successive portions of a work printed in numbers.
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2. A memorial of a body; a report of legislative proceedings, etc.
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Cahinca root
Ca*hin"ca root` (?). [Written also cainca root.] [See Cahincic.] (Bot.) The root of an American shrub (Chiococca racemosa), found as far north as Florida Keys, from which cahincic acid is obtained; also, the root of the South American Chiococca anguifuga, a celebrated antidote for snake poison.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cahincic
Ca*hin"cic (?), a. Pertaining to, or derived from, cahinca, the native name of a species of Brazilian Chiococca, perhaps Chiococca racemosa; as, cahincic acid.
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Cahoot
Ca*hoot" (?), n. [Perhaps fr. f. cohorte a company or band.] Partnership; league; as, to go in cahoot (or in cahoots) with a person. Usually used in the plural, and in modern usage often used to imply that the joint effort is unethical, shady, questionable, or illegal; as, a shill in cahoots with a pickpocket, to serve as a distraction. [Slang, southwestern U. S.] Bartlett.
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Caimacam
Cai`ma*cam" (?), n. [Turk.] The governor of a sanjak or district in Turkey.
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Caiman
Cai"man (?), n. (Zool.) See Cayman.
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Cainozoic
Cai`no*zo"ic (?), a. (Geol.) See Cenozic.
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Caique
Ca*ïque" (?), n. [F., fr. Turk. qāīq boat.] (Naut.) A light skiff or rowboat used on the Bosporus; also, a Levantine vessel of larger size.
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ca ira
ça" i*ra" (?). [F. ça ira, ça ira, les aristocrates à la lanterne, it shall go on, it shall go on, [hang]the arictocrats to the lantern (lamp-post).] The refrain of a famous song of the French Revolution.
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Caird
Caird (?), n. [Ir. ceard a tinker.] A traveling tinker; also a tramp or sturdy beggar. [Prov. Eng.]
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Cairn
Cairn (?), n. [Gael. carn, gen. cairn, a heap: cf. Ir. & W. carn.] 1. A rounded or conical heap of stones erected by early inhabitants of the British Isles, apparently as a sepulchral monument.
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Now here let us place the gray stone of her cairn. Campbell.
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2. A pile of stones heaped up as a landmark, or to arrest attention, as in surveying, or in leaving traces of an exploring party, etc. C. Kingsley. Kane.
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cairned
cairned adj. piled up, like a cairn.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cairo
Cairo prop. n. (Geography) The capital city of Egypt. It is the largest city in Africa. Population (2000) = 7,010,000.
Syn. -- El Qahira, Egyptian capital, capital of Egypt.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Cairngormstone
cairngorm
cairn"gorm, Cairn*gorm"stone` (?). [Gael. carn a cairn + gorm azure.] (Min.) A smoky yellow or brown variety of rock crystal, or crystallized quartz, found especially, in the mountain of Cairngorm, in Scotland.
Syn. -- smoky quartz.
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Caisson
Cais"son (?), n. [F., fr. caisse, case, chest. See 1st Case.] 1. (Mil.) (a) A chest to hold ammunition. (b) A four-wheeled carriage for conveying ammunition, consisting of two parts, a body and a limber. In light field batteries there is one caisson to each piece, having two ammunition boxes on the body, and one on the limber. Farrow. (c) A chest filled with explosive materials, to be laid in the way of an enemy and exploded on his approach.
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2. (a) A water-tight box, of timber or iron within which work is carried on in building foundations or structures below the water level. (b) A hollow floating box, usually of iron, which serves to close the entrances of docks and basins. (c) A structure, usually with an air chamber, placed beneath a vessel to lift or float it.
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3. (Arch.) A sunk panel of ceilings or soffits.
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Pneumatic caisson (Engin.), a caisson, closed at the top but open at the bottom, and resting upon the ground under water. The pressure of air forced into the caisson keeps the water out. Men and materials are admitted to the interior through an air lock. See Lock.
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Caisson disease
Cais"son dis*ease". (Med.) A disease frequently induced by remaining for some time in an atmosphere of high pressure, as in caissons, diving bells, etc. It is characterized by neuralgic pains and paralytic symptoms. It is caused by the release of bubbles of gas, usually nitrogen, from bodily fluids into the blood and tissues, when a person, having been in an environment with high air pressure, moves to a lower pressure environment too rapidly for the excess dissolved gases to be released through normal breathing. It may be fatal, but can be reversed or alleviated by returning the affected person to a high air pressure, and then gradually decreasing the pressure to allow the gases to be released from the body fluids. It is a danger well known to divers. It is also called the bends and decompression sickness. It can be prevented in divers by a slow return to normal pressure, or by using a breathing mixture of oxygen combined with a gas having low solubility in water, such as helium.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Caitiff
Cai"tiff (?), a. [OE. caitif, cheitif, captive, miserable, OF. caitif, chaitif, captive, mean, wretched, F. chétif, fr. L. captivus captive, fr. capere to take, akin to E. heave. See Heave, and cf. Captive.] 1. Captive; wretched; unfortunate. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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2. Base; wicked and mean; cowardly; despicable.
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Arnold had sped his caitiff flight. W. Irving.
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Caitiff
Cai"tiff, n. A captive; a prisoner. [Obs.]
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Avarice doth tyrannize over her caitiff and slave. Holland.
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2. A wretched or unfortunate man. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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3. A mean, despicable person; one whose character meanness and wickedness meet.
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The deep-felt conviction of men that slavery breaks down the moral character . . . speaks out with . . . distinctness in the change of meaning which caitiff has undergone signifying as it now does, one of a base, abject disposition, while there was a time when it had nothing of this in it. Trench.
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Cajanus
Cajanus n. a genus of erect densely branched shrubby perennials of Old World tropics; naturalized in other warm regions.
Syn. -- genus Cajanus.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cajeput
Caj"e*put (?), n. See Cajuput.
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Cajole
Ca*jole" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Cajoled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Cajoling.] [F. cajoler, orig., to chatter like a bird in a cage, to sing; hence, to amuse with idle talk, to flatter, from the source of OF. goale, jaiole, F. geôle, dim. of cage a cage. See Cage, Jail.] To deceive with flattery or fair words; to wheedle.
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I am not about to cajole or flatter you into a reception of my views. F. W. Robertson.

Syn. -- To flatter; wheedle; delude; coax; entrap.
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Cajolement
Ca*jole"ment (?), n. The act of cajoling; the state of being cajoled; cajolery. Coleridge.
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Cajoler
Ca*jol"er (?), n. A flatterer; a wheedler.
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Cajolery
Ca*jol"er*y (?), n.; pl. Cajoleries (&unr_;). A wheedling to delude; words used in cajoling; flattery. “Infamous cajoleries.” Evelyn.
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Cajun
Ca"jun (?), n. [A corruption of Acadian.] (Ethnol.) In Louisiana, a person reputed to be Acadian French descent. Also used attributively, as in Cajun cooking.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Cajuput
Caj"u*put (?), n. [Of Malayan origin; kāyu tree + pūtih white.] (Med.) A highly stimulating volatile inflammable oil, distilled from the leaves of an East Indian tree (Melaleuca cajuputi, etc.) It is greenish in color and has a camphoraceous odor and pungent taste.
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Cajuputene
Caj"u*put*ene` (?), n. (Chem.) A colorless or greenish oil extracted from cajuput.
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Cake
Cake (kāk), n. [OE. cake, kaak; akin to Dan. kage, Sw. & Icel. kaka, D. koek, G.kuchen, OHG. chuocho.]
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1. A small mass of dough baked; especially, a thin loaf from unleavened dough; as, an oatmeal cake; johnnycake.
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2. A sweetened composition of flour and other ingredients, leavened or unleavened, baked in a loaf or mass of any size or shape.
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3. A thin wafer-shaped mass of fried batter; a griddlecake or pancake; as buckwheat cakes.
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4. A mass of matter concreted, congealed, or molded into a solid mass of any form, esp. into a form rather flat than high; as, a cake of soap; an ague cake.
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Cakes of rusting ice come rolling down the flood. Dryden.
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Cake urchin (Zool), any species of flat sea urchins belonging to the Clypeastroidea. -- Oil cake the refuse of flax seed, cotton seed, or other vegetable substance from which oil has been expressed, compacted into a solid mass, and used as food for cattle, for manure, or for other purposes. -- To have one's cake dough, to fail or be disappointed in what one has undertaken or expected. Shak.
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Cake
Cake, v. i. To form into a cake, or mass.
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Cake
Cake, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Caked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Caking.] To concrete or consolidate into a hard mass, as dough in an oven; to coagulate.
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Clotted blood that caked within. Addison.
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Cake
Cake, v. i. To cackle as a goose. [Prov. Eng.]
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Caking coal
Cak"ing coal` (?). See Coal.
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Cal
Cal (?), n. (Cornish Mines) Wolfram, an ore of tungsten. Simmonds.
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calaba
calaba n. a West Indian tree (Calophyllum calaba) having racemes of fragrant white flowers and yielding a durable timber and resinous juice.
Syn. -- Santa Maria tree.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calabar
Cal"a*bar (?), n. A district on the west coast of Africa.
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Calabar bean, The of a climbing legumious plant (Physostigma venenosum), a native of tropical Africa. It is highly poisonous. It is used to produce contraction of the pupil of the eye; also in tetanus, neuralgia, and rheumatic diseases; -- called also ordeal bean, being used by the negroes in trials for witchcraft.
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Calabarine
Cal"a*bar*ine (?), n. (Chem.) An alkaloid resembling physostigmine and occurring with it in the calabar bean.
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Calabash
Cal"a*bash (kăl"&adot_;*băsh), n. [Sp. calabaza, or Pg. calabaça, cabaça (cf. F. Calebasse), lit., a dry gourd, fr. Ar. qar', fem., a kind of gourd + aibas dry.] 1. The common gourd (plant or fruit).
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2. The fruit of the calabash tree.
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3. A water dipper, bottle, bascket, or other utensil, made from the dry shell of a calabash or gourd.
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Calabash tree. (Bot.), a tree of tropical America (Crescentia cujete), producing a large gourdlike fruit, containing a purgative pulp. Its hard shell, after the removal of the pulp, is used for cups, bottles, etc. The African calabash tree is the baobab.
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Calaboose
Cal`a*boose" (?), n. [A corruption of Sp. calabozo dungeon.] A prison; a jail. [Local, U. S.]
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Calabozo
Ca`la*bo"zo (?), n. [Sp.] A jail. See Calaboose.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

calabura
calabura n. a fast-growing tropical American evergreen (Muntingia calabura) having white flowers and white fleshy edible fruit; bark yields a silky fiber used in cordage and wood is valuable for staves.
Syn. -- Jamaican cherry, calabur tree, silkwood.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calade
Ca*lade" (?), n. [F.] A slope or declivity in a manege ground down which a horse is made to gallop, to give suppleness to his haunches.
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caladenia
caladenia n. any of various orchids of the genus Caladenia.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caladium
Ca*la"di*um (?), n. [NL.] A genus of aroideous plants, of which some species are cultivated for their immense leaves (which are often curiously blotched with white and red), and others (in Polynesia) for food.
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Calaite
Cal"a*ite (kăl`&auptack_;*īt), n. [L. callaïs, Gr. ka`lai:s, ka`llai:s; cf. F. calaïte.] A mineral. See Turquoise.
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Calamanco
Cal`a*man"co (kăl`&adot_;*mă&nsmacr_;"k&ouptack_;), n. [LL. calamancus, calamacus; cf. camelaucum; a head covering made of camel's hair, NGr. kamelay`kion, and F. calmande a woolen stuff.] A glossy woolen stuff, plain, striped, or checked. “A gay calamanco waistcoat.” Tatler.
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Calamander wood
Cal"a*man`der wood (kăl"&adot_;*măn`d&etilde_;r w&oobreve_;d`). A valuable furniture wood from India and Ceylon, of a hazel-brown color, with black stripes, very hard in texture. It is a species of ebony, and is obtained from the Diospyros quæsita. Called also Coromandel wood.
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calamari
Cal"a*mar`i (kăl`&adot_;*mär"&euptack_;), n. [It. calamari, fr. LL. calamarium inkstand, fr. L. calamus a reed pen: cf. F. calmar, calemar, pen case, calamar.] (Cookery) Squid, used as a food; -- from the Italian word. See Squid.
[PJC]

Calambac
Cal"am*bac (kăl"ăm*băk), n. [F. calambac, calambour, from Malay Kalambaq a king of fragrant wood.] (Bot.) A fragrant wood; agalloch.
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Calambour
Cal"am*bour (kăl"ăm*b&oomacr_;r), n. [See Calambac.] A species of agalloch, or aloes wood, of a dusky or mottled color, of a light, friable texture, and less fragrant than calambac; -- used by cabinetmakers.
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Calamiferous
Cal`a*mif"er*ous (?), a. [L. calamus reed + ferous.] Producing reeds; reedy.
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Calamine
Cal"a*mine (kăl"&adot_;*mīn or -m&ibreve_;n), n. [F. calamine, LL. calamina, fr. L. Cadmia. See Cadmia.] (min.) A mineral, the hydrous silicate of zinc.
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&hand_; The name was formerly applied to both the carbonate and silicate of zinc each of which is valuabic as an ore; but it is now usually restricted to the latter, the former being called smithsonite.
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Calamint
Cal"a*mint (-m&ibreve_;nt), n. [OE. calamint, calemente (cf. F. calament) fr. L. calamintha, Gr. kalami`nqh, kala`minqos. See 1st Mint.] (Bot.) A genus of perennial plants (Calamintha) of the Mint family, esp. the Calamintha Nepeta and Calamintha Acinos, which are called also basil thyme.
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Calamist
Cal"a*mist (-m&ibreve_;st), n. [L. calamus a reed.] One who plays upon a reed or pipe. [Obs.] Blount.
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Calamistrate
Cal`a*mis"trate (-m&ibreve_;s"trāt), v. i. [L. calamistratus, curled with the curling iron, fr. calamistrum curling iron, fr. calamus a reed.] To curl or friz, as the hair. [Obs.] Cotgrave.

Calamistration
Cal`a*mis*tra"tion (kăl`&adot_;*m&ibreve_;s*trā"shŭn), n. The act or process of curling the hair. [Obs.] Burton.
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Calamistrum
Cal`a*mis"trum (?), n. [L., a curling iron.] (Zool.) A comblike structure on the metatarsus of the hind legs of certain spiders (Ciniflonidæ), used to curl certain fibers in the construction of their webs.
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Calamite
Cal"a*mite (?), n. [L. calamus a reed: cf. F. calamite.] (Paleon.) A fossil plant of the coal formation, having the general form of plants of the modern Equiseta (the Horsetail or Scouring Rush family) but sometimes attaining the height of trees, and having the stem more or less woody within. See Acrogen, and Asterophyllite.
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Calamitous
Ca*lam"i*tous (?), a. [L. Calamitosus; cf. F. calamiteux.]
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1. Suffering calamity; wretched; miserable. [Obs.]
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Ten thousands of calamitous persons. South.
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2. Producing, or attended with distress and misery; making wretched; wretched; unhappy. “This sad and calamitous condition.” South. “A calamitous prison” Milton.

Syn. -- Miserable; deplorable; distressful; afflictive; wretched; grievous; baleful; disastrous; adverse; unhappy; severe; sad; unfortunate.

-- Ca*lam"i*tous*ly, adv. -- Ca*lam"i*tous*ness, n.
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Calamity
Ca*lam"i*ty (?) n.; pl. Calamities (#). [L. calamitas, akin to in-columis unharmed: cf. F. calamité] 1. Any great misfortune or cause of misery; -- generally applied to events or disasters which produce extensive evil, either to communities or individuals.
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The word calamity was first derived from calamus when the corn could not get out of the stalk. Bacon.
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Strokes of calamity that scathe and scorch the soul. W. Irving.
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2. A state or time of distress or misfortune; misery.
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The deliberations of calamity are rarely wise. Burke.
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Where'er I came I brought calamity. Tennyson.

Syn. -- Disaster; distress; affliction; adversity; misfortune; unhappiness; infelicity; mishap; mischance; misery; evil; extremity; exigency; downfall. -- Calamity, Disaster, Misfortune, Mishap, Mischance. Of these words, calamity is the strongest. It supposes a somewhat continuous state, produced not usually by the direct agency of man, but by natural causes, such as fire, flood, tempest, disease, etc, Disaster denotes literally ill-starred, and is some unforeseen and distressing event which comes suddenly upon us, as if from hostile planet. Misfortune is often due to no specific cause; it is simply the bad fortune of an individual; a link in the chain of events; an evil independent of his own conduct, and not to be charged as a fault. Mischance and mishap are misfortunes of a trivial nature, occurring usually to individuals. “A calamity is either public or private, but more frequently the former; a disaster is rather particular than private; it affects things rather than persons; journey, expedition, and military movements are often attended with disasters; misfortunes are usually personal; they immediately affect the interests of the individual.” Crabb.
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Calamus
Cal"a*mus (?), n.; pl. Calami (#). [L., a reed. See Halm.] 1. (Bot.) The indian cane, a plant of the Palm family. It furnishes the common rattan. See Rattan, and Dragon's blood.
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2. (Bot.) A species of Acorus (Acorus calamus), commonly called calamus, or sweet flag. The root has a pungent, aromatic taste, and is used in medicine as a stomachic; the leaves have an aromatic odor, and were formerly used instead of rushes to strew on floors.
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3. (Zool.) The horny basal portion of a feather; the barrel or quill.
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Calando
Ca*lan"do (?), a. [It.] (Mus.) Gradually diminishing in rapidity and loudness.
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Calandrinia
Calandrinia n. a large genus of low-growing herbs; widespread throughout tropical and warm temperate regions having usually basal leaves and panicles of purplish ephemeral flowers.
Syn. -- genus Calandrinia.
[WordNet 1.5]

calanthe
calanthe n. any of various showy orchids of the genus Calanthe having white or yellow or rose-colored flowers and broad leaves folded lengthwise.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calash
Ca*lash" (?), n. [F. calèche; of Slavonic origin; cf. Bohem. kolesa, Russ. koliaska calash, koleso, kolo, wheel.] 1. A light carriage with low wheels, having a top or hood that can be raised or lowered, seats for inside, a separate seat for the driver, and often a movable front, so that it can be used as either an open or a closed carriage.
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The baroness in a calash capable of holding herself, her two children, and her servants. W. Irving.
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2. In Canada, a two-wheeled, one-seated vehicle, with a calash top, and the driver's seat elevated in front.
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3. A hood or top of a carriage which can be thrown back at pleasure.
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4. A hood, formerly worn by ladies, which could be drawn forward or thrown back like the top of a carriage.
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Calaveras skull
Ca`la*ve"ras skull (?). A human skull reported, by Prof. J. D. Whitney, as found in 1886 in a Tertiary auriferous gravel deposit, lying below a bed of black lava, in Calaveras County, California. It is regarded as very doubtful whether the skull really belonged to the deposit in which it was found. If it did, it indicates an unprecedented antiquity for human beings of an advanced type.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Calaverite
Ca`la*ve"rite (&unr_;), n. (Min.) A bronze-yellow massive mineral with metallic luster; a telluride of gold; -- first found in Calaveras County California.
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Calcaneal
Cal*ca"ne*al (?), a. (Anal.) Pertaining to the calcaneum; as, calcaneal arteries.
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Calcaneum
Cal*ca"ne*um (?) n.; pl. E. -neums, L. -nea. [L. the heel, fr. calx, calcis, the heel.] (Anal.) One of the bones of the tarsus which in man, forms the great bone of the heel; -- called also fibulare.
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Calcar
Cal"car (?), n. [L. calcaria lime kiln, fr. calx, calcis, lime. See Calx.] (Glass manuf.) A kind of oven, or reverberatory furnace, used for the calcination of sand and potash, and converting them into frit. Ure.
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Calcar
Cal"car, n.; L. pl. Calcaria (#). [L., a spur, as worn on the heel, also the spur of a cock, fr. calx, calcis, the heel.] 1. (Bot.) A hollow tube or spur at the base of a petal or corolla.
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2. (Zool.) A slender bony process from the ankle joint of bats, which helps to support the posterior part of the web, in flight.
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3. (Anat.) (a) A spur, or spurlike prominence. (b) A curved ridge in the floor of the leteral ventricle of the brain; the calcar avis, hippocampus minor, or ergot.
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Calcarated
Calcarate
{ Cal"ca*rate (?), Cal"ca*ra`ted (?), } a. [LL. calcaratus, fr. L. calcar. See 2d Calcar.]
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1. (Bot.) Having a spur, as the flower of the toadflax and larkspur; spurred. Gray.
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2. (Zool.) Armed with a spur.
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Calcareo-argillaceous
Cal*ca"re*o-ar`gil*la"ceous (?), a. consisting of, or containing, calcareous and argillaceous earths.
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Calcareo-bituminous
Cal*ca"re*o-bi*tu"mi*nous (?), a. Consisting of, or containing, lime and bitumen. Lyell.
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Calcareo-siliceous
Cal*ca"re*o-si*li"ceous (?), a.Consisting of, or containing, calcareous and siliceous earths.
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Calcareous
Cal*ca"re*ous (kăl*kā"r&euptack_;*ŭs), a. [L. calcarius pertaining to lime. See Calx.] Partaking of the nature of calcite or calcium carbonate; consisting of, or containing, calcium carbonate or carbonate of lime.
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Calcareous spar. Same as Calcite.
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Calcareousness
Cal*ca"re*ous*ness, n. Quality of being calcareous.
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Calcariferous
Cal`ca*rif"er*ous (kăl`k&adot_;*r&ibreve_;f"&etilde_;r*ŭs), a. [L. calcarius of lime + -ferous.] Lime-yielding; calciferous
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Calcarine
Cal"ca*rine (kăl"k&adot_;*r&ibreve_;n), a. (Anat.) Pertaining to, or situated near, the calcar of the brain.
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Calcavella
Cal`ca*vel"la (kăl`k&adot_;*v&ebreve_;l"l&adot_;), n. A sweet wine from Portugal; -- so called from the district of Carcavelhos. [Written also Calcavellos or Carcavelhos.]
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Calceated
Cal"ce*a`ted (kăl"s&euptack_;*ā`t&ebreve_;d), a. [L. calceatus, p. p. of calceare to shoe, fr. calceus shoe, fr. calx, calcis, heel.] Fitted with, or wearing, shoes. Johnson.
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Calced
Calced (kălst), a. [See Calceated.] Wearing shoes; calceated; -- in distinction from discalced or barefooted; as the calced Carmelites.
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Calcedon
Cal"ce*don (kăl"s&euptack_;*d&obreve_;n), n. [See Chalcedony.] A foul vein, like chalcedony, in some precious stones.
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Calcedonian
Calcedonic
{ Cal`ce*don"ic (kăl`s&euptack_;*d&obreve_;n"&ibreve_;k), Cal`ce*do"ni*an, } a. See Chalcedonic.
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Calceiform
Cal"ce*i*form` (kăl"s&euptack_;*&ibreve_;*fôrm`), a. [L. calceus shoe + -form.] (Bot.) Shaped like a slipper, as one petal of the lady's-slipper; calceolate.
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calceolaria
cal`ce*o*la"ri*a (kăl`s&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*lā"r&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n. [NL., fr. L. calceolarius shoemaker, fr. calceolus, a dim. of calceus shoe.] (Bot.) A genus of showy herbaceous or shrubby plants, brought from South America; slipperwort. It has a yellow or purple flower, often spotted or striped, the shape of which suggests its name.
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Calceolate
Cal"ce*o*late (kăl"s&euptack_;*&ouptack_;*l&auptack_;t), a. [See Calceolaria.] Slipper-shaped. See Calceiform.
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Calces
Cal"ces (kăl"sēz), n. pl. See Calx.
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Calcic
Cal"cic (kăl"s&ibreve_;k), a. [L. calx, calcis, lime: cf. F. calcique.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, calcium or lime.
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calciferol
cal*cif"er*ol (kăl*s&ibreve_;f"&etilde_;r*&asuml_;l), n. One of the forms of vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets. It is an unsaturated alcohol (C28H43OH) found in foods such as milk and fish liver oils. It is used as a dietary supplement in milk.
Syn. -- vitamin D, ergocalciferol, cholecarciferol, D.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

calciferous
cal*cif"er*ous (kăl*s&ibreve_;f"&etilde_;r*ŭs), a. [L. calx, calcis, lime + -ferous.] Bearing, producing, or containing calcite, or carbonate of lime.
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Calciferous epoch (Geol.), an epoch in the American lower Silurian system, immediately succeeding the Cambrian period. The name alludes to the peculiar mixture of calcareous and siliceous characteristics in many of the beds. See the Diagram under Geology.
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Calcific
Cal*cif"ic (kăl*s&ibreve_;f"&ibreve_;k), a. Calciferous. Specifically: (Zool.) of or pertaining to the portion of the oviduct which forms the eggshell in birds and reptiles. Huxley.
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Calcification
Cal`ci*fi*ca"tion (kăl`s&ibreve_;*f&ibreve_;*kā"shŭn), n. (Physiol.) The process of change into a stony or calcareous substance by the deposition of lime salt; -- normally, as in the formation of bone and of teeth; abnormally, as in calcareous degeneration of tissue.
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Calcified
Cal"ci*fied (kăl"s&ibreve_;*fīd), a. Consisting of, or containing, calcareous matter or lime salts; calcareous.
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Calciform
Cal"ci*form (kăl"s&ibreve_;*fôrm), a. [L. calx, calcis, lime + -form.] In the form of chalk or lime.
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Calcify
Cal"ci*fy (kăl"s&ibreve_;*fī), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Calcified (-fīd); p. pr. & vb. n. Calcifying.] [L. calx, calcis, lime + -fy.] To make stony or calcareous by the deposit or secretion of salts of lime.
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Calcify
Cal"ci*fy, v. i. To become changed into a stony or calcareous condition, in which lime is a principal ingredient, as in the formation of teeth.
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Calcigenous
Cal*cig"e*nous (?), a. [L. calx, calcis, lime + -genouse.] (Chem.) Tending to form, or to become, a calx or earthlike substance on being oxidized or burnt; as magnesium, calcium. etc.
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Calcigerous
Cal*cig"er*ous (?), a. [L. calx, calcis, lime + -gerouse.] Holding lime or other earthy salts; as, the calcigerous cells of the teeth.
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Calcimine
Cal"ci*mine (?), n. [L. calx, calcis, lime.] A white or colored wash for the ceiling or other plastering of a room, consisting of a mixture of clear glue, Paris white or zinc white, and water. [Also spelt kalsomine.]
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Calcimine
Cal"ci*mine, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Calcimined (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Calcimining.] To wash or cover with calcimine; as, to calcimine walls.
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Calciminer
Cal"ci*mi`ner (?), n. One who calcimines.
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Calcinable
Cal*cin"a*ble (?), a. That may be calcined; as, a calcinable fossil.
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Calcinate
Cal"ci*nate (?), v. i. To calcine. [R.]
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Calcination
Cal`ci*na"tion (kăl`s&ibreve_;*nā"shŭn), n. [F. calcination.]
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1. (Chem.) The act or process of disintegrating a substance, or rendering it friable by the action of heat, esp. by the expulsion of some volatile matter, as when carbonic and acid is expelled from carbonate of calcium in the burning of limestone in order to make lime.
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2. The act or process of reducing a metal to an oxide or metallic calx; oxidation.
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Calcinatory
Cal*cin"a*to*ry (?), n. A vessel used in calcination.
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Calcine
Cal*cine" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Calciden (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Calcining.] [F. calciner, fr. L. calx, calcis, lime. See Calx.]
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1. To reduce to a powder, or to a friable state, by the action of heat; to expel volatile matter from by means of heat, as carbonic acid from limestone, and thus (usually) to produce disintegration; as to, calcine bones.
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2. To oxidize, as a metal by the action of heat; to reduce to a metallic calx.
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Calcine
Cal*cine", v. i. To be converted into a powder or friable substance, or into a calx, by the action of heat.Calcining without fusion” Newton.
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Calciner
Cal*cin"er (?), n. One who, or that which, calcines.
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Calcispongiae
Cal`ci*spon"gi*æ (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. calx, calcis, lime + spongia a sponge.] (Zool.) An order of marine sponges, containing calcareous spicules. See Porifera.
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Calcite
Cal"cite (kăl"sīt), n. [L. calx, calcis, lime.] (Min.) Calcium carbonate, or carbonate of lime. It is rhombohedral in its crystallization, and thus distinguished from aragonite. It includes common limestone, chalk, and marble. Called also calc-spar and calcareous spar.
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&hand_; Argentine is a pearly lamellar variety; aphrite is foliated or chalklike; dogtooth spar, a form in acute rhombohedral or scalenohedral crystals; calc-sinter and calc-tufa are lose or porous varieties formed in caverns or wet grounds from calcareous deposits; agaric mineral is a soft, white friable variety of similar origin; stalaclite and stalagmite are varieties formed from the drillings in caverns. Iceland spar is a transparent variety, exhibiting the strong double refraction of the species, and hence is called doubly refracting spar.
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Calcitrant
Cal"ci*trant (?), a. [L. calcitrans, p. pr. of calcitrare to kick, fr. calx, calcis , heel.] Kicking. Hence: Stubborn; refractory.
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Calcitrate
Cal"ci*trate (?), v. t. & i. [L. calcitratus, p. p. of calcitrare. See Calcitrant.] To kick.
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Calcitration
Cal`ci*tra"tion (-trā"shŭn), n. Act of kicking.
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Calcium
Cal"ci*um (kăl"s&ibreve_;*ŭm), n. [NL., from L. calx, calcis, lime; cf F. calcium. See Calx.] (Chem.) An elementary substance; a metal which combined with oxygen forms lime. It is of a pale yellow color, tenacious, and malleable. It is a member of the alkaline earth group of elements. Atomic weight 40. Symbol Ca.
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&hand_; Calcium is widely and abundantly disseminated, as in its compounds calcium carbonate or limestone, calcium sulphate or gypsum, calcium fluoride or fluor spar, calcium phosphate or apatite.
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Calcium light, an intense light produced by the incandescence of a stick or ball of lime in the flame of a combination of oxygen and hydrogen gases, or of oxygen and coal gas; -- called also Drummond light and lime light.
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Calcivorous
Cal*civ"o*rous (?), a. [L. calx lime + vorare to devour.] Eroding, or eating into, limestone.
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Calcographer
Cal*cog"ra*pher (?), n. One who practices calcography.
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Calcographical
Calcographic
{ Cal`co*graph"ic (?), Cal`co*graph"ic*al, } a. Relating to, or in the style of, calcography.
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Calcography
Cal*cog"ra*phy (?), n. [L. calx, calcis, lime, chalk + -graphy.] The art of drawing with chalk.
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Calc-sinter
Calc"-sin`ter (?), n. [G. kalk (L. calx, calcis) lime + E. sinter.] See under Calcite.
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Calc-spar
Calc"-spar` (?), n. [G. kalk (L. calx) lime E. spar.] Same as Calcite.
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Calc-tufa
Calc"-tu`fa (?), n. [G. kalk (l. calx) lime + E. tufa.] See under Calcite.
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Calculable
Cal"cu*la*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. calculable.] That may be calculated or ascertained by calculation.
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Calculary
Cal"cu*la*ry (?), a. [L. calculus a pebble, a calculus; cf calcularius pertaining to calculation.] (Med.) Of or pertaining to calculi.
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Calculary
Cal"cu*la*ry, n. A congeries of little stony knots found in the pulp of the pear and other fruits.
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Calculate
Cal"cu*late (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Calculater (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Calculating (?).] [L, calculatus, p. p. of calculate, fr. calculus a pebble, a stone used in reckoning; hence, a reckoning, fr. calx, calcis, a stone used in gaming, limestone. See Calx.] 1. To ascertain or determine by mathematical processes, usually by the ordinary rules of arithmetic; to reckon up; to estimate; to compute.
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A calencar exacity calculated than any othe. North.
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2. To ascertain or predict by mathematical or astrological computations the time, circumstances, or other conditions of; to forecast or compute the character or consequences of; as, to calculate or cast one's nativity.
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A cunning man did calculate my birth. Shak.
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3. To adjust for purpose; to adapt by forethought or calculation; to fit or prepare by the adaptation of means to an end; as, to calculate a system of laws for the government and protection of a free people.
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[Religion] is . . . calculated for our benefit. Abp. Tillotson.
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4. To plan; to expect; to think. [Local, U. S.]

Syn. -- To compute; reckon; count; estimate; rate. -- To Calculate, Compute. Reckon, Count. These words indicate the means by which we arrive at a given result in regard to quantity. We calculate with a view to obtain a certain point of knowledge; as, to calculate an eclipse. We compute by combining given numbers, in order to learn the grand result. We reckon and count in carrying out the details of a computation. These words are also used in a secondary and figurative sense. “Calculate is rather a conjection from what is, as to what may be; computation is a rational estimate of what has been, from what is; reckoning is a conclusive conviction, a pleasing assurance that a thing will happen; counting indicates an expectation. We calculate on a gain; we compute any loss sustained, or the amount of any mischief done; we reckon on a promised pleasure; we count the hours and minutes until the time of enjoyment arrives” Crabb.
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Calculate
Cal"cu*late (?), v. i. To make a calculation; to forecast consequences; to estimate; to compute.
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The strong passions, whether good or bad, never calculate. F. W. Robertson.
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Calculated
Cal"cu*la`ted (?), p. p. & a. 1. Worked out by calculation; as calculated tables for computing interest; ascertained or conjectured as a result of calculation; as, the calculated place of a planet; the calculated velocity of a cannon ball.
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2. Adapted by calculation, contrivance. or forethought to accomplish a purpose; as, to use arts calculated to deceive the people; a calculated response.
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3. Likely to produce a certain effect, whether intended or not; fitted; adapted; suited.
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The only danger that attends multiplicity of publication is, that some of them may be calculated to injure rather than benefit society. Goldsmith.
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The minister, on the other hand, had never gone through an experience calculated to lead him beyond the scope of generally received laws. Hawthorne.
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Calculating
Cal"cu*la`ting (?), a. 1. Of or pertaining to mathematical calculations; performing or able to perform mathematical calculations.
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2. Given to contrivance or forethought; forecasting; scheming; as, a cool calculating disposition.
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Calculating machine, a machine for the mechanical performance of mathematical operations, for the most part invented by Charles Babbage and G. and E. Scheutz. It computes logarithmic and other mathematical tables of a high degree of intricacy, imprinting the results on a leaden plate, from which a stereotype plate is then directly made.
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Calculating
Cal"cu*la`ting, n. The act or process of making mathematical computations or of estimating results.
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Calculation
Cal`cu*la"tion (-lā"shŭn), n. [OE. calculation, fr. L. calculatio; cf. OF. calcucation.] 1. The act or process, or the result, of calculating; computation; reckoning, estimate. “The calculation of eclipses.” Nichol.
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The mountain is not so his calculation makes it. Boyle.
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2. An expectation based on circumstances.
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The lazy gossips of the port,
Abhorrent of a calculation crost,
Began to chafe as at a personal wrong.
Tennyson.
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Calculative
Cal"cu*la*tive (?), a. Of or pertaining to calculation; involving calculation.
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Long habits of calculative dealings. Burke.
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Calculator
Cal"cu*la*tor (?), n. [L.: cf. F. calculateur.] One who computes or reckons: one who estimates or considers the force and effect of causes, with a view to form a correct estimate of the effects.
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Ambition is no exact calculator. Burke.
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Calculatory
Cal"cu*la*to*ry (?), a. [L. calculatorius.] Belonging to calculation. Sherwood.
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Calcule
Cal"cule (?), n. [F. calcul, fr. L. calculus. See Calculus.] Reckoning; computation. [Obs.] Howell.
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Calcule
Cal"cule, v. i. To calculate [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Calculi
Cal"cu*li (?), n. pl. See Calculus.
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Calculous
Cal"cu*lous (?), a. [L. calculosus.] 1. Of the nature of a calculus; like stone; gritty; as, a calculous concretion. Sir T. Browne.
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2. Caused, or characterized, by the presence of a calculus or calculi; a, a calculous disorder; affected with gravel or stone; as, a calculous person.
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Calculus
Cal"cu*lus (?), n.; pl. Calculi (#). [L, calculus. See Calculate, and Calcule.] 1. (Med.) Any solid concretion, formed in any part of the body, but most frequent in the organs that act as reservoirs, and in the passages connected with them; as, biliary calculi; urinary calculi, etc.
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2. (Math.) A method of computation; any process of reasoning by the use of symbols; any branch of mathematics that may involve calculation.
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Barycentric calculus, a method of treating geometry by defining a point as the center of gravity of certain other points to which coëfficients or weights are ascribed. -- Calculus of functions, that branch of mathematics which treats of the forms of functions that shall satisfy given conditions. -- Calculus of operations, that branch of mathematical logic that treats of all operations that satisfy given conditions. -- Calculus of probabilities, the science that treats of the computation of the probabilities of events, or the application of numbers to chance. -- Calculus of variations, a branch of mathematics in which the laws of dependence which bind the variable quantities together are themselves subject to change. -- Differential calculus, a method of investigating mathematical questions by using the ratio of certain indefinitely small quantities called differentials. The problems are primarily of this form: to find how the change in some variable quantity alters at each instant the value of a quantity dependent upon it. -- Exponential calculus, that part of algebra which treats of exponents. -- Imaginary calculus, a method of investigating the relations of real or imaginary quantities by the use of the imaginary symbols and quantities of algebra. -- Integral calculus, a method which in the reverse of the differential, the primary object of which is to learn from the known ratio of the indefinitely small changes of two or more magnitudes, the relation of the magnitudes themselves, or, in other words, from having the differential of an algebraic expression to find the expression itself.
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Calcuttan
Calcuttan adj. of or pertaining to Calcutta.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caldron
Cal"dron (k&asuml_;l"drŭn), n. [OE. caldron, caudron, caudroun, OF. caudron, chauderon, F. chaudron, an aug. of F. chaudière, LL. caldaria, fr. L. caldarius suitable for warming, fr. caldus, calidus, warm, fr. calere to be warm; cf. Skr. çrā to boil. Cf. Chaldron, Calaric, Caudle.] A large kettle or boiler of copper, brass, or iron. [Written also cauldron.]Caldrons of boiling oil.” Prescott.
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Caleche
Ca*lèche" (k&adot_;*lāsh"), n. [F. calèche.] See Calash.
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Caledonia
Cal`e*do"ni*a (?), n. The ancient Latin name of Scotland; -- still used in poetry.
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Caledonian
Cal`e*do"ni*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to Caledonia or Scotland; Scottish; Scotch. -- n. A native or inhabitant of Caledonia or Scotland.
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Caledonite
Ca*led"o*nite (?), n. (Min.) A hydrous sulphate of copper and lead, found in some parts of Caledonia or Scotland.
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Calefacient
Cal`e*fa"cient (?), a. [L. calefaciens p. pr. of calefacere to make warm; calere to be warm + facere to make.] Making warm; heating. [R.]
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Calefacient
Cal`e*fa"cient, n. A substance that excites warmth in the parts to which it is applied, as mustard.
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Calefaction
Cal`e*fac"tion (?), n. [L. calefactio: cf. F. caléfaction.] 1. The act of warming or heating; the production of heat in a body by the action of fire, or by communication of heat from other bodies.
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2. The state of being heated.
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Calefactive
Cal`e*fac"tive (?), a. See Calefactory. [R.]
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Calefactor
Cal`e*fac"tor (?), n. A heater; one who, or that which, makes hot, as a stove, etc.
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Calefactory
Cal`e*fac"to*ry (?), a. [L. calefactorius.] Making hot; producing or communicating heat.
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Calefactory
Cal`e*fac"to*ry, n. 1. (Eccl.) An apartment in a monastery, warmed and used as a sitting room.
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2. A hollow sphere of metal, filled with hot water, or a chafing dish, placed on the altar in cold weather for the priest to warm his hands with.
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Calefy
Cal"e*fy (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Calefied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Calefying.] [L. calere to be warm + -fy] To make warm or hot.
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Calefy
Cal"e*fy, v. i. To grow hot or warm. Sir T. Browne.
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Calembour
Cal"em*bour` (?), n. [F.] A pun.
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Calendar
Cal"en*dar (?), n. [OE. kalender, calender, fr. L. kalendarium an interest or account book (cf. F. calendrier, OF. calendier) fr. L. calendue, kalendae, calends. See Calends.] 1. An orderly arrangement of the division of time, adapted to the purposes of civil life, as years, months, weeks, and days; also, a register of the year with its divisions; an almanac.
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2. (Eccl.) A tabular statement of the dates of feasts, offices, saints' days, etc., esp. of those which are liable to change yearly according to the varying date of Easter.
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3. An orderly list or enumeration of persons, things, or events; a schedule; as, a calendar of state papers; a calendar of bills presented in a legislative assembly; a calendar of causes arranged for trial in court; a calendar of a college or an academy.
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Shepherds of people had need know the calendars of tempests of state. Bacon.
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Calendar clock, one that shows the days of the week and month. -- Calendar month. See under Month. -- French Republican calendar. See under Vendémiaire. -- Gregorian calendar, Julian calendar, Perpetual calendar. See under Gregorian, Julian, and Perpetual.
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Calendar
Cal"en*dar, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Calendared (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Calendaring.] To enter or write in a calendar; to register. Waterhouse.
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Calendarial
Cal`en*da"ri*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to the calendar or a calendar.
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Calendary
Cal"en*da*ry (?), a. Calendarial. [Obs.]
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Calender
Cal"en*der (?), n. [F. calandre, LL. calendra, corrupted fr. L. cylindrus a cylinder, Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;. See Cylinider.] 1. A machine, used for the purpose of giving cloth, paper, etc., a smooth, even, and glossy or glazed surface, by cold or hot pressure, or for watering them and giving them a wavy appearance. It consists of two or more cylinders revolving nearly in contact, with the necessary apparatus for moving and regulating.
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2. One who pursues the business of calendering.
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My good friend the calender. Cawper.
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Calender
Cal"en*der (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Calendered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Calendering.] [Cf. F. calandrer. See Calender, n.] To press between rollers for the purpose of making smooth and glossy, or wavy, as woolen and silk stuffs, linens, paper, etc. Ure.
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Calender
Cal"en*der, n. [Per. qalender.] One of a sect or order of fantastically dressed or painted dervishes.
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Calendographer
Cal`en*dog"ra*pher (?), n. [Calendar + -graph + er.] One who makes calendars. [R.]
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Calendrer
Cal"en*drer (?), n. A person who calenders cloth; a calender.
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Calendrical
Calendric
{ Ca*len"dric (?), Ca*len"dric*al (?), } a., Of or pertaining to a calendar.
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Calends
Cal"ends (?), n. pl. [OE. kalendes month, calends, AS. calend month, fr. L. calendae; akin to calare to call, proclaim, Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;. CF. Claim.] The first day of each month in the ancient Roman calendar. [Written also kalends.]
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The Greek calends, a time that will never come, as the Greeks had no calends.
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Calendula
Ca*len"du*la (?), n. [NL., fr. L. calendae calends.] (Bot.) A genus of composite herbaceous plants. One species, Calendula officinalis, is the common marigold, and was supposed to blossom on the calends of every month, whence the name.
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Calendulin
Ca*len"du*lin (?), n. (Chem.) A gummy or mucilaginous tasteless substance obtained from the marigold or calendula, and analogous to bassorin.
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Calenture
Cal"en*ture (?), n. [F. calenture, fr. Sp. calenture heat, fever, fr. calentar to heat, fr. p. pr. of L. calere to be warm.] (Med.) A name formerly given to various fevers occuring in tropics; esp. to a form of furious delirium accompanied by fever, among sailors, which sometimes led the affected person to imagine the sea to be a green field, and to throw himself into it.
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Calenture
Cal"en*ture, v. i. To see as in the delirium of one affected with calenture. [Poetic]
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Hath fed on pageants floating through the air
Or calentures in depths of limpid flood.
Wordsworth.
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Calescence
Ca*les"cence (?), n. [L. calescens, p. pr. of calescere, incho. of calere to be warm.] Growing warmth; increasing heat.
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Calf
Calf (?), n.; pl. Calves (#). [OE. calf, kelf, AS. cealf; akin to D. kalf, G. kalb, Icel. kālfr, Sw. kalf, Dan. kalv, Goth. kalbō; cf. Skr. garbha fetus, young, Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;, Skr grabh to seize, conceive, Ir. colpa, colpach, a calf. √222.] 1. The young of the cow, or of the Bovine family of quadrupeds. Also, the young of some other mammals, as of the elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, and whale.
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2. Leather made of the skin of the calf; especially, a fine, light-colored leather used in bookbinding; as, to bind books in calf.
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3. An awkward or silly boy or young man; any silly person; a dolt. [Colloq.]
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Some silly, doting, brainless calf. Drayton.
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4. A small island near a larger; as, the Calf of Man.
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5. A small mass of ice set free from the submerged part of a glacier or berg, and rising to the surface. Kane.
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6. [Cf. Icel. kālfi.] The fleshy hinder part of the leg below the knee.
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Calf's-foot jelly, jelly made from the feet of calves. The gelatinous matter of the feet is extracted by boiling, and is flavored with sugar, essences, etc.
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Calfskin
Calf"skin` (?), n. The hide or skin of a calf; or leather made of the skin.
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Cali
Ca"li (?), n. (Hindoo Myth.) The tenth avatar or incarnation of the god Vishnu. [Written also Kali.]
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Calibre
Caliber
{ Cal"i*ber, Cal"ibre } (?), n. [F. calibre, perh. fr. L. qualibra of what pound, of what weight; hence, of what size, applied first to a ball or bullet; cf. also Ar. qālib model, mold. Cf. Calipers, Calivere.]
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1. (Gunnery) The diameter of the bore, as a cannon or other firearm, or of any tube; or the weight or size of the projectile which a firearm will carry; as, an 8 inch gun, a 12-pounder, a 44 caliber.
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The caliber of empty tubes. Reid.
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A battery composed of three guns of small caliber. Prescott.
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&hand_; The caliber of firearms is expressed in various ways. Cannon are often designated by the weight of a solid spherical shot that will fit the bore; as, a 12-pounder; pieces of ordnance that project shell or hollow shot are designated by the diameter of their bore; as, a 12 inch mortar or a 14 inch shell gun; small arms are designated by hundredths of an inch expressed decimally; as, a rifle of .44 inch caliber.
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2. The diameter of round or cylindrical body, as of a bullet or column.
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3. Fig.: Capacity or compass of mind. Burke.
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Caliber compasses. See Calipers. -- Caliber rule, a gunner's calipers, an instrument having two scales arranged to determine a ball's weight from its diameter, and conversely. -- A ship's caliber, the weight of her armament.
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Calibrate
Cal"i*brate (?), v. i. To ascertain the caliber of, as of a thermometer tube; also, more generally, to determine or rectify the graduation of, as of the various standards or graduated instruments.
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Calibration
Cal`ibra"*tion (?), n. The process of estimating the caliber a tube, as of a thermometer tube, in order to graduate it to a scale of degrees; also, more generally, the determination of the true value of the spaces in any graduated instrument.
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Calice
Cal"ice (?), n. [See Calice.] See Chalice.
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caliche
ca*li"che (k&adot_;*lē"ch&euptack_;), n. 1. a deposit of sand or clay on the surface containing crystallized salts such as sodium chloride or sodium nitrate; -- used especially of the sodium nitrate deposits of Chile and Peru. RHUD
[PJC]

2. a stratum of calcium carbonate in the soil of an arid or semiarid region.
[PJC]

caliche-topped
caliche-topped adj. covered with caliche{2}, a hard calcium-carbonate encrusted soil.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calicle
Cal"i*cle (?), n. [L. caliculus a small cup, dim. of calicis, a cup. Cf Calycle.] (Zool.) (a) One of the small cuplike cavities, often with elevated borders, covering the surface of most corals. Each is formed by a polyp. (b) One of the cuplike structures inclosing the zooids of certain hydroids. See Campanularian. [Written also calycle. See Calycle.]
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Calico
Cal"i*co (?), n.; pl. Calicoes (#). [So called because first imported from Calicut, in the East Indies: cf. F. calicot.] 1. Plain white cloth made from cotton, but which receives distinctive names according to quality and use, as, super calicoes, shirting calicoes, unbleached calicoes, etc. [Eng.]
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The importation of printed or stained colicoes appears to have been coeval with the establishment of the East India Company. Beck (Draper's Dict. ).
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2. Cotton cloth printed with a figured pattern.
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&hand_; In the United States the term calico is applied only to the printed fabric.
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Calico bass (Zool.), an edible, fresh-water fish (Pomoxys sparaides) of the rivers and lake of the Western United States (esp. of the Misissippi valley.), allied to the sunfishes, and so called from its variegated colors; -- called also calicoback, grass bass, strawberry bass, barfish, and bitterhead. -- Calico printing, the art or process of impressing the figured patterns on calico.
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Calico
Cal"i*co (?), a. Made of, or having the appearance of, calico; -- often applied to an animal, as a horse or cat, on whose body are large patches of a color strikingly different from its main color. [Colloq. U. S.]
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Calicoback
Cal"i*co*back` (?), n. (Zool.) (a) The calico bass. (b) An hemipterous insect (Murgantia histrionica) which injures the cabbage and other garden plants; -- called also calico bug and harlequin cabbage bug.
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Caliculate
Calicular
{ Ca*lic"u*lar (?), a. Ca*lic"u*late (?), } a. Relating to, or resembling, a cup; also improperly used for calycular, calyculate.
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Calid
Cal"id (?), a. [L. calidus, fr. calere to be hot.] Hot; burning; ardent. [Obs.] Bailey.
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Calidity
Ca*lid"i*ty (?), n. Heat. [Obs.]
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Caliduct
Cal"i*duct (?), n. [See Caloriduct.] A pipe or duct used to convey hot air or steam.
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Subterranean caliducts have been introduced. Evelyn.
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Califate
Calif
{ Ca"lif (?), n., Cal"i*fate (?), } n., etc. Same as Caliph, Caliphate, etc.
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California condor
Cal`i*for"ni*a con"dor (Zool.) a large vulture (Gymnogyps californianus), also called California vulture. In the late 20th century it is classed as an endangered species. The California condor used to number in the thousands and ranged along the entire west coast of the United States. By 1982 only 21 to 24 individuals could be identified in the wild. A breeding program was instituted, and by 1996 over 50 birds were alive in captivity. As of 1997, fewer than ten of the bred birds had been reintroduced into the wild.
[PJC]

California jack
Cal`i*for"ni*a jack" (?). A game at cards, a modification of seven-up, or all fours.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Californian
Cal`i*for"ni*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to California. -- n. A native or inhabitant of California.
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Caligation
Cal`i*ga"tion (-gā"shŭn), n. [L. caligatio, fr. caligare to emit vapor, to be dark, from caligo mist, darkness.] Dimness; cloudiness. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Caliginosity
Ca*lig`i*nos"ity (?), n. [L. caliginosus dark. See Caligation.] Darkness. [R.] G. Eliot.
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Caliginous
Ca*lig"i*nous (?), a. [L. caliginosus; cf. F. caligineux.] Affected with darkness or dimness; dark; obscure. [R.] Blount.
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The caliginous regions of the air. Hallywell.

-- Ca*lig"i*nous*ly, adv. -- Ca*lig"i*nous*ness, n.
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Caligo
Ca*li"go (?), n. [L., darkness.] (Med.) Dimness or obscurity of sight, dependent upon a speck on the cornea; also, the speck itself.
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Caligraphic
Cal`i*graph"ic (?), a. See Calligraphic.
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Caligraphy
Ca*lig"ra*phy (?), n. See Caligraphy.
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Calin
Ca"lin (?), n. [F., fr. Malay kelany tin, or fr. Kala'a, a town in India, fr. which it came.] An alloy of lead and tin, of which the Chinese make tea canisters.
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Calipash
Cal`i*pash" (?), n. [F. carapace, Sp. carapacho. Cf Calarash, Carapace.] A part of a turtle which is next to the upper shell. It contains a fatty and gelatinous substance of a dull greenish tinge, much esteemed as a delicacy in preparations of turtle.
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Calipee
Cal"i*pee (?), n. [See Calipash] A part of a turtle which is attached to the lower shell. It contains a fatty and gelatinous substance of a light yellowish color, much esteemed as a delicacy. Thackeray.
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Calipers
Cal"i*pers (?), n. pl. [Corrupted from caliber.] An instrument, usually resembling a pair of dividers or compasses with curved legs, for measuring the diameter or thickness of bodies, as of work shaped in a lathe or planer, timber, masts, shot, etc.; or the bore of firearms, tubes, etc.; -- called also caliper compasses, or caliber compasses.
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Caliper square, a draughtsman's or mechanic's square, having a graduated bar and adjustable jaw or jaws. Knight. -- Vernier calipers. See Vernier.
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Caliph
Ca"liph (kā"l&ibreve_;f), n. [OE. caliphe, califfe, F. calife (cf. Sp. califa), fr. Ar. khalīfan successor, fr. khalafa to succed (i. e. a successor of Mohammed).] Successor or vicar; the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state; -- a title of the successors of Mohammed both as temporal and spiritual rulers, used formerly by the sultans of Turkey. [Written also calif, kaliph, kalif, khalif.]
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Caliphate
Cal"i*phate (?), n. [Cf. F. califat.] The office, dignity, or government of a caliph or of the caliphs.
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Calippic
Ca*lip"pic (?), a. Of or pertaining to Calippus, an Athenian astronomer.
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Calippic period, a period of seventy-six years, proposed by Calippus, as an improvement on the Metonic cycle, since the 6940 days of the Metonic cycle exceeded 19 years by about a quarter of a day, and exceeded 235 lunations by something more.
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Calisaya bark
Cal`i*sa"ya bark (?). A valuable kind of Peruvian bark obtained from the Cinchona Calisaya, and other closely related species.
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Calistheneum
Cal`is*the"ne*um, n. [NL.] A gymnasium; esp. one for light physical exercise by women and children.
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Calisthenic
Cal`is*then"ic (?), a. [Gr. kalo`s beautiful + sqe`nos strength.] Of or pertaining to calisthenics.
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Calisthenics
Cal`is*then"ics (?), n. The science, art, or practice of healthful exercise of the body and limbs, to promote strength, gracefulness, and general fitness; light gymnastics.
Syn. -- calisthenics, calisthenic exercise, callisthenic exercise.
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Caliver
Cal"i*ver (?), n. [Corrupted fr. caliber.] An early form of hand gun, a variety of the arquebus; originally a gun having a regular size of bore. [Obs.] Shak.
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Calix
Ca"lix (kā"l&ibreve_;ks), n. [L.] A cup. See Calyx.
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Calk
Calk (k&asuml_;k), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Calked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Calking.] [Either corrupted fr. F. calfater (cf. Pg. calafetar, Sp. calafetear), fr. Ar. qalafa to fill up crevices with the fibers of palm tree or moss; or fr. OE. cauken to tred, through the French fr. L. calcare, fr. calx heel. Cf. Calk to copy, Inculcate.] 1. To drive tarred oakum into the seams between the planks of (a ship, boat, etc.), to prevent leaking. The calking is completed by smearing the seams with melted pitch.
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2. To make an indentation in the edge of a metal plate, as along a seam in a steam boiler or an iron ship, to force the edge of the upper plate hard against the lower and so fill the crevice.
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Calk
Calk (kălk), v. t. [E.calquer to trace, It. caicare to trace, to trample, fr. L. calcare to trample, fr. calx heel. Cf. Calcarate.] To copy, as a drawing, by rubbing the back of it with red or black chalk, and then passing a blunt style or needle over the lines, so as to leave a tracing on the paper or other thing against which it is laid or held. [Written also calque]
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Calk
Calk (k&asuml_;k), n. [Cf. AS. calc shoe, hoof, L. calx, calcis, heel, calcar, spur.] 1. A sharp-pointed piece of iron or steel projecting downward on the shoe of a horse or an ox, to prevent the animal from slipping; -- called also calker, calkin.
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2. An instrument with sharp points, worn on the sole of a shoe or boot, to prevent slipping.
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3. same as caulk{2}, n..
[PJC]

Calk
Calk (k&asuml_;k), v. i. 1. To furnish with calks, to prevent slipping on ice; as, to calk the shoes of a horse or an ox.
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2. To wound with a calk; as when a horse injures a leg or a foot with a calk on one of the other feet.
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3. same as caulk{2}, v. t..
[PJC]

Calker
Calk"er (?), n. 1. One who calks.
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2. A calk on a shoe. See Calk, n., 1.
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Calkin
Calk"in (?), n. A calk on a shoe. See Calk, n., 1.
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Calking
Calk"ing (?), n. The act or process of making seems tight, as in ships, or of furnishing with calks, as a shoe, or copying, as a drawing.
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Calking iron, a tool like a chisel, used in calking ships, tightening seams in ironwork, etc.
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Their left hand does the calking iron guide. Dryden.
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Call
Call (k&asuml_;l), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Called (k&asuml_;ld); p. pr. & vb. n. Calling] [OE. callen, AS. ceallian; akin to Icel. & Sw. kalla, Dan. kalde, D. kallen to talk, prate, OHG. kallōn to call; cf. Gr. ghry`ein to speak, sing, Skr. gar to praise. Cf. Garrulous.] 1. To command or request to come or be present; to summon; as, to call a servant.
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Call hither Clifford; bid him come amain Shak.
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2. To summon to the discharge of a particular duty; to designate for an office, or employment, especially of a religious character; -- often used of a divine summons; as, to be called to the ministry; sometimes, to invite; as, to call a minister to be the pastor of a church.
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Paul . . . called to be an apostle Rom. i. 1.
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The Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. Acts xiii. 2.
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3. To invite or command to meet; to convoke; -- often with together; as, the President called Congress together; to appoint and summon; as, to call a meeting of the Board of Aldermen.
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Now call we our high court of Parliament. Shak.
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4. To give name to; to name; to address, or speak of, by a specifed name.
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If you would but call me Rosalind. Shak.
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And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. Gen. i. 5.
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5. To regard or characterize as of a certain kind; to denominate; to designate.
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What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common. Acts x. 15.
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6. To state, or estimate, approximately or loosely; to characterize without strict regard to fact; as, they call the distance ten miles; he called it a full day's work.
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[The] army is called seven hundred thousand men. Brougham.
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7. To show or disclose the class, character, or nationality of. [Obs.]
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This speech calls him Spaniard. Beau. & Fl.
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8. To utter in a loud or distinct voice; -- often with off; as, to call, or call off, the items of an account; to call the roll of a military company.
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No parish clerk who calls the psalm so clear. Gay.
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9. To invoke; to appeal to.
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I call God for a witness. 2 Cor. i. 23 [Rev. Ver. ]
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10. To rouse from sleep; to awaken.
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If thou canst awake by four o' the clock.
I prithee call me. Sleep hath seized me wholly.
Shak.
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To call a bond, to give notice that the amount of the bond will be paid. -- To call a party (Law), to cry aloud his name in open court, and command him to come in and perform some duty requiring his presence at the time on pain of what may befall him. -- To call back, to revoke or retract; to recall; to summon back. -- To call down, to pray for, as blessing or curses. -- To call forth, to bring or summon to action; as, to call forth all the faculties of the mind. -- To call in, (a) To collect; as, to call in debts or money; ar to withdraw from cirulation; as, to call in uncurrent coin. (b) To summon to one's side; to invite to come together; as, to call in neighbors. -- To call (any one) names, to apply contemptuous names (to any one). -- To call off, to summon away; to divert; as, to call off the attention; to call off workmen from their employment. -- To call out. (a) To summon to fight; to challenge. (b) To summon into service; as, to call out the militia. -- To call over, to recite separate particulars in order, as a roll of names. -- To call to account, to demand explanation of. -- To call to mind, to recollect; to revive in memory. -- To call to order, to request to come to order; as: (a) A public meeting, when opening it for business. (b) A person, when he is transgressing the rules of debate. -- To call to the bar, to admit to practice in courts of law. -- To call up. (a) To bring into view or recollection; as to call up the image of deceased friend. (b) To bring into action or discussion; to demand the consideration of; as, to call up a bill before a legislative body.

Syn. -- To name; denominate; invite; bid; summon; convoke; assemble; collect; exhort; warn; proclaim; invoke; appeal to; designate. -- To Call, Convoke, Summon. Call is the generic term; as, to call a public meeting. To convoke is to require the assembling of some organized body of men by an act of authority; as, the king convoked Parliament. To summon is to require attendance by an act more or less stringent anthority; as, to summon a witness.
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Call
Call, v. i. 1. To speak in loud voice; to cry out; to address by name; -- sometimes with to.
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You must call to the nurse. Shak.
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The angel of God called to Hagar. Gen. xxi. 17.
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2. To make a demand, requirement, or request.
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They called for rooms, and he showed them one. Bunyan.
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3. To make a brief visit; also, to stop at some place designated, as for orders.
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He ordered her to call at the house once a week. Temple.
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To call for (a) To demand; to require; as, a crime calls for punishment; a survey, grant, or deed calls for the metes and bounds, or the quantity of land, etc., which it describes. (b) To give an order for; to request. “Whenever the coach stopped, the sailor called for more ale.” Marryat. -- To call on, To call upon, (a) To make a short visit to; as, call on a friend. (b) To appeal to; to invite; to request earnestly; as, to call upon a person to make a speech. (c) To solicit payment, or make a demand, of a debt. (d) To invoke or play to; to worship; as, to call upon God. -- To call out To call or utter loudly; to brawl.
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Call
Call (?), n. 1. The act of calling; -- usually with the voice, but often otherwise, as by signs, the sound of some instrument, or by writing; a summons; an entreaty; an invitation; as, a call for help; the bugle's call.Call of the trumpet.” Shak.
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I rose as at thy call, but found thee not. Milton.
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2. A signal, as on a drum, bugle, trumpet, or pipe, to summon soldiers or sailors to duty.
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3. (Eccl.) An invitation to take charge of or serve a church as its pastor.
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4. A requirement or appeal arising from the circumstances of the case; a moral requirement or appeal.
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Dependence is a perpetual call upon humanity. Addison.
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Running into danger without any call of duty. Macaulay.
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5. A divine vocation or summons.
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St. Paul himself believed he did well, and that he had a call to it, when he persecuted the Christians. Locke.
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6. Vocation; employment. [In this sense, calling is generally used.]
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7. A short visit; as, to make a call on a neighbor; also, the daily coming of a tradesman to solicit orders.
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The baker's punctual call. Cowper.
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8. (Hunting) A note blown on the horn to encourage the hounds.
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9. (Naut.) A whistle or pipe, used by the boatswain and his mate, to summon the sailors to duty.
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10. (Fowling) The cry of a bird; also a noise or cry in imitation of a bird; or a pipe to call birds by imitating their note or cry.
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11. (Amer. Land Law) A reference to, or statement of, an object, course, distance, or other matter of description in a survey or grant requiring or calling for a corresponding object, etc., on the land.
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12. The privilege to demand the delivery of stock, grain, or any commodity, at a fixed, price, at or within a certain time agreed on. [Brokers' Cant]
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13. See Assessment, 4.
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At call, or On call, liable to be demanded at any moment without previous notice; as money on deposit. -- Call bird, a bird taught to allure others into a snare. -- Call boy (a) A boy who calls the actors in a theater; a boy who transmits the orders of the captain of a vessel to the engineer, helmsman, etc. (b) A waiting boy who answers a cal, or cames at the ringing of a bell; a bell boy. -- Call note, the note naturally used by the male bird to call the female. It is artificially applied by birdcatchers as a decoy. Latham. -- Call of the house (Legislative Bodies), a calling over the names of members, to discover who is absent, or for other purposes; a calling of names with a view to obtaining the ayes and noes from the persons named. -- Call to the bar, admission to practice in the courts.
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Calla
Cal"la (kăl"l&adot_;), n. [Linnæus derived Calla fr. Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_; a cock's wattles but cf. L. calla, calsa, name of an unknown plant, and Gr. kalo`s beautiful.] (Bot.) A genus of plants, of the order Araceæ.
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&hand_; The common Calla of cultivation is Richardia Africana, belonging to another genus of the same order. Its large spathe is pure white, surrounding a fleshy spike, which is covered with minute apetalous flowers.
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callable
callable adj. subject to a demand for payment or redemption before the due date; -- of financial instruments; as, callable bonds.
[WordNet 1.5]

Callat
Cal"lat (?), n. Same as Callet. [Obs.]
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A callat of boundless tongue. Shak.
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callathump
callathump n. 1. a noisy boisterous parade.
Syn. -- callithump, callithump parade.
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2. a noisy mock serenade (made by banging pans and kettles) to a newly married couple.
Syn. -- shivaree, chivaree, charivari, callithump.
[WordNet 1.5]

call-back
call-back n. 1. a return call, especially a telephone call.
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2. the recall of an employee to work after a layoff.
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call-board
call-board n. a bulletin board backstage in a theater.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calle
Calle (?), n. [See Caul.] A kind of head covering; a caul. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Caller
Call"er (?), n. One who calls.
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Caller
Cal"ler (?), a. [Scot.] 1. Cool; refreshing; fresh; as, a caller day; the caller air. Jamieson.
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2. Fresh; in good condition; as, caller berrings.
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Callet
Cal"let (?), n. [Cf. Ir. & Gael. caile a country woman, strumpet.] A trull or prostitute; a scold or gossip. [Obs.] [Written also callat.]
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Callet
Cal"let v. i. To rail or scold. [Obs.] Brathwait.
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Callid
Cal"lid (?), a. [L. callidus, fr. callere to be thick-skinned, to be hardened, to be practiced, fr. callum, callus, callous skin, callosity, callousness.] Characterized by cunning or shrewdness; crafty. [R.]
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Callidity
Cal*lid"i*ty (?), n. [L. calliditas.] Acuteness of discernment; cunningness; shrewdness. [R.]
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Her eagly-eyed callidity. C. Smart.
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Calligrapher
Cal*lig"ra*pher (?), n. One skilled in calligraphy; a good penman.
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Calligraphical
Calligraphic
{ Cal`li*graph"ic (?), Cal`li*graph"ic*al (?), } a., [Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;; pref. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;- (fr. kalo`s beautiful) + gra`fein to write; cf. F. calligraphique.] Of or pertaining to calligraphy.
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Excellence in the calligraphic act. T. Warton.
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Calligraphist
Cal*lig"ra*phist (?), n. A calligrapher
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Calligraphy
Cal*lig"ra*phy, n. [Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;: cf. F. calligraphie.] Fair or elegant penmanship.
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Callimorpha
Callimorpha n. a genus of insects comprising the cinnabar moths.
Syn. -- genus Callimorpha.
[WordNet 1.5]

Callinectes
Callinectes n. a genus of crustaceans comprising the New World blue crabs.
Syn. -- genus Callinectes.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calling
Call"ing (?), n. 1. The act of one who calls; a crying aloud, esp. in order to summon, or to attact the attention of, some one.
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2. A summoning or convocation, as of Parliament.
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The frequent calling and meeting of Parlaiment. Macaulay.
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3. A divine summons or invitation; also, the state of being divinely called.
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Who hath . . . called us with an holy calling. 2 Tim. i. 9.
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Give diligence to make yior calling . . . sure. 2 Pet. i. 10.
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4. A naming, or inviting; a reading over or reciting in order, or a call of names with a view to obtaining an answer, as in legislative bodies.
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5. One's usual occupation, or employment; vocation; business; trade.
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The humble calling of ter female parent. Thackeray.
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6. The persons, collectively, engaged in any particular professions or employment.
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To impose celibacy on wholy callings. Hammond.
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7. Title; appellation; name. [Obs.]
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I am more proud to be Sir Rowland's son
His youngest son, and would not change that calling.
Shak.

Syn. -- Occupation; employment; business; trade; profession; office; engagement; vocation.
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Callionymidae
Callionymidae n. a natural family comprising the dragonets.
Syn. -- family Callionymidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calliope
Cal*li"o*pe (kăl*lī"&ouptack_;*p&euptack_;), n. [L. Calliope, Gr. Kallio`ph, lit, the beautiful-voiced; pref. kalli- (from kalo`s beautiful) + 'o`ps, 'opo`s, voice.] 1. (Class. Myth.) The Muse that presides over eloquence and heroic poetry; mother of Orpheus, and chief of the nine Muses.
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2. (Astron.) One of the asteroids. See Solar.
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3. A musical instrument consisting of a series of steam whistles, toned to the notes of the scale, and played by keys arranged like those of an organ. It is sometimes attached to steamboat boilers.
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4. (Zool.) A beautiful species of humming bird (Stellula Calliope) of California and adjacent regions.
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Calliophis
Calliophis n. a genus comprising the Asian coral snakes.
Syn. -- genus Calliophis, Callophis, genus Callophis.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calliopsis
Cal`li*op"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. pref. kalli- (fr. kalo`s beautiful) + 'o`psis appearance.] (Bot.) A popular name given to a few species of the genus Coreopsis, especially to Coreopsis tinctoria of Arkansas.
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Callipash
Cal`li*pash" (&unr_;), n. See Calipash.
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Callipee
Cal`li*pee" (&unr_;), n. See Calipee.
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Callipers
Cal`li*pers (&unr_;), n. pl. See Calipers.
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Calliphoridae
Calliphoridae n. a natural family comprising the blowflies.
Syn. -- family Calliphoridae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Callirhoe
Callirhoe n. small genus of North American herbs having usually red or purple flowers.
Syn. -- genus Callirhoe.
[WordNet 1.5]

Callisaurus
Callisaurus n. a genus of lizards including the the zebra-tailed lizard.
Syn. -- genus Callisaurus.
[WordNet 1.5]

Callisection
Cal`li*sec"tion (?), n. [L. callere to be insensible + E. section.] Painless vivisection; -- opposed to sentisection. B. G. Wilder.

Callistephus
Callistephus n. a genus of plants having only one species, an erect Asiatic herb with large flowers.
Syn. -- genus Callistephus.
[WordNet 1.5]

Callisthenics
Callisthenic
{ Cal`lis*then"ic, a., Cal`lis*then"ics (?), n. } See Calisthenic, Calisthenics.
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Callithricidae
Callithricidae n. a natural family comprising the marmosets.
Syn. -- family Callithricidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Callithrix
Callithrix n. the type genus of the Callithricidae; the true marmosets.
Syn. -- genus Callithrix.
[WordNet 1.5]

Callithump
Cal"li*thump` (?), n. A somewhat riotous parade, accompanied with the blowing of tin horns, and other discordant noises; also, a burlesque serenade; a charivari. [U. S.] [Also spelled callathump.]
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Callithumpian
Cal`li*thump"i*an (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a callithump. [U. S.]
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Callitris
Callitris n. a genus of evergreen monoecious coniferous trees or shrubs; the cypress pines.
Syn. -- genus Callitris.
[WordNet 1.5]

Callophis
Callophis n. a genus of Asian coral snakes.
Syn. -- Calliophis, genus Calliophis, genus Callophis.
[WordNet 1.5]

Callorhinus
Callorhinus n. a genu sof fur seals.
Syn. -- genus Callorhinus.
[WordNet 1.5]

Callosan
Cal*lo"san (?), a. (Anat.) Of the callosum.
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Callose
Cal"lose (?), a. [See Callous.] (Bot.) Furnished with protuberant or hardened spots.
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Callosity
Cal*los"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Callosities (#). [L. callasitas; cf. F. calosté.] A hard or thickened spot or protuberance; a hardening and thickening of the skin or bark of a part, eps. as a result of continued pressure or friction.
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Callosum
Cal*lo"sum (?), n. [NL., fr. callosus callous, hard.] (Anat.) The great band commissural fibers which unites the two cerebral hemispheres. See corpus callosum, under Carpus.
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Callot
Cal"lot (?), n. A plant coif or skullcap. Same as Calotte. B. Jonson.
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Callous
Cal"lous (?), a. [L. callosus callous hard, fr. callum, callus, callous skin: cf. F. calleux.] 1. Hardened; indurated. “A callous hand.” Goldsmith. “A callous ulcer.” Dunglison.
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2. Hardened in mind; insensible; unfeeling; unsusceptible. “The callous diplomatist.” Macaulay.
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It is an immense blessing to be perfectly callous to ridicule. T. Arnold.

Syn. -- Obdurate; hard; hardened; indurated; insensible; unfeeling; unsusceptible. See Obdurate.

-- Cal"lous*ly, adv.
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A callousness and numbness of soul. Bentley.
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calloused
cal"loused adj. having callouses; -- of skin.
Syn. -- thickened.
[WordNet 1.5]

callousness
cal"lous*ness n. lack of passion or feeling.
Syn. -- unfeelingness, hardness, insensibility.
[WordNet 1.5]

Callow
Cal"low (?), a. [OE. calewe, calu, bald, AS. calu; akin to D. kaal, OHG. chalo, G. Kuhl; cf. L. calvus.]
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1. Destitute of feathers; naked; unfledged.
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An in the leafy summit, spied a nest,
Which, o'er the callow young, a sparrow pressed.
Dryden.
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2. Immature; boyish; “green”; as, a callow youth.
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I perceive by this, thou art but a callow maid. Old Play [1675].
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Callow
Cal*low" (?), n. (Zool.) [Named from its note.] A kind of duck. See Old squaw.
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callowness
cal"low*ness n. having a lack of experience of life.
Syn. -- jejuneness.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calluna
Calluna n. a genus having only one species.
Syn. -- genus Calluna.
[WordNet 1.5]

Callus
Cal"lus (kăl"lŭs), n. [L. See Callous.] 1. (Med.) (a) Same as Callosity. (b) The material of repair in fractures of bone; a substance exuded at the site of fracture, which is at first soft or cartilaginous in consistence, but is ultimately converted into true bone and unites the fragments into a single piece.
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2. (Hort.) The new formation over the end of a cutting, before it puts out rootlets.
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Calm
Calm (käm), n. [OE. calme, F. calme, fr. It. or Sp. calma (cf. Pg. calma heat), prob. fr. LL. cauma heat, fr. Gr. kay^ma burning heat, fr. kai`ein to burn; either because during a great heat there is generally also a calm, or because the hot time of the day obliges us seek for shade and quiet; cf. Caustic] Freedom from motion, agitation, or disturbance; a cessation or absence of that which causes motion or disturbance, as of winds or waves; tranquility; stillness; quiet; serenity.
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The wind ceased, and there was a great calm. Mark. iv. 39.
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A calm before a storm is commonly a peace of a man's own making. South.
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Calm
Calm, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Calmed (kämd); p. pr. & vb. n. Calming.] [Cf. F. calmer. See Calm, n.] 1. To make calm; to render still or quiet, as elements; as, to calm the winds.
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To calm the tempest raised by Eolus. Dryden.
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2. To deliver from agitation or excitement; to still or soothe, as the mind or passions.
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Passions which seem somewhat calmed. Atterbury.

Syn. -- To still; quiet; appease; allay; pacify; tranquilize; soothe; compose; assuage; check; restrain.
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Calm
Calm (käm), a. [Compar. Calmer (-&etilde_;r); superl. Calmest (-&ebreve_;st)] 1. Not stormy; without motion, as of winds or waves; still; quiet; serene; undisturbed.Calm was the day.” Spenser.
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Now all is calm, and fresh, and still. Bryant.
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2. Undisturbed by passion or emotion; not agitated or excited; tranquil; quiet in act or speech.Calm and sinless peace.” Milton. “With calm attention.” Pope.
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Such calm old age as conscience pure
And self-commanding hearts ensure.
Keble.

Syn. -- Still; quiet; undisturbed; tranquil; peaceful; serene; composed; unruffled; sedate; collected; placid.
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Calmer
Calm"er (?), n. One who, or that which, makes calm.
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calming
calming adj. 1. tending to soothe or calm or tranquilize.
Syn. -- ataractic, ataraxic, sedative, soothing, tranquilizing.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. freeing from fear and anxiety.
Syn. -- assuasive, pacifying, soothing.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calmly
Calm"ly (?), adv. In a calm manner.
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The gentle stream which calmly flows. Denham.
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Calmness
Calm"ness, n. The state of quality of being calm; quietness; tranquillity; self-repose.
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The gentle calmness of the flood. Denham.
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Hes calmness was the repose of conscious power. E. Everett.

Syn. -- Quietness; quietude; stillness; tranquillity; serenity; repose; composure; sedateness; placidity.
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Calmucks
Cal"mucks (?), n. pl.; sing. Calmuck. A branch of the Mongolian race inhabiting parts of the Russian and Chinese empires; also (sing.), the language of the Calmucks. [Written also Kalmucks.]
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Calmy
Calm"y (?), a. [Fr. Calm, n.] Tranquil; peaceful; calm. [Poet.] “A still and calmy day” Spenser.
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Calocedrus
Calocedrus n. a genus of tall evergreens of West North America and East Asia; formerly included in genus Libocedrus.
Syn. -- genus Calocedrus.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calochortus
Calochortus n. large genus of West North American leafy-stemmed bulbous herbs.
Syn. -- genus Calochortus.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calomel
Cal"o*mel (kăl"&ouptack_;*m&ebreve_;l), n. [Gr. kalo`s beautiful + me`las black. So called from its being white, though made from a black mixture of mercury and corrosive sublimate. Cf. F. calomélas.] (Chem.) Mild chloride of mercury, Hg2Cl2, a heavy, white or yellowish white substance, insoluble and tasteless, much used in medicine as a mercurial and purgative; mercurous chloride. It occurs native as the mineral horn quicksilver.
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Calopogon
Calopogon n. a genus of terrestrial orchids of North America.
Syn. -- genus Calopogon.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calorescence
Cal`o*res"cence (?), n. [L. calor heat.] (Physics) The conversion of obscure radiant heat into light; the transmutation of rays of heat into others of higher refrangibility. Tyndall.
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Caloric
Ca*lor"ic (?), n. [L. calor heat; cf. F. calorique.] (Physics) The principle of heat, or the agent to which the phenomena of heat and combustion were formerly ascribed; -- not now used in scientific nomenclature, but sometimes used as a general term for heat.
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Caloric expands all bodies. Henry.
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Caloric
Ca*lor"ic, a. Of or pertaining to caloric.
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Caloric engine, a kind of engine operated by heated air.
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Caloricity
Cal`o*ric"ity (?), n. (Physiol.) A faculty in animals of developing and preserving the heat necessary to life, that is, the animal heat.
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Caloriduct
Ca*lor"i*duct (?), n. [L. calor heat (fr. calere to warm) + E. duct.] A tube or duct for conducting heat; a caliduct.
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Calorie
Cal"o*rie (?), n. [F., fr. L. calor heat.] (Physics) The unit of heat according to the French standard; the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram (sometimes, one gram) of water one degree centigrade, or from 0° to 1°. Compare the English standard unit, Foot pound.
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Calorifacient
Ca*lor`i*fa"cient (?), a. (Physiol.) See Calorificient.
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Calorifere
Ca*lor"i*fere (?), n. [F. calorifère, fr. L. calor heat + ferre to bear.] An apparatus for conveying and distributing heat, especially by means of hot water circulating in tubes.
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Calorifiant
Ca*lor`i*fi"ant (?), a. (Physiol.) See Calorificient.
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Calorific
Cal`o*rif"ic (?), a. [L. calorificus; calor heat + facere to make; cf. F. calorifique.] Possessing the quality of producing heat; heating.
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Calorific rays, the invisible, heating rays which emanate from the sun, and from burning and heated bodies.
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Calorification
Ca*lor`i*fi*ca"tion (k&adot_;*l&obreve_;r`&ibreve_;*f&ibreve_;*kā"shŭn), n. [Cf. F. calorification.] Production of heat, esp. animal heat.
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Calorificient
Ca*lor`i*fi"cient (?), a. (Physiol.) Having, or relating to the power of producing heat; -- applied to foods which, being rich in carbon, as the fats, are supposed to give rise to heat in the animal body by oxidation.
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Calorimeter
Cal`o*rim"e*ter (?), n. [L. calor heat + -meter; cf. F. calorimètre.] 1. (Physiol.) An apparatus for measuring the amount of heat contained in bodies or developed by some mechanical or chemical process, as friction, chemical combination, combustion, etc. For combustion processes, a bomb calorimeter may be used.
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2. (Engineering) An apparatus for measuring the proportion of unevaporated water contained in steam.
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Calorimetric
Ca*lor`i*met"ric (?), a. Of or pertaining to the process of using the calorimeter.
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Satisfactory calorimetric results. Nichol.
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Calorimetry
Cal`o*rim"e*try (?), n. (Physics) Measurement of the quantities of heat in bodies.
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Calorimotor
Ca*lor`i*mo"tor (?), n. [L. calor heat + E. motor.] (Physics) A voltaic battery, having a large surface of plate, and producing powerful heating effects.

Calorisator
Ca*lor"i*sa`tor (?), n. [NL., heater, fr. L. calor heat.] An apparatus used in beet-sugar factories to heat the juice in order to aid the diffusion.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Callot
Calotte
{ ‖Ca*lotte" (?), Cal"lot (?) }, n. [F. calotte, dim. of cale a sort of flat cap. Cf. Caul.] A close cap without visor or brim. Especially: (a) Such a cap, worn by English serjeants at law. (b) Such a cap, worn by the French cavalry under their helmets. (c) Such a cap, worn by the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.
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To assume the calotte, to become a priest.
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Calotype
Cal"o*type (?), n. [Gr. kalo`s beautiful + ty`pos type.] (Photog.) A method of taking photographic pictures, on paper sensitized with iodide of silver; -- also called Talbotype, from the inventor, Mr. Fox. Talbot.
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Caloyer
Ca*loy"er (?), n. [F., fr. NGr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_; a monk; kalo`s beautiful, good + &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;, equiv. to Gr. &unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_;&unr_; an old man.] A monk of the Greek Church; a cenobite, anchoret, or recluse of the rule of St. Basil, especially, one on or near Mt. Athos.
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Calpe
Calpe n. the Rock of Gibraltar, a limestone promontory at the southern tip of Spain; associated with Britain.
Syn. -- Gibraltar, Rock of Gibraltar.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calque
Calque, v. t. See 2d Calk, v. t.
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Caltrap
Caltrop
{ Cal"trop (?), Cal"trap (?), } n. [OE. calketrappe, calletrappe, caltor (in both senses), fr. AS. collræppe, calcetreppe, sort of thistle; cf. F. chaussetrape star thistle, trap, It. calcatreppo, calcatreppolo, star thistle. Perh. from L. calx heel + the same word as E. trap. See 1st Trap.] 1. (Bot.) A genus of herbaceous plants (Tribulus) of the order Zygophylleæ, having a hard several-celled fruit, armed with stout spines, and resembling the military instrument of the same name. The species grow in warm countries, and are often very annoying to cattle.
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2. (Mil.) An instrument with four iron points, so disposed that, any three of them being on the ground, the other projects upward. They are scattered on the ground where an enemy's cavalry are to pass, to impede their progress by endangering the horses' feet.
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Calumba
Ca*lum"ba (?), n. [from kalumb, its native name in Mozambique.] (Med.) The root of a plant (Jateorrhiza Calumba, and probably Cocculus palmatus), indigenous in Mozambique. It has an unpleasantly bitter taste, and is used as a tonic and antiseptic. [Written also colombo, columbo, and calombo.]
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American calumba, the Frasera Carolinensis, also called American gentian. Its root has been used in medicine as bitter tonic in place of calumba.
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Calumbin
Ca*lum"bin (?), n. (Chem.) A bitter principle extracted as a white crystalline substance from the calumba root. [Written also colombin, and columbin]
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Calumet
Cal"u*met (?), n. [F. calumet, fr. L. calamus reed. See Halm, and cf. Shawm.] A kind of pipe, used by the North American Indians for smoking tobacco. The bowl is usually made of soft red stone, and the tube is a long reed often ornamented with feathers.
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Smoked the calumet, the Peace pipe,
As a signal to the nations.
Lowgfellow.
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&hand_; The calumet is used as a symbol of peace. To accept the calumet is to agree to terms of peace, and to refuse it is to reject them. The calumet of peace is used to seal or ratify contracts and alliances, and as an evidence to strangers that they are welcome.
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Calumniate
Ca*lum"ni*ate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Calumniated; p. pr. & vb. n. calumniating.] [L. calumniatus, p. p. of calumniari. See Calumny, and cf. Challenge, v. t.] To accuse falsely and maliciously of a crime or offense, or of something disreputable; to slander; to libel.
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Hatred unto the truth did always falsely report and calumniate all godly men's doings. Strype.
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Syn. -- To asperse; slander; defame; vilify; traduce; belie; bespatter; blacken; libel. See Asperse.
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Calumniate
Ca*lum"ni*ate, v. i. To propagate evil reports with a design to injure the reputation of another; to make purposely false charges of some offense or crime.
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Calumniation
Ca*lum`ni*a"tion (k&adot_;*lŭm`n&ibreve_;*ā"shŭn), n. False accusation of crime or offense, or a malicious and false representation of the words or actions of another, with a view to injure his good name.
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The calumniation of her principal counselors. Bacon.
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Calumniator
Ca*lum`ni*a"tor (?), n. [L.] One who calumniates.

Syn. -- Slanderer; defamer; libeler; traducer.
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Calumniatory
Ca*lum"ni*a*to*ry (?), a. Containing calumny; slanderous. Montagu.
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Calumnious
Ca*lum"ni*ous (?), a. [L. calumniosus.] Containing or implying calumny; false, malicious, and injurious to reputation; slanderous; as, calumnious reports.
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Virtue itself 'scapes not calumnious strokes. Shak.

. Slanderous; defamatory; scurrilous; opprobrious; derogatory; libelous; abusive.

-- Ca*lum"ni*ous*ly, adv. -- Ca*lum"ni*ous*ness, n.
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Calumny
Cal"um*ny (?), n.; pl. Calumnies (#). [L. calumnia, fr. calvi to devise tricks, deceive; cf. F. calomnie. Cf. Challenge, n.] False accusation of a crime or offense, maliciously made or reported, to the injury of another; malicious misrepresentation; slander; detraction. “Infamous calumnies.” Motley.
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Be thou as chaste as ice, as pure as snow, thou shalt not escape calumny. Shak.
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Calvaria
Cal*va"ri*a (kăl*vā"r&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n. [L. See Calvary.] (Anat.) The bones of the cranium; more especially, the bones of the domelike upper portion.
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Calvary
Cal"va*ry (kăl"v&adot_;*r&ybreve_;), n. [L. calvaria a bare skull, fr. calva the scalp without hair. fr. calvus bald; cf. F. calvaire.] 1. The place where Christ was crucified, on a small hill outside of Jerusalem. Luke xxiii. 33.
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&hand_; The Latin calvaria is a translation of the Greek krani`on of the Evangelists, which is an interpretation of the Hebrew Golgotha. Dr. W. Smith.
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2. A representation of the crucifixion, consisting of three crosses with the figures of Christ and the thieves, often as large as life, and sometimes surrounded by figures of other personages who were present at the crucifixion.
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3. (Her.) A cross, set upon three steps; -- more properly called cross calvary.
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Calvatia
Calvatia n. a genus of puffballs having outer casings whose upper parts break at maturity into angular pieces to expose the spores.
Syn. -- genus Calvatia.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calve
Calve (käv), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Calved 3; p. pr. & vb. n. Calving.] [AS. cealfian. See Calf.] 1. To bring forth a calf. “Their cow calveth.” Job xxi. 10.
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2. To bring forth young; to produce offspring.
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Canst thou mark when the hinds do calve? Job xxxix. 1.
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The grassy clods now calved. Molton.
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3. (Phys. Geog.) To throw off fragments which become icebergs; -- said of a glacier.
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Calver
Cal"ver (kăl"v&etilde_;r), v. i. 1. To cut in slices and pickle, as salmon. [Obs.]
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For a change, leave calvered salmon and eat sprats. Massinger.
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2. To crimp; as, calvered salmon. Nares.
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Calver
Cal"ver, v. i. To bear, or be susceptible of, being calvered; as, grayling's flesh will calver. Catton.
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Calvessnout
Calves"*snout (?), n. (Bot.) Snapdragon.
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Calvin
Cal"vin n. 1. John Calvin, a French theologian and reformer; born 1509, died 1564.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calvinism
Cal"vin*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. Calvinisme.] The theological tenets or doctrines of John Calvin (a French theologian and reformer of the 16th century) and his followers, or of the so-called calvinistic churches.
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&hand_; The distinguishing doctrines of this system, usually termed the five points of Calvinism, are original sin or total depravity, election or predestination, particular redemption, effectual calling, and the perseverance of the saints. It has been subject to many variations and modifications in different churches and at various times.
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Calvinist
Cal"vin*ist (?), n. [Cf. F. Calviniste.] A follower of Calvin; a believer in Calvinism.
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Calvinistical
Calvinistic
{ Cal`vin*is"tic (?), Cal`vin*is"tic*al (?), } a. Of or pertaining to Calvin, or Calvinism; following Calvin; accepting or Teaching Calvinism.Calvinistic training.” Lowell.
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Calvinize
Cal"vin*ize (?), v. t. To convert to Calvinism.
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Calvish
Calv"ish (?), a. Like a calf; stupid. Sheldon.
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Calx
Calx (?), n.; pl. E. Calxes (#), L. Calces (#). [L. Calx, calcis. limestone; cf. Gr. &unr_; gravel. &unr_;, &unr_;, pebble, Skr. &unr_; gravel, Ir. carraic rock Gael. carraig, W. careg, stone. Cf. Chalk.]
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1. (Chem.) (a) Quicklime. [Obs.] (b) The substance which remains when a metal or mineral has been subjected to calcination or combustion by heat, and which is, or may be, reduced to a fine powder.
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&hand_; Metallic calxes are now called oxides.
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2. Broken and refuse glass, returned to the post.

calyceal
calyceal adj. of or pertaining to a calyx.
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callyciflorous
Calycifloral
{ Ca*lyc`i*flo"ral (?), cal*lyc`i*flo"rous (?), } a. [L. calyx, -ycis, calyx + flos, floris, flower.] (Bot.) Having the petals and stamens adnate to the calyx; -- applied to a subclass of dicotyledonous plants in the system of the French botanist Candolle.
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Calyciform
Ca*lyc"i*form (?), a. [L. calyx, calycis, calyx + -form.] (Bot.) Having the form or appearance of a calyx.
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Calycine
Calycinal
{ Ca*lyc"i*nal (?), Cal"y*cine (?), } a. (Bot.) Pertaining to a calyx; resembling or having the nature of a calyx.
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Calycle
Cal"y*cle (?), n. [L.calyculus small flower bud, calyx, dim. of calyx. See Calyx, and cf. Calicle.] (Bot.) A row of small bracts, at the base of the calyx, on the outside.
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Calycled
Cal"y*cled (?), a. (Bot.) Calyculate.
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Calycozoa
Cal`y*co*zo"a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, cup or calyx a flower + &unr_; animal.] (Zool.) A group of acalephs of which Lucernaria is the type. The body is cup-shaped with eight marginal lobes bearing clavate tentacles. An aboral sucker serves for attachment. The interior is divided into four large compartments. See Lucernarida.
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Calycular
Ca*lyc"u*lar (?), a. (Bot.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the bracts of a calycle.
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Calyculated
Calyculate
{ Ca*lyc"u*late (?), Ca*lyc"u*la`ted (?) }, a. (Bot.) Having a set of bracts resembling a calyx.
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Calymene
Ca*lym"e*ne (?), n. [Gr. (&unr_;) concealed, p. p. of &unr_; to conceal.] (Zool.) A genus of trilobites characteristic of the Silurian age.
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Calyon
Cal"yon (?), n. Flint or pebble stone, used in building walls, etc. Haliwell.
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Calypso
Ca*lyp"so (k&adot_;*l&ibreve_;p"s&ouptack_;), n. [The Latinized Greek name of a beautiful nymph.] (Bot.) A small and beautiful species of orchid, having a flower variegated with purple, pink, and yellow. It grows in cold and wet localities in the northern part of the United States. The Calypso borealis is the only orchid which reaches 68° N.
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calypter
calypter n. (Zool.) a scalelike structure between the base of the wing and the halter of a two-winged fly.
Syn. -- alula.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calyptra
Ca*lyp"tra (k&adot_;*l&ibreve_;p"tr&adot_;), n. [NL., fr. Gr. kaly`ptra a covering for the head, fr. kaly`ptein to cover.] (Bot.) A little hood or veil, resembling an extinguisher in form and position, covering each of the small flasklike capsules which contain the spores of mosses; also, any similar covering body.
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Calyptriform
Ca*lyp"tri*form (?), a. [Calyptra + -form.] Having the form a calyptra, or extinguisher.
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Calystegia
Calystegia n. a genus of climbing or scrambling herbs; bindweed.
Syn. -- genus Calystegia.
[WordNet 1.5]

Calyx
Ca"lyx (kā"l&ibreve_;ks; 277), n.; pl. E. Calyxes (kā"l&ibreve_;ks*&ebreve_;z), L. Calyces (kăl"&ibreve_;*sēz). [L. calyx, -ycis, fr. Gr. ka`lyx husk, shell, calyx, from the root of kaly`ptein to cover, conceal. Cf. Chalice Helmet.] 1. (Bot.) The covering of a flower. See Flower.
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&hand_; The calyx is usually green and foliaceous, but becomes delicate and petaloid in such flowers as the anemone and the four-o'clock. Each leaf of the calyx is called a sepal.
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2. (Anat.) A cuplike division of the pelvis of the kidney, which surrounds one or more of the renal papillæ.
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Calzoons
Cal*zoons" (kăl*z&oomacr_;nz"), n. pl. [F. caleçons (cf. It. calzoni breeches), fr. L. calceus shoe.] Drawers. [Obs.]
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Cam
Cam (kăm), n. [Dan. kam comb, ridge; or cf. W., Gael., and Ir., cam bent. See 1st Comb.] 1. (Med.) (a) A turning or sliding piece which, by the shape of its periphery or face, or a groove in its surface, imparts variable or intermittent motion to, or receives such motion from, a rod, lever, or block brought into sliding or rolling contact with it. (b) A curved wedge, movable about an axis, used for forcing or clamping two pieces together. (c) A projecting part of a wheel or other moving piece so shaped as to give alternate or variable motion to another piece against which it acts.
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&hand_; Cams are much used in machinery involving complicated, and irregular movements, as in the sewing machine, pin machine, etc.
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2. A ridge or mound of earth. [Prov. Eng.] Wright.
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Cam wheel (Mach.), a wheel with one or more projections (cams) or depressions upon its periphery or upon its face; one which is set or shaped eccentrically, so that its revolutions impart a varied, reciprocating, or intermittent motion.
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Cam
Cam (?), a. [See Kam.] Crooked. [Obs.]
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camachile
camachile n. a common thorny tropical American tree (Pithecellobium dulce) having terminal racemes of yellow flowers followed by sickle-shaped or circinate edible pods and yielding good timber and a yellow dye and mucilaginous gum.
Syn. -- manila tamarind, huamachil, wild tamarind.
[WordNet 1.5]

Camaieu
Ca*ma"ieu (?), n. [F.; of unknown origin. Cf. Cameo.] 1. A cameo. [Obs.] Crabb.
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2. (Fine Arts) Painting in shades of one color; monochrome. Mollett.
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Camail
Ca*mail" (?), n. [F. camail (cf. It. camaglio), fr. L. caput head + source of E. mail.] 1. (Ancient Armor) A neck guard of chain mall, hanging from the bascinet or other headpiece.
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2. A hood of other material than mail; esp. (Eccl.), a hood worn in church services, -- the amice, or the like.
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Camara dos Deputados
Camara dos Pares
Camara
Ca"ma*ra (?), n. [Pg.] Chamber; house; -- used in Ca"ma*ra dos Pa"res (&unr_;), and Ca"ma*ra dos De`pu*ta"dos (&unr_;). See Legislature.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Camaraderie
Ca`ma`ra`de*rie" (?), n. [F. See Comrade.] Comradeship and loyalty.

The spirit of camaraderie is strong among these riders of the plains. W. A. Fraser.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Camarasaurus
Cam`a*ra*sau"rus (?), n. [NL. fr. Gr. &unr_; a vaulted chamber + &unr_; lizard.] (Paleon.) A genus of gigantic American Jurassic dinosaurs, having large cavities in the bodies of the dorsal vertebræ.
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Camarilla
Ca`ma*ril"la (?), n. [Sp., a small room.]
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1. The private audience chamber of a king.
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2. A company of secret and irresponsible advisers, as of a king; a cabal or clique.
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camas
camas n. same as camass.
[WordNet 1.5]

camash
camash n. same as camass.
Syn. -- camas, camass, quamash, camosh.
[WordNet 1.5]

Camassia
Camassia n. a genus of scapose herbs of North and South America having large edible bulbs.
Syn. -- genus Camassia, Quamassia, genus Quamassia.
[WordNet 1.5]

Camass
Cam"ass (?), n. [American Indian name.] (Bot.) any of several plants of the genus Camassia of North and South America, especially the blue-flowered liliaceous plant (Camassia esculenta) of northwestern America, the bulbs of which were collected for food by the Indians. [Written also camas, cammas, and quamash.]
Syn. -- camass, quamash, camosh, camash.
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&hand_; The Eastern cammass is Camassia Fraseri.
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Camass
Cam"ass (?). n. [Origin uncert.] A small prairie in a forest; a small grassy plain among hills. [Western U. S.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Camber
Cam"ber (?), n. [Of. cambre bent, curved; akin to F. cambrer to vault, to bend, fr. L. camerare to arch over, fr. camera vault, arch. See Chamber, and cf. Camerate.] 1. (Shipbuilding) An upward convexity of a deck or other surface; as, she has a high camber (said of a vessel having an unusual convexity of deck).
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2. (Arch.) An upward concavity in the under side of a beam, girder, or lintel; also, a slight upward concavity in a straight arch. See Hogback.
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Camber arch (Arch.), an arch whose intrados, though apparently straight, has a slightly concave curve upward. -- Camber beam (Arch.), a beam whose under side has a concave curve upward.
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Camber
Cam"ber, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cambered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Cambering.] To cut bend to an upward curve; to construct, as a deck, with an upward curve.
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Camber
Cam"ber, v. i. To curve upward.
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Camberkeeled
Cam"ber*keeled (?), a. (Naut.) Having the keel arched upwards, but not actually hogged; -- said of a ship.
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Cambial
Cam"bi*al (?), a. [LL. cambialis, fr. cambiars. See Change.] Belonging to exchanges in commerce; of exchange. [R.]
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Cambist
Cam"bist (?), n. [F. cambiste, It. cambista, fr. L. cambire to exchange. See Change.] A banker; a money changer or broker; one who deals in bills of exchange, or who is skilled in the science of exchange.
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Cambistry
Cam"bist*ry (?), n. The science of exchange, weight, measures, etc.
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Cambium
Cam"bi*um (?), n. [LL. cambium exchange, fr. L. cambire to exchange. It was supposed that cambium was sap changing into wood.] 1. (Bot.) A series of formative cells lying outside of the wood proper and inside of the inner bark. The growth of new wood takes place in the cambium, which is very soft.
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2. (Med.) A fancied nutritive juice, formerly supposed to originate in the blood, to repair losses of the system, and to promote its increase. Dunglison.
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Camblet
Cam"blet (?), n. See Camlet.
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Camboge
Cam*boge" (?), n. See Gamboge.
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Camboose
Cam*boose" (?), n. (Naut.) See Caboose.
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Cambrasine
Cam"bra*sine (?), n. A kind of linen cloth made in Egypt, and so named from its resemblance to cambric.
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Cambrel
Cam"brel (?), n. See Gambrel, n., 2. Wright.
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Cambria
Cam"bri*a (?), n. The ancient Latin name of Wales. It is used by modern poets.
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Cambrian
Cam"bri*an (?), a. 1. (Geog.) Of or pertaining to Cambria or Wales.
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2. (Geol.) Of or pertaining to the lowest subdivision of the rocks of the Silurian or Molluscan age; -- sometimes described as inferior to the Silurian. It is named from its development in Cambria or Wales. See the Diagram under Geology.
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Cambrian
Cam"bri*an, n. 1. A native of Cambria or Wales.
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2. (Geol.) The Cambrian formation.
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cambric
cam"bric (kăm"br&ibreve_;k), n. [OE. camerike, fr. Cambrai (Flemish Kamerik), a city of France (formerly of Flanders), where it was first made.] 1. A fine, thin, and white fabric made of flax or linen.
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He hath ribbons of all the colors i' the rainbow; . . . inkles, caddises, cambrics, lawns. Shak.
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2. A fabric made, in imitation of linen cambric, of fine, hardspun cotton, often with figures of various colors; -- also called cotton cambric, and cambric muslin.
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Cambro-Briton
Cam"bro-Brit"on (kăm"br&ouptack_;*br&ibreve_;t"ŭn), n. A Welshman.
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Came
Came (kām), imp. of Come.
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came
came (kām), n. [Cf. Scot. came, caim, comb, and OE. camet silver.] A slender rod of cast lead, with or without grooves, used, in casements and stained-glass windows, to hold together the panes or pieces of glass.
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camel
cam"el (kăm"&ebreve_;l), n. [OE. camel, chamel, OF. camel, chamel, F. chameau L. camelus, fr. Gr. ka`mhlos; of Semitic origin; cf. Heb. gāmāl, Ar. jamal. Cf. As. camel, fr. L. camelus.] 1. (Zool.) A large ruminant used in Asia and Africa for carrying burdens and for riding. The camel is remarkable for its ability to go a long time without drinking. Its hoofs are small, and situated at the extremities of the toes, and the weight of the animal rests on the callous. The dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) has one hump on the back, while the Bactrian camel (Camelus Bactrianus) has two. The llama, alpaca, and vicuña, of South America, belong to a related genus (Auchenia).
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2. (Naut.) A water-tight structure (as a large box or boxes) used to assist a vessel in passing over a shoal or bar or in navigating shallow water. By admitting water, the camel or camels may be sunk and attached beneath or at the sides of a vessel, and when the water is pumped out the vessel is lifted.
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Camel bird (Zool.), the ostrich. -- Camel locust (Zool.), the mantis. -- Camel's thorn (Bot.), a low, leguminous shrub (Alhagi maurorum) of the Arabian desert, from which exudes a sweetish gum, which is one of the substances called manna.
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Camel-backed
Cam"el-backed` (?), a. Having a back like a camel; humpbacked. Fuller.
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Cameleon
Ca*me"le*on (?), n. See Chaceleon. [Obs.]
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camelhair
cam"el*hair n. a soft tan cloth made with the hair of a camel.
Syn. -- camel's hair.
[WordNet 1.5]

camelia
camelia n. any of several shrubs or small evergreen trees having solitary white or pink or reddish flowers; the camellia.
Syn. -- camellia.
[WordNet 1.5]

Camelidae
Camelidae n. a natural family comprising the camels and llamas and vicunas.
Syn. -- family Camelidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Camelina
Camelina n. a genus of annual and biennial herbs of Mediterranean to Central Asia.
Syn. -- genus Camelina.
[WordNet 1.5]

Camellia
Ca*mel"li*a (?), n. [NL., after Georg Josef Kamel, or Camelli, a Jesuit who is said to have brought it from the East.] 1. (Bot.) An Asiatic genus of small shrubs, often with shining leaves and showy flowers. Camellia Japonica is much cultivated for ornament, and Camellia Sassanqua and Camellia oleifera are grown in China for the oil which is pressed from their seeds. The tea plant is now referred to this genus under the name of Camellia Thea.
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2. (Hort.) An ornamental greenhouse shrub (Thea japonica) with glossy evergreen leaves and roselike red or white double flowers.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Camelopard
Ca*mel"o*pard (k&adot_;*m&ebreve_;l"&ouptack_;*pärd or kăm"&ebreve_;l*&ouptack_;*pärd; 277), n. [LL. camelopardus, L. camelopardalus, camelopardalis, fr. Gr. kamhlopa`rdalis; ka`mhlos a camel + pa`rdalis pard, leopard: cf. F. camélopard. The camelopard has a neck and head like a camel, and is spotted like a pard. See Camel, and Pard.] (Zool.) An African ruminant; the giraffe. See Giraffe.
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Camelot
Came"lot (?), n. See Camelet. [Obs.]
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Camelot
Cam"e*lot (kăm"ŭ*l&obreve_;t), prop. n. 1. The legendary site of King Arthur's court and castle.
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2. Hence, any place or time thought of as having idyllic peace, justice, and happiness.
[PJC]

Camelry
Cam"el*ry (?), n. Troops that are mounted on camels.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Camelshair
Cam"els*hair` (?), a. Of camel's hair.
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Camel's-hair pencil, a small brush used by painters in water colors, made of camel's hair or similar materials. -- Camel's-hair shawl. A name often given to a cashmere shawl. See Cashmere shawl under Cashmere.
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Camembert cheese
Camembert
Ca`mem`bert" (?), n., or Camembert cheese. A kind of rich, soft, unpressed cream cheese made in the vicinity of Camembert, near Argentan, France; also, any cheese of the same type, wherever made.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cameo
Cam"e*o (kăm"&euptack_;*&ouptack_;), n.; pl. Cameos (kăm"&euptack_;*ōz). [It. cammeo; akin to F. camée, camaïeu, Sp. camafeo, LL. camaeus, camahutus; of unknown origin.] A carving in relief, esp. one on a small scale used as a jewel for personal adornment, or like.
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&hand_; Most cameos are carved in a material which has layers of different colors, such stones as the onyx and sardonyx, and various kinds of shells, being used. The classical cameos made in Italy are carved on a seashell (see cameo conch, below), having an olive figure carved from the inner layer of the shell in relief on the white background of the outer layer of the shell.
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Cameo conch (Zool.), a large, marine, univalve shell, esp. Cassis cameo, Cassis rua, and allied species, used for cutting cameos. See Quern conch.
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Camera
Cam"e*ra (?), n.; pl. E. Cameras (#), L. Camerae (#). [L. vault, arch, LL., chamber. See Chamber.] A chamber, or instrument having a chamber. Specifically: The camera obscura when used in photography. See Camera, and Camera obscura.
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Bellows camera. See under Bellows. -- In camera (Law), in a judge's chamber, that is, privately; as, a judge hears testimony which is not fit for the open court in camera. -- Panoramic camera, or Pantascopic camera, a photographic camera in which the lens and sensitized plate revolve so as to expose adjacent parts of the plate successively to the light, which reaches it through a narrow vertical slit; -- used in photographing broad landscapes. Abney.
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Camerade
Came"rade (?), n. See Comrade. [Obs.]
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Cameralistic
Cam`e*ra*lis"tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to finance and public revenue.
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Cameralistics
Cam`e*ra*lis"tics (?), n. [Cf. F. caméralistique, G. kameralistik, fr. L. camera vault, LL., chamber, treasury.] The science of finance or public revenue.
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Camera lucida
Cam"e*ra lu"ci*da (?). [L. camera chamber + L. lucidus, lucida, lucid, light.] (Opt.) An instrument which by means of a prism of a peculiar form, or an arrangement of mirrors, causes an apparent image of an external object or objects to appear as if projected upon a plane surface, as of paper or canvas, so that the outlines may conveniently traced. It is generally used with the microscope.
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Camera obscura
Cam"e*ra ob*scu"ra (?). [LL. camera chamber + L. obscurus, obscura, dark.] (Opt.) 1. An apparatus in which the images of external objects, formed by a convex lens or a concave mirror, are thrown on a paper or other white surface placed in the focus of the lens or mirror within a darkened chamber, or box, so that the outlines may be traced.
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2. (Photog.) An apparatus in which the image of an external object or objects is, by means of lenses, thrown upon a sensitized plate or surface placed at the back of an extensible darkened box or chamber variously modified; -- commonly called simply the camera.
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Camerate
Cam"er*ate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Camerated; p. pr. & vb. n. Camerzting.] [L. cameratus, p. p. of camerare. See Camber.] 1. To build in the form of a vault; to arch over.
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2. To divide into chambers.
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Cameration
Cam`er*a"tion (?), n. [L. cameratio.] A vaulting or arching over. [R.]
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Camerlingo
Ca`mer*lin"go (?), n. [It.] The papal chamberlain; the cardinal who presides over the pope's household. He has at times possessed great power. [Written also camerlengo and camarlengo.]

Cameronian
Cam`e*ro"ni*an (?), n. A follower of the Rev. Richard Cameron, a Scotch Covenanter of the time of Charles II.
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Cameron and others refused to accept the “indulgence” offered the Presbyterian clergy, insisted on the Solemn league and Covenant, and in 1680 declared Charles II. deposed for tyranny, breach of faith, etc. Cameron was killed at the battle of Airdmoss, but his followers became a denomination (afterwards called Reformed Presbyterians) who refused to recognize laws or institutions which they believed contrary to the kingdom of Christ, but who now avail themselves of political rights.
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Camis
Cam"is (kăm"&ibreve_;s), n. [See Chemise.] A light, loose dress or robe. [Also written camus.] [Obs.]
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All in a camis light of purple silk. Spenser.
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Camisado
Camisade
{ Cam`i*sade" (?), Cam`i*sa"do (?), } n. [F. camisade a night attack; cf. It. camiciata. See Camis.] [Obs.] (Mil.) (a) A shirt worn by soldiers over their uniform, in order to be able to recognize one another in a night attack. (b) An attack by surprise by soldiers wearing the camisado.
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Give them a camisado in night season. Holinshed.
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Camisard
Cam"i*sard (?), n. [F.] One of the French Protestant insurgents who rebelled against Louis XIV, after the revocation of the edict of Nates; -- so called from the peasant's smock (camise) which they wore.
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Camisated
Cam"i*sa`ted (?), a. Dressed with a shirt over the other garments.
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Camisole
Cam"i*sole (?), n. [F. See chemise.] 1. A short dressing jacket for women.
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2. A kind of straitjacket.
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Camlet
Cam"let (?), n. [F. camelot (akin to Sp. camelote, chamelote, It. cambellbito, ciambellotto, LL. camelotum, camelinum, fr. Ar. khamlat camlet, fr. kaml pile, plush. The word was early confused with camel, camel's hair also being used in making it. Cf. Calamanco] A woven fabric originally made of camel's hair, now chiefly of goat's hair and silk, or of wool and cotton. [Sometimes written camelot and camblet.]
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&hand_; They have been made plain and twilled, of single warp and weft, of double warp, and sometimes with double weft also, with thicker yarn. Beck (Draper's Dict. )
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Camleted
Cam"let*ed, a. Wavy or undulating like camlet; veined. Sir T. Herbert.
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Cammas
Cam"mas (?), n. (Bot.) See Camass.
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Cammock
Cam"mock (?), n. [AS. cammoc.] (Bot.) A plant having long hard, crooked roots, the Ononis spinosa; -- called also rest-harrow. The Scandix Pecten-Veneris is also called cammock.
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Chamomile
Camomile
{ Cam"o*mile, Cham"o*mile } (kăm"&ouptack_;*mīl), n. [LL. camonilla, corrupted fr. Gr. chamai`mhlon, lit. earth apple, being so called from the smell of its flower. See Humble, and Melon.] (Bot.) A genus of herbs (Anthemis) of the Composite family. The common camomile, Anthemis nobilis, is used as a popular remedy. Its flowers have a strong and fragrant and a bitter, aromatic taste. They are tonic, febrifugal, and in large doses emetic, and the volatile oil is carminative.
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Camonflet
Ca*mon"flet (?), n. [F.] (Mil.) A small mine, sometimes formed in the wall or side of an enemy's gallery, to blow in the earth and cut off the retreat of the miners. Farrow.

Camorra
Ca*mor"ra (?), n. [It.] A secret organization formed at Naples, Italy, early in the 19th century, and used partly for political ends and partly for practicing extortion, violence, etc. -- Ca*mor"rist (#), n.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Camoys
Camous
{ Ca"mous (?), Ca"moys (?), } a. [F. camus (equiv. to camard) flat-nosed, fr. Celtic Cam croked + suff. -us; akin to L. camur, camurus, croked.] Flat; depressed; crooked; -- said only of the nose. [Obs.]
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Camoused
Ca"moused, (&unr_;), a. [From Camouse] Depressed; flattened. [Obs.]
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Though my nose be cammoused. B. Jonson
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Camously
Ca"mous*ly, adv. Awry. [Obs.] Skelton.
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Camp
Camp (kămp), n. [F. camp, It. campo, fr. L. campus plant, field; akin to Gr. kh^pos garden. Cf. Campaign, Champ, n.] 1. The ground or spot on which tents, huts, etc., are erected for shelter, as for an army or for lumbermen, etc. Shak.
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2. A collection of tents, huts, etc., for shelter, commonly arranged in an orderly manner.
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Forming a camp in the neighborhood of Boston. W. Irving.
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3. A single hut or shelter; as, a hunter's camp.
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4. The company or body of persons encamped, as of soldiers, of surveyors, of lumbermen, etc.
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The camp broke up with the confusion of a flight. Macaulay.
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5. (Agric.) A mound of earth in which potatoes and other vegetables are stored for protection against frost; -- called also burrow and pie. [Prov. Eng.]
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6. [Cf. OE. & AS. camp contest, battle. See champion.] An ancient game of football, played in some parts of England. Halliwell.
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Camp bedstead, a light bedstead that can be folded up onto a small space for easy transportation. -- camp ceiling (Arch.), a kind ceiling often used in attics or garrets, in which the side walls are inclined inward at the top, following the slope of the rafters, to meet the plane surface of the upper ceiling. -- Camp chair, a light chair that can be folded up compactly for easy transportation; the seat and back are often made of strips or pieces of carpet. -- Camp fever, typhus fever. -- Camp follower, a civilian accompanying an army, as a sutler, servant, etc. -- Camp meeting, a religious gathering for open-air preaching, held in some retired spot, chiefly by Methodists. It usually last for several days, during which those present lodge in tents, temporary houses, or cottages. -- Camp stool, the same as camp chair, except that the stool has no back. -- Flying camp (Mil.), a camp or body of troops formed for rapid motion from one place to another. Farrow. -- To pitch (a) camp, to set up the tents or huts of a camp. -- To strike camp, to take down the tents or huts of a camp.
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Camp
Camp (kămp), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Camped (kămt; 215); p. pr. & vb. n. Camping.] To afford rest or lodging for, as an army or travelers.
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Had our great palace the capacity
To camp this host, we all would sup together.
Shak.
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Camp
Camp, v. i. 1. To pitch or prepare a camp; to encamp; to lodge in a camp; -- often with out.
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They camped out at night, under the stars. W. Irving.
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2. [See Camp, n., 6] To play the game called camp. [Prov. Eng.] Tusser.
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Campagna
Cam*pa"gna (c&adot_;m*pä"ny&adot_;), n. [It. See Campaign.] An open level tract of country; especially “Campagna di Roma.” The extensive undulating plain which surrounds Rome.
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&hand_; Its length is commonly stated to be about ninety miles, and its breadth from twenty-seven to forty miles. The ground is almost entirely volcanic, and vapors which arise from the district produce malaria.
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Campagnol
Cam`pa`gnol" (?), n. [F. , fr. campagne field.] (Zool.) A mouse (Arvicala agrestis), called also meadow mouse, which often does great damage in fields and gardens, by feeding on roots and seeds.
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Campaign
Cam*paign" (?), n. [F. campagne, It. campagna, fr. L. Campania the level country about Naples, fr. campus field. See Camp, and cf. Champaign, Champagne.] 1. An open field; a large, open plain without considerable hills. SeeChampaign. Grath.
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2. (Mil.) A connected series of military operations forming a distinct stage in a war; the time during which an army keeps the field. Wilhelm.
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3. Political operations preceding an election, by candidates, their assistants, and supporters, for the purpose of convincing voters to vote for the candidate. It usually consists of one or more methods of contacting voters including advertising, distribution or mailing of printed leaflets or letters; speeches, interviews with news media, and door-to-door visits with potential voters.
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4. Hence: Any coordinated effort to contact potential supporters or customers and solicit their support or patronage; as, an advertising campaign.
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5. (Metal.) The period during which a blast furnace is continuously in operation.
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Campaign
Cam*paign" (?), v. i. To serve in a campaign.
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Campaigner
Cam*paign"er (?), n. 1. One who has served in an army in several campaigns; an old soldier; a veteran.
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2. one who is campaigning, especially a politician running for elective office, or one of his/her supporters.
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campaigning
campaigning n. The campaign of a candidate to be elected.
Syn. -- candidacy, candidature, electioneering, political campaign.
[WordNet 1.5]

Campana
Cam*pa"na (?), n. [LL. campana bell. Cf. Campanle.] 1. (Eccl.) A church bell.
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2. (Bot.) The pasque flower. Drayton.
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3. (Doric Arch.) Same as Gutta.
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Campaned
Cam*paned" (?), a. (Her.) Furnished with, or bearing, campanes, or bells.
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Campanero
Cam`pa*ne"ro (?), n. [Sp., a bellman.] (Zool.) The bellbird of South America. See Bellbird.
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Campanes
Cam*panes" (?), n. pl. [See Campana.] (Her.) Bells. [R.]
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Campania
Cam*pa"ni*a (?), n. [See Campaig.] Open country. Sir W. Temple.
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Campaniform
Cam*pan"i*form (?), a. [LL. campana bell + -form: cf. F. companiforme.] Bell-shaped.
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Campanile
Cam`pa*ni"le (?), n. [It. campanile bell tower, steeple, fr. It. & LL. campana bell.] (Arch.) A bell tower, esp. one built separate from a church.
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Many of the campaniles of Italy are lofty and magnificent structures. Swift.
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Campaniliform
Cam`pa*nil"i*form (?), a. [See Campaniform.] Bell-shaped; campanulate; campaniform.
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Campanologist
Cam`pa*nol"o*gist (?), n. One skilled in campanology; a bell ringer.
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Campanology
Cam`pa*nol"o*gy (?), n. [LL. campana bell + -logy.] The art of ringing bells, or a treatise on the art.
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Campanula
Cam*pan"u*la (kăm*păn"&uuptack_;*l&adot_;), prop. n. [LL. campanula a little bell; dim. of campana bell.] (Bot.) A large genus of plants bearing bell-shaped flowers, often of great beauty; -- also called bellflower.
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Campanulaceae
Campanulaceae prop. n. A natural family of flowering plants, which in some classifications includes the Lobeliaciae.
Syn. -- family Campanulaceae, bellflower family.
[WordNet 1.5]

Campanulaceous
Cam*pan`u*la"ceous (kăm*păn`&uuptack_;*lā"shŭs), a. (Bot.) Of pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants (Campanulaceæ) of which Campanula is the type, and which includes the Canterbury bell, the harebell, and the Venus's looking-glass.
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Campanulales
Campanulales n. an order of plants which includes the Campanulaceae; Lobeliaceae; Cucurbitaceae; Goodeniaceae; Stylidiaceae; Calyceraceae; and Compositae.
Syn. -- order Campanulales.
[WordNet 1.5]

campanular
cam*pan"u*lar (kăm*păn"&uuptack_;*l&etilde_;r), adj. shaped like a bell or campana; campaniform.
Syn. -- campanulate, campanulated, campaniform, campaniliform.
[WordNet 1.5]

Campanularian
Cam*pan`u*la"ri*an (?), n. [L. campanula a bell.] (Zool.) A hydroid of the family Campanularidæ, characterized by having the polyps or zooids inclosed in bell-shaped calicles or hydrothecæ.
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Campanulate
Cam*pan"u*late (?), a. (Bot.) Bell-shaped.
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Campbellite
Camp"bell*ite (?), n. [From Alexander Campbell, of Virginia.] (Eccl.) A member of the denomination called Christians or Disciples of Christ. They themselves repudiate the term Campbellite as a nickname. See Christian, 3.
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Campeachy Wood
Cam*peach"y Wood` (?). [From the bay of Campeachy, in Mexico.] Logwood.
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Camper
Camp"er (?), n. 1. One who lodges temporarily in a hut or camp, especially who sleeps in a wilderness for recreation.
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2. A person who stays at a summer camp or day camp.
[PJC]

3. A vehicle, such as a small truck, or a pickup truck with a hood over the back, equipped for convenience while camping out.
[PJC]

happy camper a person who is pleased with the situation in which s/he finds him/herself. Often used ironically or in understatement, especially in the negative; as, the passengers left behind on the island were not a bunch of happy campers.
[PJC]

Campestrian
Campestral
{ Cam*pes"tral (?), Cam*pes"tri*an (?), } a. [L. campester, fr. campus field.] Relating to an open field; growing in a field, or open ground.
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Campfight
Camp"fight` (?), n. [Cf. Camp, n., 6.] (O. Eng. Law.) A duel; the decision of a case by a duel.
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Camphene
Cam"phene (kăm"fēn or kăm*fēn"), n. (Chem.) One of a series of substances C10H16, resembling camphor, regarded as modified terpenes.
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Camphine
Cam*phine" (kăm*fēn" or kăm"f&ibreve_;n), n. [From Camphor.] Rectified oil of turpentine, used for burning in lamps, and as a common solvent in varnishes.
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&hand_; The name is also applied to a mixture of this substance with three times its volume of alcohol and sometimes a little ether, used as an illuminant.
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Camphire
Cam"phire (kăm"fīr), n. An old spelling of Camphor.
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Camphogen
Cam"pho*gen (?), n. [Camphor + -gen: -- formerly so called as derived from camphor: cf. F. camphogène.] (Chem.) See Cymene.
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Camphol
Cam"phol (?), n. [Camphor + -ol.] (Chem.) See Borneol.
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Camphor
Cam"phor (kăm"f&etilde_;r), n. [OE. camfere, F. camphre (cf. It. canfora, Sp. camfora, alcanfor, LL. canfora, camphora, NGr. kafoyra`), fr. Ar. kāfūr, prob. fr. Skr. karpūra.] 1. A tough, white, aromatic resin, or gum, obtained from different species of the Laurus family, esp. from Cinnamomum camphara (the Laurus camphora of Linnæus.). Camphor, C10H16O, is volatile and fragrant, and is used in medicine as a diaphoretic, a stimulant, or sedative.
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2. originally, a gum resembling ordinary camphor, obtained from a tree (Dryobalanops aromatica formerly Dryobalanops camphora) growing in Sumatra and Borneo; now applied to its main constituent, a terpene alcohol obtainable as a white solid C10H18O, called also Borneo camphor, Malay camphor, Malayan camphor, camphor of Borneo, Sumatra camphor, bornyl alcohol, camphol, and borneol. The isomer from Dryobalanops is dextrorotatory; the levoratatory form is obtainable from other species of plants, and the racemic mixture may be obtained by reduction of camphor. It is used in perfumery, and for manufacture of its esters. See Borneol.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

&hand_; The name camphor is also applied to a number of bodies of similar appearance and properties, as cedar camphor, obtained from the red or pencil cedar (Juniperus Virginiana), and peppermint camphor, or menthol, obtained from the oil of peppermint.
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Camphor oil (Chem.), name variously given to certain oil-like products, obtained especially from the camphor tree. -- Camphor tree, a large evergreen tree (Cinnamomum Camphora) with lax, smooth branches and shining triple-nerved lanceolate leaves, probably native in China, but now cultivated in most warm countries. Camphor is collected by a process of steaming the chips of the wood and subliming the product.
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Camphor
Cam"phor (?), v. t. To impregnate or wash with camphor; to camphorate. [R.] Tatler.
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Camphoraceous
Cam`pho*ra"ceous (?), a. Of the nature of camphor; containing camphor. Dunglison.
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Camphorate
Cam"phor*ate (?), v. t. To impregnate or treat with camphor.
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Camphorate
Cam"phor*ate (?), n. [Cf. F. camphorate.] (Chem.) A salt of camphoric acid.
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Camphorated
Camphorate
{ Cam"phor*ate (?), Cam"phor*a`ted (?), } Combined or impregnated with camphor.
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Camphorated oil, an oleaginous preparation containing camphor, much used as an embrocation.
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Camphoric
Cam*phor"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. camphorique.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, camphor.
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Camphoric acid, a white crystallizable substance, C10H16O4, obtained from the oxidation of camphor.
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&hand_; Other acids of camphor are campholic acid, C10H18O2, and camphoronic acid, C9H12O5, white crystallizable substances.
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Camphretic
Cam*phret"ic (?), a. [rom Camphor.] Pertaining to, or derived from camphor. [R.]
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Camping
Camp"ing (?), n. 1. Lodging in a camp.
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2. [See Camp, n., 6] A game of football. [Prov. Eng.]
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Campion
Cam"pi*on (?), n. [Prob. fr. L. campus field.] (Bot.) A plant of the Pink family (Cucubalus bacciferus), bearing berries regarded as poisonous.
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Bladder campion, a plant of the Pink family (Cucubalus Behen or Silene inflata), having a much inflated calyx. See Behen. -- Rose campion, a garden plant (Lychnis coronaria) with handsome crimson flowers.
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campmate
camp"mate` n. someone who lives in the same camp as another.
[WordNet 1.5]

campong
campong n. a native village in Malaysia.
Syn. -- Kampong.
[WordNet 1.5]

Camponotus
Camponotus n. a genus comprising the carpenter ants.
Syn. -- genus Camponotus.
[WordNet 1.5]

campstool
camp"stool` n. a folding stool.
[WordNet 1.5]

Camptosorus
Camptosorus n. a classification used in some esp. former systems for plants usually placed in the genus Asplenium.
Syn. -- genus Camptosorus.
[WordNet 1.5]

Campus
Cam"pus (?), n. [L., a field.] 1. The principal grounds of a college or school, between the buildings or within the main inclosure; as, the college campus.
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2. a college or university.
[PJC]

3. a division of a university with its own buildings and a separate faculty, especially one separated geographically from other divisiona, but sharing top administration with other units of the university; as, the Newark campus of Rutgers.
[PJC]

4. higher education considered as a whole; as, the financial effects of research cutbacks on the campus.
[PJC]

5. a business site with pleasant landscaping; as, the Squibb research campus at Princeton.
[PJC]

Campyloneurum
Campyloneurum n. a genus of epiphytic ferns of tropical America.
Syn. -- genus Campyloneurum.
[WordNet 1.5]

Campylorhynchus
Campylorhynchus n. an alternative genus classification for the cactus wrens.
Syn. -- genus Campylorhynchus, Heleodytes, genus Heleodytes.
[WordNet 1.5]

Campylospermous
Cam`py*lo*sper"mous (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; curved + &unr_; seed.] (Bot.) Having seeds grooved lengthwise on the inner face, as in sweet cicely.
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Campylotropous
Cam`py*lot"ro*pous (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; curved + &unr_; a turning.] (Bot.) Having the ovules and seeds so curved, or bent down upon themselves, that the ends of the embryo are brought close together.
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camshaft
camshaft n. a shaft that has cams attached to it, forming part of a mechanical device.
[WordNet 1.5]

Camus
Cam"us (?), n. See Camis. [Obs.]
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Camwood
Cam"wood (?), n. See Barwood.
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Can
Can (kăn), an obs. form of began, imp. & p. p. of Begin, sometimes used in old poetry. [See Gan.]
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With gentle words he can faile gree. Spenser.
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Can
Can, n. [OE. & AS. canne; akin to D. Kan, G. Kanne, OHG. channa, Sw. Kanna, Dan. kande.] 1. A drinking cup; a vessel for holding liquids. [Shak. ]
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Fill the cup and fill can,
Have a rouse before the morn.
Tennyson.
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2. A vessel or case of tinned iron or of sheet metal, of various forms, but usually cylindrical; as, a can of tomatoes; an oil can; a milk can.
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&hand_; A can may be a cylinder open at the top, as for receiving the sliver from a carding machine, or with a removable cover or stopper, as for holding tea, spices, milk, oysters, etc., or with handle and spout, as for holding oil, or hermetically sealed, in canning meats, fruits, etc. The name is also sometimes given to the small glass or earthenware jar used in canning.
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Can
Can (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Canned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Canning.] To preserve by putting in sealed cans [U. S.]Canned meats” W. D. Howells.
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Canned goods, a general name for fruit, vegetables, meat, or fish, preserved in hermetically sealed cans.

Can
Can (?), v. t. & i. [The transitive use is obsolete.] [imp. Could (#).] [OE. cunnen, cannen (1st sing. pres. I can), to know, know how, be able, AS. cunnan, 1st sing. pres. ic cann or can, pl. cunnon, 1st sing. imp. cūðe (for cunðe); p. p. cūð (for cunð); akin to OS. Kunnan, D. Kunnen, OHG. chunnan, G. können, Icel. kunna, Goth. Kunnan, and E. ken to know. The present tense I can (AS. ic cann) was originally a preterit, meaning I have known or Learned, and hence I know, know how. √45. See Ken, Know; cf. Con, Cunning, Uncouth.] 1. To know; to understand. [Obs.]
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I can rimes of Robin Hood. Piers Plowman.
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I can no Latin, quod she. Piers Plowman.
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Let the priest in surplice white,
That defunctive music can.
Shak.
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2. To be able to do; to have power or influence. [Obs.]
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The will of Him who all things can. Milton.
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For what, alas, can these my single arms? Shak.
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Mæcænas and Agrippa, who can most with Cæsar. Beau. & Fl.
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3. To be able; -- followed by an infinitive without to; as, I can go, but do not wish to.

Syn. -- Can but, Can not but. It is an error to use the former of these phrases where the sens requires the latter. If we say, “I can but perish if I go,” “But” means only, and denotes that this is all or the worst that can happen. When the apostle Peter said. “We can not but speak of the things which we have seen and heard.” he referred to a moral constraint or necessety which rested upon him and his associates; and the meaning was, We cannot help speaking, We cannot refrain from speaking. This idea of a moral necessity or constraint is of frequent occurrence, and is also expressed in the phrase, “I can not help it.” Thus we say. “I can not but hope,” “I can not but believe,” “I can not but think,” “I can not but remark,” etc., in cases in which it would be an error to use the phrase can but.
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Yet he could not but acknowledge to himself that there was something calculated to impress awe, . . . in the sudden appearances and vanishings . . . of the masque De Quincey.
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Tom felt that this was a rebuff for him, and could not but understand it as a left-handed hit at his employer. Dickens.
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Canaan
Canaan n. an ancient country is southwest Asia on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean.
Syn. -- Palestine, Holy Land.
[WordNet 1.5]

Canaanite
Ca"naan*ite (?), n. 1. A descendant of Canaan, the son of Ham, and grandson of Noah.
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2. A Native or inhabitant of the land of Canaan, esp. a member of any of the tribes who inhabited Canaan at the time of the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt.
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Canaanite
Ca"naan*ite, n. [From an Aramaic word signifying “zeal.”] A zealot. “Simon the Canaanite.” Matt. x. 4.
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&hand_; This was the “Simon called Zelotes” (Luke vi. 15), i.e., Simon the zealot. Kitto.
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Canaanitish
Ca"naan*i`tish (?), a. Of or pertaining to Canaan or the Canaanites.
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Canada
Canyada
Ca*ña"da (?), n. [Sp.] 1. A small cañon; a narrow valley or glen; also, but less frequently, an open valley. [Local, Western U. S.]
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2. A dry riverbed.
[PJC]

Canachites
Canachites prop. n. A genus of birds including the spruce grouse Canachites canadensis.
Syn. -- genus Canachites.
[WordNet 1.5]

Canada
Can"a*da (?), n. A country in North America, bordering the United States on the north. It is a federation which includes English-speaking provinces and the French-speaking Province of Quebec.
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Canada balsam. See under Balsam. -- Canada goose. (Zool.) See Wild goose. -- Canada jay. See Whisky Jack. -- Canada lynx. (Zool.) See Lynx. -- Canada lily. (Bot.) a plant of eastern North America (Lilium canadense) having yellow or orange flowers with dark spots; called also meadow lily. RHUD -- Canada porcupine (Zool.) See Porcupine, and Urson. -- Canada rice (Bot.) See under Rick. -- Canada robin (Zool.), the cedar bird.
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Canadian
Ca*na"di*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to Canada. -- n. A native or inhabitant of Canada.
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Canadian period (Geol.), A subdivision of the American Lower Silurian system embracing the calciferous, Quebec, and Chazy epochs. This period immediately follows the primordial or Cambrian period, and is by many geologists regarded as the beginning of the Silurian age, See the Diagram, under Geology. -- Canadian goose, an erroneous variant of Canada goose.
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canafistula
canafistola
canafistola, canafistula n. a deciduous or semi-evergreen tree (Cassia fistula) having scented sepia to yellow flowers in drooping racemes and pods whose pulp is used medicinally; it grows in tropical Asia, Central and South America, and Australia.
Syn. -- golden shower tree, drumstick tree, purging cassia, pudding pipe tree, canafistola.
[WordNet 1.5]

Canaille
Ca*naille" (?), n. [F. canaille (cf. It. canaglia), prop. and orig. a pack of dogs, fr. L. Canis dog.] 1. The lowest class of people; the rabble; the vulgar.
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2. Shorts or inferior flour. [Canadian]
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Canakin
Can"a*kin (?), n. [Dim. of can.] A little can or cup. “And let me the canakin clink.” Shak.
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Canal
Ca*nal" (?), n. [F. canal, from L. canalis canal, channel; prob. from a root signifying “to cut”; cf. D. kanaal, fr. the French. Cf. Channel, Kennel gutter.]
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1. An artificial channel filled with water and designed for navigation, or for irrigating land, etc.
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2. (Anat.) A tube or duct; as, the alimentary canal; the semicircular canals of the ear.
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3. A long and relatively narrow arm of the sea, approximately uniform in width; -- used chiefly in proper names; as, Portland Canal; Lynn Canal. [Alaska]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Canal boat, a boat for use on a canal; esp. one of peculiar shape, carrying freight, and drawn by horses walking on the towpath beside the canal. -- Canal lock. See Lock.
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Canal coal
Can"al coal` (?). See Cannel coal.
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Canaliculated
Canaliculate
{ Can`a*lic"u*late (?), Can`a*lic"u*la`ted (?), } a. [L. canaliculatus channeled, fr. canaliculus, dim. of canalis. See Canal.] Having a channel or groove, as in the leafstalks of most palms.
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Canaliculus
Can`a*lic"u*lus (?), n.; pl. Canaliculi (#). [L.] (Anat.) A minute canal.
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Canalization
Ca*nal`i*za"tion (?), n. Construction of, or furnishing with, a canal or canals. [R.]
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canalize
canalize v. 1. to provide with a canal, as of a city.
Syn. -- canal.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. to to direct the flow of; -- also used abstractly, as of money or information.
Syn. -- channel.
[WordNet 1.5]

Canape
Ca`na`pé" (?), n. [F., orig. a couch with mosquito curtains. See Canopy.] 1. A sofa or divan.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. (Cookery) an appetizer consisting of a thin slice or piece of bread toasted or fried in butter or oil, on which anchovies, mushrooms, caviar, cheese, or other savory foods, are served.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. + WordNet 1.5]

Canape confident
Ca`na`pé" con`fi`dent" (?). A sofa having a seat at each end at right angles to the main seats.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Canard
Ca*nard" (?), n. [F., properly, a duck.] An extravagant or absurd report or story; a fabricated sensational report or statement; esp. one set afloat in the newspapers to hoax the public.
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Canarese
Can`a*rese" (?), a. Pertaining to Canara, a district of British India.
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Canary
Ca*na"ry (?), a. [F. Canarie, L. Canaria insula one of the Canary islands, said to be so called from its large dogs, fr. canis dog.] 1. Of or pertaining to the Canary Islands; as, canary wine; canary birds.
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2. Of a pale yellowish color; as, Canary stone.
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Canary grass, a grass of the genus Phalaris (Phalaris Canariensis), producing the seed used as food for canary birds. -- Canary stone (Min.), a yellow species of carnelian, named from its resemblance in color to the plumage of the canary bird. -- Canary wood, the beautiful wood of the trees Persea Indica and Persea Canariensis, natives of Madeira and the Canary Islands. -- Canary vine. See Canary bird flower, under Canary bird.
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Canary
Ca*na"ry, n.; pl. Canaries (#). 1. Wine made in the Canary Islands; sack. “A cup of canary.” Shak.
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2. A canary bird.
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3. A pale yellow color, like that of a canary bird.
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4. A quick and lively dance. [Obs.]
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Make you dance canary
With sprightly fire and motion.
Shak.
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Canary
Ca*na"ry (?), v. i. To perform the canary dance; to move nimbly; to caper. [Obs.]
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But to jig of a tune at the tongue's end, canary to it with your feet. Shak.
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Canary bird
Ca*na"ry bird` (?). (Zool.) A small singing bird of the Finch family (Serinus Canarius), a native of the Canary Islands. It was brought to Europe in the 16th century, and made a household pet. It generally has a yellowish body with the wings and tail greenish, but in its wild state it is more frequently of gray or brown color. It is sometimes called canary finch.
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Canary bird flower (Bot.), a climbing plant (Tropæolum peregrinum) with canary-colored flowers of peculiar form; -- called also canary vine.
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canasta
canasta n. a form of rummy using two decks and four jokers; jokers and deuces are wild; the object is to meld groups of seven of the same rank.
Syn. -- basket rummy, meld.
[WordNet 1.5]

Canaster
Ca*nas"ter (?), n. [Sp. canasta, canastro, basket, fr. L. canistrum. See Canister.] A kind of tobacco for smoking, made of the dried leaves, coarsely broken; -- so called from the rush baskets in which it is packed in South America. McElrath.
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Canavalia
Canavalia n. a genus of herbs or woody vines of mainly American tropics and subtropics.
Syn. -- genus Canavalia.
[WordNet 1.5]

canavanine
canavanine n. An amino acid found in the jack bean.
[WordNet 1.5]

Canberra
Canberra prop. n. (Geography) The capital city of Australia. Population (2000) = 307,700.
[PJC]

Can buoy
Can" buoy` (?). See under Buoy, n.
[1913 Webster]

Cancan
Can"can (?), n. [F.] A rollicking French dance, accompanied by indecorous or extravagant postures and gestures.
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Cancel
Can"cel (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Canceled or Cancelled (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Canceling or Cancelling.] [L. cancellare to make like a lattice, to strike or cross out (cf. Fr. canceller, OF. canceler) fr. cancelli lattice, crossbars, dim. of cancer lattice; cf. Gr. &unr_; latticed gate. Cf. Chancel.] 1. To inclose or surround, as with a railing, or with latticework. [Obs.]
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A little obscure place canceled in with iron work is the pillar or stump at which . . . our Savior was scourged. Evelyn.
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2. To shut out, as with a railing or with latticework; to exclude. [Obs.]Canceled from heaven.” Milton.
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3. To cross and deface, as the lines of a writing, or as a word or figure; to mark out by a cross line; to blot out or obliterate.
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A deed may be avoided by delivering it up to be cancelled; that is, to have lines drawn over it in the form of latticework or cancelli; though the phrase is now used figuratively for any manner of obliterating or defacing it. Blackstone.
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4. To annul or destroy; to revoke or recall.
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The indentures were canceled. Thackeray.
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He was unwilling to cancel the interest created through former secret services, by being refractory on this occasion. Sir W. Scott.
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5. (Print.) To suppress or omit; to strike out, as matter in type.
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Canceled figures (Print), figures cast with a line across the face., as for use in arithmetics.

Syn. -- To blot out; obliterate; deface; erase; efface; expunge; annul; abolish; revoke; abrogate; repeal; destroy; do away; set aside. See Abolish.
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Cancel
Can"cel, n. [See Cancel, v. i., and cf. Chancel.]
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1. An inclosure; a boundary; a limit. [Obs.]
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A prison is but a retirement, and opportunity of serious thoughts, to a person whose spirit . . . desires no enlargement beyond the cancels of the body. Jer. Taylor.
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2. (Print) (a) The suppression or striking out of matter in type, or of a printed page or pages. (b) The part thus suppressed.
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Cancelier
Can`cel*ier" (?), v. i. [F. chanceler, OF. canseler, to waver, orig. to cross the legs so as not to fall; from the same word as E. cancel.] (Falconry) To turn in flight; -- said of a hawk. [Obs.] Nares.
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He makes his stoop; but wanting breath, is forced
To cancelier.
Massinger.
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Canceleer
Cancelier
{ Can`cel*ier" (?), Can"cel*eer (?) }, n. (Falconry) The turn of a hawk upon the wing to recover herself, when she misses her aim in the stoop. [Obs.]
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The fierce and eager hawks, down thrilling from the skies,
Make sundry canceliers ere they the fowl can reach.
Drayton.
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Cancellarean
Can`cel*la"re*an (?), a. Cancellarean. [R.]
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Cancellate
Can"cel*late (?), a. [L. cancellatus, p. p. of cancellare, See Cancel, v. t.] 1. (Bot.) Consisting of a network of veins, without intermediate parenchyma, as the leaves of certain plants; latticelike.
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2. (Zool.) Having the surface coveres with raised lines, crossing at right angles.
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Cancellated
Can"cel*la`ted (?), a. 1. Crossbarred; marked with cross lines. Grew.
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2. (Anat.) Open or spongy, as some porous bones.
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Cancellation
Can`cel*la"tion (?), n. [L. cancellatio: cf. F. cancellation.] 1. The act, process, or result of canceling; as, the cansellation of certain words in a contract, or of the contract itself.
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2. (Math.) The operation of striking out common factors, in both the dividend and divisor.
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Cancelli
Can*cel"li (?), n. pl. [L., a lattice. See Cancel, v. t.] 1. An interwoven or latticed wall or inclosure; latticework, rails, or crossbars, as around the bar of a court of justice, between the chancel and the nave of a church, or in a window.
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2. (Anat.) The interlacing osseous plates constituting the elastic porous tissue of certain parts of the bones, esp. in their articular extremities.
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Cancellous
Can"cel*lous (?), a. [Cf. L. cancellosus covered with bars.] (Anat.) Having a spongy or porous structure; made up of cancelli; cancellated; as, the cancellous texture of parts of many bones.
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Cancer
Can"cer (?), n. [L. cancer, cancri, crab, ulcer, a sign of the zodiac; akin to Gr. karki`nos, Skr. karka&tsdot_;a crab, and prob. Skr. karkara hard, the crab being named from its hard shell. Cf. Canner, Chancre.] 1. (Zool.) A genus of decapod Crustacea, including some of the most common shore crabs of Europe and North America, as the rock crab, Jonah crab, etc. See Crab.
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2. (Astron.) (a) The fourth of the twelve signs of the zodiac. The first point is the northern limit of the sun's course in summer; hence, the sign of the summer solstice. See Tropic. (b) A northern constellation between Gemini and Leo.
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3. (Med.) Formerly, any malignant growth, esp. one attended with great pain and ulceration, with cachexia and progressive emaciation. It was so called, perhaps, from the great veins which surround it, compared by the ancients to the claws of a crab. The term is now restricted to such a growth made up of aggregations of epithelial cells, either without support or embedded in the meshes of a trabecular framework.
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&hand_; Four kinds of cancers are recognized: (1) Epithelial cancer, or Epithelioma, in which there is no trabecular framework. See Epithelioma. (2) Scirrhous cancer, or Hard cancer, in which the framework predominates, and the tumor is of hard consistence and slow growth. (3) Encephaloid cancer, Medullary cancer, or Soft cancer, in which the cellular element predominates, and the tumor is soft, grows rapidy, and often ulcerates. (4) Colloid cancer, in which the cancerous structure becomes gelatinous. The last three varieties are also called carcinoma.
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Cancer cells, cells once believed to be peculiar to cancers, but now know to be epithelial cells differing in no respect from those found elsewhere in the body, and distinguished only by peculiarity of location and grouping. -- Cancer root (Bot.), the name of several low plants, mostly parasitic on roots, as the beech drops, the squawroot, etc. -- Tropic of Cancer. See Tropic.
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Cancerate
Can"cer*ate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Cancerated.] [LL. canceratus eaten by a cancer. See Cancer.] To grow into a cancer; to become cancerous. Boyle.
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Canceration
Can`cer*a"tion (?), n. The act or state of becoming cancerous or growing into a cancer.
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Cancerite
Can"cer*ite (?), n. [Cf. F. cancéreux.] Like a cancer; having the qualities or virulence of a cancer; affected with cancer.Cancerous vices.” G. Eliot.

cancerous
can"cer*ous (?), a. [Cf. F. cancéreux] Like a cancer; having the qualities or virulence of a cancer; affected with cancer; as, a cancerous growth.cancerous vices” G. Eliot.
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-- Can"cer*ous*ly, adv. -- Can"cer*ous*ness, n.
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cancerweed
cancerweed n. a sage of eastern U. S. (Salvia lyrata).
Syn. -- cancer weed.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cancridae
Cancridae n. a natural family including many of the best known edible crabs.
Syn. -- family Cancridae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cancriform
Can"cri*form (?), a. [Cancer + -form; cf. F. cancriforme.] 1. Having the form of, or resembling, a crab; crab-shaped.
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2. Like a cancer; cancerous.
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Cancrine
Can"crine (?), a. [From Cancer.] Having the qualities of a crab; crablike.
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Cancrinite
Can"cri*nite (?), n. [Named after Count Cancrin, a minister of finance in Russia.] (Min.) A mineral occurring in hexagonal crystals, also massive, generally of a yellow color, containing silica, alumina, lime, soda, and carbon dioxide.
[1913 Webster]

Cancroid
Can"croid (?), a. [Cancer + oid.] 1. (Zool.) Resembling a crab; pertaining to the Cancroidea, one of the families of crabs, including the genus Cancer.
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2. Like a cancer; as, a cancroid tumor.
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Cand
Cand (?), n. Fluor spar. See Kand.
[1913 Webster]

candela
candela n. the basic unit of luminous intensity adopted under the System International d'Unites.
Syn. -- candle, cd, standard candle.
[WordNet 1.5]

candelabra
candelabra n. 1. a branched, ornamental candlestick having several sockets for candles.
Syn. -- candelabrum.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. a branched, ornamental electric light fixture, resembling an candelabra[wn1], having several sockets for lights.
Syn. -- candelabrum.
[WordNet 1.5]

Candelabrum
Can`de*la"brum (?) n.; pl. L. Candelabra (#), E. Candelabrums (#). [L., fr. candela candle. See candle.] 1. (Antiq.) (a) A lamp stand of any sort. (b) A highly ornamented stand of marble or other ponderous material, usually having three feet, -- frequently a votive offering to a temple.
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2. A large candlestick, having several branches; also called candelabra.
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candellila
candellila n. 1. either of two Mexican shrubs Pedilanthus bracteatus or Pedilanthus pavonis.
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2. a wax-coated shrub (Euphorbia antisyphilitica) of northern Mexico and the southwestern U.S.
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Candent
Can`dent (?), a. [L. candens, p. pr. of candëre to glitter. See Candid.] Heated to whiteness; glowing with heat. “A candent vessel.” Boyle.
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Canderos
Can"de*ros (?), n. An East Indian resin, of a pellucid white color, from which small ornaments and toys are sometimes made.
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Candescence
Can*des"cence (?), n. See Incandescence.
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Candescent
Can*des"cent (?), a. [L. candescens, -entis, p. pr. of candescere, v. incho. fr. candere to shine.] Glowing; luminous; incandescent.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Candicant
Can"di*cant (?), a. [L. candicans, p. pr. of candicare to be whitish.] Growing white. [Obs.]
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Candid
Can*did (kăn"d&ibreve_;d), a. [F. candide (cf. It. candido), L. candidus white, fr. candēre to be of a glowing white; akin to accend&ebreve_;re, incend&ebreve_;re, to set on fire, Skr. chand to shine. Cf. Candle, Incense.] 1. White. [Obs.]
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The box receives all black; but poured from thence,
The stones came candid forth, the hue of innocence.
Dryden.
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2. Free from undue bias; disposed to think and judge according to truth and justice, or without partiality or prejudice; fair; just; impartial; as, a candid opinion.Candid and dispassionate men.” W. Irving.
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3. Open; frank; ingenuous; outspoken.

Syn. -- Fair; open; ingenuous; impartial; just; frank; artless; unbiased; equitable. -- Candid, Fair, Open, Frank, Ingenuous. A man is fair when he puts things on a just or equitable footing; he is candid when be looks impartially on both sides of a subject, doing justice especially to the motives and conduct of an opponent; he is open and frank when he declares his sentiments without reserve; he is ingenuous when he does this from a noble regard for truth. Fair dealing; candid investigation; an open temper; a frank disposition; an ingenuous answer or declaration.
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candida
candida n. 1. any of the yeastlike imperfect fungi of the genus Candida.
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Candidacy
Can"di*da*cy (?), n. The position of a candidate; state of being a candidate; candidateship.
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Candidate
Can"di*date (?), n. [L. Candidatus, n. (because candidates for office in Rome were clothed in a white toga.) fr. candidatus clothed in white, fr. candiduslittering, white: cf. F. candidat.] One who offers himself, or is put forward by others, as a suitable person or an aspirant or contestant for an office, privilege, or honor; as, a candidate for the office of governor; a candidate for holy orders; a candidate for scholastic honors.
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Candidateship
Can"di*date*ship, n. Candidacy.
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Candidating
Can"di*da`ting (?), n. The taking of the position of a candidate; specifically, the preaching of a clergyman with a view to settlement. [Cant, U. S.]
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Candidature
Can"di*da*ture (?), n. Candidacy.
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candidiasis
candidiasis n. an infection caused by fungi of the genera Monilia or Candida, especially Candida albicans.
Syn. -- moniliasis, monilia disease.
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Candidly
Can"did*ly (?), adv. In a candid manner.
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Candidness
Can"did*ness, n. The quality of being candid.
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Candied
Can"died (?), a. [From 1st Candy.] 1. Preserved in or with sugar; incrusted with a candylike substance; as, candied fruits.
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2. (a) Converted wholly or partially into sugar or candy; as candied sirup. (b) Conted or more or less with sugar; as, candidied raisins. (c) Figuratively; Honeyed; sweet; flattering.
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Let the candied tongue lick absurd pomp. Shak.
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3. Covered or incrusted with that which resembles sugar or candy.
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Will the cold brook,
Candiedwith ice, caudle thy morning tast?
Shak.
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4. smoothly coated with crystals of sugar; -- used especially of fruits; as, a candied apple.
Syn. -- candied, crystallized, glacé, glacéed.
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Candify
Can"di*fy (?), v. t. or v. i. [L. candificare; candëre to be white + -facere to make.] To make or become white, or candied. [R.]
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Candiot
Can"di*ot (?), a. [Cf. F. candiote.] Of or pertaining to Candia; Cretary.
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Candite
Can"dite (?), n. (Min.) A variety of spinel, of a dark color, found at Candy, in Ceylon.
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Candle
Can"dle (?), n. [OE. candel, candel, AS, candel, fr. L. candela a (white) light made of wax or tallow, fr. candëre to be white. See Candid, and cf. Chandler, Cannel, Kindle.] 1. A slender, cylindrical body of tallow, containing a wick composed of loosely twisted linen of cotton threads, and used to furnish light.
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How far that little candle throws his beams!
So shines a good deed in a naughty world.
Shak.
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&hand_; Candles are usually made by repeatedly dipping the wicks in the melted tallow, etc. (“dipped candles”), or by casting or running in a mold.
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2. That which gives light; a luminary.
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By these blessed candles of the night. Shak.
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Candle nut, the fruit of a euphorbiaceous shrub (Aleurites triloba), a native of some of the Pacific islands; -- socalled because, when dry, it will burn with a bright flame, and is used by the natives as a candle. The oil has many uses. -- Candle power (Photom.), illuminating power, as of a lamp, or gas flame, reckoned in terms of the light of a standard candle. -- Electric candle, A modification of the electric arc lamp, in which the carbon rods, instead of being placed end to end, are arranged side by side, and at a distance suitable for the formation of the arc at the tip; -- called also, from the name of the inventor, Jablockoff candle. -- Excommunication by inch of candle, a form of excommunication in which the offender is allowed time to repent only while a candle burns. -- Not worth the candle, not worth the cost or trouble. -- Rush candle, a candle made of the pith of certain rushes, peeled except on one side, and dipped in grease. -- Sale by inch of candle, an auction in which persons are allowed to bid only till a small piece of candle burns out. -- Standard candle (Photom.), a special form of candle employed as a standard in photometric measurements; usually, a candle of spermaceti so constructed as to burn at the rate of 120 grains, or 7.8 grams, per hour. -- To curse by bell, book and candle. See under Bell.
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Candleberry tree
Can"dle*ber`ry tree (?). (Bot.) A shrub (the Myrica cerifera, or wax-bearing myrtle), common in North America, the little nuts of which are covered with a greenish white wax, which was formerly, used for hardening candles; -- also called bayberry tree, bayberry, or candleberry.
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Candlebomb
Can"dle*bomb` (#), n. 1. A small glass bubble, filled with water, which, if placed in the flame of a candle, bursts by expansion of steam.
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2. A pasteboard shell used in signaling. It is filled with a composition which makes a brilliant light when it explodes. Farrow.
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Candle coal
Can"dle coal` (#). See Cannel coal.
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Candlefish
Can"dle*fish` (#), n. (Zool.) (a) A marine fish (Thaleichthys Pacificus), allied to the smelt, found on the north Pacific coast; -- called also eulachon. It is so oily that, when dried, it may be used as a candle, by drawing a wick through it. (b) The beshow.
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Candle foot
Candle foot. (Photom.) The illumination produced by a British standard candle at a distance of one foot; -- used as a unit of illumination.
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Candleholder
Can"dle*hold`er (#), n. One who, or that which, holds a candle; also, one who assists another, but is otherwise not of importance. Shak.
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Candlelight
Can"dle*light`, n. The light of a candle.
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Never went by candlelight to bed. Dryden.
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candlemaker
candlemaker n. a person who makes or sells candles.
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Candlemas
Can"dle*mas (#), n. [AS. candelmæsse, candel candle + mæsse mass.] The second day of February, on which is celebrated the feast of the Purification of the Virgin Mary; -- so called because the candles for the altar or other sacred uses are blessed on that day.
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Candle meter
Candle meter. (Photom.) The illumination given by a standard candle at a distance of one meter; -- used as a unit of illumination, except in Great Britain.
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Candlenut
Can"dle*nut` (?), n. 1. The fruit of a euphorbiaceous tree or shrub (Aleurites moluccana), native of some of the Pacific islands. It is used by the natives as a candle, the nut kernels being strung together. The oil from the nut (candlenut oil or kekune oil) has many uses, including as a varnish.
Syn. -- varnish tree.
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2. The tree itself (Aleurites moluccana).
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Candlepin
Can`dle*pin` (?), n. (Tenpins) (a) A form of bowling pin slender and nearly straight like a candle. (b) The game played with such pins; -- in form candlepins, used as a singular.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Candle power
candlepower
candlepower, Candle power. (Photom.) luminous intensity; illuminating power, as of a lamp, or gas flame, measured in candelas, referring to the light of a standard candle.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Candlestick
Can"dle*stick` (?), n. [AS. candel-sticca; candel candle + sticca stick.] An instrument or utensil for supporting a candle.
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Candlewaster
Can"dle*wast`er (?), n. One who consumes candles by being up late for study or dissipation.
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A bookworm, a candlewaster. B. Jonson.
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candlewood
candlewood n. any of several resinous trees or shrubs often burned for light.
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can-do
can-do adj. having an eager willingness to accept and overcome challenges; as, a can-do kind of person; the city's indomitable optimism and can-do spirit. [slang]
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Candock
Can"dock (?) n. [Prob. fr. can + dock (the plant). Cf. G. kannenkraut horsetail, lit. “canweed.”] (Bot.) A plant or weed that grows in rivers; a species of Equisetum; also, the yellow frog lily (Nuphar luteum).
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Candor
Can"dor (?), n. [Written also candour.] [L. candor, fr. candëre; cf. F. candeur. See candid.]
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1. Whiteness; brightness; (as applied to moral conditions) usullied purity; innocence. [Obs.]
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Nor yor unquestioned integrity
Shall e'er be sullied with one taint or spot
That may take from your innocence and candor.
Massinger.
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2. A disposition to treat subjects with fairness; freedom from prejudice or disguise; frankness; sincerity.
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Attribute superior sagacity and candor to those who held that side of the question. Whewell.
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Candroy
Can"droy (?), n. A machine for spreading out cotton cloths to prepare them for printing.
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Candy
Can"dy (kăn"d&ybreve_;), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Candied (kăn"dēd); p. pr & vb. n. Candying.] [F. candir (cf. It. candire, Sp. azúcar cande or candi), fr. Ar. & Pers. qand, fr. Skr. Kha&nsdot_;&dsdot_;da piece, sugar in pieces or lumps, fr. kha&nsdot_;&dsdot_;, kha&dsdot_; to break.] 1. To conserve or boil in sugar; as, to candy fruits; to candy ginger.
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2. To make sugar crystals of or in; to form into a mass resembling candy; as, to candy sirup.
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3. To incrust with sugar or with candy, or with that which resembles sugar or candy.
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Those frosts that winter brings
Which candy every green.
Drayson.
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Candy
Can"dy (kăn"d&ybreve_;), v. i. 1. To have sugar crystals form in or on; as, fruits preserved in sugar candy after a time.
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2. To be formed into candy; to solidify in a candylike form or mass.
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Candy
Can"dy n. [F. candi. See Candy, v. t.] 1. Any sweet, more or less solid article of confectionery, especially those prepared in small bite-sized pieces or small bars, having a wide variety of shapes, consistencies, and flavors, and manufactured in a variety of ways. It is often flavored or colored, or covered with chocolate, and sometimes contains fruit, nuts, etc.; it is often made by boiling sugar or molasses to the desired consistency, and than crystallizing, molding, or working in the required shape. Other types may consist primarily of chocolate or a sweetened gelatin. The term may be applied to a single piece of such confection or to the substance of which it is composed.
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2. Cocaine. [slang]
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Candy
Candy, n. [Mahratta kha&nsdot_;&dsdot_;ī, Tamil ka&nsdot_;&dsdot_;i.] A weight, at Madras 500 pounds, at Bombay 560 pounds.
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candyfloss
candyfloss n. a candy made by spinning sugar that has been boiled to a high temperature; -- called commonly cotton candy.
Syn. -- spun sugar.
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candymaker
candymaker n. someone who makes candies and other sweets.
Syn. -- confectioner.
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Candytuft
Can"dy*tuft` (kăn"d&euptack_;*tŭft`), n. (Bot.) An annual plant of the genus Iberis, cultivated in gardens. The name was originally given to the Iberis umbellata, first, discovered in the island of Candia (The Italian name for Crete). It is grown as an ornamental plant, having tufted red,violet, purple, or pink flowers.
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candyweed
can"dy*weed` (kăn"d&euptack_;*wēd`), n. bog plant (Polygala lutea) of pine barrens of southeastern U.S. having spikes of irregular yellow-orange flowers.
Syn. -- orange milkwort, yellow milkwort, yellow bachelor's button.
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Cane
Cane (kān), n. [OE. cane, canne, OF. cane, F. canne, L. canna, fr. Gr. ka`nna, ka`nnh; prob. of Semitic origin; cf. Heb. qāneh reed. Cf. Canister, canon, 1st Cannon.]
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1. (Bot.) (a) A name given to several peculiar palms, species of Calamus and Dæmanorops, having very long, smooth flexible stems, commonly called rattans. (b) Any plant with long, hard, elastic stems, as reeds and bamboos of many kinds; also, the sugar cane. (c) Stems of other plants are sometimes called canes; as, the canes of a raspberry.
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Like light canes, that first rise big and brave. B. Jonson.
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&hand_; In the Southern United States great cane is the Arundinaria macrosperma, and small cane is. Arundinaria tecta.
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2. A walking stick; a staff; -- so called because originally made of one of the species of cane.
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Stir the fire with your master's cane. Swift.
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3. A lance or dart made of cane. [R.]
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Judgelike thou sitt'st, to praise or to arraign
The flying skirmish of the darted cane.
Dryden.
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4. A local European measure of length. See Canna.
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Cane borer (Zool.), A beetle (Oberea bimaculata) which, in the larval state, bores into pith and destroy the canes or stalks of the raspberry, blackberry, etc. -- Cane mill, a mill for grinding sugar canes, for the manufacture of sugar. -- Cane trash, the crushed stalks and other refuse of sugar cane, used for fuel, etc.
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Cane
Cane (kān), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Caned (kānd); p. pr. & vb. n. Caning.] 1. To beat with a cane. Macaulay.
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2. To make or furnish with cane or rattan; as, to cane chairs.
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Canebrake
Cane"brake (kān"brāk`), n. A thicket of canes. Ellicott.
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cane cutter
canecutter
cane"cut`ter, cane" cut`ter (kān"kŭt`&etilde_;r), n. a type of rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus) inhabiting southeastern U.S. swamps and lowlands; -- called also swamp rabbit.
Syn. -- swamp rabbit, swamp hare.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caned
Caned (kānd), a. [Cf. L. canus white.] Filled with white flakes; mothery; -- said vinegar when containing mother. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
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Canella
Ca*nel"la (k&adot_;*n&ebreve_;l"l&adot_;), n. [LL. (OE. canel, canelle, cinnamon, fr. F. cannelle), Dim. of L. canna a reed. Canella is so called from the shape of the rolls of prepared bark. See Cane.] (Bot.) A genus of trees of the order Canellaceæ, growing in the West Indies.
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&hand_; The principal species is Canella alba, and its bark is a spice and drug exported under the names of wild cinnamon and whitewood bark.
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Canella-alba
Canella-alba n. A large evergreen shrub or small tree (Canella alba or Canella winterana) having white aromatic bark and leathery leaves and small purple to red flowers in terminal cymes. Its bark is called wild cinnamon.
Syn. -- wild cinnamon, white cinnamon tree, Canella winterana.
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Canellaceae
Canellaceae n. 1. a natural family having one genus: aromatic tropical trees of East Africa and Florida to West Indies. In 1913 the family was classed as an order: see canella.
Syn. -- family Canellaceae, canella family.
[WordNet 1.5]

Canescent
Ca*nes"cent (?), a. [L. canescens, p. pr. of canescere, v. inchoative of canere to be white.] Growing white, or assuming a color approaching to white.
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Cangue
Cangue (kăng), n. [Written also cang.] [F. cangue, fr. Pg. canga yoke.] A very broad and heavy wooden collar which certain offenders in China are compelled to wear as a punishment.
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Can hook
Can" hook` (?). A device consisting of a short rope with flat hooks at each end, for hoisting casks or barrels by the ends of the staves.
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Canicula
Ca*nic"u*la (?), n. [L. canicula, lit., a little dog, a diminutive of canis dog; cf. F. canicule.] (Astron.) The Dog Star; Sirius.
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Canicular
Ca*nic"u*lar (?), a. [L. canicularis; cf. F. caniculaire.] Pertaining to, or measured, by the rising of the Dog Star.
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Canicular days, the dog days, See Dog days. -- Canicular year, the Egyptian year, computed from one heliacal rising of the Dog Star to another.
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Canicule
Can"i*cule (?), n. Canicula. Addison.
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canid
can"id (kăn"&ibreve_;d; kān"&ibreve_;d), n. any doglike animal of the family canidae.
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Canidae
Can"id*ae n. a natural family of doglike mammals including the domestic dogs, wolves, jackals, foxes, hyenas, and coyotes.
Syn. -- family Canidae.
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Caninal
Ca*ni"nal (?), a. See Canine, a.
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Canine
Ca*nine" (?), a. [L. caninus, fr. canis dog: cf. F. canin. See Hound.] 1. Of or pertaining to the family Canidæ, or dogs and wolves; having the nature or qualities of a dog; like that or those of a dog.
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2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the pointed tooth on each side the incisors.
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Canine appetite, a morbidly voracious appetite; bulimia. -- Canine letter, the letter r. See R. -- Canine madness, hydrophobia. -- Canine tooth, a tooth situated between the incisor and bicuspid teeth, so called because well developed in dogs; usually, the third tooth from the front on each side of each jaw; an eyetooth, or the corresponding tooth in the lower jaw.
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Canine
Ca*nine", n. (Anat.) A canine tooth.
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caning
can"ing n. something made of interlaced slender branches of especially willow.
Syn. -- wicker, wickerwork.
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Canis
Ca"nis (kă"n&ibreve_;s), n.; pl. Canes (-nēz). [L., a dog.] (Zool.) A genus of carnivorous mammals, of the family Canidæ, including the dogs and wolves.
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‖Canis major [L., larger dog], a constellation to the southeast of Orion, containing Sirius or the Dog Star. -- ‖Canis minor [L., smaller dog], a constellation to the east of Orion, containing Procyon, a star of the first magnitude.
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canistel
canistel n. 1. a tropical tree of Florida and West Indies (Pouteria campechiana nervosa) yielding edible fruit.
Syn. -- canistel tree.
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2. an ovoid orange-yellow mealy sweet fruit of Florida and West Indies.
Syn. -- eggfruit.
[WordNet 1.5]

Canister
Can"is*ter (kăn"&ibreve_;s*t&etilde_;r), n. [L. canistrum a basket woven from reeds Gr. &unr_;, fr. ka`nh, ka`nna reed; cf. F. canistre. See Cane, and Canaster.] 1. A small basket of rushes, reeds, or willow twigs, etc.
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2. A small box or case for holding tea, coffee, etc.
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3. (Mil.) A kind of case shot for cannon, in which a number of lead or iron balls in layers are inclosed in a case fitting the gun; -- called also canister shot.
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Canker
Can"ker (kă&nsmacr_;"k&etilde_;r), n. [OE. canker, cancre, AS. cancer (akin to D. kanker, OHG chanchar.), fr. L. cancer a cancer; or if a native word, cf. Gr. &unr_; excrescence on tree, &unr_; gangrene. Cf. also OF. cancre, F. chancere, fr. L. cancer. See cancer, and cf. Chancre.]
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1. A corroding or sloughing ulcer; esp. a spreading gangrenous ulcer or collection of ulcers in or about the mouth; -- called also water canker, canker of the mouth, and noma.
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2. Anything which corrodes, corrupts, or destroy.
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The cankers of envy and faction. Temple.
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3. (Hort.) A disease incident to trees, causing the bark to rot and fall off.
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4. (Far.) An obstinate and often incurable disease of a horse's foot, characterized by separation of the horny portion and the development of fungoid growths; -- usually resulting from neglected thrush.
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5. A kind of wild, worthless rose; the dog-rose.
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To put down Richard, that sweet lovely rose.
And plant this thorm, this canker, Bolingbroke.
Shak.
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Black canker. See under Black.
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Canker
Can"ker (kă&nsmacr_;"k&etilde_;r), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cankered (-k&etilde_;rd); p. pr. & vb. n. Cankering.] 1. To affect as a canker; to eat away; to corrode; to consume.
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No lapse of moons can canker Love. Tennyson.
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2. To infect or pollute; to corrupt. Addison.
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A tithe purloined cankers the whole estate. Herbert.
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Canker
Can"ker, v. i. 1. To waste away, grow rusty, or be oxidized, as a mineral. [Obs.]
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Silvering will sully and canker more than gliding. Bacom.
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2. To be or become diseased, or as if diseased, with canker; to grow corrupt; to become venomous.
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Deceit and cankered malice. Dryden.
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As with age his body uglier grows,
So his mind cankers.
Shak.
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Canker-bit
Can"ker-bit` (?), a. Eaten out by canker, or as by canker. [Obs.]
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Canker bloom
Can"ker bloom` (?). The bloom or blossom of the wild rose or dog-rose.
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Canker blossom
Can"ker blos`som (?). That which blasts a blossom as a canker does. [Obs.]
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O me! you juggler! you canker blossom!
You thief of Love!
Shak.
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Cankered
Can"kered (?), a. 1. Affected with canker; as, a cankered mouth.
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2. Affected mentally or morally as with canker; sore, envenomed; malignant; fretful; ill-natured. “A cankered grandam's will.” Shak.
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Cankeredly
Can"kered*ly, adv. Fretfully; spitefully.
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Canker fly
Can"ker fly` (?). A fly that preys on fruit.
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Cankerous
Can"ker*ous (?), a. Affecting like a canker.Canrerous shackles.” Thomson.
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Misdeem it not a cankerous change. Wordsworth.
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Canker rash
Can"ker rash` (?). (Med.) A form of scarlet fever characterized by ulcerated or putrid sore throat.
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Cankerworm
Can"ker*worm` (?), n. (Zool.) The larva of two species of geometrid moths which are very injurious to fruit and shade trees by eating, and often entirely destroying, the foliage. Other similar larvæ are also called cankerworms.
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&hand_; The autumnal species (Anisopteryx pometaria) becomes adult late in autumn (after frosts) and in winter. The spring species (Anisopteryx vernata) remains in the ground through the winter, and matures in early spring. Both have winged males and wingless females. The larvæ are similar in appearance and habits, and belong to the family of measuring worms or spanworms. These larvæ hatch from the eggs when the leaves begin to expand in spring.
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Cankery
Can"ker*y (?), a. 1. Like a canker; full of canker.
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2. Surly; sore; malignant.
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Canna
Can"na (?), n. [It.] A measure of length in Italy, varying from six to seven feet. See Cane, 4.
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Canna
Can"na (?), n. [L., a reed. See Cane.] (Bot.) A genus of tropical plants, with large leaves and often with showy flowers. The Indian shot (Canna Indica) is found in gardens of the northern United States.
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Cannabene
Can"na*bene (?), n. [From Cannabis.] (Chem.) A colorless oil obtained from hemp by distillation, and possessing its intoxicating properties.
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Cannabidaceae
Cannabidaceae n. 1. a grouping of plants containing two genera of erect or twining wind-pollinated herbs, the genera Cannabis and Humulus; this term is not used in all classifications; in some the genus Cannabis is placed in the family Moraceae and the genus Humulus in the family Urticaceae.
Syn. -- family Cannabidaceae, hemp family.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cannabin
Can"na*bin (?), n. (Chem.) A poisonous resin extracted from hemp (Cannabis sativa, variety Indica). The euphoric and narcotic effects of hasheesh are due to this resin; the active ingredient is tetrahydrocannabinol, THC. See Cannabis Indica, below.
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Cannabine
Can"na*bine (?), a. [L. cannabinus.] Pertaining to hemp; hempen. [R.]
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Cannabis
Can"na*bis (?), prop. n. [L., hemp. See Canvas.] 1. (Bot.) A genus of a single species belonging to the order Uricaceæ; hemp.
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2. The Indian hemp plant plant Cannabis sativa syn. Cannabis Indica. See Cannabis Indica, below.
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Cannabis Indica (&unr_;), the Indian hemp, now considered a variety of the common hemp (Cannabis sativa), originating in Asia but now grown widely around the world. It can be formed into a tough fiber that is used to make rope and tough fabric. The dried leaves and female flowers are smoked or chewed by people to produce a euphoric or hallucinogenic effect, caused mainly by the substance tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) contained in it. The THC-containing products of Cannabis are classified as a controlled substance, and posession and sale are illegal in most states of the United States. Once classified as a narcotic, the plant is now more commonly referred to in the category of euphoric or hallucinogenic agents.
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Cannaceae
Cannaceae prop. n. A natural family of plants coextensive with the genus Canna.
Syn. -- family Cannaceae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cannae
Cannae n. the name of a battle in which Hannibal defeated the Romans in 216 b. c. Called also battle of Cannae.
[WordNet 1.5]

canned
canned adj. 1. Recorded; in contrast with live; -- used of sound or video broadcasts.
Syn. -- filmed, taped, tape-recorded.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

2. Sealed in a can or jar.
Syn. -- tinned.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cannel coal
Can"nel coal` (?). [Corrupt. fr. candle coal.] A kind of mineral coal of a black color, sufficiently hard and solid to be cut and polished. It burns readily, with a clear, yellow flame, and on this account has been used as a substitute for candles.
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Cannele
Can`ne*lé" (?), n. [F., pop., fluted.] (Textiles) A style of interweaving giving to fabrics a channeled or fluted effect; also, a fabric woven so as to have this effect; a rep.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

cannelloni
cannelloni n. a tubular pasta filled with meat or cheese.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cannelure
Can"ne*lure (kăn"n&euptack_;*l&uuptack_;r), n. [F., fr. canneler to groove.] (Mil.) A groove in any cylinder; specif., a groove around the cylinder of an elongated bullet for small arms to contain a lubricant, or around the rotating band of a gun projectile to lessen the resistance offered to the rifling. Also, a groove around the base of a cartridge, where the extractor takes hold. -- Can"ne*lured (#), a.
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Cannery
Can"ner*y (?), n. A place where the business of canning fruit, meat, etc., is carried on. [U. S.]
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Cannibal
Can"ni*bal (?), n. [Cf. F. cannibale. Columbus, in a letter to the Spanish monarchs written in Oct., 1498, mentions that the people of Haiti lived in great fear of the Caribales (equivalent to E. Caribbees.), the inhabitants of the smaller Antilles; which form of the name was afterward changed into NL. Canibales, in order to express more forcibly their character by a word intelligible through a Latin root “propter rabiem caninam anthropophagorum gentis.” The Caribbees call themselves, in their own language. Calinago, Carinago, Calliponam, and, abbreviated, Calina, signifying a brave, from which Columbus formed his Caribales.] A human being that eats human flesh; hence, any that devours its own kind. Darwin.
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Cannibal
Can"ni*bal (?), a. Relating to cannibals or cannibalism.Cannibal terror.” Burke.
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cannibalic
cannibalic adj. resembling a beast; showing lack of human sensibility.
Syn. -- beastly, bestial, brute(prenominal), brutish.
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cannibalize
cannibalise
cannibalise, cannibalize v. i. to eat human flesh.
Syn. -- practice cannibalism.
[WordNet 1.5]

cannibalize
cannibalise
cannibalise, cannibalize v. t. to use parts of (something, such as a machine), to repair something else.
Syn. -- use parts of.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cannibalism
Can"ni*bal*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. cannibalisme.] The act or practice of eating human flesh by mankind. Hence; Murderous cruelty; barbarity. Berke.
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cannibalize
cannibalize v. i. & t. same as cannibalise.
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Cannibally
Can"ni*bal*ly, adv. In the manner of cannibal. “An he had been cannibally given.” Shak.
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Cannikin
Can"ni*kin (?), n. [Can + -kin.] A small can or drinking vessel.
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Cannily
Can"ni*ly, adv. In a canny manner. [N. of Eng. & Scot.]
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Canniness
Can"ni*ness, n. Caution; crafty management. [N. of Eng. & Scot.]
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Cannon
Can"non (?), n.; pl. Cannons (#), collectively Cannon. [F. cannon, fr. L. canna reed, pipe, tube. See Cane.] 1. A great gun; a piece of ordnance or artillery; a firearm for discharging heavy shot with great force.
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&hand_; Cannons are made of various materials, as iron, brass, bronze, and steel, and of various sizes and shapes with respect to the special service for which they are intended, as intended, as siege, seacoast, naval, field, or mountain, guns. They always aproach more or less nearly to a cylindrical from, being usually thicker toward the breech than at the muzzle. Formerly they were cast hollow, afterwards they were cast, solid, and bored out. The cannon now most in use for the armament of war vessels and for seacoast defense consists of a forged steel tube reinforced with massive steel rings shrunk upon it. Howitzers and mortars are sometimes called cannon. See Gun.
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2. (Mech.) A hollow cylindrical piece carried by a revolving shaft, on which it may, however, revolve independently.
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3. (Printing.) A kind of type. See Canon.
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Cannon ball, strictly, a round solid missile of stone or iron made to be fired from a cannon, but now often applied to a missile of any shape, whether solid or hollow, made for cannon. Elongated and cylindrical missiles are sometimes called bolts; hollow ones charged with explosives are properly called shells. -- Cannon bullet, a cannon ball. [Obs.] -- Cannon cracker, a fire cracker of large size. -- Cannon lock, a device for firing a cannon by a percussion primer. -- Cannon metal. See Gun Metal. -- Cannon pinion, the pinion on the minute hand arbor of a watch or clock, which drives the hand but permits it to be moved in setting. -- Cannon proof, impenetrable by cannon balls. -- Cannon shot. (a) A cannon ball. (b) The range of a cannon.
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Cannon
Can"non, v. i. 1. To discharge cannon.
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2. To collide or strike violently, esp. so as to glance off or rebound; to strike and rebound.

He heard the right-hand goal post crack as a pony cannoned into it -- crack, splinter, and fall like a mast. Kipling.
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Cannon
Can"non, n. & v. (Billiards) See Carom. [Eng.]
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Cannonade
Can`non*ade" (?), n. [F. Canonnade; cf. It. cannanata.] 1. The act of discharging cannon and throwing ball, shell, etc., for the purpose of destroying an army, or battering a town, ship, or fort; -- usually, an attack of some continuance.
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A furious cannonade was kept up from the whole circle of batteries on the devoted towm. Prescott.
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2. Fig.; A loud noise like a cannonade; a booming.
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Blue Walden rolls its cannonade. Ewerson.
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Cannonade
Can`non*ade", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cannonade; p. pr. & vb. n. Cannonading.] To attack with heavy artillery; to batter with cannon shot.
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Cannonade
Can`non*ade", v. i. To discharge cannon; as, the army cannonaded all day.
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Cannon bone
Can"non bone (?). (Anat.) See Canon Bone.
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Cannoned
Can"noned (&unr_;), a. Furnished with cannon. [Poetic] “Gilbralter's cannoned steep.” M. Arnold.
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Cannonier
Cannoneer
{ Can`non*eer", Can`non*ier" } (?), n. [F. canonnier.] A man who manages, or fires, cannon.
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Cannonering
Can`non*er"ing, n. The use of cannon. Burke.
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Cannonry
Can"non*ry (?), n. Cannon, collectively; artillery.
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The ringing of bells and roaring of cannonry proclaimed his course through the country. W. Irving.
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Cannot
Can"not (?). [Can to be able + -not.] Am, is, or are, not able; -- written either as one word or two.
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Cannula
Can"nu*la (?), n. [L. cannula a small tube of dim. of canna a reed, tube.] (Surg.) A small tube of metal, wood, or India rubber, used for various purposes, esp. for injecting or withdrawing fluids. It is usually associated with a trocar. [Written also canula.]
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Cannular
Can"nu*lar (?), a. Having the form of a tube; tubular. [Written also canular.]
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Cannulated
Can"nu*la`ted (?), a. Hollow; affording a passage through its interior length for wire, thread, etc.; as, a cannulated (suture) needle. [Written also canulated.]
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Cannei
Canny
{ Can"ny, Can"nei } (?), a. [Cf. Icel. kenn skilled, learned, or E. canny. Cf. Kenn.] [North of Eng. & Scot.] 1. Artful; cunning; shrewd; wary.
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2. Skillful; knowing; capable. Sir W. Scott.
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3. Cautious; prudent; safe.. Ramsay.
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4. Having pleasing or useful qualities; gentle. Burns.
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5. Reputed to have magical powers. Sir W. Scott.
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No canny, not safe, not fortunate; unpropitious. [Scot.]
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Canoe
Ca*noe" (?), n.; pl. Canoes (#). [Sp. canoa, fr. Caribbean canáoa.] 1. A boat used by rude nations, formed of trunk of a tree, excavated, by cutting of burning, into a suitable shape. It is propelled by a paddle or paddles, or sometimes by sail, and has no rudder.
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Others devised the boat of one tree, called the canoe. Raleigh.
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2. A boat made of bark or skins, used by savages.
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A birch canoe, with paddles, rising, falling, on the water. Longfellow.
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3. A light pleasure boat, especially designed for use by one who goes alone upon long excursions, including portage. It it propelled by a paddle, or by a small sail attached to a temporary mast.
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canoe
ca*noe" (k&adot_;*n&oomacr_;"), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Canoed (k&adot_;*n&oomacr_;d") p. pr. & vb. n. Canoeing (k&adot_;*n&oomacr_;"&ibreve_;ng).] To manage a canoe, or voyage in a canoe.
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canoeing
ca*noe"ing n. The act or art of using a canoe.
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canoeist
ca*noe"ist (k&adot_;*n&oomacr_;"&ibreve_;st), n. A canoeman.
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canoeman
ca*noe"man (k&adot_;*n&oomacr_;"m&aitalic_;n), n.; pl. Canoemen (k&adot_;*n&oomacr_;"m&eitalic_;n). One who uses a canoe; one who travels in a canoe.
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Cabins and clearing greeted the eye of the passing canoeman. Parkman.
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canon
can"on (kăn"ŭn), n. [OE. canon, canoun, AS. canon rule (cf. F. canon, LL. canon, and, for sense 7, F. chanoine, LL. canonicus), fr. L. canon a measuring line, rule, model, fr. Gr. kanw`n rule, rod, fr. ka`nh, ka`nnh, reed. See Cane, and cf. Canonical.] 1. A law or rule.
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Or that the Everlasting had not fixed
His canon 'gainst self-slaughter.
Shak.
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2. (Eccl.) A law, or rule of doctrine or discipline, enacted by a council and confirmed by the pope or the sovereign; a decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by ecclesiastical authority.
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Various canons which were made in councils held in the second centry. Hook.
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3. The collection of books received as genuine Holy Scriptures, called the sacred canon, or general rule of moral and religious duty, given by inspiration; the Bible; also, any one of the canonical Scriptures. See Canonical books, under Canonical, a.
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4. In monasteries, a book containing the rules of a religious order.
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5. A catalogue of saints acknowledged and canonized in the Roman Catholic Church.
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6. A member of a cathedral chapter; a person who possesses a prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church.
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7. (Mus.) A musical composition in which the voices begin one after another, at regular intervals, successively taking up the same subject. It either winds up with a coda (tailpiece), or, as each voice finishes, commences anew, thus forming a perpetual fugue or round. It is the strictest form of imitation. See Imitation.
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8. (Print.) The largest size of type having a specific name; -- so called from having been used for printing the canons of the church.
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9. The part of a bell by which it is suspended; -- called also ear and shank. [See Illust. of Bell.] Knight.
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10. (Billiards) See Carom.
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Apostolical canons. See under Apostolical. -- Augustinian canons, Black canons. See under Augustinian. -- Canon capitular, Canon residentiary, a resident member of a cathedral chapter (during a part or the whole of the year). -- Canon law. See under Law. -- Canon of the Mass (R. C. Ch.), that part of the mass, following the Sanctus, which never changes. -- Honorary canon, a canon{6} who neither lived in a monastery, nor kept the canonical hours. -- Minor canon (Ch. of Eng.), one who has been admitted to a chapter, but has not yet received a prebend. -- Regular canon (R. C. Ch.), one who lived in a conventual community and followed the rule of St. Austin; a Black canon. -- Secular canon (R. C. Ch.), one who did not live in a monastery, but kept the hours.
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canyon
Ca*ñon" (kä*ny&ouptack_;n"; anglicized kăn"yŭn), n. [Sp., a tube or hollow, fr. caña reed, fr. L. canna. See Cane.] A deep gorge, ravine, or gulch, between high and steep banks, worn by water courses. [Mexico & Western U. S.] [Also spelled canyon.]
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Canon bit
Can"on bit` (?). [F. canon, fr. L. canon a rule.] That part of a bit which is put in a horse's mouth.
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Canon bone
Can"on bone` (?). [F. canon, fr. L. canon a rule. See canon.] (Anat.) The shank bone, or great bone above the fetlock, in the fore and hind legs of the horse and allied animals, corresponding to the middle metacarpal or metatarsal bone of most mammals. See Horse.
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canoncito
cañ`on*ci"to (?), n. [Amer. Sp. dim. See cañon.] [Southwestern U. S.] 1. A small cañon.
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2. A narrow passage or lane through chaparral or a forest.
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Canoness
Can"on*ess (?), n. [Cf. LL. canonissa.] A woman who holds a canonry in a conventual chapter.
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Regular canoness, one bound by the vow of poverty, and observing a strict rule of life. -- Secular canoness, one allowed to hold private property, and bound only by vows of chastity and obedience so long as she chose to remain in the chapter.
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canonical
canonic
{ ca*non"ic (k&adot_;*n&obreve_;n"&ibreve_;k), ca*non"ic*al (k&adot_;*n&obreve_;n"&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), } a. [L. canonicus, LL. canonicalis, fr. L. canon: cf. F. canonique. See canon.] Of or pertaining to a canon; established by, or according to, a canon or canons. “The oath of canonical obedience.” Hallam.
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2. Appearing in a Biblical canon; as, a canonical book of the Christian New Testament.
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3. Accepted as authoritative; recognized.
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4. (Math.) In its standard form, usually also the simplest form; -- of an equation or coordinate.
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5. (Linguistics) Reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality; as, a canonical syllable pattern. Opposite of nonstandard.
Syn. -- standard. [WordNet 1.5]

6. Pertaining to or resembling a musical canon.
[PJC]

Canonical books, or Canonical Scriptures, those books which are declared by the canons of the church to be of divine inspiration; -- called collectively the canon. The Roman Catholic Church holds as canonical several books which Protestants reject as apocryphal. -- Canonical epistles, an appellation given to the epistles called also general or catholic. See Catholic epistles, under Canholic. -- Canonical form (Math.), the simples or most symmetrical form to which all functions of the same class can be reduced without lose of generality. -- Canonical hours, certain stated times of the day, fixed by ecclesiastical laws, and appropriated to the offices of prayer and devotion; also, certain portions of the Breviary, to be used at stated hours of the day. In England, this name is also given to the hours from 8 a. m. to 3 p. m. (formerly 8 a. m. to 12 m.) before and after which marriage can not be legally performed in any parish church. -- Canonical letters, letters of several kinds, formerly given by a bishop to traveling clergymen or laymen, to show that they were entitled to receive the communion, and to distinguish them from heretics. -- Canonical life, the method or rule of living prescribed by the ancient clergy who lived in community; a course of living prescribed for the clergy, less rigid than the monastic, and more restrained that the secular. -- Canonical obedience, submission to the canons of a church, especially the submission of the inferior clergy to their bishops, and of other religious orders to their superiors. -- Canonical punishments, such as the church may inflict, as excommunication, degradation, penance, etc. -- Canonical sins (Anc. Church.), those for which capital punishment or public penance decreed by the canon was inflicted, as idolatry, murder, adultery, heresy.
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Canonically
Ca*non"ic*al*ly (?), adv. In a canonical manner; according to the canons.
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Canonicalness
Ca*non"ic*al*ness, n. The quality of being canonical; canonicity. Bp. Burnet.
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Canonicals
Ca*non"ic*als (?), n. pl. The dress prescribed by canon{2} to be worn by a clergyman when officiating. Sometimes, any distinctive professional dress.
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Full canonicals, the complete costume of an officiating clergyman or ecclesiastic.

Canonicate
Ca*non"i*cate (?), n. [LL. canonucatus canonical: cf. F. canonicat.] The office of a canon; a canonry.
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Canonicity
Can`on*ic"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. canonicité.] The state or quality of being canonical; agreement with the canon.
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Canonist
Can"on*ist, n. [Cf. F. canoniste.] A professor of canon law; one skilled in the knowledge and practice of ecclesiastical law. South.
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Canonistic
Can`on*is"tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to a canonist. “This canonistic exposition.” Milton.
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Canonization
Can`on*i*za"tion (?), n. [F. canonisation.]
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1. (R. C. Ch.) The final process or decree (following beatifacation) by which the name of a deceased person is placed in the catalogue (canon) of saints and commended to perpetual veneration and invocation.
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Canonization of saints was not known to the Christian church titl toward the middle of the tenth century. Hoock.
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2. The state of being canonized or sainted.
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Canonize
Can"on*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Canonized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Canonizing.] [F. canoniser or LL. canonizare, fr. L. canon.. See Canon.] 1. (Eccl.) To declare (a deceased person) a saint; to put in the catalogue of saints; as, Thomas a Becket was canonized.
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2. To glorify; to exalt to the highest honor.
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Fame in time to come canonize us. Shak.
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2. To rate as inspired; to include in the canon.[R.]
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Canonry
Can"on*ry (?), n. pl. Canonries (&unr_;). A benefice or prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church; a right to a place in chapter and to a portion of its revenues; the dignity or emoluments of a canon.
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Canonship
Can"on*ship (?), a. Of or pertaining to Canopus in Egypt; as, the Canopic vases, used in embalming.
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canopic jar
ca*no"pic jar` n. a jar used in ancient Egyptian tombs to contain the intestines of a person who was mummified for burial; -- also called canopic vase. [Also spelled Canopic jar.]
[PJC]

canopied
canopied adj. covered with or as with a canopy; as, a canopied bed; streets canopied by stately trees.
[WordNet 1.5]

Canopus
Ca*no"pus (?), n. [L. Canopus, fr. Gr. &unr_;, town of Egypt.] (Astron.) A star of the first magnitude in the southern constellation Argo.
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Canopy
Can"o*py (kăn"&ouptack_;*p&ybreve_;), n.; pl. Canopies (-p&ibreve_;z). [OE. canapie, F. canapé sofa, OF. conopée, conopeu, conopieu, canopy, vail, pavilion (cf. It. canopè canopy, sofa), LL. conopeum a bed with mosquito curtains, fr. Gr. kwnwpei^on, fr. kw`nwps gnat, kw`nos cone + 'w`ps face. See Cone, and Optic.] 1. A covering fixed over a bed, dais, or the like, or carried on poles over an exalted personage or a sacred object, etc. chiefly as a mark of honor. “Golden canopies and beds of state.” Dryden.
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2. (Arch.) (a) An ornamental projection, over a door, window, niche, etc. (b) Also, a rooflike covering, supported on pillars over an altar, a statue, a fountain, etc.
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Canopy
Can"o*py, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Canopes (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Canopying.] To cover with, or as with, a canopy. “A bank with ivy canopied.” Milton.
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Canorous
Ca*no"rous (?), a. [L. canorus, from nor melody, fr. canere to sing.] Melodious; musical. “Birds that are most canorous.” Sir T. Browne.
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A long, lound, and canorous peal of laughter. De Quincey.
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Canorousness
Ca*no"rous*ness, n. The quality of being musical.
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He chooses his language for its rich canorousness. Lowell.
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Canstick
Can"stick` (?), n. Candlestick. [Obs.] Shak.
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Cant
Cant (?), n. [OF., edge, angle, prof. from L. canthus the iron ring round a carriage wheel, a wheel, Gr. &unr_; the corner of the eye, the felly of a wheel; cf. W. cant the stake or tire of a wheel. Cf. Canthus, Canton, Cantle.] 1. A corner; angle; niche. [Obs.]
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The first and principal person in the temple was Irene, or Peace; she was placed aloft in a cant. B. Jonson.
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2. An outer or external angle.
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3. An inclination from a horizontal or vertical line; a slope or bevel; a titl. Totten.
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4. A sudden thrust, push, kick, or other impulse, producing a bias or change of direction; also, the bias or turn so give; as, to give a ball a cant.
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5. (Coopering) A segment forming a side piece in the head of a cask. Knight.
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6. (Mech.) A segment of he rim of a wooden cogwheel. Knight.
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7. (Naut.) A piece of wood laid upon the deck of a vessel to support the bulkheads.
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Cant frames, Cant timbers (Naut.), timber at the two ends of a ship, rising obliquely from the keel.
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Cant
Cant, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Canted; p. pr. & vb. n. Canting.] 1. To incline; to set at an angle; to tilt over; to tip upon the edge; as, to cant a cask; to cant a ship.
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2. To give a sudden turn or new direction to; as, to cant round a stick of timber; to cant a football.
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3. To cut off an angle from, as from a square piece of timber, or from the head of a bolt.
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Cant
Cant, n. [Prob. from OF. cant, F. chant, singing, in allusion to the singing or whining tine of voice used by beggars, fr. L. cantus. See Chant.] 1. An affected, singsong mode of speaking.
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2. The idioms and peculiarities of speech in any sect, class, or occupation. Goldsmith.
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The cant of any profession. Dryden.
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3. The use of religious phraseology without understanding or sincerity; empty, solemn speech, implying what is not felt; hypocrisy.
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They shall hear no cant from me. F. W. Robertson
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4. Vulgar jargon; slang; the secret language spoker by gipsies, thieves, tramps, or beggars.
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Cant
Cant (?), a. Of the nature of cant; affected; vulgar.
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To introduce and multiply cant words in the most ruinous corruption in any language. Swift.
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Cant
Cant, v. i. 1. To speak in a whining voice, or an affected, singsong tone.
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2. To make whining pretensions to goodness; to talk with an affectation of religion, philanthropy, etc.; to practice hypocrisy; as, a canting fanatic.
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The rankest rogue that ever canted. Beau. & Fl.
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3. To use pretentious language, barbarous jargon, or technical terms; to talk with an affectation of learning.
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The doctor here,
When he discourseth of dissection,
Of vena cava and of vena porta,
The meseræum and the mesentericum,
What does he else but cant.
B. Jonson
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That uncouth affected garb of speech, or canting language, if I may so call it. Bp. Sanderson.
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Cant
Cant, n. [Prob. from OF. cant, equiv. to L. quantum; cf. F. encan, fr. L. in quantum, i.e. “for how much?”] A call for bidders at a public sale; an auction. “To sell their leases by cant.” Swift.
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Cant
Cant, v. t. to sell by auction, or bid a price at a sale by auction. [Archaic] Swift.
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Can't
Can't (?). A colloquial contraction for can not.
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Cantab
Can"tab (?), n. [Abbreviated from Cantabrigian.] A Cantabrigian. [Colloq.] Sir W. Scott.
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Cantabile
Can*ta"bi*le (?), a. [It., cantare to sing.] (Mus.) In a melodious, flowing style; in a singing style, as opposed to bravura, recitativo, or parlando.
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Cantabile
Can*ta"bi*le, n. (Mus.) A piece or passage, whether vocal or instrumental, peculiarly adapted to singing; -- sometimes called cantilena.
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Cantabrian
Can*ta"bri*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to Cantabria on the Bay of Biscay in Spain.
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Cantabrigian
Can`ta*brig"i*an (?), n. A native or resident of Cambridge; esp. a student or graduate of the university of Cambridge, England.
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Cantalever
Can"ta*lev`er (?), n. [Cant an external angle + lever a supporter of the roof timber of a house.] [Written also cantaliver and cantilever.] 1. (Arch.) A bracket to support a balcony, a cornice, or the like.
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2. (Engin.) A projecting beam, truss, or bridge unsupported at the outer end; one which overhangs.
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Cantalever bridge, a bridge in which the principle of the cantalever is applied. It is usually a trussed bridge, composed of two portions reaching out from opposite banks, and supported near the middle of their own length on piers which they overhang, thus forming cantalevers which meet over the space to be spanned or sustain a third portion, to complete the connection.
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Cantaloupe
Can"ta*loupe (?), n. [F. cantaloup, It. cantalupo, so called from the caste of Cantalupo, in the Marca d'Ancona, in Italy, where they were first grown in Europe, from seed said to have been imported from Armenia.] A muskmelon of several varieties, having when mature, a yellowish skin, and flesh of a reddish orange color. [Written also cantaleup.]
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Cantankerous
Can*tan"ker*ous (?), a. Perverse; contentious; ugly; malicious. [Colloq.] -- Can*tan"ker*ous*ly, adv. -- Can*tan"ker*ous*ness, n.
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The cantankerous old maiden aunt. Thackeray.
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Cantarro
Cantar
{ Can"tar (?), ‖Can*tar"ro (?), } n. [It. cantaro (in sense 1), Sp. cantaro (in sense 2).]
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1. A weight used in southern Europe and East for heavy articles. It varies in different localities; thus, at Rome it is nearly 75 pounds, in Sardinia nearly 94 pounds, in Cairo it is 95 pounds, in Syria about 503 pounds.
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2. A liquid measure in Spain, ranging from two and a half to four gallons. Simmonds.
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Cantata
Can*ta"ta (?), n. [It., fr. cantare to sing, fr. L. cantare intens of canere to sing.] (Mus.) A poem set to music; a musical composition comprising choruses, solos, interludes, etc., arranged in a somewhat dramatic manner; originally, a composition for a single noise, consisting of both recitative and melody.
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Cantation
Can*ta"tion (?), n. [L. cantatio.] A singing. [Obs.] Blount.
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Cantatory
Cant"a*to*ry (?), a. Containing cant or affectation; whining; singing. [R.]
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Cantatrice
Can`ta*tri"ce (k&adot_;n`t&adot_;*trē"ch&auptack_;), n. [It.] (Mus.) A female professional singer.
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Canted
Cant"ed (?), a. [From 2d Cant.] 1. Having angles; as, a six canted bolt head; a canted window.
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Canted column (Arch.), a column polygonal in plan.
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2. Inclined at an angle to something else; tipped; sloping.
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Canteen
Can*teen" (kăn*tēn"), n. [F. cantine bottle case, canteen (cf. Sp. & It. cantina cellar, bottle case), either contr. fr. It. canovettina, dim. of canova cellar, or, more likely, fr. OF. cant. corner, It. & Sp. canto. See 1st Cant.] (Mil.) 1. A small vessel used by soldiers or hikers for carrying water, liquor, or other drink. [Written also cantine.]
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&hand_; In 1910 in the English service the canteen is made of wood and holds three pints; in the United States it is usually a tin flask.
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2. A chest containing culinary and other vessels for military officers in a garrison.
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3. The sutler's shop in a garrison.
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4. Hence: A store or small shop within a larger establishment where refreshments and sometimes other supplies are sold. At a military base the canteen may be as large as a general store; within a school or small company it may be only a small counter with very limited supplies, or a snack bar.
[PJC]

5. A temporary location where food is dispensed during an emergency.
[PJC]

Cantel
Can"tel (kăn"t'l), n. See Cantle.
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Canter
Can"ter (kăn"t&etilde_;r), n. [An abbreviation of Canterbury. See Canterbury gallop, under Canterbury.] 1. A moderate and easy gallop adapted to pleasure riding.
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&hand_; The canter is a thoroughly artificial pace, at first extremely tiring to the horse, and generally only to be produced in him by the restraint of a powerful bit, which compels him to throw a great part of his weight on his haunches . . . There is so great a variety in the mode adopted by different horses for performing the canter, that no single description will suffice, nor indeed is it easy . . . to define any one of them. J. H. Walsh.
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2. A rapid or easy passing over.
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A rapid canter in the Times over all the topics. Sir J. Stephen.
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Canter
Can"ter (kăn"t&etilde_;r), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Cantered (kăn"t&etilde_;rd); p. pr. & vb. n. Cantering.] To move in a canter.
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Canter
Can"ter, v. t. To cause, as a horse, to go at a canter; to ride (a horse) at a canter.
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Canter
Cant"er, n. 1. One who cants or whines; a beggar.
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2. One who makes hypocritical pretensions to goodness; one who uses canting language.
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The day when he was a canter and a rebel. Macaulay.
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Canterbury
Can"ter*bur*y (kăn"t&etilde_;r*b&ebreve_;r*r&ybreve_;), prop. n. 1. A city in England, giving its name various articles. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury (primate of all England), and contains the shrine of Thomas à Becket, to which pilgrimages were formerly made.
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2. A stand with divisions in it for holding music, loose papers, etc.
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Canterbury ball (Bot.), a species of Campanula of several varieties, cultivated for its handsome bell-shaped flowers. -- Canterbury gallop, a gentle gallop such as was used by pilgrims riding to Canterbury; a canter. -- Canterbury tale, one of the tales which Chaucer puts into the mouths of certain pilgrims to Canterbury. Hence, any tale told by travelers to pass away the time.
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Cantharidal
Can*thar"*i*dal (kăn*thăr"&ibreve_;*d&aitalic_;l), a. Of or pertaining to cantharides or made of cantharides; as, cantharidal plaster.
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Cantharides
Can*thar"i*des (kăn*thăr"&ibreve_;*dēz), n. pl. See Cantharis.
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Cantharidin
Can*thar"i*din (kăn*thăr"&ibreve_;*d&ibreve_;n), n. (Chem.) The active principle of the cantharis, or Spanish fly, a volatile, acrid, bitter solid, crystallizing in four-sided prisms.
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Cantharis
Can"tha*ris (kăn"th&adot_;*r&ibreve_;s), n.; pl. Cantharides (kăn*thăr"&ibreve_;*dēz). [L., a kind of beetle, esp. the Spanish fly, Gr. kanqari`s.] (Zool.) A beetle (Lytta vesicatoria, syn. Cantharis vesicatoria), having an elongated cylindrical body of a brilliant green color, and a nauseous odor; the blister fly or blister beetle, of the apothecary; -- also called Spanish fly. Many other species of Lytta, used for the same purpose, take the same name. See Blister beetle, under Blister. The plural form in usually applied to the dried insects used in medicine.
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Cant hook
Cant" hook` (?). A wooden lever with a movable iron hook. hear the end; -- used for canting or turning over heavy logs, etc. [U. S.] Bartlett.
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Canthoplasty
Can"tho*plas`ty (?), n. [Gr.&unr_;, corner of the eye + &unr_; to from.] (Surg.) The operation of forming a new canthus, when one has been destroyed by injury or disease.
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Canthus
Can"thus (?), n.; pl. Canthi (#). [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;.] (Anat.) The corner where the upper and under eyelids meet on each side of the eye.
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Canticle
Can"ti*cle (?), n.; pl. Canticles (#). [L. canticulum a little song, dim. of canticum song, fr. cantus a singing, fr. coner to sing. See Chant.] 1. A song; esp. a little song or hymn. [Obs.] Bacon.
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2. pl. The Song of Songs or Song of Solomon, one of the books of the Old Testament.
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3. A canto or division of a poem [Obs.] Spenser.
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4. A psalm, hymn, or passage from the Bible, arranged for chanting in church service.
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Canticoy
Can"ti*coy (?), n. [Of American Indian origin.] A social gathering; usually, one for dancing.
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Cantile
Can"tile (?), v. i. Same as Cantle, v. t.
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Cantilena
Can`ti*le"na (?), n. [It. & L.] (Mus.) See Cantabile.
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Cantilever
Can"ti*lev`er (?), n. Same as Cantalever.
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Cantillate
Can"til*late (?), v. i. [L. cantillatus, p. p. of cantillare to sing low, dim. of cantare. See Cantata.] To chant; to recite with musical tones. M. Stuart.
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Cantillation
Can`til*la"tion (?), n. A chanting; recitation or reading with musical modulations.
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Cantine
Can*tine" (?), n. See Canteen.
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Canting
Cant"ing (?), a. Speaking in a whining tone of voice; using technical or religious terms affectedly; affectedly pious; as, a canting rogue; a canting tone.

-- Cant"ing*ly, adv. -- Cant"ing*ness, n.
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Canting arms, Canting heraldry (Her.), bearings in the nature of a rebus alluding to the name of the bearer. Thus, the Castletons bear three castles, and Pope Adrian IV. (Nicholas Breakspeare) bore a broken spear.
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Canting
Cant"ing, n. The use of cant; hypocrisy.
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Cantiniere
Can`ti*niere" (?), n. [F., fr. cantine a sutler's shop, canteen.] (Mil) A woman who carries a canteen for soldiers; a vivandière.
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Cantion
Can"tion (?), n. [L. cantio, from canere to sing.] A song or verses. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Cantle
Can"tle (?), n. [OF. cantel, chantel, corner, side, piece, F. chanteau a piece cut from a larger piece, dim. of OF. cant edge, corner. See 1st Cant.] 1. A corner or edge of anything; a piece; a fragment; a part. “In one cantle of his law.” Milton.
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Cuts me from the best of all my land
A huge half moon, a monstrous cantle out.
Shak.
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2. The upwardly projecting rear part of saddle, opposite to the pommel. [Written also cante.]
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Cantle
Can"tle, v. t. To cut in pieces; to cut out from. [Obs.] [Written also cantile.]
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Cantlet
Cant"let (?), n. [Dim. of cantle.] A piece; a fragment; a corner. Dryden.
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Canto
Can"to (?), n.; pl. Cantos (#). [It. canto, fr. L. cantus singing, song. See Chant.] 1. One of the chief divisions of a long poem; a book.
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2. (Mus.) The highest vocal part; the air or melody in choral music; anciently the tenor, now the soprano.
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‖Canto fermo (&unr_;) [It.] (Mus.), the plain ecclesiastical chant in cathedral service; the plain song.
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Canton
Can"ton (?), n. A song or canto [Obs.]
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Write loyal cantons of contemned love. Shak.
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Canton
Can"ton, n. [F. canton, augm. of OF. cant edge, corner. See 1st Cant.] 1. A small portion; a division; a compartment.
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That little canton of land called the “English pale” Davies.
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There is another piece of Holbein's, . . . in which, in six several cantons, the several parts of our Savior's passion are represented. Bp. Burnet.
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2. A small community or clan.
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3. A small territorial district; esp. one of the twenty-two independent states which form the Swiss federal republic; in France, a subdivision of an arrondissement. See Arrondissement.
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4. (Her.) A division of a shield occupying one third part of the chief, usually on the dexter side, formed by a perpendicular line from the top of the shield, meeting a horizontal line from the side.
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The king gave us the arms of England to be borne in a canton in our arms. Evelyn.
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Canton
Can"ton, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Cantoned ; p. pr. & vb. n. Cantoning.] [Cf. F.cantonner.] 1. To divide into small parts or districts; to mark off or separate, as a distinct portion or division.
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They canton out themselves a little Goshen in the intellectual world. Locke.
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2. (Mil.) To allot separate quarters to, as to different parts or divisions of an army or body of troops.
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Cantonal
Can"ton*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to a canton or cantons; of the nature of a canton.
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Canton crape
Can"ton crape" (krāp"). A soft, white or colored silk fabric, of a gauzy texture and wavy appearance, used for ladies' scarfs, shawls, bonnet trimmings, etc.; -- called also Oriental crape. De Colange.
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Cantoned
Can"toned (?), a. 1. (Her.) Having a charge in each of the four corners; -- said of a cross on a shield, and also of the shield itself.
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2. (Arch.) Having the angles marked by, or decorated with, projecting moldings or small columns; as, a cantoned pier or pilaster.
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Canton flannel
Can"ton flan"nel (?). See Cotton flannel.
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Cantonize
Can"ton*ize (?), v. i. To divide into cantons or small districts.
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Cantonment
Can"ton*ment (?), n. [Cf. F. cantonnement.] A town or village, or part of a town or village, assigned to a body of troops for quarters; temporary shelter or place of rest for an army; quarters.
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&hand_; When troops are sheltered in huts or quartered in the houses of the people during any suspension of hostilities, they are said to be in cantonment, or to be cantoned. In India, permanent military stations, or military towns, are termed cantonments.
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Cantoon
Can*toon" (?), n. A cotton stuff showing a fine cord on one side and a satiny surface on the other.
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Cantor
Can"tor (?), n. [L., a singer, fr. caner to sing.] A singer; esp. the leader of a church choir; a precentor.
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The cantor of the church intones the Te Deum. Milman.
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Cantoral
Can"tor*al (?), a. Of or belonging to a cantor.
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Cantoral staff, the official staff or baton of a cantor or precentor, with which time is marked for the singers.
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Cantoris
Can*to"ris (?), a. [L., lit., of the cantor, gen. of cantor.] Of or pertaining to a cantor; as, the cantoris side of a choir; a cantoris stall. Shipley.
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Cantrip
Cantrap
{ Can"trap (?), Can"trip (?), } n. [Cf. Icel. gandar, ODan. & OSw. gan, witchcraft, and E. trap a snare, tramp.] A charm; an incantation; a shell; a trick; adroit mischief. [Written also cantraip.] [Scot.]
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Cantref
Cantred
{ Can"tred (?), ‖Can"tref, } n. [W. cantref; cant hundred + tref dwelling place, village.] A district comprising a hundred villages, as in Wales. [Written also kantry.]
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Canty
Can"ty (?), a. Cheerful; sprightly; lively; merry. “The canty dame.” Wordsworth [Scot. & Prov. Eng.]
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Contented with little, and canty with mair. Burns.
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Canuck
Ca*nuck" (?), n. 1. A Canadian. [Slang]
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2. A small or medium-sized hardy horse, common in Canada. [Colloq.]
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Canulated
Canular
Canula
{ Can"u*la (?), n., Can"u*lar (?), a., Can"u*la`ted (?), } a. See Cannula, Cannular, and Cannulated.
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Canvas
Can"vas (?), n. [OE. canvas, canevas, F. canevas, LL. canabacius hempen cloth, canvas, L. cannabis hemp, fr. G. &unr_;. See Hemp.] 1. A strong cloth made of hemp, flax, or cotton; -- used for tents, sails, etc.
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By glimmering lanes and walls of canvas led. Tennyson.
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2. (a) A coarse cloth so woven as to form regular meshes for working with the needle, as in tapestry, or worsted work. (b) A piece of strong cloth of which the surface has been prepared to receive painting, commonly painting in oil.
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History . . . does not bring out clearly upon the canvas the details which were familiar. J. H. Newman.
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3. Something for which canvas is used: (a) A sail, or a collection of sails. (b) A tent, or a collection of tents. (c) A painting, or a picture on canvas.
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To suit his canvas to the roughness of the see. Goldsmith.
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Light, rich as that which glows on the canvas of Claude. Macaulay.
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4. A rough draft or model of a song, air, or other literary or musical composition; esp. one to show a poet the measure of the verses he is to make. Grabb.
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Canvas
Can"vas, a. Made of, pertaining to, or resembling, canvas or coarse cloth; as, a canvas tent.
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Canvasback
Can"vas*back` (?), n. (Zool.) A Species of duck (Aythya vallisneria), esteemed for the delicacy of its flesh. It visits the United States in autumn; particularly Chesapeake Bay and adjoining waters; -- so named from the markings of the plumage on its back.
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Canvass
Can"vass (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. canvassed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Canvassing.] [OF. Canabasser to examine curiously, to search or sift out; properly, to sift through canvas. See Canvas, n.] 1. To sift; to strain; to examine thoroughly; to scrutinize; as, to canvass the votes cast at an election; to canvass a district with reference to its probable vote.
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I have made careful search on all hands, and canvassed the matter with all possible diligence. Woodward.
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2. To examine by discussion; to debate.
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An opinion that we are likely soon to canvass. Sir W. Hamilton.
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3. To go through, with personal solicitation or public addresses; as, to canvass a district for votes; to canvass a city for subscriptions.
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Canvass
Can"vass, v. i. To search thoroughly; to engage in solicitation by traversing a district; as, to canvass for subscriptions or for votes; to canvass for a book, a publisher, or in behalf of a charity; -- commonly followed by for.
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Canvass
Can"vass, n. 1. Close inspection; careful review for verification; as, a canvass of votes. Bacon.
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2. Examination in the way of discussion or debate.
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3. Search; exploration; solicitation; systematic effort to obtain votes, subscribers, etc.
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No previous canvass was made for me. Burke.
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Canvasser
Can"vass*er (?), n. One who canvasses.
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Cany
Can"y (?), a. [From Cane.] Of or pertaining to cane or canes; abounding with canes. Milton.
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Canyon
Can"yon (?), n. The English form of the Spanish word Cañon.
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Canzone
Can*zo"ne (?), n. [It., a song, fr. L. cantio, fr. canere to sing. Cf. Chanson, Chant.] (Mus.) (a) A song or air for one or more voices, of Provençal origin, resembling, though not strictly, the madrigal. (b) An instrumental piece in the madrigal style.
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Canzonet
Can`zo*net" (?), n. [It. canzonetta, dim. of canzone.] (Mus.) A short song, in one or more parts.
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Caoutchin
Caout"chin (?), n. (Chem.) An inflammable, volatile, oily, liquid hydrocarbon, obtained by the destructive distillation of caoutchouc.
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Caoutchouc
Caout"chouc (?), n. [F. caoutchouc, from the South American name.] A tenacious, elastic, gummy substance obtained from the milky sap of several plants of tropical South America (esp. the euphorbiaceous tree Siphonia elastica or Hevea caoutchouc), Asia, and Africa. Being impermeable to liquids and gases, and not readly affected by exposure to air, acids, and alkalies, it is used, especially when vulcanized, for many purposes in the arts and in manufactures. Also called India rubber (because it was first brought from India, and was formerly used chiefly for erasing pencil marks) and gum elastic. See Vulcanization.
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Mineral caoutchouc. See under Mineral.
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Caoutchoucin
Caout"chou*cin (?), n. See Caoutchin.
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Cap
Cap (kăp), n. [OE. cappe, AS. cæppe, cap, cape, hood, fr. LL, cappa, capa; perhaps of Iberian origin, as Isidorus of Seville mentions it first: “Capa, quia quasi totum capiat hominem; it. capitis ornamentum.” See 3d Cape, and cf. 1st Cope.] 1. A covering for the head; esp. (a) One usually with a visor but without a brim, for men and boys; (b) One of lace, muslin, etc., for women, or infants; (c) One used as the mark or ensign of some rank, office, or dignity, as that of a cardinal.
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2. The top, or uppermost part; the chief.
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Thou art the cap of all the fools alive. Shak.
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3. A respectful uncovering of the head.
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He that will give a cap and make a leg in thanks. Fuller.
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4. (Zool.) The whole top of the head of a bird from the base of the bill to the nape of the neck.
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5. Anything resembling a cap in form, position, or use; as: (a) (Arch.) The uppermost of any assemblage of parts; as, the cap of column, door, etc.; a capital, coping, cornice, lintel, or plate. (b) Something covering the top or end of a thing for protection or ornament. (c) (Naut.) A collar of iron or wood used in joining spars, as the mast and the topmast, the bowsprit and the jib boom; also, a covering of tarred canvas at the end of a rope. (d) A percussion cap. See under Percussion. (e) (Mech.) The removable cover of a journal box. (f) (Geom.) A portion of a spherical or other convex surface.
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6. A large size of writing paper; as, flat cap; foolscap; legal cap.
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Cap of a cannon, a piece of lead laid over the vent to keep the priming dry; -- now called an apron. -- Cap in hand, obsequiously; submissively. -- Cap of liberty. See Liberty cap, under Liberty. -- Cap of maintenance, a cap of state carried before the kings of England at the coronation. It is also carried before the mayors of some cities. -- Cap money, money collected in a cap for the huntsman at the death of the fox. -- Cap paper. (a) A kind of writing paper including flat cap, foolscap, and legal cap. (b) A coarse wrapping paper used for making caps to hold commodities. -- Cap rock (Mining), The layer of rock next overlying ore, generally of barren vein material. -- Flat cap, cap See Foolscap. -- Forage cap, the cloth undress head covering of an officer of soldier. -- Legal cap, a kind of folio writing paper, made for the use of lawyers, in long narrow sheets which have the fold at the top or “narrow edge.” -- To set one's cap, to make a fool of one. (Obs.) Chaucer. -- To set one's cap for, to try to win the favor of a man with a view to marriage. [Colloq.]
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Cap
Cap (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Capped (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Capping.] 1. To cover with a cap, or as with a cap; to provide with a cap or cover; to cover the top or end of; to place a cap upon the proper part of; as, to cap a post; to cap a gun.
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The bones next the joint are capped with a smooth cartilaginous substance. Derham.
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2. To deprive of cap. [Obs.] Spenser.
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3. To complete; to crown; to bring to the highest point or consummation; as, to cap the climax of absurdity.
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4. To salute by removing the cap. [Slang. Eng.]
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Tom . . . capped the proctor with the profoundest of bows. Thackeray.
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5. To match; to mate in contest; to furnish a complement to; as, to cap text; to cap proverbs. Shak.
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Now I have him under girdle I'll cap verses with him to the end of the chapter. Dryden.
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&hand_; In capping verses, when one quotes a verse another must cap it by quoting one beginning with the last letter of the first letter, or with the first letter of the last word, or ending with a rhyming word, or by applying any other arbitrary rule may be agreed upon.
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Cap
Cap, v. i. To uncover the head respectfully. Shak.
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Capability
Ca`pa*bil"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Capabilities (#). 1. The quality of being capable; capacity; capableness; esp. intellectual power or ability.
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A capability to take a thousand views of a subject. H. Taylor.
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2. Capacity of being used or improved.
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Capable
Ca"pa*ble (?), a. [F. capable, LL. capabilis capacious, capable, fr. L. caper to take, contain. See Heave.] 1. Possessing ability, qualification, or susceptibility; having capacity; of sufficient size or strength; as, a room capable of holding a large number; a castle capable of resisting a long assault.
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Concious of joy and capable of pain. Prior.
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2. Possessing adequate power; qualified; able; fully competent; as, a capable instructor; a capable judge; a mind capable of nice investigations.
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More capable to discourse of battles than to give them. Motley.
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3. Possessing legal power or capacity; as, a man capable of making a contract, or a will.
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4. Capacious; large; comprehensive. [Obs.] Shak.
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&hand_; Capable is usually followed by of, sometimes by an infinitive.

Syn. -- Able; competent; qualified; fitted; efficient; effective; skillful.
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Capableness
Ca"pa*ble*ness, n. The quality or state of being capable; capability; adequateness; competency.
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capaciate
capaciate v. i. (Biol.) to become active so as to be able to penetrate an ovum; -- of sperm, in the female reproduction system.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Capacify
Ca*pac"i*fy (k&adot_;*păs"&ibreve_;*fī), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Capacified (k&adot_;*păs"&ibreve_;*fīd).] [L. capax, -acis, capacious + -fy.] To quality. [R.]
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The benefice he is capacified and designed for. Barrow.
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Capacious
Ca*pa"cious (k&adot_;*pā"shŭs), a. [L. capax, -acis, fr. capere to take. See Heave.] 1. Having capacity; able to contain much; large; roomy; spacious; extended; broad; as, a capacious vessel, room, bay, or harbor.
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In the capacious recesses of his mind. Bancroft.
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2. Able or qualified to make large views of things, as in obtaining knowledge or forming designs; comprehensive; liberal. “A capacious mind.” Watts.
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Capaciously
Ca*pa"cious*ly, adv. In a capacious manner or degree; comprehensively.
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Capaciousness
Ca*pa"cious*ness, n. The quality of being capacious, as of a vessel, a reservoir a bay, the mind, etc.
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capacitance
ca*pac"i*tance (k&adot_;*păs"&ibreve_;*t&aitalic_;ns), n. 1. an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored.
Syn. -- electrical capacity, capacity.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. (Electronics) a measure of the ability of a capacitor to store electrical charge; the ratio of the charge on one plate of a capacitor to the potential difference between the plates.
[PJC]

Capacitate
Ca*pac"i*tate (k&adot_;*păs"&ibreve_;*tāt), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Capacitated; p. pr. & vb. n. Capacitating.] To render capable; to enable; to qualify.
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By this instruction we may be capaciated to observe those errors. Dryden.
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capacitive
ca*pac"i*tive (k&adot_;*păs"&ibreve_;*t&ibreve_;v), adj. of or pertaining to capacitance.
[WordNet 1.5]

capacitor
ca*pac"i*tor (k&adot_;*păs"&ibreve_;*t&etilde_;r), n. a device used in electronic circuits to hold electrical charge, consisting of two conducting plates separated by a nonconducting (dielectric) medium; it is characterized by its capacitance.
Syn. -- condenser, electrical condenser.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Capacity
Ca*pac"i*ty (k&adot_;*păs"&ibreve_;*t&ybreve_;), n.; pl. Capacities (-t&ibreve_;z). [L. capacitus, fr. capax, capacis; fr. F. capacité. See Capacious.] 1. The power of receiving or containing; extent of room or space; passive power; -- used in reference to physical things.
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Had our great palace the capacity
To camp this host, we all would sup together.
Shak.
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The capacity of the exhausted cylinder. Boyle.
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2. The power of receiving and holding ideas, knowledge, etc.; the comprehensiveness of the mind; the receptive faculty; capability of understanding or feeling.
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Capacity is now properly limited to these [the mere passive operations of the mind]; its primary signification, which is literally room for, as well as its employment, favors this; although it can not be denied that there are examples of its usage in an active sense. Sir W. Hamilton.
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3. Ability; power pertaining to, or resulting from, the possession of strength, wealth, or talent; possibility of being or of doing.
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The capacity of blessing the people. Alex. Hamilton.
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A cause with such capacities endued. Blackmore.
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4. Outward condition or circumstances; occupation; profession; character; position; as, to work in the capacity of a mason or a carpenter.
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5. (Law) Legal or moral qualification, as of age, residence, character, etc., necessary for certain purposes, as for holding office, for marrying, for making contracts, wills, etc.; legal power or right; competency.
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Capacity for heat, the power of absorbing heat. Substances differ in the amount of heat requisite to raise them a given number of thermometric degrees, and this difference is the measure of, or depends upon, what is called their capacity for heat. See Specific heat, under Heat.

Syn. -- Ability; faculty; talent; capability; skill; efficiency; cleverness. See Ability.
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Capape
Cap`*a*pe" (?), adv. See Cap-a-pie. Shak.
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Capapie
Cap`*a*pie" (?), adv. [OF. (&unr_;) cap-a-pie, from head to foot, now de pied en cap from foot to head; L. pes foot + caput head.] From head to foot; at all points. “He was armed cap-a-pie.” Prescott.
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Caparison
Ca*par"i*son (?), n. [F. caparaçon, fr. Sp. caparazon a cover for a saddle, coach, etc.; capa cloak, cover (fr. LL. capa, cf. LL. caparo also fr. capa) + the term. azon. See Cap.] 1. An ornamental covering or housing for a horse; the harness or trappings of a horse, taken collectively, especially when decorative.
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Their horses clothed with rich caparison. Drylen.
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2. Gay or rich clothing.
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My heart groans beneath the gay caparison. Smollett.
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Caparison
Ca*par"i*son, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Caparisoned (?) p. pr. & vb. n. Caparisoning.] [Cf. F caparaçonner.]
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1. To cover with housings, as a horse; to harness or fit out with decorative trappings, as a horse.
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The steeds, caparisoned with purple, stand. Dryden.
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2. To adorn with rich dress; to dress.
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I am caparisoned like a man. Shak.
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Caparro
Ca*par"ro (?), n. [Native Indian name.] (Zool.) A large South American monkey (Lagothrix Humboldtii), with prehensile tail.
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Capcase
Cap"case` (?), n. A small traveling case or bandbox; formerly, a chest.
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A capcase for your linen and your plate. Beau. & Fl.
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Cape
Cape (kāp), n. [F. cap, fr. It. capo head, cape, fr. L. caput heat, end, point. See Chief.] A piece or point of land, extending beyond the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; a promontory; a headland.
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Cape buffalo (Zool.) a large and powerful buffalo of South Africa (Bubalus Caffer). It is said to be the most dangerous wild beast of Africa. See Buffalo, 2. -- Cape jasmine, Cape jessamine. See Jasmine. -- Cape pigeon (Zool.), a petrel (Daptium Capense) common off the Cape of Good Hope. It is about the size of a pigeon. -- Cape wine, wine made in South Africa [Eng.] -- The Cape, the Cape of Good Hope, in the general sense of the southern extremity of Africa. Also used of Cape Horn, and, in New England, of Cape Cod.
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Cape
Cape, v. i. (Naut.) To head or point; to keep a course; as, the ship capes southwest by south.
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Cape
Cape, n. [OE. Cape, fr. F. cape; cf. LL. cappa. See Cap, and cf. 1st Cope, Chape.] A sleeveless garment or part of a garment, hanging from the neck over the back, arms, and shoulders, but not reaching below the hips. See Cloak.
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Cape
Cape, v. i. [See Gape.] To gape. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Caple
Capel
{ Ca"pel (kā"p&ebreve_;l), Ca"ple (-p'l) }, n. [Icel. kapall; cf. L. caballus.] A horse; a nag. [Obs.] Chaucer. Holland.
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Capel
Ca"pel (kā"p&ebreve_;l), n. (Mining) A composite stone (quartz, schorl, and hornblende) in the walls of tin and copper lodes.
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Capelan
Cap"e*lan (?), n. (Zool.) See Capelin.
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Capelin
Cape"lin (?), n. [Cf. F. capelan, caplan.] (Zool.) Either of two small marine fishes formerly classified in the family Salmonidæ, now within the smelt family Osmeridae: Mallotus villosus, very abundant on the coasts of Greenland, Iceland, Newfoundland, and Alaska; or Mallotus catervarius, found in the North Pacific. The Atlantic variety has been used as a bait for the cod. [Written also capelan and caplin.]
[1913 Webster + PJC]

&hand_; This fish, which is like a smelt, is called by the Spaniards anchova, and by the Portuguese capelina. However the anchovy used as a food is a different fish. Fisheries of U. S. (1884).
[1913 Webster + PJC]

Capeline
Ca"pe*line` (?), n. [F., fr. LL. capella. See Chapel.] (Med.) A hood-shaped bandage for the head, the shoulder, or the stump of an amputated limb.
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Capella
Ca*pel"la (?), n. [L., a little goat, dim. of caper a goat.] (Asrton.) A brilliant star in the constellation Auriga.
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Capellane
Cap"el*lane (?), n. [See Chaplain.] The curate of a chapel; a chaplain. [Obs.] Fuller.
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Capelle
Ca*pel"le (?), n. [G.] (Mus.) The private orchestra or band of a prince or of a church.
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Capellet
Cap"el*let (?), n. [F. capelet.] (Far.) A swelling, like a wen, on the point of the elbow (or the heel of the hock) of a horse, caused probably by bruises in lying down.
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Capellmeister
Ca*pell"meis`ter (?), n. [G., fr. capelle chapel, private band of a prince + meister a master.] The musical director in a royal or ducal chapel; a choir-master. [Written also kapellmeister.]
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Caper
Ca"per (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Capered p. pr. & vb. n. capering.] [From older capreoll to caper, cf. F. se cabrer to prance; all ultimately fr. L. caper, capra, goat. See Capriole.] To leap or jump about in a sprightly manner; to cut capers; to skip; to spring; to prance; to dance.
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He capers, he dances, he has eyes of youth. Shak.
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Caper
Ca"per, n. A frolicsome leap or spring; a skip; a jump, as in mirth or dancing; a prank.
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To cut a caper, to frolic; to make a sportive spring; to play a prank. Shak.
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Caper
Ca"per, n. [D. kaper.] A vessel formerly used by the Dutch, privateer. Wright.
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Caper
Ca"per, n. [F. câpre, fr. L. capparis, Gr. &unr_;; cf. Ar. & Per. al-kabar.] 1. The pungent grayish green flower bud of the European and Oriental caper (Capparis spinosa), much used for pickles.
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2. (Bot.) A plant of the genus Capparis; -- called also caper bush, caper tree.
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&hand_; The Capparis spinosa is a low prickly shrub of the Mediterranean coasts, with trailing branches and brilliant flowers; -- cultivated in the south of Europe for its buds. The Capparis sodada is an almost leafless spiny shrub of central Africa (Soudan), Arabia, and southern India, with edible berries.
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Bean caper. See Bran caper, in the Vocabulary. -- Caper sauce, a kind of sauce or catchup made of capers.
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Caperberry
Ca"per*ber`ry (?), n. 1. The small olive-shaped berry of the European and Oriental caper, said to be used in pickles and as a condiment.
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2. The currantlike fruit of the African and Arabian caper (Capparis sodado).
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Caper tree
Caper bush
{ Ca"per bush` (?), Ca"per tree` (?). }See Capper, a plant, 2.
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Capercally
Capercailzie
{ Ca"per*cail`zie (?), or Ca"per*cal`ly (?), } n. [Gael, capulcoile.] (Zool.) A species of black Old World grouse (Tetrao uragallus) of large size and fine flavor, found in northern Europe and formerly in Scotland; -- called also cock of the woods and horse of the wood. [Written also capercaillie, capercaili.]
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Caperclaw
Ca"per*claw` (?), v. t. To treat with cruel playfulness, as a cat treats a mouse; to abuse. [Obs.] Birch.
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Caperer
Ca"per*er (?), n. One who capers, leaps, and skips about, or dances.
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The nimble caperer on the cord. Dryden.
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capeweed
cape"weed n. 1. a European weed (Hypochaeris radicata) widely naturalized in North America, having yellow flower heads and leaves resembling a cat's ears.
Syn. -- cat's-ear, cat's ear, California dandelion, gosmore.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. [Cape, from the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa + weed.] a type of low-growing, creeping plant (Arctotheca calendulaceae), used as a ground cover in warm climates. RHUD
[PJC]

Capful
Cap"ful (?), n.; pl. Capfuls (&unr_;). As much as will fill a cap.
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A capful of wind (Naut.), a light puff of wind.
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Capias
Ca"pi*as (?), n. [L. thou mayst take.] (Low) A writ or process commanding the officer to take the body of the person named in it, that is, to arrest him; -- also called writ of capias.
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&hand_; One principal kind of capias is a writ by which actions at law are frequently commenced; another is a writ of execution issued after judgment to satisfy damages recovered; a capias in criminal law is the process to take a person charged on an indictment, when he is not in custody. Burrill. Wharton.
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Capibara
Ca`pi*ba"ra (?), n. (Zool.) See Capybara.
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Capillaceous
Cap`il*la"ceous (?), a. [L. capillaceus hairy, fr. capillus hair.] Having long filaments; resembling a hair; slender. See Capillary.
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Capillaire
Cap`il*laire" (?), n. [F. capillaire maiden-hair; sirop de capillaire capillaire; fr. L. herba capillaris the maidenhair.] 1. A sirup prepared from the maiden-hair, formerly supposed to have medicinal properties.
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2. Any simple sirup flavored with orange flowers.
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Capillament
Ca*pil"la*ment (?), n. [L. capillamentum, fr. capillus hair: cf. F. capillament.] 1. (Bot.) A filament. [R.]
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2. (Anat.) Any villous or hairy covering; a fine fiber or filament, as of the nerves.
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Capillariness
Cap"il*la*ri*ness (?), n. The quality of being capillary.
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Capillarity
Cap`il*lar"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. capillarité.]
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1. The quality or condition of being capillary.
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2. (Physics) The peculiar action by which the surface of a liquid, where it is in contact with a solid (as in a capillary tube), is elevated or depressed; capillary attraction.
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&hand_; Capillarity depends upon the relative attraction of the modecules of the liquid for each other and for those of the solid, and is especially observable in capillary tubes, where it determines the ascent or descent of the liquid above or below the level of the liquid which the tube is dipped; -- hence the name.
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Capillary
Cap"il*la*ry (kăp"&ibreve_;l*l&auptack_;*r&ybreve_; or k&adot_;*p&ibreve_;l"l&adot_;*r&ybreve_;; 277), a. [L. capillaris, fr. capillus hair. Cf. Capillaire.] 1. Resembling a hair; fine; minute; very slender; having minute tubes or interspaces; having very small bore; as, the capillary vessels of animals and plants.
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2. Pertaining to capillary tubes or vessels; as, capillary action.
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Capillary attraction, Capillary repulsion, the apparent attraction or repulsion between a solid and liquid caused by capillarity. See Capillarity, and Attraction. -- Capillarity tubes. See the Note under Capillarity.

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Capillary
Cap"il*la*ry, n.; pl. Capillaries (&unr_;). 1. A tube or vessel, extremely fine or minute.
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2. (Anat.) A minute, thin-walled vessel; particularly one of the smallest blood vessels connecting arteries and veins, but used also for the smallest lymphatic and biliary vessels.
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Capillation
Cap`il*la"tion (?), n. [L. capillatio the hair.] A capillary blood vessel. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Capillature
Ca*pil"la*ture (?), n. [L. capillatura.] A bush of hair; frizzing of the hair. Clarke.
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Capilliform
Ca*pil"li*form (?), a. [L. capillus hair + -form.] In the shape or form of, a hair, or of hairs.
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Capillose
Cap"il*lose` (?), a. [L. capillosus.] Having much hair; hairy. [R.]
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Capistrate
Ca*pis"trate (?), a. [L. capistratus, p. p. of capistrare halter.] (Zool.) Hooded; cowled.
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Capital
Cap"i*tal (?), a. [F. capital, L. capitalis capital (in senses 1 & 2), fr. caput head. See Chief, and cf. Capital, n.] 1. Of or pertaining to the head. [Obs.]
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Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise
Expect with mortal pain.
Milton.
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2. Having reference to, or involving, the forfeiture of the head or life; affecting life; punishable with death; as, capital trials; capital punishment.
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Many crimes that are capital among us. Swift.
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To put to death a capital offender. Milton.
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3. First in importance; chief; principal.
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A capital article in religion Atterbury.
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Whatever is capital and essential in Christianity. I. Taylor.
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4. Chief, in a political sense, as being the seat of the general government of a state or nation; as, Washington and Paris are capital cities.
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5. Of first rate quality; excellent; as, a capital speech or song. [Colloq.]
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Capital letter [F, lettre capitale] (Print.), a leading or heading letter, used at the beginning of a sentence and as the first letter of certain words, distinguished, for the most part, both by different form and larger size, from the small (lower-case) letters, which form the greater part of common print or writing. -- Small capital letters have the form of capital letters and height of the body of the lower-case letters. -- Capital stock, money, property, or stock invested in any business, or the enterprise of any corporation or institution. Abbott.

Syn. -- Chief; leading; controlling; prominent.
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capital
cap"i*tal (kăp"&ibreve_;*t&aitalic_;l), n. [Cf. L. capitellum and capitulum, a small head, the head, top, or capital of a column, dim. of caput head; F. chapiteau, OF. capitel. See chief, and cf. cattle, chattel, chapiter, chapter.] 1. (Arch.) The head or uppermost member of a column, pilaster, etc. It consists generally of three parts, abacus, bell (or vase), and necking. See these terms, and Column.
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2. [Cf. F. capilate, fem., sc. ville.] (Geog.) The seat of government; the chief city or town in a country; a metropolis. “A busy and splendid capitalMacauly.
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3. [Cf. F. capital.] Money, property, or stock employed in trade, manufactures, etc.; the sum invested or lent, as distinguished from the income or interest. See Capital stock, under Capital, a.
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4. (Polit. Econ.) That portion of the produce of industry, which may be directly employed either to support human beings or to assist in production. M'Culloch.
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&hand_; When wealth is used to assist production it is called capital. The capital of a civilized community includes fixed capital (i.e. buildings, machines, and roads used in the course of production and exchange) and circulating capital (i.e., food, fuel, money, etc., spent in the course of production and exchange). T. Raleigh.
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5. Anything which can be used to increase one's power or influence.
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He tried to make capital out of his rival's discomfiture. London Times.
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6. (Fort.) An imaginary line dividing a bastion, ravelin, or other work, into two equal parts.
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7. A chapter, or section, of a book. [Obs.]
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Holy St. Bernard hath said in the 59th capital. Sir W. Scott.
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8. (Print.) See Capital letter, under Capital, a.
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Active capital. See under Active, -- Small capital (Print.), a small capital letter; informally referred to (in the plural) as small caps; as, the technical terms are listed in small caps. See under Capital, a. -- To live on one's capital, to consume one's capital without producing or accumulating anything to replace it.
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capitalisation
capitalisation n. 1. same as capitalization.
Syn. -- capitalization.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

capitalism
cap"i*tal*is`m (kăp"&ibreve_;*t&aitalic_;l*&ibreve_;z`m), n. An economic system based on predominantly private (individual or corporate) investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of goods and wealth; contrasted with socialism or especially communism, in which the state has the predominant role in the economy.
Syn. -- capitalist economy.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Capitalist
Cap"i*tal*ist (kăp"&ibreve_;*t&aitalic_;l*&ibreve_;st), n. [Cf. F. capitaliste.] One who has capital; one who has money for investment, or money invested; esp. a person of large property, which is employed in business.
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The expenditure of the capitalist. Burke.
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capitalistic
capitalistic adj. 1. Of or relating to capitalism or capitalists. capitalistic methods and incentives
Syn. -- capitalist.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. Favoring or practicing capitalism. [Narrower terms: bourgeois] socialistic
Syn. -- capitalist.
[WordNet 1.5]

Capitalization
Cap"i*tal*i*za`tion (?), n. 1. The act or process of capitalizing.
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Capitalize
Cap"i*tal*ize (kăp"&ibreve_;*t&aitalic_;l*īz), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Capitalized (kăp"&ibreve_;*t&aitalic_;l*īzd); p. pr. & vb. n. Capitalizing.] 1. To convert into capital, or to use as capital.
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2. To compute, appraise, or assess the capital value of (a patent right, an annuity, etc.)
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3. To print in capital letters, or with an initial capital.
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4. To supply capital for (an enterprise), especially by selling capital stock.
[PJC]

Capitalize on
Cap"i*tal*ize on` (kăp"&ibreve_;*t&aitalic_;l*īz &obreve_;n`), v. t. To turn (an opportunity) to one's advantage; to take advantage of (a situation); to profit from; as, to capitalize on an opponent's mistakes.
[PJC]

Capitally
Cap*i*tal*ly, adv. 1. In a way involving the forfeiture of the head or life; as, to punish capitally.
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2. In a capital manner; excellently. [Colloq.]
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Capitalness
Cap"i*tal*ness, n. The quality of being capital; preeminence. [R.]
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Capitan Pacha
Capitan Pasha
{ Ca`pi*tan" Pa*sha" or Ca`pi*tan" Pa*cha" (kä`p&euptack_;*tän" p&adot_;*shä") }. [See capitan.] The chief admiral of the Turkish fleet.
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Capitate
Cap"i*tate (kăp"&ibreve_;*t&auptack_;t), a. [L. capitatus fr. caput head.] 1. Headlike in form; also, having the distal end enlarged and rounded, as the stigmas of certain flowers.
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2. (Bot.) Having the flowers gathered into a head.
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capitatim
cap`i*ta"tim (kăp`&ibreve_;*tā"t&ibreve_;m), a. [NL.] Of so much per head; as, a capitatim tax; a capitatim grant.
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capitation
cap`i*ta"tion (kăp`&ibreve_;*tā"shŭn), n. [L. capitatio a poll tax, fr. caput head; cf. F. capitation.] 1. A numbering of heads or individuals. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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2. A tax upon each head or person, without reference to property; a poll tax.
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Capite
Cap"i*te (kăp`&ibreve_;*tē), n. [L., abl. of caput head.] See under Tenant.
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Capitellate
Cap`i*tel"late (kăp`&ibreve_;*t&ebreve_;l"l&auptack_;t), a. [L. capitellum, dim. of caput head.] (Bot.) Having a very small knoblike termination, or collected into minute capitula.
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Capitibranchiata
Cap`i*ti*bran`chi*a"ta (?), n. pl. [NL., from L. caput, capitis, head + -branchiae gills.] (Zool.) A division of annelids in which the gills arise from or near the head. See Tubicola.
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Capitol
Cap"i*tol (?), [L. capitolium, fr. caput head: cf. F. capitole. See Chief.]
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1. The temple of Jupiter, at Rome, on the Mona Capitolinus, where the Senate met.
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Comes Cæsar to the Capitol to-morrow? Shak.
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2. The edifice at Washington occupied by the Congress of the United States; also, the building in which the legislature of a State holds its sessions; a statehouse.
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Capitoline
Capitolian
{ Cap`i*to"li*an (?), Cap"i*to*line (?), } a. [L. capitolinus: cf. F. capitolin.] Of or pertaining to the Capitol in Rome.Capitolian Jove.” Macaulay.
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Capitoline games (Antiq.), annual games instituted at Rome by Camillus, in honor of Jupiter Capitolinus, on account of the preservation of the Capitol from the Gauls; when reinstituted by Domitian, after a period of neglect, they were held every fifth year.
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Capitula
Ca*pit"u*la (?), n. pl. See Capitulum.
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Capitular
Ca*pit"u*lar (?), n. [LL. capitulare, capitularium, fr. L. capitulum a small head, a chapter, dim. of capit head, chapter.] 1. An act passed in a chapter.
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2. A member of a chapter.
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The chapter itself, and all its members or capitulars. Ayliffe.
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3. The head or prominent part.
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Capitular
Ca*pit"u*lar (?), a. 1. (Eccl.) Of or pertaining to a chapter; capitulary.
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From the pope to the member of the capitular body. Milman.
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2. (Bot.) Growing in, or pertaining to, a capitulum.
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3. (Anat.) Pertaining to a capitulum; as, the capitular process of a vertebra, the process which articulates with the capitulum of a rib.
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Capitularly
Ca*pit"u*lar*ly (?), adv. In the manner or form of an ecclesiastical chapter. Sterne.
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Capitulary
Ca*pit"u*la*ry (?), n.; pl. Capitularies (#). [See Capitular.] 1. A capitular.
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2. The body of laws or statutes of a chapter, or of an ecclesiastical council.
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3. A collection of laws or statutes, civil and ecclesiastical, esp. of the Frankish kings, in chapters or sections.
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Several of Charlemagne's capitularies. Hallam.
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Capitulary
Ca*pit"u*la*ry (?), a. Relating to the chapter of a cathedral; capitular.Capitulary acts.” Warton.
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Capitulate
Ca*pit"u*late (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Capitulated; p. pr. & vb. n. Capitulating.] [LL. capitulatus, p. p. of capitulare to capitulate: cf. F. capituler. See Capitular, n.] 1. To settle or draw up the heads or terms of an agreement, as in chapters or articles; to agree. [Obs.]
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There capitulates with the king . . . to take to wife his daughter Mary. Heylin.
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There is no reason why the reducing of any agreement to certain heads or capitula should not be called to capitulate. Trench.
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2. To surrender on terms agreed upon (usually, drawn up under several heads); as, an army or a garrison capitulates.
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The Irish, after holding out a week, capitulated. Macaulay.
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Capitulate
Ca*pit"u*late, v. t. To surrender or transfer, as an army or a fortress, on certain conditions. [R.]
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Capitulation
Ca*pit`u*la"tion (k&adot_;*p&ibreve_;t`&uuptack_;*lā"shŭn), n. [Cf. F. capitulation, LL. capitulatio.] 1. A reducing to heads or articles; a formal agreement.
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With special capitulation that neither the Scots nor the French shall refortify. Bp. Burnet.
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2. The act of capitulating or surrendering to an enemy upon stipulated terms.
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3. The instrument containing the terms of an agreement or surrender.
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Capitulator
Ca*pit"u*la`tor (k&adot_;*p&ibreve_;t"&uuptack_;*lā`t&etilde_;r), n. [LL.] One who capitulates.
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Capitule
Cap"i*tule (kăp"&ibreve_;*tūl), n. [L. capitulum small head, chapter.] A summary. [Obs.]
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Capitulum
Ca*pit"u*lum (k&adot_;*p&ibreve_;t"&uuptack_;*lŭm), n.; pl. Capitula (k&adot_;*p&ibreve_;t"&uuptack_;*l&adot_;). [L., a small head.] 1. A thick head of flowers on a very short axis, as a clover top, or a dandelion; a composite flower. A capitulum may be either globular or flat. Gray.
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2. (Anat.) A knoblike protuberance of any part, esp. at the end of a bone or cartilage. [See Illust. of Artiodactyla.]
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Capivi
Ca*pi"vi (?), n. [Cf. Copaiba.] A balsam of the Spanish West Indies. See Copaiba.
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Caple
Ca"ple (?), n. See Capel.
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Caplin
Cap"lin (?), n. See Capelin.
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Capling
Caplin
{ Cap"lin (?), Cap"ling (?), } n. The cap or coupling of a flail, through which the thongs pass which connect the handle and swingel. Wright.
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Capnomancy
Cap"no*man`cy (?), n. [Gr. kapno`s smoke + mancy: cf. F. capnomancie.] Divination by means of the ascent or motion of smoke.
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Capnomor
Cap"no*mor (?), n. [Gr. kapno`s smoke + mo`ra, equiv. to moi^ra part.] (Chem.) A limpid, colorless oil with a peculiar odor, obtained from beech tar. Watts.
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Capoc
Ca*poc" (?), n. [Malay kāpoq.] A sort of cotton so short and fine that it can not be spun, used in the East Indies to line palanquins, to make mattresses, etc.
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Capoch
Ca*poch" (?), n.; pl. Capoches (#). [Cf. Sp. capucho, It. cappucio, F. Capuce, capuchon, LL. caputium, fr. capa cloak. See Cap.] A hood; especially, the hood attached to the gown of a monk.
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Capoch
Ca*poch", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Capoched (?).] To cover with, or as with, a hood; hence, to hoodwink or blind. Hudibras.
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Capon
Ca"pon (kā"p'n or kā"pŭn; 277), n. [OE. capon, chapoun, AS. capūn (cf. F. chapon), L. capo, fr. Gr. ka`pwn akin to ko`ptein to cut, OSlav. skopiti to castrate. Cf. Comma.] A castrated cock, esp. when fattened; a male chicken gelded to improve his flesh for the table. Shak.
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The merry thought of a capon. W. Irving.
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Capon
Ca"pon, v. t. To castrate; to make a capon of.
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Caponet
Ca"pon*et (?), n. A young capon. [R.] Chapman.
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Caponiere
Cap`o*niere" (?), n. [F. caponnière, fr. Sp. caponera, orig., a cage for fattening capons, hence, a place of refuge; cf. It. capponiera. See Capon.] (Fort.) A work made across or in the ditch, to protect it from the enemy, or to serve as a covered passageway.
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Caponize
Ca"pon*ize (?), v. t. To castrate, as a fowl.
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Caporal
Ca`po*ral" (kä`p&ouptack_;*räl"), n. [Sp. See Corporal, n.] One who directs work; an overseer. [Sp. Amer.]
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Capot
Ca*pot" (?), n. [F.] A winning of all the tricks at the game of piquet. It counts for forty points. Hoyle.
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Capot
Ca*pot", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Capotted.] To win all the tricks from, in playing at piquet.
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Capo tasto
Ca"po tas"to (?). [It. capotasto.] (Music) A sort of bar or movable nut, attached to the finger board of a guitar or other fretted instrument for the purpose of raising uniformly the pitch of all the strings.
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Capote
Ca*pote" (?), n. [Sp. capote (cf. F. capote.), fr. LL. capa cape, cloak. See Cap.] A long cloak or overcoat, especially one with a hood.
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Capouch
Ca*pouch" (?), n. & v. t. Same as Capoch.
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Cappadine
Cap"pa*dine (?), n. A floss or waste obtained from the cocoon after the silk has been reeled off, used for shag.
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Cappaper
Cap"pa`per (?), See cap, n., also Paper, n.
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Cappeak
Cap"peak` (?), n. The front piece of a cap; -- now more commonly called visor.
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Cappella
Cap*pel"la (?), n. See A cappella.
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Capper
Cap"per (?), n. 1. One whose business is to make or sell caps.
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2. A by-bidder; a decoy for gamblers. [Slang, U. S.]
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3. An instrument for applying a percussion cap to a gun or cartridge.
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Capping plane
Cap"ping plane` (?). (Join.) A plane used for working the upper surface of staircase rails.
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Capra
Ca"pra (?), n. [L., a she goat.] (Zool.) A genus of ruminants, including the common goat.
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Caprate
Cap"rate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of capric acid.
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Caprella
Caprella n. a genus somprising the skeleton shrimp.
Syn. -- genus Caprella.
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Capreolate
Cap"re*o*late (?), a. [L. capreolus wild goat, tendril, fr.caper goat: cf. F. capréolé.] (Bot.) Having a tendril or tendrils.
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Capreoline
Cap"re*o*line (?), a. [L. capreolus wild goat, fr. caper goat.] (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the roebuck.
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Capreolus
Capreolus n. a genus of deer including the roe deer (Capreolus capreolus).
Syn. -- genus Capreolus.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Capri
Ca"pri (?), n. Wine produced on the island of Capri, commonly a light, dry, white wine.
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Capric
Cap"ric (?), a. [L. caper goat.] (Chem.) Of or pertaining to capric acid or its derivatives.
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Capric acid (also called decanoic acid), C9H19.CO.OH, Caprylic acid (also called octanoic acid), C7H15.CO2.H, and Caproic acid (also called hexanoic acid), C5H11.CO2.H, are fatty acids occurring in small quantities in butter, cocoanut oil, etc., united with glycerin; they are colorless oils, or white crystalline solids, of an unpleasant odor like that of goats or sweat.
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Capriccio
Ca*pric"cio (k&adot_;*prēt"ch&ouptack_;), n. [It. See Caprice.] 1. (Mus.) A piece in a free form, with frequent digressions from the theme; a fantasia; -- often called caprice.
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2. A caprice; a freak; a fancy. Shak.
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Capriccioso
Ca*pric*cio"so (k&adot_;*prēt*chō"s&ouptack_;), a. [It.] (Mus) In a free, fantastic style.
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Caprice
Ca*price" (k&adot_;*prēs"), n. [F. caprice, It. capriccio, caprice (perh. orig. a fantastical goat leap), fr. L. caper, capra, goat. Cf Capriole, Cab, Caper, v. i.] 1. An abrupt change in feeling, opinion, or action, proceeding from some whim or fancy; a freak; a notion.Caprices of appetite.” W. Irving.
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2. (Mus.) See Capriccio.

Syn. -- Freak; whim; crotchet; fancy; vagary; humor; whimsey; fickleness.
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Capricious
Ca*pri"cious (k&adot_;*pr&ibreve_;sh"ŭs), a. [Cf. F. capricieux, It. capriccioso.] Governed or characterized by caprice; apt to change suddenly; freakish; whimsical; changeable.Capricious poet.” Shak.Capricious humor.” Hugh Miller.
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A capricious partiality to the Romish practices. Hallam.

Syn. -- Freakish; whimsical; fanciful; fickle; crotchety; fitful; wayward; changeable; unsteady; uncertain; inconstant; arbitrary.

-- Ca*pri"cious*ly, adv. -- Ca*pri"cious*ness, n.
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Capricorn
Cap"ri*corn (?), n. [L. capricornus; caper goat + cornu horn: cf. F. capricorne.] 1. (Astron.) The tenth sign of zodiac, into which the sun enters at the winter solstice, about December 21. See Tropic.
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The sun was entered into Capricorn. Dryden.
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2. (Astron.) A southern constellation, represented on ancient monuments by the figure of a goat, or a figure with its fore part like a fish.
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Capricorn beetle (Zool.), any beetle of the family Carambucidæ; one of the long-horned beetles. The larvæ usually bore into the wood or bark of trees and shrubs and are often destructive. See Girdler, Pruner.
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Caprid
Cap"rid (?), a. [L. caper, capra, goat.] (Zool.) Of or pertaining to the tribe of ruminants of which the goat, or genus Capra, is the type.
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Caprification
Cap`ri*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [L. caprificatio, fr. caprificare to ripen figs by caprification, fr. caprificus the wild fig; caper goat + ficus fig.] The practice of hanging, upon the cultivated fig tree, branches of the wild fig infested with minute hymenopterous insects.
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&hand_; It is supposed that the little insects insure fertilization by carrying the pollen from the male flowers near the opening of the fig down to the female flowers, and also accelerate ripening the fruit by puncturing it. The practice has existed since ancient times, but its benefit has been disputed.
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Caprifole
Cap"ri*fole (?), n. [L. caper goat + folium leaf.] The woodbine or honeysuckle. Spenser.
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Caprifoliaceous
Cap"ri*fo`li*a`ceous (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the Honeysuckle family of plants (Caprifoliacæ.
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Capriform
Cap"ri*form (?), a. [L. caper goat + -form.] Having the form of a goat.
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Caprigenous
Ca*prig"e*nous (?), a. [L. caprigenus; caper goat + gegnere to produce.] Of the goat kind.
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Caprimulgidae
Caprimulgidae n. [L. capris goat + mulgere to milk.] a widely distributed natural family of nocturnally active birds including the whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferus), the chuck-will's-widow (Caprimulgus carolinensis), and the common nighthawk (Chordeiles minor); -- called popularly the goatsuckers or nightjars. The nighthawks are sometimes active during the day.
Syn. -- goatsuckers, nightjars, family Caprimulgidae.
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The family . . . is alternately known as the nightjars (derived from the "churring" sounds of several species -- "jarring" the night air), or goatsuckers, a nonsense name that should be discontinued as it has its origin in the preposterous myth that the birds sucked the milk of nanny goats until they were dry. Terence Michael Short (Wild Birds of the Americas)

Caprimulgiformes
Caprimulgiformes n. an order of birds including the goatsuckers (Caprimulgidae), frogmouths, and the oilbird (guacharo) (family Steatornithidae).
Syn. -- order Caprimulgiformes.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caprimulgus
Caprimulgus n. the type genus of the Caprimulgidae, including the whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferus) and the chuck-will's-widow (Caprimulgus carolinensis).
Syn. -- genus Caprimulgus.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Caprine
Cap"rine (?), a. [L. caprinus.] Of or pertaining to a goat; as, caprine gambols.
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Capriole
Cap"ri*ole (?), n. [F. capriole, cabriole, It. capriola, fr. L. caper goat. Cf. Caper, v. i. Cabriole, Caprice, Cheveril.] 1. (Man.) A leap that a horse makes with all fours, upwards only, without advancing, but with a kick or jerk of the hind legs when at the height of the leap.
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2. A leap or caper, as in dancing. “With lofty turns and caprioles.” Sir J. Davies.
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Capriole
Cap"ri*ole, v. i. To perform a capriole. Carlyle.
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Capriped
Cap"ri*ped (?), a. [L. capripers; caper goat + pes pedis, foot.] Having feet like those of a goat.
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Caproate
Cap"ro*ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of caproic acid.
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Caproic
Ca*pro"ic (?), a. (Chem.) See under Capric.
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Caprylate
Cap"ry*late (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of caprylic acid.
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Caprylic
Ca*pryl"ic (?), a. (Chem.) See under Capric.
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Capsaicin
Cap*sa"i*cin (?), n. [From Capsicum.] (Chem.) A colorless crystalline substance extracted from the Capsicum annuum, and giving off vapors of intense acridity.
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Capsheaf
Cap"sheaf` (?), n. The top sheaf of a stack of grain: (fig.) the crowning or finishing part of a thing.
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Capsicin
Cap"si*cin (?), n. [From Capsicum.] (Chem.) A red liquid or soft resin extracted from various species of capsicum.
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Capsicine
Cap"si*cine (?), n. [From Capsicum.] (Chem.) A volatile alkaloid extracted from Capsicum annuum or from capsicin.
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Capsicum
Cap"si*cum (kăp"s&ibreve_;*kŭm), n. [NL., fr. L. capsa box, chest.] (Bot.) A genus of plants of many species, producing capsules or dry berries of various forms, which have an exceedingly pungent, biting taste, and when ground form the red or Cayenne pepper of commerce.
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&hand_; The most important species are Capsicum baccatum or bird pepper, Capsicum fastigiatum or chili pepper, Capsicum frutescens or spur pepper (from which tabasco is obtained), Capsicum chinense, which includes the fiery-hot habanero pepper, and Capsicum annuum or Guinea pepper, which includes the bell pepper, the jalapeno pepper, the cayenne pepper, and other common garden varieties. The fruit is much used, both in its green and ripe state, in pickles and in cookery. These contain varying levels of the substance capsaicin (C18H27O3N), which gives the peppers their hot taste. The habanero is about 25-50 times hotter than the jalapeno according to a scale developed by Wilbur Scoville in 1912. See also Cayenne pepper, pepper and http://www.chili-pepper-plants.com/.
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3. Any plant of the genus Capsicum (of the Solanaceae family, which are unrelated to Piper), and its fruit; red pepper; chili pepper; as, the bell pepper and the jalapeno pepper (both Capsicum annuum) and the habanero pepper (Capsicum chinense); .
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Capsidae
Capsidae n. a natural family comprising the leaf bugs.
Syn. -- Miridae, family Miridae, family Capsidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Capsize
Cap*size" (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Capsized (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Capsizing.] [Cf. Sp. cabecear to nod, pitch, capuzar, chapuzar, to sink (a vessel) by the head; both fr. L. caput head.] To upset or overturn, as a vessel or other body.
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But what if carrying sail capsize the boat? Byron.
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Capsize
Cap"size` (?), n. An upset or overturn.
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Capsquare
Cap"*square (?), n. (Gun.) A metal covering plate which passes over the trunnions of a cannon, and holds it in place.
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Capstan
Cap"stan (?), n. [F. cabestan, fr. Sp. cabestrante, cabrestante, fr. cabestrar to bind with a halter, fr. cabestrohalter, fr. L. capistrum halter, fr. capere to hold (see Capacious); or perh. the Spanish is fr. L. caper goat + stans, p. pr. of stare to stand; cf. F. chèvre she-goat, also a machine for raising heavy weights.] A vertical cleated drum or cylinder, revolving on an upright spindle, and surmounted by a drumhead with sockets for bars or levers. It is much used, especially on shipboard, for moving or raising heavy weights or exerting great power by traction upon a rope or cable, passing around the drum. It is operated either by steam power or by a number of men walking around the capstan, each pushing on the end of a lever fixed in its socket. [Sometimes spelt Capstern, but improperly.]
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Capstan bar, one of the long bars or levers by which the capstan is worked; a handspike.. -- To pawl the capstan, to drop the pawls so that they will catch in the notches of the pawl ring, and prevent the capstan from turning back. -- To rig the capstan, to prepare the for use, by putting the bars in the sockets. -- To surge the capstan, to slack the tension of the rope or cable wound around it.
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Capstone
Cap"stone` (?), n. (Paleon.) A fossil echinus of the genus Cannulus; -- so called from its supposed resemblance to a cap.
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Capsulary
Capsular
{ Cap"su*lar (?), Cap"su*la*ry (?), } a. [Cf. F. capsulaire.] Of or pertaining to a capsule; having the nature of a capsule; hollow and fibrous.
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Capsular ligament (Anat.), a ligamentous bag or capsule surrounding many movable joints in the skeleton.
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Capsulated
Capsulate
{ Cap"su*late (?), Cap"su*la`ted (?), } a. Inclosed in a capsule, or as in a chest or box; esp. (Botany) enclosed in a seed capsule; -- of seeds or spores.
Syn. -- encapsulated.
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Capsule
Cap"sule (kăp"sūl), n. [L. capsula a little box or chest, fr. capsa chest, case, fr. capere to take, contain: cf. F. capsule.] 1. (Bot.) a dry fruit or pod which is made up of several parts or carpels, and opens to discharge the seeds, as, the capsule of the poppy, the flax, the lily, etc.
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2. (Chem.) (a) A small saucer of clay for roasting or melting samples of ores, etc.; a scorifier. (b) a small, shallow, evaporating dish, usually of porcelain.
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3. (Med.) A small cylindrical or spherical gelatinous envelope in which nauseous or acrid doses are inclosed to be swallowed.
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4. (Anat.) A membranous sac containing fluid, or investing an organ or joint; as, the capsule of the lens of the eye. Also, a capsulelike organ.
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5. A metallic seal or cover for closing a bottle.
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6. A small cup or shell, as of metal, for a percussion cap, cartridge, etc.
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Atrabiliary capsule. See under Atrabiliary. -- Glisson's capsule, a membranous envelope, entering the liver along with the portal vessels and insheathing the latter in their course through the organ. -- Suprarenal capsule, a ductless gland secreting epinephrine, norepinephrine, and steroid hormones, on the upper end of each kidney. It is also called the adrenal gland, glandula suprarenalis, suprarenal gland, epinephros, atrabiliary capsule, and adrenal capsule.
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Capsulitis
Cap`su*li"tis (?), n. [NL.; E. capsule + -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of a capsule, as that of the crystalline lens.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Capsulotomy
Cap`su*lot"o*my (?), n. [Capsule + Gr. &unr_; to cut.] (Surg.) The incision of a capsule, esp. of that of the crystalline lens, as in a cataract operation.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Captain
Cap"tain (kăp"t&ibreve_;n), n. [OE. capitain, captain, OF. capitain, F. capitaine (cf. Sp. capitan, It. capitano), LL. capitaneus, capitanus, fr. L. caput the head. See under Chief, and cf. Chieftain.] 1. A head, or chief officer; as: (a) The military officer who commands a company, troop, or battery, or who has the rank entitling him to do so though he may be employed on other service. (b) An officer in the United States navy, next above a commander and below a commodore, and ranking with a colonel in the army. (c) By courtesy, an officer actually commanding a vessel, although not having the rank of captain. (d) The master or commanding officer of a merchant vessel. (e) One in charge of a portion of a ship's company; as, a captain of a top, captain of a gun, etc. (f) The foreman of a body of workmen. (g) A person having authority over others acting in concert; as, the captain of a boat's crew; the captain of a football team.
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A trainband captain eke was he. Cowper.
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The Rhodian captain, relying on . . . the lightness of his vessel, passed, in open day, through all the guards. Arbuthnot.
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2. A military leader; a warrior.
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Foremost captain of his time. Tennyson.
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Captain general. (a) The commander in chief of an army or armies, or of the militia. (b) The Spanish governor of Cuba and its dependent islands. -- Captain lieutenant, a lieutenant with the rank and duties of captain but with a lieutenant's pay, -- as in the first company of an English regiment.
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Captain
Cap"tain (?), v. t. To act as captain of; to lead. [R.]
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Men who captained or accompanied the exodus from existing forms. Lowell.
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Captain
Cap"tain, a. Chief; superior. [R.]
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captain jewes in the carcanet. Shak.
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Captaincy
Cap"tain*cy (?), n.; pl. Captaincies (&unr_;). The rank, post, or commission of a captain. Washington.
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Captaincy general, the office, power, territory, or jurisdiction of a captain general; as, the captaincy general of La Habana (Cuba and its islands).
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Captainry
Cap"tain*ry (?), n. [Cf. F. capitainerie.] Power, or command, over a certain district; chieftainship. [Obs.]
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Captainship
Cap"tain*ship, n. 1. The condition, rank, post, or authority of a captain or chief commander. “To take the captainship.” Shak.
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2. Military skill; as, to show good captainship.
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Captation
Cap*ta`tion (?), n. [L. captatio, fr. captare to catch, intens. of caper to take: cf. F. captation.] A courting of favor or applause, by flattery or address; a captivating quality; an attraction. [Obs.]
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Without any of those dresses, or popular captations, which some men use in their speeches. Eikon Basilike.
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Caption
Cap"tion (?), n. [L. captio, fr. caper to take. In senses 3 and 4, perhaps confounded in meaning with L. caput a head. See Capacious.] 1. A caviling; a sophism. [Obs.]
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This doctrine is for caption and contradiction. Bacon.
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2. The act of taking or arresting a person by judicial process. [R.] Bouvier.
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3. (Law) That part of a legal instrument, as a commission, indictment, etc., which shows where, when, and by what authority, it was taken, found, or executed. Bouvier. Wharton.
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4. The heading of a chapter, section, or page. [U. S.]
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Captious
Cap"tious (?), a. [F. captieux, L. captiosus. See Caption.] 1. Apt to catch at faults; disposed to find fault or to cavil; eager to object; difficult to please.
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A captious and suspicious age. Stillingfleet.
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I am sensible I have not disposed my materials to abide the test of a captious controversy. Bwike.
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2. Fitted to harass, perplex, or insnare; insidious; troublesome.
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Captious restraints on navigation. Bancroft.

Syn. -- Caviling, carping, fault-finding; censorious; hypercritical; peevish, fretful; perverse; troublesome. -- Captious, caviling, Carping. A captious person is one who has a fault-finding habit or manner, or is disposed to catch at faults, errors, etc., with quarrelsome intent; a caviling person is disposed to raise objections on frivolous grounds; carping implies that one is given to ill-natured, persistent, or unreasonable fault-finding, or picking up of the words or actions of others.
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Caviling is the carping of argument, carping the caviling of ill temper. C. J. Smith.
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Captiously
Cap"tious*ly, adv. In a captious manner.
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Captiousness
Cap"tious*ness, n. Captious disposition or manner.
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Captivate
Cap"ti*vate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Captivated; p. pr. & vb. n. Captivating.] [L. captivatus, p. p. of captivare to capture, fr. captivus captive. See Captive.] 1. To take prisoner; to capture; to subdue. [Obs.]
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Their woes whom fortune captivates. Shak.
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2. To acquire ascendancy over by reason of some art or attraction; to fascinate; to charm; as, Cleopatra captivated Antony; the orator captivated all hearts.
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Small landscapes of captivating loveliness. W. Irving.

Syn. -- To enslave; subdue; overpower; charm; enchant; bewitch; facinate; capture; lead captive.
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Captivate
Cap"ti*vate (?), p. a. [L. captivatus.] Taken prisoner; made captive; insnared; charmed.
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Women have been captivate ere now. Shak.
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captivated
captivated adj. 1. having an affection or admiration, caused by charm of the person or object.
Syn. -- charmed.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. filled with wonder and delight.
Syn. -- beguiled, charmed, delighted, enthralled, entranced.
[WordNet 1.5]

Captivating
Cap"ti*va`ting (?), a. Having power to captivate or charm; fascinating; as, captivating smiles. -- Cap"ti*va`ting*ly, adv.
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Captivation
Cap"ti*va`tion (?), n. [L. capticatio.] The act of captivating. [R.]
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The captivation of our understanding. Bp. Hall.
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Captive
Cap"tive (?), n. [L. captivus, fr. capere to take: cf. F. captif. See Caitiff.] 1. A prisoner taken by force or stratagem, esp., by an enemy, in war; one kept in bondage or in the power of another.
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Then, when I am thy captive, talk of chains. Milton.
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2. One charmed or subdued by beaty, excellence, or affection; one who is captivated.
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Captive
Cap"tive, a. 1. Made prisoner, especially in war; held in bondage or in confinement.
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A poor, miserable, captive thrall. Milton.
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2. Subdued by love; charmed; captivated.
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Even in so short a space, my wonan's heart
Grossly grew captive to his honey words.
Shak.
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3. Of or pertaining to bondage or confinement; serving to confine; as, captive chains; captive hours.
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Captive
Cap"tive (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Captived (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Captiving.] To take prisoner; to capture.
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Their inhabitans slaughtered and captived. Burke.
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Captivity
Cap*tiv"i*ty (?), n. [L. captivitas: cf. F. captivité.] 1. The state of being a captive or a prisoner.
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More celebrated in his captivity that in his greatest triumphs. Dryden.
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2. A state of being under control; subjection of the will or affections; bondage.
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Sink in the soft captivity together. Addison.

Syn. -- Imprisonment; confinement; bondage; subjection; servitude; slavery; thralldom; serfdom.
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Captor
Cap"tor (?), n. [L., a cather (of animals), fr. caper to take.] One who captures any person or thing, as a prisoner or a prize.
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Capture
Cap"ture (?), n. [L. capture, fr. caper to take: cf. F. capture. See Caitiff, and cf. aptive.]
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1. The act of seizing by force, or getting possession of by superior power or by stratagem; as, the capture of an enemy, a vessel, or a criminal.
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Even with regard to captures made at sea. Bluckstone.
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2. The securing of an object of strife or desire, as by the power of some attraction.
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3. The thing taken by force, surprise, or stratagem; a prize; prey.

Syn. -- Seizure; apprehension; arrest; detention.
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Capture
Cap"ture, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Captured (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Capturing.] 1. To seize or take possession of by force, surprise, or stratagem; to overcome and hold; to secure by effort.
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2. to record or make a lasting representation of (sound or images); as, to capture an event on videotape; the artist captured the expression of grief on his face.
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3. (Games) to take control of, or remove from play; as, to capture a piece in chess.
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4. to exert a strong psychological influence on; as, to capture the heart of a maiden; to capture the attention of the nation.
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5. (Computers) to record (data) in a computer-readable form; as, to capture a transaction in a database.
[PJC]

Her heart is like some fortress that has been captured. W. Ivring.
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Capuccio
Ca*puc"cio (?), n. [It. cappucio. See Capoch.] A capoch or hood. [Obs.] Spenser.
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Capuched
Ca*puched" (?), a. [See Capoch.] Cover with, or as with, a hood. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
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Capuchin
Cap`u*chin" (?), n. [F. capucin a monk who wears a cowl, fr. It. cappuccio hood. See Capoch.]
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1. (Eccl.) A Franciscan monk of the austere branch established in 1526 by Matteo di Baschi, distinguished by wearing the long pointed cowl or capoch of St. Francis.
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A bare-footed and long-bearded capuchin. Sir W. Scott.
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2. A garment for women, consisting of a cloak and hood, resembling, or supposed to resemble, that of capuchin monks.
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3. (Zool.) (a) A long-tailed South American monkey (Cabus capucinus), having the forehead naked and wrinkled, with the hair on the crown reflexed and resembling a monk's cowl, the rest being of a grayish white; -- called also capucine monkey, weeper, sajou, sapajou, and sai. (b) Other species of Cabus, as Cabus fatuellus (the brown capucine or horned capucine.), Cabus albifrons (the cararara), and Cabus apella. (c) A variety of the domestic pigeon having a hoodlike tuft of feathers on the head and sides of the neck.
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Capuchin nun, one of an austere order of Franciscan nuns which came under Capuchin rule in 1538. The order had recently been founded by Maria Longa.
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Capucine
Cap"u*cine (?), n. See Capuchin, 3.
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Capulet
Cap"u*let (?), n. (Far.) Same as Capellet.
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Capulin
Cap"u*lin (-l&ibreve_;n), n. [Sp. capuli.] The Mexican cherry (Prunus Capollin).
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Caput
Ca"put (kā"pŭt), n.; pl. Capita (kăp"&ibreve_;*t&adot_;). [L., the head.] 1. (Anat.) The head; also, a knoblike protuberance or capitulum.
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2. The top or superior part of a thing.
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3. (Eng.) The council or ruling body of the University of Cambridge prior to the constitution of 1856.
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Your caputs and heads of colleges. Lamb.
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Caput mortuum (&unr_;). [L., dead head.] (Old Chem.) The residuum after distillation or sublimation; hence, worthless residue.
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Capybara
Ca`py*ba"ra (?), n. [Sp. capibara, fr. the native name.] (Zool.) A large South American rodent (Hydrochærus capybara) Living on the margins of lakes and rivers. It is the largest extant rodent, being about three feet long, and half that in height. It somewhat resembles the Guinea pig, to which it is related; -- called also cabiai and water hog.
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Car
Car (?), n. [OF. car, char, F. cahr, fr. L. carrus, Wagon: a Celtic word; cf. W. car, Armor. karr, Ir. & Gael. carr. cf. Chariot.] 1. A small vehicle moved on wheels; usually, one having but two wheels and drawn by one horse; a cart.
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2. A vehicle adapted to the rails of a railroad. [U. S.]
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&hand_; In England a railroad passenger car is called a railway carriage; a freight car a goods wagon; a platform car a goods truck; a baggage car a van. But styles of car introduced into England from America are called cars; as, tram car. Pullman car. See Train.
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3. A chariot of war or of triumph; a vehicle of splendor, dignity, or solemnity. [Poetic].
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The gilded car of day. Milton.
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The towering car, the sable steeds. Tennyson.
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4. (Astron.) The stars also called Charles's Wain, the Great Bear, or the Dipper.
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The Pleiads, Hyads, and the Northern Car. Dryden.
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5. The cage of a lift or elevator.
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6. The basket, box, or cage suspended from a balloon to contain passengers, ballast, etc.
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7. A floating perforated box for living fish. [U. S.]
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Car coupling, or Car coupler, a shackle or other device for connecting the cars in a railway train. [U. S.] -- Dummy car (Railroad), a car containing its own steam power or locomotive. -- Freight car (Railrood), a car for the transportation of merchandise or other goods. [U. S.] -- Hand car (Railroad), a small car propelled by hand, used by railroad laborers, etc. [U. S.] -- Horse car, or Street car, an omnibus car, draw by horses or other power upon rails laid in the streets. [U. S.] -- Palace car, Drawing-room car, Sleeping car, Parlor car, etc. (Railroad), cars especially designed and furnished for the comfort of travelers.
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Carabao
Ca`ra*ba"o (?), n. [Native name.] (Zool.) The water buffalo of the Philippines. [Phil. Islands]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Carabid
Car"a*bid (?), a. (Zool.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the genus Carabus or family Carabidae. -- n. One of the Carabidae, a family of active insectivorous beetles.
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Carabidae
Carabidae n. a family of nocturnal, terrestrial insects consisting of the ground beetles, which feed chiefly on other insects.
Syn. -- family Carabidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carabine
Car"a*bine (kăr"&adot_;*bīn), n. (Mil.) A carbine.
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Carabineer
Car`a*bi*neer" (kăr`&adot_;*b&ibreve_;*nēr"), n. A carbineer.
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Caraboid
Car"a*boid (kăr"&adot_;*boid), a. [Carabus + -oid.] (Zool.) Like, or pertaining to the genus Carabus.
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Carabus
Car"a*bus (kăr"&adot_;*bŭs), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ka`rabos a horned beetle.] (Zool.) A genus of ground beetles, including numerous species. They devour many injurious insects.
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Carac
Car"ac (kăr"ăk), n. See Carack.
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Caracal
Car"a*cal (kăr"&adot_;*kăl), n. [F. caracal, fr. Turk qarahqootaq; qarah black + qootaq ear.] (Zool.) A lynx (Felis caracal syn. Lynx caracal). It is a native of Africa and Asia. Its ears are black externally, and tipped with long black hairs.
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Caracara
Ca`ra*ca"ra (kä`r&adot_;kä"r&adot_;), n. (Zool.) A south American bird of several species and genera, resembling both the eagles and the vultures. The caracaras act as scavengers, and are also called carrion buzzards.
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&hand_; The black caracara is Ibycter ater; the chimango is Milvago chimango; the Brazilian is Polyborus Braziliensis.
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Caracas
Caracas prop. n. (Geography) The capital city of Venezuela.
[PJC]

Carack
Car"ack (?), n. [F. caraque (cf. Sp. & Pg. carraca, It. caracca.), LL. carraca, fr. L. carrus wagon; or perh. fr. Ar. qorqūr (pl. qarāqir) a carack.] (Naut.) A kind of large ship formerly used by the Spaniards and Portuguese in the East India trade; a galleon. [Spelt also carrack.]
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The bigger whale like some huge carrack lay. Waller.
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Caracole
Car"a*cole (?), n. [F. caracole, caracol, fr. Sp. caracol snail, winding staircase, a wheeling about.]
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1. (Man.) A half turn which a horseman makes, either to the right or the left.
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2. (Arch.) A staircase in a spiral form.
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‖En caracole (&unr_;) [F.], spiral; -- said of a staircase.
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Caracole
Car"a*cole (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Caracoled (?).] [Cf. F. caracoler.] (Man.) To move in a caracole, or in caracoles; to wheel.
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Prince John caracoled within the lists. Sir W. Scott.
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Caracoly
Car"a*col`y (?), n. An alloy of gold, silver, and copper, of which an inferior quality of jewelry is made.
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Caracora
Caracore
{ Car"a*core (?), Car"a*co`ra (?) }, n. [Malay kurakura.] A light vessel or proa used by the people of Borneo, etc., and by the Dutch in the East Indies.
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Caracul
Ca`ra*cul" (?), n. Var. of Karakul, a kind of fur.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Carafe
Ca*rafe" (?), n. [F.] A glass water bottle for the table or toilet; -- called also croft.
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Caragheen
Carageen
{ Car"a*geen` or Car"a*gheen` } (?), n. See Carrageen.
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Carambola
Ca`ram*bo"la (?), n. (Bot.) An East Indian tree (Averrhoa Carambola), and its acid, juicy fruit; called also Coromandel gooseberry.
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Caramel
Car"a*mel (?), n. [F. caramel (cf. Sp. caramelo), LL. canna mellis, cannamella, canamella, calamellus mellitus, sugar cane, from or confused with L. canna reed + mel, mellis, honey. See Cane.] 1. (Chem.) Burnt sugar; a brown or black porous substance obtained by heating sugar. It is soluble in water, and is used for coloring spirits, gravies, etc.
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2. A kind of confectionery, usually a small cube or square of tenacious paste, or candy, of varying composition and flavor.
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caramelise
caramelise v. i. 1. to to change into caramel, by the action of heat; as, The sugar caramelized quickly.
Syn. -- caramelize.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. to convert to caramel.
Syn. -- caramelize.
[WordNet 1.5]

caramelize
caramelize v. t. 1 to to convert [usu. sugar] into caramel, by the action of heat.
Syn. -- caramelise.
[WordNet 1.5]

carancha
carancha n. the South American caracara.
Syn. -- Polyborus plancus.
[WordNet 1.5]

caranday
caranda
caranda, caranday n. a South American palm (Copernicia australis or Copernicia alba) yielding a wax similar to carnauba wax.
Syn. -- caranday, caranda palm, wax palm.
[WordNet 1.5]

carangid
carangid adj. of or pertaining to the Carangidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

carangid
carangid n. any fish of the family Carangidae, including the cavallas, jacks, pompanos and scads.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carangidae
Carangidae n. 1. large family of narrow-bodied marine food fishes allied to the mackerels, with widely forked tails; chiefly of warm seas; it includes the caranx, American bluefish, and the pilot fish.
Syn. -- family Carangidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carangoid
Ca*ran"goid (?), a. [Caranx + -oid.] (Zool.) Belonging to the Carangidæ, a family of fishes allied to the mackerels, and including the caranx, American bluefish, and the pilot fish.
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Caranx
Ca"ranx (kā"ră&nsmacr_;ks), n. (Zool.) A genus of fishes, common on the Atlantic coast, including the yellow or golden mackerel.
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Carapace
Car"a*pace (kăr"&adot_;*pās), n. [F.] (Zool.) The thick shell or shield which covers the back of the tortoise, or turtle, the crab, and other crustaceous animals.
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Carapato
Ca`ra*pa"to (kä`r&adot_;*pä"t&ouptack_;), n. [Pg. carrapato.] (Zool.) A south American tick of the genus Amblyomma. There are several species, very troublesome to man and beast.
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Carapax
Car"a*pax (?), n. (Zool.) See Carapace.
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Carat
Car"at (kăr"ăt), n. [F. carat (cf. It. carato, OPg. quirate, Pg. & Sp. quilate), Ar. qīrāt bean or pea shell, a weight of four grains, a carat, fr. Gr. kera`tion a little horn, the fruit of the carob tree, a weight, a carat. See Horn.] 1. The weight by which precious stones and pearls are weighed.
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&hand_; The carat equals three and one fifth grains Troy, and is divided into four grains, sometimes called carat grains. Diamonds and other precious stones are estimated by carats and fractions of carats, and pearls, usually, by carat grains. Tiffany.
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2. A twenty-fourth part; -- a term used in estimating the proportionate fineness of gold.
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&hand_; A mass of metal is said to be so many carats fine, according to the number of twenty-fourths of pure gold which it contains; as, 22 carats fine (goldsmith's standard) = 22 parts of gold, 1 of copper, and 1 of silver.
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Caravan
Car"a*van (kăr"&adot_;*văn or kăr*&adot_;*văn"; 277), n. [F. caravane (cf. Sp. caravana), fr. Per. karwān a caravan (in sense 1). Cf. Van a wagon.] 1. A company of travelers, pilgrims, or merchants, organized and equipped for a long journey, or marching or traveling together, esp. through deserts and countries infested by robbers or hostile tribes, as in Asia or Africa.
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2. A large, covered wagon, or a train of such wagons, for conveying wild beasts, etc., for exhibition; an itinerant show, as of wild beasts.
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3. A covered vehicle for carrying passengers or for moving furniture, etc.; -- sometimes shorted into van.
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Caravaneer
Car`a*van*eer" (?), n. [Cf. F. caravanier.] The leader or driver of the camels in caravan.
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caravanning
caravanning n. the practice of taking holidays in a caravan.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caravansary
Car`a*van"sa*ry (?), n.; pl. Caravansaries (#). [F. caravansérai, fr. Per. karwānsarāï; karwān caravan + -sarāï palace, large house, inn.] A kind of inn, in the East, where caravans rest at night, being a large, rude, unfurnished building, surrounding a court. [Written also caravanserai and caravansera.]
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Caravel
Car"a*vel (kăr"&adot_;*v&ebreve_;l), n. [F. caravelle (cf. It. caravella, Sp. carabela), fr. Sp. caraba a kind of vessel, fr. L. carabus a kind of light boat, fr. Gr. ka`rabos a kind of light ship, NGr. kara`bi ship, vessel.] [written also carvel and caravelle.] (Naut.) A name given to several kinds of vessels. (a) The caravel of the 16th century was a small vessel with broad bows, high, narrow poop, four masts, and lateen sails. Columbus commanded three caravels on his great voyage. (b) A Portuguese vessel of 100 or 150 tons burden. (c) A small fishing boat used on the French coast. (d) A Turkish man-of-war.
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Caraway
Car"a*way (kăr"&adot_;*w&auptack_;), n. [F. carvi (cf. Sp. carvi and al-caravea, al-carahueya, Pg. al-caravia) fr. Ar. karawīā, karwīā fr. Gr. ka`ron; cf. L. careum.] 1. (Bot.) A biennial plant of the Parsley family (Carum Carui). The seeds have an aromatic smell, and a warm, pungent taste. They are used in cookery and confectionery, and also in medicine as a carminative.
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2. A cake or sweetmeat containing caraway seeds.
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Caraways, or biscuits, or some other [comfits]. Cogan.
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Carbamic
Car*bam"ic (kär*băm"&ibreve_;k), a. [Carbon + amido.] (Chem.) Pertaining to an acid so called.
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Carbamic acid (Chem.), an amido acid, H2N.CO2.H, not existing in the free state, but occurring as a salt of ammonium in commercial ammonium carbonate; -- called also amido formic acid.
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Carbamide
Car*bam"ide (kär*băm"&ibreve_;d or -īd), n. [Carbonyl + amide.] (Chem.) The technical name for urea.
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Carbamine
Car*bam"ine (kär*băm"&ibreve_;n or -ēd), n. (Chem.) An isocyanide of a hydrocarbon radical. The carbamines are liquids, usually colorless, and of unendurable odor.
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Carbanil
Car"ba*nil (?), n. [Carbonyl + aniline.] (Chem.) A mobile liquid, CO.N.C6H5, of pungent odor. It is the phenyl salt of isocyanic acid.
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Carbazol
Car"ba*zol (?), n. [Carbon + azo + -ol.] (Chem.) A white crystallized substance, C12H8NH, derived from aniline and other amines.
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Carbazotate
Car*baz"o*tate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of carbazotic or picric acid; a picrate.
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Carbazotic
Car`ba*zot"ic (?), a. [Carbon + azole.] Containing, or derived from, carbon and nitrogen.
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Carbazotic acid (Chem.), picric acid. See under Picric.
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Carbide
Car"bide (?), n. [Carbon + -ide.] (Chem.) A binary compound of carbon with some other element or radical, in which the carbon plays the part of a negative; -- formerly termed carburet.
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Carbimide
Car"bi*mide (?), n. [Carbon + imide] (Chem.) The technical name for isocyanic acid. See under Isocyanic.
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Carbine
Car"bine (?), n. [F. carbine, OF. calabrin carabineer (cf. Ot. calabrina a policeman), fr. OF & Pr. calabre, OF. cable, chable, an engine of war used in besieging, fr. LL. chadabula, cabulus, a kind of projectile machine, fr. Gr. &unr_; a throwing down, fr. &unr_; to throw; &unr_; down + &unr_; to throw. Cf. Parable.] (Mil.) A short, light musket or rifle, esp. one used by mounted soldiers or cavalry.
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Carbineer
Car`bi*neer" (?), n. [F. carabinier.] (Mil.) A soldier armed with a carbine.
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Carbinol
Car"bi*nol (?), n. [Carbin (Kolbe's name for the radical) + -ol.] (Chem.) Methyl alcohol, CH3OH; -- also, by extension, any one in the homologous series of paraffine alcohols of which methyl alcohol is the type.
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Carbohydrate
Car`bo*hy"drate (?), n. [Carbon + hydrate.] (Physiol. Chem.) One of a group of compounds including the sugars, starches, and gums, which contain six (or some multiple of six) carbon atoms, united with a variable number of hydrogen and oxygen atoms, but with the two latter always in proportion as to form water; as dextrose, C6H12O6.
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Carbohydride
Car`bo*hy"dride (?), n. [Carbon + hydrogen.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon.
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Carbolic
Car*bol"ic (kär*b&obreve_;l"&ibreve_;k), a. [L. carbo coal + oleum oil.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid derived from coal tar and other sources; as, carbolic acid (called also phenic acid, and phenol{1}). See Phenol.
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Carbolic acid
Car*bol"ic ac"id (kär*b&obreve_;l"&ibreve_;k ăs"&ibreve_;d), n. [L. carbo coal + oleum oil.] (Chem.) same as phenol{1}, (C6H5.OH). See phenol{1}.
Syn. -- phenol{1}, hydroxybenzene, phenyl hydroxide, phenic acid.
[PJC]

Carbolize
Car"bo*lize (kär"b&ouptack_;*līz), v. t. (Med.) To apply carbolic acid to; to wash or treat with carbolic acid.
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carbomycin
carbomycin n. a colorless basic macrolide antibiotic that inhibits the growth of Gram-positive organisms.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carbon
Car"bon (kär"b&obreve_;n), n. [F. carbone, fr. L. carbo coal; cf. Skr. çrā to cook.] (Chem.) 1. An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which is present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97. Symbol C. it is combustible, and forms the base of lampblack and charcoal, and enters largely into mineral coals. In its pure crystallized state it constitutes the diamond, the hardest of known substances, occuring in monometric crystals like the octahedron, etc. Another modification is graphite, or blacklead, and in this it is soft, and occurs in hexagonal prisms or tables. When united with oxygen it forms carbon dioxide, commonly called carbonic acid, or carbonic oxide, according to the proportions of the oxygen; when united with hydrogen, it forms various compounds called hydrocarbons. Compare Diamond, and Graphite.
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2. (Elec.) A carbon rod or pencil used in an arc lamp; also, a plate or piece of carbon used as one of the elements of a voltaic battery.
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3. a sheet of carbon paper.
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4. a carbon copy.
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Carbon compounds, Compounds of carbon (Chem.), those compounds consisting largely of carbon, commonly produced by animals and plants, and hence called organic compounds, though their synthesis may be effected in many cases in the laboratory.
[1913 Webster] The formation of the compounds of carbon is not dependent upon the life process. I. Remsen -- carbon copy, originally, a copy of a document made by use of a carbon paper, but now used generally to refer to any copy of a document made by a mechanical process, such as xerographic copying. -- Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide. (Chem.) See under Carbonic. -- Carbon light (Elec.), an extremely brilliant electric light produced by passing a galvanic current through two carbon points kept constantly with their apexes neary in contact. -- Carbon point (Elec.), a small cylinder or bit of gas carbon moved forward by clockwork so that, as it is burned away by the electric current, it shall constantly maintain its proper relation to the opposing point. -- Carbon paper, a thin type of paper coated with a dark-colored waxy substance which can be transferred to another sheet of paper underneath it by pressing on the carbon paper. It is used by placing a sheet between two sheets of ordinary writing paper, and then writing or typing on the top sheet, by which process a copy of the writing or typing is transferred to the second sheet below, making a copy without the need for writing or typing a second time. Multiple sheets may be used, with a carbon paper placed above each plain paper to which an impression is to be transferred. In 1997 such paper was still used, particularly to make multiple copies of filled-in purchase invoice forms, but in most applications this technique has been superseded by the more faithful xerographic reproduction and computerized printing processes. -- Carbon tissue, paper coated with gelatine and pigment, used in the autotype process of photography. Abney. -- Gas carbon, a compact variety of carbon obtained as an incrustation on the interior of gas retorts, and used for the manufacture of the carbon rods of pencils for the voltaic, arc, and for the plates of voltaic batteries, etc.

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carbon-14
carbon-14 n. a radioactive isotope of carbon with a half-life of 5730 years. It occurs naturally in minute quantities, and is used as the basis for radiocarbon dating.
Syn. -- radiocarbon, carbon 14.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carbonaceous
Car"bo*na`ceous (?), a. Pertaining to, containing, or composed of, carbon.
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Carbonado
Carbonade
{ Car"bo*nade (?), Car`bo*na"do (?), } n. [Cf. F. carbonnade, It. carbonata, Sp. carbonada, from L. carbo coal.] (Cookery) Flesh, fowl, etc., cut across, seasoned, and broiled on coals; a chop. [Obs.]
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Carbonade
Carbonado
{ Car`bo*na"do (?), Car"bo*nade (?), } v. t. [imp. & p. p. Carbonadoed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Carbonadoing.] 1. To cut (meat) across for frying or broiling; to cut or slice and broil. [Obs.]
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A short-legged hen daintily carbonadoed. Bean. & Fl.
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2. To cut or hack, as in fighting. [Obs.]
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I'll so carbonado your shanks. Shak.
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Carbonado
Car`bo*na"do (?), n.; pl. Carbonadoes (#). [Pg., carbonated.] (Min.) A black variety of diamond, found in Brazil, and used for diamond drills. It occurs in irregular or rounded fragments, rarely distinctly crystallized, with a texture varying from compact to porous.
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Carbonarism
Car`bo*na"rism (?), n. The principles, practices, or organization of the Carbonari.
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Carbonaro
Car`bo*na"ro (?), n.; pl. Carbonari (#). [It., a coal man.] A member of a secret political association in Italy, organized in the early part of the nineteenth centry for the purpose of changing the government into a republic.
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&hand_; The origin of the Carbonari is uncertain, but the society is said to have first met, in 1808, among the charcoal burners of the mountains, whose phraseology they adopted.
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Carbonatation
Car`bon*a*ta"tion (?), n. [From Carbonate.] (Sugar Making) The saturation of defecated beet juice with carbonic acid gas. Knight.
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Carbonate
Car"bon*ate (?), n. [Cf. F. carbonate.] (Chem.) A salt or carbonic acid, as in limestone, some forms of lead ore, etc.
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Carbonated
Car"bon*a`ted (?), a. Combined or impregnated with carbonic acid.
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Carbone
Car"bone (?), v. t. [See Carbonado.] To broil. [Obs.] “We had a calf's head carboned”. Pepys.
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Carbonic
Car*bon"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. carbonique. See Carbon.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, carbon; as, carbonic oxide.
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Carbonic acid (Chem.), an acid HO.CO.OH, not existing separately, which, combined with positive or basic atoms or radicals, forms carbonates. In common language the term is very generally applied to a compound of carbon and oxygen, CO2, more correctly called carbon dioxide. It is a colorless, heavy, irrespirable gas, extinguishing flame, and when breathed destroys life. It can be reduced to a liquid and solid form by intense pressure. It is produced in the fermentation of liquors, and by the combustion and decomposition of organic substances, or other substances containing carbon. It is formed in the explosion of fire damp in mines, and is hence called after damp; it is also know as choke damp, and mephitic air. Water will absorb its own volume of it, and more than this under pressure, and in this state becomes the common soda water of the shops, and the carbonated water of natural springs. Combined with lime it constitutes limestone, or common marble and chalk. Plants imbibe it for their nutrition and growth, the carbon being retained and the oxygen given out. -- Carbonic oxide (Chem.), a colorless gas, CO, of a light odor, called more correctly carbon monoxide. It is almost the only definitely known compound in which carbon seems to be divalent. It is a product of the incomplete combustion of carbon, and is an abundant constituent of water gas. It is fatal to animal life, extinguishes combustion, and burns with a pale blue flame, forming carbon dioxide.
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Carbonide
Car"bon*ide (kär"b&obreve_;n*&ibreve_;d or -īd), n. A carbide. [R.]

Carboniferous
Car`bon*if"er*ous (kär`b&obreve_;n*&ibreve_;f"&etilde_;r*ŭs), a. [Carbon + -ferous.] Producing or containing carbon or coal.
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Carboniferous age (Geol.), the age immediately following the Devonian, or Age of fishes, and characterized by the vegetation which formed the coal beds. This age embraces three periods, the Subcarboniferous, the Carboniferous, and Permian. See Age of acrogens, under Acrogen. -- Carboniferous formation (Geol.), the series of rocks (including sandstones, shales, limestones, and conglomerates, with beds of coal) which make up the strata of the Carboniferous age or Carboniferous period. See the Diagram under Geology.
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carbonisation
car`bon*i*sa"tion n. same as carbonization.
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Carbonite
Car"bon*ite (?), n. [Carbon + -ite.] 1. An explosive consisting essentially of nitroglycerin, wood meal, and some nitrate, as that of sodium.
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2. An explosive composed of nitrobenzene, saltpeter, sulphur, and kieselguhr.
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Carbonization
Car`bon*i*za"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. carbonisation.] 1. The act or process of carbonizing.
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2. the destructive distillation of coal (as in coke ovens).
Syn. -- carbonisation.
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Carbonize
Car"bon*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Carbonized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Carbonizing.] [Cf. F. carboniser.] 1. To convert (an animal or vegetable substance) into a residue of carbon by the action of fire or some corrosive agent; to char.
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2. To impregnate or combine with carbon, as in making steel by cementation.
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Carbonometer
Car`bon*om"e*ter (?), n. [Carbon + -meter.] An instrument for detecting and measuring the amount of carbon which is present, or more esp. the amount of carbon dioxide, by its action on limewater or by other means.
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carbonous
carbonous adj. relating to, containing, or rich in carbon.
Syn. -- carbonaceous, carbonic.
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Carbon process
Car"bon process. (Photog.) A printing process depending on the effect of light on bichromatized gelatin. Paper coated with a mixture of the gelatin and a pigment is called carbon paper or carbon tissue. This is exposed under a negative and the film is transferred from the paper to some other support and developed by washing (the unexposed portions being dissolved away). If the process stops here it is called single transfer; if the image is afterward transferred in order to give an unreversed print, the method is called double transfer.
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Carbon steel
Carbon steel. Steel deriving its qualities from carbon chiefly, without the presence of other alloying elements; -- opposed to alloy steel.
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Carbon transmitter
Carbon transmitter. A telephone transmitter in which a carbon contact is used.
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Carbonyl
Car"bon*yl (?), n. [Carbon + -yl.] (Chem.) The radical (=CO), occuring, always combined, in many compounds, as the aldehydes, the ketones, urea, carbonyl chloride, etc.
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&hand_; Though denoted by a formula identical with that of carbon monoxide, it is chemically distinct, as carbon seems to be divalent in carbon monoxide, but tetravalent in carbonyl compounds.
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Carbonyl chloride (Chem.), a colorless gas, COCl2, of offensive odor, and easily condensable to liquid. It is formed from chlorine and carbon monoxide, under the influence of light, and hence has been called phosgene, or phosgene gas; -- called also carbon oxychloride. It is used in chemical synthesis, and was also used as a poison gas in World War I.
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Carborundum
Car`bo*run"dum (kär`b&ouptack_;*rŭn"dŭm), [a trade name, from Carbon + corundum.] A beautiful crystalline compound, silicon carbide (SiC), consisting of carbon and silicon in combination; -- also called carbon silicide. It is made by heating carbon and sand together in an electric furnace. The commercial article is dark-colored and iridescent. It is harder than emery, and is used as an abrasive.
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carborundum paper
carborundum cloth
{ carborundum cloth or carborundum paper }. Cloth or paper covered with powdered carborundum; -- a foprm of sandpaper.
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Carbostyril
Car`bo*sty"ril (?), n. [Carbon + styrene.] A white crystalline substance, C9H6N.OH, of acid properties derived from one of the amido cinnamic acids.
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Carboxide
Car*box"ide (?), n. [Carbon + oxide.] (Chem.) A compound of carbon and oxygen, as carbonyl, with some element or radical; as, potassium carboxide.
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Potassium carboxide, a grayish explosive crystalline compound, C6O6K, obtained by passing carbon monoxide over heated potassium.
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Carboxyl
Car*box"yl (kär*b&obreve_;ks"&ibreve_;l), n. [Carbon + oxygen + -yl.] (Chem.) The complex radical, CO.OH, regarded as the essential and characteristic constituent which all oxygen acids of carbon (as formic, acetic, benzoic acids, etc.) have in common; -- called also oxatyl.
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carboxylate
car*box"yl*ate v. t. to treat a chemical compound with carboxyl or carboxylic acid.
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carboxyl group
car*box"yl group` (kär*b&obreve_;ks"&ibreve_;l gr&oomacr_;p), n. (Chem.) a monovalent organic radical (written -COOH, -CO2H or -CO.OH) whose presence confers acidic properties on the compound containing it; -- called also carboxylic group. Monocarboxylic acids (such as acetic acid or butyric acid) have one carboxyl group, dicarboxylic acids (such as oxalic acid or malonic acid) have two, tricarboxylic acids (such as citric acid) have three. It is weakly acidic, the pKa of acetic acid being 4.75.
[PJC]

carboxylic
car`box*yl"ic (kär`b&obreve_;ks*&ibreve_;l"&ibreve_;k), adj. (Chem.) of or pertaining to the carboxyl group; having a carboxyl group (written -COOH, -CO2H or -CO.OH); as, carboxylic acids are weakly acidic.
Syn. -- carboxyl.
[WordNet 1.5]

carboxylic acid
carboxylic acid n. (Chem.) an organic compound whose acidity is due to the presence of a carboxyl gorup. Monocarboxylic acids (such as acetic acid or butyric acid) have one carboxyl group, dicarboxylic acids (such as oxalic acid or malonic acid) have two, tricarboxylic acids (such as citric acid) have three.
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Carboy
Car"boy (kär"boi), n. [Cf. Ir. & Gael carb basket; or Pers qurābah a sort of bottle.] A large, globular glass bottle, esp. one of green glass, inclosed in basket work or in a box, for protection; -- used commonly for carrying corrosive liquids; as sulphuric acid, etc.
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Carbuncle
Car"bun*cle (?), n. [L. carbunculus a little coal, a bright kind of precious stone, a kind of tumor, dim. of carbo coal: cf. F. carboncle. See Carbon.]
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1. (Min.) A beautiful gem of a deep red color (with a mixture of scarlet) called by the Greeks anthrax; found in the East Indies. When held up to the sun, it loses its deep tinge, and becomes of the color of burning coal. The name belongs for the most part to ruby sapphire, though it has been also given to red spinel and garnet.
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2. (Med.) A very painful acute local inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue, esp. of the trunk or back of the neck, characterized by brawny hardness of the affected parts, sloughing of the skin and deeper tissues, and marked constitutional depression. It differs from a boil in size, tendency to spread, and the absence of a central core, and is frequently fatal. It is also called anthrax.
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3. (Her.) A charge or bearing supposed to represent the precious stone. It has eight scepters or staves radiating from a common center. Called also escarbuncle.
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Carbuncled
Car"bun*cled (?), a. 1. Set with carbuncles.
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He has deserves it [armor], were it carbuncled
Like holy Phabus' car.
Shak.
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2. Affected with a carbuncle or carbuncles; marked with red sores; pimpled and blotched. “A carbuncled face.” Brome.
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Carbuncular
Car*bun"cu*lar (?), a. Belonging to a carbuncle; resembling a carbuncle; red; inflamed.
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Carbunculation
Car*bun`cu*la"tion (?), n. [L. carbunculatio.] The blasting of the young buds of trees or plants, by excessive heat or cold. Harris.
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Carburet
Car"bu*ret (?), n. [From Carbon.] (Chem.) A carbide. See Carbide [Archaic]
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Carburet
Car"bu*ret, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Carbureted or Carburetted (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Carbureting or Carburetting.] To combine or to impregnate with carbon, as by passing through or over a liquid hydrocarbon; to carbonize or carburize.
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By carbureting the gas you may use poorer coal. Knight.
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Carburetant
Car"bu*ret`ant (?), n. Any volatile liquid used in charging illuminating gases.
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Carbureted
Car"bu*ret`ed (?), a. 1. (Chem.) Combined with carbon in the manner of a carburet or carbide.
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2. Saturated or impregnated with some volatile carbon compound; as, water gas is carbureted to increase its illuminating power.

[Written also carburetted.]
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Carbureted hydrogen gas, any one of several gaseous compounds of carbon and hydrogen, some of with make up illuminating gas. -- Light carbureted hydrogen, methane (CH4), also called marsh gas, and fire damp.
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Carburettor
Carburetor
{ Car"bu*ret`or, Car"bu*ret`tor (?) }, n. 1. (Chem.) An apparatus in which coal gas, hydrogen, or air is passed through or over a volatile hydrocarbon, in order to confer or increase illuminating power. [Written also carburettor.]
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2. One that carburets; specif., an apparatus in which air or gas is carbureted, as by passing it through a light petroleum oil. The carburetor for a gasoline engine is usually either a surface carburetor, or alternatively a float carburetor (called also float-feed carburetor, or spray carburetor). In the former air is charged by being passed over the surface of gasoline. In the latter a fine spray of gasoline is drawn from an atomizing nozzle by a current of air induced by the suction of the engine piston, the supply of gasoline being regulated by a float which actuates a needle valve controlling the outlet of the feed pipe. Alcohol and other volatile inflammable liquids may be used instead of gasoline.
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Carburization
Car"bu*ri*za`tion (?), n. (Chem.) The act, process, or result of carburizing.
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Carburize
Car"bu*rize (kär"b&uuptack_;*rīz), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Carburized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Carburizing.] (Chem.) To combine with carbon or a carbon compound; -- said esp. of a process for conferring a higher degree of illuminating power on combustible gases by mingling them with a vapor of volatile hydrocarbons.
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Carcajou
Car"ca*jou (kär"k&adot_;*j&oomacr_;), n. [Probably a Canadian French corruption of an Indian name of the wolverene.] (Zool.) The wolverene; -- also applied, but erroneously, to the Canada lynx, and sometimes to the American badger. See Wolverene.
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Carcanet
Car"ca*net (kär"k&adot_;*n&ebreve_;t), n. [Dim. fr. F. carcan the iron collar or chain of a criminal, a chain of precious stones, LL. carcannum, fr. Armor. kerchen bosom, neck, kelchen collar, fr. kelch circle; or Icel. kverk troat, OHG. querca throat.] A jeweled chain, necklace, or collar. [Also written carkanet and carcant.] Shak.
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Carcase
Car"case (kär"k&aitalic_;s), n. See Carcass.
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Carcass
Car"cass (kär"k&aitalic_;s), n.; pl. Carcasses (#). [Written also carcase.] [F. carcasse, fr. It. carcassa, fr. L. caro flesh + capsa chest, box, case. Cf. Carnal, Case a sheath.] 1. A dead body, whether of man or beast; a corpse; now commonly the dead body of a beast.
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He turned to see the carcass of the lion. Judges xiv. 8.
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This kept thousands in the town whose carcasses went into the great pits by cartloads. De Foe.
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2. The living body; -- now commonly used in contempt or ridicule. “To pamper his own carcass.” South.
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Lovely her face; was ne'er so fair a creature.
For earthly carcass had a heavenly feature.
Oldham.
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3. The abandoned and decaying remains of some bulky and once comely thing, as a ship; the skeleton, or the uncovered or unfinished frame, of a thing.
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A rotten carcass of a boat. Shak.
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4. (Mil.) A hollow case or shell, filled with combustibles, to be thrown from a mortar or howitzer, to set fire to buldings, ships, etc.
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A discharge of carcasses and bombshells. W. Iving.
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Carcavelhos
Car`ca*vel"hos (?), n. A sweet wine. See Calcavella.
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Carcel
Car"cel (?), n. (Photom.) A light standard much used in France, being the light from a Carcel lamp of stated size and construction consuming 42 grams of colza oil per hour with a flame 40 millimeters in height. Its illuminating power is variously stated at from 8.9 to 9.6 British standard candles.
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Carcelage
Car"ce*lage (?), n. [LL. carcelladium, carceragium, fr. L. carcer prison.] Prison fees. [Obs.]
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Carcel lamp
Car"cel lamp` (?). [Named after Carcel, the inventor.] A French mechanical lamp, for lighthouses, in which a superabundance of oil is pumped to the wick tube by clockwork.
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Carceral
Car"cer*al (?), a. [L. carceralis, fr. carcer prison.] Belonging to a prison. [R.] Foxe.
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Carcharias
Carcharias prop. n. The type and sole genus of Carchariidae; the sand sharks.
Syn. -- genus Carcharias, Odontaspis, genus Odontaspis.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carchariidae
Carchariidae prop. n. a natural family comprising the sand sharks; in some classifications coextensive with the family Carcharhinidae.
Syn. -- family Carchariidae, Odontaspididae, family Odontaspididae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carcharodon
Carcharodon prop. n. A genus of sharks including man-eating sharks, such as the great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias.
Syn. -- genus Carcharodon.
[WordNet 1.5]

carcino-
carcino- pref. [From Gr. karki`nos, a crab.] A combining form meaning cancer, as in carcinogen.
[PJC]

carcinogen
car*cin"o*gen (kär*s&ibreve_;n"&ouptack_;*j&ebreve_;n), n. Any substance that produces cancer; as, to test for carcinogens in the drinking water.
[WordNet 1.5]

carcinogenic
car`cin*o*gen"ic (kär`s&ibreve_;n*&ouptack_;*j&ebreve_;n"&ibreve_;k), adj. Causing or tending to cause cancer; as, the carcinogenic action of certain chemicals or of ionizing radiation. -- car`cin*o*gen*ic"i*ty, n.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

carcinoid
carcinoid [From Gr. karki`nos, a crab + -oid.] n. A small tumor (benign or malignant) arising from the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract; it is usually associated with excessive secretion of serotonin.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carcinological
Car`ci*no*log"ic*al (kär`s&ibreve_;*n&obreve_;*l&obreve_;j"&ibreve_;*k&aitalic_;l), a. Of or pertaining to carcinology.
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Carcinology
Car`ci*nol"o*gy (kär`s&ibreve_;*n&obreve_;l"&ouptack_;*j&ybreve_;), n. [Gr. karki`nos a crab + -logy.] (Zool.) The department of Zoology which treats of the Crustacea (lobsters, crabs, etc.); -- called also malacostracology and crustaceology.
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carcinoma
car`ci*no"ma (kär`s&ibreve_;*nō"m&adot_;), n. [L., fr. Gr. karki`nwma, fr. karki`nos crab, cancer. See -oma.] (Med.) A form of malignant cancer arising from epithelial tissue. The term was earlier applied to all forms of cancer, or to certain non-malignant forms. It is contrasted with sarcoma, a malignant form of cancer arising from connective tissue. See Cancer. Dunglison. Stedman.
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Carcinomatous
Car`ci*nom"a*tous (?), a. Of or pertaining to carcinoma.
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Carcinosys
Car`ci*no"sys (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. karki`nos cancer.] The affection of the system with cancer.
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Card
Card (kärd), n. [F. carte, fr. L. charta paper, Gr. &unr_; a leaf of paper. Cf. Chart.] 1. A piece of pasteboard, or thick paper, blank or prepared for various uses; as, a playing card; a visiting card; a card of invitation; pl. a game played with cards.
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Our first cards were to Carabas House. Thackeray.
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2. A published note, containing a brief statement, explanation, request, expression of thanks, or the like; as, to put a card in the newspapers. Also, a printed programme, and (fig.), an attraction or inducement; as, this will be a good card for the last day of the fair.
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3. A paper on which the points of the compass are marked; the dial or face of the mariner's compass.
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All the quartere that they know
I' the shipman's card.
Shak.
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4. (Weaving) A perforated pasteboard or sheet-metal plate for warp threads, making part of the Jacquard apparatus of a loom. See Jacquard.
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5. An indicator card. See under Indicator.
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Business card, a card on which is printed an advertisement or business address. -- Card basket (a) A basket to hold visiting cards left by callers. (b) A basket made of cardboard. -- Card catalogue. See Catalogue. -- Card rack, a rack or frame for holding and displaying business or visiting card. -- Card table, a table for use inplaying cards, esp. one having a leaf which folds over. -- On the cards, likely to happen; foretold and expected but not yet brought to pass; -- a phrase of fortune tellers that has come into common use; also, according to the programme. -- Playing card, cards used in playing games; specifically, the cards cards used playing which and other games of chance, and having each pack divided onto four kinds or suits called hearts, diamonds, clubs, and spades. The full or whist pack contains fifty-two cards. -- To have the cards in one's own hands, to have the winning cards; to have the means of success in an undertaking. -- To play one's cards well, to make no errors; to act shrewdly. -- To play snow one's cards, to expose one's plants to rivals or foes. -- To speak by the card, to speak from information and definitely, not by guess as in telling a ship's bearing by the compass card. -- Visiting card, a small card bearing the name, and sometimes the address, of the person presenting it.
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Card
Card, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Carded; p. pr. & vb. n. Carding.] To play at cards; to game. Johnson.
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Card
Card, n. [F. carde teasel, the head of a thistle, card, from L. carduus, cardus, thistle, fr. carere to card.]
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1. An instrument for disentangling and arranging the fibers of cotton, wool, flax, etc.; or for cleaning and smoothing the hair of animals; -- usually consisting of bent wire teeth set closely in rows in a thick piece of leather fastened to a back.
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2. A roll or sliver of fiber (as of wool) delivered from a carding machine.
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Card clothing, strips of wire-toothed card used for covering the cylinders of carding machines.
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Card
Card (?), v. t. 1. To comb with a card; to cleanse or disentangle by carding; as, to card wool; to card a horse.
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These card the short comb the longer flakes. Dyer.
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2. To clean or clear, as if by using a card. [Obs.]
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This book [must] be carded and purged. T. Shelton.
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3. To mix or mingle, as with an inferior or weaker article. [Obs.]
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You card your beer, if you guests being to be drunk. -- half small, half strong. Greene.
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&hand_; In the manufacture of wool, cotton, etc., the process of carding disentangles and collects together all the fibers, of whatever length, and thus differs from combing, in which the longer fibers only are collected, while the short straple is combed away. See Combing.
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Cardamine
Car"da*mine (?), n. [L. cardamina, Gr. &unr_;: cf. F. cardamine.] (Bot.) A genus of cruciferous plants, containing the lady's-smock, cuckooflower, bitter cress, meadow cress, etc.
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Cardamom
Car"da*mom (kär"d&adot_;*mŭm), n. [L. cardamomun, Gr. karda`mwmon] 1. The aromatic fruit, or capsule with its seeds, of several plants of the Ginger family growing in the East Indies and elsewhere, and much used as a condiment, and in medicine. [Also spelled cardamum.]
Syn. -- cardamon.
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2. (Bot.) A rhizomatous herb which produces cardamoms, esp. Elettaria Cardamomum and several species of Amomum.
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cardamon
cardamon n. same as cardamom.
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Cardboard
Card"board` (kärd"bōrd`), n. A stiff compact pasteboard of various qualities, for making cards, etc., often having a polished surface.
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Cardcase
Card"case` (kärd"kās`), n. A case for visiting cards.
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Cardecu
Car"de*cu (kär"d&euptack_;*k&uuptack_;), n. [Corrupt, from F. quart d'écu.] A quarter of a crown. [Obs.]
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The bunch of them were not worth a cardecu. Sir W. Scott.
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Carder
Card"er (?), n. One who, or that which cards wool flax, etc. Shak.
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Cardia
Car"di*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; heart, or upper orifice of the stomach.] (Anat.) (a) The heart. (b) The anterior or cardiac orifice of the stomach, where the esophagus enters it.
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Cardiac
Car"di*ac (?), a. [L. cardiacus, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; heart: cf. F. cardiaque.] 1. (Anat.) Pertaining to, resembling, or hear the heart; as, the cardiac arteries; the cardiac, or left, end of the stomach.
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2. (Med.) Exciting action in the heart, through the medium of the stomach; cordial; stimulant.
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Cardiac passion (Med.) cardialgia; heartburn. [Archaic] -- Cardiac wheel. (Mach.) See Heart wheel.
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Cardiac
Car"di*ac n. (Med.) A medicine which excites action in the stomach; a cardial.
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Cardiacal
Car*di"a*cal (?), a. Cardiac.
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Cardiacle
Car"di*a*cle (?), n. A pain about the heart. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Cardiagraph
Car"di*a*graph (?), n. See Cardiograph.
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Cardialgy
Cardialgla
{ ‖Car`di*al"gl*a (?), Car"di*al`gy (?), } n. [NL. cardialgia, fr. Gr. &unr_;; &unr_; heart + &unr_; pain: cf. F. cardialgie.] (Med.) A burning or gnawing pain, or feeling of distress, referred to the region of the heart, accompanied with cardiac palpitation; heartburn. It is usually a symptom of indigestion.
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Cardigan jacket
Cardigan
Car"di*gan, Car"di*gan jack`et (#). [From the Earl of Cardigan, who was famous in the Crimean campaign of 1854-55.] 1. A warm jacket of knit worsted with or without sleeves, especially a knitted jacket with sleeves that is fastened up the front with buttons or a zipper.
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Cardigan
Car"di*gan (#), a slightly bow-legged variety of corgi having rounded ears and a long tail.
Syn. -- Cardigan Welsh corgi.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cardiidae
Cardiidae n. a natural family of somewhat heart-shaped sand-burrowing bivalve mollusks.
Syn. -- family Cardiidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cardinal
Car"di*nal (?), a. [L. cardinalis, fr. cardo the hinge of a door, that on which a thing turns or depends: cf. F. cardinal.] Of fundamental importance; preëminent; superior; chief; principal.
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The cardinal intersections of the zodiac. Sir T. Browne.
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Impudence is now a cardinal virtue. Drayton.
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But cardinal sins, and hollow hearts, I fear ye. Shak.
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Cardinal numbers, the numbers one, two, three, etc., in distinction from first, second, third, etc., which are called ordinal numbers. -- Cardinal points (a) (Geol.) The four principal points of the compass, or intersections of the horizon with the meridian and the prime vertical circle, north, south east, and west. (b) (Astrol.) The rising and setting of the sun, the zenith and nadir. -- Cardinal signs (Astron.) Aries, Libra, Cancer, and Capricorn. -- Cardinal teeth (Zool.), the central teeth of bivalve shell. See Bivalve. -- Cardinal veins (Anat.), the veins in vertebrate embryos, which run each side of the vertebral column and returm the blood to the heart. They remain through life in some fishes. -- Cardinal virtues, preëminent virtues; among the ancients, prudence, justice, temperance, and fortitude. -- Cardinal winds, winds which blow from the cardinal points due north, south, east, or west.
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Cardinal
Car"di*nal, n. [F. carinal, It. cardinale, LL. cardinalis (ecclesiæ Romanæ). See Cardinal, a.] 1. (R. C. Ch.) One of the ecclesiastical princes who constitute the pope's council, or the sacred college.
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The clerics of the supreme Chair are called Cardinals, as undoubtedly adhering more nearly to the hinge by which all things are moved. Pope Leo IX.
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&hand_; The cardinals are appointed by the pope. Since the time of Sixtus V., their number can never exceed seventy (six of episcopal rank, fifty priests, fourteen deacons), and the number of cardinal priests and deacons is seldom full. When the papel chair is vacant a pope is elected by the college of cardinals from among themselves. The cardinals take precedence of all dignitaries except the pope. The principal parts of a cardinal's costume are a red cassock, a rochet, a short purple mantle, and a red hat with a small crown and broad brim, with cords and tessels of a special pattern hanging from it.
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2. A woman's short cloak with a hood.
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Where's your cardinal! Make haste. Lloyd.
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3. Mulled red wine. Hotten.
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4. the cardinal bird, also called the northern cardinal.
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Cardinal bird, or Cardinal grosbeak (Zool.), an American song bird (Cardinalis cardinalis, or Cardinalis Virginianus), of the family Fringillidæ, or finches of which the male has a bright red plumage, and both sexes have a high, pointed crest on its head; -- it is also called the northern cardinal or eastern cardinal. The males have loud and musical notes resembling those of a fife. Other related species are also called cardinal birds. -- Cardinal flower (Bot.), an herbaceous plant (Lobelia cardinalis) bearing brilliant red flowers of much beauty. -- Cardinal red, a color like that of a cardinal's cassock, hat, etc.; a bright red, darker than scarlet, and between scarlet and crimson.
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Cardinalate
Car"di*nal*ate (?), n. [Cf. F. cardinalat, LL. cardinalatus.] The office, rank, or dignity of a cardinal.
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Cardinalize
Car"di*nal*ize (?), v. t. To exalt to the office of a cardinal. Sheldon.
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Cardinalship
Car"di*nal*ship, n. The condition, dignity, of office of a cardinal
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Carding
Card"ing (?), a. 1. The act or process of preparing staple for spinning, etc., by carding it. See the Note under Card, v. t.
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2. A roll of wool or other fiber as it comes from the carding machine.
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Carding engine, Carding machine, a machine for carding cotton, wool, or other fiber, by subjecting it to the action of cylinders, or drums covered with wire-toothed cards, revolving nearly in contact with each other, at different rates of speed, or in opposite directions. The staple issues in soft sheets, or in slender rolls called slivers.
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cardiogram
car"di*o*gram` (?), n. [Gr. kardi`a heart + -gram.] (Physiol.) Any instrumental record made of heart activity, especially the curve or tracing made by a cardiograph. Sometimes used synonymously with electrocardiogram.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

cardiography
car`di*og"ra*phy (?), n. 1. Description of the heart.
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2. (Physiol.) Examination of heart activity using a cardiograph.
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cardiograph
car"di*o*graph (?), n. [Gr. kardi`a heart + -graph.] (Med.) An instrument which, when placed in contact with the chest, will register graphically the comparative duration and intensity of the heart's movements.
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Cardiographic
Car`di*o*graph"ic (?), a. (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to, or produced by, a cardiograph.
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Cardioid
Car"di*oid (?), n. [Gr. kardio-eidh`s heart-shaped; kardi`a heart + e'i^dos shape.] (Math.) An algebraic curve, so called from its resemblance to a heart.
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Cardioinhibitory
Car`di*o*in*hib"i*to*ry (?), a. (Physiol.) Checking or arresting the heart's action.
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Cardiolgy
Car`di*ol"*gy (?), n. [Gr. kardi`a heart + -ology.] The science which treats of the heart and its functions.
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Cardiometry
Car`di*om"e*try (?), n. [Gr. kardi`a heart + -metry.] (Med.) Measurement of the heart, as by percussion or auscultation.
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cardiorespiratory
cardiopulmonary
cardiopulmonary cardiorespiratory adj. Of or pertaining to or affecting both the heart and the lungs and their functions; as, cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
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cardiopulmonary resuscitation
cardiopulmonary resuscitation n. An emergency procedure to revive heart and lung function in persons whose heart has apparently stopped beating, involving forced respiration, periodic pressure on the heart by pushing on the chest, and sometimes electrical or mechanical equipment. It is often referred to by the acronym CPR.
[PJC]

cardiosclerosis
car"di*o*scle*ro"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. kardi`a heart + sclerosis.] Induration of the heart, caused by development of fibrous tissue in the cardiac muscle. [Obsolescent]
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Cardiospermum
Car"di*o*sper`mum prop. n. A genus of tendril-climbing herbs or shrubs whose seeds have a white heart-shaped spot.
Syn. -- genus Cardiospermum.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cardiosphygmograph
Car`di*o*sphyg"mo*graph (?), n. A combination of cardiograph and sphygmograph.
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cardiovascular
cardiovascular adj. Of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels; as, cardiovascular conditioning.
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Carditis
Car*di"tis (kär*dī"t&ibreve_;s), n. [NL., fr. Gr. kardi`a heart + -itis: cf. F. cardite.] (Med) Inflammation of the fleshy or muscular substance of the heart. See Endocarditis and Pericarditis. Dunglison.
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Cardo
Car"do (kär"d&ouptack_;), n.; pl. Cardines (#).) [L., a hinge.] (Zool.) (a) The basal joint of the maxilla in insects. (b) The hinge of a bivalve shell.
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Cardol
Car"dol (kär"dōl), n. [NL. Anacardium generic name of the cashew + L. oleum oil.] (Chem.) A yellow oily liquid, extracted from the shell of the cashew nut.
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Cardoon
Car*doon" (kär*d&oomacr_;n"), n. [F. cardon. The same word as F. cardon thistle, fr. L. carduus, cardus, LL. cardo. See 3d Card.] (Bot.) A large herbaceous plant (Cynara Cardunculus) related to the artichoke; -- used in cookery and as a salad.
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cardsharper
cardsharp
card"sharp`, card"sharp`er n. a professional card player who makes a living by cheating at card games.
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Carduelinae
Carduelinae n. a subfamily of birds consisting of the old world finches, many of which have taken up residence in the Americas; -- it is a subgroup of finches used in some classifications, in which the Fringillidae are divided into two subfamilies, the Carduelinae (including the goldfinches, siskins, redpolls, crossbills, and linnets) and Fringillinae (the brambling and the chaffinches). The siskins and goldfinches have migrated as far south as the southern end of South America. T. M. Shortt.
Syn. -- subfamily Carduelinae.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Carduelis
Carduelis n. the type genus of a subfamily Carduelinae of the Fringillidae, used in some classifications. It includes the goldfinches (such as the American goldfinch, Cardulis tristis, and the European goldfinch, Carduelis carduelis); siskins; redpolls; and linnets, as well as the common northern cardinal (Carduelis cardinalis, also called the cardinal bird).
Syn. -- genus Carduelis.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Carduus
Carduus n. a genus of annual or perennial Old World prickly thistles.
Syn. -- genus Carduus.
[WordNet 1.5]

Care
Care (kâr), n. [AS. caru, cearu; akin to OS. kara sorrow, Goth. kara, OHG chara, lament, and perh. to Gr. gh^rys voice. Not akin to cure. Cf. Chary.] 1. A burdensome sense of responsibility; trouble caused by onerous duties; anxiety; concern; solicitude.
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Care keeps his watch in every old man's eye,
And where care lodges, sleep will never lie.
Shak.
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2. Charge, oversight, or management, implying responsibility for safety and prosperity.
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The care of all the churches. 2 Cor. xi. 28.
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Him thy care must be to find. Milton.
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Perplexed with a thousand cares. Shak.
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3. Attention or heed; caution; regard; heedfulness; watchfulness; as, take care; have a care.
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I thank thee for thy care and honest pains. Shak.
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4. The object of watchful attention or anxiety.
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Right sorrowfully mourning her bereaved cares. Spenser.

Syn. -- Anxiety; solicitude; concern; caution; regard; management; direction; oversight. -- Care, Anxiety, Solicitude, Concern. These words express mental pain in different degress. Care belongs primarily to the intellect, and becomes painful from overburdened thought. Anxiety denotes a state of distressing uneasiness fron the dread of evil. Solicitude expresses the same feeling in a diminished degree. Concern is opposed to indifference, and implies exercise of anxious thought more or less intense. We are careful about the means, solicitous and anxious about the end; we are solicitous to obtain a good, anxious to avoid an evil.
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Care
Care, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Cared (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Caring.] [AS. cearian. See Care, n.] To be anxious or solicitous; to be concerned; to have regard or interest; -- sometimes followed by an objective of measure.
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I would not care a pin, if the other three were in. Shak.
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Master, carest thou not that we perish? Mark. iv. 38.
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To care for. (a) To have under watchful attention; to take care of. (b) To have regard or affection for; to like or love.
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He cared not for the affection of the house. Tennyson.
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cared-for
cared-for adj. having needed care and attention; as, well-cared-for children. Opposite of uncared-for.
[WordNet 1.5]

Careen
Ca*reen" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Careened (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Careening.] [OF. cariner, F. caréner, fr. OF. carène, the bottom of a ship, keel, fr. L. carina.] (Naut.) To cause (a vessel) to lean over so that she floats on one side, leaving the other side out of water and accessible for repairs below the water line; to case to be off the keel.
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Careen
Ca*reen" (&unr_;), v. i. To incline to one side, or lie over, as a ship when sailing on a wind; to be off the keel.
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Careenage
Ca*reen"age (?), n. [Cf. F. carénage.] (Naut.) (a) Expense of careening ships. (b) A place for careening.
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Career
Ca*reer" (?), n. [F. carrière race course, high road, street, fr. L. carrus wagon. See Car.] 1. A race course: the ground run over.
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To go back again the same career. Sir P. Sidney.
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2. A running; full speed; a rapid course.
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When a horse is running in his full career. Wilkins.
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3. General course of action or conduct in life, or in a particular part or calling in life, or in some special undertaking; usually applied to course or conduct which is of a public character; as, Washington's career as a soldier.
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An impartial view of his whole career. Macaulay.
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4. (Falconry) The flight of a hawk.
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Career
Ca*reer", v. i. [imp. & p. p. Careered 3; p. pr. & vb. n. Careering] To move or run rapidly.
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Careering gayly over the curling waves. W. Irving.
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careerism
careerism n. The practice of advancing one's career at the expense of one's personal integrity.
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careerist
careerist n. A professional who follows a career.
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carefree
care"free` (kâr"frē`), adj. 1. Free of trouble and worry and care; as, the carefree joys of childhood; carefree millionaires, untroubled financially.
Syn. -- happy, lighthearted, unworried.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. nonchalant in a cheerful manner.
Syn. -- breezy, airy.
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3. cheerfully irresponsible; as, carefree with his money. Opposite of careful.
Syn. -- devil-may-care, happy-go-lucky, harum-scarum, slaphappy.
[WordNet 1.5]

4. same as unconcerned. Opposite of concerned.
Syn. -- blithe.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Careful
Care"ful (kâr"f&usdot_;l), a. [AS. cearful.] 1. Full of care; anxious; solicitous. [Archaic]
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Be careful [Rev. Ver. “anxious”] for nothing. Phil. iv. 6.
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The careful plowman doubting stands. Milton.
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2. Filling with care or solicitude; exposing to concern, anxiety, or trouble; painful.
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The careful cold beginneth for to creep. Spenser.
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By Him that raised me to this careful height. Shak.
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3. Taking care; giving good heed; watchful; cautious; provident; not indifferent, heedless, or reckless; -- often followed by of, for, or the infinitive; as, careful of money; careful to do right.
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Thou hast been careful for us with all this care. 2. Kings iv, 13.
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What could a careful father more have done? Dryden.

Syn. -- Anxious; solicitous; provident; thoughtful; cautious; circumspect; heedful; watchful; vigilant.
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Carefully
Care"ful*ly, adv. In a careful manner.
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Carefulness
Care"ful*ness, n. Quality or state of being careful.
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care-laden
care-laden adj. burdened by cares.
Syn. -- heavy-laden.
[WordNet 1.5]

Careless
Care"less (?), a. [AS. cearleás.] 1. Free from care or anxiety. hence, cheerful; light-hearted. Spenser.
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Sleep she as sound as careless infancy. Shak.
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2. Having no care; not taking ordinary or proper care; negligent; unconcerned; heedless; inattentive; unmindful; regardless.
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My brother was too careless of his charge. Shak.
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He grew careless of himself. Steele.
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3. Without thought or purpose; without due care; without attention to rule or system; unstudied; inconsiderate; spontaneous; rash; as, a careless throw; a careless expression.
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He framed the careless rhyme. Beattie.
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4. Not receiving care; uncared for. [R.]
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Their many wounds and careless harms. Spenser.

Syn. -- Negligent; heedless; thoughtless; unthinking; inattentive; incautious; remiss; supine; forgetful; regardless; inconsiderate; listless.
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Carelessly
Care"less*ly, adv. In a careless manner.
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Carelessness
Care"less*ness, n. The quality or state of being careless; heedlessness; negligence; inattention.
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Carene
Ca*rene" (?), n. [LL. carena, corrupted fr. quarentena. See Quarantine.] (Ecol.) A fast of forty days on bread and water. [Obs.]
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Caress
Ca*ress" (k&adot_;*r&ebreve_;s"), n. [F. caresse, It. carezza, LL. caritia dearness, fr. L. carus dear. See Charity.] An act of endearment; any act or expression of affection; an embracing, or touching, with tenderness.
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Wooed her with his soft caresses. Langfellow.
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He exerted himself to win by indulgence and caresses the hearts of all who were under his command. Macaulay.
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Caress
Ca*ress", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Caressed (k&adot_;*r&ebreve_;st"); p. pr. & vb. n. Caressing.] [F. caresser, fr. It. carezzare, fr. carezza caress. See Caress., n.] To treat with tokens of fondness, affection, or kindness; to touch or speak to in a loving or endearing manner; to fondle.
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The lady caresses the rough bloodhound. Sir W. Scott.

Syn. -- To fondle; embrace; pet; coddle; court; flatter. -- Caress, Fondle. “We caress by words or actions; we fondle by actions only.” Crabb.
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caressive
caressing
caressing caressive adj. showing love. caressing words
[WordNet 1.5]

caressing
caressing n. 1. the act of embracing; holding in one's arms .
[PJC]

2. foreplay without contact with the genital organs.
Syn. -- caressing, cuddling, fondling, hugging, kissing, necking, petting, smooching, snuggling.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caressingly
Ca*ress"ing*ly, adv. In caressing manner.
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Caret
Ca"ret (kā"r&ebreve_;t or kăr"&ebreve_;t), n. [L. caret there is wanting, fr. carere to want.] A mark [^] used by writers and proof readers to indicate that something is interlined above, or inserted in the margin, which belongs in the place marked by the caret.
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Caret
Ca`ret" (?), n. [F., a species of tortoise.] (Zool.) The hawkbill turtle. See Hawkbill.
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Caretta
Caretta n. a genus consisting of the loggerhead turtles.
Syn. -- genus Caretta.
[WordNet 1.5]

Care-tuned
Care"-tuned (?), a. Weary; mournful. Shak.
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Careworn
Care"worn` (?), a. Worn or burdened with care; as, careworn look or face.
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Carex
Ca"rex (?), n. [L., sedge.] (Bot.) A numerous and widely distributed genus of perennial herbaceous plants of the order Cypreaceæ; the sedges.
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Carf
Carf (kärf), pret. of Carve. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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carful
car"ful n. the quantity that a car will hold.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cargason
Car"ga*son (?), n. [F. cargaison, Sp. cargazon, LL. cargare to load. See rgo.] A cargo. [Obs.]
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Cargo
Car"go (?), n.; pl. Cargoes (#). [Sp. cargo, carga, burden, load, from cargar to load, from cargar to load, charge, See Charge.] The lading or freight of a ship or other vessel; the goods, merchandise, or whatever is conveyed in a vessel or boat; load; freight.
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Cargoes of food or clothing. E. Everett.
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&hand_; The term cargo, in law, is usually applied to goods only, and not to live animals or persons. Burill.
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Cargoose
Car"goose` (?), n. [Perh. fr. Gael. & Ir. cir, cior (pronounced kir, kior), crest, comb + E. goose. Cf. Crebe.] (Zool.) A species of grebe (Podiceps crisratus); the crested grebe.
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cariama
ça`ri*a"ma (sä`r&euptack_;*&adot_;"m&adot_;), n. [Native name.] (Zool.) A large, long-legged cranelike South American wading bird (Cariama cristata, formerly Dicholophus cristatus) which preys upon snakes, etc.; it is also called the seriema, but that latter name is also applied to another South American bird. See Seriema.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Cariama
Cariama prop. n. The type genus of the Cariamidae, consisting only of the Cariama cristata, also called the seriema.
Syn. -- genus Cariama.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cariamidae
Cariamidae n. a natural family of cranelike South American wading birds.
Syn. -- family Cariamidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carib
Car"ib (?), n.; pl. Caries. [See Cannibal.] (Ethol.) A native of the Caribbee islands or the coasts of the Caribbean sea; esp., one of a tribe of Indians inhabiting a region of South America, north of the Amazon, and formerly most of the West India islands.
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Caribbee
Caribbean
{ Car`ib*be"an (?), Car`ib*bee (?), } a. Of or pertaining to the Caribs, to their islands (the eastern and southern West Indies), or to the sea (called the Caribbean sea) lying between those islands and Central America.
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Caribbee
Car"ib*bee, n. A Carib.
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Caribe
Ca*ri"be (?), n. [Sp. a cannibal.] (Zool). A south American fresh water fish of the genus Serrasalmo of many species, remarkable for its voracity. When numerous they attack man or beast, often with fatal results.


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Caribou
Car"i*bou (kăr"&ibreve_;*b&oomacr_;), n. [Canadian French.] (Zool.) The American reindeer, especially the common or woodland species (Rangifer Caribou).
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Barren Ground caribou. See under Barren. -- Woodland caribou, the common reindeer (Rangifer Caribou) of the northern forests of America.
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Carica
Carica n. the type genus of the Caricaceae; consisting of tropical American trees; the papayas.
Syn. -- genus Carica.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caricaceae
Caricaceae n. a natural family of trees native to tropical America and Africa with milky juice and large palmately lobed leaves.
Syn. -- family Caricaceae, papaya family.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caricature
Car"i*ca*ture (?), n. [It. caricatura, fr. caricare to charge, overload, exaggerate. See Charge, v. t.] 1. An exaggeration, or distortion by exaggeration, of parts or characteristics, as in a picture.
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2. A picture or other figure or description in which the peculiarities of a person or thing are so exaggerated as to appear ridiculous; a burlesque; a parody. [Formerly written caricatura.]
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The truest likeness of the prince of French literature will be the one that has most of the look of a caricature. I. Taylor.
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A grotesque caricature of virtue. Macaulay.
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Caricature
Car"i*ca*ture, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Caricatured (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Caricaturing.] To make or draw a caricature of; to represent with ridiculous exaggeration; to burlesque.
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He could draw an ill face, or caricature a good one, with a masterly hand. Lord Lyttelton.
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Caricaturist
Car"i*ca*tu`rist (?), n. One who caricatures.
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Caricous
Car"i*cous (?), a. [L. carica a kind of dry fig.] Of the shape of a fig; as, a caricous tumor. Graig.
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Caries
Ca"ri*es (?), n. [L., decay.] (Med.) Ulceration of bone; a process in which bone disintegrates and is carried away piecemeal, as distinguished from necrosis, in which it dies in masses.
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Carillon
Car"il*lon (?), n. [F. carillon a chime of bells, originally consisting of four bells, as if fr.. (assumed) L. quadrilio, fr. quatuer four.]
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1. (Mus.) A chime of bells diatonically tuned, played by clockwork or by finger keys.
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2. A tune adapted to be played by musical bells.
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Carina
Ca*ri"na (?), n. [L., keel.] 1. (Bot.) A keel. (a) That part of a papilionaceous flower, consisting of two petals, commonly united, which incloses the organs of fructification. (b) A longitudinal ridge or projection like the keel of a boat.
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2. (Zool.) The keel of the breastbone of birds.
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Carinaria
Car`i*na"ri*a (?), n. [NL., fr. L. carina keel.] (Zool.) A genus of oceanic heteropod Mollusca, having a thin, glassy, bonnet-shaped shell, which covers only the nucleus and gills.
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Carinatae
Car`i*na"tæ (?), n. pl. [NL., Fem. pl. fr. L. carinatus. See Carinate.] A grand division of birds, including all existing flying birds; -- So called from the carina or keel on the breastbone.
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Carinated
Carinate
{ Car"i*nate (?), Car"i*na`ted (?) } a. [L. carinatus, fr. carina keel.] Shaped like the keel or prow of a ship; having a carina or keel; as, a carinate calyx or leaf; a carinate sternum (of a bird).
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Cariole
Car"i*ole (?), n. [F. carriole, dim. fr. L. carrus. See Car, and Carryall.] (a) A small, light, open one-horse carriage. (b) A covered cart. (c) A kind of calash. See Carryall.
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Cariopsis
Car`i*op"sis (?), n. See Caryopsis.
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Cariosity
Ca`ri*os"i*ty (?), n. (Med.) Caries.
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Carious
Ca"ri*ous (?), a. [L. cariosus, fr. caries dacay.] Affected with caries; decaying; as, a carious tooth.
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carissa
carissa n. a shrub of the genus Carissa having fragrant white flowers and plumlike red to purple-black fruits.
[WordNet 1.5]

carjack
carjack v. t. [car + hijack.] to take (a car) by an act of carjacking; as, the three teens carjacked two automobiles in one night.
[PJC]

carjacking
car"jack*ing n. [car + hijacking.] the forcible taking of a car while the driver is in it; the robber may force the driver out, force the driver to drive while under threat of harm, or be forced to relinquish the controls while also being forced to remain in the car. In the latter two cases, the act also constitutes a kidnapping.
[PJC]

Cark
Cark (kärk), n. [OE. cark, fr. a dialectic form of F. charge; cf. W. carc anxiety, care, Arm karg charge, burden. See Charge, and cf. Cargo.] A noxious or corroding care; solicitude; worry. [Archaic.]
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His heavy head, devoid of careful cark. Spenser.
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Fling cark and care aside. Motherwell.
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Freedom from the cares of money and the cark of fashion. R. D. Blackmore.
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Cark
Cark (kärk), v. i. To be careful, anxious, solicitous, or troubled in mind; to worry or grieve. [R.] Beau. & Fl.
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Cark
Cark, v. t. To vex; to worry; to make by anxious care or worry. [R.]
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Nor can a man, independently . . . of God's blessing, care and cark himself one penny richer. South.
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Carkanet
Car"ka*net (?), n. A carcanet. Southey.
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Carking
Cark"ing (?), a. Distressing; worrying; perplexing; corroding; as, carking cares.
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Carl
Carl (?), n. [Icel, karl a male, a man; akin to AS. ceorl, OHG. charal, G. kerl fellow. See Churl.] [Written also carle.] 1. A rude, rustic man; a churl.
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The miller was a stout carl. Chaucer.
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2. Large stalks of hemp which bear the seed; -- called also carl hemp.
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3. pl. A kind of food. See citation, below.
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Caring or carl are gray steeped in water and fried the next day in butter or fat. They are eaten on the second Sunday before Easter, formerly called Carl Sunday. Robinson's Whitby Glossary (1875).
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Carlin
Car"lin (?), n. [Dim., fr. carl male.] An old woman. [Scot. & Prov. Eng.]
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Caroline
Carline
{ Car"line (?), Car"o*line (?) }, n. [F. carin; cf. It. carlino; -- so called from Carlo (Charles) VI. of Naples.] A silver coin once current in some parts of Italy, worth about seven cents. Simmonds.
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Carling
Carline
{ Car"line (?), Car"ling (?) } n. [Cf. F. carlingur, Sp. Pg., & It. carlinga.] (Naut.) A short timber running lengthwise of a ship, from one transverse desk beam to another; also, one of the cross timbers that strengthen a hath; -- usually in pl.
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Carline thistle
Car"line this`tle (?). [F. carline, It., Sp., & Pg., carlina. Said to be so called from the Emperor Charlemagne, whose army is reputed to have used it as a remedy for pestilence.] (Bot.) A prickly plant of the genus Carlina (Carlina vulgaris), found in Europe and Asia.
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Carlings
Car"lings (?), n. pl. Same as Carl, 3.
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Carling Sunday, a Sunday in Lent when carls are eaten. In some parts of England, Passion Sunday. See Carl, 4.
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Carlist
Car"list (kär"l&ibreve_;st), n. A partisan of Charles X. of France, or of Don Carlos of Spain.
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Carlock
Car"lock (?), n. [F. carlock, fr. Russ. Karlúk'.] A sort of Russian isinglass, made from the air bladder of the sturgeon, and used in clarifying wine.
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Carlot
Car"lot (?), n. [From Carl.] A churl; a boor; a peasant or countryman. [Obs.] Shak.
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Carlovingian
Car`lo*vin"gi*an (?), a. [F. Carlovingen.] Pertaining to, founded by, of descended from, Charlemagne; as, the Carlovingian race of kings.
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Carmagnole
Car`ma`gnole" (?), n. [F.] 1. A popular or Red Rebublican song and dance, of the time of the first French Revolution.
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They danced and yelled the carmagnole. Compton Reade.
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2. A bombastic report from the French armies.
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Carman
Car"man (?), n.; pl. Carmen (&unr_;) A man whose employment is to drive, or to convey goods in, a car or car.
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Carmelin
Carmelite
{ Car"mel*ite (?), Car"mel*in } a. Of or pertaining to the order of Carmelites.
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Carmelite
Car"mel*ite (?), n. 1. (Eccl. Hist.) A friar of a mendicant order (the Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel) established on Mount Carmel, in Syria, in the twelfth century; a White Friar.
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2. A nun of the Order of Our lady of Mount Carmel.
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Car mile
Car mile. (Railroads) A mile traveled by a single car, taken as a unit of computation, as in computing the average travel of each car of a system during a given period.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Car mileage
Car mileage. (Railroads) (a) Car miles collectively. (b) The amount paid by one road for the use of cars of another road.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Carminated
Car"mi*na`ted (?), a. Of, relating to, or mixed with, carmine; as, carminated lake.
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Carminative
Car*min"ative (?), a. [NL. carminativus (1622), fr. carminare to card, hence to cleanse, fr. carmen a card for freeing wool or flax from the coarser parts, and from extraneous matter: cf. F. carminatif.] Expelling wind from the body; warming; antispasmodic.Carminative hot seeds.” Dunglison.
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Carminative
Car*min"a*tive, n. A substance, esp. an aromatic, which tends to expel wind from the alimentary canal, or to relieve colic, griping, or flatulence.
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Carmine
Car"mine (?), n. [F. carmin (cf. Sp. carmin, It. carminio), contr. from LL. carmesinus purple color. See Crimson.] 1. A rich red or crimson color with a shade of purple.
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2. A beautiful pigment, or a lake, of this color, prepared from cochineal, and used in miniature painting.
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3. (Chem.) The essential coloring principle of cochineal, extracted as a purple-red amorphous mass. It is a glucoside and possesses acid properties; -- hence called also carminic acid.
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Carmine red (Chem.), a coloring matter obtained from carmine as a purple-red substance, and probably allied to the phthaleïns.
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Carminic
Car*min"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to, or derived from, carmine.
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Carminic acid. Same as Carmine, 3.
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Carmot
Car"mot (?), n. (Alchemy) The matter of which the philosopher's stone was believed to be composed.
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Carnage
Car"nage (?), n. [F. carnage, LL. carnaticum tribute of animals, flesh of animals, fr. L. caro, carnis, flesh. See Carnal.] 1. Flesh of slain animals or men.
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A miltitude of dogs came to feast on the carnage. Macaulay.
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2. Great destruction of life, as in battle; bloodshed; slaughter; massacre; murder; havoc.
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The more fearful carnage of the Bloody Circuit. Macaulay.
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Carnal
Car"nal (?), a. [L. carnalis, fr. caro, carnis, flesh; akin to Gr. &unr_;, Skr. kravya; cf. F. charnel, Of. also carnel. Cf. Charnel.] 1. Of or pertaining to the body or its appetites; animal; fleshly; sensual; given to sensual indulgence; lustful; human or worldly as opposed to spiritual.
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For ye are yet carnal. 1 Cor. iii. 3.
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Not sunk in carnal pleasure. Milton
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Carnal desires after miracles. Trench.
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2. Flesh-devouring; cruel; ravenous; bloody. [Obs.]
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This carnal cur
Preys on the issue of his mother's body.
Shak.
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Carnal knowledge, sexual intercourse; -- used especially of an unlawful act on the part of the man.
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Carnalism
Car"nal*ism (?), n. The state of being carnal; carnality; sensualism. [R.]
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Carnalist
Car"nal*ist (?), n. A sensualist. Burton.
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Carnality
Car*nal"i*ty (?), n. [L. carnalitas.] The state of being carnal; fleshly lust, or the indulgence of lust; grossness of mind.
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Because of the carnality of their hearts. Tillotson.
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Carnalize
Car"nal*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Carnalized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Carnalizing.] To make carnal; to debase to carnality.
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A sensual and carnalized spirit. John Scott.
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Carnallite
Car"nal*lite (?), n. [G. carnallit, fr. Von Carnall, a Prussian.] (Min.) A hydrous chloride of potassium and magnesium, sometimes found associated with deposits of rock salt.
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Carnally
Car"nal*ly (?), adv. According to the flesh, to the world, or to human nature; in a manner to gratify animal appetites and lusts; sensually.
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For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. Rom. viii. 6.
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Carnal-minded
Car"nal-mind`ed (?), a. Worldly-minded.
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Carnal-mindedness
Car"nal-mind"ed*ness, n. Grossness of mind.
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Carnary
Car"na*ry (?), n. [L. carnarium, fr. caro, carnis, flesh.] A vault or crypt in connection with a church, used as a repository for human bones disintered from their original burial places; a charnel house.
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Carnassial
Car*nas"si*al (?), a. [Cf. F. carnassier carnivorous, and L. caro, carnis, flesh.] (Anat.) Adapted to eating flesh. -- n. A carnassial tooth; especially, the last premolar in many carnivores.
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Carnate
Car"nate (?), a. [L. carnatus fleshy.] Invested with, or embodied in, flesh.
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Carnation
Car*na"tion (?), n. [F. carnation the flesh tints in a painting, It carnagione, fr. L. carnatio fleshiness, fr. caro, carnis, flesh. See Carnal.] 1. The natural color of flesh; rosy pink.
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Her complexion of the delicate carnation. Ld. Lytton.
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2. pl. (Paint.) Those parts of a picture in which the human body or any part of it is represented in full color; the flesh tints.
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The flesh tints in painting are termed carnations. Fairholt.
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3. (Bot.) A species of Dianthus (Dianthus Caryophyllus) or pink, having very beautiful flowers of various colors, esp. white and usually a rich, spicy scent.
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Carnationed
Car*na"tioned (?), a. Having a flesh color.
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Carnauba
Car*nau"ba (?), n. (Bot.) The Brazilian wax palm. See Wax palm.
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Carnegiea
Carnegiea n. a genus of plants consisting of one species, the saguaro.
Syn. -- genus Carnegiea.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carnelian
Car*nel"ian (?), n. [For carnelian; influenced by L. carneus fleshy, of flesh, because of its flesh red color. See Cornellan.] (Min.) A variety of chalcedony, of a clear, deep red, flesh red, or reddish white color. It is moderately hard, capable of a good polish, and often used for seals.
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Carneous
Car"ne*ous (?), a. [L. carneus, from caro, carnis, flesh.] Consisting of, or like, flesh; carnous; fleshy.Carneous fibers.” Ray.
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Carney
Car"ney (?), n. [Cf. L. carneus flesh.] (Far.) A disease of horses, in which the mouth is so furred that the afflicted animal can not eat.
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Carnic
Car"nic (kär"n&ibreve_;k), a. [L. caro, carnis, flesh.] Of or pertaining to flesh; specif. (Physiol. Chem.), pertaining to or designating a hygroscopic monobasic acid, C10H15O5N3, obtained as a cleavage product from an acid of muscle tissue.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Carnifex
Car"ni*fex (?), n. [L., fr. caro, carnis, flesh + facere to make.] (Antiq.) The public executioner at Rome, who executed persons of the lowest rank; hence, an executioner or hangman.
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Carnification
Car`ni*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. carnification.] The act or process of turning to flesh, or to a substance resembling flesh.
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Carnify
Car"ni*fy (kär"n&ibreve_;*fī), v. i. [LL. carnificare, fr. L. caro, carnis, flesh + facere to make: cf. F. carnifier.] To form flesh; to become like flesh. Sir M. Hale.
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Carnin
Car"nin (kär"n&ibreve_;n), n. [L. caro, canis , flesh.] (Chem.) A white crystalline nitrogenous substance, found in extract of meat, and related to xanthin.
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Carnival
Car"ni*val (kär"n&ibreve_;*v&aitalic_;l), n. [It. carnevale, prob. for older carnelevale, prop., the putting away of meat; fr. L. caro, carnis, flesh + levare to take away, lift up, fr. levis light.] 1. A festival celebrated with merriment and revelry in Roman Catholic countries during the week before Lent, esp. at Rome and Naples, during a few days (three to ten) before Lent, ending with Shrove Tuesday.
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The carnival at Venice is everywhere talked of. Addison.
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2. Any merrymaking, feasting, or masquerading, especially when overstepping the bounds of decorum; a time of riotous excess. Tennyson.
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He saw the lean dogs beneath the wall
Hold o'er the dead their carnival
Byron.
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Carnivora
Car*niv"o*ra (kär*n&ibreve_;v"&ouptack_;*r&adot_;), n. pl. [NL., neut. pl. from L. carnivorus. See Carnivorous.] (Zoöl.) An order of Mammallia including the lion, tiger, wolf bear, seal, etc. They are adapted by their structure to feed upon flesh, though some of them, as the bears, also eat vegetable food. The teeth are large and sharp, suitable for cutting flesh, and the jaws powerful.
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Carnivoracity
Car*niv`o*rac"i*ty (?), n. Greediness of appetite for flesh. [Sportive.] Pope.
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Carnivore
Car`ni*vore (kär"n&ibreve_;*vōr), n. [Cf. F. carnivore.] (Zoöl.) One of the Carnivora.
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Carnivorous
Car*niv"o*rous (kär*n&ibreve_;v"&ouptack_;*rŭs), a. [L. carnivorus; caro, carnis, flesh + varare to devour.] Eating or feeding on flesh. The term is applied: (a) to animals which naturally seek flesh for food, as the tiger, dog, etc.; (b) to plants which are supposed to absorb animal food; (c) to substances which destroy animal tissue, as caustics.
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Carnous
Carnose
{ Car*nose (?), Car"*nous } (?), a. [L. carnosus, fr. caro, carnis, flesh: cf. OF. carneux, F. charneux.] 1. Of or pertaining to flesh; fleshy.
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A distinct carnose muscle. Ray.
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2. (Bot.) Of a fleshy consistence; -- applied to succulent leaves, stems, etc.
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Carnosity
Car*nos"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. carnosité.]
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1. (Med.) A fleshy excrescence; esp. a small excrescence or fungous growth. Wiseman.
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2. Fleshy substance or quality; fleshy covering.
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[Consciences] overgrown with so hard a carnosity. Spelman.
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The olives, indeed be very small there, and bigger than capers; yet commended they are for their carnosity. Holland.
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Carnot's cycle
Car`not's" cy"cle (kär`nōz"). [After N. L. S. Carnot, French physicist.] (Thermodynamics) An ideal heat-engine cycle in which the working fluid goes through the following four successive operations: (1) Isothermal expansion to a desired point; (2) adiabatic expansion to a desired point; (3) isothermal compression to such a point that (4) adiabatic compression brings it back to its initial state.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Carob
Car"ob (?), n. [Cf. F. caroube fruit of the carob tree, Sp. garrobo, al-garrobo, carob tree, fr. Ar. kharrūb, Per. Kharnūb. Cf. Clgaroba.] 1. (Bot.) An evergreen leguminous tree (Ceratania Siliqua) found in the countries bordering the Mediterranean; the St. John's bread; -- called also carob tree.
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2. One of the long, sweet, succulent, pods of the carob tree, which are used as food for animals and sometimes eaten by man; -- called also St. John's bread, carob bean, and algaroba bean.
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Caroche
Ca*roche" (?), n. [OF. carrache, F. carrose from It. carrocio, carrozza, fr. carro, L. carus. See Car.] A kind of pleasure carriage; a coach. [Obs.]
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To mount two-wheeled caroches. Butler.
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Caroched
Ca*roched" (?), a. Placed in a caroche. [Obs.]
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Beggary rides caroched. Massenger.
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Caroigne
Car"oigne (?), n. [See Carrion.] Dead body; carrion. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Carol
Car"ol (?), n. [OF. carole a kind of dance wherein many dance together, fr. caroler to dance; perh. from Celtic; cf. Armor. koroll, n., korolla, korolli, v., Ir. car music, turn, circular motion, also L. choraula a flute player, charus a dance, chorus, choir.] 1. A round dance. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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2. A song of joy, exultation, or mirth; a lay.
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The costly feast, the carol, and the dance. Dryden
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It was the carol of a bird. Byron.
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3. A song of praise of devotion; as, a Christmas or Easter carol.
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Heard a carol, mournful, holy. Tennyson.
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In the darkness sing your carol of high praise. Keble.
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4. Joyful music, as of a song.
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I heard the bells on Christmans Day
Their old, familiar carol play.
Longfellow.
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Carol
Car"ol (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Caroled (?), or Carolled; p. pr. & vb. n. Caroling, or Carolling.]
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1. To praise or celebrate in song.
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The Shepherds at their festivals
Carol her goodness.
Milton.
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2. To sing, especially with joyful notes.
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Hovering swans . . . carol sounds harmonious. Prior.
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Carol
Car"ol, v. i. To sing; esp. to sing joyfully; to warble.
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And carol of love's high praise. Spenser.
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The gray linnets carol from the hill. Beattie.
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Carrol
Carol
{ Car"ol, Car"rol }, n. [OF. carole a sort of circular space, or carol.] (Arch.) A small closet or inclosure built against a window on the inner side, to sit in for study. The word was used as late as the 16th century. The term carrel, of the same has largely superseded its use.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

A bay window may thus be called a carol. Parker.
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Carolin
Car"o*lin (?), n. [L. Carolus Charles.] A former gold coin of Germany worth nearly five dollars; also, a gold coin of Sweden worth nearly five dollars.
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Carolina pink
Car`o*li"na pink` (?). (Bot.) See Pinkboot.
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Caroline
Car"o*line (?), n. A coin. See Carline.
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Caroling
Car"ol*ing (?), n. A song of joy or devotion; a singing, as of carols. Coleridge.
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Such heavenly notes and carolings. Spenser.
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Carolinian
Car`o*lin"i*an (?), n. A native or inhabitant of north or South Carolina.
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Carolitic
Car`o*lit"ic (?), a. (Arch.) Adorned with sculptured leaves and branches.
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Carolus
Car"o*lus (?), n.; pl. E. Caroluses (#), L. Caroli (#). [L., Charles.] An English gold coin of the value of twenty or twenty-three shillings. It was first struck in the reign of Charles I.
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Told down the crowns and Caroluses. Macawlay.
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Carom
Car"om (?), n. [Prob. corrupted fr. F. carumboler to carom, carambolage a carom, carambole the red ball in billiards.] (Billiards) A shot in which the ball struck with the cue comes in contact with two or more balls on the table; a hitting of two or more balls with the player's ball. In England it is called cannon.
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Carom
Car"om, v. i. (Billiards) To make a carom.
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Caromel
Car"o*mel (?), n. See Caramel.
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Caroteel
Car`o*teel" (?), n. (Com.) A tierce or cask for dried fruits, etc., usually about 700 lbs. Simmonds.
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Carotic
Ca*rot"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; stupefying. See Carotid.] 1. Of or pertaining to stupor; as, a carotic state.
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2. (Anat.) Carotid; as, the carotic arteries.
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Carotid
Ca*rot"id (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, pl., from &unr_; heavy sleep: cf. F. carotide. The early Greeks believed that these arteries in some way caused drowsiness.] (Anat.) One of the two main arteries of the neck, by which blood is conveyed from the aorta to the head. [See Illust. of Aorta.]
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Carotidal
Carotid
{ Ca*rot"id (?), Ca*rot"id*al (?), } a. (Anat.) Pertaining to, or near, the carotids or one of them; as, the carotid gland.
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Carotin
Ca*ro"tin (?), n. (Chem.) A red crystallizable tasteless substance, extracted from the carrot.
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Carotte
Ca`rotte" (?), n. [F., prop., carrot.] A cylindrical roll of tobacco; as, a carotte of perique.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Carousal
Ca*rous"al (?), n. [See Carouse, but also cf. F. carrousel tilt.] A jovial feast or festival; a drunken revel; a carouse.
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The swains were preparing for a carousal. Sterne.

Syn. -- Banquet; revel; orgie; carouse. See Feast.
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Carouse
Ca*rouse" (k&adot_;*rouz"), n. [F. carrousse, earlier carous, fr. G. garaus finishing stroke, the entire emptying of the cup in drinking a health; gar entirely + aus out. See Yare, and Out.] 1. A large draught of liquor. [Obs.] “A full carouse of sack.” Sir J. Davies.
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Drink carouses to the next day's fate. Shak.
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2. A drinking match; a carousal.
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The early feast and late carouse. Pope.
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Carouse
Ca*rouse" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Caroused (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Carousing.] To drink deeply or freely in compliment; to take part in a carousal; to engage in drunken revels.
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He had been aboard, carousing to his mates. Shak.
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Carouse
Ca*rouse" v. t. To drink up; to drain; to drink freely or jovially. [Archaic]
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Guests carouse the sparkling tears of the rich grape. Denham.
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Egypt's wanton queen,
Carousing gems, herself dissolved in love.
Young.
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carousel
carousel (kăr`&ouptack_;*s&ebreve_;l"), n. 1. a continuous belt oriented horizontally or near-horizontally around a central structure, driven in a circular motion by some mechanism, which carries luggage delivered from the luggage hold of an airplane to air travelers; -- used at airports.
Syn. -- luggage carousel.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. same as merry-go-round.
Syn. -- merry-go-round, roundabout, whirligig.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carouser
Ca*rous"er (?), n. One who carouses; a reveler.
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Carousing
Ca*rous"ing, a. That carouses; relating to a carouse.
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Carousingly
Ca*rous"ing*ly, adv. In the manner of a carouser.
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Carp
Carp (kärp), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Carped (kärpt); p. pr. & vb. n. Carping.] [OE. carpen to say, speak; from Scand. (cf. Icel. karpa to boast), but influenced later by L. carpere to pluck, calumniate.] 1. To talk; to speak; to prattle. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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2. To find fault; to cavil; to censure words or actions without reason or ill-naturedly; -- usually followed by at.
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Carping and caviling at faults of manner. Blackw. Mag.
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And at my actions carp or catch. Herbert.
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Carp
Carp, v. t. 1. To say; to tell. [Obs.]
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2. To find fault with; to censure. [Obs.] Dryden.
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Carp
Carp, n.; pl. Carp, formerly Carps. [Cf. Icel. karfi, Dan. karpe, Sw. karp, OHG. charpho, G. karpfen, F. carpe, LL. carpa.] (Zool.) A fresh-water herbivorous fish (Cyprinus carpio.). Several other species of Cyprinus, Catla, and Carassius are called carp. See Cruclan carp.
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&hand_; The carp was originally from Asia, whence it was early introduced into Europe, where it is extensively reared in artificial ponds. Within a few years it has been introduced into America, and widely distributed by the government. Domestication has produced several varieties, as the leather carp, which is nearly or quite destitute of scales, and the mirror carp, which has only a few large scales. Intermediate varieties occur.
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Carp louse (Zool.), a small crustacean, of the genus Argulus, parasitic on carp and allied fishes. See Branchiura. -- Carp mullet (Zool.), a fish (Moxostoma carpio) of the Ohio River and Great Lakes, allied to the suckers. -- Carp sucker (Zool.), a name given to several species of fresh-water fishes of the genus Carpiodes in the United States; -- called also quillback.
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Carpal
Car"pal (?), a. [From Carpus.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the carpus, or wrist. -- n. One of the bones or cartilages of the carpus; a carpale.
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Carpal angle (Zool.), the angle at the last joint of the folded wing of a bird.
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Carpale
Car*pa"le (?), n.; pl. Carpalia (#). [NL., fr. E. carpus.] (Anat.) One of the bones or cartilages of the carpus; esp. one of the series articulating with the metacarpals.
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Carpathian
Car*pa"thi*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to a range of mountains in Austro-Hungary, called the Carpathians, which partially inclose Hungary on the north, east, and south.
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Carpellum
Carpel
{ Car"pel (kär"p&ebreve_;l), ‖Car*pel"lum (-p&ebreve_;l"lŭm), } n. [NL. carpellum, fr. Gr. karpo`s fruit.] (Bot.) A simple pistil or single-celled ovary or seed vessel, or one of the parts of a compound pistil, ovary, or seed vessel. See Illust of Carpaphore.
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Carpellary
Car"pel*la*ry (?), a. (Bot.) Belonging to, forming, or containing carpels.
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carpellate
carpellate adj. (Botany) bearing or consisting of carpels. Opposite of acarpelous.
Syn. -- pistillate.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carpenter
Car"pen*ter (?), n. [OF. carpentier, F. charpentier, LL. carpentarius, fr. L. carpentum wagon, carriage.] An artificer who works in timber; a framer and builder of houses, ships, etc.

Syn. -- Carpenter, Joiner. The carpenter frames and puts together roofs, partitions, floors, and other structural parts of a building. The joiner supplies stairs, doors shutters, mantelpieces, cupboards, and other parts necessary to finishing the building. In America the two trades are commonly united.
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Carpenter ant (Zool.), any species of ant which gnaws galleries in the wood of trees and constructs its nests therein. They usually select dead or somewhat decayed wood. The common large American species is Formica Pennsylvanica. -- Carpenter bee (Zool.), a large hymenopterous insect of the genus Xylocopa; -- so called because it constructs its nest by gnawing long galleries in sound timber. The common American species is Xylocopa Virginica.
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carpenteria
carpenteria n. a California evergreen shrub (Carpenteria californica) having glossy opposite leaves and terminal clusters of a few fragrant white flowers.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carpentering
Car"pen*ter*ing, n. The occupation or work of a carpenter; the act of working in timber; carpentry.
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Carpentry
Car"pen*try (?), n. [F. charpenterie, OF. also carpenterie. See Carpenter.]
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1. The art of cutting, framing, and joining timber, as in the construction of buildings.
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2. An assemblage of pieces of timber connected by being framed together, as the pieces of a roof, floor, etc.; work done by a carpenter.
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Carper
Carp"er (?), n. One who carps; a caviler. Shak.
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Carpet
Car"pet (kär"p&ebreve_;t), n. [OF. carpite rug, soft of cloth, F. carpette coarse packing cloth, rug (cf. It. carpita rug, blanket), LL. carpeta, carpita, woolly cloths, fr. L. carpere to pluck, to card (wool); cf. Gr. karpo`s fruit, E. Harvest.] 1. A heavy woven or felted fabric, usually of wool, but also of cotton, hemp, straw, etc.; esp. a floor covering made in breadths to be sewed together and nailed to the floor, as distinguished from a rug or mat; originally, also, a wrought cover for tables.
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Tables and beds covered with copes instead of carpets and coverlets. T. Fuller.
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2. A smooth soft covering resembling or suggesting a carpet. “The grassy carpet of this plain.” Shak.
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Carpet beetle or Carpet bug (Zool.), a small beetle (Anthrenus scrophulariæ), which, in the larval state, does great damage to carpets and other woolen goods; -- also called buffalo bug. -- Carpet knight. (a) A knight who enjoys ease and security, or luxury, and has not known the hardships of the field; a hero of the drawing room; an effeminate person. Shak. (b) One made a knight, for some other than military distinction or service. -- Carpet moth (Zool.), the larva of an insect which feeds on carpets and other woolen goods. There are several kinds. Some are the larvæ of species of Tinea (as Tinea tapetzella); others of beetles, esp. Anthrenus. -- Carpet snake (Zool.), an Australian snake. See Diamond snake, under Diamond. -- Carpet sweeper, an apparatus or device for sweeping carpets. -- To be on the carpet, to be under consideration; to be the subject of deliberation; to be in sight; -- an expression derived from the use of carpets as table cover. -- Brussels carpet. See under Brussels.
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Carpet
Car"pet, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Carpeted; p. pr. & vb. n. Carpeting.] To cover with, or as with, a carpet; to spread with carpets; to furnish with a carpet or carpets.
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Carpeted temples in fashionable squares. E. Everett.
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Carpetbag
Car"pet*bag` (?), n. A portable bag for travelers; -- so called because originally made of carpet.
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Carpetbagger
Car"pet*bag`ger (?), n. An adventurer; -- a term of contempt for a Northern man seeking private gain or political advancement in the southern part of the United States after the Civil War (1865). [U. S.]
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carpeted
carpeted adj. covered with or as if with carpeting or with carpeting as specified; often used in combination; as, the carpeted hallway; a flower-carpeted hillside. Opposite of uncarpeted.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carpeting
Car"pet*ing, n. 1. The act of covering with carpets.
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2. Cloth or materials for carpets; carpets, in general.
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The floor was covered with rich carpeting. Prescott.
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Carpetless
Car"pet*less, a. Without a carpet.
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Carpetmonger
Car"pet*mon`ger (?), n. 1. One who deals in carpets; a buyer and seller of carpets.
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2. One fond of pleasure; a gallant. Shak.
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Carpetway
Car"pet*way` (?), n. (Agric.) A border of greensward left round the margin of a plowed field. Ray.
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Carphology
Car*phol"o*gy (kär*f&obreve_;l"&ouptack_;*j&ybreve_;), n. [Gr. ka`rfos any small dry body + -logy: cf. F. carphologie.] (Med.) See Floccillation.
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Carpinaceae
Carpinaceae n. a natural family used in some classification systems to include the genera Carpinus; Ostryopsis; and Ostryopsis.
Syn. -- subfamily Carpinaceae, family Carpinaceae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carping
Carp"ing (kärp"&ibreve_;ng), a. Fault-finding; censorious caviling. See Captious.

-- Carp"ing*ly, adv.
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Carpintero
Car`pin*te"ro (kär`p&euptack_;n*t&auptack_;"r&ouptack_;), n. [Sp., a carpenter, a woodpecker.] A california woodpecker (Melanerpes formicivorus), noted for its habit of inserting acorns in holes which it drills in trees. The acorns become infested by insect larvæ, which, when grown, are extracted for food by the bird.
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Carpodacus
Carpodacus n. a genus of birds including the house finch (Carpodacus mexicanus) and purple finch (Carpodacus purpurea).
Syn. -- genus Carpodacus.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carpogenic
Car`po*gen"ic (kär`p&ouptack_;*j&ebreve_;n"&ibreve_;k), a. [Gr. karpo`s fruit + -gen.] (Bot.) Productive of fruit, or causing fruit to be developed.
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Carpolite
Car"po*lite (kär"p&ouptack_;*līt), n. [Gr. karpo`s fruit + -lite, cf. F. carpolithe.] A general term for a fossil fruit, nut, or seed.
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Carpological
Car`po*log"i*cal (?), a. Of or pertaining to carpology.
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Carpologist
Car*pol"o*gist (?), n. One who describes fruits; one versed in carpology.
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Carpology
Car*pol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. karpo`s fruit + -logy.] That branch of botany which relates to the structure of seeds and fruit.
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Carpophagous
Car*poph"a*gous (?), a. [Gr. karpo`s fruit + &unr_; to eat.] Living on fruits; fruit-consuming.
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Carpophore
Car"po*phore (?), n. [Gr. karpo`s fruit + fe`rein to bear.] (Bot.) A slender prolongation of the receptacle as an axis between the carpels, as in Geranium and many umbelliferous plants.
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Carpophyll
Car"po*phyll (?), n. [Gr. karpo`s fruit + &unr_; leaf.] (Bot.) A leaf converted into a fruit or a constituent portion of a fruit; a carpel. [See Illust. of Gymnospermous.]
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Carpophyte
Car"po*phyte (kär"p&ouptack_;*līt), n. [Gr. karpo`s fruit + fyto`n plant.] (Bot.) A flowerless plant which forms a true fruit as the result of fertilization, as the red seaweeds, the Ascomycetes, etc.
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&hand_; The division of algæ and fungi into four classes called Carpophytes, Oophytes, Protophytes, and Zygophytes (or Carposporeæ, Oosporeæ, Protophyta, and Zygosporeæ) was proposed by Sachs about 1875.
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Carpospore
Car"po*spore (?), n. [Gr. karpo`s + -spore.] (Bot.) A kind of spore formed in the conceptacles of red algæ. -- Car`po*spor"ic (&unr_;), a.
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carposporous
carposporic
car`po*spor"ic, car`po*spor"ous adj. 1. of or relating to a carpospore.
[PJC]

2. having carpospores.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carpus
Car"pus (kär"pŭs), n.; pl. Carpi (kär"pī). [NL., fr. Gr. karpo`s wrist.] (Anat.) The wrist; the bones or cartilages between the forearm, or antibrachium, and the hand or forefoot; in man, consisting of eight short bones disposed in two rows.
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Carrack
Car"rack (?), n. See Carack.
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Carrigeen
Carrageen
{ Car"ra*geen` (?), Car"ri*geen` (?) }, n. A small, purplish, branching, cartilaginous seaweed (Chondrus crispus), which, when bleached, is the Irish moss of commerce. [Also written carragheen, carageen.]
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Carrigeenin
Carrageenan
{ Car`ra*geen"an (?), Car`ri*geen"in (?) }, n. a colloidal material obtained from seaweed or Irish moss, used as an thickening or emulsifying agent and for stabilizing foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.
[PJC]

Carrancha
Car*ran"cha (?), n. [Native name.] (Zool.) The Brazilian kite (Polyborus Brasiliensis); -- so called in imitation of its notes.
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Carraway
Car"ra*way (?), n. See Caraway.
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Carrel
Car"rel (?), n. See Quarrel, an arrow.
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Carrel
Car"rel, n. (Arch.) 1. Same as 4th Carol.
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2. a table partitioned by vertical boards into small areas where an individual may read or study with minimal distraction from activities nearby. They are used especially in libraries. Also, the term is used to refer to one partition of such a table. Related etymologically to the 4th carol.
[PJC]

Carriable
Car"ri*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being carried.
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Carriage
Car"riage (?), n. [OF. cariage luggage, carriage, chariage carriage, cart, baggage, F. charriage, cartage, wagoning, fr. OF. carier, charier, F. charrier, to cart. See Carry.] 1. That which is carried; burden; baggage. [Obs.]
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David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage. 1. Sam. xvii. 22.
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And after those days we took up our carriages and went up to Jerusalem. Acts. xxi. 15.
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2. The act of carrying, transporting, or conveying.
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Nine days employed in carriage. Chapman.
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3. The price or expense of carrying.
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4. That which carries of conveys, as: (a) A wheeled vehicle for persons, esp. one designed for elegance and comfort. (b) A wheeled vehicle carrying a fixed burden, as a gun carriage. (c) A part of a machine which moves and carries of supports some other moving object or part. (d) A frame or cage in which something is carried or supported; as, a bell carriage.
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5. The manner of carrying one's self; behavior; bearing; deportment; personal manners.
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His gallant carriage all the rest did grace. Stirling.
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6. The act or manner of conducting measures or projects; management.
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The passage and whole carriage of this action. Shak.
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Carriage horse, a horse kept for drawing a carriage. -- Carriage porch (Arch.), a canopy or roofed pavilion covering the driveway at the entrance to any building. It is intended as a shelter for those who alight from vehicles at the door; -- sometimes erroneously called in the United States porte-cochère.
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Carriageable
Car"riage*a*ble (?), a. Passable by carriages; that can be conveyed in carriages. [R.] Ruskin.
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carriageway
carriageway n. one of the two sides of a motorway where traffic travels in one direction only, usually in two or three lanes. [British]
[WordNet 1.5]

carriage bolt
carriage bolt n. a type of bolt threaded only at the end opposite the head, used mostly for fastening pieces of timber together, and inserted into pre-drilled holes.
[PJC]

carriage house
carriage house n. a small building usually near a large residence or part of an estate, used for keeping coaches, carriages, or other vehicles; -- also called coach house. It is now (1998) obsolescent and its function has been taken over by the garage, which is usually attached to a residence or main building. Carriage houses are still found on older estates, though not usually used for their original purpose.
[PJC]

Carriboo
Car"ri*boo (?), n. See Caribou.
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Carrick
Car"rick (?), n. (Naut.) A carack. See Carack.
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Carrick bend (Naut.), a kind of knot, used for bending together hawsers or other ropes. -- Carrick bitts (Naut.), the bitts which support the windlass. Totten.
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Carrier
Car"ri*er (?), n. [From Carry.] 1. One who, or that which, carries or conveys; a messenger.
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The air which is but . . . a carrier of the sounds. Bacon.
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2. One who is employed, or makes it his business, to carry goods for others for hire; a porter; a teamster.
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The roads are crowded with carriers, laden with rich manufactures. Swift.
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3. (Mach.) That which drives or carries; as: (a) A piece which communicates to an object in a lathe the motion of the face plate; a lathe dog. (b) A spool holder or bobbin holder in a braiding machine. (c) A movable piece in magazine guns which transfers the cartridge to a position from which it can be thrust into the barrel.
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Carrier pigeon (Zool.), a variety of the domestic pigeon used to convey letters from a distant point to to its home. -- Carrier shell (Zool.), a univalve shell of the genus Phorus; -- so called because it fastens bits of stones and broken shells to its own shell, to such an extent as almost to conceal it. -- Common carrier (Law.) See under Common, a.
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Carrion
Car"ri*on (?), n. [OE. caroyne, OF. caroigne, F. charogne, LL. caronia, fr. L. caro flesh Cf. Crone, Crony.] 1. The dead and putrefying body or flesh of an animal; flesh so corrupted as to be unfit for food.
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They did eat the dead carrions. Spenser.
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2. A contemptible or worthless person; -- a term of reproach. [Obs.] “Old feeble carrions.” Shak.
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Carrion
Car"ri*on, a. Of or pertaining to dead and putrefying carcasses; feeding on carrion.
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A prey for carrion kites. Shak.
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Carrion beetle (Zool.), any beetle that feeds habitually on dead animals; -- also called sexton beetle and burying beetle. There are many kinds, belonging mostly to the family Silphidæ. -- Carrion buzzard (Zool.), a South American bird of several species and genera (as Ibycter, Milvago, and Polyborus), which act as scavengers. See Caracara. -- Carrion crow, the common European crow (Corvus corone) which feeds on carrion, insects, fruits, and seeds.
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Carrol
Car"rol (?), n. (Arch.) See 4th Carol.
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Carrom
Car"rom (?), n. (Billiards) See Carom.
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Carromata
Car`ro*ma"ta (?), n. [Sp. in Phil. I.] In the Philippines, a light, two-wheeled, boxlike vehicle usually drawn by a single native pony and used to convey passengers within city limits or for traveling. It is the common public carriage.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Carronade
Car`ron*ade (?), n. [From Carron, in Scotland where it was first made.] (Med.) A kind of short cannon, formerly in use, designed to throw a large projectile with small velocity, used for the purpose of breaking or smashing in, rather than piercing, the object aimed at, as the side of a ship. It has no trunnions, but is supported on its carriage by a bolt passing through a loop on its under side.
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Carron oil
Car"ron oil (kăr"rŭn oil). A lotion of linseed oil and lime water, used as an application to burns and scalds; -- first used at the Carron iron works in Scotland.
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Carrot
Car"rot (?), n. [F. carotte, fr. L. carota; cf. Gr. &unr_;] 1. (Bot.) An umbelliferous biennial plant (Daucus Carota), of many varieties.
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2. The esculent root of cultivated varieties of the plant, usually spindle-shaped, and of a reddish yellow color.
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Carroty
Car"rot*y, a. Like a carrot in color or in taste; -- an epithet given to reddish yellow hair, etc.
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Carrow
Car"row (?), n. [Ir & Gael. carach cunning.] A strolling gamester. [Ireland] Spenser.
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Carry
Car"ry (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Carried (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Carrying.] [OF. carier, charier, F. carrier, to cart, from OF. car, char, F. car, car. See Car.] 1. To convey or transport in any manner from one place to another; to bear; -- often with away or off.
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When he dieth he shall carry nothing away. Ps. xiix. 17.
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Devout men carried Stephen to his burial. Acts viii, 2.
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Another carried the intelligence to Russell. Macaulay.
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The sound will be carried, at the least, twenty miles. Bacon.
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2. To have or hold as a burden, while moving from place to place; to have upon or about one's person; to bear; as, to carry a wound; to carry an unborn child.
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If the ideas . . . were carried along with us in our minds. Locke.
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3. To move; to convey by force; to impel; to conduct; to lead or guide.
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Go, carry Sir John Falstaff to the Fleet. Shak.
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He carried away all his cattle. Gen. xxxi. 18.
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Passion and revenge will carry them too far. Locke.
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4. To transfer from one place (as a country, book, or column) to another; as, to carry the war from Greece into Asia; to carry an account to the ledger; to carry a number in adding figures.
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5. To convey by extension or continuance; to extend; as, to carry the chimney through the roof; to carry a road ten miles farther.
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6. To bear or uphold successfully through conflict, as a leader or principle; hence, to succeed in, as in a contest; to bring to a successful issue; to win; as, to carry an election. “The greater part carries it.” Shak.
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The carrying of our main point. Addison.
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7. To get possession of by force; to capture.
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The town would have been carried in the end. Bacon.
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8. To contain; to comprise; to bear the aspect of ; to show or exhibit; to imply.
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He thought it carried something of argument in it. Watts.
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It carries too great an imputation of ignorance. Lacke.
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9. To bear (one's self); to behave, to conduct or demean; -- with the reflexive pronouns.
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He carried himself so insolently in the house, and out of the house, to all persons, that he became odious. Clarendon.
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10. To bear the charges or burden of holding or having, as stocks, merchandise, etc., from one time to another; as, a merchant is carrying a large stock; a farm carries a mortgage; a broker carries stock for a customer; to carry a life insurance.
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Carry arms (Mil. Drill), a command of the Manual of Arms directing the soldier to hold his piece in the right hand, the barrel resting against the hollow of the shoulder in a nearly perpendicular position. In this position the soldier is said to stand, and the musket to be held, at carry. -- To carry all before one, to overcome all obstacles; to have uninterrupted success. -- To carry arms (a) To bear weapons. (b) To serve as a soldier. -- To carry away. (a) (Naut.) to break off; to lose; as, to carry away a fore-topmast. (b) To take possession of the mind; to charm; to delude; as, to be carried by music, or by temptation. -- To carry coals, to bear indignities tamely, a phrase used by early dramatists, perhaps from the mean nature of the occupation. Halliwell. -- To carry coals to Newcastle, to take things to a place where they already abound; to lose one's labor. -- To carry off (a) To remove to a distance. (b) To bear away as from the power or grasp of others. (c) To remove from life; as, the plague carried off thousands. -- To carry on (a) To carry farther; to advance, or help forward; to continue; as, to carry on a design. (b) To manage, conduct, or prosecute; as, to carry on husbandry or trade. -- To carry out. (a) To bear from within. (b) To put into execution; to bring to a successful issue. (c) To sustain to the end; to continue to the end. -- To carry through. (a) To convey through the midst of. (b) To support to the end; to sustain, or keep from falling, or being subdued. “Grace will carry us . . . through all difficulties.” Hammond. (c) To complete; to bring to a successful issue; to succeed. -- To carry up, to convey or extend in an upward course or direction; to build. -- To carry weight. (a) To be handicapped; to have an extra burden, as when one rides or runs. “He carries weight, he rides a race” Cowper. (b) To have influence.
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Carry
Car"ry, v. i. 1. To act as a bearer; to convey anything; as, to fetch and carry.
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2. To have propulsive power; to propel; as, a gun or mortar carries well.
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3. To hold the head; -- said of a horse; as, to carry well i. e., to hold the head high, with arching neck.
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4. (Hunting) To have earth or frost stick to the feet when running, as a hare. Johnson.
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To carry on, to behave in a wild, rude, or romping manner. [Colloq.]
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Carry
Car"ry (?), n.; pl. Carries (#). A tract of land, over which boats or goods are carried between two bodies of navigable water; a carrying place; a portage. [U.S.]
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Carryall
Car"ry*all` (?), n. [Corrupted fr. cariole.] A light covered carriage, having four wheels and seats for four or more persons, usually drawn by one horse.
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Carrying
Car"ry*ing, n. The act or business of transporting from one place to another.
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Carrying place, a carry; a portage. -- Carrying trade, the business of transporting goods, etc., from one place or country to another by water or land; freighting.
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We are rivals with them in . . . the carrying trade. Jay.
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Carryk
Car"ryk (?), n. A carack. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Carrytale
Car"ry*tale` (?), n. A talebearer. [R.] Shak.
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Carse
Carse (kärs), n. [Of Celtic origin; cf. W. cars bog, fen. carsen reed, Armor. kars, korsen, bog plant, reed.] Low, fertile land; a river valley. [Scot.] Jomieson.
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carsick
car"sick` (kär"s&ibreve_;k`), adj. feeling nauseous due to the movement of a car or other land vehicle; -- similar to airsick and seasick.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cart
Cart (kärt), n. [AS. cræt; cf. W. cart, Ir. & Gael. cairt, or Icel. kartr. Cf. Car.] 1. A common name for various kinds of vehicles, as a Scythian dwelling on wheels, or a chariot. “Phœbus' cart.” Shak.
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2. A two-wheeled vehicle for the ordinary purposes of husbandry, or for transporting bulky and heavy articles.
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Packing all his goods in one poor cart. Dryden.
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3. A light business wagon used by bakers, grocerymen, butchers, etc.
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4. An open two-wheeled pleasure carriage.
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Cart horse, a horse which draws a cart; a horse bred or used for drawing heavy loads; -- also spelled carthorse. -- Cart rope, a stout rope for fastening a load on a cart; any strong rope. -- To put the cart before the horse, To get the cart before the horse, or To set the cart before the horse, to invert the order of related facts or ideas, as by putting an effect for a cause; to do things in an improper order.
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Cart
Cart, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Carted; p. pr. & vb. n. Carting.] 1. To carry or convey in a cart.
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2. To expose in a cart by way of punishment.
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She chuckled when a bawd was carted. Prior.
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Cart
Cart, v. i. To carry burdens in a cart; to follow the business of a carter.
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Cartage
Cart"age (?), n. 1. The act of carrying in a cart.
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2. The price paid for carting.
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Cartbote
Cart"bote` (?), n. [Cart + bote.] (Old Eng. Law.) Wood to which a tenant is entitled for making and repairing carts and other instruments of husbandry.
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Carte
Carte (?), n. [F. See 1st Card.] 1. Bill of fare.
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2. Short for Carte de visite.
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Carte
Quarte
{ Carte. ‖Quarte (?), } n. [F. quarte, prop., a fourth. Cf. Quart.] (Fencing) A position in thrusting or parrying, with the inside of the hand turned upward and the point of the weapon toward the adversary's right breast.
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Carte blanche
Carte` blanche" (?). [F., fr. OF. carte paper + -blanc, blanche, white. See 1st Card.] A blank paper, with a person's signature, etc., at the bottom, given to another person, with permission to superscribe what conditions he pleases. Hence: Unconditional terms; unlimited authority.
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Carte de visite
Carte" de vi*site` (?), pl. Cartes de visite (&unr_;). [F.] 1. A visiting card.
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2. A photographic picture of the size formerly in use for a visiting card.
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Cartel
Car*tel" (?), n. [F., fr. LL. cartellus a little paper, dim. fr. L. charta. See 1st Card.]
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1. (Mil.) An agreement between belligerents for the exchange of prisoners. Wilhelm.
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2. A letter of defiance or challenge; a challenge to single combat. [Obs.]
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He is cowed at the very idea of a cartel., Sir W. Scott.


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Cartel, or Cartel ship, a ship employed in the exchange of prisoners, or in carrying propositions to an enemy; a ship beating a flag of truce and privileged from capture.
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Cartel
Car"tel (?), v. t. To defy or challenge. [Obs.]
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You shall cartel him. B. Jonson.
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Carter
Cart"er (?), n. 1. A charioteer. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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2. A man who drives a cart; a teamster.
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3. (Zool.) (a) Any species of Phalangium; -- also called harvestman. (b) A British fish; the whiff.
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Cartesian
Car*te"sian (?), a. [From Renatus Cartesius, Latinized from of René Descartes: cf. F. cartésien.] Of or pertaining to the French philosopher René Descartes, or his philosophy.
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The Cartesion argument for reality of matter. Sir W. Hamilton.
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Cartesian coordinates (Geom), distance of a point from lines or planes; -- used in a system of representing geometric quantities, invented by Descartes. -- Cartesian devil, a small hollow glass figure, used in connection with a jar of water having an elastic top, to illustrate the effect of the compression or expansion of air in changing the specific gravity of bodies. -- Cartesion oval (Geom.), a curve such that, for any point of the curve mr + m′r′ = c, where r and r′ are the distances of the point from the two foci and m, m′ and c are constant; -- used by Descartes.
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Cartesian
Car*te"sian, n. An adherent of Descartes.
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Cartesianism
Car*te"sian*ism, n. The philosophy of Descartes.
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Carthaginian
Car`tha*gin"i*an, a. Of a pertaining to ancient Carthage, a city of northern Africa. -- n. A native or inhabitant of Carthage.
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Carthamin
Car"tha*min (?), n. (Chem.) A red coloring matter obtained from the safflower, or Carthamus tinctorius.
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cart horse
carthorse
cart"horse`, cart" horse` n. a horse kept for pulling carts; a horse bred or used for drawing heavy loads.
Syn. -- drayhorse.
[WordNet 1.5]

Carthusian
Car*thu"sian (?), n. [LL. Cartusianus, Cartusiensis, from the town of Chartreuse, in France.] (Eccl. Hist.) A member of an exceeding austere religious order, founded at Chartreuse in France by St. Bruno, in the year 1086.
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Carthusian
Car*thu"sian, a. Pertaining to the Carthusian.
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Cartilage
Car"ti*lage (?), n. [L. cartilago; cf. F. cartilage.] (Anat.) A translucent, elastic tissue; gristle.
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&hand_; Cartilage contains no vessels, and consists of a homogeneous, intercellular matrix, in which there are numerous minute cavities, or capsules, containing protoplasmic cells, the cartilage corpuscul. See Illust under Duplication.
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Articular cartilage, cartilage that lines the joints. -- Cartilage bone (Anat.), any bone formed by the ossification of cartilage. -- Costal cartilage, cartilage joining a rib with he sternum. See Illust. of Thorax.
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Cartilagineous
Car`ti*la*gin"e*ous (?), a. [L. cartilageneus.] See Cartilaginous. Ray.
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Cartilaginification
Car`ti*la*gin`i*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [L. cartilago, -laginis, cartilage + facere to make.] The act or process of forming cartilage. Wright.
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Cartilaginous
Car`ti*lag"i*nous (?), a. [L. cartilaginosus: cf. F. cartilagineux.] 1. Of or pertaining to cartilage; gristly; firm and tough like cartilage.
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2. (Zool.) Having the skeleton in the state of cartilage, the bones containing little or no calcareous matter; said of certain fishes, as the sturgeon and the sharks.
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Cartist
Car"tist (?), n. [Sp. cartista, fr. carta paper, document (cf. Pg. carta). See Charta; cf. Chartist.] In Spain and Portugal, one who supports the constitution.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

cart load
cartload
cartload, cart load n. as much as will fill or load a cart; the quantity that a cart holds. In excavating and carting sand, gravel, earth, etc., one third of a cubic yard of the material before it is loosened is estimated to be a cart load.
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Cartman
Cart"man (?), n.; pl. Cartmen (&unr_;). One who drives or uses a cart; a teamster; a carter.
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Cartogram
Car"to*gram (?), n. [F. cartogramme.] A map showing geographically, by shades or curves, statistics of various kinds; a statistical map.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cartographer
Car*tog"ra*pher (?), n. One who makes charts or maps.
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Cartographical
Cartographic
{ Car`to*graph"ic (?), Car`to*graph"ic*al (?) }, a. Of or pertaining to cartography.
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Cartographically
Car`to*graph"ic*al*ly, adv. By cartography.
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Cartography
Car*tog"ra*phy (?), n. [Cf. F. cartographie. See Card, and -graphy.] The art or business of forming charts or maps.
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Cartomancy
Car"to*man`cy (?), n. [Cf. F. cartomancie. See Card, and -mancy.] The art of telling fortunes with cards.
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Carton
Car"ton (kär"t&obreve_;n), n. [F. See Cartoon.] Pasteboard for paper boxes; also, a pasteboard box.
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‖Carton pierre (&unr_;), a species of papier-maché, imitating stone or bronze sculpture. Knight.
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cartonful
cartonful n. the quantity contained in a carton.
Syn. -- carton.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cartoon
Car*toon" (?), n. [F. carton (cf. It. cartone pasteboard, cartoon); fr. L. charta. See 1st card.]
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1. A design or study drawn of the full size, to serve as a model for transferring or copying; -- used in the making of mosaics, tapestries, fresco pantings and the like; as, the cartoons of Raphael.
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2. A large pictorial sketch, as in a journal or magazine; esp. a pictorial caricature; as, the cartoons of “Puck.”
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3. same as comic strip.
[PJC]

4. a motion picture consisting of a series of frames, each being a photograph of a drawing rather than a frame produced by filming a scene of true action, and in which the objects are displaced slightly in succeeding frames so as to give the appearance of motion when projected as a motion picture on the screen. The types of characters portrayed in such films are often similar or identical to those in a comic strip.
[PJC]

Cartoonist
Car*toon"ist, n. One skilled in drawing cartoons.
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cartouche
Cartouch
Car*touch", car*touche" (?), n.; pl. Cartouches (#). [F. cartouche, It. cartuccia, cartoccio, cornet, cartouch, fr. L. charta paper. See 1st Card, and cf. Cartridge.]
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1. (Mil.) (a) A roll or case of paper, etc., holding a charge for a firearm; a cartridge. (b) A cartridge box. (c) A wooden case filled with balls, to be shot from a cannon. (d) A gunner's bag for ammunition. (e) A military pass for a soldier on furlough.
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2. (Arch.) (a) A cantalever, console, corbel, or modillion, which has the form of a scroll of paper. (b) A tablet for ornament, or for receiving an inscription, formed like a sheet of paper with the edges rolled up; hence, any tablet of ornamental form.
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3. (Egyptian Antiq.) An oval figure on monuments, and in papyri, containing the name of a sovereign.
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Cartridge
Car"tridge (kär"tr&ibreve_;j), n. [Formerly cartrage, corrupted fr. F. cartouche. See Cartouch.] (Mil.) A complete charge for a firearm, contained in, or held together by, a case, capsule, or shell of metal, pasteboard, or other material.
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Ball cartridge, a cartridge containing a projectile. -- Blank cartridge, a cartridge without a projectile. -- Center-fire cartridge, a cartridge in which the fulminate occupies an axial position usually in the center of the base of the capsule, instead of being contained in its rim. In the Prussian needle gun the fulminate is applied to the middle of the base of the bullet. -- Rim-fire cartridge, a cartridge in which the fulminate is contained in a rim surrounding its base. -- Cartridge bag, a bag of woolen cloth, to hold a charge for a cannon. -- Cartridge belt, a belt having pockets for cartridges. -- Cartridge box, a case, usually of leather, attached to a belt or strap, for holding cartridges. -- Cartridge paper. (a) A thick stout paper for inclosing cartridges. (b) A rough tinted paper used for covering walls, and also for making drawings upon.
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cartroad
cartroad n. any road or path affording passage especially a rough one.
Syn. -- track, cart track.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cartulary
Car"tu*la*ry (?), n.; pl. Cartularies. [LL. cartularium, chartularium, fr. L. charta paper: cf. F. cartulaire. See 1st Card.]
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1. A register, or record, as of a monastery or church.
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2. An ecclesiastical officer who had charge of records or other public papers.
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Cartway
Cart"way` (?), n. A way or road for carts.
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cartwheel
cartwheel n. 1. the type of wheel used on a cart; it typically has wooden spokes and a metal rim.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. an acrobatic maneuver in which the arms and legs are outstretched like the spokes of a wheel, and the body is turned sideways through one or more revolutions, by first touching the hands and then the feet to the ground, in rapid succession so as to mimic the rolling of a wheel; in the course of this feat, the person performing it is alternately upright and upside-down.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

3. a silver dollar; a dollar made of silver. [Colloq.]
[WordNet 1.5]

cartwheel
cartwheel v. i. 1 to perform a cartwheel{2}.
Syn. -- do cartwheels.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cartwright
Cart"wright` (?), n. [Cart + wright.] An artificer who makes carts; a cart maker.
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Carucage
Car"u*cage (?), n. [LL. carrucagium (OF. charuage.), fr. LL. carruca plow, fr. L. carruca coach.]
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1. (Old Eng. Law.) A tax on every plow or plowland.
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2. The act of plowing. [R.]
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Carucate
Car"u*cate (?), n. [LL. carucata, carrucata. See Carucage.] A plowland; as much land as one team can plow in a year and a day; -- by some said to be about 100 acres. Burrill.
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Caruncula
Caruncle
{ Car"un*cle (?), ‖Ca*run"cu*la (?), } n. [L. caruncula a little piece of flesh, dim. of caro flesh.] 1. (Anat.) A small fleshy prominence or excrescence; especially the small, reddish body, the caruncula lacrymalis, in the inner angle of the eye.
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2. (Bot.) An excrescence or appendage surrounding or near the hilum of a seed.
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3. (Zool.) A naked, flesh appendage, on the head of a bird, as the wattles of a turkey, etc.
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Carunculous
Caruncular
{ Ca*run"cu*lar (?), Ca*run"cu*lous (?), } a. Of, pertaining to, or like, a caruncle; furnished with caruncles.
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Carunculated
Carunculate
{ Ca*run"cu*late (?), Ca*run"cu*la`ted (?), } a. Having a caruncle or caruncles; caruncular.
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Carus
Ca"rus (kā"rŭs), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ka`ros.] (Med.) Coma with complete insensibility; deep lethargy.
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Carvacrol
Car"va*crol (kär"v&adot_;*krōl), n. (Chem.) A thick oily liquid, C10H13.OH, of a strong taste and disagreeable odor, obtained from oil of caraway (Carum carui).
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Carve
Carve (kärv), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Carved (kärvd); p. pr. & vb. n. Carving.] [AS. ceorfan to cut, carve; akin to D. kerven, G. kerben, Dan. karve, Sw. karfva, and to Gr. gra`fein to write, orig. to scratch, and E. -graphy. Cf. Graphic.] 1. To cut. [Obs.]
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Or they will carven the shepherd's throat. Spenser.
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2. To cut, as wood, stone, or other material, in an artistic or decorative manner; to sculpture; to engrave.
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Carved with figures strange and sweet. Coleridge.
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3. To make or shape by cutting, sculpturing, or engraving; to form; as, to carve a name on a tree.
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An angel carved in stone. Tennyson.
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We carved not a line, and we raised not a stone. C. Wolfe.
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4. To cut into small pieces or slices, as meat at table; to divide for distribution or apportionment; to apportion. “To carve a capon.” Shak.
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5. To cut: to hew; to mark as if by cutting.
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My good blade carved the casques of men. Tennyson.
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A million wrinkles carved his skin. Tennyson.
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6. To take or make, as by cutting; to provide.
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Who could easily have carved themselves their own food. South.
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7. To lay out; to contrive; to design; to plan.
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Lie ten nights awake carving the fashion of a new doublet. Shak.
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To carve out, to make or get by cutting, or as if by cutting; to cut out. “[Macbeth] with his brandished steel . . . carved out his passage.” Shak.
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Fortunes were carved out of the property of the crown. Macaulay.
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Carve
Carve, v. i. 1. To exercise the trade of a sculptor or carver; to engrave or cut figures.
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2. To cut up meat; as, to carve for all the guests.
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Carve
Carve, n. A carucate. [Obs.] Burrill.
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carved
carved adj. formed by carving or having a design carved into the surface. [Narrower terms: sliced]
Syn. -- carven.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Carvel
Car"vel (?), n. [Contr. fr. caravel.] 1. Same as Caravel.
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2. A species of jellyfish; sea blubber. Sir T. Herbert.
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Carvelbuilt
Car"vel*built (?), a. (Shipbuilding) Having the planks meet flush at the seams, instead of lapping as in a clinker-built vessel.
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Carven
Car"ven (?), a. Wrought by carving; ornamented by carvings; carved. [Poetic]
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A carven bowl well wrought of beechen tree. Bp. Hall.
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The carven cedarn doors. Tennyson.
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A screen of carven ivory. Mrs. Browning.
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Carvene
Car"vene (?), n. [F. carvi caraway.] An oily substance, C10H16, extracted from oil caraway.
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Carver
Carv"er (?), n. 1. One who carves; one who shapes or fashions by carving, or as by carving; esp. one who carves decorative forms, architectural adornments, etc. “The carver's chisel.” Dodsley.
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The carver of his fortunes. Sharp (Richardson's Dict. )
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2. One who carves or divides meat at table.
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3. A large knife for carving.
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Carving
Carv"ing, n. 1. The act or art of one who carves.
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2. A piece of decorative work cut in stone, wood, or other material.Carving in wood.” Sir W. Temple.
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3. The whole body of decorative sculpture of any kind or epoch, or in any material; as, the Italian carving of the 15th century.
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Carvist
Car"vist (?), n. [A corruption of carry fist.] (Falconary) A hawk which is of proper age and training to be carried on the hand; a hawk in its first year. Booth.
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Carvol
Car"vol (?), n. (Chem.) One of a species of aromatic oils, resembling carvacrol.
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Car wheel
Car" wheel` (?), A flanged wheel of a railway car or truck.
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Caryatid
Caryatic
{ Car`y*at"ic (?), Car`y*at"id (?), } a. Of or pertaining to a caryatid.
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Caryatid
Car`y*at"id (?), n.; pl. Caryatids (#). [See Caryatides.] (Arch.) A draped female figure supporting an entablature, in the place of a column or pilaster.
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Caryatides
Car`y*at"i*des (?), n. pl. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_; (&unr_;) priestesses in the temple of Diana (the Greek Artemis) at Caryæ (Gr. &unr_;), a village in Laconia; as an architectural term, caryatids.] (Arch) Caryatids.
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&hand_; Corresponding male figures were called Atlantes, Telamones, and Persians.
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Caryophyllaceous
Car`y*o*phyl*la"ceous (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; clove tree; &unr_; nut + &unr_; leaf.] (Bot.) (a) Having corollas of five petals with long claws inclosed in a tubular, calyx, as the pink. (b) Belonging to the family of which the pink and the carnation are the types.
[1913 Webster]

Caryophyllales
Caryophyllales n. an order of plants which corresponds approximately to the older group Centrospermae.
Syn. -- order Caryophyllales, Chenopodiales, order-Chenopodiales.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caryophyllidae
Caryophyllidae n. a group of families of mostly flowers having basal or free-central placentation and trinucleate pollen (binucleate pollen is commoner in flowering plants); it contains 14 families including: Caryophyllaceae (carnations and pinks); Aizoaceae; Amaranthaceae; Batidaceae; Chenopodiaceae; Cactaceae (order Opuntiales); Nyctaginaceae; Phytolaccaceae; it corresponds approximately to order Caryophyllales; it is sometimes classified as a superorder.
Syn. -- subclass Caryophyllidae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caryophyllin
Car`y*oph"yl*lin (?), n. (Chem.) A tasteless and odorless crystalline substance, extracted from cloves, polymeric with common camphor.
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Caryophyllous
Car`y*oph"yl*lous (?), a. Caryophyllaceous.
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Caryopsis
Car`y*op"sis (?), n.; pl. Caryopses (#). [NL., fr. gr. &unr_; hut, kernel + &unr_; sight, form.] (Bot.) A one-celled, dry, indehiscent fruit, with a thin membranous pericarp, adhering closely to the seed, so that fruit and seed are incorporated in one body, forming a single grain, as of wheat, barley, etc.
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Casa
Ca"sa (?), n. [Sp. or It., fr. L. casa cabin.] A house or mansion. [Sp. Amer. & Phil. Islands]

I saw that Enriquez had made no attempt to modernize the old casa, and that even the garden was left in its lawless native luxuriance. Bret Harte.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

casaba
casaba n. a winter melon having a yellowish rind; -- called also casaba melon.
[WordNet 1.5]

Casal
Ca"sal (?), a. (Gram.) Of or pertaining to case; as, a casal ending.
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Casanova
Casanova n. 1. an Italian adventurer (Giovanni Giacomo Casanova; b. 1725; d. 1798) who wrote vivid accounts of his sexual encounters.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. any man noted for his amorous adventures.
[WordNet 1.5]

casava
casava n. any of several plants of the genus Manihot having fleshy roots yielding a nutritious starch.
Syn. -- cassava.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cascabel
Cas"ca*bel (?), n. [Sp. cascabel a little bell, also (fr. the shape), a knob at the breech end of a cannon.] The projection in rear of the breech of a cannon, usually a knob or breeching loop connected with the gun by a neck. In old writers it included all in rear of the base ring. [See Illust. of Cannon.]
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Cascade
Cas*cade" (kăs*kād"), n. [F. cascade, fr. It. cascata, fr. cascare to fall.] A fall of water over a precipice, as in a river or brook; a waterfall less than a cataract.
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The silver brook . . . pours the white cascade. Longjellow.
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Now murm'ring soft, now roaring in cascade. Cowper.
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Cascade
Cas*cade", v. i. 1. To fall in a cascade. Lowell.
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2. To vomit. [Slang] Smollett.
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Cascade method
Cas*cade" meth"od. (Physics) A method of attaining successively lower temperatures by utilizing the cooling effect of the expansion of one gas in condensing another less easily liquefiable, and so on.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cascade system
Cascade system. (Elec.) A system or method of connecting and operating two induction motors so that the primary circuit of one is connected to the secondary circuit of the other, the primary circuit of the latter being connected to the source of supply; also, a system of electric traction in which motors so connected are employed. The cascade system is also called tandem system, or concatenated system; the connection a cascade connection, tandem connection, or concatenated connection, or a concatenation; and the control of the motors so obtained a tandem control, or concatenation control. In the cascade system of traction the cascade connection is used for starting and for low speeds up to half speed. For full speed the short-circuited motor is cut loose from the other motor and is either left idle or (commonly) connected direct to the line.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cascalho
Cas*cal"ho (?), n. [Pg., a chip of stone, gravel.] A deposit of pebbles, gravel, and ferruginous sand, in which the Brazilian diamond is usually found.
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cascara
cascara n. the dried bark of the cascara buckthorn used as a laxative; -- called also cascara sagrada.
Syn. -- chittam bark, chittem bark.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cascara buckthorn
Cas"ca*ra buck"thorn` (?). (Bot.) The buckthorn (Rhamnus Purshiana) of the Pacific coast of the United States, which yields cascara sagrada.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cascara sagrada
Cas"ca*ra sa*gra"da (k&adot_;s"k&adot_;*r&adot_; s&adot_;*grä"d&adot_;). [Sp.] Holy bark; the bark of the California buckthorn (Rhamnus Purshianus), used as a mild cathartic or laxative; -- called also cascara.
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Cascarilla
Cas`ca*ril"la (?), n. [Sp., small thin bark, Peruvian bark, dim. of cáscara bark.] (Bot.) A euphorbiaceous West Indian shrub (Croton Eleutheria); also, its aromatic bark.
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Cascarilla bark (or Cascarilla) (Med.), the bark of Croton Eleutheria. It has an aromatic odor and a warm, spicy, bitter taste, and when burnt emits a musky odor. It is used as a gentle tonic, and sometimes, for the sake of its fragrance, mixed with smoking tobacco, when it is said to occasion vertigo and intoxication.
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Cascarillin
Cas`ca*ril"lin (?), n. (Chem.) A white, crystallizable, bitter substance extracted from oil of cascarilla.
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Cascaron
Cas`ca*ron" (?), n. [Sp. cascarón.] Lit., an eggshell; hence, an eggshell filled with confetti to be thrown during balls, carnivals, etc. [Western U. S.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Case
Case (kās), n. [OF. casse, F. caisse (cf. It. cassa), fr. L. capsa chest, box, case, fr. capere to take, hold. See Capacious, and cf. 4th Chase, Cash, Enchase, 3d Sash.]
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1. A box, sheath, or covering; as, a case for holding goods; a case for spectacles; the case of a watch; the case (capsule) of a cartridge; a case (cover) for a book.
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2. A box and its contents; the quantity contained in a box; as, a case of goods; a case of instruments.
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3. (Print.) A shallow tray divided into compartments or “boxes” for holding type.
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&hand_; Cases for type are usually arranged in sets of two, called respectively the upper and the lower case. The upper case contains capitals, small capitals, accented and marked letters, fractions, and marks of reference: the lower case contains the small letters, figures, marks of punctuation, quadrats, and spaces.
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4. An inclosing frame; a casing; as, a door case; a window case.
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5. (Mining) A small fissure which admits water to the workings. Knight.
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Case
Case, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cased (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Casing.] 1. To cover or protect with, or as with, a case; to inclose.
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The man who, cased in steel, had passed whole days and nights in the saddle. Prescott.
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2. To strip the skin from; as, to case a box. [Obs.]
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Case
Case, n. [F. cas, fr. L. casus, fr. cadere to fall, to happen. Cf. Chance.] 1. Chance; accident; hap; opportunity. [Obs.]
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By aventure, or sort, or cas. Chaucer.
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2. That which befalls, comes, or happens; an event; an instance; a circumstance, or all the circumstances; condition; state of things; affair; as, a strange case; a case of injustice; the case of the Indian tribes.
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In any case thou shalt deliver him the pledge. Deut. xxiv. 13.
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If the case of the man be so with his wife. Matt. xix. 10.
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And when a lady's in the case
You know all other things give place.
Gay.
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You think this madness but a common case. Pope.
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I am in case to justle a constable, Shak.
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3. (Med. & Surg.) A patient under treatment; an instance of sickness or injury; as, ten cases of fever; also, the history of a disease or injury.
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A proper remedy in hypochondriacal cases. Arbuthnot.
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4. (Law) The matters of fact or conditions involved in a suit, as distinguished from the questions of law; a suit or action at law; a cause.
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Let us consider the reason of the case, for nothing is law that is not reason. Sir John Powell.
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Not one case in the reports of our courts. Steele.
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5. (Gram.) One of the forms, or the inflections or changes of form, of a noun, pronoun, or adjective, which indicate its relation to other words, and in the aggregate constitute its declension; the relation which a noun or pronoun sustains to some other word.
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Case is properly a falling off from the nominative or first state of word; the name for which, however, is now, by extension of its signification, applied also to the nominative. J. W. Gibbs.
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&hand_; Cases other than the nominative are oblique cases. Case endings are terminations by which certain cases are distinguished. In old English, as in Latin, nouns had several cases distinguished by case endings, but in modern English only that of the possessive case is retained.
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Action on the case (Law), according to the old classification (now obsolete), was an action for redress of wrongs or injuries to person or property not specially provided against by law, in which the whole cause of complaint was set out in the writ; -- called also trespass on the case, or simply case. -- All a case, a matter of indifference. [Obs.] “It is all a case to me.” L'Estrange. -- Case at bar. See under Bar, n. -- Case divinity, casuistry. -- Case lawyer, one versed in the reports of cases rather than in the science of the law. -- Case stated or Case agreed on (Law), a statement in writing of facts agreed on and submitted to the court for a decision of the legal points arising on them. -- A hard case, an abandoned or incorrigible person. [Colloq.] -- In any case, whatever may be the state of affairs; anyhow. -- In case, or In case that, if; supposing that; in the event or contingency; if it should happen that.In case we are surprised, keep by me.” W. Irving. -- In good case, in good condition, health, or state of body. -- To put a case, to suppose a hypothetical or illustrative case.

Syn. -- Situation, condition, state; circumstances; plight; predicament; occurrence; contingency; accident; event; conjuncture; cause; action; suit.
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Case
Case, v. i. To propose hypothetical cases. [Obs.]Casing upon the matter.” L'Estrange.
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caseate
caseate v. i. 1. to turn into cheese; -- of milk.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. to undergo caseation; -- of dead tissue.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caseation
Ca`se*a"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. caséation. See Casein.] (Med.) A degeneration of animal tissue into a cheesy or curdy mass.
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Case-bay
Case"-bay` (?), n. (Arch.) (a) The space between two principals or girders. (b) One of the joists framed between a pair of girders in naked flooring.
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casebook
case"book` n. a book in which detailed written records of cases are kept and which are a source of information for subsequent work. Such books are often used as supplements to texts in law schools.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

cased
cased adj. 1. covered or protected with or as if with a case; as, knights cased in steel.
Syn. -- encased, incased.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. same as bound; -- of books.
Syn. -- covered.
[WordNet 1.5]

caseful
caseful n. the quantity contained in a case.
Syn. -- case.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caseharden
Case"hard`en (?), v. t. 1. To subject to a process which converts the surface of iron into steel.
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2. To render insensible to good influences.
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Casehardened
Case"hard`ened (?), a. 1. Having the surface hardened, as iron tools.
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2. Hardened against, or insusceptible to, good influences; rendered callous by persistence in wrongdoing or resistance of good influences; -- said of persons.
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Casehardening
Case"hard`en*ing, n. The act or process of converting the surface of iron into steel. Ure.
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&hand_; Casehardening is now commonly effected by cementation with charcoal or other carbonizing material, the depth and degree of hardening (carbonization) depending on the time during which the iron is exposed to the heat. See Cementation.
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Caseic
Ca"se*ic (?), a. [Cf. F. caséique, fr. L. caseus cheese.] Of or pertaining to cheese; as, caseic acid.
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Casein
Ca"se*in (?), n. [Cf. F. caséine, fr. L. caseur cheese. Cf. Cheese.] (Physiol. Chem.) A proteid substance present in both the animal and the vegetable kingdom. In the animal kingdom it is chiefly found in milk, and constitutes the main part of the curd separated by rennet; in the vegetable kingdom it is found more or less abundantly in the seeds of leguminous plants. Its reactions resemble those of alkali albumin. [Written also caseine.]

Case knife
Case" knife` (?). 1. A knife carried in a sheath or case. Addison.
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2. A large table knife; -- so called from being formerly kept in a case.
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Casemate
Case"mate (?), n. [F. casemate, fr. It. casamatta, prob. from casa house + matto, f. matta, mad, weak, feeble, dim. from the same source as E. -mate in checkmate.]
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1. (Fort.) A bombproof chamber, usually of masonry, in which cannon may be placed, to be fired through embrasures; or one capable of being used as a magazine, or for quartering troops.
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2. (Arch.) A hollow molding, chiefly in cornices.
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Casemated
Case"ma`ted (?), a. Furnished with, protected by, or built like, a casemate. Campbell.
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Casement
Case"ment (?), n. [Shortened fr. encasement. See Incase 1st Case, and cf. Incasement.] (Arch.) A window sash opening on hinges affixed to the upright side of the frame into which it is fitted. (Poetically) A window.
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A casement of the great chamber window. Shak.
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Casemented
Case"ment*ed, a. Having a casement or casements.
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Caseose
Ca"se*ose (?), n. [Casein + -ose.] (Physiol.Chem.) A soluble product (proteose) formed in the gastric and pancreatic digestion of casein and caseinogen.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Caseous
Ca"se*ous (?), a. [L. caseus. Cf. Casein.] Of, pertaining to, or resembling, cheese; having the qualities of cheese; cheesy.
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Caseous degeneration, a morbid process, in scrofulous or consumptive persons, in which the products of inflammation are converted into a cheesy substance which is neither absorbed nor organized.
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Casern
Ca"sern (?), n. [F. caserne.] A lodging for soldiers in garrison towns, usually near the rampart; barracks. Bescherelle.
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Case shot
Case" shot` (?). (Mil.) A collection of small projectiles, inclosed in a case or canister.
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&hand_; In the United States a case shot is a thin spherical or oblong cast-iron shell containing musket balls and a bursting charge, with a time fuse; -- called in Europe shrapnel. In Europe the term case shot is applied to what in the United States is called canister. Wilhelm.
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Case system
Case system. (Law) The system of teaching law in which the instruction is primarily a historical and inductive study of leading or selected cases, with or without the use of textbooks for reference and collateral reading.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Caseum
Ca"se*um (?), n. [L. caseus cheese.] Same as Casein.
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Caseworm
Case"worm` (?), n. (Zool.) A worm or grub that makes for itself a case. See Caddice.
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Cash
Cash (kăsh), n. [F. caisse case, box, cash box, cash. See Case a box.] A place where money is kept, or where it is deposited and paid out; a money box. [Obs.]
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This bank is properly a general cash, where every man lodges his money. Sir W. Temple.
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£20,000 are known to be in her cash. Sir R. Winwood.
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2. (Com.) (a) Ready money; especially, coin or specie; but also applied to bank notes, drafts, bonds, or any paper easily convertible into money. (b) Immediate or prompt payment in current funds; as, to sell goods for cash; to make a reduction in price for cash.
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Cash account (Bookkeeping), an account of money received, disbursed, and on hand. -- Cash boy, in large retail stores, a messenger who carries the money received by the salesman from customers to a cashier, and returns the proper change. [Colloq.] -- Cash credit, an account with a bank by which a person or house, having given security for repayment, draws at pleasure upon the bank to the extent of an amount agreed upon; -- called also bank credit and cash account. -- Cash sales, sales made for ready, money, in distinction from those on which credit is given; stocks sold, to be delivered on the day of transaction.

Syn. -- Money; coin; specie; currency; capital.
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Cash
Cash, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cashed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Casing.] To pay, or to receive, cash for; to exchange for money; as, cash a note or an order.
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Cash
Cash, v. t. [See Cashier.] To disband. [Obs.] Garges.
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Cash
Cash, n. sing. & pl. A Chinese coin.
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&hand_; In 1913 the cash (Chinese tsien) was the only current coin made by the chinese government. It is a thin circular disk of a very base alloy of copper, with a square hole in the center. 1,000 to 1,400 cash were equivalent to a dollar.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

cashable
cashable adj. able to be converted into ready money; as, a cashable check; cashable gambling chips.
Syn. -- redeemable.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cashbook
Cash"book (kăsh"b&oobreve_;k), n. (Bookkeeping) A book in which is kept a register of money received or paid out.
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cashbox
cashbox n. a box for holding cash.
Syn. -- money box, till.
[WordNet 1.5]

cashed
cashed adj. converted into currency; -- of financial instruments; as, a cashed check.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cashew
Ca*shew" (k&adot_;*sh&oomacr_;"), n. [F. acajou, for cajou, prob. from Malay kāyu tree; cf. Pg. acaju, cf. Acajou.] 1. (Bot.) A tree (Anacardium occidentale) of the same family which the sumac. It is native in tropical America, but is now naturalized in all tropical countries. Its fruit, a kidney-shaped nut, grows at the extremity of an edible, pear-shaped hypocarp, about three inches long.
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2. the cashew nut.
[PJC]

Cashew nut, the large, kidney-shaped fruit of the cashew, which is edible after the caustic oil has been expelled from the shell by roasting the nut.
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Cashier
Cash*ier" (kăsh*ēr"), n. [F. caissier, fr. caisse. See Cash.] One who has charge of money; a cash keeper; the officer who has charge of the payments and receipts (moneys, checks, notes), of a bank or a mercantile company.
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Cashier
Cash*ier", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cashiered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Cashiering.] [Earlier cash, fr. F. casser to break, annul, cashier, fr. L. cassare, equiv. to cassum reddere, to annul; cf. G. cassiren. Cf. Quash to annul, Cass.] 1. To dismiss or discard; to discharge; to dismiss with ignominy from military service or from an office or place of trust.
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They have cashiered several of their followers. Addison.
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He had insolence to cashier the captain of the lord lieutenant's own body guard. Macaulay.
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2. To put away or reject; to disregard. [R.]
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Connections formed for interest, and endeared
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By selfish views, [are] censured and cashiered. Cowper.
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They absolutely cashier the literal express sense of the words. Sowth.
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Cashierer
Cash*ier"er (?), n. One who rejects, discards, or dismisses; as, a cashierer of monarchs. [R.] Burke.
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Cashier's check
Cash*ier's" check (?). (Banking) A check drawn by a bank upon its own funds, signed by the cashier.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cashmere
Cash"mere (?), n. 1. A rich stuff for shawls, scarfs, etc., originally made in Cashmere from the soft wool found beneath the hair of the goats of Cashmere, Tibet, and the Himalayas. Some cashmere, of fine quality, is richly embroidered for sale to Europeans.
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2. A dress fabric made of fine wool, or of fine wool and cotton, in imitation of the original cashmere.
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Cashmere shawl, a rich and costly shawl made of cashmere; -- often called camel's-hair shawl.
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Cashmerette
Cash`me*rette" (?), n. A kind of dress goods, made with a soft and glossy surface like cashmere.
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Cashoo
Ca*shoo" (?), n. [F. cachou, NL. catechu, Cochin-Chin. cay cau from the tree called mimosa, or areca catechu. Cf. Catechu.] See Catechu.
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Cash railway
Cash railway. A form of cash carrier in which a small carrier or car travels upon a kind of track.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cash register
Cash register. A device for recording the amount of cash received, usually having an automatic adding machine and a money drawer and exhibiting the amount of the sale.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Casing
Cas"ing (?), n. 1. The act or process of inclosing in, or covering with, a case or thin substance, as plaster, boards, etc.
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2. An outside covering, for protection or ornament, or to precent the radiation of heat.
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3. An inclosing frame; esp. the framework around a door or a window. See Case, n., 4.
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Casings
Ca"sings (?), n. pl. Dried dung of cattle used as fuel. [Prov. Eng.] Waterland.
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Casino
Ca*si"no (?), n.; pl. E. Casinos (#), It. Casini (#). [It. casino, dim. of casa house, fr. L. casa cottage. Cf. Cassing.] 1. A small country house.
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2. A building or room used for meetings, or public amusements, for dancing, etc., sometimes having gambling tables or devices.
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3. A game at cards. See Cassino.
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4. a business establishment for which the primary business is gambling, having various types of gambling tables, such as blackjack or roulette, and usually also slot machines, and sometimes other forms of gambling, such as poker; also, the main room of such an establishment where the gambling is conducted; as, the Trump casinos in Atlantic City.
[PJC]

casino-hotel
casino-hotel n. a business establishment that combines a casino and a hotel.
Syn. -- hotel-casino.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. a building that houses both a hotel and a casino.
Syn. -- hotel-casino.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cask
Cask (k&adot_;sk), n. [Sp. casco potsherd, skull, helmet, prob. fr. cascar to break, fr. L. Quassure to break. Cf. Casque, Cass.] 1. Same as Casque. [Obs.]
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2. A barrel-shaped vessel made of staves headings, and hoops, usually fitted together so as to hold liquids. It may be larger or smaller than a barrel.
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3. The quantity contained in a cask.
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4. A casket; a small box for jewels. [Obs.] Shak.
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Cask
Cask, v. t. To put into a cask.
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Casket
Cas"ket (?), n. [Cf. F. casquet, dim. of casque belmet, fr. Sp. casco.] 1. A small chest or box, esp. of rich material or ornamental character, as for jewels, etc.
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The little casket bring me hither. Shak.
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2. A kind of burial case. [U. S.]
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3. Anything containing or intended to contain something highly esteemed; as: (a) The body. (Shak.) (b) The tomb. (Milton). (c) A book of selections. [poetic]
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They found him dead . . . an empty casket. Shak.
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Casket
Cas"ket, n. (Naut.) A gasket. See Gasket.
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Casket
Cas"ket, v. t. To put into, or preserve in, a casket. [Poetic] “I have casketed my treasure.” Shak.
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caskful
caskful n. the quantity a cask will hold.
Syn. -- cask.
[WordNet 1.5]

Casmerodius
Casmerodius n. a genus of white egrets.
Syn. -- genus Casmerodius.
[WordNet 1.5]

Casque
Casque (k&adot_;sk), n. [F. casque, fr. Sp. casco See Cask.] A piece of defensive or ornamental armor (with or without a vizor) for the head and neck; a helmet.
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His casque overshadowed with brilliant plumes. Prescott.
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Cass
Cass (kăs), v. t. [F. casser, LL. cassare, fr. L. cassus empty, hollow, and perhaps influenced by L. quassare to shake, shatter, v. intens. of quatere to shake. Cf. Cashier, v. t., Quash, Cask.] To render useless or void; to quash; to annul; to reject; to send away. [Obs.] Sir W. Raleigh.
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Cassada
Cas"sa*da (kăs"s&adot_;*d&adot_;; 277), n. See Cassava.
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Cassareep
Cas"sa*reep (kăs"s&adot_;*rēp), n. A condiment made from the sap of the bitter cassava (Manihot utilissima) deprived of its poisonous qualities, concentrated by boiling, and flavored with aromatics. See Pepper pot.
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Cassate
Cas"sate (?), v. t. [LL. cassare. See Cass.] To render void or useless; to vacate or annul. [Obs.]
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Cassation
Cas*sa"tion (?), n. [F. cassation. See Cass.] The act of annulling.
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A general cassation of their constitutions. Motley.
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Court of cassation, the highest court of appeal in France, which has power to quash (Casser) or reverse the decisions of the inferior courts.
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Cassava
Cas"sa*va (kăs"s&adot_;*v&adot_;), n. [F. cassave, Sp. cazabe, fr. kasabi, in the language of Haiti.] 1. (Bot.) A shrubby euphorbiaceous plant of the genus Manihot, with fleshy rootstocks yielding an edible starch; -- called also manioc.
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&hand_; There are two species, bitter and sweet, from which the cassava of commerce is prepared in the West Indies, tropical America, and Africa. The bitter (Manihot utilissima) is the more important; this has a poisonous sap, but by grating, pressing, and baking the root the poisonous qualities are removed. The sweet (Manihot Aipi) is used as a table vegetable.
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2. A nutritious starch obtained from the rootstocks of the cassava plant, used as food and in making tapioca.
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Cassava wood
Cas"sa*va wood` (?). (Bot.) A West Indian tree (Turpinia occidentalis) of the family Staphyleaceæ.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cassel earth
Cassel brown
{ Cas"sel brown, Cas"sel earth } (?). A brown pigment of varying permanence, consisting of impure lignite. It was found originally near Cassel (now Kassel), Germany.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Casse Paper
Cas"se Pa"per (?). [F. papier cassé. See Cass.] Broken paper; the outside quires of a ream.
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Casserole
Cas"se*role (#) n. [F. a saucepan, dim. from casse a basin.] 1. (Chem.) A small round dish with a handle, usually of porcelain.
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2. (Cookery) A mold (in the shape of a hollow vessel or incasement) of boiled rice, mashed potato or paste, baked, and afterwards filled with vegetables or meat.
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Casse-tete
Casse`-tête" (k&adot_;s`tāt"), n. [F., fr. casser to break (see 2d Quash) + tête head.] A small war club, esp. of savages; -- so called because of its supposed use in crushing the skull.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cassette
Cassette
Cas`sette" Cas`sette" (?), n. [F., prop., a casket, dim. of casse a case. See 1st Case.] 1. Same as Seggar.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. a small case to hold a removable part of some mechanism, designed for convenience in inserting and removing the working part. Most commonly referring to a tape cassette, made mostly of plastic, which holds a reel of magnetic tape for tape players or tape recorders or video cassette recorders. The term may refer, as for tape cassettes, to the integrated case plus tape, or sometimes only to the case itself separate from the contents.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Cassia
Cas"sia (kăsh"&adot_;), n. [L. cassia and casia, Gr. kassi`a and kasi`a; of Semitic origin; cf. Heb. qetsīāh, fr. qātsa' to cut off, to peel off.] 1. (Bot.) A genus of leguminous plants (herbs, shrubs, or trees) of many species, most of which have purgative qualities. The leaves of several species furnish the senna used in medicine.
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2. The bark of several species of Cinnamomum grown in China, etc.; Chinese cinnamon. It is imported as cassia, but commonly sold as cinnamon, from which it differs more or less in strength and flavor, and the amount of outer bark attached.
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&hand_; The medicinal “cassia” (Cassia pulp) is the laxative pulp of the pods of a leguminous tree (Cassia fistula or Pudding-pipe tree), native in the East Indies but naturalized in various tropical countries.
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Cassia bark, the bark of Cinnamomum cassia, etc. The coarser kinds are called Cassia lignea, and are often used to adulterate true cinnamon. -- Cassia buds, the dried flower buds of several species of cinnamon (Cinnamomum cassia, atc..). -- Cassia oil, oil extracted from cassia bark and cassia buds; -- called also oil of cinnamon.
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Cassican
Cas"si*can (?), n. [NL. cassicus helmeted, fr. L. cassis a belmet.] (Zool.) An American bird of the genus Cassicus, allied to the starlings and orioles, remarkable for its skillfully constructed and suspended nest; the crested oriole. The name is also sometimes given to the piping crow, an Australian bird.
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Cassideous
Cas*sid"e*ous (?), a. [L. Cassis helmet.] (Bot.) Helmet-shaped; -- applied to a corolla having a broad, helmet-shaped upper petal, as in aconite.
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cassie
cassie n. a type of tropical American thorny shrub or small tree (Acacia farnesiana); it bears fragrant yellow flowers used in making perfumery.
Syn. -- huisache, mimosa bush, sweet wattle, sweet acacia, scented wattle, flame tree, Acacia farnesiana.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cassidony
Cas"si*do*ny (?), n. [Cf. LL. cassidonium, F. cassidoine. See Chalcedony.] (Bot.) (a) The French lavender (Lavandula Stœchas). (b) The goldilocks (Chrysocoma Linosyris) and perhaps other plants related to the genus Gnaphalium or cudweed.
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Cassimere
Cas"si*mere (?), n. [Cf. F. casimir, prob. of the same origin as E. cashmere. Cf. Kerseymere.] A thin, twilled, woolen cloth, used for men's garments. [Written also kerseymere.]
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Cassinette
Cas`si*nette" (?), n. [Cf. Sp. casinete, G. cassinet.] A cloth with a cotton warp, and a woof of very fine wool, or wool and silk.
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Cassinian ovals
Cas*sin"i*an o"vals (?). (Math.) See under Oval.
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Cassino
Cas*si"no (?), n. [It. casino a small house, a gaming house. See casino.] A game at cards, played by two or more persons, usually for twenty-one points.
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Great cassino, the ten of diamonds. -- Little cassino, the two of spades.


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Cassioberry
Cas"si*o*ber`ry (?), n. [NL. cassine, from the language of the Florida Indians.] The fruit of the Viburnum obovatum, a shrub which grows from Virginia to Florida.
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Cassiopeia
Cas`si*o*pe"ia (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;.] (Astron.) A constellation of the northern hemisphere, situated between Cepheus and Perseus; -- so called in honor of the wife of Cepheus, a fabulous king of Ethiopia.
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Cassiopeia's Chair, a group of six stars, in Cassiopeia, somewhat resembling a chair.
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Cassiterite
Cas*sit"er*ite (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; tin.] (Min.) Native tin dioxide; tin stone; a mineral occurring in tetragonal crystals of reddish brown color, and brilliant adamantine luster; also massive, sometimes in compact forms with concentric fibrous structure resembling wood (wood tin), also in rolled fragments or pebbly (Stream tin). It is the chief source of metallic tin. See Black tin, under Black.
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Cassius
Cas"sius (?), n. [From the name of the discoverer, A. Cassius, a German physician of the 17th centry.] A brownish purple pigment, obtained by the action of some compounds of tin upon certain salts of gold. It is used in painting and staining porcelain and glass to give a beautiful purple color. Commonly called Purple of Cassius.
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Cassock
Cas"sock (?), n. [F. casaque, fr. It. casacca, perh. fr. L. casa cottage, in It., house; or of Slavic origin.]
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1. A long outer garment formerly worn by men and women, as well as by soldiers as part of their uniform.
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2. (Eccl.) A garment resembling a long frock coat worn by the clergy of certain churches when officiating, and by others as the usually outer garment.
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Cassocked
Cas"socked (?), a. Clothed with a cassock.
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Cassolette
Cas`so*lette" (?), n. [F.] a box, or vase, with a perforated cover to emit perfumes.
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Cassonade
Cas`son*ade" (?), n. [F., fr. casson, for caisson a large chest. This sugar comes from Brazil in large chests.] Raw sugar; sugar not refined. Mc Elrath.
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Cassowary
Cas"so*wa*ry (?), n.; pl. Cassowaries (#). [Malay kasuāri.] (Zool.) A large bird, of the genus Casuarius, found in the east Indies. It is smaller and stouter than the ostrich. Its head is armed with a kind of helmet of horny substance, consisting of plates overlapping each other, and it has a group of long sharp spines on each wing which are used as defensive organs. It is a shy bird, and runs with great rapidity. Other species inhabit New Guinea, Australia, etc.
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Cassumuniar
Cassumunar
{ Cas`su*mu"nar (?), Cas`su*mu"ni*ar (?), } n. [Hind.] (Med.) A pungent, bitter, aromatic, gingerlike root, obtained from the East Indies.
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Cast
Cast (k&adot_;st), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cast; p. pr. & vb. n. Casting.] [Cf. Dan. kaste, Icel. & Sw. kasta; perh. akin to L. gerere to bear, carry. E. jest.] 1. To send or drive by force; to throw; to fling; to hurl; to impel.
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Uzziah prepared . . . slings to cast stones. 2 Chron. xxvi. 14.
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Cast thy garment about thee, and follow me. Acts. xii. 8.
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We must be cast upon a certain island. Acts. xxvii. 26.
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2. To direct or turn, as the eyes.
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How earnestly he cast his eyes upon me! Shak.
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3. To drop; to deposit; as, to cast a ballot.
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4. To throw down, as in wrestling. Shak.
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5. To throw up, as a mound, or rampart.
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Thine enemies shall cast a trench [bank] about thee. Luke xix. 48.
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6. To throw off; to eject; to shed; to lose.
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His filth within being cast. Shak.
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Neither shall your vine cast her fruit. Mal. iii. 11
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The creatures that cast the skin are the snake, the viper, etc. Bacon.
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7. To bring forth prematurely; to slink.
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Thy she-goats have not cast their young. Gen. xxi. 38.
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8. To throw out or emit; to exhale. [Obs.]
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This . . . casts a sulphureous smell. Woodward.
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9. To cause to fall; to shed; to reflect; to throw; as, to cast a ray upon a screen; to cast light upon a subject.
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10. To impose; to bestow; to rest.
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The government I cast upon my brother. Shak.
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Cast thy burden upon the Lord. Ps. iv. 22.
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11. To dismiss; to discard; to cashier. [Obs.]
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The state can not with safety cast him.
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12. To compute; to reckon; to calculate; as, to cast a horoscope. “Let it be cast and paid.” Shak.
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You cast the event of war, my noble lord. Shak.
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13. To contrive; to plan. [Archaic]
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The cloister . . . had, I doubt not, been cast for [an orange-house]. Sir W. Temple.
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14. To defeat in a lawsuit; to decide against; to convict; as, to be cast in damages.
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She was cast to be hanged. Jeffrey.
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Were the case referred to any competent judge, they would inevitably be cast. Dr. H. More.
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15. To turn (the balance or scale); to overbalance; hence, to make preponderate; to decide; as, a casting voice.
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How much interest casts the balance in cases dubious! South.
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16. To form into a particular shape, by pouring liquid metal or other material into a mold; to fashion; to found; as, to cast bells, stoves, bullets.
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17. (Print.) To stereotype or electrotype.
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18. To fix, distribute, or allot, as the parts of a play among actors; also to assign (an actor) for a part.
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Our parts in the other world will be new cast. Addison.
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To cast anchor (Naut.) See under Anchor. -- To cast a horoscope, to calculate it. -- To cast a horse, sheep, or other animal, to throw with the feet upwards, in such a manner as to prevent its rising again. -- To cast a shoe, to throw off or lose a shoe, said of a horse or ox. -- To cast aside, to throw or push aside; to neglect; to reject as useless or inconvenient. -- To cast away. (a) To throw away; to lavish; to waste.Cast away a life” Addison. (b) To reject; to let perish.Cast away his people.” Rom. xi. 1.Cast one away.” Shak. (c) To wreck.Cast away and sunk.” Shak. -- To cast by, to reject; to dismiss or discard; to throw away. -- To cast down, to throw down; to destroy; to deject or depress, as the mind. “Why art thou cast down. O my soul?” Ps. xiii. 5. -- To cast forth, to throw out, or eject, as from an inclosed place; to emit; to send out. -- To cast in one's lot with, to share the fortunes of. -- To cast in one's teeth, to upbraid or abuse one for; to twin. -- To cast lots. See under Lot. -- To cast off. (a) To discard or reject; to drive away; to put off; to free one's self from. (b) (Hunting) To leave behind, as dogs; also, to set loose, or free, as dogs. Crabb. (c) (Naut.) To untie, throw off, or let go, as a rope. -- To cast off copy, (Print.), to estimate how much printed matter a given amount of copy will make, or how large the page must be in order that the copy may make a given number of pages. -- To cast one's self on or To cast one's self upon to yield or submit one's self unreservedly to, as to the mercy of another. -- To cast out, to throw out; to eject, as from a house; to cast forth; to expel; to utter. -- To cast the lead (Naut.), to sound by dropping the lead to the bottom. -- To cast the water (Med.), to examine the urine for signs of disease. [Obs.]. -- To cast up. (a) To throw up; to raise. (b) To compute; to reckon, as the cost. (c) To vomit. (d) To twit with; to throw in one's teeth.
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Cast
Cast (k&adot_;st), v. i. 1. To throw, as a line in angling, esp, with a fly hook.
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2. (Naut.) To turn the head of a vessel around from the wind in getting under weigh.
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Weigh anchor, cast to starboard. Totten.
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3. To consider; to turn or revolve in the mind; to plan; as, to cast about for reasons.
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She . . . cast in her mind what manner of salution this should be. Luke. i. 29.
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4. To calculate; to compute. [R.]
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Who would cast and balance at a desk. Tennyson.
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5. To receive form or shape in a mold.
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It will not run thin, so as to cast and mold. Woodward.
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6. To warp; to become twisted out of shape.
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Stuff is said to cast or warp when . . . it alters its flatness or straightness. Moxon.
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7. To vomit.
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These verses . . . make me ready to cast. B. Jonson.
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Cast
Cast, 3d pers. pres. of Cast, for Casteth. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Cast
Cast, n. [Cf. Icel., Dan., & Sw. kast.] 1. The act of casting or throwing; a throw.
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2. The thing thrown.
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A cast of dreadful dust. Dryden.
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3. The distance to which a thing is or can be thrown. “About a stone's cast.” Luke xxii. 41.
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4. A throw of dice; hence, a chance or venture.
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An even cast whether the army should march this way or that way. Sowth.
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I have set my life upon a cast,
And I will stand the hazard of the die.
Shak.
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5. That which is throw out or off, shed, or ejected; as, the skin of an insect, the refuse from a hawk's stomach, the excrement of a earthworm.
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6. The act of casting in a mold.
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And why such daily cast of brazen cannon. Shak.
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7. An impression or mold, taken from a thing or person; amold; a pattern.
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8. That which is formed in a mild; esp. a reproduction or copy, as of a work of art, in bronze or plaster, etc.; a casting.
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9. Form; appearence; mien; air; style; as, a peculiar cast of countenance. “A neat cast of verse.” Pope.
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An heroic poem, but in another cast and figure. Prior.
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And thus the native hue of resolution
Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought.
Shak.
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10. A tendency to any color; a tinge; a shade.
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Gray with a cast of green. Woodward.
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11. A chance, opportunity, privilege, or advantage; specifically, an opportunity of riding; a lift. [Scotch]
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We bargained with the driver to give us a cast to the next stage. Smollett.
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If we had the cast o' a cart to bring it. Sir W. Scott.
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12. The assignment of parts in a play to the actors.
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13. (Falconary) A flight or a couple or set of hawks let go at one time from the hand. Grabb.
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As when a cast of falcons make their flight. Spenser.
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14. A stoke, touch, or trick. [Obs.]
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This was a cast of Wood's politics; for his information was wholly false. Swift.
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15. A motion or turn, as of the eye; direction; look; glance; squint.
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The cast of the eye is a gesture of aversion. Bacon.
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And let you see with one cast of an eye. Addison.
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This freakish, elvish cast came into the child's eye. Hawthorne.
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16. A tube or funnel for conveying metal into a mold.
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17. Four; that is, as many as are thrown into a vessel at once in counting herrings, etc; a warp.
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18. Contrivance; plot, design. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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A cast of the eye, a slight squint or strabismus. -- Renal cast (Med.), microscopic bodies found in the urine of persons affected with disease of the kidneys; -- so called because they are formed of matter deposited in, and preserving the outline of, the renal tubes. -- The last cast, the last throw of the dice or last effort, on which every thing is ventured; the last chance.
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Castalian
Cas*ta"li*an (?), a. [L. Castalius] Of or pertaining to Castalia, a mythical fountain of inspiration on Mt. Parnassus sacred to the Muses. Milton.
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Castanea
Cas*ta"ne*a (?), n. [L., a chestnut, fr. Gr. &unr_;.] (Bot.) A genus of nut-bearing trees or shrubs including the chestnut and chinquapin.
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Castanet
Cas"ta*net (?), n. See Castanets.
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Castanets
Cas"ta*nets, n. pl. [F. castagnettes, Sp. castañetas, fr. L. castanea (Sp. castaña) a chestnut. So named from the resemblance to two chestnuts, or because chestnuts were first used for castanets. See Chestnut.] Two small, concave shells of ivory or hard wood, shaped like spoons, fastened to the thumb, and beaten together with the middle finger; -- used by the Spaniards and Moors as an accompaniment to their dance and guitars.
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&hand_; The singular, castanet, is used of one of the pair, or, sometimes, of the pair forming the instrument.
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The dancer, holding a castanet in each hand, rattles them to the motion of his feet. Moore (Encyc. of Music).
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Castanopsis
Castanopsis n. a genus of evergreen trees and shrubs of warm regions valued for their foliage; found in southeastern U.S. and eastern Australia and northern New Zealand.
Syn. -- genus Castanopsis.
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Castanospermum
Castanospermum n. 1. a genus consisting of one species, the Moreton Bay chestnut.
Syn. -- genus Castanospermum.
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Castaway
Cast"a*way (?), n. 1. One who, or that which, is cast away or shipwrecked.
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2. One who is ruined; one who has made moral shipwreck; a reprobate.
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Lest . . . when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway. 1 Cor. ix. 27.
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Castaway
Cast"a*way, a. Of no value; rejected; useless.
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Caste
Caste (?), n. [Pg. casta race, lineage, fr. L. castus pure, chaste: cf. F. caste, of same origin.] 1. One of the hereditary classes into which the Hindu are divided according to the laws of Brahmanism.
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&hand_; The members of the same caste are theoretically of equal rank, and same profession or occupation, and may not eat or intermarry with those not of their own caste. The original are four, viz., the Brahmans, or sacerdotal order; the Kshatriyas, or soldiers and rulers; the Vaisyas, or husbandmen and merchants; and the Sudras, or laborers and mechanics. Men of no caste are Pariahs, outcasts. Numerous mixed classes, or castes, have sprung up in the progress of time.
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2. A separate and fixed order or class of persons in society who chiefly hold intercourse among themselves.
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The tinkers then formed an hereditary caste. Macaulay.
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To lose caste, to be degraded from the caste to which one has belonged; to lose social position or consideration.
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Castellan
Cas"tel*lan (?), n. [OF. castelain, F. châtelain, L. castellanus pertaining to a castle, an occupant of a caste, LL., a governor of a castle, fr. L. castellum castle, citadel, dim. of castrum fortified place. See Castle, and cf. Chatelaine.] A governor or warden of a castle.
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Castellany
Cas"tel*la*ny (?), n.; pl. Castellanies (#). [LL. castellania.] The lordship of a castle; the extent of land and jurisdiction appertaining to a castle.
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Castellated
Cas"tel*la`ted (?), a. [LL. castellatus, fr. castellare. See Castle.] 1. Inclosed within a building; as, a fountain or cistern castellated. [Obs.] Johnson.
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2. Furnished with turrets and battlements, like a castle; built in the style of a castle.
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Castellation
Cas`tel*la"tion (?), n. [LL. castellation, fr. castellare, fr. L. castellum. See Castle.] The act of making into a castle.
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Caster
Cast"er (?), n. 1. One who casts; as, caster of stones, etc. ; a caster of cannon; a caster of accounts.
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2. A vial, cruet, or other small vessel, used to contain condiments at the table; as, a set of casters.
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3. A stand to hold a set of cruets.
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4. A small wheel on a swivel, on which furniture is supported and moved.
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Castigate
Cas"ti*gate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Castigated; p. pr. & vb. n. Castigating.] [L. castigatus, p. p. of castigare to correct, punish; castus pure, chaste + agere to move, drive. See Caste, and cf. Chasten.] 1. To punish by stripes; to chastise by blows; to chasten; also, to chastise verbally; to reprove; to criticise severely.
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2. To emend; to correct. [Obs.]
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Castigation
Cas`ti*ga"tion (?), n. [L. catigatio.]
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1. Corrective punishment; chastisement; reproof; pungent criticism.
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The keenest castigation of her slanderers. W. Irving.
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2. Emendation; correction. [Obs.]
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Castigator
Cas`ti*ga"tor (?), n. [L.] One who castigates or corrects.
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Castigatory
Cas`ti*ga*to*ry (?), a. [L. castigatorius.] Punitive in order to amendment; corrective.
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Castigatory
Cas"ti*ga*to*ry, n. An instrument formerly used to punish and correct arrant scolds; -- called also a ducking stool, or trebucket. Blacktone.
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Castile soap
Cas"tile soap` (?). [From Castile, or Castilia, a province in Spain, from which it originally came.] A kind of fine, hard, white or mottled soap, made with olive oil and soda; also, a soap made in imitation of the above-described soap.
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Castilian
Cas*til"ian (?), n. [Sp. castellano, from Castila, NL. Castilia, Castella. Castile, which received its name from the castles erected on the frontiers as a barrier against the Moors.] 1. An inhabitant or native of Castile, in Spain.
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2. The Spanish language as spoken in Castile.
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Castillan
Cas*til"lan, a. Of or pertaining to Castile, in Spain.
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Casting
Cast"ing (?), n. 1. The act of one who casts or throws, as in fishing.
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2. The act or process of making casts or impressions, or of shaping metal or plaster in a mold; the act or the process of pouring molten metal into a mold.
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3. That which is cast in a mold; esp. the mass of metal so cast; as, a casting in iron; bronze casting.
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4. The warping of a board. Brande & C.
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5. The act of casting off, or that which is cast off, as skin, feathers, excrement, etc.
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Casting of draperies, the proper distribution of the folds of garments, in painting and sculpture. -- Casting line (Fishing), the leader; also, sometimes applied to the long reel line. -- Casting net, a net which is cast and drawn, in distinction from a net that is set and left. -- Casting voice, Casting vote, the decisive vote of a presiding officer, when the votes of the assembly or house are equally divided. “When there was an equal vote, the governor had the casting voice.” B. Trumbull. -- Casting weight, a weight that turns a balance when exactly poised.
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Cast iron
Cast" i`ron (?). Highly carbonized iron, the direct product of the blast furnace; -- used for making castings, and for conversion into wrought iron and steel. It can not be welded or forged, is brittle, and sometimes very hard. Besides carbon, it contains sulphur, phosphorus, silica, etc.
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Cast-iron
Cast"-i`ron, a. Made of cast iron. Hence, Fig.: like cast iron; hardy; unyielding.
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Castle
Cas"tle (?), n. [AS. castel, fr. L. castellum, dim. of castrum a fortified place, castle.] 1. A fortified residence, especially that of a prince or nobleman; a fortress.
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The house of every one is to him castle and fortress, as well for his defense againts injury and violence, as for his repose. Coke.
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Our castle's strength
Will laugh a siege to scorn.
Shak.
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&hand_; Originally the mediæval castle was a single strong tower or keep, with a palisaded inclosure around it and inferior buidings, such as stables and the like, and surrounded by a moat; then such a keep or donjon, with courtyards or baileys and accessory buildings of greater elaboration a great hall and a chapel, all surrounded by defensive walls and a moat, with a drawbridge, etc. Afterwards the name was retained by large dwellings that had formerly been fortresses, or by those which replaced ancient fortresses.

A Donjon or Keep, an irregular building containing the dwelling of the lord and his family; B C Large round towers ferming part of the donjon and of the exterior; D Square tower, separating the two inner courts and forming part of the donjon; E Chapel, whose apse forms a half-round tower, F, on the exterior walls; G H Round towers on the exterior walls; K Postern gate, reached from outside by a removable fight of steps or inclined plane for hoisting in stores, and leading to a court, L (see small digagram) whose pavement is on a level with the sill of the postern, but below the level of the larger court, with which it communicates by a separately fortified gateway; M Turret, containing spiral stairway to all the stories of the great tower, B, and serving also as a station for signal fire, banner, etc.; N Turret with stairway for tower, C; O Echauguettes; P P P Battlemants consisting of merlons and crenels alternately, the merlons being pierced by loopholes; Q Q Machicolations (those at Q defend the postern K); R Outwork defending the approach, which is a road ascending the hill and passing under all four faces of the castle; S S Wall of the outer bailey. The road of approach enters the bailey at T and passes thence into the castle by the main entrance gateway (which is in the wall between, and defended by the towers, C H) and over two drawbridges and through fortified passages to the inner court.


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2. Any strong, imposing, and stately mansion.
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3. A small tower, as on a ship, or an elephant's back.
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4. A piece, made to represent a castle, used in the game of chess; a rook.
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Castle in the air, a visionary project; a baseless scheme; an air castle; -- sometimes called a castle in Spain (F. Château en Espagne).

Syn. -- Fortress; fortification; citadel; stronghold. See Fortress.
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Castle
Cas"tle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Castled (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Castling (?).] (Chess) To move the castle to the square next to king, and then the king around the castle to the square next beyond it, for the purpose of covering the king.
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Castlebuilder
Cas"tle*build`er (?), n. Fig.: one who builds castles in the air or forms visionary schemes.

-- Cas"tle*build`ing, n.
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Castled
Cas"tled (?), a. Having a castle or castles; supporting a castle; as, a castled height or crag.
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2. Fortified; turreted; as, castled walls.
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Castle-guard
Cas"tle-guard` (?), n. 1. The guard or defense of a castle.
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2. (O. Eng. Law) A tax or imposition an a dwelling within a certain distance of a castle, for the purpose of maintaining watch and ward in it; castle-ward.
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3. A feudal tenure, obliging the tenant to perform service within the realm, without limitation of time.
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Castlery
Cas"tle*ry (?), n. [Cf. OF. castelerie. See Castle.] The government of a castle. Blount.
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Castlet
Cas"tlet (?), n. A small castle. Leland.
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Castleward
Cas"tle*ward` (?), n. Same as Castleguard.
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Castling
Cast"ling (?), n. That which is cast or brought forth prematurely; an abortion. Sir T. Browne.
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Castling
Cas"tling (?), n. (Chess) A compound move of the king and castle. See Castle, v. i.
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Cast-off
Cast"-off` (?), a. Cast or laid aside; thrown away; discarded; as, cast-off clothes.
Syn. -- discarded, junked, scrap(prenominal), waste.
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Castor
Cas"tor (?), n. [L. castor the beaver, Gr. &unr_;; of uncertain origin.] 1. (Zool.) A genus of rodents, including the beaver. See Beaver.
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2. Castoreum. See Castoreum.
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3. A hat, esp. one made of beaver fur; a beaver.
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I have always been known for the jaunty manner in which I wear my castor. Sir W. Scott.
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4. A heavy quality of broadcloth for overcoats.
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Castor
Cast"or (?), n. See Caster, a small wheel.
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Castor
Cas"tor (?), n. [L.] (Astron.) the northernmost of the two bright stars in the constellation Gemini, the other being Pollux.
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Castorite
Castor
{ Cas"tor, Cas"tor*ite (?), } n. [The minerals castor and pollux were so named because found together on the island of Elba. See Castor and Pollux.] (Min.) A variety of the mineral called petalite, from Elba.
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Castor and Pollux
Cas"tor and Pol"lux (?). [Castor and Pollux were twin sons of Jupiter and Leda.] (Naut.) See Saint Elmo's fire, under Saint.
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Castor bean
Cas"tor bean` (?). (Bot.) The bean or seed of the castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis, or Palma Christi.)
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Castoreum
Cas*to"re*um (?), n. [L. See Castor.] A peculiar bitter orange-brown substance, with strong, penetrating odor, found in two sacs between the anus and external genitals of the beaver; castor; -- used in medicine as an antispasmodic, and by perfumers.
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Castoridae
Castoridae n. a natural family comprising the beavers.
Syn. -- family Castoridae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Castoroides
Castoroides n. a genus of extinct beavers of the Pleistocene; of eastern and southern U.S.
Syn. -- genus Castoroides.
[WordNet 1.5]

Castorin
Cas"to*rin (kăs"t&ouptack_;*r&ibreve_;n), n. [From 1st Castor.] (Chem.) A white crystalline substance obtained from castoreum.
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Castor oil
Cas"tor oil (kăs"t&etilde_;r oil`). A mild cathartic oil, expressed or extracted from the seeds of the Ricinus communis, or Palma Christi. When fresh the oil is inodorous and insipid.
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Castor-oil plant. Same as Palma Christi.
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Castrametation
Cas`tra*me*ta"tion (?), n. [F. castramétation, fr. L. castra camp + metari to measure off, fr. meta limit.] (Mil.) The art or act of encamping; the making or laying out of a camp.
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Castrate
Cas"trate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Castrated; p. pr. & vb. n. Castrating.] [L. castrarus, p; p. of castrare to castrate, asin to Skr. çastra knife.] 1. To deprive of the testicles; to emasculate; to geld; to alter.
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2. To cut or take out; esp. to remove anything erroneous, or objectionable from, as the obscene parts of a writing; to expurgate.
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My . . . correspondent . . . has sent me the following letter, which I have castrated in some places. Spectator.
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castrated
castrated adj. deprived of reproductive organs or sexual attributes.
Syn. -- altered, neutered, unsexed, fixed.
[WordNet 1.5]

Castration
Cas*tra"tion (?), n. [L. castratio; cf. F. castration.] The act of castrating.
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Castrato
Cas*tra"to (?), n. [L., properly p. p. of castrare. See Castrate.] A male person castrated for the purpose of improving his voice for singing; an artificial, or male, soprano. Swift.
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Castrel
Cas"trel (?), n. [Cf. F. crécerelle, cristel, OF. crecel, cercele. Cf. Kestrel.] (Zool.) See Kestrel.
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Castrensial
Cas*tren"sial (?), a. [L. castrensis, fr. castra camp.] Belonging to a camp. Sir T. Browne.
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Castrensian
Cas*tren"sian (?), a. Castrensial. [R.]
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Castries
Castries prop. n. (Geography) The capital city of St. Lucia. Population (2000) = 13,600.
[PJC]

Cast steel
Cast" steel` (?). See Cast steel, under Steel.
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Casual
Cas"u*al (?), a. [OE. casuel, F. casuel, fr. L. casualis, fr. casus fall, accident, fr. cadere to fall. See Case.] 1. Happening or coming to pass without design, and without being foreseen or expected; accidental; fortuitous; coming by chance.
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Casual breaks, in the general system. W. Irving.
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2. Coming without regularity; occasional; incidental; as, casual expenses.
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A constant habit, rather than a casual gesture. Hawthorne.

Syn. -- Accidental; fortutious; incidental; occasional; contingent; unforeseen. See Accidental.
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Casual
Cas"u*al, n. One who receives relief for a night in a parish to which he does not belong; a vagrant.
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Casualism
Cas"u*al*ism (?), n. The doctrine that all things exist or are controlled by chance.
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Casualist
Cas"u*al*ist, n. One who believes in casualism.
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Casually
Cas"u*al*ly, adv. Without design; accidentally; fortuitously; by chance; occasionally.
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Casualness
Cas"u*al*ness, n. The quality of being casual.
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Casualty
Cas"u*al*ty (?), n.; pl. Casualties (#). [F. casualité, LL. casualitas.] 1. That which comes without design or without being foreseen; contingency.
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Losses that befall them by mere casualty. Sir W. Raleigh.
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2. Any injury of the body from accident; hence, death, or other misfortune, occasioned by an accident; as, an unhappy casualty.
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3. pl. (Mil. & Naval) Numerical loss caused by death, wounds, discharge, or desertion.
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Casualty ward, A ward in a hospital devoted to the treatment of injuries received by accident.

Syn. -- Accident; contingency; fortuity; misfortune.
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Casuaridae
Casuaridae n. a natural family of large ostrichlike birds; the cassowaries.
Syn. -- family Casuaridae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Casuariiformes
Casuariiformes n. an order of ratite birds comprising the cassowaries and emus.
Syn. -- order Casuariiformes.
[WordNet 1.5]

Casuarina
Cas`u*a*ri"na (?), n. [NL., supposed to be named from the resemblance of the twigs to the feathers of the cassowary, of the genus Casuarius.] (Bot.) A genus of leafless trees or shrubs, with drooping branchlets of a rushlike appearance, mostly natives of Australia. Some of them are large, producing hard and heavy timber of excellent quality, called beefwood from its color.
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Casuarinaceae
Casuarinaceae n. a natural family of plants having only one genus, Casuarina.
Syn. -- family Casuarinaceae.
[WordNet 1.5]

Casuarinales
Casuarinales n. an order of chiefly Australian trees and shrubs comprising the casuarinas, having only one family, Casuarinaceae.
Syn. -- order Casuarinales.
[WordNet 1.5]

Casuarius
Casuarius n. the type and sole genus of the Casuaridae; the cassowaries.
Syn. -- genus Casuarius.
[WordNet 1.5]

Casuist
Cas"u*ist (?), n. [L. casus fall, case; cf. F. casuiste. See Casual.] One who is skilled in, or given to, casuistry.
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The judment of any casuist or learned divine concerning the state of a man's soul, is not sufficient to give him confidence. South.
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Casuist
Cas"u*ist, v. i. To play the casuist. Milton.
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Casuistical
Casuistic
{ Cas`u*is"tic (?), Cas`u*is"tic*al (?), } a. Of or pertaining to casuists or casuistry; as, casuistic thinking.
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Casuistry
Cas"u*ist*ry (?), a. 1. The science or doctrine of dealing with cases of conscience, of resolving questions of right or wrong in conduct, or determining the lawfulness or unlawfulness of what a man may do by rules and principles drawn from the Scriptures, from the laws of society or the church, or from equity and natural reason; the application of general moral rules to particular cases.
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The consideration of these nice and puzzling question in the science of ethics has given rise, in modern times, to a particular department of it, distinguished by the title of casuistry. Stewart.
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Casuistry in the science of cases (i.e., oblique deflections from the general rule). De Quincey.
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2. Sophistical, equivocal, or false reasoning or teaching in regard to duties, obligations, and morals.
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Casus
Ca"sus (?), n. [L.] An event; an occurrence; an occasion; a combination of circumstances; a case; an act of God. See the Note under Accident.
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Casus belli, an event or combination of events which is a cause war, or may be alleged as a justification of war. -- Casus fortuitus, an accident against which due prudence could not have provided. See Act of God, under Act. -- Casus omissus, a case not provided for by the statute.
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cat
cat (kăt), n. [AS. cat; akin to D. & Dan. kat, Sw. katt, Icel. köttr, G. katze, kater, Ir. cat, W. cath, Armor. kaz, LL. catus, Bisc. catua, NGr. ga`ta, ga`tos, Russ. & Pol. kot, Turk. kedi, Ar. qitt; of unknown origin. Cf. Kitten.] 1. (Zool.) Any animal belonging to the natural family Felidae, and in particular to the various species of the genera Felis, Panthera, and Lynx. The domestic cat is Felis domestica. The European wild cat (Felis catus) is much larger than the domestic cat. In the United States the name wild cat is commonly applied to the bay lynx (Lynx rufus). The larger felines, such as the lion, tiger, leopard, and cougar, are often referred to as cats, and sometimes as big cats. See Wild cat, and Tiger cat.
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&hand_; The domestic cat includes many varieties named from their place of origin or from some peculiarity; as, the Angora cat; the Maltese cat; the Manx cat; the Siamese cat.
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Laying aside their often rancorous debate over how best to preserve the Florida panther, state and federal wildlife officials, environmentalists, and independent scientists endorsed the proposal, and in 1995 the eight cats [female Texas cougars] were brought from Texas and released. . . .
Uprooted from the arid hills of West Texas, three of the imports have died, but the remaining five adapted to swamp life and have each given birth to at least one litter of kittens.
Mark Derr (N. Y. Times, Nov. 2, 1999, Science Times p. F2).
[PJC]

The word cat is also used to designate other animals, from some fancied resemblance; as, civet cat, fisher cat, catbird, catfish shark, sea cat.
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2. (Naut.) (a) A strong vessel with a narrow stern, projecting quarters, and deep waist. It is employed in the coal and timber trade. (b) A strong tackle used to draw an anchor up to the cathead of a ship. Totten.
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3. A double tripod (for holding a plate, etc.), having six feet, of which three rest on the ground, in whatever position it is placed.
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4. An old game; specifically: (a) The game of tipcat and the implement with which it is played. See Tipcat. (b) A game of ball, called, according to the number of batters, one old cat, two old cat, etc.
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5. same as cat o' nine tails; as, British sailors feared the cat.
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6. A catamaran.
[PJC]

Angora cat, blind cat, See under Angora, Blind. -- Black cat the fisher. See under Black. -- Cat and dog, like a cat and dog; quarrelsome; inharmonious. “I am sure we have lived a cat and dog life of it.” Coleridge. -- Cat block (Naut.), a heavy iron-strapped block with a large hook, part of the tackle used in drawing an anchor up to the cathead. -- Cat hook (Naut.), a strong hook attached to a cat block. -- Cat nap, a very short sleep. [Colloq.] -- Cat o' nine tails, an instrument of punishment consisting of nine pieces of knotted line or cord fastened to a handle; -- formerly used to flog offenders on the bare back. -- Cat's cradle, game played, esp. by children, with a string looped on the fingers so, as to resemble small cradle. The string is transferred from the fingers of one to those of another, at each transfer with a change of form. See Cratch, Cratch cradle. -- To bell the cat, to perform a very dangerous or very difficult task; -- taken metaphorically from a fable about a mouse who proposes to put a bell on a cat, so as to be able to hear the cat coming. -- To let the cat out of the bag, to tell a secret, carelessly or willfully. [Colloq.] -- Bush cat, the serval. See Serval.
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Cat
Cat (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Catted; p. pr. & vb. n. Catting.] (Naut.) To bring to the cathead; as, to cat an anchor. See Anchor. Totten.
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Cata
Cat"a (?). [Gr. kata`.] The Latin and English form of a Greek preposition, used as a prefix to signify down, downward, under, against, contrary or opposed to, wholly, completely; as in cataclysm, catarrh. It sometimes drops the final vowel, as in catoptric; and is sometimes changed to cath, as in cathartic, catholic.
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Catabaptist
Cat`a*bap"tist (?), n. [Pref. cata + aptist. See Baptist.] (Eccl.) One who opposes baptism, especially of infants. [Obs.] Featley.
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Catabasion
Cat`a*ba"sion (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. kataba`sion.] A vault under altar of a Greek church.
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Catabiotic
Cat`a*bi*ot"ic (?), a. See under Force.
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catabolic
catabolic adj. [Formerly spelled katabolic.] 1. Of or pertaining to catabolism; as, catabolic processes, which give rise to substances (katastates) of decreasing complexity and increasing stability.
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2. characterized by destructive metabolism; contrasted with anabolic.
[WordNet 1.5]

catabolism
catabolism n. the breakdown of more complex substances into simpler ones with release of energy, in living organisms; destructive or downward metabolism; -- a form of metabolism, opposed to anabolism. See also Disassimilation. [Formerly spelled katabolism.]
Syn. -- katabolism, dissimilation, destructive metabolism.
[WordNet 1.5]

Catacala
Catacala n. a genus of moths whose larvae are cutworms: underwings.
Syn. -- genus Catacala.
[WordNet 1.5]

Catacaustic
Cat`a*caus"tic (?), a. [Pref. cata + caustic.] (Physics) Relating to, or having the properties of, a caustic curve formed by reflection. See Caustic, a. Nichol.
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Catacaustic
Cat`a*caus"tic, n. (Physics) A caustic curve formed by reflection of light. Nichol.
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Catachresis
Cat`a*chre"sis (?), n. [L. fr. Gr. &unr_; misuse, fr. &unr_; to misuse; kata` against + &unr_; to use.] (Rhet.) A figure by which one word is wrongly put for another, or by which a word is wrested from its true signification; as, “To take arms against a sea of troubles”. Shak. “Her voice was but the shadow of a sound.” Young.
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Catachrestical
Catachrestic
{ Cat`a*chres"tic (?), Cat`a*chres"tic*al (?), } a. Belonging to, or in the manner of, a catachresis; constituting, characterized by or given to catachresis; wrested from its natural sense or form; forced; far-fetched.
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-- Cat`a*chres"tic*al*ly, adv.
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[A] catachrestical and improper way of speaking. Jer. Taylor.
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Cataclasm
Cat"a*clasm (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;; &unr_; down + &unr_; to break.] A breaking asunder; disruption.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

cataclinal
cataclinal adj. (Geol) running in the direction of the dip in surrounding rock strata; -- of valleys and rivers. Opposite of anaclinal.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cataclysm
Cat"a*clysm (?), n. [L. cataclysmos, Gr. kataklysmo`s, from &unr_; to dash over, inundate; kata` downward, against + &unr_; to wash or dash over: cf. F. cataclysme.] 1. An extensive overflow or sweeping flood of water; a deluge.
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2. (Geol.) Any violent catastrophe, involving sudden and extensive changes of the earth's surface.
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Cataclysmic
Cataclysmal
{ Cat`a*clys"mal (?), Cat`a*clys"mic (?), } a. Of or pertaining to a cataclysm.
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Cataclysmist
Cat`a*clys"mist (?), n. One who believes that the most important geological phenomena have been produced by cataclysms.
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Catacomb
Cat"a*comb (?), n. [It. catacomba, fr. L. catacumba perh. from Gr. kata` downward, down + ky`mbh cavity.] A cave, grotto, or subterraneous place of large extent used for the burial of the dead; -- commonly in the plural.
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&hand_; The terms is supposed to have been applied originally to the tombs under the church of St. Sebastian in Rome. The most celebrated catacombs are those near Rome, on the Appian Way, supposed to have been the place or refuge and interment of the early Christians; those of Egypt, extending for a wide distance in the vicinity of Cairo; and those of Paris, in abandoned stone quarries, excavated under a large portion of the city.
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cata-cornered
cata-cornered adj. having a slanted or oblique direction.
Syn. -- bias, catacorner, catercorner, cater-cornered, catty-corner, catty-cornered, diagonal, kitty-corner, kitty-cornered, oblique, skew, skewed, slanted.
[WordNet 1.5]

Catacoustic
Cat`a*cous"tic (?), n. [Pref. cata + acoustics: cf. F. caraconstique.] (Physics) That part of acoustics which treats of reflected sounds or echoes See Acoustics. Hutton.

Catacrotic
Cat`a*crot"ic (?), a. [Cata- + Gr. &unr_; a beating.] (Physiol.) Designating, pertaining to, or characterized by, that form of pulse tracing, or sphygmogram, in which the descending portion of the curve is marked by secondary elevations due to two or more expansions of the artery in the same beat. -- Ca*tac"rotism (#), n.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Catadicrotism
Cat`a*di"cro*tism (?), n. [Cata- + dicrotism.] (Physiol.) Quality or state of being catacrotic. -- Cat`a*di*crot"ic (#), a.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Catadioptrical
Catadioptric
{ Cat`a*di*op"tric (?), Cat`a*di*op"tric*al (?), } a. [Pref. cata + dioptric: cf. F. catadioptrique.] (Physics) Pertaining to, produced by, or involving, both the reflection and refraction of light; as, a catadioptric light. Hutton.
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Catadioptrics
Cat`a*di*op"trics (?), n. The science which treats of catadioptric phenomena, or of the used of catadioptric instruments.
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Catadrome
Cat"a*drome (?), n. [Gr. kata`dromos race course; kata` down + dro`mos course.] 1. A race course.
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2. (Mach.) A machine for raising or lowering heavy weights.
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Catadromous
Ca*tad"ro*mous (?), a. [Gr. kata` down + dro`mos a running.] 1. (Bot.) Having the lowest inferior segment of a pinna nearer the rachis than the lowest superior one; -- said of a mode of branching in ferns, and opposed to anadromous.
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2. (Zool.) Living in fresh water, and going to the sea to spawn; -- opposed to anadromous, and said of the eel.
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Catafalco
Cat`a*fal"co (?), n. [It.] See Catafalque.
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Catafalque
Cat"a*falque` (?), n. [F., fr. It. catafalco, scaffold, funeral canopy; of uncertain origin; cf. Sp. catafalso, cadahalso, cadalso, Pr. casafalc, OF. chafaut. Cf. Scaffold.] A temporary structure sometimes used in the funeral solemnities of eminent persons, for the public exhibition of the remains, or their conveyance to the place of burial.
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Catagmatic
Cat`*ag*mat"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; fracture, fr. &unr_; to break in places; kata` down + 'agny`nai to break: cf. F. catagmatique.] (Med.) Having the quality of consolidating broken bones.
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Cataian
Ca*ta"ian (?), n. A native of Cathay or China; a foreigner; -- formerly a term of reproach. Shak.
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Catalan
Cat"a*lan (?), a. Of or pertaining to Catalonia. -- n. A native or inhabitant of Catalonia; also, the language of Catalonia.
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Catalan furnace, Catalan forge (Metal.), a kind of furnace for producing wrought iron directly from the ore. It was formerly much used, esp. in Catalonia, and is still used in some parts of the United States and elsewhere.
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catalase
catalase n. an enzyme found in most plant and animal cells that functions as an oxidative catalyst; it decomposes hydrogen peroxide into hydrogen and water.
[WordNet 1.5]

catalatic
catalatic adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of catalases.
[WordNet 1.5]

Catalectic
Cat`a*lec"tic (?), a. [L. catalecticus, Gr. &unr_; incomplete, fr. &unr_; to leave off; kata` down, wholly + lh`gein to stop.] 1. (Pros.) Wanting a syllable at the end, or terminating in an imperfect foot; as, a catalectic verse.
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2. (Photog. & Chem.) Incomplete; partial; not affecting the whole of a substance. Abney.
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Catalepsis
Catalepsy
{ Cat"a*lep`sy (?), ‖Cat`a*lep"sis (?), } n. [NL. catalepsis, fr. Gr. &unr_; a seizure, fr. &unr_; to seize upon; kata` down + &unr_; to take, seize.] (Med.) A sudden suspension of sensation and volition, the body and limbs preserving the position that may be given them, while the action of the heart and lungs continues.
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Cataleptic
Cat`a*lep"tic (?), a. [Gr. katalhptiko`s.] Pertaining to, or resembling, catalepsy; affected with catalepsy; as, a cataleptic fit.
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Catallacta
Cat`al*lac"ta (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;. See Catallactics.] (Zool.) A division of Protozoa, of which Magosphæra is the type. They exist both in a myxopod state, with branched pseudopodia, and in the form of ciliated bodies united in free, spherical colonies.
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Catallactics
Cat`al*lac"tics (?) n. [Gr. &unr_; to exchange; kata` wholly + &unr_; to change.] The science of exchanges, a branch of political economy.
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Catalog
Cat"a*log (?), n. & v. Catalogue.
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Catalogize
Cat"a*lo*gize (?), v. t. To insert in a catalogue; to register; to catalogue. [R.] Coles.
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Catalogue
Cat"a*logue (?), n. [F., fr. catalogus, fr. Gr. &unr_; a counting up, list, fr. &unr_; to count up; kata` down, completely + &unr_; to say.] A list or enumeration of names, or articles arranged methodically, often in alphabetical order; as, a catalogue of the students of a college, or of books, or of the stars.
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Card catalogue, a catalogue, as of books, having each item entered on a separate card, and the cards arranged in cases by subjects, or authors, or alphabetically. -- Catalogue raisonné (?) [F.], a catalogue of books, etc., classed according to their subjects.

Syn. -- List; roll; index; schedule; enumeration; inventory. See List.
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Catalogue
Cat"a*logue, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Catalogued (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Cataloguing (?).] To make a list or catalogue; to insert in a catalogue.
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Cataloguer
Cat"a*log`uer (?), n. A maker of catalogues; esp. one skilled in the making of catalogues.
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Catalonia
Catalonia n. a geographical and administrative region of northeastern Spain.
[WordNet 1.5]

Catalpa
Ca*tal"pa (?), n. [From the language of the Indians of Carolina, where Catesby discovered this tree in the year 1726.] (Bot.) A genus of American and East Indian trees, of which the best known species are the Catalpa bignonioides, a large, ornamental North American tree, with spotted white flowers and long cylindrical pods, and the Catalpa speciosa, of the Mississipi valley; -- called also Indian bean.
[1913 Webster]

catalufa
catalufa n. a type of brightly colored carnivorous fish (Priacanthus arenatus) of the West Atlantic and West Indies waters.
Syn. -- Priacanthus arenatus.
[WordNet 1.5]

Catalyse
Cat"a*lyse` (kăt"&adot_;*līz), v. t. [ML., fr. Gr. &unr_; dissolution, fr. &unr_; to destroy, dissolve; kata` down, wholly + &unr_; to loose.] same as catalyze.
[PJC]

Catalysis
Ca*tal"y*sis (?), n.; pl. Catalyse. (#) [ML., fr. Gr. &unr_; dissolution, fr. &unr_; to destroy, dissolve; kata` down, wholly + &unr_; to loose.]
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1. Dissolution; degeneration; decay. [R.]
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Sad catalysis and declension of piety. Evelyn.
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2. (Chem.) (a) A process by which a chemical reaction is accelerated in the presence of certain agents which were formerly believed to exert an influence by mere contact. It is now believed that such reactions are attended with the formation of an intermediate compound or compounds, so that by alternate composition and decomposition the agent is apparenty left unchanged; as, the catalysis of making ether from alcohol by means of sulphuric acid; or catalysis in the action of enzymes (as diastase, or ptyalin) on starch. (b) The catalytic force.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

catalyst
catalyst n. 1. (Chem.) a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected; as, thousands of enzymes serve in concert as calaysts to produce the sequence of reactions we call “life”; the industrial production of cheap ammonia depended on finding a good catalyst.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. something that serves as a precipitating occasion for an event; as, the invasion acted as a catalyst to unite the country. A catalyst is never the main cause of an event, but may serve to hasten events for which the underlying causes are present prior to the appearance or occurrence of the catalyst.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

3. something or someone that causes events to happen with itself being changed.
[PJC]

Catalytic
Cat`a*ly"tic (?), a. Relating to, or causing, catalysis. “The catalytic power is ill understood.” Ure.
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Catalytic force, that form of chemical energy formerly supposed to determine catalysis.
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Catalytic
Cat`a*lyt"ic, n. (Chem.) An agent employed in catalysis, as platinum black, aluminium chloride, etc.
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catalyze
catalyze v. t. 1. 1 (chemistry) to cause (a chemical reaction) to proceed more quickly by contacting the reactant(s) with another substance; as, moisture catalyzes the oxidation of iron in air. [Also spelled catalyse.]
Syn. -- change by catalysis, cause to catalyze.
[WordNet 1.5]

Catamaran
Cat`a*ma*ran", n. [The native East Indian name.] 1. A kind of raft or float, consisting of two or more logs or pieces of wood lashed together, and moved by paddles or sail; -- used as a surf boat and for other purposes on the coasts of the East and West Indies and South America. Modified forms are much used in the lumber regions of North America, and at life-saving stations.
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2. Any vessel with twin hulls, whether propelled by sails or by steam; esp., one of a class of double-hulled pleasure boats remarkable for speed.
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3. A kind of fire raft or torpedo bat.
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The incendiary rafts prepared by Sir Sidney Smith for destroying the French flotilla at Boulogne, 1804, were called catamarans. Knight.
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4. A quarrelsome woman; a scold. [Colloq.]
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Catamenia
Cat`a*me"nia (kăt`&adot_;*mē"n&ibreve_;*&adot_;), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ta` katamh`nia.] (Med.) The monthly courses of women; menstrual discharges; menses.
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Catamenial
Cat`a*me"ni*al (kăt`&adot_;*mē"n&ibreve_;*&aitalic_;l), a. [Gr. katamh`nios monthly; kata` down, back, again + mh`n month.] Pertaining to the catamenia, or menstrual discharges.
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Catamite
Cat"a*mite (kăt"&adot_;*mīt), n. [L. Catamitus, an old form of Ganymedes Ganymede, Gr. Ganymh`dhs.] A boy kept for unnatural purposes.
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Catamount
Cat"a*mount (kăt"&adot_;*mount), n. [Cat + mount; cf. Sp. gato montes mountain cat.] (Zool.) The cougar. Applied also, in some parts of the United States, to the lynx.
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cat-a-mountain
catamountain
cat"a*moun`tain, cat"-a-moun`tain n. 1. the bushy-tailed European wildcat (Felis silvestris) resembling the domestic tabby and regarded as the ancestor of the domestic cat.
Syn. -- European wildcat, Felis silvestris.
[WordNet 1.5]

Catanadromous
Cat"a*nad`ro*mous (?), a. [Gr. kata` down + 'ana` up + dro`mos running, course.] (Zool.) Ascending and descending fresh streams from and to the sea, as the salmon; anadromous. [R.]
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Catapasm
Cat"a*pasm (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to besprinkle; kata` down, wholly + &unr_; to strew, or sprinkle.] (Med.) A compound medicinal powder, used by the ancients to sprinkle on ulcers, to absorb perspiration, etc. Dunglison.
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Catapeltic
Cat`a*pel"tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to a catapult.
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Catapetalous
Cat`a*pet"al*ous (?), a. [Pref. cata + petalous.] (Bot.) Having the petals held together by stamens, which grow to their bases, as in the mallow.
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Cataphonic
Cat`a*phon"ic (?), a. Of or relating to cataphonics; catacoustic.
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Cataphonics
Cat`a*phon"ics (?), n. [Pref. cata + phonic: cf. F. cataphonique.] (Physics) That branch of acoustics which treats of reflected sounds; catacoustics.
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Cataphract
Cat"a*phract (kăt"&adot_;*frăkt), n. [L. cataphractes, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; covered, fr. &unr_; to cover; kata` down, wholly + fra`ssein to inclose.]
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1. (Mil. Antiq.) Defensive armor used for the whole body and often for the horse, also, esp. the linked mail or scale armor of some eastern nations.
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2. A horseman covered with a cataphract.
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Archers and slingers, cataphracts, and spears. Milton.
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3. (Zool.) The armor or plate covering some fishes.
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Cataphracted
Cat"a*phract`ed (?), a. (Zool.) Covered with a cataphract, or armor of plates, scales, etc.; or with that which corresponds to this, as horny or bony plates, hard, callous skin, etc.
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Cataphractic
Cat`a*phrac"tic (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a cataphract.
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Cataphysical
Cat`a*phys"ic*al, a. [Pref. cata + physical.] Unnatural; contrary to nature. [R.]
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Some artists . . . have given to Sir Walter Scott a pile of forehead which is unpleassing and cataphysical. De Quincey.
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Cataplasm
Cat"a*plasm (?), n. [L. cataplasma, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to spread over; kata` down, wholly + &unr_; to form, mold.] (Med.) A soft and moist substance applied externally to some part of the body; a poultice. Dunglison.
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Cataplexy
Cat"a*plex`y (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; amazement: cf. Apoplexy.] (Med.) A morbid condition caused by an overwhelming shock or extreme fear and marked by rigidity of the muscles. -- Cat`a*plec"tic (#), a.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Catapuce
Cat"a*puce (?), n. [F.] (Bot.) Spurge. [Obs.]
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Catapult
Cat"a*pult (?), n. [L. catapulta, Gr. &unr_;, prob. from kata` down + &unr_; to shake, hurl.]
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1. (Mil. Antiq.) An engine somewhat resembling a massive crossbow, used by the ancient Greeks and Romans for throwing stones, arrows, spears, etc.
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2. A forked stick with elastic band for throwing small stones, etc.
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Cataract
Cat"a*ract (?), n. [L. cataracta, catarracles, a waterfall, Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to break down; in the passive, to fall or rush down (of tumors) to burst; kata` down + &unr_; to break.] 1. A great fall of water over a precipice; a large waterfall.
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2. (Surg.) An opacity of the crystalline lens, or of its capsule, which prevents the passage of the rays of light and impairs or destroys the sight.
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3. (Mach.) A kind of hydraulic brake for regulating the action of pumping engines and other machines; -- sometimes called dashpot.
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Cataractous
Cat`a*rac"tous (?), a. Of the nature of a cataract in the eye; affected with cataract.
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Catarrh
Ca*tarrh" (?), n. [L. catarrhus, Gr. &unr_;, &unr_;, a running down, rheum, fr. &unr_;; kata` down + &unr_; to flow. See Stream.] (Med.) An inflammatory affection of any mucous membrane, in which there are congestion, swelling, and an altertion in the quantity and quality of mucus secreted; as, catarrh of the stomach; catarrh of the bladder.
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&hand_; In America, the term catarrh is applied especially to a chronic inflammation of, and hypersecretion fron, the membranes of the nose or air passages; in England, to an acute influenza, resulting a cold, and attended with cough, thirst, lassitude, and watery eyes; also, to the cold itself.
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Catarrhal
Ca*tarrh"al (?), a. Pertaining to, produced by, or attending, catarrh; of the nature of catarrh.
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Catarrhine
Cat"ar*rhine (?), n. [Gr. kata`rris with hanging or curved nose; kata` down + "ri`s, "rino`s nose.] (Zool.) One of the Catarrhina, a division of Quadrumana, including the Old World monkeys and apes which have the nostrils close together and turned downward. See Monkey.
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Catarrhous
Ca*tarrh"ous (?), a. Catarrhal. [R.]
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Catastaltic
Cat`a*stal"tic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to check; kata` down, wholy + &unr_; to set.] (Med.) Checking evacuations through astringent or styptic qualities.
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Catastasis
Ca*tas"ta*sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to set; kata` down + &unr_; to place.] 1. (Rhet.) That part of a speech, usually the exordium, in which the orator sets forth the subject matter to be discussed.
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2. (Med.) The state, or condition of anything; constitution; habit of body.
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Catasterism
Ca*tas"ter*ism (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to place among the stars.] A placing among the stars; a catalogue of stars.
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The catasterisms of Eratosthenes. Whewell.
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Catastrophe
Ca*tas"tro*phe (?), n. [L. catastropha, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to turn up and down, to overturn; kata` down + &unr_; to turn.] 1. An event producing a subversion of the order or system of things; a final event, usually of a calamitous or disastrous nature; hence, sudden calamity; great misfortune.
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The strange catastrophe of affairs now at London. Bp. Burnet.
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The most horrible and portentous catastrophe that nature ever yet saw. Woodward.
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2. The final event in a romance or a dramatic piece; a denouement, as a death in a tragedy, or a marriage in a comedy.
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3. (Geol.) A violent and widely extended change in the surface of the earth, as, an elevation or subsidence of some part of it, effected by internal causes. Whewell.
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Catastrophic
Cat`a*stroph"ic (?), a. Of a pertaining to a catastrophe. B. Powell.
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Catastrophism
Ca*tas"tro*phism (?), n. (Geol.) The doctrine that the geological changes in the earth's crust have been caused by the sudden action of violent physical causes; -- opposed to the doctrine of uniformism.
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Catastrophist
Ca*tas"tro*phist (?), n. (Geol.) One who holds the theory or catastrophism.
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catatonia
cat`a*ton"ia n. [Gr. katatonos, stretching down, depressed, fr. kata` down + to`nos stretching, straining, tone (sound). Stedman.] (Psychiatry) an abnormal behavioral syndrome characterized by stupor, negativism, and muscular rigidity, sometimes alternating with purposeless excitement, and seen most frequently in schizophrenia; called also catatonic schizophrenia.
[PJC]

catatonic
cat`a*ton"ic adj. 1. of or pertaining to catatonia; suffering from catatonia.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. appearing mentally stupefied, unresponsive, and motionless, or almost so; seemingly unaware of one's environment. [Colloq.]
[PJC]

catatonic
catatonic n. a person suffering from catatonia.
[PJC]

Catawba
Ca*taw"ba (?), n. 1. A well known light red variety of American grape.
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2. A light-colored, sprightly American wine from the Catawba grape.
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Catawbas
Ca*taw"bas (?), n. pl.; sing. Catawba. (Ethnol.) An Appalachian tribe of Indians which originally inhabited the regions near the Catawba river and the head waters of the Santee.
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Catbird
Cat"bird (?), n. (Zool.) An American bird (Galeoscoptes Carolinensis), allied to the mocking bird, and like it capable of imitating the notes of other birds, but less perfectly. Its note resembles at times the mewing of a cat.
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Catboat
Cat"boat` (?), n. (Naut.) A small sailboat, with a single mast placed as far forward as possible, carring a sail extended by a gaff and long boom. See Illustration in Appendix.
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catbrier
catbrier n. a very prickly woody vine of eastern U.S. (Smilax rotundifolia) growing in tangled masses, having tough round stems with shiny leathery leaves and small greenish flowers followed by clusters of inedible shiny black berries.
Syn. -- bullbrier, greenbrier, horsebrier, brier, briar, Smilax rotundifolia.
[WordNet 1.5]

Catcall
Cat"call` (?), n. A sound like the cry of a cat, such as is made in playhouses to express dissatisfaction with a play; also, a small shrill instrument for making such a noise.
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Upon the rising of the curtain. I was very much surprised with the great consort of catcalls which was exhibited. Addison.
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Catch
Catch (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Caught (?) or Catched (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Catching. Catched is rarely used.] [OE. cacchen, OF. cachier, dialectic form of chacier to hunt, F. chasser, fr. (assumend) LL. captiare, for L. capture, V. intens. of capere to take, catch. See Capacious, and cf. Chase, Case a box.]
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1. To lay hold on; to seize, especially with the hand; to grasp (anything) in motion, with the effect of holding; as, to catch a ball.
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2. To seize after pursuing; to arrest; as, to catch a thief. “They pursued . . . and caught him.” Judg. i. 6.
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3. To take captive, as in a snare or net, or on a hook; as, to catch a bird or fish.
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4. Hence: To insnare; to entangle. “To catch him in his words”. Mark xii. 13.
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5. To seize with the senses or the mind; to apprehend; as, to catch a melody. “Fiery thoughts . . . whereof I catch the issue.” Tennyson.
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6. To communicate to; to fasten upon; as, the fire caught the adjoining building.
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7. To engage and attach; to please; to charm.
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The soothing arts that catch the fair. Dryden.
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8. To get possession of; to attain.
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Torment myself to catch the English throne. Shak.
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9. To take or receive; esp. to take by sympathy, contagion, infection, or exposure; as, to catch the spirit of an occasion; to catch the measles or smallpox; to catch cold; the house caught fire.
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10. To come upon unexpectedly or by surprise; to find; as, to catch one in the act of stealing.
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11. To reach in time; to come up with; as, to catch a train.
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To catch fire, to become inflamed or ignited. -- to catch it to get a scolding or beating; to suffer punishment. [Colloq.] -- To catch one's eye, to interrupt captiously while speaking. [Colloq.] “You catch me up so very short.” Dickens. -- To catch up, to snatch; to take up suddenly.
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Catch
Catch (?), v. i. 1. To attain possession. [Obs.]
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Have is have, however men do catch. Shak.
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2. To be held or impeded by entanglement or a light obstruction; as, a kite catches in a tree; a door catches so as not to open.
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3. To take hold; as, the bolt does not catch.
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4. To spread by, or as by, infecting; to communicate.
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Does the sedition catch from man to man? Addison.
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To catch at, to attempt to seize; to be eager to get or use. “[To] catch at all opportunities of subverting the state.” Addison. -- To catch up with, to come up with; to overtake.
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Catch
Catch, n. 1. Act of seizing; a grasp. Sir P. Sidney.
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2. That by which anything is caught or temporarily fastened; as, the catch of a gate.
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3. The posture of seizing; a state of preparation to lay hold of, or of watching he opportunity to seize; as, to lie on the catch. [Archaic] Addison.
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The common and the canon law . . . lie at catch, and wait advantages one againt another. T. Fuller.
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4. That which is caught or taken; profit; gain; especially, the whole quantity caught or taken at one time; as, a good catch of fish.
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Hector shall have a great catch if he knock out either of your brains. Shak.
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5. Something desirable to be caught, esp. a husband or wife in matrimony. [Colloq.] Marryat.
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6. pl. Passing opportunities seized; snatches.
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It has been writ by catches with many intervals. Locke.
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7. A slight remembrance; a trace.
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We retain a catch of those pretty stories. Glanvill.
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8. (Mus.) A humorous canon or round, so contrived that the singers catch up each other's words.
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Catchable
Catch"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being caught. [R.]
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Catch-basin
Catch"-ba`sin (?), n. A cistern or vault at the point where a street gutter discharges into a sewer, to catch bulky matters which would not pass readily through the sewer. Knight.
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Catch crop
Catch crop. Any crop grown between the rows of another crop or intermediate between two crops in ordinary rotation in point of time. -- Catch"-crop`ping, n.

Radishes . . . are often grown as a catch crop with other vegetables. L. H. Bailey.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Catchdrain
Catch"drain` (?), n. A ditch or drain along the side of a hill to catch the surface water; also, a ditch at the side of a canal to catch the surplus water.
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Catcher
Catch"er (?), n. 1. One who, or that which, catches.
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2. (Baseball) The player who stands behind the batsman to catch the ball.
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Catchfly
Catch"fly (?), n. (Bot.) A plant with the joints of the stem, and sometimes other parts, covered with a viscid secretion to which small insects adhere. The species of Silene are examples of the catchfly.
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Catching
Catch"ing a. 1. Infectious; contagious.
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2. Captivating; alluring.
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Catching
Catch"ing, n. The act of seizing or taking hold of.
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Catching bargain (Law), a bargain made with an heir expectant for the purchase of his expectancy at an inadequate price. Bouvier.
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Catch-meadow
Catch"-mead`ow (?), n. A meadow irrigated by water from a spring or rivulet on the side of hill.
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Catchment
Catch"ment (?), n. A surface of ground on which water may be caught and collected into a reservoir.
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Catchpenny
Catch"pen*ny (?), a. Made or contrived for getting small sums of money from the ignorant or unwary; as, a catchpenny book; a catchpenny show. -- n. Some worthless catchpenny thing.
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Catchpoll
Catch"poll` (?), n. [OF. chacepol, chacipol.] A bailiff's assistant.

Catch title
Catch title. A short expressive title used for abbreviated book lists, etc.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Catsup
Catchup
{ Catch"up (?), Cat"sup (?) }, n. [Probably of East Indian origin, because it was originally a kind of East Indian pickles. Cf. also Malay k&ebreve_;chap fish sauce. MW10.] A pureed table sauce made predominantly from tomatoes, flavored with onions, sugar, salt and spices; called also tomato ketchup. The term is also applied to pureed sauces containing mushrooms, walnuts, etc., being called in such cases mushroom ketchup, walnut ketchup, etc. [Written also ketchup.]
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Catchwater
Catch"wa`ter (?), n. A ditch or drain for catching water. See Catchdrain.
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Catchweed
Catch"weed` (?), n. (Bot.) See Cleavers.
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Catchweight
Catch"weight` (?), adv. (Horseracing) Without any additional weight; without being handicapped; as, to ride catchweight.
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Catchword
Catch"word` (?), n. 1. Among theatrical performers, the last word of the preceding speaker, which reminds one that he is to speak next; cue.
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2. (Print.) The first word of any page of a book after the first, inserted at the right hand bottom corner of the preceding page for the assistance of the reader. It is seldom used in modern printing.
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3. A word or phrase caught up and repeated for effect; as, the catchword of a political party, etc.
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Catchwork
Catch"work` (?), n. A work or artificial water-course for throwing water on lands that lie on the slopes of hills; a catchdrain.
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Catchy
Catch"y (?), a. 1. Apt or tending to catch the fancy or attention; catching; taking; as, catchy music.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. Tending to catch or insnare; entangling; -- usually used fig.; as, a catchy question.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

3. Consisting of, or occuring in, disconnected parts or snatches; changeable; as, a catchy wind.
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It [the fox's scent] is . . . flighty or catchy, if variable. Encyc. of Sport.
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Cate
Cate (?), n. Food. [Obs.] See Cates.
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Catechetical
Catechetic
{ Cat`e*chet"ic (?), Cat`e*chet"ic*al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_;. See Catechise.] Relating to or consisting in, asking questions and receiving answers, according to the ancient manner of teaching.
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Socrates introduced a catechetical method of arguing. Addison.
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Catechetically
Cat`e*chet"ic*al*ly, adv. In a catechetical manner; by question and answer.
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Catechetics
Cat`e*chet"ics (?), n. The science or practice of instructing by questions and answers.
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Catechin
Cat"e*chin (?), n. (Chem.) One of the tannic acids (C15H14O6), extracted from catechu as a white, crystalline substance; -- called also catechuic acid, catechinic acid, cyanidol, and catechuin. It is a flavonoid found generally in higher woody plants, and is used in dyeing and tanning.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Catechisation
Cat`e*chi*sa"tion (?), n. [LL. catechizatio.] The act of catechising.
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Catechise
Cat"e*chise (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Catechised (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Catechising.] [L. catechizare, Gr. &unr_;, equiv. to &unr_; to resound, sound a thing into one's ears, impress it upon one by word of mouth; &unr_; + &unr_; to sound, &unr_; a sound.]
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1. To instruct by asking questions, receiving answers, and offering explanations and corrections, -- esp. in regard to points of religious faith.
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2. To question or interrogate; to examine or try by questions; -- sometimes with a view to reproof, by eliciting from a person answers which condemn his own conduct. Swift.
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Catechiser
Cat"e*chi`ser (kăt"&euptack_;*kī`z&etilde_;r), n. One who catechises.
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Catechism
Cat"e*chism (-k&ibreve_;z'm), n. [L. catechismus, fr. Gr. See Catechise.] 1. A form of instruction by means of questions and answers.
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2. A book containing a summary of principles, especially of religious doctrine, reduced to the form of questions and answers.
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The Jews, even till this day, have their catechisms. Hooker.
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The Larger Catechism, The Shorter Catechism. See Westminster Assembly, under Assembly.
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Catechismal
Cat`e*chis"mal (?), a. Of or pertaining to a catechism, having the form of questions and answers; catechetical.
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Catechist
Cat"e*chist (kăt"&euptack_;*k&ibreve_;st), n. [L. catechista, fr. Gr.] One who instructs by question and answer, especially in religions matters.
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Catechistical
Catechistic
{ Cat`e*chis"tic (-k&ibreve_;s"t&ibreve_;k), Cat`e*chis"tic*al (?), } a. Of or pertaining to a catechist or to a catechism. Dr. H. More.
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Catechize
Cat"e*chize, v. t. See Catechise.
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catechol
cat"e*chol (kăt"&ebreve_;*k&asuml_;l`), n. [.] any of a group of chemicals having a benzene ring substituted with two hydroxyl groups in ortho position, especially ortho-dihydroxybenzene itself (C6H6O2), also called pyrocatechol, used in photography and as a reagent.
[PJC]

catecholamine
catecholamine n. [catechol + amine.] any of a group of chemicals including epinephrine and norepinephrine that are produced in the medulla of the adrenal gland. They function as nerotransmitters in the sympathetic nervous system. Also, any structurally related chemical substance, whether natural or synthetic.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Catechu
Cat"e*chu (?), n. [See Cashoo.] (Chem.) A dry, brown, astringent extract, obtained by decoction and evaporation from the Acacia catechu, and several other plants growing in India. It contains a large portion of tannin or tannic acid, and is used in medicine and in the arts. It is also known by the names terra japonica, cutch, gambier, etc. Ure. Dunglison.
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Catechuic
Cat`e*chu"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to catechu or its derivatives. See catechin.
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Catechumen
Cat"e*chu`men (?), n. [L. catechumenus, Gr. kathchoy`menos instructed, from kathchei^n. See Catechise.] (Eccl.) One who is receiving rudimentary instruction in the doctrines of Christianity; a neophyte; in the primitive church, one officially recognized as a Christian, and admitted to instruction preliminary to admission to full membership in the church.
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Catechumenate
Cat`e*chu"men*ate (?), n. The state or condition of a catechumen or the time during which one is a catechumen.
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Catechumenical
Cat`e*chu*men"i*cal (?), a. Of or pertaining to catechumens; as, catechumenical instructions.
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Catechumenist
Cat`e*chu"men*ist, n. A catechumen. Bp. Morton.
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Categorematic
Cat`e*gor`e*mat"ic (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; predicate. See Category.] (Logic.) Capable of being employed by itself as a term; -- said of a word.
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Categorical
Cat`e*gor"ic*al (?), a. 1. Of or pertaining to a category.
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2. Not hypothetical or relative; admitting no conditions or exceptions; declarative; absolute; positive; express; as, a categorical proposition, or answer.
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The scriptures by a multitude of categorical and intelligible decisions . . . distinguish between the things seen and temporal and those that are unseen and eternal. I. Taylor.
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Categorically
Cat`e*gor"ic*al*ly, adv. Absolutely; directly; expressly; positively; as, to affirm categorically.
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Categoricalness
Cat`e*gor"ic*al*ness, n. The quality of being categorical, positive, or absolute. A. Marvell.
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Categorist
Cat"e*go*rist (?), n. One who inserts in a category or list; one who classifies. Emerson.
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Categorize
Cat"e*go*rize (?), v. t. To insert in a category or list; to class; to catalogue.
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categorized
categorized adj. placed in a category.
[WordNet 1.5]

Category
Cat"e*go*ry (?), n.; pl. Categories (#). [L. categoria, Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to accuse, affirm, predicate; &unr_; down, against + &unr_; to harrangue, assert, fr. &unr_; assembly.] 1. (Logic.) One of the highest classes to which the objects of knowledge or thought can be reduced, and by which they can be arranged in a system; an ultimate or undecomposable conception; a predicament.
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The categories or predicaments -- the former a Greek word, the latter its literal translation in the Latin language -- were intended by Aristotle and his followers as an enumeration of all things capable of being named; an enumeration by the summa genera i.e., the most extensive classes into which things could be distributed. J. S. Mill.
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2. Class; also, state, condition, or predicament; as, we are both in the same category.
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There is in modern literature a whole class of writers standing within the same category. De Quincey.
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Catel
Cat"el (?), n. [See Chattel.] Property; -- often used by Chaucer in contrast with rent, or income.
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For loss of catel may recovered be,
But loss of tyme shendeth us,” quod he.
Chaucer.
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Catelectrode
Cat`e*lec"trode (?), n. [Pref. cata + elecrode.] (Physics) The negative electrode or pole of a voltaic battery. Faraday.
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Catelectrotonic
Cat`e*lec`tro*ton"ic (?), a. (Physics) Relating to, or characterized by, catelectrotonus.
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Catelectrotonus
Cat`e*lec*trot"o*nus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_; down + &unr_; (see Electro-) + &unr_; tone.] (Physics) The condition of increased irritability of a nerve in the region of the cathode or negative electrode, on the passage of a current of electricity through it.
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Catena
Ca*te"na (?), n.; pl. Catene (#). [L., a chain.] A chain or series of things connected with each other.
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I have . . . in no case sought to construct those catenæ of games, which it seems now the fashion of commentators to link together. C. J. Ellicott.
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Catenarian
Catenary
{ Cat"e*na*ry (?), Cat`e*na"ri*an (?), } a. [L. catenarius, fr. catena a chain. See Chain.] Relating to a chain; like a chain; as, a catenary curve.
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Catenary
Cat"e*na*ry, n.; pl. Catenaries (&unr_;). (Geol.) The curve formed by a rope or chain of uniform density and perfect flexibility, hanging freely between two points of suspension, not in the same vertical line.
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Catenate
Cat"e*nate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Catenated; p. pr. & vb. n. Catenating.] [L. catenatus, p. p. of catenare, fr. catena chain. See Chain.] To connect, in a series of links or ties; to chain. E. Darwin.
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Catenation
Cat`e*na"tion (?), n. [L. catenatio.] Connection of links or union of parts, as in a chain; a regular or connected series. See Concatenation. Sir T. Browne.
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Catenulate
Ca*ten"u*late (?), a. [L. catenuia, dim. of catena chain.] 1. Consisting of little links or chains.
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2. (Zool.) Chainlike; -- said both or color marks and of indentations when arranged like the links of a chain, as on shells, etc.
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Cater
Ca"ter (?), n. [OE. catour purchaser, caterer, OF. acator, fr. acater, F. acheter, to buy, provide, fr. LL. accaptare; L. ad + captare to strive, to seize, intens, of capere to take, seize. Cf. Acater, Capacious.] A provider; a purveyor; a caterer. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Cater
Ca"ter, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Catered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Catering.] [From Cater, n.] 1. To provide food; to buy, procure, or prepare provisions.
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[He] providently caters for the sparrow. Shak.
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2. By extension: To supply what is needed or desired, at theatrical or musical entertainments; -- followed by for or to.
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Cater
Ca"ter, n. [F. quatre four.] The four of cards or dice.
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Cater
Ca"ter, v. t. To cut diagonally. [Obs.] Halliwell.
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Cateran
Cat"e*ran (?), n. [Gael. ceatharnach. Cf. Kern Irish foot soldier.] A Highland robber: a kind of irregular soldier. [Scot.] Sir W. Scott.
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Cater-cornered
Ca"ter-cor`nered (?), a. [Cf. Cater to cut diagonally.] Diagonal. [Colloq.]
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Cater-cousin
Ca"ter-cous`in (?), n. A remote relation. See Quater-cousin. Shak.
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Caterer
Ca"ter*er (?), n. One who caters.
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The little fowls in the air have God for Their provider and caterer. Shelton.
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Cateress
Ca"ter*ess, n. A woman who caters. Milton.
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Caterpillar
Cat"er*pil`lar (?), n. [OE. catyrpel, corrupted fr. OF. chatepelouse, or cate pelue, fr. chate, F. chatte, she-cat, fem. of chat, L. catus + L. pilosus hairy, or F. pelu hairy, fr. L. pilus hair. See Cat, and Pile hair.] 1. (Zool.) The larval state of a butterfly or any lepidopterous insect; sometimes, but less commonly, the larval state of other insects, as the sawflies, which are also called false caterpillars. The true caterpillars have three pairs of true legs, and several pairs of abdominal fleshy legs (prolegs) armed with hooks. Some are hairy, others naked. They usually feed on leaves, fruit, and succulent vegetables, being often very destructive, Many of them are popularly called worms, as the cutworm, cankerworm, army worm, cotton worm, silkworm.
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2. (Bot.) A plant of the genus Scorpiurus, with pods resembling caterpillars.
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Caterpillar catcher, or Caterpillar eater (Zool.), a bird belonging to the family of Shrikes, which feeds on caterpillars. The name is also given to several other birds. -- Caterpillar hunter (Zool.), any species of beetles of the genus Callosoma and other allied genera of the family Carabidæ which feed habitually upon caterpillars.
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Caterpillar track
Cat"er*pil`lar track (?), n. an endless belt looped over several wheels, used in pairs in place of wheels to propel vehicles, such as tractors or military tanks, over rough ground.
[PJC]

caterpillar-tracked
caterpillar-tracked adj. having caterpillar treads or tracks on the wheels; as, a caterpillar-tracked earthmover.
Syn. -- caterpillar.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caterwaul
Cat"er*waul (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Caterwauled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Caterwauling.] [Cat + waul, wawl, to cry as a cat.] To cry as cats in rutting time; to make a harsh, offensive noise. Coleridge.
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Caterwaul
Cat"er*waul, n. A caterwauling.
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Caterwauling
Cat"er*waul`ing, n. The cry of cats; a harsh, disagreeable noise or cry like the cry of cats. Shak.
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Catery
Ca"ter*y (?), n. [See Cater, n.] The place where provisions are deposited. [Obs.]
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Cates
Cates (?), n. pl. [Cf. Acates, and see Cater, n.] Provisions; food; viands; especially, luxurious food; delicacies; dainties. Shak.
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Cates for which Apicius could not pay. Shurchill.
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Choicest cates and the fiagon's best spilth. R. Browning.
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Cat-eyed
Cat"-eyed` (?), a. Having eyes like a cat; hence, able to see in the dark.
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Catfall
Cat"fall` (?), n. (Naut.) A rope used in hoisting the anchor to the cathead. Totten.
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Catfish
Cat"fish` (?), n. (Zool.) A name given in the United States to various species of siluroid fishes; as, the yellow cat (Amiurus natalis); the bind cat (Gronias nigrilabrus); the mud cat (Pilodictic oilwaris), the stone cat (Noturus flavus); the sea cat (Arius felis), etc. This name is also sometimes applied to the wolf fish. See Bullhrad.
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Catgut
Cat"gut` (?), n. [Cat + gut.] 1. A cord of great toughness made from the intestines of animals, esp. of sheep, used for strings of musical instruments, etc.
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2. A sort of linen or canvas, with wide interstices.
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Catharine wheel
Cath"a*rine wheel` (?). See catherine wheel.
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Catharist
Cath"a*rist (?), n. [LL. catharista, fr. Gr. &unr_; clean, pure.] One aiming at or pretending to a greater purity of like than others about him; -- applied to persons of various sects. See Albigenses.
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Cat-harpin
Cat"-harp`in (?), n. See Cat-harping.
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Cat-harping
Cat"-harp`ing n. (Naut.) One of the short ropes or iron cramps used to brace in the shrouds toward the masts so a to give freer sweep to the yards.
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Catharsis
Ca*thar"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. &unr_;. See Cathartic.] (Med.) 1. A natural or artificial purgation of any passage, as of the mouth, bowels, etc.

2. (Psychotherapy) The process of relieving an abnormal excitement by reëstablishing the association of the emotion with the memory or idea of the event that first caused it, and of eliminating it by complete expression (called the abreaction).
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Catharical
Cathartic
{ Ca*thar"tic (?), Ca*thar"ic*al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to cleanse, fr. &unr_; pure; akin to F. chaste.] 1. (Med.) Cleansing the bowels; promoting evacuations by stool; purgative.
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2. Of or pertaining to the purgative principle of senna, as cathartic acid.
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Cathartic
Ca*thar"tic, n. [Gr. &unr_;.] (Med.) A medicine that promotes alvine discharges; a purge; a purgative of moderate activity.
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&hand_; The cathartics are more energetic and certain in action that the laxatives, which simply increase the tendency to alvine evacuation; and less powerful and irritaint that the drastic purges, which cause profuse, repeated, and watery evacuations.

-- Ca*thar"tic*al*ly, adv. -- Ca*thar"tic*al*ness, n.
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cathartin
ca*thar"tin (?), n. (Chem.) The bitter, purgative principle of senna. It is a glucoside with the properties of a weak acid; -- called also cathartic acid, and cathartina.
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Cathay
Ca*thay" (?), n. China; -- an old name for the Celestial Empire, said have been introduced by Marco Polo and to be a corruption of the Tartar name for North China (Khitai, the country of the Khitans.)
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Better fifty years of Europe than a cycle of Cathay. Tennyson.
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Cathead
Cat"head` (?), n. (Naut.) A projecting piece of timber or iron near the bow of vessel, to which the anchor is hoisted and secured.
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cathect
cathect v. to inject with libidinal energy.
[WordNet 1.5]

cathectic
cathectic adj. of or pertaining to cathexis; invested with mental or emotional energy.
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Cathedra
Cath"e*dra (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_; seat. See Chair.] The official chair or throne of a bishop, or of any person in high authority.
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Ex cathedra [L., from the chair], in the exercise of one's office; with authority.
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The Vatican Council declares that the Pope, is infallible “when he speaks ex cathedra.” Addis & Arnold's Cath. Dict.
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Cathedral
Ca*the"dral (?), n. [LL. cathedralis (sc. ecclesia): cf. F. cathédrale. See Cathedra.] The principal church in a diocese, so called because in it the bishop has his official chair (Cathedra) or throne.
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Cathedral
Ca*the"dral, a. [LL. cathedralis: cf. F. cathédral.]
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1. Pertaining to the head church of a diocese; as, a cathedral church; cathedral service.
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2. Emanating from the chair of office, as of a pope or bishop; official; authoritative.
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Now, what solemnity can be more required for the pope to make a cathedral determination of an article! Jer. Taylor.
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3. Resembling the aisles of a cathedral; as, cathedral walks. Pope.
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Cathedralic
Cath`e*dral"ic (?), a. Cathedral. [R.]
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Cathedrated
Cath`e*dra"ted (?), a. [From Cathedra.] Relating to the chair or office of a teacher. [Obs.]
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Catheretic
Cath`e*ret"ic (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, fr. &unr_; to bring down or raze; &unr_; down + &unr_; to take.] (Med.) A mild kind caustic used to reduce warts and other excrescences. Dunglison.
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Catherine wheel
Cath"er*ine wheel` (?). [So called from St. Catherine of Alexandria, who is represented with a wheel, in allusion to her martyrdom.] 1. (Geoth.Arth.) Same as Rose window and Wheel window. Called also Catherine-wheel window.
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2. (Pyrotechny) A revolving piece of fireworks resembling in form the window of the same name. [Written also Catharine wheel.]
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Catheter
Cath"e*ter (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_; a thing let down or put in, catheter, fr. &unr_; to send down, to let down; &unr_; + &unr_; to send.] (Med.) The name of various instruments for passing along mucous canals, esp. applied to a tubular instrument to be introduced into the bladder through the urethra to draw off the urine.
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Eustachian catheter. See under Eustachian. -- Prostatic catheter, one adapted for passing an enlarged prostate.
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Catheterization
Catheterism
{ Cath"e*ter*ism (?), Cath`e*ter*i*za"tion (?), } n. (Med.) The operation of introducing a catheter.
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Catheterize
Cath"e*ter*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Catheterized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Catheterizing.] (Med.) To operate on with a catheter. Dunglison.
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Cathetometer
Cath`e*tom"e*ter (?), n. [From Gr. &unr_; vertical height + -meter.] An instrument for the accurate measurement of small differences of height; esp. of the differences in the height of the upper surfaces of two columns of mercury or other fluid, or of the same column at different times. It consists of a telescopic leveling apparatus (d), which slides up or down a perpendicular metallic standard very finely graduated (bb). The telescope is raised or depressed in order to sight the objects or surfaces, and the differences in vertical height are thus shown on the graduated standard. [Written also kathetometer.]
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Cathetus
Cath"e*tus (?), n.; pl. catheti (#). [L., fr. Gr. &unr_; a perpendicular line, fr. &unr_; let down, fr. &unr_;. See Catheter.] (Geom.) One line or radius falling perpendicularly on another; as, the catheti of a right-angled triangle, that is, the two sides that include the right angle. Barlow.
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Cathexis
Cath*ex"is (?), n. [Gr. ka`qexis, keeping.] 1. (Psychiatry) the process of investing mental, emotional, or libidinal energy or significance in an object, person, or idea.
[PJC]

2. (Psychiatry) the emotional or libidinal energy invested in an object, person, or idea.
[PJC]

Cathode
Cath"ode (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; descent; &unr_; down + &unr_; way.] (Physics) The part of a voltaic battery by which the electric current leaves substances through which it passes, or the surface at which the electric current passes out of the electrolyte; the negative pole; -- opposed to anode. Faraday.
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Cathode ray (Phys.), a kind of ray generated at the cathode in a vacuum tube, by the electrical discharge.
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Cathodic
Ca*thod"ic (k&adot_;*th&obreve_;d"&ibreve_;k), a. (Physiol.) A term applied to the centrifugal, or efferent, course of the nervous influence. Marshall Hall.
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Cathodegraph
Cathodograph
{ Ca*thod"o*graph (?), n. Also Ca*thod"e*graph (?) }. [Cathode + -graph.] (Physics) A picture produced by the Roentgen rays; a radiograph.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cat-hole
Cat"-hole` (kăt"hōl`), n. (Naut.) One of two small holes astern, above the gunroom ports, through which hawsers may be passed.
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Catholic
Cath"o*lic (kăth"&ouptack_;*&ibreve_;k), a. [L. catholicus, Gr. kaqoliko`s, universal, general; kata` down, wholly + "o`los whole, probably akin to E. solid: cf. F. catholique.] 1. Universal or general; as, the catholic faith.
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Men of other countries [came] to bear their part in so great and catholic a war. Southey.
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&hand_; This epithet, which is applicable to the whole Christian church, or its faith, is claimed by Roman Catholics to belong especially to their church, and in popular usage is so limited.
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2. Not narrow-minded, partial, or bigoted; liberal; as, catholic tastes.
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3. Of or pertaining to, or affecting the Roman Catholics; as, the Catholic emancipation act.
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Catholic epistles, the epistles of the apostles which are addressed to all the faithful, and not to a particular church; being those of James, Peter, Jude, and John.
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Catholic
Cath"o*lic, n. 1. A person who accepts the creeds which are received in common by all parts of the orthodox Christian church.
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2. An adherent of the Roman Catholic church; a Roman Catholic.
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Old Catholic, the name assumed in 1870 by members of the Roman Catholic church, who denied the ecumenical character of the Vatican Council, and rejected its decrees, esp. that concerning the infallibility of the pope, as contrary to the ancient Catholic faith.
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Catholical
Ca*thol"i*cal (?), a. Catholic. [Obs.]
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Catholicism
Ca*thol"i*cism (?), n. [Cf. F. catholicisme.]
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1. The state or quality of being catholic or universal; catholicity. Jer. Taylor.
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2. Liberality of sentiment; breadth of view.
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3. The faith of the whole orthodox Christian church, or adherence thereto.
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4. The doctrines or faith of the Roman Catholic church, or adherence thereto.
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Catholicity
Cath`o*lic"i*ty (?), n. 1. The state or quality of being catholic; universality.
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2. Liberality of sentiments; catholicism.
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3. Adherence or conformity to the system of doctrine held by all parts of the orthodox Christian church; the doctrine so held; orthodoxy.
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4. Adherence to the doctrines of the church of Rome, or the doctrines themselves.
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Catholicize
Ca*thol"i*cize (?), v. t. & i. To make or to become catholic or Roman Catholic.
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Catholicly
Cath"o*lic*ly (?), adv. In a catholic manner; generally; universally. Sir L. Cary.
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Catholicness
Cath"o*lic*ness, n. The quality of being catholic; universality; catholicity.
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Catholicon
Ca*thol"i*con (?), n. [Gr. &unr_;, neut. &unr_;, universal. See Catholic.] (Med.) A remedy for all diseases; a panacea.
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Catholicos
Ca*thol"i*cos (?), n. [NL. See Catholic.] (Eccl.) The spiritual head of the Armenian church, who resides at Etchmiadzin, Russia, and has ecclesiastical jurisdiction over, and consecrates the holy oil for, the Armenians of Russia, Turkey, and Persia, including the Patriarchs of Constantinople, Jerusalem, and Sis.
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&hand_; The Patriarch of Constantinople is the civil head of the Armenians in Turkey.
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Catilinarian
Cat`i*li*na"ri*an (?), a. [L. Catilinarius.] Pertaining to Catiline, the Roman conspirator; resembling Catiline's conspiracy.
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Cation
Cat"i*on (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; downward + &unr_; going, p. pr. of &unr_; to go.] (Chem.) a positively charged atom, radical, or molecule, which in electrolysis migrates to the cathode; a positive ion; -- opposed to anion. Faraday.
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cationic
cationic adj. (Chem.) of or pertaining to cations; having a net positive charge; positively ionic; -- said of ions. Contrasted with anionic.
[WordNet 1.5]

Catkin
Cat"kin (kăt"k&ibreve_;n), n. [Cat + -kin.] (Bot.) An ament; a species of inflorescence, consisting of a slender axis with many unisexual apetalous flowers along its sides, as in the willow and poplar, and (as to the staminate flowers) in the chestnut, oak, hickory, etc. -- so called from its resemblance to a cat's tail. See Illust. of Ament.
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catkinate
catkinate adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling a catkin.
[WordNet 1.5]

Catlike
Cat"like` (?), a. Like a cat; stealthy; noiseless.
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Catling
Cat"ling (?), n. [Cat + -ing.] 1. A little cat; a kitten. “Cat nor catling.” Drummond.
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2. Catgut; a catgut string. [R.] Shak.
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3. (Surg.) A double-edged, sharp-pointed dismembering knife. [Spelt also catlin.] Crobb.
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Catlinite
Cat"lin*ite (?), n. [From George Catlin, an American traveler.] A red clay from the Upper Missouri region, used by the Indians for their pipes.
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Catmint
Catnip
{ Cat"nip` (?), Cat"mint` (?), } n. (Bot.) A well-know plant of the genus Nepeta (Nepeta Cataria), somewhat like mint, having a string scent, and sometimes used in medicine. It is so called because cats have a peculiar fondness for it.
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Cato-cathartic
Cat`o-ca*thar"tic (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; down + &unr_; serving to purge. See Cathartic.] (Med.) A remedy that purges by alvine discharges.
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Catonian
Ca*to"ni*an (?), a. [L. Catonionus.] Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the stern old Roman, Cato the Censor; severe; inflexible.
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cat-o'-nine-tails
Cat o' nine tails
Cat" o' nine" tails`, cat"-o'-nine"-tails` n. 1. a whip used as an instrument of punishment consisting of nine pieces of knotted line or cord fastened to a handle; -- formerly used to flog offenders on the bare back; -- called also the cat. It was used in the British Navy to maintain discipline on board sailing ships.
Syn. -- cat.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Catoptron
Catopter
{ Ca*top"ter (?), Ca*top"tron (?), } n. [Gr. &unr_; mirror, fr. &unr_; visible.] A reflecting optical glass or instrument; a mirror. [Obs.]
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Catoptrical
Catoptric
{ Ca*top"tric (?), Ca*top"tric*al (?), } a. [Gr. &unr_;. See Catopter.] Of or pertaining to catoptrics; produced by reflection.
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Catoptric light, a light in which the rays are concentrated by reflectors into a beam visible at a distance.
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Catoptrics
Ca*top"trics (?), n. [Cf. F. catoptrique. See Catropric.] (Physics) That part of optics which explains the properties and phenomena of reflected light, and particularly that which is reflected from mirrors or polished bodies; -- formerly called anacamptics.
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Catoptromancy
Ca*top"tro*man`cy (?), n. [Gr. &unr_; mirror + -mancy. See Catopter.] (Antiq.) A species of divination, which was performed by letting down a mirror into water, for a sick person to look at his face in it. If his countenance appeared distorted and ghastly, it was an ill omen; if fresh and healthy, it was favorable.
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Catoptron
Ca*top"tron (k&adot_;*t&obreve_;p"tr&obreve_;n), n. [Obs.] See Catopter.
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Catpipe
Cat`pipe" (kăt"pīp`), n. See Catcall.
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Cat-rigged
Cat"-rigged` (?), a. Rigged like a catboat.
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Cat-salt
Cat"-salt` (?), n. A sort of salt, finely granulated, formed out of the bittern or leach brine.
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Cat's-eye
Cat's"-eye` (kăts"ī`), n. (Min.) A variety of quartz or chalcedony, exhibiting opalescent reflections from within, like the eye of a cat. The name is given to other gems affording like effects, esp. the chrysoberyl.
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Cat's-foot
Cat's`-foot (?), n. (Bot.) A plant (Nepeta Glechoma) of the same genus with catnip; ground ivy.
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Cat-silver
Cat"-sil`ver (?), n. Mica. [Archaic]
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Catskill period
Cats"kill pe`ri*od (?). (Geol.) The closing subdivision of the Devonian age in America. The rocks of this period are well developed in the Catskill mountains, and extend south and west under the Carboniferous formation. See the Diagram under Geology.
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Catso
Cat"so (?), n.; pl. Catsos (#). [It. cazzo.] A base fellow; a rogue; a cheat. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
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Cat's-paw
Cat's"-paw` (?), n. 1. (Naut.) (a) A light transitory air which ruffles the surface of the water during a calm, or the ripples made by such a puff of air. (b) A particular hitch or turn in the bight of a rope, into which a tackle may be hooked.
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2. A dupe; a tool; one who, or that which, is used by another as an instrument to a accomplish his purposes.
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&hand_; In this sense the term refers to the fable of the monkey using the cat's paw to draw the roasting chestnuts out of the fire.
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Cat's-tail
Cat's"-tail (?), n. See Timothy, Cat-tail, Cirrus.
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Catstick
Cat"stick` (?), n. A stick or club employed in the game of ball called cat or tipcat. Massinger.
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Catstitch
Cat"stitch (kăt"st&ibreve_;ch), v. t. (Needlework) To fold and sew down the edge of with a coarse zigzag stitch.
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Catsup
Cat"sup (kăt"sŭp), n. Same as Catchup, and Ketchup.
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Cat-tail
cattail
cat"tail, Cat"-tail (kăt"tāl), n. (Bot.) A tall erect rush or flag (Typha latifolia) growing widely in fresh and salt marshes, with long, flat, sword-shaped leaves, having clusters of small brown flowers in a dense cylindrical spike at the top of the stem; -- called also bulrush and reed mace. The leaves are frequently used for seating chairs, making mats, etc. See Catkin.
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&hand_; The lesser cat-tail is Typha angustifolia.
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cattalo
cattalo n. hardy breed of cattle resulting from crossing domestic cattle with the American buffalo; it yields leaner beef than conventional breeds; it is called also beefalo.
Syn. -- beefalo.
[WordNet 1.5]

Cattish
Cat"tish (kăt"t&ibreve_;sh), a. Catlike; feline Drummond.
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Cattle
Cat"tle (kăt"t'l), n. pl. [OE. calet, chatel, goods, property, OF. catel, chatel, LL. captale, capitale, goods, property, esp. cattle, fr. L. capitals relating to the head, chief; because in early ages beasts constituted the chief part of a man's property. See Capital, and cf. Chattel.] Quadrupeds of the Bovine family; sometimes, also, including all domestic quadrupeds, as sheep, goats, horses, mules, asses, and swine.
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Belted cattle, Black cattle. See under Belted, Black. -- Cattle guard, a trench under a railroad track and alongside a crossing (as of a public highway). It is intended to prevent cattle from getting upon the track. -- cattle louse (Zool.), any species of louse infecting cattle. There are several species. The Hæmatatopinus eurysternus and Hæmatatopinus vituli are common species which suck blood; Trichodectes scalaris eats the hair. -- Cattle plague, the rinderpest; called also Russian cattle plague. -- Cattle range, or Cattle run, an open space through which cattle may run or range. [U. S.] Bartlett. -- Cattle show, an exhibition of domestic animals with prizes for the encouragement of stock breeding; -- usually accompanied with the exhibition of other agricultural and domestic products and of implements.
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cattleship
cattleship n. a cargo ship for the transport of livestock.
Syn. -- cattle boat.
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cattleya
cattleya n. any orchid of the genus Cattleya characterized by a hood-shaped three-lobed lip enclosing the column; they are among the most popular and most extravagantly beautiful orchids known. Called also cattleya orchid.
[WordNet 1.5]

Catty
Cat"ty (?), n. [Malay katī. See Caddy.] An East Indian Weight of 11/3 pounds.
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catty-cornered
catty-corner
catty-corner catty-cornered adj. 1. Having a slanted or oblique direction.
Syn. -- bias, catacorner, cata-cornered, catercorner, cater-cornered, diagonal, kitty-corner, kitty-cornered, oblique, skew, skewed, slanted.
[WordNet 1.5]

catwalk
catwalk n. 1. A narrow walkway projecting from a stage into the seating area of a theater; it is used, e. g. by models displaying clothes on it at a fashion show. Called also runway.
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2. A narrow walkway high in the air to allow workers access to parts of a structure otherwise difficult to reach. Catwalks are located, e.g. above a stage in a theater, between parts of a building, along the side of a bridge, on the outside of a railroad car, on the outside of a large storage tank, etc.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

Caucasia
Caucasia n. (Geog.) a large mountainous region between the Black and Caspian seas.
Syn. -- Caucasus.
[WordNet 1.5]

caucasoid
caucasoid adj. belonging to the caucasian racial group.
Syn. -- caucasian.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caucasus
Caucasus n. 1. (Geog.) a large region between the Black and Caspian seas.
Syn. -- Caucasia.
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2. (Geog.) the mountain range located between the Black and Caspian seas.
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Caucasian
Cau*ca"sian (?), a. 1. Of or pertaining to the Caucasus, a mountainous region between the Black and Caspian seas.
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2. Of or pertaining to the white races of mankind, of whom the people about Mount Caucasus were formerly taken as the type.
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Caucasian
Cau*ca"sian, n. 1. A native or inhabitant of the Caucasus, esp. a Circassian or Georgian.
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2. A member of any of the white races of mankind.
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Caucus
Cau"cus (?), n. [Etymology uncertain. Mr. J. H. Trumbull finds the origin of caucus in the N. A. Indian word cawcawwassough or caú cau-as'u one who urges or pushes on, a promoter. See citation for an early use of the word caucus.] A meeting, especially a preliminary meeting, of persons belonging to a party, to nominate candidates for public office, or to select delegates to a nominating convention, or to confer regarding measures of party policy; a political primary meeting.
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This day learned that the caucus club meets, at certain times, in the garret of Tom Dawes, the adjutant of the Boston regiment. John Adams's Diary [Feb. , 1763].
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Caucus
Cau"cus, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Caucused (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Caucusing.] To hold, or meet in, a caucus or caucuses.
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Caudad
Cau"dad (?), adv. [L. cauda tail + ad to.] (Zool.) Backwards; toward the tail or posterior part.
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Cauda galli
Cau"da gal*li, (&unr_;). [L., tail of a cock.] (Paleon.) A plume-shaped fossil, supposed to be a seaweed, characteristic of the lower Devonian rocks; as, the cauda galli grit.
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Cauda galli epoch (Geol.), an epoch at the begining of the Devonian age in eastern America, so named from the characteristic gritty sandstone marked with impressions of Cauda galli. See the Diagram under Geology.
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Caudal
Cau"dal (?), a. [L. Cauda tail. Cf. Coward.] Of the nature of, or pertaining to, a tail; having a tail-like appendage.
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The male widow-bird, remarkable for his caudal plumes. Darwin.
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Caudal fin (Zool.), the terminal fin (or “tail”) of a fish.
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Caudata
Cau*da"ta (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. cauda tail.] (Zool.) See Urodela.
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Caudated
Caudate
{ Cau"date (?), Cau"da*ted (?). } a. [L. cauda tail.] Having a tail; having a terminal appendage like a tail. Opposite of acaudate.
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Caudex
Cau"dex (?), n.; pl. L. Caudices (#), E. Caudexes (#). [L.] (Bot.) The stem of a tree., esp. a stem without a branch, as of a palm or a tree fern; also, the perennial rootstock of an herbaceous plant.
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Caudicula
Caudicle
{ Cau"di*cle (?), ‖Cau*dic"u*la (?), } n. [Dim. of L. cauda tail, appendage.] (Bot.) A slender, elastic process, to which the masses of pollen in orchidaceous plants are attached.
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Caudle
Cau"dle (?), n. [OF. caudel, F. chaudeau, dim. of LL calidum a sweet drink, fr. L. caidus warm. See Caldron.] A kind of warm drink for sick persons, being a mixture of wine with eggs, bread, sugar, and spices.
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Caudle
Cau"dle, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Caudled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Caudling (?).] 1. To make into caudle.
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2. Too serve as a caudle to; to refresh. [R.] Shak.
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Cauf
Cauf (?), n. [Perh. akin to Celtic caff, cav, cau, L. cavus hollow, or to L. caphinus, Gr. &unr_; basket.] A chest with holes for keeping fish alive in water. Philips.
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Caufle
Cau"fle, n. A gang of slaves. Same as Coffle.
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Caught
Caught (k&asuml_;t), imp. & p. p. of Catch.
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Cauker
Cauk
{ Cauk (k&asuml_;k), n., Cauk"er (-&etilde_;r), } n. See Cawk, Calker.
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Caul
Caul (k&asuml_;l), n. [OE. calle, kelle, prob. fr. F. cale; cf. Ir. calla a veil.] 1. A covering of network for the head, worn by women; also, a net. Spenser.
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2. (Anat.) The fold of membrane loaded with fat, which covers more or less of the intestines in mammals; the great omentum. See Omentum.
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The caul serves for the warming of the lower belly. Ray.
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3. A part of the amnion, one of the membranes enveloping the fetus, which sometimes is round the head of a child at its birth; -- called also a veil.
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It is deemed lucky to be with a caul or membrane over the face. This caul is esteemed an infallible preservative against drowning . . . According to Chrysostom, the midwives frequently sold it for magic uses. Grose.
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I was born with a caul, which was advertised for sale, in the newspapers, at the low price of fifteen guineas. Dickens.
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cauldron
caul"dron (k&asuml_;l"drŭn), n. 1. a very large pot.
Syn. -- caldron.
[WordNet 1.5]

Caulescent
Cau*les"cent (?), a. [L. caulis stalk, stem: cf. F. caulescent.] (Bot.) Having a leafy stem.
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Caulicle
Cau"li*cle (?), n. (Bot.) A short caulis or stem, esp. the rudimentary stem seen in the embryo of a seed; -- otherwise called a radicle.
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Cauliculus
Cau*lic"u*lus (k&asuml_;*l&ibreve_;k"&uuptack_;*lŭs), n.; pl. Cauliculi (-lī). [L. cauliculus little stalk, dim. of caulis.] (Arch.) In the Corinthian capital, one of the eight stalks rising out of the lower leafage and terminating in leaves which seem to support the volutes. See Illust. of Corinthian order, under Corinthian.
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Cauliflower
Cau"li*flow`er (?), n. [F. choufleur, modified by E. Cole. L. caulis, and by E. flower; F. chou cabbage is fr. L. caulis stalk, cabbage, and fleur flower is fr. L. flos flower. See Cole, and Flower.] 1. (Bot.) An annual variety of Brassica oleracea, or cabbage, of which the cluster of young flower stalks and buds is eaten as a vegetable.
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2. The edible head or “curd” of a cauliflower plant.
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Cauliform
Cau"li*form (?), a. [L. caulis + -form.] (Bot.) Having the form of a caulis.
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Cauline
Cau"line (?), a. (Bot.) Growing immediately on a caulis; of or pertaining to a caulis.
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Caulis
Cau"lis (?), n.; L. pl. Caules (#). [L., a stem.] (Bot.) An herbaceous or woody stem which bears leaves, and may bear flowers.
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Caulk
Caulk (?), v. t. 1. See Calk, v..
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2. to fill in the seams or cracks of, with a waterproof material such as caulk.
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Caulk
Caulk (?), n. 1. See Calk.
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2. a viscous semisolid material of varying composition used to fill in seams of objects which are exposed to water, such as wooden ships or bath tiles; -- called also calk and caulking. After applying in a semisolid form, the material hardens and dries to form a waterproof seal. It is used in the process of caulking. It is sometimes applied together with a rope-like cord to fill larger seams.
[PJC]

caulked
caulked adj. 1. having cracks and crevices stopped up with a filler such as caulk. Contrasted with uncaulked. [Narrower terms: weather-stripped]
Syn. -- calked, chinked, stopped-up.
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2. having the seams between planks packed with waterproof material; -- of boats and ships.
Syn. -- calked.
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caulking
caulk"ing n. 1. the process of sealing cracks and crevices with a filler such as caulk{2}.
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2. same as caulk{2}, n..
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Caulocarpous
Cau`lo*car"pous (?), a. [Gr. &unr_; stem + karpo`s fruit.] (Bot.) Having stems which bear flowers and fruit year after year, as most trees and shrubs.
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Caulome
Cau"lome (?), n. [Gr. kalo`s stem + -ome as in rhizome.] (Bot.) A stem structure or stem axis of a plant, viewed as a whole. -- Cau*lom"ic (#), a.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Cauma
Cau"ma (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. &unr_; a burning heat.] (Med.) Great heat, as of the body in fever.
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Cauponize
Cau"po*nize (?), v. i. [L. cauponari, fr. caupo huckster, innkeeper.] To sell wine or victuals. [Obs.] Warburfon.
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Causable
Caus"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being caused.
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Causal
Caus"al (?), a. [L. causalis. See Cause.] Relating to a cause or causes; inplying or containing a cause or causes; expressing a cause; causative.
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Causal propositions are where two propositions are joined by causal words. Watts.
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Causal
Caus"al, n. A causal word or form of speech.
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Anglo-Saxon drencan to drench, causal of Anglo-Saxon drincan to drink. Skeat.
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Causality
Cau*sal"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Causalities (&unr_;). 1. The agency of a cause; the action or power of a cause, in producing its effect.
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The causality of the divine mind. Whewell.
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2. (Phren.) The faculty of tracing effects to their causes. G. Combe.
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Causally
Caus"al*ly (?), adv. According to the order or series of causes; by tracing effects to causes.
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Causally
Caus"al*ly (?), n. (Mining.) The lighter, earthy parts of ore, carried off washing.
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Causation
Cau*sa"tion (?), n. The act of causing; also the act or agency by which an effect is produced.
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The kind of causation by which vision is produced. Whewell.
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Law of universal causation, the theoretical or asserted law that every event or phenomenon results from, or is the sequel of, some previous event or phenomenon, which being present, the other is certain to take place.
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Causationist
Cau*sa"tion*ist, n. One who believes in the law of universal causation.
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Causative
Caus"a*tive (?), a. [L. causativus pertaining to a lawsuit (causa), but in the English sense from E. cause.] 1. Effective, as a cause or agent; causing.
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Causative in nature of a number of effects. Bacon.
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2. Expressing a cause or reason; causal; as, the ablative is a causative case.
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Causative
Caus"a*tive (k&asuml_;"z&adot_;*t&ibreve_;v), n. A word which expresses or suggests a cause.
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Causatively
Caus"a*tive*ly, adv. In a causative manner.
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Causator
Cau*sa"tor (k&asuml_;*zā"t&obreve_;r), n. [See Cause.] One who causes. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
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Cause
Cause (k&asuml_;z), n. [F. cause, fr. L. causa. Cf. Cause, v., Kickshaw.] 1. That which produces or effects a result; that from which anything proceeds, and without which it would not exist.
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Cause is substance exerting its power into act, to make one thing begin to be. Locke.
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2. That which is the occasion of an action or state; ground; reason; motive; as, cause for rejoicing.
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3. Sake; interest; advantage. [Obs.]
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I did it not for his cause. 2 Cor. vii. 12.
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4. (Law) A suit or action in court; any legal process by which a party endeavors to obtain his claim, or what he regards as his right; case; ground of action.
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5. Any subject of discussion or debate; matter; question; affair in general.
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What counsel give you in this weighty cause! Shak.
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6. The side of a question, which is espoused, advocated, and upheld by a person or party; a principle which is advocated; that which a person or party seeks to attain.
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God befriend us, as our cause is just. Shak.
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The part they take against me is from zeal to the cause. Burke.
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Efficient cause, the agent or force that produces a change or result. -- Final cause, the end, design, or object, for which a